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Y Tony Yang, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Birth
Sarah Munro, Jude Kornelsen, Kitty Corbett, Elizabeth Wilcox, Nick Bansback, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Repeat cesarean delivery is the single largest contributor to the escalating cesarean rate worldwide. Approximately 80 percent of women with a past cesarean are candidates for vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC), but in Canada less than one-third plan VBAC. Emerging evidence suggests that these trends may be due in part to nonclinical factors, including care provider practice patterns and delays in access to surgical and anesthesia services. This study sought to explore maternity care providers' and decision makers' attitudes toward and experiences with providing and planning services for women with a previous cesarean...
December 5, 2016: Birth
Carien I Baas, Therese A Wiegers, T Paul de Cock, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Evelien R Spelten, Michiel R de Boer, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A "less than good" experience during childbirth can affect a mother's early interaction with her child and may significantly influence a woman's emotional well-being. In this study, we focus on clients who experienced midwifery care provided during childbirth as "less than good" care. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between client-related factors and the experience of midwifery care during childbirth to improve this care. METHODS: This study was part of the "DELIVER study" where mothers report on the care they received...
December 1, 2016: Birth
Ardeshir Sepehri, Harminder Guliani
BACKGROUND: Although the influence of the type of institutional setting on the risk of cesarean birth is well documented, less is known about the regional variations in institution-specific cesarean rates within countries. Our purpose was to examine regional variations in cesarean rates across public and private facilities in five Asian countries with a sizeable private sector: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines. METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data and a hierarchical model were used to assess regional variations in the mode of delivery while controlling for a wide range of socioeconomic, demographic, and maternal risk factors...
November 22, 2016: Birth
Karen O'Brien, Scott A Shainker, Anna M Modest, Melissa H Spiel, Nina Resetkova, Neel Shah, Michele R Hacker
OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical utility and cost of follow-up ultrasounds performed as a result of suboptimal views at the time of initial second-trimester ultrasound in a cohort of low-risk pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women at low risk for fetal structural anomalies who had second-trimester ultrasounds at 16 to less than 24 weeks of gestation from 2011 to 2013. We determined the probability of women having follow-up ultrasounds as a result of suboptimal views at the time of the initial second-trimester ultrasound, and calculated the probability of detecting an anomaly on follow-up ultrasound...
November 15, 2016: Birth
Yalda Afshar, Erica T Wang, Jenny Mei, Tania F Esakoff, Margareta D Pisarska, Kimberly D Gregory
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the mode of delivery was different between women who attended childbirth education (CBE) class, had a birth plan, or both compared with those who did not attend CBE class or have a birth plan. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of women who delivered singleton gestations > 24 weeks at our institution between August 2011 and June 2014. Based on a self-report at the time of admission for labor, women were stratified into four categories: those who attended a CBE class, those with a birth plan, both, and those with neither CBE or birth plan...
November 15, 2016: Birth
Angela L Todd, Amanda J Ampt, Christine L Roberts
BACKGROUND: Surveys have shown that women are highly satisfied with their maternity care. Their satisfaction has been associated with various demographic, personal, and care factors. Isolating the factors that most matter to women about their care can guide quality improvement efforts. This study aimed to identify the most significant factors associated with high ratings of care by women in the three maternity periods (antenatal, birth, and postnatal). METHODS: A survey was sent to 2,048 women who gave birth at seven public hospitals in New South Wales, Australia, exploring their expectations of, and experiences with maternity care...
November 15, 2016: Birth
Stavros Petrou, Sung Wook Kim, Penny McParland, Elaine M Boyle
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the effects of mode of delivery on long-term health-related quality-of-life outcomes. Furthermore, no previous study has expressed these outcomes in preference-based (utility) metrics. METHODS: The study population comprised 2,161 mothers recruited from a prospective population-based study in the East Midlands of England encompassing live births and stillbirths between 32(+0) and 36(+6) weeks' gestation and a sample of term-born controls...
November 14, 2016: Birth
Malin Edqvist, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Margareta Mollberg, Ingela Lundgren, Helena Lindgren
INTRODUCTION: Most women who give birth for the first time experience some form of perineal trauma. Second-degree tears contribute to long-term consequences for women and are a risk factor for occult anal sphincter injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate a multifaceted midwifery intervention designed to reduce second-degree tears among primiparous women. METHODS: An experimental cohort study where a multifaceted intervention consisting of 1) spontaneous pushing, 2) all birth positions with flexibility in the sacro-iliac joints, and 3) a two-step head-to-body delivery was compared with standard care...
November 14, 2016: Birth
Juan Carlos Aranda-Neri, Leticia Suárez-López, Lisa M DeMaria, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is one of the most widely used surgical interventions in Latin America and in many cases it is performed with no clear medical indication. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between reported indications for a cesarean and support for that indication in the clinical record in four Mexican hospitals, during the 2006-2007 period. METHODS: The data are from 604 (37.1%) women from a total of 1,625 who were admitted to the hospital in labor, and who gave birth through cesarean...
October 25, 2016: Birth
C Emily Hendrick, Joseph E Potter
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with numerous health benefits for the infant and mother. Latina women in the United States have historically had high overall rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding. However, these rates vary by nativity and time lived in the United States. Exclusive breastfeeding patterns among Latina women are unclear. In this study, we investigate the current and exclusive breastfeeding patterns of Mexican-origin women at four time points from delivery to 10 months postpartum to determine the combined association of nativity and country of education with breastfeeding duration and supplementation...
October 25, 2016: Birth
Francisco Javier Soriano-Vidal, Rafael Vila-Candel, Pedro Navarro-Illana, José M Martínez-Casas, Enrique Castro-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Birth
Lawrence Leeman, Rebecca Rogers, Noelle Borders, Dusty Teaf, Clifford Qualls
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of perineal lacerations on pelvic floor outcomes, including urinary and anal incontinence, sexual function, and perineal pain in a nulliparous cohort with low incidence of episiotomy. METHODS: Nulliparous women were prospectively recruited from a midwifery practice. Pelvic floor symptoms were assessed with validated questionnaires, physical examination, and objective measures in pregnancy and 6 months postpartum. Two trauma groups were compared, those with an intact perineum or only 1st degree lacerations and those with second-, third-, or fourth-degree lacerations...
December 2016: Birth
Amie Steel, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Jon Wardle, Alex Broom, Mary Sidebotham, David Sibbritt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Birth
Andrew Symon, Jean Rankin, Hazel Sinclair, Geraldine Butcher, Lesley Smith, Rhona Gordon, Lynda Cochrane
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among women has increased over recent decades, especially in areas of higher deprivation. Pre-pregnancy alcohol use is associated with continued consumption in pregnancy. We assessed whether general population alcohol consumption patterns were reflected among pregnant women in two Scottish areas with different deprivation levels. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in two health boards (HB1, lower deprivation levels, n = 274; HB2, higher deprivation levels, n = 236), using face-to-face 7-day Retrospective Diary estimation of peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy alcohol consumption...
December 2016: Birth
Jennifer M Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life. However, many barriers to breastfeeding exist. We examine public opinions about the benefits of breastfeeding and the infant health risks associated with formula feeding. METHODS: A national public opinion survey was conducted in 2013. Participants indicated their level of agreement with four breastfeeding-related statements. Except for the last one, all statements were positively worded with agreement representing positive opinions toward breastfeeding...
December 2016: Birth
Mary T Paterno, Kathleen McElroy, Mary Regan
BACKGROUND: In many United States hospitals, electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) is used continuously during labor for all patients regardless of risk status. Application of EFM, particularly at labor admission, may trigger a chain of interventions resulting in increased risk for cesarean birth among low-risk women. The goal of this review was to summarize evidence on use of EFM during low-risk labors and identify gaps in research. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of studies published in English since 1996 that addressed the relationship between EFM use and cesarean among low-risk women...
December 2016: Birth
Karolina Petrovska, Nicole P Watts, Christine Catling, Andrew Bisits, Caroline S E Homer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of women who planned a vaginal breech birth. METHOD: An online survey was developed consisting of questions regarding women's experiences surrounding planned vaginal breech birth. The survey was distributed between April 2014 and January 2015 to closed membership Facebook groups that had a consumer focus on vaginal breech birth. RESULTS: In total, 204 unique responses to the survey were obtained from women who had sought the option of a vaginal breech birth in a previous pregnancy...
December 2016: Birth
Xin Y Foo, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal body mass index on intrapartum and neonatal outcomes at one of the largest maternity hospitals in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 55,352 term singleton deliveries at the Mater Mothers' Hospital in Brisbane, Australia, was conducted. The study cohort was stratified into six groups based on the World Health Organization's body mass index classification. The normal body mass index category was the reference group for all comparisons...
December 2016: Birth
Holly P Kennedy, Eleanor Doig, Stephanie Tillman, Amanda Strauss, Beth Williams, Christian Pettker, Jessica Illuzzi
BACKGROUND: One in three women will deliver by cesarean, a procedure that can be life saving, but which also carries short- and long-term risks. There is growing interest in preventing primary cesarean deliveries, while optimizing the health of the mother and infant. The primary aim of this study was to use participatory action strategies and ethnographic interview data collected from diverse stakeholders in birth (caregivers, women, policymakers) about facilitators and barriers to the achievement of primary vaginal birth in first-time mothers in hospital settings...
December 2016: Birth
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