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Zhen Liu, Ting-Ting Zhang, Jie Yu, Ying-Li Liu, Su-Fen Qi, Jing-Jing Zhao, Dian-Wu Liu, Qing-Bao Tian
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several epidemiological studies have reported the association between obesity and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A literature search of the observational studies, published as original articles in English before December 2015, was performed using electronic databases. RESULTS: Five observational studies were included, of which 3 were case-control studies and 2 were cohort studies. The pooled relative risk (RR) for overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence compared with normal weight (body mass index = 18...
October 11, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Darwin R Labarthe, George Howard, Monika M Safford, Virginia J Howard, Suzanne E Judd, Mary Cushman, Brett M Kissela
BACKGROUND: Is the high stroke mortality in the Southeastern parts of the United States driven by differences in stroke incidence or case-fatality? This question remains unanswered. Differences in incidence would underscore the need for stroke prevention, while differences in case fatality would call for improved stroke care. METHODS: Quartiles of US counties were defined by stroke mortality, and this gradient was related with stroke incidence and stroke case fatality in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, where 1,317 incident stroke events (of which 242 were fatal) occurred among 29,650 participants...
September 15, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Marco Cicciù
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chin-Bin Yeh, Ren-Yeong Huang, Da-Yo Yuh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Wu-Chien Chien
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis and gingivitis are associated with various diseases; however, their impact on dementia is yet to be elucidated. This study is aimed at investigating the association between chronic periodontitis and gingivitis, and the risk of developing dementia. METHODS: A total of 2,207 patients, with newly diagnosed chronic periodontitis and gingivitis between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000, were selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, along with 6,621 controls matched for sex and age...
September 13, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Clara Weil, Neta Zach, Shay Rishoni, Varda Shalev, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Globally, the annual incidence and prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are estimated at 1.9 and 4.5 per 100,000 population, respectively. This study is aimed at describing the epidemiology of ALS in Israel in a real-world setting. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using the databases of Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), a 2-million-member health maintenance organization in Israel. The study included all MHS adults diagnosed with ALS between 1997 and 2013...
September 13, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Astrid M Suchy-Dicey, Dean Shibata, Lyle G Best, Steven P Verney, William T Longstreth, Elisa T Lee, Peter M Okin, Richard Devereux, Marcia O'Leary, Tauqeer Ali, Paul N Jensen, Clemma Muller, Lonnie A Nelson, Everett Rhoades, Tara Madhyastha, Thomas J Grabowski, Norman Beauchamp, Jason G Umans, Dedra Buchwald
The Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in American Indians (CDCAI) Study recruited surviving members of a 20-year, longitudinal, population-based cohort of American Indians focused on cardiovascular disease, its risk factors, and its consequences. The goal of the CDCAI Study is to characterize the burden, risk factors, and manifestations of vascular brain injury identified on cranial MRI. The CDCAI Study investigators enrolled 1,033 participants aged 60 and older from 11 American Indian communities and tribes in the Northern Plains, Southern Plains, and Southwestern United States...
September 8, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
Fabrizio D''Ovidio, Angelo d''Errico, Elena Farina, Andrea Calvo, Giuseppe Costa, Adriano Chiò
BACKGROUND: An increased frequency of psychotic disorders in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) families compared to controls has been reported. Aim of our study was to assess the relationship between nervous system drugs prescriptions and subsequent onset of ALS in a large Italian population. METHODS: The study population consisted of all subjects over 15 years at the 2001 Italian census, resident in Turin since 1996 (n = 687,324), followed up for ALS occurrence from 2002 to 2014...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Wesley T O''Neal, Hooman Kamel, Dawn Kleindorfer, Suzanne E Judd, George Howard, Virginia J Howard, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown if premature atrial contractions (PACs) detected on the routine screening electrocardiogram are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: We examined the association between PACs and ischemic stroke in 22,975 (mean age 64 ± 9.2; 56% women; 40% black) participants from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. Participants who were free of stroke at baseline were included. PACs were detected from centrally read electrocardiograms at baseline...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Suzanne Barker-Collo, Alice Theadom, Kelly Jones, Valery L Feigin, Michael Kahan
BACKGROUND: Use of International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in healthcare administrative databases may underestimate the epidemiology of TBI. The present study examined the use of ICD-10 codes in a population-based New Zealand sample. METHODS: TBI related ICD-codes within the New Zealand health database were examined for all incident cases from a population-based TBI sample (n = 1,369). Impact of age, gender, ethnicity, presence/absence of skull fracture, where the case was located (i...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Elisabetta Pupillo, Claudio Cricelli, Francesco Mazzoleni, Iacopo Cricelli, Alessandro Pasqua, Serena Pecchioli, Francesco Lapi, Ettore Beghi
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on prevalence, incidence and comorbidities of Parkinson's disease (PD) in the Italian population. METHODS: The database of 700 Italian general practitioners (population, 923,356) was investigated. All patients with International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision - Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis of PD during the period 2002-2012 were included. Parkinsonisms were excluded. Clinical conditions preceding PD were identified through ICD-9-CM codes...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Sara Llamas-Velasco, Fernando Sierra-Hidalgo, Lucia Llorente-Ayuso, Alejandro Herrero-San Martín, Alberto Villarejo Galende, Félix Bermejo Pareja
BACKGROUND: To assess the diagnostic agreement of cognitive status (dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), normal cognition) among neurologists in the field of neurological disorders in Central Spain 2 study. METHODS: Full medical histories of 30 individuals were provided to 27 neurologists: 9 seniors, 10 juniors and 8 residents. For each case, we were asked to assign a diagnosis of dementia, MCI or normal cognition using the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association workgroup (NIA-AA) core clinical criteria for all-cause dementia, Winblad et al...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Maryam Behrooz, Bahram Rashidkhani
BACKGROUND: Diet and inflammation have been suggested to be important risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the ability of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) to predict MS in a case-control study conducted in Iran. METHODS: This study included 68 MS cases and 140 controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed by a previously validated food frequency questionnaire...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Alborz Tavosian, Jakob O Ström, Peter Appelros
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke incidence may be on the decline in high-income countries. There may have been a shift from severe forms of cerebrovascular disease to less severe forms. No study regarding transient ischemic attack (TIA) incidence has been performed in Sweden since the 1980s. METHODS: We used 2011 and 2012 data from the Swedish stroke register. A large proportion of Sweden's 72 hospitals took part in the TIA register, meaning that 63 (2011) and 66 (2012) percent of the entire population were studied...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Julián Benito-León
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Sherif Y Shalaby, Elan D Louis
BACKGROUND: Statins have potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating effects, and may have neuroprotective properties in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). There are no studies about the use of statins in the related tremor disorder, essential tremor (ET). We determined whether statin use differed in ET cases vs. controls and PD cases vs. METHODS: One hundred and thirty nine ET cases, 108 PD cases, and 124 controls participated in a research study of the epidemiology of movement disorders...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Gordon W Fuller, Jeanine Ransom, Jay Mandrekar, Allen W Brown
BACKGROUND: Long-term mortality may be increased following traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the degree to which survival could be reduced is unknown. We aimed at modelling life expectancy following post-acute TBI to provide predictions of longevity and quantify differences in survivorship with the general population. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study using data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) was performed. A random sample of patients from Olmsted County, Minnesota with a confirmed TBI between 1987 and 2000 was identified and vital status determined in 2013...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Giancarlo Logroscino, Francesco Panza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Lauren Hirsch, Nathalie Jette, Alexandra Frolkis, Thomas Steeves, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder. Epidemiological studies on the incidence of PD are important to better understand the risk factors for PD and determine the condition's natural history. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis examine the incidence of PD and its variation by age and gender. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for epidemiologic studies of PD from 2001 to 2014, as a previously published systematic review included studies published until 2001...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Shang-Te Wu, Ching-Ju Chiu
BACKGROUND: To examine age-related trajectories of memory function associated with hearing status and to explore potential confounding by sociodemographic, physiological, and behavioral factors in that link. METHODS: A national representative sample of Taiwanese adults ≥50 years with and without hearing impairment in 1996 (n = 4,707) were interviewed every 3-4 years until 2007. Cross-sectional and prospective associations between hearing impairment and memory function were determined using multilevel modeling...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Neuroepidemiology
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