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Social Science & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088619/pappa-ante-portas-the-effect-of-the-husband-s-retirement-on-the-wife-s-mental-health-in-japan
#2
Marco Bertoni, Giorgio Brunello
The "Retired Husband Syndrome", that affects the mental health of wives of retired men around the world, has been anecdotally documented but never formally investigated. Using Japanese micro-data and the exogenous variation across cohorts in the maximum age of guaranteed employment induced by a 2006 Japanese reform, we estimate that the husband's earlier retirement significantly increases the probability that the wife reports symptoms related to the syndrome. We also find that retirement has a negative effect both on the household's economic situation and on the husband's own mental health, and that the higher economic distress contributes to reducing the wife's mental health...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#3
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092757/climate-change-threats-to-family-farmers-sense-of-place-and-mental-wellbeing-a-case-study-from-the-western-australian-wheatbelt
#4
Neville R Ellis, Glenn A Albrecht
'Sense of place' has become a central concept in the analysis of the cultural, personal and mental health risks posed by a changing climate. However, such place-related understandings of mental health and wellbeing remain largely limited to Indigenous health contexts. In this article we argue the relevance of sense of place in understanding the mental health impacts of climate change on family farmers who retain close living and working relationships to the land. We conducted a community-based qualitative case study located in the Western Australian Wheatbelt - a region that has experienced some of the most significant climate change in Australia...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092756/effects-of-assisted-outpatient-treatment-and-health-care-services-on-psychotic-symptoms
#5
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Matthias Jaeger, Azizi Seixas, Julia Sowislo, Bruce G Link
RATIONALE: An ongoing debate concerns acceptability, benefits, and shortcomings of coercive treatment such as assisted outpatient treatment (AOT). The hypothesis that involuntary commitment to outpatient treatment may lead to a better clinical outcome for a subgroup of persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is controversial. Nonetheless, positive effects of AOT may be mediated by an increased availability of healthcare resources or increased service use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the course of delusions, hallucinations, and negative symptoms among patients with SMI receiving AOT compared to patients receiving non-compulsory treatment (NCT)...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088617/assessing-physician-productivity-following-norwegian-hospital-reform-a-panel-and-data-envelopment-analysis
#6
Karl Arne Johannessen, Sverre A C Kittelsen, Terje P Hagen
BACKGROUND: Although health care reforms may improve efficiency at the macro level, less is known regarding their effects on the utilization of health care personnel. Following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform, we studied the productivity of the physician workforce and the effect of personnel mix on this measure in all nineteen Norwegian hospitals from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: We used panel analysis and non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) to study physician productivity defined as patient treatments per full-time equivalent (FTE) physician...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107703/how-universal-is-coverage-and-access-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chagas-disease-in-colombia-a-health-systems-analysis
#7
Zulma M Cucunubá, Jennifer M Manne-Goehler, Diana Díaz, Pierre Nouvellet, Oscar Bernal, Andrea Marchiol, María-Gloria Basáñez, Lesong Conteh
Limited access to Chagas disease diagnosis and treatment is a major obstacle to reaching the 2020 World Health Organization milestones of delivering care to all infected and ill patients. Colombia has been identified as a health system in transition, reporting one of the highest levels of health insurance coverage in Latin America. We explore if and how this high level of coverage extends to those with Chagas disease, a traditionally marginalised population. Using a mixed methods approach, we calculate coverage for screening, diagnosis and treatment of Chagas...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092759/effects-of-donor-proliferation-in-development-aid-for-health-on-health-program-performance-a-conceptual-framework
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
Development aid for health increased dramatically during the past two decades, raising concerns about inefficiency and lack of coherence among the growing number of global health donors. However, we lack a framework for how donor proliferation affects health program performance to inform theory-based evaluation of aid effectiveness policies. A review of academic and gray literature was conducted. Data were extracted from the literature sample on study design and evidence for hypothesized effects of donor proliferation on health program performance, which were iteratively grouped into categories and mapped into a new conceptual framework...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#9
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088618/modelling-possible-causality-in-the-associations-between-unemployment-cannabis-use-and-alcohol-misuse
#10
Joseph M Boden, Jungeun Olivia Lee, L John Horwood, Carolina Villamil Grest, Geraldine F H McLeod
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the extent to which substance use and unemployment may be related, particularly the causal pathways that may be involved in these associations. It has been argued that these associations may reflect social causation, in which unemployment influences substance use, or that they may reflect social selection, in which substance use increases the risk of becoming and remaining unemployed. The present study sought to test these competing explanations...
January 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073070/negotiating-intersex-a-case-for-revising-the-theory-of-social-diagnosis
#11
Tania M Jenkins, Susan E Short
The theory of social diagnosis recognizes two principles: 1) extra-medical social structures frame diagnosis; and 2) myriad social actors, in addition to clinicians, contribute to diagnostic labels and processes. The relationship between social diagnosis and (de)medicalization remains undertheorized, however, because social diagnosis does not account for how social actors can also resist the pathologization of symptoms and conditions-sometimes at the same time as they clamor for medical recognition-thereby shaping societal definitions of disease in different, but no less important, ways...
December 31, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068533/the-weight-of-inequalities-duration-of-residence-and-offspring-s-birthweight-among-migrant-mothers-in-sweden
#12
Sol P Juárez, Anders Hjern
In this study we assessed the effect duration of residence on the association between maternal origin and birthweight in Sweden. Considering sibling information, we also investigated how far the presence or lack of such an effect could be biased by the use of cross-sectional data, since there may be a selection among those mothers who decide to have a child soon after moving to the country (e.g. those with a more stable family situation). Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register for the period 1992-2012, we performed linear and multinomial regressions, multilevel linear regressions, and random effect meta-analysis...
December 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088620/relations-between-neighbourhood-socioeconomic-status-and-birth-outcomes-are-mediated-by-maternal-weight
#13
Zahra M Clayborne, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Rhonda C Bell, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
Lower neighbourhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) has been repeatedly associated with an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, even after controlling for individual-level SES. Few studies have empirically assessed potential mechanisms underlying the associations. The objectives of this study were to (1) examine relations between neighbourhood SES and birth outcomes, and (2) explore if maternal weight variables mediated these relations. Data came from a provincial prospective pregnancy cohort study in Canada...
December 29, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056384/relation-between-social-network-and-psychological-distress-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan-evidence-from-a-national-longitudinal-survey
#14
Rong Fu, Harkuo Noguchi, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Miyuki Aiba, Shin Nakamine, Akira Kawamura, Hideto Takahashi, Nanako Tamiya
It is widely documented that psychological distress is negatively associated with social networks involvement. However, despite the theoretical postulations that social networks are crucial for alleviating psychological distress, no study has yet empirically confirmed the causality of this relationship. Thus, we used the random-effects generalized least squares method to investigate the effect of one- and two-year lagged values for involvement in social networks on psychological distress. Nine years of longitudinal data were extracted from a nationally representative survey in Japan ("The Longitudinal Survey of Middle-aged and Older Persons")...
December 29, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056383/socioeconomic-factors-related-to-surgical-treatment-for-localized-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Xiaqing Jiang, Ge Lin, K M Monirul Islam
Various socioeconomic factors were reported to be associated with receiving surgical treatment in localized, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in previous studies. We wanted to assess the impact of residential poverty on receiving surgical treatment in a state-wide population of localized NSCLC, adjusting for demographic, clinical, residence and tumor factors. Data on 970 patients with primary localized NSCLC were collected from the Nebraska Cancer Registry (NCR), and linked with the Nebraska Hospital Discharge Data (NHDD) between 2005 and 2009, as well as the 2010 Census data...
December 29, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056382/poverty-dynamics-and-parental-mental-health-determinants-of-childhood-mental-health-in-the-uk
#16
Emla Fitzsimons, Alissa Goodman, Elaine Kelly, James P Smith
Using data from the British Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), an ongoing longitudinal study of a cohort of 18,827 children born in the UK in 2000-2001, we investigate important correlates of mental health issues during childhood. MCS respondents were sampled at birth, at age 9 months, and then when they were 3, 5, 7 and 11 years old. Each sweep contains detailed information on the family's SES, parenting activities, developmental indicators, parental relationship status, and indicators of parental mental health...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049047/does-work-to-family-conflict-really-matter-for-health-cross-sectional-prospective-cohort-and-fixed-effects-analyses
#17
Takashi Oshio, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi
It is well known that work-to-family conflict (WFC) is negatively associated with employees' health outcomes, including mental health and health behavior. However, the associations may be overstated because of insufficient control for unobserved individual attributes. To address this possibility, we compared the associations between WFC and health observed from a cross-sectional, prospective cohort and from fixed-effects regression models. We analyzed data from a Japanese occupational cohort survey of 15,102 observations from 7551 individuals (5947 men and 1604 women), which were collected in two waves with a one-year interval...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064011/is-it-time-to-talk-understanding-specialty-child-mental-healthcare-providers-decisions-to-engage-in-interdisciplinary-communication-with-pediatricians
#18
Michael Reiss, Carolyn A Greene, Julian D Ford
Communication between pediatric mental health and primary care providers is often inconsistent and frequently rated as unsatisfactory by providers of both disciplines. While numerous studies report pediatricians' desire for increased feedback from mental health providers, less is known about mental health providers' perspectives on collaborative communication with pediatricians. In the current qualitative study, 9 practitioners at 2 mental health practices participated in interviews about their experiences related to collaborating and communicating with pediatric providers...
December 27, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057384/austerity-and-the-embodiment-of-neoliberalism-as-ill-health-towards-a-theory-of-biological-sub-citizenship
#19
Matthew Sparke
This article charts the diverse pathways through which austerity and other policy shifts associated with neoliberalism have come to be embodied globally in ill-health. It combines a review of research on these processes of embodiment with the development of a theory of the resulting forms of biological sub-citizenship. This theory builds on other studies that have already sought to complement and complicate the concept of biological citizenship with attention to the globally uneven experience and embodiment of bioinequalities...
December 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068532/monitoring-income-related-health-differences-between-regions-in-great-britain-a-new-measure-for-ordinal-health-data
#20
Paul Allanson
The paper proposes a new measure of the extent to which differences in population health status between the regions of a country are systematically related to regional prosperity. The headcount index of income-related health stratification has a straightforward interpretation as the population-weighted mean difference in the probabilities that the healthier of any two randomly chosen individuals will be from the richer rather than the poorer region from which they are drawn. Moreover, it is well-defined even if only ordinal health data are available, being directly applicable to polytomous categorical variables without the need for either dichotomisation or cardinalisation...
December 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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