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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669493/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#1
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669492/thank-you-reviewers-list
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353535/eating-behavior-traits-of-successful-weight-losers-during-12-months-of-alternate-day-fasting-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Cynthia M Kroeger, John F Trepanowski, Monica C Klempel, Adrienne Barnosky, Surabhi Bhutani, Kelsey Gabel, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Alternate-day fasting (ADF) has gained popularity in recent years. The diet consists of a "fast day" where an individual consumes 0-25% of their energy needs, alternated with a "feast day" where a person is permitted to eat ad libitum. AIM: This study examined eating behavior traits of successful weight losers during alternate day fasting. METHODS: Obese participants ( n = 34) took part in 12 months of ADF and were grouped into a high (≥5%) or low-weight-loss (<5%) group post-treatment...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249178/biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-health-and-nutritional-status-in-individuals-with-positive-celiac-disease-serology
#4
Joseph Jamnik, David Ja Jenkins, Ahmed El-Sohemy
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by damage to the intestinal mucosa and nutrient malabsorption in severe cases. However, it remains unclear whether nutrient deficiencies and other adverse health effects are prevalent in individuals with positive CD serology identified through screening studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and nutritional status differ between those with positive and negative CD serology identified in a screening study of Canadian adults...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224459/dietary-patterns-of-households-in-scotland-differences-by-level-of-deprivation-and-associations-with-dietary-goals
#5
S Whybrow, Lca Craig, J I Macdiarmid
BACKGROUND: Foods tend to be consumed in combinations, and dietary pattern analysis and diet-quality scores are often more appropriate methods of assessing overall diet quality than is intakes of individual foods or nutrients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns from the food and drink purchases of households in Scotland, and to identify any dietary patterns that were associated with closer adherence to the Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland (RDGS)...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019279/leucine-and-resistance-training-improve-hyperglycemia-white-adipose-tissue-loss-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-an-experimental-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#6
Henrique Quintas Teixeira Ribeiro, Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Vanessa Batista de Sousa Lima, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho Martins, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Loss of white adipose tissue (WAT), associated with type 1 diabetes (DM1), contributes to increased chronic systemic inflammation. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of leucine supplementation and resistance training (RT) in attenuating WAT loss and improving inflammatory parameters and glucose metabolism in DM1 rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: DA (sedentary and supplemented with non-essential amino acids (NEAA)), DL (sedentary and supplemented with leucine), DTA (submitted to RT and supplemented with NEAA) and DTL (submitted to RT and supplemented with leucine)...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959918/special-diets-in-modern-america-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey-data
#7
Brenda Leung, Romy Lauche, Matthew Leach, Yan Zhang, Holger Cramer, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: Special diets are frequently used by the public but reasons for use and characteristics of users remain unclear. AIM: To determine prevalence of the use of special diets, the individual characteristics associated with their use and reasons for use. METHODS: The secondary analysis used data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional household interview survey of a nationally representative sample of non-hospitalized US adult populations ( n = 34,525)...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944717/an-overview-of-assessment-methodology-for-obesity-related-variables-in-infants-at-risk
#8
Danae Dinkel, Corrine Hanson, Karsten Koehler, Ann Anderson Berry, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Matthew Bice, Jill Wallen, Danstan Bagenda, Laura Jana, Jana Pressler
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of a child's life are a particularly critical time period for obesity prevention. AIM: An increasing amount of research across the world is aimed at understanding factors that impact early childhood obesity and developing interventions that target these factors effectively. With this growing interest, new and interdisciplinary research teams are developing to meet this research need. Due to rapid growth velocity during this phase of the lifespan, typical assessments used in older populations may not be valid or applicable in infants, and investigators need to be aware of the pros and cons of specific methodological strategies...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974803/gamification-of-nutrition-a-preliminary-study-on-the-impact-of-gamification-on-nutrition-knowledge-attitude-and-behaviour-of-adolescents-in-nigeria
#9
Obidimma Ezezika, Jessica Oh, Ngozi Edeagu, Warami Boyo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the availability of foods that are high in salt, sugar, and saturated fat is steadily increasing. This has led to an increase in the consumption of such foods among Nigerians, particularly among adolescents. AIM: This pilot study was undertaken to understand whether, and how, gamification of nutrition can have an impact on addressing the problem of unhealthy eating among Nigerian adolescents. METHODS: Gamification of nutrition through board games, clubs and vouchers was introduced in three secondary schools in Abuja, Nigeria over a span of three to four months...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950143/can-bone-regulating-hormones-and-nutrients-help-characterize-the-metabolically-healthy-obese-phenotype
#10
Deeptha Sukumar, Kendra B Becker, May Cheung, Samantha Diamond, Rittane Duszak, Abeer Aljahdali, Stella L Volpe, Jennifer A Nasser
BACKGROUND: Bone-regulating hormones and nutrients play an important role in influencing metabolic health. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether bone-regulating hormones and nutrients, such as parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and magnesium (Mg) could be used to characterize the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype. METHODS: This study included 27 overweight or obese participants (14 men/13 women) classified as MHO ( n = 14) or metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) ( n = 13) based on the presence or absence of metabolic abnormalities, determined by percentage body fat, percentage trunk fat, and waist circumference...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921155/supplementation-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-pufas-in-the-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#11
Tobias Banaschewski, Brendan Belsham, Michael H Bloch, Maite Ferrin, Mats Johnson, James Kustow, Sarah Robinson, Alessandro Zuddas
While pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions are recommended as the primary frontline treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), alternative approaches to managing ADHD are becoming increasingly popular among patients and their families. Supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is an example of this. PUFA supplementation is not recommended by guidelines for managing ADHD; however, patients may still decide to use it. To provide direction to healthcare professionals (HCPs) managing ADHD, eight international experts in the field of adult and child ADHD came together for the Continuum Education Board: Omega Supplements in ADHD meeting...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911462/the-double-burden-of-chronic-malnutrition-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-ecuadorian-mothers-and-children-1986-2012
#12
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Philippe Belmont
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous presence of undernutrition and over-nutrition represents a paradox in global public health and is of increasing concern in Ecuador, where chronic malnutrition and overweight and obesity occur in the context of demographic and epidemiologic transitions. Two overlapping trends are present in Ecuador; while levels of stunting have decreased slowly in the past three decades, increasing proportions of children <5 years and women of reproductive age suffer from overweight and obesity...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893164/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutritional-intervention-in-overweight-and-obese-children-through-an-educational-and-recreational-camp
#13
Suliane Beatriz Rauber, Henrique de Oliveira Castro, Alcyane Marinho, Joyce Bomfim Vicente, Henrique Lima Ribeiro, Luciana Zaranza Monteiro, Isabella Reis Praça, Herbert Gustavo Simoes, Carmen Silvia Grubert Campbell
BACKGROUND: Educational camps have hosted millions of children around the world. However, few studies have described their benefits on weight control and health promotion for overweight and obese children. AIM: To investigate the impact of a health educational program for children composed of 5 days of camp and a 12-week follow up on the physical activity level, sedentary behaviour, anthropometric data and food intake in overweight and obese children. METHODS: 12 children attended the Health Educational Program for Children divided into two phases...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792083/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-vitamin-a-intake-serum-vitamin-a-and-risk-of-liver-cancer
#14
Nattawut Leelakanok, Ronilda R D'Cunha, Grerk Sutamtewagul, Marin L Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports that vitamin A decreases the risk of several types of cancer. However, the association between vitamin A and liver cancer is inconclusive. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature, discussing the association between vitamin A intake, serum vitamin A, and liver cancer in adult populations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed by searching the EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstract databases using terms related to vitamin A (e...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742963/dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-results-from-cluster-analysis-and-market-basket-analysis
#15
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708044/students-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-their-food-consumption-habits
#16
Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anastasia Dieze, Carolin Hilzendegen
BACKGROUND: Habitual behavior rather than intention has been linked to food intake patterns. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the adherence to dietary recommendations in university students and to analyze whether habit strength predicts food consumption. METHODS: A student sample of the University (University of Hohenheim) was recruited ( n = 103; age range 18-30 years). Habit strength for consuming the food groups fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, meat, convenience foods, sugary and savory snacks, water and sugar-sweetened beverages was measured using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#17
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618287/comparison-of-total-ionic-strength-adjustment-buffers-iii-and-iv-in-the-measurement-of-fluoride-concentration-of-teas
#18
Shilpa Patel, Narges Omid, Fatemeh V Zohoori, Anne Maguire, Kevin J Waldron, Ruth A Valentine
BACKGROUND: Tea is the second most consumed drink in the UK and a primary source of hydration; it is an important source of dietary fluoride (F) for consumers and also abundant in aluminium (Al). Varying ranges of F concentrations in teas have been reported worldwide which may be, in part, due to differences in analytical techniques used to measure this ion. AIM: The effect of using total ionic adjustment buffers (TISAB) III or IV when measuring F concentration of black teas available in the UK was investigated and compared...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512411/socioeconomic-correlates-of-dietary-diversity-and-its-association-with-adherence-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-rural-zambia
#19
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
BACKGROUND: The intersection of nutrition and HIV underscores the importance of adequate food and a diverse diet. In communities with high prevalence of food insecurity and HIV, there is a substantial co-occurrence of low dietary diversity, undernutrition, and adverse health outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify correlates of individual dietary diversity (IDD) and its association with health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in rural Zambia...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466911/goal-setting-for-weight-related-behavior-change-in-children-an-exploratory-study
#20
Abigail Fisher, Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Anthony Okely
BACKGROUND: There is an absence of studies exploring different goal-setting appraches and none which have examined the use of proxy goal-setting by parents for their children. AIM: To explore how proficient parents are in setting health behaviour goals for their children according to SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed) goal principles. A secondary aim was to examine associations between goal setting and change in health behaviors...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
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