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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236482/vitamin-d-levels-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-the-bcams-study
#1
Junling Fu, Lanwen Han, Yanglu Zhao, Ge Li, Yingna Zhu, Yu Li, Ming Li, Shan Gao, Steven M Willi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome (MS) remains controversial with relatively sparse data among youth. Therefore, we attempted to explicate the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels with MS in Chinese adolescents and young adults. METHODS: A cohort of 559 subjects at elevated risk of MS were recruited at 14-28 years of age as a follow-up to the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome Study...
September 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224303/a-multicentre-development-and-evaluation-of-a-dietetic-referral-score-for-nutritional-risk-in-sick-infants
#2
Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Shamsi Milani, Andrew Tester, Orla Purcell, Catriona Woodley, Melina Tsiountsioura, Alexandra Koulieri, Ourania Zerva, Konstantina Loizou, Mandana Rafeey, Meropi Kontogianni, Charlotte Wright
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Unrecognized nutritional issues may delay recovery in hospitalized infants. It has been proposed that nutritional risk screening should be performed at hospital admission, but few tools include infants. The aim of this study was to develop and test a tool to identify sick infants in need of dietetic input. METHODS: Hospitalised infants were recruited from hospitals in the United Kingdom (UK), Greece and Iran. Weight, skinfold thickness and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) were measured, with detailed dietetic assessment in the UK and Greece...
September 5, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224304/association-between-phase-angle-from-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-and-level-of-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Eduardo Mundstock, Marina Azambuja Amaral, Rafael R Baptista, Edgar E Sarria, Rejane Rosaria Grecco Dos Santos, Adriano Detoni Filho, Carlos Alberto S Rodrigues, Gabriele Carra Forte, Luciano Castro, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin, Ricardo Stein, Lisiane Marçal Perez, Patrícia Klarmann Ziegelmann, Rita Mattiello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between physical activity and phase angle. DESIGN: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE (via PUBMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), SciELO, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to December 10th, 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: The PICOS strategy was defined, in which "P" corresponded to participants of any age, sex or ethnicity, "I" indicated any type of physical activity program, "C" denoted lack of exercise or irregular physical activity, "O" corresponded to the phase angle obtained by bio-impedance, and "S" indicated longitudinal or cross-sectional studies...
September 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219607/letter-to-editor-re-refeeding-syndrome-in-adults-receiving-total-parenteral-nutrition-an-audit-of-practice-at-a-tertiary-uk-centre
#4
LETTER
Gabriel Jun Yung Wong, Charles Chin Han Lew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181091/glim-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-malnutrition-a-consensus-report-from-the-global-clinical-nutrition-community
#5
T Cederholm, G L Jensen, M I T D Correia, M C Gonzalez, R Fukushima, T Higashiguchi, G Baptista, R Barazzoni, R Blaauw, A Coats, A Crivelli, D C Evans, L Gramlich, V Fuchs-Tarlovsky, H Keller, L Llido, A Malone, K M Mogensen, J E Morley, M Muscaritoli, I Nyulasi, M Pirlich, V Pisprasert, M A E de van der Schueren, S Siltharm, P Singer, K Tappenden, N Velasco, D Waitzberg, P Yamwong, J Yu, A Van Gossum, C Compher
RATIONALE: This initiative is focused on building a global consensus around core diagnostic criteria for malnutrition in adults in clinical settings. METHODS: In January 2016, the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) was convened by several of the major global clinical nutrition societies. GLIM appointed a core leadership committee and a supporting working group with representatives bringing additional global diversity and expertise. Empirical consensus was reached through a series of face-to-face meetings, telephone conferences, and e-mail communications...
September 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227986/applying-precision-to-the-design-and-interpretation-of-dietary-trials
#6
LETTER
H M Staudacher, C J Tuck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224305/effects-of-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-bones-of-healthy-mice
#7
Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Eileen Cowan, Maria B Cubria, Juan C Villa-Camacho, Amin Mohamadi, Duy T Dao, Amy Pan, Gillian L Fell, Meredith A Baker, Prathima Nandivada, Ara Nazarian, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Altering the lipid component in diets may affect the incidence of metabolic bone disease in patients dependent on parenteral nutrition. Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can impact bone health by modulating calcium metabolism, prostaglandin synthesis, lipid oxidation, osteoblast formation, and osteoclastogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary effects of PUFA on murine bone health. METHODS: Three-weeks-old male (n = 30) and female (n = 30) C57BL/6J mice were randomized into one of three dietary groups...
September 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219609/relationship-between-dietary-quality-determined-by-dash-score-and-cardiometabolic-health-biomarkers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-adults
#8
Catherine M Phillips, Janas M Harrington, Ivan J Perry
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic disease is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the association between dietary quality and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine potential associations between dietary quality, assessed using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary quality score, adiposity and biomarkers of glucose homeostasis, lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation in a cross-sectional sample of 1493 men and women...
September 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217471/between-meal-sucrose-sweetened-beverage-consumption-impairs-glycaemia-and-lipid-metabolism-during-prolonged-sitting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Pia Varsamis, Melissa F Formosa, Robyn N Larsen, Medini Reddy-Luthmoodoo, Garry L Jennings, Neale D Cohen, Megan Grace, John A Hawley, Brooke L Devlin, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Paddy C Dempsey, Bronwyn A Kingwell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with unfavourable health effects, including promotion of obesity. However, the acute effects of consuming SSBs on glucose and lipid metabolism remain to be characterized in a real-world, post-prandial context of prolonged sitting. We quantified the acute effects of between-meal SSB consumption compared with water, on glucose and lipid metabolism in habitual soft drink consumers during prolonged sitting...
September 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224306/vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-in-cord-blood-in-a-large-prospective-french-cohort
#10
Marie Courbebaisse, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Amandine Baptiste, Joëlle Taieb, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Jean Guibourdenche, Marie-Victoire Senat, Hazar Haidar, Jacques Jani, Meriem Guizani, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Marie-Clotilde Haguet, Norbert Winer, Damien Masson, Caroline Elie, Alexandra Benachi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D status during pregnancy and in newborns has never been studied in France. This study aims at determining the vitamin D status during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy (T1, T3) and in cord blood (CB) in the middle-north of France. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in five French centers (latitude 47.22 to 48.86°N). Serum 25(OH)-vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were measured using a radioimmunoassay during T1, T3 and in CB...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224302/dietary-quality-influences-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#11
Outi Pellonperä, Ella Koivuniemi, Tero Vahlberg, Kati Mokkala, Kristiina Tertti, Tapani Rönnemaa, Kirsi Laitinen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Excessive adiposity and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been linked with maternal and offspring morbidity. We investigated the relation of maternal diet, physical activity and GWG on body composition in overweight and obese pregnant women. METHODS: Fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM) of 110 overweight and obese pregnant women were measured by air displacement plethysmography in early and late pregnancy (mean 13.5 and 35.3 gestational weeks)...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217470/poor-nutritional-status-but-not-cognitive-or-functional-impairment-per-se-independently-predict-1-year-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#12
Michela Zanetti, Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Chiara Ratti, Giuliano Ceschia, Luigi Murena, Paolo De Colle, Rocco Barazzoni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hip fractures are strongly associated with mortality in the elderly. Studies investigating predisposing factors have suggested a negative impact of poor nutritional, cognitive and functional status on patient survival, however their independent prognostic impact as well as their interactions remain undefined. This study aimed to determine whether poor nutritional status independently predicts 1 year post-fracture mortality after adjusting for cognitive and functional status and for other clinically relevant covariates...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209026/artificial-nutrition-in-patients-with-cancer-has-no-impact-on-tumour-glucose-metabolism-results-of-the-petanc-study
#13
Emmanuel Deshayes, Hélène de Forges, Julien Fraisse, Marie-Claude Eberlé, Sophie Guillemard, Anne Fallières, Jean-Pierre Pouget, Raphaël Tétreau, Pierre-Olivier Kotzki, Lore Santoro, Pierre Senesse, Nicolas Flori
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutrition support is recommended in cachexic patients with cancer. However, there is no clear evidence about its impact on tumour growth. Glycolysis, which is usually higher in cancer than normal cells, can be monitored by 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) imaging that is widely used for cancer staging and therapy efficacy assessment. Here, we used 18 F-FDG PET/CT imaging to investigate whether artificial nutrition has an impact on tumour glucose metabolism in patients with cancer and cachexia...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201141/feeding-mitochondria-potential-role-of-nutritional-components-to-improve-critical-illness-convalescence
#14
REVIEW
E Wesselink, W A C Koekkoek, S Grefte, R F Witkamp, A R H van Zanten
Persistent physical impairment is frequently encountered after critical illness. Recent data point towards mitochondrial dysfunction as an important determinant of this phenomenon. This narrative review provides a comprehensive overview of the present knowledge of mitochondrial function during and after critical illness and the role and potential therapeutic applications of specific micronutrients to restore mitochondrial function. Increased lactate levels and decreased mitochondrial ATP-production are common findings during critical illness and considered to be associated with decreased activity of muscle mitochondrial complexes in the electron transfer system...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201142/reply-letter-to-the-editor-statistically-but-not-clinically-significant-biomarkers-in-gastric-cancer
#15
LETTER
Michel Carlos Mocellin, Erasmo Benicio Santos de Moraes Trindade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219608/re-letter-to-the-editor-comment-on-sufficient-levels-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-protein-intake-required-to-increase-muscle-mass-in-sarcopenic-older-adults-the-provide-study
#16
LETTER
Sjors Verlaan, Andrea Maier, Tommy Cederholm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197271/tolerability-and-safety-of-early-enteral-nutrition-in-children-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Anna Wiernicka, Małgorzata Matuszczyk, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Piotr Landowski, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska, Beata Gębora-Kowalska, Katarzyna Popińska, Marta Sibilska, Urszula Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk, Sabina Więcek, Ewa Hapyn, Karolina Blimke-Kozieł, Jarosław Kierkuś
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We assessed the tolerability and safety of implementing early enteral nutrition in children at 3 h after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement to establish an optimum feeding mode in paediatric patients that reduced the fasting period, the inadequate nutritional support interval, and the hospitalisation time. METHODS: Children with clinical indications for PEG placement were recruited from six medical centres in Poland to participate in the study...
August 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195578/metabolic-healthy-overweight-obese-individuals-not-just-a-restricted-group
#18
LETTER
Leonardo Spatola, Salvatore Badalamenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195577/dietary-intake-of-flavonoid-subclasses-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-prospective-cohort-studies-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#19
LETTER
Yunping Zhou, Tao Wang, Daiqin Song, Aimin Wang
Flavonoids intake has been linked to risk of type 2 diabetes theoretically, but the findings were conflicting from observational studies. Results from the recent meta-analysis suggested a moderate favorable effect of total dietary flavonoids consumption on type 2 diabetes risk. However, the relationship, if exists, between total dietary flavonoids consumption and type 2 diabetes risk is unclear, especially further in the association between flavonoid subclasses and risk of type 2 diabetes. Thus, the dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline model and multivariate random-effect meta-regression...
August 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193874/is-adequate-enteral-nutrition-associated-with-a-similar-outcome-as-adequate-oral-caloric-intake-after-allogeneic-transplantation
#20
LETTER
Shigeo Fuji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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