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Eduardo Vázquez-Delgado, Marta Viaplana-Gutiérrez, Rui Figueiredo, Tara Renton, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the clinical features of patients with neuropathic pain and sensory alterations after dental implant placement. BACKGROUND: Literature is very scarce concerning the prevalence of neuropathic pain after dental implant placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was made in patients submitted to dental implant placement in the Dental Hospital of the University of Barcelona. A descriptive analysis of the data was made, and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated for the prevalences...
February 19, 2018: Gerodontology
Shingo Noguchi, Kazuhiro Yatera, Tatsuji Kato, Yasuo Chojin, Norihiko Furuta, Kentaro Akata, Toshinori Kawanami, Chiharu Yoshii, Hiroshi Mukae
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of comprehensive assessment of oral health using the revised oral assessment guide (ROAG) in older adults with pneumonia. BACKGROUND: Oral health plays a major role in the eating-swallowing process. The role of comprehensive assessment of oral health in older adults with aspiration pneumonia has not been evaluated in detail. The ROAG is a screening tool for comprehensive assessment and has been shown to have a high sensitivity and specificity for the assessment of oral health...
February 15, 2018: Gerodontology
Soraya León, Renato J De Marchi, Luisa H Tôrres, Fernando N Hugo, Iris Espinoza, Rodrigo A Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to gather information and discuss oral health status of older people in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC). BACKGROUND: Scarce data are available to portrait the oral situation of older people in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review paper is the result of a meeting of the IADR's Latin American Geriatric Oral Research Group held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in November of 2016, part of the activities of an IADR Regional Development Programme (RDP)...
February 1, 2018: Gerodontology
Luciana Munhoz, Eduardo M Aoki, Arthur R G Cortes, Cláudio F de Freitas, Emiko S Arita
OBJECTIVES: To compare peripheral bone mineral density alterations among Brazilian postmenopausal women from three ethnic groups considering age and body mass index influence; to correlate their bone mineral density with the mandibular cortical index (MCI); and to evaluate the influence of age, body mass index and ethnicity in the MCI using risk factor analysis. BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis risk is known to have ethical influences. However, little is known about the differences in ethnicity in radiomorphometric indices...
January 30, 2018: Gerodontology
Carolina Montoya, Dwayne Arola, Edgar Alexander Ossa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the changes in the time-dependent deformation response of coronal dentin with ageing and its relationship with changes in chemical composition. BACKGROUND: The structural behaviour of dentin with ageing is affected by changes in the density and diameter of its dentinal tubules (ie porosity), as well as changes in chemical composition throughout the tooth. However, little is known about the time-dependent deformation behaviour of aged dentin and the importance of its hierarchical structure and variations in chemical composition...
January 25, 2018: Gerodontology
Masanori Iwasaki, Wenche S Borgnakke, Akihiro Yoshihara, Kayoko Ito, Hiroshi Ogawa, Kaname Nohno, Misuzu Sato, Kumiko Minagawa, Toshihiro Ansai, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of salivary flow rate with all-cause mortality among older Japanese adults. We hypothesised that hyposalivation would be a marker for mortality. BACKGROUND: Hyposalivation, which is an objectively measurable decrease in salivary flow, is highly prevalent among older adults. It is associated with malnutrition and poor general health. METHODS: The study population comprised 600 community-dwelling Japanese adults (306 men and 294 women), who were 70 years old at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Gerodontology
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
Rafael A Bomfim, Luciana B de Souza, José E Corrente
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing the relationship between self-perceived tooth loss and wearing dentures, on the one hand, and the consumption of protein, on the other hand, among the elderly population of Botucatu, SP. Food consumption tends to decrease with ageing, especially protein intake, and one of the causes could be the precariousness of oral health. Several risk factors associated with deficient dietary protein intake have been identified, namely greater physical dependence, reduced caloric intake and food insecurity, but no studies have analysed whether tooth loss and prostheses interfere with protein intake...
December 7, 2017: Gerodontology
Célio U Araújo, Roberta T Basting
OBJECTIVE: To perform an in situ evaluation of surface roughness and micromorphology of two soft liner materials for dentures at different time intervals. BACKGROUND: The surface roughness of materials may influence the adhesion of micro-organisms and inflammation of the mucosal tissues. The in situ evaluation of surface roughness and the micromorphology of soft liner materials over the course of time may present results different from those of in vitro studies, considering the constant presence of saliva and food, the changes in temperature and the pH level in the oral cavity...
December 4, 2017: Gerodontology
João Pedro de Almeida Rato Amaral, Duarte Nuno da Silva Marques, William Murray Thomson, Alexandra Rosa Rodrigues Vinagre, António Duarte Sola Pereira da Mata
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate and determine the reliability of the Portuguese version of the Summated Xerostomia Inventory. BACKGROUND: Many conditions such as head and neck radiation, autoimmune diseases or polypharmacy are characterised by hyposalivation which can affect oral and systemic quality of life. As such, this condition must be assessed, and the English version of the Xerostomia Inventory has been increasingly used to determine the severity of dry mouth perception...
November 27, 2017: Gerodontology
Jun-Seon Choi, Hee-Eun Kim, Leeann R Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between saliva and dental biofilm characteristics, oral hygiene behaviours and the number of remaining teeth in a sample of older Koreans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 133 participants, aged 65 years and older, recruited from senior welfare facilities in Incheon, South Korea. The outcome variable was the number of remaining teeth, and its associations with the independent variables of participants' general characteristics, salivary haemoglobin level, dental biofilm acidogenicity, salivary flow rate and oral hygiene behaviours were assessed...
November 27, 2017: Gerodontology
Anna Greta Barbe, Michael Johannes Noack, Michael Thomas Barbe, Ina Nitschke
OBJECTIVES: It is essential that especially elderly patients are correctly positioned in dental chairs, based on medical history and careful observation. METHOD: We report a case where reclination of the patient's head resulted in weakness of the limbs. RESULTS: Subsequent investigation determined traumatic contusion of the cervical spinal cord. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the need for accurate anamnesis, close observation and interdisciplinary communication to determine correct positioning...
March 2018: Gerodontology
Mayara Santos de Castro, Cínthia Magalhães Ribeiro, Marina Lara de Carli, Alessandro Antônio Costa Pereira, Felipe Fornias Sperandio, Oslei Paes de Almeida, João Adolfo Costa Hanemann
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the maxillary sinus in an 82-year-old Caucasian woman. BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the maxillary sinus has non-specific signs and symptoms that may be confused with benign inflammatory conditions and upper respiratory infections. METHODS: An incisional biopsy was performed. CD20+ /CD3- /Ki-67: 95% cells were observed. CONCLUSION: A good medical history, clinical and imaging evaluations and immunohistochemical reactions are crucial to establish a correct and early diagnosis of DLBCL...
March 2018: Gerodontology
Emily Kim, William Noh, Neeraj Panchal
An aspiration of a dental crown during a dental extraction requires appropriate and timely diagnosis and management. While foreign body aspiration in dental procedures is relatively uncommon, it constitutes a true medical emergency and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We report a case of mortality from a foreign body aspiration and discuss the epidemiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, management, and prevention of foreign body ingestion and aspiration events.
December 2017: Gerodontology
Clifton Wan, Conor Bowe, Satish Madhavarajan
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of spontaneous fracture of the genial tubercles of the mandible and a review of the literature. BACKGROUND: Resorption of the mandible is well documented in edentulous patients. During this process, the genial tubercles, origin for both genioglossus and geniohyoid muscles, become more prominent and prone to trauma especially from poorly fitted lower full dentures and lead to fracture and separation of the genial tubercles from the mandible...
December 2017: Gerodontology
Mary McNally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Gerodontology
Amruta D Hendre, George W Taylor, Elisa M Chávez, Susan Hyde
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in the management of caries in older adults. BACKGROUND: Silver diamine fluoride has been extensively researched and proven effective for caries prevention and arrest in children. Limited studies support its effectiveness in adult and older adult populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiple databases were searched according to specified inclusion-exclusion criteria...
December 2017: Gerodontology
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Andrew G Schwartz, Charles D Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Gerodontology
Ira B Lamster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Gerodontology
Joanne Murray, Ingrid Scholten
THE OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple oral hygiene protocol improves the oral health of inpatients in stroke rehabilitation. THE BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Poor oral health can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia. The comorbidities associated with stroke, such as dysphagia, hemiparesis and cognitive impairment, can further impede independent oral care. International stroke guidelines recommend routine oral care but stop short of detailing specific regimes...
November 20, 2017: Gerodontology
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