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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743427/contrast-enhancement-influences-skeletal-muscle-density-but-not-skeletal-muscle-mass-measurements-on-computed-tomography
#1
Jeroen L A van Vugt, Robert R J Coebergh van den Braak, Henk J W Schippers, Kevin M Veen, Stef Levolger, Ron W F de Bruin, Marcel Koek, Wiro J Niessen, Jan N M IJzermans, François E J A Willemsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Low skeletal muscle mass and density have recently been discovered as prognostic and predictive parameters to guide interventions in various populations, including cancer patients. The gold standard for body composition analysis in cancer patients is computed tomography (CT). To date, the effect of contrast-enhancement on muscle composition measurements has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of contrast-enhancement on skeletal muscle mass and density measurements on four-phase CT studies...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728683/nutritional-intervention-in-acute-heart-failure-patients-with-undernutrition-and-normalbuminemia-a-subgroup-analysis-of-picnic-study
#2
Esmeralda Ramiro-Ortega, Juan L Bonilla-Palomas, Antonio L Gámez-López, Mirian Moreno-Conde, María C López-Ibáñez, Rosa Alhambra-Expósito, Manuel Anguita Sánchez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypoalbuminemia is common in acute heart failure (HF) patients and has been associated with increased hospital mortality and long-term mortality. Undernutrition is a factor causing hypoalbuminemia. The PICNIC study results show that a nutritional intervention in undernourished acute HF patients reduces the risks of all-cause death and of readmission for HF. We aimed to investigate whether the efficacy of a nutritional intervention is consistent among the subgroups of patients with and without hypoalbuminemia...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747247/intravenous-fish-oil-in-critically-ill-and-surgical-patients-historical-remarks-and-critical-appraisal
#3
K Georg Kreymann, Daren K Heyland, Geraldine de Heer, Gunnar Elke
The purpose of this review is to explain the historical and clinical background for intravenous fish oil administration, to evaluate its results by using a product specific metaanalysis, and to stimulate further research in the immune-modulatory potential of fish oil. Concerning the immune-modulatory effects of fatty acids, a study revealed that ω-3 as well as ω-6 fatty acids would prolong transplant survival, and only a mixture with an ω-6:ω-3 ratio of 2.1:1 would give immune-neutral results. In 1998, the label of a newly registered fish oil emulsion also acknowledged this immune-neutral ratio in conjunction with ω-6 lipids...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734552/prevalence-and-predictive-value-of-pre-therapeutic-sarcopenia-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Frédéric Pamoukdjian, Thierry Bouillet, Vincent Lévy, Michael Soussan, Laurent Zelek, Elena Paillaud
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the prevalence of sarcopenia before cancer treatment and its predictive value during the treatment. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for articles published from 2008 to 2016 that reported prospective observational or interventional studies of the prevalence of pre-therapeutic sarcopenia and its consequences in adults with cancer who were 18 years or older. Two independent reviewers selected articles based on titles and/or abstracts before a complete review...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720344/apoe-genotype-associates-with-food-consumption-and-body-composition-to-predict-dyslipidaemia-in-brazilian-adults-with-normal-weight-obesity-syndrome
#5
Lana Pacheco Franco, Amanda Gonçalves Zardini Silveira, Rochelle Sobral de Assis Vasconcelos Lima, Maria Aderuza Horst, Cristiane Cominetti
BACKGROUND & AIM: Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome has been characterized by a normal body mass index and high percentage of body fat. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. This study aimed to evaluate whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and food consumption are related to the lipid profiles of adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, including adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716367/redefining-essential-fatty-acids-in-the-era-of-novel-intravenous-lipid-emulsions
#6
REVIEW
Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Duy T Dao, Gillian L Fell, Meredith A Baker, Kathleen M Gura, Bruce R Bistrian, Mark Puder
The essentiality of fatty acids was determined by the Burrs in the 1920s. It is commonly accepted that provision of linoleic (LA) and alpha-linolenic acids (ALA) prevents and reverses essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD). Development of alternative injectable lipid emulsions (ILE) low in LA and ALA has raised concern about their ability to prevent EFAD. This review provides biochemical evidence coupled with observations from animal and human studies that aim to characterize which fatty acids are truly essential to prevent EFAD...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712532/influence-of-different-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-on-growth-development-and-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-hospitalised-paediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Roy-Rosshan Edward, Jacqueline K Innes, Luise V Marino, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fats in the form of lipid emulsions (LEs) are an integral part of intravenous nutrition. The fatty acid composition of different LEs varies. The exact composition of a LE may influence cell and tissue function and clinical outcome. Currently, it is not clear which LE might be best for paediatric patients. We conducted a systematic review of the effects of different intravenous LEs in hospitalised paediatric patients. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials published in a peer reviewed journal, written in the English language, and comparing two or more different intravenous LEs in hospitalised paediatric patients were included...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734553/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-liver-status-in-subjects-with-different-adiposity-levels-within-the-predimed-trial
#8
Irene Cantero, Itziar Abete, Nancy Babio, Fernando Arós, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montse Fitó, James R Hebert, M Ángel Martínez-González, Xavier Pintó, M Puy Portillo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nitin Shivappa, Julia Wärnberg, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, J Antoni Tur, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, M Angeles Zulet, J Alfredo Martínez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the possible association between a validated Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and specific dietary components with suitable non-invasive markers of liver status in overweight and obese subjects within the PREDIMED study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study encompassing 794 randomized overweight and obese participants (mean ± SD age: 67.0 ± 5.0 y, 55% females) from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial was conducted...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711417/food-insecurity-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-brief-report
#9
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between food insecurity and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. older adult population. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 1851 adults, between 60 and 85 years, with complete data on selected study variables. The Food Security Survey Module (FSSM) was administered to assess food insecurity. We used the 10-item U...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712531/the-role-of-tryptophan-metabolism-and-food-craving-in-the-relationship-between-obesity-and-bipolar-disorder
#10
N Dalkner, M Platzer, S A Bengesser, A Birner, F T Fellendorf, R Queissner, A Painold, H Mangge, D Fuchs, B Reininghaus, H P Kapfhammer, S J Holasek, E Z Reininghaus
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) have a significantly increased risk of obesity-related conditions. The imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure is assumed to be a major risk factor for obesity in BD. This study analyzed food craving in relation to anthropometric, metabolic, and neurobiological parameters in a well-characterized cohort of euthymic individuals with BD. METHODS: One-hundred-thirty-five patients completed the Food-Craving Inventory assessing four categories of food craving (fat, fast-food, sweets and carbohydrate craving)...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711416/association-of-carbohydrate-and-fat-intake-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Yu-Jin Kwon, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In Asia, dietary pattern has been changed with increased intake of refined carbohydrates, sugar, and saturated fat, while the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is on the rise. However, it remains unclear whether a high-carbohydrate or a high-fat diet is more metabolically harmful, and the optimal amount of carbohydrates and fat has not been determined. The aim of our study was to examine the role of carbohydrate and fat intake in MetS in a Korean population. METHODS: Data were obtained from a large, population-based, cross-sectional study (6737 males and 8845 females)...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709500/the-definition-of-palliative-nutrition-is-misleading
#12
LETTER
Federico Bozzetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705465/vitamin-d-body-composition-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue
#13
LETTER
Zeynep Cerit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705466/serum-folic-acid-levels-are-associated-with-the-presence-and-severity-of-liver-steatosis-in-chinese-adults
#14
Ming-Feng Xia, Hua Bian, Xiao-Peng Zhu, Hong-Mei Yan, Xin-Xia Chang, Lin-Shan Zhang, Huan-Dong Lin, Xi-Qi Hu, Xin Gao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common and strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. The rapid acceleration of the increase in NAFLD prevalence has exceeded the trends observed for obesity, and has been driven by multiple factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the serum levels of folic acid, the endogenous source of methyl groups for DNA methylation, and NAFLD in Chinese adults. METHODS: The correlations between the serum folic acid levels and NAFLD were investigated in two independent cohorts of 70 subjects who underwent a liver biopsy and 130 subjects with varying liver fat contents, as measured using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS)...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684015/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-measurements-of-phase-angle-and-height-for-age-are-predictive-of-outcome-in-children-following-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#15
L V Marino, R Meyer, M Johnson, C Newell, C Johnstone, A Magee, K Sykes, S A Wootton, J V Pappachan
OBJECTIVE: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are often growth restricted (low weight- and/or height-for-age) which may increase risk of poor post operative resilience. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been used to determine body composition in different clinical settings and has been shown to mark differences in nutritional state and clinical outcome. In disease conditions were fluid is not normally distributed it is proposed that raw impedance values and BIS derived phase-angle may serve as prognostic indicators of clinical outcome...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689670/espen-expert-group-recommendations-for-action-against-cancer-related-malnutrition
#16
REVIEW
J Arends, V Baracos, H Bertz, F Bozzetti, P C Calder, N E P Deutz, N Erickson, A Laviano, M P Lisanti, D N Lobo, D C McMillan, M Muscaritoli, J Ockenga, M Pirlich, F Strasser, M de van der Schueren, A Van Gossum, P Vaupel, A Weimann
Patients with cancer are at particularly high risk for malnutrition because both the disease and its treatments threaten their nutritional status. Yet cancer-related nutritional risk is sometimes overlooked or under-treated by clinicians, patients, and their families. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published evidence-based guidelines for nutritional care in patients with cancer. In further support of these guidelines, an ESPEN oncology expert group met for a Cancer and Nutrition Workshop in Berlin on October 24 and 25, 2016...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673690/associations-of-lipid-parameters-with-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#17
Diaozhu Lin, Yiqin Qi, Chulin Huang, Muchao Wu, Chuan Wang, Feng Li, Chuan Yang, Li Yan, Meng Ren, Kan Sun
OBJECTIVE: A dramatic gap exists between the clinical practice and guidelines for the dyslipidemia control in patients with diabetes. It is still uncertain which routinely available lipid measure is more applicable in estimation of insulin sensitivity and blood glucose control. The present study aims to investigate associations of routine lipid profiles with insulin resistance and diabetes, respectively. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study in 9764 Chinese participants...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689669/low-serum-selenium-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-organ-failure-in-critically-ill-children
#18
M Broman, Mattias Lindfors, Åke Norberg, Christina Hebert, Olav Rooyackers, Jan Wernerman, Urban Fläring
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Low concentration of serum selenium is associated with the inflammatory response and multiple organ failure in adult ICU-patients. Critically ill children are less well characterized. In this study, serum selenium concentration and its possible relation to multiple organ failure as well as glutathione status was investigated in pediatric intensive care (PICU) patients. METHODS: A prospective consecutive cohort of critically ill children (n = 100) admitted to the PICU of a tertiary university hospital, and in addition an age stratified reference group of healthy children (n = 60) were studied...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679469/a-systematic-review-of-the-cost-and-economic-outcomes-of-home-enteral-nutrition
#19
REVIEW
A Wong, G Goh, M D Banks, J D Bauer
OBJECTIVES: Studies are lacking in the health economic implications of home enteral nutrition (HEN) in home-residing and long-term care/institutionalized patients. The aims of this review were to determine the total costs, the cost-effectiveness and other economic outcomes for HEN. DESIGN: A systematic search of randomized trials and observational studies available from January 2000 to April 2016 was performed using standard literature and electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were adults receiving HEN with economic outcomes in the long-term care or home settings...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669668/orosensory-detection-of-bitter-in-fat-taster-healthy-and-obese-participants-genetic-polymorphism-of-cd36-and-tas2r38
#20
Inchirah Karmous, Jiří Plesník, Amira Sayed Khan, Omar Šerý, Abdelmajid Abid, Amani Mankai, Abdellah Aouidet, Naim Akhtar Khan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We assessed orosensory detection of a long-chain fatty acid, linoleic acid (LA), and a bitter taste marker, 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), and correlated lipid-taster subjects with PROP detection and polymorphism in genes encoding bitter and lipid taste receptors, respectively, TAS2R38 and CD36, in normal weight and obese subjects. DESIGN: The normal weight (n = 52, age = 35.3 ± 4.10 years, BMI = 23.22 ± 1.44 kg/m(2)) and obese (n = 52, age = 35...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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