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Social Science & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241590/corrigendum-to-structural-stigma-and-all-cause-mortality-in-sexual-minority-populations-soc-sci-med-103-2014-33-41
#1
M L Hatzenbuehler, A Bellatorre, Y Lee, B K Finch, P Muennig, K Fiscella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245081/safety-in-stigmatizing-instrumental-stigma-beliefs-and-protective-sexual-behavior-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
David A Cort, Hsin Fei Tu
How are people's expression of HIV stigma beliefs connected to their own personal decisions concerning safe sexual practices? Does this relationship vary across countries and by the national context in which people reside? To answer these questions, we develop and test individual, contextual, and cross-level interactional hypotheses of the impact of instrumental HIV stigma attitudes on several measures of protective sexual behavior. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 467,656 unpartnered individuals across 34 sub-Saharan African countries, we first find that counterintuitively, conservative HIV stigma attitudes are associated with lower likelihoods of participating in all types of protective sexual behaviors...
December 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227910/marital-status-integration-and-suicide-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#3
Woo Kyung-Sook, Shin SangSoo, Shin Sangjin, Shin Young-Jeon
Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and suicide and to understand the important moderating factors in this association. Electronic databases were searched to identify studies conducted between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2016...
December 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232621/timing-of-poverty-in-childhood-and-adolescent-health-evidence-from-the-us-and-uk
#4
Michael J Green, Haley Stritzel, Chelsea Smith, Frank Popham, Robert Crosnoe
Childhood poverty is associated with poorer adolescent health and health behaviours, but the importance of the timing of poverty remains unclear. There may be critical or sensitive periods in early life or early adolescence, or poverty may have cumulative effects throughout childhood. Understanding when poverty is most important can support efficient timing of interventions to raise family income or buffer against the effects of low income, but answers may vary across social contexts. The US and the UK are a useful comparison with similar liberal approaches to cash transfers, but very different approaches to healthcare provision...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232620/high-social-trust-associated-with-increased-depressive-symptoms-in-a-longitudinal-south-african-sample
#5
Kafui Adjaye-Gbewonyo, Ichiro Kawachi, S V Subramanian, Mauricio Avendano
Several studies have documented a protective association between social trust and mental and physical health, but gaps in knowledge remain. Debates regarding the contextual versus individual nature of social trust are ongoing; research from low- and middle-income countries is lacking, and study designs have been limited for causal inference. To address these gaps, we examined the association between social trust and depressive symptoms using three waves of the National Income Dynamics Study, a longitudinal South African survey...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223685/the-effect-of-partners-education-on-women-s-reproductive-and-maternal-health-in-developing-countries
#6
Vissého Adjiwanou, Moussa Bougma, Thomas LeGrand
The effect of partners' education on women's and children's health in developing countries has received relatively little attention to date. This study uses couple data from 37 recent Demographic and Health Surveys fielded in sub-Saharan African and Asian countries to assess the effect of partners' schooling on women's modern contraceptive use, frequency of antenatal care visits, and skilled birth attendance. Using multilevel logistic regressions, the study shows that partners' schooling has strong effects on their spouses' maternal healthcare utilization; especially when partners had secondary or higher levels of schooling...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222996/the-consequence-of-doing-nothing-family-caregiving-for-alzheimer-s-disease-as-non-action-in-the-us
#7
Aaron T Seaman
This article adopts a discursive approach in order to examine how dominant US discourses shape both public and personal understandings of the caregiving work that families do, specifically in the context of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Family caregivers are an essential, increasingly recognized piece of the US health care system. Dominant discourses of AD and caregiving articulate family caregiving in contrast to biomedical intervention. The dichotomy privileges the ability to affect a biomedical outcome and, using that metric, minimizes caregiving's potential value as meaningful action...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220707/hunter-gatherer-health-and-development-policy-how-the-promotion-of-sedentism-worsens-the-agta-s-health-outcomes
#8
Abigail E Page, Tessa Minter, Sylvain Viguier, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Many hunter-gatherer groups live on the outskirts of wider society, experiencing poor health outcomes with little access to medical care. From a development perspective, key interventions include the sedentarisation of these mobile peoples into camps nearby larger towns with sanitation infrastructure and medical care, as increased access to services is assumed to improve outcomes. However, recent research in the Agta (Philippine foragers from North-east Luzon) has demonstrated that individuals residing in more 'developed' communities suffer from increased morbidity and mortality...
December 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#9
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222997/-that-wasn-t-really-a-place-to-worry-about-diabetes-housing-access-and-diabetes-self-management-among-low-income-adults
#10
Danya E Keene, Monica Guo, Sascha Murillo
Lack of affordable housing access represents a significant and growing problem for low-income households in the United States and these housing challenges may present barriers to the management of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. In this qualitative study, we examined how both housing challenges and housing resources shaped diabetes self-management behaviors. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 low-income residents of one US city, New Haven, Connecticut, who had a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and either resided in or qualified for subsidized housing...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222994/supportive-environments-for-physical-activity-in-deprived-communities-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study-using-photo-elicitation
#11
Alexia Sawyer, Marcella Ucci, Russell Jones, Lee Smith, Abi Fisher
The health benefits of regular physical activity are substantial and well-established. However, population activity levels are insufficient to obtain health benefits in the United Kingdom (UK), and strategies to increase activity, particularly in income-deprived communities, are sought. Socioecological models of physical activity posit that activity levels are influenced by social, physical and wider environmental factors. In line with a growing evidence base, there is a need to understand the factors that contribute to an activity-supportive neighbourhood within deprived settings within the UK...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220706/swing-voting-in-the-2016-presidential-election-in-counties-where-midlife-mortality-has-been-rising-in-white-non-hispanic-americans
#12
Usama Bilal, Emily A Knapp, Richard S Cooper
Understanding the effects of widespread disruption of the social fabric on public health outcomes can provide insight into the forces that drive major political realignment. Our objective was to estimate the association between increases in mortality in middle-aged non-Hispanic white adults from 1999 to 2005 to 2009-2015, health inequalities in life expectancy by income, and the surge in support for the Republican Party in pivotal US counties in the 2016 presidential election. We conducted a longitudinal ecological study in 2764 US counties from 1999 to 2016...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220704/how-do-peers-influence-bmi-evidence-from-randomly-assigned-classrooms-in-south-korea
#13
Jaegeum Lim, Jonathan Meer
Obesity among children is an important public health concern, and social networks may play a role in students' habits that increase the likelihood of being overweight. We examine data from South Korean middle schools, where students are randomly assigned to classrooms, and exploit the variation in peer body mass index. We use the number of peers' siblings as an instrument to account for endogeneity concerns and measurement error. Heavier peers increase the likelihood that a student is heavier; there is no spurious correlation for height, which is unlikely to have peer contagion...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237560/beyond-the-trigger-the-mental-health-consequences-of-in-home-firearm-access-among-children-of-gun-owners
#14
Jinho Kim
RATIONALE: The high prevalence of household firearms in the U.S. has ignited a growing body of research seeking to understand its health consequences. While a large number of studies examine the impact of firearm availability on health risks of gun owners in the household, relatively little attention is given to whether and how in-home firearm access may shape psychological outcomes among children of gun owners. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether and how in-home firearm access is associated with adolescents' depressive symptoms...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222995/updating-edwin-chadwick-s-seminal-work-on-geographical-inequalities-by-occupation
#15
Mark A Green, Danny Dorling, Richard Mitchell
To honour the 175th anniversary of Edwin Chadwick's seminal 'Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor', we update Chadwick's famous analysis of geographical differences in occupational based inequalities. Much of the field of Health Geography owes both its direction of development and its initial impetus to his 1842 report. The report presented evidence for the importance of local context to health, with individuals of the lowest occupations in Rutland living longer than individuals of the highest occupations in Liverpool...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222998/experiences-of-connectivity-and-severance-in-the-wake-of-a-new-motorway-implications-for-health-and-well-being
#16
Amy Nimegeer, Hilary Thomson, Louise Foley, Shona Hilton, Fiona Crawford, David Ogilvie
The construction of new urban roads may cause severance, or the separation of residents from local amenities or social networks. Using qualitative data from a natural experimental study, we examined severance related to a new section of urban motorway constructed through largely deprived residential neighbourhoods in Glasgow, Scotland. Semi-structured and photo-elicitation interviews were used to better understand severance and connectivity related to the new motorway, and specifically implications for individual and community-level health and well-being through active travel and social connections...
November 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220705/therapeutic-landscapes-and-longevity-wellness-tourism-in-bama
#17
Liyuan Huang, Honggang Xu
Due to the rising demand for healthcare products and concern over environmental pollution, wellness tourism has been booming in China in recent years. The therapeutic landscape theory provides a multi-scale interpretation of wellness tourism to explore how wellness tourists achieve health in healing places. By presenting the results of 83 interviews conducted in Bama, China, this study reveals that the "longevity village" Bama, endorsed by centenarians, provides a retreat that combines natural beauty and a harmonious neighbourhood for wellness tourists...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203069/thinking-critically-about-health-and-human-animal-relations-therapeutic-affect-within-spaces-of-care-farming
#18
Richard Gorman
This article draws on a more-than-representational approach to reconsider how geographers engage with ideas of 'health'. Health can be understood as the constant reshaping of an individual's capacity to affect and be affected, the way in which a body's powers to act are dynamically augmented or diminished by different affective relations. The article also addresses calls for health geography to engage with the more-than-human. The article mobilises a qualitative study of 'care farming' within England and Wales to highlight the generative potential of human-animal relations in (re)shaping the diverse affective relations gathered together to produce new bodily capacities...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202307/the-impact-of-free-healthcare-on-women-s-capability-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-burkina-faso
#19
Oumar Mallé Samb, Valery Ridde
In March 2006, the government of Burkina Faso implemented an 80% subsidy for emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC). To complement this subsidy, an NGO decided to cover the remaining 20% in two districts of the country, making EmONC completely free for women there. In addition, the NGO instituted fee exemptions for children under five years of age in those two districts. We conducted a qualitative study in 2011 to examine the impact of these free healthcare interventions on women's capability. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 women, 16 members of health centre management committees, and eight healthcare workers in three health districts, as well as a documentary analysis...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197753/longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-economic-empowerment-on-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-women-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#20
Anita Raj, Jay G Silverman, Jeni Klugman, Niranjan Saggurti, Balaiah Donta, Holly B Shakya
The purpose of this study was to assess via longitudinal analysis whether women's economic empowerment and financial inclusion predicts incident IPV. This prospective study involved analysis of three waves of survey data collected from rural young married women (n = 853 women) in Maharashtra at baseline and 9&18 month follow-ups. This study, which was in the field from 2012 to 2014, was conducted as part of a larger family planning evaluation study unrelated to economic empowerment. Participants were surveyed on economic empowerment, as measured by items on women's income generation and joint decision-making of husband's income, and financial inclusion, as measured by bank account ownership...
November 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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