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Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898194/correlate-a-pacs-and-ehr-integrated-tool-leveraging-natural-language-processing-to-provide-automated-clinical-follow-up
#1
Mark D Kovacs, Joseph Mesterhazy, David Avrin, Thomas Urbania, John Mongan
A major challenge for radiologists is obtaining meaningful clinical follow-up information for even a small percentage of cases encountered and dictated. Traditional methods, such as keeping medical record number follow-up lists, discussing cases with rounding clinical teams, and discussing cases at tumor boards, are effective at keeping radiologists informed of clinical outcomes but are time intensive and provide follow-up for a small subset of cases. To this end, the authors developed a picture archiving and communication system-accessible electronic health record (EHR)-integrated program called Correlate, which allows the user to easily enter free-text search queries regarding desired clinical follow-up information, with minimal interruption to the workflow...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898193/molecular-breast-imaging-in-breast-cancer-screening-and-problem-solving
#2
Robin B Shermis, Roberta E Redfern, Jessica Burns, Haris Kudrolli
In the United States, legislative actions in over 28 states require radiologists to notify women who undergo breast screening mammography of their breast density. This has led to increased public interest in supplemental screening, but radiologists have not come to a consensus on a supplemental screening modality. In choosing between the most common options, whole-breast ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, one must weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each modality, as increased cancer detection may be accompanied by increased examination costs and biopsy rates...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898192/intracranial-teratoma-imaging-intraoperative-and-pathologic-features-airp-best-cases-in-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#3
Ahmad S Abdelmuhdi, Abdulla E Almazam, Noreen A Dissi, Usama M Albastaki, Claude Pierre-Jerome
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898191/imaging-scales-and-techniques-used-in-the-2015-endovascular-stroke-trials-and-aha-asa-revised-guidelines-for-acute-intervention-neurologic-head-and-neck-imaging
#4
Meir H Scheinfeld, Daniel A Krieger, Deepa Bhupali, Richard L Zampolin, Amichai J Erdfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898190/renal-tumors-of-childhood-radiologic-pathologic-correlation-part-2-the-2nd-decade-from-the-radiologic-pathology-archives
#5
Ellen M Chung, Grant E Lattin, Kimberly E Fagen, Andrew M Kim, Michael A Pavio, Adam J Fehringer, Richard M Conran
Malignant renal tumors account for 7% of childhood cancers, and Wilms tumors are by far the most common-but not in older children and adolescents. Among individuals in the latter half of their 2nd decade of life, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is more common than Wilms tumor. The histopathologic spectrum of RCCs in children differs from that in adults. The most common subtype of RCC in children and adolescents is Xp11.2 translocation RCC, which is distinguished by hyperattenuation at nonenhanced computed tomography, a defined capsule, and associated retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898189/ct-texture-analysis-definitions-applications-biologic-correlates-and-challenges
#6
Meghan G Lubner, Andrew D Smith, Kumar Sandrasegaran, Dushyant V Sahani, Perry J Pickhardt
This review discusses potential oncologic and nononcologic applications of CT texture analysis ( CTTA CT texture analysis ), an emerging area of "radiomics" that extracts, analyzes, and interprets quantitative imaging features. CTTA CT texture analysis allows objective assessment of lesion and organ heterogeneity beyond what is possible with subjective visual interpretation and may reflect information about the tissue microenvironment. CTTA CT texture analysis has shown promise in lesion characterization, such as differentiating benign from malignant or more biologically aggressive lesions...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898188/contrast-enhanced-us-approach-to-the-diagnosis-of-focal-liver-masses
#7
David P Burrowes, Alexandra Medellin, Allison C Harris, Laurent Milot, Stephanie R Wilson
Focal liver lesions are commonly encountered and often demonstrate nonspecific findings at initial imaging. Although most incidentally discovered liver lesions are benign, their noninvasive diagnosis is necessary, especially if they are large or atypical. Imaging characterization of focal liver lesions and exclusion of malignancy are of prime importance, particularly in high-risk populations. Contrast agent-enhanced ultrasonography of liver lesions is both accurate and reproducible for evaluation of benign and malignant liver tumors...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898187/mature-cystic-teratoma-airp-best-cases-in-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#8
Jeremy M Bernot, Kelly A Haeusler, Christopher J Lisanti, Robert O Brady, Brittany L Ritchie
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898186/imaging-of-breast-implant-associated-complications-and-pathologic-conditions-breast-imaging
#9
Sean D Raj, Evguenia J Karimova, Michael D C Fishman, Valerie Fein-Zachary, Jordana Phillips, Vandana Dialani, Priscilla J Slanetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898185/thoracic-complications-of-precision-cancer-therapies-a-practical-guide-for-radiologists-in-the-new-era-of-cancer-care
#10
Mizuki Nishino, Hiroto Hatabu, Lynette M Sholl, Nikhil H Ramaiya
Recent advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms of cancer have opened a new era of precision medicine for cancer treatment. Precision cancer therapies target specific molecules that are responsible for cancer development and progression, and they achieve marked treatment benefits in specific cohorts of patients. However, these therapies are also associated with a variety of complications that are often unique to specific groups of anticancer agents. The rapidly increasing use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of various advanced malignancies has brought new challenges in diagnosing and monitoring a unique set of toxic effects termed immune-related adverse events...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898184/congratulations-to-the-2017-editorial-fellows
#11
Mary C Mahoney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898183/bronchiolitis-a-practical-approach-for-the-general-radiologist-erratum
#12
Peter J Winningham, Santiago Martínez-Jiménez, Melissa L Rosado-de-Christenson, Sonia L Betancourt, Carlos S Restrepo, Andrés Eraso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898182/invited-commentary-on-ct-texture-analysis
#13
Linda C Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898181/subfertility-what-the-radiologist-needs-to-know
#14
Saranya Vickramarajah, Victoria Stewart, Katherine van Ree, Anne P Hemingway, Mary E Crofton, Nishat Bharwani
The role of imaging in subfertility is well established but is changing. In addition to traditional fertility assessments, there is an emerging role for the radiologist. The role of imaging in fertility-restoring procedures in benign disease and congenital malformations is evolving, and there is a growing need for accurate identification of young candidates suitable for fertility-preserving surgery in the oncologic setting. To facilitate this developing role, knowledge of the key imaging modalities used and potential therapeutic applications is important for accurate diagnosis and interpretation by the radiologist...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898180/invited-commentary-on-molecular-breast-imaging-in-breast-cancer-screening-and-problem-solving
#15
Rachel F Brem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898179/renal-medullary-carcinoma-associated-with-sickle-cell-trait
#16
Aletta Ann Frazier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820653/fibrous-skeleton-of-the-heart-anatomic-overview-and-evaluation-of-pathologic-conditions-with-ct-and-mr-imaging
#17
Farhood Saremi, Damián Sánchez-Quintana, Shumpei Mori, Horia Muresian, Diane E Spicer, Cameron Hassani, Robert H Anderson
The fibrous skeleton is concentrated at the base of the ventricular mass. It provides electrical insulation at the atrioventricular level and fibrous continuity for the leaflets of the mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valves. Its components include the fibrous trigones, the fibrous area of aortic-mitral continuity, the subvalvar collar of the mitral valve, the membranous septum, the interleaflet triangles, the tendon of Todaro, and likely the conus ligament. The majority of the mitral annulus is fibrous, but the only true fibrous part of the tricuspid annulus is where the valvar leaflets are attached to the central fibrous body...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820652/decreasing-stroke-code-to-ct-time-in-patients-presenting-with-stroke-symptoms
#18
Aleksandrs Kalnins, L Jake Mickelsen, Daisha Marsh, Christoph Zorich, Stephanie Casal, Waimei Amy Tai, Nirali Vora, Gennette Olalia, Max Wintermark, David B Larson
Guided quality improvement (QI) programs present an effective means to streamline stroke code to computed tomography (CT) times in a comprehensive stroke center. Applying QI methods and a multidisciplinary team approach may decrease the stroke code to CT time in non-prenotified emergency department (ED) patients presenting with symptoms of stroke. The aim of this project was to decrease this time for non-prenotified stroke code patients from a baseline mean of 20 minutes to one less than 15 minutes during an 18-week period by applying QI methods in the context of a structured QI program...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800287/measuring-and-establishing-the-accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-3d-printed-medical-models
#19
Elizabeth George, Peter Liacouras, Frank J Rybicki, Dimitrios Mitsouras
Despite the rapid growth of three-dimensional (3D) printing applications in medicine, the accuracy and reproducibility of 3D printed medical models have not been thoroughly investigated. Although current technologies enable 3D models to be created with accuracy within the limits of clinical imaging spatial resolutions, this is not always achieved in practice. Inaccuracies are due to errors that occur during the imaging, segmentation, postprocessing, and 3D printing steps. Radiologists' understanding of the factors that influence 3D printed model accuracy and the metrics used to measure this accuracy is key in directing appropriate practices and establishing reference standards and validation procedures...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800286/clinical-pet-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#20
Kathryn L Wallitt, Sairah R Khan, Suraiya Dubash, Henry H Tam, Sameer Khan, Tara D Barwick
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide, with a wide spectrum of biologic behavior ranging from indolent low-risk disease to highly aggressive castration-resistant prostate cancer. Conventional imaging with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scintigraphy is limited for the detection of nodal disease and distant bone metastases. In addition, advances in the available therapeutic options, both localized and systemic, drive the requirement for precise diagnostic and prognostic tools to refine the individual therapeutic approach at various times in the management of patients with prostate cancer...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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