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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420291/evidence-of-muscle-loss-delay-and-improvement-of-hyperinsulinemia-and-insulin-resistance-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-supplemented-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-a-randomized-study
#1
Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Salvador Atilano-Miguel, Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mariela Bernabé-García, Tomas Almeida-Becerril, Alan Cárdenas-Conejo, Oriana Del Rocío Cruz-Guzmán, Jorge Maldonado-Hernández
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most prevalent dystrophy of childhood and is characterized by generalized motor delays due to progressive muscular weakness, leading to loss of muscle mass. Additionally, patients with DMD develop obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and Insulin Resistance (IR). Omega-3 Long-Chain PolyUnsaturated Fatty Acids (Ω-3LCPUFA) increase fat mass, decrease lean mass, and decrease hyperinsulinemia and IR. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of Ω-3LCPUFA consumption on lean mass, fat mass, hyperinsulinemia, and IR in children with DMD...
October 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415908/performance-of-ct-based-low-skeletal-muscle-index-low-mean-muscle-attenuation-and-bioelectric-impedance-derived-low-phase-angle-in-the-detection-of-an-increased-risk-of-nutrition-related-mortality
#2
Melanie Viertel, Carsten Bock, Michael Reich, Stefan Löser, Mathias Plauth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate in a head to head comparison the performance of bioimpedance derived low phase angle (PA), CT-based low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and low mean muscle attenuation (MA), and Pandora Score (PS) to detect an increased nutrition related mortality in hospitalized patients. METHODS: A total of 7736 patients were hospitalized in Dessau community hospital (Nov 11, 2016-Feb 05, 2017). In 227/7736 patients an abdominal CT scan was obtained and low values (below threshold) of skeletal muscle index (SMI) and mean muscle attenuation (MA) were obtained at L3 level using Slice-O-Matic...
October 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420292/transcriptomics-and-proteomics-analyses-of-anti-cancer-mechanisms-of-tr35-an-active-fraction-from-xinjiang-bactrian-camel-milk-in-esophageal-carcinoma-cell
#3
Jie Yang, Zhihua Dou, Xi Peng, Hongjuan Wang, Tong Shen, Jun Liu, Guan Li, Yang Gao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of the active fraction extracted from the Xinjiang Bactrian camel whey on the human cancer cells using an in vitro and in vivo model of human carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that an antitumor active fraction, TR35, isolated from Xinjiang Bactrian camel milk could significantly inhibit Eca109 cell proliferation and induce its apoptosis (indicated by MTT assay, Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis Detection, and caspase-3 activity)...
October 27, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415907/association-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-psychological-profile-in-adults
#4
Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited data are available on the association of inflammatory potential of the diet and odds of psychological disorders. We investigated the association between adherence to a pro-inflammatory diet, as measured by Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and odds of psychological disorders. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, dietary intakes of 3363 Iranian adult participants were collected using a validated Dish-based 106-item Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (DS-FFQ)...
October 27, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396773/no-independent-associations-between-preconception-paternal-dietary-patterns-and-embryonic-growth-the-predict-study
#5
Elsje C Oostingh, Iris de Vos, Annelies C Ham, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Sten P Willemsen, Alex J Eggink, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND & AIM: Several studies show the importance of periconceptional maternal dietary patterns on human embryonic growth. Healthy paternal nutrition has been associated with better semen quality and fecundability, however, evidence on the impact on pregnancy outcome is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between preconception paternal dietary patterns and first trimester embryonic growth using the parameters longitudinal crown-rump length (CRL) and embryonic volume (EV)...
October 24, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396772/an-iso-osmolar-oral-supplement-increases-natriuresis-and-does-not-increase-stomal-output-in-patients-with-an-ileostomy-a-randomised-double-blinded-active-comparator-crossover-intervention-study
#6
Charlotte Rud, Anne Kathrine Nissen Pedersen, Trine Levring Wilkens, Mette Borre, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Hanne B Moeller, Jens Frederik Dahlerup, Christian Lodberg Hvas
BACKGROUND: Patients with an ileostomy often experience fluid and electrolyte depletion because of gastrointestinal loss. This study aimed to compare how an iso-osmolar and a hyperosmolar oral supplement affect ileostomy output, urine production, and natriuresis as proxy measurements of water-electrolyte balance. METHODS: In a randomised, double-blinded, active comparator, crossover intervention study, we included eight adult ileostomy patients who were independent of parenteral support...
October 24, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389251/characteristics-and-reference-values-of-fat-mass-index-and-fat-free-mass-index-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-an-adult-population
#7
Meng Jin, Hanze Du, Yuelun Zhang, Huijuan Zhu, Ke Xu, Xianxian Yuan, Hui Pan, Guangliang Shan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aim to examine the influence of sex, age, region and ethnicity on fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI), and to establish FMI and FFMI reference values in Chinese adults. METHODS: A stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to enroll Chinese participants in this cross-sectional study. Questionnaire surveys and medical examinations were performed to collect data, and body composition parameters were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
October 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392754/does-intravenous-fish-oil-affect-the-growth-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-on-parenteral-nutrition
#8
Chiara Biagetti, Alessio Correani, Rita D'Ascenzo, Maria Paola Bellagamba, Paolo Marchionni, Luca Antognoli, Adriana Pompilio, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P Carnielli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long chain n-3 fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) play a pivotal role during central nervous system development and the provision of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is recommended for the preterm infant. However, there are concerns that oral fish oil, which is a good source of DHA, may adversely affect growth of preterm infants, as it decreases arachidonic acid (ARA). It has been about ten years since fish oil was added to the fat blend of intravenous (IV) lipid emulsions (LE) but information on growth and other clinical outcomes of preterm infants is still scarce...
October 16, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352747/do-probiotics-prebiotics-and-synbiotics-affect-adiponectin-and-leptin-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#9
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Amir Hadi, Ehsan Ghaedi, Mina Salehi, Atena Mahdavi, Hamed Mohammadi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Human studies have reported controversial findings regarding the health promoting effects of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on adiponectin and leptin levels. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to understand the effect of probiotics, prebiotics or synbiotics on adiponectin and leptin levels in adults. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Google scholar up to February 11, 2018 without any restriction...
October 12, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352749/association-between-enteral-macronutrient-delivery-and-inflammatory-response-in-critically-ill-children
#10
Sara Zaher, Deborah White, Jenna Ridout, Frederic Valla, Ricardo Branco, Rosan Meyer, Nazima Pathan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An important goal of nutrition support in paediatric critical illness is minimising catabolism. While focussing on providing full energy requirements, macronutrient balance is often neglected. Studies suggest that there is interplay between nutrition and inflammation. We aimed to assess the amount of enteral macronutrients delivered compared to estimated requirements, and the association between delivered macronutrients and systemic inflammation in critically ill children...
October 11, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390999/a-new-renal-inpatient-nutrition-screening-tool-renal-inut-a-multicenter-validation-study
#11
Helena S Jackson, Helen L MacLaughlin, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Debasish Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Screening of patients with renal disease for malnutrition risk on hospital admission provides an opportunity to improve prognosis. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Renal iNUT, a novel renal-specific inpatient nutrition screening tool. METHODS: Adult inpatient admissions to three renal units were screened using the Renal Inpatient Nutrition Screening Tool (iNUT) and the generic Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and compared against nutritional status using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) as the standard...
October 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352748/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
Edith Angellotti, David D'Alessio, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Yan Chu, Jason Nelson, Peter Hu, Robert M Cohen, Anastassios G Pittas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Whether vitamin D affects lipid profile and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is controversial. We evaluated the effect of oral daily vitamin D supplementation on lipid profile and CVD risk in patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Secondary analysis in the vitamin D for established type 2 diabetes (DDM2) study, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. 127 patients (mean age 60 years) with stable (HbA1c ≤ 7...
October 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342932/body-composition-and-dairy-intake-in-sedentary-employees-who-participated-in-a-healthy-program-based-on-nutrition-education-and-zumba
#13
Marcela Guerendiain, Emilio Villa-González, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The dairy intake is associated with body composition; however, its effect is controversial and remains unknown in relation to exercise interventions as Zumba Fitness® . Thus, we analyzed the body composition and its relation to dairy intake in sedentary employees who participated in a healthy program based on nutrition education and Zumba Fitness® . METHODS: Sixty-nine sedentary employees (age = 38.41 ± 7.45-yr, 81.16% women) participated in a healthy program (16-weeks) based on nutrition education (2 sessions, 1st and 10th week) and Zumba Fitness® (ZF) exercise programs [2 interventions: a) ZF, 1 h of ZF/3 day/week; b) ZF + BW, 1 h of ZF/3 day/week plus 20 min of bodyweight training]...
October 5, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322783/obesity-paradox-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#14
Karsten Keller, Lukas Hobohm, Martin Geyer, Thomas Münzel, Carl J Lavie, Mir Abolfazl Ostad, Christine Espinola-Klein
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have suggested an obesity survival paradox in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We investigated the influence of obesity and underweight on adverse in-hospital outcomes in PAD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PAD based on ICD-code I70.2 of the German nationwide database were stratified for obesity, underweight and a reference group with normal-weight/over-weight and compared regarding adverse in-hospital outcomes...
October 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348463/espen-guideline-on-clinical-nutrition-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#15
Pierre Singer, Annika Reintam Blaser, Mette M Berger, Waleed Alhazzani, Philip C Calder, Michael P Casaer, Michael Hiesmayr, Konstantin Mayer, Juan Carlos Montejo, Claude Pichard, Jean-Charles Preiser, Arthur R H van Zanten, Simon Oczkowski, Wojciech Szczeklik, Stephan C Bischoff
Following the new ESPEN Standard Operating Procedures, the previous guidelines to provide best medical nutritional therapy to critically ill patients have been updated. These guidelines define who are the patients at risk, how to assess nutritional status of an ICU patient, how to define the amount of energy to provide, the route to choose and how to adapt according to various clinical conditions. When to start and how to progress in the administration of adequate provision of nutrients is also described. The best determination of amount and nature of carbohydrates, fat and protein are suggested...
September 29, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344023/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-the-sun-project
#16
I Gardeazabal, M Ruiz-Canela, R Sánchez-Bayona, A Romanos-Nanclares, J M Aramendía-Beitia, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, M A Martínez-González, E Toledo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and diet is suspected to play a role in its development. Dietary factors may mediate this process through modulation of inflammation, though findings from previous studies have not been consistent. We aimed to longitudinally assess the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII® ), a frequently used method to assess the inflammatory potential of the diet, and incident BC. METHODS: We included 10,713 middle-aged, Spanish female university graduates from the SUN cohort...
September 29, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342931/malnutrition-according-to-espen-consensus-predicts-hospitalizations-and-long-term-mortality-in-rehabilitation-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Ester Marco, Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Vanesa N Dávalos-Yerovi, Xavier Duran, Eva M Pascual, Josep M Muniesa, Diego A Rodríguez, Ana Aguilera-Zubizarreta, Ferran Escalada, Esther Duarte
BACKGROUND: Nutritional disorders are frequent in patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) and have negative health impacts. This study aimed to explore the value of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) definition of malnutrition (and/or its individual components) to predict hospitalizations and mortality at 2 years, and to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in COPD patients referred to pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: The study was a prospective analysis of 118 patients with COPD free of exacerbations and/or hospital admissions in the previous two months...
September 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340895/plasma-citrulline-concentration-a-marker-for-intestinal-functionality-reflects-exercise-intensity-in-healthy-young-men
#18
Shirley Kartaram, Marco Mensink, Marc Teunis, Eric Schoen, Gerrit Witte, Lonneke Janssen Duijghuijsen, Martie Verschuren, Karin Mohrmann, Laura M'Rabet, Karen Knipping, Harriet Wittink, Ardy van Helvoort, Johan Garssen, Renger Witkamp, Raymond Pieters, Klaske van Norren
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Plasma citrulline concentration is considered to be a marker for enterocyte metabolic mass and to reflect its reduction as may occur during intestinal dysfunction. Strenuous exercise can act as a stressor to induce small intestinal injury. Our previous studies suggest that this comprises the intestinal ability to produce citrulline from a glutamine-rich protein bolus. In this study we investigated the effects of different exercise intensities and hydration state on citrulline and iFABP levels following a post-exercise glutamine bolus in healthy young men...
September 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316535/spicy-food-and-self-reported-fractures
#19
Chuchu Mei, Zhe Fang, Ruoyu Yin, Ruotong Yang, Kun Tang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Population-based evidence that suggests health effects of spicy consumptions on fracture was scant. The study aimed to explore the association of spicy food intake with self-reported history of fractures in the Chinese populations. METHODS: Data was drawn from the baseline survey of a large cohort study conducted in China between 2004 and 2008. A total of 512,891 adults (including 302,632 females) were included. Frequency, strength and duration of spicy food consumption were assessed using a survey questionnaire...
September 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314926/elemental-formula-associated-hypophosphataemic-rickets
#20
S Uday, S Sakka, J H Davies, T Randell, V Arya, C Brain, M Tighe, J Allgrove, P Arundel, R Pryce, W Högler, N J Shaw
OBJECTIVES: Hypophosphataemic rickets (HR) is usually secondary to renal phosphate wasting but may occur secondary to reduced intake or absorption of phosphate. We describe a series of cases of HR associated with the use of Neocate® , an amino-acid based formula (AAF). METHODS: A retrospective review of cases with HR associated with AAF use presenting to centres across the United Kingdom. RESULTS: 10 cases were identified, over a 9 month period, all associated with Neocate® use...
September 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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