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Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Rachel Diamant, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Cecille Corsilles-Sy, Anne Birge James
This study examined competencies perceived by occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants as important for intraprofessional collaboration. While interprofessional practice is well defined, less is known about collaboration within professions with varied levels of practice credentials. Occupational therapy practitioners (N = 351) rated 20 competencies in four domains (Intraprofessional Teamwork, Roles/Responsibilities, Communication, and Values/Ethics) through an online survey. A high percentage of respondents perceived all competencies as important or very important...
October 31, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Karen E Atler, Arlene A Schmid, Tara C Klinedinst, Laura A Grimm, Tasha P Marchant, David R Marchant, Matt P Malcolm
The cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between quality of life, activity, and participation in 93 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a primary care center. Moderately strong correlations were found between quality of life and leisure/work, outdoor and social activities, but not with domestic activities. Leisure/work, outdoor, and social activities accounted for 18% of the variance in the quality of life variables. In a follow-up model, age, depression, and falls efficacy accounted for another 51% of the variance in total quality of life...
October 31, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Deepika Kandasamy, Marian E Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Thelma Pt Mielenz, David W Eby, Lisa J Molnar, Linda Hill, David Strogatz, Guohua Li
We surveyed self-reported lifetime health conditions (using National Health and Aging Trends Study questions) and related driving reduction in a large multi-site older driver cohort (n = 2990) from the AAA Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) Study's baseline assessment. Those reporting reduced driving (n = 337) largely attributed reduction to musculoskeletal (29%), neurologic (13%), and ophthalmologic (10%) conditions. Women reported health condition-related driving reduction more often than men (14% versus 8%, p<...
October 31, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kimberly Hreha, Natalia Noce
As a chronic medical condition, diabetes mellitus affects 29.1 million individuals in the United States. Since diabetes education reduces cost, there is a need for inpatient rehabilitation facilities to have education classes to address preexisting medical conditions, like diabetes. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to develop a class, determine feasibility, and explore the potential effectiveness. The intervention was Diabetes Self-Management Training Class with feasibility was quantified through (1) practicality (extent to which the intervention can be delivered), (2) acceptability (both of the participants and those participating in implementing the class), and (3) integration (how the class fit into the existing hospital infrastructure)...
October 29, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Megan Foti, Danielle McCabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Helena I S Reis, Catarina Vale, Catarina Camacho, Cátia Estrela, Maria Dos Anjos Dixe
This pilot study was conducted using a sample of 374 Portuguese occupational therapists to evaluate burnout levels and prevalence among occupational therapists as well as to relate those levels to practitioner age, gender, client age, years of professional activity, and area of practice. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory questionnaire (Portuguese version) and a sociodemographic questionnaire was used. Results showed that ∼23%, 44%, and 45% of occupational therapists presented with client-related burnout, personal burnout (PB), and work-related burnout, respectively...
September 5, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Guby Wai Chu Lau, Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Cassandra Locke
This study investigates the effectiveness of home modifications from clients' perspectives. Ten participants who received home assessments and modification recommendations were recruited from a rehabilitation agency. The dimension of home measure and qualitative interviews was conducted. The interviewers were transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically. Participants found home modifications improved their safety, accessibility, privacy, and occupational performance, especially in performing self-care activities...
September 5, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Malek Amini, Seyed Hassan Saneii, Marzieh Pashmdarfard
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting the social participation of Iranian children with cerebral palsy (CP). Participants were 274 (male = 62%; female = 38%) children with CP, 6- to 12-years old (mean = 1.64) and their parents. Several standardized measures were used to assess social participation, gather environmental factors, and demographic questionnaires. The results of stepwise linear regression analysis indicated that the type of CP, Manual ability level and cognitive level (IQ) appear to be strong predictors of social participation between personal and environmental factors...
September 5, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kathlyn L Reed
The Pioneer Schools of Occupation: Can They Teach Us Anything Today? This study reviews the development of the pioneer schools of occupation and their curriculum or program design between 1906 and 1923. The purposes are to document the existence of the schools, to explore the issues in establishing the schools, and to compare and contrast concepts stated in early curriculum models with those in current models of practice. The dates were selected to examine ideas before the passage of the Minimum Standards for Courses of Training in Occupational Therapy by the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) outlining a consensus course of study...
August 3, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Erika L Kemp, Jeffrey L Crabtree
Academic fieldwork coordinators (AFWCs) face the challenge of matching students to Level II fieldwork (FW) sites. This study surveyed 301 fieldwork educators (FWEs) from 30 states to explore how important it was for students to possess 25 characteristics or abilities to enable success at the educators' individual work sites. The top three characteristics and abilities overall were as follows: (1) time management, (2) ability to communicate with supervisor when help is needed, and (3) overall professional behavior...
July 27, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Shannon L Scott, Salvador Bondoc
This descriptive study, consisting of a survey followed by semi-structured interviews, sought to describe the practice patterns and perceived competencies of occupational therapy practitioners in the provision of return to work (RTW) services for stroke survivors. Respondents (n = 119) were mostly occupational therapists (95%) working in outpatient settings (61%); 47% reported a caseload of mostly stroke survivors; and most addressing RTW (60%). Respondents focused predominantly on remediation of cognitive and physical skills and less on actual work performance and supports...
July 27, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kathlyn L Reed
The creation of a new profession in the early 20th century, such as occupational therapy, required a commitment to certain ideas and a willingness to accept certain challenges. This study examines the commitment to the idea of therapeutic and health supporting occupation by the early leaders and proponents of the profession and the challenges they faced in gaining acceptance of occupational therapy as a profession capable of delivering a valued health care service to society. Six challenges are reviewed as they occurred in the history of the profession and as they continue to challenge the profession into the present era...
April 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Camila Caminha Caro, Jacqueline Denubila Costa, Daniel Marinho Cezar Da Cruz
The purpose of this study was to identify the level of burden and quality of life of family caregivers of stroke patients and to investigate the correlation between burden, quality of life (including physical, social, psychological, and environmental domains), age of caregivers, and the care period. A descriptive correlational cross-sectional study was performed, with a convenience sample of family caregivers (n = 30) of stroke patients in São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected using a questionnaire on participants' characteristics, the Zarit Burden Interview Scale (ZBIS), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) instrument...
April 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Laura Thyer, Ted Brown, Debbie Roe
This study investigated the validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) when included as one of the scales used by therapists with older adults on an inpatient sub-acute rehabilitation setting. Quantitative data from 36 participants in a sub-acute rehabilitation setting was obtained via the COPM, the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) using a pre-post methodology. Pearson's r correlations and linear regression analyses were computed. The COPM Performance admission score was significantly correlated with the FIM Total and FIM Physical admission scores (p <...
April 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Christine Berg, Allison King, Dorothy Farrar Edwards
Using descriptive case studies, this paper describes a short-term mentoring program using goal attainment scaling for young adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). Two participants received three and seven visits, respectively, before dropping out of the program with no significant change in goal attainment scores. Although the program supported meaningful individualized goals, repeated and cumulative effects of hospitalizations, sickle cell pain episodes, family health issues, unsafe location of residence, and transportation appeared to remain significant barriers for to achieve stated goals...
April 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Mansha Mirza, Elizabeth Adare Harrison
Nearly one in ten US residents have difficulty speaking and understanding English and are deemed to have limited English proficiency (LEP). Despite federal mandates for provision of interpreters and other language access services, individuals with LEP experience notable health disparities. Occupational therapists must be prepared to equitably serve this population, however there is a dearth of research evidence and practical recommendations about our profession's readiness to serve this growing population. This paper maps the current healthcare policy environment and existing language access research relevant to occupational therapy...
April 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Janet L Poole, Donna Haygood, Cindy Mendelson
The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of fathers with scleroderma. Ten fathers with scleroderma were interviewed by telephone. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Two key themes emerged related to the emotional impact of the illness and the day to day realities of the illness with the unpredictability and rareness of the illness leading to ongoing feelings of isolation and fear of mortality. The negative influences of being a father with scleroderma included the inability of the fathers to participate in physical activities with their children such as outdoor sports and throwing balls...
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Ata Farajzadeh, Malek Amini, Saman Maroufizadeh, Champa J Wijesinghe
The aim of this study was to investigate of psychometric properties of the Caregiver Difficulties Scale (CDS) for Iranian caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP). After a forward-backward translation, the Persian version of CDS (P-CDS) was administered to 151 Iranian mothers of CP children. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to measure the factor structure of P-CDS. The reliability was evaluated by examining internal consistency and test-retest method over a 2-week period using Cronbach's alpha and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively...
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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