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Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378959/the-impact-of-health-insurance-on-preventive-care-and-health-behaviors-evidence-from-the-first-two-years-of-the-aca-medicaid-expansions
#1
Kosali Simon, Aparna Soni, John Cawley
The U.S. population receives suboptimal levels of preventive care and has a high prevalence of risky health behaviors. One goal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was to increase preventive care and improve health behaviors by expanding access to health insurance. This paper estimates how the ACA-facilitated state-level expansions of Medicaid in 2014 affected these outcomes. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and a difference-in-differences model that compares states that did and did not expand Medicaid, we examine the impact of the expansions on preventive care (e...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378958/child-poverty-the-great-recession-and-the-social-safety-net-in-the-united-states
#2
Marianne Bitler, Hiliary Hoynes, Elira Kuku
In this paper, we comprehensively examine the effects of the Great Recession on child poverty, with particular attention to the role of the social safety net in mitigating the adverse effects of shocks to earnings and income. Using a state panel data model and data for 2000 to 2014, we estimate the relationship between the business cycle and child poverty, and we examine how and to what extent the safety net is providing protection to at-risk children. We find compelling evidence that the safety net provides protection; that is, the cyclicality of after-tax-and-transfer child poverty is significantly attenuated relative to the cyclicality of private income poverty...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378956/are-parental-welfare-work-requirements-good-for-disadvantaged-children-evidence-from-age-of-youngest-child-exemptions
#3
Chris M Herbst
This paper assesses the impact of welfare reform’s parental work requirements on low-income children’s cognitive and social-emotional development. The identification strategy exploits an important feature of the work requirement rules—namely, age-of youngest- child exemptions—as a source of quasi-experimental variation in first-year maternal employment. The 1996 welfare reform law empowered states to exempt adult recipients from the work requirements until the youngest child reaches a certain age. This led to substantial variation in the amount of time that mothers can remain home with a newborn child...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992152/the-effect-of-the-affordable-care-act-medicaid-expansion-on-migration
#4
Lucas Goodman
The expansion of Medicaid to low-income nondisabled adults is a key component of the Affordable Care Act's strategy to increase health insurance coverage, but many states have chosen not to take up the expansion. As a result, for many low-income adults, there has been stark variation across states in access to Medicaid since the expansions took effect in 2014. This study investigates whether individuals migrate in order to gain access to these benefits. Using an empirical model in the spirit of a difference-in-differences, this study finds that migration from non-expansion states to expansion states did not increase in 2014 relative to migration in the reverse direction...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992151/early-impacts-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-health-insurance-coverage-in-medicaid-expansion-and-non-expansion-states
#5
Charles Courtemanche, James Marton, Benjamin Ukert, Aaron Yelowitz, Daniela Zapata
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) aimed to achieve nearly universal health insurance coverage in the United States through a combination of insurance market reforms, mandates, subsidies, health insurance exchanges, and Medicaid expansions, most of which took effect in 2014. This paper estimates the causal effects of the ACA on health insurance coverage in 2014 using data from the American Community Survey. We utilize difference-in-difference-in-differences models that exploit cross-sectional variation in the intensity of treatment arising from state participation in the Medicaid expansion and local area pre-ACA uninsured rates...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314139/the-effect-of-breakfast-in-the-classroom-on-obesity-and-academic-performance-evidence-from-new-york-city
#6
Sean P Corcoran, Brian Elbel, Amy Ellen Schwartz
Participation in the federally subsidized school breakfast program often falls well below its lunchtime counterpart. To increase take-up, many districts have implemented Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), offering breakfast directly to students at the start of the school day. Beyond increasing participation, advocates claim BIC improves academic performance, attendance, and engagement. Others caution BIC has deleterious effects on child weight. We use the implementation of BIC in New York City (NYC) to estimate its impact on meals program participation, body mass index (BMI), achievement, and attendance...
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985462/comprehensive-e-cigarette-regulation-as-a-step-toward-harm-reduction
#7
COMMENT
Kurt M Ribisl, Andrew B Seidenberg, Elizabeth N Orlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985461/health-regulation
#8
COMMENT
Donald S Kenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985460/recommendations-for-u-s-public-policies-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#9
Kurt M Ribisl, Andrew B Seidenberg, Elizabeth N Orlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985459/healthy-innovation-vaping-smoking-and-public-policy
#10
Donald S Kenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064413/the-war-on-poverty-measurement-trends-and-policy
#11
Robert Haveman, Rebecca Blank, Robert Moffitt, Timothy Smeeding, Geoffrey Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347369/waging-war-on-poverty-poverty-trends-using-a-historical-supplemental-poverty-measure
#12
Liana E Fox, Christopher Wimer, Irwin Garfinkel, Neeraj Kaushal, Jane Waldfogel
Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey and the March Current Population Survey, we provide poverty estimates for 1967 to 2012 based on a historical Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). During this period, poverty, as officially measured, has stagnated. However, the official poverty measure (OPM) does not account for the effect of near-cash transfers on the financial resources available to families, an important omission since such transfers have become an increasingly important part of government anti-poverty policy...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106670/intended-and-unintended-effects-of-the-war-on-poverty-what-research-tells-us-and-implications-for-policy
#13
Marianne P Bitler, Lynn A Karoly
During the mid-1960s, the United States adopted a series of cash and in-kind transfer programs, as well as human capital investment strategies, as part of the War on Poverty. A number of other programs were first proposed as part of this "war" but were not implemented until the mid-1970s. These programs had noble goals: to increase incomes at the bottom of the income distribution, reduce poverty, and improve nutrition, heath, and human capital. However, various features of the programs also had the potential to produce unintended consequences: for example, means-tested programs can discourage work...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106669/prevention-use-of-health-services-and-genes-implications-of-genetics-for-policy-formation
#14
George L Wehby, Benjamin W Domingue, Jason D Boardman
We evaluate the hypothesis that genetic factors influence the use of health services and prevention behaviors in a national sample of adult twins in the United States. The analysis compares the correlation of these outcomes between identical twins, who share all their genes, to the correlation between nonidentical twins, who share, on average, only one-half of their genes. Because the environmental similarities of twins are assumed to be the same for identical and nonidentical twin pairs, researchers can partition the variance in behavioral outcomes that are due to genetic and environmental factors...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106668/can-genetics-predict-response-to-complex-behavioral-interventions-evidence-from-a-genetic-analysis-of-the-fast-track-randomized-control-trial
#15
Dustin Albert, Daniel W Belsky, D Max Crowley, Shawn J Latendresse, Fazil Aliev, Brien Riley, Cuie Sun, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth A Dodge
Early interventions are a preferred method for addressing behavioral problems in high-risk children, but often have only modest effects. Identifying sources of variation in intervention effects can suggest means to improve efficiency. One potential source of such variation is the genome. We conducted a genetic analysis of the Fast Track randomized control trial, a 10-year-long intervention to prevent high-risk kindergarteners from developing adult externalizing problems including substance abuse and antisocial behavior...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897442/remember-adam-smith-and-workers-above-the-poverty-line
#16
COMMENT
Casey B Mulligan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897441/contrasting-calculations-of-marginal-tax-rates
#17
COMMENT
Robert A Moffitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897440/the-new-employment-and-income-taxes
#18
Casey B Mulligan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897439/the-u-s-safety-net-and-work-incentives-the-great-recession-and-beyond
#19
Robert Moffitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25893238/policy-modeling-to-support-administrative-decisionmaking-on-the-new-york-state-hiv-testing-law
#20
Erika G Martin, Roderick H MacDonald, Lou C Smith, Daniel E Gordon, James M Tesoriero, Franklin N Laufer, Shu-Yin J Leung, Daniel A O'Connell
A recent New York law requires medical providers to offer HIV tests as part of routine care. We developed a system dynamics simulation model of the HIV testing and care system to help administrators understand the law's potential epidemic impact, resource needs, strategies to improve implementation, and appropriate outcome indicators for future policy evaluations once postlaw data become available. Policy modeling allowed us to synthesize information from numerous sources including quantitative administrative data sets and practitioners' content expertise, structure the information to be viewed both numerically and visually, and organize consensus for decisionmaking purposes...
2015: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
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