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Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511030/emotional-approach-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-role-of-the-intimate-relationship
#1
Jennifer Barsky Reese, Stephen J Lepore, Elizabeth Handorf, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
This study examined whether emotional approach coping was associated with lower depressive symptoms, and whether intimacy moderated this association, in 121 married/partnered colorectal cancer outpatients. Prospective analyses of survey data on emotional approach coping, depressive symptoms, and intimacy measured at baseline and 6-month follow-up showed that depressive symptoms were inversely related to processing, expression, and intimacy. At baseline, the association between processing and depressive symptoms was moderated by intimacy: greater processing was associated with lower depressive symptoms only for those in relatively high intimacy relationships...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506193/experiences-of-partners-of-prostate-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#2
Darren Pinks, Cindy Davis, Clair Pinks
Prostate cancer, Australia's leading cancer, has treatment side effects that reduce the quality of life for both survivors and partners. Limited partner research exists. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by gathering data directly from partners to obtain a deeper understanding of their experiences of prostate cancer survivorship that helps inform healthcare service providers. A qualitative approach was taken to explore participant views (N = 16) via three focus groups and two in-depth interviews...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506183/strategies-and-challenges-for-communicating-the-diagnosis-of-cancer-in-cross-cultural-clinical-settings-perspectives-from-south-african-healthcare-professionals
#3
Ottilia Brown, Veonna Goliath, Dalena R M van Rooyen, Colleen Aldous, Leonard Charles Marais
Communicating the diagnosis of cancer in cross-cultural clinical settings is a complex task. This qualitative research article describes the content and process of informing Zulu patients in South Africa of the diagnosis of cancer, using osteosarcoma as the index diagnosis. We used a descriptive research design with census sampling and focus group interviews. We used an iterative thematic data analysis process and Guba's model of trustworthiness to ensure scientific rigour. Our results reinforced the use of well-accepted strategies for communicating the diagnosis of cancer...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459393/physical-and-emotional-well-being-and-support-in-newly-diagnosed-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-caregiver-dyads
#4
Katherine R Sterba, Jane Zapka, Kent E Armeson, Keisuke Shirai, Amy Buchanan, Terry A Day, Anthony J Alberg
The purpose of this study was to characterize physical and emotional well-being and support in newly diagnosed head and neck (HNC) patients and caregivers and identify sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral risk factors for compromised well-being in patients, caregivers and dyads.. Newly diagnosed HNC patients and their primary caregivers (N = 72 dyads) completed questionnaires before treatment assessing physical and mental well-being, depression, cancer worry and open-ended support questions. We identified factors associated with compromised well-being in patients, caregivers and dyads...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459313/ethnicity-moderates-the-effects-of-resources-on-adjustment-of-jewish-and-arab-mothers-of-children-diagnosed-with-cancer
#5
Hasida Ben-Zur, Siwar Makhoul Khoury
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the adjustment of Jewish and Arab mothers of children diagnosed with cancer. METHOD: Ninety-seven Jewish and 100 Arab mothers completed questionnaires assessing mastery, social support, and adjustment indices: psychological distress, quality of life and future fears and hopes. RESULTS: Arab mothers were higher than Jewish mothers on distress and lower on social support and future hopes. Mastery and social support contributed independently to adjustment indices...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414629/effects-of-chemotherapy-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-japanese-lower-rectal-cancer-patients-after-sphincter-saving-surgery
#6
Yumiko Kinoshita, Tomoko Ohkusa, Rieko Izukura, Akiko Chishaki, Ryuichi Mibu
We examined the effects of adjuvant chemotherapy on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of lower rectal cancer patients receiving sphincter-saving surgery (SSS). In all, 109 patients completed a questionnaire before surgery and 1, 6, and 12 months afterwards. In the chemotherapy group, physical and social functioning scores were significantly lower 12 months after surgery compared with the nonchemotherapy group. These effects of adjuvant chemotherapy suggest that a different clinical approach might more effectively improve physical and social functioning in lower-rectal cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414581/posttraumatic-growth-after-cancer-the-role-of-perceived-threat-and-cognitive-processing
#7
Jennifer M Caspari, Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Cynthia McRae, Teresa L Simoneau, Susan Ash-Lee, Kristin Hultgren
This study examines the relation between perceived cognitive and physical threat after a cancer diagnosis and posttraumatic growth (PTG). In total, 169 breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors completed questionnaires. Hierarchical regression models found after controlling for demographic and medical variables, depression, anxiety, and perceived threat account for 41.8% of the variance of positive cognitive processing, and these variables along with positive cognitive processing accounted for 42.7% of the variance of PTG...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398149/african-american-prostate-cancer-survivorship-exploring-the-role-of-social-support-in-quality-of-life-after-radical-prostatectomy
#8
Kellie R Imm, Faustine Williams, Ashley J Housten, Graham A Colditz, Bettina F Drake, Keon L Gilbert, Lin Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the African American prostate cancer survivorship experience following radical prostatectomy and factors contributing to quality of life during survival. DESIGN: African American men who were part of a larger prostate cancer cohort were invited to participate in a focus group. Eighteen open-ended questions were designed by the study team and an experienced moderator to elicit participants' survivorship experiences. RESULTS: Twelve men consented to participate in the study...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368770/barriers-to-medical-help-seeking-among-older-men-with-prostate-cancer
#9
L Medina-Perucha, O Yousaf, M S Hunter, E A Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: Men's disinclination to seek medical help has been linked to higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared to women. However, previous studies were conducted predominantly with healthy, young, and middle-aged men. We explored the perceived medical barriers to help-seeking in older men with prostate cancer. METHOD: 20 men with prostate cancer took part in semistructured interviews, which were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were identified related to negative attitudes toward help-seeking: male gender role; fear of the health condition, medical and treatment procedures; and embarrassment as a consequence of medical examinations, communication with health (and nonhealth) professionals, and the disclosure of sexual-related symptoms...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358241/communication-between-oncologists-and-lymphoma-survivors-during-follow-up-consultations-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Kara Franco, Elyse Shuk, Errol Philip, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Patricia A Parker, Matthew Matasar, Steven Horwitz, David Kissane, Smita C Banerjee, Carma L Bylund
Cancer survivors often experience both short- and long-term challenges as a result of their cancer treatment. Many patients report feeling "lost in transition" following cancer treatment. The oncologist plays a key role in helping the patient to transition to survivorship. The purpose of this paper is to provide a descriptive understanding of the clinical care delivered during follow-up visits for lymphoma patients transitioning from active therapy into survivorship. We used thematic text analysis to identify themes in transcripts of audio recordings of 21 physicians and their patients in follow-up visits within 3 years of completing lymphoma treatment...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332946/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-service-use-among-non-latina-white-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter-Hernández, Olga Garduño-Ortega, Jennifer Morales-Cruz, Francesca Gany
BACKGROUND: This study examined the use of psychosocial services (i.e., social work, psychiatric, psychological, and spiritual/pastoral services) among Latina and Non-Latina white breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Survivors who received treatment in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in New York completed a mailed questionnaire about interest in help for distress, and psychosocial service use. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were used to explore ethnic differences in use of, and interest in, psychosocial services...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323578/anxiety-and-its-correlates-among-young-adults-with-a-history-of-parental-cancer
#12
Christina A Metcalf, Joanna J Arch, Joseph A Greer
PURPOSE: We assessed whether experiencing parental cancer during childhood was associated with anxiety levels during young adulthood-and whether parental survival status moderated anxiety or related psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: Young adults who experienced parental cancer during their childhood (n = 68) and those who did not (n = 298) completed measures of current anxiety and family functioning. The parental cancer group completed measures of social support and life changes during the parental cancer and posttraumatic growth...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323560/experiences-of-men-who-commit-to-romantic-relationships-with-younger-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#13
Rachel A Freidus
This phenomenological study examined the experiences of men who committed to romantic relationships with women under 50, post-breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Twelve men from throughout the United States, who were dating their partner for at least 6 months, participated in semistructured interviews. Findings focused on initial disclosure timing, previous experience/knowledge about the cancer, reacting with acceptance despite concerns, focusing on love/connection, respecting and admiring the survivor, and the ongoing impact of cancer on the relationship...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323543/external-locus-of-control-and-quality-of-life-among-malaysian-breast-cancer-patients-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies
#14
Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Jasmine Khanekharab
This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of coping strategies in the relationship between external locus of control and quality of life among breast cancer patients. A convenience sample of 130 Malaysian breast cancer patients participated in this study. Using a multiple mediation model analysis, we found a negative relationship between powerful others and patients' quality of life and the mediation of active-emotional coping between powerful others and quality of life. The findings indicated the need for early, targeted psychological interventions seeking to encourage externally oriented cancer patients to use more active emotional coping strategies as it may improve their quality of life...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318448/psychological-resilience-aspects-that-mediate-the-depressive-effects-of-urinary-incontinence-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-10%C3%A2-years-after-treatment-with-radiation-and-hormone-ablation
#15
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David R H Christie, Rosemary Bradford, Allison Steigler, James W Denham
Repeated surveys of prostate cancer (PCa) patients indicate that their prevalence of depression is well above that for their non-PCa peers. Although standard first-line treatments for depression are only about 35% effective, some recent comments have suggested that a focus upon the possible correlates (factors that aggravate or mediate depression) might help improve treatment efficacy. To investigate this issue, 144 10 year PCa survivors were asked about the frequency of urinary incontinence, a common side effect of some PCa treatments...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318419/preparing-youth-with-cancer-for-amputation-a-systematic-review
#16
Caitlyn A Loucas, Sarah R Brand, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Anna C Muriel, Lori Wiener
Children and adolescents who require limb amputation as part of cancer treatment face many physical and emotional challenges. Preparatory interventions may serve to facilitate positive coping and improve long-term adjustment during pediatric cancer treatment, including decreasing anxiety and postoperative distress. This review aimed to examine and identify the type and degree of psychosocial preparation provided to the child with cancer and family prior to amputation. Electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, and PsycINFO were searched for relevant research articles...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318410/the-influence-of-stigma-on-the-quality-of-life-for-prostate-cancer-survivors
#17
Andrew W Wood, Sejal Barden, Mitchell Terk, Jamie Cesaretti
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of stigma on prostate cancer (PCa) survivors' quality of life. Stigma for lung cancer survivors has been the focus of considerable research (Else-Quest & Jackson, 2014); however, gaps remain in understanding the experience of PCa stigma. A cross-sectional correlational study was designed to assess the incidence of PCa stigma and its influence on the quality of life of survivors. Eighty-five PCa survivors were administered survey packets consisting of a stigma measure, a PCa-specific quality of life measure, and a demographic survey during treatment of their disease...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300487/parental-spirituality-in-life-threatening-pediatric-cancer
#18
David B Nicholas, Maru Barrera, Leeat Granek, Norma Mammone D'Agostino, Jenny Shaheed, Laura Beaune, Eric Bouffet, Beverley Antle
This study addressed parental spirituality in the context of pediatric cancer with a poor prognosis. Drawing upon previous research implementing a longitudinal grounded theory design examining parental hope, 35 parents were interviewed regarding their experiences with an emergent description of the role of spirituality in parents' daily lives. Spirituality included religious beliefs and practices, notions of a higher force or cosmos, relationship with a divine being, as well as elements emerging from meaning-making and relationships...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145814/how-do-young-adults-with-cancer-perceive-social-support-a-qualitative-study
#19
Nora Breuer, Annekathrin Sender, Lisa Daneck, Lisa Mentschke, Katja Leuteritz, Michael Friedrich, Erik Nowe, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Kristina Geue
The social support of adolescents and young adults (AYA) has been studied very little. 18 interviews were conducted and evaluated with content analysis (inter-rater reliability = 0.87). All of the young adult cancer patients interviewed reported having received social support from at least two people (family, friends, and/or partner). Forms of emotional and instrumental support were more often reported than informational support. 12 participants described having received nonhelpful support, especially in areas of dealing with their situation, limited social participation, and distancing of friends...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145810/post-traumatic-growth-distress-and-attachment-style-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#20
Annunziata Romeo, Ada Ghiggia, Valentina Tesio, Marialaura Di Tella, Riccardo Torta, Lorys Castelli
Identifying factors fostering post-traumatic growth (PTG) is very important to promote PTG itself through specific psychological interventions. To this end, we investigated PTG and its relationship with clinical and psychological variables in a sample of 108 female breast cancer survivors. Results showed that women with higher depressive symptoms presented lower levels of PTG than women without. Moreover, women who had undergone combined treatment presented higher levels of PTG than women who had not. The results highlighted the resulting importance of psychological intervention focusing on depressive symptoms, which negatively interfere with the patients' psychological growth...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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