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Neurourology and Urodynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731583/the-effectiveness-of-transcutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-ttns-for-adults-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joanne Booth, Lesley Connelly, Sylvia Dickson, Fiona Duncan, Maggie Lawrence
AIMS: To evaluate effectiveness of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) for treating adults with overactive bladder (OAB) of idiopathic or neurogenic origin, using a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: Systematic searches of four databases were undertaken between 1980 and 2017. Included studies investigated effects of TTNS on OAB. Study selection, data extraction, quality appraisal was performed by two independent reviewers. Narrative analysis was undertaken where meta-analysis was not possible due to study heterogeneity...
July 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731510/the-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-incidental-falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-later-life-the-community-health-survey
#2
Kyu Shik Kim, Ji Won Nam, Bo Youl Choi, Hong Sang Moon
AIM: To evaluate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incidental falls and fear of falling. METHODS: We used data obtained from the 2011 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) conducted between August and October 2011 in South Korea. The survey was carried out to estimate patterns of disease prevalence and morbidity in men >40 years old. The trained interviewers performed face-to-face sociodemographic questionnaires using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) software, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the Quality of Life score (EQ-5D), and a questionnaire about past falls and fear of falling...
July 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724187/nasogastric-tube-as-abdominal-pressure-sensor-in-urodynamics-proof-of-concept-of-a-novel-approach
#3
Sundaramoorthy VijayGanapathy, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Ali Poonawala, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
AIMS: The standard sensor for abdominal pressure (Pabd) measurement in urodynamics (UD) is a rectal sensor. In patients where the rectum is not available due to prior surgery or when external anal sphincter (EAS) tone is poor, rectal sensor may slip, making Pabd recording unreliable. Vaginal Pabd measurement and wireless vaginal sensors have been tried. We present our preliminary series of a novel nasogastric tube (NG) sensor for Pabd measurement. METHODS: We identified patients undergoing UD with a NG Pabd sensor from a prospectively maintained UD database of a tertiary care urological center between July 2013 and December 2016...
July 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715147/performance-analysis-of-the-t-doc%C3%A2-air-charged-catheters-an-alternate-technology-for-urodynamics
#4
Bruna M Couri, Stephanie Bitzos, Deepak Bhardwaj, Emily Lockhart, Andy Yue, Ing Goping
AIMS: Urodynamics (UDS) is widely used for the diagnosis of lower urinary tract dysfunction. Air-Charged catheters (ACC), one of the newer technologies for UDS pressure recording, has been adopted in growing numbers around the world for the past 15 years. Currently, there is a lack of published studies characterizing specific performance of the ACC. Since linearity, hysteresis, pressure drift, and frequency response are important components in characterizing accuracy for catheter-manometer systems; this study aimed to assess these four aspects in ACC...
July 17, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704584/patient-reported-outcomes-from-synergy-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-study-evaluating-combinations-of-mirabegron-and-solifenacin-compared-with-monotherapy-and-placebo-in-oab-patients
#5
Dudley Robinson, Con Kelleher, David Staskin, Elizabeth R Mueller, Christian Falconer, Jianye Wang, Arwin Ridder, Matthias Stoelzel, Asha Paireddy, Rob van Maanen, Zalmai Hakimi, Sender Herschorn
AIMS: To evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of combinations of solifenacin and mirabegron compared with solifenacin and mirabegron monotherapy and with placebo in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) from the SYNERGY trial. METHODS: Following a 4-week placebo run-in, period patients (≥18 years) with OAB were randomized 2:2:1:1:1:1 to receive solifenacin 5 mg + mirabegron 25 mg (combination 5 + 25 mg), solifenacin 5 mg + mirabegron 50 mg, (combination 5 + 50 mg), solifenacin 5 mg, mirabegron 25 mg, mirabegron 50 mg or placebo for 12 weeks, followed by a 2-week washout period...
July 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691778/a-different-way-to-study-frequency-volume-charts-in-patients-with-nocturia
#6
Marie-Astrid Denys, An-Sofie Goessaert, Brecht Dejaeghere, Veerle Decalf, Piet Hoebeke, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Nocturia results from a mismatch between bladder capacity and nocturnal urine production (NUP), which is determined with a frequency volume charts (FVC). AIM: This is the first study that aimed to describe variations in nocturia severity and its associated factors by evaluating FVCs per single 24 h-period. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of patients who completed a 72 h-FVC in prospective, observational studies. The nocturnal polyuria index (NPi ) was defined as the ratio of nocturnal and 24 h urine output...
July 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678412/does-the-appearance-of-the-urethral-pressure-profile-trace-correlate-with-the-sphincter-emg-findings-in-women-with-voiding-dysfunction
#7
Néha Sihra, Sachin Malde, Jalesh Panicker, Robert Kightley, Eskinder Solomon, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy Ockrim, Tamsin J Greenwell, Mahreen Pakzad
AIMS: Women with functional voiding dysfunction often experience a "catching" sensation when catheterising and are in general investigated with both urethral pressure profilometry (UPP) and sphincter electromyography (EMG). It is unknown whether the pattern of the UPP trace correlates with this sensation of "catching" or with sphincter EMG findings. METHODS: We reviewed the database of all women with voiding dysfunction who had undergone both sphincter EMG and UPP to assess for any relationship between pattern of UPP trace and "catching" on catheterization and/or sphincter EMG findings...
July 5, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675537/evaluation-of-pelvic-floor-kinematics-in-continent-and-incontinent-women-during-running-an-exploratory-study
#8
Monika Leitner, Helene Moser, Patric Eichelberger, Annette Kuhn, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Lorenz Radlinger
AIMS: Impact activity like running is associated with an increase in intra-abdominal pressure which needs to be sufficiently countered by pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activity to secure continence. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare PFM kinematics in continent and incontinent women during running. METHOS:  Three-dimensional position and orientation was measured with the electromagnetic tracking device trakSTAR™. One sensor was attached to the vaginal probe and a second one was secured to the subjects' skin at the height of the second sacral vertebrae...
July 4, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671729/self-reported-toileting-behaviors-in-employed-women-are-they-associated-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#9
Mary H Palmer, Marcella G Willis-Gray, Fang Zhou, Diane K Newman, Jennifer M Wu
AIMS: To describe toileting behaviors working women habitually use and investigate behaviors associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary urgency with or without leakage. METHODS: Non-pregnant female employees of a large academic medical center 18 years and over were eligible to complete an online survey about bladder health and toileting behaviors. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-two women participated in the survey...
July 3, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671709/transient-receptor-potential-a1-trpa1-agonists-inhibit-contractions-of-the-isolated-human-ureter
#10
Philipp Weinhold, Martin Hennenberg, Frank Strittmatter, Christian G Stief, Christian Gratzke, Petter Hedlund
AIMS: Mechanoafferent and peristaltic mechanisms of the human ureter involve transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1)- and purinoceptor-mediated functions. Hydrogen sulphide, an endogenous TRPA1 ligand, is linked to inhibitory neurotransmission of the pig ureter. No information is available on TRPA1 activity in the human ureter. We therefore examined the distribution and function of TRPA1 in the human ureter. METHODS: Expression of TRPA1 in human ureter tissue was studied by Western blot and immunofluorescence...
July 3, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666062/a-populational-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-results-from-the-sabe-study
#11
José Tadeu Nunes Tamanini, Letícia Valério Pallone, Marair Grácio Ferreira Sartori, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Jair Lício Ferreira Dos Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Philip E V A van Kerrebroeck
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of urinary incontinence (UI) and identify the associated risk factors in a cohort of elderly individuals in Brazil. METHODS: In 2006, individuals aged ≥60 years were selected from the SABE Study (Health, Well-being, and Aging). The dependent variable was reported UI in 2009. UI was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF). Incidence was measured in units of 1000 person-years, and Cox regression was applied for data analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666061/conditional-neuromodulation-of-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-using-transrectal-stimulation-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-proof-of-principle-study
#12
Sarah Louise Knight, Nuwani Edirisinghe, Brian Leaker, Judith Susser, Michael Duncan Craggs
AIMS: A proof of principle study of a novel wearable device to control neurogenic detrusor over-activity in eight male spinal cord injured subjects using conditional neuromodulation. METHODS: Transrectal stimulation was delivered through the device in response to simultaneously recorded external anal sphincter (EAS) contraction as a marker for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). The effect of conditional neuromodulation on bladder capacity and maximum detrusor pressure was investigated in addition to reliability of dyssynergic sphincter contraction as a marker for NDO...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666055/developing-and-validating-a-new-nomogram-for-diagnosing-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-women
#13
Eskinder Solomon, Habiba Yasmin, Megan Duffy, Tanwir Rashid, Emmanuel Akinluyi, Tamsin J Greenwell
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a nomogram for assessing bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in women derived from concurrent Pdet.Qmax and Qmax based on radiographic evidence of increased urethral resistance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively acquired video-urodynamics and clinical data of 185 women (development cohort) was performed. The Pdet.Qmax were plotted against Qmax and cluster analysis was performed to determine an axis that best divided the definitively obstructed and unobstructed...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660750/urinary-manifestations-in-isaacs-s-syndrome-our-experience-in-8-cases
#14
Silvia N Gonzalez Primomo, Leandro Blas, Alicia C Bertotti, Carlos Ameri
INTRODUCTION: Isaacs's syndrome (IS), is a rare neurological disorder, characterized by sustained muscular activity, fasciculations, cramps, myokymia, excessive sweating, and occasional elevation of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) enzyme. AIM: To report our experience in patients with IS and urinary manifestations, describing clinical findings, test's results, and response to treatment. Methods An observational, retrospective analysis of patients with IS and urinary manifestations treated at German Hospital of Buenos Aires between 2001 and 2011 was done...
June 29, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660723/outcomes-of-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-associated-with-female-urethral-diverticula-a-selective-approach
#15
Alyssa Greiman, Lauren Rittenberg, Drew Freilich, Ross Rames, Ahmed El-Zawahry, Michelle Koski, Eric Rovner
AIMS: To assess surgical outcomes of concomitant treatment of SUI at time of transvaginal urethral diverticulectomy (TVUD) based on a selective approach. METHODS: Following Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, we identified patients with a UD and SUI who underwent TVUD between July 2004 and January 2016. SUI was documented before and after surgery using subjective and objective parameters. Autologous pubovaginal slings (APVS) were used selectively based on surgeon and patient preference...
June 29, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660675/objectively-improving-appropriateness-of-absorbent-products-provision-to-patients-with-urinary-incontinence-the-diapper-study
#16
Emilio Sacco, Riccardo Bientinesi, Carlo Gandi, Giuseppe Palermo, Francesco Pierconti, Pierfrancesco Bassi
AIMS: To objectively assess and enhance the appropriateness of continence products provision to sufferers from urinary incontinence (UI) managed with containment strategies. METHODS: Incontinent patients of five Italian continence care services were included in this industry-supported study from 01/2012 to 03/2016. All patients/carers have been invited to perform a 48-h home-based pad test and to fill in a diary. The primary outcome was the product appropriateness defined as the use of a pad with maximum absorbent capacity (MAC) from 30% to 50% higher than the individually measured urine load...
June 29, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640977/neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-clinical-management-recommendations-of-the-neurologic-incontinence-committee-of-the-fifth-international-consultation-on-incontinence-2013
#17
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Helmut Madersbacher, Jean J Wyndaele, Apostolos Apostolidis, Marcus J Drake, Jerzy Gajewski, John Heesakkers, Jalesh Panicker, Piotr Radziszewski, Ryuji Sakakibara, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Rizwan Hamid, Thomas M Kessler, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of neurological disease and lower bowel dysfunction have been produced by the International Consultations on Incontinence (ICI). These are comprehensive guidelines, and were developed to have world-wide relevance. AIMS: To update clinical management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction from the recommendations of the 4th ICI, 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of evidence reviews and updates were performed by members of the working group...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640440/frequency-dependent-inhibition-of-bladder-function-by-saphenous-nerve-stimulation-in-anesthetized-rats
#18
Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo
AIMS: Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is an effective neuromodulation therapy for treating overactive bladder (OAB). The therapeutic effects are achieved by repeatedly applying electrical stimulation through a percutaneous needle electrode that is used to target the tibial nerve (TN). Anatomical studies indicate there can be multiple saphenous nerve (SAFN) branches located near the site of electrical stimulation, and therefore we investigated the possibility of evoking a bladder-inhibitory reflex by electrically activating the SAFN...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631835/suprameatal-urethrolysis-with-martius-flap-for-refractory-bladder-outflow-obstruction-following-stress-incontinence-surgery-in-females
#19
Janine L Oliver, Shlomo Raz
AIMS: To present our technique of suprameatal urethrolysis with Martius flap (SMUM) and outcomes of this procedure for refractory female bladder outflow obstruction (BOO). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify female patients who underwent SMUM between January 2010 and August 2016 after failed transvaginal urethrolysis (TVU) for BOO due to prior stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. The primary outcome measure was surgical success defined as patient ability to void volitionally without need for catheterization or additional surgery for BOO...
June 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631830/overactive-bladder-symptoms-after-midurethral-sling-surgery-in-women-risk-factors-and-management
#20
Tom Marcelissen, Philip Van Kerrebroeck
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) including urgency and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) occurs frequently after stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. It is important to identify the risk factors for the occurrence of OAB symptoms in order to adequately inform the patient before surgery. Furthermore, when facing OAB after sling surgery it is crucial to know how to manage these symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a literature review in order to assess the risk factors and management of OAB symptoms after SUI surgery...
June 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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