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Sabera Turkmani, Caroline S E Homer, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a cultural practice defined as the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for nontherapeutic indications. Due to changing patterns of migration, clinicians in high-income countries are seeing more women from countries where the practice is prevalent. This review aims to understand the sociocultural and health needs of these women and identify opportunities to improve the quality of maternity care for women with FGM. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review and meta-synthesis of peer-reviewed primary qualitative research to explore the experience and needs of migrant women with FGM receiving maternity care...
June 28, 2018: Birth
Elisabet Rondung, Johanna Ekdahl, Örjan Sundin
BACKGROUND: Although many pregnant women experience fear, worry, or anxiety relating to the upcoming birth, little is known regarding the psychological mechanisms contributing to these experiences. In this study, we wanted to take a first step in trying to identify mechanisms of potential interest. The objective of this cross-sectional study was thus to investigate pain catastrophizing, intolerance of uncertainty, positive worry beliefs, and cognitive avoidance as potential mechanisms predicting fear of birth among pregnant women...
June 28, 2018: Birth
Eugene R Declercq, Erika R Cheng, Carol Sakala
BACKGROUND: In a national United States survey, we investigated whether crucial shared decision-making standards were met for 2 common maternity care decisions. METHODS: Secondary analysis of Listening to Mothers III. A sequence of validated questions concerning shared decision-making was adapted to 2 maternity care decisions: to induce labor or wait for spontaneous onset of labor among women who were told their baby may be "getting quite large" (N = 349); and for women with 1 or 2 prior cesareans (N = 393), the decision to have a repeat cesarean...
June 22, 2018: Birth
Holly P Kennedy, Melissa Cheyney, Hannah G Dahlen, Soo Downe, Maralyn J Foureur, Caroline S E Homer, Elaine Jefford, Alison McFadden, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Jane Sandall, Hora Soltani, Anna M Speciale, Jennifer Stevens, Saraswathi Vedam, Mary J Renfrew
Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization...
June 21, 2018: Birth
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Birth
Ellie A McDonald, Deirdre Gartland, Hannah Woolhouse, Stephanie J Brown
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have examined women's experiences of sex after childbirth. Much of the advice given to couples about what to expect in relation to sex after childbirth is based on cross-sectional studies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate timing of resumption of sex after a second birth and assess associations with obstetric factors (method of birth and perineal trauma) and time interval between first and second births. METHOD: Prospective cohort of 1507 nulliparous women recruited before 25 weeks' gestation in Melbourne, Australia followed up at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after first births, and 6 and 12 months after second births...
June 15, 2018: Birth
Helen Spiby, Mary Ann Faucher, Gina Sands, Julie Roberts, Holly Powell Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Decisions made in early labor influence the outcomes of childbirth for women and infants. Telephone assessment during labor, the current norm in many settings, has been found to be a source of dissatisfaction for women and can present challenges for midwives. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore midwives' views on the potential of video-calling as a method for assessing women in early labor. METHODS: A series of 8 midwife focus groups (n = 45) and interviews (n = 4) in the Midlands region of England and the mid-South and Northeast regions of the United States were completed...
June 14, 2018: Birth
Anthony Lathrop, Carrie F Bonsack, David M Haas
BACKGROUND: Water birth has become an increasingly popular childbirth option, but has also come under scrutiny because of its possible risks and benefits. The primary objective of this study was to explore potential benefits of water birth by comparing the experiences of women who gave birth in water versus conventionally. We also compared maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 66 women who had water births and 132 who had conventional births...
June 13, 2018: Birth
Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe, Aaron B Caughey, Kelly A Bennett, Ellen L Tilden, Nicole S Carlson, Julia C Phillippi, Mary S Dietrich
BACKGROUND: The timing of hospital admission for women with spontaneous labor onset and the criteria used to assess active labor progress and diagnose labor dystocia may significantly influence women's risk for primary cesarean birth. Our aims were to assess associations of labor status at admission (i.e., preactive or active) and active labor progress (i.e., dystocic or physiologic) with oxytocin augmentation, cesarean birth, and adverse neonatal outcome rates. METHODS: A sample of low-risk, nulliparous women admitted to hospitals for spontaneous labor onset was extracted from the Consortium on Safe Labor (n = 27 077)...
May 30, 2018: Birth
Chloe M Barrera, Jennifer M Nelson, Ellen O Boundy, Cria G Perrine
BACKGROUND: Rooming-in, or keeping mothers and infants together throughout the birth hospitalization, increases breastfeeding initiation and duration, and is one of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) survey is a biennial census of all birth facilities in the United States and its territories. Data from the 2007-2015 mPINC surveys were used to assess trends in the prevalence of hospitals with most (≥90%) infants rooming-in more than 23 hours per day (ideal practice)...
May 27, 2018: Birth
Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Amir Aviram, Liran Hiersch, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the length of second stage of labor in a contemporary cohort. We calculated the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles for second-stage length stratified by parity and epidural analgesia use and evaluated the effect of labor induction and oxytocin augmentation in our cohort. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of all live, singleton, term vaginal deliveries in one tertiary hospital. Multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate second-stage duration confounders...
May 22, 2018: Birth
Christine H Ou, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Contrary to social constructions of new motherhood as a joyous time, mothers may experience postnatal depression and anger. Although postnatal depression has been thoroughly studied, the expression of maternal anger in the context of postnatal depression is conceptually unclear. This integrative review investigated the framing of anger in the context of postnatal depression. METHODS: After undertaking a search of CINAHL, Ovid-Medline, PsycInfo, and Web of Science, we identified qualitative (n = 7) and quantitative (n = 17) papers that addressed maternal anger and postnatal depression...
May 20, 2018: Birth
Kalpana Bastola, Päivikki Koponen, Tommi Härkänen, Riitta Luoto, Mika Gissler, Tarja I Kinnunen
INTRODUCTION: Limited information is available on delivery and its complications among migrant women in Finland. We compared mode of delivery, delivery complications, and use of pain medication during delivery between migrant women of Somali, Kurdish, and Russian origin and women in the general population in Finland. METHODS: The women were of Russian (n = 318), Somali (n = 583), and Kurdish (n = 373) origin and 243 women from the general population (reference group) who had given birth in Finland between 2004 and 2014...
May 20, 2018: Birth
Jonathan M Snowden, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Birth
Daniel C Benyshek, Melissa Cheyney, Jennifer Brown, Marit L Bovbjerg
BACKGROUND: Limited systematic research on maternal placentophagy is available to maternity care providers whose clients/patients may be considering this increasingly popular practice. Our purpose was to characterize the practice of placentophagy and its attendant neonatal outcomes among a large sample of women in the United States. METHODS: We used a medical records-based data set (n = 23 242) containing pregnancy, birth, and postpartum information for women who planned community births...
May 2, 2018: Birth
Hadas Ganer Herman, Liliya Tamayev, Rotem Houli, Hadas Miremberg, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize factors associated with nonreassuring fetal heart (FHR) tracings after artificial rupture of membranes (AROM), during the active phase of labor. METHODS: Delivery charts of patients who presented in spontaneous labor, at term, between 2015 and 2016 were reviewed. We identified cases in which AROM was performed during the active stage of labor. We compared deliveries with a normal FHR and those who developed nonreassuring FHR...
April 24, 2018: Birth
Cristina A Mattison, Michelle L Dion, John N Lavis, Eileen K Hutton, Michael G Wilson
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction is a key component of the care experience and part of the health system "triple aim," along with improving population health and reducing per capita health care costs, the other two parts of the "triple aim." The objectives of the study were to examine birth-experience satisfaction among women in Ontario, Canada, who received care from midwives, family physicians, and obstetricians. METHODS: We used Statistics Canada's 2006 national Maternity Experiences Survey...
April 24, 2018: Birth
Emma M Swift, Gunnar Tomasson, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, Helga Zoega
BACKGROUND: Population data on obstetric interventions is often limited to cesarean delivery. We aimed to provide a more comprehensive overview of trends in use of several common obstetric interventions over the past 2 decades. METHODS: The study was based on nationwide data from the Icelandic Medical Birth Register. Incidence of labor induction, epidural analgesia, cesarean, and instrumental delivery was calculated for all births in 1995-2014. Change over time was expressed as relative risk (RR), using Poisson regression with 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for several maternal and pregnancy-related characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Birth
Alexander Waits, Chao-Yu Guo, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Since 1992, breastfeeding promotion in Taiwan considerably raised the breastfeeding rates; however, more recent surveillance showed that breastfeeding indicators stagnated or even decreased. METHODS: We analyzed 6 cross-sectional national surveys of 69 159 postpartum women to examine the breastfeeding trends at 6 months postpartum during 2011-2016 in Taiwan and the contributing role of maternal and environmental factors. Data were collected through telephone interviews, using structured questionnaires with randomly selected mothers, who gave birth in those years...
June 2018: Birth
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Teri L Hernandez, Elizabeth Holt, Nancy K Lowe, K Joseph Hurt
BACKGROUND: Term nulliparous women have the greatest variation across hospitals and providers in cesarean rates and therefore present an opportunity to improve quality through optimal care. We evaluated associations between provider type and mode of birth, including examination of intrapartum management in healthy, laboring nulliparous women. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected perinatal data from a United States academic medical center (2005-2012)...
June 2018: Birth
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