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Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
February 17, 2017: Gerodontology
Daniel J Caplan, Tariq S Ghazal, Howard J Cowen, Deise C Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate dental status (ie, number of teeth and presence of removable dental prostheses) as a predictor of all-cause mortality among nursing facility residents. BACKGROUND: Edentulism has been associated with poorer health outcomes in geriatric populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and June 2008, oral health screening examinations were completed for 584 residents of 10 nursing facilities in four eastern Iowa counties...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
Jeremy Huynh, Leeann R Donnelly, Mario A Brondani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how the participation of dental hygiene students in interdisciplinary care conferences conducted in long-term care (LTC) facilities influenced the staff's awareness of oral health, the student's provision of care as well as the student's ability to work on an interdisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Oral health in LTC continues to be poor despite many educational and clinical interventions. The care of a frail elder requires an interdisciplinary team approach, yet dental professionals are often absent from these teams...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
Pallavi P Tonsekar, Shuying S Jiang, Gang Yue
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that dementia is caused by neuronal damage due to chronic inflammation from peripheral sources such as the oral cavity in periodontal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our review was to assess the risk of dementia or cognitive impairment associated with chronic periodontitis and multiple tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search of electronic databases of articles on the relation between periodontitis, tooth loss and dementia published on or before April 2016 was conducted...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
Shigemi Tsukada, Kayoko Ito, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Akitsugu Ohuchi
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate, with a dentist as gold standard, an oral health screening tool, the Oral Health Screening Tool for Nursing Personnel (OHSTNP), that assists long-term care facility nursing staff without preliminary training in identifying resident need for dentist referral. METHODS: Using an OHSTNP adapted from previous screening tools (Chalmers, J Gerontol Nurs, 2004, 30, 5; Tsukada, J Jpn Soc Dent Hyg, 2012, 7, 43), one of four nurses, one of eight caregivers and a dentist with 15 years' experience screened the oral health/function of 57 long-term care facility residents...
January 8, 2017: Gerodontology
Paul Hellyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Gerodontology
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
December 20, 2016: Gerodontology
Maude Wikström, Kawa L Kareem, Annica Almståhl, Erika Palmgren, Peter Lingström, Inger Wårdh
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of weekly professional oral hygiene care on the proportion of micro-organisms associated with good oral health, caries, and periodontal and soft tissue diseases in oral biofilms in dentate, dependent elderly residents. BACKGROUND: Assisted oral hygiene care reduces the plaque score and number of micro-organisms in the oral biofilms in elderly residents. Less is known about the effect on the quality/composition of the remaining oral flora...
December 18, 2016: Gerodontology
Reza Hamedy, Bita Shakiba, Shane N White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gerodontology
Alessandro Villa, Francesco Nordio, Anita Gohel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of xerostomia in dental patients and built a xerostomia risk prediction model by incorporating a wide range of risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Socio-demographic data, past medical history, self-reported dry mouth and related symptoms were collected retrospectively from January 2010 to September 2013 for all new dental patients. A logistic regression framework was used to build a risk prediction model for xerostomia...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Katherine F Britton, Angela Durey, Martin J O'Grady, Linda M Slack-Smith
OBJECTIVE: Adults in residential aged care often retain their own teeth following restorative dental procedures during their lives. They may also have physical and psychological comorbidities impacting on oral health including side effects from medications. residents' poor oral hygiene, dental caries and periodontal disease raise questions about the quality of oral health care in aged care facilities. This paper presents findings from a study investigating dental professionals' perceptions of barriers and enablers to providing oral care to residents in such settings...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Tipruthai Prayoonwong, Tidawan Wiwatkhunupakan, Duangruedee Lasuka, Patcharawan Srisilapanan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a community-based oral healthcare model for Thai dependent older people in Tambon Tha Pla Duk, Amphur Mae Tha, Lamphun Province, in the north of Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participatory action research was conducted, taking an interdisciplinary approach. Data were collected through focus group discussions with key stakeholders in health care of older people in Amphur Mae Tha. Supplementary data were also collected with the stakeholders through a triangulation of in-depth interviews, a self-administered questionnaire, participant observations with field notes and a literature review...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Masashi Tsuji, Takayuki Ueda, Kohei Sawaki, Mitsuru Kawaguchi, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: Ease of denture cleaning is of paramount importance in geriatric patients and those with limited dexterity. We have previously investigated methods of coating dentures with titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) and reported the effects (self-cleaning and antibacterial) of such treatments in in vitro studies. This study was to verify the biocompatibility of a TiO2 -coated acrylic resin produced by the new coating method with spray-coating technique. METHODS: Specimens were prepared from denture base acrylic resin and polished up to grit #1000...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Rodrigo Mariño, Matthew Hopcraft, Aghareed Ghanim, Rachel Tham, Chee-Wah Khew, Christine Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving older adults from social clubs within a regional local government area in the state of Victoria, Australia, to identify factors associated with knowledge, and attitudes about oral health, as well as perceived self-efficacy. METHODS: Participants underwent an oral health interview, followed by a comprehensive oral clinical examination. RESULTS: A total of 225 older adults participated in this study...
December 2016: Gerodontology
José González-Serrano, Víctor Manuel Paredes, Rosa María López-Pintor, Lorenzo de Arriba, Gonzalo Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To present a clinical report of a patient treated with corticosteroids for oral pemphigus vulgaris (PV) lesions. BACKGROUND: PV is the type of pemphigus that most often affects the oral mucosa and tends not to appear in elderly people. METHODS: Two biopsies were needed for diagnosis. She was treated with oral prednisone and topically with 0.05% clobetasol propionate. CONCLUSION: An early diagnosis and treatment is needed for a good prognosis, especially in elderly patients with multiple systemic pathology...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Sonali Jhanjee, Rakesh Lal, Ashwani Mishra, Deepak Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gerodontology
Siri F Kvalheim, Gunhild V Strand, Bettina S Husebø, Mihaela C Marthinussen
OBJECTIVE: To explore circumstances surrounding procedures and knowledge regarding oral care for terminal patients in Norwegian healthcare institutions. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected hospitals (n = 19) and nursing homes (n = 57) in central and rural parts of Norway. The questionnaire included three closed-ended and three open-ended questions about oral care for terminal patients. If procedures existed, the respondents were asked to enclose or describe them...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Junichi Furuya, Yasushi Tamada, Tomohide Sato, Atsushi Hara, Taro Nomura, Takuya Kobayashi, Maiko Sakai, Hisatomo Kondo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of wearing complete dentures on pharyngeal shape for swallowing in edentulous older people. BACKGROUND: In the absence of complete dentures, edentulous older people often lose the occlusal support necessary to position the mandible, which leads to an anterosuperior shift of the mandible during swallowing. This may result in pharyngeal shape changes effecting swallowing function in older people. However, the details of this phenomenon are currently unclear...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Carlos Serrano, María P Fariña, Cristhian Pérez, Marcos Fernández, Katherine Forman, Mauricio Carrasco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish cross-cultural adaptation of the xerostomia inventory (XI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The original English version of XI was translated into Spanish, cross-culturally adapted and field tested. The Spanish version of XI (XI-Sp) was tested with a sample of 41 patients with xerostomia. The reliability of the XI-Sp was determined through internal consistency and test-retest methods. The construct validity of XI-Sp was determined by means of correlation between XI-Sp scores and salivary flow measurements...
December 2016: Gerodontology
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