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Systematic and Applied Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641923/rhodobacteraceae-on-the-marine-brown-alga-fucus-spiralis-are-abundant-and-show-physiological-adaptation-to-an-epiphytic-lifestyle
#1
Marco Dogs, Bernd Wemheuer, Laura Wolter, Nils Bergen, Rolf Daniel, Meinhard Simon, Thorsten Brinkhoff
Macroalgae harbour specific microbial communities on their surface that have functions related to host health and defence. In this study, the bacterial biofilm of the marine brown alga Fucus spiralis was investigated using 16S rRNA gene amplicon-based analysis and isolation of bacteria. Rhodobacteraceae (Alphaproteobacteria) were the predominant family constituting 23% of the epibacterial community. At the genus level, Sulfitobacter, Loktanella, Octadecabacter and a previously undescribed cluster were most abundant, and together they comprised 89% of the Rhodobacteraceae...
June 15, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625721/kiloniella-majae-sp-nov-isolated-from-spider-crab-maja-brachydactyla-and-pullet-carpet-shell-clam-venerupis-pullastra
#2
Diego Gerpe, Noemí Buján, Ana L Diéguez, Aide Lasa, Jesús L Romalde
Ten Gram-negative, rod-shaped and motile bacterial strains were isolated from spider crab (M27.10, M27.11a, F36.1, F36.4, M56.1, F76.17b, M146.1, M166.3 and M166.6) and pullet carpet shell clam (SBRF 1.10) collected in the coast of Galicia. Analyses of the 16S rRNA genes showed that the strains belong to the genus Kiloniella and have high similarity with the species Kiloniella spongiae (99.44-99.86%) and Kiloniella litopenaei (99.0-99.5%). Strains M56.1(T) (=CECT 9195, =LMG 29925), M146.1 (=CECT 9193, =LMG 29926) and SBRF 1...
June 10, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629639/atp-synthesis-capacity-of-pulsed-light-exposed-bacteria
#3
B Kramer, J Wunderlich, P Muranyi
The ability of four different bacteria to synthesize new ATP upon exposure to different doses of pulsed-light (PL) irradiation was investigated. The bacterial cells were PL treated on a gel surface, resuspended in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and subsequently incubated in Tryptic Soy Broth (TSB) at 37°C. Cellular ATP levels were monitored during a 2h incubation period and compared to the respective colony count data. Although PL affected ATP production in a dose dependent manner, the results showed that bacteria, which had rendered unculturable after PL exposure, are still capable of generating significant quantities of ATP...
June 7, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622795/desulfamplus-magnetovallimortis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-magnetotactic-bacterium-from-a-brackish-desert-spring-able-to-biomineralize-greigite-and-magnetite-that-represents-a-novel-lineage-in-the-desulfobacteraceae
#4
Elodie C T Descamps, Caroline L Monteil, Nicolas Menguy, Nicolas Ginet, David Pignol, Dennis A Bazylinski, Christopher T Lefèvre
A magnetotactic bacterium, designated strain BW-1(T), was isolated from a brackish spring in Death Valley National Park (California, USA) and cultivated in axenic culture. The Gram-negative cells of strain BW-1(T) are relatively large and rod-shaped and possess a single polar flagellum (monotrichous). This strain is the first magnetotactic bacterium isolated in axenic culture capable of producing greigite and/or magnetite nanocrystals aligned in one or more chains per cell. Strain BW-1(T) is an obligate anaerobe that grows chemoorganoheterotrophically while reducing sulfate as a terminal electron acceptor...
May 31, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552245/pseudomonas-caspiana-sp-nov-a-citrus-pathogen-in-the-pseudomonas-syringae-phylogenetic-group
#5
Antonio Busquets, Margarita Gomila, Farid Beiki, Magdalena Mulet, Heshmat Rahimian, Elena García-Valdés, Jorge Lalucat
In a screening by multilocus sequence analysis of Pseudomonas strains isolated from diverse origins, 4 phylogenetically closely related strains (FBF58, FBF102(T), FBF103, and FBF122) formed a well-defined cluster in the Pseudomonas syringae phylogenetic group. The strains were isolated from citrus orchards in northern Iran with disease symptoms in the leaves and stems and its pathogenicity against citrus plants was demonstrated. The whole genome of the type strain of the proposed new species (FBF102(T)=CECT 9164(T)=CCUG 69273(T)) was sequenced and characterized...
May 11, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499469/phylogenetically-diverse-groups-of-bradyrhizobium-isolated-from-nodules-of-tree-and-annual-legume-species-growing-in-ethiopia
#6
Tulu Degefu, Endalkachew Wolde-Meskel, Kedir Woliy, Åsa Frostegård
Bacteria belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium nodulate various leguminous woody plants and herbs, including economically important crops such as soybean, peanut and cowpea. Here we analysed 39 Bradyrhizobium strains originating from root nodules of the leguminous trees and crops Acacia saligna, Faidherbia albida, Erythrina brucei, Albizia gummifera, Millettia ferruginea, Cajanus cajan, Vigna unguiculata and Phaseolus vulgaris, growing in southern Ethiopia. Multilocus sequence analyses (MLSA) of the 16S rRNA, glnII, recA, gyrB and dnaK genes and the ITS region grouped the test strains into seven well-supported genospecies (I-VII), six of which occupied distinct positions excluding all hitherto defined Bradyrhizobium species...
April 26, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501448/pseudomonas-versuta-sp-nov-isolated-from-antarctic-soil
#7
Wah Seng See-Too, Sergio Salazar, Robson Ee, Peter Convey, Kok-Gan Chan, Álvaro Peix
In this study we analysed three bacterial strains coded L10.10(T), A4R1.5 and A4R1.12, isolated in the course of a study of quorum-quenching bacteria occurring in Antarctic soil. The 16S rRNA gene sequence was identical in the three strains and showed 99.7% pairwise similarity with respect to the closest related species Pseudomonas weihenstephanensis WS4993(T). Therefore, the three strains were classified within the genus Pseudomonas. Analysis of housekeeping genes (rpoB, rpoD and gyrB) sequences showed similarities of 84-95% with respect to the closest related species of Pseudomonas, confirming its phylogenetic affiliation...
April 18, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495244/rumen-prokaryotic-communities-of-ruminants-under-different-feeding-paradigms-on-the-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#8
Dan Xue, Huai Chen, Xinquan Zhao, Shixiao Xu, Linyong Hu, Tianwei Xu, Lin Jiang, Wei Zhan
Yak and Tibetan sheep are the major indigenous ruminants on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in China. The aim of this work was to study the differences in ruminal fermentation parameters and rumen prokaryotic community composition between hosts and feeding paradigms. The 16S rRNA genes targeting bacteria and archaea were sequenced using the MiSeq platform. The results showed that the prokaryotic community structure between yak and Tibetan sheep was significantly different (P<0.01). A significant difference in structure was also found between groups of yaks barn fed with a total mixed ration (TMR) and those naturally grazing (NG) (P=0...
April 18, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527624/understanding-aerobic-anaerobic-metabolism-in-caldibacillus-debilis-through-a-comparison-with-model-organisms
#9
Scott Wushke, Victor Spicer, Xiang Li Zhang, Brian Fristensky, Oleg V Krokhin, David B Levin, Nazim Cicek, Richard Sparling
Caldibacillus debilis GB1 is a facultative anaerobe isolated from a thermophilic aero-tolerant cellulolytic enrichment culture. There is a lack of representative proteomes of facultative anaerobic thermophilic Bacillaceae, exploring aerobic/anaerobic expression. The C. debilis GB1 genome was sequenced and annotated, and the proteome characterized under aerobic and anaerobic conditions while grown on cellobiose. The draft sequence of C. debilis GB1 contains a 3,340,752 bp chromosome and a 5,386 bp plasmid distributed over 49 contigs...
April 13, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442158/diversity-and-evolutionary-aspects-of-mucin-binding-mucbp-domain-repeats-among-lactobacillus-plantarum-group-strains-through-comparative-genetic-analysis
#10
Sundru Manjulata Devi, Prakash M Halami
Mucin binding protein (Mub) of Lactobacillus plantarum- group (LPG) is considered as a potential marker gene due to its diversity and adherence property to host intestinal layer. We recently observed strain specific diversity in mub gene of LPG strains (n=8) and grouped them into Type I, II and III based on the insertion and/or deletion of MucBP domain repeats (Devi et al., 2016). The mub gene expression pattern noted by real-time PCR revealed 67.64 increased fold change in MTCC 9483 with four MucBP repeats...
April 12, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442157/gilliamella-intestini-sp-nov-gilliamella-bombicola-sp-nov-gilliamella-bombi-sp-nov-and-gilliamella-mensalis-sp-nov-four-novel-gilliamella-species-isolated-from-the-bumblebee-gut
#11
Jessy Praet, Margo Cnockaert, Ivan Meeus, Guy Smagghe, Peter Vandamme
Spectra of five isolates (LMG 28358(T), LMG 29879(T), LMG 29880(T), LMG 28359(T) and R-53705) obtained from gut samples of wild bumblebees of Bombus pascuorum, Bombus lapidarius and Bombus terrestris were grouped into four MALDI-TOF MS clusters. RAPD analysis revealed an identical DNA fingerprint for LMG 28359(T) and R-53705 which also grouped in the same MALDI-TOF MS cluster, while different DNA fingerprints were obtained for the other isolates. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of the four different strains identified Gilliamella apicola NCIMB 14804(T) as nearest neighbour species...
April 12, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372899/phylogenetically-diverse-group-of-native-bacterial-symbionts-isolated-from-root-nodules-of-groundnut-arachis-hypogaea-l-in-south-africa
#12
Sanjay K Jaiswal, Levini A Msimbira, Felix D Dakora
Groundnut is an economically important N​2-fixing legume that can contribute about 100-190kgNha(-1) to cropping systems. In this study, groundnut-nodulating native rhizobia in South African soils were isolated from root nodules. Genetic analysis of isolates was done using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region of 16S-23S rDNA. A total of 26 IGS types were detected with band sizes ranging from 471 to 1415bp. The rhizobial isolates were grouped into five main clusters with Jaccard's similarity coefficient of 0...
June 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391801/corrigendum-to-revised-phylogeny-of-bacteroidetes-and-proposal-of-sixteen-new-taxa-and-two-new-combinations-including-rhodothermaeota-phyl-nov-syst-appl-microbiol-39-7-2016-491-492
#13
Raul Munoz, Ramon Rosselló-Móra, Rudolf Amann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292625/-candidatus-dichloromethanomonas-elyunquensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-dichloromethane-degrading-anaerobe-of-the-peptococcaceae-family
#14
Sara Kleindienst, Steven A Higgins, Despina Tsementzi, Gao Chen, Konstantinos T Konstantinidis, E Erin Mack, Frank E Löffler
Taxonomic assignments of anaerobic dichloromethane (DCM)-degrading bacteria remain poorly constrained but are important for understanding the microbial diversity of organisms contributing to DCM turnover in environmental systems. We describe the taxonomic classification of a novel DCM degrader in consortium RM obtained from pristine Rio Mameyes sediment. Phylogenetic analysis of full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that the DCM degrader was most closely related to members of the genera Dehalobacter and Syntrophobotulus, but sequence similarities did not exceed 94% and 93%, respectively...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284522/in-depth-analysis-of-rumen-microbial-and-carbohydrate-active-enzymes-profile-in-indian-crossbred-cattle
#15
V Lyju Jose, Ravi P More, Thulasi Appoothy, A Sha Arun
Rumen houses a plethora of symbiotic microorganisms empowering the host to hydrolyze plant lignocellulose. In this study, NGS based metagenomic approach coupled with bioinformatic analysis was employed to gain an insight into the deconstruction of lignocellulose by carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) in Indian crossbred Holstein-Friesian cattle. Cattle rumen metagenomic DNA was sequenced using Illumina-MiSeq and 1.9 gigabases of data generated with an average read length of 871 bp. Analysis of the assembled sequences by Pfam-based Carbohydrate-active enzyme Analysis Toolkit identified 17,164 putative protein-encoding CAZymes belonging to different families of glycoside hydrolases (7574), glycosyltransferases (5185), carbohydrate-binding modules (2418), carbohydrate esterases (1516), auxiliary activities (434) and polysaccharide lyases (37)...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238475/mesorhizobium-delmotii-and-mesorhizobium-prunaredense-are-two-new-species-containing-rhizobial-strains-within-the-symbiovar-anthyllidis
#16
Roba Mohamad, Anne Willems, Antoine Le Quéré, Géraldine Maynaud, Marjorie Pervent, Maurine Bonabaud, Emeric Dubois, Jean-Claude Cleyet-Marel, Brigitte Brunel
Eight mesorhizobial symbiotic strains isolated from Anthyllis vulneraria root-nodules were studied and compared taxonomically with defined Mesorhizobium species. All strains presented identical 16S rDNA sequences but can be differentiated by multilocus sequence analysis of housekeeping genes (recA, atpD, glnII and dnaK). Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry analyses separate these strains in two groups and a separate strain. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness were less than 55% between representative strains and their closest Mesorhizobium reference relatives...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237188/identification-of-acetic-acid-bacteria-through-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-and-report-of-gluconobacter-nephelii-kommanee-et-al-2011-and-gluconobacter-uchimurae-tanasupawat-et-al-2012-as-later-heterotypic-synonyms
#17
Leilei Li, Ilse Cleenwerck, Luc De Vuyst, Peter Vandamme
The classification and identification of acetic acid bacteria (AAB) underwent much change during the last two decades. However, several closely related AAB species are difficult to differentiate and rapid and correct species level identification remains challenging. In the present study, 281 well-characterized AAB strains representing AAB species of the family Acetobacteraceae were used to construct a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) identification database...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216096/alkalinity-of-lanzarote-soils-is-a-factor-shaping-rhizobial-populations-with-sinorhizobium-meliloti-being-the-predominant-microsymbiont-of-lotus-lancerottensis
#18
Milagros León-Barrios, Juan Pérez-Yépez, Paola Dorta, Ana Garrido, Concepción Jiménez
Lotus lancerottensis is an endemic species that grows widely throughout Lanzarote Island (Canary Is.). Characterization of 48 strains isolated from root nodules of plants growing in soils from eleven locations on the island showed that 38 isolates (79.1%) belonged to the species Sinorhizobium meliloti, whereas only six belonged to Mesorhizobium sp., the more common microsymbionts for the Lotus. Other genotypes containing only one isolate were classified as Pararhizobium sp., Sinorhizobium sp., Phyllobacterium sp...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214058/phylogenetic-multilocus-sequence-analysis-of-indigenous-slow-growing-rhizobia-nodulating-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-l-in-greece
#19
Anastasia P Tampakaki, Christos T Fotiadis, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a promiscuous grain legume, capable of establishing efficient symbiosis with diverse symbiotic bacteria, mainly slow-growing rhizobial species belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium. Although much research has been done on cowpea-nodulating bacteria in various countries around the world, little is known about the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous cowpea rhizobia in European soils. In the present study, the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous rhizobia isolated from field-grown cowpea nodules in three geographically different Greek regions were studied...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209394/ensifer-shofinae-sp-nov-a-novel-rhizobial-species-isolated-from-root-nodules-of-soybean-glycine-max
#20
Wen Hao Chen, Sheng Hui Yang, Zhao Hu Li, Xiao Xia Zhang, Xin Hua Sui, En Tao Wang, Wen Xin Chen, Wen Feng Chen
Two bacterial strains isolated from root nodules of soybean were characterized phylogenetically as members of a distinct group in the genus Ensifer based on 16S rRNA gene comparisons. They were also verified as a separated group by the concatenated sequence analyses of recA, atpD and glnII (with similarities ≤93.9% to the type strains for defined species), and by the average nucleotide identities (ANI) between the whole genome sequence of the representative strain CCBAU 251167(T) and those of the closely related strains in Ensifer glycinis and Ensifer fredii (90...
April 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
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