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Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Al Copolillo, Ann Christopher, Amanda Lyons
This study examined how instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) performed by older adults under low-vision simulation conditions affect postural adjustments to changes in center of mass (COM). Ten participants with normal vision performed seven activities under two conditions, normal vision, and simulated macular degeneration (MD). Postural adjustment to changes in COM and time to complete activities were recorded. Low vision was compared to normal vision using Wilcoxon signed rank and t tests. Differences between the two conditions were statistically significant for postural adjustments to change in COM and time...
February 3, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Kimberly A Szucs, Jeryl D Benson, Brianne Haneman
Journal clubs are used in both clinical and academic settings in order for clinicians and students to utilize current best-practices, become competent in evidence based practice and develop critical appraisal skills. Journal clubs encourage students to practice searching for relevant research, critically appraising articles, and contributing to open discussions with peers. Establishing the practice of reading and critiquing literature in the classroom can enable the creation of a habit of using current evidence when students enter practice...
February 3, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Ellen L Kolodner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Malek Amini, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Hamid Haghani, Emad Mollazade, Masoome Zaree
The aim of this study was assess the factor structure, reliability and construct validity of the Children Participation Assessment Scale in Activities Outside of School-Parent Version (CPAS-P). The participants of this study were 700 parents of children aged 6-12 years. For data analysis, the confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were conducted. Convergent validity was calculated by correlation with the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale. The results indicated the CPAS-P has good internal reliability...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Jin-Hyuck Park, Ji-Hyuk Park
This study was conducted to investigate the associations among work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), job stress, and job attitude of occupational therapists in South Korea. Self-reporting questionnaires were distributed to 150 occupational therapists. Of the 128 occupational therapists who responded, 110 (85.9%) reported WMSDs affecting at least one body site. The most affected WMSDs site was the low back (26.8%), and the most reported number of body site affected by WMSDs was one (53.9%). As a result, there were significant differences in job stress and job attitude depending on the age, work experience, working hour, presence or absence of WMSDs, and number of site of pain...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Mélanie Ruest, Annick Bourget, Nathalie Delli-Colli, Manon Guay
Algo is a clinical decision algorithm developed to support nonoccupational therapists in establishing assistive technology recommendations to enable physically disabled adults to perform their hygiene at home. This study aimed to explore the in-depth clinical reasoning of nonoccupational therapists using Algo to pinpoint the items leading to disagreements regarding recommendations. A multiple-case study was conducted with eight nonoccupational therapists trained to use Algo and filmed while using it with six standardized clients...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Hon K Yuen, Hillary S Spicher, Madelyn R Semon, Leah M Winwood, Brian J Dudgeon
This study explored the perceptions of occupational therapists regarding the impact and implications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA or ACA) on occupational therapy practice. Fifteen occupational therapists participated in an interview to answer open-ended questions related to their thoughts and perceptions regarding the impact and implications of the ACA on their practice. The participants were practicing in eight different states and worked in five different settings with clinical experience ranging from 3 to 38 years; their positions ranged from staff therapist to owner of a free-standing outpatient clinic...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Steven D Taff, Daniel Blash
Diversity is a fundamental element of the AOTA Centennial Vision and a critical aspect for the visibility, growth, and sustainability of the occupational therapy profession. In this article, the authors suggest that, while the profession has been aware of the need for a diverse workforce and has taken steps to increase diversity and cultural competency, a more structured, comprehensive, and action-oriented approach must be considered to address an issue which impacts professional roles and client engagement, satisfaction, and well-being...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Joseph Cipriani
International service learning (ISL) is included in an increasing number of courses at post-secondary levels of education, including programs which educate future occupational therapy practitioners. There is a limited amount of literature and research concerning best practices for course-based occupational therapy education featuring ISL experiences, in particular within developing countries. The purpose of this paper is to (a) to review key literature on ISL, (b) explicate key elements which can help design course-based ISL experiences; and (c) suggest areas for further research and development of course-based ISL...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Preethy S Samuel, Christina N Marsack, Lisa A Johnson, Barbara W LeRoy, Catherine L Lysack, Peter A Lichtenberg
The aim of this study was to describe the context and impact of caregiving for grandchildren with health concerns on grandparents. The study sample comprised 391 African American grandparents aged 55 or older. Logistic regression analysis indicated that grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with psychiatric or behavioral problems were more likely to experience a negative impact on their health (AOR = 7.86, p =.008) and leisure (AOR = 14.31, p =.024) than grandparent caregivers of grandchildren with no or other types of health problems...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Marta M Daly, Tina M DeAngelis
A professional development course for occupational therapy educators about teaching evidence-based practice (EBP) was developed and piloted. The course was developed to promote increased awareness of resources and methods for teaching EBP that are applicable across entry-level curricula. Participants included full-time faculty (n = 7) from one entry-level occupational therapy program in the New York City area. The results of the pilot informed refinement of the course in preparation for delivery to a wider audience of educators...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Young Joo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Ashley Pinkelman, Marla Roll, David Greene
The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) has been used to assess the effectiveness of assistive technology (AT). We explored whether a modified COPM was sensitive to change in perceived performance and satisfaction, and whether frequency of AT use resulted in greater change in the domains measured (reading, writing, note-taking, test-taking, and study skills). Significant interactions were found between time and use frequency with greater change in perceived performance in the daily-use group in several domains...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Jeryl D Benson, Kimberly A Szucs, Meredith Taylor
To assess student perception of learning and use of a student response system (SRS) as a teaching/learning strategy. Survey methods were used to explore student perceptions of learning and use of student response systems as a pedagogical strategy. Fifty-nine graduate students participated in the survey post completion of two graduate intervention courses. Overall, there was a positive response to the use of SRS's in the classroom. All of the students (100%) recommended the continued use of the clickers for various reasons...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Michelle L Bradshaw
An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used to explore the extent to which CAM was included, what factors impacted its inclusion, topics and student learning outcomes covered, who taught the material, and what sources were used to prepare for delivering course content. While the vast majority of responding occupational therapy educators reported curricular inclusion of CAM, educational experiences for occupational therapy students varied widely. This overview of the curricular inclusion of CAM by faculty in occupational therapy programs in the United States indicated that many occupational therapy educators are responding to the demands of a more integrative healthcare system...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Yunwha Jeong, Mary Law, Carol DeMatteo, Paul Stratford, Hwan Kim
This knowledge translation project was conducted to increase occupational therapy practitioners' awareness of the importance of measuring participation of children with disabilities. The Knowledge to Action process framework (KTA framework) guided knowledge translation via a web-based seminar (webinar) to practitioners working with children and educators teaching in occupational therapy programs in South Korea. Two hundred and seventy six views of the webinar were recorded within a month and 15 practitioners and 13 educators completed the online evaluation survey...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Beverly P Horowitz, Tiffany Almonte, Andrea Vasil
This exploratory research examined the benefits of a health education program utilizing the Home Safety Self-Assessment Tool (HSSAT) to increase perceived knowledge of home safety, recognition of unsafe activities, ability to safely perform activities, and develop home safety plans of 47 older adults. Focus groups in two senior centers explored social workers' perspectives on use of the HSSAT in community practice. Results for the health education program found significant differences between reported knowledge of home safety (p = ...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Brenton Kortman, Kate Nicholls
The aim of this feasibility study was to identify whether eye-tracking glasses could sensitively differentiate unilateral spatial neglect (USN) among a sample of participants who had a stroke, and to determine whether a larger study was viable. A sample of 13 inpatients (N = 7 with neglect, N = 6 without neglect) aged 50-78 years undertook a task while wearing Tobii eye-tracking glasses. The kitchen environment and the task of making a cup of coffee were standardized. Two commonly reported tests for USN, the Bells Test and the Line Crossing Test, were also used as a reference standard for the eye-tracking data...
August 5, 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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