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Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437874/reply-letter
#1
LETTER
Nunzia Pastore, Sergio Attanasio, Nicola Brunetti-Pierri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437872/low-level-viremia-in-hepatitis-b-patients-on-antiviral-treatment-can-we-ignore-it
#2
EDITORIAL
Albert D Min
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437871/reply-to-lte-17-0412
#3
LETTER
Tatehiro Kagawa, Yukihiko Adachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437866/alpha1-antitrypsin-deficiency-and-c-jun
#4
LETTER
Antonio Ponzetto, Guillermo I Perez-Perez, Natale Figura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437865/a-novel-role-of-astrocyte-elevated-gene-1-aeg-1-in-regulating-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash
#5
Jyoti Srivastava, Chadia L Robertson, Kareem Ebeid, Mikhail Dozmorov, Devaraja Rajasekaran, Rachel Mendoza, Ayesha Siddiq, Maaged A Akiel, Nidhi Jariwala, Xue-Ning Shen, Jolene J Windle, Mark A Subler, Nitai D Mukhopadhyay, Shah Giashuddin, Shobha Ghosh, Zhao Lai, Yidong Chen, Paul B Fisher, Aliasger K Salem, Arun J Sanyal, Devanand Sarkar
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the most prevalent cause of chronic liver disease in the Western world. However, an optimum therapy for NASH is yet to be established mandating more in-depth investigation into the molecular pathogenesis of NASH to identify novel regulatory molecules and develop targeted therapies. Here, we unravel a unique function of Astrocyte elevated gene-1/Metadherin (AEG-1/MTDH) in NASH using a transgenic mouse with hepatocyte-specific overexpression of AEG-1 (Alb/AEG-1) and a conditional hepatocyte-specific AEG-1 knockout mouse (AEG-1(ΔHEP) )...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437863/sirt3-acts-as-a-negative-regulator-of-autophagy-dictating-hepatocyte-susceptibility-to-lipotoxicity
#6
Songtao Li, Xiaobing Dou, Hua Ning, Qing Song, Wei Wei, Ximei Zhang, Chen Shen, Jiaxin Li, Changhao Sun, Zhenyuan Song
Lipotoxicity induced by saturated fatty acids (SFAs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, the exact mechanism(s) remain to be fully elucidated. SIRT3 is an NAD(+) -dependent deacetylase primarily located inside mitochondria. In this study, we demonstrated that a SFAs-rich high-fat diet (HFD) was more detrimental to the liver than an isocaloric unsaturated FAs-rich HFD. Unexpectedly, SIRT3 expression/activity were significantly elevated in the livers of mice exposed to the SFAs-rich HFD...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437858/assessment-of-preoperative-liver-function-based-on-indocyanine-green-clearance
#7
LETTER
Takashi Kokudo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Norihiro Kokudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437845/a-small-specific-sized-hyaluronic-acid-ameliorates-alcoholic-liver-disease-ald-by-targeting-a-small-rna-new-hope-for-ald-therapy
#8
EDITORIAL
Yong He, Bin Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437844/liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-associated-with-hepatic-vein-invasion-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#9
Takashi Kokudo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Namiki Izumi, Masumi Kadoya, Masatoshi Kudo, Shoji Kubo, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Nakashima, Takashi Kumada, Norihiro Kokudo
Because of the rarity of hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT), compared with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT), in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), little is known about this disease entity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of each treatment modality for HVTT through an analysis of data collected in a Japanese nationwide survey. We analyzed data for 1,021 Child-Pugh A HCC patients with HVTT without inferior vena cava invasion registered between 2000 and 2007. Of these patients, 540 patients who underwent liver resection (LR) and 481 patients who received other treatments were compared...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437842/autoimmune-like-chronic-hepatitis-induced-by-olmesartan
#10
Sandrine Barge, Marianne Ziol, Jean-Charles Nault
Drug liver-induced injury (DILI) due to minocyclin, alpha methyldopa or nitrofurantoin may be responsible for chronic liver damage that mimic the biological and/or histological features of chronic autoimmune hepatitis and, in rare cases, progresses to cirrhosis(1). Olmesartan medoxomil is an antihypertensive drug that acts by blocking the angiotensin II receptor and is metabolized into its pharmacologically active form, olmesartan, in the intestine and in the liver before being released into the systemic circulation...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437835/pten-downregulation-promotes-%C3%AE-oxidation-to-fuel-hypertrophic-liver-growth-after-hepatectomy-in-mice
#11
Ekaterina Kachaylo, Christoph Tschuor, Nicolas Calo, Nathalie Borgeaud, Perparim Limani, Anne-Christine Piguet, Jean-Francois Dufour, Michelangelo Foti, Rolf Graf, Pierre A Clavien, Bostjan Humar
In regenerating liver, hepatocytes accumulate lipids before the major wave of parenchymal growth. This transient, regeneration-associated steatosis (TRAS) is required for liver recovery, but its purpose is unclear. The tumor suppressor PTEN is a key inhibitor of the AKT-mTOR axis that regulates growth and metabolic adaptations after hepatectomy. In quiescent liver, PTEN causes pathological steatosis when lost, while its role in regenerating liver remains unknown. Here, we show that PTEN downregulation promotes liver growth in a TRAS-dependent way...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422322/pentraxin-3-modulates-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-and-attenuates-liver-injury
#12
Luis Perea, Mar Coll, Lucia Sanjurjo, Delia Blaya, Adil El Taghdouini, Daniel Rodrigo-Torres, José Altamirano, Isabel Graupera, Beatriz Aguilar-Bravo, Marta Llopis, Julia Vallverdú, Joan Caballeria, Leo A van Grunsven, Maria-Rosa Sarrias, Pere Ginès, Pau Sancho-Bru
Acute-on-chronic liver injury is characterized by an important inflammatory response frequently associated with endotoxemia. In this context, acute phase proteins such as Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) are released, however, little is known about their role in chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of PTX3 in liver injury. Role of PTX3 was evaluated in cultured human cells, liver tissue slices and mice with acute-on-chronic liver injury. PTX3 expression was assessed in tissue and serum samples from 54 patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH)...
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422314/hepatic-steatosis-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-viruses-a-complex-interplay
#13
LETTER
Thomas Pembroke, Giada Sebastiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422313/regulome-networks-and-mutational-landscape-in-liver-cancer-an-informative-path-to-precision-medicine
#14
Song Yi, Nidhi Sahni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422311/reply-to-lte-hep-17-0330
#15
LETTER
Jennifer Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422310/adult-onset-cystic-fibrosis-liver-disease-diagnosis-and-characterization-of-an-underappreciated-entity
#16
Christopher Koh, Sasan Sakiani, Pallavi Surana, Xiongce Zhao, Jason Eccleston, David E Kleiner, David Herion, T Jake Liang, Jay H Hoofnagle, Milica Chernick, Theo Heller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD), a leading cause of death in cystic fibrosis (CF), is mostly described in pediatric populations. Adult-onset CFLD lacks sufficient characterization and diagnostic tools. METHODS: A cohort of CF patients without CFLD during childhood were followed for up to 38 years with serologic testing, imaging, and noninvasive fibrosis markers. Historical CFLD diagnostic criteria were compared with a newly proposed CFLD criteria...
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422306/development-of-a-novel-frailty-index-to-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#17
Jennifer C Lai, Kenneth E Covinsky, Jennifer L Dodge, W John Boscardin, Dorry L Segev, John P Roberts, Sandy Feng
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is characterized by muscle wasting, malnutrition, and functional decline that confer excess mortality not well quantified by the MELDNa score. We aimed to develop a frailty index to capture these extrahepatic complications of cirrhosis and enhance mortality prediction in cirrhotics. METHODS: Consecutive outpatients listed for LT at a single transplant center without MELD exceptions were assessed with candidate frailty measures. Best subset selection analyses with Cox regression identified subsets of frailty measures that predicted waitlist mortality (=death or delisting due to sickness)...
April 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407375/h19-promotes-cholestatic-liver-fibrosis-by-preventing-zeb1-mediated-inhibition-of-epcam
#18
Yongfeng Song, Chune Liu, Xia Liu, Jocelyn Trottier, Michele Beaudoin, Li Zhang, Chad Pope, Guangyong Peng, Olivier Barbier, Xiaobo Zhong, Linheng Li, Li Wang
Based on our recent finding that disruption of bile acid (BA) homeostasis in mice results in the induction of hepatic lncRNA H19 expression, we sought to elucidate the role of H19 in cholestatic liver fibrosis. Hepatic overexpression of H19RNA augmented bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis, which was accompanied by the elevation of serum ALT, AST, bilirubin, and BA levels. Multiple genes related to liver fibrosis, inflammation, and biliary hyperplasia were increased in H19-BDL vs Null-BDL mice, whereas genes in BA synthesis were decreased...
April 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407325/thomas-e-starzl-ph-d-m-d-1926-2017
#19
Jorge Rakela, John J Fung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407288/efficient-replication-of-blood-borne-hepatitis-c-virus-in-human-fetal-liver-stem-cells
#20
Xuan Guo, Shu Wang, Zhi-Gang Qiu, Ya-Ling Dou, Wei-Li Liu, Dong Yang, Zhi-Qiang Shen, Zhao-Li Chen, Jing-Feng Wang, Bin- Zhang, Xin-Wei Wang, Xiang-Fei Guo, Xue-Lian Zhang, Min Jin, Jun-Wen Li
The development of pathogenic mechanisms, specific antiviral treatments and preventive vaccines for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been limited due to lack of cell culture model that could naturally imitate the entire HCV life cycle. Here, we established a HCV cell culture model based on human fetal liver stem cells (hFLSCs) that supports the entire blood-borne hepatitis C virus (bbHCV) life cycle. More than 90% of cells remained infected by various genotypes. bbHCV was efficiently propagated, and progeny virus were infectious to hFLSCs...
April 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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