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Antti Tiisanoja, Anna-Maija Syrjälä, Kaija Komulainen, Pasi Lampela, Sirpa Hartikainen, Heidi Taipale, Matti Knuuttila, Pekka Ylöstalo
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study whether the anticholinergic burden of drugs is related to xerostomia and salivary secretion among community-dwelling elderly people. BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic drugs have been shown to be a risk factor for dry mouth, but little is known about the effects of cumulative exposure to anticholinergic drugs measured by anticholinergic burden on salivary secretion or xerostomia. METHODS: The study population consisted of 152 community-dwelling, dentate, non-smoking, older people from the Oral Health GeMS study...
September 21, 2017: Gerodontology
Olushola Ibiyemi, Folake B Lawal
OBJECTIVES: To determine: the knowledge of the participants about removable dentures, importance of tooth replacement; prevalence of tooth loss and denture use; and factors associated with its non-use among an elderly population in Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss without replacement can impact negatively on the quality of life of the elders, thus making use of denture a basic requirement for those with partial or complete edentulous arches in developed countries...
September 20, 2017: Gerodontology
Mary McNally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Gerodontology
Anna Greta Barbe, Deborah H C Deutscher, Sonja H M Derman, Martin Hellmich, Michael J Noack
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson's disease (PD) affects oral health, but prevalence of subjective and objective halitosis and the influence of hyposalivation remain unclear. We aimed to explore whether patients with PD suffer from halitosis and to define correlations between halitosis and hyposalivation. We hypothesised that patients with PD suffer more often from halitosis compared to healthy controls, influenced by dry mouth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjective (halitosis, xerostomia visual analogue scale [VAS], short German Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIPG]-14) and objective scales (e...
August 31, 2017: Gerodontology
Sayaka Tajima, Masahiro Ryu, Koichiro Ogami, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate time-dependent change in the number of microbes on the tongue surface after tongue cleaning using a mouthwash or mouth moisturising gel for elders fed with a feeding tube and with care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve elders fed through a feeding tube and with care needs participated in this prospective crossover study. There were four kinds of tongue cleaning modes as follows: (i) tongue cleaning with a mouthwash; (ii) tongue cleaning with a mouth moisturising gel; (iii) tongue cleaning with water; (iv) no tongue cleaning as a negative control...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
Jennifer H Conquest, John Skinner, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (i) compare a Capped Payment formula for adults, to the fee-for-service model and the New South Wales Government services payment model; (ii) identify the presenting oral health needs of a 65+ years of age cohort during the period January 2011 to March 2015. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Australia faces an ageing population with the vast majority accessing free market dental care, whilst the poor access Government services...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
Yuko Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Fujino, Juri Saruta, Toru Takahashi, Masahiro To, Shinya Fuchida, Tomoko Shimizu, Yohei Kamata, Kyoko Misawa, Keiichi Tsukinoki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the alterations in the salivary IgA levels of elderly persons administered yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) OLL1073R-1, which has been reported to reduce the risk of colds. BACKGROUND: Salivary immunoglobulin (Ig)A plays an important role in the defence of the oral cavity mucous membrane against foreign antigens and pathogens. Accordingly, low levels of salivary IgA are associated with an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infection...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
Yoko Wakasugi, Haruka Tohara, Nami Machida, Ayako Nakane, Shunsuke Minakuchi
OBJECTIVES: Swallowing-related muscle strength decreases due to sarcopenia, and older people are at risk for sarcopenia and the resultant dysphagia. However, no studies have assessed the direct relationships between whole-body strength and swallowing-related muscles. Therefore, this study investigates the relationships between decreased whole-body strength, which is easily evaluated, and swallowing-related muscle strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 197 elderly individuals (97 men aged 78...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
Alan Deutsch, Emma Siegel, Monica Cations, Clive Wright, Vasi Naganathan, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: This 10 weeks feasibility study investigated whether residential care nurses with 12 hours advanced oral health training in assessments and saliva testing could formulate, implement and monitor individualised oral care plans of early dementia residents. METHOD: Four trained lead advocate nurses using SXI-D, OHIP14, oral health assessment tool (OHAT) assessments and a modified saliva test formulated nurse scheduled comprehensive oral care plans (NSCOCPs) by selecting and scheduling preventive products and procedures multiple times throughout the day to alkalise the mouth of 8 residents as an adjunct to assisted brushing and high-fluoride toothpaste...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
Ivana Savić Pavičin, Jelena Dumančić, Tomislav Jukić, Tomislav Badel
AIM: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are both chronic diseases characterised by bone loss. Potential association is of great clinical importance because of multifactorial aetiology and common risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), tooth loss and periodontal status taking into account age, number of years since onset of menopause and educational level. With increasing age, number of years since onset of menopause and lower educational level, decreased BMD, deteriorating periodontal status and greater tooth loss are expected...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
Amruta D Hendre, George W Taylor, Elisa M Chávez, Susan Hyde
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examines the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in the management of caries in older adults. BACKGROUND: Silver diamine fluoride has been extensively researched and proven effective for caries prevention and arrest in children. Limited studies support its effectiveness in adult and older adult populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiple databases were searched according to specified inclusion-exclusion criteria...
August 15, 2017: Gerodontology
Hitomi Soeda, Yusuke Sato, Eijiro Yamaga, Shunsuke Minakuchi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of patient neuroticism on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in complete denture wearers. BACKGROUND: There are some indicators of complete denture prognosis. The relationship between personality traits, mainly neuroticism and OHRQoL in complete denture wearers remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 199 edentulous patients participated in this study. Neuroticism was investigated using the Japanese version of the modified short form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (MS-EPQ)...
August 10, 2017: Gerodontology
Peter Rehmann, Anna Katharina Künkel, Daniel Weber, Ulrich Lotzmann, Bernd Wöstmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate speech sound production (SSP) in older edentulous patients provided with two different types of mandibular complete dentures (MCDs; conventional vs neutral zone). BACKGROUND: Regarding the fact that complete dentures (CDs) affect SSP, it is unknown whether the set-up of the artificial teeth resulting from the neutral zone technique leads to a negative impact on SSP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 21 participants, a conventional MCD and a MCD using a modified neutral zone technique (neutral zone dentures) were fabricated...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
Bhumija Gupta, Aneesha Acharya, Georgios Pelekos, Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Antonia Kolokythas
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a significantly prevalent health concern in geriatric populations. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs (SSRI) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant agents, with increasing rates of prescription. The present report aimed to present a concise review of the current understanding regarding SSRI effects on bone and dental implant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A broad-based review and summary of literature pertaining to the effects of SSRI on bone metabolism and on dental implant survival was performed...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
Midori Ohta, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: To determine if autonomic nervous activity increases in older people during mastication and how this activity is related to the softness of food. We hypothesised that the coefficient of variation of R-R intervals (CVRR), high-frequency (HF) power, low-frequency (LF) power, LF/HF ratio and total power increase during chewing foods within the range of softness from moderate food to extremely soft food in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 20 older volunteers (71-90 year old)...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
Romana Persic Bukmir, Alen Braut, Ivana Brekalo Prso
OBJECTIVE: To report a conservative treatment of a rare developmental anomaly. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old patient with previously initiated therapy and acute apical abscess of a maxillary right central incisor fused with the supernumerary tooth sought treatment. The conservative approach included nonsurgical root canal treatment and composite restoration. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the importance of an individual approach when treating anomalous teeth...
September 2017: Gerodontology
Shunsuke Hino, Akio Takeda, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of persistent bleeding from the tooth extraction socket in a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic DIC occurs by various trigger factors. CLINICAL REPORT: The patient's chronic DIC in association with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm was activated by tooth extraction, resulting in persistent bleeding from the socket. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic DIC may have persistent bleeding following tooth extraction...
September 2017: Gerodontology
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
September 2017: Gerodontology
F A Clive Wright, Garry Law, Steven K-Y Chu, John S Cullen, David G Le Couteur
OBJECTIVE: To describe an oral health care programme for older people in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) to improve access to care and support facilities. INTRODUCTION: Different models of residential care have been proposed, but few have been comprehensive (providing on-site health promotion and service delivery) or sustainable. METHODS: A partnership model of oral health care, with dental services plus oral health education, was integrated into the community outreach services of a metropolitan hospital department of aged care...
July 19, 2017: Gerodontology
Yuhei Matsuda, Maya Izumi, Atsuko Nakamichi, Ayaka Isobe, Sumio Akifusa
OBJECTIVE: This study developed the Oral Health-related Caregiver Burden Index (OHBI), which contains nine questions with five response options each. As a secondary objective, we aimed to clarify the relationship between oral health-related caregiver burden and general caregiver burden. BACKGROUND: There are a few reports of the oral health-related caregiver burden. METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2016, 155 participants enrolled in the study...
July 12, 2017: Gerodontology
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