Read by QxMD icon Read


Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term impacts. METHOD: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, as well as Google Scholar identified 12 papers reporting on 11 studies...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Benedikt Till, Teresa A Wild, Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BACKGROUND: Educating the public about suicide is an important component of suicide prevention. So far, little is known about whether common misconceptions of suicide are related to individual tabloid newspaper use. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate associations of time spent reading tabloids with endorsement of suicide myths, suicide-related knowledge, and with stigmatizing attitudes toward suicidal individuals. METHOD: In this cross-sectional online survey, we assessed suicide-related knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes toward suicidal individuals among 456 study participants in Austria together with their endorsement of five common suicide myths (e...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Angela Nicholas, Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony Jorm, Jane Pirkis, Nicola Reavley
BACKGROUND: A suicide prevention media campaign aimed at family members and friends may be one useful population-level suicide prevention strategy for Australia. However, currently there is limited evidence of what messages would be acceptable and appropriate for inclusion. AIMS: This expert consensus study aimed to identify messages that experts with lived experience of suicide risk and suicide prevention professionals believed were most important to include in such a suicide prevention campaign...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates increased substantially in many countries during the 19th century. Little is known about news coverage on suicide in this period and its relationship to suicide rates. AIMS: To test whether there was a covariation between the quantity of reporting and suicide rates and whether the press relied on sensational reporting. METHOD: A content analysis of Austrian news coverage between 1819 and 1944 was conducted and compared with contemporary findings...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Antoon A Leenaars, Gudrun Dieserud, Susanne Wenckstern, Kari Dyregrov, David Lester, Jennifer Lyke
BACKGROUND: Theory is the foundation of science; this is true in suicidology. Over decades of studies of suicide notes, Leenaars developed a multidimensional model of suicide, with international (crosscultural) studies and independent verification. AIM: To corroborate Leenaars's theory with a psychological autopsy (PA) study, examining age and sex of the decedent, and survivor's relationship to deceased. METHOD: A PA study in Norway, with 120 survivors/informants was undertaken...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Steven Vannoy, Mijung Park, Meredith R Maroney, Jürgen Unützer, Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano, Ladson Hinton
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in older men are higher than in the general population, yet their utilization of mental health services is lower. AIMS: This study aimed to describe: (a) what primary care providers (PCPs) can do to prevent late-life suicide, and (b) older men's attitudes toward discussing suicide with a PCP. METHOD: Thematic analysis of interviews focused on depression and suicide with 77 depressed, low-socioeconomic status, older men of Mexican origin, or US-born non-Hispanic whites recruited from primary care...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Maria Sundvall, David Titelman, Sofie Bäärnhielm
BACKGROUND: Asylum seekers have increased risk of suicide and suicidal behavior, with differences related to origin, gender, and age. There are barriers to communication in clinical encounters between asylum seekers and clinicians. There is insufficient knowledge about how communication in the clinical encounter affects the suicide risk in female asylum seekers. AIMS: To explore the documented communication between female asylum-seeking suicide attempters and clinicians and how it affects treatment...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Tatiana Tairi, Petar Milojev, Nikos Zilikis
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a significant public health problem among youth, resulting in a major social and economic burden for communities and a devastating impact on families. AIMS: To determine whether we can identify distinct clinical profiles using latent class analysis in a clinical sample of Greek adolescents who were admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt. METHOD: Data on 11 clinical parameters from 182 adolescents were analyzed, with a two-class solution selected as the best fitting among the one- through three-class solutions that were examined...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Tatjana Schnell, Rebekka Gerstner, Henning Krampe
BACKGROUND: At times, the question for meaning comes to nothing and a crisis of meaning ensues. This state is very painful, but difficult to account. Both those who suffer from it and care professionals find themselves at a loss for words. AIMS: This study introduces an operationalization of a crisis of meaning. It aims to distinguish the concept from depression, and to investigate whether a crisis of meaning can explain suicidality beyond the known protective and risk factors self-esteem, family functioning, life-event load, and depression...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
Dan Reidenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Crisis
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Crisis
Supria K Gill, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Suicidality research in developing countries, including India, faces logistical and cultural challenges. Technology may help address these challenges and offer data to providers treating a diverse clientele. METHOD: The relationship between perceived stress and suicide-related beliefs was examined in two populations: Indians in India (n = 374) and Caucasians in English-speaking countries (n = 326); the influence of depression on that relationship was also explored...
March 2018: Crisis
Amy S Hedman-Robertson
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. AIMS: To explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine if knowledge and perceived helpfulness of NSPL predict intent to use NSPL. METHOD: The researcher surveyed 560 students attending a Midwestern university to assess knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the NSPL...
March 2018: Crisis
Leah Shelef, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Nirit Yavnai, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Intent to die is an important component of suicide risk assessment. The authors compared the predictive effect of two forms of stress - military and perceived - in intent to die by suicide among young adult Israeli soldiers with a history of suicide attempts. Depression, suicide ideation, and habituation/acquired capacity for suicidality served as covariates. METHODS: Participants were 60 young adult soldiers in the Israeli Defense Force (ISF; aged 18-21 years), who made a suicide attempt during their military service...
March 2018: Crisis
Yossi Levi-Belz, Orit Krispin, Giora Galilee, Ehud Bodner, Alan Apter
BACKGROUND: While a history of suicide attempts has been identified as the most powerful risk factor among adults, it is not clear if this is also true for the adolescent population. Our aim was to examine the differences between attempters and nonattempters in the years following a documented suicide attempt and to investigate the adolescents' prognosis in terms of suicidal behavior and adjustment. METHOD: Military records at induction and during active military service were used to compare 105 adolescent suicide attempters with 105 matched controls...
March 2018: Crisis
Monika S Ferguson, Julie A Reis, Lyn Rabbetts, Heather-Jean Ashby, Miriam Bayes, Tara McCracken, Christine Ross, Nicholas G Procter
BACKGROUND: Education to improve health professionals' responses to suicide is considered an important suicide prevention strategy. However, the effectiveness of this approach for nurses is unclear. AIM: To systematically review the peer-reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention education programs for nurses. METHOD: Nine academic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews & Trials, Embase, Informit Health Collection, Joanna Briggs Institute, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched in November 2016, utilizing search terms related to suicide, education, and nurses, with no limits placed on publication date or study design...
March 2018: Crisis
Lizell Bustamante Madsen, Michael Eddleston, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify relevant articles published from 2003 to 2016...
March 2018: Crisis
Philippe Roy, Gilles Tremblay, Émilie Duplessis-Brochu
BACKGROUND: The Province of Quebec, Canada (PQ), witnessed a drastic rise in suicide among adult men between 1990 and 2000, followed by a continuous drop since then. At the end of the 1990s, men's suicide became recognized as a social issue, leading to implementation of gender-responsive strategies focusing on positive aspects of masculinity. Many of these strategies received positive assessments. AIMS: This article offers a critical overview of the evolution of social responses to men's suicide in PQ...
March 2018: Crisis
Diego De Leo, Jane Pirkis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Crisis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"