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Gerodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226455/perceptions-of-oral-health-among-older-cambodians-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#1
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214669/tooth-loss-and-its-relationship-with-protein-intake-by-elderly-brazilians-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#2
Rafael A Bomfim, Luciana B de Souza, José E Corrente
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing the relationship between self-perceived tooth loss and wearing dentures, on the one hand, and the consumption of protein, on the other hand, among the elderly population of Botucatu, SP. Food consumption tends to decrease with ageing, especially protein intake, and one of the causes could be the precariousness of oral health. Several risk factors associated with deficient dietary protein intake have been identified, namely greater physical dependence, reduced caloric intake and food insecurity, but no studies have analysed whether tooth loss and prostheses interfere with protein intake...
December 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205473/in-situ-evaluation-of-surface-roughness-and-micromorphology-of-temporary-soft-denture-liner-materials-at-different-time-intervals
#3
Célio U Araújo, Roberta T Basting
OBJECTIVE: To perform an in situ evaluation of surface roughness and micromorphology of two soft liner materials for dentures at different time intervals. BACKGROUND: The surface roughness of materials may influence the adhesion of micro-organisms and inflammation of the mucosal tissues. The in situ evaluation of surface roughness and the micromorphology of soft liner materials over the course of time may present results different from those of in vitro studies, considering the constant presence of saliva and food, the changes in temperature and the pH level in the oral cavity...
December 4, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193291/validity-and-reliability-of-a-portuguese-version-of-the-summated-xerostomia-inventory-5
#4
João Pedro de Almeida Rato Amaral, Duarte Nuno da Silva Marques, William Murray Thomson, Alexandra Rosa Rodrigues Vinagre, António Duarte Sola Pereira da Mata
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate and determine the reliability of the Portuguese version of the Summated Xerostomia Inventory. BACKGROUND: Many conditions such as head and neck radiation, autoimmune diseases or polypharmacy are characterised by hyposalivation which can affect oral and systemic quality of life. As such, this condition must be assessed, and the English version of the Xerostomia Inventory has been increasingly used to determine the severity of dry mouth perception...
November 27, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181858/relationship-between-salivary-haemoglobin-and-number-of-remaining-teeth-in-older-koreans
#5
Jun-Seon Choi, Hee-Eun Kim, Leeann R Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between saliva and dental biofilm characteristics, oral hygiene behaviours and the number of remaining teeth in a sample of older Koreans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 133 participants, aged 65 years and older, recruited from senior welfare facilities in Incheon, South Korea. The outcome variable was the number of remaining teeth, and its associations with the independent variables of participants' general characteristics, salivary haemoglobin level, dental biofilm acidogenicity, salivary flow rate and oral hygiene behaviours were assessed...
November 27, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171075/geriatrics-disabilities-dentistry-ethics-and-economics
#6
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Andrew G Schwartz, Charles D Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171074/invited-commentary-the-ageing-of-populations-across-the-globe-and-implications-for-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#7
Ira B Lamster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152787/an-oral-hygiene-protocol-improves-oral-health-for-patients-in-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
Joanne Murray, Ingrid Scholten
THE OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple oral hygiene protocol improves the oral health of inpatients in stroke rehabilitation. THE BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Poor oral health can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia. The comorbidities associated with stroke, such as dysphagia, hemiparesis and cognitive impairment, can further impede independent oral care. International stroke guidelines recommend routine oral care but stop short of detailing specific regimes...
November 20, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063645/curriculum-content-in-geriatric-dentistry-in-usa-dental-schools
#9
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to re-examine the teaching of geriatric dentistry in the USA dental schools, to identify curriculum content and compare the findings to previous reports. METHODS: All dental schools in the United States were contacted via email with a questionnaire to assess the teaching of geriatric dentistry. Non-responding schools were sent a minimum of three reminder emails to complete the survey. A statistical analysis was performed. Descriptive statistics were conducted to profile the variables of interest...
October 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940566/anticholinergic-burden-and-dry-mouth-among-finnish-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
Antti Tiisanoja, Anna-Maija Syrjälä, Kaija Komulainen, Pasi Lampela, Sirpa Hartikainen, Heidi Taipale, Matti Knuuttila, Pekka Ylöstalo
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study whether the anticholinergic burden of drugs is related to xerostomia and salivary secretion among community-dwelling elderly people. BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic drugs have been shown to be a risk factor for dry mouth, but little is known about the effects of cumulative exposure to anticholinergic drugs measured by anticholinergic burden on salivary secretion or xerostomia. METHODS: The study population consisted of 152 community-dwelling, dentate, non-smoking, older people from the Oral Health GeMS study...
September 21, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929520/a-short-report-on-tooth-replacement-in-an-older-suburban-population-in-nigeria
#11
Olushola Ibiyemi, Folake B Lawal
OBJECTIVES: To determine: the knowledge of the participants about removable dentures, importance of tooth replacement; prevalence of tooth loss and denture use; and factors associated with its non-use among an elderly population in Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss without replacement can impact negatively on the quality of life of the elders, thus making use of denture a basic requirement for those with partial or complete edentulous arches in developed countries...
September 20, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094438/mortality-from-an-aspiration-of-dental-crown-during-extraction
#12
Emily Kim, William Noh, Neeraj Panchal
An aspiration of a dental crown during a dental extraction requires appropriate and timely diagnosis and management. While foreign body aspiration in dental procedures is relatively uncommon, it constitutes a true medical emergency and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We report a case of mortality from a foreign body aspiration and discuss the epidemiology, risk factors, signs and symptoms, management, and prevention of foreign body ingestion and aspiration events.
December 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094437/spontaneous-fracture-of-the-genial-tubercles-of-the-mandible-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Clifton Wan, Conor Bowe, Satish Madhavarajan
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of spontaneous fracture of the genial tubercles of the mandible and a review of the literature. BACKGROUND: Resorption of the mandible is well documented in edentulous patients. During this process, the genial tubercles, origin for both genioglossus and geniohyoid muscles, become more prominent and prone to trauma especially from poorly fitted lower full dentures and lead to fracture and separation of the genial tubercles from the mandible...
December 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905407/ethics-of-frailty-some-thoughts-on-equality-and-autonomy
#14
Mary McNally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766814/conservative-endodontic-management-of-a-fused-tooth-a-case-report
#15
Romana Persic Bukmir, Alen Braut, Ivana Brekalo Prso
OBJECTIVE: To report a conservative treatment of a rare developmental anomaly. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old patient with previously initiated therapy and acute apical abscess of a maxillary right central incisor fused with the supernumerary tooth sought treatment. The conservative approach included nonsurgical root canal treatment and composite restoration. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the importance of an individual approach when treating anomalous teeth...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766813/acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-associated-with-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-after-tooth-extraction
#16
Shunsuke Hino, Akio Takeda, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of persistent bleeding from the tooth extraction socket in a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic DIC occurs by various trigger factors. CLINICAL REPORT: The patient's chronic DIC in association with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm was activated by tooth extraction, resulting in persistent bleeding from the socket. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic DIC may have persistent bleeding following tooth extraction...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211099/sedation-with-orally-administered-midazolam-in-elderly-dental-patients-with-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#17
Lena Rignell, Mona Mikati, Madeleine Wertsén, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate acceptance of treatment after oral sedation with midazolam in dental patients with major neurocognitive disorder. BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as premedication in paediatric dentistry, oral surgery and people suffering from dental fear. Little is known about its use in other patient groups. METHODS: Dental and sedation records of 61 patients (64% women) sedated with midazolam were examined retrospectively...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857268/subjective-and-objective-halitosis-among-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Anna Greta Barbe, Deborah H C Deutscher, Sonja H M Derman, Martin Hellmich, Michael J Noack
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson's disease (PD) affects oral health, but prevalence of subjective and objective halitosis and the influence of hyposalivation remain unclear. We aimed to explore whether patients with PD suffer from halitosis and to define correlations between halitosis and hyposalivation. We hypothesised that patients with PD suffer more often from halitosis compared to healthy controls, influenced by dry mouth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjective (halitosis, xerostomia visual analogue scale [VAS], short German Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIPG]-14) and objective scales (e...
August 31, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836381/time-dependent-effects-of-tongue-cleaning-with-mouthwash-or-mouth-moisturising-gel-on-the-number-of-microbes-on-the-tongue-surface-of-elders-with-care-needs
#19
Sayaka Tajima, Masahiro Ryu, Koichiro Ogami, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate time-dependent change in the number of microbes on the tongue surface after tongue cleaning using a mouthwash or mouth moisturising gel for elders fed with a feeding tube and with care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve elders fed through a feeding tube and with care needs participated in this prospective crossover study. There were four kinds of tongue cleaning modes as follows: (i) tongue cleaning with a mouthwash; (ii) tongue cleaning with a mouth moisturising gel; (iii) tongue cleaning with water; (iv) no tongue cleaning as a negative control...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836354/dental-care-for-the-elderly-through-a-capped-fee-funding-model-optimising-outcomes-for-primary-government-dental-services
#20
Jennifer H Conquest, John Skinner, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (i) compare a Capped Payment formula for adults, to the fee-for-service model and the New South Wales Government services payment model; (ii) identify the presenting oral health needs of a 65+ years of age cohort during the period January 2011 to March 2015. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Australia faces an ageing population with the vast majority accessing free market dental care, whilst the poor access Government services...
August 23, 2017: Gerodontology
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