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Neuroepidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621789/temporal-trends-of-stroke-epidemiology-in-southern-sweden-a-population-based-study-on-stroke-incidence-and-early-case-fatality
#1
Joseph Aked, Hossein Delavaran, Bo Norrving, Arne Lindgren
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date epidemiological stroke studies are important for healthcare planning and evaluating prevention strategies. This population-based study investigates temporal trends in stroke incidence and case-fatality in southern Sweden. METHODS: First-ever stroke cases in the local catchment area of Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Sweden, between March, 2015 and February, 2016, were included from several sources, including 2 prospective hospital-based registers, retrospective screening of primary care visits, and autopsy registers...
April 5, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587253/early-and-one-year-outcomes-of-acute-stroke-in-the-industrial-region-of-poland-during-the-decade-2006-2015-the-silesian-stroke-registry
#2
Marek Gierlotka, Beata Labuz-Roszak, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Anetta Lasek-Bal, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Monika Adamczyk-Sowa, Kamil Chwojnicki, Michal Skrzypek, Daniel Ciesla, Mariusz Gasior
BACKGROUND: Poland, classified as a high-income country, is still considered to have a high cardiovascular risk population. During the last decade, the standards of care in acute stroke (AS) had markedly improved; thus, we aimed to assess whether and how it translated into early and late outcomes. METHODS: Silesian Stroke Registry was created from the administrative database of the public, obligatory, health -insurer in Poland. The AS cases were selected based on primary diagnosis coded in ICD-10 as I60-I64 for years 2006-2015 (n = 120,844)...
March 27, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587267/distance-from-home-to-research-center-a-barrier-to-in-person-visits-but-not-treatment-adherence-in-a-stroke-trial
#3
Enrique C Leira, Catherine M Viscoli, Linnea A Polgreen, Mark Gorman, Walter N Kernan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical trials often seek to enroll patients from both urban and rural areas to safeguard the generalizability of results. However, maintaining contact with patients who live away from a recruitment site, including rural areas, can be challenging. In this research we examine the effect of distance between patient and study centers on treatment adherence and retention. METHODS: Secondary analysis of 2,466 participants in the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke trial who were enrolled from research sites in the United States...
March 23, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566384/parkinson-s-disease-melanoma-and-keratinocyte-carcinoma-a-population-based-study
#4
Sharon Lerman, Boaz Amichai, Gabriel Weinstein, Varda Shalev, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: The association between Parkinson's disease (PD) and melanoma is well recognized, but its relationship with non-melanoma skin cancers has not been studied in depth. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between PD, and risk of melanoma and keratinocyte carcinoma: squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). METHODS: This historical cohort study used the data of 1.2 million adult members of a large health organization between 2000 and 2015...
March 22, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566380/resting-heart-rate-is-not-associated-with-cognitive-function
#5
Mette Wod, Magnus Thorsten Jensen, Søren Galatius, Jacob B Hjelmborg, Gorm B Jensen, Kaare Christensen
AIMS: In order to examine the hypothesis that elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with impaired cognitive score, we investigated the relationship between RHR and cognitive score in middle-aged, elderly and old Danish subjects from the general population. METHODS: Composite cognitive scores derived from the result of 5 age-sensitive cognitive tests for a total of 7,002 individuals (Middle-aged Danish twin: n = 4,132, elderly Danish twins: n = 2,104 and Danish nonagenarian: n = 766) divided according to RHR and compared using linear regression models adjusted for sex, age, previous heart conditions and hypertension...
March 22, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558746/epidemiology-of-myasthenia-gravis-in-slovakia-in-the-years-1977-2015
#6
Ivan Martinka, Miriam Fulova, Margita Spalekova, Peter Spalek
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to evaluate changes of epidemiological parameters in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) in Slovakia during the period 1977-2015. METHODS: Data from medical records of MG patients registered in Slovakia were analyzed. Epidemiological rates (incidence, prevalence, mortality) were assessed for several periods to identify changes and drifts over the period of study. RESULTS: Out of 2,074 patients, 892 were males (43...
March 20, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550815/incidence-and-risk-profile-of-dementia-in-the-regions-of-middle-east-and-north-africa
#7
Devender Bhalla, Elham Lotfalinezhad, Fatemah Amini, Mohsen Salmannejad, Vahid Reza Borhani Nezhad, Seyedeh Fatemeh Rezai Kooshalshah, Ahmed Delbari, Reza Fadayevatan, I Irmansyah, Abdalla Abdelrahman, Nanda Kumar Bhatta, Kurosh Gharagozli
BACKGROUND: The risk of dementia is reported as "epidemic" and "looming" over the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. For this, we performed a multi-language review and feasible analysis on the incidence of dementia to offer apt conclusions. METHODS: Totally, 3 databases (Magiran, Scientific Information Database, and PubMed) and 1 non-database source (Google) were searched in French, English, and Persian by using specific keywords and their combinations...
March 14, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529609/risk-factors-and-clinical-impact-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-analysis-from-the-china-national-stroke-registry
#8
Wanying Duan, Yuesong Pan, Chunjuan Wang, Yilong Wang, Xingquan Zhao, Yongjun Wang, Liping Liu
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. While it is important to detect early signs of DCI, patients with high risk of DCI are difficult to identify, and the potential risk factors are uncertain. This study aimed to identify independent risk factors of DCI and clarify their clinical impact on outcome and the disease course. METHODS: For this nationwide, multicenter, prospective clinical study involving consecutive patients with aSAH recruited from the China National Stroke Registry, demographic, clinical, radiological, and laboratorial data during hospitalisation, in-hospital complications, functional outcomes, and mortality at 3, 6, and 12 months were recorded...
March 12, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514168/place-of-residence-and-cognitive-function-among-the-adult-population-in-india
#9
Hanzhang Xu, Truls Ostbye, Allison A Vorderstrasse, Matthew E Dupre, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: The place of residence has been linked to cognitive function among adults in developed countries. This study examined how urban and rural residence was associated with cognitive function among adults in India. METHODS: The World Health Organization Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health data was used to examine cognition among 6,244 community-residing adults age 50+ in 6 states in India. Residential status was categorized as urban, rural, urban-to-urban, rural-to-urban, rural-to-rural, and urban-to-rural...
March 7, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502114/the-prevalence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-rome-a-capture-recapture-analysis
#10
Alessio Farcomeni, Antonio Cortese, Eleonora Sgarlata, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Gerolama Alessandra Marfia, Fabio Buttari, Massimiliano Mirabella, Chiara De Fino, Luca Prosperini, Carlo Pozzilli, Maria Grazia Grasso, Luigi Iasevoli, Giancarlo Di Battista, Enrico Millefiorini
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in central Italy. The objective of this study is to estimate MS prevalence in the metropolitan area of Rome. METHODS: We used the capture-recapture method to calculate prevalence estimates in the study area. The selected prevalence day was December 31, 2015. A total of 1,007 patients, with a definite diagnosis of MS according to the revised McDonald's criteria, were considered for crude, age- and sex-specific prevalence estimation...
March 2, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471298/abstracts-of-the-15th-italian-congress-of-neuroepidemiology
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421788/analysis-of-hospital-charges-of-inpatients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-beijing-china-2012-2015
#12
Dehui Kong, Xiaole Liu, Hui Lian, Xiaoyi Zhao, Yakun Zhao, Qun Xu, Bin Peng, Haitao Wang, Quan Fang, Shuyang Zhang, Kangan Cheng, Xiaofeng Jin, Zhongjie Fan
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to analyze the hospital charges of the inpatients with acute ischemic stroke in Beijing and determine the factors associated with hospital costs. METHODS: Medical records of hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of ischemic stroke according to International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision codes were collected from 121 hospitals in Beijing from March 1, 2012, to February 28, 2015. Distribution characteristics of hospital charges for different hospital levels (level 2 hospitals and level 3 hospitals) and types (Western medicine hospitals and Chinese medicine hospitals) were studied...
February 8, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393231/increasing-burden-of-stroke-the-dijon-stroke-registry-1987-2012
#13
Julien Guéniat, Céline Brenière, Mathilde Graber, Lucie Garnier, Sophie Mohr, Marie Giroud, Benoit Delpont, Christelle Blanc-Labarre, Jérôme Durier, Maurice Giroud, Yannick Béjot
BACKGROUND: We aimed to provide a representation of the global burden of stroke. METHODS: All cases of stroke were prospectively identified through the population-based registry of Dijon, France (1987-2012). Attack rates and mortality rates (defined as stroke leading to death within 30 days) were standardized to the European standard. Sex differences and temporal trends were evaluated by calculating rate ratios (RRs). RESULTS: In all, 5,285 stroke cases (52...
February 1, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393220/population-based-cohort-study-on-dementia-risk-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Chia-Lun Kuo, Chin-Li Lu, Ya-Hui Chang, Chung-Yi Li
BACKGROUND: The risk of dementia increases by 15-28% in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). However, studies on dementia risk in type 1 DM have been neither comprehensive nor conclusive. METHODS: We carried out a cohort study involving 1,077 patients registered to have type 1 DM from 1998 to 2009 and 32,310 matched non-DM controls who were selected from Taiwan National Health Insurance Claims. These participants were followed up from their first clinical appearance for type 1 DM treatment in 1998-2009 to the date of dementia diagnosis or the last day of 2011...
February 1, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339654/comparative-burden-of-subclinical-tremor-in-a-cohort-of-normal-individuals-stratified-by-familial-risk-for-essential-tremor
#15
Elan D Louis, James H Meyers, Olufunmilayo M Badejo, Ashley D Cristal, Ruby Hickman, Pam Factor-Litvak
BACKGROUND: The burden of mild (i.e., subclinical) tremor within essential tremor (ET) families is not fully understood. We assessed the burden of mild tremor in a cohort of 287 adults, none of whom reported tremor or were diagnosed with ET. METHODS: We recruited adults in 2 groups based on the familial risk for ET: 244 high-risk individuals (i.e., reporting one or more first-degree relative with ET) and 43 low-risk individuals (i.e., reporting no relatives with ET)...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339633/multiple-sclerosis-mortality-by-race-ethnicity-age-sex-and-time-period-in-the-united-states-1999-2015
#16
Lilyana Amezcua, Erica Rivas, Sarah Joseph, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) carries high morbidity and shortens life span. While there is recent recognition of other US minority populations such as blacks and Hispanics being affected with MS, examination of MS-specific mortality trends by race/ethnicity has been lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate MS mortality rates and trends in the United States by sex, age, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: We used the Compressed Mortality data file for 1999-2015 in the Wide-ranging online Data for Epidemiological Research system developed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to calculate the age-adjusted (US 2000 standard population) and age-specific MS mortality rate (per 100,000) by race/ethnicity and sex over time...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324454/using-the-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-the-incidence-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-beijing-china
#17
Shenghan Zhou, Silin Qian, Xiaohan Li, Liping Zheng, Wenbing Chang, Liping Wang
BACKGROUND: To assess the total, gender-related and ageing process-related incidence rates of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Beijing, China. Determine whether the decreased male to female ratio among postmenopausal age groups. METHODS: We used the 2-source capture-recapture method to estimate the incidence of ALS in Beijing. The primary and secondary data sources were from diagnostic hospitals and assisted care institutions in the same area from 2010 to 2015...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324452/adjudication-of-transient-ischemic-attack-and-stroke-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#18
W T Longstreth, Natalie C Gasca, Rebecca F Gottesman, John B Pearce, Ralph L Sacco
BACKGROUND: To describe adjudication of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke in an observational study. METHODS: We detail the process used to adjudicate TIA and stroke in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a large longitudinal cohort study. Two of three vascular neurologists adjudicated each event using specific protocols. We examined the initial agreement, effect of imaging on diagnosis of TIA versus ischemic stroke, and effect of strict and less strict criteria on the number of ischemic stroke subtypes classified as undetermined...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320778/five-year-recurrence-rate-and-the-predictors-following-stroke-in-the-mashhad-stroke-incidence-study-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-in-the-middle-east
#19
Maryam Salehi, Amin Amiri, Amanda G Thrift, Moira K Kapral, Luciano Sposato, Réza Behrouz, Jiming Fang, Ali Shoeibi, Peyman Hashemi, Mohammad Taghi Farzadfard, Naghmeh Mokhber, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the risk of recurrent stroke in low- and middle-income countries. This study was designed to identify the long-term risk of stroke recurrence and its associated factors. METHODS: From November 21, 2006 for a period of 1 year, 624 patients with first-ever stroke (FES) were registered from the residents of 3 neighborhoods in Mashhad, Iran. Patients were followed up for the next 5 years after the index event for any stroke recurrence or death...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275411/comorbid-conditions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-study-of-statewide-parkinson-s-disease-registry
#20
Kerui Xu, Nada Alnaji, Jing Zhao, John M Bertoni, Li-Wu Chen, Danish Bhatti, Ming Qu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In 1996, Nebraska became the first state in the United States to establish a Parkinson's disease (PD) Registry. The objectives of this study were to determine the most common comorbid conditions among PD patients receiving inpatient and outpatient services in Nebraska between 2004 and 2012, and to examine whether PD patients had increased risks of these conditions. METHODS: Statewide linkage was performed between Nebraska PD Registry data and hospital discharge database...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
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