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Neuroepidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641305/incidence-of-autoimmune-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-health-maintenance-organization-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#1
Mariela Bettini, Marcelo Chaves, Edgardo Cristiano, Vanina Pagotto, Lucia Perez, Diego Giunta, Marcelo Rugiero
BACKGROUND: Different epidemiological studies, especially in Europe, have estimated the incidence density of myasthenia gravis (MG) to range between 1.7 and 21.3/1,000,000/person-year; however, data from regions such as Latin America are scarce. This study is aimed at estimating the incidence and prevalence of acquired MG in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: The study population comprised of affiliates of the Italian Hospital Medical Care Program, a prepaid health maintenance organization located in Buenos Aires...
June 23, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637036/differentiating-incident-from-recurrent-stroke-using-administrative-data-the-impact-of-varying-lengths-of-look-back-periods-on-the-risk-of-misclassification
#2
John Mark Worthington, Melina Gattellari, Chris Goumas, Bin Jalaludin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Administrative data are widely used to monitor epidemiological trends in stroke and outcomes; yet there is scant empirical guidance on how to best differentiate incident from recurrent stroke. METHODS: We identified all hospital admissions in New South Wales, Australia, with a principal stroke diagnosis from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014, linked to 12 years of previous admissions. We calculated the proportion of cases identified with a prior stroke to determine the number of years of look-back required to minimise misclassification of incident and recurrent strokes...
June 22, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628919/effect-of-influenza-vaccination-on-risk-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Kyu Rae Lee, Jeong Hun Bae, In Cheol Hwang, Kyoung Kon Kim, Heuy Sun Suh, Ki Dong Ko
BACKGROUND: Despite the presence of a strong association between influenza infection and stroke, whether influenza vaccination reduces the risk of stroke is yet a matter of controversy. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine whether influenza vaccination protects against stroke. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from database inception date to November 18, 2016, without language restrictions, to identify studies investigating the effect of influenza vaccination on subsequent risk of stroke...
June 21, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601860/characteristics-and-long-term-outcome-of-neurosarcoidosis-a-population-based-study-from-1976-2013
#4
Patompong Ungprasert, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neurosarcoidosis is a rare condition with serious health consequences. However, little is known about clinical characteristics and outcome of neurosarcoidosis in the community setting. METHODS: Patients with neurosarcoidosis were identified from a previously described cohort of patients with incident sarcoidosis from Olmsted County, Minnesota, United States from 1976 to 2013 using individual medical record review. Data on clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome were collected...
June 10, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586776/mortality-of-stroke-and-its-subtypes-in-china-results-from-a-nationwide-population-based-survey
#5
Zhenghong Chen, Bin Jiang, Xiaojuan Ru, Haixin Sun, Dongling Sun, Xiangtong Liu, Yichong Li, Di Li, Xiuhua Guo, Wenzhi Wang
BACKGROUND: In China, stroke is the leading cause of death and contributes to a heavy disease burden. However, a nationwide population-based survey of the mortality of stroke and its subtypes is lacking for this country. METHODS: Data derived from the National Epidemiological Survey of Stroke in China, which was a multistage, stratified clustering sampling-designed, cross-sectional survey, were analyzed. Mortality rate analyses were performed for 476,156 participants ≥20 years old from September 1, 2012 to August 31, 2013...
June 7, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528330/epidemiology-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-the-republic-of-cyprus-a-25-year-retrospective-study
#6
Christiana A Demetriou, Petros M Hadjivasiliou, Kleopas A Kleopa, Yiolanda P Christou, Eleni Leonidou, Theodoros Kyriakides, Eleni Zamba-Papanicolaou
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. Despite wide variability in the incidence and prevalence of ALS, there is evidence of positive temporal trends and an increase in incidence with age. The aim of this study was to conduct a detailed epidemiological investigation of ALS in Cyprus. METHODS: All registered Cypriot ALS patients in the Republic of Cyprus from January 1985 until December 2014 were included...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501873/comparisons-of-risk-factors-for-intracerebral-hemorrhage-versus-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-patients
#7
Chung-Fen Tsai, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Niall Anderson, Cathie L M Sudlow
BACKGROUND: Chinese populations have a higher stroke incidence, a higher proportion of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and a lower proportion of ischemic stroke (IS) as compared with white populations. The reasons are not fully understood. METHODS: To evaluate the differences of major risk factors between ICH and IS in Chinese stroke patients, we analysed acute ICH and IS patients consecutively recruited in National Taiwan University Hospital Stroke Registry from 2006 to 2011...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463839/evidence-of-decreasing-hospital-admissions-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-europe
#8
Alice Theadom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448968/changing-epidemiological-patterns-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-longitudinal-hospital-based-study-in-belgium
#9
Wouter Peeters, Marek Majdan, Alexandra Brazinova, Daan Nieboer, Andrew I R Maas
BACKGROUND: Various reports have suggested that epidemiological patterns of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are changing in high-income countries, but the evidence to support this is often indirect and only a few longitudinal studies exist. We aimed to explore epidemiological patterns of TBI in Belgium over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Minimum Hospital Data provided by Statistics Belgium was performed for the period 2003-2012. ICD-9 classification was used to identify TBI and to differentiate subtypes...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419999/gender-differences-and-stroke-outcomes
#10
Akiyuki Hiraga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334724/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-puerto-rico-2014-a-population-based-study
#11
Angel Chinea, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Cristina Rubi, Ivonne Vicente, Eduardo R Estades, Yatzka G Hernandez-Silvestrini
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects millions of people worldwide. The estimates for MS incidence are difficult to obtain but are important for understanding MS etiology, developing prevention strategies, and service planning. This study is aimed at estimating the 2014 incidence of MS in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: The PR MS Foundation's registry was used as the data source. Neurologists, specialty pharmacies, MRI centers, health insurance companies, and the PR Department of Health identified MS cases missed by the registry...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334718/sex-differences-do-not-exist-in-outcomes-among-stroke-patients-with-intracranial-atherosclerosis-in-china-subgroup-analysis-from-the-chinese-intracranial-atherosclerosis-study
#12
Yuehua Pu, Na Wei, Dandan Yu, Yilong Wang, Xinying Zou, Yannie O Y Soo, Yuesong Pan, Thomas W H Leung, Lawrence K S Wong, Yongjun Wang, Liping Liu
BACKGROUND: To date, sex difference in outcomes among patients with intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) has rarely been discussed in China as well as in the world. This study aimed to estimate the sex difference in outcomes among patients with ICAS in Chinese cerebral ischemia patients. METHODS: We analyzed 1,335 men and women with ICAS who were enrolled in the Chinese Intracranial Atherosclerosis study. They were followed-up for ischemic stroke recurrence, any cause of death, cerebral vascular events (including transient ischemic attack, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke), combined end points (including cerebral vascular events, angina or myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, peripheral vascular events), and unfavorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score of 3-6) at 1 year...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259877/findings-of-vascular-brain-injury-and-structural-loss-from-cranial-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-elderly-american-indians-the-strong-heart-study
#13
Astrid M Suchy-Dicey, Dean K Shibata, Tara M Madhyastha, Thomas J Grabowski, W T Longstreth, Dedra S Buchwald
BACKGROUND: The Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in American Indians study conducted cranial MRI examination of surviving participants of the Strong Heart Study, a longitudinal cohort of elderly American Indians. METHODS: Of the 1,033 recruited participants, some were unable to complete the MRI (n = 22), some scans were unusable due to participant motion or technical errors (n = 13), and one community withdrew consent after data collection (n = 209), leaving 789 interpretable MRI scan images...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237982/associations-between-ischemic-stroke-follow-up-socioeconomic-status-and-adherence-to-secondary-preventive-drugs-in-southern-sweden-observations-from-the-swedish-stroke-register-riksstroke
#14
Teresa Ullberg, Eva-Lotta Glader, Elisabet Zia, Jesper Petersson, Marie Eriksson, Bo Norrving
BACKGROUND: Currently, the knowledge that one has on adequate stroke follow-up practices is limited. We report associations between 90-day stroke follow-up, socio-economy and adherence to secondary prevention in southern Sweden. METHODS: Data on 5,602 patients with ischemic stroke January 1, 2008-December 31, 2010, were obtained from Riksstroke and linked to official registers for information on education, birth country, doctor's follow-ups, and secondary prevention...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219074/an-international-evaluation-of-cognitive-reserve-and-memory-changes-in-early-old-age-in-10-european-countries
#15
Dorina Cadar, Annie Robitaille, Sean Clouston, Scott M Hofer, Andrea M Piccinin, Graciela Muniz-Terrera
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve was postulated to explain individual differences in susceptibility to ageing, offering apparent protection to those with higher education. We investigated the association between education and change in memory in early old age. METHODS: Immediate and delayed memory scores from over 10,000 individuals aged 65 years and older, from 10 countries of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, were modeled as a function of time in the study over an 8-year period, fitting independent latent growth models...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219071/is-periodontal-disease-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Yago Leira, Clara Domínguez, Juan Seoane, Juan Seoane-Romero, Juan Manuel Pías-Peleteiro, Bahi Takkouche, Juan Blanco, José Manuel Aldrey
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, several observational studies have suggested that there exists an association between periodontal disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether or not this link exists. SUMMARY: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guideline for systematic review was used and registered at PROSPERO (CRD42016035377). The search strategy included using electronic databases and by hand searching articles published up to January 2016...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161701/changes-in-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease-how-large-must-they-be-to-be-relevant
#17
Krisztina Horváth, Zsuzsanna Aschermann, Márton Kovács, Attila Makkos, Márk Harmat, József Janszky, Sámuel Komoly, Kázmér Karádi, Norbert Kovács
BACKGROUND: Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is the smallest change in an outcome, which a patient identifies as meaningful. Although the 2 most frequently applied Parkinson's disease (PD) "quality of life" questionnaires (the PDQ-39 and PDQ-8) provide encouragingly similar results, their MCID thresholds appear to be vastly different. Our aim was to calculate the MCID estimates for both PDQ-39 and PDQ-8 Summary Indices (PDQ-39-SI and PDQ-8-SI) by the utilization of both anchor- and distribution-based techniques...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135712/gene-environment-interaction-in-parkinson-s-disease-coffee-adora2a-and-cyp1a2
#18
Yu-Hsuan Chuang, Christina M Lill, Pei-Chen Lee, Johnni Hansen, Christina F Lassen, Lars Bertram, Naomi Greene, Janet S Sinsheimer, Beate Ritz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drinking caffeinated coffee has been reported to provide protection against Parkinson's disease (PD). Caffeine is an adenosine A2A receptor (encoded by the gene ADORA2A) antagonist that increases dopaminergic neurotransmission and Cytochrome P450 1A2 (gene: CYP1A2) metabolizes caffeine; thus, gene polymorphisms in ADORA2A and CYP1A2 may influence the effect coffee consumption has on PD risk. METHODS: In a population-based case-control study (PASIDA) in Denmark (1,556 PD patients and 1,606 birth year- and gender-matched controls), we assessed interactions between lifetime coffee consumption and 3 polymorphisms in ADORA2A and CYP1A2 for all subjects, and incident and prevalent PD cases separately using logistic regression models...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135707/changes-in-oral-anticoagulant-treatment-rates-in-atrial-fibrillation-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#19
Rashmee U Shah, Austin B Rupp, Danielle Mowery, Mingyuan Zhang, Greg Stoddard, Vikrant Deshmukh, Bruce E Bray, Rachel Hess, Matthew T Rondina
BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have the potential to improve stroke prevention among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. We sought to determine if oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment rates have increased since the approval of DOACs. METHODS: We identified 6,688 patients with AF at an academic medical center from January 2008 to June 2015. We examined OAC prescription rates over time and according to CHA2DS2VASc score using multivariable Poisson regression models, with an interaction term between risk score and year of AF diagnosis...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135702/better-care-of-stroke-patients-but-what-about-productivity-and-hourly-wages-of-stroke-survivors
#20
Caroline Arquizan, Luc Bauchet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Neuroepidemiology
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