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Geriatric Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909928/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-aging-and-frailty-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#1
Abby Parish, Jennifer Kim, Kanah May Lewallen, Sally Miller, Janet Myers, Robbie Panepinto, Cathy A Maxwell
A growing body of evidence indicates that biological aging or frailty is a determinant of health-related outcomes, however, frailty is likely poorly understood and under-recognized by the public-at-large. Using Whittemore and Knafl's methodology, we aimed to conduct an integrative review of research on public knowledge and perceptions of aging and frailty, and to create a conceptual model of our findings. Twenty-three studies are presented. The conceptual model suggests that culture, knowledge of aging, and stereotypes influence adults' beliefs and perceptions...
June 14, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909025/a-comparative-study-of-social-capital-and-hospital-readmission-in-older-adults
#2
Sheryl A Emmerling, Kim Schafer Astroth, Myoung Jin Kim, Wendy M Woith, Mary J Dyck
Numerous factors contribute to hospital readmissions of older adults. The role social capital may play in preventing hospital readmissions is unknown. The aim of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to determine if levels of personal social capital differ in two groups of patients aged 65 and older, those readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of discharge and those not readmitted. Participants in this study (N = 106) were community-dwelling older adults discharged from 11 hospitals in the Midwestern United States...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909024/feasibility-of-testing-a-coaching-training-intervention-for-cnas-in-nursing-homes
#3
Kerry J Jordan, Pao-Feng Tsai, Seongkum Heo, Shasha Bai, Deborah Dailey, Cornelia Beck, Lindsey Butler
The study aim was to describe the feasibility of conducting a coaching training intervention on use of level of assistance strategies for Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) in nursing homes. CNAs received either traditional or coaching training. Feasibility of coaching training was evaluated by determining: acceptability, through use of a Post-Intervention Evaluation Form; fidelity, by adherence to protocol; recruitment and retention, by ease of obtaining the sample and retention rates; and ability to randomize within each home without contamination...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909023/validation-of-the-advanced-activities-of-daily-living-scale
#4
Ewerton Naves Dias, José Vitor da Silva, José Luís Pais-Ribeiro, Teresa Martins
The objective was to evaluate the metric properties of the List of Advanced Activities of the Daily Living. A study quantitative was conducted. The sample comprised 200 older adults from the city of Pouso Alegre, Brazil. The following instruments were employed: 1- Questionnaire sociodemographic and health; 2- Vitor Quality of Life Scale for the Elderly (VITOR QLSE); and 3 - List of Advanced Activities in Daily Life - AAVDs. It was verified through the exploratory factorial analysis that the list possesses three denominated domains of Activities of Leisure, Social Activities and Productive Activities...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909022/a-review-on-healthy-ageing-interventions-addressing-physical-mental-and-social-health-of-independent-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Ying Jiang, Emily Ang, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Wenru Wang
Healthy ageing is a multi-dimensional concept which appertains to all older adults. This study reviewed the intervention characteristics, intervention content and effectiveness of multi-dimensional healthy ageing interventions (MHAIs) addressing physical, mental and social health among independent community-dwelling older adults. A search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO for studies published from Jan 2007 to October 2016. 18 publications were included, accounting for 15 studies...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903513/prevalence-and-characteristics-associated-with-high-dose-opioid-users-among-older-adults
#6
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Luke Slindee, Sandra Kraemer, Charlotte S Yeh
Our primary objective was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of high dose opioid users among older adults. Study populations included adults ≥65 years with: 1) 12-month continuous medical plan enrollment; and 2) at least 2 opioid prescriptions with a cumulative day supply ≥15 days. Opioid users were categorized as high dose >120 milligram morphine equivalents (MME) per day or lower dose ≤120 MMEs per day. Among eligible insureds, 3% (N = 7616) were identified as high dose opioid users...
June 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884559/obesity-and-intensive-staffing-needs-of-nursing-home-residents
#7
John Alexander Harris, John Engberg, Nicholas George Castle
The objective of this study is to examine how increasing body mass index (BMI) among nursing home residents affects the amount of staffing assistance needed for activities of daily living (ADL). We analyzed 1,627,141 US nursing home residents reported in the 2013 Minimum Data Set in seven BMI categories, from underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 ) to obesity Class IIIB (≥50 kg/m2 ). Logistic regression models estimated the odds of nursing home-reported need for extensive (≥2 staff member) assistance needed for ADLs...
June 5, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880443/the-association-among-knowledge-of-and-confidence-in-home-health-care-services-acculturation-and-family-caregivers-relationships-to-older-adults-of-mexican-descent
#8
Janice D Crist, Mary Lee Montgomery, Alice Pasvogel, Linda R Phillips, Evangeline M Ortiz-Dowling
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships among knowledge of and confidence in health care services (HHCS), acculturation, characteristics of family caregivers of Mexican descent, and differences by caregivers' relationship (spouse or adult child). A sample of Mexican-descent older adults and their caregivers was recruited (n = 74 dyads) in Arizona. Each participant completed questionnaires on knowledge, confidence, and acculturation. There were moderate but significant associations among higher Anglo Orientation with Knowledge and with Confidence...
June 4, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859699/knowledge-facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-practice-of-person-centred-care-in-aged-care-workers-a-qualitative-study
#9
Michelle L Oppert, Valerie J O'Keeffe, David Duong
The current study describes aged care workers' interpretation of the concept of person-centred care; and identifies the barriers that exist to impede its practice, and the facilitators that encourage person-centred care practice. Data were collected from interviews with aged care workers from two residential aged care facilities providing both high and low care for residents with and without physical and psychological issues based in Australia. Data were analysed to identify and explore categories of meaning for barriers and facilitators...
May 30, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859698/caregiving-demands-job-demands-and-health-outcomes-for-employed-family-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-dementia-structural-equation-modeling
#10
Yu-Nu Wang, Wen-Chuin Hsu, Pei-Shan Yang, Grace Yao, Yi-Chen Chiu, Sien-Tsong Chen, Tzu-Hsin Huang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu
Many family caregivers are also employed full- or part-time and are known to be affected by job demands. This study explored the mediating effect of job demands on the relationship between caregiving demands and caregiver health outcomes in primary family caregivers of older persons with dementia in Taiwan (N = 214). A cross-sectional design using a self-completed structured questionnaire was implemented. Structural equation modeling analyses showed that job demands partially mediated the relationship between caregiving demands and caregiver health outcomes...
May 30, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859697/the-impact-of-old-versus-new-antiepileptic-drugs-on-costs-and-patient-reported-outcomes-among-older-adults
#11
Haya M Almalag, Huda Alzahrani, Fawaz Al-Hussain, Abdulaziz Alsemari, Edward B De Vol, Manal Rashed Almarzouqi, Yazed S AlRuthia
The aim of this prospective questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was to examine whether the new generation of Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) with higher acquisition cost generate lower adverse effects than the old AEDs among a sample of 102 Arabic-speaking older adults (60 years of age or older) with seizure disorders. The mean scores of the Arabic version of the Liverpool Adverse Events Profile (LAEP), which assessed the adverse effects of the AEDs, did not differ between patients taking the old and new generations of AEDs...
May 30, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858041/evaluation-of-a-decision-support-app-for-nurses-and-case-managers-to-facilitate-aging-in-place-of-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-laboratory-experiment
#12
Theresa Thoma-Lürken, Michel H C Bleijlevens, Monique A S Lexis, Jan P H Hamers
Detecting practical problems of persons with dementia (PwD) experience at home, and advising them on solutions to facilitate aging in place are complex and challenging tasks for nurses and case managers. In this two group randomized, controlled laboratory experiment, the efficacy of a decision support application aiming to increase nurses' and case managers' confidence in clinical judgment and decision-making was tested. The participants (N = 67) assessed a case of a PwD within the problem domains: self-reliance, safety and informal care, and provided suggestions for possible solutions...
May 29, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807671/examining-spiritual-support-among-african-american-and-caucasian-alzheimer-s-caregivers-a-risk-and-resilience-study
#13
Scott E Wilks, Wanda R Spurlock, Sandra C Brown, Bettina C Teegen, Jennifer R Geiger
Research shows African Americans at greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to the Caucasian population, suggesting African American AD caregivers are rising in numbers at a greater rate than Caucasian counterparts. Over a decade ago, an article in Geriatric Nursing revealed spiritual well-being differences among these caregiver groups. The purpose of this study was a quasi-follow-up, utilizing a larger caregiver sample to test spiritual support as a moderator via a risk-and-resilience framework...
May 25, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804689/using-telehealth-to-optimize-healthy-independent-living-for-older-adults-a-feasibility-study
#14
Tamilyn Bakas, Debi Sampsel, Jahmeel Israel, Ameya Chamnikar, Barbara Bodnarik, John Greer Clark, Megan Gresham Ulrich, Dieter Vanderelst
The purpose of this study was to test feasibility of the Telehealth Community Health Assistance Team (T-CHAT), a nurse-led intervention delivered through a telepresence robot designed to promote healthy independent living among older adults. Using a quasi-experimental design, 21 older adults were divided into a T-CHAT group (n = 11) or a waitlist control group (n = 10). The T-CHAT group received 3 weekly health coaching sessions from a nurse practitioner student through the telepresence robot. Data trends were analyzed using two-way repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with baseline values as co-variates; effect sizes using partial eta squared (η2 )...
May 24, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804688/challenges-to-aging-in-place-for-african-american-older-adults-living-with-dementia-and-their-families
#15
Fayron Epps, Gretchen Weeks, Evan Graham, DeMicha Luster
A culturally informed community health assessment was conducted to explore the community context of care for older adults in African American urban neighborhoods. The purpose of this study is to explore the challenges to aging in place for African American older adults living with dementia and their family members. Data collection and analysis were conducted as concurrent iterative procedures between photographs, media clippings, semi-structured interviews (N = 24), observation notes, and journaling. Content analysis revealed shame, improper housing, financial constraints, resource inadequacy, transportation concerns, and knowledge deficit as common challenges faced by the older adults and their families to receiving health services to support aging in place within urban neighborhoods...
May 24, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803606/sleep-disruption-and-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-dementia-a-state-of-the-art-review
#16
Darina V Petrovsky, Miranda Varrasse McPhillips, Junxin Li, Ariana Brody, Laurel Caffeé, Nancy A Hodgson
Sleep disruption in persons with dementia is pervasive and contributes to negative health outcomes and decreased quality of life. Using Lawton's framework for quality of life in persons with dementia, the aim of this state-of-the-art review was to synthesize current knowledge on the association between sleep disruption and quality of life in persons with dementia in four domains: physical, social/behavioral, emotional well-being, and cognitive. Based on the final sample of six studies, sleep disruption was negatively associated with all four quality of life domains in persons with dementia...
May 23, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776686/update-on-statin-drugs-for-lipid-disorders
#17
William Simonson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773413/dancing-in-the-golden-age-a-study-on-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-social-engagement
#18
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Monica Emma Liubicich, Marcello Chiabrero, Emanuela Rabaglietti
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dancing activity based on different dance styles, in groups as well as with a partner, on mobility performance, quality of life and social engagement in a sample of older adults. One hundred and sixty-three older adults (mean age, 70 years; SD = 4 years) participated in a supervised dancing activity programme for 16 weeks. The dancing activity included different dance routines and was progressive in terms of motor complexity. Data on mobility, health-related quality of life and social engagement were collected before and after a 16-week training period...
May 14, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759810/move-it-before-it-s-too-late-helping-older-adults-accept-less-residential-burden-and-more-assistance
#19
Richard G Stefanacci, Albert Riddle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759808/implementation-of-a-clinical-nursing-pathway-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-prospective-study
#20
Meng Li, Huimin Liu
This study is to evaluate the effect of a clinical nursing pathway (CNP) on the clinical outcomes of the transradial approach for emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 118 subjects diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were enrolled in the study. They were randomly divided into a control group receiving conventional nursing and a clinical nursing pathway group. The differences in door-to-balloon time, length of hospital stay, hospitalization cost, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction with nursing care between the two groups were determined and analyzed statistically...
May 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
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