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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431307/identifying-longitudinal-sustainable-hierarchies-in-activities-of-daily-living
#1
Roger Watson, Alvisa Palese, Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Mark Hayter
Activities of daily living serve as an indicator of progression in disability and rehabilitation. It is know that some of the measurement scales used show hierarchical properties indicating that activities of daily living are lost and gained in a consistent pattern. Few studies have investigated the extent to which these patterns are sustained across time and across a range of disability. The study aimed to investigate the hierarchical properties of the activity of daily living items in the ValGraf functional ability scale, to establish if there is a hierarchy of items in the scale and to study the sustainability of the hierarchy over time...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432920/health-family-strains-dependency-and-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults
#2
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jayashree Mohanty
Using stress process theory and structural equation modelling, this study investigated the complex relationship between health status, family strain, dependency, and the life satisfaction of rural older adults with reported functional impairments in India. Data were extracted from a large-scale study of 903 randomly selected adults aged 61 years and older from 30 rural clusters of India. The sample for this study was confined to 653 older adults who reported functional impairments. Structural equation modelling showed that poor health status indirectly lowered the life satisfaction of older adults through family strains...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415035/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-and-functional-state-the-korean-urban-rural-elderly-kure-study
#3
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Katherine M Stefani, Ju-Mi Lee, Young Mi Yoon, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Functional state and cholesterol metabolism are important for older adults; however, this association has not been fully investigated among community-dwelling older adults. Thus, we investigated the association of HDL cholesterol with multiple functional state measures in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 3514 participants, aged 65 years or older, who participated in baseline health assessment for the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study from 2012 to 2015...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415034/validation-of-a-new-mortality-risk-prediction-model-for-people-65-years-and-older-in-northwest-russia-the-crystal-risk-score
#4
Anna Turusheva, Elena Frolova, Vaes Bert, Eralda Hegendoerfer, Jean-Marie Degryse
BACKGROUND: Prediction models help to make decisions about further management in clinical practice. This study aims to develop a mortality risk score based on previously identified risk predictors and to perform internal and external validations. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort study of 611 community-dwelling individuals aged 65+ in St. Petersburg (Russia), all-cause mortality risks over 2.5 years follow-up were determined based on the results obtained from anthropometry, medical history, physical performance tests, spirometry and laboratory tests...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395196/body-composition-and-frailty-profiles-in-brazilian-older-people-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-br
#5
Eduardo Ferriolli, Fernanda Pinheiro Amador Dos Santos Pessanha, Virgílio Garcia Moreira, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between body composition and frailty in older Brazilian subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a Cross-sectional study called FIBRA-BR and developed in community Brazilian aged ≥65 (n=5638). Frailty was assessed according to Fried et al. definition and body composition was determined by BMI, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. RESULTS: The lowest prevalence of frailty was observed in subjects with BMI between 25...
March 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376368/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-plasma-levels-are-increased-in-older-women-after-an-acute-episode-of-low-back-pain
#6
Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Diogo Carvalho Felício, Luiza Faria Teixeira, Fabianna Resende de Jesus-Moraleida, Bárbara Zille de Queiroz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a growing public health problem in old age, and it is associated with disabling pain and depressive disorders. We compared brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plasma levels, a key neurotrophin in pain modulation, between older women after an acute episode of LBP and age-matched pain-free controls, and investigated potential differences in BDNF levels between controls and LBP subgroups based on pain severity, presence of depressive symptoms and use of analgesic and antidepressant drugs...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347930/monetary-cost-of-family-caregiving-for-people-with-dementia-in-singapore
#7
Lai Leng Woo, Claire L Thompson, Harish Magadi
This study quantified the monetary cost of family caregiving for 51 patients with different severity of dementia. The mean annual informal cost of care was higher (M=SG$44,530.55, SD=SG$31,354.82) compared to the mean annual formal cost of care (M=SG$25,654.11, SD=SG$10,016.48). Costs were found to increase with severity of dementia (Severe: SG$47,251.30; Moderate: SG$38,607.84; Mild: SG$13,847.68). For each point increase in CMMSE scores, the informal cost lowered by SG$1,173.94. There was a significant negative correlation of cost and cognitive impairment but not functional impairment...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410504/exercise-training-in-older-adults-what-effects-on-muscle-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Elie Fiogbé, Verena de Vassimon-Barroso, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
AIM: To determine the effects of different modality of exercise training programs on muscle oxygenation in older adults. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct and Scopus, using the keywords: "Aged" AND "Muscle oxygenation" AND (Exercise OR "Exercise therapy" OR "Exercise Movement Techniques" OR Hydrotherapy), without limitation concerning the publication date. To be included in the full analysis, the study had to be a randomized controlled trial in which older adults participants (mean age: 65 years at least) were submitted to an exercise-training program and muscle oxygenation assessment...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384504/pelvic-ring-fractures-in-the-elderly-now-and-then-a-pelvic-registry-study
#9
Mika F Rollmann, Steven C Herath, Florian Kirchhoff, Benedikt J Braun, Joerg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann, Michael D Menger, Tina Histing
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the changes in demographic data stratified for age, sex and type of injury of elderly patients suffering from pelvic ring fractures over a 22-year observation period. DESIGN/SETTING: Data has been collected prospectively, multi-centrically in hospitals participating in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry. PATIENTS: We analyzed the data of 5665 patients with an age ≥60years included in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry from 1991 to 2013...
March 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363133/the-use-of-step-aerobics-and-the-stability-ball-to-improve-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-exploratory-study
#10
Ayelet Dunsky, Tal Yahalom, Michal Arnon, Ronnie Lidor
OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of step aerobics (SA) and the stability ball (SB) as tools for balance improvement in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Forty-two women (age: 72.2±5.8 years) who attended a community day center volunteered to participate in the study. Following the first assessment session, 28 women were assigned randomly to one of two experimental groups (the use of either SA or SB). The other 14 participants, who were engaged in a ceramic class, served as the control group...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343089/cortisol-and-physical-performance-in-older-populations-findings-from-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study-imias
#11
Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa, Alain Marchand, Angeles Garcia, Jose Fernando Gomez, Alban Ylli, Jack M Guralnik, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To compare diurnal cortisol profiles across samples of older adults from diverse populations and to examine if differences in circadian cortisol secretion are associated with poor physical performance (SPPB<9). METHODS: Data were collected during the baseline survey of the International Mobility in Aging Study conducted in 2012 in Kingston (Canada), Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania) and Manizales (Colombia). Salivary cortisol was collected from a subsample of 309 participants instructed to collect saliva on two consecutive days, and 5 different intervals each day: upon awakening (M1), 30min (M2) and 60min after awakening, at 15:00h and before bedtime (E)...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279898/concern-about-developing-alzheimer-s-disease-or-dementia-and-intention-to-be-screened-an-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#12
Weizhou Tang, Kristie Kannaley, Daniela B Friedman, Valerie J Edwards, Sara Wilcox, Sue E Levkoff, Rebecca H Hunter, Cheryl Irmiter, Basia Belza
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia is important so that patients can express treatment preferences, subsequently allowing caregivers to make decisions consistent with their wishes. This study explored the relationship between people's concern about developing AD/dementia, likelihood to be screened/tested, if experiencing changes in cognitive status or functioning, and concerns about sharing the diagnostic information with others. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted using Porter Novelli's SummerStyles 2013 online survey data...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273547/depression-and-resilience-mediates-the-effect-of-family-function-on-quality-of-life-of-the-elderly
#13
Canjie Lu, Lexin Yuan, Weiquan Lin, Ying Zhou, Shengmao Pan
BACKGROUND: Family function, which improves individual resilience and strongly link to quality of life (QOL) among the elderly, increases the risk of depression. Because of these demonstrated relationships, it can be hypothesized that both depression and resilience are mediators of the association between family function and QOL. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, the structural equation model (SEM) constructed by Amos 21.0 was employed to assess the indirect effect of depression (Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS) and resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC) on the relationship between family function (Family APGAR Score, APGAR) and QOL (12-item Short Form health survey, SF-12) in 474 elderly adults from three communities in Guangzhou, China...
February 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258987/physical-activity-levels-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-are-influenced-by-winter-weather-variables
#14
G R Jones, C Brandon, D P Gill
Winter weather conditions may negatively influence participation of older adults in daily physical activity (PA). OBJECTIVE: Assess the influence of winter meteorological variables, day-time peak ambient temperature, windchill, humidity, and snow accumulation on the ground to accelerometer measured PA values in older adults. METHODS: 50 community-dwelling older adults (77.4±4.7yrs; range 71-89; 12 females) living in Southwestern Ontario (Latitude 42.9°N Longitude 81...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242579/comparison-of-two-frailty-indices-in-the-physicians-health-study
#15
Ariela R Orkaby, Tammy T Hshieh, John M Gaziano, Luc Djousse, Jane A Driver
BACKGROUND: As the population ages it is important to identify frailty, a powerful predictor of morbidity and mortality, and often an important unmeasured confounder. We sought to develop a frailty index in the Physician's Health Study (PHS) and estimate the association with mortality. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Annual questionnaire assessed mood, function and health status. Two frailty scores were compared - cumulative deficit frailty index (PHS FI) and modified Study of Osteoporotic Fracture (mSOF) frailty score...
February 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242580/tailored-education-program-using-home-floor-plans-for-falls-prevention-in-discharged-older-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Tetsuya Ueda, Yumi Higuchi, Masakazu Imaoka, Emiko Todo, Tomomi Kitagawa, Suguru Ando
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a tailored education program using home floor plans on falls prevention in discharged older patients. DESIGN: A single-center, parallel, pragmatic, pilot randomized controlled trial with equal allocation to the intervention and control groups. SETTING: Discharged hospital patients were followed-up in their home settings. PARTICIPANTS: All discharged orthopedic patients aged ≥65 years who experienced ≥1 fall(s) in the past year (n=60)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237746/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-depressed-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-open-trial
#17
José María García-Alberca
BACKGROUND: Depression has a high prevalence among patients with Alzheimer's disease, and it has a significant negative impact on their functioning. However, despite its significant impact and challenge, few treatment outcomes data are available to guide clinical care of depression among this population. We developed a cognitive-behavioral intervention to persons with AD. In this paper, we describe the intervention and results of an open trial evaluating its feasibility and utility. SETTING: Dementia Unit...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242578/the-role-of-perceived-discrimination-on-active-aging
#18
Rocio Fernandez-Ballesteros, Ricardo Olmos, Marta Santacreu, Antonio Bustillos, Maria Angeles Molina
Among older adults, perceived age discrimination is highly associated with unhealthy outcomes and dissatisfaction. Active aging is a multidimensional concept described by a set of characteristics, particularly health, positive mood and control; most importantly, active aging is currently at the core of public policies. The aim of the present study was to test to what extent perceived discrimination influences active aging. Methods A total of 2005 older adults in three representative samples from regions of Germany, Mexico and Spain participated; they were tested on active aging and perceived discrimination...
February 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219847/normalizing-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-an-allometric-approach
#19
Geraldo A Maranhao Neto, Aldair J Oliveira, Rodrigo Cunha de Melo Pedreiro, Pedro Paulo Pereira-Junior, Sergio Machado, Silvio Marques Neto, Paulo T V Farinatti
PURPOSE: Handgrip strength is an important variable to assess as part of any health intervention among older adults. Although the use of allometric normalization is the appropriate approach for removing the body size effect in handgrip performance, the best body size variable for this normalization is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the use of three body size variables (body mass, fat-free mass and body height) in allometric normalization for Handgrip strength among older adults...
May 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219846/changing-caregiving-relationships-for-older-home-based-chinese-people-in-a-transitional-stage-trends-factors-and-policy-implications
#20
Lijuan Gu, Mark W Rosenberg, Juxin Zeng
BACKGROUND: In the transitional stage of socioeconomic development, the traditional practice of home-based care in China is being tested. The evolution and factors of home-based care utilization are the prerequisites for the formulation of a support policy. However, no extant research has studied home-based elder care on a national scale. AIM: This paper aims to examine changing caregiving relationships nationwide for home-based elderly individuals and investigate the changing factors of care utilization in a ten-year period, with special attention to the effects of "location" on care patterns...
May 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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