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Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771738/prediction-of-transfer-among-multiple-states-of-blood-pressure-based-on-markov-model-an-18-year-cohort-study
#1
Yunfeng Wang, Zhimin Ma, Chaonan Xu, ZiKun Wang, Xinghua Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the rules of transition between normotension, prehypertension and hypertension states and to establish a prediction model for the incidence of prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1991 to 2009 were used as training data to develop the model. Data of the year 2011 were used for model validation. The multistate Markov model was developed using the msm package in R software...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771737/ethnic-disparities-in-treatment-rates-for-hypertension-and-dyslipidemia-an-analysis-by-different-treatment-indications-the-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#2
Wilco Perini, Charles Agyemang, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported ethnic disparities in treatment rates for cardiovascular risk factors. These studies are generally based on treatment indications defined by individual cardiovascular risk factors (ICRF). However, according to most European guidelines, preventive treatment for these risk factors is recommended only among those with sufficient overall cardiovascular risk (OCR). OBJECTIVE: To determine ethnic disparities in treatment rates for hypertension and dyslipidemia among those with an indication for treatment based on ICRF and OCR...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750680/long-term-effects-of-antihypertensive-therapy-on-cardiovascular-events-and-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-in-high-risk-hypertensive-patients-in-japan
#3
Jinliang Liu, Shinji Yasuno, Koji Oba, Manako Konda, Chikako Ichihara, Hiromi Kitao, Yoshihiro Kuwabara, Kenji Ueshima
OBJECTIVE: During the Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan (CASE-J) trial, patients with hypertension who received amlodipine had similar cardiovascular risks as those who received candesartan. We conducted a post-trial study, the Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan 10-year follow-up (CASE-J 10). This study aimed to confirm the long-term cardiovascular effects of candesartan and amlodipine. METHODS: Case report forms were sent to CASE-J investigators who agreed to participate in the CASE-J 10...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746372/impact-of-serum-uric-acid-on-incident-hypertension-in-a-worksite-population-of-japanese-men
#4
Yasuo Kansui, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Yuki Morinaga, Minako Inoue, Kanako Kiyohara, Yuko Ohta, Kenichi Goto, Toshio Ohtsubo, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Takanari Kitazono
OBJECTIVE: Higher levels of serum uric acid are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, which may be confounded by comorbidities. We investigated the effects of serum uric acid on the risk of hypertension in Japanese men at a worksite. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 2335 Japanese male workers without hypertension who ranged in age from 18 to 64 years at a worksite in 2009. These men were followed for 6 years from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 380 individuals developed hypertension...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702498/the-sirtuin1-gene-associates-with-left-ventricular-myocardial-hypertrophy-and-remodeling-in-two-chronic-kidney-disease-cohorts-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Belinda Spoto, Evangelia Ntounousi, Alessandra Testa, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Graziella D'Arrigo, Giovanni Tripepi, Rosa M Parlongo, Maria C Sanguedolce, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammation are major drivers of myocardial hypertrophy in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The silent information regulator gene 1 (Sirt1) is a fundamental mediator of the response to oxidative stress and inflammation and promotes myocardial growth under stress conditions; therefore, it may contribute to myocardial hypertrophy and concentric remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) in CKD. METHODS: We investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship between three candidate polymorphisms in the Sirt1 gene and LV parameters in two cohorts of CKD patients including 235 stage G5D patients and 179 stages G1-5 patients, respectively...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683884/visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variation-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-a-u-shaped-fashion-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-complicated-with-systolic-dysfunction-and-or-heart-failure-findings-from-the-ephesus-and-optimaal-trials
#6
João Pedro Ferreira, Kévin Duarte, Bertram Pitt, Kenneth Dickstein, John J V McMurray, Faiez Zannad, Patrick Rossignol
BACKGROUND: Visit-to-visit office blood pressure variation (BPV) has prognostic implications independent from mean BP across several populations in the cardiovascular field. The association of BPV with outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) with systolic dysfunction and/or heart failure is yet to be determined. METHODS: Two independent cohorts were assessed: the EPHESUS and the OPTIMAAL trials with a total of more than 12 000 patients. The primary outcome was all-cause death...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677054/effects-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-arterial-stiffness-and-cerebrovascular-pulsatility-in-adults-with-and-without-hypertension
#7
Wesley K Lefferts, Jacob P DeBlois, Candace N Receno, Tiago V Barreira, Tom D Brutsaert, Robert L Carhart, Kevin S Heffernan
OBJECTIVES: Stiffer central arteries, as seen in hypertension (HTN), foster transmission of pulsatile hemodynamics into fragile cerebral vessels. Aerobic exercise is recommended for adults with HTN, but its effects on arterial stiffness and pulsatility in this group are unclear. This study sought to investigate the effect of acute aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness and cerebrovascular pulsatility in 30 adults with treated HTN and 30 age, sex, and BMI-matched adults without HTN (56 ± 6 years, BMI 28...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677053/safety-profile-of-baroreflex-activation-therapy-neo-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#8
Manuel Wallbach, Enrico Böhning, Luca-Yves Lehnig, Charlotte Schroer, Gerhard Anton Müller, Rolf Wachter, Stephan Lüders, Dieter Zenker, Michael Johann Koziolek
OBJECTIVE: Unlike safety data of baroreflex activation therapy device (Rheos), only few data of the currently used second device (Barostim neo) are available and little is reported about common side effects. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed patients with resistant hypertension treated with Barostim neo. A standardized interview regarding side effects of the therapy was performed in routine follow-up visits after device implantation in 42 patients to determine adverse events staged into three degrees...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677052/insights-and-implications-of-new-blood-pressure-guidelines-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Empar Lurbe, Mieczyslaw Litwin, Denes Pall, Tomas Seeman, Stella Stabouli, Nicholas J A Webb, Elke Wühl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677051/electrocardiographic-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-nonhypertensive-and-hypertensive-individuals
#10
Arttu O Lehtonen, Ville L Langén, Kimmo Porthan, Mika Kähönen, Markku S Nieminen, Antti M Jula, Teemu J Niiranen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of ECG abnormalities for atrial fibrillation in nonhypertensive versus hypertensive individuals. METHODS: We recorded ECG and measured conventional cardiovascular risk factors in a nationwide population-based sample of 5813 Finns. We divided the participants into nonhypertensive (n = 3148) and hypertensive (n = 2665) individuals and followed the participants for incident atrial fibrillation events...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677050/changes-in-albuminuria-and-renal-outcome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension-a-real-life-observational-study
#11
Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Ceriello, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Pietro Guida, Giuseppina Russo, Eulalia Greco, Salvatore De Cosmo, Roberto Pontremoli
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive role of changes in albuminuria on the loss of renal function under antihypertensive treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Clinical records from a total of 12 611 patients with hypertension and T2D, attending 100 antidiabetic centers in Italy, with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline and regular visits during a 4-year period were retrieved and analyzed. We assessed the association between changes in albuminuria status during a 1-year baseline period and time updated blood pressure (BP) and eGFR loss over the subsequent 4-year follow-up...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677049/urinary-podocyte-associated-molecules-and-albuminuria-in-hypertension
#12
Javier Perez-Hernandez, Maria D Olivares, Elena Solaz, Fernando Martinez, Sergio Martínez-Hervas, Gernot Pichler, Felipe J Chaves, Josep Redon, Raquel Cortes
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension-induced podocyte damage and the relationship with UAE is analyzed in diabetic and nondiabetic participants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-four hypertensive patients, 30 diabetics, with glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) greater than 60 ml/min per 1.73 m were included. Urinary albumin excretion was measured in morning urine using a nephelometric immunoassay and expressed as albumin/creatinine ratio. Urinary pellets were obtained from fresh urine and mRNA was assessed by real-time quantitative PCR...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677048/criteria-for-diagnosing-primary-aldosteronism-on-the-basis-of-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-determinations-of-plasma-aldosterone-concentration
#13
Stephanie Baron, Laurence Amar, Anne-Laure Faucon, Anne Blanchard, Laurence Baffalie, Catherine Faucard, Simon Travers, Jean-Yves Pagny, Michel Azizi, Pascal Houillier
BACKGROUND: Primary aldosteronism is affecting about 10% of hypertensive patients. Primary aldosteronism should be diagnosed by screening tests based on plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR), followed by confirmatory test. The cutoff values for PAC and ARR depend on PAC and plasma renin measurement methods. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), the new gold standard method for aldosterone determination, is now widespread but shows lower values than immunoassays...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677047/a-polymorphism-in-the-noradrenaline-transporter-gene-is-associated-with-increased-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#14
Nina Eikelis, Francine Z Marques, Dagmara Hering, Petra Marusic, Geoffrey A Head, Antony S Walton, Elisabeth A Lambert, Murray D Esler, Carolina I Sari, Markus P Schlaich, Gavin W Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Noradrenaline released from sympathetic nerves is rapidly inactivated via the action of the noradrenaline transporter (NET). We aimed to determine whether a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the NET gene, rs7194256, was associated with blood pressure and plasma noradrenaline concentration in patients with resistant hypertension. METHODS: Ninety-two consecutive patients with resistant hypertension participated in this study (age 62 ± 1.3 years, BMI 32 ± 0...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664811/assessment-of-endothelium-independent-vasodilation-from-methodology-to-clinical-perspectives
#15
Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yasuki Kihara, Yukihito Higashi
: Vascular response to exogenously administered nitroglycerine, an index of endothelium-independent vasodilation, has been used as a control test for the assessment of endothelium-dependent vasodilation (endothelial function) in humans. However, evidence has been accumulating that not only endothelium-dependent vasodilation but also endothelium-independent vasodilation per se is impaired in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease. Impaired endothelium-independent vasodilation is associated with structural vascular alterations and alterations in vascular smooth muscle cells...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664810/childhood-pulse-pressure-predicts-subclinical-vascular-damage-in-adulthood-the-beijing-blood-pressure-cohort-study
#16
Dongqing Hou, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate associations of childhood pulse pressure (PP) and change in PP status with adult subclinical vascular damage. METHODS: Data were obtained from a population-based cohort of children aged 6-18 years started in 1987. The study constituted 1254 participants who were followed up in 2010-2011 (aged 28-42 years). Carotid arteriosclerosis and aortic stiffness were assessed by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV), respectively...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664809/microrna-19a-b-3p-protect-the-heart-from-hypertension-induced-pathological-cardiac-hypertrophy-through-pde5a
#17
Kun Liu, Qiongyu Hao, Jie Wei, Gong-Hao Li, Yong Wu, Yun-Feng Zhao
AIM: PDE5A is a leading factor contributing to cGMP signaling and cardiac hypertrophy. However, microRNA-mediated posttranscriptional regulation of PDE5A has not been reported. The aim of this study is to screen the microRNAs that are able to regulate PDE5A and explore the function of the microRNAs in cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Although miR-19a/b-3p (microRNA-19a-3p and microRNA-19b-3p) have been reported to be differentially expressed during cardiac hypertrophy, the direct targets and the functions of this microRNA family for regulation of cardiac hypertrophy have not yet been investigated...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652731/obesity-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-call-for-action-from-the-european-society-of-hypertension-working-group-of-obesity-diabetes-and-the-high-risk-patient-and-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-part-b-obesity-induced-cardiovascular-disease-early-prevention
#18
Vasilios Kotsis, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Christina Antza, Gino Seravalle, Antonio Coca, Cristina Sierra, Empar Lurbe, Stella Stabouli, Bojan Jelakovic, Josep Redon, Pau Redon, Peter M Nilsson, Jens Jordan, Dragan Micic, Nicholas Finer, Deborah R Leitner, Hermann Toplak, Lale Tokgozoglu, Vasilios Athyros, Moses Elisaf, Theodosios D Filippatos, Guido Grassi
: Obesity predisposes for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke, which are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge. Key roles in the prevention are strategies to increase physical exercise, reduce body weight and to prevent or treat hypertension, lipids disorders and diabetes earlier and efficiently to prevent cardiovascular complications...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652730/predictors-for-profound-blood-pressure-response-in-patients-undergoing-renal-sympathetic-denervation
#19
Karl Fengler, Karl-Philipp Rommel, Blazek Stephan, Maximilian von Roeder, Christian Besler, Philipp Hartung, Steffen Desch, Holger Thiele, Philipp Lurz
BACKGROUND: Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) as treatment for hypertension shows highly variable results. Although some patients do not show any blood pressure (BP) change and in most patients a BP reduction of at least 5 mmHg can be found, some show a reduction at least 20 mmHg. We sought to identify predictors for such a profound BP response. METHODS: Profound BP response was defined as drop of at least 20 mmHg in daytime systolic ambulatory BP measurement (ABPM) 3 months after catheter-based RDN...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634663/obesity-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-call-for-action-from-the-european-society-of-hypertension-working-group-of-obesity-diabetes-and-the-high-risk-patient-and-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-part-a-mechanisms-of-obesity-induced-hypertension-diabetes
#20
Vasilios Kotsis, Jens Jordan, Dragan Micic, Nicholas Finer, Deborah R Leitner, Hermann Toplak, Lale Tokgozoglu, Vasilios Athyros, Moses Elisaf, Theodosios D Filippatos, Josep Redon, Pau Redon, Christina Antza, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Guido Grassi, Gino Seravalle, Antonio Coca, Cristina Sierra, Empar Lurbe, Stella Stabouli, Bojan Jelakovic, Peter M Nilsson
: Obesity is a key factor for cardiovascular diseases and complications. Obesity is associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia and type II diabetes, which are the major predictors of cardiovascular disease in the future. It predisposes for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke that are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
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