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Maria Sundvall, David Titelman, Sofie Bäärnhielm
BACKGROUND: Asylum seekers have increased risk of suicide and suicidal behavior, with differences related to origin, gender, and age. There are barriers to communication in clinical encounters between asylum seekers and clinicians. There is insufficient knowledge about how communication in the clinical encounter affects the suicide risk in female asylum seekers. AIMS: To explore the documented communication between female asylum-seeking suicide attempters and clinicians and how it affects treatment...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Tatiana Tairi, Petar Milojev, Nikos Zilikis
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a significant public health problem among youth, resulting in a major social and economic burden for communities and a devastating impact on families. AIMS: To determine whether we can identify distinct clinical profiles using latent class analysis in a clinical sample of Greek adolescents who were admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt. METHOD: Data on 11 clinical parameters from 182 adolescents were analyzed, with a two-class solution selected as the best fitting among the one- through three-class solutions that were examined...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Tatjana Schnell, Rebekka Gerstner, Henning Krampe
BACKGROUND: At times, the question for meaning comes to nothing and a crisis of meaning ensues. This state is very painful, but difficult to account. Both those who suffer from it and care professionals find themselves at a loss for words. AIMS: This study introduces an operationalization of a crisis of meaning. It aims to distinguish the concept from depression, and to investigate whether a crisis of meaning can explain suicidality beyond the known protective and risk factors self-esteem, family functioning, life-event load, and depression...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Dan Reidenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Crisis
Diego De Leo, Jane Pirkis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Crisis
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: In German-speaking countries, suicide experts recommend not using the suicide referents Freitod and Selbstmord, as their associative meanings relate to problematic concepts such as free will and crime. AIMS: To investigate which terms - the neutral and recommended Suizid or Freitod and Selbstmord - have dominated news coverage and to reveal what terms the public actually used. METHOD: A retrospective database study was undertaken on data from the period 2004-2016...
January 2018: Crisis
Kuan-Ying Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Kun-Chia Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Ying-Yeh Chen
BACKGROUND: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. METHOD: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978-1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985-2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281)...
January 2018: Crisis
Christine Dunkley, Alan Borthwick, Ruth Bartlett, Laura Dunkley, Stephen Palmer, Stefan Gleeson, David Kingdon
BACKGROUND: Escaping from emotional pain is a recognized driver in suicidal patients' desire to die. Formal scales of emotional pain are rarely used during routine contact between patients and their care team. No study has explored facilitators and inhibitors of emotional pain communication between staff and suicidal patients during regular care. AIMS: To identify factors impeding or facilitating emotional pain communication between patients at risk of suicide and mental health professionals...
December 19, 2017: Crisis
Myfanwy Maple, Tania Pearce, Rebecca Sanford, Julie Cerel, Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart, Karl Andriessen
BACKGROUND: Suicide may have disruptive and/or devastating effects on family, friends, and the broader community. Of late, increased interest from suicide researchers has given rise to an upsurge in research productivity addressing suicide bereavement and postvention. At this critical juncture, the establishment of an agenda will help guide the direction of future scholarly research in this field. AIMS: To conduct an exhaustive systematic mapping review and bibliometric analysis of peer-reviewed suicide bereavement and postvention research published over the past 50 years...
December 19, 2017: Crisis
Barbara Stanley, Glenn W Currier, Megan Chesin, Sadia Chaudhury, Shari Jager-Hyman, Hanga Gafalvy, Gregory K Brown
BACKGROUND: External causes of injury codes (E-codes) are used in administrative and claims databases for billing and often employed to estimate the number of self-injury visits to emergency departments (EDs). AIMS: This study assessed the accuracy of E-codes using standardized, independently administered research assessments at the time of ED visits. METHOD: We recruited 254 patients at three psychiatric emergency departments in the United States between 2007 and 2011, who completed research assessments after presenting for suicide-related concerns and were classified as suicide attempters (50...
December 19, 2017: Crisis
Rahel Eynan, Ravi Shah, Marnin J Heisel, David Eden, Reuven Jhirad, Paul S Links
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the effectiveness of the National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness (NCI) in the UK, the present study evaluated this approach in Southwestern Ontario. A systematic confidential examination of suicides in Ontario was developed to guide quality improvement of services and suicide prevention. METHOD: A 3-year case series of consecutive suicides in Southwestern Ontario identified by the Office of the Chief Coroner was compiled...
December 19, 2017: Crisis
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Crisis
Supria K Gill, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Suicidality research in developing countries, including India, faces logistical and cultural challenges. Technology may help address these challenges and offer data to providers treating a diverse clientele. METHOD: The relationship between perceived stress and suicide-related beliefs was examined in two populations: Indians in India (n = 374) and Caucasians in English-speaking countries (n = 326); the influence of depression on that relationship was also explored...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
Chi Leung Kwok, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: A surveillance system for self-harm has not been established in Hong Kong. The existing data source has an unknown degree of underreporting, and therefore a capture-recapture method has been proposed to correct for the incompleteness. AIMS: To assess the underestimation of the incidence of self-harm cases presenting to hospital in Hong Kong using a capture and recapture method. METHOD: Two different yet overlapping hospital administrative datasets of self-harm were obtained from all public hospitals in Hong Kong...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
Jess Zonana, Jessica Simberlund, Paul Christos
BACKGROUND: Safety plans are recommended as tools to mitigate suicide risk; however, their effectiveness remains unclear. AIM: To evaluate the impact of safety plans on patient care at an outpatient mental health clinic. METHOD: In this retrospective chart review, patients' treatment engagement, health-care utilization, and risk behaviors were measured. Patients served as their own historical controls, and we compared outcomes in the 6 months before and 6 months after creation of safety plans...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Alan Woodward, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson
BACKGROUND: Empathic engagement with distressed others can lead to elevated symptoms of psychological distress and functional impairment, which preclude helping professionals' delivery of optimal patient care. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: This study examined the relationship between functional impairment and intentions to use recommended support skills in a representative national sample of 210 telephone crisis support workers...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
Karen James, Duncan Stewart
BACKGROUND: There is no commonly accepted definition of the term self-harm, and there is an ongoing debate about whether or not it should include acts of attempted suicide. The use of this language in clinical practice has not previously been explored. AIMS: To investigate if, and how, practitioners distinguish between acts of self-harm and attempted suicide, and present any implications for practice. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with a random sample of 18 frontline practitioners from 10 mental health wards and completed a thematic analysis of interview data...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
Molly Adrian, Aaron R Lyon, Semret Nicodimos, Michael D Pullmann, Elizabeth McCauley
BACKGROUND: The knowledge base surrounding how to most effectively prepare and sustain practitioner knowledge and skills for suicide risk assessment and management is limited. AIMS: This study examined the impact of a 6-hr continuing education training, and the effect of a posttraining reminder system, on mental health practitioners' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior surrounding suicide assessment and intervention. METHOD: Data were obtained prior to the training, immediately after the training, and at the 3-month follow-up...
November 29, 2017: Crisis
Audrey Couillet, Jean-Louis Terra, Nassima Brochard, Nicolas Chauliac
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate in older people is high. Gatekeeper training is recommended for at-risk populations in the detection and management of suicidal residents in nursing homes. AIMS: This study focuses on how caregivers in nursing homes consider suicide in older people from a social perspective, and to what extent these social representations are an obstacle to the prevention of suicide. METHOD: This study is both observational and qualitative, and is based on semi-directed one-to-one interviews with caregivers...
November 2017: Crisis
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