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Neurourology and Urodynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149505/an-international-continence-society-ics-report-on-the-terminology-for-adult-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-anlutd
#1
Jerzy B Gajewski, Brigitte Schurch, Rizwan Hamid, Márcio Averbeck, Ryuji Sakakibara, Enrico F Agrò, Tamara Dickinson, Christopher K Payne, Marcus J Drake, Bernie T Haylen
INTRODUCTION: The terminology for adult neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (ANLUTD) should be defined and organized in a clinically based consensus Report. METHODS: This Report has been created by a Working Group under the auspices and guidelines of the International Continence Society (ICS) Standardization Steering Committee (SSC) assisted at intervals by external referees. All relevant definitions for ANLUTD were updated on the basis of research over the last 14 years...
November 17, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140571/is-overactive-bladder-microvasculature-disease-a-component-of-systemic-atheroscleorosis
#2
Ahmet Ozgur Yeniel, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Erkan Kismali, Anıl Ari, Gulgun Kavukcu, Hikmet H Aydin, Handan Ak, Sevcan Atay, Ismail Mete Itil
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between overactive bladder (OAB) and systemic atherosclerosis in a cohort of women. METHODS: In this case-control study, we assessed atherosclerosis indicators, such as Framingham risk scores and carotid and femoral artery intima-media thickness, and evaluated possible bladder wall responses to atherosclerosis using endovaginal color Doppler ultrasound and the detection of urinary cytokines in women with OAB and in controls. Quantitative assessment of blood perfusion at the bladder neck was performed using a method that allows for the dynamic monitoring of flow in a predefined region of interest at every point of the cardiac cycle...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140562/urodynamic-measurements-reflect-physiological-bladder-function-in-rats
#3
Marc P Schneider, Andrea M Sartori, Juliane Tampé, Selina Moors, Anne K Engmann, Benjamin V Ineichen, Anna-Sophie Hofer, Martin E Schwab, Thomas M Kessler
AIMS: Our objective was to investigate and compare bladder function in rats assessed by metabolic cage and by urodynamic measurements in fully awake animals. METHODS: Bladder function of female Lewis rats was investigated in naïve animals by metabolic cage at baseline, 14-16 days after bladder catheter and external urethral sphincter electromyography electrode implantation in fully awake animals by urodynamics, and again by metabolic cage. RESULTS: Investigating the same animals (n = 8), voided volume, average flow, and duration of voiding were similar (P > 0...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140559/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-solifenacin-5%C3%A2-mg-day-versus-other-oral-antimuscarinic-agents-in-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#4
Jameel Nazir, Con Kelleher, Samuel Aballéa, Khaled Maman, Zalmai Hakimi, Colette Mankowski, Isaac Odeyemi
AIMS: To compare efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin 5 mg/day versus other oral antimuscarinic agents for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Literature searches of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were undertaken to identify randomized controlled trials in OAB (2000-2015) for antimuscarinic agents. A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to estimate efficacy and tolerability outcomes for solifenacin 5 mg/day relative to other antimuscarinics...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140545/neobladder-vaginal-fistula-the-university-of-southern-california-experience
#5
Shilo Rosenberg, Gus Miranda, David A Ginsberg
AIMS: The use of orthotropic neobladder (ONB) construction in women has increased in popularity. With increasing numbers so have complications distinct to this procedure. Neobladder vaginal fistula (NVF) is a rare but challenging complication. We present our experience correcting this problem. METHODS: An IRB approved database of female patients with an ONB was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of NVF were identified and charts reviewed. Our standard technique of radical cystectomy and orthotopic diversion in female patients includes interposition of omentum between the neobladder and anterior vaginal wall and sacrocolpopexy...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131387/laparoscopic-mesh-repair-of-a-labial-hernia
#6
Philippe Grange, Fevzi Shakir, Ganesh Thiagamoorthy, George Araklitis, Dudley Robinson, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: To present a narrated video designed to demonstrate the steps involved in a laparoscopic mesh repair of a labial hernia. METHODS: This was in a 76-year-old woman who presented with a small bowel hernia in to her left labium majus. In 2014 she had a robotically assisted radical cystectomy for bladder cancer with anterior exenteration. She developed the hernia in February 2015 and initially a vaginal approach was attempted to repair the hernia (with layered non-absorbable sutures to close the fascia over the defect) at her local hospital, although this was unsuccessful...
November 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130569/a-re-adjustable-sling-for-female-recurrent-stress-incontinence-and-intrinsic-sphincteric-deficiency-long-term-results-in-205-patients-using-the-remeex-sling-system
#7
Carlos Errando-Smet, Cristina Gutiérrez Ruiz, Pedro Arañó Bertrán, Humberto Villavicencio Mavrich
AIMS: To evaluate the outcomes and complications at long-term follow-up after a Remeex re-adjustable sling for recurrent stress urinary incontinence (rSUI) and intrinsic sphincteric deficiency (ISD) in women. METHODS: Two hundred thirty women with SUI were evaluated after undergoing a re-adjustable sling operation. Twenty-five patients were lost to follow-up, 205 were classified by Q-tip, urodynamic, and clinical criteria into ISD (109) and rSUI (96). Outcome measures included number of pads, 1 h pad-test, urodynamics and subjective satisfaction index with the procedure...
November 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130525/the-integral-theory-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-is-not-scientifically-sound
#8
LETTER
Bo S Bergström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130524/psychometric-properties-and-validation-of-two-global-impression-questionnaires-pgi-s-pgi-i-for-stress-incontinence-in-a-german-speaking-female-population
#9
Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Daniela Ulrich, Susanne Hinterholzer, Evi Reinstadler, Ingrid Geiss, Thomas Aigmueller, Karl Tamussino, Elfriede Greimel, Gerda Trutnovsky
AIMS: The Patient Global Index of Severity (PGI-S) and the Patient Global Index of Improvement (PGI-I) are global impression questionnaires developed in English and validated in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This validation study tested the psychometric properties of German-language versions of the two questionnaires in German-speaking women with SUI. METHODS: The German-language PGI-S and PGI-I were psychometrically tested and validated using the SF-12 questionnaire, the Kinǵs Health Questionnaire (KHQ), clinical parameters, incontinence episode frequency and pad use in 311 patients before and 3 months after receiving a TVT-O or TVT tape for SUI...
November 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130520/narrated-video-demonstrating-the-procedure-of-videourodynamics
#10
Linda Cardozo, Fevzi Shakir, George Araklitis, Angie Rantell, Dudley Robinson
AIMS: To present a narrated video designed to demonstrate the steps involved in the procedure of videourodynamics. METHODS: The technique shown and described in this teaching video is that performed in the urogynaecology Department at King's College Hospital, London. The equipment utilizes fluid filled lines and external pressure transducers which provide accurate and consistent results. RESULTS: The advantage of videocystourolodraphy is that as well as incorporating screening fluoroscopy with a cystometric trace, simultaneous assessment of lower urinary tract anatomy and morphology and function is possible...
November 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130513/falls-and-hip-fractures-associated-with-urinary-incontinence-among-older-men-and-women-with-complex-needs-a-national-population-study
#11
Philip J Schluter, Edwin P Arnold, Hamish A Jamieson
AIMS: To determine if urinary incontinence (UI) was an independent risk factor for falls and hip fractures in community-dwelling older men and women with complex needs, after controlling for confounders. METHODS: Since 2012, all community care recipients in New Zealand have undergone standardized needs assessments using the Home Care International Residential Assessment Instrument (interRAI-HC). The interRAI-HC elicits information over multiple domains, including UI frequency and falls...
November 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112292/a-kit-ligand-stem-cell-factor-as-a-possible-mediator-inducing-overactive-bladder
#12
Yasue Kubota, Takashi Hamakawa, Satoshi Osaga, Atsushi Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Kenjiro Kohri, Takahiro Yasui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether c-kit ligand, stem cell factor (SCF) affects the biological behavior of overactive bladder (OAB) and discuss the role of SCF as a possible mediator inducing OAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we performed an immunohistochemical study to examine the localization of SCF in the guinea pig and human bladder. Next, urinary SCF levels were measured in patients with OAB and in control subjects to evaluate a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of OAB...
November 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106759/imidazole-improves-cognition-and-balances-alzheimer-s-like-intracellular-calcium-homeostasis-in-transgenic-drosophila-model
#13
Min Li, Wanrong Zhang, Wei Wang, Qing He, Mengmei Yin, Xue Qin, Tongyu Zhang, Ting Wu
AIMS: The characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the accumulation and aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ). So far, we already know that the dysregulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis is considered to be associated with Aβ neurotoxicity. Meantime, we also found that the channels formed by Aβ are electronegative as calcium channels. Base on this hypothesis, the formation of Aβ channels will provide us with a new therapeutic direction for AD. Aβ channel hypothesis is proposed that the axis of Aβ channel's pore was encompasses by the His(13) -His(14) diad...
November 6, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106747/the-prevalence-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-luts-in-brazil-results-from-the-epidemiology-of-luts-brazil-luts-study
#14
Roberto Soler, Cristiano Mendes Gomes, Marcio Augusto Averbeck, Mitti Koyama
AIMS: We performed the first large population-based study to evaluate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in Brazil. The study objective was to assess the prevalence and bother of LUTS in the population aged ≥40 years in five major cities of Brazil. METHODS: This study was conducted as a telephone survey with assessment of LUTS using a standardized protocol, which included the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and, for overactive bladder (OAB), the OAB-V8 questionnaire...
November 6, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095516/three-month-primary-efficacy-data-for-the-success-trial-a-phase-iii-multi-center-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-treating-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-the-vesair-intravesical-balloon
#15
Kurt McCammon, Karny Jacoby, Susan Kalota, Jeffrey Snyder, Kevin Cline, Kaiser Robertson, Charles Rardin, Randall Kahan, Lonny Green, Jack Zuckerman, Eric Rovner
AIMS: The SUCCESS trial is a phase III study of the Vesair® balloon in the United States for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The purpose of this manuscript is to present the 3 month primary efficacy and tolerability outcome data. METHODS: The SUCCESS trial is a multi-center, prospective, single blind, randomized, sham-controlled study. Subjects were randomized on a 2.33:1 basis to either Vesair balloon placement or placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was a composite of both a >50% reduction from baseline on 1 h provocative pad weight test and a ≥10-point improvement in symptoms on the Incontinence Quality of Life Survey (I-QOL) questionnaire assessed at the 3 month study visit...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095515/increased-odds-of-bladder-and-bowel-symptoms-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Monica C Serra, Alexus Landry, Jorge L Juncos, Alayne D Markland, Kathryn L Burgio, Patricia S Goode, Theodore M Johnson, Camille P Vaughan
AIMS: To compare the prevalence of urinary and bowel symptoms in a sample of adults with early Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Data were obtained from the Michael J. Fox Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI). Prevalent bladder (urinary incontinence (UI) and nighttime voiding) and bowel (constipation and fecal incontinence (FI)) symptoms were defined as occurring at least sometimes when queried using the Scale for Outcomes in PD for Autonomic Symptoms...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095511/factors-influencing-long-term-adherence-to-pelvic-floor-exercises-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#17
Mónica Venegas, Bernardita Carrasco, Romina Casas-Cordero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To ensure the effectiveness of Physical Therapy for urinary incontinence (UI), it is crucial that patients adhere to treatment in both the long and the short term. Treatment adherence may prevent symptom progression and the need for surgery, which is associated with higher costs and potential complications. Adherence is defined as carrying out a recommended behavioral modification or change. The World Health Organization (WHO) has established that adherence is a multifactorial phenomenon determined by the interaction of five dimensions, which include diverse factors that affect long-term adherence on many levels...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095509/urinary-incontinence-in-pregnant-adolescents-a-case-series
#18
Leila Barbosa, Thamiris Cruz, Amanda Carvalho, Elise Torres, Isabel Porto, Kaylla Nascimento, Andrea Lemos
AIMS: Determine the severity of urinary incontinence (UI) and its effect on the quality of life (QoL) of pregnant adolescents, as well as explore the strategies used to manage UI and the reporting/investigation of this condition by healthcare professionals. METHODS: A case series was conducted in three Brazilian public hospitals that offer prenatal care. Inclusion criteria were: age between 10 and 19 years, gestational age of 27 weeks or more, and reported UI in the third trimester of pregnancy...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072775/a-new-endoscopic-minimal-invasive-approach-for-pudendal-nerve-and-inferior-cluneal-nerve-neurolysis-an-anatomical-study
#19
Stéphane Ploteau, Roger Robert, Luc Bruyninx, Jérome Rigaud, Katleen Jottard
AIM: To describe a new minimal invasive approach of the gluteal region which will permit to perform neurolysis of the pudendal and cluneal nerves in case of perineal neuralgia due to an entrapment of these nerve trunks. METHOD: Ten transgluteal approaches were performed on five cadavers. Relevant anatomic structures were dissected and further described. Neurolysis of the pudendal nerve or cluneal nerves were performed. Landmarks for secure intraoperative navigation were indicated...
October 26, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065222/digital-quantitative-analysis-of-mast-cell-infiltration-in-interstitial-cystitis
#20
Yoshiyuki Akiyama, Daichi Maeda, Teppei Morikawa, Aya Niimi, Akira Nomiya, Yukio Yamada, Yasuhiko Igawa, Akiteru Goto, Masashi Fukayama, Yukio Homma
AIMS: To evaluate the significance of mast cell infiltration in interstitial cystitis (IC) by comparison with equally inflamed controls using a digital quantification technique. METHODS: Bladder biopsy specimens from 31 patients with Hunner type IC and 38 patients with non-Hunner type IC were analyzed. Bladder biopsy specimens from 37 patients without IC, including 19 non-specific chronic cystitis ("non-IC cystitis") specimens and 18 non-inflamed bladder ("normal bladder") specimens, were used as controls...
October 24, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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