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Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Stacy Smallfield, Sue Berger, Brooke Hillman, Paige Saltzgaber, Jarod Giger, Jennifer Kaldenberg
The purpose of this research was to describe the strategies that older adults with low vision use to support daily living. A descriptive qualitative study of 10 older adults with low vision was conducted using semistructured, audio-recorded interviews. The data was coded and grouped into categories, and the findings were summarized. Four major themes were identified: (a) device nonuse; (b) sensory strategies and devices; (c) environmental strategies; and (d) resourcefulness. Older adults with low vision try many devices and strategies to find the ones that allow them to participate in meaningful activity within their physical and social environment...
October 18, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Sheila Wilson
Although there are standards for occupational therapy education, there are no universal standards for the affiliated fieldwork settings, only guidelines from the educational institutions. As a result, a student learning experience often varies dramatically from facility to facility. Several factors that may affect the clinical experience include the preparedness of a student, the willingness of a clinic to work through potential student challenges, and the theoretical foundation a clinic has built for disseminating occupational therapy practice skills...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Malek Amini, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Omid Rostamzadeh, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh
The purpose of the study was to establish the psychometric properties of the Iranian-Children Participation Questionnaire (I-CPQ) among parents (n = 120) of preschool children with cerebral palsy. The mean age of the preschool children was 5.1 years old. The confirmatory factor analysis was conducted in two stages, and the values of all goodness of fit tests reached an acceptable level (greater than 0.9), and achieved an acceptable root mean square error of approximation model fit value of 0.05. The results of convergent validity with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale for all subtests were significant...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kathlyn L Reed, Lori T Andersen
Although the name, Eleanor Clarke Slagle, is well known to occupational therapy practitioners, her personal history is less known and published accounts vary in the degree of accuracy. This article is based on a historical research technique known as source criticism that focuses on using accounts published during the individual's lifetime that can be verified, when possible, through more than one source. The purpose is to present an accurate history of Mrs. Slagle as a person who influenced the history and development of occupational therapy practice in the United States...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Adele Breen-Franklin
This piloted asynchronous online course enabled students to prepare for the certification examination during the students' second level II clinical experience. Instructional strategies included creation of individualized resource materials and study plans, weekly assignments, and practice tests' data. A comparison of cohorts will be discussed, as well as lessons learned for future course development and instructional design that will enable students to learn skills required to successfully complete the certification examination...
October 11, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Caitlyn Foy
Research suggests new health care professional faculty members benefit from assistance and support in the transition from the clinic to academia; however, few recent studies have been conducted to determine if this is true for occupational therapy. This descriptive pilot study explores the barriers that may face new occupational therapy faculty members and suggests strategies to assist new faculty members in their transition to academia. Through an electronic survey, identified barriers, challenges, and potential resolutions for the transitioning of new faculty members are highlighted...
August 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Nadia W Mullen, Barbara Parker, Elaine Wiersma, Arne Stinchcombe, Michel Bédard
This project aimed to identify the impact of driving cessation from the perspectives of older drivers and former drivers. Participants included 17 adults aged 65-88 years residing in a city in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Using a semi-structured interview guide (with questions regarding mobility, personal impact, impact on others, engagement with life, and finances), two focus groups were held with nine current drivers, and one-on-one interviews were held with six former drivers and two current drivers. Two themes emerged concerning stopping driving...
July 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Brian Fitzgerald, Siobhán MacCobb
Occupational therapists must generate knowledge and evidence that relates specifically to their practice context especially when there is a paucity of literature for emerging areas of practice. This paper describes the process of adopting a scholarship of practice approach with other professionals to generate evidence for practice in mainstream post primary school settings with students with social, emotional and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Scholarship of practice and clinical reasoning are closely intertwined as therapists generate evidence on their practice to make informed decisions and judgments...
July 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Mark Weinreich, Jennifer Herman, Stephanie Dickason, Helen Mayo
This paper is a synthesis of the available literature on occupational therapy interventions performed in the adult intensive care unit (ICU). The databases of Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases were systematically searched from inception through August 2016 for studies of adults who received occupational therapy interventions in the ICU. Of 1,938 citations reviewed, 10 studies met inclusion criteria. Only one study explicitly discussed occupational therapy interventions performed and only one study specifically tested the efficacy of occupational therapy...
July 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily F Piven, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
This paper explores the role of perturbance and attractor, two key nonlinear features described by the Neuro-occupation model in shaping human behavior. A convenience sample of eleven Iranian participants who had both strokes and demonstrated high resilience were recruited for this study. To explore the process of how participants fell under the influence of the perturbance and attractor, the content analysis with pre-determined categories using deductive reasoning was used. The findings suggest that perturbance and attractor exerted considerable influences on adaptation to stroke and assist in the understanding of the Neuro-occupation model...
July 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Christine T Myers, Jennifer Lotz
The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the evidence-based practice (EBP) training literature for occupational therapy practitioners in order to describe the relationships between EBP use in practice and practitioner training for EBP. A systematic search of literature related to EBP training in occupational therapy was followed by a research evaluation, review of case examples, and qualitative content analysis. Findings suggest that comprehensive, contextually-relevant, and collaborative training approaches are necessary for practitioners to address implementation of EBP...
June 28, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Sharon A Gutman, Ted Brown, Yuh-Shan Ho
A bibliometric analysis was completed of peer-reviewed literature from 1991-2015, written by American occupational therapists, to examine US high impact scholarship with "occupational therapy" and "occupational therapist(s)" used as keywords to search journal articles' publication title, abstract, author details, and keywords. Results included 1,889 journal articles from 1991-2015 published by American occupational therapists as first or corresponding author. Sixty-nine articles attained a TotalCitation2015 ≥ 50 and 151 attained a Citation2015 ≥ 5 indicating that they were the most highly cited literature produced in this period...
June 23, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Joscelyn Varland, Elizabeth Cardell, Jeanette Koski, Molly McFadden
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the decision to supervise a Level II occupational therapy fieldwork student. A survey was sent to occupational therapists identified from licensure boards and alumni rosters, including those who have and have not supervised students (n = 548). The results identified both positive and negative influences along with predictive factors of supervising a student. While positive factors included continuing education units, education on fieldwork expectations, their own fieldwork experiences, shared supervision, and access to educational resources, negative influences consisted of: job responsibilities, caseload, productivity standards, working part-time, and fear of failing a student...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Janet Frith, Isobel Hubbard, Carole James, Helen Warren-Forward
Gaps exist in the knowledge of return-to-driving guidelines, and education is needed for Australian health professionals working in the field of stroke. In this paper, authors evaluate the implementation of an e-learning module. A pre- and post-module knowledge test and survey were used to assess the e-module's success in achieving its learning objectives. Initially, 204 learners completed the module, with 68% of learners scoring 100% in the post-module knowledge test. Only 12 learners completed the survey...
April 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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