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Arttu Kurtelius, Mitja I Kurki, Mikael von Und Zu Fraunberg, Nelli Väntti, Satu Kotikoski, Heidi Nurmonen, Timo Koivisto, Juha E Jääskeläinen, Antti E Lindgren
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To study the penetrance of saccular intracranial aneurysm (IA) disease in children when both parents carry the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Kuopio IA Patient and Family Database includes all 4,411 IA patients admitted to the Kuopio University Hospital from its defined Eastern Finnish catchment population since 1980. We fused IA database with hospital diagnoses for IA patients and their 46,021 relatives from a national registry to identify couples concordant for IA disease...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Alexis A Lizarraga, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
BACKGROUND: Consistent evidence regarding the potential role of medical history in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiology is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The association of medical history variables, that is, head injury and 9 autoimmune diseases with MS onset was investigated. METHODS: This was a population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1,057 general population controls (August 7, 2013 - February 17, 2015). Multiple logistic regression models were used for estimating the adjusted ORs...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
María Encarnación Andreu-Reinón, Diana Gavrila, María Dolores Chirlaque, Sandra M Colorado-Yohar, Pilar Amiano, Eva Ardanaz, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Carmen Navarro, José María Huerta
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies generally focus on a particular disease, although they offer the possibility of evaluating different outcomes with minimal additional investment. The objective of this study was to describe the methodology used to assess dementia in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Murcia study. METHODS: The EPIC-Murcia cohort consists of 8,515 healthy participants (68% women, aged 30-70 years), recruited between 1992 and 1996 and followed up for over 20 years...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Ying Zhang, Yalin Guan, Zhihong Shi, Wei Yue, Shuai Liu, Shuling Liu, Hui Lu, Lei Zhao, Yajing Zhang, Wenhua Su, Yong Ji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The burden of dementia among women in China, especially among women from rural areas, has increased due to their longevity and lower education levels compared with that among men. Thus, we aimed to assess sex differences in the prevalence of cognitive impairment and its relevant determinants among rural residents in North China. METHODS: Adults aged 60 years and older with cognitive impairment no dementia (CIND) were recruited to this study. Demographic characteristics, traditional risk factors, and lifestyle characteristics were obtained and analyzed on the basis of sex...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Samaneh Mansouri, Farid Zayeri
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) burden of disease has been described by reporting the disability-adjusted life years (DALY) index. So far, no study has assessed the trend of MS DALY rates over time. METHOD: Age-standardized MS DALY rates for both sexes were reported every 5 years from 1990 to 2015 in 195 countries in the Global Burden of Disease Database (GBD) database. To assess the MS DALY rates' trends in each super region and throughout the world, we applied the Latent Growth Models...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Lindsay C Kobayashi, Farrah J Mateen, Livia Montana, Ryan G Wagner, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, Lisa F Berkman
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment, and the sociodemographic and comorbid predictors of cognitive function among older, rural South African adults. METHODS: Data were from a population-based study of 5,059 adults aged ≥40 years in rural South Africa in 2015. Cognitive impairment was defined as scoring ≤1.5 SDs below the mean composite time orientation and memory score, or requiring a proxy interview with "fair" or "poor" proxy-reported memory...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Francesca Grassivaro, Marco Puthenparampil, Marta Pengo, Martina Saiani, Martina Venturini, Erica Stropparo, Paola Perini, Francesca Rinaldi, Nicoletta Freddi, Morena Cadaldini, Luisella Colledan, Maria Grazia Piccinno, Elisabetta Pedrazzoli, Paolo Gallo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies, dating back to the 1960s disclosed a progressive increase in multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and prevalence in the Province of Padua. To further analyze whether this trend is the effect of the improved diagnostic procedures or is primarily related to a real increase risk of MS, we analyzed MS incidence and prevalence of the 5-year period 2011-2015. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of MS or clinically isolated syndrome highly suggestive of MS were included in the study...
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Karen Gail Raphael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Valery L Feigin, Theo Vos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
Fernando Góngora-Rivera, Alejandro González-Aquines, Walter Muruet, Silvia Barrera-Barrera, Humberto Leal-Bailey, Meztli A Espinosa-Ortega, Angelina Patrón-de Treviño, Luis A Jacobo-Saucedo, Hector J Villarreal-Velazquez, Walter Garcia-Ortiz, Yesica Y Saucedo-Ostos, Adolfo C Cordero-Perez, Beatriz Eugenia Chavez-Luevanos
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of disability and death in Mexico. Poor ability to identify signs and symptoms of ischemic stroke leads to longer hospital arrival times and precludes prompt treatment. The knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs in rural population is scarce. Since 2010, Stroke Education Campaigns are performed with a community-based approach. The aim of this study was to assess and compare stroke knowledge in rural and urban communities. METHODS: During World Stroke Campaign, a standardized questionnaire to assess knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs was applied in urban and non-urban communities of Nuevo Leon, Mexico...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Ettore Beghi, Giorgia Giussani
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder affecting all ages but with a peak in the elderly. The association of epilepsy with age can be explained by the predominance of brain diseases with epileptogenic potential (mostly stroke and dementia) and by the effects of the aging process through a number of molecular mechanisms involving networks of neurons with focal or diffuse distribution. SUMMARY: The prevalence of active epilepsy is 6.4 per 1,000 and the lifetime prevalence is 7...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Peter Franzke, Andreas Bitsch, Mario Walther, Rene Schiffner, Sven Rupprecht, Marius Rasche, Gerd Fabian Volk, Otto W Witte, Peter Schlattmann, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Georg Hagemann, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
BACKGROUND: To evaluate if weather or changes in weather are risk factors for Bell's palsy (BP) as exposure to draught of cold air has been popularly associated with the occurrence of BP. METHODS: Using a multicenter hospital-based case-crossover study, we analyzed the association between ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, relative air humidity or their 24 h changes and the risk for BP in 825 patients or subgroups. RESULTS: One day following a 24 h increase in atmospheric pressure of more than 6 hPa, the risk for BP increased by 35% (OR 1...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Mónica Inês, Teresa Coelho, Isabel Conceição, Filipa Duarte-Ramos, Mamede de Carvalho, João Costa
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a rare, hereditary, progressive and neurodegenerative disease. We aimed to study -TTR-FAP epidemiology in Portugal. METHODS: National, observational, prospective and retrospective, case identification of adults with TTR-FAP. Countrywide patient multiple identification sources included reference centers registries and centralized medical electronic prescription database. Crude rates were reported per 100,000 adult inhabitants...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Andreea M Slatculescu, Yue Chen
BACKGROUND: Migraines affect women more than men and originate from interactions of genetic and environmental factors. This study assessed the prevalence of migraines in Ontario, Canada and the effect of gender and stress on migraines. METHODS: Our analysis was based on data from 42,282 persons 12 years or older who participated in the 2013-2014 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate log-binomial model was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios for migraines associated with individual and joint exposures of female gender and stress...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Abdul Rehman Qureshi, Abdul Qayyum Rana, Suleiman H Malik, Syed Fayyaz H Rizvi, Shakib Akhter, Christopher Vannabouathong, Zainab Sarfraz, Ruqqiyah Rana
Pain in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating symptom with a prevalence of 68%, yet is untreated 50% of the time. What is unclear, however, is which treatment is optimal for minimizing pain severity in PD. Thus, the objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of a variety of novel, complimentary, and conventional treatments for pain in PD and elucidate which therapy is the most effective. A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and CENTRAL databases...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Md Mohaimenul Islam, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Bruno Andreas Walther, Hsuan-Chia Yang, Ming-Chin Lin, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most common pain relief medications, but the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in patients taking these medications is unclear. In this study, our aim was to systematically review, synthesize, and critique the epidemiological studies that evaluate the association between NSAIDs and hemorrhagic stroke risk. We therefore assessed the current state of knowledge, filling the gaps in our existing concern, and make a recommendation for future research...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Enrico Granieri, Giulia De Mattia, Michele Laudisi, Vittorio Govoni, Massimiliano Castellazzi, Luisa Caniatti, Eleonora Baldi, Elisabetta Groppo, Maura Pugliatti, Ilaria Casetta
BACKGROUND: To assess a longitudinal follow-up of the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) through 4 decades in the province of Ferrara, northern Italy, and reappraise the current rates on December 31, 2016. METHODS: We conducted a community-based intensive prevalence study, by adopting a complete enumeration approach. MS cases were identified from administrative health data and medical records from the Units of Neurology and Motor Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, from other provincial neurological structures and from archives of the National Pension Institute and National Health Insurance scheme of the study area...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
Andrea L C Schneider, Di Zhao, Pamela L Lutsey, Rebecca F Gottesman, A Richey Sharrett, Andreea M Rawlings, Alvaro Alonso, David Knopman, Thomas H Mosley, Elizabeth Selvin, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations have been associated with cognitive decline and incident dementia in elderly populations; however, these relationships are susceptible to reverse causation. Less is known about the association of midlife 25(OH)D with long-term cognitive decline. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 13,044 participants (mean age 57 years at baseline) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. 25(OH)D was measured from serum collected at baseline (1990-1992) using liquid chromatography tandem high-sensitivity mass spectrometry...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
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