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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214928/editorial
#1
Bruno Gualano, Edilson S Cyrino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214927/probiotic-supplementation-in-sports-and-physical-exercise-does-it-present-any-ergogenic-effect
#2
Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Amanda Beatriz de Oliveira Garcia, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote health benefits to the host. Evidence indicates that some probiotic strains play an immunomodulatory role and reduce the incidence of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in athletes and in physical activity practitioners. For this reason, probiotic supplementation could indirectly improve exercise performance. However, recent studies have observed direct ergogenic effects of probiotics, but the mechanisms of action are poorly elucidated...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214926/aerobic-training-performed-at-ventilatory-threshold-improves-liver-enzymes-and-lipid-profile-related-to-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#3
Camila Tc de Lira, Marcos Am Dos Santos, Priscyla P Gomes, Yara L Fidelix, Ana Co Dos Santos, Thiago Rs Tenório, Mara C Lofrano-Prado, Wagner L do Prado
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive effects of high-intensity training on weight management and health-related outcomes, it is postulated that high-intensity training may also induce oxidative stress, increasing hepatic damage. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low versus high-intensity training on biomarkers related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: For this study 107 adolescents (15 ± 1 years) with obesity (BMI = 34...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214925/combined-exercise-training-reduces-climacteric-symptoms-without-the-additive-effects-of-isoflavone-supplementation-a-clinical-controlled-randomised-double-blind-study
#4
Juliene G Costa, Jéssica S Giolo, Igor M Mariano, Jaqueline P Batista, Ana Luiza A Ribeiro, Tállita Cristina F Souza, Erick P de Oliveira, Ana Paula M Resende, Guilherme M Puga
BACKGROUND: Exercise and supplementation with isoflavones are therapies used to prevent and treat climacteric symptoms. AIM: To verify the effects of 10 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training and isoflavone supplementation on climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 32 postmenopausal women, aged 54.4 ± 5.4 years, with a body mass index of 26...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214924/different-protein-and-derivatives-supplementation-strategies-combined-with-resistance-training-in-pre-frail-and-frail-elderly-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-pro-elderly-study
#5
Alan Lins Fernandes, Ana Paula Hayashi, José Claudio Jambassi-Filho, Mariana Dutilh de Capitani, Davi Alves de Santana, Bruno Gualano, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome characterized by progressive decline in health and associated with decreased muscle mass, strength, and functional capacity. Resistance training (RT) combined with protein or amino acids supplementation has been shown to be promising for mitigating age-related impairments. AIM: To investigate the chronic effects of different strategies of protein and derivatives supplementation in association with RT on selected health-related parameters in pre-frail and frail elderly...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214923/creatine-supplementation-elicits-greater-muscle-hypertrophy-in-upper-than-lower-limbs-and-trunk-in-resistance-trained-men
#6
João Pedro Nunes, Alex S Ribeiro, Brad J Schoenfeld, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Ademar Avelar, Michele Cc Trindade, Hellen Cg Nabuco, Edilaine F Cavalcante, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Rodrigo R Fernandes, Ferdinando O Carvalho, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND: Creatine (Cr) supplementation associated with resistance training produces greater muscular strength improvements in the upper compared with the lower body; however, no study has investigated if such region-specific results are seen with gains in muscle mass. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the effect of Cr supplementation in combination with resistance training on lean soft tissue changes in the upper and lower limbs and trunk in resistance-trained young adult men...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#7
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214921/heteropterys-tomentosa-a-juss-toxicological-and-adaptogenic-effects-in-experimental-models
#8
Géssica Alves Fraga, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Emilly Della Pascqua, Ruberlei Godinho de Oliveira, Guilherme Botelho, Eduarda Pavan, Thiago da Rosa Lima, Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Clarissa de Medeiros Amorim Krueger, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
BACKGROUND: The constant pursuit of improved athletic performance characterizes high-performance sport and the use of medicinal plants as dietary supplements is becoming widespread among athletes to enhance long-term endurance performance. AIM: The present study evaluated the toxicity of Heteropterys tomentosa (HEHt) and its acute adaptogenic effects. METHODS: The in vitro safety profile was evaluated on CHO-k1 cells using the alamar Blue assay, at concentrations ranging from 3...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214920/caffeine-effects-on-vo2max-test-outcomes-investigated-by-a-placebo-perceived-as-caffeine-design
#9
Cayque Brietzke, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Felipe De Russi de Lima, Fabiano Aparecido Pinheiro, Franco-Alvarenga, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Flávio Oliveira Pires
BACKGROUND: Ergogenic effects of caffeine (CAF) ingestion have been observed in different cycling exercise modes, and have been associated with alterations in ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). However, there has been little investigation of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2MAX) test outcomes. AIM: This study aimed to verify whether CAF may reduce RPE, thereby improving maximal incremental test (MIT) outcomes such as VO2MAX, time to exhaustion and peak power output (WPEAK)...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929949/nutrition-and-health-editorial-how-to-present-and-interpret-research-findings-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#10
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#11
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838280/neuroendocrine-regulation-of-energy-balance-implications-on-the-development-and-surgical-treatment-of-obesity
#12
Gisele Farias, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Solange Cravo Bettini, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Obesity, a serious public health problem, occurs mainly when food consumption exceeds energy expenditure. Therefore, energy balance depends on the regulation of the hunger-satiety mechanism, which involves interconnection of the central nervous system and peripheral signals from the adipose tissue, pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, generating responses in short-term food intake and long-term energy balance. Increased body fat alters the gut- and adipose-tissue-derived hormone signaling, which promotes modifications in appetite-regulating hormones, decreasing satiety and increasing hunger senses...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641504/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#13
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#14
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413923/knowledge-of-healthy-foods-does-not-translate-to-healthy-snack-consumption-among-exercise-science-undergraduates
#15
Laura H McArthur, Antonette Valentino, Donald Holbert
This cross-sectional survey study compared the on- and off-campus snack choices and related correlates of convenience samples of exercise science (ES) ( n = 165, M = 45%, F = 55%) and non-exercise science (NES) ( n =160, M = 43%, F = 57%) undergraduates. The hypothesis posed was that knowledge of healthy foods will not translate to healthier snack consumption by the ES students, and that the snack choices and related correlates of ES and NES students will be similar. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires completed in classrooms (ES sample) and at high-traffic locations on-campus (NES sample)...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413912/the-acute-effects-of-baobab-fruit-adansonia-digitata-on-satiety-in-healthy-adults
#16
Rebecca Garvey, Miriam Clegg, Shelly Coe
BACKGROUND: The baobab fruit is high in both dietary fibre and polyphenols and therefore may increase satiety. The aim of the study was to measure the effects of baobab fruit extract on satiety. METHODS: The study was conducted on 20 healthy participants. The study was a one-day single-blind crossover design. Participants were randomised to either a test smoothie consisting of 15 g of baobab extract or a control smoothie without the addition of baobab. Subjective ratings of satiety were taken on visual analogue scales immediately pre-consumption and then post-consumption, and energy intake at a post ad libitum meal was recorded...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349727/six-weeks-of-%C3%AE-alanine-supplementation-did-not-enhance-repeated-sprint-ability-or-technical-performances-in-young-elite-basketball-players
#17
Fabio Milioni, Paulo E Redkva, Fabio A Barbieri, Alessandro M Zagatto
Supplementation with β-alanine plays an important role as a precursor of carnosine, the most effective intramuscular buffer, and has been seen as a potential ergogenic aid, especially for high-intensity modalities such as basketball. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of β-alanine supplementation on repeated sprint ability (RSA) and technical performances in young elite Brazilian basketball players. In total, 27 young basketball players (17±1 years) were randomized into a β-alanine group (Gβ - 6...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298152/population-survey-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-organic-genetically-modified-and-irradiated-foods
#18
Jane A Gwira Baumblatt, L Rand Carpenter, Caleb Wiedeman, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
BACKGROUND: Sales of organic foods are increasing due to public demand, while genetically modified (GM) and irradiated foods are often viewed with suspicion. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine consumer attitudes toward organic, GM and irradiated foods to direct educational efforts regarding their consumption Methods: A telephone survey of 1838 residents in Tennessee, USA was conducted regarding organic, GM, and irradiated foods. RESULTS: Approximately half of respondents (50...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298151/effect-of-exclusion-of-frequently-consumed-dietary-triggers-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-primary-headache
#19
Sepideh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors are known to trigger headaches, the relationship between food and headache in children remains unclear. This prospective, observational case series aimed to evaluate the effect of exclusion of frequently-consumed foods in a cohort of children with headache. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children aged 3-15 (mean 10.5) years with primary headache were followed in a paediatric outpatient clinic. Patients who frequently consumed foods or food additives known to trigger headaches were advised to exclude them for six weeks and to return for follow-up with headache and food diary...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298150/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#20
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
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