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Paul Quinnett
Researchers are increasingly interested in how clinicians should screen for suicide ideation in care settings and the merits of doing so. A common finding is that screening does no harm, and may do good, insofar as once the subject of suicide is broached clinicians can conduct a suicide risk assessment to determine the course of safe care. To date, little has been published about just how clinicians should ask "the ask" about suicidal ideation. The aim of this article is to suggest that the difficulty clinicians seem to have in initiating a verbal probe for suicidal ideation has less to do with patient characteristics than it does with clinician anticipatory anxiety about learning that a patient is positive for suicidal ideation...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
Laura M Frey, Jennifer Middleton, Maurice N Gattis, Anthony Fulginiti
BACKGROUND: Youth experiencing homelessness are at risk for sex trafficking and mental health concerns. AIMS: More information is needed to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of suicidal ideation and behavior among youth experiencing sex trafficking. METHOD: The present study examined suicidal ideation and behavior in a convenience sample of 128 youths experiencing homelessness aged 12-25 years in metropolitan Louisville, Kentucky, and southern Indiana...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
Tobias Teismann, Laura Paashaus, Paula Siegmann, Peter Nyhuis, Marcus Wolter, Ulrike Willutzki
BACKGROUND: Suicide ideation is a prerequisite for suicide attempts. However, the majority of ideators will never act on their thoughts. It is therefore crucial to understand factors that differentiate those who consider suicide from those who make suicide attempts. AIM: Our aim was to investigate the role of protective factors in differentiating non-ideators, suicide ideators, and suicide attempters. METHOD: Inpatients without suicide ideation (n = 32) were compared with inpatients with current suicide ideation (n = 37) and with inpatients with current suicide ideation and a lifetime history of suicide attempts (n = 26) regarding positive mental health, self-esteem, trust in higher guidance, social support, and reasons for living...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
Christopher W Drapeau, Jennifer D Lockman, Melinda M Moore, Julie Cerel
BACKGROUND: Although suicide loss has been associated with several negative outcomes, numerous studies have shown that loss survivors can experience posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the suicide loss of a significant other. However, few studies have explored the mechanisms of such growth. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of PTG among a sample of adult suicide loss survivors and to explore whether the amount of time since the suicide loss moderated the relation between self-reported coping and PTG...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
Desiree M Seponski, Charity M Somo, Sovandara Kao, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Our recent report demonstrates that 5.5% of Cambodian women have previously attempted suicide. Despite these high rates and critical need for intervention, research on suicide attempts in Cambodia is lacking, and life-saving information on suicide prevention is therefore unknown. AIMS: This study explores factors impacting Cambodian women suicide attempts. METHOD: A total of 1,801 women participated in the large national survey during which 100 of these women (5...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
Christopher R DeCou, Stephanie P Kaplan, Julie Spencer, Shannon M Lynch
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study evaluated trauma-related shame as a mediator of the association between sexual assault severity and perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. METHOD: A total of 164 female undergraduates who reported attempted or completed sexual assault completed self-report measures of sexual assault, trauma-related shame, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness. RESULTS: Using path analysis, trauma-related shame mediated the association between sexual assault severity and perceived burdensomeness, and between sexual assault severity and thwarted belongingness...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
Yossi Levi-Belz, Lilac Lev-Ari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The world loses approximately one million people to suicide every year, leaving behind many suicide-loss survivors, family members and friends, who are significantly affected by the traumatic loss. Yet some suicide-loss survivors not only manage to cope with the loss, but actually experience posttraumatic growth (PTG). To date, no studies have fully examined the psychological processes that underlie this personal positive change. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict PTG and this association would be mediated by self-disclosure and social support...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
Angela Clapperton, Stuart Newstead, Lyndal Bugeja, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is an established risk factor for suicide. To develop effective prevention interventions and strategies, the demographic characteristics and stressors (other than, or in addition to, mental illness) that can influence a person's decision to die by suicide need to be identified. AIM: To examine cases of suicide by the presence or absence of a diagnosed mental illness (mental illness status) to identify differences in factors associated with suicide in the groups...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
Mark J Goldblatt, Elsa Ronningstam, Benjamin Herbstman, Mark Schechter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2018: Crisis
Kevin S Kuehn, Annelise Wagner, Jennifer Velloza
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among US adolescents aged 12-19 years. Researchers would benefit from a better understanding of the direct effects of bullying and e-bullying on adolescent suicide to inform intervention work. AIMS: To explore the direct and indirect effects of bullying and e-bullying on adolescent suicide attempts (SAs) and to estimate the magnitude of these effects controlling for significant covariates. METHOD: This study uses data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBS), a nationally representative sample of US high school youth...
September 14, 2018: Crisis
Alexandre Mikhail, Omaid Tanoli, Gilles Légaré, Pierre-André Dubé, Youssef Habel, Alain Lesage, Nancy C P Low, Suzanne Lamarre, Santokh Singh, Elham Rahme
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics are frequently used in suicide attempts. Accessibility, toxicity, and unsupervised acquisition of large amounts may be facilitators. AIMS: To identify patient characteristics associated with OTC drug use as a suicide attempt method among adults. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted using chart review of all individuals who presented to the emergency department (ED) of two adult general hospitals following a suicide attempt during 2009-2010 in Montreal, Canada...
September 14, 2018: Crisis
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, John L McIntosh, David Brent, Nina Gutin
BACKGROUND: The trauma from experiencing a loved one's suicide is often seen as an instigator of change in a person's religious life. AIMS: We sought to examine whether suicide-bereaved adults were any differently disposed to religious participation and observances compared with the nonbereaved and whether religiously involved bereaved had any better mental health compared with religiously disaffiliated bereaved. METHOD: The 2016 General Social Survey (GSS) presented 11 new questions identifying suicide bereavement status...
September 14, 2018: Crisis
Brian L Mishara, David N Weisstub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Crisis
Lisa Marzano, Lorna Fraser, Mia Scally, Stuart Farley, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Media reporting of suicide has been associated with imitative acts. Internationally, this has led to the development of guidelines to promote responsible reporting of suicide. AIMS: To examine the nature and quality of news coverage of suicidal behavior in the United Kingdom (UK) and Republic of Ireland (ROI). METHOD: UK and ROI press clippings relating to suicide over 12 months (N = 8,101) were coded for content and assessed for quality against existing guidelines...
September 2018: Crisis
Joah L Williams, Jasmine R Eddinger, Edward K Rynearson, Alyssa A Rheingold
BACKGROUND: Family members grieving the traumatic death of a loved one, as in cases of homicide, suicide, and fatal accidents, are at risk for a number of trauma and bereavement-related mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, prolonged grief disorder, and suicidal ideation (SI). AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of SI among a sample of 130 treatment-seeking traumatically bereaved family members...
September 2018: Crisis
Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term impacts. METHOD: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, as well as Google Scholar identified 12 papers reporting on 11 studies...
September 2018: Crisis
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates increased substantially in many countries during the 19th century. Little is known about news coverage on suicide in this period and its relationship to suicide rates. AIMS: To test whether there was a covariation between the quantity of reporting and suicide rates and whether the press relied on sensational reporting. METHOD: A content analysis of Austrian news coverage between 1819 and 1944 was conducted and compared with contemporary findings...
September 2018: Crisis
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
September 2018: Crisis
Steven Vannoy, Mijung Park, Meredith R Maroney, Jürgen Unützer, Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano, Ladson Hinton
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in older men are higher than in the general population, yet their utilization of mental health services is lower. AIMS: This study aimed to describe: (a) what primary care providers (PCPs) can do to prevent late-life suicide, and (b) older men's attitudes toward discussing suicide with a PCP. METHOD: Thematic analysis of interviews focused on depression and suicide with 77 depressed, low-socioeconomic status, older men of Mexican origin, or US-born non-Hispanic whites recruited from primary care...
September 2018: Crisis
Maria Sundvall, David Titelman, Sofie Bäärnhielm
BACKGROUND: Asylum seekers have increased risk of suicide and suicidal behavior, with differences related to origin, gender, and age. There are barriers to communication in clinical encounters between asylum seekers and clinicians. There is insufficient knowledge about how communication in the clinical encounter affects the suicide risk in female asylum seekers. AIMS: To explore the documented communication between female asylum-seeking suicide attempters and clinicians and how it affects treatment...
September 2018: Crisis
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