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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176548/nutritional-adequacy-of-meals-from-an-independent-catering-facility-versus-chain-restaurants-for-young-adults
#1
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating out of home has been associated with the increasing prevalence of obesity. While some chain restaurants provide nutritional information for their products, smaller independent catering facilities may not provide such information. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of meals provided to young adults at an independent catering facility and compare them with meals provided by chain restaurants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Meals were analysed in 2014 in the UK in relation of nutrient provision to targets for macro- and micro-nutrients...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112038/diet-quality-of-individuals-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-the-healthy-eating-index-hei-2010
#2
Lauren Thomas Berube, Mary Kiely, Yusuf Yazici, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) afflicts approximately 1.5 million American adults and is a major cause of disability. As disease severity worsens, individuals with RA may experience functional decline that can impact dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the diet quality of individuals with RA using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2010 and examine associations between diet quality and disease activity and functional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed diet quality and disease activity and functional status in adults with RA...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068865/testing-for-homocysteine-in-clinical-practice
#3
John Nichols
The theory that raised blood homocysteine is a major factor in the development of cardiovascular disease was initially rejected by the medical establishment. Trials of a treatment to lower homocysteine in moderately advanced disease have failed to show benefits (except in those not treated with anti-platelet drug), but there is mounting evidence for a role in treatment of very early disease and as a preventive strategy. Recent evidence has shown that lowering of high blood homocysteine significantly slows cognitive decline and the brain shrinkage associated with Alzheimer's disease...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298152/population-survey-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-organic-genetically-modified-and-irradiated-foods
#4
Jane A Gwira Baumblatt, L Rand Carpenter, Caleb Wiedeman, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
BACKGROUND: Sales of organic foods are increasing due to public demand, while genetically modified (GM) and irradiated foods are often viewed with suspicion. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine consumer attitudes toward organic, GM and irradiated foods to direct educational efforts regarding their consumption Methods: A telephone survey of 1838 residents in Tennessee, USA was conducted regarding organic, GM, and irradiated foods. RESULTS: Approximately half of respondents (50...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298151/effect-of-exclusion-of-frequently-consumed-dietary-triggers-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-primary-headache
#5
Sepideh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors are known to trigger headaches, the relationship between food and headache in children remains unclear. This prospective, observational case series aimed to evaluate the effect of exclusion of frequently-consumed foods in a cohort of children with headache. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children aged 3-15 (mean 10.5) years with primary headache were followed in a paediatric outpatient clinic. Patients who frequently consumed foods or food additives known to trigger headaches were advised to exclude them for six weeks and to return for follow-up with headache and food diary...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298150/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#6
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044622/knowledge-attitudes-and-perception-on-dietary-salt-reduction-of-two-communities-in-grahamstown-south-africa
#7
Fadzai Mushoriwa, Nick Townsend, Sunitha Srinivas
INTRODUCTION: Dietary salt reduction has been identified as a cost effective way of addressing the global burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization has recommended three main strategies for achieving population-wide salt reduction in all member states: food reformulation, policies and consumer awareness campaigns. In 2013, the South African Ministry of Health announced the mandatory salt reduction legislation for the food manufacturing sector...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032531/fluoride-concentrations-in-a-range-of-ready-to-drink-beverages-consumed-in-heilongjiang-province-north-east-china
#8
Ying Liu, Anne Maguire, Guan Tianqui, Shi Yanguo, Fatemeh V Zohoori
Consumption of ready-to-drink beverages, as a potential source of fluoride (F), has increased considerably in China over the last decade. To help inform the public and policy makers, this study aimed to measure F concentration of ready-to-drink beverages on sale in Heilongjiang province, north east China. Three batches of 106 drink products manufactured by 26 companies were purchased from the main national supermarkets in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China. The F concentration of all samples was determined, in triplicate, using a fluoride ion-selective electrode in conjunction with a meter and a direct method of analysis...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032519/fast-foods-perception-among-adolescents-by-gender-and-weight-status
#9
Sabika S Allehdan, Reema F Tayyem, Hiba A Bawadi, Narmeen J Al-Awwad, Mariam Al-Mannai, Abdulrahman O Musaiger
BACKGROUND: Fast food restaurants have become widespread in both developed and developing countries due to nutritional and economic transitions. The frequency of fast food intake is relatively high among adolescents; however, fast food consumption is positively associated with total energy intake and obesity in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the perception of Jordanian adolescents towards fast foods relative to gender and obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 400 boys and 395 girls, aged 15-18 years...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715646/non-communicable-diseases-mental-ill-health-is-it-a-failure-of-the-food-system
#10
EDITORIAL
Michel A Crawford
The rise in brain disorders and mental ill-health is the most serious crisis facing the survival of humanity. Starting from an understanding of the origins of the nervous system and the brain, together with its nutritional requirements, the present direction of the food system since World War II (WWII) can be seen as departing from the biological essence of brain chemistry and its nutritional needs. Such advances in the food system would lead to epigenetic changes. Improper maternal/foetal nutrition is considered in this manner to lead to heart disease, stroke and diabetes in later life...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399270/mental-health-and-food-consumption-among-california-children-5-11-years-of-age
#11
Jim E Banta, Roxanne N Khoie-Mayer, Chintan K Somaiya, Ogbochi McKinney, Gina Segovia-Siapco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to determine if poor mental health is associated with the intake of specific foods among California children. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the 2007 and 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) was conducted. Mental health was measured using a shortened version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Dietary measures were self-reported servings of fruit, vegetables, 100% fruit juice, high sugar foods, soda/sweetened drinks, and French fries/fried potatoes consumed the previous day, as well as frequency of fast food consumed during the past week...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399269/diet-quality-of-adults-using-intuitive-eating-for-weight-loss-pilot-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith C Anglin, Nadia Borchardt, Elizabeth Ramos, Kendra Mhoon
As the incidence of obesity and related disease steadily increases, researchers and medical practitioners are continuously examining new approaches to prevent and manage the epidemic. Intuitive eating (IE) is a new and innovative approach that uses an individual's response to internal cues of hunger, satiety, and appetite, and replaces calorie restriction (CR). CR is the standard approach for weight reduction. This study was a randomized controlled trial with two groups in which we accessed records of the dietary intake of obese adults using CR and IE to achieve weight loss...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341743/are-we-indeed-what-we-eat-street-food-consumption-in-the-market-circle-area-of-takoradi-ghana
#13
Stephen Edem Hiamey, Francis Eric Amuquandoh, Grace Aba Boison
The paper examines street foods consumption in the Market Circle of Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana. The data used for the study were obtained from individuals who were either purchasing or consuming street foods in the Market Circle in August of 2011. The results revealed that the average consumer makes use of street foods six times in a week and there was a penchant for carbohydrate based foods over other types of street foods. Reasons including cost saving, convenience and eating on credit were noted to underlie the consumption of street foods in the area...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320117/a-preliminary-study-on-the-variability-of-blood-glucose-following-meal-consumption-as-it-relates-to-differences-in-oral-glucose-tolerance-in-young-adults
#14
Mari K Hopper, Carynn E Koch, Jenny L Koch
Insulin resistance (IR) affects the ability to maintain normal glycemia and places one at greater risk of the development of disease. The aim of this study was to assess IR via the administration of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and then determine the relationship between IR and postprandial blood glucose levels in young adults 19-24 years of age. Following a 10 hour fast, 10 men and 10 women completed an OGTT and in three subsequent weeks consumed high, medium, and low glycemic load (GL) meals in random order...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248469/fast-food-and-full-service-restaurant-consumption-in-relation-to-daily-energy-and-nutrient-intakes-among-us-adult-cancer-survivors-2003-2012
#15
Ruopeng An, Junyi Liu
BACKGROUND: Healthy diet is an essential component in cancer survivorship care planning. Cancer survivors should be particularly prudent regarding their daily food choices, with an aim of ensuring safe consumption, reducing risk of recurrence or other comorbidity, and improving quality of life. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the impacts of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on daily energy and nutrient intakes among US adult cancer survivors. METHODS: Nationally representative data of 1308 adult cancer survivors came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012 waves...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25820204/anthropometric-indices-and-dietary-intake-prospective-determinants-of-geriatric-cognitive-impairment
#16
Aditika Agarwal, Komal Chauhan, Kiran Shinglot
OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude of elderly (aged 60-85 years) persons with cognitive impairment and its relation with their dietary and anthropometric status. METHODS: HASH(0x3009a90) DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. The cognitive status of the subjects was screened using the Mini Mental Score Examination (MMSE). The binary logistic regression coefficients were ascertained for determining the association of predictors like MMSE score, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with the age of the subjects...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25820203/new-european-food-safety-authority-recommendation-for-infant-formulae-contradicts-the-physiology-of-human-milk-and-infant-development
#17
Michael A Crawford, Yiqun Wang, Stewart Forsyth, J Thomas Brenna
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has concluded from a limited review of the literature that although docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was required for infant formula, arachidonic acid was not 'even in the presence of DHA'. The EFSA report mistakes a nutrient ubiquitous in the diets of infants, and with wide-ranging effects, for an optional drug targeted to a particular outcome that is properly excluded when no benefit is found for that particular outcome. The EFSA's conclusion is not evidence-based. Its conclusions are grounded in trials which tested functionality of DHA, not arachidonic acid...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25593111/antioxidant-intake-and-bone-status-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-brazilian-women-with-osteoporosis
#18
Natasha A G De França, Marilia B R Camargo, Marise Lazaretti-Castro, Lígia Araújo Martini
This study aimed to investigate the association between antioxidant intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 150 women, mean age 68.7 (SD 9.1) years. BMD and body composition were obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We assessed anthropometric measures and dietary intake and applied an adapted Dietary Antioxidant Quality Score (a-DAQS) to evaluate the antioxidant consumption. 65.3% of women had higher scores on the a-DAQS...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25573347/effect-of-garlic-powder-tablet-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Ali Zahedmehr, Ali Mohammad-Zadeh, Hamid-Reza Sanati, Farshad Shakerian, Ata Firouzi, Reza Kiani, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate whether garlic powder tablets in adjunct to conventional medical treatment could have an effect on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and plasma lipoproteins and lipids in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with CAD between the ages of 25 and 75 years. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: garlic group (n = 27), receiving garlic powder tablet (1200 µg allicin/tab) twice daily and the placebo group (n = 29), receiving placebo for 3 months...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25178658/epigenetics-in-adaptive-evolution-and-development-the-interplay-between-evolving-species-and-epigenetic-mechanisms-extract-from-trygve-tollefsbol-ed-2011-handbook-of-epigenetics-the-new-molecular-and-medical-genetics-chapter-26-amsterdam-usa-elsevier-pp-423
#20
Simon H House
By comparing epigenetics of current species with fossil records across evolutionary transitions, we can gauge the moment of emergence of some novel mechanisms in evolution, and recognize that epigenetic mechanisms have a bearing on mutation. Understanding the complexity and changeability of these mechanisms, as well as the changes they can effect, is both fascinating and of vital practical benefit. Our most serious pandemics of so-called 'non-communicable' diseases - mental and cardiovascular disorders, obesity and diabetes, rooted in the 'metabolic syndrome' - are evidently related to effects on our evolutionary mechanisms of agricultural and food industrialization, modern lifestyle and diet...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
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