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Birth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240045/a-postgraduate-optimum-birth-module-to-increase-midwives-readiness-to-work-in-midwifery-led-settings-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#1
Rose Coates, Lucia Rocca-Ihenacho, Ellinor Olander, Susan Ayers, Debra Salmon
BACKGROUND: Midwifery-led birth settings have been recommended as the most cost-effective birthplaces for healthy women experiencing uncomplicated pregnancies. However, midwives complete most of their training in obstetric units where birth interventions are common. To prepare for working in a midwifery-led setting training is a key priority. This study evaluated a postgraduate-level midwifery module on Optimum Birth (defined as birth which supports physiology and empowerment, avoiding unnecessary intervention) designed to prepare midwives for supporting women in midwifery-led settings...
September 21, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240042/effects-of-physical-exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-infant-outcomes-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Mei-Chen Du, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Xiao-Fei Nie, Yi Huang, Sharon R Redding
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are related to maternal and infant physical health, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and macrosomia. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of physical exercise on maternal and infant outcomes in overweight and obese pregnant women. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov. for English-language articles based on randomized controlled trials examining physical exercise in overweight and obese pregnant women and its effect on maternal and infant outcomes...
September 21, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216531/women-from-racial-or-ethnic-minority-and-low-socioeconomic-backgrounds-receive-more-prenatal-education-results-from-the-2012-to-2014-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system
#3
Minh N Nguyen, Mohammad Siahpush, Brandon L Grimm, Gopal K Singh, Melissa K Tibbits
BACKGROUND: Racial or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes are well known, but few studies have examined disparities in the receipt of prenatal health education. The objectives of this study were to examine racial or ethnic and socioeconomic variations in receiving (1) comprehensive prenatal health education and (2) education about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, breastfeeding, alcohol, and smoking cessation from health care practitioners. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2012 to 2014 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
September 14, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216525/gestational-diabetes-incidence-and-delivery-outcomes-in-western-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Jonathan K L Mak, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Xiong-Fei Pan, Li Tang, Colin W Binns, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the age-standardized incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) for comparison between populations. Information on delivery outcomes is also lacking for Chinese women with GDM. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine age-standardized GDM incidence and assess its association with maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1901 pregnant women were recruited in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. GDM was diagnosed between 24 and 28 weeks' gestation using oral glucose tolerance tests...
September 14, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198160/maternal-risk-factor-index-and-cesarean-delivery-among-women-with-nulliparous-term-singleton-vertex-deliveries-texas-2015
#5
Meliha Salahuddin, Dorothy J Mandell, David L Lakey, Catherine S Eppes, Divya A Patel
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery accounts for over one-third of the ~400 000 annual births in Texas, with first-time cesarean accounting for 20% of the overall cesareans. We examined associations of maternal medical comorbidities with cesarean delivery among nulliparous, term, singleton, vertex (NTSV) deliveries in Texas. METHODS: Nulliparous, term, singleton, vertex deliveries to women aged 15-49 years were identified using the 2015 Texas birth file (Center for Health Statistics, Texas Department of State Health Services)...
September 9, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198111/ethnographic-study-of-the-use-of-interventions-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#6
Roa Altaweli, Christine McCourt, Mandie Scamell, Katherine Curtis Tyler
BACKGROUND: Routine use of medical interventions during labor has been identified as a clinical area for concern, since such routinized practice is not consistent with an evidence-based approach to care and continues to increase despite efforts to encourage normal childbirth. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore maternity health professionals' use of interventions during the second stage of labor in two hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to understand what influences their decision-making and practices...
September 9, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191591/evaluation-of-ready-set-baby-a-prenatal-breastfeeding-education-and-counseling-approach
#7
Kathleen C Parry, Kristin P Tully, Lorenzo N Hopper, Paige E Schildkamp, Miriam H Labbok
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive prenatal education on infant feeding is recommended by many United States health organizations because of the need to maximize maternal preparedness for managing lactation physiology. Ready, Set, BABY (RSB) is a curriculum developed for counseling women about breastfeeding benefits and management including education on optimal maternity care practices. We hypothesized that RSB would be acceptable to mothers and that mothers' strength of breastfeeding intentions would increase, and their comfort with the idea of formula feeding would decrease after educational counseling using the materials...
September 6, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191587/a-qualitative-study-of-trainee-experiences-in-family-medicine-obstetrics-fellowships
#8
Elizabeth Rose Hansen, Aimee R Eden, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Family Medicine-Obstetrics fellowships provide family physicians with advanced obstetrics training. No accreditation system exists for these fellowships, which leads to variable training. Variation of fellows' experiences is not well understood. Our objective is to understand the motivations, training, and overall experiences of fellows in Family Medicine-Obstetrics fellowships, which may inform opportunities for improvement in fellowship design and suggest how Family Medicine-Obstetrics fellowship-trained physicians are prepared to practice among other obstetrics providers postgraduation...
September 6, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168198/physiologic-childbirth-and-active-management-of-the-third-stage-of-labor-a-latent-class-model-of-risk-for-postpartum-hemorrhage
#9
Elise N Erickson, Christopher S Lee, Emily Grose, Cathy Emeis
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a threat to maternal mortality worldwide. Evidence supports active management of third stage labor (AMTSL) for preventing PPH. However, trials of AMTSL include women at varying risk levels, such as women undergoing physiologic labor and those with labor complications. Counseling women about their risk for PPH and AMTSL is difficult as many women who appear low-risk can still have PPH. METHODS: This study uses outcomes of 2322 vaginal births from a hospital midwifery service in the United States to examine risks for PPH and effectiveness of AMTSL...
August 30, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144141/early-maternal-newborn-contact-and-positive-birth-experience
#10
Laura H Brubaker, Ian M Paul, John T Repke, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of early maternal-newborn contact for the health and well-being of the newborn and promotion of breastfeeding. However, little research has investigated the association between early maternal-newborn contact and the mother's birth experience. METHODS: As part of a large-scale prospective, cohort study (the First Baby Study [FBS]), nearly 3000 women who delivered in Pennsylvania (2009-2011) reported how soon after delivery they first saw, held, and fed their newborns...
August 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136338/infection-and-wound-breakdown-in-spontaneous-second-degree-perineal-tears-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study
#11
Octavia Wiseman, Anne M Rafferty, Jane Stockley, Trevor Murrells, Debra Bick
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma affects large numbers of women who have a vaginal birth. This study explores the incidence, etiology and women's experiences of wound infection/breakdown associated with spontaneous second degree tears. METHODS: This was an exploratory mixed methods study set in an urban tertiary National Health Service hospital in 2014-2015. The study included a prospective observational study of second-degree tears using electronic patient records. Infection was defined using criteria adapted from Public Health England's Surgical Site Infection Surveillance Service...
August 22, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073688/planned-cesarean-or-vaginal-delivery-for-women-in-spontaneous-labor-with-a-twin-pregnancy-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-twin-birth-study
#12
Elad Mei-Dan, Claire Dougan, Nir Melamed, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Amir Aviram, Andrew R Willan, Jon F R Barrett
BACKGROUND: The Twin Birth Study, a multicenter randomized controlled trial, found no differences in neonatal outcomes in women with twins randomized to planned cesarean or vaginal delivery. Nevertheless, women who present in spontaneous labor might expect a better outcome following a trial of vaginal delivery than undergoing cesarean delivery. In this secondary analysis, we aimed to compare neonatal outcomes of women who presented in spontaneous labor in the two arms of the Twin Birth Study...
August 2, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058077/placentophagy-among-women-planning-community-births-in-the-united-states-frequency-rationale-and-associated-neonatal-outcomes
#13
LETTER
Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Laurence B McCullough, Amos Grünebaum, Daniel C Benyshek, Melissa M Cheyney, Marit L Bovbjerg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053350/mothers-of-preterm-infants-experiences-of-breastfeeding-support-in-the-first-12-months-after-birth-a-qualitative-study
#14
Jenny Ericson, Lina Palmér
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding support is important for breastfeeding mothers; however, it is less clear how mothers of preterm infants (< 37 gestational weeks) experience breastfeeding support during the first year. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe how mothers of preterm infants in Sweden experience breastfeeding support during the first 12 months after birth. METHODS: This qualitative study used data from 151 mothers from questionnaires with open-ended questions and telephone interviews...
July 27, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051510/women-s-preference-for-vaginal-birth-after-a-first-delivery-by-cesarean
#15
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Nearly 90% of United States pregnant women with a prior cesarean give birth by repeat cesarean. Public health goals encourage greater use of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), but there is little prospective data on predictors of women's preference for VBAC. We characterized predictors of women's preferred mode of delivery after a first cesarean and thematically categorized reasons for their preference. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of 3006 women whose first childbirth was in Pennsylvania in 2009-2011...
July 27, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051503/workplace-support-and-breastfeeding-duration-the-mediating-effect-of-breastfeeding-intention-and-self-efficacy
#16
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Robert A Perera, David C Wheeler, Juan Lu, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: Given the large proportion of mothers in the United States work force, understanding the implications of workplace support on breastfeeding outcomes is an important public health priority. The current study investigates if (a) workplace support directly influences the working mothers' breastfeeding intention, self-efficacy, and duration, and (b) workplace support indirectly influences breastfeeding duration through the mediating effect of breastfeeding intention and self-efficacy...
July 27, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051498/determinants-of-in-hospital-feeding-practices-in-shiraz-iran-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
BACKGROUND: In-hospital feeding practices have been shown negatively to affect breastfeeding exclusivity and duration. The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence and determinants of delayed breastfeeding, provision of traditional prelacteal foods, and use of infant formula in hospital. METHODS: Between June 2014 and March 2015, 700 women were recruited from three public and two private maternity hospitals in Shiraz, Iran. Data were collected at recruitment via face-to-face interviews and extracted from medical records...
July 27, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051575/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-support-from-health-care-professionals-by-implementing-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#18
David Harillo-Acevedo, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo, Maria Ruzafa-Martinez
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and duration of breastfeeding are at low levels and may be improved by the support of health care professionals. Our objective was to determine the effect of implementing a breastfeeding clinical practice guideline on factors associated with breastfeeding support by health care professionals, adopting a Theory of Planned Behavior approach. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study during 2016 in a health area with implemented clinical practice guideline on breastfeeding, comparing the results with data from a previous cross-sectional study (2011) in the same area, in a standard-care area, and in a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI)-accredited area...
July 26, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051544/association-between-early-term-birth-and-breastfeeding-initiation-duration-and-exclusivity-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Janet Y H Wong, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Infants born early-term, between 37 weeks, 0 days and 38 weeks, 6 days of gestation, are more likely to have adverse health outcomes and to undergo interventions that could pose barriers to breastfeeding. The objectives of this review are to examine the effect of early-term birth on breastfeeding initiation and the duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), EMBASE, and Scopus, from January 2007 to June 2017, for studies examining the associations between early-term birth and rates of breastfeeding initiation and the duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding...
July 26, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033596/a-qualitative-analysis-of-parturients-experiences-using-nitrous-oxide-for-labor-analgesia-it-is-not-just-about-pain-relief
#20
Michael G Richardson, Britany L Raymond, Curtis L Baysinger, Bradley T Kook, David H Chestnut
BACKGROUND: A vast majority of women who choose nitrous oxide for labor report high satisfaction despite variable analgesic effectiveness. We analyzed comments provided by women who used nitrous oxide for labor, to identify determinants of satisfaction in this population, and to better understand reasons for continuing with nitrous oxide despite variable analgesic effectiveness. METHODS: We conducted qualitative content analysis of comments in a quality improvement database of routine follow-up assessments of women who delivered vaginally, using nitrous oxide as the sole labor analgesic...
July 22, 2018: Birth
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