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Birth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148100/changes-in-mothers-intended-duration-of-breastfeeding-from-the-prenatal-to-neonatal-periods
#1
Jennifer M Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggest that the intentions of mothers to breastfeed during pregnancy strongly predict actual breastfeeding practice, no studies have examined the changes in the intentions of mothers to breastfeed from the prenatal to neonatal periods. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in intended breastfeeding duration from the prenatal to neonatal periods, their association with actual duration, and predictors for shortened duration. METHODS: The Infant Feeding Practices Study II was a longitudinal study of mothers in the United States...
November 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131385/rural-community-birth-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-planned-community-births-among-rural-women-in-the-united-states-2004-2009
#2
Elizabeth Nethery, Wendy Gordon, Marit L Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney
BACKGROUND: Approximately 22% of women in the United States live in rural areas with limited access to obstetric care. Despite declines in hospital-based obstetric services in many rural communities, midwifery care at home and in free standing birth centers is available in many rural communities. This study examines maternal and neonatal outcomes among planned home and birth center births attended by midwives, comparing outcomes for rural and nonrural women. METHODS: Using the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project 2...
November 13, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105822/why-do-women-request-an-elective-cesarean-delivery-for-non-medical-reasons-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#3
REVIEW
Charles O'Donovan, James O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Cesarean rates have increased significantly over the past decade. The reasons for this are both complex and context specific, and have significant consequences for health resources. The aim of this systematic review was to assess published, peer-reviewed, and gray qualitative literature on the reasons behind cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR). METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases was performed for all relevant articles published between January 2006 and June 2016...
November 6, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094374/birth-plans-impact-on-mode-of-delivery-obstetrical-interventions-and-birth-experience-satisfaction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Yalda Afshar, Jenny Y Mei, Kimberly D Gregory, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Tania F Esakoff
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the presence of a birth plan was associated with mode of delivery, obstetrical interventions, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies greater than 34 weeks' gestation powered to evaluate a difference in mode of delivery. Maternal characteristics, antenatal factors, neonatal characteristics, and patient satisfaction measures were compared between groups. Differences between groups were analyzed using chi-squared for categorical variables, Fisher exact test for dichotomous variables, and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous or ordinal variables...
November 2, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094369/effect-of-inter-twin-delivery-interval-on-umbilical-artery-ph-and-apgar-score-in-the-second-twin
#5
Alon Tal, Hadar Peretz, Gali Garmi, Noah Zafran, Shabtai Romano, Raed Salim
BACKGROUND: To examine the effect of inter-twin delivery interval on umbilical artery pH and Apgar score of the second twin after vaginal delivery of the first twin. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted at a single teaching hospital. All pregnant women with twin gestation who delivered the first twin vaginally at more than 24 weeks between 1995 and 2015 were included. Major malformations and intrauterine deaths of one or both twins were excluded. Women were divided into those who had an inter-twin delivery interval of less than 30 minutes (group 1) or 30 minutes or more (group 2)...
November 2, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057487/a-systematic-review-of-nonpharmacological-prenatal-interventions-for-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-and-fear-of-childbirth
#6
Kathrin Stoll, Emma Marie Swift, Nichole Fairbrother, Elizabeth Nethery, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Despite a sharp increase in the number of publications that report on treatment options for pregnancy-specific anxiety and fear of childbirth (PSA/FoB), no systematic review of nonpharmacological prenatal interventions for PSA/FoB has been published. Our team addressed this gap, as an important first step in developing guidelines and recommendations for the treatment of women with PSA/FoB. METHODS: Two databases (PubMed and Mendeley) were searched, using a combination of 42 search terms...
October 23, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052265/new-mothers-feelings-of-disappointment-and-failure-after-cesarean-delivery
#7
Kristen H Kjerulff, Laura H Brubaker
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is an important life event and how women feel in retrospect about their first childbirth may have long-term effects on the mother, child, and family. In this study, we investigated the association between mode of delivery at first childbirth and birth experience, using a new scale developed specifically to measure women's affective response. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 3006 women who were interviewed during pregnancy and 1-month postpartum...
October 20, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052257/utility-of-reproductive-life-plans-in-identification-of-potentially-teratogenic-medication-use-a-pilot-study
#8
Natalie DiPietro Mager, Caitlin Mills, April Snelling
BACKGROUND: Teratogenic medications increase risks of miscarriage, fetal death, and/or birth defects. It is important to identify whether women of childbearing potential are taking these medications and to minimize exposure to these agents through change in drug therapy before conception and/or use of effective contraception to prevent conception. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of reproductive life plans as tools to identify women using potentially teratogenic medications...
October 20, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971514/should-acog-support-childbirth-education-as-another-means-to-improve-obstetric-outcomes-response-to-acog-committee-opinion-687-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960460/the-impact-of-immigration-on-the-breastfeeding-practices-of-mainland-chinese-immigrants-in-hong-kong
#10
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Dorothy Li Bai, Noel P T Chan, Janet Y H Wong, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found breastfeeding disparities between immigrant and native-born women in many countries. However, most studies on immigration and breastfeeding practices have been in Western countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of length of time since immigration on the breastfeeding practices of Mainland Chinese immigrants living in Hong Kong. METHODS: We recruited 2704 mother-infant pairs from the postnatal wards of four public hospitals in Hong Kong...
September 28, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921607/in-labor-or-in-limbo-the-experiences-of-women-undergoing-induction-of-labor-in-hospital-findings-of-a-qualitative-study
#11
Annabel Jay, Hilary Thomas, Fiona Brooks
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor currently accounts for around 25% of all births in high-resource countries, yet despite much research into medical aspects, little is known about how women experience this process. This study aimed to explore in depth the induction experience of primiparous women. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken, using a sample of 21 first-time mothers from a maternity unit in the south of England. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in women's homes between 3 and 6 weeks postnatally...
September 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914459/testing-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-the-basic-birth-beliefs
#12
Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Women perceive what birth is even before they are pregnant for the first time. Part of this conceptualization is the basic belief about birth as a medical and natural process. These two separate beliefs are pivotal in the decision-making process about labor and birth. Adapting Engel's biopsychosocial framework, we explored the importance of a wide range of factors which may contribute to these beliefs among first-time mothers. METHOD: This observational study included 413 primiparae ≥24 weeks' gestation, recruited in medical centers and in natural birth communities in Israel...
September 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892237/partners-of-nulliparous-women-with-severe-fear-of-childbirth-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-well-being
#13
Elsa Lena Ryding, Sanna Read, Hanna Rouhe, Erja Halmesmäki, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Riikka Toivanen, Maiju Tokola, Terhi Saisto
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the psychological status of partners of women with severe fear of childbirth (FOC). In this longitudinal study from Helsinki University Central Hospital, we investigated FOC, depression, and posttraumatic stress in the partners of women with severe FOC, and possible effects of group psychoeducation and mode of birth. METHODS: During pregnancy, 250 partners of nulliparous women with severe FOC participated, 93 in the intervention group and 157 in the control group...
September 11, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887813/progression-of-care-among-women-who-use-a-midwife-for-prenatal-care-who-remains-in-midwife-care
#14
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Maria F Gallo, Mark A Klebanoff, Abigail B Shoben, Alison H Norris
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care provided by midwives provides a safe and cost-effective alternative to care provided by physicians. However, no studies have evaluated the frequency of women who leave midwifery care, in a hospital setting. Our study objectives were to measure the frequency of transfers of care to physicians, to describe the sociodemographic and pregnancy-related characteristics of women who transferred to the care of a physician during prenatal care and at delivery, and to assess correlates of these transfers...
September 9, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857251/hospital-admission-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-in-women-at-increased-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#15
Ira Kleine, Ana Da Silva, Wafaa Ahmed, Frida Forya, Sara M Whitten, Anna L David, Catherine P James
BACKGROUND: Progesterone administration prevents spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in women at increased risk. Progesterone concentration is lower in women with subsequent sPTB. Conversely, high concentrations of progesterone are implicated in the pathogenesis of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). We hypothesized that women at increased risk of sPTB or spontaneous late miscarriage would be less likely to have a diagnosis of HG. To explore this hypothesis, we compared the incidence of HG in women at increased risk of sPTB and women with no identifiable risk factors...
August 30, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856723/sources-of-influence-on-pregnant-women-s-preferred-mode-of-delivery-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#16
Melissa Amyx, Luz Gibbons, Xu Xiong, Agustina Mazzoni, Fernando Althabe, Pierre Buekens, José M Belizán
BACKGROUND: Understanding influences on women's preferred delivery mode is vital for planning interventions to reduce cesarean rates and for ensuring that women receive correct information. Our objectives were to: determine if sources of information influencing a pregnant woman's preferred delivery mode and knowledge of cesarean indications differ by sociodemographic characteristics; to conduct a factor analysis of items related to information sources influencing this preference; and to determine if knowledge differs by information sources influencing this preference or their underlying latent constructs...
August 29, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850706/outcomes-of-childbearing-medicaid-beneficiaries-engaged-in-care-at-strong-start-birth-center-sites-between-2012-and-2014
#17
Diana R Jolles, Rae Langford, Susan Stapleton, Sandra Cesario, Anne Koci, Jill Alliman
BACKGROUND: Variations in care for pregnant women have been reported to affect pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This study examined data for all 3136 Medicaid beneficiaries enrolled at American Association of Birth Centers (AABC) Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Strong Start sites who gave birth between 2012 and 2014. Using the AABC Perinatal Data Registry, descriptive statistics were used to evaluate socio-behavioral and medical risks, and core perinatal quality outcomes...
August 29, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887835/prenatal-attitudes-toward-vaginal-delivery-and-actual-delivery-mode-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#18
Laura B Attanasio, Rachel R Hardeman, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVES: Researchers documenting persistent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status disparities in chances of cesarean delivery have speculated that women's birth attitudes and preferences may partially explain these differences, but no studies have directly tested this hypothesis. We examined whether women's prenatal attitudes toward vaginal delivery differed by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status, and whether attitudes were differently related to delivery mode depending on race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status...
December 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594070/labor-delivery-and-anesthesia-experiences-of-women-with-physical-disability
#19
Suzanne C Smeltzer, Amy J Wint, Jeffrey L Ecker, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Although many women with physical disabilities report poor quality reproductive health care, little research has addressed labor, delivery, and anesthesia experiences of these women. This study was conducted to explore these experiences in women with significant mobility disabilities. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted with 22 women from the United States who had delivered newborns within the prior 10 years. All had significant mobility disabilities...
December 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589648/effects-of-exercise-based-interventions-on-postpartum-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Raquel Poyatos-León, Antonio García-Hermoso, Gema Sanabria-Martínez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: There is inconsistent evidence about the effect of physical activity on the prevention and treatment of depression during the postnatal period. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effect of physical activity interventions during pregnancy and the postpartum period for controlling postpartum depressive symptoms. METHODS: We systematically searched Cochrane Library Plus, Science Direct, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, from January 1990 to May 2016, for randomized or nonrandomized controlled trials addressing the effect of physical activity on postpartum depression...
September 2017: Birth
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