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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764693/prospective-cohort-studies-of-dietary-vitamin-b6-intake-and-risk-of-cause-specific-mortality
#1
Long-Gang Zhao, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hong-Lan Li, Jing Gao, Li-Hua Han, Jing Wang, Jie Fang, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin B6 has been postulated to play an important role in determining chronic diseases. However, few studies have evaluated associations between dietary vitamin B6 and cause-specific mortality comprehensively. METHODS: We investigated the associations between vitamin B6 from diet and risk of all-cause, and cause-specific mortality in 134,480 participants from the Shanghai Men's Health Study (2002-2014) and Shanghai Women's Health Study (1997-2014)...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752009/effects-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-fibrosis-endothelial-function-and-myocardial-performance-in-ischemic-heart-failure-patients
#2
Evangelos Oikonomou, Georgia Vogiatzi, Dimitrios Karlis, Gerasimos Siasos, Christina Chrysohoou, Theodoros Zografos, George Lazaros, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Konstantinos Mourouzis, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Marina Toutouza, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may affect the cardiovascular system with a multiplicity of mechanisms. We assessed the effects of omega-3 PUFAs supplements on inflammation, fibrosis, left ventricle performance and endothelial function of ischemic heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo controlled, cross-over trial we enrolled 31 patients with ischemic HF, followed by a 6-week wash-out period. Omega-3 PUFAs (2 g daily, 8 weeks) were administered PO in the intervention arm...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752007/developing-mealtime-interventions-considerations-based-on-a-single-center-experience
#3
LETTER
Dorian N Dijxhoorn, Geert J A Wanten, Manon G A van den Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752008/a-genetic-variant-in-the-cytochrome-p450-family-2-subfamily-r-member-1-determines-response-to-vitamin-d-supplementation
#4
Afsane Bahrami, Mehrane Mehramiz, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Kiana Sadeghi Ardekani, Maryam Tayefi, Mahsa Sadeghzade, Mohammad Rashidmayvan, Maryam Safari Ghalezou, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia
BACKGROUND: Globally, about 1 billion people have inadequate levels of serum vitamin D and it is prevalent in all ethnicities and age groups. Few foods naturally contain sufficient vitamin D; therefore, most people get their requirements through supplementation. Hence vitamin D status is affected by genetic and environmental determinants including season of measurement, diet habitual, health status, body mass index and concurrent medication. Further studies are necessary to understand how genetic variation influences vitamin D metabolism...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739679/low-trabecular-bone-score-in-adolescent-female-inpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Yael Levy-Shraga, Liana Tripto-Shkolnik, Dana David, Iris Vered, Daniel Stein, Dalit Modan-Moses
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an emerging technology that provides information regarding bone microarchitecture. A recent study showed that in healthy girls normal TBS (≥1.35) was achieved within the first year post-menarche. The aims of our study was to assess TBS in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to evaluate correlations with clinical, laboratory and densitometric variables. METHODS: A cohort study of 208 adolescent females (mean age 15...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739681/cruciferous-vegetable-intake-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Nagisa Mori, Taichi Shimazu, Hadrien Charvat, Michihiro Mutoh, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Manami Inoue, Atsushi Goto, Ribeka Takachi, Junko Ishihara, Mitsuhiko Noda, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cruciferous vegetables contain isothiocyanates, which effectively reduce inflammation and oxidative stress related to chronic diseases, inhibit the bioactivation of procarcinogens, and enhance the excretion of carcinogens. However, at present, no large cohort studies have investigated the effect of cruciferous vegetable on mortality. We aimed to examine the association between cruciferous vegetable intake and all-cause mortality, namely cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and injuries, in a large cohort study conducted between 1990 and 1993, in Japan...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731182/effect-of-probiotic-and-prebiotic-vs-placebo-on-psychological-outcomes-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Asma Kazemi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Kamal Azam, Mohammad Hadi Eskandari, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: Disturbance in the equilibrium of the gut microbiota has been involved in the pathophysiology of depression. Probiotics have the potential to healthfully modulate the gut microbiome. Prebiotics could also be effective by stimulation of growth of some bacterial species in the gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this double blind clinical trial, was to compare the effect of supplementation with the probiotic and prebiotic on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score as a primary outcome as well as the kynurenine/tryptophan ratio and tryptophan/branch chain amino acids (BCAAs) ratio as secondary outcomes in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735178/dietary-sugar-added-to-coffee-and-tea-in-pre-menopausal-women
#8
LETTER
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Alberto Farinetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724410/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-hypertension
#9
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709380/calorie-intake-and-short-term-survival-of-critically-ill-patients
#10
Wolfgang H Hartl, Andreas Bender, Fabian Scheipl, David Kuppinger, Andrew G Day, Helmut Küchenhoff
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association between calorie supply and outcome of critically ill patients is unclear. Results from observational studies contradict findings of randomized studies, and have been questioned because of unrecognized confounding by indication. The present study wanted to re-examine the associations between the daily amount of calorie intake and short-term survival of critically ill patients using several novel statistical approaches. METHODS: 9661 critically ill patients from 451 ICUs were extracted from an international database...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705061/dietary-inflammatory-potential-and-risk-of-mortality-in-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-phenotypes-among-overweight-and-obese-adults
#11
Yong-Moon Mark Park, Moon Kyung Choi, Seong-Su Lee, Nitin Shivappa, Kyungdo Han, Susan E Steck, James R Hébert, Anwar T Merchant, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was designed to investigate the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) scores, metabolic phenotypes, and risk of mortality risk in overweight/obese individuals from a representative sample of the U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">Data from 3733 overweight/obese adults (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) aged 20-90 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 were analyzed; these participants were followed for mortality through December 31, 2011...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739680/alkalinization-with-potassium-bicarbonate-improves-glutathione-status-and-protein-kinetics-in-young-volunteers-during-21-day-bed-rest
#12
Gianni Biolo, Filippo Giorgio Di Girolamo, Martina Heer, Mariella Sturma, Sara Mazzucco, Francesco Agostini, Roberta Situlin, Pierandrea Vinci, Mauro Giordano, Judith Buehlmeier, Petra Frings-Meuthen, Filippo Mearelli, Nicola Fiotti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Physical inactivity is associated with lean body mass wasting, oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory changes of cell membrane lipids. Alkalinization may potentially counteract these alterations. We evaluated the effects of potassium bicarbonate supplementation on protein kinetics, glutathione status and pro- and anti-inflammatory polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in erythrocyte membranes in humans, during experimental bed rest. METHODS: Healthy, young, male volunteers were investigated at the end of two 21-day bed rest periods, one with, and the other without, daily potassium bicarbonate supplementation (90 mmol × d-1 ), according to a cross-over design...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703559/personalized-weight-change-prediction-in-the-first-week-of-life
#13
Mélanie Wilbaux, Severin Kasser, Julia Gromann, Isabella Mancino, Tania Coscia, Olav Lapaire, Johannes N van den Anker, Marc Pfister, Sven Wellmann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Almost all neonates show physiological weight loss and consecutive weight gain after birth. The resulting weight change profiles are highly variable as they depend on multiple neonatal and maternal factors. This limits the value of weight nomograms for the early identification of neonates at risk for excessive weight loss and related morbidities. The objective of this study was to characterize weight changes and the effect of supplemental feeding in late preterm and term neonates during the first week of life, to identify and quantify neonatal and maternal influencing factors, and to provide an educational online prediction tool...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685478/postprandial-endotoxemia-may-influence-the-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-the-cordioprev-study
#14
Antonio Camargo, Rosa Jimenez-Lucena, Juan F Alcala-Diaz, Oriol A Rangel-Zuñiga, Sonia Garcia-Carpintero, Javier Lopez-Moreno, Ruth Blanco-Rojo, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Ben van Ommen, Maria M Malagon, Jose M Ordovas, Francisco Perez-Jimenez, Jose Lopez-Miranda
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Insulin resistance (IR) and impaired beta-cell function are key determinants of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Intestinal absorption of bacterial components activates the toll-like receptors inducing inflammation, and this in turn IR. We evaluated the role of endotoxemia in promoting inflammation-induced insulin resistance (IR) in the development of T2DM, and its usefulness as predictive biomarker. METHODS: We included in this study 462 patients from the CORDIOPREV study without T2DM at baseline...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680166/intake-of-caffeine-from-all-sources-and-reasons-for-use-by-college-students
#15
Caroline R Mahoney, Grace E Giles, Bernadette P Marriott, Daniel A Judelson, Ellen L Glickman, Paula J Geiselman, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Caffeine intake in a convenience sample of U.S. college students (N = 1248) was surveyed at five geographically-dispersed United States (U.S.) universities. METHODS: Intake from coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, gums, and medications was assessed. Associations between caffeine intake and demographic variables including sex, age, race/ethnicity, family income, general health, exercise, weight variables and tobacco use were examined...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661513/cinnamon-a-systematic-review-of-adverse-events
#16
REVIEW
Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad, Mohadeseh Ostovar, Mohammad Javad Raee, Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Johannes Gottfried Mayer, Mojtaba Heydari
Cinnamon, from the genus Cinnamomum and Lauraceae family, has been used as a popular spice for thousands of years around the world. Many studies have shown therapeutic effects of cinnamon including its antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, antioxidant, antitumor, antihypertensive, antilipemic, antidiabetic, gastroprotective, and immunomodulatory effects. Due to popular use of cinnamon and several human reports on adverse events associated with short or long term use of cinnamon, we aimed to systematically review its human reports of adverse event...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653864/opinions-and-practices-of-healthcare-professionals-on-assessment-of-disease-associated-malnutrition-in-children-results-from-an-international-survey
#17
Koen Huysentruyt, Jessie Hulst, Feifei Bian, Raanan Shamir, Melinda White, Raphael Galera-Martinez, Anna Morais-Lopez, Aydan Kansu, Konstantinos Gerasimidis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Lack of consensus on clinical indicators for the assessment of pediatric disease associated malnutrition (DAM) may explain its under-recognition in clinical practice. This study surveyed the opinions of health professionals (HP) on clinical indicators of DAM and barriers impeding routine nutritional screening in children. METHODS: Web-based questionnaire survey (April 2013-August 2015) in Australia, Belgium, Israel, Spain, The Netherlands, Turkey and UK...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653863/associations-of-body-adiposity-index-waist-circumference-and-body-mass-index-in-young-adults
#18
Michael V Fedewa, Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an anthropometric measure developed to estimate body composition in field settings. Although this novel measure has been validated against clinical measures of adiposity (%Fat), the relative accuracy of other anthropometric measures, such as Body Mass Index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), have not been assessed in comparison to the BAI using a 4-compartment (4C) model. PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between BMI, WC, BAI, and %Fat in young adults, and determine the relative accuracy of each anthropometric measure when predicting %Fat...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653862/influence-of-low-fodmap-and-gluten-free-diets-on-disease-activity-and-intestinal-microbiota-in-patients-with-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#19
Walburga Dieterich, Detlef Schuppan, Monic Schink, Raphaela Schwappacher, Stefan Wirtz, Abbas Agaimy, Markus F Neurath, Yurdagül Zopf
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms triggered by ingestion of gluten. However, non-gluten triggers have recently been implicated, and a FODMAP (fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols)-reduced diet can partially improve symptoms in NCGS. Our aim was to analyze the effect of a low FODMAP versus a gluten-free diet (GFD) on clinical symptoms, psychological well-being, intestinal inflammation and integrity, and stool microbiota...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#20
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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