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Crisis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468558/expanding-suicide-crisis-services-to-text-and-chat
#1
Zachary Predmore, Rajeev Ramchand, Lynsay Ayer, Virginia Kotzias, Charles Engel, Patricia Ebener, Janet E Kemp, Elizabeth Karras, Gretchen L Haas
BACKGROUND: Crisis support services have historically been offered by phone-based suicide prevention hotlines, but are increasingly becoming available through alternative modalities, including Internet chat and text messaging. AIMS: To better understand differences in the use of phone and chat/text services. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with call responders at the Veterans Crisis Line who utilize multimodal methods to respond to veterans in crisis...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468557/investigating-the-dynamics-of-suicidal-ideation
#2
Nina Hallensleben, Lena Spangenberg, Thomas Forkmann, Dajana Rath, Ulrich Hegerl, Anette Kersting, Thomas W Kallert, Heide Glaesmer
BACKGROUND: Although the fluctuating nature of suicidal ideation (SI) has been described previously, longitudinal studies investigating the dynamics of SI are scarce. AIM: To demonstrate the fluctuation of SI across 6 days and up to 60 measurement points using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMA). METHOD: Twenty inpatients with unipolar depression and current and/or lifetime suicidal ideation rated their momentary SI 10 times per day over a 6-day period...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468556/suicidality-in-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#3
Sofia Zahid, Rachel Upthegrove
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that people with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) may be at increased risk of suicide; however, research on this topic has been minimal and there are conflicting reports in existing studies. AIM: To bring together research investigating the prevalence, risk factors, and comorbid factors of suicidality in ASD. METHOD: A systematic search was performed of Medline, Psych Info, Embase, and the Web of Science following PRISMA guidelines...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468555/current-postvention-research-and-priorities-for-the-future
#4
Karl Andriessen, Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart, Julie Cerel, Myfanwy Maple
BACKGROUND: Suicide can have a lasting impact on the social life as well as the physical and mental health of the bereaved. Targeted research is needed to better understand the nature of suicide bereavement and the effectiveness of support. AIMS: To take stock of ongoing studies, and to inquire about future research priorities regarding suicide bereavement and postvention. METHOD: In March 2015, an online survey was widely disseminated in the suicidology community...
May 3, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641492/the-economy-and-suicide
#5
J John Mann, Allison V Metts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337929/a-public-health-approach-in-responding-to-the-spread-of-helium-suicide-in-hong-kong
#6
Paul S F Yip, Qijin Cheng, Shu-Sen Chang, Esther Sze Tsai Lee, Chui-Shan Carmen Lai, Feng Chen, Yik-Wa Frances Law, T M Eric Cheng, Sau Mee Chiu, Y L Jeff Tse, Ka-Wai Raymond Cheung, Man-Li Tse, Peter R Morgan, Philip Beh
BACKGROUND: The use of the helium suicide method has been increasing in popularity in Hong Kong since 2012. We have learned a valuable lesson in curbing the spread of charcoal burning (CB) suicide in the past 15 years and hope to prevent the helium suicide method from taking off in the community. AIMS: To document what actions have been taken to contain the spread of the helium suicide method and review the preliminary impact of these actions. METHOD: We adopted a public health approach by engaging stakeholders from multiple sectors, including the police force, the fire services department, coroners, pathologists, mass media, and online media outlets...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337928/suicide-risk-assessment-in-adolescents-c-ssrs-k10-and-read
#7
Ida Skytte Jakobsen, Kim Juul Larsen, John L Horwood
BACKGROUND: Assessment and screening are often the first step in planning interventions to help adolescents at risk of suicide. Causes of suicidal thoughts and behavior are multifaceted and it is important for clinical work that assessment reflects this complexity. AIMS: To investigate whether a general psychological Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) is associated with a validated suicide rating scale (C-SSRS). METHOD: An observational study of self-reported suicidality (C-SSRS), psychological distress (K10), and resiliency (READ) in three adolescent samples: suicide clinic (N = 147); general psychiatric clinic (N = 85); and a nonclinical sample (N = 92)...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337927/suicide-in-the-mountain-west-region-of-the-united-states
#8
Carolyn M Pepper
BACKGROUND: The Mountain West region of the United States consistently reports the highest rates of suicide in the country. This pattern could reflect a regional culture-of-suicide script in support of suicide that implicitly influences individual's behavior. AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether suicide rates are elevated in the Mountain West across a wide range of demographic groups, thereby supporting a regional cultural script. METHOD: Suicide rates in the Mountain West between 1999 and 2014 were compared to the rest of the country across a wide range of demographic categories and levels of population density using the Center for Disease Control Multiple Causes of Death dataset published on the WONDER online database...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337926/telephone-crisis-support-workers-psychological-distress-and-impairment
#9
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: In order to respond to crises with appropriate intervention, crisis workers are required to manage their own needs as well as the needs of those they respond to. AIMS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine whether telephone crisis support workers experience elevated symptoms of psychological distress and are impaired by elevated symptoms. METHOD: Studies were identified in April 2015 by searching three databases, conducting a gray literature search, and forward and backward citation chaining...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337925/the-impact-of-a-highly-publicized-celebrity-suicide-on-suicide-related-online-information-seeking
#10
Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr
BACKGROUND: Research has already acknowledged the importance of the Internet in suicide prevention as search engines such as Google are increasingly used in seeking both helpful and harmful suicide-related information. AIMS: We aimed to assess the impact of a highly publicized suicide by a Hollywood actor on suicide-related online information seeking. METHOD: We tested the impact of the highly publicized suicide of Robin Williams on volumes of suicide-related search queries...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#11
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317445/a-sociobiological-extension-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#12
Thomas E Joiner, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu, Melanie A Hom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228065/a-linguistic-analysis-of-suicide-related-twitter-posts
#13
Bridianne O'Dea, Mark E Larsen, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Identifying those at risk and delivering timely interventions is challenging. Social media site Twitter is used to express suicidality. Automated linguistic analysis of suicide-related posts may help to differentiate those who require support or intervention from those who do not. AIMS: This study aims to characterize the linguistic profiles of suicide-related Twitter posts. METHOD: Using a dataset of suicide-related Twitter posts previously coded for suicide risk by experts, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) and regression analyses were conducted to determine differences in linguistic profiles...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228064/a-mapping-study-on-the-internet-and-suicide
#14
Karolina Krysinska, Michael Westerlund, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Karl Andriessen, Vladimir Carli, Gergรถ Hadlaczky, Benedikt Till, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1990s concerns have been raised regarding the possible links between suicide and the Internet, especially among adolescents and young adults. AIMS: To identify the nature and extent of the scientific publications, especially original research studies, on suicide and the Internet, and to investigate how the field has developed over time. In particular, this mapping study looks at types of publications, topic areas, focus of original research papers, and suicide-related variables of interest in publications...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228063/psychiatric-consultation-and-referral-of-persons-who-have-attempted-suicide
#15
Marc Roelands, Reginald Deschepper, Johan Bilsen
BACKGROUND: Persons who have attempted suicide are often admitted to a hospital's emergency department (ED). The risk of them repeating their attempt is lower if they have had access to a psychiatrist in hospital and had been referred to mental health care services. However, the literature suggests this is often lacking. AIMS: To describe perceived barriers to and supportive factors for psychiatric consultation and appropriate referral of suicide attempters in the ED...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228062/best-practices-for-suicide-prevention-messaging-and-evaluating-california-s-know-the-signs-media-campaign
#16
Joie Acosta, Rajeev Ramchand, Amariah Becker
BACKGROUND: Although communication is a key component of US strategies to prevent suicide and there are a number of marketing campaigns promoting messages that suicide is a preventable public health problem, there has been little evaluation of these campaigns. AIMS: The study describes the development of a checklist of best practices for suicide prevention communication campaigns and the use of the checklist to evaluate California's investment in "Know the Signs" (KTS-M), a suicide prevention mass media campaign...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#17
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256167/suicide-prevention-in-an-international-context
#18
Ella Arensman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445014/an-analysis-of-depression-self-harm-and-suicidal-ideation-content-on-tumblr
#19
Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Sarah Connolly, Carlos Rosas, Meghana Bharadwaj, Richard Grucza, Laura J Bierut
BACKGROUND: Social networking about depression can be indicative of self-reported depression and/or can normalize risk behaviors such as self-harm and suicidal ideation. AIM: To gain a better understanding of the depression, self-harm, and suicidal content that is being shared on Tumblr. METHOD: From April 16 to May 10, 2014, 17 popular depression-related Tumblr accounts were monitored for new posts and engagement with other Tumblr users. A total of 3,360 posts were randomly selected from all historical posts from these accounts and coded based on themes ascertained by the research team...
January 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871186/does-a-tv-public-service-advertisement-campaign-for-suicide-prevention-really-work
#20
In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
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