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Nutrition and Health

Joseph M Bulmer, Thomas R McBain, Daniel J Peart
BACKGROUND: Exercise and green tea supplementation have been shown to have the potential to improve postprandial blood glucose concentrations, but past interventions have not often investigated attainable and time effective exercise protocols. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interval walking exercise and acute green tea extract supplementation on the glycaemic response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHOD: Twelve physically inactive participants (nine male, three female, age: 22 ± 1 years; body mass: 81...
September 3, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Áine O'Connor, Sophie Crosswaite
BACKGROUND: UK Government recommendations for dietary fibre intakes have recently increased to 30 g per day, well below current population intakes. AIM: This study aimed to explore whether the target for dietary fibre intake could be achieved and the effects on markers of cardiometabolic health. METHODS: In this 4-week high-fibre intervention study, 15 participants were instructed to achieve dietary fibre intakes of 30 g/day. RESULTS: Dietary fibre intakes significantly increased post intervention (16...
August 30, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Yichen Jin, Allison C Sylvetsky, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) has increased in the US and is associated with cardiometabolic risk. No data exist on LCS consumption in South Asians. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of LCS use across socio-demographic characteristics, chronic disease status, and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study ( N = 892; 47% women; mean age = 55 (standard deviation = 9...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sinead Tj McDonagh, Lee J Wylie, Paul T Morgan, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of nitrate (NO3 - )-containing vegetables, alcohol and polyphenols, separately, can reduce blood pressure (BP). However, the pharmacokinetic response to the combined ingestion of NO3 - and polyphenol-rich or low polyphenol alcoholic beverages is unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how the consumption of low and high polyphenolic alcoholic beverages combined with a NO3 - -rich meal can influence NO3 - metabolism and systemic BP...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Faith Agbozo, Prosper Atitto, Albrecht Jahn, Abdulai Abubakari
BACKGROUND: On-site lunch provided through the Ghana School Feeding Programme is expected to be nutritionally adequate thereby contributing to reducing hunger and malnutrition. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the dietary diversity and nutrient composition of on-site school lunch and estimate the extent to which it met the Food and Agriculture Organization Reference Nutrient Intakes for children aged 3-12 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional food consumption survey, on-site lunch menus were reviewed, dietary diversity assessed and meal preparation/serving observed during a typical school week...
August 10, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ayesha Aziz, Mehak Pervaiz, Ayesha Khalid, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Ghazala Rafique
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in Pakistan has remained an unresolved issue for decades. Data on nutrient intake and variety in children's diet is lacking. AIM: This paper describes the dietary practices of school children across eight districts of Sindh. METHODS: A school-based survey of dietary practices among 1109 students from classes 2-5 in 36 schools was conducted using a pre-tested interviewer-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: Descriptive and comparative analysis of data showed that more than 75% school children ate breakfast, lunch and dinner regularly...
August 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Jia Ying Ooi, Rachel Sutherland, Nicole Nathan, Sze Lin Yoong, Lisa Janssen, Jessica Wrigley, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Due to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, reducing childhood overweight and obesity rates is a public-health priority. A significant source of excess sugar and energy in children's diets comes from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), with adolescents having the highest intake of all age groups. However, existing interventions targeting SSB intake in adolescents have multiple limitations. Schools have proven to be an appropriate setting for improving student health...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Duane Mellor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Nattawut Leelakanok, Ronilda R D'Cunha, Grerk Sutamtewagul, Marin L Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports that vitamin A decreases the risk of several types of cancer. However, the association between vitamin A and liver cancer is inconclusive. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature, discussing the association between vitamin A intake, serum vitamin A, and liver cancer in adult populations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed by searching the EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstract databases using terms related to vitamin A (e...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anastasia Dieze, Carolin Hilzendegen
BACKGROUND: Habitual behavior rather than intention has been linked to food intake patterns. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the adherence to dietary recommendations in university students and to analyze whether habit strength predicts food consumption. METHODS: A student sample of the University (University of Hohenheim) was recruited ( n = 103; age range 18-30 years). Habit strength for consuming the food groups fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, meat, convenience foods, sugary and savory snacks, water and sugar-sweetened beverages was measured using a questionnaire...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Shilpa Patel, Narges Omid, Fatemeh V Zohoori, Anne Maguire, Kevin J Waldron, Ruth A Valentine
BACKGROUND: Tea is the second most consumed drink in the UK and a primary source of hydration; it is an important source of dietary fluoride (F) for consumers and also abundant in aluminium (Al). Varying ranges of F concentrations in teas have been reported worldwide which may be, in part, due to differences in analytical techniques used to measure this ion. AIM: The effect of using total ionic adjustment buffers (TISAB) III or IV when measuring F concentration of black teas available in the UK was investigated and compared...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
BACKGROUND: The intersection of nutrition and HIV underscores the importance of adequate food and a diverse diet. In communities with high prevalence of food insecurity and HIV, there is a substantial co-occurrence of low dietary diversity, undernutrition, and adverse health outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify correlates of individual dietary diversity (IDD) and its association with health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in rural Zambia...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Abigail Fisher, Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Anthony Okely
BACKGROUND: There is an absence of studies exploring different goal-setting appraches and none which have examined the use of proxy goal-setting by parents for their children. AIM: To explore how proficient parents are in setting health behaviour goals for their children according to SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed) goal principles. A secondary aim was to examine associations between goal setting and change in health behaviors...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
Cynthia M Kroeger, John F Trepanowski, Monica C Klempel, Adrienne Barnosky, Surabhi Bhutani, Kelsey Gabel, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Alternate-day fasting (ADF) has gained popularity in recent years. The diet consists of a "fast day" where an individual consumes 0-25% of their energy needs, alternated with a "feast day" where a person is permitted to eat ad libitum. AIM: This study examined eating behavior traits of successful weight losers during alternate day fasting. METHODS: Obese participants ( n = 34) took part in 12 months of ADF and were grouped into a high (≥5%) or low-weight-loss (<5%) group post-treatment...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
Joseph Jamnik, David Ja Jenkins, Ahmed El-Sohemy
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by damage to the intestinal mucosa and nutrient malabsorption in severe cases. However, it remains unclear whether nutrient deficiencies and other adverse health effects are prevalent in individuals with positive CD serology identified through screening studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and nutritional status differ between those with positive and negative CD serology identified in a screening study of Canadian adults...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
S Whybrow, Lca Craig, J I Macdiarmid
BACKGROUND: Foods tend to be consumed in combinations, and dietary pattern analysis and diet-quality scores are often more appropriate methods of assessing overall diet quality than is intakes of individual foods or nutrients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns from the food and drink purchases of households in Scotland, and to identify any dietary patterns that were associated with closer adherence to the Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland (RDGS)...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
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