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Gerodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#1
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699169/validity-and-reliability-of-the-oral-health-related-caregiver-burden-index
#2
Yuhei Matsuda, Maya Izumi, Atsuko Nakamichi, Ayaka Isobe, Sumio Akifusa
OBJECTIVE: This study developed the Oral Health-related Caregiver Burden Index (OHBI), which contains nine questions with five response options each. As a secondary objective, we aimed to clarify the relationship between oral health-related caregiver burden and general caregiver burden. BACKGROUND: There are a few reports of the oral health-related caregiver burden. METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2016, 155 participants enrolled in the study...
July 12, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631267/ethical-decision-making-in-aged-care
#3
Peter Foltyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568604/estimation-of-tissue-and-crevicular-fluid-oxidative-stress-marker-in-premenopausal-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-with-chronic-periodontitis
#4
Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Sistla Sailaja, Aileni Amarender Reddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate tissue and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in premenopausal, perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of periodontitis and menopause induces oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) criteria, women diagnosed with periodontitis were subdivided into three groups of 31 participants each 1...
June 1, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556346/factors-affecting-masticatory-function-of-community-dwelling-older-people-investigation-of-the-differences-in-the-relevant-factors-for-subjective-and-objective-assessment
#5
Daisuke Takagi, Yutaka Watanabe, Ayako Edahiro, Yuki Ohara, Masaharu Murakami, Kohji Murakami, Shouji Hironaka, Yu Taniguchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine relevant factors for subjective and objective assessment of masticatory functions and elucidate any differences between the two methods. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the results of subjective and objective assessment of masticatory function in older people do not necessarily agree. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 487 community-dwelling Japanese older people (205 male and 282 female; mean age 74...
May 29, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556195/use-of-nystatin-and-chlorhexidine-in-oral-medicine-properties-indications-and-pitfalls-with-focus-on-geriatric-patients
#6
REVIEW
Elusa Scheibler, Maria Claudia Rosa Garcia, Renata Medina da Silva, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to review the scientific literature on the properties, indications and pitfalls related to nystatin and chlorhexidine in oral medicine and also to compare these to other topical antifungal agents, considering the elderly population. BACKGROUND: Nystatin is a polyene antifungal widely used as a topical formulation to treat candidiasis, whereas chlorhexidine is a wide-spectrum antimicrobial, especially used against bacteria, but also effective in treating some fungal infections including those caused by Candida spp...
May 29, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543778/oral-flora-in-acute-stroke-patients-a-prospective-exploratory-observational-study
#7
Elizabeth Boaden, Mary Lyons, Sim K Singhrao, Hazel Dickinson, Michael Leathley, Catherine E Lightbody, Alison McLoughlin, Zarine Khan, Stjohn Crean, Craig Smith, Susan Higham, Caroline Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the bacterial profile of the oral flora during the first 2 weeks following a stroke, examining changes in the condition of the oral cavity and infections. BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after a stroke and can lead to aspiration pneumonia. Oral flora changes associated with stroke have been implicated as a possible source of bacteria that can cause systemic infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven participants were recruited over a period of 9 months...
May 22, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524601/huntington-s-disease-with-severe-neck-infection
#8
Shunsuke Hino, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of Huntington's disease (HD) with severe neck infection. BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative genetic disorder and is often accompanied by dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient was a 64-year-old man with HD. The severe neck infection was considered as one of the symptoms of HD. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should remember that patients with HD are apt to delay dental consultation, resulting in serious oral infections...
May 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512757/sense-of-coherence-and-oral-health-in-older-adults-in-southern%C3%A2-brazil
#9
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Ana Paula Pinto Martins, Júlia Freire Danigno, Caroline de Oliveira Langlois, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sense of coherence and oral health among older adults treated at family health units in southern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 164 individuals aged 60 years old or older. Socio-demographic and oral health variables were collected using a standardised questionnaire. Sense of coherence (SOC) was measured with the questionnaire proposed by Antonovsky containing 29 closed-ended questions...
May 17, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#10
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488319/general-oral-health-assessment-index-a-new-evaluation-proposal
#11
Juliana A D B Campos, Miriane L Zucoloto, Fernanda S S Bonafé, João Maroco
OBJECTIVES: To validity the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) among adults who sought dental care and to present a new proposal for calculating scores on self-perception of oral health. BACKGROUND: There is no study that presents a GOHAI scores using weight of the items. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The one-factor model, the three-factor model (physical function, psychosocial/psychological function and pain/discomfort) and the second-order hierarchical model (SOHM) were evaluated from confirmatory factor analysis (λ, χ(2) /df, CFI,GFI and RMSEA)...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436056/elemental-ion-release-and-cytotoxicity-of-antimicrobial-acrylic-resins-incorporated-with-nanomaterial
#12
Denise Tornavoi de Castro, Mariana Lima da Costa Valente, Carolina Patricia Aires, Oswaldo Luiz Alves, Andréa Cândido Dos Reis
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the release of ions and the cytotoxicity of acrylic resins incorporated with silver vanadate decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgVO3 ). BACKGROUND: The inhibition of the accumulation of microorganisms on the resins is critical in preventing diseases. However, the hypothesis is that the release of ions from the incorporation of AgVO3 may be important in biocompatibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens of autopolymerising (AP) and heat-polymerising resin (HP) with AgVO3 were prepared and immersed in culture medium...
April 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393389/oral-health-care-for-the-ageing-population-in-brazil-trends-and-potentials-in-the-public-health-system
#13
Mariél de Aquino Goulart, Renato José De Marchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393387/dental-students-reflections-about-long-term-care-experiences-through-an-existing-model-of-oral-health
#14
Mario Brondani, Komkham Pattanaporn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences...
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370397/facilitators-and-barriers-influencing-the-readiness-to-receive-dental-implants-in-a-geriatric-institutionalised-population-a-randomized-non-invasive-interventional-study
#15
Miriam A Merz, Hendrik Terheyden, Christian G Huber, Azizi A Seixas, Andreas Schoetzau, Andres R Schneeberger
OBJECTIVE: Although elderly people have many serious dental issues and are in need of prosthesis, few opt for dental implants. The aim of this study was to investigate barriers that prevent elderly people from receiving dental implants. Specifically, we examined (i) whether the message was delivered before or after the interview had an impact, and (ii) whether it did matter who delivered the message. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-six residents from seven residential homes in the Canton of Grisons, Switzerland were included...
March 28, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349594/perceived-swallowing-problems-and-mortality-risk-in-very-elderly-people-%C3%A2-85%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-tokyo-oldest-old-survey-on-total-health-study
#16
Toshimitsu Iinuma, Takumi Hirata, Yasumichi Arai, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Motoko Fukumoto, Yusuke Fukui, Nobuhito Gionhaku
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether perceived swallowing problems affect the life expectancy of very elderly individuals. BACKGROUND: In an ageing society, oral function affects health status. In particular, a decline in swallowing function may increase the risk of various diseases, morbidity and malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 526 elderly individuals aged ≥85 years. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent oral, physical and mental health examinations...
March 28, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164381/elder-abuse-a-brief-commentary-for-dental-teams
#17
EDITORIAL
Paul Hellyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813158/identification-and-management-of-elder-physical-abuse-in-the-routine-of-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Luanderson O Silva, Bianca N Souza-Silva, José Lucas de Alcântara Rodrigues, Lilian Rigo, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic search in the literature in order to verify whether the dentists are able to identify and manage cases elder physical abuse. BACKGROUND: Dentists may play an important legal role contributing to the management of abused patients through the identification of injuries in their face, head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was performed following the PRISMA Statement and was registered in the PROSPERO database...
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207609/prevalence-of-oral-health-related-conditions-that-could-trigger-accidents-for-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia
#19
Naoki Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Soga, Kyoko Maekawa, Yuko Kanda, Eiko Kobayashi, Hisako Inoue, Ayana Kanao, Yumiko Himuro, Yumi Fujiwara
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of oral health conditions unnoticed by doctors and ward staff that may increase risk of incidents and/or accidents in hospitalised patients with moderate-severe dementia. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Dementia patients may not recognise risks in the mouth, such as tooth mobility or ill-fitting dental prostheses and/or dentures. In addition to the risk of choking, injury by sharp edges of collapsed teeth or prosthodontics could pose risks...
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211099/sedation-with-orally-administered-midazolam-in-elderly-dental-patients-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#20
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
February 17, 2017: Gerodontology
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