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Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

Myrna A A Doumit, May Naifeh Khoury
BACKGROUND: Families with a child with cancer face significant emotional and psychosocial stressors. The frequency of childhood cancer is increasing in Lebanon with more than 282 children diagnosed each year. This condition is reported to evoke a range of challenging emotions for parents, yet no studies have been conducted on the facilitating and hindering factors that affect Lebanese parents coping with a child with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of factors facilitating and hindering coping methods of Lebanese parents with a child with cancer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jennifer K Bernat, Stephanie E Hullmann, Glenn G Sparks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jiyoung Chae
Cancer information acquisition is beneficial for cancer prevention. However, for some people, information exposure brings about greater uncertainty and anxiety, which prompts them to engage in subsequent exposure. This study tested whether intolerance of uncertainty (IU), a strong predictor of information exposure, can be used to identify such people in the cancer context. A longitudinal survey in South Korea (N = 1,130 at Wave 1 and 813 at Wave 2) revealed that the effect of past information exposure about cancer on future exposure is stronger for people with high IU...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jennifer E Swanberg, Helen Nichols, Jungyai Ko, J Kathleen Tracy, Robin C Vanderpool
Advances in breast cancer screening and treatment have led to an overall 5-year survival rate of 90%. Many of these cancer cases are diagnosed in working women. Few studies have explicitly examined the cancer-work interface, as experienced by low-wage earning women with breast cancer. This study uses in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 24 low-wage breast cancer survivors to identify employment decisions and factors that influenced or enabled these decisions, and examine the individual strategies and workplace supports used to manage the cancer-work interface among a subset of women (n = 13) who continued to work...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Christine McPhail, John J M Dwyer, Rebecca Hanemaayer, Michèle Preyde
Cancer is a disease that can have negative as well as some positive outcomes for the survivor, caregiver, and offspring. To date, there has been little research on the experiences of emerging adult offspring. When these offspring are also university students, they can experience unique challenges. In this phenomenological study, we explored the lived experience of parental cancer among emerging adult university students by interviewing 17 university students and using thematic analysis. The overarching themes were perceptions and beliefs about cancer, the outcomes of having a parent with cancer, influence of parental cancer on life as a university student, coping with having a parent with cancer, and attitudes and experiences around health and personal lifestyle...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jennifer Kim Bernat, Kisha Coa, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Gregory P Beehler, Jonathan Novi, Marc T Kiviniemi, Lynn Steinbrenner
This study aimed to understand military veteran cancer survivors' preferences regarding the delivery of post-treatment wellness services. Thirty-three military veteran cancer survivors were interviewed about their perceptions of three models of health service delivery (home-, primary care-, and oncology-based services). Conventional qualitative content analysis revealed strengths and weaknesses of each service delivery model's content and structure (e.g., program location, inclusion of emotional support, access to clinical experts)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Jina Sang, Soo Hyun Kim, InYoung Heo
Using Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, we investigated Korean mothers' lives postdiagnosis of their child with cancer. Photovoice was used to understand the mothers' perceptions of how they have adapted to their children's illnesses. Five mothers of children with cancer participated in five sessions of the Photovoice project, during which they took and shared photographs and narratives about their experiences and joined weekly group discussions on their selected themes. The following themes and subthemes emerged: "What I would like to do (taking a break, socializing with friends, spending time with other family members, developing my career)," "My child and food (whatever my child wants to eat, love of family)," "My days for my child (doing what my child wants to do, being a playmate, changing for my child)," and "Power sources for me (family, courage of children, mom is strong, hope)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Naomi Greenwald Ma, Maru Barrera PhD, Alexandra Neville Ba, Kelly Hancock Ma
This study evaluated the feasibility (acceptability, recruitment, retention rates, treatment fidelity, and outcome measures) of implementing a manualized group intervention for bereaved siblings after pediatric cancer death. A convenience sample of 10 siblings participated. The intervention consisted of eight 2-hour sessions that focused on strategies for coping with grief, relationships, and emotional growth. Positive outcomes were obtained with respect to acceptability, recruitment, retention rates, and treatment fidelity...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Daniel Sikavi, Allyson J Weseley
This study examined the relationship between psychosocial factors in the patient-oncologist relationship and aspects of care among women with breast cancer. Breast cancer patients (N = 118) completed a questionnaire about their relationship with their oncologist, their treatment, and their health. While trust was related to several positive outcomes, physician supportiveness was most strongly related to satisfaction with care, and health care access was most strongly associated with general health. The results suggest that the addition of supportiveness and healthcare access to trust provide a more complete picture of patients' health outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Olga Husson, Johan Denollet, Nicole P M Ezendam, Floortje Mols
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research looking into the relationship between personality and health behaviors among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Type D personality and its two constituent components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), are associated with health behaviors, quality of life (QoL), and mental distress among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted among 2,620 CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009, who completed measures of personality (DS14), health behaviors, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30), and mental distress (hospital anxiety and depression scale)...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Heidi Williamson, Nichola Rumsey
An altered appearance can impact the psychosocial well-being of adolescent cancer patients, yet patient reports imply a dearth of appearance-related support. Using a two-phase qualitatively driven mixed method design, 62 health professionals from a range of UK oncology care settings provided data relating to their views on the impact of appearance changes on adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years), of delivering appearance-related care, and their training needs. Integrated findings were divided into two main outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Cindy Davis, Kathleen Darby, Matthew Moore, Tamara Cadet, Gwendolynn Brown
Traditional health promotion models often do not take into account the importance of shared cultural backgrounds, beliefs, and experiences unique to underserved African American women when designing community-based cancer screening and prevention programs. Thus, the purpose of this study was the development, implementation, and evaluation of a community-based participatory research (CBPR) program designed to increase breast cancer screening awareness in an underserved African American population by providing culturally appropriate social support and information...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Sarah Körver, April Kinghorn, Joel Negin, Marci Shea-Perry, Alexandra L C Martiniuk
: When a child is diagnosed with cancer, the entire family is affected by the demands of the illness and its treatment. This study aimed to provide a more nuanced understanding of the experience of parents of children with cancer when participating in therapeutic recreation programs (such as summer camp) and to address the specific knowledge gap of the role that camp may play in providing social support for these families. In particular, this study aimed to enroll mothers and fathers, as the voice of fathers has previously been missing in research about cancer camps...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Gary T Deimling, Casey Albitz, Kara Monnin, Holly T Renzhofer Pappada, Elizabeth Nalepa, Melinda Laroco Boehm, Claire Mitchell
This research examines a model of how personality (Five-Factor Model) is related to adjustment to cancer in later life in terms of the presence of continuing cancer-related worry and depression among older adult, long-term cancer survivors. Data from an NCI-funded study with 275 older adult (age 60+), long-term (5+ years) survivors of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer were examined. Regression analyses identified neuroticism as the strongest predictor of cancer-related worry along with continuing cancer-related symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jianlin Liu, Konstadina Griva, Haikel A Lim, Joyce Y S Tan, Rathi Mahendran
Body image distress is well-documented in patients with cancer, but little is known about the course of body image distress over time and the role of psychosocial resources such as hope. This prospective study sought to explore the dynamics between trajectories of body image distress and hope across time. Cancer patients receiving outpatient treatment at a cancer center completed self-reported measures of body image distress (Body Image Scale) and hope (Adult Hope Scale) at baseline (within three months of their cancer diagnosis) and follow-up (six months post-baseline; N = 111)...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Susan M Hannum, Katherine Clegg Smith, Kisha Coa, Ann C Klassen
This article evaluates how older cancer patients describe cancer survivorship and incorporate the cancer experience into long-term evaluations of health. From a series of 53 qualitative interviews with adults with histories of breast and prostate cancers and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, we analyzed age-related discussions among those 65 and older (n = 21). Emergent themes revealed the: (1) historical conceptualization of cancer, (2) changed perspective following diagnosis, (3) cancer in the context of a long biography, (4) cancer in the context of the aging body and decline, and (5) meaning of time remaining and quality of life...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Karen la Cour, Loni Ledderer, Helle Ploug Hansen
Previous research on psychosocial support for cancer-related concerns has primarily focused on either patients or their relatives, although limited research is available on how patients and their relatives can be supported together. The aim of this article is to explore the use of storytelling as a part of a residential cancer rehabilitation intervention for patients together with their relatives, with a specific focus on their management of cancer-related concerns. Ten pairs participated in the intervention and data were generated through ethnographic fieldwork, including participant observations, informal conversations and follow-up interviews conducted one month after completing the intervention...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Laura M Melton
This study examined the relationship among humor coping, optimism, neuroticism, and depression in a sample of breast cancer survivors and matched control participants. Breast cancer survivors reported marginally lower levels of depression than the controls. In both groups, humor coping was not related to depression, optimism, or neuroticism, but depression was correlated negatively with optimism and positively with neuroticism. In the breast cancer group, humor coping was correlated with the coping subscales of self-distraction, positive reframing, planning, and active coping...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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