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Cornea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346130/reply-management-of-descemet-membrane-detachment-after-forceps-birth-injury
#1
Jack S Parker, John S Parker, Gerrit R J Melles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346129/high-inflammatory-infiltrate-correlates-with-poor-symptomatic-improvement-after-surgical-treatment-for-superior-limbic-keratoconjunctivitis
#2
Pablo Zoroquiain, Debra-Meghan Sanft, Evangelina Esposito, Devinder Cheema, Ana Beatriz Dias, Miguel N Burnier
PURPOSE: Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis (SLK) is a chronic and recurrent condition of unknown etiology. It is often managed conservatively, but there is a high rate of success with surgical management for severe or recalcitrant cases. The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze clinicopathological features of patients with SLK who underwent surgical treatment and their association with the clinical outcome. METHODS: A total of 22 eyes from 18 patients who underwent surgical SLK management were retrospectively analyzed...
January 17, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341973/detection-and-imaging-of-lymphatic-and-other-vessels-in-corneal-neovascular-complexes
#3
Vito Romano, Bernhard Steger, Stephen B Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341972/ocular-surface-and-tear-film-characteristics-in-a-sclerodermatous-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-mouse-model
#4
Jingliang He, Mio Yamane, Shinsuke Shibata, Masaki Fukui, Eisuke Shimizu, Tetsuya Yano, Shin Mukai, Yutaka Kawakami, Shaowei Li, Kazuo Tsubota, Yoko Ogawa
PURPOSE: To report the characteristics of the ocular surface in a previously established sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) mouse model. METHODS: The ocular surface features and tear film parameters of the mouse model were assessed by histopathology, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mice exhibited loss of body weight and decreased tear secretion (P < 0...
January 16, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341971/atopy-in-patients-with-ocular-cicatricial-pemphigoid
#5
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Mikhail Hernandez, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, C Ramak Roohipoor, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of atopy in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP). METHOD: Patient encounters between August 2005 and November 2016 at the Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institute (MERSI) were searched to identify those with biopsy-proven OCP who had concurrent evidence of atopy. RESULTS: There were 230 patients with biopsy-proven OCP. Thirty-three of them were found to have clinical symptoms of atopy (asthma, hay fever, and eczema) and of these, 23 had evidence of atopy in their conjunctival biopsy specimens...
January 16, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329121/technique-for-preparing-ultrathin-and-nanothin-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-tissue
#6
Albert Y Cheung, Joshua H Hou, Peter Bedard, Veronique Grimes, Natalie Buckman, Medi Eslani, Edward J Holland
PURPOSE: To describe and report outcomes of our single-pass microkeratome technique for preparation of ultrathin (UT, ≤100 μm) and nanothin (NT, ≤50 μm) Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) grafts. METHODS: To prepare NT-DSAEK grafts, a pachymetry nomogram specific to each technician and individual microkeratome head was developed based on accumulated precut and postcut pachymetry data from previous DSAEK grafts. Mean graft thickness as well as precut and postcut endothelial cell counts (ECCs) of NT-DSAEK, UT-DSAEK, and Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts between July 2015 and July 2017 were calculated and compared statistically...
January 11, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324584/maternal-serum-eye-drops-in-the-management-of-pediatric-persistent-corneal-epithelial-defects-a-case-series
#7
Ashton J Kalhorn, Kirstin L Tawse, Avni A Shah, Jennifer L Jung, Darren G Gregory, Emily A McCourt
PURPOSE: We report our experience with the use of maternally derived serum eye drops as adjunctive treatment in the management of pediatric persistent corneal epithelial defects. METHODS: Five eyes of 4 patients were identified in a retrospective review of pediatric patients with persistent corneal epithelial defects who received maternal serum drops. Diagnoses associated with the defects comprised pontine tegmental cap dysplasia with bilateral cranial nerve V1, V2, V3, and VII palsies; pontine tegmental cap dysplasia with left cranial nerve V1, VII, and VIII palsies; traumatic left cranial nerve II, V1, V2, and VI palsies due to a basilar skull fracture; and Stevens-Johnson syndrome with ocular involvement...
January 10, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319599/long-term-outcome-after-penetrating-keratoplasty-in-a-pedigree-with-the-g177e-mutation-in-the-ubiad1-gene-for-schnyder-corneal-dystrophy
#8
Koji Kitazawa, Koichi Wakimasu, Kanae Kayukawa, Manabu Sugimoto, Junko Nakai, Jayne S Weiss, Morio Ueno, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term surgical outcome after penetrating keratoplasty in 5 patients from 1 pedigree with Schnyder corneal dystrophy (SCD), resulting from the same UbiA prenyltransferase domain containing 1 (UBIAD1) mutation. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 6 eyes of 5 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty for treatment of SCD. Postoperative surgical outcome measures included the analysis of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelial cell density, and the rates of corneal graft rejection and disease recurrence...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319598/corneal-collagen-cross-linking-with-riboflavin-and-ultraviolet-a-light-for-pediatric-keratoconus-ten-year-results
#9
Cosimo Mazzotta, Claudio Traversi, Stefano Baiocchi, Simone Bagaglia, Orsola Caporossi, Antonio Villano, Aldo Caporossi
PURPOSE: To assess the 10-year follow-up efficacy and safety of riboflavin ultraviolet A-induced cross-linking (CXL) in a population of pediatric patients aged 18 years and younger with progressive keratoconus (KC). METHODS: The prospective longitudinal cohort study included 62 eyes of 47 keratoconic patients undergoing epithelium-off CXL who completed 10-year follow-up. The surgical procedure was performed in all patients according to the Siena (Dresden modified) protocol...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319597/repeated-same-day-versus-single-tomography-measurements-of-keratoconic-eyes-for-analysis-of-disease-progression
#10
Wolf Wonneberger, Bertil Sterner, Ulrika MacLean, Margareta Claesson, Madeleine Zetterberg
PURPOSE: Corneal tomography is used to assess progression of keratoconus and to direct clinical decisions regarding corneal cross-linking. The purpose of this study was to analyze the variability of repeated Scheimpflug-tomography (Pentacam Classic; Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) measurements of keratoconic eyes in a clinical setting and to assess the validity of such measurements as a clinical decision-making tool. METHODS: Eighty keratoconic eyes of 45 patients (age range 16-32 years) were examined at baseline and after follow-up periods of 3 to 6 months using 3 consecutive tomography measurements at each visit...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319596/obstructive-sleep-apnea-assessed-by-overnight-polysomnography-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#11
Emilio Pedrotti, Christian Luigi Demasi, Adriano Fasolo, Erika Bonacci, Tommaso Brighenti, Nicola Gennaro, Marcello Ferrari, Giorgio Marchini
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with keratoconus (KCN) and to evaluate the association between the severity of KCN and OSA. METHODS: OSA was diagnosed with an overnight home sleep apnea test. As estimated by home monitoring, an apnea-hypopnea index threshold of ≥5 sleep-related obstructive breathing events per hour was considered suggestive of OSA. For grading KCN severity (Amsler-Krumeich classification), slit-lamp biomicroscopy, corneal topography, and pachymetry measurements were performed...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319595/pythium-keratitis-leading-to-fatal-cavernous-sinus-thrombophlebitis
#12
Anubha Rathi, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Tushar Agarwal, Neelam Pushker, Mukesh Patil, Hemant Kamble, Jeewan S Titiyal, Rishi Mohan, Seema Kashyap, Sanjay Sharma, Seema Sen, Gita Satpathy, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To report a case of Pythium insidiosum keratitis leading to fatal cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 70-year-old man presented with excruciating pain, redness, and diminution of vision in his left eye for 2 weeks after washing his hair with tap water. A total corneal ulcer with surrounding infiltrates and associated corneal thinning was present. Corneal scraping revealed the presence of Gram-positive cocci...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303889/factors-influencing-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-laser-scanning-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-for-acanthamoeba-keratitis
#13
Ahmad Kheirkhah, Vannarut Satitpitakul, Zeba A Syed, Rodrigo Müller, Sunali Goyal, Elmer Y Tu, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To determine the factors that influence the sensitivity and specificity of laser-scanning in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) for diagnosing Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). METHODS: This retrospective, controlled study included 28 eyes of 27 patients with AK and 34 eyes of 34 patients with bacterial keratitis (as the control group). All patients had undergone corneal imaging with a laser-scanning IVCM (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 with the Rostock Cornea Module)...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303888/systemic-absorption-of-mitomycin-c-when-used-in-pterygium-surgery
#14
Michael Yulish, Ahmed Khatib, Joseph Pikkel
PURPOSE: To determine whether scleral topical application of mitomycin-C (MMC) results in measurable plasma levels of systemic absorption. METHODS: The study comprised 27 patients who were treated with MMC 0.2 mg/mL (0.02%) for 60 seconds during pterygium surgery. Blood samples were taken 30 minutes after surgery and evaluated by the human plasma liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry method to determine the presence of MMC. RESULTS: The amount of MMC in 27 samples tested was determined as below 0...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303887/correlation-between-postoperative-central-corneal-thickness-and-endothelial-damage-after-cataract-surgery-by-phacoemulsification
#15
Jean Marc Perone, Mathilde Boiche, Louis Lhuillier, Francis Ameloot, Shamour Premy, Anne-Laure Jeancolas, Christophe Goetz, Estelle Neiter
PURPOSE: To study the correlation between postoperative corneal edema and endothelial cell loss after cataract surgery by microcoaxial phacoemulsification. METHODS: Eighty-five eyes of 85 consecutive patients with mild cataract (up to C5, N4, and P5: per LOCS III classification) were included in a prospective study from September 2014 to November 2014. Eighty-five eyes were necessary to obtain a precision of 0.15 for computation of the Pearson correlation coefficient...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303886/anterior-segment-parameters-in-patients-with-wilson-disease
#16
Necip Kara, Sevim Ayca Seyyar, Oguzhan Saygili, Mustafa Seyyar, Murat Taner Gulsen, Kıvanc Gungor
PURPOSE: To investigate anterior segment parameters in patients with Wilson disease (WD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 22 patients with WD (study group) and 22 healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled. Each participant underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic assessment including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fundus examination, and intraocular pressure. Anterior segment parameters were measured by the Sirius anterior segment analyzer system (Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy)...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303885/candida-endophthalmitis-after-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-with-grafts-from-both-eyes-of-a-donor-with-possible-systemic-candidiasis
#17
Sotiria Palioura, Kavitha Sivaraman, Madhura Joag, Adam Sise, Juan F Batlle, Darlene Miller, Edgar M Espana, Guillermo Amescua, Sonia H Yoo, Anat Galor, Carol L Karp
PURPOSE: To report 2 cases with late postoperative Candida albicans interface keratitis and endophthalmitis after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) with corneal grafts originating from a single donor with a history of presumed pulmonary candidiasis. METHODS: Two patients underwent uncomplicated DSAEK by 2 corneal surgeons at different surgery centers but with tissue from the same donor and were referred to the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute with multifocal infiltrates at the graft-host cornea interface 6 to 8 weeks later, and anterior chamber cultures that were positive for the same genetic strain of C...
January 4, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300269/reply
#18
Jean Marc Perone, Christophe Goetz, Louis Lhuillier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300268/central-corneal-thickness-measurement-after-cataract-surgery
#19
Maddalena De Bernardo, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300267/ocular-surface-workup-with-automated-noninvasive-measurements-for-the-diagnosis-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#20
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Luca Vigo, Marco Pellegrini, Stefano Sebastiani, Francesco Carones
PURPOSE: To analyze diagnostic performance of an ocular surface workup based on automated noninvasive measurements in the diagnosis of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: Two hundred ninety-eight eyes of 149 patients with MGD and 54 eyes of 27 control patients were analyzed. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), noninvasive breakup time (BUT), lipid layer thickness, meibomian gland loss, and tear osmolarity were calculated. The correlations among variables in the MGD group were analyzed...
January 3, 2018: Cornea
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