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Journal of the American College of Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313754/adipoq-45t%C3%A2-g-polymorphism-food-ingestion-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-persons
#1
Vanessa R Retamoso, Patrícia Maurer, Lyana B Feijóo, Graziela M S Tavares, Vanusa Manfredini, Jacqueline C E Piccoli
INTRODUCTION: The current nutritional transition process contributes further to accelerate the onset of metabolic disorders, as do a number of environmental factors that lead to the diagnosis of chronic diseases, as a diet of low nutritional value, is possibly related to the incidence of metabolic syndrome. In addition to these factors, metabolic syndrome may also be related to genetic factors, the ADIPOQ + 45T> G polymorphism has been associated with serum adiponectin levels, insulin sensitivity, and obesity, which affects adiponectin levels act as protective factor for cardiovascular disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313753/compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-two-eggs-day-increased-plasma-carotenoids-and-choline-without-increasing-trimethyl-amine-n-oxide-concentrations
#2
Amanda Missimer, Maria Luz Fernandez, Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Christopher N Blesso, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill
BACKGROUND: Habitual consumption of eggs has been hypothesized to positively modify biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk through proposed antioxidant properties. OBJECTIVES: To examine this relationship, 50 young, healthy men and women were enrolled into a randomized crossover clinical intervention. METHODS: Participants consumed either 2 eggs per day or one packet of oatmeal a day for 4 weeks, followed by a 3-week wash-out and crossed over to the alternate breakfast...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313752/recent-science-and-clinical-application-of-nutrition-to-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Mark Houston, Deanna Minich, Stephen T Sinatra, Joel K Kahn, Mimi Guarneri
One of the greatest threats to mortality in industrialized societies continues to be coronary heart disease (CHD). Moreover, the ability to decrease the incidence of CHD has reached a limit utilizing traditional diagnostic evaluations and prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking). It is well known that about 80% of CHD can be prevented with optimal nutrition, coupled with exercise, weight management, mild alcohol intake, and smoking cessation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313751/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-four-arm-parallel-study-investigating-the-effect-of-a-broad-spectrum-wellness-beverage-on-mood-state-in-healthy-moderately-stressed-adults
#4
Malkanthi Evans, Joseph Antony, Najla Guthrie, Bernie Landes, Okezie I Aruoma
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a broad-spectrum wellness beverage (Zeal Wellness [ZW]) on standardized measures of mood states, including overall feelings of vitality, in healthy, moderately stressed adults. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 99 eligible participants prescreened for moderate stress. Participants were randomized to one of four groups and received ZW once daily (1-dose-ZW; 14 g), ZW twice daily (2-dose-ZW; 28 g), placebo once daily (1-dose-placebo), or placebo twice daily (2-dose-placebo) for 4 weeks...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313750/serum-retinol-folic-acid-and-copper-are-associated-with-sperm-abnormalities-in-men-with-obesity
#5
Berniza Calderón, Vital Hevia, Belén Vega-Piñero, Antonia Martín-Hidalgo, Helena Mendez-Del Sol, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, José I Botella-Carretero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Micronutrients may influence the development and differentiation of sperm cells. The aim of this study was to assess the possible association of deficiencies in several vitamins and trace elements with sperm abnormalities in men with obesity. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Thirty male patients with moderate to severe obesity and ten lean controls who gave written informed consent were included. Anthropometric parameters were recorded. Hormonal and lipid profiles were analyzed, as well as serum concentrations of zinc, copper, retinol, α-tocopherol, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, cobalamin, and folic acid...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313749/the-potential-effects-of-caffeinated-beverages-on-insulin-sensitivity
#6
E Paul Cherniack, Natalie Buslach, Heather F Lee
Caffeinated beverages, most commonly tea and coffee, may have important effects on insulin regulation that may give their consumption an important role among nutritional factors in the development of diseases of glucose and insulin metabolism, such as diabetes and atherosclerotic vascular diseases. These beverages include compounds that may have contradictory effects on insulin and glucose: Caffeine impairs insulin sensitivity, but polyphenolic molecules within tea, coffee, and cocoa augment the effects of insulin...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313748/effect-of-curcumin-on-anthropometric-measures-a-systematic-review-on-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Mitra Hariri, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is an active constituent of turmeric. Recently, scientists have suggested that curcumin can be used in weight reduction. We performed a systematic review based on randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of curcumin supplementation on anthropometric variables. METHODS: We searched databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar up to August 2017. Randomized clinical trials assessing the effects of curcumin on anthropometric parameters in human adults were included...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313747/comparison-of-the-hei-and-hei-2010-diet-quality-measures-in-association-with-chronic-disease-risk-among-low-income-african-american-urban-youth-in-baltimore-maryland
#8
Margaret M Wrobleski, Elizabeth A Parker, Kristen M Hurley, Sarah Oberlander, Brian C Merry, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Overall diet patterns may be a better predictor of disease risk than specific nutrients or individual foods. The purpose of this study is to examine how overall diet patterns relate to nutritional intake, body composition, and physiological measures of chronic disease risk among low-income, urban African American adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from two samples of African American adolescents (n = 317) from a low-income urban community, including dietary intake using the food frequency Youth/Adolescent Questionnaire and anthropometric measures...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313746/comparison-of-calorie-restricted-diet-and-resveratrol-supplementation-on-anthropometric-indices-metabolic-parameters-and-serum-sirtuin-1-levels-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Somayyeh Asghari, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Mohammad-Hossein Somi, Seyed-Mostafa Ghavami, Maryam Rafraf
OBJECTIVE: There is a promising perspective regarding the potential effect of resveratrol in preventing and treating metabolic disturbances similar to that of calorie restriction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calorie-restricted (CR) diet on metabolic parameters and then to investigate whether resveratrol supplementation has beneficial effects similar to CR diet in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 90 patients with NAFLD (males and females) aged 20 to 60 years with body mass index (BMI) ranging from 25 to 35 kg/m2...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272218/how-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-a-multistakeholder-approach-for-improved-health-outcomes-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-food-health
#10
Allen L H Rakotoniaina
Nutrition is the fundamental bridge between food and health. Inadequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption has been linked to an increase in global noncommunicable diseases, which places a greater burden on health systems (1) . Despite much emphasis from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on the benefits of increased FV consumption, neither results nor an understanding of the complexity of food security and the actions of a diverse array of stakeholders needed to achieve outcomes have been attained...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272211/impact-of-cranberry-juice-enriched-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-adjunct-with-nonsurgical-periodontal-treatment-on-metabolic-control-and-periodontal-status-in-type-2-patients-with-diabetes-with-periodontal-disease
#11
Ahmad Zare Javid, Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Elnaz Ashrafzadeh, Hojat Allah Yousefimanesh, Mehrnoosh Zakerkish, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Hosein Babaei
OBJECTIVES: Cranberries, high in polyphenols, have been associated with a favorable glycemic response in patients with type 2 diabetes and also are beneficial for oral health. Because type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease have a physiological relationship, this study aimed to evaluate the hypothesis that cranberry juice enriched with omega-3 will improve glycemic and lipid profiles and periodontal status in patients with diabetes with periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 41 patients with diabetes (age 35-67 years) with periodontal disease were recruited and randomly assigned to 4 groups: control (C; n = 12), receiving omega-3 (I1; n = 10, 1 g/ twice daily), cranberry juice (I2; n = 9, 200 ml, twice daily), and cranberry juice enriched with omega-3 (I3; n = 10, 200 ml, containing 1 g omega-3) twice daily for 8 weeks...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272206/effect-of-incorporating-stevia-and-moringa-in-cookies-on-postprandial-glycemia-appetite-palatability-and-gastrointestinal-well-being
#12
Jamil Ahmad, Imran Khan, Stuart K Johnson, Iftikhar Alam, Zia Ud Din
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants including stevia and moringa constitute an important source of health-beneficial bioactive components, and hence their intake may beneficially modulate biomarkers of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of incorporating stevia and moringa leaf powder in cookies on postprandial glycemia, appetite, palatability, and gastrointestinal well-being in humans. METHOD: In a randomized crossover design, 20 healthy subjects consumed 3 isocaloric test foods (each providing 50 g available carbohydrates) of control cookies (CC) made from 100% wheat flour, cookies containing stevia leaf powder (SC, 3% w/w), and cookies containing moringa leaf powder (MC, 5% w/w) as breakfast...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272205/protein-supplement-usage-among-male-university-students-comparisons-between-current-and-previous-users
#13
Youngmo Sung, Jinkyung Choi
OBJECTIVE: Interest in specialized dietary supplements is leading market growth, and protein supplements are popular for increasing muscle mass among young males. Therefore, this study investigated the attitudes toward and satisfaction with protein supplements to identify detailed consumer behaviors related to the consumption of protein supplements. METHOD: The study sample includes male university students in their 20s in South Korea. In total, 223 responses were entered for analysis...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185885/a-jacn-tribute-to-dr-ananda-s-prasad-phd-md-facn-macn
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111915/effects-of-egg-consumption-on-blood-lipids-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Nafiseh Rashidi-Pourfard, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Majid Karimi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND: It is widely agreed that egg consumption only modestly influences serum lipid concentrations. However, there is no meta-analysis summarizing existing randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials to explore the quantitative effect of egg consumption on serum lipid concentrations. DESIGN: Online databases including MEDLINE, Proquest and Google Scholar were systematically searched...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111907/bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-healthy-term-infants-in-the-first-three-months-of-life-in-brazil
#16
Roseli Borges Donegá Toffano, Elaine Hillesheim, Ana Vitoria Barban Margutti, José Simon Camelo Junior, Ivan Savioli Ferraz, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Bioelectrical impedance vectorial analysis (BIVA) can be considered a favorable method for evaluation and monitoring of nutritional and hydration status without assumptions regarding body composition or requirement of prediction formulas. The present study aimed to determine bivariate tolerance intervals of the whole-body impedance vector for healthy term infants aged 1 to 3 months. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance data (800 mA-50 kHz) were obtained...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111905/the-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-glucose-metabolism-lipid-profiles-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Tahereh Gholnari, Esmat Aghadavod, Alireza Soleimani, Gholam Ali Hamidi, Nasrin Sharifi, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: Data on the effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on glucose metabolism, lipid profiles, inflammation, and oxidative stress in subjects with diabetic nephropathy (DN) are scarce. This research was done to determine the effects of CoQ10 supplementation on metabolic status in subjects with DN. METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was done in 50 subjects with DN. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups to intake either 100 mg/day CoQ10 supplements (n = 25) or placebo (n = 25) for 12 weeks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111902/the-effect-of-cranberry-juice-consumption-on-the-recurrence-of-urinary-tract-infection-relationship-to-baseline-risk-factors
#18
Kevin C Maki, Kristin M Nieman, Arianne L Schild, Kerrie L Kaspar, Christina Khoo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess relationships between clinical predictors of urinary tract infection (UTI) and effects of cranberry juice consumption on recurrence in a post hoc analysis of a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial in women with a recent history of UTI. METHODS: Participants consumed a cranberry (n = 185) or placebo (n = 188) beverage (240 mL) daily. Odds ratios (OR) from 20 candidate predictor variables were evaluated in univariate analyses to assess clinical UTI incidence relationships in the placebo group...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111889/the-combined-effects-of-exercise-diet-and-a-multi-ingredient-dietary-supplement-on-body-composition-and-adipokine-changes-in-overweight-adults
#19
Shawn M Arent, Alan J Walker, Joseph K Pellegrino, David J Sanders, Bridget A McFadden, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Hector L Lopez
BACKGROUND: Very few weight and fat loss supplements undergo finished-product research to examine efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week diet and exercise program on body composition, hip and waist girth, and adipokines and evaluate whether a dietary supplement containing raspberry ketone, capsaicin, caffeine, garlic, and Citrus aurantium enhanced outcomes. METHODS: Overweight men and women completed this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087247/association-of-glutathione-s-transferase-polymorphisms-with-dietary-composition-but-not-anthropometry-in-obese-as-well-as-nonobese-individuals
#20
Barbara Klánová, Filip Zlámal, Aneta Pohořalá, Ondřej Slabý, Hynek Pikhart, Julie Bienertová-Vašků
OBJECTIVES: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are detoxifying enzymes for a number of substrates, including some food compounds. Selected GST polymorphisms have been proven to significantly affect enzymatic activity; however, it is unclear whether this altered metabolism influences dietary composition. The objective of this study was to locate the correlation between GST polymorphisms and selected nutritional parameters, namely, fiber and vitamin C intake. METHODS: This study was conducted on a cohort of 472 individuals (mean age 45...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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