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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742978/consideration-for-eliminating-conjunctival-closure-in-the-enucleation-procedure
#1
John D Pemberton, Hugh Wright, Brian T Fowler, Juliet Kim, James C Fleming
To compare post-operative results and complications in patients who undergo enucleation with or without suture closure of the conjunctiva. This was a retrospective chart review study. Review of 50 cases of enucleation surgery at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital between July 2011 and December 2014. Criteria for inclusion in the study were all cases of enucleation that had extraocular muscles attached to a spherical orbital implant with or without conjunctival closure, and at least 2 months of postoperative follow up...
July 25, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738175/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-gland-in-a-14-year-old-male
#2
Michelle M Falcone, Kimberly D Tran, Mehdi Tavakoli, Daniel F Ortiz, Julio C Barredo, Wendy W Lee
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the lacrimal gland is an aggressive, malignant epithelial neoplasm. This tumor is rarely seen in adults and even less commonly seen in children and adolescents; thus, there have been no large studies to date describing the optimal treatment of this malignancy in the pediatric population. Here, we report a case of lacrimal gland ACC in a 14-year-old male treated with neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy followed by globe-sparing tumor resection and chemoradiation. At 2-year follow-up, he remains disease free without evidence of tumor recurrence...
July 24, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722532/bi-institutional-retrospective-study-on-the-demographics-and-basic-clinical-presentation-of-hidrocystomas
#3
Michelle Maeng, Paul Petrakos, Mei Zhou, Benjamin Levine, Gary Lelli, Pete Setabutr
Hidrocystomas are benign, cystic lesions of eccrine and apocrine sweat glands. The literature on hidrocystomas is sparse, consisting of a handful of case reports and limited retrospective reviews. This is the first known bi-institutional, retrospective, chart review aimed to elucidate the demographics and basic clinical presentation of hidrocystomas. Medical records of adult patients with a pathological diagnosis of hidrocystoma from September 1, 2008 to August 1, 2015 in the Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgery Service at the Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary (UIC) and Department of Ophthalmology of Weill Cornell Medical College (Cornell) were reviewed...
July 19, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722501/pediatric-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-multicenter-series-of-116-cases
#4
WengOnn Chan, Geoff Wilcsek, Raf Ghabrial, Robert Alan Goldberg, Peter Dolman, Dinesh Selva, Raman Malhotra
We report our experience with pediatric endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Multicenter, retrospective, noncomparative study. Cases of pediatric endonasal DCR during 2006-2011 were included from six oculoplastic units. Patients over the age of 16 years were excluded. The outcomes of pediatric endonasal DCR are presented. Indication for surgery, demographics, previous interventions, intraoperative or postoperative complications, follow-up duration, and success rate (defined as significant improvement of epiphora) were evaluated...
July 19, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718704/a-study-of-sports-related-orbital-fractures-in-singapore
#5
Jing Zhan Lock, Raghuraj Hegde, Stephanie Young, Thiam Chye Lim, Shantha Amrith, Gangadhara Sundar
With an increased popularity of sport and active living worldwide, our study aims to explore the incidence and features of sports-related orbital fractures in Singapore. 1421 computer tomography (CT) imaging scans of the face and orbits done at the National University Hospital over a 24-month period from January 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively for orbital fractures. We identified 483 orbital fractures of which sports injury was the fourth most common etiology (n = 65; 13.5%) after road traffic accident (n = 131; 27...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718689/orbital-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-combined-variable-immunodeficiency
#6
Vishal S Parikh, Deepa Jagadeesh, James M Fernandez, Eric D Hsi, Arun D Singh
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immunodeficiency manifesting as a reduction in the level of total immunoglobulin (Ig) G, a reduction in the level of either IgA or IgM, poor response to polysaccharide vaccine, and usually frequent infections. The association of CVID with an increased risk of malignancy, specifically lymphoma, is well known. A 63-year-old female with a past medical history significant for CVID presented with a 1-month history of dull, left eye pain with proptosis, hypoglobus, and left upper lid fullness without a discrete palpable mass...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704144/orbital-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-neoplastic-extraocular-muscle-enlargement
#7
Giovanni H Greaves, Kym Livingston, Grant T Liu, Kenneth S Shindler, Nicholas J Volpe, Maxwell Pistilli, Sonul Mehta, Madhura A Tamhankar
Neoplastic infiltration of the extraocular muscle (EOM) is a rare condition which can pose a diagnostic dilemma due to its rarity and overlapping ultrasonographic features with orbital myositis. The ultrasonographic features of neoplastic enlargement of EOM have not been systematically studied and previously have been described in only a few case reports. Orbital ultrasonography, in conjunction with the pattern of ocular misalignment, was assessed for its potential role in identifying patients with neoplastic EOM enlargement...
July 13, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704114/orbital-floor-fracture-with-entrapment-imaging-and-clinical-correlations-in-45-cases
#8
Nora Silverman, Jordan Spindle, Sunny X Tang, Andrew Wu, Bryan K Hong, John W Shore, Sara Wester, Flora Levin, Michael Connor, Benjamin Burt, Tanuj Nakra, Todd Shepler, Eric Hink, Tarek El-Sawy, Roman Shinder
Orbital floor fractures (OFF) with entrapment require prompt clinical and radiographic recognition for timely surgical correction. Correct CT radiographic interpretation of entrapped fractures can be subtle and thus missed. We reviewed the clinical, radiographic and intraoperative findings of 45 cases of entrapped OFF to correlate pre- and intraoperative findings with radiography. Retrospective review and statistical analysis of 45 patients with OFF using the chi squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Main outcome measures included patient demographics, clinical features, radiologic interpretation, intraoperative findings, and treatment outcomes...
July 13, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700281/eyebrow-reconstruction
#9
Edwin Figueira, Sara Wasserbauer, Albert Wu, Shyamala C Huilgol, Mario Marzola, Dinesh Selva
This is a systematic review of eyebrow reconstruction options, using the PubMed database, as well as dermatology and plastic surgery texts. Eyebrow reconstruction options in various clinical scenarios (small, large, medial, lateral, and total defects) are presented. The goals of eyebrow reconstruction are to provide structural, functional, and aesthetic restoration. A good understanding of various eyebrow reconstruction techniques is essential for plastic, dermatologic, and oculoplastic surgeons.
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700261/orbital-implant-infection-by-corynebacterium-amycolatum
#10
J Alvaro Toribio, Teresa Marrodán, Isabel Fernández-Natal
Corynebacterium amycolatum is a saprophyte gram-positive bacillus of the skin flora. It has been linked to diverse infections in immunocompromised patients and also of different types of prostheses. However, to our knowledge, there are no reports on its ability to produce ocular infections or to grow over alloplastic materials for orbital surgery. We present a case of orbital implant exposure including pure isolation of C. amycolatum. The patient was referred for discharge in his socket. After removal of the artificial eye, a large area of implant exposure and signs of chronic infection were observed...
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700258/progressive-orbital-granular-cell-tumour-associated-with-medial-rectus
#11
David Yang, Sally McLaren, Chris Van Vliet, Jean-Louis deSousa, Adam Gajdatsy
Granular cell tumour is a rare soft tissue tumour that can occur in any part of the body, but seldom in ocular adnexa. It usually behaves in a benign fashion. We report a case of a 54-year-old man with a well-demarcated, solitary, slow-growing orbital tumour which lead to significant ocular symptoms. The case was a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge due to its location and difficulty in obtaining tissue for a histological diagnosis. Surgical biopsy attempts were made but they all failed to uncover the true identity of the lesion...
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700257/orbital-basal-cell-adenoma-a-case-report
#12
Mansoreh Jamshidian-Tehrani, Abdulrahim Amini, Fahimeh Asadi Amoli, Mohsen B Kashkouli, Navid Abdi, Masoud Aghsaei Fard
Basal cell adenomas are uncommon benign epithelial tumors of the salivary gland. Orbital basal cell adenoma of the orbit has not been described before. The authors report an unusual case of basal cell adenoma that presented in the orbit. Immunohistochemical findings for the tumor are also described.
July 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696799/levator-resection-for-congenital-ptosis-does-pre-operative-levator-function-or-degree-of-ptosis-affect-successful-outcome
#13
Chinh T Nguyen, Thomas G Hardy
The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-operative levator function and degree of ptosis affect surgical outcomes in children with congenital ptosis undergoing anterior levator resection under general anaesthesia. Retrospective cohort study. Children with 'simple' congenital ptosis who underwent anterior levator resection under general anaesthesia. Consecutive cases were reviewed with regards to achievement of the desired lid height (surgical success), and the influence of preoperative levator function and degree of ptosis...
July 11, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678592/orbital-tuberculosis-clinicopathological-correlation-and-diagnosis-using-pcr-in-formalin-fixed-tissues
#14
Ruchi Mittal, Savitri Sharma, Suryasnata Rath, Manas Ranjan Barik, Devjyoti Tripathy
This article describes the clinicopathological correlation and challenges encountered in the diagnosis of orbital tuberculosis (TB). Retrospective, interventional case series. A chart review of six patients who underwent biopsy for an orbital mass between January 2012 and December 2013 was performed. Institutional review board approval was obtained for the study. Clinical, radiological, and laboratory findings were documented, and response to antitubercular therapy (ATT) was noted. Age at presentation ranged from 18 to 64 years and duration of complaints varied from 2 weeks to 2 months...
July 5, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678580/reconstructive-subperiosteal-midface-lift-a-three-nonvisible-incision-approach
#15
Marco Sales-Sanz, Constanza Barrancos, Hae-Ryung Won-Kim, Andrea Sales-Sanz, César Colmenero
This article describes our surgical technique for subperiosteal midface elevation in patients with paralytic lower eyelid malposition or cicatricial inferior eyelid retraction. Nineteen patients with paralytic lower eyelid malposition and 15 patients with cicatricial inferior eyelid retraction underwent a subperiosteal midface lift (n = 34). The procedure was performed under local anesthesia through three nonvisible incisions. A transconjunctival incision allows preseptal dissection to the orbital rim, followed by a subperiosteal dissection of the midface...
July 5, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678554/gold-in-the-balance-how-does-patient-posture-affect-eyelid-closure
#16
Adeela Malik, Naresh Joshi
A retrospective audit was conducted of four patients with upper eyelid gold weights (inserted >5 years ago) as treatment for facial nerve palsy-related lagophthalmos. Each patient was presently examined for lagophthalmos ("opened" or "closed") at three different patient inclinations (lying flat at 0º, lying back at 45º, and sitting upright at 90º). In all four cases at 0º inclination, the upper eyelid remained "open" with significant lagophthalmos, and therefore the ocular surface was vulnerable. At other inclinations, 45º and 90º, the eyes were substantially "closed" and the ocular surface was protected...
July 5, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641034/imaging-of-proximal-lacrimal-system-with-time-domain-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-in-asian-indian-population
#17
Swati Singh, Arnav Ghosh, Suryasnata Rath
This article reports proximal lacrimal system parameters using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (ASOCT-Visante) in an apparently normal Asian Indian population with assessment of any correlation between tear meniscus height and punctal diameter. This was a prospectively designed observational study that included healthy adults, who volunteered for optical coherence tomography imaging (OCT) of their proximal lacrimal system. Time domain ASOCT (Visante) images of the punctum and proximal canaliculus were captured using the high resolution corneal scan protocol...
June 22, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641033/evaluation-of-planned-bicanalicular-nasolacrimal-tube-retention-in-treating-punctal-stenosis-or-occlusion-secondary-to-trachoma
#18
Rania A Ahmed, Ahmed M Kamal, Mohamed A Zayed
This article evaluates retaining bicanalicular silicone nasolacrimal tube in patients susceptible to restenosis after punctoplasty. Sixty-nine eyes (38 patients) suffering from epiphora due to stenosis or occlusion of both punctae were included in this prospective study. All had 3 snip punctoplasty and bicanalicular silicone nasolacrimal duct insertion. Cases associated with proximal canalicular stenosis or obstructions were excluded. Tolerance to tube presence until the time of loss or removal was evaluated using a score (0 to 2)...
June 22, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627964/comparison-of-the-success-rate-between-monocanalicular-and-bicanalicular-intubations-in-incomplete-complex-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#19
Bahram Eshraghi, Mansooreh Jamshidian-Tehrani, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
This article compares the success rate between monocanalicular (MCI) and bicanalicular intubations (BCI) in incomplete complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and evaluate the factors responsible for the success of intubation. First, 99 patients with incomplete complex CNLDO underwent MCI (Monoka) or BCI (Crawford). Therapeutic success was defined as dye disappearance test grade 0-1 and complete resolution of previous symptoms at 12 months' follow-up. The success rates were compared between two groups...
June 19, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627958/pushed-monocanalicular-intubation-versus-probing-for-the-treatment-of-simple-and-incomplete-complex-types-of-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-in-children-older-than-18-months-old
#20
Bahram Eshraghi, Elias Khalilipour, Kambiz Ameli, Fatemeh Bazvand, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
This article compares the success rate of pushed monocanalicular intubation (Masterka) versus probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in children older than 18 months. In a non-random comparative study, 90 eyes with CNLDO underwent either Masterka (45 eyes) or probing (45 eyes). All procedures were performed by one oculoplastic surgeon. The tubes were removed 2 months after the operation. Complete resolution was defined as complete absence of clinical signs and symptoms of CNLDO at 6 months after the procedure...
June 19, 2017: Orbit
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