journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005902/refeeding-syndrome-in-adults-receiving-total-parenteral-nutrition-an-audit-of-practice-at-a-tertiary-uk-centre
#1
Felipe Pantoja, Konstantinos C Fragkos, Pinal S Patel, Niamh Keane, Mark A Samaan, Ivana Barnova, Simona Di Caro, Shameer J Mehta, Farooq Rahman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The key to preventing refeeding syndrome (RS) is identifying and appropriately managing patients at risk. We evaluated our clinical management of RS risk in patients starting total parenteral nutrition (TPN). METHODS: Patients commencing TPN at University College London Hospital between January and July 2015 were prospectively followed-up for 7-days. Eighty patients were risk assessed for RS and categorized into risk groups. High and low risk RS groups were compared focussing on the onset of biochemical features of RS (hypophosphatemia, hypokalaemia and hypomagnesemia) and initial clinical assessment...
July 5, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001883/cadmium-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease-response-to-kawada-t
#2
LETTER
Zumin Shi, Anne W Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005903/direct-costs-of-a-home-parenteral-nutrition-programme
#3
L Arhip, P García-Peris, R M Romero, L Frías, I Bretón, M Camblor, M Motilla, C Velasco, A Morales, M L Carrascal, A Herranz, M Sanjurjo, C Cuerda
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a lifesaving treatment for people with chronic intestinal failure and its cost has been reported to be very high. The purpose of the present paper was to study the direct healthcare and non-healthcare costs associated with the HPN programme managed by a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Observational, retrospective study of all adult patients on HPN from 11.1.2014 to 10.31.2015 treated at Gregorio Marañón University Hospital (Madrid, Spain)...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005901/a-dietary-pattern-derived-using-b-vitamins-and-its-relationship-with-vascular-markers-over-the-life-course
#4
Jane Maddock, Gina L Ambrosini, Julian L Griffin, James A West, Andrew Wong, Rebecca Hardy, Sumantra Ray
BACKGROUND: Diet may influence vascular function through elevated homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations. However the relationship between dietary patterns (DP), characterised by Hcy and its associated nutrients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify a DP characterised by plasma Hcy, dietary folate and dietary vitamin B12, and examine its associations with two markers of vascular function: carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: 1562 participants of the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD), a British birth cohort, with dietary data measured at least once between 36 and 60-64 years, and cIMT or PWV measured at 60-64 years were included...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983211/about-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-obesity-small-lessons-from-rescue
#5
LETTER
Miguel Alejandro Rodríguez Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980313/cadmium-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980311/genetic-variants-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-its-levels-a-correlation-with-dyslipidemia-and-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility
#7
Roma Patel, Sayantani Pramanik Palit, Nirali Rathwa, A V Ramachandran, Rasheedunnisa Begum
BACKGROUND & AIM: Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and its genetic variants are implicated in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a result of systemic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. The aim of the present study was to investigate i) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TNF-α and its association with altered TNF-α transcript levels and plasma concentrations ii) free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations as a marker for dyslipidemia and its association with TNF-α and iii) genotype-phenotype correlation analysis in T2D patients...
June 23, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970320/handgrip-strength-and-lean-mass-are-independently-related-to-brain-atrophy-among-alcoholics
#8
Lucía Romero-Acevedo, Emilio González-Reimers, M Candelaria Martín-González, Antonieta González-Díaz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Paula Reyes-Suárez, Daniel Martínez-Martínez, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández
BACKGROUND: In neurodegenerative disorders or in normal aging humans a relationship between muscle mass and/or performance and brain volume was observed, that is not dependent on age or other confounding factors. The aim of the present study is to analyse the relationship between lean mass and handgrip strength in alcoholics, who frequently show brain and muscle atrophy. METHODS: It was included 101 male patients aged 58.35 ± 11.59 years, and 44 controls, all of them workers of our hospital, drinkers of less than 20 g ethanol/day, of similar age...
June 23, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983210/patients-experience-of-enteral-feeding-following-chemo-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#9
Gillian F Williams, Helen White, Mehmet Sen, Robin J D Prestwich
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Enteral feeding is commonly required during radiotherapy treatment for head and neck cancer. Only limited qualitative research into head and neck cancer patients' experiences of enteral tube feeding has been undertaken. The aim of this qualitative study was to evaluate patients' experiences of EF and the surrounding decision making process. METHODS: Semi-structured, face-to face interviews were conducted with ten patients who had completed (chemo)radiotherapy/radiotherapy for head and neck cancer at a cancer centre in the North of England...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980312/effects-of-inositol-on-glucose-homeostasis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Inka Miñambres, Gemma Cuixart, Anna Gonçalves, Rosa Corcoy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effect of inositol on glucose homeostasis is not well characterized. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to synthesize the effects of inositol on glucose homeostasis in different clinical conditions. METHODS: We performed a systematic review (CRD42017057927) following PRISMA guidelines. Web of Science and Medline were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that addressed supplementation with compounds of the inositol family in humans and assessed their effects on glucose homeostasis...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970319/the-effect-of-acute-oral-phosphatidic-acid-ingestion-on-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-and-intracellular-signaling-in-older-males
#11
Benoit Smeuninx, Yusuke Nishimura, James McKendry, Marie Limb, Ken Smith, Philip J Atherton, Leigh Breen
BACKGROUND: Age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia) may be driven by a diminished myofibrillar protein synthesis (MyoPS) response to anabolic stimuli (i.e. exercise and nutrition). Oral phosphatidic acid (PA) ingestion has been reported to stimulate resting muscle protein synthesis in rodents, and enhance resistance training-induced muscle remodelling in young humans. PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of acute oral PA ingestion on resting and exercise-induced MyoPS rates in older individuals...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961649/serum-vitamin-d-levels-correlate-with-the-presence-and-histological-grading-of-colorectal-adenomas-in-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#12
Pedro Marques da Costa, Inês Martins, Joaquim Neves, Helena Cortez-Pinto, José Velosa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D is known to modulate immune function and proliferation. Higher vitamin D [25(OH)D3 ] serum levels have been reported to have protective effects on adenoma detection and colorectal cancer (CRC) development and survival. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 315 peri and post-menopausal women submitted to opportunistic colorectal and osteoporosis screening at the gynaecology outpatient clinic of a tertiary medical centre between 2004 and 2015...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960808/patterns-of-nutrients-intakes-in-relation-to-glioma-a-case-control-study
#13
Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutrient pattern analysis is an easy way to compare nutrient intakes across different nations due to the universality of nutrients nature. The current study aimed to investigate the relation between patterns of nutrients intake and glioma in a case-control study in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 pathologically confirmed new cases of glioma and 256 age and sex-matched controls. Dietary intakes of study participants were assessed using the validated Block-format 123-item semi-quantitative FFQ...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005900/espen-guideline-on-clinical-nutrition-and-hydration-in-geriatrics
#14
Dorothee Volkert, Anne Marie Beck, Tommy Cederholm, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Sabine Goisser, Lee Hooper, Eva Kiesswetter, Marcello Maggio, Agathe Raynaud-Simon, Cornel C Sieber, Lubos Sobotka, Dieneke van Asselt, Rainer Wirth, Stephan C Bischoff
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and dehydration are widespread in older people, and obesity is an increasing problem. In clinical practice, it is often unclear which strategies are suitable and effective in counteracting these key health threats. AIM: To provide evidence-based recommendations for clinical nutrition and hydration in older persons in order to prevent and/or treat malnutrition and dehydration. Further, to address whether weight-reducing interventions are appropriate for overweight or obese older persons...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960810/clinical-intervention-using-bifidobacterium-strains-in-celiac-disease-children-reveals-novel-microbial-modulators-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-short-chain-fatty-acids
#15
Maša Primec, Martina Klemenak, Diana Di Gioia, Irene Aloisio, Nicole Bozzi Cionci, Andrea Quagliariello, Mario Gorenjak, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Tomaž Langerholc
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated systemic disease, caused by ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. Gut microbiota dysbiosis might play a significant role in pathogenesis of chronic enteropathies and its modulation can be used as an intervention strategy in CD as well. In this study, we aimed to identify correlations between fecal microbiota, serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in healthy children and children with CD after administration of probiotic Bifidobacterium breve BR03 and B632...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941233/intravenous-fish-oil-containing-lipid-emulsion-attenuates-inflammatory-cytokines-and-the-development-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-premature-infants-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Chien-Chou Hsiao, Hung-Chih Lin, Yu-Jun Chang, Shih-Pan Yang, Lon-Yen Tsao, Cheng-Han Lee, Hsiao-Neng Chen, Jia-Yuh Chen, Yi-Giien Tsai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Preterm infants have lower levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). Supplementing very premature infants with intravenous lipid emulsions that fish oil, which is rich in n-3 LC-PUFAs, may decrease bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) by modulating inflammation and neonatal immune function. METHODS: Sixty very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants requiring ventilator support were randomized in a double-blind manner to 2 groups and received total parenteral nutrition with fish oil containing LE (intervention group, n = 30) or soybean oil containing LE (control group, n = 30) for 7 days...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960809/effect-of-vegetarian-dietary-patterns-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Effie Viguiliouk, Cyril Wc Kendall, Hana Kahleová, Dario Rahelić, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Vivian L Choo, Sonia Blanco Mejia, Sarah E Stewart, Lawrence A Leiter, David Ja Jenkins, John L Sievenpiper
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To update the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) clinical practice guidelines for nutrition therapy, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to summarize the evidence for the effect of vegetarian dietary patterns on glycemic control and other established cardiometabolic risk factors in individuals with diabetes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases through February 26, 2018 for randomized controlled trials ≥3 weeks assessing the effect of vegetarian dietary patterns in individuals with diabetes...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934132/body-image-dis-satisfaction-among-low-income-adult-women
#18
Natália Luiza Kops, Marina Bessel, Daniela Riva Knauth, Maira Caleffi, Eliana Marcia Wendland
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A better understanding of the factors that affect self-perception of body characteristics may play an important role in weight control practices. The objective of this study was to analyze body weight perception and body image satisfaction in low-income adult women in Southern Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study in a cohort of women recruited from areas of social vulnerability in the city of Porto Alegre, RS. A random sample (n = 218) of women was interviewed, and socioeconomic and lifestyle factors, body image perception using the Stunkard Scale, body weight estimation, weight concern and duplicate anthropometric measurements were obtained...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958706/consumption-of-aged-white-wine-modulates-cardiovascular-risk-factors-via-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-inflammatory-biomarkers
#19
Irene Roth, Rosa Casas, Alexander Medina-Remón, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Ramón Estruch
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is compelling evidence showing that moderate alcohol consumption reduces cardiovascular risk factors related to atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aged white wine (AWW) and gin on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and the expression of cell adhesion molecules, inflammatory cytokines and chemokines related to atherosclerosis in high cardiovascular risk subjects. METHODS: This was an open, randomized, controlled, crossover study in 38 high-risk male volunteers between 55 and 80 years of age randomized to receive 30 g of ethanol/day as AWW or gin during 3 weeks...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921462/validation-of-the-sarcopenia-index-to-assess-muscle-mass-in-the-critically-ill-a-novel-application-of-kidney-function-markers
#20
Erin F Barreto, Janelle O Poyant, Hongchuan H Coville, Ross A Dierkhising, Cassie C Kennedy, Ognjen Gajic, Erin M Nystrom, Naoki Takahashi, Michael R Moynagh, Kianoush B Kashani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adverse outcomes for hospitalized patients with sarcopenia are well documented, and identification of patients at risk remains challenging. The sarcopenia index (SI), previously defined as (serum creatinine/serum cystatin C) × 100, could be an inexpensive, readily accessible, objective tool to predict muscle mass and risk for adverse clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of the SI as a predictor of muscle mass. METHODS: Retrospective study of critically ill adults admitted to Mayo Clinic from 2012 to 2015 with suspected sepsis and an available creatinine and serum cystatin C...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
journal
journal
28668
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"