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Reza Hamedy, Bita Shakiba, Shane N White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Gerodontology
Chong Ren, Colman McGrath, Yanqi Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported edentulism and its associated risk factors among community-dwelling adults aged 45 years and older in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the national baseline survey (2011-2012) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were used for this study (N = 17 167). Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to assess the predictors of edentulism. Models 1 and 2 were based on the whole sample...
October 6, 2016: Gerodontology
Brian Laurence, Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman, Kenneth E Nero, Reginald O Salter, Paramjeet K Sagoo
OBJECTIVES: The aim the study was to determine whether the presence of depression was associated with an increased likelihood of hospital admission among adult patients 50 years and over diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC) visiting emergency departments (EDs) in the United States. BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In patients with cancer, depression is predictive of increased mortality and the effect remains after adjusting for comorbidities...
August 31, 2016: Gerodontology
Gunnar Ekbäck, Sven Ordell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental care factors, general health factors and socio-economic factors on perceived taste disturbance (PTD) over time and to assess the stability of or change in PTD in a panel of individuals as they progressed from middle age (50 years) to early old age (70 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data collection was conducted from a cohort study beginning in 1992, when the participants were 50 years old, and again 5, 10, 15 and 20 years later...
August 8, 2016: Gerodontology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Gerodontology
Fulvia Costantinides, Gabriele Vidoni, Ingrid Tonni, Gabriele Bazzocchi, Christiane Bodin, Roberto Di Lenarda
BACKGROUND: Eagle syndrome (ES) is a rare disorder that can be responsible for orofacial pain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment of an elderly patient affected by ES and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A patient complained of constant pain of the right temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and of the sensation of having a foreign body in the throat. Based on the patient's medical history and symptoms, a TMJs internal derangement and concomitant ES were suspected...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Bettine C Webb, Terry Whittle, Eli Schwarz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perceptions of dental care held by the residents in aged care facilities (ACFs) in New South Wales (NSW) and to compare these perceptions with clinical observations. BACKGROUND: No specific data exist relating to NSW residents' perceptions of dental care compared with a clinical examination. Planning for appropriate oral health programs in ACFs necessitate such data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four Area Health Services of Sydney and 25 low care ACFs were selected from which representative residents were sampled who completed a survey and underwent a basic dental examination...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Filiz Yagci, Bulent Kesim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of static magnetic field (SMF) produced by dental magnetic attachments on human gingival fibroblasts in vitro. BACKGROUND: Magnetic attachments have numerous roles in dental prosthesis fixation, but few reports evaluate possible biological effects of static magnetic field (SMF) on human gingival tissues, particular genotoxic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Dyna (500-gr breakaway force) and Steco (173-gr breakaway force) dental magnetic attachments were embedded into autopolymerising acrylic resin in four different configurations each, including single and double magnets...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Hiroko Tsuda, Yasutaka Moritsuchi, Yoshinori Higuchi, Toru Tsuda
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered first-line treatment for sleep apnoea patients, but there are few studies on oral health in patients with OSA who are using CPAP. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of oral symptoms and interest in alternative treatments such as oral appliance (OA) therapy in CPAP users. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to ascertain oral health including denture use, oral symptoms at present and since the start of CPAP, and interest in OA therapy...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Grzegorz Trybek, Małgorzata Chruściel-Nogalska, Małgorzata Machnio, Tomasz Smektała, Jerzy Malinowski, Marcin Tutak, Katarzyna Sporniak-Tutak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the most frequent complications and assess their overall rate associated with the surgical extraction of impacted teeth in an elderly patient population. BACKGROUND: Oral health needs of the elders are often associated with surgical procedures for the creation of appropriate conditions for any further prosthetic treatment. One such process is the removal of severely decayed, fractured or impacted teeth detrimental to the fit or appearance of dentures...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Sameen Dalwai, Shobha J Rodrigues, Shrikala Baliga, Vidya K Shenoy, Thilak B Shetty, Umesh Y Pai, Sharon Saldanha
OBJECTIVE: Candida albicans-associated denture stomatitis is the most common type of denture stomatitis seen in denture wearers. This study evaluates and compares the antifungal action of fluconazole, chlorhexidine gluconate and tea tree oil on heat-polymerised denture base resin, which has been previously contaminated with C. albicans grown in BHI broth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-five specimens were immersed in BHI broth previously inoculated with C. albicans and stored for 3 h at 37°C...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Gökçe Meriç, Meryem Güvenir, Kaya Süer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of humic acid substances on removing micro-organisms from denture base materials. BACKGROUND: Old denture wearer needs effective, easy-use and safe denture-cleaning material. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Square-shaped, heat-polymerised acrylic resin specimens (n = 550) were prepared and divided into five groups (n = 110 for each) corresponding to the microbial contamination (Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa)...
September 2016: Gerodontology
E Samuel Akpata, Abiola A Adeniyi, Cyril O Enwonwu, Oyeladun A Adeleke, Emmanuel C Otoh
OBJECTIVE: To report the periodontal status of older adults in Plateau State, Nigeria, and determine its Association with alcohol consumption. BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is common among Nigerians, and the prevalence increases with age. The role that alcohol consumption plays in the occurrence of the disease among Africans is uncertain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample selection was performed using a multistage cluster sampling technique among older adults in Plateau State, Nigeria...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Priscila Lie Tobouti, Maria Carolina Martins Mussi, Diego Conrado Pereira Rossi, Fernanda Mombrini Pigatti, Carlos Pelleschi Taborda, Luiz Antônio de Assis Taveira, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Melaleuca alternifolia and Copaifera officinalis in inhibiting the adhesion of Candida albicans biofilm. BACKGROUND: Over 65% of denture wearers suffer from denture stomatitis, which is one of the most prevalent forms of oral candidiasis. This disease is characterised by the inflammation of the oral mucosa in contact with the contaminated denture. The contaminated denture contributes to the switch of C. albicans from yeast to its pathogenic hyphal form...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Soraya León, Francisca Araya-Bustos, Ronald L Ettinger, Rodrigo A Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the status of pre-doctoral geriatric dentistry education among all Chilean dental schools. BACKGROUND: Chile is one of the most rapidly ageing countries in Latin America. Consequently, specific knowledge and training on the needs of elderly populations need to be emphasised in dental schools. The current extent and methods of teaching geriatric dentistry among the dental schools in Chile are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was developed and sent to all 19 Chilean dental schools to identify which schools had a formal programme on geriatric dentistry and ask about their format, content and type of training of the faculty who taught in the programmes...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Michel Ruquet, Gérald Maille, Patrick Tavitian, Delphine Tardivo, Olivier Hüe, Jean-Jacques Bonfil
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to utilise a new methodological approach based on radiographic examinations to demonstrate a potential association between coronary heart diseases (CHD) as well as severe hypertension and alveolar bone loss (ABL) in older adults. BACKGROUND: Many studies, primarily assessing clinical parameters, underline the association between periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases. The relationship between ABL and CHD/vascular diseases (VD) is potentially of high importance because of their prevalence in populations, and they represent an important issue in the fields of epidemiology and public health...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Martina Hayes, Paul Brady, Francis M Burke, P Finbarr Allen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to compare cumulative failure rates of different restorative materials in carious class V lesions on the root surfaces of adult patients. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of root caries is set to increase in the coming years as a result of ageing of the population and a concomitant reduction in levels of edentulousness. Evidence is needed to assist practitioners to select the most appropriate restorative material for use in these lesions...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Giédre Berretin-Felix, Isaac Sia, Ali Barikroo, Giselle D Carnaby, Michael A Crary
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the immediate impact of different transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) amplitudes on physiological swallowing effort in healthy older adults versus young adults. BACKGROUND: Swallowing physiology changes with age. Reduced physiological swallowing effort in older adults including lower lingua-palatal and pharyngeal pressures may increase risk for swallowing dysfunction (i.e. dysphagia). Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) has been advocated as an adjunctive modality to enhance outcomes in exercise-based therapy for individuals with dysphagia...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Yoshiaki Kamikawa, Junichi Fujisaki, Tomohiro Nagayama, Kiyotsugu Kawasaki, Daisuke Hirabayashi, Tomofumi Hamada, Ryoich Sakamoto, Hiroshi Mukai, Kazumasa Sugihara
OBJECTIVES: Polyclonal anti-Candida chicken egg yolk antibodies (anti-IgY) were used to investigate the prevention of adherence of Candida species to denture base material in vitro. BACKGROUND: Candida is a potential virulence factor that can cause systemic infection and even death in immunocompromised individuals. Because long-term antifungal treatment may lead to the emergence of drug-resistant strains, it is necessary to develop novel preventive measures and treatments for candidiasis...
September 2016: Gerodontology
Dorota Przybyłowska, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska, Ewa Swoboda-Kopeć, Renata Rubinsztajn, Ryszarda Chazan
INTRODUCTION: The role of bacterial infections in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is widely examined. Denture plaque in patients with COPD is an example of bacterial and fungal biofilm, which is a reservoir of potentially pathogenic respiratory tract microorganisms. Poor denture hygiene might cause acute exacerbations of COPD. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of prevalence of respiratory tract pathogens in denture plaque in stable patients with COPD and it influence on oral ontocenoses depending upon the therapy...
September 2016: Gerodontology
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