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Nutrition and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929949/nutrition-and-health-editorial-how-to-present-and-interpret-research-findings-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#1
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#2
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641504/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#3
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#4
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413923/knowledge-of-healthy-foods-does-not-translate-to-healthy-snack-consumption-among-exercise-science-undergraduates
#5
Laura H McArthur, Antonette Valentino, Donald Holbert
This cross-sectional survey study compared the on- and off-campus snack choices and related correlates of convenience samples of exercise science (ES) ( n = 165, M = 45%, F = 55%) and non-exercise science (NES) ( n =160, M = 43%, F = 57%) undergraduates. The hypothesis posed was that knowledge of healthy foods will not translate to healthier snack consumption by the ES students, and that the snack choices and related correlates of ES and NES students will be similar. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires completed in classrooms (ES sample) and at high-traffic locations on-campus (NES sample)...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413912/the-acute-effects-of-baobab-fruit-adansonia-digitata-on-satiety-in-healthy-adults
#6
Rebecca Garvey, Miriam Clegg, Shelly Coe
BACKGROUND: The baobab fruit is high in both dietary fibre and polyphenols and therefore may increase satiety. The aim of the study was to measure the effects of baobab fruit extract on satiety. METHODS: The study was conducted on 20 healthy participants. The study was a one-day single-blind crossover design. Participants were randomised to either a test smoothie consisting of 15 g of baobab extract or a control smoothie without the addition of baobab. Subjective ratings of satiety were taken on visual analogue scales immediately pre-consumption and then post-consumption, and energy intake at a post ad libitum meal was recorded...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349727/six-weeks-of-%C3%AE-alanine-supplementation-did-not-enhance-repeated-sprint-ability-or-technical-performances-in-young-elite-basketball-players
#7
Fabio Milioni, Paulo E Redkva, Fabio A Barbieri, Alessandro M Zagatto
Supplementation with β-alanine plays an important role as a precursor of carnosine, the most effective intramuscular buffer, and has been seen as a potential ergogenic aid, especially for high-intensity modalities such as basketball. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of β-alanine supplementation on repeated sprint ability (RSA) and technical performances in young elite Brazilian basketball players. In total, 27 young basketball players (17±1 years) were randomized into a β-alanine group (Gβ - 6...
June 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298152/population-survey-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-organic-genetically-modified-and-irradiated-foods
#8
Jane A Gwira Baumblatt, L Rand Carpenter, Caleb Wiedeman, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
BACKGROUND: Sales of organic foods are increasing due to public demand, while genetically modified (GM) and irradiated foods are often viewed with suspicion. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine consumer attitudes toward organic, GM and irradiated foods to direct educational efforts regarding their consumption Methods: A telephone survey of 1838 residents in Tennessee, USA was conducted regarding organic, GM, and irradiated foods. RESULTS: Approximately half of respondents (50...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298151/effect-of-exclusion-of-frequently-consumed-dietary-triggers-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-primary-headache
#9
Sepideh Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors are known to trigger headaches, the relationship between food and headache in children remains unclear. This prospective, observational case series aimed to evaluate the effect of exclusion of frequently-consumed foods in a cohort of children with headache. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen children aged 3-15 (mean 10.5) years with primary headache were followed in a paediatric outpatient clinic. Patients who frequently consumed foods or food additives known to trigger headaches were advised to exclude them for six weeks and to return for follow-up with headache and food diary...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298150/nutrition-and-health-editorial
#10
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176548/nutritional-adequacy-of-meals-from-an-independent-catering-facility-versus-chain-restaurants-for-young-adults
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
BACKGROUND: Eating out of home has been associated with the increasing prevalence of obesity. While some chain restaurants provide nutritional information for their products, smaller independent catering facilities may not provide such information. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of meals provided to young adults at an independent catering facility and compare them with meals provided by chain restaurants. METHODS: Meals were analysed in 2014 in the UK in relation of nutrient provision to targets for macro- and micro-nutrients...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112038/diet-quality-of-individuals-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-using-the-healthy-eating-index-hei-2010
#12
Lauren Thomas Berube, Mary Kiely, Yusuf Yazici, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) afflicts approximately 1.5 million American adults and is a major cause of disability. As disease severity worsens, individuals with RA may experience functional decline that can impact dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the diet quality of individuals with RA using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2010 and examine associations between diet quality and disease activity and functional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed diet quality and disease activity and functional status in adults with RA...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068865/testing-for-homocysteine-in-clinical-practice
#13
John Nichols
The theory that raised blood homocysteine is a major factor in the development of cardiovascular disease was initially rejected by the medical establishment. Trials of a treatment to lower homocysteine in moderately advanced disease have failed to show benefits (except in those not treated with anti-platelet drug), but there is mounting evidence for a role in treatment of very early disease and as a preventive strategy. Recent evidence has shown that lowering of high blood homocysteine significantly slows cognitive decline and the brain shrinkage associated with Alzheimer's disease...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044622/knowledge-attitudes-and-perception-on-dietary-salt-reduction-of-two-communities-in-grahamstown-south-africa
#14
Fadzai Mushoriwa, Nick Townsend, Sunitha Srinivas
INTRODUCTION: Dietary salt reduction has been identified as a cost effective way of addressing the global burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular diseases. The World Health Organization has recommended three main strategies for achieving population-wide salt reduction in all member states: food reformulation, policies and consumer awareness campaigns. In 2013, the South African Ministry of Health announced the mandatory salt reduction legislation for the food manufacturing sector...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032531/fluoride-concentrations-in-a-range-of-ready-to-drink-beverages-consumed-in-heilongjiang-province-north-east-china
#15
Ying Liu, Anne Maguire, Guan Tianqui, Shi Yanguo, Fatemeh V Zohoori
Consumption of ready-to-drink beverages, as a potential source of fluoride (F), has increased considerably in China over the last decade. To help inform the public and policy makers, this study aimed to measure F concentration of ready-to-drink beverages on sale in Heilongjiang province, north east China. Three batches of 106 drink products manufactured by 26 companies were purchased from the main national supermarkets in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China. The F concentration of all samples was determined, in triplicate, using a fluoride ion-selective electrode in conjunction with a meter and a direct method of analysis...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032519/fast-foods-perception-among-adolescents-by-gender-and-weight-status
#16
Sabika S Allehdan, Reema F Tayyem, Hiba A Bawadi, Narmeen J Al-Awwad, Mariam Al-Mannai, Abdulrahman O Musaiger
BACKGROUND: Fast food restaurants have become widespread in both developed and developing countries due to nutritional and economic transitions. The frequency of fast food intake is relatively high among adolescents; however, fast food consumption is positively associated with total energy intake and obesity in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the perception of Jordanian adolescents towards fast foods relative to gender and obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 400 boys and 395 girls, aged 15-18 years...
March 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019279/leucine-and-resistance-training-improve-hyperglycemia-white-adipose-tissue-loss-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-an-experimental-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#17
Henrique Quintas Teixeira Ribeiro, Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Vanessa Batista de Sousa Lima, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho Martins, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Loss of white adipose tissue (WAT), associated with type 1 diabetes (DM1), contributes to increased chronic systemic inflammation. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of leucine supplementation and resistance training (RT) in attenuating WAT loss and improving inflammatory parameters and glucose metabolism in DM1 rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: DA (sedentary and supplemented with non-essential amino acids (NEAA)), DL (sedentary and supplemented with leucine), DTA (submitted to RT and supplemented with NEAA) and DTL (submitted to RT and supplemented with leucine)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959918/special-diets-in-modern-america-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-interview-survey-data
#18
Brenda Leung, Romy Lauche, Matthew Leach, Yan Zhang, Holger Cramer, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: Special diets are frequently used by the public but reasons for use and characteristics of users remain unclear. AIM: To determine prevalence of the use of special diets, the individual characteristics associated with their use and reasons for use. METHODS: The secondary analysis used data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional household interview survey of a nationally representative sample of non-hospitalized US adult populations ( n = 34,525)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944717/an-overview-of-assessment-methodology-for-obesity-related-variables-in-infants-at-risk
#19
Danae Dinkel, Corrine Hanson, Karsten Koehler, Ann Anderson Berry, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Matthew Bice, Jill Wallen, Danstan Bagenda, Laura Jana, Jana Pressler
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of a child's life are a particularly critical time period for obesity prevention. AIM: An increasing amount of research across the world is aimed at understanding factors that impact early childhood obesity and developing interventions that target these factors effectively. With this growing interest, new and interdisciplinary research teams are developing to meet this research need. Due to rapid growth velocity during this phase of the lifespan, typical assessments used in older populations may not be valid or applicable in infants, and investigators need to be aware of the pros and cons of specific methodological strategies...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838293/is-lack-of-breakfast-contributing-to-nutrient-deficits-and-poor-nutritional-indicators-among-adolescent-girls
#20
Angeline Jeyakumar, Padmini Ghugre
BACKGROUND: Breakfast is considered the first and most important meal of the day. Missing the first meal may result in significant nutritional deficits, if not compensated in subsequent meals. AIM: To describe the nutrient intake through breakfast and to study its association with nutritional indicators among adolescent girls. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among adolescent girls ( n = 565) 16-18 years was carried out in urban slums of Pune, Maharashtra, India...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
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