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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214041/why-intensity-is-not-a-bad-word-optimizing-health-status-at-any-age
#1
REVIEW
Gary R Hunter, Eric P Plaisance, Stephen J Carter, Gordon Fisher
Age-related declines in health and function make locomotion increasingly difficult leading to reductions in non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), skeletal muscle size and strength, and increased adiposity. Exercise is an important strategy to attenuate loss of function through the life cycle. Despite claims to the contrary, high-intensity exercise is important for the prevention of obesity and sarcopenia with advancing age. Therefore, the purpose of this mini-review is to present literature supporting the contention that low volume, high-intensity aerobic and/or resistance training can slow sarcopenia, sustain ease of movement, stimulate NEAT, and attenuate the accretion of fat mass...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222962/safety-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-newborns-results-from-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Alexandre Lapillonne, Marie-Pierre Berleur, Yvette Brasseur, Sophie Calvez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited or delayed availability of parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions, as well as difficulties in ordering are often identified as reasons for non-compliance with international guidelines in newborns. This study aims at assessing the modality of use and safety of premixed standardized PN solutions in a nationwide prospective cohort of newborns treated in clinical practice. METHODS: Two premixed fixed formulations with respective osmolarity of 715 and 790 mOsm/L specifically designed for neonates were made available throughout the country for clinical use from birth onwards...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222963/performance-of-subjective-global-assessment-and-malnutrition-inflammation-score-for-monitoring-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-on-hemodialysis
#3
Fernanda Santin, Juliana Rodrigues, Flávia Barbosa Brito, Carla Maria Avesani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies assessing the performance of 7-point subjective global assessment (7p-SGA) and malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) to assess longitudinal changes in nutritional status are lacking. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether longitudinal changes in 7p-SGA and MIS were associated with changes in objective parameters of nutritional status, as well as to evaluate the prognostic value of 7p-SGA and MIS on hospitalization events. METHODS: One hundred and four patients aged ≥60 years (70...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214040/reinforcement-of-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-by-arabinoxylans-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial-arabinoxylans-in-gut-barrier
#4
Bouke N Salden, Freddy J Troost, Ellen Wilms, Pilar Truchado, Ramiro Vilchez-Vargas, Dietmar H Pieper, Ruy Jáuregui, Massimo Marzorati, Tom van de Wiele, Sam Possemiers, Ad A Masclee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity and metabolic diseases are associated with alterations in microbial composition and impaired gut barrier. Previous in vitro and animal studies have shown that arabinoxylans (AX) have the potential to modulate gut microbiota and gut barrier and therefore could have a protective role. Primary aim of the study was to investigate the effect of AX on intestinal permeability. Secondary aims included the effect of AX on gene transcription and protein expression of tight junctions (TJ), intestinal microbiota composition and activity, immune response and metabolic markers in overweight and obese individuals...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#5
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202271/letter-to-the-editor-need-for-more-collaboration-to-manage-nutritional-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#6
LETTER
Cécile Bétry, Emmanuel Disse, Cécile Chambrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202270/acute-metabolic-and-endocrine-responses-induced-by-glucose-and-fructose-in-healthy-young-subjects-a-double-blinded-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
Wenwen Cai, Jie Li, Jiahui Shi, Bo Yang, Jun Tang, Helen Truby, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A rise in fructose consumption has been implicated in the etiology of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Serum uric acid (UA) elevates after fructose ingestion, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the impact of fructose ingestion on nitric oxide (NO) has not yet been confirmed. The aim of this study was to investigate the postprandial metabolic and endocrine responses following an acute ingestion of fructose and glucose in healthy subjects...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196694/effect-of-dietary-patterns-on-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults
#8
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189384/thyroid-disorders-might-be-related-to-metabolic-syndrome-components
#9
LETTER
Levent Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209333/green-tea-extracts-for-the-prevention-of-metachronous-colorectal-polyps-among-patients-who-underwent-endoscopic-removal-of-colorectal-adenomas-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Cheol Min Shin, Dong Ho Lee, A Young Seo, Hyun Joo Lee, Seong Beom Kim, Woo-Chan Son, Young Kyung Kim, Sang Jun Lee, Sung-Hee Park, Nayoung Kim, Young Soo Park, Hyuk Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the preventive effect of green tea extract (GTE) supplements on metachronous colorectal adenoma and cancer in the Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-six subjects (88 per each group) who had undergone complete removal of colorectal adenomas by endoscopic polypectomy were enrolled. They were randomized into 2 groups: supplementation group (0.9 g GTE per day for 12 months) or control group without GTE supplementation...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196669/reply-to-the-letter-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-levels-and-risk-of-dementia-but-which-type-of-dementia
#11
LETTER
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189385/dietary-acid-load-and-blood-pressure-development-in-pregnancy-the-generation-r-study
#12
Myrte J Tielemans, Nicole S Erler, Oscar H Franco, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary intake could induce a mild maternal metabolic acidosis that might lead to a higher level of blood pressure. Because studies in pregnancy are scarce, we evaluated the association between maternal dietary acid load and changes in blood pressure during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia. METHODS: We included 3411 pregnant women of Dutch ancestry from a prospective population-based cohort (Rotterdam, The Netherlands)...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215759/impact-of-ageing-and-a-synbiotic-on-the-immune-response-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Sumia Enani, Agnieszka Przemska-Kosicka, Caroline E Childs, Catherine Maidens, Honglin Dong, Lorenza Conterno, Kieran Tuohy, Susan Todd, Margot Gosney, Parveen Yaqoob
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ageing increases risk of respiratory infections and impairs the response to influenza vaccination. Pre- and pro-biotics offer an opportunity to modulate anti-viral defenses and the response to vaccination via alteration of the gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of a novel probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum bv. infantis CCUG 52486, combined with a prebiotic, gluco-oligosaccharide, on the B and T cell response to seasonal influenza vaccination in young and older subjects ...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190534/%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-levels-and-risk-of-dementia-but-which-type-of-dementia
#14
LETTER
G Sengul Aycicek, M C Kızılarslanoglu, Z Ulger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187933/clinical-usefulness-of-abdominal-bioimpedance-viscan-in-the-determination-of-visceral-fat-and-its-application-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-obesity-and-its-comorbidities
#15
Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Ignacio González-Crespo, Victoria Catalán, Amaia Rodríguez, Rafael Moncada, Víctor Valentí, Sonia Romero, Beatriz Ramírez, Camilo Silva, María J Gil, Javier Salvador, Alberto Benito, Inmaculada Colina, Gema Frühbeck
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) has been shown to be profoundly responsible of most of the obesity-associated metabolic derangements. The measurement of VAT usually implies the use of imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography (CT). Our aim was to evaluate the accuracy of the determination of VAT by means of abdominal bioimpedance (BIA) with the ViScan device in comparison with CT and its clinical usefulness in the management of obesity...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185684/fish-consumption-in-relation-to-myocardial-infarction-stroke-and-mortality-among-women-and-men-with-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Alice Wallin, Nicola Orsini, Nita G Forouhi, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The accumulated evidence supports an inverse association of fish consumption with cardiovascular disease and mortality, but data among patients with type 2 diabetes are sparse. We aimed to assess fish consumption in relation to myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and mortality among individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Women and men with diagnosed type 2 diabetes (n = 2225; aged 45-84 years) within two population-based cohorts (the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men) were followed from 1998 through 2012...
January 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169021/supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-intensive-care-patients-a-cost-saving-strategy
#17
Lorenzo Pradelli, Séverine Graf, Claude Pichard, Mette M Berger
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Swiss supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) study demonstrated that optimised energy provision combining enteral nutrition (EN) and SPN reduces nosocomial infections in critically ill adults who fail to achieve targeted energy delivery with EN alone. To assess the economic impact of this strategy, we performed a cost-effectiveness analysis using data from the SPN study. METHODS: Multivariable regression analyses were performed to characterise the relationships between SPN, cumulative energy deficit, nosocomial infection, and resource consumption...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161091/associations-between-genetic-variation-in-one-carbon-metabolism-and-leukocyte-dna-methylation-in-valproate-treated-patients-with-epilepsy
#18
Guanzhong Ni, Jiaming Qin, Ziyi Chen, Hongliang Li, Jueqian Zhou, Min Huang, Liemin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Valproate (VPA) as a first-line antiepileptic drug is useful for the most types of epileptic seizure treatment. Previous studies observed that VPA influenced one-carbon metabolism (OCM), consequently, DNA methylation. However, other individual genetic variations, as well as VPA, modify DNA methylation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated associations between genetic variations in OCM and leukocyte DNA methylation in VPA-treated patients with epilepsy...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153502/nutritional-supplements-and-dementia
#19
LETTER
Ruth Remington, Thomas B Shea, George Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153501/reply-letter-to-the-editor-nutritional-supplements-and-dementia
#20
LETTER
Dorothee Volkert, Rainer Wirth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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