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Neurourology and Urodynamics

J Marleen Linde, Rien J M Nijman, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
AIMS: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among adults in the Netherlands. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 1257 respondents aged ≥ 18 years, who completed the validated Groningen Defecation and Fecal Continence Checklist. UI was defined as any involuntary leakage of urine during the past 6 months. RESULTS: The prevalence of UI in the total group was 36.8%. Women experienced UI significantly more often than men (49...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Katsumi Kadekawa, Tsuyoshi Majima, Naoki Kawamorita, Hiroki Okada, Tsuyoshi Yoshizawa, Kenichi Mori, Pradeep Tyagi, Kimio Sugaya, Naoki Yoshimura
AIMS: In order to clarify whether an alpha1A/D-adrenoceptor (α1 A/D-AR) antagonist, naftopidil, or a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, tadalafil, prevents bladder wall remodeling after spinal cord injury (SCI), we examined the bladder and urethral activity as well as ischemic and fibrotic changes in the bladder using SCI rats with or without naftopidil or tadalafil treatment. METHODS: Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: (1) normal (spinal cord intact); (2) vehicle SCI; (3) naftopidil SCI; and (4) tadalafil SCI groups...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard, Monika Equit, David Medoff, Catharina Wagner, Leopold Curfs
AIMS: To assess the rates of incontinence and associated psychological problems in children, adolescents and adults with Down Syndrome, a genetic syndrome caused by partial or complete triplication (trisomy) of chromosome 21 and characterized by typical facial features, a physical growth delay and mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen persons with Down Syndrome (4-51 years) were recruited through a German parent support group (59...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Mikako Yoshida, Yasuhiko Igawa, Shiho Higashimura, Motofumi Suzuki, Aya Niimi, Hiromi Sanada
AIMS: Quality of life in the context of intermittent self-catheterization varies depending on the type of catheter used. This study translated into Japanese, evaluated the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire (ISC-Q) among users of both reusable and disposable catheters, and examined the differences of it between them. METHODS: Seventy patients (age mean ± SD: 62.8 ± 17.7 years) completed the Japanese version of the ISC-Q (J-ISC-Q) at baseline and 4 weeks later...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Pawel Miotla, Rufus Cartwright, Katarzyna Skorupska, Michal Bogusiewicz, Ewa Markut-Miotla, Konrad Futyma, Tomasz Rechberger
AIMS: Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), and the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) have a negative impact on female sexual function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injection on sexual function in women with OAB, using the multi domain Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. METHODS: Sixty-eight sexually active women with idiopathic OAB with at least one episode of UUI and ≥8 micturitions per 24 h were recruited...
October 4, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Kenia López-García, Silvia Mariscal-Tovar, Martín Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Francisco Castelán, Margarita Martínez-Gómez, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada
AIMS: We analyzed the effect of multiparity on the fiber type composition of two skeletal muscles involved in the maintenance of the micturition process, the pelvic pubococcygeus (Pc) and perineal bulbospongiosus (Bs) muscles in nulliparous and multiparous rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). METHODS: We used the basic ATPase and NADH-TR techniques to identify and characterize slow, intermediate, and fast fiber types and glycolitic and oxidative fibers in muscles, respectively...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ryusei Yokokawa, Hironobu Akino, Hideaki Ito, Xinmin Zha, Osamu Yokoyama
AIMS: There are some reports that bladder C-fibers are partially involved in detrusor overactivity in patients with brain lesions. We investigated the contribution of bladder C-fiber to decreased bladder capacity in rats with cerebral infarction. METHODS: Cerebral infarction was induced under halothane anesthesia by left middle cerebral artery occlusion with 4-0 nylon thread in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Intramural amounts of ATP and prostaglandin E2 , in vivo and in vitro ATP, NGF, and prostaglandin E2 release from the distended bladder urothelium, and changes in mRNA expressions of sensor molecules and receptors were monitored 6 h after the occlusion...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Jamie M Bartley, Kim A Killinger, Judith A Boura, Priyanka Gupta, Natalie Gaines, Jason P Gilleran, Kenneth M Peters
AIMS: To evaluate neuromodulation outcomes in patients with prior back surgery. METHODS: Adults in our prospective observational sacral/pudendal neuromodulation study were retrospectively evaluated. History and operative details were reviewed, and outcomes were measured at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months with overactive bladder questionnaire (OAB q) symptom severity (SS)/health related quality of life (HRQOL), interstitial cystitis symptom/problem indices (ICSI - PI), voiding diaries, and global response assessments (GRA)...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Eskinder Solomon, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Sachin Malde, Christopher Harding, Tamsin Jillian Greenwell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether filling phase urodynamic parameters can predict the success of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in treating post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the pre-AUS urodynamics of 99 patients with PPI at two tertiary referral centers. We documented the peak DO pressure (Pdet ), capacity, and compliance (C). We defined success as patient-reported continence or only using one safety pad. Patients' perception of improvement was assessed using the PGI-I score...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Daniela Ulrich, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Katrin Grabner, Alexander Avian, Gerda Trutnovsky, Karl Tamussino, Thomas Aigmüller
AIMS: To evaluate subjective and objective outcome after repeat surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Patients who underwent a midurethral tape after failed Burch colposuspension or failed midurethal tape between 1999 and 2014 were invited for follow-up. Urogynecological examination and urodynamics was performed, and objective cure was defined as a negative cough stress test; subjective cure was defined as negotiation of SUI symptoms. Quality-of-life (QoL), sexual health, and subjective success was assessed with the King's Health Questionnaire, Incontinence Outcome Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index, and the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Mikolaj Przydacz, Jacques Corcos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Hsin-Tzu Liu, Hann-Chorng Kuo
AIMS: This study investigated the expressions of PGP9.5, P2  X 3 , muscarinic receptor (M3) and beta-3 adrenoreceptor (AR) in idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) patients refractory to antimuscarinic treatment, and analyzed the correlation between protein expressions and clinical symptoms of IDO bladders with different urodynamic characteristics. METHODS: Specimens of 48 IDO and 10 control patients without lower urinary tract symptoms were included. The levels of these proteins from bladder mucosa were determined by Western blotting...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Anna S Nagle, John E Speich, Stefan G De Wachter, Peter P Ghamarian, David M Le, Andrew F Colhoun, Paul H Ratz, Robert W Barbee, Adam P Klausner
AIMS: The purpose of this investigation was to develop a non-invasive, objective, and unprompted method to characterize real-time bladder sensation. METHODS: Volunteers with and without overactive bladder (OAB) were prospectively enrolled in a preliminary accelerated hydration study. Participants drank 2L Gatorade-G2® and recorded real-time sensation (0-100% scale) and standardized verbal sensory thresholds using a novel, touch-screen "sensation meter." 3D bladder ultrasound images were recorded throughout fillings for a subset of participants...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Elizabeth Timbrook Brown, David Osborn, Stephen Mock, Shenghua Ni, Amy J Graves, Laurel Milam, Douglas Milam, Melissa R Kaufman, Roger R Dmochowski, W Stuart Reynolds
AIMS: Beyond single-institution case series, limited data are available to describe risks of performing a concurrent cystectomy at the time of urinary diversion for benign end-stage lower urinary tract dysfunction. Using a population-representative sample, this study aimed to analyze factors associated with perioperative complications in patients undergoing urinary diversion with or without cystectomy. METHODS: A representative sample of patients undergoing urinary diversion for benign indications was identified from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1998 to 2011...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Argimiro Collado Serra, José Domínguez-Escrig, Álvaro Gómez-Ferrer, Emilio Batista Miranda, José Rubio-Briones, Eduardo Solsona Narbón
AIMS: Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) AMS-800® is an effective treatment for male stress urinary incontinence. The aim of the study was to assess the long-term effectiveness and complications of artificial urinary sphincter placement preserving the bulbospongiosus muscle. METHODS: From April 2004 to March 2014, all consecutive male patients with urinary incontinence who underwent an AUS prosthesis insertion were prospectively evaluated. Surgical technique consisted of a perineal incision for cuff placement around the bulbous urethra preserving the bulbospongiosus muscle...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Mauro Cervigni, Monica Sommariva, Raffaele Tenaglia, Daniele Porru, Edoardo Ostardo, Alessandro Giammò, Silvia Trevisan, Valeria Frangione, Oriana Ciani, Rosanna Tarricone, Giovanni L Pappagallo
AIMS: Intravesical instillation of hyaluronic acid (HA) plus chondroitin sulfate (CS) in women with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) has shown promising results. This study compared the efficacy, safety, and costs of intravesical HA/CS (Ialuril(®) , IBSA) to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). METHODS: Randomized, open-label, multicenter study involving 110 women with BPS/IC. The allocation ratio (HA/CS:DMSO) was 2:1. Thirteen weekly instillations of HA (1...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Marie-Astrid Denys, Jerald Cherian, Mohammad S Rahnama'i, Kathleen A O'Connell, Jonathan Singer, Alan J Wein, Karlien Dhondt, Karel Everaert, Jeffrey P Weiss
AIMS: Nocturia, or waking up at night to void, is a highly prevalent and bothersome lower urinary tract symptom. However, the applied treatment modalities do not improve symptoms in about half of the patients. The aim of this report is to generate new ideas for future nocturia research, with special emphasis on the role of sleep physiology and sleep disorders. METHODS: The following is a report of the presentations and subsequent discussion of the Nocturia Think Tank session at the annual meeting of the International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS), which took place in September 2015 in Bristol...
September 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Nathan Hoag, Sophie Plagakis, Samantha Pillay, Ailsa Wilson Edwards, Johan Gani
AIMS: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a well-established treatment modality for refractory overactive bladder (OAB). There is a paucity of evidence examining the use of SNM in patients who have received prior intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (BTXA) treatment. We aim to review those patients who underwent SNM for refractory OAB following treatment with BTXA. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to identify patients who had undergone prior intradetrusor BTXA for refractory OAB, then subsequent first-stage SNM...
September 9, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ina Asklund, Emma Nyström, Malin Sjöström, Göran Umefjord, Hans Stenlund, Eva Samuelsson
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of a mobile app treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial, conducted 2013-2014 in Sweden. Community-dwelling adult women with ≥1 SUI episode/week recruited through our website and randomized to app treatment (n = 62) or control group (postponed treatment, n = 61). One participant from each group was lost to follow-up. Intervention was the mobile app Tät(®) with a treatment program focused on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), and information about SUI and lifestyle factors...
September 9, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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