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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165824/sarcoidosis-rare-cutaneous-manifestations-vulval-and-perianal-involvement
#1
Isabel Barros Pereira, Ashfaq Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141959/plasma-l-carnitine-levels-of-obese-and-non-obese-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients
#2
Fatih Celik, Mesut Kose, Mehmet Yilmazer, Gülengül N Köken, Dagistan Tolga Arioz, Mine Kanat Pektas
It is well-known that plasma L-carnitine concentrations are significantly decreased in obese individuals. A study showed that L-carnitine concentrations are significantly lower in lean PCOS patients than in lean healthy women. Thus, it has been suggested that lowered L-carnitine is associated with PCOS. This study also showed that the women with PCOS had significantly lower L-carnitine levels than those of the healthy controls. In addition, this study hypothesised that low L-carnitine levels in PCOS patients were associated with obesity and/or insulin resistance...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141956/bell-s-facial-nerve-palsy-in-pregnancy-a-clinical-review
#3
Ahsen Hussain, Charles Nduka, Philippa Moth, Raman Malhotra
Bell's facial nerve palsy (FNP) during pregnancy and the puerperium can present significant challenges for the patient and clinician. Presentation and prognosis can be worse in this group of patients. This article reviews the background, manifestation and management options of FNP. In particular, it focuses on the controversies that exist regarding corticosteroid use during pregnancy and outlines approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Based on this review, we recommend an early evidence-based approach using guidelines derived from non-pregnant populations...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141954/successful-management-of-intraoperative-haemorrhage-during-emergency-cervical-cerclage-using-balloon-tamponade
#4
Shota Kanbayashi, Eiji Kondoh, Koh Suginami, Shingo Io, Junzo Hamanishi, Ikuo Konishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141951/posterior-axilla-sling-traction-and-rotation-a-case-report-of-an-alternative-for-intractable-shoulder-dystocia
#5
Edoardo Taddei, Carolin Marti, Romina Capoccia-Brugger, Yves Brunisholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141950/rescue-cerclage-when-foetal-membranes-prolapse-into-the-vagina
#6
Mehmet Bayrak, Ahmet Gul, Gokhan Goynumer
A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of rescue cerclage in patients with a dilated cervix and prolapsed foetal membranes. Thirty-five patients presenting with cervical dilatation and prolapsed foetal membranes were included in the study. A McDonald cerclage was placed in 27 patients. The duration of pregnancy prolongation and the number of deliveries after 28 weeks were evaluated. The median prolongation of pregnancy after cerclage placement differed significantly between the cerclage and bed-rest groups (64 days versus 13...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141949/ability-of-cervical-length-to-predict-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-in-twin-pregnancies-using-the-receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-analysis-and-an-a-priori-cut-off-value
#7
Lucia Pasquini, Giovanni Sisti, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Tomi Kanninen, Flavia Sorbi, Massimiliano Fambrini, Irene Turrini, Viola Seravalli, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso
In this retrospective study based on cervical length (CL) measurements between 20 and 24 + 6 weeks, we examined the ability of CL to predict spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in 222 twin pregnancies using the receiver-operating curve (ROC) analysis and an a priori cut-off. CL predicted SPTB before 34 weeks. Using the ROC the selected cut-off was 37.5 mm. Positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) regarding SPTB before 34 weeks for 37.5 mm were 15.7% and 5.3% respectively. Using the 5th percentile, PPV and NPV regarding SPTB before 34 weeks for 24 mm were 41...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141947/the-prognostic-impact-of-histological-type-on-clinical-outcomes-of-early-stage-cervical-cancer-patients-whom-have-been-treated-with-radical-surgery
#8
Nutthaporn Chandeying, Jitti Hanprasertpong
The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of histological type among squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma (AC) and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) on the treatment outcome of early-stage cervical cancer patients after radical hysterectomy. The cohort comprised of 626 patients, diagnosed with stages IA2-IB1 cervical cancer between 1987 and 2013. Four hundred and one patients had SCC, 190 had AC and 35 had ASC. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates for AC, SCC and ASC were 89...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141946/a-rare-case-of-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-pregnancy-a-successful-outcome-for-mother-and-baby-against-the-odds
#9
Rizwana Yakub, Gaity Ahmad, Naheed Rana, Sami Titi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141944/a-case-report-of-intrauterine-foetal-death-subsequent-to-chorioamniotic-membrane-separation-after-foetal-intervention
#10
Masaharu Murata, Keisuke Ishii, Yuka Sato, Jun Sasahara, Shusaku Hayashi, Nobuaki Mitsuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141943/histological-detection-of-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-a-mature-cystic-teratoma-of-the-ovary
#11
Ibrahim Alsharaydeh, Chee K Thum, Jennifer Crane, Kirsty I Munro, Holger W Unger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141942/reverse-breech-extraction-versus-the-standard-approach-of-pushing-the-impacted-fetal-head-up-through-the-vagina-in-caesarean-section-for-obstructed-labour-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Ahmed Mohamed Nooh, Hussein Mohammed Abdeldayem, Othman Ben-Affan
The objective of this study was to assess effectiveness and safety of the reverse breech extraction approach in Caesarean section for obstructed labour, and compare it with the standard approach of pushing the fetal head up through the vagina. This randomised controlled trial included 192 women. In 96, the baby was delivered by the 'reverse breech extraction approach', and in the remaining 96, by the 'standard approach'. Extension of uterine incision occurred in 18 participants (18.8%) in the reverse breech extraction approach group, and 46 (47...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141940/are-early-pregnancy-complications-more-common-in-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#13
Sinead R Morgan, Lisa Long, Jemma Johns, Chloe Angwin, Supriya Maitra, Jackie A Ross
Ultrasound evaluation is usually requested for women presenting with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) in early pregnancy. This is to check viability as well as to diagnose multiple pregnancies and exclude gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). The aim of this retrospective case control study was to evaluate the early pregnancy outcomes in women with HG and to compare them with an asymptomatic control group. 790 women referred with HG between 2002 and 2014 were matched for gestational age and maternal age with an asymptomatic patient attending for a reassurance or dating scan...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141939/dilemmas-at-a-vaginal-hysterectomy-with-an-ileoanal-pouch
#14
S Bulchandani, N Sugget, M Parsons, P Toozs-Hobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140721/training-on-kielland-s-forceps-a-survey-of-trainees-opinions
#15
B H Al Wattar, A Mahmud, A Janjua, W Parry-Smith, K M Ismail
We conducted a cross-sectional survey including specialist trainees in obstetrics and gynaecology in the Health Education West Midlands region, UK, to capture their views and assess training opportunities on the use of Kielland's forceps. Half of the trainees in the region completed the survey (87/172, 50%). Only 31% of our trainees worked in units that supported the training on these forceps (27/87, 31%). The majority reported that they did not get enough exposure to using Kielland's forceps (53/87, 60.9%)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129717/improvement-of-migraine-with-change-from-combined-hormonal-contraceptives-to-progestin-only-contraception-with-desogestrel-how-strong-is-the-effect-of-taking-women-off-combined-contraceptives
#16
Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Bruno Imthurn, Raghvendran Dubey, Peter S Sándor, Andreas R Gantenbein
Migraine is a disabling headache disorder, which affects up to 17% of the female population. Oestrogen withdrawal during the menstrual cycle or the hormone-free interval in users of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHC) plays a pivotal role. Two diary-based studies demonstrated a positive impact of the progestin-only pill (POP) desogestrel 75 μg on the frequency of the migraine attacks and pain intensity. In both studies, CHC users as well as nonusers were included, which makes it difficult to distinguish between the effect of taking women off the CHC and the benefit of the POP itself...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129715/serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-decrease-after-endometriosis-surgery
#17
Young-Joo Kim, Sun-Wha Cha, Hye-Ok Kim
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the post-operative decline in serum AMH levels in patients with endometriosis and other benign cysts. This study also attempts to clarify the factors of endometriosis that may influence the AMH level. A total of 75 were recruited prospectively between 2011 and 2012. Fifty-nine patients had endometriosis, while the other 16 had another kind of benign ovarian cyst. In the endometriosis group, the AMH level decreased significantly from pre- to postoperatively (4...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129713/gynaecologists-attitude-to-abortion-provision-in-2015
#18
Wendy Diane Savage, Colin Francome
We aimed to ascertain the attitude of consultant gynaecologists towards the working of the 1967 Abortion Act, women's choice and decriminalisation of abortion, and whether they had requests on the grounds of foetal sex in the last five years. A postal questionnaire was sent to a 20% random sample of NHS gynaecologists, coded and analysed using SPSS. 286 doctors replied, 78%. 60% considered the abortion act was working satisfactorily. Ninety percent thought the woman should decide whether to continue the pregnancy in consultation with her doctor...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129700/tlr2-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-vulvovaginal-colonisation-by-candida-species
#19
Roberto Colombo, Stefania Boccia, Walter Ricciardi, Antonio Canino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029269/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-delivery-in-chinese-women-and-western-immigrants-in-shanghai
#20
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Hau Liu, Shannon Moffett, Crystal Chen, Ninni Ji
Recent studies show a steep rise in caesarean sections in China. Most couples are now eligible to apply for a second child. This retrospective cohort study compares the prevalence of trial of labour and vaginal birth after caesarean section among Chinese and foreign women in Shanghai. In total, 135 of 368 women underwent trial of labour (36.68%), and of those, 77 (57.04%) had a vaginal birth. After inclusion in a multivariate model, factors associated with trial of labour were maternal age <35 years with an adjusted odds ratio of 2...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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