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Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Joseph Cipriani
International service learning (ISL) is included in an increasing number of courses at post-secondary levels of education, including programs which educate future occupational therapy practitioners. There is a limited amount of literature and research concerning best practices for course-based occupational therapy education featuring ISL experiences, in particular within developing countries. The purpose of this paper is to (a) to review key literature on ISL, (b) explicate key elements which can help design course-based ISL experiences; and (c) suggest areas for further research and development of course-based ISL...
November 2, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Preethy S Samuel, Christina N Marsack, Lisa A Johnson, Barbara W LeRoy, Catherine L Lysack, Peter A Lichtenberg
The aim of this study was to describe the context and impact of caregiving for grandchildren with health concerns on grandparents. The study sample comprised 391 African American grandparents aged 55 or older. Logistic regression analysis indicated that grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with psychiatric or behavioral problems were more likely to experience a negative impact on their health (AOR = 7.86, p =.008) and leisure (AOR = 14.31, p =.024) than grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with no or other types of health problems...
November 2, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Marta M Daly, Tina M DeAngelis
A professional development course for occupational therapy educators about teaching evidence-based practice (EBP) was developed and piloted. The course was developed to promote increased awareness of resources and methods for teaching EBP that are applicable across entry-level curricula. Participants included full-time faculty (n = 7) from one entry-level occupational therapy program in the New York City area. The results of the pilot informed refinement of the course in preparation for delivery to a wider audience of educators...
September 30, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Ashley Pinkelman, Marla Roll, David Greene
The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) has been used to assess the effectiveness of assistive technology (AT). We explored whether a modified COPM was sensitive to change in perceived performance and satisfaction, and whether frequency of AT use resulted in greater change in the domains measured (reading, writing, note-taking, test-taking, and study skills). Significant interactions were found between time and use frequency with greater change in perceived performance in the daily-use group in several domains...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Jeryl D Benson, Kimberly A Szucs, Meredith Taylor
To assess student perception of learning and use of a student response system (SRS) as a teaching/learning strategy. Survey methods were used to explore student perceptions of learning and use of student response systems as a pedagogical strategy. Fifty-nine graduate students participated in the survey post completion of two graduate intervention courses. Overall, there was a positive response to the use of SRS's in the classroom. All of the students (100%) recommended the continued use of the clickers for various reasons...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Michelle L Bradshaw
An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used to explore the extent to which CAM was included, what factors impacted its inclusion, topics and student learning outcomes covered, who taught the material, and what sources were used to prepare for delivering course content. While the vast majority of responding occupational therapy educators reported curricular inclusion of CAM, educational experiences for occupational therapy students varied widely. This overview of the curricular inclusion of CAM by faculty in occupational therapy programs in the United States indicated that many occupational therapy educators are responding to the demands of a more integrative healthcare system...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Yunwha Jeong, Mary Law, Carol DeMatteo, Paul Stratford, Hwan Kim
This knowledge translation project was conducted to increase occupational therapy practitioners' awareness of the importance of measuring participation of children with disabilities. The Knowledge to Action process framework (KTA framework) guided knowledge translation via a web-based seminar (webinar) to practitioners working with children and educators teaching in occupational therapy programs in South Korea. Two hundred and seventy six views of the webinar were recorded within a month and 15 practitioners and 13 educators completed the online evaluation survey...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Beverly P Horowitz, Tiffany Almonte, Andrea Vasil
This exploratory research examined the benefits of a health education program utilizing the Home Safety Self-Assessment Tool (HSSAT) to increase perceived knowledge of home safety, recognition of unsafe activities, ability to safely perform activities, and develop home safety plans of 47 older adults. Focus groups in two senior centers explored social workers' perspectives on use of the HSSAT in community practice. Results for the health education program found significant differences between reported knowledge of home safety (p = ...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Brenton Kortman, Kate Nicholls
The aim of this feasibility study was to identify whether eye-tracking glasses could sensitively differentiate unilateral spatial neglect (USN) among a sample of participants who had a stroke, and to determine whether a larger study was viable. A sample of 13 inpatients (N = 7 with neglect, N = 6 without neglect) aged 50-78 years undertook a task while wearing Tobii eye-tracking glasses. The kitchen environment and the task of making a cup of coffee were standardized. Two commonly reported tests for USN, the Bells Test and the Line Crossing Test, were also used as a reference standard for the eye-tracking data...
August 5, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Siti Noraini Asmuri, Ted Brown, Lisa J Broom
Valid translations of time use scales are needed by occupational therapists for use in different cross-cultural contexts to gather relevant data to inform practice and research. The purpose of this study was to describe the process of translating, adapting, and validating the Time Use Diary from its current English language edition into a Malay language version. Five steps of the cross-cultural adaptation process were completed: (i) translation from English into the Malay language by a qualified translator, (ii) synthesis of the translated Malay version, (iii) backtranslation from Malay to English by three bilingual speakers, (iv) expert committee review and discussion, and (v) pilot testing of the Malay language version with two participant groups...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Eric J Hwang, Mary D Groves, Jacqueline N Sanchez, Cassandra E Hudson, Rachel G Jao, Meghan E Kroll
This study investigated the personal, environmental, and activity barriers to leisure-time physical activities (LTPAs) among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). A survey instrument was administered to 85 participants with SCI. Personal barriers to LTPAs included issues involving motivation, pain, scheduling, and financial resources. Environmental barriers marked the issues regarding availability and accessibility to specialized programs, activities, and professional services. Activity barriers included limitations in equipment, training, and personal skills required by the selected activities...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Anne Kramlinger, Peggy Strecker Neufeld, Christine Berg
Service-learning experiences immerse students in authentic situations and build partnerships with community agencies to support the health of those we serve in practice. Most occupational therapy curriculum evaluations do not systematically capture community agency benefits. Through the use of qualitative interviews and Q Methodology, the Community Agency Capacity Questionnaire (CACQ) was developed to capture the agency experience in these partnerships. This paper describes the iterative analytic process that resulted in the CACQ with 29 statements covering 6 domains: programming, evaluation, partnership, staff, funding, and marketing...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Diane Powers Dirette, Michele A Anderson
Deficits in working memory are pervasive, resistant to remediation and significantly impact a persons ability to perform activities of daily living. Internal strategies are effective for improving working memory. Learning style preferences may influence the use of various internal working memory strategies. This study compares the use of internal working memory strategies among four different learning style preferences; converger, diverger, assimilator and accommodator. A non-experimental group design was used to compare the use of internal working memory strategies and learning style preferences among 110 adults...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kimatha Grice
This paper describes concept mapping and its use as a teaching and learning tool in an entry level occupational therapy program. In order for students to demonstrate their mastery of the concepts associated with a particular topic or body of knowledge, assignments involving concept maps were developed and used in two courses in an entry level occupational therapy program. Students were then surveyed about their perceptions and attitudes regarding the assignments. Students found the process of creating concept maps valuable to their learning of the content and the majority also enjoyed the process as a learning activity...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim, Joan C Rogers, Garrick Kwok, Winifred Dunn, Margo B Holm
The purpose of this study was to determine differences in somatosensation between older adults with and without type 2 diabetes among three age groups (60s, 70s, and 80s). We recruited 67 adults with type 2 diabetes and 67 age-matched adults without diabetes, aged 60-85. Data were collected using measures in Somatosensory Domain of the National Institute of Health (NIH) Toolbox. We found significant differences in the total scores of five tests examining kinesthesia, tactile sensation, and stereognosis among the three age groups...
July 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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