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Shigemi Tsukada, Kayoko Ito, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Akitsugu Ohuchi
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate, with a dentist as gold standard, an oral health screening tool, the Oral Health Screening Tool for Nursing Personnel (OHSTNP), that assists long-term care facility nursing staff without preliminary training in identifying resident need for dentist referral. METHODS: Using an OHSTNP adapted from previous screening tools (Chalmers, J Gerontol Nurs, 2004, 30, 5; Tsukada, J Jpn Soc Dent Hyg, 2012, 7, 43), one of four nurses, one of eight caregivers and a dentist with 15 years' experience screened the oral health/function of 57 long-term care facility residents...
January 8, 2017: Gerodontology
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
December 20, 2016: Gerodontology
Maude Wikström, Kawa L Kareem, Annica Almståhl, Erika Palmgren, Peter Lingström, Inger Wårdh
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of weekly professional oral hygiene care on the proportion of micro-organisms associated with good oral health, caries, and periodontal and soft tissue diseases in oral biofilms in dentate, dependent elderly residents. BACKGROUND: Assisted oral hygiene care reduces the plaque score and number of micro-organisms in the oral biofilms in elderly residents. Less is known about the effect on the quality/composition of the remaining oral flora...
December 18, 2016: Gerodontology
Shahin Dezhdar, Najmeh Fereidoonpoor, Ehsan Mostaghni, Faezeh Jahanpour, Maryam Ravanipour
BACKGROUND: Several studies have covered oral health and dental decay in old age, but these studies mostly applied standard quantitative tools and did not include consideration of older people's views on oral problems, partial edentulism in particular. OBJECTIVE: To explore people's perceptions in terms of the transition from being OK to NOT OK with tooth loss among a selection of older people in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative content analysis study was chosen for the research by interviewing 15 older people using open-ended questions...
November 4, 2016: Gerodontology
Luanderson O Silva, Bianca N Souza-Silva, José Lucas de Alcântara Rodrigues, Lilian Rigo, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic search in the literature in order to verify whether the dentists are able to identify and manage cases elder physical abuse. BACKGROUND: Dentists may play an important legal role contributing to the management of abused patients through the identification of injuries in their face, head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was performed following the PRISMA Statement and was registered in the PROSPERO database...
November 4, 2016: Gerodontology
Alessio Gambino, Roberto Broccoletti, Adriana Cafaro, Marco Cabras, Paola Carcieri, Paolo G Arduino
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to make an initial estimation on the effects of a sodium bicarbonate and xylitol spray (Cariex(®) ), associated with non-surgical periodontal therapy, in participants with primary Sjögren's syndrome. BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a multisystem autoimmune disease that predominantly involves salivary and lachrymal glands, with the clinical effect of dry eyes and mouth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort of 22 women and two men has been evaluated...
November 4, 2016: Gerodontology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gerodontology
Reza Hamedy, Bita Shakiba, Shane N White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gerodontology
Alessandro Villa, Francesco Nordio, Anita Gohel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of xerostomia in dental patients and built a xerostomia risk prediction model by incorporating a wide range of risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Socio-demographic data, past medical history, self-reported dry mouth and related symptoms were collected retrospectively from January 2010 to September 2013 for all new dental patients. A logistic regression framework was used to build a risk prediction model for xerostomia...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Katherine F Britton, Angela Durey, Martin J O'Grady, Linda M Slack-Smith
OBJECTIVE: Adults in residential aged care often retain their own teeth following restorative dental procedures during their lives. They may also have physical and psychological comorbidities impacting on oral health including side effects from medications. residents' poor oral hygiene, dental caries and periodontal disease raise questions about the quality of oral health care in aged care facilities. This paper presents findings from a study investigating dental professionals' perceptions of barriers and enablers to providing oral care to residents in such settings...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Tipruthai Prayoonwong, Tidawan Wiwatkhunupakan, Duangruedee Lasuka, Patcharawan Srisilapanan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a community-based oral healthcare model for Thai dependent older people in Tambon Tha Pla Duk, Amphur Mae Tha, Lamphun Province, in the north of Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participatory action research was conducted, taking an interdisciplinary approach. Data were collected through focus group discussions with key stakeholders in health care of older people in Amphur Mae Tha. Supplementary data were also collected with the stakeholders through a triangulation of in-depth interviews, a self-administered questionnaire, participant observations with field notes and a literature review...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Masashi Tsuji, Takayuki Ueda, Kohei Sawaki, Mitsuru Kawaguchi, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: Ease of denture cleaning is of paramount importance in geriatric patients and those with limited dexterity. We have previously investigated methods of coating dentures with titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) and reported the effects (self-cleaning and antibacterial) of such treatments in in vitro studies. This study was to verify the biocompatibility of a TiO2 -coated acrylic resin produced by the new coating method with spray-coating technique. METHODS: Specimens were prepared from denture base acrylic resin and polished up to grit #1000...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Rodrigo Mariño, Matthew Hopcraft, Aghareed Ghanim, Rachel Tham, Chee-Wah Khew, Christine Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving older adults from social clubs within a regional local government area in the state of Victoria, Australia, to identify factors associated with knowledge, and attitudes about oral health, as well as perceived self-efficacy. METHODS: Participants underwent an oral health interview, followed by a comprehensive oral clinical examination. RESULTS: A total of 225 older adults participated in this study...
December 2016: Gerodontology
José González-Serrano, Víctor Manuel Paredes, Rosa María López-Pintor, Lorenzo de Arriba, Gonzalo Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To present a clinical report of a patient treated with corticosteroids for oral pemphigus vulgaris (PV) lesions. BACKGROUND: PV is the type of pemphigus that most often affects the oral mucosa and tends not to appear in elderly people. METHODS: Two biopsies were needed for diagnosis. She was treated with oral prednisone and topically with 0.05% clobetasol propionate. CONCLUSION: An early diagnosis and treatment is needed for a good prognosis, especially in elderly patients with multiple systemic pathology...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Sonali Jhanjee, Rakesh Lal, Ashwani Mishra, Deepak Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gerodontology
Siri F Kvalheim, Gunhild V Strand, Bettina S Husebø, Mihaela C Marthinussen
OBJECTIVE: To explore circumstances surrounding procedures and knowledge regarding oral care for terminal patients in Norwegian healthcare institutions. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected hospitals (n = 19) and nursing homes (n = 57) in central and rural parts of Norway. The questionnaire included three closed-ended and three open-ended questions about oral care for terminal patients. If procedures existed, the respondents were asked to enclose or describe them...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Junichi Furuya, Yasushi Tamada, Tomohide Sato, Atsushi Hara, Taro Nomura, Takuya Kobayashi, Maiko Sakai, Hisatomo Kondo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of wearing complete dentures on pharyngeal shape for swallowing in edentulous older people. BACKGROUND: In the absence of complete dentures, edentulous older people often lose the occlusal support necessary to position the mandible, which leads to an anterosuperior shift of the mandible during swallowing. This may result in pharyngeal shape changes effecting swallowing function in older people. However, the details of this phenomenon are currently unclear...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Carlos Serrano, María P Fariña, Cristhian Pérez, Marcos Fernández, Katherine Forman, Mauricio Carrasco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish cross-cultural adaptation of the xerostomia inventory (XI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The original English version of XI was translated into Spanish, cross-culturally adapted and field tested. The Spanish version of XI (XI-Sp) was tested with a sample of 41 patients with xerostomia. The reliability of the XI-Sp was determined through internal consistency and test-retest methods. The construct validity of XI-Sp was determined by means of correlation between XI-Sp scores and salivary flow measurements...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Rahul Nair, Georgios Tsakos, Robert Yee Ting Fai
OBJECTIVE: To cross-culturally adapt the oral impacts on daily performance (OIDP) and assess its reliability and validity on Chinese-speaking community dwelling elderly Singaporeans. BACKGROUND: There are no previous reports of valid oral health-related quality of life instruments for elderly Singaporeans or perceived conditions associated with impacts reported in OIDP among the Singaporean elders. METHODS: The OIDP was translated from English to Chinese and then back translated...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Tejaswani Kaur, Ashita Uppoor, Dilip Naik
OBJECTIVE: In this article an attempt has been made to postulate a possible link between Parkinson's disease and periodontal disease. BACKGROUND: Various systemic diseases such as cardiac disease, diabetes, renal diseases, low birth weight and Alzheimer's disease have been proposed to be linked with periodontal disease on the basis of systemic inflammation. Parkinson's disease is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder with multifactorial aetiology. Until now, periodontal disease and Parkinson's disease has been linked only on the basis of poor motor and cognitive control in Parkinson's patient which leads to poor oral health maintenance...
December 2016: Gerodontology
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