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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25005447/nutrition-and-mental-performance-in-children-the-nutrimenthe-project
#1
Claire Horton
The Nutrition And Mental Performance In Children project of the European Union (NUTRIMENTHE) has added to the evidence that maternal diet influences mental performance in childhood. The biological mechanisms have been shown to be complex and to involve genetic variation, as indicated by the work linking genetic variation in the fatty acid desaturase gene cluster to the processing of fatty acids. The role played by a child's diet also needs to be considered and this question is being addressed through the inclusion of post-natal intervention studies in the NUTRIMENTHE project's research plan...
July 8, 2014: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25005446/transgenerational-healing-educating-children-in-genesis-of-healthy-children-with-focus-on-nutrition-emotion-and-epigenetic-effects-on-brain-development
#2
Simon H House
Although our continuing evolution can never achieve our perfection, we long for our children's birth and health to be near-perfect. Many children are born healthy, though fewer than is possible. Birthing and health rapidly improved generally due to modern housing, sanitation and medicine, as well as birth interventions. Arguably interventions have exceeded the optimal level, without enough regard for natural physical and intuitive resources. Conception, often too easy, receives too little personal preparation unless a couple has problems...
July 8, 2014: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24906359/nutritional-reformulation-fortification-in-the-factory-and-in-the-field
#3
Jt Winkler
Deficiencies in DHA/EPA are widespread, but not widely recognised. The scale of the problem is difficult to assess, because targets for consumption vary and intakes are poorly measured, but most people in most countries eat too little. The principal policies to correct the shortfalls have been educational programmes urging people to eat more fish. Two problems limit this approach: many do not like fish; and there are not enough fish available if everyone ate recommended levels. One pragmatic alternative is to start with the popular foods people actually eat, then fortify them with DHA/EPA...
June 6, 2014: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24620001/diet-and-cancer-and-heart-disease
#4
Michael A Crawford
The modern Western diet bears little resemblance to the diet which forged the human genome over many million years. The change in basic food structure is operating to distort biology even before conception and into late years, with the epidemic of obesity and diabetes likely to lead to stroke, heart disease, and now dementia, being flagged as a consequence. In addition, mental ill health is overtaking all other burdens of ill health, and almost certainly has its roots in early disturbance of brain development...
March 11, 2014: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24500658/adolescence-does-good-nutrition-good-behaviour
#5
Bernard Gesch
Adolescence is often associated with exploring boundaries, rapid growth, hormones and pimples. A stable feature of this turbulent age is that these young people are highly over-represented in the criminal justice system. Adolescents account for disproportionate proportion of police-recorded crimes, and this seems to be a cross-cultural phenomenon. Furthermore, disaffected young people often have limited routine access to healthy foods and make poor food choices. These people form a large proportion of the prison population and there are concerns that insufficient attention is paid to their health...
February 4, 2014: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715646/non-communicable-diseases-mental-ill-health-is-it-a-failure-of-the-food-system
#6
EDITORIAL
Michel A Crawford
The rise in brain disorders and mental ill-health is the most serious crisis facing the survival of humanity. Starting from an understanding of the origins of the nervous system and the brain, together with its nutritional requirements, the present direction of the food system since World War II (WWII) can be seen as departing from the biological essence of brain chemistry and its nutritional needs. Such advances in the food system would lead to epigenetic changes. Improper maternal/foetal nutrition is considered in this manner to lead to heart disease, stroke and diabetes in later life...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399270/mental-health-and-food-consumption-among-california-children-5-11-years-of-age
#7
Jim E Banta, Roxanne N Khoie-Mayer, Chintan K Somaiya, Ogbochi McKinney, Gina Segovia-Siapco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to determine if poor mental health is associated with the intake of specific foods among California children. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the 2007 and 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) was conducted. Mental health was measured using a shortened version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Dietary measures were self-reported servings of fruit, vegetables, 100% fruit juice, high sugar foods, soda/sweetened drinks, and French fries/fried potatoes consumed the previous day, as well as frequency of fast food consumed during the past week...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399269/diet-quality-of-adults-using-intuitive-eating-for-weight-loss-pilot-study
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith C Anglin, Nadia Borchardt, Elizabeth Ramos, Kendra Mhoon
As the incidence of obesity and related disease steadily increases, researchers and medical practitioners are continuously examining new approaches to prevent and manage the epidemic. Intuitive eating (IE) is a new and innovative approach that uses an individual's response to internal cues of hunger, satiety, and appetite, and replaces calorie restriction (CR). CR is the standard approach for weight reduction. This study was a randomized controlled trial with two groups in which we accessed records of the dietary intake of obese adults using CR and IE to achieve weight loss...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341743/are-we-indeed-what-we-eat-street-food-consumption-in-the-market-circle-area-of-takoradi-ghana
#9
Stephen Edem Hiamey, Francis Eric Amuquandoh, Grace Aba Boison
The paper examines street foods consumption in the Market Circle of Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana. The data used for the study were obtained from individuals who were either purchasing or consuming street foods in the Market Circle in August of 2011. The results revealed that the average consumer makes use of street foods six times in a week and there was a penchant for carbohydrate based foods over other types of street foods. Reasons including cost saving, convenience and eating on credit were noted to underlie the consumption of street foods in the area...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320117/a-preliminary-study-on-the-variability-of-blood-glucose-following-meal-consumption-as-it-relates-to-differences-in-oral-glucose-tolerance-in-young-adults
#10
Mari K Hopper, Carynn E Koch, Jenny L Koch
Insulin resistance (IR) affects the ability to maintain normal glycemia and places one at greater risk of the development of disease. The aim of this study was to assess IR via the administration of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and then determine the relationship between IR and postprandial blood glucose levels in young adults 19-24 years of age. Following a 10 hour fast, 10 men and 10 women completed an OGTT and in three subsequent weeks consumed high, medium, and low glycemic load (GL) meals in random order...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248469/fast-food-and-full-service-restaurant-consumption-in-relation-to-daily-energy-and-nutrient-intakes-among-us-adult-cancer-survivors-2003-2012
#11
Ruopeng An, Junyi Liu
BACKGROUND: Healthy diet is an essential component in cancer survivorship care planning. Cancer survivors should be particularly prudent regarding their daily food choices, with an aim of ensuring safe consumption, reducing risk of recurrence or other comorbidity, and improving quality of life. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the impacts of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on daily energy and nutrient intakes among US adult cancer survivors. METHODS: Nationally representative data of 1308 adult cancer survivors came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012 waves...
July 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25820204/anthropometric-indices-and-dietary-intake-prospective-determinants-of-geriatric-cognitive-impairment
#12
Aditika Agarwal, Komal Chauhan, Kiran Shinglot
OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude of elderly (aged 60-85 years) persons with cognitive impairment and its relation with their dietary and anthropometric status. METHODS: HASH(0x36a1340) DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. The cognitive status of the subjects was screened using the Mini Mental Score Examination (MMSE). The binary logistic regression coefficients were ascertained for determining the association of predictors like MMSE score, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with the age of the subjects...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25820203/new-european-food-safety-authority-recommendation-for-infant-formulae-contradicts-the-physiology-of-human-milk-and-infant-development
#13
Michael A Crawford, Yiqun Wang, Stewart Forsyth, J Thomas Brenna
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has concluded from a limited review of the literature that although docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was required for infant formula, arachidonic acid was not 'even in the presence of DHA'. The EFSA report mistakes a nutrient ubiquitous in the diets of infants, and with wide-ranging effects, for an optional drug targeted to a particular outcome that is properly excluded when no benefit is found for that particular outcome. The EFSA's conclusion is not evidence-based. Its conclusions are grounded in trials which tested functionality of DHA, not arachidonic acid...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25593111/antioxidant-intake-and-bone-status-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-brazilian-women-with-osteoporosis
#14
Natasha A G De França, Marilia B R Camargo, Marise Lazaretti-Castro, Lígia Araújo Martini
This study aimed to investigate the association between antioxidant intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 150 women, mean age 68.7 (SD 9.1) years. BMD and body composition were obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We assessed anthropometric measures and dietary intake and applied an adapted Dietary Antioxidant Quality Score (a-DAQS) to evaluate the antioxidant consumption. 65.3% of women had higher scores on the a-DAQS...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25573347/effect-of-garlic-powder-tablet-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan, Ali Zahedmehr, Ali Mohammad-Zadeh, Hamid-Reza Sanati, Farshad Shakerian, Ata Firouzi, Reza Kiani, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate whether garlic powder tablets in adjunct to conventional medical treatment could have an effect on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and plasma lipoproteins and lipids in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with CAD between the ages of 25 and 75 years. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: garlic group (n = 27), receiving garlic powder tablet (1200 µg allicin/tab) twice daily and the placebo group (n = 29), receiving placebo for 3 months...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25178658/epigenetics-in-adaptive-evolution-and-development-the-interplay-between-evolving-species-and-epigenetic-mechanisms-extract-from-trygve-tollefsbol-ed-2011-handbook-of-epigenetics-the-new-molecular-and-medical-genetics-chapter-26-amsterdam-usa-elsevier-pp-423
#16
Simon H House
By comparing epigenetics of current species with fossil records across evolutionary transitions, we can gauge the moment of emergence of some novel mechanisms in evolution, and recognize that epigenetic mechanisms have a bearing on mutation. Understanding the complexity and changeability of these mechanisms, as well as the changes they can effect, is both fascinating and of vital practical benefit. Our most serious pandemics of so-called 'non-communicable' diseases - mental and cardiovascular disorders, obesity and diabetes, rooted in the 'metabolic syndrome' - are evidently related to effects on our evolutionary mechanisms of agricultural and food industrialization, modern lifestyle and diet...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24916974/impact-of-home-delivered-meal-programs-on-diet-and-nutrition-among-older-adults-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Huichen Zhu, Ruopeng An
BACKGROUND: Poor diet quality and insufficient nutrient intake is of particular concern among older adults. The Older Americans Act of 1965 authorizes home-delivered meal services to homebound individuals aged 60 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review scientific evidence on the impact of home-delivered meal services on diet and nutrition among recipients. METHODS: Keyword and reference searches were conducted in Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, PubMed and Web of Science...
April 2013: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24620007/the-effects-of-8-weeks-of-heavy-resistance-training-and-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-on-body-composition-and-muscle-performance
#18
Mike Spillane, Christamarie Emerson, Darryn S Willoughby
PURPOSE: This study determined the effects of 8 weeks of heavy resistance training combined with branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation on body composition and muscle performance. METHODS: Resistance training was performed by 19 non-resistance-trained males (three sets of 8-10 repetitions) four times/week, for 8 weeks, while also ingesting 9 g/day of BCAA or 9 g/day of placebo (PLAC) on the exercise days only (one-half of total dose 30 min before and after exercise)...
October 2012: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24620006/how-height-is-related-to-our-health-and-longevity-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Thomas T Samaras
Most people believe that being taller and heavier is a sign of higher social status and privilege; however, an objective evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of increased body size (excluding obesity) indicated that shorter, smaller bodies have numerous advantages in terms of health and longevity. With healthful nutrition and lifestyles, and good medical care, shorter people are less likely to suffer from age-related chronic diseases and more likely to reach advanced ages. A variety of biological factors explain the inherent benefits of smaller bodies...
October 2012: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24620005/food-choice-and-meal-consumption-pattern-among-undergraduate-students-in-two-universities-in-southwestern-nigeria
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Israel O Otemuyiwa, Steve R A Adewusi
The food choices and meal consumption patterns of undergraduate students from two Nigerian universities, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (OAU) and Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko (AAU) (n = 402; 199 male and 203 female; overall mean age 23) were studied. The result indicated that 60% of the students (58% male and 62% female) consumed the recommended minimum number of servings of cereal, 50% of the males and 35% of the females in the carbohydrate category while 35% of the males and 42% of the females consumed enough from the meat group...
October 2012: Nutrition and Health
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