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Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Xariss M Sánchez-Chino, Cristian Jiménez Martínez, Erika B León-Espinosa, Leticia Garduño-Siciliano, Isela Álvarez-González, Eduardo Madrigal-Bujaidar, Verónica R Vásquez-Garzón, Rafael Baltiérrez-Hoyos, Gloria Dávila-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: Colon cancer occupies the third place in incidence worldwide; eating habits, in particular, consumption of hypercaloric diets, are relevant in its etiopathogenesis. On the other hand, foods can also modulate carcinogenesis: for example, proteins, which when hydrolyzed release peptides with biological activities, and legumes, especially, chickpea, represent a good source of hydrolysates. The objective of this work was to verify the inhibitory effect of chickpea hydrolyzed protein on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced carcinogenesis in mice fed a hypercaloric diet...
September 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Xiu Xu, Xianfeng Zhao, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low, Matthew J Kuchan
OBJECTIVES: While others have reported that milk from coastal Chinese women contains high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin, no research has determined the corresponding infant plasma response. Whether infant plasma levels increase commensurately provides important guidance for supplementation of these increasingly intriguing carotenoids in breast-feeding mothers and formula-fed infants. METHODS: Fifty-six mother-infant pairs with a maternal diet rich in eggs, green leafy vegetables, and fruit were enrolled between 6 and 16 weeks of lactation...
September 11, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Tanita Dharsono, Karolina Rudnicka, Manfred Wilhelm, Christiane Schoen
OBJECTIVES: Each year, adults suffer about two to four upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), mostly in winter. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of brewers' yeast (1,3)-(1,6)-beta-glucan on incidence and severity of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). METHODS: Generally healthy men and women (n = 299) reporting at least three URTIs during the previous year were randomized to receive either a placebo or 900 mg of yeast beta-glucan daily for 16 weeks during winter...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Parisa Hajihashemi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
Whole grains have potential benefits in preventing cardiovascular diseases and diabetes; nevertheless, results from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on inflammatory markers are controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis of RCTs was to examine the effect of whole grains on inflammatory markers A systematic literature search was conducted by using the online database of PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Scopus for relevant studies up to November 2017, using Medical Subject Headings and other related keywords...
September 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hatice Ozcaliskan Ilkay, Habibe Sahin, Fatih Tanriverdi, Gulhan Samur
BACKGROUND: Hypomagnesemia could worsen glycemic control by impairing insulin release and promoting insulin resistance. On the contrary, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may induce and/or exacerbate low serum magnesium levels, and this could, in turn, worsen glycemic control of diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum magnesium level, dietary magnesium intake, and metabolic control parameters in patients with T2DM...
August 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Melinda Gindin, Hallie P Febvre, Sangeeta Rao, Taylor C Wallace, Tiffany L Weir
OBJECTIVE: The gut microbiota has been recognized as a critical regulator of human health, and novel interventions to selectively modulate the microbiota are actively being sought. Bacteriophages (bacterial viruses) have the potential to selectively eliminate specific detrimental microbes while enhancing beneficial microbe populations. The Bacteriophage for Gastrointestinal Health (PHAGE) study aimed to determine the safety and tolerability of supplemental bacteriophage consumption in a population of healthy adults with mild to moderate gastrointestinal distress...
August 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Niraj S Ghatpande, Priti P Apte, Sadanand S Naik, Prasad P Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify an association among dietary components, iron, and inflammatory status among adolescent girls. METHOD: Dietary information for 85 adolescent girls was collected through food frequency questionnaires. Biomarkers of iron and inflammatory status were analyzed. RESULTS: We found that 28.2% of adolescent girls had anemia and 65.9% girls were iron-deficient. Girls who did not consume guava had 3...
August 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Julie M Hess, Victor L Fulgoni, Emily C Radlowski
OBJECTIVE: The Healthy Mediterranean-Style Eating Pattern (HMEP) in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommends that adults eating less than 2400 kcal a day consume only two daily servings (or cup-equivalents) of low-fat or fat-free dairy foods like milk, cheese, and yogurt, which does not provide enough calcium, potassium, and vitamin D to meet dietary reference intakes (DRIs). Our objective was to assess the impact of additional servings of dairy foods on the nutrient adequacy of the 1600, 2000, and 2400 kcal HMEP in the 2015 DGA...
August 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Katerina Belogianni, Ann Ooms, Hafez Ahmed, Dimitra Nikoletou, Robert Grant, Dimitrios Makris, Hannah J Moir
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of an online game-based educational program on nutrition knowledge and dietary and physical activity habits among university students in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with pre- and postintervention comparisons. SETTING: Two higher education settings in London, UK. SUBJECTS: Current undergraduate and postgraduate students of two universities (n = 88) aged 18-34 years are randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 44) or a control group (n = 44)...
August 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Agomuo Emmanuel Nnabugwu, Amadi Peter Uchenna
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the physicochemical properties, fatty acid (FA) and phytochemical compositions, and free radical-scavenging potentials of oils from the bagasses: Costus afer stem (CA) and Saccharum officinarum stem (SB); agricultural residues; corn cobs (CC); tigernut chaff (TB); peanut hulls (GH); medicinal plants: Sphenocentrum jollyanum leaves (SJ) and Senna alata leaves (CS); and fodders: Pennisetum purpureum (PP), Panicum maximum (PM), and Chloris gayana stalks (CG)...
July 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Omid Eslami, Farzad Shidfar, Zahra Maleki, Shima Jazayeri, Agha Fatemeh Hosseini, Shahram Agah, Farnaz Ardiyani
OBJECTIVE: Studies in experimental models of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have reported positive effects of soy components in improving metabolic parameters. Whether such effects could be achieved through consumption of whole soy foods in patients with NAFLD is still unclear. Therefore, this trial was conducted to assess the effects of soy milk on metabolic parameters of patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This parallel randomized clinical trial was conducted on 70 patients with NAFLD...
July 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hadis Mozaffari, Elnaz Daneshzad, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) is considered a new holistic dietary approach and assesses total antioxidants present in the overall diet. Our aim was to perform a comprehensive review of the literature on the association between DTAC and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were used to conduct a comprehensive search for articles published on this topic through September 2017...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Saniye Bilici, Hande Mortaş, Betül Kocaadam, Eda Köksal
OBJECTIVE: Low dietary quality is an important indicator of unhealthy eating patterns that can lead to some consequences such as obesity, so policy is a very powerful tool that can affect the consumption of both healthy and unhealthy foods. Indices that assess whether nutritional policies are applied contribute to the assessment of the quality of the population's diet. This study was conducted to investigate the quality of diets and beverages consumed by Turkish adults, and the factors affecting them...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Monica Dinu, Anne Whittaker, Giuditta Pagliai, Ilaria Giangrandi, Barbara Colombini, Anna Maria Gori, Claudia Fiorillo, Matteo Becatti, Alessandro Casini, Stefano Benedettelli, Francesco Sofi
OBJECTIVE: KAMUT khorasan is an ancient grain with widely acclaimed health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a replacement diet with ancient khorasan wheat products in patients with NAFLD, in comparison to a similar replacement diet with control products made from organic semi-whole-grain modern wheat. METHODS: Forty NAFLD patients (12 M/28 F; age 55.2 ± 10.4 years) with mild to moderate liver steatosis were included. The experimental design was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-arm study with 20 participants assigned to consume either KAMUT khorasan or control wheat products (pasta, bread, crackers, biscuits) over a 3-month period...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Harry G Preuss, Gilbert R Kaats, Nate Mrvichin, Anand Swaroop, Debasis Bagchi, Dallas Clouatre, Jeffrey M Preuss
OBJECTIVE: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered by some to be the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome (MS). However, others believe NAFLD is a distinct entity that actually initiates MS. Whichever is true, a definite linkage exists between both is generally accepted based upon the frequency of common occurrence and realization that insulin resistance (IR) is and realization that. The objective is to better understand the relationship between NAFLD and MS...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Maria E Mejía-León, Lorena López-Domínguez, Sandra V Aguayo-Patrón, Graciela Caire-Juvera, Ana M Calderón de la Barca
OBJECTIVE: Gut dysbiosis in type 1 diabetes (T1D), characterized by high Bacteroides proportion, tends to reverse as T1D progresses, without reaching full recovery. Since diet influences microbiota structure, the aim was to evaluate the impact of dietary changes on Bacteroides proportion the first year of T1D evolution. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed by 24-hour recalls and Bacteroides proportion by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in 10 Mexican children (11...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Ramona De Amicis, Alessandro Leone, Andrea Foppiani, Diana Osio, Lidia Lewandowski, Valentina Giustizieri, Paolo Cornelio, Ferdinando Cornelio, Susanna Fusari Imperatori, Stefano F Cappa, Alberto Battezzati, Simona Bertoli
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on the Italian elderly population with regard to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and cognitive impairment. Our aim was to investigate adherence to the MD and its association with cognitive function in an Italian urban sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 279 participants aged ≥ 65 years (80 men, 199 women) was carried out at a nutritional center. Adherence to the MD was evaluated using a 14-item questionnaire...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Somaye Fatahi, Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Although some earlier studies have indicated an association between dietary/urinary sodium and bone mass density (BMD), bone mass content (BMC), and the risk of osteoporosis (OS), findings are still conflicting. The aim of this study was to summarize the relation of dietary/urinary sodium with BMD, BMC, and the risk of OS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search up to April 2017 in PubMed/MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Web of Science to find relevant studies...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Erica L Hess, Emily A Myers, Susan E Swithers, Valisa E Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: Individuals looking to improve their health or weight status often use nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS), yet NNS consumption has been associated with increased risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Most studies examining NNS only assess total intake using diet soda as a proxy for NNS consumption, without distinguishing potential risks associated with individual sweeteners. The objective of this cross-sectional investigation was to identify whether there were associations between NNS consumption (total or individual) and risk factors for MetS in adults (n = 125) from Southwest Virginia...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hossein Babaei, Fahimeh Forouzandeh, Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Hojat Allah Yousefimanesh, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Ahmad Zare Javid
AIM: The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of chicory leaf extract on serum oxidative stress markers, lipid profile, and periodontal status in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial 40 patients with chronic periodontitis were allocated to intervention and control groups. The intervention group received a 1-gram chicory leaf methanolic extract capsule twice daily for 8 weeks. In the control group, participants received a placebo capsule (containing 1 gram wheat flour) twice daily for 8 weeks...
August 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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