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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065481/differences-in-the-interaction-between-cetp-taq1b-polymorphism-and-dietary-fat-intake-on-lipid-profile-of-normolipedemic-and-dyslipidemic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Zahra Kalantar, Mohamad Reza Eshraghian, Gity Sotoudeh, Mahmoud Djalali, Anahita Mansouri, Ehsan Alvandi, Fatemeh Javadi, Maryam Mahmoudi, Fariba Koohdani
BACKGROUND & AIM: Dyslipidemia is one of the major complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Dietary fat intake and genetic factors including CETP Taq1B polymorphism could also affect lipid profile concentrations, in particular HDL-c. We decided to study the frequency of this polymorphism and its interaction with dietary fat intake on HDL-c concentration among Iranian T2DM patients with and without dyslipidemia. METHODS: In this comparative study, serum samples were collected from 55 patients with dyslipidemia and 129 patients without dyslipidemia...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065480/influence-of-different-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-on-fatty-acid-status-and-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adult-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#2
Charis J Jones, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) are a key component in long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN), providing energy and essential fatty acids (EFAs). Modification of the fatty acid (FA) composition of IVLEs may lead to changes in metabolic responses and cell and tissue function, providing opportunity for clinical improvements. Studies have suggested that, in place of conventional pure soybean oil (SO)-based IVLEs, which have a high omega-6 FA content, alternative IVLEs with different FA profiles may have beneficial effects...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063717/half-life-of-plasma-phytosterols-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-on-routine-parenteral-nutrition-with-vegetable-oil-based-lipid-emulsions
#3
Daniele Pupillo, Alessio Correani, Chiara Biagetti, Rita D'Ascenzo, Manuela Simonato, Giovanna Verlato, Paola Cogo, Marco B L Rocchi, Virgilio P Carnielli
BACKGROUND: Phytosterols in vegetable oil (VO)-based lipid emulsions (LE) likely contribute to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in preterm infants. No characterization of plasma phytosterol half-lives has been done in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) with LE. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 45 VLBW preterm infants who received PN underwent serial blood sample measurements of sitosterol (SITO), campesterol (CAMP), and stigmasterol (STIGM)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081980/the-lipid-accumulation-product-is-a-powerful-tool-to-predict-metabolic-syndrome-in-undiagnosed-brazilian-adults
#4
Marcus Vinicius Nascimento-Ferreira, Tara Rendo-Urteaga, Regina Célia Vilanova-Campelo, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Germano da Paz Oliveira, Mauricio Batista Paes Landim, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is emergent predictor of central lipid accumulation linked to diabetes risk and cardiovascular disease. In this study, our aims were (i) to assess the accuracy of the LAP for predicting metabolic syndrome (MS) in subjects without diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with other classical anthropometric parameters and (ii) to estimate the optimal LAP cut-off point to predict MS in this population...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065482/efficacy-of-nutritional-recommendations-given-by-registered-dietitians-compared-to-other-healthcare-providers-in-reducing-arterial-blood-pressure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Glaube Raquel Riegel, Paula A B Ribeiro, Marcela Perdomo Rodrigues, Priccila Zuchinali, Leila Beltrami Moreira
INTRODUCTION: The multidisciplinary health practitioners can facilitate adherence to treatment of hypertension. Nutritional recommendations delivered by an expert in nutrition might increase the blood pressure control through a better comprehension about how nutrition plays a role on hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of nutritional intervention performed by a multidisciplinary team with and without registered dietitians compared to usual care in blood pressure control of hypertensive patients...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065479/interaction-between-a-variant-of-cdkn2a-b-gene-with-lifestyle-factors-in-determining-dyslipidemia-and-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-step-toward-personalized-nutrition
#6
Mehrane Mehramiz, Faeze Ghasemi, Habibollah Esmaily, Maryam Tayefi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Mahsa Sadeghzade, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Mohsen Moohebati, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh, Seyed Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohammad Safarian, Mohsen Nematy, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several genome-wide-association-studies have identified genetic variants in a region on chromosome 9p21 that are associated with an increased risk of Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. Here we have explored the interaction of a genetic variant of the CDKN2A/B-rs10811661 gene locus with cardiovascular risk factors and environmental-exposures (e.g., diet and physical activity) in 1165 individuals recruited from the Mashhad-Stroke and Heart-Atherosclerotic-Disorders cohort...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041627/the-relationship-between-muscle-protein-content-and-ct-derived-muscle-radio-density-in-patients-with-upper-gi-cancer
#7
Michael I Ramage, Neil Johns, Christopher D A Deans, James A Ross, Thomas Preston, Richard J E Skipworth, Carsten Jacobi, Kenneth C H Fearon
INTRODUCTION: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by skeletal muscle loss. Cross-sectional analysis of CT scans is a recognized research method for assessing skeletal muscle volume. However, little is known about the relationship between CT-derived estimates of muscle radio-density (SMD) and muscle protein content. We assessed the relationship between CT-derived body composition variables and the protein content of muscle biopsies from cancer patients. METHODS: Rectus abdominis biopsies from cancer patients (n = 32) were analysed for protein content and correlated with phenotypic data gathered using CT body composition software...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063716/industry-sponsorship-and-outcomes-of-nutrition-studies-is-there-an-association-when-looking-at-the-trial-level
#8
LETTER
Philipp Schuetz, Marc A Meier, Martina R Bally, Filomena Gomes, Beat Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057378/beneficial-effect-of-cetp-gene-polymorphism-in-combination-with-a-mediterranean-diet-influencing-lipid-metabolism-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients-cordioprev-study
#9
Antonio Garcia-Rios, Juan Francisco Alcala-Diaz, Francisco Gomez-Delgado, Javier Delgado-Lista, Carmen Marin, Ana Leon-Acuña, Antonio Camargo, Fernando Rodriguez-Cantalejo, Ruth Blanco-Rojo, Gracia Quintana-Navarro, Jose Maria Ordovas, Francisco Perez-Jimenez, Jose Lopez-Miranda, Pablo Perez-Martinez
The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene has been implicated in high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) metabolism. However, little is known about the impact of this gene on metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients and its interaction with diet. Here, we evaluate whether the consumption of a Mediterranean diet, compared with a Low-fat diet, interacts with the rs3764261 SNP at the CETP locus to modify lipid metabolism in MetS patients. Plasma lipid concentrations and rs3764261 genotypes were determined in 424 MetS subjects participating in the CORDIOPREV clinical trial (NCT00924937)...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062083/reduction-in-energy-expenditure-during-weight-loss-is-higher-than-predicted-based-on-fat-free-mass-and-fat-mass-in-older-adults
#10
Twan Ten Haaf, Amely M Verreijen, Robert G Memelink, Michael Tieland, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND & AIM: The aim of this study was to describe a decrease in resting energy expenditure during weight loss that is larger than expected based on changes in body composition, called adaptive thermogenesis (AT), in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: Multiple studies were combined to assess AT in younger and older subjects. Body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) were measured before and after weight loss. Baseline values were used to predict fat free mass and fat mass adjusted REE after weight loss...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043722/metabolic-and-inflammatory-responses-and-subsequent-recovery-in-robotic-versus-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomised-controlled-study
#11
Lena Wijk, Kerstin Nilsson, Olle Ljungqvist
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Surgery causes inflammatory and metabolic responses in the body. The aim of the study was to investigate whether robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy induces less insulin resistance than abdominal hysterectomy, and to compare inflammatory response and clinical recovery between the two techniques. METHODS: A randomised controlled study at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Örebro University Hospital, Sweden. Twenty women scheduled for a planned total hysterectomy with or without salpingo-oophorectomy between October 2014 and May 2015, were randomly allocated to robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy or abdominal hysterectomy...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040302/omega-3-fatty-acids-as-a-treatment-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Lian-Hui Chen, Yong-Fen Wang, Qing-Hong Xu, Shan-Shan Chen
BACKGROUND: The most typical chronic liver disease in children and adolescents is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The dietary addition of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) provides a promising therapy for children with NAFLD due to its convenience and safety; however, several studies suggested contradictory results for PUFA supplementation in children. Hence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of PUFA supplementation in children with NAFLD...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027797/corrigendum-to-espen-guidelines-on-chronic-intestinal-failure-in-adults-clin-nutr-35-2-2016-247-307
#13
Loris Pironi, Jann Arends, Federico Bozzetti, Cristina Cuerda, Lyn Gillanders, Palle Bekker Jeppesen, Francisca Joly, Darlene Kelly, Simon Lal, Michael Staun, Kinga Szczepanek, André Van Gossum, Geert Wanten, Stéphane Michel Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034564/acute-black-tea-consumption-improves-cutaneous-vascular-function-in-healthy-middle-aged-humans
#14
Kirsty A Woodward, Nicola D Hopkins, Richard Draijer, Young de Graaf, David A Low, Dick H J Thijssen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary flavonoids, such as those present in black tea, are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), possibly through improving nitric oxide (NO) mediated vascular function. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of acute black tea ingestion on cutaneous microvascular function. METHODS: Twenty healthy participants (58 ± 5 y, 9 men) attended two experimental trials (tea, placebo), 7-days apart in a randomised, controlled, double-blind, cross-over design...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065483/defining-the-role-of-dietary-intake-in-determining-weight-change-in-patients-with-cancer-cachexia
#15
R Nasrah, M Kanbalian, C Van Der Borch, N Swinton, S Wing, R T Jagoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight loss is a cardinal feature of cachexia and is frequently associated with reduced food intake and anorexia. It is still unclear how much reduced food intake contributes to cancer-related weight loss and how effective increasing dietary energy and protein is in combating this weight loss. The relationship between weight change and both diet and change in dietary intake, was examined in patients with advanced stage cancer referred to a multidisciplinary clinic for management of cancer cachexia...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024882/dha-enriched-fish-oil-upregulates-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-2a-p16-ink-expression-and-downregulates-telomerase-activity-without-modulating-effects-of-ppar%C3%AE-pro12ala-polymorphism-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled
#16
Omid Toupchian, Gity Sotoudeh, Anahita Mansoori, Shima Abdollahi, Seyyed Ali Keshavarz, Mahmoud Djalali, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Ehsan Alvandi, Reza Chahardoli, Fariba Koohdani
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-enriched fish oil supplement on telomerase activity, mRNA expression of P16(INK), IL-6, and TNF-α considering Pro12Ala polymorphism in the PPARγ gene. METHODS/DESIGN: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, 72 PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism genotyped type 2 diabetic patients aged 30-70 years were randomly assigned to receive 2.4 gr of DHA-enriched fish oil or a placebo for 8 weeks...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049553/validation-of-intimate-correlation-between-visceral-fat-and-hepatic-steatosis-quantitative-measurement-techniques-using-ct-for-area-of%C3%A2-fat-and-mr-for-hepatic-steatosis
#17
Moon Hyung Choi, Joon-Il Choi, Michael Yong Park, Sung Eun Rha, Soon Nam Oh, Seung Eun Jung, Jae Young Byun, Stephan Kannengiesser, Yohan Son
BACKGROUND & AIM: The relationship between obesity and hepatic steatosis is well known, and there are many methods to measure obesity and severity of hepatic steatosis. Because of advances in radiologic techniques, the areas of certain body components can be measured on computed tomography (CT) while the severity of hepatic steatosis can be measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with high accuracy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between degree of fatty infiltration of the liver measured by MRS and body composition measured from CT images...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038881/green-tea-camellia-sinensis-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-open-label-active-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Sara Sadrneshin, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Alireza Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Green tea is known as a dietary supplement and a novel functional food worldwide. Since there are increasing preclinical evidence about efficacy of green tea for treating osteoarthritis, this study has aimed at assessing its efficacy and safety for patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This is a randomized open-label active-controlled clinical trial. As many as fifty adults with osteoarthritis of knee were randomly allocated to receive the green tea extract (in dosage form of tablet) plus diclofenac tablet as "intervention group"; or: diclofenac tablet alone as "control group" for a period of four weeks...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027796/associations-of-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-levels-with-obesity-and-visceral-fat-accumulation
#19
Xiang Hu, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqi Luo, Yiting Xu, Qin Xiong, Xiaoping Pan, Yunfeng Xiao, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent findings raise the possibility that fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 may be related with fat contents and distribution. The present study aimed to elucidate the associations of serum FGF23 levels with the fat contents and distribution. METHODS: A total of 1599 normoglycemic individuals with preserved kidney function were enrolled. Serum levels of intact FGF23 were detected using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overweight/obesity was defined by a body mass index of ≥25...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017447/association-between-cachexia-chemotherapy-and-outcomes-in-older-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Philippe Caillet, Evelyne Liuu, Agathe Raynaud Simon, Marc Bonnefoy, Olivier Guerin, Gilles Berrut, Bruno Lesourd, Claude Jeandel, Monique Ferry, Yves Rolland, Elena Paillaud
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aims of this systematic review were (i) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and cachexia in older cancer patients in a chemotherapy setting, and (ii) to report the chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition and (iii) the consequences of malnutrition on the outcomes of these patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for articles published in English or French between 2005 and 2016 and which reported retrospective or prospective, observational or interventional studies of the prevalence of malnutrition and its consequences in patients 65 years or older with solid tumors and chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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