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Dental Materials Journal

Min-Suk Kook, Hee-Sang Roh, Byung-Hoon Kim
This study was to investigate the effects of O2 plasma-etching of the 3D polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold surface on preosteoblast cell proliferation and differentiation, and early new bone formation. The PCL scaffolds were fabricated by 3D printing technique. After O2 plasma treatment, surface characterizations were examined by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle. MTT assay was used to determine cell proliferation. To investigate the early new bone formation, rabbits were sacrificed at 2 weeks for histological analyses...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yohei Fukumori, Miki Nishijyo, Daisuke Tokita, Kana Miyara, Arata Ebihara, Takashi Okiji
This study aimed to compare the mechanical properties of differently-tapered EndoWave nickel-titanium endodontic rotary instruments (size #30/0.04 taper and #30/0.06 taper; Group 0.04 and 0.06, respectively). Torsional and bending properties were evaluated with the cyclic fatigue test and the cantilever bending test, respectively. Canal transportation was assessed following instrumentation of curved canals in resin blocks. Torque and apical force during instrumentation were determined using an automated instrumentation and torque/force analyzing device...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yusaku Koseki, Rika Tanaka, Hiroshi Murata
We evaluated effectiveness of tea tree oil (TO) and lemongrass oil (LO) for removal of Candida biofilm from denture base resin and their influence on that surface. Biofilm of C. albicans was formed on resins, and immersed in various concentrations of each oil and distilled water (DW). The biofilm removal effect was determined by incubating specimens in RPMI medium containing Alamar blue (AB) and measuring absorbance. Wear test was also conducted, and surface condition of resins was determined using laser scanning microscope and digital microscope...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Kou Fujita-Nakajima, Naoko Aoki-Tabei, Akishi Arita, Norihiro Nishiyama
The acidic monomers utilized in all-in-one adhesives play a key role in the enamel and dentin bonding performance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanism by which 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) demineralizes the enamel and dentin surfaces prepared by a diamond bur in three types of experimental MDP-based all-in-one (EX) adhesives containing different amounts of water (46.6, 93.2 and 208.1 mg/g). The enamel and dentin reactants of EX adhesives were analyzed using solidstate phosphorous-31 nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray diffraction...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Masahiro Teshima
The effects of the water concentration in an experimental 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP)-based all-in-one (EX) adhesive were examined on the ability of MDP to remove the smear layer from the ground dentin surface and on the dentin bonding performance. Four types of EX adhesives were prepared by varying the amount of water (46.6, 93.2, 149.8 and 208.1 mg/g), but the MDP concentration was kept a constant at 49.9 mg/g. Scanning electron microscopy and bond strength measurements were performed on the dentin surface demineralized by each EX adhesive...
May 2, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Tomoko Nishimura, Yoichiro Ogino, Yasunori Ayukawa, Kiyoshi Koyano
This study examined the influence of the time-dependent wettability of different surface topographies on initial cellular behavior. Titanium disks with smooth topography (SM) and three kinds of rough topography (sandblasted (SA), microtopography (M) and nanotopography (N)) were prepared. Time-dependent changes in surface wettability were observed in all surfaces as shown in previous studies. On SM surfaces, hydrophobic alteration influenced cell spreading and the activity of RhoA (a small GTPase protein of the Rho family), while no alterations were observed on rough surfaces except for the number of adherent cells...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yuta Sumitani, Hidenori Hamba, Keiki Nakamura, Alireza Sadr, Toru Nikaido, Junji Tagami
This study was performed to evaluate the comparative radiopacity of adhesive/resin composite materials in cylindrical cavities using micro-computed X-ray tomography (μCT). The two-step self-etch adhesive systems, Clearfil SE Bond (SE) and FL-Bond II (FL), and flowable resin composites, Beautifil Flow F10 (BF) and Clearfil Majesty ES Flow High (MJ), were used. The radiopacity of bovine tooth structures and restorative materials was measured by μCT. In addition, cylindrical cavities prepared in bovine teeth were restored with the following adhesive/composite combinations: SE-BF, SE-MJ, FL-BF, and FL-MJ...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Chihiro Matsuura, Yasushi Shimada, Alireza Sadr, Yasunori Sumi, Junji Tagami
The aims of this study were to assess the diagnostic accuracy of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) for detection of caries beneath composite restorations and to compare the results with those obtained by radiography. Flat dentin surfaces with and without natural caries were bonded with 1- or 2-mm thick composite restorations. SS-OCT scanning was performed over the composite restorations to construct three-dimensional (3D) images of the resin-dentin interface. Images were chosen from the 3D constructions to detect caries beneath the restorations...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Masanori Hashimoto, Nanako Hirose, Haruaki Kitagawa, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Imazato
The 12-methacryloxydodecylpyridium bromide (MDPB) has been reported to act as a matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitor. In this study, the effects of application of MDPB on resin-dentin bonds were evaluated. The resin-dentin bonded specimens were prepared with a commercial MDPB-containing self-etching primer or a self-etching primer without MDPB, and stored 24 h or 1 year. Surfaces were pretreated with chlorhexidine or MDPB-containing cavity disinfectant. Additionally, we compared the degradation patterns between the two self-etching adhesives and etch and rinse system...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yuki Tomita, Jun Uechi, Masahiro Konno, Saera Sasamoto, Masahiro Iijima, Itaru Mizoguchi
We compared the accuracy of digital models generated by desktop-scanning of conventional impression/plaster models versus intraoral scanning. Eight ceramic spheres were attached to the buccal molar regions of dental epoxy models, and reference linear-distance measurement were determined using a contact-type coordinate measuring instrument. Alginate (AI group) and silicone (SI group) impressions were taken and converted into cast models using dental stone; the models were scanned using desktop scanner. As an alternative, intraoral scans were taken using an intraoral scanner, and digital models were generated from these scans (IOS group)...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Shihchun Ting, A F M Almas Chowdhury, Jihao Sun, Shinichi Kakuda, Sharanbir K Sidhu, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Denis Selimovic, Hidehiko Sano
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of remaining dentin thickness (RDT) and long term water storage on dentin bond strength in-vitro. Twenty-seven third molars were randomly divided into 3 groups: Clearfil Bond SE ONE (SE1, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Okayama, Japan), G-Bond plus (GB, GC, Tokyo, Japan) and Clearfil Mega Bond (MB, Kuraray Noritake Dental). Bonded specimens were stored in water at 37ºC for 24 h. The teeth were then sectioned perpendicular to the adhesive interface to produce beams...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Miki Nishijo, Arata Ebihara, Daisuke Tokita, Hisashi Doi, Takao Hanawa, Takashi Okiji
This study aimed to investigate mechanical properties related to flexibility and fracture resistance of controlled memory wiremanufactured nickel-titanium rotary glide path files [HyFlex EDM Glide Path File (EDM) and HyFlex GPF (GPF)]. Scout RaCe (RaCe) served as control. Bending loads, torsional/cyclic fatigue resistance, and screw-in forces were measured. EDM showed a significantly larger torque at fracture, a longer time to cyclic fracture in reciprocation and a larger screw-in force compared with GPF and RaCe...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Anas Aaqel Salim Al-Ani, Murat Mutluay, Thiago Henrique Scarabello Stape, Leo Tjäderhane, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay
The objective was to evaluate effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and nanoleakage (NL). Superficial dentin was acid-etched and pretreated with DMSO. Etch-and-rinse adhesive was applied and restored with resin composite incrementally. After 24 h, teeth were sectioned, stored in artificial saliva for 24-h or 6-months before µTBS evaluation. Failure modes were examined. Six beams per group were submitted to nanoleakage evaluation using SEM. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Giuseppe Troiano, Donatella Perrone, Mario Dioguardi, Alessio Buonavoglia, Fatima Ardito, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
The aim of the study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of three epoxy resin-based endodontic sealer, AH Plus, Sicura Seal and Top Seal. Direct and indirect cytotoxicity were evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and LIVE/DEAD® Viability/Cytotoxicity Assay on MG63 osteoblasts-like cells. Data were statistically analyzed by analysis of variance and Tukey test, setting a significance level of 5%. Both results related to direct and indirect cell viability tests showed that all groups were significantly more cytotoxic than the negative control group...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Yuki Nakazawa, Shoichi Suzuki, Go Inoue, Toru Nikaido, Junji Tagami, Keiji Moriyama
The purpose of this study was to investigate the formation of acid-base resistant zone (ABRZ) of enamel surface during bracket bonding by using three self-etch adhesives presently available in the orthodontic treatment. Also, the relation between the thickness of the ABRZ and bonding strength, the relation between the thickness of the ABRZ and the concentration of fluoride ions contained in the adhesives, were discussed respectively. The ABRZ was formed with all self-etch orthodontic adhesives. ABRZ thicknesses of two self-etch adhesives were approximately 0...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Tatjana Maravić, Darko Vasiljević, Ivana Kantardžić, Tijana Lainović, Ognjan Lužanin, Larisa Blažić
An endodontically treated tooth with mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavity is often restored with composite resin. Palatal and buccal cusp reduction (MODP, MODPB), and/or fiber-reinforced composite posts (P), are used in an attempt to improve the longevity of the restoration. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of these procedures on von Mises stress values and distribution in dental tissues and restorative materials using finite element analysis. Based on CT scans of an extracted second upper premolar, six 3D endodontically treated tooth models (MOD, MODP, MODPB, MOD+P, MODP+P, MODPB+P) were created...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Fumihiko Watanabe, Munetsugu Seto, Kazuhiko Ueda, Makoto Ozawa
The torsional fracture strength at the interface between a base plate and veneering material was evaluated for three kinds of veneered restoration: porcelain fused to zirconia (PFZ), porcelain fused to metal (PFM), and composite resin veneered metal (CRVM). The metal and zirconia base plate (30×4×0.4 mm) were prepared and these plates were veneered as test specimens using each material to a total thickness of 1.2 mm. Torsional force was applied to each specimen using a rotational speed of 1.0 deg/min until the veneering material underwent fracture or exfoliation...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Sufyan Garoushi, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo Lassila
This study investigated the reinforcing effect of discontinuous-glass fiber fillers with different loading-fractions on selected mechanical properties and wear of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). Experimental fiber-reinforced RMGIC (Exp-RMGIC) was prepared by adding discontinuous-glass fiber of 200-500 µm in length to the powder of RMGIC (GC Fuji II LC) with different weight ratios (15, 20, 25 and 30 wt%). Mechanical properties and wear were determined for each experimental and control material...
March 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Hiroyasu Kurokawa, Koji Shiratsuchi, Shunichi Suda, Yuko Nagura, Soshi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Moritake, Kabun Yamauchi, Masashi Miyazaki
In this study, we investigated the effect of light irradiation and primer/adhesive application on the polymerization reaction and elastic modulus (E) of self-adhesive resin cement (SAC) through ultrasonic velocity (V) measurements. The V values of longitudinal and shear waves were determined based on the transit time through the specimens and specimen thicknesses, and were used to calculate the E values. Analysis of variance and Tukey tests revealed that V increased rapidly, reaching a plateau at 2,700-2,900 m/s, when the SACs were light-irradiated...
March 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Chiaki Yabuki, Akitomo Rikuta, Ryosuke Murayama, Syunsuke Akiba, Soshi Suzuki, Toshiki Takamizawa, Hiroyasu Kurokawa, Masashi Miyazaki
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acid erosion on the bonding performance of universal adhesives. Freshly extracted bovine teeth were cut into enamel slabs and assigned to either the Er or the control group. Specimens in the Er group were immersed in citric acid solution (pH 2.1) twice a day and stored in artificial saliva, while control specimens were simply stored in artificial saliva. Differences in the mean values between the control and Er groups were greater than expected, despite accounting for the effect of differences in the adhesive systems (p=0...
March 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
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