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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154112/pre-diagnostic-plasma-enterolactone-concentrations-and-breast-cancer-prognosis-among-postmenopausal-women-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#1
Cecilie Kyrø, Louise Hansen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Natalja P Nørskov, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen, Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Marianne Holm, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High intakes of the phytoestrogen lignans and high blood concentrations of its main biomarker, enterolactone, has been associated with a better breast cancer prognosis. We investigated the association between pre-diagnostic plasma concentrations of enterolactone and breast cancer prognosis (i.e. recurrence, breast cancer-specific mortality and all-cause mortality). METHODS: Plasma and data was available from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153269/vitamin-d-pathway-gene-polymorphisms-influenced-vitamin-d-level-among-pregnant-women
#2
Bule Shao, Shuying Jiang, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Minjia Mo, Minchao Li, Zhaopin Wang, Yunxian Yu
AIMS: To explore the relationship between vitamin D pathway genes, gene-environment interactions and vitamin D level among southeast Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: 759 participants from Zhoushan Pregnant Women Cohort (ZPWC) study, were enrolled from August 2011 to April 2014 in China. Plasma 25(OH)D levels and genetic variants in vitamin D pathway (NADSYN1/DHCR7, GC, CYP3A4, CYP2R1, CYP27A1, CYP27B1, VDR, CYP24A1, and LRP2) were measured using the blood sample collected at the first trimester...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146524/undergraduate-nutrition-education-of-health-professionals-in-greek-medical-dentistry-pharmacy-nursing-and-midwifery-departments
#3
LETTER
Zoe Pafili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154111/pten-expression-and-its-association-with-glucose-control-and-calorie-supplementation-in-critically-ill-patients
#4
Alessio Molfino, Francesco Alessandri, Paola Mosillo, Donatella Dell'Utri, Alessio Farcomeni, Maria Ida Amabile, Alessandro Laviano
BACKGROUND & AIM: Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) reduces insulin sensitivity. Since critically ill patients present insulin resistance, we aimed at assessing the role of PTEN expression on glucose homeostasis and clinical outcome in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) and receiving artificial nutrition. METHODS: Observational, single-center study conducted in one ICU in Rome, Italy on adult patients hospitalized for trauma. Plasma glucose levels and its variability were recorded in patients receiving artificial nutrition...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129636/inflammation-mediated-muscle-metabolic-dysregulation-local-and-remote-to-the-site-of-major-abdominal-surgery
#5
Krishna K Varadhan, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Despina Constantin, Paul L Greenhaff, Dileep N Lobo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Postoperative hyperglycaemia is common in patients having major surgery and is associated with adverse outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether bacteraemia contributed to postoperative systemic inflammation, and whether increases in the expression of muscle mRNAs and proteins reflecting increased muscle inflammation, atrophy and impaired carbohydrate oxidation were evident at the time of surgery, and both local and distant to the site of trauma, and could be associated with impaired glucoregulation...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128339/rs6923761-gene-variant-in-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-allelic-frequencies-and-influence-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-multicenter-study-of-castilla-leon
#6
D A de Luis, M Ballesteros, A Lopez Guzman, E Ruiz, C Muñoz, M A Penacho, P Iglesias, A Maldonado, V Puigdevall, M Delgado
BACKGROUND: Some GLP-1 receptor studies have identified polymorphisms in the GLP-1 receptor gene that might be related to different cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the allelic distribution of rs6923761 GLP-1 receptor polymorphism in a geographic area of Spain (Community of Castilla y Leon) and to evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on obesity anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk factors in the fasted state in obese patients...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126716/antitumor-and-antimetastatic-effects-of-walnut-oil-in-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-cells
#7
Saime Batirel, Ayse Mine Yilmaz, Ali Sahin, Nikolaos Perakakis, Nesrin Kartal Ozer, Christos S Mantzoros
BACKGROUND: Walnuts contain many components including specific fatty acids, which could be active against cancer. Even though the anticarcinogenic effect of some of the individual fatty acids in walnut oil has been described, the effect of walnut oil itself on esophageal cancer cells hasn't yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether walnut oil affects tumor growth and metastatic potential in esophageal cancer cells. METHODS: The human esophageal adenocarcinoma cell line, OE19, was treated with different doses of walnut oil and cell viability, apoptosis/necrosis and cell cycle analyses were performed using WST-1 assay and flow cytometry respectively...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137803/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#8
Baozhu Wei, Yang Liu, Xuan Lin, Ying Fang, Jing Cui, Jing Wan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiological studies show inconsistent findings on the association of dietary fiber intake with risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Herein, we aim to conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the role of dietary fiber in prevention of MetS. METHODS: A systematical search in PubMed and Embase databases through December 2016, together with reference scrutiny of relevant literature, was performed to identify studies for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129637/a-multicentre-qualitative-study-assessing-implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program
#9
D Martin, D Roulin, F Grass, V Addor, O Ljungqvist, N Demartines, M Hübner
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The existence of enhanced recovery specific guidelines (ERAS) is not enough to change patient management practice since many barriers exist to successful ERAS implementation. The present survey aimed to analyse motivations for implementation as well as encountered difficulties and challenges. Further, relevance and importance of perioperative care items and postoperative recovery targets were assessed. METHODS: A multicentre qualitative study was conducted between August and December 2016 among surgeons, anaesthesiologists and nurses from implemented ERAS centres in Switzerland (n = 16) and Sweden (n = 14)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128341/vitamin-d-and-health-care-costs-results-from-two-independent-population-based-cohort-studies
#10
A Hannemann, H Wallaschofski, M Nauck, P Marschall, S Flessa, H J Grabe, C O Schmidt, S E Baumeister
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with higher morbidity. However, there is few data regarding the effect of vitamin D deficiency on health care costs. This study examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between the serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D concentration (25OHD) and direct health care costs and hospitalization in two independent samples of the general population in North-Eastern Germany. METHODS: We studied 7217 healthy individuals from the 'Study of Health in Pomerania' (SHIP n = 3203) and the 'Study of Health in Pomerania-Trend' (SHIP-Trend n = 4014) who had valid 25OHD measurements and provided data on annual total costs, outpatient costs, hospital stays, and inpatient costs...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126715/reply-letter-to-the-editor-undergraduate-nutrition-education-of-health-professionals-in-greek-medical-dentistry-pharmacy-nursing-and-midwifery-departments
#11
LETTER
Cristina Cuerda, Stéphane M Schneider, André Van Gossum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108664/the-effect-of-acute-and-7-days-dietary-nitrate-on-mechanical-efficiency-exercise-performance-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
Rosanne J H C G Beijers, Stephanie M D Huysmans, Coby van de Bool, Boris R M Kingma, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon, Steven J R Meex, Harry R Gosker, Annemie M W J Schols
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many COPD patients have a reduced exercise capacity and mechanical efficiency and are at increased cardiometabolic risk. This study aimed to assess acute and 7-days effects of dietary nitrate on mechanical efficiency, exercise performance and cardiac biomarkers in patients with COPD. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized cross-over placebo controlled trial included 20 mild-to-moderate COPD patients (66.6 ± 7.5 years) with moderate exercise impairments and decreased mechanical efficiency, normal BMI (26 ± 3 kg/m(2)) but high prevalence of abdominal obesity (83...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132834/folic-acid-intake-and-folate-status-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Sara Moazzen, Roya Dolatkhah, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Jabraeel Shaarbafi, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Geertruida H de Bock, Saeed Dastgiri
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To evaluate the controversies among the studies assessing the association between folic acid intake or folate status and colorectal cancer risk. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane library and references of related articles were searched from January 2000 to September 2016. Studies on folic acid intake or folate status and colorectal cancer or adenoma risk were included. Full text review was conducted for potentially eligible studies. Quality assessment was performed...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128340/the-interaction-between-a-hsp-70-gene-variant-with-dietary-calories-in-determining-serum-markers-of-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk
#14
Mehrane Mehramiz, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Maryam Mardan-Nik, Alireza Pasdar, Khadijeh Jamialahmadi, Hamid Fiuji, Mehrdad Moetamani-Ahmadi, Seyed Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Mohsen Moohebati, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) globally is attributable to an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Gene × diet interaction studies aim to explore how a modifiable factor interacts with genetic predispositions. Here we have explored the interaction of a heat shock protein (HSP70) gene polymorphism (+1267A > G) with dietary intake and their possible association with serum C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker, that is a major component of CVD risk...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146525/maternal-nutritional-determinants-of-colostrum-fatty-acids-in-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#15
Martine Armand, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Programming of infant development and later health may depend on early-milk polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contents, that are very variable between women for reasons not well elucidated. Indeed, a high n-6/n-3 PUFA in milk was associated with higher adiposity, arterial pressure and lower psychomotor scores in childhood. We aimed to explore the respective contribution of several maternal and perinatal factors to the variability of linoleic (LA), α-linolenic (ALA), arachidonic (AA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid levels in early milk...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107336/citrulline-in-health-and-disease-review-on-human-studies
#16
REVIEW
Cinzia Papadia, Sylwia Osowska, Luc Cynober, Alastair Forbes
The amino acid L-citrulline (CIT) is safely used from the neonatal period onwards in those with urea cycle defects and carbamyl phosphate synthetase or ornithine transcarbamylase deficiencies, but several lines of enquiry indicate that it might have a much wider therapeutic role. When protein intake is low and there is a catabolic state, endogenous arginine (ARG) synthesis cannot fully be met and its supplementation can prove challenging, particularly in patients with critical and multisystem illness. Supplementary CIT could constitute a safer but still focused means of delivering ARG to endothelial and immune cells as CIT is efficiently recycled into these cells and as kidneys can convert CIT into ARG...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089152/lipid-profile-and-bone-mineral-density-in-heavy-alcoholics
#17
Candelaria Martín-González, Emilio González-Reimers, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Patricia Cabrera-García, Lucía Romero-Acevedo, M Ángeles Gómez-Rodríguez, Melchor Rodríguez Gaspar, Daniel Martínez-Martínez, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some studies have illustrated the association between serum lipid profile and bone mineral density (BMD) or fractures. None of these studies was performed among alcoholics, despite the fact that alcoholism may affect both bone mass and lipid metabolism. We here analyse the relationship of serum lipid profile with bone mass among a population of 280 heavy alcoholics (29 women). METHODS: patients underwent a densitometric assessment of BMD and determination of a serum lipid panel...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102321/the-maternal-fetal-gradient-of-free-and-esterified-phytosterols-at-the-time-of-delivery-in-humans
#18
Alessio Correani, Silvia Visentin, Erich Cosmi, Eleonora Ponchia, Sara D'Aronco, Manuela Simonato, Luca Vedovelli, Paola Cogo, Virgilio P Carnielli
BACKGROUND: High dietary intakes of phytosterols (Phyto), such as those consumed by vegans and vegetarians, are not recommended for cholesterol-lowering in pregnant women (PW) because the safety of their use during pregnancy has not been fully established [1]. Information on Phyto in pregnancy is very limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the maternal-fetal gradient of free and esterified Phyto at the time of delivery in humans. DESIGN: PW who had a term delivery at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of the University Hospital of Padua (Padua, Italy), between November 2016 and March 2017, participated in the study...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102322/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-criterion-validity-of-nutrition-assessment-tools-for-diagnosing-protein-energy-malnutrition-in-the-older-community-setting-the-macro-study
#19
Skye Marshall, Dana Craven, Jaimon Kelly, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is a significant barrier to healthy and independent ageing in older adults who live in their own homes, and accurate diagnosis is a key step in managing the condition. However, there has not been sufficient systematic review or pooling of existing data regarding malnutrition diagnosis in the geriatric community setting. The current paper was conducted as part of the MACRo (Malnutrition in the Ageing Community Review) Study and seeks to determine the criterion (concurrent and predictive) validity and reliability of nutrition assessment tools in making a diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition in the general older adult community...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097037/better-early-outcome-with-enteral-rather-than-parenteral-nutrition-in-children-undergoing-mac-allo-sct
#20
F Gonzales, B Bruno, M Alarcón Fuentes, E De Berranger, D Guimber, H Behal, V Gandemer, A Spiegel, A Sirvent, I Yakoub-Agha, B Nelken, A Duhamel, D Seguy
There is no consensus on the type of nutritional support to introduce in children undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) after myeloablative conditioning (MAC). This retrospective, multicenter, observational study compared the early administration of enteral nutrition (EN group, n = 97) versus parenteral nutrition (PN group, n = 97) in such patients with matching for important covariates. The primary endpoint was the study of day 100 overall mortality. The early outcome at day 100 was better in EN group regarding mortality rate (1% vs...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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