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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633944/gene-expression-analysis-identify-a-metabolic-and-cell-function-alterations-as-a-hallmark-of-obesity-without-metabolic-syndrome-in-peripheral-blood-a-pilot-study
#1
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Raquel Almansa, Rocío Aller, Olatz Izaola, E Romero
BACKGROUND: Understanding molecular basis involved in overweight is an important first step in developing therapeutic pathways against excess in body weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our pilot study was to evaluate the gene expression profiles in the peripheral blood of obese patients without other metabolic complications. DESIGN: A sample of 17 obese patients without metabolic syndrome and 15 non obese control subjects was evaluated in a prospective way...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633943/diet-borne-systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-prevalent-tooth%C3%A2-loss
#2
Georgios A Kotsakis, Vanessa Chrepa, Nitin Shivappa, Michael Wirth, James Hébert, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The deleterious effect of cariogenic dietary patterns on tooth loss is well characterized, but the contribution of diet-borne systemic inflammation to loss of teeth remains uncharted. Recent efforts have unveiled a protective role of single nutrients to periodontal health. However, the assessment of overall diet as a modifiable risk factor for oral health remains elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between diet-borne systemic inflammation and tooth loss in a representative sample of the US adult non-institutionalized population...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641831/two-components-of-the-new-espen-diagnostic-criteria-for-malnutrition-are-independent-predictors-of-lung-function-in-hospitalized-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#3
Arora Ros Ingadottir, Anne Marie Beck, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes, Olof Gudny Geirsdottir, Alfons Ramel, Thorarinn Gislason, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Low fat free mass index (FFMI) is a component of the ESPEN diagnosis criteria of malnutrition, that only when accompanied with weight loss is considered to be a determinant of malnutrition. Our aims were to assess the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) applying the ESPEN criteria, and to examine the ability of different components of the criteria to predict COPD severity, length of stay (LOS), hospital readmissions within 30 days and mortality...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629898/alpha-lipoic-acid-supplement-in-obesity-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have supported positive roles of antioxidant supplements on weight-loss. One antioxidant supplement is Alpha-lipoic acid. However, recommending ALA as an anti-obesity supplement remains controversial. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis on the effects of ALA supplement on anthropometric indices among adult subjects. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases till September 2016. Placebo-controlled clinical trials were included...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606701/association-between-breastfeeding-duration-and-postpartum-weight-retention-of-lactating-mothers-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#5
Mingjun Jiang, Haer Gao, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Kai Yu, Defu Ma, Xueying Qin, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To clarify the relationship between different breastfeeding duration and postpartum weight retention through meta-analysis. METHODS: In this study, all relevant studies that described the effect of breastfeeding duration on postpartum weight retention were identified from Pubmed, Cochrane, and WANGFANG databases and so on (1960-2016). This meta-analysis had been registered in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42016038409)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629899/high-adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-lower-risk-of-frailty-among-french-older-adults-community-dwellers-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#6
Berna Rahi, Soufiane Ajana, Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Peres, Catherine Feart
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is considered as a key component for healthy aging, including prevention of age-related disability, while its association with frailty, independent of disability has never been assessed. Our objective was to investigate the relation between MeDi adherence and frailty incidence among persons aged ≥75 years participating at the prospective population-based French Three-City Study. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 560 initially non-frail participants of the Three-City-Bordeaux center, seen at the 2009-2010 follow-up, and re-examined two years later...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606703/epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-cardiometabolic-risk
#7
LETTER
Levent Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602466/why-intensity-is-not-a-bad-word-response-to-gentil-et%C3%A2-al-letter
#8
LETTER
Gary R Hunter, Eric P Plaisance, Stephen J Carter, Gordon Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606702/effect-of-hazelnut-on-serum-lipid-profile-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-erythrocyte-phospholipids-in-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-hyperlipidemia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Valeria Deon, Cristian Del Bo', Federica Guaraldi, Francesca Abello, Simona Belviso, Marisa Porrini, Patrizia Riso, Ornella Guardamagna
BACKGROUND & AIM: Regular intake of nuts improves lipid profile and thus reduces the cardiovascular (CV) risk associated with hyperlipidemia. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a dietary intervention with hazelnuts (HZNs, 15-30 g/day, depending on patient weight) on serum lipid profile, anthropometric parameters and fatty acids (FAs) composition of erythrocyte phospholipids in children and adolescents with primary hyperlipidemia. METHODS: Eight-week randomized, single blind, controlled, three-arm, parallel-group study...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602468/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-cardiometabolic-risk
#10
LETTER
Milena Monfort-Pires, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592356/use-of-health-resources-and-healthcare-costs-associated-with-nutritional-risk-the-fradea-study
#11
Marta Martínez-Reig, Isaac Aranda-Reneo, Luz M Peña-Longobardo, Juan Oliva-Moreno, Núria Barcons-Vilardell, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Pedro Abizanda
BACKGROUND: In spite of its high prevalence and its clinical relevance, the economic impact of malnutrition has not been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: To study whether malnutrition predicts total hospital healthcare costs and costs related to specialist visits, emergency department visits and hospitalization in older adults. METHODS: Concurrent cohort study in Albacete City, Spain. The study sample included 827 subjects aged 70 and over from the FRADEA Study...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592355/why-intensity-is-not-a-bad-word-benefits-and-practical-aspects-of-high-effort-resistance-training-to-the-older
#12
LETTER
Paulo Gentil, James Steele, James Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587774/is-a-low-fodmap-diet-beneficial-for-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#13
Yong-le Zhan, Yong-An Zhan, Shi-Xue Dai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the current evidence regarding the benefit of a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyol (FODMAP) diet in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Medline were comprehensively searched for relevant studies through January 2017. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to analyze the dichotomous variables (diarrhea response, abdominal pain and bloating, etc...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602467/intake-of-b-vitamins-and-impairment-in-physical-function-in-older-adults
#14
Ellen A Struijk, Alberto Lana, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther Lopez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: The effect of vitamin B intake on physical function is not well known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective association of the intake of vitamins B6, B12 and folate with physical function impairment in older adults. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study with 1630 participants from the Seniors-ENRICA study, a cohort of community-dwelling adults aged ≥60 years who were free of physical function impairment at baseline...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579220/the-polymorphism-rs17782313-near-mc4r-gene-is-related-with-anthropometric-changes-in-women-submitted-to-bariatric-surgery-over-60-months
#15
Cristina Maria Mendes Resende, Danielle Fernandes Durso, Karina Braga Gomes Borges, Rafaela Messias Pereira, Gisele Kuhlmann Duarte Rodrigues, Kathryna Fontana Rodrigues, José Luiz Padilha Silva, Erica Castilho Rodrigues, Gloria Regina Franco, Jacqueline Isaura Alvarez-Leite
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate whether the polymorphism rs17782313 near MC4R gene influences long-term outcomes after bariatric surgery. METHODS: The rs16782313 polymorphism was genotyped in 217 individuals undergoing bariatric surgery and analyzed in detail in 141 women. Data for comorbidities, BMI, excess weight loss (EWL), and body composition were obtained before and during 60 months after surgery. RESULTS: The risk allele was found in 65 (47%) of the 141 women...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601400/omega-3-fatty-acids-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-an-updated-systematic-review-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#16
REVIEW
Oscar D Rangel-Huerta, Angel Gil
Several studies and reviews regarding the supplementation of omega-3 LC-PUFAs have been developed during the last years. Indeed, the evidence states that high doses omega-3 LC-PUFAs produce a small but significant decrease in blood pressure in older and hypertensive subjects. Due to the increasing interest in the benefits of LC-PUFAs, we aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence provided in the past five years (2012-2016) on the effects of the intake of omega-3 LC-PUFAs on cardiovascular risk factors such as inflammation and oxidative stress, through a systematic review in PubMed database...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599979/relationship-of-energy-and-protein-adequacy-with-60-day-mortality-in%C3%A2-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Zheng-Yii Lee, Ibrahim Noor Airini, Mohd-Yusof Barakatun-Nisak
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effect of provision of full feeding or permissive underfeeding on mortality in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is still controversial. This study investigated the relationship of energy and protein intakes with 60-day mortality, and the extent to which ICU length of stay and nutritional risk status influenced this relationship. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted among critically ill patients aged ≥18 years, intubated and mechanically ventilated within 48 h of ICU admission and stayed in the ICU for at least 72 h...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571712/effects-of-weight-loss-on-adipose-visceral-and-subcutaneous-tissue-in-overweight-adults
#18
Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight loss is an important strategy for mitigating the complications of obesity. However, weight reduction does not provide detailed information on relative changes in bodily behaviors and in abdominal fat deposits (adipose visceral tissue (AVT) and adipose subcutaneous tissue (AST)). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss based on calorie restriction on AVT and AST in overweight individuals (1); to verify the metabolic benefits resulting from AVT reduction (2); and to the analyze the influence of covariates in AVT and AST reduction (3)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566220/the-relationship-between-tumour-stage-systemic-inflammation-body-composition-and-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#19
Stephen T McSorley, Douglas H Black, Paul G Horgan, Donald C McMillan
BACKGROUND: Disease progression in cancer is often associated with loss of weight and lean tissue and the development of a systemic inflammatory response (SIR) and these have prognostic value. The present study investigated the relationship between these factors in patients with operable colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study included 322 patients with primary operable colorectal cancer. In addition to BMI, pre-operative CT scans were used to define the presence of visceral obesity, sarcopenia and myosteatosis...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554815/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-heart-failure-meta-analysis-of-13-prospective-studies
#20
Susanna C Larsson, Alice Wallin, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Controversy exists on the association between alcohol consumption and risk of heart failure (HF). We carried out a meta-analysis to summarize available prospective data on alcohol consumption and HF. METHODS: We searched PubMed for relevant studies published until January 1, 2017. Relative risk (RR) estimates from individual studies were pooled in a random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 13 prospective studies, with 13,738 HF cases and 355,804 participants, were included in the meta-analysis...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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