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Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314139/the-effect-of-breakfast-in-the-classroom-on-obesity-and-academic-performance-evidence-from-new-york-city
#1
Sean P Corcoran, Brian Elbel, Amy Ellen Schwartz
Participation in the federally subsidized school breakfast program often falls well below its lunchtime counterpart. To increase take-up, many districts have implemented Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), offering breakfast directly to students at the start of the school day. Beyond increasing participation, advocates claim BIC improves academic performance, attendance, and engagement. Others caution BIC has deleterious effects on child weight. We use the implementation of BIC in New York City (NYC) to estimate its impact on meals program participation, body mass index (BMI), achievement, and attendance...
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985462/comprehensive-e-cigarette-regulation-as-a-step-toward-harm-reduction
#2
COMMENT
Kurt M Ribisl, Andrew B Seidenberg, Elizabeth N Orlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985461/health-regulation
#3
COMMENT
Donald S Kenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985460/recommendations-for-u-s-public-policies-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#4
Kurt M Ribisl, Andrew B Seidenberg, Elizabeth N Orlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985459/healthy-innovation-vaping-smoking-and-public-policy
#5
Donald S Kenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064413/the-war-on-poverty-measurement-trends-and-policy
#6
Robert Haveman, Rebecca Blank, Robert Moffitt, Timothy Smeeding, Geoffrey Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347369/waging-war-on-poverty-poverty-trends-using-a-historical-supplemental-poverty-measure
#7
Liana E Fox, Christopher Wimer, Irwin Garfinkel, Neeraj Kaushal, Jane Waldfogel
Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey and the March Current Population Survey, we provide poverty estimates for 1967 to 2012 based on a historical Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). During this period, poverty, as officially measured, has stagnated. However, the official poverty measure (OPM) does not account for the effect of near-cash transfers on the financial resources available to families, an important omission since such transfers have become an increasingly important part of government anti-poverty policy...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106670/intended-and-unintended-effects-of-the-war-on-poverty-what-research-tells-us-and-implications-for-policy
#8
Marianne P Bitler, Lynn A Karoly
During the mid-1960s, the United States adopted a series of cash and in-kind transfer programs, as well as human capital investment strategies, as part of the War on Poverty. A number of other programs were first proposed as part of this "war" but were not implemented until the mid-1970s. These programs had noble goals: to increase incomes at the bottom of the income distribution, reduce poverty, and improve nutrition, heath, and human capital. However, various features of the programs also had the potential to produce unintended consequences: for example, means-tested programs can discourage work...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106669/prevention-use-of-health-services-and-genes-implications-of-genetics-for-policy-formation
#9
George L Wehby, Benjamin W Domingue, Jason D Boardman
We evaluate the hypothesis that genetic factors influence the use of health services and prevention behaviors in a national sample of adult twins in the United States. The analysis compares the correlation of these outcomes between identical twins, who share all their genes, to the correlation between nonidentical twins, who share, on average, only one-half of their genes. Because the environmental similarities of twins are assumed to be the same for identical and nonidentical twin pairs, researchers can partition the variance in behavioral outcomes that are due to genetic and environmental factors...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106668/can-genetics-predict-response-to-complex-behavioral-interventions-evidence-from-a-genetic-analysis-of-the-fast-track-randomized-control-trial
#10
Dustin Albert, Daniel W Belsky, D Max Crowley, Shawn J Latendresse, Fazil Aliev, Brien Riley, Cuie Sun, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth A Dodge
Early interventions are a preferred method for addressing behavioral problems in high-risk children, but often have only modest effects. Identifying sources of variation in intervention effects can suggest means to improve efficiency. One potential source of such variation is the genome. We conducted a genetic analysis of the Fast Track randomized control trial, a 10-year-long intervention to prevent high-risk kindergarteners from developing adult externalizing problems including substance abuse and antisocial behavior...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897442/remember-adam-smith-and-workers-above-the-poverty-line
#11
COMMENT
Casey B Mulligan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897441/contrasting-calculations-of-marginal-tax-rates
#12
COMMENT
Robert A Moffitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897440/the-new-employment-and-income-taxes
#13
Casey B Mulligan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897439/the-u-s-safety-net-and-work-incentives-the-great-recession-and-beyond
#14
Robert Moffitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25893238/policy-modeling-to-support-administrative-decisionmaking-on-the-new-york-state-hiv-testing-law
#15
Erika G Martin, Roderick H MacDonald, Lou C Smith, Daniel E Gordon, James M Tesoriero, Franklin N Laufer, Shu-Yin J Leung, Daniel A O'Connell
A recent New York law requires medical providers to offer HIV tests as part of routine care. We developed a system dynamics simulation model of the HIV testing and care system to help administrators understand the law's potential epidemic impact, resource needs, strategies to improve implementation, and appropriate outcome indicators for future policy evaluations once postlaw data become available. Policy modeling allowed us to synthesize information from numerous sources including quantitative administrative data sets and practitioners' content expertise, structure the information to be viewed both numerically and visually, and organize consensus for decisionmaking purposes...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25893237/the-effects-of-mandated-health-insurance-benefits-for-autism-on-out-of-pocket-costs-and-access-to-treatment
#16
Pinka Chatterji, Sandra L Decker, Sara Markowitz
As of 2014, 37 states have passed mandates requiring many private health insurance policies to cover diagnostic and treatment services for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We explore whether ASD mandates are associated with out-of-pocket costs, financial burden, and cost or insurance-related problems with access to treatment among privately insured children with special health care needs (CSHCNs). We use difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference approaches, comparing pre--post mandate changes in outcomes among CSHCN who have ASD versus CSHCN other than ASD...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25750473/is-there-a-workable-race-neutral-alternative-to-affirmative-action-in-college-admissions
#17
Mark C Long
The 2013 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in the Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin case clarified when and how it is legally permissible for universities to use an applicant's race or ethnicity in its admissions decisions. The court concluded that such use is permissible when "no workable race-neutral alternatives would produce the educational benefits of diversity." This paper shows that replacing traditional affirmative action with a system that uses an applicant's predicted likelihood of being an underrepresented racial minority as a proxy for the applicant's actual minority status can yield an admitted class that has a lower predicted grade point average and likelihood of graduating than the class that would have been admitted using traditional affirmative action...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25558491/early-life-origins-of-life-cycle-well-being-research-and-policy-implications
#18
Janet Currie, Maya Rossin-Slater
Mounting evidence across different disciplines suggests that early-life conditions can have consequences on individual outcomes throughout the life cycle. Relative to other developed countries, the United States fares poorly on standard indicators of early-life health, and this disadvantage may have profound consequences not only for population well-being, but also for economic growth and competitiveness in a global economy. In this paper, we first discuss the research on the strength of the link between early-life health and adult outcomes, and then provide an evidence-based review of the effectiveness of existing U...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25558490/assessing-the-effects-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-marijuana-use-the-devil-is-in-the-details
#19
Rosalie L Pacula, David Powell, Paul Heaton, Eric L Sevigny
This paper sheds light on previous inconsistencies identified in the literature regarding the relationship between medical marijuana laws (MMLs) and recreational marijuana use by closely examining the importance of policy dimensions (registration requirements, home cultivation, dispensaries) and the timing of when particular policy dimensions are enacted. Using data from our own legal analysis of state MMLs, we evaluate which features are associated with adult and youth recreational and heavy use by linking these policy variables to data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) and National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97)...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25584015/making-ends-meet-after-prison
#20
David J Harding, Jessica J B Wyse, Cheyney Dobson, Jeffrey D Morenoff
Former prisoners are at high risk of economic insecurity due to the challenges they face in finding employment and to the difficulties of securing and maintaining public assistance while incarcerated. This study examines the processes through which former prisoners attain economic security, examining how they meet basic material needs and achieve upward mobility over time. It draws on unique qualitative data from in-depth, unstructured interviews with a sample of former prisoners followed over a two to three year period to assess how subjects draw upon a combination of employment, social supports, and public benefits to make ends meet...
2014: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
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