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Social Science & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787927/refugees-admission-to-mental-health-institutions-in-norway-is-there-an-ethnic-density-effect
#1
Jon Erik Finnvold, Elisabeth Ugreninov
Some recent European research claims that immigrants settle in urban areas with low scores on level-of-living conditions and a high prevalence of health-risk factors, and that these settlement patterns adversely affect their health. Other studies question the association between immigrant segregation and area deprivation on one hand, and negative health outcomes on the other hand, and identify possible beneficial effects of segregation, specifically the ethnic density effect. This paper aims to explore the possible ethnic density effect among refugees, a sub-population that often appears relatively vulnerable compared with immigrants in general...
May 16, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778934/spatial-accessibility-of-primary-health-care-in-china-a-case-study-in-sichuan-province
#2
Xiuli Wang, Huazhen Yang, Zhanqi Duan, Jay Pan
Access to primary health care is considered a fundamental right and an important facilitator of overall population health. Township health centers (THCs) and Community health centers (CHCs) serve as central hubs of China's primary health care system and have been emphasized during recent health care reforms. Accessibility of these hubs is poorly understood and a better understanding of the current situation is essential for proper decision making. This study assesses spatial access to health care provided by primary health care institutions (THCs/CHCs) in Sichuan Province as a microcosm in China...
May 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772396/understanding-the-conceptualisation-of-risk-in-the-context-of-community-dementia-care
#3
Marissa Dickins, Dianne Goeman, Fleur O'Keefe, Steve Iliffe, Dimity Pond
Risk has become a ubiquitous presence in modern society. For individuals diagnosed with dementia this preoccupation with risk can affect their day-to-day life in many ways. Maintaining autonomy while balancing risks is a continual struggle not only for those living with the disease, but also their carers, family and health professionals. To understand how these different groups of individuals conceptualise the issue of risk for those living with dementia, 83 semi-structured interviews were conducted with people living with dementia, carers, older people without significant experience of dementia, and registered nurses, and staff from a community nursing organisation...
May 9, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758477/the-effect-of-street-level-greenery-on-walking-behavior-evidence-from-hong-kong
#4
Yi Lu, Chinmoy Sarkar, Yang Xiao
Accumulating evidence shows that urban greenspaces have great health benefits, but establishing a causal relationship is difficult. It is often hypothesized that walking and physical activity are mediators in the relationship between urban greenspaces and health outcomes. Furthermore, most urban greenspace-physical activity studies have focused on parks rather than on landscaped streets, even though the latter are the most popular places for physical activity. The lack of research attention for landscaped streets is largely due to the fact that street greenery is difficult to measure, especially at eye level...
May 9, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787926/examining-community-and-consumer-food-environments-for-children-an-urban-suburban-rural-comparison-in-southwestern-ontario
#5
Catherine M DuBreck, Richard C Sadler, Godwin Arku, Jason A Gilliland
The aim of this study is to evaluate how retail food environments for children in the City of London and Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada, vary according to level of urbanicity and level of socioeconomic distress. Urbanicity in this study is defined as a neighbourhood's designation as urban, suburban, or rural. We assessed community food environments (e.g., the type, location, and accessibility of food outlets) using 800m and 1600m network buffers (school zones) around all public and private elementary schools, and we calculated and compared density of junk food opportunities (JFO) (e...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#6
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#7
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763787/laugh-and-grow-fat-happiness-affects-body-mass-index-among-urban-chinese-adults
#8
Shuanglong Li, Yunsong Chen, Guangye He
Previous studies have extensively examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and subjective well-being (SWB) but have mainly focused on the effects of BMI on SWB, leaving the question of whether BMI can be influenced by SWB largely neglected. In this study, we present the first empirical evidence on the effects of SWB on BMI among adults, using data combined from four waves of the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) (2010-2013). We find that, among urban Chinese adults, those who have a higher level of happiness tend to have higher BMI, after extensively controlling for a constellation of individual sociodemographic and health attributes...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754781/social-engagement-and-the-elderly-in-rural-indonesia
#9
Ariane Utomo, Peter Mcdonald, Iwu Utomo, Nur Cahyadi, Robert Sparrow
Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively "old" villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753930/the-complexity-of-self-regulating-food-intake-in-weight-loss-maintenance-a-qualitative-study-among-short-and-long-term-weight-loss-maintainers
#10
Susanne Pedersen, Falko F Sniehotta, Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Marta M Marques, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Liisa Lähteenmäki
RATIONALE: Whether self-regulation of food intake in weight loss maintenance (WLM) differs between being a short-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining less than 12 months) and a long-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining at least 12 months) is under-researched. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the self-regulatory strategies and self-efficacy beliefs applied by short- and long-term maintainers to the complex set of behaviours comprising food intake in WLM, and to obtain a better understanding of their challenges in the various food-intake processes in WLM...
May 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783092/the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-on-women-s-contraceptive-use-evidence-from-the-rakai-community-cohort-study-in-rakai-uganda
#11
Lauren Maxwell, Heena Brahmbhatt, Anthony Ndyanabo, Jennifer Wagman, Gertrude Nakigozi, Jay S Kaufman, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Arijit Nandi
A systematic review of longitudinal studies suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with reduced contraceptive use, but most included studies were limited to two time points. We used seven waves of data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study in Rakai, Uganda to estimate the effect of prior year IPV at one visit on women's current contraceptive use at the following visit. We used inverse probability of treatment-weighted marginal structural models (MSMs) to estimate the relative risk of current contraceptive use comparing women who were exposed to emotional, physical, and/or sexual IPV during the year prior to interview to those who were not...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#12
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773241/introduction-what-works-and-for-whom
#13
EDITORIAL
Ralph I Horwitz, Burton Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764678/re-engaging-with-places-understanding-bio-geo-graphical-disruption-and-flow-in-adult-brain-injury-survivors
#14
Louise Meijering, Nicky Theunissen, Ant T Lettinga
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults worldwide. After a period of rehabilitation, many ABI survivors still face complex mind/body conditions when they try to take up their former life again. Besides lasting visible impairments such as weakness and loss of body balance, there are often less obvious disabilities such as extreme fatigue, hypersensitivity for stimuli, memory, concentration and attention problems or personality changes. The aim of this paper is to understand how ABI survivors and their significant others renegotiate their engagements with everyday places, using the concepts of bio-geo-graphical disruption and flow...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743136/improving-mental-health-among-ultra-poor-children-two-year-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-burkina-faso
#15
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli, Jo Sanson, Eleni Gaveras, Rachel Nanema, Alexice Tô-Camier, Josh Chaffin
RATIONALE: There is limited evidence about interventions improving child mental health in francophone West Africa. Behavioral mental health interventions alone may have limited effects on children's emotional well-being in families living in abject poverty, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effects of economic intervention, alone and in combination with a family-focused component, on the mental health of children from ultra-poor households in rural Burkina Faso...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775965/the-frontier-framework-and-its-eight-frontier-archetypes-a-new-conceptual-approach-to-representing-staff-and-patient-well-being-in-health-systems
#16
Darrin L Baines
This paper proposes a new conceptual framework for jointly analysing the production of staff and patient welfare in health systems. Research to date has identified a direct link between staff and patient well-being. However, until now, no one has produced a unified framework for analysing them concurrently. In response, this paper introduces the "Frontier Framework". The new conceptual framework is applicable to all health systems regardless of their structure or financing. To demonstrate the benefits of its use, an empirical example of the Frontier Framework is constructed using data from the UK's National Health Service...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759825/beyond-move-more-feeling-the-rhythms-of-physical-activity-in-mid-and-later-life
#17
Cassandra Phoenix, Sarah L Bell
The last two decades have seen growing unease regarding the negative health consequences of increasing levels of physical inactivity, both in the UK and further afield. Public health initiatives and interventions aimed at increasing levels of physical activity have, therefore, become somewhat commonplace. Within the current context of demographic change, with growing numbers of older adults and evidence that inactivity increases with age, these initiatives hold particular relevance to mid and later-life adults...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758475/social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-later-life-a-parallel-convergent-mixed-methods-case-study-of-older-adults-and-their-residential-contexts-in-the-minneapolis-metropolitan-area-usa
#18
Jessica M Finlay, Lindsay C Kobayashi
Social isolation and loneliness are increasingly prevalent among older adults in the United States, with implications for morbidity and mortality risk. Little research to date has examined the complex person-place transactions that contribute to social well-being in later life. This study aimed to characterize personal and neighborhood contextual influences on social isolation and loneliness among older adults. Interviews were conducted with independent-dwelling men and women (n = 124; mean age 71 years) in the Minneapolis metropolitan area (USA) from June to October, 2015...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754783/therapeutic-spaces-of-care-farming-transformative-or-ameliorating
#19
Alexandra Kaley, Chris Hatton, Christine Milligan
Since Wil Gesler's earliest articulation (Gesler, 1992; Gesler, 1996) key thinkers in the field of therapeutic landscapes have sought to emphasise the embodied, contextual and wholly relational nature of the relationship that exists between people and place. However, the extant research has tended to focus on the relational healing experience as this occurs 'in the moment' and with reference to a specific location or site of healing, with less attention being paid to what happens to people when they return to their ordinary or everyday places...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753137/perceptions-of-intersectional-stigma-among-diverse-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#20
Whitney S Rice, Carmen H Logie, Tessa M Napoles, Melonie Walcott, Abigail W Batchelder, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Gina M Wingood, Deborah J Konkle-Parker, Bulent Turan, Tracey E Wilson, Mallory O Johnson, Sheri D Weiser, Janet M Turan
Attitudes and behavior that devalue individuals based upon their HIV status (HIV-related stigma) are barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, and wellbeing among women living with HIV. Other coexisting forms of stigma (e.g., racism, sexism) may worsen the effects of HIV-related stigma, and may contribute to persistent racial and gendered disparities in HIV prevention and treatment. Few studies examine perceptions of intersectional stigma among women living with HIV. From June to December 2015, we conducted 76 qualitative interviews with diverse women living with HIV from varied socioeconomic backgrounds enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) in Birmingham, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco, California...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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