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Crisis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871186/does-a-tv-public-service-advertisement-campaign-for-suicide-prevention-really-work
#1
In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869508/risk-factors-and-mediators-of-suicidal-ideation-among-korean-adolescents
#2
Yi Jin Kim, Sung Seek Moon, Jang Hyun Lee, Joon Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: A significant number of Korean adolescents have suicidal ideations and it is more prevalent among adolescents than any other age group in Korea. AIMS: This study was conducted to attain a better understanding of the contributing factors to suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents. METHOD: We recruited 569 high school students in Grades 10 and 11 in Pyeongtaek, Korea. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation was used to measure suicidal ideation as the outcome variable...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869507/parent-child-connectedness-and-long-term-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#3
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Mir M Ali, Holly C Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed on the role of parent-child connectedness (PCC) on adolescents' risk for suicidal ideation from a longitudinal, developmental perspective. AIM: This study examined PCC during adolescence and risk of suicidal ideation into adulthood among a nationally representative sample of American adolescents. METHOD: The study includes 13,234 adolescents aged 11-18 from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) who were surveyed during adolescence (1994-1995) and then again in early adulthood (2008-2009)...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869506/testing-a-model-of-functional-impairment-in-telephone-crisis-support-workers
#4
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: It is well known that helping professionals experience functional impairment related to elevated symptoms of psychological distress as a result of frequent empathic engagement with distressed others. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of factors contributing to functional impairment in telephone crisis support workers...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869505/using-propensity-scores-to-examine-the-association-between-behavioral-inhibition-activation-and-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury
#5
Brooke A Ammerman, Evan M Kleiman, Abbigail L Jenkins, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behavior (e.g., nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide attempts) is a serious public health concern. One potentially important but understudied predictor of nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury involves the behavioral inhibition and activation system (BIS/BAS). AIMS: The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury and BIS/BAS, and to consider the influence of related variables in the relationship...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869498/an-intervention-with-meaning
#6
Brooke A Levandowski, Constance M Cass, Stephanie N Miller, Janet E Kemp, Kenneth R Conner
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health-care system utilizes a multilevel suicide prevention intervention that features the use of standardized safety plans with veterans considered to be at high risk for suicide. AIMS: Little is known about clinician perceptions on the value of safety planning with veterans at high risk for suicide. METHOD: Audio-recorded interviews with 29 VHA behavioral health treatment providers in a southeastern city were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methodology...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733064/individuals-at-risk-for-suicide
#7
Dana Alonzo, Claire Moravec, Benjamin Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing suicidal ideation and/or behaviors are often difficult to engage in treatment. Up to 50% of individuals presenting to an ER for treatment of a suicidal crisis refuse outpatient treatment referrals. This study examined outpatient mental health clinicians' perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators of mental health treatment engagement of individuals at risk for suicide. METHOD: Thirty-six mental health clinicians working with clients with past and/or current suicidality (ideation, behaviors) in outpatient mental health centers participated in four focus groups...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733063/high-volume-repeaters-of-self-harm
#8
Jennifer Ness, Keith Hawton, Helen Bergen, Keith Waters, Navneet Kapur, Jayne Cooper, Sarah Steeg, Martin Clarke
BACKGROUND: Repetition of self-harm is common and is strongly associated with suicide. Despite this, there is limited research on high-volume repetition. AIM: To investigate individuals with high-volume repeat self-harm attendances to the emergency department (ED), including their patterns of attendance and mortality. METHOD: Data from the Multicentre Study of Self-Harm in England were used. High-volume repetition was defined as ⩾15 attendances within 4 years...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733062/suicidal-ideation-among-heroin-abusing-mothers-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#9
Orly Sarid, Richard Isralowitz, Mor Yehudai, Alexander Reznik
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. AIM: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. METHOD: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6-12 years of age. Mothers (n = 41) were interviewed about their background characteristics, drug use, parenting stress, and suicide ideation...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733061/temperament-and-character-profiles-of-group-based-suicide-cases
#10
Monique Séguin, Marie Robert, Guy Beauchamp
BACKGROUND: Personality and character traits may be a key predisposing factor to consider in the life course of people who are vulnerable to suicide. AIMS: The aim of this study is first to explore the possible presence of different subgroups of suicide decedents based on developmental profiles of adversity, and secondly to examine the association of personality and character dimensions (covariates) with the trajectory outcome. METHOD: A total of 90 cases of suicide decedents were analyzed using growth mixture modeling (GMM)...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733060/comparison-of-suicidal-people-who-use-the-internet-for-suicide-related-reasons-and-those-who-do-not
#11
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Anna Haider, Benedikt Till, Katherine Mok, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that suicidal individuals who use the Internet for suicide-related purposes are more suicidal than nonsuicide-related users, but evidence from European countries is lacking. AIMS: We assessed differences between suicidal individuals who go online for suicide-related purposes and other suicidal individuals in Austria. METHOD: Participants were 53 individuals aged between 18 and 24 years who felt suicidal in the past year and completed an anonymous online survey...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661262/differing-procedures-for-recording-mortality-statistics-in-scandinavia
#12
Ingvild M Tøllefsen, Erlend Hem, Øivind Ekeberg, Per-Henrik Zahl, Karin Helweg-Larsen
BACKGROUND: There may be various reasons for differences in suicide rates between countries and over time within a country. One reason can be different registration practices. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the present procedures for mortality and suicide registration in the three Scandinavian countries and to illustrate potential sources of error in the registration of suicide. METHOD: Information about registration practices and classification procedures was obtained from the cause of death registers in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659517/online-suicide-risk-assessment-and-management-training
#13
Kim Gryglewicz, Jason I Chen, Gabriela D Romero, Marc S Karver, Melissa Witmeier
BACKGROUND: Many mental health professionals (MHPs) encounter youth at risk for suicide but lack knowledge and confidence to assist these individuals. Unfortunately, training for MHPs on suicide risk assessment and management is often not adequately accessible. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MHPs' knowledge, attitudes, perceived social norms, and perceived behavioral control in working with at-risk suicidal youth improve following an online training (QPRT: Question, Persuade, Refer, Treat)...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659516/comprehensive-online-self-monitoring-to-support-clinicians-manage-risk-of-suicide-in-youth-depression
#14
Sarah E Hetrick, Joanne Goodall, Hok Pan Yuen, Christopher G Davey, Alexandra G Parker, Jo Robinson, Debra J Rickwood, Alison McRoberts, Lena Sanci, Jane Gunn, Simon Rice, Magenta B Simmons
BACKGROUND: Routine monitoring of depression symptoms and suicide risk is essential for appropriate treatment planning and risk management, but not well implemented by clinicians. We developed a brief online monitoring tool to address this issue. AIMS: To investigate whether the online tool can feasibly improve monitoring; whether it is acceptable and useful for young people and their clinicians; and to determine whether a shorter tool could be implemented. METHOD: In a naturalistic longitudinal cohort study, 101 young people with depression completed the online tool on a tablet, prior to their consultation...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659514/-theories-of-suicide-an-accessible-guide-for-understanding-the-future-of-suicide-research-and-preventionjohn-f-gunn-iii-david-lester-2014-theories-of-suicide-past-present-and-future-springfield-il-charles-c-thomas-isbn-print-978-0-398-08090-7-us-52-95-isbn
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659513/suicidal-behaviors-among-adolescents-the-role-of-school-and-home-environment
#16
Hanan El-Sayed Badr
AIM: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of suicidal behaviors (ideation, planning, and attempts) among adolescents aged 13-16, and to identify psychosocial correlates of suicidal behaviors. METHOD: The 2010 Kuwait Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) cross-sectional study employed a two-stage cluster sample design targeting a representative sample of 2,672 students. A weighting factor was applied to make inferences to all students of the same age...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868447/advancing-knowledge-about-suicide-prevention-media-campaigns
#17
Jane Pirkis, Alyssia Rossetto, Angela Nicholas, Maria Ftanou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868446/news-announcements-and-iasp
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659515/factors-related-to-suicide-in-lgbt-populations
#19
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of heightened vulnerability to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among LGBT populations yet a paucity of studies into fatal behaviors. AIM: The specific aim of this article was to identify factors related to suicide in LGBT individuals in Australia. METHOD: The psychological autopsy (PA) method with a matched case-control study design was used. PA interviews were conducted with 27 next-of-kin of an LGBT person that had died by suicide...
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445015/considerations-in-the-use-of-interactive-voice-recording-for-the-temporal-assessment-of-suicidal-ideation-and-alcohol-use
#20
Todd M Bishop, Stephen A Maisto, Peter C Britton, Wilfred R Pigeon
BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the temporal variation of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior is needed to inform more effective prevention efforts. Interactive voice recording (IVR) allows for the study of temporal relationships that cannot be captured with most traditional methodologies. AIMS: To examine the feasibility of implementing IVR for the assessment of suicidal ideation. METHOD: Participants (n = 4) receiving a brief intervention based on dialectical behavior therapy were asked to respond to three phone-based surveys each day over 6 weeks that assessed suicidal ideation and alcohol consumption...
September 2016: Crisis
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