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Gerodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812320/the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-decreased-skeletal-bone-mineral-density-in-ageing-women
#1
Ivana Savić Pavičin, Jelena Dumančić, Tomislav Jukić, Tomislav Badel
AIM: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are both chronic diseases characterised by bone loss. Potential association is of great clinical importance because of multifactorial aetiology and common risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), tooth loss and periodontal status taking into account age, number of years since onset of menopause and educational level. With increasing age, number of years since onset of menopause and lower educational level, decreased BMD, deteriorating periodontal status and greater tooth loss are expected...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812312/a-systematic-review-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-effectiveness-and-application-in-older-adults
#2
REVIEW
Amruta D Hendre, George W Taylor, Elisa M Chávez, Susan Hyde
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in the management of caries in older adults. BACKGROUND: Silver diamine fluoride has been extensively researched and proven effective for caries prevention and arrest in children. Limited studies support its effectiveness in adult and older adult populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiple databases were searched according to specified inclusion-exclusion criteria...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799223/a-structural-equation-model-to-assess-the-influence-of-neuroticism-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-complete-denture-wearers
#3
Hitomi Soeda, Yusuke Sato, Eijiro Yamaga, Shunsuke Minakuchi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of patient neuroticism on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in complete denture wearers. BACKGROUND: There are some indicators of complete denture prognosis. The relationship between personality traits, mainly neuroticism and OHRQoL in complete denture wearers remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 199 edentulous patients participated in this study. Neuroticism was investigated using the Japanese version of the modified short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (MS-EPQ)...
August 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744904/do-mandibular-complete-dentures-made-using-a-neutral-zone-technique-improve-speech-a-pilot-study
#4
Peter Rehmann, Anna Katharina Künkel, Daniel Weber, Ulrich Lotzmann, Bernd Wöstmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate speech sound production (SSP) in older edentulous patients provided with two different types of mandibular complete dentures (MCDs; conventional vs neutral zone). BACKGROUND: Regarding the fact that complete dentures (CDs) affect SSP, it is unknown whether the set-up of the artificial teeth resulting from the neutral zone technique leads to a negative impact on SSP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 21 participants, a conventional MCD and a MCD using a modified neutral zone technique (neutral zone dentures) were fabricated...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744899/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-dental-implant-failure-a-significant-concern-in-elders
#5
Bhumija Gupta, Aneesha Acharya, Georgios Pelekos, Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Antonia Kolokythas
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a significantly prevalent health concern in geriatric populations. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs (SSRI) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant agents, with increasing rates of prescription. The present report aimed to present a concise review of the current understanding regarding SSRI effects on bone and dental implant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A broad-based review and summary of literature pertaining to the effects of SSRI on bone metabolism and on dental implant survival was performed...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744898/effect-of-chewing-or-compressing-food-on-autonomic-nervous-activity-in-older-adults
#6
Midori Ohta, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: To determine if autonomic nervous activity increases in older people during mastication and how this activity is related to the softness of food. We hypothesised that the coefficient of variation of R-R intervals (CVRR), high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power, LF/HF ratio and total power increase during chewing foods within the range of softness from moderate food to extremely soft food in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 20 older volunteers (71-90 year old)...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722250/residential-age-care-and-domiciliary-oral-health-services-reach-oht-the-development-of-a-metropolitan-oral-health-programme-in-sydney-australia
#7
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699169/validity-and-reliability-of-the-oral-health-related-caregiver-burden-index
#8
Yuhei Matsuda, Maya Izumi, Atsuko Nakamichi, Ayaka Isobe, Sumio Akifusa
OBJECTIVE: This study developed the Oral Health-related Caregiver Burden Index (OHBI), which contains nine questions with five response options each. As a secondary objective, we aimed to clarify the relationship between oral health-related caregiver burden and general caregiver burden. BACKGROUND: There are a few reports of the oral health-related caregiver burden. METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2016, 155 participants enrolled in the study...
July 12, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631267/ethical-decision-making-in-aged-care
#9
Peter Foltyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568604/estimation-of-tissue-and-crevicular-fluid-oxidative-stress-marker-in-premenopausal-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-with-chronic-periodontitis
#10
Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Sistla Sailaja, Aileni Amarender Reddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate tissue and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in premenopausal, perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of periodontitis and menopause induces oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) criteria, women diagnosed with periodontitis were subdivided into three groups of 31 participants each 1...
June 1, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556346/factors-affecting-masticatory-function-of-community-dwelling-older-people-investigation-of-the-differences-in-the-relevant-factors-for-subjective-and-objective-assessment
#11
Daisuke Takagi, Yutaka Watanabe, Ayako Edahiro, Yuki Ohara, Masaharu Murakami, Kohji Murakami, Shouji Hironaka, Yu Taniguchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine relevant factors for subjective and objective assessment of masticatory functions and elucidate any differences between the two methods. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the results of subjective and objective assessment of masticatory function in older people do not necessarily agree. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 487 community-dwelling Japanese older people (205 male and 282 female; mean age 74...
May 29, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556195/use-of-nystatin-and-chlorhexidine-in-oral-medicine-properties-indications-and-pitfalls-with-focus-on-geriatric-patients
#12
REVIEW
Elusa Scheibler, Maria Claudia Rosa Garcia, Renata Medina da Silva, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to review the scientific literature on the properties, indications and pitfalls related to nystatin and chlorhexidine in oral medicine and also to compare these to other topical antifungal agents, considering the elderly population. BACKGROUND: Nystatin is a polyene antifungal widely used as a topical formulation to treat candidiasis, whereas chlorhexidine is a wide-spectrum antimicrobial, especially used against bacteria, but also effective in treating some fungal infections including those caused by Candida spp...
May 29, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766814/conservative-endodontic-management-of-a-fused-tooth-a-case-report
#13
Romana Persic Bukmir, Alen Braut, Ivana Brekalo Prso
OBJECTIVE: To report a conservative treatment of a rare developmental anomaly. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old patient with previously initiated therapy and acute apical abscess of a maxillary right central incisor fused with the supernumerary tooth sought treatment. The conservative approach included nonsurgical root canal treatment and composite restoration. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the importance of an individual approach when treating anomalous teeth...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766813/acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-associated-with-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-after-tooth-extraction
#14
Shunsuke Hino, Akio Takeda, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of persistent bleeding from the tooth extraction socket in a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic DIC occurs by various trigger factors. CLINICAL REPORT: The patient's chronic DIC in association with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm was activated by tooth extraction, resulting in persistent bleeding from the socket. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic DIC may have persistent bleeding following tooth extraction...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766812/diary-dates
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211099/sedation-with-orally-administered-midazolam-in-elderly-dental-patients-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#16
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000247/investigation-of-nutritional-status-using-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-and-analysis-of-the-relevant-factors-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumour
#17
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
June 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543778/oral-flora-in-acute-stroke-patients-a-prospective-exploratory-observational-study
#18
Elizabeth Boaden, Mary Lyons, Sim K Singhrao, Hazel Dickinson, Michael Leathley, Catherine E Lightbody, Alison McLoughlin, Zarine Khan, Stjohn Crean, Craig Smith, Susan Higham, Caroline Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the bacterial profile of the oral flora during the first 2 weeks following a stroke, examining changes in the condition of the oral cavity and infections. BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after a stroke and can lead to aspiration pneumonia. Oral flora changes associated with stroke have been implicated as a possible source of bacteria that can cause systemic infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven participants were recruited over a period of 9 months...
May 22, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524601/huntington-s-disease-with-severe-neck-infection
#19
Shunsuke Hino, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of Huntington's disease (HD) with severe neck infection. BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative genetic disorder and is often accompanied by dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient was a 64-year-old man with HD. The severe neck infection was considered as one of the symptoms of HD. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should remember that patients with HD are apt to delay dental consultation, resulting in serious oral infections...
May 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512757/sense-of-coherence-and-oral-health-in-older-adults-in-southern%C3%A2-brazil
#20
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Ana Paula Pinto Martins, Júlia Freire Danigno, Caroline de Oliveira Langlois, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sense of coherence and oral health among older adults treated at family health units in southern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 164 individuals aged 60 years old or older. Socio-demographic and oral health variables were collected using a standardised questionnaire. Sense of coherence (SOC) was measured with the questionnaire proposed by Antonovsky containing 29 closed-ended questions...
May 17, 2017: Gerodontology
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