Read by QxMD icon Read


Natsuki Kishimoto, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Hiromi Otsuka, Akitsugu Ohuchi
OBJECTIVE: To determine recent insurance claim rates for, facility income from, and the roles of professionals associated with management of nutrition, oral ingestion and oral health maintenance in long-term care insurance facilities (LTCIFs) in Niigata Prefecture. METHODS: A questionnaire on current staffing, oral health professional (OHP) utilisation, and claims for insured benefits for the investigated services was mailed to all LTCIFs in Niigata Prefecture, Japan (n = 304)...
October 23, 2018: Gerodontology
Philippe P Hujoel
The consensus of a leading scientific panel in 1930 was that oral hygiene products could not prevent dental caries. Their view was that dental caries prevention required the proper mineralisation of teeth and that vitamin D could achieve this goal. Over a hundred subsequent controlled trials, conducted over seven decades, largely confirmed that this scientific panel had made the right decisions. They had, in 1930, when it comes to dental caries, correctly endorsed vitamin D products as dental caries prophylactics and oral hygiene products as cosmetics...
October 14, 2018: Gerodontology
Ayaka Isobe, Maya Izumi, Sumio Akifusa
OBJECTIVE: In order to adequately care for patients with dementia, it is necessary for dental hygienists to develop unprejudiced attitudes towards and obtain sufficient knowledge of dementia. The aim of this study was to assess attitudes towards and knowledge of dementia among Japanese dental hygiene students and identify related factors to the attitude and the knowledge. We compared the attitude and the knowledge between dental hygiene students and practising dental hygienists. BACKGROUND: Dental hygienists are required to care for patients with dementia by developing appropriate attitudes towards dementia and gaining knowledge of dementia...
October 11, 2018: Gerodontology
Barry J Gibson, Jennifer E Kettle, Peter G Robinson, Angus Walls, Lorna Warren
OBJECTIVE: To report on a theory to explain the oral health of older people over the life course. BACKGROUND: The study of ageing has burgeoned into a complex interdisciplinary field of research, yet there are few studies in oral health from the perspective of older people that bridge the gap between sociology and oral health related research. METHODS: A grounded theory study involving a convenience sample of 15 men and 28 women aged between 65 and 91 years across different levels of education...
September 19, 2018: Gerodontology
Santosh Kumari Agrawal, Ashish Shrestha, Tarakant Bhagat
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) (Nepali version) from original English version. BACKGROUND: Growing numbers of elderly people have problems in different aspects of oral health increasing the demand for dental care services among them GOHAI may be one of the effective means of gathering information on oral health problems of the elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 168 individuals ≥60 years from seven old-age homes located in Eastern Nepal were included in the study...
September 19, 2018: Gerodontology
Laura Rúa Gonzálvez, Luis Manuel Junquera Gutiérrez, Paula Donate Pérez Del Molino, Jesús González Soto, Juan Luis Cobo Díaz, Juan Carlos de Vicente Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Capnocytophaga spp are Gram-negative bacteria that cause severe infections in immunosuppressed patients. This situation is extremely rare in immunocompetent patients. CASE REPORT: This clinical report describes the unusual infection of an immunocompetent patient with Capnocytophaga spp. The imaging studies showed the existence of a cyst in the left jawbone. After treatment and a microbiological study of the content, it was found to be an outbreak of septicaemia...
September 14, 2018: Gerodontology
Álfheiður Ástvaldsdóttir, Anne-Marie Boström, Thomas Davidson, Pia Gabre, Lars Gahnberg, Gunilla Sandborgh Englund, Pia Skott, Katri Ståhlnacke, Sofia Tranaeus, Hanna Wilhelmsson, Inger Wårdh, Pernilla Östlund, Mikael Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the current knowledge on oral health status and dental care of older persons through a systematic mapping of systematic reviews of low or moderate risk of bias. BACKGROUND: Geriatric dentistry covers all aspects of oral health and oral care of older persons. Oral health is part of general health and contributes to a person's physical, psychological and social wellbeing. METHODS: A literature search was performed in three different databases (PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl) within 12 domains: Dental caries, periodontitis, Orofacial pain and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, mucosal lesions, oral motor function, dry mouth, halitosis, interaction between oral status and other medical conditions, ability to interrelate and communicate, quality of life, ethics and organisation of dental care for older persons...
August 20, 2018: Gerodontology
Michele G Shedlin, Stacia B Birdsall, Mary E Northridge
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mouth and body knowledge, beliefs and behaviours of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American older adults, and their relationships to oral and general health and health care. BACKGROUND: In his seminal framework, Handwerker posited that the norms, attitudes and behaviours related to the experience of disease and treatment reflect where patients live and have lived and are seeking and have sought care, along with their webs of social and health relations...
August 15, 2018: Gerodontology
Peter Maramaldi, Tamara Cadet, Shanna L Burke, Mary LeCloux, Erina White, Elsbeth Kalenderian, Taru Kinnunen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose empirically and conceptually supported interventions that might increase the capability and opportunity to provide of oral hygiene care and oral cancer screening in long-term nursing care facilities. BACKGROUND: Improving the oral health in the older adult population is a priority of the Healthy People 2020 initiative. Poor oral health disproportionably affects older populations, which indicates lower participation in regular oral health care (OHC) that includes screening and early detection of oral cancer...
August 3, 2018: Gerodontology
Robert G Stigler, Kathrin Becker, Frank R Kloss, Robert Gassner, Günter Lepperdinger
BACKGROUND: Osteocytes are engaged in life-enduring processes such as bone remodelling, fracture healing or osseointegration of implants. Over age, ossification processes and regenerative capacity can greatly differ in mandible and femur. OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells from cranial and postcranial bones are of different embryologic origin. This may be the reason why the regenerative capacity differs between cranial and postcranial bones in old patients. It was hypothesised that different ageing patterns, reflected by osteocyte density, lacunar density and osteoid formation, exist between murine mandibles and femurs...
July 27, 2018: Gerodontology
Katarzyna Mehr, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksandra Szybalska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Jan Zejda, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Tomasz Grodzicki, Paweł Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess dental status of Polish seniors having and wearing dentures in relation to demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is associated with deterioration of general health status. The epidemiological data on dental status in Poland, including Polish seniors, are fragmented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 4524 randomly selected participants, aged 65 years and over, representative for Polish seniors...
July 27, 2018: Gerodontology
Takahiro Kato, Ingemar Abrahamsson, Ulla Wide, Magnus Hakeberg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the associations between degree of periodontal disease and number of teeth on oral health-related quality of life among older individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomly selected 804 participants aged ≥70 derived from two cohorts were included in the analysis. Dental examinations and evaluation of OHRQL using the OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were performed. After categorisation of the participants according to the extent of periodontitis in three groups (none, localised with <30% of teeth affected, generalised with ≥30% of teeth affected) and the number of teeth, associations between periodontal status and the number of teeth and the OHIP-14 scores were analysed...
July 24, 2018: Gerodontology
Naoko Yatabe, Kenji Takeuchi, Maya Izumi, Michiko Furuta, Toru Takeshita, Yukie Shibata, Shino Suma, Shinya Kageyama, Seijun Ganaha, Haruka Tohara, Yoshihisa Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between cognitive function and dysphagia risk among Japanese nursing home residents. BACKGROUND: Reduction in cognitive function can influence the intake of food during swallowing, and may be an aggravating factor in dysphagia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 236 residents aged ≥60 years from eight nursing homes. Screening of dysphagia, especially aspiration risk, was conducted using the Modified Water Swallow Test, whose scores from one to three were classified as at risk of dysphagia...
July 20, 2018: Gerodontology
Rita A Jablonski, Ann M Kolanowski, Andres Azuero, Vicki Winstead, Corteza Jones-Townsend, Maria L Geisinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of MOUTh (Managing Oral Hygiene Using Threat Reduction), a nonpharmacologic, relationship-based intervention vs. control on 2 primary outcomes for nursing home (NH) residents with dementia who resisted mouth care: (i) reduction in the occurrence and intensity of care-resistant behaviours (CRBs) and (ii) improvement in oral health. Two secondary outcomes were also examined: (i) the duration of mouth care and (ii) the completion of oral hygiene activities...
July 13, 2018: Gerodontology
Minn N Yoon, Carla Ickert, Susan E Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Natalie Carrier, Heather Keller
OBJECTIVE: To describe the oral health and oral prosthetic status of long-term care residents in four Canadian provinces. BACKGROUND: Oral health can have significant impact on the health and quality of life of older adults. Seniors in long-term care are highly dependent on care staff for basic activities of daily living and are at risk for poor oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and fifty-nine randomly selected residents were examined from thirty-two long-term care homes in Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick, Canada...
July 11, 2018: Gerodontology
Fernanda G Salum, Francisco de Assis Carvalho Medella-Junior, Maria A Zancanaro Figueiredo, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: To perform a literature review addressing the therapeutic strategies for salivary hypofunction. BACKGROUND: Qualitative and quantitative salivary dysfunctions predispose to changes in the oral mucosa and teeth, cause impairment to oral functions and negative impact on quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted using the terms "Xerostomia" AND, "Saliva Artificial" OR, "Citric Acid," "Malic Acid," "Chewing Gum," "Acupuncture" OR, "Pilocarpine" OR, "Bethanechol" OR, "Cevimeline" OR, "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy" OR, "Stem Cell Therapy" OR "Genetic Therapy" and their Mesh Terms...
June 29, 2018: Gerodontology
Rafael Aiello Bomfim, Antonio Carlos Frias, Andreia Morales Cascaes, Antonio Carlos Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association of socioeconomic status (SES) as a latent variable on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) using four definitions of functional dentition (FD) for elderly people. METHODS: Four sets of multilevel generalised structural equation models (GSEM) were used: (i) WHO Functional Dentition (FDWHO); (ii) Well-distributed teeth (WDT); (iii) FDclass5 ; and (iv) FDclass6 . The indirect effects of SES on OHRQoL were measured in 5951 elderly participants in the São Paulo Oral Health 2015 (SBSP-15) survey...
June 29, 2018: Gerodontology
Shunsuke Minakuchi, Kazuhiro Tsuga, Kazunori Ikebe, Takayuki Ueda, Fumiyo Tamura, Kan Nagao, Junichi Furuya, Koichiro Matsuo, Ken Yamamoto, Manabu Kanazawa, Yutaka Watanabe, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Kaoru Sakurai
BACKGROUND: There is growing international interest in identifying the effects of ageing on oral health and on appropriate strategies for managing oral disorders. The Japanese Society of Gerodontology (JSG), as the official representative of researchers and clinicians interested in geriatric dentistry in Japan, makes several recommendations on the concept of "oral hypofunction." AIMS: This study proposes diagnostic criteria and management strategies to reduce the risk of oral hypofunction among older people...
June 8, 2018: Gerodontology
Cassiane Wigner Brochier, Fernando Neves Hugo, Rafaela Soares Rech, Alexandre Baumgarten, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the association of the sociodemographic, behavioural variables and the oral conditions with the presence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in long-term care older persons. BACKGROUND: Due to the influence of ageing, swallowing may be altered both in people with natural teeth and in those who have dentures or tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 115 individuals older than 60 years, living in long-term care institutions of the State of Rio Grande do Sul in 2016...
June 7, 2018: Gerodontology
Eijiro Yamaga, Yusuke Sato, Shunsuke Minakuchi
OBJECTIVE: To test a previously described conceptual framework of oral health in edentulous elders using an intervention study that included complete denture replacement. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was also conducted to substantiate construct validity. BACKGROUND DATA: To date, the model proposed by Locker has been tested on edentulous elders using structural equation model (SEM) analysis. However, cross-sectional designs and the Short-Form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) cannot adequately express cause-effect relationships and distribution in edentulous patients...
June 1, 2018: Gerodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"