Read by QxMD icon Read


Thomas Kohnen, Ivana Pavlovic, Ingo Schmack, Mehdi Shajari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Cornea
Lamis Baydoun, Fook Chang Lam, Sontje Schaal, Shugi Hsien, Silke Oellerich, Korine van Dijk, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE: To assess aqueous flare as a measure of subclinical inflammation after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional and longitudinal case series at a tertiary referral center, 173 DMEK eyes of 169 patients and 19 age-matched healthy control eyes were included. Aqueous flare [photon count per millisecond (ph/ms)] was assessed by laser flare photometry at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after DMEK in group I (evaluation of postsurgical blood-aqueous barrier recovery; n = 25) and on average 28 (±19) months (range, 3-86 months) after DMEK in group II (evaluation of long-term inflammation; n = 148)...
March 15, 2018: Cornea
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Jayne S Weiss, Laura Sapigni, Cristina Bovone, Leila Mattioli, Emilio C Campos, Massimo Busin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate and outcomes of immunologic stromal rejection occurring after large deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and the effect of the underlying disease on the cumulative probability of rejection. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of all eyes that underwent a 9-mm DALK at Ospedali Privati Forlì (Forlì, Italy). On the basis of preoperative diagnosis, eyes were assigned to group 1: keratoconus, group 2: stromal disease with a low risk for rejection, or group 3: stromal disease with a high risk for rejection...
March 14, 2018: Cornea
Dmitrii S Maltsev, Elena V Kudryashova, Alexei N Kulikov, Artem Yu Mareichev
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between central epithelial thickness (CET) and central corneal thickness (CCT) in healthy individuals and to evaluate their changes after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: In this study, we included 150 patients (150 eyes) who underwent LASIK and 83 healthy individuals (83 eyes). In all patients, CET and CCT were measured using anterior segment optical coherence tomography with Copernicus REVO on B-scans. Statistical analysis was performed using the Spearman rank test, t test, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
March 14, 2018: Cornea
Ting Wang, Muchen Dong, Yin Jiang, Shuting Wang, Weiyun Shi
PURPOSE: To observe the pathological changes in dendritic cells (DCs) and inflammatory cells in the corneal epithelium and endothelium using in vivo confocal microscopy during the management of herpetic endotheliitis. METHODS: A total of 110 eyes with herpetic endotheliitis were included. All patients were treated with antiviral agents combined with glucocorticoids. Changes in corneal edema were observed using slit-lamp microscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography...
March 14, 2018: Cornea
Young Joon Choi, Si Yoon Park, Ikhyun Jun, Moonjung Choi, Kyoung Yul Seo, Eung Kweon Kim, Tae-Im Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate perioperative dry eye (DE) syndrome and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) parameters associated with persistent DE symptoms after cataract surgery. METHODS: We enrolled patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery without previous ocular comorbidities and previous use of ophthalmic treatment except for artificial tears at a single tertiary hospital. Lipid layer thickness, meibomian gland (MG) dropout, tear breakup time, Oxford staining score, lid margin abnormality, meibum quality, meibum expressibility, MG orifice obstruction, MGD stage, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), and Schirmer test score were prospectively assessed in order at baseline and 1 and 3 months postoperative...
March 14, 2018: Cornea
Aleksandra Petrovic, Kattayoon Hashemi, Frank Blaser, Wolfgang Wild, George Kymionis
PURPOSE: To describe the findings of in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in a case of linear interstitial keratitis (IK), a very rare entity of unknown etiology. METHODS: IVCM and AS-OCT were used in the case of the a 23-year-old patient with recurrent unilateral linear IK. RESULTS: On AS-OCT, inflammation appeared confined to the anterior part of the stroma. Similar to color photography, inflammation appeared beaded...
March 14, 2018: Cornea
Karolien Hollanders, Ingele Casteels, Sylvie Vandelanotte, Rudolf Reyniers, Katarina Segers, Thomas Nevens, Ilse Mombaerts
PURPOSE: To report a case of ablepharon-macrostomia syndrome and surgical treatment options. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A prematurely born male baby presented with severe ablepharon, hypertelorism, macrostomia, low-set dysplastic ears, broad nasal bridge, coarse and redundant body skin, absent scalp and body hair, lax abdominal wall, absent nipples, camptodactyly, and ambiguous genitalia. Despite intensive ocular lubrication, severe exposure keratopathy developed within the first days after birth...
March 13, 2018: Cornea
Ahmad R Dhaini, Maamoun Abdul Fattah, Sara Maria El-Oud, Shady T Awwad
PURPOSE: To evaluate a proposed technology for offering objective grading and mapping of corneal haze as detected by corneal spectral domain optical coherence tomography after corneal cross-linking. METHODS: This was a retrospective study to evaluate corneal optical coherence tomography images performed on 44 eyes of 44 patients who underwent corneal cross-linking between January 2014 and May 2015, at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. RESULTS: Overall average brightness of the cornea was markedly increased from 43...
March 13, 2018: Cornea
David P Piñero, María T Caballero, Juan M Nicolás-Albujer, Dolores de Fez, Vicent J Camps
PURPOSE: To evaluate a new method of calculation of total corneal astigmatism based on Gaussian optics and the power design of a spherocylindrical lens (C) in the healthy eye and to compare it with keratometric (K) and power vector (PV) methods. METHODS: A total of 92 healthy eyes of 92 patients (age, 17-65 years) were enrolled. Corneal astigmatism was calculated in all cases using K, PV, and our new approach C that considers the contribution of corneal thickness...
March 13, 2018: Cornea
Francis W Price, Matthew T Feng, Marianne O Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Takahiko Hayashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Alejandra Consejo, Jos J Rozema
PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between the scleral shape and corneal astigmatism. METHODS: Twenty-two participants (11 nonastigmatic and 11 astigmatic) aged from 19 to 36 years and with no previous ocular surgeries were included in this study. Three-dimensional (3D) corneoscleral maps from both eyes (44 eyes) were acquired using a corneoscleral topographer (Eye Surface Profiler). Each 3D map was split into 13 concentric annuli, each 0.5-mm wide, starting at 1...
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Kostadin Rolev, Dominic G OʼDonovan, Peter Coussons, Linda King, Madhavan S Rajan
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of a cell therapy approach to treat corneal endothelial (CE) disorders using an in vitro model of human corneal decompensation. METHODS: A CE decompensation model was established by removal of the Descemet membrane/endothelium complex from cadaveric human corneas in an air interface organ culture system (group 2) and compared with normal corneas (group 1). The posterior stroma of decompensated corneas was seeded with immortalized human corneal endothelial cells (HCEC-12) in group 3 and passage 0 primary human CE cells in group 4 corneas...
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Blanca Benito-Pascual, David Díaz-Valle, José M Benítez-Del-Castillo
PURPOSE: To report 2 cases of cornea verticillata (CV) after vandetanib treatment for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). METHODS: In this retrospective interventional, case-report study, 2 patients who under vandetanib treatment for MTC were referred to our ophthalmology department because of vision complaints. Both subjects underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including confocal microscopy (CM) using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph and Rostock Cornea Module...
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Nir Sorkin, Mahmood Showail, Adi Einan-Lifshitz, Tanguy Boutin, Armand Borovik, Mohammad Kreimei, Amir Rosenblatt, Clara C Chan, David S Rootman
PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in eyes with previous Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). METHODS: This retrospective interventional case series included 26 eyes (26 patients) that underwent DMEK to replace a previous DSAEK graft with at least 6 months of follow-up. The outcome measures were indications for surgery, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), endothelial cell density, rebubbling rate, rejection, and failure...
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Richard W Helms, Xiaowei Zhao, Rony R Sayegh
PURPOSE: To study the effect of decentration and tilt of the type I Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) on image quality in both aphakic and pseudophakic eyes. METHODS: An optical ray-tracing program was used to simulate the image projected onto the retina in an eye with a perfectly centered KPro, and in eyes with varying degrees of KPro decentration and tilt. Decentration was modeled along a typical white-to-white distance of 12.0 mm, and the corresponding tilt was calculated assuming a radius of curvature of 8...
March 6, 2018: Cornea
Mohit Parekh, Alessandro Ruzza, Vito Romano, Elisa Favaro, Mattia Baruzzo, Gianni Salvalaio, Andrea Grassetto, Stefano Ferrari, Diego Ponzin
PURPOSE: To investigate the learning curve of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) graft preparation in an eye bank. METHODS: Four operators prepared 645 DMEK grafts using the stripping technique between 2014 and 2017 at the Veneto Eye Bank Foundation, Italy. Endothelial cell loss (ECL) and tissue wastage were recorded retrospectively after DMEK preparation and correlated with the number of tissues prepared each year by each operator. On average, our operators performed 1 donor preparation a week over the course of this study...
March 1, 2018: Cornea
Mohit Parekh, Stefano Ferrari, Diego Ponzin, Alessandro Ruzza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Cornea
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"