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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336890/some-notes-on-citrulline-in-the-cns
#1
LETTER
Hans-Gert Bernstein, Gerburg Keilhoff, Johann Steiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310894/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-stroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#2
Ning Chen, Yanbo Li, Jinghuan Fang, Qian Lu, Li He
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Stroke is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. Among stroke patients, malnutrition is a significant problem that contributes to poor outcome. Clinical evidence is required to identify risk factors for malnutrition and to adopt appropriate management strategies during early stroke intervention. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of potential risk factors related to malnutrition in stroke patients. METHODS: We systemically searched relevant observational studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBLD), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and VIP Database of Chinese periodicals from January 1990 to September 2017 in any language...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310893/effect-of-fat-composition-in-enteral-nutrition-for-crohn-s-disease-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sarah M Ajabnoor, Alastair Forbes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The role of enteral nutrition (EN) fat composition in regulating inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD) is not clear. There is, moreover, insufficient evidence to guide the choice of EN in CD with any confidence. We have reanalysed the findings of previous studies in a systematic review focussing on the relationship between EN fat content and remission rates (RR). METHODS: A systematic search with no language restriction was undertaken in Medline and Embase databases supplemented by a manual search in the reference lists of identified studies...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338886/overweight-and-obesity-status-in-pregnant-women-are-related-to-intestinal-microbiota-and-serum-metabolic-and-inflammatory-profiles
#4
Noora Houttu, Kati Mokkala, Kirsi Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity may predispose women to clinical complications during their pregnancy. We hypothesize that a higher degree of overweight status is related to a range of aberrations in biomarkers already in early pregnancy. Our objective was to investigate whether intestinal microbiota, serum metabolic and inflammatory profiles differ in relation to the degree of overweight status in pregnant women. METHODS: This study investigated 52 overweight and 47 obese pregnant women in early pregnancy...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336891/cupua%C3%A3-u-extract-reduces-nitrosative-stress-and-modulates-inflammatory-mediators-in-the-kidneys-of-experimental-diabetes
#5
Giovana R Punaro, Deyse Y Lima, Adelson M Rodrigues, Samuel Pugliero, Margaret G Mouro, Marcelo M Rogero, Elisa M S Higa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We have previously reported an increased nitrosative stress in the kidneys of diabetic animals, which was reduced by an antioxidant probiotic. The present study evaluated whether the extract of cupuaçu (EC), an antioxidant compound rich in polyphenols and theograndins, when administered at a dose that can be reasonably obtained through daily consumption, could delay the onset of diabetic complications in the kidney. METHODS: Mouse immortalized mesangial cells (MiMC) were placed in medium normal glucose (NG) or high glucose (HG), with or without EC (500, 100, 50 or 10 μg/mL) during 24, 48 or 72 h for analysis of viability, proliferation, nitric oxide (NO) levels and reactive oxygen species or nitrogen (ROS/RNS)...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306516/long-term-effects-of-gluten-free-diet-in-non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity
#6
Francesco Tovoli, Alessandro Granito, Giulia Negrini, Elena Guidetti, Chiara Faggiano, Luigi Bolondi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Information about the clinical outcome of patients with non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) treated with gluten-free diet (GFD) derive from studies assessing the symptom response in the first few weeks of treatment. We aimed to evaluate the clinical response to the GFD and the quality of life (QoL) of NCWS patients in the long term. METHODS: Forty-four NCWS (diagnosed according to the Salerno criteria) participated in the study. Participants rated their symptoms according to a 0-10 scale patients and filled in a QoL questionnaire (CDQ) before the beginning of the GFD and during a follow-up evaluation performed after at least one year...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331442/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-the-sun-project
#7
A M Navarro, M A Martinez-Gonzalez, A Gea, R Ramallal, M Ruiz-Canela, E Toledo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence on coffee consumption and its association with the incidence of hypertension is still inconsistent. The aim of this study was to examine the association of regular or decaffeinated coffee consumption with the risk of developing hypertension in a middle-aged Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: The SUN Project is a prospective open cohort with more than 22,500 Spanish university graduates. For the present study, we analyzed data from 13,374 participants initially free of hypertension (mean follow-up 9...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305245/home-parenteral-nutrition-increases-fat-free-mass-in-patients-with-incurable-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Per Pfeiffer, Jens Kjeldsen
OBJECTIVE: Preventing loss of muscle mass and function is an enduring challenge in malnourished patients with incurable cancer. The benefit of supplemental home parenteral nutrition has not been firmly established. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of supplemental home parenteral nutrition, the primary endpoint being fat free mass (FFM) and secondary: muscle function, quality of life and overall survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a single centre open-label randomised controlled trial, patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer, nutritionally at risk, were randomly assigned to either; a) best practice nutritional care and dietetic counselling (non-sHPN) or b) dietetic counselling and supplemental home parenteral nutrition (sHPN group)...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295748/comparison-of-accuracy-between-pre-hemodialysis-and-post-hemodialysis-levels-of-nutritional-factors-for-prediction-of-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Yoshihiko Kanno, Eiichiro Kanda
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients is usually assessed using pre-HD laboratory data. However, it remains unclear whether the most diluted laboratory value is appropriate for assessment. We compared the pre-HD and post-HD laboratory data for their accuracy in predicting mortality. METHODS: Maintenance HD patients (n = 96 700; men, 61.5%) were enrolled. The outcome events were one-year and five-year mortalities. Their laboratory data included body mass index (BMI), and serum albumin, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291898/the-2017-sir-david-p-cuthbertson-lecture-amino-acids-and-muscle-protein-metabolism-in-critical-care
#10
REVIEW
Robert R Wolfe
In this short review, our current understanding of key aspects of the catabolic response are presented in the context of the seminal contributions of Sir David Cuthbertson. Studies have confirmed that an increase in resting energy expenditure occurs in almost all forms of critical illness and injury. However, meeting the resulting increase in caloric requirement is not an insurmountable problem. The primary focus of nutritional support should be the net loss of body protein. Increased intake of dietary protein may ameliorate, but usually will not entirely reverse, the accelerated loss of body protein because of anabolic resistance...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291899/body-mass-index-as-a-biomarker-for-the-evaluation-of-the-obesity-paradox-among-inpatients
#11
Krzysztof Tojek, Beata Wustrau, Beata Czerniak, Wanda Korzycka-Wilińska, Piotr Winiarski, Zbigniew Banaszkiewicz, Jacek Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are, on the one hand, recognized as risk factors for many health-related disorders, and, on the other, as favorable prognostic factors in various patients treated for several different conditions; what is called the "obesity paradox". Until now, the existence of this phenomenon among a general population of consecutive inpatients has not been evaluated. We decided, therefore, to perform an evaluation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Historical prospective analysis of the medical documentation of 23 603 hospitalizations during two consecutive years in one center was performed...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290518/enteral-nutrition-improves-clinical-outcome-and-reduces-costs-of-acute-mesenteric-ischaemia-after-recanalisation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
Shuofei Yang, Jianming Guo, Qihong Ni, Jiaquan Chen, Xiangjiang Guo, Guanhua Xue, Meng Ye, Lan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Little data evaluate the enteral nutrition (EN) for patients with acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study assessed the outcomes of EN for recanalised AMI patients in the ICU. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 183 AMI patients with mesenteric recanalisation admitted to two surgical ICUs were included. Patients were divided into EN (EN within first week, n = 95) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) group (TPN in 1st week, n = 88)...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277346/dietary-isoflavones-or-isoflavone-rich-food-intake-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#13
Ting-Ting Zhao, Feng Jin, Ji-Guang Li, Ying-Ying Xu, Hui-Ting Dong, Qun Liu, Peng Xing, Guo-Lian Zhu, Hao Xu, Zhi-Feng Miao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies implied that dietary isoflavone intake may reduce the risk of developing breast cancer, but some have shown ambiguous results. This study aimed to systematically evaluate and summarize available evidence on the effect dietary isoflavone intake has on the risk of developing breast cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for prospective cohort studies published through April 2017 that evaluated the effect of dietary isoflavone intake on the development of breast cancer...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277345/implication-of-the-rs670-variant-of-apoa1-gene-with-lipid-profile-serum-adipokine-levels-and-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-adult-obese-subjects
#14
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Rocio Aller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A G-to-A transition located 75 base pairs upstream (rs670) from transcription start site of the APOA1 gene is related with metabolic parameters. The aim of the present investigation was to describe the association of rs670 with metabolic syndrome and metabolic parameters. METHODS: The study involved a population of 1000 obese subjects. Measurements of anthropometric parameters, arterial blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), insulin concentration, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile, adipokines levels and prevalence of MetS was recorded...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277344/responses-to-the-letter-titled-no-clinically-significant-effect-of-new-complete-denture-fabrication-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutrient-intake-and-masticatory-function-of-edentulous-older-people
#15
LETTER
Hiroyuki Suzuki, Manabu Kanazawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275919/melatonin-administration-lowers-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Fariba Raygan, Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Fereshteh Bahmani, Russel J Reiter, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Melatonin may benefit diabetic people with coronary heart disease (CHD) through its beneficial effects on biomarkers of oxidative stress and cardio-metabolic risk. This investigation evaluated the effects of melatonin administration on metabolic status in diabetic patients with CHD. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted and involved 60 diabetic patients with CHD. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either 10 mg melatonin (2 melatonin capsules, 5 mg each) (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) once a day for 12 weeks...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273211/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-epicardial-adipose-tissue-alcohol-consumption-and-coronary-artery-disease-severity
#17
LETTER
Patrícia Chagas, Lina Badimon, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287676/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-sarcopenia-in-a-western-population-nhanes-iii-the-importance-of-sarcopenia-definition
#18
Tao-Chun Peng, Li-Wei Wu, Wei-Liang Chen, Fang-Yih Liaw, Yaw-Wen Chang, Tung-Wei Kao
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have shown that sarcopenia is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis in an Asian population. We investigated whether NAFLD is associated with a higher risk of sarcopenia using a different definition in elderly patients. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey of US patients was conducted, involving 2551 participants aged 60-75 years. NAFLD was measured by ultrasound. Sarcopenia was defined by both a low muscle mass and poor muscle function...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254661/low-reported-taste-function-is-associated-with-low-preference-for-high-protein-products-in-advanced-oesophagogastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-palliative-chemotherapy
#19
Y C de Vries, S Boesveldt, E Kampman, C de Graaf, R M Winkels, H W M van Laarhoven
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cancer patients undergoing palliative chemotherapy can experience a variety of chemosensory and food preference changes which may impact their nutritional status and quality of life. However, evidence of these changes in oesophagogastric cancer (OGC) patients is currently mostly qualitative and not supported by quantitative data. The aim of this study was to assess how self-reported and objective taste and smell function and food preferences change over time during chemotherapy in OGC patients...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249530/different-dietary-approaches-and-coronary-plaque-morphology
#20
LETTER
Levent Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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