Read by QxMD icon Read


Marnina Swartz-Vanetik, Mark Zeevin, Yoram Barak
BACKGROUND: Suicide is often associated with depression in patients suffering from bipolar disorder (BD) and less is known about its relation to mania. Available data suggest that patients in the manic phase of BD may be at risk of suicide. AIM: We characterized suicide attempts in a cohort of patients with BD in manic and mixed phases. METHOD: We focused on the scope, rate, and characteristics of suicide attempts among BD patients during manic or mixed states...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Katharine A Rimes, Sandhya Shivakumar, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, Qazi Rahman, Elizabeth West
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have elevated suicidality rates. AIMS: To investigate LGB-related and other factors associated with suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and future suicide risk in a large UK sample. METHOD: Logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with suicidality in 3,275 LGB young adults from the Youth Chances project. RESULTS: Suicide attempts (lifetime) were reported by 13...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Sang-Uk Lee, Mina Jeon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: A suicidal person can go through different stages that include suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts. For a few individuals, these can end up with suicide. However, there have been no studies investigating any differences in attitudes toward suicides among individuals with no suicidal thoughts, those with suicidal thoughts, and those with suicide attempts. AIMS: This study was carried out to compare attitudes toward suicide among three different groups: individuals with a history of no suicidal thoughts, those with a history of suicidal thoughts, and those with a history of suicide attempts...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds globally. Unfortunately, the suicide-related content on Instagram, a popular social media platform for youth, has not received the scholarly attention it deserves. METHOD: The present study provides a content analysis of posts tagged as #selbstmord, a German suicide-related hashtag. These posts were created between July 5 and July 11, 2017. RESULTS: Approximately half of all posts included words or visuals related to suicide...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Monika Ferguson, James Dollman, Martin Jones, Kathryn Cronin, Lynne James, Lee Martinez, Nicholas Procter
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are higher in rural and remote areas of Australia compared with major cities. AIM: To evaluate the impact of a brief, community-based suicide prevention educational intervention on the attitudes and confidence of rural South Australian health and human service professionals. METHOD: Participants attended a 1-day suicide prevention education program, and completed a survey at four time points: baseline (T1), immediately pretraining (T2), immediately posttraining (T3), and 4-month follow-up (T4)...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Manjula Weerasinghe, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Melissa Pearson, Shaluka Jayamanne, David Gunnell, Keith Hawton, Suneth Agampodi
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, up to one in five individuals who use pesticides for self-harm purchase them immediately prior to the event. AIMS: From reviewing the literature we proposed four interventions: (a) farmer identification cards (ID); (b) prescriptions; (c) cooling-off periods; and (d) training pesticide vendors. We aimed to identify the most promising intervention. METHOD: The study was conducted in Sri Lanka. We mapped stakeholders' interest and power in relation to each intervention, and followed this by a ranking exercise...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
Megan S Chesin, Beth S Brodsky, Brandon Beeler, Christopher A Benjamin-Phillips, Ida Taghavi, Barbara Stanley
BACKGROUND: Few investigations of patient perceptions of suicide prevention interventions exist, limiting our understanding of the processes and components of treatment that may be engaging and effective for high suicide-risk patients. AIMS: Building on promising quantitative data that showed that adjunct mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent suicidal behavior (MBCT-S) reduced suicidal thinking and depression among high suicide-risk patients, we subjected MBCT-S to qualitative inspection by patient participants...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Joah L Williams, Jasmine R Eddinger, Edward K Rynearson, Alyssa A Rheingold
BACKGROUND: Family members grieving the traumatic death of a loved one, as in cases of homicide, suicide, and fatal accidents, are at risk for a number of trauma and bereavement-related mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, prolonged grief disorder, and suicidal ideation (SI). AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of SI among a sample of 130 treatment-seeking traumatically bereaved family members...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Amanda N Barczyk, Karen Piper, Sarah V Duzinski, Mary Klingensmith, Karla A Lawson
BACKGROUND: Surveillance systems capturing instances of self-directed violence (SDV) continue to lack uniform nomenclature and classification methodology. AIMS: To apply and compare two retrospective surveillance approaches to youth experiencing SDV presenting to two urban hospitals with Level I Trauma Centers. METHOD: Two suicide attempt surveillance methods where retrospectively applied to our SDV cohort: (a) a rigorous method facilitated by medical record review and application of standardized classification; and (b) a common surveillance method conducted by systematic queries of suicide attempt key terms and diagnosis codes among hospital databases...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Prianka Padmanathan, Lucy Biddle, Robert Carroll, Jane Derges, John Potokar, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: The rise in Internet use adds a new dimension to suicide prevention. We investigated suicide/self-harm (S/Sh)-related Internet use among patients presenting to hospital with self-harm. METHOD: We asked 1,198 adult and 315 child and adolescent patients presenting to hospital following self-harm in a city in South West England about Internet use associated with their hospital presentation. Associations between Internet use and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Benedikt Till, Michael Fraissler, Martin Voracek, Ulrich S Tran, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BACKGROUND: For several decades, the question of whether personal suicidality is reflected in individual music preferences has been the subject of debate in suicide research. Despite many studies investigating the relationship between music use and suicidal behavior, it is still unclear whether suicide risk is reflected in individual music preferences. AIMS: The present study aimed to assess whether music preferences are reflected in suicide risk factors. METHOD: We assessed suicidal ideation, depression, and hopelessness among 943 participants in a cross-sectional online survey...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Gregory Carter, Matthew J Spittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Crisis
Annette Erlangsen, Ping Qin, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Crisis
Chi Leung Kwok, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: A surveillance system for self-harm has not been established in Hong Kong. The existing data source has an unknown degree of underreporting, and therefore a capture-recapture method has been proposed to correct for the incompleteness. AIMS: To assess the underestimation of the incidence of self-harm cases presenting to hospital in Hong Kong using a capture and recapture method. METHOD: Two different yet overlapping hospital administrative datasets of self-harm were obtained from all public hospitals in Hong Kong...
May 2018: Crisis
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Alan Woodward, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson
BACKGROUND: Empathic engagement with distressed others can lead to elevated symptoms of psychological distress and functional impairment, which preclude helping professionals' delivery of optimal patient care. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: This study examined the relationship between functional impairment and intentions to use recommended support skills in a representative national sample of 210 telephone crisis support workers...
May 2018: Crisis
Siobhan O'Neill, Edel Ennis, Danielle McFeeters, Lia Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Financial sector workers interface with indebted clients, who may be distressed and have heightened vulnerability to suicidality. AIM(S): This study examined the experiences of 10 Irish financial sector workers who had experiences of encountering distressed clients who discuss suicide. METHOD: Semistructured interviews (open-ended questions) were used. RESULTS: Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) identified four themes, namely: (1) avoidance versus confrontation of reality (management of the debt); (2) role conflict (recovering the debt vs...
May 2018: Crisis
Heather A Love, David P Nalbone, Lorna L Hecker, Kathryn A Sweeney, Prerana Dharnidharka
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if specific risk markers for suicide are related to an individual's commitment level to the romantic relationship prior to its dissolution. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to examine if commitment and investment are linked with suicidal risk in a sample of adults (n = 208) in the United States ages 18-64 who experienced the break-up of a significant romantic relationship within the past 3 months...
May 2018: Crisis
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rebecca Randall
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence professional help-seeking for suicidality. METHOD: Published quantitative and qualitative studies in Medline and PsycInfo databases were reviewed following PRISMA. RESULTS: In all, 55 relevant studies were identified...
May 2018: Crisis
Hajime Sueki, Jiro Ito
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training is an effective suicide prevention strategy. However, the appropriate targets of online gatekeeping have not yet been clarified. AIM: We examined the association between the outcomes of online gatekeeping using the Internet and the characteristics of consultation service users. METHOD: An advertisement to encourage the use of e-mail-based psychological consultation services among viewers was placed on web pages that showed the results of searches using suicide-related keywords...
May 2018: Crisis
Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term impacts. METHOD: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, as well as Google Scholar identified 12 papers reporting on 11 studies...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"