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Gerodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524601/huntington-s-disease-with-severe-neck-infection
#1
Shunsuke Hino, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of Huntington's disease (HD) with severe neck infection. BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative genetic disorder and is often accompanied by dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient was a 64-year-old man with HD. The severe neck infection was considered as one of the symptoms of HD. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should remember that patients with HD are apt to delay dental consultation, resulting in serious oral infections...
May 19, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512757/sense-of-coherence-and-oral-health-in-older-adults-in-southern%C3%A2-brazil
#2
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Ana Paula Pinto Martins, Júlia Freire Danigno, Caroline de Oliveira Langlois, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between sense of coherence and oral health among older adults treated at family health units in southern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 164 individuals aged 60 years old or older. Socio-demographic and oral health variables were collected using a standardised questionnaire. Sense of coherence (SOC) was measured with the questionnaire proposed by Antonovsky containing 29 closed-ended questions...
May 17, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#3
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488319/general-oral-health-assessment-index-a-new-evaluation-proposal
#4
Juliana A D B Campos, Miriane L Zucoloto, Fernanda S S Bonafé, João Maroco
OBJECTIVES: To validity the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) among adults who sought dental care and to present a new proposal for calculating scores on self-perception of oral health. BACKGROUND: There is no study that presents a GOHAI scores using weight of the items. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The one-factor model, the three-factor model (physical function, psychosocial/psychological function and pain/discomfort) and the second-order hierarchical model (SOHM) were evaluated from confirmatory factor analysis (λ, χ(2) /df, CFI,GFI and RMSEA)...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436056/elemental-ion-release-and-cytotoxicity-of-antimicrobial-acrylic-resins-incorporated-with-nanomaterial
#5
Denise Tornavoi de Castro, Mariana Lima da Costa Valente, Carolina Patricia Aires, Oswaldo Luiz Alves, Andréa Cândido Dos Reis
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the release of ions and the cytotoxicity of acrylic resins incorporated with silver vanadate decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgVO3 ). BACKGROUND: The inhibition of the accumulation of microorganisms on the resins is critical in preventing diseases. However, the hypothesis is that the release of ions from the incorporation of AgVO3 may be important in biocompatibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens of autopolymerising (AP) and heat-polymerising resin (HP) with AgVO3 were prepared and immersed in culture medium...
April 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393389/oral-health-care-for-the-ageing-population-in-brazil-trends-and-potentials-in-the-public-health-system
#6
Mariél de Aquino Goulart, Renato José De Marchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393387/dental-students-reflections-about-long-term-care-experiences-through-an-existing-model-of-oral-health
#7
Mario Brondani, Komkham Pattanaporn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore students' reflective thinking about long-term care experiences from the perspective of a model of oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 186 reflections from 193 second-year undergraduate dental students enrolled between 2011/12 and 2014/15 at the University of British Columbia were explored qualitatively. Reflections had a word limit of 300, and students were asked to relate an existing model of oral health to their long-term care experiences...
April 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370397/facilitators-and-barriers-influencing-the-readiness-to-receive-dental-implants-in-a-geriatric-institutionalised-population-a-randomized-non-invasive-interventional-study
#8
Miriam A Merz, Hendrik Terheyden, Christian G Huber, Azizi A Seixas, Andreas Schoetzau, Andres R Schneeberger
OBJECTIVE: Although elderly people have many serious dental issues and are in need of prosthesis, few opt for dental implants. The aim of this study was to investigate barriers that prevent elderly people from receiving dental implants. Specifically, we examined (i) whether the message was delivered before or after the interview had an impact, and (ii) whether it did matter who delivered the message. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-six residents from seven residential homes in the Canton of Grisons, Switzerland were included...
March 28, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349594/perceived-swallowing-problems-and-mortality-risk-in-very-elderly-people-%C3%A2-85%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-tokyo-oldest-old-survey-on-total-health-study
#9
Toshimitsu Iinuma, Takumi Hirata, Yasumichi Arai, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Motoko Fukumoto, Yusuke Fukui, Nobuhito Gionhaku
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether perceived swallowing problems affect the life expectancy of very elderly individuals. BACKGROUND: In an ageing society, oral function affects health status. In particular, a decline in swallowing function may increase the risk of various diseases, morbidity and malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 526 elderly individuals aged ≥85 years. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent oral, physical and mental health examinations...
March 28, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164381/elder-abuse-a-brief-commentary-for-dental-teams
#10
EDITORIAL
Paul Hellyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813158/identification-and-management-of-elder-physical-abuse-in-the-routine-of-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Luanderson O Silva, Bianca N Souza-Silva, José Lucas de Alcântara Rodrigues, Lilian Rigo, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic search in the literature in order to verify whether the dentists are able to identify and manage cases elder physical abuse. BACKGROUND: Dentists may play an important legal role contributing to the management of abused patients through the identification of injuries in their face, head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was performed following the PRISMA Statement and was registered in the PROSPERO database...
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207609/prevalence-of-oral-health-related-conditions-that-could-trigger-accidents-for-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia
#12
Naoki Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Soga, Kyoko Maekawa, Yuko Kanda, Eiko Kobayashi, Hisako Inoue, Ayana Kanao, Yumiko Himuro, Yumi Fujiwara
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of oral health conditions unnoticed by doctors and ward staff that may increase risk of incidents and/or accidents in hospitalised patients with moderate-severe dementia. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Dementia patients may not recognise risks in the mouth, such as tooth mobility or ill-fitting dental prostheses and/or dentures. In addition to the risk of choking, injury by sharp edges of collapsed teeth or prosthodontics could pose risks...
March 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211099/sedation-with-orally-administered-midazolam-in-elderly-dental-patients-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#13
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
February 17, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211101/dental-status-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-among-nursing-facility-residents-in-eastern-iowa
#14
Daniel J Caplan, Tariq S Ghazal, Howard J Cowen, Deise C Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate dental status (ie, number of teeth and presence of removable dental prostheses) as a predictor of all-cause mortality among nursing facility residents. BACKGROUND: Edentulism has been associated with poorer health outcomes in geriatric populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and June 2008, oral health screening examinations were completed for 584 residents of 10 nursing facilities in four eastern Iowa counties...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211095/tooth-loss-among-the-elders-in-an-inner-city-area-of-ibadan-nigeria
#15
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168829/exploring-dental-student-participation-in-interdisciplinary-care-team-conferences-in-long-term-care
#16
Jeremy Huynh, Leeann R Donnelly, Mario A Brondani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how the participation of dental hygiene students in interdisciplinary care conferences conducted in long-term care (LTC) facilities influenced the staff's awareness of oral health, the student's provision of care as well as the student's ability to work on an interdisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Oral health in LTC continues to be poor despite many educational and clinical interventions. The care of a frail elder requires an interdisciplinary team approach, yet dental professionals are often absent from these teams...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168759/periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-dementia-is-there-a-link-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Pallavi P Tonsekar, Shuying S Jiang, Gang Yue
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that dementia is caused by neuronal damage due to chronic inflammation from peripheral sources such as the oral cavity in periodontal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our review was to assess the risk of dementia or cognitive impairment associated with chronic periodontitis and multiple tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search of electronic databases of articles on the relation between periodontitis, tooth loss and dementia published on or before April 2016 was conducted...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066920/an-oral-health-and-function-screening-tool-for-nursing-personnel-of-long-term-care-facilities-to-identify-the-need-for%C3%A2-dentist-referral-without-preliminary-training
#18
Shigemi Tsukada, Kayoko Ito, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Akitsugu Ohuchi
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate, with a dentist as gold standard, an oral health screening tool, the Oral Health Screening Tool for Nursing Personnel (OHSTNP), that assists long-term care facility nursing staff without preliminary training in identifying resident need for dentist referral. METHODS: Using an OHSTNP adapted from previous screening tools (Chalmers, J Gerontol Nurs, 2004, 30, 5; Tsukada, J Jpn Soc Dent Hyg, 2012, 7, 43), one of four nurses, one of eight caregivers and a dentist with 15 years' experience screened the oral health/function of 57 long-term care facility residents...
January 8, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000247/investigation-of-nutritional-status-using-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-and-analysis-of-the-relevant-factors-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumour
#19
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
December 20, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990688/effect-of-12-month-weekly-professional-oral-hygiene-care-on-the-composition-of-the-oral-flora-in-dentate-dependent-elderly-residents-a-prospective-study
#20
Maude Wikström, Kawa L Kareem, Annica Almståhl, Erika Palmgren, Peter Lingström, Inger Wårdh
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of weekly professional oral hygiene care on the proportion of micro-organisms associated with good oral health, caries, and periodontal and soft tissue diseases in oral biofilms in dentate, dependent elderly residents. BACKGROUND: Assisted oral hygiene care reduces the plaque score and number of micro-organisms in the oral biofilms in elderly residents. Less is known about the effect on the quality/composition of the remaining oral flora...
December 18, 2016: Gerodontology
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