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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916336/handgrip-strength-may-not-accurately-reflect-the-overall-nutritional-status-of-patients
#1
LETTER
Bo Shi, Junqiang Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914714/response-to-the-letter-handgrip-strength-may-not-accurately-reflect-the-overall-nutritional-status-of-patients
#2
LETTER
Barbara Perez Vogt, Mariana Clementoni Costa Borges, Cassiana Regina de Góes, Jacqueline Costa Teixeira Caramori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908565/determinants-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-healthy-and-hypertensive-subjects-a-population-based-study-and-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Liyuan Han, Yanfen Liu, Changyi Wang, Linlin Tang, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Qi Wen, Donghui Duan, Nanjia Lu, Guodong Xu, Kaiyue Wang, Lu Zhang, Kaibo Gu, Sihan Chen, Jianping Ma, Tao Zhang, Dingyun You, Shiwei Duan
AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is known to increase the risk of many diseases. Factors influencing HHcy in healthy and hypertensive subjects remain under-researched. METHODS: A large population-based study was conducted in 60 communities from Shenzhen, China. Responses to standardized questions on lifestyle factors and blood samples were collected from all participants after a 12-h overnight fast. Multiple linear and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore risk factors for HHcy...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903410/long-chain-n-3-pufa-supplied-by-the-usual-diet-decrease-plasma-stearoyl-coa-desaturase-index-in-non-hypertriglyceridemic-older-adults-at-high-vascular-risk
#4
Ana M Pérez-Heras, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Montserrat Cofán, Mercè Serra-Mir, Ana I Castellote, Carmen López-Sabater, Montserrat Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel-Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The activity of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1), the central enzyme in the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), has been associated with de novo lipogenesis. In experimental models SCD1 is down-regulated by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but clinical studies are scarce. The effect of long-chain n-3 PUFA (LCn-3PUFA) supplied by the regular diet, in the absence of fatty fish or fish oil supplementation, remains to be explored. METHODS: We related 1-y changes in plasma SCD1 index, as assessed by the C16:1n-7/C16:0 ratio, to both adiposity traits and nutrient intake changes in a sub-cohort (n = 243) of non-hypertriglyceridemic subjects of the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterranea) trial...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887751/heart-failure-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene
#5
LETTER
Levent Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890489/spinal-muscular-atrophy-types-i-and-ii-what-are-the-differences-in%C3%A2-body-composition-and-resting-energy-expenditure
#6
Simona Bertoli, Ramona De Amicis, Chiara Mastella, Giulia Pieri, Ester Giaquinto, Alberto Battezzati, Alessandro Leone, Giovanni Baranello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Different neuromuscular functional domains in types I and II Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMAI and SMAII) could lead to differences in body composition (BC) and resting energy expenditure (REE). Their identification could provide the key to defining appropriate strategies in clinical dietary management, but data comparing SMAI and SMAII in terms of BC and REE are not yet available. We measured total and regional fat (FM), lean (LBM), mineral (BMC) masses, body water (total, intra- and extra-cellular, TBW, ICW, ECW) and REE in a sample of SMAI and II children, matched for age and sex, and also adjusting for body size to compare these features of the two SMA phenotypes...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#8
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916337/nutritionday-10-years-of-growth
#9
REVIEW
Karin Schindler, Claude Pichard, Isabella Sulz, Dorothee Volkert, Melanie Streicher, Pierre Singer, Olle Ljungqvist, Andre Van Gossum, Peter Bauer, Michael Hiesmayr
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite high prevalence at hospital admission, disease related malnutrition (DRM) remains under recognized and undertreated. DRM is associated with increased morbidity, hospital readmission rate, and burden for the healthcare system. The compelling need to increase awareness and knowledge through an international survey has triggered the launch of the nutritionDay (ND) concept. METHODS: ND is a worldwide annual systematic collection and analysis of data in hospital wards, intensive care units and nursing homes...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890488/green-tea-weight-loss-and-physical-activity
#10
LETTER
Yishai Levy, Baruch Narotzki, Abraham Z Reznick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887752/changes-in-plasma-fatty-acid-composition-are-associated-with-improvements-in-obesity-and-related-metabolic-disorders-a-therapeutic-approach-to-overweight-adolescents
#11
Marcela Guerendiain, Rosa Montes, Gemma López-Belmonte, Miguel Martín-Matillas, Ana I Castellote, Elena Martín-Bautista, Amelia Martí, J Alfredo Martínez, Luis Moreno, Jesús Mª Garagorri, Julia Wärnberg, Javier Caballero, Ascensión Marcos, M Carmen López-Sabater, Cristina Campoy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In recent years, obesity has reached alarming levels among children and adolescents. The study of plasma fatty acid (FA) composition, as a reflection of diet, and its associations with other parameters, that are closely linked to obesity and the cardiometabolic profile, may be useful for setting nutritional goals for obesity treatment and prevention. This study explored the relationship between plasma FA levels and body fat and cardiometabolic risk markers, in overweight adolescents...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866759/adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-factors-and-risk-of-death-in-men-with-diabetes-mellitus-the-physicians-health-study
#12
Yash R Patel, Taraka V Gadiraju, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between healthy lifestyle factors and mortality in people with type 2 diabetes is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether healthy lifestyle factors are associated with mortality in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We prospectively studied 1163 men with type 2 diabetes from the Physicians' Health Study. Lifestyle factors consisted of currently not smoking, moderate drinking (1-2 drinks/day), vigorous exercise (1+/week), BMI < 25 kg/m(2), and being in the top 2 quintiles of the alternate healthy eating index-2010 (AHEI-2010)...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866758/the-influence-of-deprivation-on-malnutrition-risk-in-outpatients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#13
P F Collins, M Elia, R J Kurukulaaratchy, R J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The social gradient in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considerable, but the influence of deprivation on common clinical risk factors such as malnutrition is unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between COPD disease-severity, deprivation and malnutrition. METHODS: 424 outpatients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD were routinely screened for malnutrition risk using the 'Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool' ('MUST') while attending respiratory clinics across two hospitals; a large city hospital (site A) and a smaller community hospital (site B)...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890490/fragmentation-of-daily-rhythms-associates-with-obesity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#14
Marta Garaulet, Antonio Martinez-Nicolas, Jonatan R Ruiz, Kenn Konstabel, Idoia Labayen, Marcela González-Gross, Ascensión Marcos, Dénes Molnar, Kurt Widhalm, Jose Antonio Casajús, Stefaan De Henauw, Anthony Kafatos, Christina Breidenassel, Michael Sjöström, Manuel J Castillo, Luis A Moreno, Juan A Madrid, Francisco B Ortega
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronobiology studies periodic changes in living organisms and it has been proposed as a promising approach to investigate obesity. We analyze the association of the characteristics of the rest-activity rhythms with obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic risk in adolescents from nine European countries. METHODS: 1044 adolescents (12.5-17.5 y) were studied. Circadian health was evaluated by actigraphy with accelerometers (Actigraph GT1M)...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847115/pre-therapeutic-nutritional-assessment-for-predicting-severe-adverse-events-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-treated-by-radiotherapy
#15
Takeyuki Kono, Koji Sakamoto, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC). It may be related to severe adverse toxicity as a result of radiotherapy. The aim was to investigate nutritional screening factors for severe adverse events. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 101 patients who underwent radiotherapy from 2009 to 2013 was performed. The relationships among severe adverse events and pretreatment nutritional parameters, including static variables (serum albumin, total protein, total lymphocyte counts, body mass index), dynamic variables (retinol-binding protein, transferrin, pre-albumin), and nutritional screening tools (Onodera's Prognostic Nutrition Index [O-PNI]; Nutrition Risk Index; Controlling Nutritional Status [CONUT] score; Nutritional Risk Screening 2002) were evaluated in addition to patient and treatment factors...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842926/a-randomised-trial-of-post-discharge-enteral-feeding-following-surgical-resection-of-an-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancy
#16
Farid Froghi, Grant Sanders, Richard Berrisford, Tim Wheatley, Paul Peyser, Jo Rahamim, Stephen Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery often eat poorly post-operatively, despite dietetic input. A pilot study was conducted to examine the benefit of a 6 week nutritional supplementation via a feeding jejunostomy on fatigue, quality of life and independent living. METHODS: A feeding jejunostomy was placed routinely at oesophagectomy or total gastrectomy for cancer. At discharge, patients were randomised to nutritional supplementation (600 kcal/day) via their feeding jejunostomies or no jejunal supplement...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847116/nutritional-assessment-using-stable-isotope-ratios-of-carbon-and-nitrogen-in-the-scalp-hair-of-geriatric-patients-who-received-enteral-and-parenteral-nutrition-formulas
#17
M Hayasaka, H Ogasawara, Y Hotta, K Tsukagoshi, O Kimura, T Kura, T Tarumi, H Muramatsu, T Endo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The δ(13)C and δ(15)N values in the scalp hair of geriatric patients in Japan who received the enteral or parenteral nutrition formula were measured to assess nutritional status. METHODS: The relations among δ(13)C, δ(15)N, calorie intake, BMI, albumin concentration, total cholesterol (T-CHO) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in the patients were investigated. Furthermore, the enrichment of δ(13)C and δ(15)N from the nutrients to the hair was investigated...
October 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919527/letter-to-the-editor-diagnostic-criteria-for-malnutrition-consequences-for-the-nutrition-teams
#18
LETTER
Dominique Lacrosse, Dominique Noël, Virginie Vanesse, Celine Michel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842927/do-adolescents-accurately-evaluate-their-diet-quality-the-helena-study
#19
Jérémy Vanhelst, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, Stefaan De Henauw, Jonatan R Ruiz, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Kurt Widhalm, Beatrice Mauro, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Frédéric Gottrand
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diet quality awareness and associated factors in a large sample of European adolescents. METHODS: The study included 3389 healthy adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study. The adolescents' diet quality was based on repeated 24 h recalls and scored into a Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) considering four components: meal, equilibrium, diversity and quality...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836309/changes-in-taste-and-smell-function-dietary-intake-food-preference-and-body-composition-in-testicular-cancer-patients-treated-with-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy
#20
Irene IJpma, Remco J Renken, Jourik A Gietema, Riemer H J A Slart, Manon G J Mensink, Joop D Lefrandt, Gert J Ter Horst, Anna K L Reyners
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Taste and smell changes due to chemotherapy may contribute to the high prevalence of overweight in testicular cancer patients (TCPs). This study investigates the taste and smell function, dietary intake, food preference, and body composition in TCPs before, during, and up to 1 year after cisplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive TCPs participated. At baseline TCPs were compared to healthy controls (N = 48). Taste strips and 'Sniffin' Sticks' were used to determine psychophysical taste and smell function...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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