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Cell Biochemistry and Function

JiHui Ju, JianLong Wu, RuiXing Hou
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury often occurs during skin flap transplantation and results in tissue damage. Although estrogen treatment significantly alleviates this I/R injury-induced damage, the detailed molecular mechanism is not clear. In this study, a superficial epigastric artery flap I/R injury model was created in adult Wistar rats. Severe necrosis was observed in skin tissue after I/R injury. Histological examination of skin tissue revealed that I/R injury damages skin structure and results in neutrophil infiltration...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Guangbin Jiang, Li Wen, Hongmei Zheng, Zhiyuan Jian, Weiping Deng
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of cancer, which presents rapid tumor growth, drug resistance, and metastasis. Recently, microRNAs are shown to be involved in the cell biological processes in HCC, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the cellular function and molecular mechanism of miR-204-5p in HCC. SIRT1 mRNA and miR-204-5p were examined by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. SIRT1 protein levels were measured by Western blotting...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Wenbin Ma, Yingying Li, Chao Wang, Fan Xu, Meiling Wang, Yiming Liu
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the common age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Sensitive, noninvasive biomarkers that facilitate PD diagnosis and stage assignment are currently unavailable. This study aims to investigate the potential of 16 previous reported PD-associated miRNAs as novel biomarkers for PD. The expression of 16 serum miRNAs was measured by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in 138 PD patients and 112 control populations. Analyses were undertaken to assess the specificity and sensitivity of miRNAs to predict PD...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Hongjie Wu, Jing Li, Dongxiao Xu, Donghui Jv, Xiaofeng Meng, Peng Qiao, Tao Cui, Baozhong Shi
Glioma is one of the most common brain tumors and one of the most aggressive cancers. Although extensive progress has been made regarding to the diagnosis and treatment, the mortality in glioma patients is still high. Therefore, finding new therapeutic targets to the glioma is critical to the advancement in cancer treatment. Recently, the 37-kDa laminin receptor precursor (37LRP) was reported to play important roles in occurrence of some types of cancer, indicating that this molecule may function as a key regulator in the tumor migration and metastasis...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Kentaro Oh-Hashi, Yoko Hirata, Kazutoshi Kiuchi
In the present study, we applied a highly sensitive NanoLuc-based technology to understand the status of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) within mammalian cells. Two fragments of NanoLuc (NanoBit), large N-terminal and small C-terminal regions, were fused with wild-type (wt) and mutant human SOD1 (hSOD1) genes and transfected into cells. Luciferase activity through NanoBit assembly was only detected in NanoBit-tagged wtSOD1-expressing cells. Furthermore, the developed NanoLuc system was used to investigate the role of protein-protein interactions in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Xiaogang Dong, Wei Ding, Jianwei Ye, Dong Yan, Feng Xue, Lin Xu, Jiwei Yin, Wenjia Guo
Dysregulation of microRNAs has been demonstrated to contribute to malignant progression of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MiR-24-3p was previously reported to be significantly upregulated in HCC. However, the potential role and mechanism of action of miR-24-3p in the initiation and progression of HCC remain largely unknown. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that miR-24-3p was significantly upregulated in HCC tumor tissues compared with nontumor tissues...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Panorea Kotantaki, George Mosialos
CYLD is a deubiquitinating enzyme that exerts a tumor suppressive function. Its downregulation or inactivation has been associated with the development of several types of malignancies including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC cells display significantly lower Cyld expression compared to primary human hepatocytes, and Cyld downregulation can contribute to apoptotic resistance of HCC cells. Little is known about the mechanism of Cyld downregulation in human HCC cells. In the present study we explored the possible regulation of Cyld expression by histone deacetylases (HDACs) in human HCC cell lines...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Jianjun Wang, Ping Zhao, Zhihong Wan, Xueyuan Jin, Yongqian Cheng, Tao Yan, Song Qing, Ning Ding, Shaojie Xin
: The aim of this study was to investigate the differentiation potential of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) into hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs). The iPSCs were firstly induced by transduction of OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC into HFFs using retrovirus. Afterwards, expressions of pluripotency factors were identified by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining, and karyotype, embryoid, and teratoma were observed by microscope...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Wojciech Graboń, Dagmara Otto-Ślusarczyk, Alicja Chrzanowska, Magdalena Mielczarek-Puta, Ilona Joniec-Maciejak, Krzysztof Słabik, Anna Barańczyk-Kuźma
High glucose consumption and lactate synthesis in aerobic glycolysis are a hallmark of cancer cells. They can form lactate also in glutaminolysis, but it is not clear how oxygen availability affects this process. We studied lactate synthesis at various oxygen levels in human primary (SW480) and metastatic (SW620) colon cancer cells cultured with L-Ser and/or L-Asp. Glucose and lactate levels were determined colorimetrically, amino acids by HPLC, expression of AST1-mRNA and AST2-mRNA by RT-PCR. In both lines glucose consumption and lactate synthesis were higher at 10% than at 1% oxygen, and lactate/glucose ratio was increased above 2...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Diego B Alcala, Brian D Haldeman, Richard K Brizendine, Agata K Krenc, Josh E Baker, Ronald S Rock, Christine R Cremo
: Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) phosphorylates S19 of the myosin regulatory light chain (RLC), which is required to activate myosin's ATPase activity and contraction. Smooth muscles are known to display plasticity in response to factors such as inflammation, developmental stage, or stress, which lead to differential expression of nonmuscle and smooth muscle isoforms. Here, we compare steady-state kinetics parameters for phosphorylation of different MLCK substrates: (1) nonmuscle RLC, (2) smooth muscle RLC, and heavy meromyosin subfragments of (3) nonmuscle myosin IIB, and (4) smooth muscle myosin II...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Yujie Liang, Jiemei Ji, Yunan Lin, Yajun He, Jingchen Liu
OBJECTIVE: Studies indicate that bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity results from apoptosis. Gangliosides have been shown to promote neuronal repair and recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury. Previously, we confirmed that in vivo administration of the ganglioside GM-1 attenuated bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity in various animal models; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: Cells of the neuroblastoma line N2a (Neuro2a cells) were divided into three experimental groups: control, bupivacaine-treated, and bupivacaine-treated with GM-1 pretreatment...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
M Aguennouz, C Lo Giudice, N Licata, C Rodolico, O Musumeci, M Fanin, A Migliorato, M Ragusa, V Macaione, R M Di Giorgio, C Angelini, A Toscano
miRNA expression profile and predicted pathways involved in selected limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)2A/2B patients were investigated. A total of 187 miRNAs were dysregulated in all patients, with six miRNAs showing opposite regulation in LGMD2A versus LGMD2B patients. Silico analysis evidence: (1) a cluster of the dysregulated miRNAs resulted primarily involved in inflammation and calcium metabolism, and (2) two genes predicted as controlled by calcium-assigned miRNAs (Vitamin D Receptor gene and Guanine Nucleotide Binding protein beta polypeptide 1gene) showed an evident upregulation in LGMD2B patients, in accordance with miRNA levels...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Zhaowei Wang, Aimin Chen, Shengjuan Yan, Chengyan Li
The aim of this study was to explore the curative effect of differentiated human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) transplantation on rat of advanced Parkinson disease (PD) model. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells were cultured and induced differentiation in vitro. The PD rats were established and allocated randomly into 2 groups: differentiated hUC-MSCs groups and physiological saline groups (the control group). Rotation test and immunofluorescence double staining were done...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Xiao-Rui Geng, Shu-Qi Qiu, Li-Tao Yang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Gui Yang, Jiang-Qi Liu, Lu Zeng, Xiao-Xi Li, Li-Hua Mo, Zhi-Gang Liu, Ping-Chang Yang
Interleukin (IL)-10-expressing B cells play a critical role in the immune homeostasis in the body; its regulation has not been fully understood. Micro-RNA (miR)-17-92 cluster has strong regulation in the immunity. This study tests a hypothesis that miR-17-92 cluster suppresses IL-10 expression in B cells. In this study, peripheral B cells were collected from patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). The B cells were treated with specific allergens, dust mite extracts, in the culture. The expressions of miR-17-92 cluster and IL-10 in the culture were assessed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Denggao Zhai, Jiantai He, Xiaoli Li, Liansheng Gong, Yang Ouyang
Hemangioma (HA) can be exposed to bisphenol A (BPA) through direct skin absorption. Although numerous studies indicated that BPA can trigger the progression of cancers, there is no study concerning the effects of BPA on development of HA. Our present study revealed that nanomolar BPA can significantly increase the in vitro migration and invasion of HA cells via induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was evidenced by the upregulation of vimentin and downregulation of E-cadherin. The BPA treatment also significantly increased the expression and nuclear localization of Snail and the key transcription factor of EMT, while it had no effect on the expression of other transcription factors such as Slug, Twist, or ZEB1...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Rakesh K Raghupathy, Xun Zhang, Reem H Alhasani, Xinzhi Zhou, Margaret Mullin, James Reilly, Wenchang Li, Mugen Liu, Xinhua Shu
Photoreceptors are highly specialized sensory neurons that possess a modified primary cilium called the outer segment. Photoreceptor outer segment formation and maintenance require highly active protein transport via a process known as intraflagellar transport. Anterograde transport in outer segments is powered by the heterotrimeric kinesin II and coordinated by intraflagellar transport proteins. Here, we describe a new zebrafish model carrying a nonsense mutation in the kinesin II family member 3A (kif3a) gene...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Galina Nenkova, Rossen Stefanov, Mihail Chervenkov, Albena Alexandrova
Transition metal ions, mainly iron, are involved in the generation of highly reactive hydroxyl radicals, which are the most powerful inducers of oxidative damage to all biomolecules. The lipids in sperm membranes are highly susceptible to oxidation. Sperm lipid peroxidation (LPO) leads to decrease of motility and reduction of likelihood for sperm-oocyte fusion. The excess radical production may affect also the spermatozoa morphology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Desferal on the LPO, motility, and morphology of boar sperm subjected to oxidative stress...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Karthik Rajkumar, Aare Nichita, Pawan Kumar Anoor, Swathi Raju, Surya Satyanarayana Singh, Sandeepta Burgula
UNLABELLED: Phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1 (PEBP1), also known as Raf kinase inhibitor protein, belongs to PEBP family of proteins. It is known to interact with many proteins that are mainly involved in pathways that monitor cell proliferation and differentiation. PEBP1 in many cells interacts with several pathways, namely MAPK, GRK2, NF-кB, etc. that keeps the cell proliferation and differentiation in check. This protein is expressed by many cells in humans, including neurons where it is predominantly involved in production of choline acetyltransferase...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Liang Yang, Zhongjie Yan, Yuanyu Wang, Wandong Ma, Chen Li
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer. Evidences have suggested that CD133 is a marker for a subset of glioblastoma cancer stem cells. However, whether miRNA plays a critical role in CD133(+) GBM is poorly understood. Here, we identified that miR-154 was upregulated in CD133(+) GBM cell lines. Knockdown of miR-154 remarkably suppressed proliferation and migration of CD133(+) GBM cells. Further study found that PRPS1 was a direct target of miR-154 in CD133(+) GBM cells...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Alexander V Lopachev, Olga M Lopacheva, Ekaterina A Osipova, Elizaveta A Vladychenskaya, Larisa V Smolyaninova, Tatiana N Fedorova, Olga V Koroleva, Evgeny E Akkuratov
Cardiotonic steroid (CTS) ouabain is a well-established inhibitor of Na,K-ATPase capable of inducing signalling processes including changes in the activity of the mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) in various cell types. With increasing evidence of endogenous CTS in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, it is of particular interest to study ouabain-induced signalling in neurons, especially the activation of MAPK, because they are the key kinases activated in response to extracellular signals and regulating cell survival, proliferation and apoptosis...
July 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
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