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Birth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790194/the-impact-of-epidural-analgesia-on-the-duration-of-the-second-stage-of-labor
#1
Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Amir Aviram, Liran Hiersch, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the length of second stage of labor in a contemporary cohort. We calculated the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles for second-stage length stratified by parity and epidural analgesia use and evaluated the effect of labor induction and oxytocin augmentation in our cohort. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of all live, singleton, term vaginal deliveries in one tertiary hospital. Multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate second-stage duration confounders...
May 22, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781142/anger-in-the-context-of-postnatal-depression-an-integrative-review
#2
Christine H Ou, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Contrary to social constructions of new motherhood as a joyous time, mothers may experience postnatal depression and anger. Although postnatal depression has been thoroughly studied, the expression of maternal anger in the context of postnatal depression is conceptually unclear. This integrative review investigated the framing of anger in the context of postnatal depression. METHODS: After undertaking a search of CINAHL, Ovid-Medline, PsycInfo, and Web of Science, we identified qualitative (n = 7) and quantitative (n = 17) papers that addressed maternal anger and postnatal depression...
May 20, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781088/delivery-and-its-complications-among-women-of-somali-kurdish-and-russian-origin-and-women-in-the-general-population-in-finland
#3
Kalpana Bastola, Päivikki Koponen, Tommi Härkänen, Riitta Luoto, Mika Gissler, Tarja I Kinnunen
INTRODUCTION: Limited information is available on delivery and its complications among migrant women in Finland. We compared mode of delivery, delivery complications, and use of pain medication during delivery between migrant women of Somali, Kurdish, and Russian origin and women in the general population in Finland. METHODS: The women were of Russian (n = 318), Somali (n = 583), and Kurdish (n = 373) origin and 243 women from the general population (reference group) who had given birth in Finland between 2004 and 2014...
May 20, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770494/promoting-inclusive-and-person-centered-care-starting-with-birth
#4
Jonathan M Snowden, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722066/placentophagy-among-women-planning-community-births-in-the-united-states-frequency-rationale-and-associated-neonatal-outcomes
#5
Daniel C Benyshek, Melissa Cheyney, Jennifer Brown, Marit L Bovbjerg
BACKGROUND: Limited systematic research on maternal placentophagy is available to maternity care providers whose clients/patients may be considering this increasingly popular practice. Our purpose was to characterize the practice of placentophagy and its attendant neonatal outcomes among a large sample of women in the United States. METHODS: We used a medical records-based data set (n = 23 242) containing pregnancy, birth, and postpartum information for women who planned community births...
May 2, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687488/risk-factors-for-nonreassuring-fetal-heart-rate-tracings-after-artificial-rupture-of-membranes-in-spontaneous-labor
#6
Hadas Ganer Herman, Liliya Tamayev, Rotem Houli, Hadas Miremberg, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize factors associated with nonreassuring fetal heart (FHR) tracings after artificial rupture of membranes (AROM), during the active phase of labor. METHODS: Delivery charts of patients who presented in spontaneous labor, at term, between 2015 and 2016 were reviewed. We identified cases in which AROM was performed during the active stage of labor. We compared deliveries with a normal FHR and those who developed nonreassuring FHR...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687481/midwifery-and-obstetrics-factors-influencing-mothers-satisfaction-with-the-birth-experience
#7
Cristina A Mattison, Michelle L Dion, John N Lavis, Eileen K Hutton, Michael G Wilson
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction is a key component of the care experience and part of the health system "triple aim," along with improving population health and reducing per capita health care costs, the other two parts of the "triple aim." The objectives of the study were to examine birth-experience satisfaction among women in Ontario, Canada, who received care from midwives, family physicians, and obstetricians. METHODS: We used Statistics Canada's 2006 national Maternity Experiences Survey...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687477/obstetric-interventions-trends-and-drivers-of-change-a-20-year-population-based-study-from-iceland
#8
Emma M Swift, Gunnar Tomasson, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, Helga Zoega
BACKGROUND: Population data on obstetric interventions is often limited to cesarean delivery. We aimed to provide a more comprehensive overview of trends in use of several common obstetric interventions over the past 2 decades. METHODS: The study was based on nationwide data from the Icelandic Medical Birth Register. Incidence of labor induction, epidural analgesia, cesarean, and instrumental delivery was calculated for all births in 1995-2014. Change over time was expressed as relative risk (RR), using Poisson regression with 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for several maternal and pregnancy-related characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630751/labor-pain-in-women-with-and-without-severe-fear-of-childbirth-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#9
Carolin Junge, Tilmann von Soest, Kerstin Weidner, Andreas Seidler, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Susan Garthus-Niegel
BACKGROUND: This prospective study aims to investigate whether severe fear of childbirth increases pain perceptions during birth and whether co-occurring maternal health and birth factors as well as length and weight of the child explain the association. METHODS: The study sample comprised women with a vaginal delivery and was drawn from the Akershus Birth Cohort. Data from the hospital birth's record and questionnaires at weeks 17-19 and 32 of pregnancy and 8 weeks postpartum were used (n = 1649)...
April 6, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577380/the-effect-of-medical-and-operative-birth-interventions-on-child-health-outcomes-in-the-first-28-days-and-up-to-5-years-of-age-a-linked-data-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Lilian L Peters, Charlene Thornton, Ank de Jonge, Ali Khashan, Mark Tracy, Soo Downe, Esther I Feijen-de Jong, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous vaginal birth rates are decreasing worldwide, while cesarean delivery, instrumental births, and medical birth interventions are increasing. Emerging evidence suggests that birth interventions may have an effect on children's health. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the association between operative and medical birth interventions on the child's health during the first 28 days and up to 5 years of age. METHODS: In New South Wales (Australia), population-linked data sets were analyzed, including data on maternal characteristics, child characteristics, mode of birth, interventions during labor and birth, and adverse health outcomes of the children (ie, jaundice, feeding problems, hypothermia, asthma, respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders, other infections, metabolic disorder, and eczema) registered with the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification codes...
March 25, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537658/efficiency-of-the-modified-sims-maternal-position-in-the-rotation-of-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-during-labor-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Vanessa Bueno-Lopez, Carmen Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Manel Casellas-Caro, Ana Maria Falgueras-Serrano, Silvia Crespo-Berros, Ana Maria Silvano-Cocinero, Carolina Alcaine-Guisado, Manuela Zamoro Fuentes, Elena Carreras, Carmen Terré-Rull
BACKGROUND: Fetal occiput posterior position in labor is associated with more painful and prolonged labor, and an increase in both maternal and fetal morbidity. The aim of this study is to assess whether the modified Sims position on the side of the fetal spine increases the rotation to occiput anterior position in women with epidural analgesia and a fetus in persistent occiput posterior (POP) position. METHODS: This is an open, randomized controlled, clinical trial...
March 14, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537100/risk-and-protective-factors-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-a-retrospective-nationwide-study
#12
Marie-Louise Marschalek, Christof Worda, Lorenz Kuessel, Heinz Koelbl, Willi Oberaigner, Hermann Leitner, Julian Marschalek, Heinrich Husslein
BACKGROUND: In view of the reported increase in obstetric anal sphincter injuries, the objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of such injuries over time and the associated risk and protective factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study from a national database of 168 137 primiparous women with term, singleton, cephalic, vaginal delivery between 2008 and 2014. The main outcome measure was obstetric anal sphincter injury. A multivariate regression model was used to identify risk and protective factors...
March 14, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517137/depression-and-anxiety-during-pregnancy-the-influence-of-maternal-characteristics
#13
Kim F E van de Loo, Richelle Vlenterie, Sylke J Nikkels, Peter J F M Merkus, Jolt Roukema, Chris M Verhaak, Nel Roeleveld, Marleen M H J van Gelder
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to investigate the occurrence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in early and late pregnancy, the longitudinal changes from early to late pregnancy, and factors associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnant women in the Netherlands. METHODS: We studied 2897 women participating in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study...
March 8, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498429/understanding-mothers-decision-making-needs-for-autopsy-consent-after-stillbirth-framework-analysis-of-a-large-survey
#14
Anne Schirmann, Frances M Boyle, Dell Horey, Dimitrios Siassakos, David Ellwood, Ingrid Rowlands, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Experiencing stillbirth is devastating and leaves parents searching for causes. Autopsy is the gold standard for investigation, but deciding to consent to this procedure is very difficult for parents. Decision support in the form of clear, consistent, and parent-centered information is likely to be helpful. The aims of this study were to understand the influences on parents' decisions about autopsy after stillbirth and to identify attributes of effective decision support that align with parents' needs...
March 2, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498088/exclusive-breastfeeding-in-hospital-predicts-longer-breastfeeding-duration-in-canada-implications-for-health-equity
#15
Lorena Vehling, Deborah Chan, Jon McGavock, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Theo J Moraes, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has many established health benefits for women and children. We examined the association between maternal education, newborn feeding in hospital, and long-term breastfeeding duration. METHODS: We studied 3195 Canadian mother-infant dyads in the CHILD pregnancy cohort. Newborn feeding was documented from hospital records. Caregivers reported sociodemographic factors and infant feeding at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. RESULTS: Overall, 97% of newborns initiated breastfeeding and 74% were exclusively breastfed in hospital...
March 2, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286176/-be-kind-to-the-mother-a-celebration-of-the-life-of-marshall-klaus-1927-2017
#16
Michael C Klein, Penny Simkin, Diony Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164677/perceptions-of-the-effects-of-childbirth-on-sexuality-among-nulliparous-individuals
#17
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
BACKGROUND: Media representations of sexuality after childbirth depict vaginal birth as harmful and cesarean delivery as protective, although research does not support these depictions. The objective of the current study was to investigate perceptions of the effects of mode of delivery on sexuality. METHODS: Nulliparous participants who were able to and interested in giving birth (N = 1428) completed an online survey about their preferences for mode of delivery and their perceptions of childbirth as they specifically relate to sexuality...
March 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094374/birth-plans-impact-on-mode-of-delivery-obstetrical-interventions-and-birth-experience-satisfaction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Yalda Afshar, Jenny Y Mei, Kimberly D Gregory, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Tania F Esakoff
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the presence of a birth plan was associated with mode of delivery, obstetrical interventions, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies greater than 34 weeks' gestation powered to evaluate a difference in mode of delivery. Maternal characteristics, antenatal factors, neonatal characteristics, and patient satisfaction measures were compared between groups. Differences between groups were analyzed using chi-squared for categorical variables, Fisher exact test for dichotomous variables, and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous or ordinal variables...
March 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094369/effect-of-inter-twin-delivery-interval-on-umbilical-artery-ph-and-apgar-score-in-the-second-twin
#19
Alon Tal, Hadar Peretz, Gali Garmi, Noah Zafran, Shabtai Romano, Raed Salim
BACKGROUND: To examine the effect of inter-twin delivery interval on umbilical artery pH and Apgar score of the second twin after vaginal delivery of the first twin. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted at a single teaching hospital. All pregnant women with twin gestation who delivered the first twin vaginally at more than 24 weeks between 1995 and 2015 were included. Major malformations and intrauterine deaths of one or both twins were excluded. Women were divided into those who had an inter-twin delivery interval of less than 30 minutes (group 1) or 30 minutes or more (group 2)...
March 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057487/a-systematic-review-of-nonpharmacological-prenatal-interventions-for-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-and-fear-of-childbirth
#20
REVIEW
Kathrin Stoll, Emma Marie Swift, Nichole Fairbrother, Elizabeth Nethery, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Despite a sharp increase in the number of publications that report on treatment options for pregnancy-specific anxiety and fear of childbirth (PSA/FoB), no systematic review of nonpharmacological prenatal interventions for PSA/FoB has been published. Our team addressed this gap, as an important first step in developing guidelines and recommendations for the treatment of women with PSA/FoB. METHODS: Two databases (PubMed and Mendeley) were searched, using a combination of 42 search terms...
March 2018: Birth
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