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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446383/development-and-validation-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-impact-questionnaire-pniq-a-patient-centric-outcome-measure-for-home-parenteral-nutrition
#1
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Alice Heaney, Matthew Rouse, Michael Taylor, Alison Culkin, Simon Gabe, Sorrel Burden, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with Type 3 Intestinal Failure (IF) who need Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) face several clinical, psychological and social problems. The study was designed to produce and test the first patient-centric measure for HPN ('PNIQ: Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire'). The new measure focused on the extent to which patients were able to fulfil their human needs. METHODS: Questionnaire content was derived from the analysis of transcripts of interviews conducted with UK HPN patients...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442236/red-blood-cell-membrane-omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-and-physical-performance-cross-sectional-data-from-the-mapt-study
#2
Bertrand Fougère, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Sabine Goisser, Gaëlle Soriano, Sophie Guyonnet, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with brain, cardiovascular and immune function, as well as physical performance and bone health in older adults. So far, few studies have highlighted the associations between PUFA status and performance-based tests of physical function. To study the associations between the omega-3 index (red blood cell (RBC) membrane content of omega-3 PUFAs, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) and physical performance measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446382/compensatory-mechanisms-activated-with-intermittent-energy-restriction-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Eline Holli Halset, Sigrid Gåsbakk, Jens F Rehfeld, Bård Kulseng, Helen Truby, Cátia Martins
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Strong compensatory responses, with reduced resting metabolic rate (RMR), increased exercise efficiency (ExEff) and appetite, are activated when weight loss (WL) is achieved with continuous energy restriction (CER), which try to restore energy balance. Intermittent energy restriction (IER), where short spells of energy restriction are interspaced by periods of habitual energy intake, may offer some protection in minimizing those responses. We aimed to compare the effect of IER versus CER on body composition and the compensatory responses induced by WL...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442235/reply-letter-to-the-editor-glutamine-dipeptide-supplemented-parenteral-nutrition-improves-the-clinical-outcomes-of-critically-ill-patients-a%C3%A2-systematic-evaluation-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
LETTER
Peter Stehle, Björn Ellger, Dubravka Kojic, Astrid Feuersenger, Christina Schneid, John Stover, Daniela Scheiner, Martin Westphal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431774/limited-compensation-at-the-following-meal-for-protein-and-energy-intake-at-a-lunch-meal-in-healthy-free-living-older-adults
#5
K M Appleton
Various interventions have previously been found to increase protein intakes in older adults, but in free-living individuals, compensation for increased intakes at one meal may easily negate these effects resulting in limited long term benefit. This study investigated the impact of adding sauce to an older person's lunch meal on intakes at that meal, at the following meal and overall (lunch + evening meal). Using a repeated measures design, 52 participants consumed both a lunch meal with sauce and the same lunch meal without sauce on two separate occasions, and intake at this meal and at the following meal were measured...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416259/parenteral-glutamine-should-not-be-routinely-used-in-adult-critically-ill-patients
#6
LETTER
Arthur R H van Zanten, Gunnar Elke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433267/dose-response-effects-of-supplementation-with-calcifediol-on-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-and-its-metabolites-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-older-adults
#7
Anouk M M Vaes, Michael Tieland, Margot F de Regt, Jonas Wittwer, Luc J C van Loon, Lisette C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oral supplementation with vitamin D is recommended for older adults to maintain a sufficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status throughout the year. While supplementation with vitamin D2 or D3 is most common, alternative treatment regimens exist which require further investigation with respect to increasing 25(OH)D concentration. We investigated the dose-response effects of supplementation with calcifediol compared to vitamin D3 and assessed the dose which results in mean serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations between 75 and 100 nmol/L...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410921/a-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-impact-of-a-digestion-resistant-starch-composition-on-the-gut-microbiome-in-older-and-mid-age-adults
#8
Michelle J Alfa, David Strang, Paramjit S Tappia, Morag Graham, Gary Van Domselaar, Jessica D Forbes, Vanessa Laminman, Nancy Olson, Pat DeGagne, David Bray, Brenda-Lee Murray, Brenden Dufault, Lisa M Lix
BACKGROUND: The elderly often have a diet lacking resistant starch (RS) which is thought to lead to gut microbiome dysbiosis that may result in deterioration of gut colonocytes. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to assess if elderly (ELD; ≥ 70 years age) had microbiome dysbiosis compared to mid-age (MID; 30-50 years age) adults and then determine the impact of daily consumption of MSPrebiotic(®) (a RS) or placebo over 3 months on gut microbiome composition...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427779/fish-oil-lc-pufas-do-not-affect-blood-coagulation-parameters-and-bleeding-manifestations-analysis-of-8-clinical-studies-with-selected-patient-groups-on-omega-3-enriched-medical-nutrition
#9
Stephanie Jeansen, Renger F Witkamp, Jossie A Garthoff, Ardy van Helvoort, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The increased consumption of fish oil enriched-products exposes a wide diversity of people, including elderly and those with impaired health to relatively high amounts of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs). There is an ongoing debate around the possible adverse effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs on bleeding risk, particularly relevant in people with a medical history of cardiovascular events or using antithrombotic drugs. METHODS: This analysis of 8 clinical intervention studies conducted with enteral medical nutrition products containing fish oil as a source of n-3 LC-PUFAs addresses the occurrence of bleeding-related adverse events and effects on key coagulation parameters (Prothrombin Time [PT], (activated) and Partial Thromboplastin Time [(a)PTT])...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392165/high-fat-mass-associates-with-occurrence-of-targeted-therapy-induced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-reduction-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Harald Becher, Peter Venner, Scott North, Vickie Baracos
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent research suggests that variations of skeletal muscle (SM) and fat predict the severity of chemotherapy-induced toxicities in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Cardio-toxicity has not been evaluated in this context. METHODS: In this study we considered 47 RCC patients who participated in randomized clinical trials of sorafenib or sunitinib (i.e., targeted therapy). To capture cardio-toxicity, multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan-defined left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) tests (at least 3 tests over 1 year of treatment) were abstracted...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392164/relationship-of-nutritional-status-and-oral-health-in-elderly-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
Mirian Paola Toniazzo, Paula de Sant'Ana Amorim, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Patricia Weidlich
This systematic review aimed to compare the nutritional status and oral health in older adults individuals. Three databases (Medline-Pubmed, Scopus and EMBASE) were searched up to October 28th 2016 for studies that performed the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) or the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and an oral examination performed by a dental professional, either dental hygienist or a dentist. Both observational and interventional studies were screened for eligibility. Meta-analyses were performed comparing the malnourished/at risk of malnutrition and the normal nutrition subjects with three oral health parameters (edentulism, use of prosthesis and mean number of present teeth)...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390845/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-adult-patients-previously-treated-with%C3%A2-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Thibault Brotelle, Richard Lemal, Aurélie Cabrespine, Cécile Combal, Eric Hermet, Aurélie Ravinet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Corinne Bouteloup
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and is a well-known prognostic factor for survival. The nutritional status of patients in a long term after allo-HSCT is less well documented. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT more than one year ago. Secondary objectives were to assess body composition, muscle strength, and factors associated with malnutrition...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390844/incomplete-descriptions-of-oral-nutritional-supplement-interventions-in-reports-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
E Liljeberg, A Andersson, E Lövestam, M Nydahl
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effects of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) have been evaluated in several clinical trials and more studies have been requested. To facilitate replication, support accurate evaluations of research results and avoid research waste, high quality reporting of interventions in clinical trials is needed. The aim of this study is to assess the quality of reporting of interventions in publications describing randomised controlled trials of ONS in populations with malnutrition or at nutritional risk...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389119/nutritional-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-children-s-homes-anthropometry-and-dietary-patterns
#14
Tone Berg, Christine Magala-Nyago, Per Ole Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among disadvantaged people in low-income countries like Uganda. Children and adolescents living in children's homes are considered an especially vulnerable group, and malnutrition among girls is of particular concern since it has intergenerational consequences. Virtually no information exists about the nutritional status of adolescent girls living in children's homes in Uganda. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status by evaluating anthropometric indicators, body composition and dietary patterns...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408051/beyond-body-mass-index-is-the-body-cell-mass-index-bcmi-a-useful-prognostic-factor-to-describe-nutritional-inflammation-and-muscle-mass-status-in-hospitalized-elderly-body-cell-mass-index-links-in-elderly
#15
Mariangela Rondanelli, Jacopo Talluri, Gabriella Peroni, Chiara Donelli, Fabio Guerriero, Krizia Ferrini, Emilia Riggi, Elisabetta Sauta, Simone Perna, Davide Guido
BACKGROUND & AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the effectiveness of Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) as a prognostic index of (mal)nutrition, inflammation and muscle mass status in the elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study has been conducted on 114 elderly patients (80 women and 34 men), with mean age equal to 81.07 ± 6.18 years. We performed a multivariate regression model by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) framework. We detected the effects over a Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) stratification, by performing a multi-group multivariate regression model (via SEM) in two MNA nutritional strata, less and bigger (or equal) than 17...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392166/legume-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-incidence-in-adults-a-prospective-assessment-from-the-predimed-study
#16
Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Andrés Díaz-López, Núria Rosique-Esteban, Emilio Ros, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Javier Díez-Espino, Olga Portoles, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and low glycemic index food, have shown beneficial effects on glycemic control and adiposity. As such, legumes are widely recommended in diabetic diets, even though there is little evidence that their consumption protects against type 2 diabetes. Therefore the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between consumption of total legumes and specific subtypes, and type 2 diabetes risk. We also investigated the effect of theoretically substituting legumes for other protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389120/reference-equations-for-handgrip-strength-normative-values-in-young-adult-and-middle-aged-subjects
#17
Jordão Lopes, Samantha Torres Grams, Edy Floriano da Silva, Luana Adriano de Medeiros, Christina May Moran de Brito, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Handgrip strength (HS) has been widely used as a functionality parameter of the upper limbs (UL) and general health. The measurement of HS by dynamometry is a low cost, non-invasive method of simple applicability, widely used in pulmonary rehabilitation and in critical care units. However, there are no reports in the literature of reference equations for the Brazilian population involving young and middle-aged adults. The aim of this study was to establish reference equations to predict normal HS for young and middle-aged adults through demographic and anthropometric data...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381340/high-folate-and-low-vitamin-b12-status-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Jun S Lai, Wei Wei Pang, Shirong Cai, Yung Seng Lee, Jerry K Y Chan, Lynette P C Shek, Fabian K P Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Rob M van Dam, Yap Seng Chong, Mary F F Chong
BACKGROUND & AIMS: B-vitamins and homocysteine may contribute to the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but existing studies are inconsistent. We examined the cross-sectional associations of plasma folate, vitamins B6, B12, and homocysteine concentrations with GDM and glycemia in a sample of multi-ethnic Asian pregnant women. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of folate, vitamins B6, B12, homocysteine and glucose were measured at 26-weeks' gestation in 913 pregnant women...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410922/antioxidant-response-to-artichoke-leaf-extract-supplementation-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Khatereh Rezazadeh, Soodabeh Aliashrafi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is associated with most components and complications of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Artichoke Leaf Extract (ALE) has demonstrated anti-oxidant properties in both laboratory and animal studies. AIM: This study was designed to examine the effects of ALE on oxidative stress indices in patients with MetS. METHODS: In the current double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, 80 patients with MetS were randomly allocated to either "ALE group" (received 1800 mg ALE as four tablets per day) or "Placebo group" (received placebo containing cornstarch, lactose and avicel as four tablets per day) for 12 weeks...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381339/association-of-mortality-and-phase-angle-measured-by-different-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-bia-devices
#20
Laurence Genton, François R Herrmann, Adrian Spörri, Christophe E Graf
PURPOSE: A high phase angle measured by the Nutriguard(®) bioelectrical impedance analysis device is associated with a reduced mortality risk in older people. This retrospective study aims to analyze whether this association persists with the other devices that have been used in our hospital. METHODS: This study encompasses all people 65 yrs and older who underwent a phase angle measurement between 1990 and 2011 at the Geneva University Hospitals, with the RJL-101(®) (RJL Systems), Xitron 4000B(®) (Xitron Technologies), Eugedia(®) (Eugédia-Spengler) and Bio-Z(®) (Spengler)...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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