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Birth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211155/utah-obstetricians-opinions-of-planned-home-birth-and-conflicting-nice-acog-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#1
Emily Rainey, Sara Simonsen, Joseph Stanford, Kimberley Shoaf, Jami Baayd
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently published recommendations that support planned home birth for low-risk women. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) remains wary of planned home birth, asserting that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest birth settings. Our objective was to examine opinions of obstetricians in Salt Lake City, Utah about home birth in the context of rising home birth rates and conflicting guidelines...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211102/effectiveness-of-vaginal-breech-birth-training-strategies-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Shawn Walker, Eamonn Breslin, Mandie Scamell, Pam Parker
BACKGROUND: The safety of vaginal breech birth depends on the skill of the attendant. The objective of this review was to identify, synthesize, and report the findings of evaluated breech birth training strategies. METHODS: A systematic search of the following on-line databases: Medline, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, EBM Reviews/Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Maternity and Infant Care, and Pubmed, using a structured search strategy. Studies were included in the review if they evaluated the efficacy of a breech birth training program or particular strategies, including obstetric emergency training evaluations that reported differentiated outcomes for breech...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198044/why-not-induce-everyone-at-39%C3%A2-weeks
#3
J Christopher Glantz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198043/hospital-routines-promote-parent-infant-closeness-and-cause-separation-in-the-birthing-unit-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-hours-after-birth-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#4
Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence of multiple benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, it does not always happen and infants are separated from their parents because of different hospital practices. The aim of this study was to explore parent-infant closeness and separation, and which factors promote closeness or result in separation in the birthing unit in the first 2 hours after birth from the point of view of staff members. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive pilot study was conducted in one university hospital in Finland in December 2014...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198041/does-midwife-experience-affect-the-rate-of-severe-perineal-tears
#5
Yossi Mizrachi, Sophia Leytes, Michal Levy, Zvia Hiaev, Shimon Ginath, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study whether midwife experience affects the rate of severe perineal tears (3rd and 4th degree). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all women with term vertex singleton pregnancies, who underwent normal vaginal deliveries, in a single tertiary hospital, between 2011 and 2015, was performed. Exclusion criteria were instrumental deliveries and stillbirth. All midwives used a "hands on" technique for protecting the perineum. The midwife experience at each delivery was calculated as the time interval between her first delivery and current delivery...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198038/likelihood-of-cesarean-delivery-after-applying-leading-active-labor-diagnostic-guidelines
#6
Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe, Julia C Phillippi, Sharon L Ryan, Amy M Knupp, Mary S Dietrich, Stephen F Thung
BACKGROUND: Friedman, the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) support different active labor diagnostic guidelines. Our aims were to compare likelihoods for cesarean delivery among women admitted before vs in active labor by diagnostic guideline (within-guideline comparisons) and between women admitted in active labor per one or more of the guidelines (between-guideline comparisons)...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198036/sleep-disruption-and-duration-in-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-excess-gestational-weight-gain-among-overweight-and-obese-women
#7
Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathleen R Beebe, Kathryn A Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy has been associated with poorer birth outcomes. High body mass index (BMI) is often associated with poor sleep, but little is known about the relationship between gestational weight gain and sleep in late pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of both gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy BMI to objective and subjective measures of sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=128) were recruited from prenatal clinics and childbirth classes primarily serving low-income women...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124390/how-do-pregnant-women-use-quality-measures-when-choosing-their-obstetric-provider
#8
Rebecca A Gourevitch, Ateev Mehrotra, Grace Galvin, Melinda Karp, Avery Plough, Neel T Shah
BACKGROUND: Given increased public reporting of the wide variation in hospital obstetric quality, we sought to understand how women incorporate quality measures into their selection of an obstetric hospital. METHODS: We surveyed 6141 women through Ovia Pregnancy, an application used by women to track their pregnancy. We used t tests and chi-square tests to compare response patterns by age, parity, and risk status. RESULTS: Most respondents (73...
January 26, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#9
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933647/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-and-the-current-implications-for-abortion-access
#10
Y Tony Yang, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917532/do-women-have-a-choice-care-providers-and-decision-makers-perspectives-on-barriers-to-access-of-health-services-for-birth-after-a-previous-cesarean
#11
Sarah Munro, Jude Kornelsen, Kitty Corbett, Elizabeth Wilcox, Nick Bansback, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Repeat cesarean delivery is the single largest contributor to the escalating cesarean rate worldwide. Approximately 80 percent of women with a past cesarean are candidates for vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC), but in Canada less than one-third plan VBAC. Emerging evidence suggests that these trends may be due in part to nonclinical factors, including care provider practice patterns and delays in access to surgical and anesthesia services. This study sought to explore maternity care providers' and decision makers' attitudes toward and experiences with providing and planning services for women with a previous cesarean...
December 5, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905662/client-related-factors-associated-with-a-less-than-good-experience-of-midwifery-care-during-childbirth-in-the-netherlands
#12
Carien I Baas, Therese A Wiegers, T Paul de Cock, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Evelien R Spelten, Michiel R de Boer, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A "less than good" experience during childbirth can affect a mother's early interaction with her child and may significantly influence a woman's emotional well-being. In this study, we focus on clients who experienced midwifery care provided during childbirth as "less than good" care. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between client-related factors and the experience of midwifery care during childbirth to improve this care. METHODS: This study was part of the "DELIVER study" where mothers report on the care they received...
December 1, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874197/regional-gradients-in-institutional-cesarean-delivery-rates-evidence-from-five-countries-in-asia
#13
Ardeshir Sepehri, Harminder Guliani
BACKGROUND: Although the influence of the type of institutional setting on the risk of cesarean birth is well documented, less is known about the regional variations in institution-specific cesarean rates within countries. Our purpose was to examine regional variations in cesarean rates across public and private facilities in five Asian countries with a sizeable private sector: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines. METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data and a hierarchical model were used to assess regional variations in the mode of delivery while controlling for a wide range of socioeconomic, demographic, and maternal risk factors...
November 22, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198099/the-role-of-trust-in-centeringpregnancy-building-interpersonal-trust-relationships-in-group-based-prenatal-care-in-the-netherlands
#14
Liselotte Kweekel, Trudie Gerrits, Marlies Rijnders, Patrick Brown
BACKGROUND: CenteringPregnancy (CP) is a specific model of group-based prenatal care for women, implemented in 44 midwifery practices in The Netherlands since 2011. Women have evaluated CP positively, especially in terms of social support, and improvements have been made in birthweight and preterm-birth outcomes; however, there is limited understanding as to why. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms that create trusting relationships within CP to better understand CP outcomes and effectiveness...
March 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198098/birth-and-the-bush-untangling-the-debate-around-women-s-pubic-hair
#15
Natalie Jolly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870144/identifying-research-priorities-in-midwifery-a-multinational-delphi-survey
#16
LETTER
Francisco Javier Soriano-Vidal, Rafael Vila-Candel, Pedro Navarro-Illana, José M Martínez-Casas, Enrique Castro-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797099/the-effect-of-perineal-lacerations-on-pelvic-floor-function-and-anatomy-at-6-months-postpartum-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-nulliparous-women
#17
Lawrence Leeman, Rebecca Rogers, Noelle Borders, Dusty Teaf, Clifford Qualls
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of perineal lacerations on pelvic floor outcomes, including urinary and anal incontinence, sexual function, and perineal pain in a nulliparous cohort with low incidence of episiotomy. METHODS: Nulliparous women were prospectively recruited from a midwifery practice. Pelvic floor symptoms were assessed with validated questionnaires, physical examination, and objective measures in pregnancy and 6 months postpartum. Two trauma groups were compared, those with an intact perineum or only 1st degree lacerations and those with second-, third-, or fourth-degree lacerations...
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779328/does-australia-s-health-policy-environment-create-unintended-outcomes-for-birthing-women
#18
Amie Steel, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Jon Wardle, Alex Broom, Mary Sidebotham, David Sibbritt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620000/peri-conceptual-and-mid-pregnancy-alcohol-consumption-a-comparison-between-areas-of-high-and-low-deprivation-in-scotland
#19
Andrew Symon, Jean Rankin, Hazel Sinclair, Geraldine Butcher, Lesley Smith, Rhona Gordon, Lynda Cochrane
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among women has increased over recent decades, especially in areas of higher deprivation. Pre-pregnancy alcohol use is associated with continued consumption in pregnancy. We assessed whether general population alcohol consumption patterns were reflected among pregnant women in two Scottish areas with different deprivation levels. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in two health boards (HB1, lower deprivation levels, n = 274; HB2, higher deprivation levels, n = 236), using face-to-face 7-day Retrospective Diary estimation of peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy alcohol consumption...
December 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568829/public-opinions-about-infant-feeding-in-the-united-states
#20
Jennifer M Nelson, Ruowei Li, Cria G Perrine, Kelley S Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life. However, many barriers to breastfeeding exist. We examine public opinions about the benefits of breastfeeding and the infant health risks associated with formula feeding. METHODS: A national public opinion survey was conducted in 2013. Participants indicated their level of agreement with four breastfeeding-related statements. Except for the last one, all statements were positively worded with agreement representing positive opinions toward breastfeeding...
December 2016: Birth
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