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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923476/evaluation-of-nutrition-support-practices-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#1
Wajdy Abi Saleh, Pierre Bou Khalil, Krystel Ouaijan, Fayez Abillama, Sandra Akiki, Nehmat Ahmad, Lama Mattar
BACKGROUND: Multiple clinical guidelines are available to improve and standardize the delivery of nutrition support. However, recommendations are not being universally applied at the bedside due to challenges of resources and barriers of knowledge. Assessing the current level of nutrition support practice is the first step to understand the barriers and ultimately implement potential strategies to increase guideline adherence and promote quality nutrition support in hospitals. There are no published data concerning the practice of nutrition support in Lebanese hospitals...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#2
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912008/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-relationship-with-depressive-symptoms-anxiety-and-well-being-in-adults
#3
Catherine M Phillips, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Ivan J Perry
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between diet, inflammation and mental health is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the role of dietary inflammatory potential in this context exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine associations between the inflammatory potential of habitual diet and mental health outcomes in a cross-sectional sample of 2047 adults (50.8% female). METHODS: Diet was assessed using a self-completed food frequency questionnaire from which dietary inflammatory index (DII(®)) scores were determined...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918169/what-is-clinical-nutrition
#4
LETTER
Diana Cardenas, N E P Deutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918168/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-frailty-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#5
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Renè Rizzoli, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a paucity of data investigating the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and frailty, with no data among North American people. We aimed to investigate if adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North American people. METHODS: This study included subjects at higher risk or having knee osteoarthritis. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED) as proposed by Panagiotakos and classified into five categories...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918167/different-nutritional-assessment-tools-as-predictors-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-resection
#6
Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition in patients with colorectal cancer contributes to increased postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of several nutritional assessment parameters: body mass index versus percentage of weight loss grading system (BMI/%WL); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); standardized phase angle (SPA) by BIA; muscle strength by handgrip strength; muscle mass by computerized tomography; and the combination of muscle mass and strength in patients undergoing resection surgery...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893410/an-artificial-neural-network-to-predict-resting-energy-expenditure-in-obesity
#7
Emmanuel Disse, Séverine Ledoux, Cécile Bétry, Cyrielle Caussy, Christine Maitrepierre, Muriel Coupaye, Martine Laville, Chantal Simon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The resting energy expenditure (REE) determination is important in nutrition for adequate dietary prescription. The gold standard i.e. indirect calorimetry is not available in clinical settings. Thus, several predictive equations have been developed, but they lack of accuracy in subjects with extreme weight including obese populations. Artificial neural networks (ANN) are useful predictive tools in the area of artificial intelligence, used in numerous clinical fields...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912010/first-week-weight-dip-and-reaching-growth-targets-in-early-life-in-preterm-infants
#8
Jorine A Roelants, Koen F M Joosten, Brigitte M A van der Geest, Jessie M Hulst, Irwin K M Reiss, Marijn J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Aggressive parenteral nutritional practices were implemented in clinical practice over a decade ago to prevent early growth retardation in preterm infants. We aimed to study adherence to current nutritional recommendations in a population of very preterm infants, and to evaluate growth in early life. METHODS: Preterm infants (gestational age <30 weeks and birth weight <1500 g) were included in a prospective observational cohort study. Data on parenteral and enteral intake were collected on days 1-7, 14, 21 and 28 (d28) of life...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890273/the-association-of-weight-loss-with-one-year-mortality-in-hospital-patients-stratified-by-bmi-and-ffmi-subgroups
#9
Marian A E de van der Schueren, Malon de Smoker, E Leistra, H M Kruizenga
BACKGROUND: The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) has recently published consensus-based criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition; in subjects identified at nutritional risk the diagnosis is confirmed by either BMI <18.5 kg/m(2) or weight loss in combination with low BMI or low FFMI. Concerns have been raised whether this definition correctly classifies malnutrition in patients with normal weight or overweight and concomitant weight loss. Therefore, the aim of this research is to assess the association between weight loss and one-year mortality in hospitalized patients, stratified by BMI and FFMI subgroups...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890274/serum-magnesium-concentrations-and-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-among-u-s-adults-results-from-the-nhanes-i-epidemiologic-follow-up-study
#11
Xi Zhang, Jin Xia, Liana C Del Gobbo, Adela Hruby, Qi Dai, Yiqing Song
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations of serum magnesium (Mg) concentrations with total and cause-specific mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We investigate the dose-response relationships of baseline serum Mg concentrations with risk of mortalities in a large, nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: We analyzed prospective data of 14,353 participants aged 25-74 years with measures of serum Mg concentrations at baseline (1971-1975) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (NHEFS)...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890275/enhanced-referral-prioritisation-for-acute-adult-dietetic-services-a-randomised-control-trial-to-test-a-web-based-decision-training-tool
#12
Priscilla Harries, Hulya Gokalp, Miranda Davies, Christopher Tomlinson, Mary Hickson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietitians in acute adult services need to prioritise dietetic referrals in order to manage their daily workload and ensure effective treatment of patients. Newly qualified dietitians do not usually receive specific training on prioritisation and could be helped with an evidence-based, effective, decision-training tool that is based on the practice of experienced dietitians. We developed an internationally available web-based decision-training tool designed to improve novice dietitians' ability to make dietetic prioritisation decisions...
August 26, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877847/are-infections-of-gastrostomies-not-leaks
#13
LETTER
Pierre Jésus, Jean Claude Desport, Philippe Fayemendy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927897/does-nutrition-play-a-role-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-sarcopenia
#14
REVIEW
S M Robinson, J Y Reginster, R Rizzoli, S C Shaw, J A Kanis, I Bautmans, H Bischoff-Ferrari, O Bruyère, M Cesari, B Dawson-Hughes, R A Fielding, J M Kaufman, F Landi, V Malafarina, Y Rolland, L J van Loon, B Vellas, M Visser, C Cooper
There is a growing body of evidence that links nutrition to muscle mass, strength and function in older adults, suggesting that it has an important role to play both in the prevention and management of sarcopenia. This review summarises the discussions of a working group [ESCEO working group meeting 8th September 2016] that met to review current evidence and to consider its implications for preventive and treatment strategies. The review points to the importance of 'healthier' dietary patterns that are adequate in quality in older age, to ensure sufficient intakes of protein, vitamin D, antioxidant nutrients and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882396/7-year-follow-up-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-overweight-children-comparison-to-an-untreated-control-group
#15
T Reinehr, J Bucksch, A Müller, E Finne, P Kolip
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We present the 7-year follow-up analysis in overweight children and adolescents, who had participated originally in a randomized control trial of a lifestyle intervention. We compared them to an untreated population-based control group to demonstrate the effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS: Degree of overweight (BMI-SDS) was determined in 32 overweight children (mean age 11.5 ± 1.5yrs, 65.6% females, mean BMI 23.7 ± 1.5 kg/m(2)) at onset of intervention (T0), end of 6-month intervention (T1), 12 months (T2) and 7 years after end of intervention (T3)...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869073/association-of-the-rs10830963-polymorphism-in-melatonin-receptor-type-1b-mtnr1b-with-metabolic-response-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-a-hypocaloric-diet-based-in-mediterranean-style
#16
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Aller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some genetic variants within MTNR1B were related with fasting glucose levels or the increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus and obesity. The aims of the present investigation were to determine the influence of rs10830963 MTNR1B variant in relation to body weight loss, insulin resistance and adipokine levels in response to a hypocaloric diet with Mediterranean pattern. METHODS: A Caucasian population of 80 obese patients was studied before and after 12 weeks on a hypocaloric diet...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912009/an-inflammation-based-prognostic-score-the-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-predicts-the-morbidity-and-mortality-of-patients-on-parenteral-nutrition
#17
J Llop-Talaveron, M B Badia-Tahull, E Leiva-Badosa
BACKGROUND: There is no "gold standard" score for predicting poor-nutrition-related outcomes. The objective of this study was to identify the optimal predictive score, based on inflammatory parameters, for the clinical outcomes of parenteral nutrition (PN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a 4-year retrospective observational study of 460 patients treated with PN. C-reactive protein (CRP), prealbumin, albumin, CRP/prealbumin and CRP/albumin were studied as potential prognostic scores at the beginning of PN for clinical outcomes during PN...
August 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890276/the-pressures-of-obesity-the-relationship-between-obesity-malnutrition-and-pressure-injuries-in-hospital-inpatients
#18
Samantha J Ness, Donna F Hickling, Jack J Bell, Peter F Collins
BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries (PI) are a significant clinical problem across all healthcare facilities, associated with poor patient outcomes, increased length of stay and healthcare costs. Whilst it is known that underweight (Body Mass Index (BMI) < 18.5 kg/m(2)) and malnourished individuals have an increased risk of developing PI, few studies have investigated the effects of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) on PI prevalence. This study aimed to determine whether PI prevalence was associated with levels of obesity; the complex association between morbid obesity, malnutrition and PI prevalence in hospital inpatients was also explored...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869072/mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-powell-tuck-and-hennessy-s-equation-correlate-with-body-mass-index-and-can-be-used-sequentially-in-gastrostomy-fed-patients
#19
Rita Barosa, Lídia Roque Ramos, Carla Adriana Santos, Marta Pereira, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple and widespread method to assess undernutrition. However its use may be limited in bedridden patients. AIMS: 1) compare BMI, Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and Powell-Tuck and Hennessy's regression equation for BMI (BMIPTH) in gastrostomy fed patients, 2) validate its correlation for sequential use and 3) select the best cut-off of MUAC and BMIPTH to predict risk of undernutrition. METHODS: Prospective study including adult patients who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866141/clinical-nutrition-education-in-medical-schools-results-of-an-espen-survey
#20
LETTER
Hannah Ruth Cole, Ursula Mary McGee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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