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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930919/-not-there-yet-examining-community-support-from-the-perspective-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-partners-in-care
#1
R V Herron, M W Rosenberg
People with dementia can live meaningful and engaged lives with the appropriate social and physical supports in place. There has been relatively little research, however, on the experiences and desires of people with dementia themselves as they negotiate informal and formal support in rural and small town settings. In this article, we draw on semi-structured interviews with 46 community-dwelling people with dementia and 43 partners in care in rural Ontario, Canada to examine how people with dementia relate to and within their communities as well as their perceptions of community support services...
December 1, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918891/the-socioeconomic-within-gender-gap-in-informal-caregiving-among-middle-aged-women-evidence-from-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#2
Mutsumi Tokunaga, Hideki Hashimoto
Caregiving to older people with needs has been mainly dependent on informal care provision by female caregivers. Compared with the care burden gender gap, the within-gender gap in women's socioeconomic status (SES) has attracted less policy attention. We investigated the association between middle-aged women's SES and the likelihood of being a primary caregiver for elderly informal care, focusing on household income, women's marital status, work status, and educational background under the universal and public system of formal long-term care provision in Japan...
November 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930918/health-effects-of-informal-caregiving-across-europe-a-longitudinal-approach
#3
Judith Kaschowitz, Martina Brandt
Due to an expected increase of people in need of care, sound knowledge about health effects of informal care provision is becoming more and more important. Theoretically, there might be positive as well as negative health effects due to caregiving to relatives. Moreover, we suppose that such health effects differ by national context - since care is differently organized in Europe - and depend on the social setting in which the care relationship takes place. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE, waves 1, 2, 3, and 5) and from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA, waves 2-5) we examined the connection between informal caregiving and self-perceived as well as mental health in a country comparative perspective...
November 27, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923155/user-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-experimental-evidence-from-rural-tanzania
#4
Zachary Burt, Robert M Njee, Yolanda Mbatia, Veritas Msimbe, Joe Brown, Thomas F Clasen, Hamisi M Malebo, Isha Ray
Almost half of all deaths from drinking microbiologically unsafe water occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems, when consistently used, can provide safer drinking water and improve health. Social marketing to increase adoption and use of HWTS depends both on the prices of and preferences for these systems. This study included 556 households from rural Tanzania across two low-income districts with low-quality water sources. Over 9 months in 2012 and 2013, we experimentally evaluated consumer preferences for six "low-cost" HWTS options, including boiling, through an ordinal ranking protocol...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923154/socioeconomic-position-john-henryism-and-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-finnish-men
#5
Mahasin S Mujahid, Sherman A James, George A Kaplan, Jukka T Salonen
Previous cross-sectional studies examining whether John Henryism (JH), or high-effort coping with socioeconomic adversity, potentiates the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular health have focused mainly on hypertension in African Americans. We conducted the first longitudinal test of this hypothesis on incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Finland (N = 1405 men, 42-60 years). We hypothesized that the expected inverse gradient between SEP and AMI risk would be stronger for men scoring high on JH than for those scoring low...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914315/and-justice-for-all-examining-corruption-as-a-contextual-source-of-mental-illness
#6
Ioana van Deurzen
In the present study, I focus on the relationship between corruption and mental health as measured by the level of depressive symptoms. I use data collected by the European Social Survey in 2006, 2012 and 2014 from 99,159 individuals that lived in 24 European countries. I employ two types of analyses: static analyses, i.e., multilevel models estimated in each wave, and dynamic analyses, i.e., fixed effects models for pseudo-panel data. Both static and dynamic analyses suggested that corruption had a detrimental effect on mental health...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914316/does-the-proportion-of-pay-linked-to-performance-affect-the-job-satisfaction-of-general-practitioners
#7
Thomas Allen, William Whittaker, Matt Sutton
There is concern that pay-for-performance (P4P) can negatively affect general practitioners (GPs) by reducing their autonomy, increasing their wage dispersion or eroding their intrinsic motivation. This is especially a concern for the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), a highly powered P4P scheme for UK GPs. The QOF affected all GPs but the exposure of their income to P4P varied. GPs did not know their level of exposure before the QOF was introduced and could not choose or manage it. We examine whether changes in GPs' job satisfaction before and after the introduction of the QOF in 2004 were correlated with the proportion of their income that became exposed to P4P...
November 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914313/requests-for-cesarean-deliveries-the-politics-of-labor-pain-and-pain-relief-in-shanghai-china
#8
Eileen Wang
Cesarean section rates have risen dramatically in China within the past 25 years, particularly driven by non-medical factors and maternal requests. One major reason women request cesareans is the fear of labor pain, in a country where a minority of women are given any form of pain relief during labor. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork and in-depth interviews with 26 postpartum women and 8 providers at a Shanghai district hospital in June and July of 2015, this article elucidates how perceptions of labor pain and the environment of pain relief constructs the cesarean on maternal request...
November 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912142/how-do-individuals-value-health-states-a-qualitative-investigation
#9
M Karimi, J Brazier, S Paisley
Despite the importance of health state values in informing resource allocation in health care, there is arguably little known about how individuals value health. Previous studies have shown that a variety of non-health factors and beliefs are important in valuing health, but there is less evidence in the literature about how individuals' beliefs affect their preferences or what role non-health factors play in the process of forming preferences. This study investigated the thought processes of 21 U.K. based participants in March 2013 who valued health states using semi-structured interviews and a think-aloud protocol, with the aim to better understand the relationship between health states, the individual's underlying beliefs, and the individual's preferences...
November 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866750/distinguishing-hypothetical-willingness-from-behavioral-intentions-to-initiate-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-findings-from-a-large-cohort-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-u-s
#10
H Jonathon Rendina, Thomas H F Whitfield, Christian Grov, Tyrel J Starks, Jeffrey T Parsons
RATIONALE: Much of the data on the acceptability of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is based on willingness to take PrEP (i.e., hypothetical receptivity) rather than actual intentions (i.e., planned behavioral action) to do so. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine differences between hypothetical willingness and behavioral intentions to begin PrEP in a national sample of gay and bisexual men (GBM) across the U.S. METHODS: We utilized data collected in 2015 to examine differences between those Unwilling (42...
November 18, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915137/parental-health-shocks-and-schooling-the-impact-of-mutual-health-insurance-in-rwanda
#11
Maame Esi Woode
The goal of this study was to look at the educational spill-over effects of health insurance on schooling with a focus on the Rwandan Community Based Health Insurance Programme, the Mutual Health Insurance scheme. Using a two-person general equilibrium overlapping generations model, this paper theoretically analyses the possible effect of health insurance on the relationship between parental health shocks and child schooling. Individuals choose whether or not they want to incur a medical cost by seeking care in order to reduce the effect of health shocks on their labour market availability and productivity...
November 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886527/universal-health-coverage-at-the-macro-level-synthetic-control-evidence-from-thailand
#12
Matthias Rieger, Natascha Wagner, Arjun S Bedi
As more and more countries are moving towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC), it is important to understand the macro level or aggregate impacts of such a policy. We use synthetic control methods to study the impact of UHC, introduced in Thailand in 2001, on various macroeconomic and health outcomes. Thailand is compared to a weighted average of control countries in terms of aggregate health financing indicators, aggregate health outcomes and economic performance, over the period 1995 to 2012. Our results suggest that UHC helps alleviate the financial consequences of illnesses...
November 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881248/communication-about-hiv-and-death-maternal-reports-of-primary-school-aged-children-s-questions-after-maternal-hiv-disclosure-in-rural-south-africa
#13
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Anina M Lubbe, Alan Stein, Mark Tomlinson, Ruth M Bland
INTRODUCTION: Children's understanding of HIV and death in epidemic regions is under-researched. We investigated children's death-related questions post maternal HIV-disclosure. Secondary aims examined characteristics associated with death-related questions and consequences for children's mental health. METHODS: HIV-infected mothers (N = 281) were supported to disclose their HIV status to their children (6-10 years) in an uncontrolled pre-post intervention evaluation...
November 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914314/minding-the-gap-subjective-relative-deprivation-and-depressive-symptoms
#14
Shadi Beshai, Sandeep Mishra, Tyler J S Meadows, Priya Parmar, Vivian Huang
Substantial evidence has linked depressive symptoms to various indices of societal-level inequality and relative deprivation. A larger literature has also addressed cognitive vulnerability and correlates of depression. Despite this evidence, little research to date has examined the relationship of depressive symptoms with such downstream individual-level consequences of inequality as subjective relative deprivation, or whether relative deprivation is associated with cognitive vulnerability in depression. We conducted two investigations among four separate samples (total N = 2999) to examine associations between subjective relative deprivation and depressive symptoms and cognitions...
November 16, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889613/two-approaches-one-problem-cultural-constructions-of-type-ii-diabetes-in-an-indigenous-community-in-yucat%C3%A3-n-mexico
#15
Sarah M Frank, T Elizabeth Durden
The emerging epidemic of obesity and type II diabetes in Mexico has recently propelled the nation into the public health spotlight. In the state of Yucatán, the experience of diabetes is greatly impacted by two cultural constructions of disease. In this setting, elements of Yucatec Mayan health practices as well as the biomedical model affect the approach to type II diabetes. Both frameworks offer unique understandings of the etiology of diabetes and recommend different ways to manage the condition. Based on in-depth and semi-structured interviews with both community members and clinicians, the present study seeks to understand how diabetes is understood and treated in indigenous settings in rural Yucatán...
November 16, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863714/corrigendum-to-revisiting-the-understanding-of-transactional-sex-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-and-synthesis-of-the-literature-soc-sci-med-168-2016-186-197
#16
Kirsten Stoebenau, Lori Heise, Joyce Wamoyi, Natalia Bobrova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914936/public-health-and-public-trust-survey-evidence-from-the-ebola-virus-disease-epidemic-in-liberia
#17
Robert A Blair, Benjamin S Morse, Lily L Tsai
Trust in government has long been viewed as an important determinant of citizens' compliance with public health policies, especially in times of crisis. Yet evidence on this relationship remains scarce, particularly in the developing world. We use results from a representative survey conducted during the 2014-15 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic in Monrovia, Liberia to assess the relationship between trust in government and compliance with EVD control interventions. We find that respondents who expressed low trust in government were much less likely to take precautions against EVD in their homes, or to abide by government-mandated social distancing mechanisms designed to contain the spread of the virus...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889281/is-structural-stigma-s-effect-on-the-mortality-of-sexual-minorities-robust-a-failure-to-replicate-the-results-of-a-published-study
#18
Mark Regnerus
BACKGROUND: The study of stigma's influence on health has surged in recent years. Hatzenbuehler et al.'s (2014) study of structural stigma's effect on mortality revealed an average of 12 years' shorter life expectancy for sexual minorities who resided in communities thought to exhibit high levels of anti-gay prejudice, using data from the 1988-2002 administrations of the US General Social Survey linked to mortality outcome data in the 2008 National Death Index. METHODS: In the original study, the key predictor variable (structural stigma) led to results suggesting the profound negative influence of structural stigma on the mortality of sexual minorities...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886528/neighborhood-social-stressors-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-cognitive-function-among-older-u-s-adults
#19
Jennifer Ailshire, Amelia Karraker, Philippa Clarke
A growing number of studies have found a link between outdoor air pollution and cognitive function among older adults. Psychosocial stress is considered an important factor determining differential susceptibility to environmental hazards and older adults living in stressful neighborhoods may be particularly vulnerable to the adverse health effects of exposure to hazards such as air pollution. The objective of this study is to determine if neighborhood social stress amplifies the association between fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886526/food-and-beverage-product-reformulation-as-a-corporate-political-strategy
#20
C Scott, B Hawkins, C Knai
Product reformulation- the process of altering a food or beverage product's recipe or composition to improve the product's health profile - is a prominent response to the obesity and noncommunicable disease epidemics in the U.S. To date, reformulation in the U.S. has been largely voluntary and initiated by actors within the food and beverage industry. Similar voluntary efforts by the tobacco and alcohol industry have been considered to be a mechanism of corporate political strategy to shape public health policies and decisions to suit commercial needs...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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