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Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Rebecca Ozelie, Piper Hansen, Julia Liguzinski, Amanda Saylor, Emily Woodcock
The aim of this preliminary study was to quantify the amount of time clinicians spend at work with and without a student and identify predictors of time spent at work with a student. A quasi-experimental design evaluated 22 occupational therapists that supervised a student. The occupational therapists completed a time log for 3 months without a student and 3 months while supervising a student. A statistically significant difference in overall time spent at work while supervising a student compared to when not supervising a student was found...
January 8, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Caitlin Hardy, Jessica Senese, Sandra Fucile
This study identifies the scope of occupational therapy practice for the rehabilitation of oral feeding difficulties in infants who are in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A written survey was administered to 127 occupational therapists who work with infants in the NICU. All 68 (54%) respondents used a client-centered approach, taking into consideration the infant (intrinsic), caregiver, and environmental (extrinsic) factors. Family and health team education was the most commonly provided service with the majority of occupational therapists providing services only until feeding problems were resolved...
January 8, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Sarah E Wallace, Jeryl D Benson
Instructors are increasingly integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into academic programs to address curricular demands. IPE aims to increase the quality of collaborative services provided to patients. This article describes a case-based IPE activity designed for occupational therapy and speech-language pathology graduate students. This activity was designed as a small-scale integration of IPE to compliment large scale, multi-discipline learning activities. Students from two courses participated in an IPE activity that included one online and one in-class activity...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Allison L Ellington
Academic programs are tasked with the responsibility of providing support for fieldwork educators who provide training for their students. This article describes a pilot program wherein nine fieldwork educators participated in a weekly online journal club to gain increased knowledge of evidence-based supervision strategies. Program assessment indicated that an online journal club was feasible and well accepted by the fieldwork educators and that the participants valued the opportunity to connect and discuss the role with other fieldwork educators...
December 21, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Pat Precin, Virginia E Koenig, Elizabeth Chiariello, Gabriela K Masotti, Bari N Diamond, Diana B Lashinsky, Olivia Tierno
This paper describes a model for the creation of sustainable, population-based, occupational therapy fieldwork sites (SPOTS). An example of a population-based fieldwork site was created with Appalachian Mountain People in Kentucky and its outcomes are presented. Outcomes were gathered using a wide variety of evaluation feedback forms. The results indicate that all staff, student, and college feedback were extremely favorable as detailed and suggest that others may use the SPOTS Model to develop population-based occupational therapy services that address public health issues for people with disabilities identified in Healthy People 2020 and create scholarly opportunities for students and faculty...
December 21, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Ellen L Kolodner
This article provides updates on the evolution of Instructional Insights as well as introductions to both Instructional Insights articles published in this issue.
November 27, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Stacy Smallfield, Sue Berger, Brooke Hillman, Paige Saltzgaber, Jarod Giger, Jennifer Kaldenberg
The purpose of this research was to describe the strategies that older adults with low vision use to support daily living. A descriptive qualitative study of 10 older adults with low vision was conducted using semistructured, audio-recorded interviews. The data was coded and grouped into categories, and the findings were summarized. Four major themes were identified: (a) device nonuse; (b) sensory strategies and devices; (c) environmental strategies; and (d) resourcefulness. Older adults with low vision try many devices and strategies to find the ones that allow them to participate in meaningful activity within their physical and social environment...
October 18, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Sheila Wilson
Although there are standards for occupational therapy education, there are no universal standards for the affiliated fieldwork settings, only guidelines from the educational institutions. As a result, a student learning experience often varies dramatically from facility to facility. Several factors that may affect the clinical experience include the preparedness of a student, the willingness of a clinic to work through potential student challenges, and the theoretical foundation a clinic has built for disseminating occupational therapy practice skills...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Malek Amini, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Omid Rostamzadeh, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh
The purpose of the study was to establish the psychometric properties of the Iranian-Children Participation Questionnaire (I-CPQ) among parents (n = 120) of preschool children with cerebral palsy. The mean age of the preschool children was 5.1 years old. The confirmatory factor analysis was conducted in two stages, and the values of all goodness of fit tests reached an acceptable level (greater than 0.9), and achieved an acceptable root mean square error of approximation model fit value of 0.05. The results of convergent validity with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale for all subtests were significant...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kathlyn L Reed, Lori T Andersen
Although the name, Eleanor Clarke Slagle, is well known to occupational therapy practitioners, her personal history is less known and published accounts vary in the degree of accuracy. This article is based on a historical research technique known as source criticism that focuses on using accounts published during the individual's lifetime that can be verified, when possible, through more than one source. The purpose is to present an accurate history of Mrs. Slagle as a person who influenced the history and development of occupational therapy practice in the United States...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Adele Breen-Franklin
This piloted asynchronous online course enabled students to prepare for the certification examination during the students' second level II clinical experience. Instructional strategies included creation of individualized resource materials and study plans, weekly assignments, and practice tests' data. A comparison of cohorts will be discussed, as well as lessons learned for future course development and instructional design that will enable students to learn skills required to successfully complete the certification examination...
October 11, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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