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Nutrition and Health

Indira Sotelo-Díaz, Carla María Blanco-Lizarazo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess military rations. Military rations must provide military personnel with suitable nutrition, as high-quality nutrition is crucial for promoting health. AIM: This systematic review provides information regarding the nutritional design of military rations according to energy and protein intake and supplements. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for articles published to date regarding the nutritional needs involved in a military diet for an active population of either gender, ranging from 18 to 60 years old, without excluding material by year, type of document, location, or author...
January 9, 2019: Nutrition and Health
V P Menezes, C Cohen, J Del-Rei, W Oigman, M F Neves, Fernanda Jurema Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with metabolic imbalance, including insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. AIM: We aimed to evaluate clinical and vascular parameters in obese with or without insulin resistance. METHODS: Participants ( n=39) were divided into two groups according to Homeostasis Model Assessment - Insulin Resistance lower (group 1) or higher (group 2) than 2.7. All patients were submitted to clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, vascular structure and endothelial function assessment...
January 7, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Sona Azimi, Elnaz Faramarzi, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Mousa Ghayour
BACKGROUND: Folate and vitamin B12 are essential micronutrients, the deficiency of which can be associated with public health problems worldwide. AIM: The aims of this study were to assess the folate and vitamin B12 status of healthy adults and the effect of gender differences on their deficiency using serum folate, vitamin B12 and red blood cell (RBC) folate as biomarkers and their relation to hematological indices. METHODS: This study was a part of the Azar cohort study, which is designed as a noncommunicable disease survey in the population of Shabestar, East Azerbaijan, Iran...
December 28, 2018: Nutrition and Health
O Addison, R Yang, M C Serra
BACKGROUND: Obesity contributes to negative outcomes in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Little is known about the body-weight goals and trends among patients with PAD. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore self-reported body-weight trends and methods used to achieve weight loss in patients with PAD. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was utilized to compare individuals with PAD who were overweight and obese ( n = 240), to matched individuals without PAD ( n = 480)...
December 23, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Dalal Alkazemi
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the factors involved in health and wellness among college students can aid in the design of interventions that can reduce the rate of weight gain during young adulthood. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the gender differences in weight status, dietary habits, and health attitudes in a sample of college students at Kuwait University (KU). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 615 students were recruited from KU between November 2013 and March 2014...
December 17, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sofia Sousa, Marcello Gelormini, Albertino Damasceno, Simão A Lopes, Sérgio Maló, Célia Chongole, Paulino Muholove, Susana Casal, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Nuno Lunet, Patrícia Padrão
BACKGROUND: A nutrition transition is occurring in the urban areas of developing countries, where street food makes an important contribution to daily food intake. AIM: We aimed to characterise street food offer in Maputo, Mozambique, and to evaluate the nutritional composition of the most common homemade foods. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. Streets in the surroundings (500 m buffer) of randomly selected public transport stops in KaMpfumu district, Maputo, were canvassed to identify all street food vending sites ( n = 968)...
December 7, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Julie Johannesson, Elisabet Rothenberg, Susanne Gustafsson, Frode Slinde
BACKGROUND: Frailty is considered highly prevalent among the aging population. Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with positive health outcomes across the life-span; however, the relationship with health benefits among older adults has received little attention. AIM: The aim was to examine if a relationship exists between meal frequency or frequency of vegetable intake and the development of frailty in a population of older adults. METHODS: A total of 371 individuals, 80 years or older, from the study 'Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone' were included...
December 5, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ben Desbrow, Susan Hall, Christopher Irwin
BACKGROUND: Little independent information on the caffeine content of the popular Nespresso® coffee pod range exists. AIM: To quantify the caffeine content of Nespresso® pod coffees. METHODS: Initially, three serves (ristretto (S), espresso (M), lungo (L)) of two pod varieties (Livanto and Roma) were prepared on three different Nespresso® machines (2 × U-Delonghi (1 × 5 years since purchase (old), 1 × recently purchased (new)), 1 × new Lattissima Pro (alternate)) using two different batches (sleeves)...
November 5, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Angeline Jeyakumar, Vidhya Shinde
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency among adolescents is an emerging public health priority as adolescence marks a period of rapid growth and the onset of the reproductive phase. However, lack of national prevalence data and intervention strategies is of public health concern. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls in selected Indian states. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using three different search engines...
October 10, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Salam Vatandost, Marzieh Jahani, Ali Afshari, Mohammad Reza Amiri, Rashid Heidarimoghadam, Younes Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the Iranian community is very high. Women and older people are at the higher risk of vitamin D deficiency. AIM: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Iran by combining the results of various studies. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. Separate strategies were developed for search in national databases (Irandoc, Magiran, SID) and international databases (Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus) using the keywords of "vitamin D deficiency," "Iran," and "prevalence...
October 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Samah R Albataineh, Eman F Badran, Reema F Tayyem
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic that is related to environmental and genetic factors and has adverse consequences throughout life, being obese is a serious health problem in childhood and increases the risk of many co-morbidities. AIM: The purpose of this systematic review is to illustrate that dietary factors correlate with obesity among children studied in the Middle East area. METHODS: Studies were screened by searching two databases in August 2017 and considered as eligible for inclusion if they: (a) are observational studies, (b) define at least one dietary factor for obese children aged 6-12 years, (c) are undertaken in the Middle East area, and (d) are written in English...
October 3, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Apussanee Boonyavarakul, Rattana Leelawattana, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Supawan Buranapin, Pariya Phanachet, Pornpoj Pramyothin
BACKGROUND: A meal replacement (MR) with a low glycemic index (GI) is possibly beneficial for glycemic control. However, the effects of MR on diabetes mellitus have not been studied among Thai patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). AIM: To compare metabolic outcomes between T2DM patients receiving the new MR formula (ONCE PRO) and normal controlled diets. METHODS: A multicenter, open-labeled, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Eligible patients received either ONCE PRO for one meal daily with controlled diets or only controlled diets for 3 months...
October 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sarah V Liu, Lori B Moore, Tanya M Halliday, A Hope Jahren, Jyoti Savla, Valisa E Hedrick, Elaina L Marinik, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Consumption of added sugars (AS) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may adversely affect adolescents' weight and cardiovascular disease risk. Reliance on self-reported dietary assessment methods is a common research limitation, which could be overcome by dietary intake biomarkers. AIM: The investigation was a proof-of-concept study to evaluate the proposed carbon isotope ratio (δ13 C) biomarker of AS intake in adolescents, using a controlled feeding design...
September 20, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Anthony Crimarco, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Caroline Dunn, Shraddha Vyas, Trisha Mandes, Thomas G Hurley, Delia West, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is associated with numerous chronic diseases and can be managed with diet. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in baseline characteristics and plasma inflammation levels between two groups of participants that participated in an intensive, lifestyle intervention or a remotely delivered intervention. This work also assessed the association between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)® scores and participants' inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers at baseline...
September 19, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Joseph M Bulmer, Thomas R McBain, Daniel J Peart
BACKGROUND: Exercise and green tea supplementation have been shown to have the potential to improve postprandial blood glucose concentrations, but past interventions have not often investigated attainable and time effective exercise protocols. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interval walking exercise and acute green tea extract supplementation on the glycaemic response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHOD: Twelve physically inactive participants (nine male, three female, age: 22 ± 1 years; body mass: 81...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sinead Tj McDonagh, Lee J Wylie, Paul T Morgan, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of nitrate (NO3 - )-containing vegetables, alcohol and polyphenols, separately, can reduce blood pressure (BP). However, the pharmacokinetic response to the combined ingestion of NO3 - and polyphenol-rich or low polyphenol alcoholic beverages is unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how the consumption of low and high polyphenolic alcoholic beverages combined with a NO3 - -rich meal can influence NO3 - metabolism and systemic BP...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Andrea M Brace, Fernanda Cd De Andrade, Bobbi Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions are used to increase knowledge, change attitudes and beliefs about healthy eating, to increase skills, and promote healthy eating. AIMS: To review the effectiveness of published nutrition interventions implemented among college students to promote healthy behaviors. METHODS: The authors explored multiple electronic databases, such as ERIC, Science Direct, and EBSCOhost. Search criteria included nutritional interventions implemented among students attending US colleges, written in English, and published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2015...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Obidimma Ezezika, Jessica Oh, Ngozi Edeagu, Warami Boyo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the availability of foods that are high in salt, sugar, and saturated fat is steadily increasing. This has led to an increase in the consumption of such foods among Nigerians, particularly among adolescents. AIM: This pilot study was undertaken to understand whether, and how, gamification of nutrition can have an impact on addressing the problem of unhealthy eating among Nigerian adolescents. METHODS: Gamification of nutrition through board games, clubs and vouchers was introduced in three secondary schools in Abuja, Nigeria over a span of three to four months...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Deeptha Sukumar, Kendra B Becker, May Cheung, Samantha Diamond, Rittane Duszak, Abeer Aljahdali, Stella L Volpe, Jennifer A Nasser
BACKGROUND: Bone-regulating hormones and nutrients play an important role in influencing metabolic health. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether bone-regulating hormones and nutrients, such as parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and magnesium (Mg) could be used to characterize the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype. METHODS: This study included 27 overweight or obese participants (14 men/13 women) classified as MHO ( n = 14) or metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) ( n = 13) based on the presence or absence of metabolic abnormalities, determined by percentage body fat, percentage trunk fat, and waist circumference...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
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