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Social Science & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#1
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800450/status-inconsistency-and-mental-health-a-random-effects-and-instrumental-variables-analysis-using-14-annual-waves-of-cohort-data
#2
Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Anne Kavanagh, Anthony D LaMontagne, Dennis Petrie
Status inconsistency refers to a discrepancy between the position a person holds in one domain of their social environment comparative to their position in another domain. For example, the experience of being overeducated for a job, or not using your skills in your job. We sought to assess the relationship between status inconsistency and mental health using 14 annual waves of cohort data. We used two approaches to measuring status inconsistency: 1) being overeducated for your job (objective measure); and b) not using your skills in your job (subjective measure)...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802118/associations-of-relative-deprivation-and-income-rank-with-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-japan
#3
Krisztina Gero, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others). Two concepts relevant to the psychosocial effects of income are: relative deprivation (for example expressed by the Yitzhaki Index, measuring the magnitude of difference in income among individuals) and Income Rank. This study examined whether higher relative deprivation and lower income rank are associated with depressive symptoms in an older population independently of absolute income...
August 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797939/informal-assistance-to-urban-families-and-the-risk-of-household-food-insecurity
#4
Christian King
RATIONALE: Food insecurity is a persistent social problem affecting one out of eight households in the United States. While evidence shows that public assistance programs (formal assistance) are effective in reducing food insecurity, there is more limited evidence documenting how informal support, through social capital, affects food insecurity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of informal support (through instrumental social support, social cohesion, social control, and social participation) on food insecurity transitions using longitudinal data of a sample of disadvantaged urban mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study...
August 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787628/rapid-qualitative-research-methods-during-complex-health-emergencies-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Ginger A Johnson, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros
The 2013-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa highlighted both the successes and limitations of social science contributions to emergency response operations. An important limitation was the rapid and effective communication of study findings. A systematic review was carried out to explore how rapid qualitative methods have been used during global heath emergencies to understand which methods are commonly used, how they are applied, and the difficulties faced by social science researchers in the field. We also asses their value and benefit for health emergencies...
August 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783502/which-characteristics-of-planning-matter-individual-and-dyadic-physical-activity-plans-and-their-effects-on-plan-enactment
#6
Jan Keller, Lena Fleig, Diana Hilda Hohl, Amelie U Wiedemann, Silke Burkert, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVE: Past research supports individual planning as an effective intervention strategy to increase physical activity in individuals. A similar strategy, dyadic planning, adds a planning partner who supports an individual's planning processes. Whether the two planning formats differ in terms of participants' entered plan content and whether and how different content characteristics are linked to plan enactment remains unknown. By investigating the content of generated plans, this study aimed at distinguishing plan characteristics of the two planning formats and examining their role as predictors of later plan enactment...
July 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793240/cultural-values-and-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-a-secondary-data-analysis
#7
Eva Heim, Iris Wegmann, Andreas Maercker
RATIONALE: The prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e., depression and anxiety) worldwide is substantial, and prevalence rates are higher in high-income than in low- and middle-income countries. This difference might reflect both underlying prevalence rates as well as the measurement model used in cross-national epidemiological studies. Schwartz' cultural values provide a meaningful taxonomy to describe 'culture' and to examine how culture affects both the aetiology and phenomenology of CMDs...
July 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779626/does-social-trust-increase-willingness-to-pay-taxes-to-improve-public-healthcare-cross-sectional-cross-country-instrumental-variable-analysis
#8
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung, Alena Auchynnikava
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of social trust on the willingness to pay more taxes to improve public healthcare in post-communist countries. The well-documented association between higher levels of social trust and better health has traditionally been assumed to reflect the notion that social trust is positively associated with support for public healthcare system through its encouragement of cooperative behaviour, social cohesion, social solidarity, and collective action. Hence, in this paper, we have explicitly tested the notion that social trust contributes to an increase in willingness to financially support public healthcare...
July 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781095/pain-citizenship-and-invisibility-a-response-to-joanna-kempner
#9
Jane Pryma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768573/violence-exposure-and-adolescents-same-day-obesogenic-behaviors-new-findings-and-a-replication
#10
Joy Rayanne Piontak, Michael A Russell, Andrea Danese, William E Copeland, Rick H Hoyle, Candice L Odgers
OBJECTIVE: To test whether exposure to violence is associated with same-day increases in obesogenic behaviors among young adolescents, including unhealthy food and beverage consumption, poor quality sleep, and lack of physical activity. METHODS: Young at-risk adolescents between 12 and 15 years of age were recruited via telephone screening from low-income neighborhoods. Adolescents and their parents completed in-person assessments, followed by Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) delivered to 151 adolescents' mobile phones three times a day for 30 days (4329 person days)...
July 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787629/association-between-housing-type-and-%C3%AE-gtp-increase-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#11
Aya Murakami, Yumi Sugawara, Yasutake Tomata, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yu Kaiho, Fumiya Tanji, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that alcohol consumption increases after natural disasters, with an impact on health. However, the impact of relocation upon drinking behavior has been unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between housing type and the impact of alcohol consumption on health after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) of 2011. METHODS: We analyzed 569 residents living in devastated areas of Ishinomaki city, who had undergone assessment of their γ-GTP levels at health check-ups in both 2010 and 2013, and had given details of the type of housing they occupied in 2013...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780439/ethnic-density-immigrant-enclaves-and-latino-health-risks-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#12
Kelin Li, Ming Wen, Kevin A Henry
Whether minority concentration in a neighborhood exposes residents to, or protects them from, health risks has generated burgeoning scholarly interests; yet endogeneity as a result of neighborhood selection largely remains unclear in the literature. This study addresses such endogeneity and simultaneously investigates the roles of co-ethnic density and immigrant enclaves in influencing high blood pressure and high cholesterol level among Latinos, the largest minority group in the United States. Pooled cross-sectional data that included both native and foreign-born Latinos of Puerto Rican, Mexican, and other origins (N = 1563) from the 2006 and 2008 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey were linked to census-tract profiles from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778059/young-adults-experiences-of-neighbourhood-smoking-related-norms-and-practices-a-qualitative-study-exploring-place-based-social-inequalities-in-smoking
#13
Nicole M Glenn, Josée Lapalme, Geneviève McCready, Katherine L Frohlich
In this qualitative exploratory study we asked how smoking among young adults relates to the local neighbourhood context to better understand place-based social inequalities in smoking. We used data collected through focus groups with young adults from four economically diverse neighbourhoods in Montreal, Canada. Using the collective lifestyles framework to guide data analysis, we examined within and between neighbourhood social norms, practices, and agency. We found that some smoking-related social norms, practices and agency were particular to neighbourhoods of the same socio-economic status (SES)...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755794/big-data-opportunities-for-social-behavioral-and-mental-health-research
#14
Oliver Gruebner, Martin Sykora, Sarah R Lowe, Ketan Shankardass, Sandro Galea, S V Subramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797940/values-for-the-icecap-supportive-care-measure-icecap-scm-for-use-in-economic-evaluation-at-end-of-life
#15
Elisabeth Huynh, Joanna Coast, John Rose, Philip Kinghorn, Terry Flynn
End of life care may have elements of value that go beyond health. A generic measure of the benefits of end of life care could be helpful to decision makers. Such a measure, based on the capability approach, has recently been developed: the ICECAP Supportive Care Measure. This paper reports the first valuation exercise for that measure, with data from 6020 individuals collected from an on-line general population panel during June 2013. Individuals were asked to complete a stated choice experiment that combined best-worst scaling and a standard discrete choice experiment...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787630/informal-cash-payments-for-birth-in-hungary-are-women-paying-to-secure-a-known-provider-respect-or-quality-of-care
#16
Petra Baji, Nicholas Rubashkin, Imre Szebik, Kathrin Stoll, Saraswathi Vedam
BACKGROUND: In Central and Eastern Europe, many women make informal cash payments to ensure continuity of provider, i.e., to have a "chosen" doctor who provided their prenatal care, be present for birth. High rates of obstetric interventions and disrespectful maternity care are also common to the region. No previous study has examined the associations among informal payments, intervention rates, and quality of maternity care. METHODS: We distributed an online cross-sectional survey in 2014 to a nationally representative sample of Hungarian internet-using women (N = 600) who had given birth in the last 5 years...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780438/academic-advocacy-in-public-health-disciplinary-duty-or-political-propaganda
#17
K E Smith, E A Stewart
The role of 'advocacy' within public health attracts considerable debate but is rarely the subject of empirical research. This paper reviews the available literature and presents data from qualitative research (interviews and focus groups conducted in the UK in 2011-2013) involving 147 professionals (working in academia, the public sector, the third sector and policy settings) concerned with public health in the UK. It seeks to address the following questions: (i) What is public health advocacy and how does it relate to research?; (ii) What role (if any) do professionals concerned with public health feel researchers ought to play in advocacy?; and (iii) For those researchers who do engage in advocacy, what are the risks and challenges and to what extent can these be managed/mitigated? In answering these questions, we argue that two deeply contrasting conceptualisations of 'advocacy' exist within public health, the most dominant of which ('representational') centres on strategies for 'selling' public health goals to decision-makers and the wider public...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772108/did-the-great-recession-affect-mortality-rates-in-the-metropolitan-united-states-effects-on-mortality-by-age-gender-and-cause-of-death
#18
Erin C Strumpf, Thomas J Charters, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi
OBJECTIVES: Mortality rates generally decline during economic recessions in high-income countries, however gaps remain in our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. This study estimates the impacts of increases in unemployment rates on both all-cause and cause-specific mortality across U.S. metropolitan regions during the Great Recession. METHODS: We estimate the effects of economic conditions during the recent and severe recessionary period on mortality, including differences by age and gender subgroups, using fixed effects regression models...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755543/assessing-income-redistributive-effect-of-health-financing-in-zambia
#19
Arnold Mulenga, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba
Ensuring an equitable health financing system is a major concern particularly in many developing countries. Internationally, there is a strong debate to move away from excessive reliance on direct out-of-pocket (OOP) spending towards a system that incorporates a greater element of risk pooling and thus affords greater protection for the poor. This is a major focus of the move towards universal health coverage (UHC). Currently, Zambia with high levels of poverty and income inequality is implementing health sector reforms for UHC through a social health insurance scheme...
July 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753463/the-impact-of-education-on-the-probability-of-receiving-periodontal-treatment-causal-effects-measured-by-using-the-introduction-of-a-school-reform-in-norway
#20
Jostein Grytten, Irene Skau
The aim of the present study was to estimate the causal effect of education on the probability of receiving periodontal treatment in the adult Norwegian population. In Norway, a substantial part of the cost of periodontal treatment is subsidized by the National Insurance Scheme. In that case, one might expect that the influence of individual resources, such as education, on receiving treatment would be reduced or eliminated. Causal effects were estimated by using data on a school reform in Norway. During the period 1960-1972, all municipalities in Norway were required to increase the number of compulsory years of schooling from seven to nine years...
July 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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