Read by QxMD icon Read


Vanessa Bueno-Lopez, Carmen Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Manel Casellas-Caro, Ana Maria Falgueras-Serrano, Silvia Crespo-Berros, Ana Maria Silvano-Cocinero, Carolina Alcaine-Guisado, Manuela Zamoro Fuentes, Elena Carreras, Carmen Terré-Rull
BACKGROUND: Fetal occiput posterior position in labor is associated with more painful and prolonged labor, and an increase in both maternal and fetal morbidity. The aim of this study is to assess whether the modified Sims position on the side of the fetal spine increases the rotation to occiput anterior position in women with epidural analgesia and a fetus in persistent occiput posterior (POP) position. METHODS: This is an open, randomized controlled, clinical trial...
March 14, 2018: Birth
Marie-Louise Marschalek, Christof Worda, Lorenz Kuessel, Heinz Koelbl, Willi Oberaigner, Hermann Leitner, Julian Marschalek, Heinrich Husslein
BACKGROUND: In view of the reported increase in obstetric anal sphincter injuries, the objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of such injuries over time and the associated risk and protective factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study from a national database of 168 137 primiparous women with term, singleton, cephalic, vaginal delivery between 2008 and 2014. The main outcome measure was obstetric anal sphincter injury. A multivariate regression model was used to identify risk and protective factors...
March 14, 2018: Birth
Kim F E van de Loo, Richelle Vlenterie, Sylke J Nikkels, Peter J F M Merkus, Jolt Roukema, Chris M Verhaak, Nel Roeleveld, Marleen M H J van Gelder
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to investigate the occurrence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in early and late pregnancy, the longitudinal changes from early to late pregnancy, and factors associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnant women in the Netherlands. METHODS: We studied 2897 women participating in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study...
March 8, 2018: Birth
Anne Schirmann, Frances M Boyle, Dell Horey, Dimitrios Siassakos, David Ellwood, Ingrid Rowlands, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Experiencing stillbirth is devastating and leaves parents searching for causes. Autopsy is the gold standard for investigation, but deciding to consent to this procedure is very difficult for parents. Decision support in the form of clear, consistent, and parent-centered information is likely to be helpful. The aims of this study were to understand the influences on parents' decisions about autopsy after stillbirth and to identify attributes of effective decision support that align with parents' needs...
March 2, 2018: Birth
Lorena Vehling, Deborah Chan, Jon McGavock, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Theo J Moraes, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has many established health benefits for women and children. We examined the association between maternal education, newborn feeding in hospital, and long-term breastfeeding duration. METHODS: We studied 3195 Canadian mother-infant dyads in the CHILD pregnancy cohort. Newborn feeding was documented from hospital records. Caregivers reported sociodemographic factors and infant feeding at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. RESULTS: Overall, 97% of newborns initiated breastfeeding and 74% were exclusively breastfed in hospital...
March 2, 2018: Birth
Avery Plough, Natalie Henrich, Grace Galvin, Neel T Shah
BACKGROUND: Managers of labor and delivery units need to ensure that their limited supply of beds and nursing staff are adequately available, despite uncertainty with respect to patient needs. The ability to address this challenge has been associated with patient outcomes; however, best practices have not been defined. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 96 interviews with nurse and physician managers from 48 labor and delivery units across the United States...
February 24, 2018: Birth
Claudia Chi, Deanette Pang, Izzuddin M Aris, Wei Ting Teo, Sarah Weiling Li, Arijit Biswas, Eu Leong Yong, Yap Seng Chong, Kelvin Tan, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Rates of cesarean birth have continued to rise in many high-income countries. We examined the temporal trends and predictors of cesarean birth in Singapore. METHODS: Linked hospitalization and Birth Registry data were used to examine all live births to Singaporean citizens and permanent residents between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014 (n = 342 932 births). We calculated cesarean rates and age-adjusted average annual percent change (AAPC) in those rates and used sequential multivariable regression modeling to assess the contribution of changes in predictors to the change in cesarean rates over time...
February 17, 2018: Birth
Alexander Waits, Chao-Yu Guo, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Since 1992, breastfeeding promotion in Taiwan considerably raised the breastfeeding rates; however, more recent surveillance showed that breastfeeding indicators stagnated or even decreased. METHODS: We analyzed 6 cross-sectional national surveys of 69 159 postpartum women to examine the breastfeeding trends at 6 months postpartum during 2011-2016 in Taiwan and the contributing role of maternal and environmental factors. Data were collected through telephone interviews, using structured questionnaires with randomly selected mothers, who gave birth in those years...
February 16, 2018: Birth
Maggie Redshaw, Jane Henderson
BACKGROUND: Most research on women experiencing stillbirth relies on online user group surveys or qualitative interviews. The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of women who are at a higher risk of stillbirth, living in areas of greatest deprivation, and are commonly not well represented. METHODS: This study used birth and death registrations in 2012-2013 to identify a sample of mothers whose babies had died as a result of stillbirth. These women were sent a survey 6-9 months after the stillbirth...
February 13, 2018: Birth
Amanda Comeau, Eileen K Hutton, Julia Simioni, Ella Anvari, Megan Bowen, Samantha Kruegar, Elizabeth K Darling
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop assessment criteria that could be used to examine the level of integration of home birth within larger health care systems in developed countries across 11 international jurisdictions. METHODS: An expert panel developed criteria and a definition to assess home birth integration within health care systems. We selected jurisdictions based on the publications that were eligible for inclusion in our systematic review and meta-analysis on planned place of birth...
February 13, 2018: Birth
Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E Forbes-McKay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are typically low for women with a substance-use disorder. This is despite the specific benefits of breastfeeding to alleviate the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome and the well-documented generic advantages. This study explored the feasibility of in-hospital, tailored breastfeeding support for the substance-exposed mother and baby. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods feasibility study undertaken in Scotland from April 2014 to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: Birth
Jennifer M Nelson, Cria G Perrine, David S Freedman, Letitia Williams, Brian Morrow, Ruben A Smith, Deborah L Dee
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based maternity practices and policies can improve breastfeeding duration and exclusivity. Maternity facilities report practices through the Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) survey, but individual outcomes, such as breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, are not collected. METHODS: mPINC data on maternity care practices for 2009 were linked to data from the 2009 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), which collects information on mothers' behaviors and experiences around pregnancy...
February 7, 2018: Birth
Gerda Trutnovsky, Melanie Schneeweiss, Gudrun Pregartner, Philipp Reif, Uwe Lang, Daniela Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Use of prenatal acupuncture for labor preparation is common, but there is still conflicting evidence with respect to its objective obstetric benefits. There is little information on women's expectations and subjective experiences with acupuncture treatments. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a validated questionnaire on women's treatment satisfaction was sent to women who had received prenatal acupuncture at the obstetric clinic of the Medical University of Graz, Austria within the last 3 years...
February 1, 2018: Birth
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Teri L Hernandez, Elizabeth Holt, Nancy K Lowe, K Joseph Hurt
BACKGROUND: Term nulliparous women have the greatest variation across hospitals and providers in cesarean rates and therefore present an opportunity to improve quality through optimal care. We evaluated associations between provider type and mode of birth, including examination of intrapartum management in healthy, laboring nulliparous women. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected perinatal data from a United States academic medical center (2005-2012)...
January 31, 2018: Birth
Ardeshir Sepehri
BACKGROUND: The influence of the type of institutional setting on cesarean delivery is well documented. However, the traditional boundaries between public and private providers have become increasingly blurred with the commercialization of the state health sector that allows providers to tailor the quantity and quality of care according to patients' ability to pay. This study examined wealth-related variations in cesarean rates in six lower- and upper-middle income countries: the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guatemala, Jordan, Pakistan, and the Philippines...
January 4, 2018: Birth
Marian F MacDorman, Eugene Declercq, Marie E Thoma
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is a sentinel indicator of health care quality. Our purpose was to analyze trends in Texas maternal mortality by demographic characteristics and cause of death, and to evaluate data quality. METHODS: Maternal mortality data were initially analyzed by single years, but then were grouped into 5-year averages (2006-2010 and 2011-2015) for more detailed analyses. Rates were computed per 100 000 live births. A two-proportion z test or Poisson regression for numerators <30 was used to evaluate differences...
January 4, 2018: Birth
Marian F MacDorman, Eugene Declercq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Birth
Michael C Klein, Penny Simkin, Diony Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Birth
Susan Garthus-Niegel, Antje Horsch, Susan Ayers, Juliane Junge-Hoffmeister, Kerstin Weidner, Malin Eberhard-Gran
BACKGROUND: In most Western countries, breastfeeding rates are lower than what is recommended by the World Health Organization. Depression has been shown to influence breastfeeding outcomes; however, there is very little research on the role of postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined to what extent maternal postpartum PTSD predicted breastfeeding initiation, exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months, and continuation up to 1 and 2 years. METHODS: The study is part of the large, population-based Akershus Birth Cohort...
December 18, 2017: Birth
Alyssa Stephenson-Famy, Kaitlin S Masarie, Ali Lewis, Melissa A Schiff
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated risk factors associated with hospital birth among women planning to give birth in a birth center in the United States. This study describes the obstetrical risk factors for hospital birth among women intending to deliver in a birth center in Washington State. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of Washington State birth certificate data for women with singleton, term pregnancies planning to give birth at a birth center from 2004 to 2011...
December 18, 2017: Birth
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"