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Neurourology and Urodynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543684/multiparity-modifies-contractile-properties-of-pelvic-muscles-affecting-the-genesis-of-vaginal-pressure-in-rabbits
#1
Rhode López-Juárez, René Zempoalteca, Dora Luz Corona-Quintanilla, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada, Francisco Castelán, Margarita Martínez-Gómez
AIMS: To characterize the contractile properties of the bulbospongiosus (Bsm), isquiocavernosus (Ism), and pubococcygeus muscles (Pcm), and their involvement in the genesis of vaginal pressure in nulliparous and multiparous rabbits. METHODS: Age-matched nulliparous and multiparous rabbits were used to record the isometric contractile responses of each muscle as well as the intravaginal pressure evoked by single square electrical pulses and stimulation trains of ascending frequency...
May 24, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543751/a-pilates-exercise-program-with-pelvic-floor-muscle-contraction-is-it-effective-for-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Naiara T Dias, Letícia R Ferreira, Mariana G Fernandes, Ana Paula M Resende, Vanessa S Pereira-Baldon
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Pilates exercise program with pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contraction compared to a conventional intervention in pregnant women. METHODS: Fifty primiparous women, without gestational alterations, were randomized to the Pilates group (n = 25) and control group (n = 25). Interventions for both groups consisted of twice-weekly sessions of 1 h each during the period between the 14-16th and 32-34th gestational weeks...
May 23, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508398/effect-of-electromyographic-biofeedback-as-an-add-on-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercises-on-neuromuscular-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-postmenopausal-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Adriane Bertotto, Renata Schvartzman, Silvana Uchôa, Maria Celeste Osório Wender
AIMS: To compare the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) with and without electromyographic biofeedback (BF) in increasing muscle strength, improving myoelectric activity, and improving pre-contraction and quality of life in postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 49 postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence. Participants were allocated across three groups: control, PFME alone, and PFME + BF...
May 16, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503891/the-use-of-intravesical-gentamicin-to-treat-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#4
Paul Abrams, Hashim Hashim, Charles Tomson, Alasdair Macgowan, Rachel Skews, Katherine Warren
AIMS: To assess the use of intravesical gentamicin to treat intractable recurrent urinary tract infections in lower urinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: A two-center retrospective cohort study of 27 patients treated with intravesical gentamicin was performed over a 2-year period. A treatment protocol was developed, reviewed, and accepted by the clinical effectiveness committee of both hospitals. Patients were taught to instill the gentamicin into the bladder on a nightly basis...
May 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493606/micrornas-as-potential-biomarkers-to-predict-the-risk-of-urinary-retention-following-intradetrusor-onabotulinumtoxin-a-injection
#5
Christopher J Chermansky, Brian T Kadow, Mahendra Kashyap, Pradeep Tyagi
AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRs) control post-transcriptional gene expression, and this is relevant in understanding better chronic diseases and treatment outcomes. The role of miRs in the pathology and treatment outcomes of overactive bladder (OAB) is unknown. In this study, we assessed the differential expression of miRs in OAB patients responding with either normal or elevated post-void residual volumes (PVRs) ≥200 mL following intradetrusor injection of onabotulinumtoxin-A (onaBoNT-A). METHODS: Female OAB patients refractory to OAB drugs were consented for this study...
May 11, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481045/pre-and-postoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-findings-in-patients-treated-with-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-is-it-a-safe-procedure-for-all-patients
#6
Dimitrios Zacharakis, Themos Grigoriadis, Charis Bourgioti, Eleni Pitsouni, Athanasios Protopapas, Lia A Moulopoulos, Stavros Athanasiou
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSCP) is a reference operation for apical compartment prolapse repair. Aim of this study is to describe the early and midterm postoperative MRI findings of the lumbosacral region (LSR) in patients undergoing LSCP and to detect any imaging changes that the presence of the mesh may cause on patients with preexisting degenerative disease of the LSR. METHODS: Patients with POP-Q grade III and IV uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse who were considered eligible for LSCP were invited to participate...
May 8, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480984/clinical-comparison-of-intravesical-hyaluronic-acid-and-chondroitin-sulfate-therapies-in-the-treatment-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#7
Ömer Gülpınar, Barış Esen, Aytaç Kayış, Mehmet İlker Gökçe, Evren Süer
INTRODUCTION: Intravesical glucosaminoglycan (GAG) replacement therapies are commonly used in the treatment of bladder pain syndrome (BPS)/interstitial cystitis (IC). Different intravesical glucosaminoglycan products are currently available. In this prospective study, clinical efficacy of chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid are compared in patients with BPS/IC. METHODS: Patients were randomized to CS and HA groups. All patients were evaluated for visual analogue pain scale (VAS), interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI), interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI), voiding diary for frequency/nocturia, and mean urine volume per void at the beginning of the therapy and after 6 months...
May 8, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471525/the-association-between-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-falls-forming-a-theoretical-model-for-a-research-agenda
#8
William Gibson, Kathleen F Hunter, Richard Camicioli, Joanne Booth, Dawn A Skelton, Chantale Dumoulin, Lorna Paul, Adrian Wagg
BACKGROUND: There is a well-recognised association between falls and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in older adults, with estimates of odd ratios for falls in the presence of LUTS ranging between 1.5 and 2.3. Falls and LUTS are both highly prevalent among older people and both are markers of frailty, with significant associated morbidity, mortality, and healthcare resource cost. This association is not well examined or explained in the literature. AIMS: We aimed to outline current knowledge of the association between falls and lower urinary tract symptoms and suggest a research program to further investigate this...
May 4, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471486/quantification-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-female-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-of-contemporary-methodologies
#9
REVIEW
Emily G Deegan, Lynn Stothers, Alex Kavanagh, Andrew J Macnab
AIMS: There remains no gold standard for quantification of voluntary pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength, despite international guidelines that recommend PFM assessment in females with urinary incontinence (UI). Methods currently reported for quantification of skeletal muscle strength across disciplines are systematically reviewed and their relevance for clinical and academic use related to the pelvic floor are described. METHODS: A systematic review via Medline, PubMed, CINHAL, and the Cochrane database using key terms for pelvic floor anatomy and function were cross referenced with skeletal muscle strength quantification from 1946 to 2016...
May 4, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467609/comparing-anticholinergic-persistence-and-adherence-profiles-in-overactive-bladder-patients-based-on-gender-obesity-and-major-anticholinergic-agents
#10
Lannah L Lua, Prathamesh Pathak, Vani Dandolu
AIMS: Overactive bladder (OAB) is highly prevalent particularly among obese patients and significantly impacts quality of life. Anticholinergics are the first-line treatment. The effect of obesity on medication compliance has not been studied. Our study evaluated gender- and obesity-specific adherence and persistence of anticholinergic medications in OAB. We also compared adherence and persistence on solifenacin to oxybutynin, tolterodine, and all anticholinergics combined. METHODS: Truven Marketscan Commercial Claims and Encounter database from 2005 to 2013 was used...
May 3, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464434/the-effects-of-pilates-method-on-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-post-prostatectomy-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Cíntia S Gomes, Fabiana R Pedriali, Mariana R Urbano, Eliane H Moreira, Marcio A Averbeck, Silvio Henrique M Almeida
AIMS: To assess the effects of a Pilates exercise program compared to conventional pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) protocol on pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) in patients with post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence. METHODS: Patients were randomized into three treatment groups (G1: Pilates, G2: electrical stimulation combined with PFMT, and G3: control group). Duration of therapy was 10 weeks. Baseline assessment included the 24 h pad-test and the ICI-Q questionnaire...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464426/structured-behavioral-treatment-research-protocol-for-women-with-mixed-urinary-incontinence-and-overactive-bladder-symptoms
#12
REVIEW
Diane K Newman, Diane Borello-France, Vivian W Sung
AIMS: The primary aim is to provide detailed rationale and methodology for the development and implementation of a perioperative behavioral/pelvic floor exercise research protocol for women who self-chose surgical intervention and who may or may not have been offered behavioral treatments initially. This protocol is part of the ESTEEM trial (Effects of Surgical Treatment Enhanced with Exercise for Mixed Urinary Incontinence Trial) which was designed to determine the effect of a combined surgical and perioperative behavioral/pelvic floor exercise intervention versus surgery alone on improving mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464366/healthcare-resource-utilization-and-cost-among-males-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-a-predominant-storage-component-in-spain-the-epidemiological-cross-sectional-mercury-study
#13
Carlos Errando-Smet, Carlos Müller-Arteaga, Marta Hernández, Enrique Lenero, Montse Roset
AIMS: To assess the relationship between storage-predominant LUTS and healthcare resource consumption and cost among males in Spain. METHODS: In this non-interventional, cross-sectional study, urologists enrolled males with storage-predominant LUTS and recorded the consumption of healthcare resources (medical visits, diagnostic tests/monitoring, treatment, and hospitalizations) within the previous 6 months. The cost of healthcare resources was calculated from unit costs extracted from a Spanish eHealth database...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464362/long-term-follow-up-of-anterior-vaginal-repair-a-comparison-among-colporrhaphy-colporrhaphy-with-reinforcement-by-xenograft-and-mesh
#14
Matteo Balzarro, Emanuele Rubilotta, Antonio B Porcaro, Nicolò Trabacchin, Alessandra Sarti, Maria A Cerruto, Salvatore Siracusano, Walter Artibani
AIMS: To assess the long-term complications and outcomes in patients treated for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with transvaginal anterior colporrhaphy (AC) alone, transvaginal naterior AC with reinforcement by using porcine Xenograft (AC-P) (Pelvisoft® Biomesh), and transvaginal anterior repair with polypropylene mesh (AC-M). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 109/123 consecutive patients, who underwent cystocele repair: 42 AC, 19 AC-P, and 48 AC-M. Subjective outcomes included validated questionnaires as well as questions that had not been previously validated...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464331/does-deep-brain-stimulation-improve-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Lambertus P Witte, Vincent J J Odekerken, Judith A Boel, P Richard Schuurman, Lara C Gerbrandy-Schreuders, Rob M A de Bie
AIMS: To investigate whether deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus pars interna (GPi) or the subthalamic nucleus (STN) improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: An exploratory post-hoc analysis was performed of specific LUTS items of questionnaires used in a randomized clinical trial with 128 patients (NSTAPS study). First, we compared scores on LUTS items at baseline and 12 months for the GPi DBS and STN DBS group separately...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464312/retropubic-versus-transobturator-tension-free-vaginal-tape-tvt-vs-tvt-o-five-year-results-of-the-austrian-randomized-trial
#16
Ayman Tammaa, Thomas Aigmüller, Engelbert Hanzal, Wolfgang Umek, Stephan Kropshofer, Peter F J Lang, George Ralph, Paul Riss, Dieter Koelle, Katharina Jundt, Karl Tamussino, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic
AIMS: To compare outcomes of the retropubic versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT vs TVT-O) at 5 years. METHODS: A total of 569 women undergoing surgery for primary stress incontinence were randomized to receive a retropubic or a transobturator tensionfree vaginal tape (TVT or TVT-O). Follow-up at 5 years included clinical examination, urodynamic studies and quality of life. The primary outcome measure was continence defined as a negative cough stress test at a volume of 300 mL...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464244/stimulus-associated-urinary-urges-in-overactive-bladder-syndrome
#17
Kathleen A O'Connell, Jonathan Singer, Sonali Rajan
AIMS: Although anecdotal reports of urinary urgency at one's front door are common in overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), little research has been done on how one's front door and other stimuli are related to urinary symptoms. We hypothesized that individuals with OAB would have higher scores on the Urinary Cues Questionnaire, developed for this study to assess stimulus-associated urinary urges, than those without OAB. METHODS: Online surveys were administered to 328 women age 18-40 years recruited from a respondent panel maintained by CINT such that one-third of the sample reported a diagnosis of OAB...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455944/patterns-of-medical-management-of-overactive-bladder-oab-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-bph-in-the-united-states
#18
Jennifer T Anger, Howard B Goldman, Xuemei Luo, Martin O Carlsson, Douglass Chapman, Kelly H Zou, David Russell, Fady Ntanios, Canan B Esinduy, J Quentin Clemens
AIMS: Overactive bladder (OAB) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are highly prevalent conditions that place a large burden on the United States (US) health care system. We sought to analyze patterns of prescription medication usage for incident OAB in men and women, and for incident BPH in men using US health insurance claims data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used Truven Health MarketScan® Commercial and Medicare Supplemental Research databases. The data were pooled from diverse points of care...
April 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455942/the-evaluation-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-a-reliability-and-correlation-study
#19
Beatriz Navarro Brazález, María Torres Lacomba, Pedro de la Villa, Beatriz Sánchez Sánchez, Virginia Prieto Gómez, Ángel Asúnsolo Del Barco, Linda McLean
AIMS: The purposes of this study were: (i) to evaluate the reliability of vaginal palpation, vaginal manometry, vaginal dynamometry; and surface (transperineal) electromyography (sEMG), when evaluating pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and/or activation; and (ii) to determine the associations among PFM strength measured using these assessments. METHODS: One hundred and fifty women with pelvic floor disorders participated on one occasion, and 20 women returned for the same investigations by two different raters on 3 different days...
April 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455905/re-futyma-et-al-use-of-uroflow-parameters-in-diagnosing-an-overactive-bladder-back-to-the-drawing-board-and-ics-news-613
#20
LETTER
Werner Schaefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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