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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527647/correlation-between-plasma-homocysteine-levels-and-craving-in-alcohol-dependent-stabilized-patients
#1
Maurizio Coppola, Raffaella Mondola
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Homocysteine is a sulfur amino acid strictly related with alcohol consumption. In alcoholics, hyperhomocysteinemia can increase the risk of various alcohol-related disorders such as: brain atrophy, epileptic seizures during withdrawal, and mood disorders. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation among serum homocysteine concentrations, craving, hazardous and harmful patterns of alcohol consumption in patients stabilized for withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: Participants were adult outpatients accessed at the Addiction Treatment Unit...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527645/energy-drinks-and-atrial-fibrillation-in-young-adults
#2
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Sonia Pennella, Alberto Farinetti, Antonio Manenti
The present paper evaluates the association between Energy Drinks (EDs) and occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in young people. Data from three clinical cases of AF after EDs consumption are reported. All patients presented with palpitations, nausea and anxiety. ECG showed AF with high ventricular response (135-170 bpm range frequency). Anamnestic record reported a high consumption of EDs during the previous 8 h from the onset of AF. In one case ED was associated with a moderate quantity of alcohol. Patients were successfully cardioverted both spontaneously and after pharmacological treatment...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511999/clinical-nutrition-education-in-medical-schools-results-of-an-espen-survey
#3
EDITORIAL
Cristina Cuerda, Stéphane M Schneider, André Van Gossum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526274/dietary-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-middle-aged-adults-a%C3%A2-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Sangah Shin, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Akiko Nanri, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A finding between dietary pattern and cancer may provide visions beyond the assessment of individual foods or nutrients. We examined the influence of dietary pattern with colorectal cancer (CRC) among a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 93,062 subjects (43,591 men, 49,471 women) who participated in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were followed from 1995-1998 to the end of 2012, during which 2482 cases of CRC (1514 men, 968 women) were newly identified...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506447/effects-of-continuous-use-of-probiotics-before-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Michał Grąt, Karolina M Wronka, Zbigniew Lewandowski, Karolina Grąt, Maciej Krasnodębski, Jan Stypułkowski, Wacław Hołówko, Łukasz Masior, Irena Kosińska, Michał Wasilewicz, Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Sławomir Rejowski, Emil Bik, Waldemar Patkowski, Marek Krawczyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although there is increasing evidence for the benefits of probiotics in patients with liver diseases, data on the benefits of pre-LT administration of probiotics are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of continuous administration of probiotics before liver transplantation (LT) on pre- and post-transplant patient outcomes. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial adult cirrhotic patients listed for LT received a 4-strain probiotic preparation or placebo daily from enrollment until LT...
May 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527646/high-dose-amino-acid-administration-achieves-an-anabolic-response-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-that-is-independent-of-glycaemic-control-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Chelsia Gillis, Patricia S Roque, Jürgen Bläss, Albert Urwyler, Harald Schepperle, Guido Kunz, Thomas Peters, Thomas Schricker, Linda Wykes, Andrea Kopp Lugli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Surgical stress provokes protein catabolism and hyperglycaemia that is enhanced in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and increases perioperative morbidity. This study hypothesized that perioperative administration of high dose intravenous (IV) amino acids (AA) will augment protein balance in T2DM patients receiving tight plasma glucose control via continuous IV insulin compared to standard plasma glucose control via subcutaneous (SC) insulin sliding scale. METHODS: Eighteen patients with well-controlled T2DM (HbA1C% < 7...
May 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506448/the-differential-effects-of-changes-in-individual-macronutrient-intake-on-changes-in-lipid-concentrations-during-childhood-from-the-ewha-birth-growth-cohort
#7
Hye Ah Lee, Hyo Jeong Hwang, Se Young Oh, Eun Ae Park, Su Jin Cho, Hae Soon Kim, Hyesook Park
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High carbohydrate or fat intake is responsible for abnormal lipid concentrations in adults, but few studies of children have been reported. Using data from a Korean children's cohort study, we assessed the association between macronutrient intake and lipid profile with a longitudinal association during a 4-year follow-up. METHODS: Using 2 days of 24-h dietary data obtained at 3 (n = 323) and 7 (n = 292) years old from the Ewha Birth & Growth Cohort, we calculated changes (n = 103) in macronutrient intake in terms of energy-adjusted intake and percent total energy for nutrients...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502744/effect-of-high-dose-sodium-selenite-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-bi-center-trial
#8
Tanja Schmidt, Hans Pargger, Esther Seeberger, Friedemann Eckhart, Stefanie von Felten, Christoph Haberthür
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cardiac surgery is accompanied by oxidative stress and systemic inflammatory response, which may be associated with organ dysfunction and increased mortality. Selenium and selenoenzymes are important constituents of anti-oxidative defense. We hypothesized that high-dose sodium selenite supplementation can attenuate the postoperative inflammation and might, therefore, improve clinical outcome. METHODS: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, bi-center study on 411 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501343/changes-of-renal-sinus-fat-and-renal-parenchymal-fat-during-an-18-month-randomized-weight-loss-trial
#9
Hila Zelicha, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Ilan Shelef, Yftach Gepner, Gal Tsaban, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Avital Bilitzky, Oded Komy, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Yoash Chassidim, Benjamin Sarusi, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Yosef S Haviv, Meir J Stampfer, Assaf Rudich, Iris Shai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data regarding the role of kidney adiposity, its clinical implications, and its dynamics during weight-loss are sparse. We investigated the effect of long-term weight-loss induced intervention diets on dynamics of renal-sinus-fat, an ectopic fat depot, and %renal-parenchymal-fat, lipid accumulation within the renal parenchyma. METHODS: We randomized 278 participants with abdominal obesity/dyslipidemia to low-fat or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate diets, with or without exercise...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514999/severe-hypovitaminosis-d-in-active-tuberculosis-patients-and-its-predictors
#10
Qiuzhen Wang, Yufeng Liu, Yan Ma, Lei Han, Mei Dou, Yue Zou, Limei Sun, Hong Tian, Tongxia Li, Guofeng Jiang, Baoli Du, Tingyan Kou, Jiaqi Song, Frans J Kok, Evert G Schouten
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tuberculosis (TB) patients have a significant vitamin D deficiency (VDD) endemic, which may be closely related to the onset and progress of the disease. The comorbidity of diabetes (DM) and TB has posed an increasing challenge in recent years. However, the influence of DM on TB and the possible mechanism are still uncertain. We carried out this study to identify the nutritional status of vitamin D (VD) in TB patients in a northern city in China (latitude 36° N) and investigate the possible predictors of severe vitamin D deficiency (SVDD)...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511998/a-j-shaped-association-between-soy-food-intake-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-adults
#11
Bin Yu, Fei Yu, Qian Su, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Hongbin Shi, Yeqing Gu, Liyun Fang, Huijun Yang, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Qi Guo, Huijun Liu, Kun Song, Kaijun Niu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Soy food has been proven to have multiple positive effects on human health, however, no study has yet investigated the association between habitual intake of soy food and depressive symptoms in general population. The objective of this study was to examine this association. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, we studied a sample of 13,760 adults (mean age 43.5 years) in Tianjin, China. The Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) was used to assess depressive symptoms, with four cut-off points (SDS ≥40, 45, 48 or 50) indicating increased level of depressive symptoms...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506446/serum-24-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-response-to-native-vitamin-d2%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-d3-supplementation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-hemodialysis
#12
Laura A Graeff-Armas, Martin Kaufmann, Elizabeth Lyden, Glenville Jones
BACKGROUND & AIMS: While vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with end stage renal disease on dialysis and treatment with Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3 is becoming increasingly common in these patients, little is known about 24,25(OH)2D3 metabolite production. Some authors report that the CYP24A1 enzyme is upregulated in CKD, but reports of low serum levels of 24,25(OH)2D3 in these patients bring this into question. Lack of substrate or increased clearance of the metabolite have been proposed as possible causes...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479016/the-impact-of-rate-of-weight-loss-on-body-composition-and-compensatory-mechanisms-during-weight-reduction-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Emilie With, Jens F Rehfeld, Bård Kulseng, Helen Truby, Cátia Martins
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Rapid weight loss (WL) has been associated with a larger loss of fat free mass and a disproportional reduction in resting metabolic rate (RMR), but the evidence is inconclusive. We aimed to evaluate the impact of WL rate on body composition and compensatory mechanisms activated with WL (reduced RMR, increased exercise efficiency (ExEff) and appetite), both during negative and neutral energy balance (EB). METHODS: Thirty-five participants with obesity were randomized to lose a similar weight rapidly (4 weeks) or gradually (8 weeks), and afterwards to maintain it (4 weeks)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457654/effect-of-nut-consumption-on-vascular-endothelial-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Yunjun Xiao, Wei Huang, Chaoqiong Peng, Jinzhou Zhang, Carmen Wong, Jean H Kim, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Xuefen Su
OBJECTIVE: nut consumption has consistently been found to be associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality in prospective studies. However, its effect on endothelial function, a prognostic marker of CVD, is still controversial in clinical trials. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to quantitatively assess the effect of nuts on vascular endothelial function. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched for published RCTs that reported the effect of nuts on flow mediated dilation (FMD) as a measurement of endothelial function in the adult population (age eighteen years or over)...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506449/improved-growth-tolerance-and-intake-with-an-extensively-hydrolysed-peptide-feed-in-infants-with-complex-disease
#15
Chris Smith, Helen McCabe, Sarah Macdonald, Lara Morrison, Ruth Prigg, Sarah Trace, Jennifer Livingstone, Julia Callan, Jacqui Cotton, Gary Hubbard, Rebecca J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infants with complex medical conditions often display faltering growth due to elevated nutritional requirements, poor intake and intolerance of feeding with malabsorption and maldigestion. As a result their nutritional management can be extremely challenging and enteral nutritional support is required. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness, tolerance and acceptability of nutritional support with a specially formulated, paediatric peptide feed in infants with complex disease and signs of growth faltering with their current nutritional management...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483328/clinical-classification-of-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-due-to-benign-disease-an-international-multicenter-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Loris Pironi, Denise Konrad, Chrisoffer Brandt, Francisca Joly, Geert Wanten, Federica Agostini, Cecile Chambrier, Umberto Aimasso, Sarah Zeraschi, Darlene Kelly, Kinga Szczepanek, Amelia Jukes, Simona Di Caro, Miriam Theilla, Marek Kunecki, Joanne Daniels, Mireille Serlie, Florian Poullenot, Jian Wu, Sheldon C Cooper, Henrik H Rasmussen, Charlene Compher, David Seguy, Adriana Crivelli, Maria C Pagano, Sarah-Jane Hughes, Francesco W Guglielmi, Nada Rotovnik Kozjek, Stéphane M Schneider, Lyn Gillanders, Lars Ellegard, Ronan Thibault, Przemysław Matras, Anna Zmarzly, Konrad Matysiak, Andrè Van Gossum, Alastair Forbes, Nicola Wyer, Marina Taus, Nuria M Virgili, Margie O'Callaghan, Brooke Chapman, Emma Osland, Cristina Cuerda, Peter Sahin, Lynn Jones, Andre D W Lee, Valentino Bertasi, Paolo Orlandoni, Ferenc Izbéki, Corrado Spaggiari, Marta Bueno Díez, Maryana Doitchinova-Simeonova, Carmen Garde, Aurora E Serralde-Zúñiga, Gabriel Olveira, Zeljko Krznaric, Laszlo Czako, Gintautas Kekstas, Alejandro Sanz-Paris, Estrella Petrina Jáuregui, Ana Zugasti Murillo, Eszter Schafer, Jann Arends, José P Suárez-Llanos, Jon Shaffer, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the applicability of the ESPEN 16-category clinical classification of chronic intestinal failure, based on patients' intravenous supplementation (IVS) requirements for energy and fluids, and to evaluate factors associated with those requirements. METHODS: ESPEN members were invited to participate through ESPEN Council representatives. Participating centers enrolled adult patients requiring home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure on March 1st 2015...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499697/assessment-of-dietary-compliance-in-celiac-children-using-a-standardized-dietary-interview
#17
Margaretha M S Wessels, Marije Te Lintelo, Sabine L Vriezinga, Hein Putter, Erica G Hopman, M Luisa Mearin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Compliance to a gluten free diet (GFD) in celiac disease (CD) is ideally assessed by dietary interviews, albeit time-consuming. Short dietary questionnaires have been developed for adults but not for children. Primary aim was to compare GFD compliance in celiac children, measured by a short dietary questionnaire against a dietary interview. Secondary aims were correlation between both questionnaires and celiac antibodies and identifying variables predicting noncompliance...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456537/quality-of-life-functional-impairment-and-social-factors-as-determinants-of-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-the-verisa%C3%A3-de-study
#18
Ana Maseda, Clara Diego-Diez, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José C Millán-Calenti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is an important and growing health problem in elderly people. The main aim of this research was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic factors, social resources, functional status and quality of life and malnutrition or risk of malnutrition in elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 749 community-dwelling elders aged 65 years and over. A comprehensive assessment was carried out, including the collection of socio-demographic factors, social resources by the Older Americans Resources and Services Scale, nutritional status by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, functional status by the Lawton's instrumental activities of daily living scale and quality of life by the World Health Organizations's Quality of Life measure-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456538/plasma-fatty-acid-patterns-during-pregnancy-and-child-s-growth-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-health-the-generation-r-study
#19
Trudy Voortman, Myrte J Tielemans, Wendy Stroobant, Josje D Schoufour, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Jolien Steenweg-de Graaff, Edith H van den Hooven, Henning Tiemeier, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Exposure to different concentrations of fatty acids during fetal life may affect growth and metabolism. However, most studies examined individual fatty acids, whereas concentrations highly correlate and may interact with each other. We aimed to evaluate patterns of plasma fatty acids during pregnancy and their associations with growth, body composition, and cardiometabolic health of the 6-year-old offspring. METHODS: This study was performed in 4830 mother-child pairs participating in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446383/development-and-validation-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-impact-questionnaire-pniq-a-patient-centric-outcome-measure-for-home-parenteral-nutrition
#20
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Alice Heaney, Matthew Rouse, Michael Taylor, Alison Culkin, Simon Gabe, Sorrel Burden, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with Type 3 Intestinal Failure (IF) who need Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) face several clinical, psychological and social problems. The study was designed to produce and test the first patient-centric measure for HPN ('PNIQ: Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire'). The new measure focused on the extent to which patients were able to fulfil their human needs. METHODS: Questionnaire content was derived from the analysis of transcripts of interviews conducted with UK HPN patients...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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