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Fernando Góngora-Rivera, Alejandro González-Aquines, Walter Muruet, Silvia Barrera-Barrera, Humberto Leal-Bailey, Meztli A Espinosa-Ortega, Angelina Patrón-de Treviño, Luis A Jacobo-Saucedo, Hector J Villarreal-Velazquez, Walter Garcia-Ortiz, Yesica Y Saucedo-Ostos, Adolfo C Cordero-Perez, Beatriz Eugenia Chavez-Luevanos
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of disability and death in Mexico. Poor ability to identify signs and symptoms of ischemic stroke leads to longer hospital arrival times and precludes prompt treatment. The knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs in rural population is scarce. Since 2010, Stroke Education Campaigns are performed with a community-based approach. The aim of this study was to assess and compare stroke knowledge in rural and urban communities. METHODS: During World Stroke Campaign, a standardized questionnaire to assess knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs was applied in urban and non-urban communities of Nuevo Leon, Mexico...
October 5, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Ettore Beghi, Giorgia Giussani
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder affecting all ages but with a peak in the elderly. The association of epilepsy with age can be explained by the predominance of brain diseases with epileptogenic potential (mostly stroke and dementia) and by the effects of the aging process through a number of molecular mechanisms involving networks of neurons with focal or diffuse distribution. SUMMARY: The prevalence of active epilepsy is 6.4 per 1,000 and the lifetime prevalence is 7...
September 25, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Peter Franzke, Andreas Bitsch, Mario Walther, Rene Schiffner, Sven Rupprecht, Marius Rasche, Gerd Fabian Volk, Otto W Witte, Peter Schlattmann, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Georg Hagemann, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
BACKGROUND: To evaluate if weather or changes in weather are risk factors for Bell's palsy (BP) as exposure to draught of cold air has been popularly associated with the occurrence of BP. METHODS: Using a multicenter hospital-based case-crossover study, we analyzed the association between ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, relative air humidity or their 24 h changes and the risk for BP in 825 patients or subgroups. RESULTS: One day following a 24 h increase in atmospheric pressure of more than 6 hPa, the risk for BP increased by 35% (OR 1...
September 11, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Mónica Inês, Teresa Coelho, Isabel Conceição, Filipa Duarte-Ramos, Mamede de Carvalho, João Costa
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a rare, hereditary, progressive and neurodegenerative disease. We aimed to study -TTR-FAP epidemiology in Portugal. METHODS: National, observational, prospective and retrospective, case identification of adults with TTR-FAP. Countrywide patient multiple identification sources included reference centers registries and centralized medical electronic prescription database. Crude rates were reported per 100,000 adult inhabitants...
August 28, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Andreea M Slatculescu, Yue Chen
BACKGROUND: Migraines affect women more than men and originate from interactions of genetic and environmental factors. This study assessed the prevalence of migraines in Ontario, Canada and the effect of gender and stress on migraines. METHODS: Our analysis was based on data from 42,282 persons 12 years or older who participated in the 2013-2014 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate log-binomial model was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios for migraines associated with individual and joint exposures of female gender and stress...
August 28, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Abdul Rehman Qureshi, Abdul Qayyum Rana, Suleiman H Malik, Syed Fayyaz H Rizvi, Shakib Akhter, Christopher Vannabouathong, Zainab Sarfraz, Ruqqiyah Rana
Pain in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating symptom with a prevalence of 68%, yet is untreated 50% of the time. What is unclear, however, is which treatment is optimal for minimizing pain severity in PD. Thus, the objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of a variety of novel, complimentary, and conventional treatments for pain in PD and elucidate which therapy is the most effective. A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and CENTRAL databases...
August 28, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Md Mohaimenul Islam, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Bruno Andreas Walther, Hsuan-Chia Yang, Ming-Chin Lin, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most common pain relief medications, but the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in patients taking these medications is unclear. In this study, our aim was to systematically review, synthesize, and critique the epidemiological studies that evaluate the association between NSAIDs and hemorrhagic stroke risk. We therefore assessed the current state of knowledge, filling the gaps in our existing concern, and make a recommendation for future research...
August 28, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Enrico Granieri, Giulia De Mattia, Michele Laudisi, Vittorio Govoni, Massimiliano Castellazzi, Luisa Caniatti, Eleonora Baldi, Elisabetta Groppo, Maura Pugliatti, Ilaria Casetta
BACKGROUND: To assess a longitudinal follow-up of the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) through 4 decades in the province of Ferrara, northern Italy, and reappraise the current rates on December 31, 2016. METHODS: We conducted a community-based intensive prevalence study, by adopting a complete enumeration approach. MS cases were identified from administrative health data and medical records from the Units of Neurology and Motor Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, from other provincial neurological structures and from archives of the National Pension Institute and National Health Insurance scheme of the study area...
August 21, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Andrea L C Schneider, Di Zhao, Pamela L Lutsey, Rebecca F Gottesman, A Richey Sharrett, Andreea M Rawlings, Alvaro Alonso, David Knopman, Thomas H Mosley, Elizabeth Selvin, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations have been associated with cognitive decline and incident dementia in elderly populations; however, these relationships are susceptible to reverse causation. Less is known about the association of midlife 25(OH)D with long-term cognitive decline. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 13,044 participants (mean age 57 years at baseline) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. 25(OH)D was measured from serum collected at baseline (1990-1992) using liquid chromatography tandem high-sensitivity mass spectrometry...
August 9, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Hebun Erdur, Stefanie Ernst, Michael Ahmadi, Andreas E Albers, Frank Marzinzik, Rajan Somasundaram, Heinrich J Audebert, Joachim E Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Wei Liu, Yanan Wu, Lingling Bai, Jingxian Ni, Jun Tu, Jie Liu, Quanjun Deng, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
BACKGROUND: At the global level, dementia is the leading cause of dependence and disability among the elderly. Although the preponderant prevalence in women has been identified, the sex differences in risk factors were unclear. We aimed to evaluate the sex differences in the prevalence of nonvascular cognitive impairment and the risk factors among the elderly in rural China screened with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015, a population-based cross-section study was conducted to collect basic information among the elderly aged 60 years and over...
August 9, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Lorene M Nelson, Barbara Topol, Wendy Kaye, David Williamson, D Kevin Horton, Paul Mehta, Todd Wagner
BACKGROUND: National administrative healthcare data may be used as a case-finding method for prevalence studies of chronic disease in the United States, but the completeness of ascertainment likely varies depending on the disease under study. METHODS: We used 3 case-finding sources (Medicare, Medicaid, and Veterans Administration data) to estimate the prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the United States for 2002-2004, and applied the capture-recapture methodology to estimate the degree of under-ascertainment when relying solely on these sources for case identification...
August 9, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Abhay Venkat, Cecilia Cappelen-Smith, Shabeel Askar, Peter R Thomas, Sonu Bhaskar, Amanda Tam, Alan J McDougall, Suzanne J Hodgkinson, Dennis J Cordato
BACKGROUND: Failure to recognise acute stroke may result in worse outcomes due to missed opportunity for acute stroke therapies. Our study examines factors associated with stroke misdiagnosis in patients admitted to a large comprehensive stroke centre. METHODS: Retrospective review comparing 156 consecutive stroke patients misdiagnosed in emergency department (ED) with 156 randomly selected stroke controls matched for age, gender, language spoken and stroke subtype for the period 2014-2016...
August 9, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Valery L Feigin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Xuejun Yin, Lieyu Huang, Xiaowei Man, Yan Jiang, Xuan Zhao, Liying Zhao, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Stroke has been the leading cause of death in China and contributed almost one-third to stroke deaths worldwide. The rising cost of stroke treatment is of great concern, but has not been thoroughly studied. This study aimed to analyze stroke in-hospital charges by subtypes, age, and sex and investigate potential factors associated with the cost of per stay. METHODS: The research was a retrospective observational study based on patients with a primary diagnosis of stroke from 31 hospitals in Beijing...
August 8, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Rasha Khatib, Yurany A Arevalo, Mark A Berendsen, Shyam Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
AIMS: We performed a systematic review to evaluate stroke presentation, evaluation, management, and outcomes among studies conducted in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), and the Global Health (EBSCOhost) databases between January 2005 and June 2017 for studies conducted in LMICs defined by the World Bank. We pooled prevalence estimates using an inverse-variance weighting method and stratified by the country income group...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Theodore C Larson, Wendy Kaye, Paul Mehta, D Kevin Horton
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Disease, 10th Revision (ICD-10) did not include a code specific for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) until 2017. Instead, code G12.2 included both ALS and other motor neuron diseases (MND). Our objective was to determine US mortality rates for ALS exclusively by excluding other MND and progressive supranuclear palsy. METHODS: All mortality data coded as G12.2 under the pre-2017 rubric were obtained for 2011-2014...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Aida Adlimoghaddam, Banibrata Roy, Benedict C Albensi
Dementia is a growing public health concern in Canada. This epidemic is linked to huge human and economic costs. The number of Manitobans (65+) with dementia in 2045 (47,021), representing 2.58% of the Manitoban population, will be 2.3 times that of the year 2015 (20,235). The number of cases of dementia in Manitoba grew by 20.7% from 2015 to 2025, 68.16% from 2015 to 2035 and at an alarming rate of 125% from 2015 to 2045. Importantly, the total economic burden of dementia in Manitoba is close to one billion USD and is expected to grow more than 28 billion USD during the year 2038...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Manuela Chiavarini, Giulia Naldini, Roberto Fabiani
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiological studies have investigated the effect of maternal diet and prenatal multivitamin supplementation on pediatric cancer risk. Childhood brain and spinal cord tumors (CBSCT) have been attributed to different possible risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on maternal folate intake before and during pregnancy and the risk of CBSCT. We systematically reviewed publications obtained by searching the Insitute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge and PubMed literature databases...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
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