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Human Movement Science

Melanie D Bussey, Marcelo Peduzzi de Castro, Daniela Aldabe, Jonathan Shemmell
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of sex on the kinetic, kinematic and neuromuscular correlates of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) during a single leg lift task performed by healthy participants. Fifty healthy age and body mass index matched participants (25 women and 25 men) performed 20 single leg lift task (hip flexion to 90 ° as quickly as possible) with their dominant and their non-dominant lower limbs. A force plate was used to determine the medial-lateral displacement of the center of pressure (COPML), and the initiation of weight shift (T0); kinematics was used to determine leg lift (T1); and electromyography was used to determine onset times from eight muscles: bilateral external oblique, internal oblique and lumbar multifidus, and unilateral (stance limb) gluteus maximus and biceps femoris...
October 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
Shao-Hsia Chang, Nan-Ying Yu
This study examined the psychometric properties of motor praxis using a large school-based sample of children (n=239). We developed and evaluated the construct validity of a motor praxis assessment using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). A model with four latent variables was evaluated for goodness of fit. CFA established that the scale was multifactorial and supported the four-factor model (motor imagery, verbal gesture production, imitative gesture production and knowledge of object-use). The internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and concurrent validity of the praxis assessment mostly demonstrated good to excellent results for the full scale and the subscales...
October 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
Scott Mclean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Nicholas J Stevens, Colin Solomon
In the current study, social network analysis (SNA) and notational analysis (NA) methods were applied to examine the goal scoring passing networks (GSPN) for all goals scored at the 2016 European Football Championships. The aim of the study was to determine the GSPN characteristics for the overall tournament, between the group and knock out stages, and for the successful and unsuccessful teams. The study also used degree centrality (DC) metrics as a novel method to determine the relative contributions of the pitch locations involved in the GSPN...
October 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
M G C Lewis, M R Yeadon, M A King
Subject-specific torque-driven models have ignored biarticular effects at the hip. The aim of this study was to establish the contribution of monoarticular hip flexors and hip extensors to total hip flexor and total hip extensor joint torques for an individual and to investigate whether torque-driven simulation models should consider incorporating biarticular effects at the hip joint. Maximum voluntary isometric and isovelocity hip flexion and hip extension joint torques were measured for a single participant together with surface electromyography...
October 7, 2017: Human Movement Science
Corina Aparecida Fernandes, Daniel Boari Coelho, Alessandra Rezende Martinelli, Luis Augusto Teixeira
Our aim in this investigation was to assess the relative importance of each cerebral hemisphere in quiet and perturbed balance, based on uni-hemispheric lesions by stroke. We tested the hypothesis of right cerebral hemisphere specialization for balance control. Groups of damage either to the right (RHD, n=9) or the left (LHD, n=7) cerebral hemisphere were compared across tasks requiring quiet balance or body balance recovery following a mechanical perturbation, comparing them to age-matched nondisabled individuals (controls, n=24)...
October 7, 2017: Human Movement Science
Shajicaa Sivakumaran, Alison Schinkel-Ivy, Kei Masani, Avril Mansfield
Increased variability of spatio-temporal features while walking is related to increased risk of falls. It is thought that variability in foot placement and timing reflects responses to mechanical instability while walking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether 'extreme' values of step length, width and time follow transient periods of low mechanical stability during the single support phase of gait in healthy young adults. We conducted secondary analysis of a portion of an existing dataset. Eleven healthy adults walked on an instrumented treadmill...
October 4, 2017: Human Movement Science
Sara M Scharoun, Leah E Robinson, Samuel W Logan, Pamela J Bryden, Sheri J Brock, Mark G Fischman
There has been recent interest in the developmental trajectory of the end-state comfort effect (ESCE) in young children. However, potential sex differences have yet to be examined in the overturned glass task. We examined the ESCE using this task in a large sample (N=232) of typically-developing elementary school children (111 girls, 121 boys) in grades 1-5 (approximately 7-11years old). We sought to determine whether there were similarities or differences in performance between boys and girls. Children picked up an overturned drinking glass from a table, turned the glass upright, and then poured water into it from a measuring cup...
October 3, 2017: Human Movement Science
Osnat Atun-Einy, Lorenzo Tonetti, Michele Boreggiani, Vincenzo Natale, Anat Scher
Motor asymmetry during the first hours of sleep documented in adults found higher activity in the non-dominant limb. The stage of development at which such asymmetries first appear is unknown. Twenty healthy infants were followed from 7 to 12months of age, at 3-week intervals, comparing motor activity of the right and left legs during sleep using twin actigraphs (AMI). Hour-by-hour analysis of the first seven hours of nocturnal sleep found no consistent difference in activity levels between the right and left legs...
September 27, 2017: Human Movement Science
Mariano Serrao, Giorgia Chini, Matteo Bergantino, Diego Sarnari, Carlo Casali, Carmela Conte, Alberto Ranavolo, Christian Marcotulli, Martina Rinaldi, Gianluca Coppola, Fabiano Bini, Francesco Pierelli, Franco Marinozzi
Patients with degenerative neurological diseases such as cerebellar ataxia, spastic paraplegia, and Parkinson's disease often display progressive gait function decline that inexorably impacts their autonomy and quality of life. Therefore, considering the related social and economic costs, one of the most important areas of intervention in neurorehabilitation should be the treatment of gait abnormalities. This study aims to determine whether an entire dataset of gait parameters recorded in patients with degenerative neurological diseases can be clustered into homogeneous groups distinct from each other and from healthy subjects...
September 26, 2017: Human Movement Science
Stephen Canton, Michael J MacLellan
Current research has yet to determine how passive dynamics and active neural control contribute to upper limb swing during human locomotion. The present study aimed to investigate these contributions by restricting pelvis motion during walking, thereby altering the upward energy transfer from the swinging lower limbs. Ten healthy individuals walked freely on a treadmill (CON) and with an apparatus that reduced pelvis motion (PR) at three walking speeds (0.9, 1.3, and 1.8m/s). Spatiotemporal characteristics of limb movement and muscle activation were recorded and analyzed...
September 25, 2017: Human Movement Science
Hyun Kyung Kim, Seyed Ali Mirjalili, Justin Fernandez
The aim of this systematic review was to obtain an improved insight of the present state of knowledge regarding the effect of long-distance running on gait kinetics, kinematics, spatiotemporal and foot plantar pressure. Electronic databases were searched for articles relating to biomechanical modification following long-distance running, published in English between 1990 and 2016. All the studies presenting gait parameters before and after long-distance running were included. A modified Quality Index was used for assessing methodological quality...
September 22, 2017: Human Movement Science
Michihiro Osumi, Satoshi Nobusako, Takuro Zama, Megumi Taniguchi, Sotaro Shimada, Shu Morioka
Altered limb ownership or heaviness has been observed in patients with hemiplegia, chronic pain, and several other conditions. Although these sensations are thought to be caused by sensorimotor incongruence, few studies have systematically verified this relationship. In addition, it remains unclear whether these subjective sensations affect movement execution. In a psychophysical experiment, we systematically investigated the relationships between sensorimotor integration and subjective limb perception, such as sense of ownership/heaviness, and verified the relationship between subjective limb perception and movement execution...
September 21, 2017: Human Movement Science
Marco Hagen, Martin Lemke, Matthias Lahner
Deficits in joint position sense (JPS) and force sense (FS) are two functional insufficiencies contributing to chronic ankle instability (CAI). To date, JPS and FS have been only investigated in the sagittal and transverse movement planes but not in the functional movement plane of the pronators and supinators defined by the axis of the subtalar joint (STJ). The purpose of this study was to investigate subtalar JPS as well as pronator and supinator FS in supinated and pronated joint angle in subjects with CAI...
September 20, 2017: Human Movement Science
E Arriaza-Ardiles, J M Martín-González, M D Zuniga, J Sánchez-Flores, Y de Saa, J M García-Manso
This work presents a methodology for analysing the interactions between players in a football team, from the point of view of graph theory and complex networks. We model the complex network of passing interactions between players of a same team in 32 official matches of the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (Spain), using a passing/reception graph. This methodology allows us to understand the play structure of the team, by analysing the offensive phases of game-play. We utilise two different strategies for characterising the contribution of the players to the team: the clustering coefficient, and centrality metrics (closeness and betweenness)...
September 20, 2017: Human Movement Science
Mehdi R'Kiouak, Jacques Saury, Marc Durand, Jérôme Bourbousson
The present study is a follow-up case report of the study from R'Kiouak and colleagues (2016). From the initial study that analyzed how individual experts rowed together while they never had practiced together, we seized here the opportunity to investigate how both rowers synchronize after having intensively practiced joint action through a national training program in which they were invited to take part. The joint action of 2 individual expert rowers, which composed a coxless pair crew, was tracked on-the-water at the end of a team-training program...
September 19, 2017: Human Movement Science
Monaco Vito, Tropea Peppino, Lucio A Rinaldi, Micera Silvestro
This study aimed at investigating the organization of joint angle variability during walking by using the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) theory. We tested two hypotheses: i. the coordinative mechanism underlying joint angle variance during the stance phase is compatible with a kinematic synergy that stabilizes the centre of mass (CoM) position; ii. the walking speed affects the variance components onto and orthogonal to the UCM. Eight healthy subjects (26.0±2.0years old) steadily walked on a treadmill at five normalised speeds (from 0...
September 19, 2017: Human Movement Science
Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Ludovic Seifert
Previous investigations have shown that inducing meta-stability in behavior can be achieved by overlapping affordances through constraint manipulation, allowing cooperative and competitive tendencies to functionally coexist. The purpose of this paper was to test a number of conditions applying these design principles on performance during skills practice and transfer. Of additional interest, was whether the existing skill level interacted with the environmental properties of the experimental tasks (varying indoor climbing routes)...
September 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
Nasser Rezzoug, Clint Hansen, Philippe Gorce, Brice Isableu
We examined if experts and novices show different utilization of the torque components impulses during dart throwing. Participants threw darts continuously at a dartboard aiming for the centre (target bull's eye). The upper-limb joint torque impulses were obtained through inverse dynamics with anthropometric and motion capture data as input. Depending on the joint degree of freedom (DOF) and movement phase (acceleration and follow-through), three main strategies of net torque (NET) impulse generation through joint muscle (MUS) and interaction (INT) torque impulses were highlighted...
September 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
Daniëlle Bouman, John F Stins
The distance regulation (DR) hypothesis states that actors are inclined to increase their distance from an unpleasant stimulus. The current study investigated the relation between emotion and its effect on the control of backward step initiation, which constitutes an avoidance-like behavior. Participants stepped backward on a force plate in response to neutral, high-arousing pleasant and high-arousing unpleasant visual emotional stimuli. Gait initiation parameters and the results of an exploratory analysis of postural sway were compared across the emotion categories using significance testing and Bayesian statistics...
September 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
Alexander Artiga Gonzalez, Raphael Bertschinger, Fabian Brosda, Thorsten Dahmen, Patrick Thumm, Dietmar Saupe
Measurements of oxygen uptake are central to methods for the assessment of physical fitness and endurance capabilities in athletes. Two important parameters extracted from such data of incremental exercise tests are the maximal oxygen uptake and the critical power. A commonly accepted model of the dynamics of oxygen uptake during exercise at a constant work rate comprises a constant baseline oxygen uptake, an exponential fast component, and another exponential slow component for heavy and severe work rates...
September 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
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