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Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817494/nocturnal-hypertension-and-right-heart-remodeling
#1
Marijana Tadic, Cesare Cuspidi, Vera Celic, Biljana Pencic-Popovic, Giuseppe Mancia
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate right ventricular (RV) and right atrial mechanics in patients with daytime, night-time and daytime-night-time hypertension. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 256 untreated patients who underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and complete echocardiographic examination including strain analysis. Night-time hypertension was defined as nocturnal SBP at least 120 mmHg and/or DBP at least 70 mmHg and daytime hypertension as SBP at least 135 mmHg and/or DBP at least 85 mmHg...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817493/dna-methylation-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-gene-promoter-in-the-placenta-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-regulation-in-human-pregnancy
#2
Sulistyo E Dwi Putra, Christoph Reichetzeder, Martin Meixner, Karsten Liere, Torsten Slowinski, Berthold Hocher
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) regulation during pregnancy is influenced by hormones of placental origin. It was shown that the glucocorticoid system is altered in hypertensive pregnancy disorders such as preeclampsia. Epigenetic mechanism might influence the activity of genes involved in placental hormone/hormone receptor synthesis/action during pregnancy. METHOD: In the current study, we analyzed the association of 5'-C-phosphate-G-3' (CpG) site methylation of different glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) promoter regions with BP during pregnancy...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817492/should-renal-color-doppler-ultrasonography-be-a-routine-test-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertensive-patient
#3
Costas Tsioufis, Ioannis Andrikou, Menno Pruijm, Belén Ponte, Pantelis Sarafidis, Andreas Koureas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Enrico Agabiti-Rosei, Giuseppe Mancia, Michel Burnier
: European Society of Hypertension/European Society of Cardiology guidelines recommend calculation of estimated glomerular filtration rate and evaluation of urinary albumin excretion rate as routine tests in the initial evaluation and during the follow-up of all hypertensive patients. However, from a clinical point of view, renal ultrasound - a noninvasive, readily available and cheap imaging modality - could contribute to the better evaluation of a hypertensive patient by identifying common causes of secondary hypertension (HTN) originating from the kidney and more recently by detecting renal injury in severe or long-standing essential HTN by measuring renal resistive indexes...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816745/restoration-of-normal-sympathetic-neural-function-in-heart-failure-following-baroreflex-activation-therapy-final-43-month-study-report
#4
Raffaella Dell'Oro, Edoardo Gronda, Gino Seravalle, Giuseppe Costantino, Luca Alberti, Barbara Baronio, Tiziana Staine, Emilio Vanoli, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Grassi
BACKGROUND: Baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) exerts in severe heart failure sympathoinhibitory effects, improving clinical variables and reducing hospitalization rate. The current follow-up study was aimed at determining the long-term effects of BAT, assessing whether BAT in heart failure allows to restore physiological levels of sympathetic function. METHODS: Seven patients out of the 11 heart failure patients aged 66.5 ± 3 years (mean ± SEM) in New York Heart Association Class III with left ventricular ejection fraction 40% or less and impaired functional capacity recruited in the study survived at the final follow-up (43...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806353/from-lifestyle-changes-to-outcomes-in-hypertension
#5
Alberto Zanchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806352/association-between-exposure-to-noise-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-epidemiological-studies
#6
Wenning Fu, Chao Wang, Li Zou, Qiaoyan Liu, Yong Gan, Shijiao Yan, Fujian Song, Zhihong Wang, Zuxun Lu, Shiyi Cao
OBJECTIVE: An increasing amount of original studies suggested that exposure to noise could be associated with the risk of hypertension, but the results remain inconsistent and inconclusive. We aimed to synthesize available epidemiological evidence about the relationship between various types of noise and hypertension, and to explore the potential dose-response relationship between them in an up-to-date meta-analysis. METHODS: We conducted a literature search of PubMed and Embase from these databases' inception through December 2016 to identify observational epidemiological studies examining the association between noise and risk of hypertension...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806351/effects-of-a-nationwide-strategy-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-samoa
#7
Kathy Trieu, Merina Ieremia, Joseph Santos, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Taiaopo Faumuina, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases, but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of national strategies in low or lower middle income countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of an 18-month nation-wide salt reduction strategy in Samoa. METHODS: Two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years, measuring 24-h urinary salt excretion and salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, were conducted before (2013) and after (2015) the intervention...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806350/blood-pressure-variability-is-increasing-from-the-first-to-the-second-day-of-the-interdialytic-interval-in-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Antonios Karpetas, Charalampos Loutradis, Athanasios Bikos, Georgios Tzanis, Georgios Koutroumpas, Antonios A Lazaridis, Konstantinos Mavromatidis, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Papagianni, Pantelis Zebekakis, Luis M Ruilope, Gianfranco Parati, Pantelis A Sarafidis
OBJECTIVES: Patients with end-stage renal-disease under hemodialysis have increased cardiovascular risk and experience severe blood pressure (BP) fluctuations during the dialysis session and the subsequent interdialytic period. BP variability (BPV) may be an additional risk factor for cardiovascular events and preliminary data suggest increased BPV with advancing stages of chronic kidney disease. This is the first study to examine BPV during the whole intradialytic and interdialytic period in hemodialysis patients with ambulatory BP monitoring...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800042/blood-pressure-indices-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-persons-with-or-without-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Pallavi Gomadam, Amit Shah, Waqas Qureshi, Phyllis N Yeboah, Barry I Freedman, Donald Bowden, Elsayed Z Soliman, Joseph Yeboah
BACKGROUND: We examined the associations between blood pressure indices (SBP, DBP, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality among persons with or without diabetes mellitus (NON-DM) in a multiethnic cohort. METHODS: We included 17 650 participants from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III and 1439 participants from Diabetes Heart Study (total n = 19 089, 16.3% had diabetes mellitus, mean age 48...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800041/influence-of-preeclampsia-and-late-life-hypertension-on-mri-measures-of-cortical-atrophy
#10
Mekala R Raman, Nirubol Tosakulwong, Samantha M Zuk, Matthew L Senjem, Wendy M White, Julie A Fields, Michelle M Mielke, Timothy G Lesnick, Kent R Bailey, Clifford R Jack, Virginia M Miller, Vesna D Garovic, Kejal Kantarci
OBJECTIVE: Women with a history of preeclampsia are at an increased risk of hypertension and structural brain changes. However, the combined effect of both preeclampsia and late-life hypertension on brain structural changes is not known and was investigated in this study. METHODS: Participants were identified from the population-based Rochester Epidemiology Project cohort. Four groups of women were recruited and investigated in this study: first, women with a history of normotensive pregnancy who have late-life hypertension (n = 8, median age = 62), second, women with a history of normotensive pregnancy who do not have late-life hypertension (n = 32, median age = 59), third, women with a history of preeclampsia who have late-life hypertension (n = 24, median age = 60), and fourth, women with a history of preeclampsia who do not have late-life hypertension (n = 16, median age = 57)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800040/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-hypertensive-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-high-urinary-metanephrines
#11
Luisa Gilardini, Carolina Lombardi, Gabriella Redaelli, Paola Mattaliano, Paolo Fanari, Mauro Cornacchia, Massimo Scacchi, Stefania Mai, Patrizia Ferronato, Gianfranco Parati, Cecilia Invitti
OBJECTIVE: Some cases of pseudopheochromocytoma have been described among hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study examined whether a pathological rise of urinary metanephrines is a common feature in hypertensive OSA patients and, in such a case, whether the ventilation treatment during sleep (continuous or biphasic positive airway pressure) may normalize high metanephrines levels. METHODS: Patients with endocrine diseases, drug abuse, therapy with TCA and cardiovascular events in the previous 6 months were excluded...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787306/epidemiological-pathophysiological-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-hypertension
#12
Alberto Zanchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787305/age-modifies-the-relation-between-intraindividual-measurement-to-measurement-variation-in-blood-pressure-and-cognitive-function-the-maine-syracuse-study
#13
Gregory A Dore, Merrill F Elias, Georgina E Crichton, Michael A Robbins
BACKGROUND: There is evidence to suggest that intraindividual variability in blood pressure (BP IIV) may be superior to mean BP for predicting cognitive function, taken from both within a single visit and between-visits. BP IIV increases with age in studies of persons middle-aged and older. The aim was therefore to investigate age by BP IIV (SBP and DBP) interactions with regard to cognitive functioning while considering medication class and polypharmacy, which may also affect BP IIV with advancing age...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786861/renal-artery-stenosis-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-an-updated-review-and-meta-analysis-of-echocardiographic-studies
#14
Cesare Cuspidi, Raffaella Dell'Oro, Carla Sala, Marijana Tadic, Elisa Gherbesi, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia
AIM: Data on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS) and its regression following renal revascularization are scanty. We performed a meta-analysis to provide comprehensive information on this clinically relevant issue. METHODS: Full articles providing data on: LVH, as assessed by echocardiography, in RAS patients as compared with essential hypertensive counterparts; changes of left ventricular (LV) mass index after renal artery revascularization were considered...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786860/association-between-renal-function-and-outcomes-after-percutaneous-transluminal-renal-angioplasty-in-hypertensive-patients-with-renal-artery-stenosis
#15
Yoshio Iwashima, Tetsuya Fukuda, Takeshi Horio, Shin-Ichiro Hayashi, Hiroshi Kusunoki, Masatsugu Kishida, Satoko Nakamura, Kei Kamide, Yuhei Kawano, Fumiki Yoshihara
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of renal function on outcomes after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. METHODS: A total of 139 hypertensive patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (mean age, 70 years, 80.6% men) who underwent renal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty were included. Renal function was evaluated on the basis of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria/proteinuria, and classified into three categories according to eGFR (≥45, 30-44, and <30 ml/min/1...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786859/hypertension-among-us-born-and-foreign-born-non-hispanic-blacks-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2014-data
#16
Alison G M Brown, Robert F Houser, Josiemer Mattei, Dariush Mozaffarian, Alice H Lichtenstein, Sara C Folta
OBJECTIVES: Non-Hispanic Blacks in the United States have the highest reported prevalence of hypertension (44%) worldwide. However, this does not consider the heterogeneity of Blacks within the United States, particularly comparing US-born to long-standing or recent (foreign-born) immigrants. The objective of this study is to compare odds of hypertension between US-born and foreign-born Blacks in the United States. METHODS: We assessed the prevalence of hypertension among US-born (n = 4511) vs...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777133/medication-adherence-among-patients-with-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Hannah Durand, Peter Hayes, Eimear C Morrissey, John Newell, Monica Casey, Andrew W Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVES: Medication nonadherence is a known behavioural contributor to poor blood pressure (BP) control that puts patients with hypertension at elevated cardiovascular risk. Studies of medication adherence for apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) vary significantly with respect to design, methods, and setting, and, as a result, have produced highly variable figures describing the prevalence of nonadherence. This review aimed to describe the prevalence and potential moderators of medication nonadherence estimates for aTRH...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777132/prognostic-value-of-average-home-blood-pressure-and-variability-19-year-follow-up-of-the-didima-study
#18
Angeliki Ntineri, Petros G Kalogeropoulos, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Evaggelia K Aissopou, Georgia Thomopoulou, Anastasios Kollias, George S Stergiou
OBJECTIVE: The current general population study explored the prognostic value of home blood pressure (HBP) average and variability (BPV) versus office measurements (OBP). METHODS: In 1997, 665 adults of Didima, Argolida, Greece were evaluated with OBP (two visits, six readings) and HBP (3 days, 12 readings) measurements. Total mortality and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (CVD) were assessed after 19.0 ± 1.4 years. BPV was quantified by using SD and coefficient of variation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763343/home-blood-pressure-normalcy-in-non-european-adolescents
#19
Thiago V Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Karla L Mendonça, Thaís I R Póvoa, Flávia M Nascente, Vanessa Roriz, Weimar K S Barroso, Ana L L Sousa, Paulo C V Jardim
OBJECTIVE: Evidence on normal range of home blood pressure (BP) in adolescents relies on only one European study. This study aims to investigate the normal range of home BP in a healthy non-European population of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of secondary school students (12-17 years) from a Brazilian state capital. Adolescents' heights were classified in percentiles according to age and sex. Height percentiles were divided in 50th or less or more than 50th percentile...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763342/apparent-resistant-hypertension-and-the-risk-of-vascular-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-manifest-vascular-disease
#20
Nicolette G C van der Sande, Esther de Beus, Michiel L Bots, Michiel Voskuil, Peter J Blankestijn, Frank Visseren, Wilko Spiering
OBJECTIVE: Patients with apparent resistant hypertension (aRH) are at increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease. It is unknown if this condition is related to increased cardiovascular risk in patients with clinically manifest vascular disease. METHODS: In 6191 hypertensive patients with clinically manifest vascular disease, we evaluated the risk of subsequent vascular events and mortality between patients with controlled hypertension, uncontrolled hypertension, controlled aRH, and uncontrolled aRH...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
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