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World Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455253/incorporation-of-the-fluoroless-c-arm-trainer-at-the-american-urological-association-hands-on-training-percutaneous-renal-access
#1
Yasser A Noureldin, David M Hoenig, Philip Zhao, Sammy E Elsamra, Joshua Stern, Geoffrey Gaunay, Piruz Motamedinia, Zeph Okeke, Ardeshir R Rastinehad, Robert M Sweet
OBJECTIVES: To assess for usefulness and validity evidence for incorporating the C-Arm Trainer (CAT) simulator into the annual AUA hands on course for training percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The course started with a didactic session followed by four stations for training the "bull's eye" technique using the CAT simulator. Each station included a pre-test, 30-min practice on the simulator, and post-test. All participants were assessed using a 4-item checklist...
February 17, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453690/the-effectiveness-of-targeted-relative-to-empiric-prophylaxis-on-infectious-complications-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Susan Scott, Patrick N Harris, Deborah A Williamson, Michael A Liss, Suhail A R Doi, Matthew J Roberts
PURPOSE: Rectal culture screening for fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Enterobacteriaceae before transrectal ultrasound guided prostate (TRUSPB) biopsy and targeted antibiotic prophylaxis (TAP) may decrease post-TRUSPB infection rates compared to empiric (EAP) regimens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of targeted relative to empiric prophylaxis regimens on rates of infectious complications after TRUSPB and to determine the baseline prevalence of FQ resistance based on prior rectal swabs...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450733/miniaturised-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-flexible-ureteropyeloscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-profile
#3
REVIEW
N F Davis, M R Quinlan, C Poyet, N Lawrentschuk, D M Bolton, D Webb, G S Jack
PURPOSE: This study aims to comparatively evaluate clinical outcomes of mini-PCNL and FURS for treating urinary tract calculi in a single session. METHODS: A systematic search using electronic databases was performed for studies comparing mini-PCNL and FURS for the treatment of urinary tract calculi. The primary outcome measurements were stone-free rates (SFRs) and complication rates for both techniques. Secondary outcome measurements were to compare patient demographics, operative duration, and inpatient stay...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450732/combined-prostatic-urethral-lift-and-remodeling-of-the-prostate-and-bladder-neck-a-modified-transurethral-approach-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction
#4
Martin Schoenthaler, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Dominik Stefan Schoeb, Arkadiusz Miernik, Thomas Kunit, Simon Hein, Thomas R W Herrmann, Konrad Wilhelm
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of combining prostatic urethral lift (PUL) and a limited resection of the prostatic middle lobe or bladder neck incision in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were treated at two tertiary centers and followed prospectively. Patient evaluations included patient characteristics, relief of LUTS symptoms, erectile and ejaculatory function, continence, operative time and adverse events...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450731/is-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-safe-alternative-to-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-in-pediatric-age-group-in-borderline-stones-a-randomized-prospective-study
#5
Ahmed Farouk, Ahmed Tawfick, Mohamed Shoeb, Mahmoud A Mahmoud, Diaa Eldin Mostafa, Mohamed Hasan, Hany M Abdalla
PURPOSE: The extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) remains the most common first line of treatment for renal stones in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the outcomes of the ESWL and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 108 patients younger than 12 years of age with 1-2 cm single renal stone (pelvic or calyceal) were randomized into two groups, each containing 54 patients...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445846/prostatic-artery-embolization-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction-assessment-of-safety-and-efficacy
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Christidis, E Clarebrough, V Ly, M Perera, H Woo, N Lawrentschuk, D Bolton
PURPOSE: Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has seen a recent increase in interest as a treatment for men with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). The appeal of this intervention lies in reported reduction in morbidity and its minimally invasive nature. The purpose of this review is to assess the safety and efficacy of PAE as a new treatment in BPO and explore risks surrounding its performance. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed. Medical databases searched included PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, limited to English, peer-reviewed articles...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445845/prospective-randomised-controlled-trial-of-written-supplement-to-verbal-communication-of-results-to-patients-at-the-time-of-flexible-cystoscopy
#7
Frank D'Arcy, Chew Lin Yip, Kiran Manya, Paul McGivern, Rustom P Manecksha, Damien Bolton, Shomik Sengupta
PURPOSE: This trial assessed if written information on procedural findings and subsequent treatment improved understanding and reduced anxiety among patients undergoing day case flexible cystoscopy (FC). METHODS: Participants completed pre- and post-procedure questionnaires self-rating anxiety and feeling well informed on 5-point Likert scales. Supplemental written information was provided after FC to half the patients on a standardized template, according to randomized allocation...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442154/modified-york-mason-technique-for-repair-of-iatrogenic-recto-urinary-fistula-20%C3%A2-years-of-the-montsouris-experience
#8
Sébastien Bergerat, François Rozet, Eric Barret, José Batista da Costa, Adalberto Castro, Paolo Dell'oglio, Marc Galiano, Alexandre Ingels, Rafael Sanchez Salas, Xavier Cathelineau
PURPOSE: Iatrogenic recto-urinary fistulas are a disastrous complication of therapeutic interventions on the prostate. Many surgical approaches have been described to repair recto-urinary fistulas and no consensus has been reached regarding the better approach. The objective of this study is to present the results of our updated 20-year experience in the surgical management of recto-urinary fistula using a modified York Mason procedure. METHODS: We proceed to a retrospective single-institution review of surgically treated patients for iatrogenic recto-urinary fistulas between 1998 and 2017 by the modified York Mason technique...
February 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435639/assessment-of-readability-quality-and-popularity-of-online-information-on-ureteral-stents
#9
Sarah Mozafarpour, Briony Norris, James Borin, Brian H Eisner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and readability of online information on ureteral stents. METHODS: Google.com was queried using the search terms "ureteric stent", "ureteral stent", "double J stent" and, "Kidney stent" derived from Google AdWords. Website popularity was determined using Google Rank and the Alexa tool. Website quality assessment was performed using the following criteria: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, Health on the Net (HON) criteria, and a customized DISCERN questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429069/rare-and-changeable-as-a-chameleon-paraneoplastic-syndromes-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
REVIEW
M Hegemann, N Kroeger, A Stenzl, J Bedke
INTRODUCTION: Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are important to be recognized by the treating physician, because they may lead to diagnosis of underlying malignant disease. On the other hand, PNS may dominate the clinical picture and can hide the true disorder like a chameleon. When realized, a PNS can be used as a 'neoplastic tumour marker', especially in case of recurrence. Their occurrence can even be linked to prognosis of disease. METHODS: A PubMed search combining the MeSH terms renal cell carcinoma and paraneoplastic syndrome was executed in April 2015...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427005/multicenter-evaluation-of-guideline-adherence-for-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-patients-undergoing-open-retropubic-vs-laparoscopic-or-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-according-to-the-recent-german-s3-guideline-on-prostate-cancer
#11
Angelika Borkowetz, Johannes Bruendl, Martin Drerup, Jonas Herrmann, Hendrik Isbarn, Burkhard Beyer
PURPOSE: Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is recommended for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and significant risk for nodal metastases. This study aimed to assess guideline adherence regarding PLND according to the German S3 guideline as example for a national but highly used guideline on prostate cancer and to compare the rate of complications different approaches for radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: Patients undergoing open (RRP), laparoscopic (LARP) or robot-assisted (RARP) RP in six centers in Germany and Austria were included...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427004/immunohistochemically-detected-idh1r132h-mutation-is-rare-and-mostly-heterogeneous-in-prostate-cancer
#12
Andrea Hinsch, Meta Brolund, Claudia Hube-Magg, Martina Kluth, Ronald Simon, Christina Möller-Koop, Guido Sauter, Stefan Steurer, Andreas Luebke, Alexander Angerer, Corinna Wittmer, Emily Neubauer, Cosima Göbel, Franziska Büscheck, Sarah Minner, Waldemar Wilczak, Thorsten Schlomm, Frank Jacobsen, Till Sebastian Clauditz, Till Krech, Maria Christina Tsourlakis, Cornelia Schroeder
BACKGROUND: IDH1 mutations are oncogenic through induction of DNA damage and genome instability. They are of therapeutic interest because they confer increased sensitivity to radiation and cytotoxic therapy and hold potential for vaccination therapy. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed more than 17,000 primary prostate cancer tissues with a mutation-specific antibody for the IDH1R132H mutation. RESULTS: IDH1 mutation-specific staining was found in 42 of 15,531 (0...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427003/robotic-surgery-new-robots-and-finally-some-real-competition
#13
Pradeep P Rao
PURPOSE: For the last 20 years, the predominant robot used in laparoscopic surgery has been Da Vinci by Intuitive Surgical. This monopoly situation has led to rising costs and relatively slow innovation. This article aims to discuss the two new robotic devices for laparoscopic surgery which have received regulatory approval for human use in different parts of the world. MATERIALS: A short description of the Senhance Surgical Robotic System and the REVO-I Robot Platform and their pros and cons compared to the Da Vinci system is presented...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427002/long-term-oncological-outcomes-after-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#14
Jean-Baptiste Beauval, Benoit Peyronnet, Thibaut Benoit, Bastien Cabarrou, Thomas Seisen, Mathieu Roumiguié, Benjamin Pradere, Zine-Eddine Khene, Quentin Manach, Gregory Verhoest, Mathieu Thoulouzan, Jerome Parra, Nicolas Doumerc, Romain Mathieu, Christophe Vaessen, Michel Soulié, Morgan Roupret, Karim Bensalah
PURPOSE: This study aimed at reporting the long-term oncological outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Data from all consecutive patients who underwent RAPN for RCC from July 2009 to January 2012 in three departments of urology were prospectively collected. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease free-survival (DFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors associated with CSS were sought in univariate analysis...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427001/association-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-subsequent-risk-of-bladder-cancer-an-asian-population-cohort-study
#15
Chu-Wen Fang, Cheng-Hsi Liao, Shih-Chi Wu, Chih-Hsin Muo
OBJECTIVES: Few studies discussed the link between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and bladder cancer. We performed this cohort study to investigate whether there is an association between BPH and subsequent risk of bladder cancer. METHODS: We identified 35,092 study subjects including 17546 BPH patients and 17546 comparisons from the National Health Insurance database. The comparison cohort was frequency matched with age and index-year. We measured subsequent bladder cancer rates (per 1000 person-years) in two cohorts...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423876/ureteroscopic-holmium-laser-assisted-retrograde-nephrostomy-access-a-novel-approach-to-percutaneous-stone-removal
#16
Kamaljot S Kaler, Egor Parkhomenko, Zhamshid Okunohov, Roshan M Patel, Jaime Landman, Ralph V Clayman, Carlos A Uribe
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains a challenging procedure primarily due to difficulties obtaining access. Indeed, few urologists obtain their own access due to difficulties using a fluoroscopic or ultrasonic based antegrade puncture technique. Herein we report the first experience using holmium laser energy to obtain access in a retrograde fashion. METHODS: After a pretreatment week of tamsulosin 0.4 mg/day (one center only) and following a documented sterile urine, a total of ten patients underwent retrograde holmium laser-assisted endoscopic-guided nephrostomy access in a prone split leg position...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417289/thromboprophylaxis-and-the-route-of-administration-of-chemotherapy-in-testicular-cancer-patients-in-german-speaking-countries
#17
Tim Nestler, Johannes Huber, Adrienne M Laury, Hendrik Isbarn, Axel Heidenreich, Hans U Schmelz, Christian G Ruf
PURPOSE: Due to the excellent cure rates for testicular cancer (TC), focus has shifted towards decreasing therapy-related morbidities. Thrombosis is a frequent complication of cisplatin chemotherapy. Furthermore, the optimal route of administration for chemotherapy is still under debate. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of care concerning dosing and duration of thromboprophylaxis currently utilized in TC patients in German-speaking countries as well as the route of chemotherapy administration...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417288/antimicrobial-lubricant-reduces-rectal-bacteria-at-transrectal-prostate-biopsy-results-from-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#18
Georg Salomon, Judith Saul, Sandra Prues, Meike Schneider, Lars Budäus, Derya Tilki, Holger Rohde, Axel Haferkamp, Markus Graefen, Katharina Boehm
PURPOSE: Antibiotic resistance may lead to increasing infection rates at transrectal prostate biopsy. Local antimicrobial agents might help to reduce bacterial load. The aim of this study was to test the potency of antimicrobial lubricants to reduce local bacterial loads and specifically fluoroquinolone-resistant strains. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 384 prostate biopsy (PBx) patients of a larger prospective randomized trial (n = 1000) were included. Patients were randomized for biopsy with pre-interventional instillation of an antimicrobial lubricant (intervention group n = 256) or with the standard lubricant (control group n = 128)...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417287/preoperative-chronic-kidney-disease-before-radical-cystectomy-as-predictor-of-oncological-outcomes-a-pick-of-the-iceberg
#19
LETTER
Fabio Zattoni, Alessandro Morlacco, Filiberto Zattoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404674/chronic-urinary-tract-infection-and-bladder-carcinoma-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-and-cohort-studies
#20
REVIEW
Saeed Akhtar, Ahmad Al-Shammari, Jarrah Al-Abkal
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis of published case-control and cohort studies sought to quantify the magnitude and direction of association between chronic UTI (defined as the infection of the urinary tract that either does not respond to treatment or keeps recurring) and risk of bladder carcinoma (BCa) (i.e., including mainly urothelial carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma). METHODS: A literature search was conducted using Medline, Embase, Ovid, Web of Science, Science Direct and Cochrane Library, which was supplemented with manual search of reference lists of the identified articles...
February 5, 2018: World Journal of Urology
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