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Cell Biochemistry and Function

Ni Yang, Liuzhong Wu, Ying Zhao, Ning Zou, Chunfeng Liu
It is generally accepted that insulin exerts an antiapoptotic effect against ischemia/reperfusion through the activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. MicroRNAs involve in multiple cardiac pathophysiological processes, including ischemia/reperfusion-induced cardiac injury. However, the regulation of microRNAs in the cardioprotective effect of insulin is rarely discussed. In this study, using a cell model of ischemia through culturing H9C2 cardiac myocytes in serum-free medium with hypoxia, we demonstrated that pretreatment with insulin significantly inhibited cell apoptosis and downregulated microRNA-320 (miR-320) expression...
March 9, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Sameena Wani, Deepak Kaul
It is widely believed that selective packaging of nucleic acids, especially microRNAs, into exosomes secreted by the cancer cells not only ensures their growth and survival but also helps in the escape from immune surveillance. Keeping in view the fact that human cellular miR-2909 has emerged to regulate genes involved in oncogenesis and immunity, the present study was addressed to reveal the nature of miR-2909 expression within cancer cells of different tissue origin and its incorporation into exosomes secreted by these cells...
February 21, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Jiao Liang, Jun Li, Yanxia Fu, Fangli Ren, Jiake Xu, Mengyu Zhou, Peiyu Li, Haotian Feng, Yinyin Wang
GdX, also named ubiquitin-like protein 4A, is a ubiquitin-domain protein characterized by a ubiquitin-like domain that regulates the movement of misfolded proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum membrane to proteasome. However, its function in skeletal biology remains unclear. Here, we report that GdX plays a crucial role in skeletal development as mice lacking GdX exhibit skeletal dysplasias, mild kyphosis, and scoliosis. During embryonic stage, GdX knockout mice display decreased bone mineral density and trabecular bone accompanied by delayed osteogenic formation...
February 20, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Yongqiang Sha, Li Yang, Yonggang Lv
Severe hypoxia inhibits the adhesion and mobility of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and limits their application in bone tissue engineering. In this study, CoCl2was used to simulate severe hypoxia and the effects of mechano-growth factor (MGF) E peptide on the morphology, adhesion, migration, and proangiogenic capacity of BMSCs under hypoxia were measured. It was demonstrated that severe hypoxia (500-μM CoCl2) significantly caused cell contraction and reduced cell area, roundness, adhesion, and migration of BMSCs...
February 13, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Rachid Akki, Rosalba Siracusa, Rossana Morabito, Alessia Remigante, Michela Campolo, Mohammed Errami, Giuseppina La Spada, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Angela Marino
Preconditioning (PC) is a cell adaptive response to oxidative stress and, with regard to neurons, can be considered as a neuroprotective strategy. The aim of the present study was to verify how neuronal-like differentiated SH-SY5Y cells adapt to a mild and transient H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress and, hence, whether may be considered as more sensitive cell model to study PC pathways. A first screening allowed to define H2 O2 concentrations for PC (10μM-50μM), applied before damage(100μM H2 O2 ). Cell viability measured 24 hours after 100μM H2 O2 -induced damage was ameliorated by 24-hour pre-exposure to low-concentration H2 O2 (10μM-30μM) with cell size as well restored...
February 12, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Hao Ding, Xing-Wang Xu, Huan Wang, Lin Xiao, Le Zhao, Guang-Ling Duan, Xiao-Ran Li, Zhao-Xia Ma, He-Ping Chen
DJ-1 was recently reported to mediate the cardioprotection of delayed hypoxic preconditioning (DHP) by suppressing hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced oxidative stress, but its mechanism against H/R-induced oxidative stress during DHP is not fully elucidated. Here, using the well-established cellular model of DHP, we again found that DHP significantly improved cell viability and reduced lactate dehydrogenase release with concurrently up-regulated DJ-1 protein expression in H9c2 cells subjected to H/R. Importantly, DHP efficiently improved mitochondrial complex I activity following H/R and attenuated H/R-induced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and subsequent oxidative stress, as demonstrated by a much smaller decrease in reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione ratio and a much smaller increase in intracellular ROS and malondialdehyde contents than that observed for the H/R group...
February 12, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Mark Thomas, Tanja Davis, Ben Loos, Balindiwe Sishi, Barbara Huisamen, Hans Strijdom, Anna-Mart Engelbrecht
Autophagy plays a major role in the adaptive metabolic response of cancer cells during adverse conditions such as nutrient deprivation. However, specific data that assess metabolite profiles in context with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) availability and cell death susceptibility remain limited. Human breast cancer cells, MDAMB231, and normal breast epithelial cells, MCF12A, were subjected to short-term amino acid starvation and the cellular apoptotic and autophagic responses assessed. The role of autophagy in the control of cellular amino acid, ATP, free fatty acid, and glucose levels during amino acid starvation were compared...
February 5, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Seong-Yeong Heo, Seok-Chun Ko, Seung Yun Nam, Junghwan Oh, Young-Mog Kim, Jae-Il Kim, Namwon Kim, Myunggi Yi, Won-Kyo Jung
Fish bone, a by-product of fishery processing, is composed of protein, calcium, and other minerals. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a bioactive peptide isolated from the bone of the marine fish, Johnius belengerii, on the osteoblastic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts. Post consecutive purification by liquid chromatography, a potent osteogenic peptide, composed of 3 amino acids, Lys-Ser-Ala (KSA, MW: 304.17 Da), was identified. The purified peptide promoted cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, mineral deposition, and expression levels of phenotypic markers of osteoblastic differentiation in MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblast...
February 1, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Rong Yu, Hao Jin, Congcong Jin, Xuefeng Huang, Jinju Lin, Yili Teng
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common female malignancies, and cisplatin-based chemotherapy is routinely used in locally advanced ovarian cancer patients. Acquired or de novo cisplatin resistance remains the barrier to patient survival, and the mechanisms of cisplatin resistance are still not well understood. In the current study, we found that colony-stimulating-factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) was upregulated in cisplatin-resistant SK-OV-3 and CaoV-3 cells. Colony-stimulating-factor-1 receptor knockdown suppressed proliferation and enhanced apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant SK-OV-3 and CaoV-3 cells...
January 25, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Dan Luo, Shiyuan Hu, Chunlan Tang, Guoxiang Liu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are recruited into the tumour microenvironment and promote tumour growth and metastasis. Tumour microenvironment-induced autophagy is considered to suppress primary tumour formation by impairing migration and invasion. Whether these recruited MSCs regulate tumour autophagy and whether autophagy affects tumour growth are controversial. Our data showed that MSCs promote autophagy activation, reactive oxygen species production, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as well as increased migration and invasion in A549 cells...
January 25, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Li Jiang, Xing Wang, Yong Wang, Xiaoyan Chen
miR-222 plays an important role in erythroid differentiation, but the potential targets of miR-222 in the regulation of erythroid differentiation remain to be determined. The target genes of miR-222 were identified by proteomics combined with bioinformatics analysis in this study. Thirteen proteins were upregulated, and 13 were downregulated in K562 cells following transfection with miR-222 inhibitor for 24 and 48 hours. Among these proteins, BLVRA and CRKL were upregulated after transfection of miR-222 inhibitor in K562 cells and human CD34+ HPCs...
January 24, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Xing Zhao, Gang Luo, Yan Fan, Xiaoxue Ma, Jieqing Zhou, Hong Jiang
Renal interstitial fibrosis is the most common process by which chronic kidney diseases progress to end-stage renal failure. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) play a crucial role in the progression of renal interstitial fibrosis. A newly identified cytokine, interleukin-like EMT inducer (ILEI), has been linked to EMT in some diseases. However, the effects of ILEI on renal tubular EMT have not yet been well established. Here, we characterize the expression of ILEI in tubular EMT and describe the role and mechanism of ILEI in transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1)-induced renal tubular EMT...
January 15, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Lin Hou, Jian Wang, Yinjuan Wang, Xiuguo Hua, Ji Wu
Pigs share many anatomical and physiological features with humans, offering a unique and viable model for biomedical research. Tandem mass tag method followed by mass spectrometry analysis was utilized to identify peptides (47,405), proteins (14,701), and protein groups (7634) in ovaries of 8- and 32-week-old postnatal Banna miniature pigs. After annotation and analysis by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway and Gene Ontology, the proteins were identified as being involved in hormone metabolic pathways and maintenance, proliferation, and regulation of stem cells...
December 28, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Xuan Zhang, Hong-Yan Ping, Jian-Hong Li, Shou-Xin Duan, Xue-Wu Jiang
Recent evidence suggested a positive correlation between environmental estrogens (EEs) and high incidence of abnormalities in male urogenital system, but the mechanism remains unclear. Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a nonsteroidal synthetic estrogen that disrupts the morphology and proliferation of gubernaculum testis cells, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, mouse gubernaculum testis cells were pretreated with phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor U-73122 and then treated with DES. The results demonstrated that U-73122 impaired DES-evoked intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in gubernaculum testis cells and inhibited DES-induced proliferation of gubernaculum testis cells...
December 26, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Zhe Jin, Qindong Tan, Bei Sun
Coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is a coronary microvascular disorder with an increasing morbidity, and currently, available therapies are of limited clinical value for its cure. Hence, it is urgent to find a novel approach to CSFP treatment. Several studies show that endothelial dysfunction plays a critical role in the aetiology of CSFP. Telmisartan (TMST) is a clinically available anti-hypertensive medicine and has shown its potential properties for improving vascular endothelial function. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of TMST on endothelial dysfunction in CSFP, Endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation, serum levels of nitric oxide, adiponectin, and endothelin-1 were surveyed before and after 3 months of TMST treatment...
January 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Qiang Zhen, Li-Na Gao, Ren-Feng Wang, Wei-Wei Chu, Ya-Xiao Zhang, Xiao-Jian Zhao, Bao-Lei Lv, Jia-Bao Liu
Oesophageal cancer (OC) is one of the most fatal malignancies in the world, and chemoresistance restricts the therapeutic outcome of OC. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) was reported to play roles in multiple cancer types. Yet, the function of lncRNA in chemoresistance of OC has not been reported. A lncRNA gene, PCAT-1, showed higher expression in OC tissues, especially higher in secondary OC compared with normal mucosa tissues. Overexpression of PCAT-1 increased the proliferation rate and growth of OC cells. Inhibition of PCAT-1 decreased proliferation and growth of OC cells, and increased cisplatin chemosensitivity...
January 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Marcos Rodrigues Maldonado, Lívia Bracht, Anacharis Babeto de Sá-Nakanishi, Rúbia Carvalho Gomes Corrêa, Jurandir Fernando Comar, Rosane Marina Peralta, Adelar Bracht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
W A Baldassini, J J Ramsey, K Hagopian, D P D Lanna
The purpose of this study was to determine if Shc proteins influence the metabolic response to acute (7 days) feeding of a high-fat diet (HFD). To this end, whole animal energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation were measured in the Shc knockout (ShcKO) and wild-type (WT) mice fed a control or HFD. The activities of enzymes of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, electron transport chain (ETC), and β-oxidation were also investigated in liver and skeletal muscle of ShcKO and WT animals. The study showed that ShcKO increases (P < ...
December 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Yujie Yang, Yanran Wang, Ting Wang, Xuehua Jiang, Ling Wang
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) regulates antioxidant enzymes and phase II detoxifying enzymes, such as NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Modified Xiaoyao powder (MXP) is most frequently used in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer in China. This study aimed to screen active components of MXP for antioxidant stress and chemoprevention, which depend on NRF2-NQO1 signalling pathway. A total of 25 monomeric compounds contained in MXP were screened using an antioxidant response element-luciferase reporter...
December 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Jin-Ho Park, Bong-Wook Park, Young-Hoon Kang, Sung-Hoon Byun, Sun-Chul Hwang, Deok Ryong Kim, Dong Kyun Woo, June-Ho Byun
Despite a capacity for proliferation and an ability to differentiate into multiple cell types, in long-term culture and with ageing, stem cells show a reduction in growth, display a decrease in differentiation potential, and enter senescence without evidence of transformation. The Lin28a gene encodes an RNA-binding protein that plays a role in regulating stem cell activity, including self-renewal and differentiation propensity. However, the effect of the Lin28a gene on cultured human osteoprecursor cells is poorly understood...
November 16, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
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