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Dental Materials Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302948/the-accuracy-of-the-cad-system-using-intraoral-and-extraoral-scanners-for-designing-of-fixed-dental-prostheses
#1
Sakura Shimizu, Akikazu Shinya, Soichi Kuroda, Harunori Gomi
The accuracy of prostheses affects clinical success and is, in turn, affected by the accuracy of the scanner and CAD programs. Thus, their accuracy is important. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an intraoral scanner with active triangulation (Cerec Omnicam), an intraoral scanner with a confocal laser (3Shape Trios), and an extraoral scanner with active triangulation (D810). The second aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the digital crowns designed with two different scanner/CAD combinations...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302947/in-vivo-bioactivity-of-porous-polyetheretherketone-with-a-foamed-surface
#2
Ayato Hieda, Naoya Uemura, Yoshiya Hashimoto, Isumi Toda, Shunsuke Baba
The in vivo bioactivity of porous polyetheretherketone (PEEK) with a foamed surface was evaluated using rabbit femoral bone. Cylindrical porous PEEK scaffolds, with pore diameter of 550 μm and porosity of 70%, were first prepared and immersed in 98% sulfuric acid, and then washed and immersed in 3 M potassium carbonate solution used as a foaming reagent. Numerous open pores of various sizes, as well as new functional groups, were visualized on the treated PEEK surface by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302946/influence-of-lyophilization-factors-and-gelatin-concentration-on-pore-structures-of-atelocollagen-gelatin-sponge-biomaterial
#3
Longqiang Yang, Koji Tanabe, Tadashi Miura, Masao Yoshinari, Shinji Takemoto, Seikou Shintani, Masataka Kasahara
This study aimed to investigate influences of lyophilization factors and gelatin concentration on pore structures of ACG sponge. ACG sponges of different freezing temperatures (-30, -80 and -196(o)C), freezing times (1, 2 and 24 h), gelatin concentrations (0.6%AC+0.15%G, 0.6%AC+0.6%G and 0.6%AC+2.4%G), and with 500 μM fluvastatin were fabricated. Pore structures including porosity and pore size were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and ImageJ. The cytotoxic effects of ACG sponges were evaluated in vitro...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302945/the-incidence-of-dentinal-cracks-during-root-canal-preparations-with-reciprocating-single-file-and-rotary-file-systems-a-meta-analysis
#4
Xi Wei, Bo Hu, Haiyang Peng, Ming Tang, Jinlin Song
As a dangerous factor in vertical root fracture, dentinal crack formation is often associated with root canal instruments. We conducted this meta-analysis to compare the influence of two types of nickel titanium (NiTi) instruments that have different movements (reciprocating single-file versus full-sequence rotary file systems) on dentinal cracks formation during root canal preparation. Searches were conducted in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Embase and Cochrane Library using a combination of keywords. Titles and abstracts of all articles were independently assessed by two reviewers in accordance with the predefined inclusion criteria...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302944/release-properties-of-atelocollagen-gelatin-complexes-as-carriers-for-local-administration-of-fluvastatin
#5
Koichi Kida, Koji Tanabe, Hodaka Sasaki, Yoshitaka Furuya, Tadashi Miura, Masao Yoshinari, Yasutomo Yajima
The aim of this study was to investigate properties of atelocollagen/gelatin complexes (AC/Gel) and their characteristics of sustained statin release, to assess the utility of AC/Gel. AC/Gel were prepared by changing the mixing ratio of AC (0 to 40% of AC). Analysis of spectra of fluvastatin (Flu), gelatin (Gel), and Flu with Gel complex using a Fourier transform-infrared spectrometer indicates that Flu was bound to Gel through a bond involving the carboxyl and amino groups. Evaluation of characteristics of sustained release of Flu from the AC/Gel using an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer showed that the release rate of Flu decreased with increasing the AC content...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228629/involvement-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-in-mineral-trioxide-aggregateinduced-osteogenic-gene-expression-in-murine-mc3t3-e1-cells
#6
Takuya Yasukawa, Makoto Hayashi, Natsuko Tanabe, Hiromasa Tsuda, Yusuke Suzuki, Takayuki Kawato, Naoto Suzuki, Masao Maeno, Bunnai Ogiso
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has excellent biocompatibility as well as bioactivity, including an ability to induce osteoblast differentiation. We examined the effects of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) on osteogenic gene expression induced by MTA. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured with or without (control) MTA. The expression levels of Runx2, type I collagen, and CaSR genes were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and their products were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The levels were increased significantly in cells exposed to MTA compared with control...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228628/effects-of-taper-and-space-settings-of-telescopic-ce-tzp-a-crowns-on-retentive-force-and-settling
#7
Shusuke Nakagawa, Katsunori Torii, Masahiro Tanaka
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the taper and space setting of using Ce-TZP/A on retentive force and secondary crown settling. The taper were 2°, 4°, and 6°, and the space settings were 0 and 10 μm. The applied loads were 50 and 100 N. The taper had a significant effect on retentive force and settling at both loads (p<0.05). The space settings did not have a significant effect on retentive force or settling at either load (p<0.05). The taper of the telescopic crowns and the load affected the retentive force and the settling...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228627/orthodontic-archwire-composition-and-phase-analyses-by-neutron-spectroscopy
#8
Kun V Tian, Giulia Festa, Francesco Basoli, Giuseppina Laganà, Antonella Scherillo, Carla Andreani, Patrizio Bollero, Silvia Licoccia, Roberto Senesi, Paola Cozza
Quantitative metallurgical and phase analyses employing neutron diffraction technique were conducted on two as-received commercial rectangular austenitic stainless steel orthodontic archwires, G&H and Azdent, 0.43×0.64 mm (0.017×0.025 inch). Results showed a bi-phase structure containing martensitic phase (45.67% for G&H and 6.62% for Azdent) in addition to the expected metastable austenite. The former may be a strain-induced phase-transformation arising during the cold working process of wire fabrication...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228626/osteogenic-induction-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-cells-on-electrospun-polycaprolactone-chitosan-nanofibrous-membrane
#9
Ying He, Wei Wang, Xuyan Tang, Xin Liu
A novel chitosan/polycaprolactone (CS/PCL) nanofibrous membrane by electrospinning was developed for guided tissue regeneration (GTR) to improve mechanical properties and to promote osteogenic differentiation. Firstly, chitosan and PCL solutions of different weight ratios (0/100, 30/70, 50/50) were mixed and then electrospun. Our data demonstrated that the CS/PCL (30/70) nanofibrous membrane promoted an increased rBMSCs proliferation when compared to the CS/PCL (50/50) membrane and pure PCL (0/100) membrane...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228625/comparison-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-removal-by-different-irrigation-techniques
#10
Hacer Aksel, Selen Küçükkaya Eren, Ahmet Serper
This study compared different irrigation techniques in triple antibiotic paste (TAP) removal from root canals. Fifty-six maxillaryanterior-teeth were filled with TAP for 28 days, and assigned into 5 experimental groups (n=10): Syringe irrigation (SI), NaviTip FX (NFX), Vibringe-Syringe irrigation (V-SI), NaviTip FX-Vibringe (V-NFX), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) and positive and negative control groups (n=3 for each). Following the removal of the medicament, the remaining medicament was evaluated using 4-grade scoring-system...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228624/antibacterial-efficacy-of-several-intracanal-medicaments-for-endodontic-therapy
#11
Marta E Valverde, Pilar Baca, Laura Ceballos, M Victoria Fuentes, Matilde Ruiz-Linares, Carmen María Ferrer-Luque
The antibacterial efficacy of intracanal medicaments for 2 and 7 days, in open apex root canals contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis biofilms was compared. One hundred and thirty-eight standardized uniradicular human roots were inoculated with E. faecalis. Colony forming units (CFU) were recorded before and after medication. Samples were divided in two (2/7 days), and subdivided (n=8/group): triple antibiotic paste (TAP); double antibiotic paste (DAP); dental base paste (DBP), consisting of calcium hydroxide, propylene glycol and calcium carbonate; DBP+0...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190816/fracture-resistance-of-zirconia-composite-veneered-crowns-in-comparison-with-zirconia-porcelain-crowns
#12
Omar Alsadon, David Patrick, Anthony Johnson, Sarah Pollington, Duncan Wood
The objectives were to evaluate the fracture resistance and stress concentration in zirconia/composite veneered crowns in comparison to zirconia/porcelain crowns using occlusal fracture resistance and by stress analysis using finite element analysis method. Zirconia substructures were divided into two groups based on the veneering material. A static load was applied occlusally using a ball indenter and the load to fracture was recorded in Newtons (N). The same crown design was used to create 3D crown models and evaluated using FEA...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190815/structural-analysis-of-strontium-in-human-teeth-treated-with-surface-pre-reacted-glass-ionomer-filler-eluate-by-using-extended-x-ray-absorption-fine-structure-analysis
#13
Motohiro Uo, Takahiro Wada, Kiyotaka Asakura
The bioactive effects of strontium released from surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) fillers may aid in caries prevention. In this study, the local structure of strontium taken up by teeth was estimated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis. Immersing teeth into S-PRG filler eluate increased the strontium content in enamel and dentin by more than 100 times. The local structure of strontium in enamel and dentin stored in distilled water was the same as that in synthetic strontium-containing hydroxyapatite (SrHAP)...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190814/effect-of-fiber-content-on-flexural-properties-of-glass-fiber-reinforced-polyamide-6-prepared-by-injection-molding
#14
Manamu Nagakura, Yasuhiro Tanimoto, Norihiro Nishiyama
The use of non-metal clasp denture (NMCD) materials may seriously affect the remaining tissues because of the low rigidity of NMCD materials such as polyamides. The purpose of this study was to develop a high-rigidity glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastic (GFRTP) composed of E-glass fiber and polyamide-6 for NMCDs using an injection molding. The reinforcing effects of fiber on the flexural properties of GFRTPs were investigated using glass fiber content ranging from 0 to 50 mass%. Three-point bending tests indicated that the flexural strength and elastic modulus of a GFRTP with a fiber content of 50 mass% were 5...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190813/hydrophilic-nano-silica-coating-agents-with-platinum-and-diamond-nanoparticles-for-denture-base-materials
#15
Taro Yoshizaki, Norihisa Akiba, Masanao Inokoshi, Masayuki Shimada, Shunsuke Minakuchi
Preventing microorganisms from adhering to the denture surface is important for ensuring the systemic health of elderly denture wearers. Silica coating agents provide high hydrophilicity but lack durability. This study investigated solutions to improve the durability of the coating layer, determine an appropriate solid content concentration of SiO2 in the silica coating agent, and evaluate the effect of adding platinum (Pt) and diamond nanoparticles (ND) to the agent. Five coating agents were prepared with different SiO2 concentrations with/without Pt and ND additives...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190812/influence-of-core-thickness-and-artificial-aging-on-the-biaxial-flexural-strength-of-different-all-ceramic-materials-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Sibel Dikicier, Simel Ayyildiz, Julide Ozen, Cumhur Sipahi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the flexural strength of all-ceramics with varying core thicknesses submitted to aging. In-Ceram Alumina (IC), IPS e.max Press (EM) and Katana (K) (n=40), were selected. Each group contained two core groups based on the core thickness as follows: IC/0.5, IC/0.8, EM/0.5, EM/0.8, K/0.5 and K/0.8 mm in thickness (n=20 each). Ten specimens from each group were subjected to aging and all specimens were tested for strength in a testing machine either with or without being subjected aging...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190811/histological-evaluation-of-direct-pulp-capping-with-all-in-one-adhesives-in-rat-teeth
#17
Koichi Shinkai, Yoshihisa Taira, Satoki Kawashima, Shiro Suzuki, Masaya Suzuki
The aim of this study was to histologically evaluate direct pulp capping using different all-in-one adhesives in rat teeth. Five all-in-one adhesives and a control material (MTA) were used. Each material was applied on the exposed pulp, and each cavity was subsequently restored with the resin composite. Rats were sacrificed 14 days after the surgical procedure. Serial stained sections were histologically evaluated for examining pulp tissue disorganization (PTD), inflammatory cell infiltration (ICI), dentin bridge formation (DBF), and bacterial penetration (BP)...
February 11, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154317/depth-of-cure-flexural-properties-and-volumetric-shrinkage-of-low-and-high-viscosity-bulk-fill-giomers-and-resin-composites
#18
Akimasa Tsujimoto, Wayne W Barkmeier, Toshiki Takamizawa, Mark A Latta, Masashi Miyazaki
The purpose of this study was to investigate the depth of cure, flexural properties and volumetric shrinkage of low and high viscosity bulk-fill giomers and resin composites. Depth of cure and flexural properties were determined according to ISO 4049, and volumetric shrinkage was measured using a dilatometer. The depths of cure of giomers were significantly lower than those of resin composites, regardless of photo polymerization times. No difference in flexural strength and modulus was found among either high or low viscosity bulk fill materials...
February 1, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154316/effect-of-frame-design-and-veneering-material-on-biomechanical-behavior-of-zirconia-dental-crowns-veneered-with-overpressing-ceramics
#19
Liliana Porojan, Florin Topală, Sorin Porojan, Cristina Savencu
The objective of this investigation was to compare alternative framework designs of molar zirconia crowns veneered with various overpressing ceramics and to predict the biomechanical behavior based on the stress evaluation. The hypothesis of the study is that the zirconia framework design and type of the veneering material, using the same technological procedure, may influence the biomechanical behavior of the restorations. Three geometric models with differential coping designs (uniform thickness, cutback and buccal reduction) were developed and two types of hot-pressed ceramics (leucite and lithium disilicate reinforced) were analyzed for the veneers...
February 1, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154315/an-objective-estimation-of-the-removability-of-three-home-reliners
#20
Hiroyuki Tanimoto, Norihisa Akiba, Toshinari Nakamura, Huizi Zhao, Hirona Suzuki, Akira Uno, Motohiro Uo, Shunsuke Minakuchi
The purpose of this study was to investigate methods for evaluating objectively the removability of three commercially available home reliners (Cushion Correct, Tafugurippu Pink A and Liodent Pink). After immersing each of the reliners in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 h, we compared their removability using the peel test with a finger, which was evaluated based on a visual analogue scale and the percentage of the residual area. An experimental rake-up test was also undertaken to quantify removability, evaluated based on the total amount of work required to remove it...
February 1, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
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