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Cell Biochemistry and Function

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612505/set-domain-containing-protein-5-is-required-for-expression-of-primordial-germ-cell-specification-associated-genes-in-murine-embryonic-stem-cells
#1
Seung Eun Yu, Min Seong Kim, Su Hyung Park, Byong Chul Yoo, Kyung Hee Kim, Yeun Kyu Jang
Primordial germ cell (PGC) specification is one of the most fundamental processes in developmental biology. Because PGCs are a common source of both gametes, generation of PGCs from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is a useful model for analysing the germ line lineage. Although several studies focused on the role of epigenetic regulation on PGC differentiation from ESCs in vitro have been published, germ line commitment remains poorly understood. Here, we show that SET domain-containing protein (Setd5), which has a previously unknown function, is essential for regulating germ cell-associated genes in murine ESCs (mESCs)...
June 13, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589682/expansion-of-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-at-physiologic-hypoxia-attenuates-replicative-senescence
#2
Andrey Ratushnyy, Margarita Lobanova, Ludmila B Buravkova
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells are considered as a perspective tool in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Unfortunately, autologous cell therapy does not always provide positive outcomes in elder donors, perhaps as a result of the alterations of stem cell compartments. The mechanisms of stem and progenitor cell senescence and the factors engaged are investigated intensively. In present paper, we elucidated the effects of tissue-related O2 on morphology, functions, and transcriptomic profile of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) in replicative senescence in vitro model...
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589681/corrigendum-strain-uses-gap-junctions-to-reverse-stimulation-of-osteoblast-proliferation-by-osteocytes
#3
Rosemary F L Suswillo, Behzad Javaheri, Simon C F Rawlinson, Gary P Dowthwaite, Lance E Lanyon, Andrew A Pitsillides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589680/all-trans-retinoic-acid-upregulates-the-expression-of-ciliary-neurotrophic-factor-in-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#4
Wen-Di Zhou, Lu-Lu Wang, Lan-Bo Zhou, Wei Bin, Tian-Ping Bao, Yi Zhang, Jin Shu, Wei-Xia Yang, Liang-Liang Hui, Rui Jin, Li-Li Zhuang, Guo-Ping Zhou
Retinopathy of prematurity, a leading cause of visual impairment in low birth-weight infants, remains a crucial therapeutic challenge. Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a promyelinating trophic factor that promotes rod and cone photoreceptor survival and cone outer segment regeneration in the degenerating retina. Ciliary neurotrophic factor expression is regulated by many factors such as all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). In this study, we found that ATRA increased CNTF expression in mouse retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and PKA signaling pathway is necessary for ATRA-induced CNTF upregulation...
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543175/microrna-141-3p-targets-dapk1-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-rat-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#5
Dandan Li, Duo Xu, Ying Xu, Lu Chen, Chunjin Li, Xiaowei Dai, Lili Zhang, Lianwen Zheng
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and heterogeneous endocrine disorder. MicroRNAs negatively regulate the expression of target genes at posttranscriptional level by binding to the 3' untranslated region of target genes. Our previous study showed that miR-141-3p was dramatically decreased in the ovaries of rat PCOS models. In this study, we aimed to characterize the target of miR-141-3p in rat ovarian granulosa cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-Yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay showed that cell viability was dramatically increased when miR-141-3p was overexpressed but was decreased when miR-141-3p was interfered...
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498520/gold-nanoparticles-conjugated-quercetin-induces-apoptosis-via-inhibition-of-egfr-pi3k-akt-mediated-pathway-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines-mcf-7-and-mda-mb-231
#6
Solaimuthu Balakrishnan, Sudip Mukherjee, Sourav Das, Firdous Ahmad Bhat, Paulraj Raja Singh, Chitta Ranjan Patra, Jagadeesan Arunakaran
Epidermal growth factor plays a major role in breast cancer cell proliferation, survival, and metastasis. Quercetin, a bioactive flavonoid, is shown to exhibit anticarcinogenic effects against various cancers including breast cancer. Hence, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of gold nanoparticles-conjugated quercetin (AuNPs-Qu-5) in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. Borohydride reduced AuNPs were synthesized and conjugated with quercetin to yield AuNPs-Qu-5. Both were thoroughly characterized by several physicochemical techniques, and their cytotoxic effects were assessed by MTT assay...
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466560/bisphenol-a-triggers-proliferation-and-migration-of-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-gper-mediated-upregulation-of-il-6
#7
Shisheng Li, Bin Wang, Qinglai Tang, Jiajia Liu, Xinming Yang
Bisphenol A (BPA) can be accumulated into the human body via food intake and inhalation. Numerous studies indicated that BPA can trigger the tumorigenesis and progression of cancer cells. Laryngeal cancer cells can be exposed to BPA directly via food digestion, while there were very limited data concerning the effect of BPA on the development of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Our present study revealed that nanomolar BPA can trigger the proliferation of LSCC cells. Bisphenol A also increased the in vitro migration and invasion of LSCC cells and upregulated the expression of matrix metallopeptidase 2...
June 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436143/corrigendum-strain-and-time-dependent-alterations-in-hepatic-iron-metabolism-in-a-murine-model-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#8
Steven A Bloomer, Alicia K Olivier, Ottar M Bergmann, M Meleah Mathahs, Kimberly A Broadhurst, Hasan Hicsasmaz, Kyle E Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436142/cortisol-is-associated-with-low-frequency-of-interleukin-10-producing-b-cells-in-patients-with-atherosclerosis
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yizhong Huo, Yan Chu, Lixin Guo, Linli Liu, Xiaojun Xia, Tierui Wang
It is accepted that inflammation plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis; the pathogenesis is not clear. B-cell-produced interleukin (IL) 10 is an immune regulatory cytokine that can inhibit immune inflammation. This study tests a hypothesis that a psychological stress hormone, cortisol, suppresses IL-10 expression in peripheral B cells of patients with atherosclerosis. Peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with coronary artery atherosclerosis. B cells were isolated from the blood samples to be analyzed for the expression of IL-10 and micro RNA (miR) 98 by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436141/microrna-10b-regulates-the-renewal-of-spermatogonial-stem-cells-through-kruppel-like-factor-4
#10
Jiang Li, Xiang Liu, Xiaopeng Hu, Geng G Tian, Wenzhi Ma, Xiuying Pei, Yanrong Wang, Ji Wu
MicroRNAs (miRs) are functionally important in spermatogenesis, which is the self-renewal or differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Here, we report a novel role for miR-10b in regulating the self-renewal of mouse SSCs. We showed that miR-10b was highly expressed in mouse SSCs in vitro and enhanced SSC proliferation. Knockdown of miR-10b significantly increased the apoptosis of SSCs compared with controls. Kruppel-like factor 4 was found to be a target gene of miR-10b in the enhancement of SSC proliferation...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370438/differential-activities-of-peroxisomes-along-the-mouse-intestinal-epithelium
#11
Petruta L Morvay, Myriam Baes, Paul P Van Veldhoven
The presence of peroxisomes in mammalian intestine has been revealed formerly by catalase staining combined with electron microscopy. Despite the central role of intestine in lipid uptake and the established importance of peroxisomes in different lipid-related pathways, few data are available on the physiological role of peroxisomes in intestinal metabolism, more specifically, α-, β-oxidation, and etherlipid synthesis. Hence, the peroxisomal compartment was analyzed in more detail in mouse intestine. On the basis of immunohistochemistry, the organelles are mainly confined to the epithelial cells...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370169/osteoclast-differentiation-gene-expression-profiling-reveals-chemokine-ccl4-mediates-rankl-induced-osteoclast-migration-and-invasion-via-pi3k-pathway
#12
Wenhua Xuan, Xiaoke Feng, Chen Qian, Liuying Peng, Yumeng Shi, Lingxiao Xu, Fang Wang, Wenfeng Tan
The migration of osteoclasts (OCs) from circulation and bone marrow into bone surface plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of some bone resorptive diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. To date, how the migration of OCs remains unclear. We investigated gene expression profiling in osteoclastic differentiation of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) into OCs by microarray analysis. We identified 387 genes overexpressed in osteoclastic differentiation of BMMs. Among them, chemokine CCL4 showed a robust up-regulation signal...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370084/trpa1-contributed-to-the-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-docetaxel-treatment
#13
Kun Huang, Donglin Bian, Bin Jiang, Qixi Zhai, Ningning Gao, Ruiying Wang
Peripheral mechanical neuropathic pain is a serious side effect of docetaxel chemotherapy for cancer. However, the underlying mechanism for this side effect is unknown. In the present study, we found that docetaxel treatment induced mechanical allodynia in rats. We further revealed that the transient receptor potential ankyrin subtype 1 protein (TRPA1) protein level is upregulated and the TRPA1 activator allyl isothiocyanate induced larger ion currents in the dorsal root ganglion neurons from the docetaxel treated rats...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303588/dietary-consumption-of-monosodium-l-glutamate-induces-adaptive-response-and-reduction-in-the-life-span-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#14
Amos O Abolaji, Charles O Olaiya, Oluwagbenga J Oluwadahunsi, Ebenezer O Farombi
Adaptive response is the ability of an organism to better counterattack stress-induced damage in response to a number of different cytotoxic agents. Monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), the sodium salt of amino acid glutamate, is commonly used as a food additive. We investigated the effects of MSG on the life span and antioxidant response in Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster). Both genders (1 to 3 days old) of flies were fed with diet containing MSG (0.1, 0.5, and 2.5-g/kg diet) for 5 days to assess selected antioxidant and oxidative stress markers, while flies for longevity were fed for lifetime...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256024/rip3-deficiency-exacerbates-inflammation-in-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-ulcerative-colitis-mice-model
#15
Yu-Lin Xu, Hai-Lin Tang, Shi-Ying Zhu, Hao-Ran Peng, Zhong-Tian Qi, Wen Wang
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disease. The receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) was reported to be involved in many inflammatory disease. However, the mechanism of RIP3 in the pathogenesis of UC is still unclear. To investigate the effects and possible mechanism of RIP3 in UC pathogenesis, RIP3-/- mice was used in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model. It was found that by DSS-induced colitis, RIP3-/- mice showed significantly enhanced colitis symptoms, including increased weight loss, colon shortening, and colonic mucosa damage and severity, but decreased production of interleukin 6 and interleukin 1β...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261837/mir-199a-5p-suppresses-tumorigenesis-by-targeting-clathrin-heavy-chain-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Guo-Hao Huang, Hong Shan, Dan Li, Bin Zhou, Peng-Fei Pang
The deregulation of microRNA (miRNA) is frequently associated with a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the expression and possible role of miR-199a-5p in HCC. The expression of miR-199a-5p was measured by quantitative RT-PCR in HCC. The effect of miR-199a-5p was evaluated by cell viability and colony formation assays in HCC cell lines and tumor cell growth assay in xenograft nude mice. Quantitative real time PCR results showed that miR-199a-5p was down-regulated in 77...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256001/expression-subcellular-localisation-and-possible-roles-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-9-dpp9-in-murine-macrophages
#17
Emilija Zapletal, Barbara Cupic, Jelka Gabrilovac
Dipeptidyl peptidase 9 (DPP9) is a peptidase of the DPPIV gene family, and its role in immune responses has been reported. In this study, we compared the messenger RNA expression profile of DPP9 to that of the related DPP8 and DPPIV in murine haematopoietic and lymphatic tissues. A similar order of expression levels was observed for all 3 peptidases: peritoneal macrophages < bone marrow < spleen ≤ lymph nodes. Also, we examined the subcellular localisation of DPP9 and its possible role(s) in J774 cell line of macrophage origin...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233339/paracrine-effect-of-cxcr4-overexpressing-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-ischemic-heart-injury
#18
Shi-Zheng Wu, Ying-Lan Li, Wei Huang, Wen-Feng Cai, Jialiang Liang, Christian Paul, Lin Jiang, Zhi-Chao Wu, Meifeng Xu, Ping Zhu, Yigang Wang
It has been reported that CXCR4-overexpressing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC(CX4) ) can repair heart tissue post myocardial infarction. This study aims to investigate the MSCCX4-derived paracrine cardio-protective signaling in the presence of myocardial infarction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were divided into 3 groups: MSC only, MSC(CX4) , and CXCR4 gene-specific siRNA-transduced MSC. Mesenchymal stem cells were exposed to hypoxia, and then MSCs-conditioned culture medium was incubated with neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes, respectively...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217922/characterization-of-e-ntpdase-ec-3-6-1-5-activity-in-hepatic-lymphocytes-a-different-activity-profile-from-peripheral-lymphocytes
#19
Pedro H Doleski, Stephen A Adefegha, Fernanda L Cabral, Daniela B R Leal
The activity of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase; EC 3.6.1.5) was characterized in hepatic lymphocytes (HL) of rats. For this purpose, a specific method for the isolation of lymphocytes from hepatic tissue was developed. Subsequently, E-NTPDase activity of rat HL was compared with that of rat peripheral lymphocytes. The HL showed high cell count and viability. Also, the characterization test revealed that the optimal E-NTPDase activities were attained at 37°C and pH 8.0 in the presence of Ca(2+) ...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211084/endothelial-cells-biophysical-biochemical-and-chromosomal-aberrancies-in-high-glucose-condition-within-the-diabetic-range
#20
Aysa Rezabakhsh, Elahe Nabat, Mina Yousefi, Soheila Montazersaheb, Omid Cheraghi, Amir Mehdizadeh, Farzaneh Fathi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Nasrin Maleki-Dizaji, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Garjani
To date, many studies have been conducted to find out the underlying mechanisms of hyperglycemia-induced complications in diabetes mellitus, attributed to the cellular pathologies of different cells-especially endothelial cells. However, there are still many ambiguities and unresolved issues to be clarified. Here, we investigated the alteration in biophysical and biochemical properties in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to a high-glucose concentration (30mM), comparable to glucose content in type 2 diabetes mellitus, over a course of 120 hours...
March 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
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