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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052433/financial-sector-workers-experiences-of-managing-suicidal-clients
#1
Siobhan O'Neill, Edel Ennis, Danielle McFeeters, Lia Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Financial sector workers interface with indebted clients, who may be distressed and have heightened vulnerability to suicidality. AIM(S): This study examined the experiences of 10 Irish financial sector workers who had experiences of encountering distressed clients who discuss suicide. METHOD: Semistructured interviews (open-ended questions) were used. RESULTS: Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) identified four themes, namely: (1) avoidance versus confrontation of reality (management of the debt); (2) role conflict (recovering the debt vs...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052432/suicidal-risk-following-the-termination-of-romantic-relationships
#2
Heather A Love, David P Nalbone, Lorna L Hecker, Kathryn A Sweeney, Prerana Dharnidharka
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if specific risk markers for suicide are related to an individual's commitment level to the romantic relationship prior to its dissolution. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to examine if commitment and investment are linked with suicidal risk in a sample of adults (n = 208) in the United States ages 18-64 who experienced the break-up of a significant romantic relationship within the past 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052431/factors-influencing-professional-help-seeking-for-suicidality
#3
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rebecca Randall
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence professional help-seeking for suicidality. METHOD: Published quantitative and qualitative studies in Medline and PsycInfo databases were reviewed following PRISMA. RESULTS: In all, 55 relevant studies were identified...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052430/appropriate-targets-for-search-advertising-as-part-of-online-gatekeeping-for-suicide-prevention
#4
Hajime Sueki, Jiro Ito
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training is an effective suicide prevention strategy. However, the appropriate targets of online gatekeeping have not yet been clarified. AIM: We examined the association between the outcomes of online gatekeeping using the Internet and the characteristics of consultation service users. METHOD: An advertisement to encourage the use of e-mail-based psychological consultation services among viewers was placed on web pages that showed the results of searches using suicide-related keywords...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990826/undergraduate-students-exposure-knowledge-utilization-and-intended-use-of-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline
#5
Amy S Hedman-Robertson
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. AIMS: To explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine if knowledge and perceived helpfulness of NSPL predict intent to use NSPL. METHOD: The researcher surveyed 560 students attending a Midwestern university to assess knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the NSPL...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990825/perceived-stress-and-intent-to-die-in-young-soldiers-who-attempt-suicide
#6
Leah Shelef, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Nirit Yavnai, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Intent to die is an important component of suicide risk assessment. The authors compared the predictive effect of two forms of stress - military and perceived - in intent to die by suicide among young adult Israeli soldiers with a history of suicide attempts. Depression, suicide ideation, and habituation/acquired capacity for suicidality served as covariates. METHODS: Participants were 60 young adult soldiers in the Israeli Defense Force (ISF; aged 18-21 years), who made a suicide attempt during their military service...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990824/where-are-they-now
#7
Yossi Levi-Belz, Orit Krispin, Giora Galilee, Ehud Bodner, Alan Apter
BACKGROUND: While a history of suicide attempts has been identified as the most powerful risk factor among adults, it is not clear if this is also true for the adolescent population. Our aim was to examine the differences between attempters and nonattempters in the years following a documented suicide attempt and to investigate the adolescents' prognosis in terms of suicidal behavior and adjustment. METHOD: Military records at induction and during active military service were used to compare 105 adolescent suicide attempters with 105 matched controls...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990823/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-education-programs-for-nurses
#8
Monika S Ferguson, Julie A Reis, Lyn Rabbetts, Heather-Jean Ashby, Miriam Bayes, Tara McCracken, Christine Ross, Nicholas G Procter
BACKGROUND: Education to improve health professionals' responses to suicide is considered an important suicide prevention strategy. However, the effectiveness of this approach for nurses is unclear. AIM: To systematically review the peer-reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention education programs for nurses. METHOD: Nine academic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews & Trials, Embase, Informit Health Collection, Joanna Briggs Institute, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched in November 2016, utilizing search terms related to suicide, education, and nurses, with no limits placed on publication date or study design...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914095/depressed-multiple-suicide-attempters-a-high-risk-phenotype
#9
Leo Sher, Michael F Grunebaum, Ainsley K Burke, Sadia Chaudhury, J John Mann, Maria A Oquendo
BACKGROUND: There is compelling evidence that suicide attempts are among the strongest predictors of suicide and future suicide attempts. AIM: This study aimed to examine psychopathology in multiple-suicide attempters. METHOD: We compared the demographic and clinical features of three groups: depressed patients without a history of suicide attempts (non-attempters), depressed patients with a history of one to three suicide attempts (attempters), and depressed patients with a history of four or more suicide attempts (multiple attempters)...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914094/quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-of-suicide-and-self-harm-interventions
#10
Lizell Bustamante Madsen, Michael Eddleston, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify relevant articles published from 2003 to 2016...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914093/problematizing-men-s-suicide-mental-health-and-well-being
#11
Philippe Roy, Gilles Tremblay, Émilie Duplessis-Brochu
BACKGROUND: The Province of Quebec, Canada (PQ), witnessed a drastic rise in suicide among adult men between 1990 and 2000, followed by a continuous drop since then. At the end of the 1990s, men's suicide became recognized as a social issue, leading to implementation of gender-responsive strategies focusing on positive aspects of masculinity. Many of these strategies received positive assessments. AIMS: This article offers a critical overview of the evolution of social responses to men's suicide in PQ...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914092/mental-health-professionals-suicide-risk-assessment-and-management-practices
#12
Jared F Roush, Sarah L Brown, Danielle R Jahn, Sean M Mitchell, Nathanael J Taylor, Paul Quinnett, Richard Ries
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of suicide decedents have had contact with a mental health professional within 1 month prior to their death, and the majority of mental health professionals have treated suicidal individuals. Despite limited evidence-based training, mental health professionals make important clinical decisions related to suicide risk assessment and management. AIMS: The current study aimed to determine the frequency of suicide risk assessment and management practices and the association between fear of suicide-related outcomes or comfort working with suicidal individuals and adequacy of suicide risk management decisions among mental health professionals...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098895/universal-suicide-prevention-in-young-people
#13
Eleanor Bailey, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis, Madelyn Gould, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Universal education and awareness programs in schools are a promising suicide prevention intervention but to date no research has evaluated the iatrogenic effects of such programs. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of the safeTALK program for secondary school students and determine whether it is associated with any iatrogenic effects. METHOD: Participants were 129 students from the three main high schools in Alice Springs who attended the safeTALK training and consented to participate in the evaluation...
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098894/the-social-pain-model
#14
John F Gunn Iii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228065/a-linguistic-analysis-of-suicide-related-twitter-posts
#15
Bridianne O'Dea, Mark E Larsen, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Identifying those at risk and delivering timely interventions is challenging. Social media site Twitter is used to express suicidality. Automated linguistic analysis of suicide-related posts may help to differentiate those who require support or intervention from those who do not. AIMS: This study aims to characterize the linguistic profiles of suicide-related Twitter posts. METHOD: Using a dataset of suicide-related Twitter posts previously coded for suicide risk by experts, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) and regression analyses were conducted to determine differences in linguistic profiles...
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228062/best-practices-for-suicide-prevention-messaging-and-evaluating-california-s-know-the-signs-media-campaign
#16
Joie Acosta, Rajeev Ramchand, Amariah Becker
BACKGROUND: Although communication is a key component of US strategies to prevent suicide and there are a number of marketing campaigns promoting messages that suicide is a preventable public health problem, there has been little evaluation of these campaigns. AIMS: The study describes the development of a checklist of best practices for suicide prevention communication campaigns and the use of the checklist to evaluate California's investment in "Know the Signs" (KTS-M), a suicide prevention mass media campaign...
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#17
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869507/parent-child-connectedness-and-long-term-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#18
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Mir M Ali, Holly C Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed on the role of parent-child connectedness (PCC) on adolescents' risk for suicidal ideation from a longitudinal, developmental perspective. AIM: This study examined PCC during adolescence and risk of suicidal ideation into adulthood among a nationally representative sample of American adolescents. METHOD: The study includes 13,234 adolescents aged 11-18 from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) who were surveyed during adolescence (1994-1995) and then again in early adulthood (2008-2009)...
September 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793819/a-silenced-population
#19
Kim Gryglewicz, Melanie Bozzay, Brittany Arthur-Jordon, Gabriela D Romero, Melissa Witmeier, Reshawna Chapple, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Given challenges that exceed the normal developmental requirements of adolescence, deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) youth are believed to be at elevated risk for engaging in suicide-related behavior (SRB). Unfortunately, little is known about the mechanisms that put these youth potentially at risk. AIMS: To determine whether peer relationship difficulties are related to increased risk of SRB in DHH youth. METHOD: Student records (n = 74) were retrieved from an accredited educational center for deaf and blind students in the United States...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793818/internet-forums-for-suicide-bereavement
#20
Eleanor Bailey, Karolina Krysinska, Bridianne O'Dea, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Bereavement by suicide is associated with a number of consequences including poor mental health outcomes and increased suicide risk. Despite this, the bereaved by suicide may be reluctant to seek help from friends, family, and professionals. Internet forums and social networking sites are a popular avenue of support for the bereaved, but to date there is a lack of research into their use and efficacy. AIMS: To survey users of suicide bereavement Internet forums and Facebook groups regarding their help-seeking behaviors, use of forums, and perceived benefits and limitations of such use...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
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