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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298152/population-survey-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-organic-genetically-modified-and-irradiated-foods
#1
Jane A Gwira Baumblatt, L Rand Carpenter, Caleb Wiedeman, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
BACKGROUND: Sales of organic foods are increasing due to public demand, while genetically modified (GM) and irradiated foods are often viewed with suspicion. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine consumer attitudes toward organic, GM and irradiated foods to direct educational efforts regarding their consumption Methods: A telephone survey of 1838 residents in Tennessee, USA was conducted regarding organic, GM, and irradiated foods. RESULTS: Approximately half of respondents (50...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298151/effect-of-exclusion-of-frequently-consumed-dietary-triggers-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-primary-headache
#2
Sepideh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors are known to trigger headaches, the relationship between food and headache in children remains unclear. This prospective, observational case series aimed to evaluate the effect of exclusion of frequently-consumed foods in a cohort of children with headache. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children aged 3-15 (mean 10.5) years with primary headache were followed in a paediatric outpatient clinic. Patients who frequently consumed foods or food additives known to trigger headaches were advised to exclude them for six weeks and to return for follow-up with headache and food diary...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298150/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#3
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#4
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429631/household-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-preliminary-study
#5
Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Victor J Animasahun, Albert A Salako, Bankole K Oyewole
BACKGROUND: Household food insecurity has been associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes. This study therefore determined the prevalence of household food insecurity and its associated factors among people living with HIV in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 244 adult clients accessing care and support at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria, selected via systematic sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413923/knowledge-of-healthy-foods-does-not-translate-to-healthy-snack-consumption-among-exercise-science-undergraduates
#6
Laura H McArthur, Antonette Valentino, Donald Holbert
This cross-sectional survey study compared the on- and off-campus snack choices and related correlates of convenience samples of exercise science (ES) ( n = 165, M = 45%, F = 55%) and non-exercise science (NES) ( n =160, M = 43%, F = 57%) undergraduates. The hypothesis posed was that knowledge of healthy foods will not translate to healthier snack consumption by the ES students, and that the snack choices and related correlates of ES and NES students will be similar. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires completed in classrooms (ES sample) and at high-traffic locations on-campus (NES sample)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413912/the-acute-effects-of-baobab-fruit-adansonia-digitata-on-satiety-in-healthy-adults
#7
Rebecca Garvey, Miriam Clegg, Shelly Coe
BACKGROUND: The baobab fruit is high in both dietary fibre and polyphenols and therefore may increase satiety. The aim of the study was to measure the effects of baobab fruit extract on satiety. METHODS: The study was conducted on 20 healthy participants. The study was a one-day single-blind crossover design. Participants were randomised to either a test smoothie consisting of 15 g of baobab extract or a control smoothie without the addition of baobab. Subjective ratings of satiety were taken on visual analogue scales immediately pre-consumption and then post-consumption, and energy intake at a post ad libitum meal was recorded...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413905/pre-meal-inulin-consumption-does-not-affect-acute-energy-intake-in-overweight-and-obese-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#8
Katarina Smiljanec, Cassie M Mitchell, Olivia F Privitera, Andrew P Neilson, Kevin P Davy, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Three-fourths of adults older than 55 years in the United States are overweight or obese. Prebiotics including inulin-type fructans may benefit with weight management. AIM: We aimed to investigate the acute effects of pre-meal inulin consumption on energy intake (EI) and appetite in older adults. METHODS: Sedentary, overweight or obese middle-aged and older adults ( n = 7, 60.9 ± 4.4 years, BMI 32.9 ± 4.3 kg/m(2)) ingested inulin (10 g) or a water preload before each test period in a randomly assigned order...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397539/vitamin-d-status-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-across-latitudinal-gradient-in-iranian-adults
#9
Bahareh Nikooyeh, Zahra Abdollahi, Majid Hajifaraji, Hamid Alavi-Majd, Forouzan Salehi, Amir Hossein Yarparvar, Tirang R Neyestani
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the vitamin D status in an adult population across latitudinal gradient and to investigate its possible associations with certain cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: A total of 1406 healthy subjects aged 19-60 years were randomly selected from six regions of Iran across latitudinal gradient from 29° N to 37.5° N. Anthropometric and biochemical assessments were performed. The combination of high body mass index (>25 kg/m(2)), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (< 40 mg/dl in males and < 50 mg/dl in females) and high triglycerides (> 150 mg/dl) was defined as cardiometabolic risk factors...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349727/six-weeks-of-%C3%AE-alanine-supplementation-did-not-enhance-repeated-sprint-ability-or-technical-performances-in-young-elite-basketball-players
#10
Fabio Milioni, Paulo E Redkva, Fabio A Barbieri, Alessandro M Zagatto
Supplementation with β-alanine plays an important role as a precursor of carnosine, the most effective intramuscular buffer, and has been seen as a potential ergogenic aid, especially for high-intensity modalities such as basketball. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of β-alanine supplementation on repeated sprint ability (RSA) and technical performances in young elite Brazilian basketball players. In total, 27 young basketball players (17±1 years) were randomized into a β-alanine group (Gβ - 6...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176548/nutritional-adequacy-of-meals-from-an-independent-catering-facility-versus-chain-restaurants-for-young-adults
#11
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating out of home has been associated with the increasing prevalence of obesity. While some chain restaurants provide nutritional information for their products, smaller independent catering facilities may not provide such information. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of meals provided to young adults at an independent catering facility and compare them with meals provided by chain restaurants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Meals were analysed in 2014 in the UK in relation of nutrient provision to targets for macro- and micro-nutrients...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112038/diet-quality-of-individuals-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-the-healthy-eating-index-hei-2010
#12
Lauren Thomas Berube, Mary Kiely, Yusuf Yazici, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) afflicts approximately 1.5 million American adults and is a major cause of disability. As disease severity worsens, individuals with RA may experience functional decline that can impact dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the diet quality of individuals with RA using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2010 and examine associations between diet quality and disease activity and functional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed diet quality and disease activity and functional status in adults with RA...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068865/testing-for-homocysteine-in-clinical-practice
#13
John Nichols
The theory that raised blood homocysteine is a major factor in the development of cardiovascular disease was initially rejected by the medical establishment. Trials of a treatment to lower homocysteine in moderately advanced disease have failed to show benefits (except in those not treated with anti-platelet drug), but there is mounting evidence for a role in treatment of very early disease and as a preventive strategy. Recent evidence has shown that lowering of high blood homocysteine significantly slows cognitive decline and the brain shrinkage associated with Alzheimer's disease...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044622/knowledge-attitudes-and-perception-on-dietary-salt-reduction-of-two-communities-in-grahamstown-south-africa
#14
Fadzai Mushoriwa, Nick Townsend, Sunitha Srinivas
INTRODUCTION: Dietary salt reduction has been identified as a cost effective way of addressing the global burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization has recommended three main strategies for achieving population-wide salt reduction in all member states: food reformulation, policies and consumer awareness campaigns. In 2013, the South African Ministry of Health announced the mandatory salt reduction legislation for the food manufacturing sector...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032531/fluoride-concentrations-in-a-range-of-ready-to-drink-beverages-consumed-in-heilongjiang-province-north-east-china
#15
Ying Liu, Anne Maguire, Guan Tianqui, Shi Yanguo, Fatemeh V Zohoori
Consumption of ready-to-drink beverages, as a potential source of fluoride (F), has increased considerably in China over the last decade. To help inform the public and policy makers, this study aimed to measure F concentration of ready-to-drink beverages on sale in Heilongjiang province, north east China. Three batches of 106 drink products manufactured by 26 companies were purchased from the main national supermarkets in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China. The F concentration of all samples was determined, in triplicate, using a fluoride ion-selective electrode in conjunction with a meter and a direct method of analysis...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032519/fast-foods-perception-among-adolescents-by-gender-and-weight-status
#16
Sabika S Allehdan, Reema F Tayyem, Hiba A Bawadi, Narmeen J Al-Awwad, Mariam Al-Mannai, Abdulrahman O Musaiger
BACKGROUND: Fast food restaurants have become widespread in both developed and developing countries due to nutritional and economic transitions. The frequency of fast food intake is relatively high among adolescents; however, fast food consumption is positively associated with total energy intake and obesity in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the perception of Jordanian adolescents towards fast foods relative to gender and obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 400 boys and 395 girls, aged 15-18 years...
January 1, 2016: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715646/non-communicable-diseases-mental-ill-health-is-it-a-failure-of-the-food-system
#17
EDITORIAL
Michel A Crawford
The rise in brain disorders and mental ill-health is the most serious crisis facing the survival of humanity. Starting from an understanding of the origins of the nervous system and the brain, together with its nutritional requirements, the present direction of the food system since World War II (WWII) can be seen as departing from the biological essence of brain chemistry and its nutritional needs. Such advances in the food system would lead to epigenetic changes. Improper maternal/foetal nutrition is considered in this manner to lead to heart disease, stroke and diabetes in later life...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399270/mental-health-and-food-consumption-among-california-children-5-11-years-of-age
#18
Jim E Banta, Roxanne N Khoie-Mayer, Chintan K Somaiya, Ogbochi McKinney, Gina Segovia-Siapco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to determine if poor mental health is associated with the intake of specific foods among California children. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the 2007 and 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) was conducted. Mental health was measured using a shortened version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Dietary measures were self-reported servings of fruit, vegetables, 100% fruit juice, high sugar foods, soda/sweetened drinks, and French fries/fried potatoes consumed the previous day, as well as frequency of fast food consumed during the past week...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399269/diet-quality-of-adults-using-intuitive-eating-for-weight-loss-pilot-study
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith C Anglin, Nadia Borchardt, Elizabeth Ramos, Kendra Mhoon
As the incidence of obesity and related disease steadily increases, researchers and medical practitioners are continuously examining new approaches to prevent and manage the epidemic. Intuitive eating (IE) is a new and innovative approach that uses an individual's response to internal cues of hunger, satiety, and appetite, and replaces calorie restriction (CR). CR is the standard approach for weight reduction. This study was a randomized controlled trial with two groups in which we accessed records of the dietary intake of obese adults using CR and IE to achieve weight loss...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341743/are-we-indeed-what-we-eat-street-food-consumption-in-the-market-circle-area-of-takoradi-ghana
#20
Stephen Edem Hiamey, Francis Eric Amuquandoh, Grace Aba Boison
The paper examines street foods consumption in the Market Circle of Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana. The data used for the study were obtained from individuals who were either purchasing or consuming street foods in the Market Circle in August of 2011. The results revealed that the average consumer makes use of street foods six times in a week and there was a penchant for carbohydrate based foods over other types of street foods. Reasons including cost saving, convenience and eating on credit were noted to underlie the consumption of street foods in the area...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
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