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In Han Song, Jung-Won You, Ji Eun Kim, Jung-Soo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Jong-Ik Park
BACKGROUND: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been performed regarding their effectiveness in South Korea, where the suicide rate is the highest among OECD countries. AIMS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a television PSA campaign...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
Yi Jin Kim, Sung Seek Moon, Jang Hyun Lee, Joon Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: A significant number of Korean adolescents have suicidal ideations and it is more prevalent among adolescents than any other age group in Korea. AIMS: This study was conducted to attain a better understanding of the contributing factors to suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents. METHOD: We recruited 569 high school students in Grades 10 and 11 in Pyeongtaek, Korea. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation was used to measure suicidal ideation as the outcome variable...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Mir M Ali, Holly C Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed on the role of parent-child connectedness (PCC) on adolescents' risk for suicidal ideation from a longitudinal, developmental perspective. AIM: This study examined PCC during adolescence and risk of suicidal ideation into adulthood among a nationally representative sample of American adolescents. METHOD: The study includes 13,234 adolescents aged 11-18 from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) who were surveyed during adolescence (1994-1995) and then again in early adulthood (2008-2009)...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: It is well known that helping professionals experience functional impairment related to elevated symptoms of psychological distress as a result of frequent empathic engagement with distressed others. Whether telephone crisis support workers are impacted in a similar way is not currently reported in the literature. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of factors contributing to functional impairment in telephone crisis support workers...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
Brooke A Ammerman, Evan M Kleiman, Abbigail L Jenkins, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behavior (e.g., nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide attempts) is a serious public health concern. One potentially important but understudied predictor of nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury involves the behavioral inhibition and activation system (BIS/BAS). AIMS: The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury and BIS/BAS, and to consider the influence of related variables in the relationship...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
Brooke A Levandowski, Constance M Cass, Stephanie N Miller, Janet E Kemp, Kenneth R Conner
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health-care system utilizes a multilevel suicide prevention intervention that features the use of standardized safety plans with veterans considered to be at high risk for suicide. AIMS: Little is known about clinician perceptions on the value of safety planning with veterans at high risk for suicide. METHOD: Audio-recorded interviews with 29 VHA behavioral health treatment providers in a southeastern city were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methodology...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
Mark J Goldblatt, Mark Schechter, Elsa Ronningstam, Benjamin Herbstman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Crisis
Jean-Pierre Soubrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Crisis
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Crisis
Jennifer Ness, Keith Hawton, Helen Bergen, Keith Waters, Navneet Kapur, Jayne Cooper, Sarah Steeg, Martin Clarke
BACKGROUND: Repetition of self-harm is common and is strongly associated with suicide. Despite this, there is limited research on high-volume repetition. AIM: To investigate individuals with high-volume repeat self-harm attendances to the emergency department (ED), including their patterns of attendance and mortality. METHOD: Data from the Multicentre Study of Self-Harm in England were used. High-volume repetition was defined as ⩾15 attendances within 4 years...
November 2016: Crisis
Orly Sarid, Richard Isralowitz, Mor Yehudai, Alexander Reznik
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. AIM: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. METHOD: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6-12 years of age. Mothers (n = 41) were interviewed about their background characteristics, drug use, parenting stress, and suicide ideation...
November 2016: Crisis
C Brendan Clark, Ye Li, Karen L Cropsey
BACKGROUND: When comparted with the general population, the suicide rate in correctional populations is elevated. While predictors of suicide are well researched in jail and prison populations, much less work has been done to examine predictors of suicide in community corrections samples where 80% of the US correctional population is currently supervised. AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine factors associated with suicide risk in a community corrections sample...
November 2016: Crisis
Yik-Wa Law, Paul S F Yip, Carmen C S Lai, Chi Leung Kwok, Paul W C Wong, Kwong-Sun Liu, Pauline W L Ng, Carmen W M Liao, Tai-Wai Wong
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that postdischarge care for self-harm patients is effective in reducing repeated suicidal behaviors. Little is known about whether volunteer support can help reduce self-harm repetition and improve psychosocial well-being. AIM: This study investigated the efficacy of volunteer support in preventing repetition of self-harm. METHOD: This study used a quasi-experimental design by assigning self-harm patients admitted to the emergency departments to an intervention group with volunteer support and treatment as usual (TAU) for 9 months and to a control group of TAU...
November 2016: Crisis
Bradley H Wagenaar, Manuela Raunig-Berhó, Vasco Cumbe, Deepa Rao, Manuel Napúa, Kenneth Sherr
BACKGROUND: Mozambique was recently estimated to have the highest suicide rate in Africa. AIMS: To fill a knowledge gap on suicide attempts and deaths in Mozambique. METHOD: We reviewed a census of 898 emergency psychiatric consultations from March 2013 to July 2014 and 1,173 violent death autopsy records from June 2011 to August 2014 at Beira Central Hospital in Sofala, Mozambique. RESULTS: In all, 18.0% of emergency psychiatric consultations were suicide attempts...
November 2016: Crisis
Shotaro Doki, Hidetoshi Kaneko, Yuichi Oi, Kazuya Usami, Shinichiro Sasahara, Ichiyo Matsuzaki
BACKGROUND: Telephone hotlines are a widely used type of suicide prevention program. AIMS: The aim of this study was to clarify the risk factors for suicidal ideation by investigating its association with a number of characteristics among telephone hotline callers. METHOD: Data were collected over a 10-year period from a total of 246,595 calls to Inochi No Denwa, a telephone crisis hotline in Ibaraki, Japan, and subsequently analyzed. Odds ratios for suicidal compared with nonsuicidal ideation were also calculated...
November 2016: Crisis
Joseph E Logan, Kevin J Vagi, Deborah Gorman-Smith
BACKGROUND: Youth reporting combined histories of nonfatal violence, suicidal ideation/behavior, and gun-carrying (VSG) are at risk for perpetrating fatal interpersonal violence and self-harm. AIMS: We characterized these youth to inform prevention efforts. METHOD: We analyzed 2004 data from 3,931 seventh-, ninth-, and 11-12th-grade youth and compared VSG youth (n = 66) with non-gun carrying youth who either had no histories of violence or suicidal thoughts/behavior (n = 1,839), histories of violence (n = 884), histories of suicidal thoughts/behaviors (n = 552), or both (n = 590)...
November 2016: Crisis
Dana Alonzo, Claire Moravec, Benjamin Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing suicidal ideation and/or behaviors are often difficult to engage in treatment. Up to 50% of individuals presenting to an ER for treatment of a suicidal crisis refuse outpatient treatment referrals. This study examined outpatient mental health clinicians' perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators of mental health treatment engagement of individuals at risk for suicide. METHOD: Thirty-six mental health clinicians working with clients with past and/or current suicidality (ideation, behaviors) in outpatient mental health centers participated in four focus groups...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Monique Séguin, Marie Robert, Guy Beauchamp
BACKGROUND: Personality and character traits may be a key predisposing factor to consider in the life course of people who are vulnerable to suicide. AIMS: The aim of this study is first to explore the possible presence of different subgroups of suicide decedents based on developmental profiles of adversity, and secondly to examine the association of personality and character dimensions (covariates) with the trajectory outcome. METHOD: A total of 90 cases of suicide decedents were analyzed using growth mixture modeling (GMM)...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Anna Haider, Benedikt Till, Katherine Mok, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that suicidal individuals who use the Internet for suicide-related purposes are more suicidal than nonsuicide-related users, but evidence from European countries is lacking. AIMS: We assessed differences between suicidal individuals who go online for suicide-related purposes and other suicidal individuals in Austria. METHOD: Participants were 53 individuals aged between 18 and 24 years who felt suicidal in the past year and completed an anonymous online survey...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Ingvild M Tøllefsen, Erlend Hem, Øivind Ekeberg, Per-Henrik Zahl, Karin Helweg-Larsen
BACKGROUND: There may be various reasons for differences in suicide rates between countries and over time within a country. One reason can be different registration practices. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the present procedures for mortality and suicide registration in the three Scandinavian countries and to illustrate potential sources of error in the registration of suicide. METHOD: Information about registration practices and classification procedures was obtained from the cause of death registers in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
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