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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

Elisa A Marques, Pedro Figueiredo, Tamara B Harris, Flávia A Wanderley, Joana Carvalho
This study aimed to compare the magnitude of knee muscle strength and static and dynamic balance change in response to 8 months of progressive RE and AE training in healthy community-dwelling older women. A secondary aim was to assess the relationship between muscle strength and balance changes (up and go test (UGT), one-leg stance test, and center of pressure measures). This study was a secondary analysis of longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial, a three-arm intervention study in older women (n=71, mean age 69...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Justin W L Keogh, Tim Henwood, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Brent Hodgkinson, Kevin Rouse
Progressive resistance plus balance training (PRBT) has been demonstrated as effective in reducing later life physical disability, falls risk and poor health, even among those with complex health care needs. However, few studies have examined the influence of PRBT on health service utilisation, cognitive wellbeing and training modality acceptance or undertaken a cost benefit analysis. This project will investigate the broad scope benefits of PRBT participation among community-dwelling older Australians receiving Government supported aged care packages for their complex health care needs...
October 6, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Mehmet Yakin, Zuleyha Yalniz-Akkaya, Sultan Sevim-Yakin, Ozgur Balta, Firdevs Ornek
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the consistency between patients' complaints and their eye diseases. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: RESULTS: The frequencies of at least one newly diagnosed visually important ocular disease were 25.9%, 27.0%, and 45.3% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p<0.001). The same frequencies were significantly higher in patients >75 years of age compared with the younger group (59.1% vs. 22.0%, p<0...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Neslihan Lök, Kerime Bademli
OBJECTIVE: In this study, randomized controlled interventional study pattern was used to examine the effects of the "First You Should Get Stronger" program on the caregiving burden and healthy life style behavior of caregivers of dementia patients. METHODS: "Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale" and "Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale" were used. The study was completed with 40 caregivers in total with 20 in the intervention group and 20 in the control group. A statistically significant difference was determined between the "Zarit Caregiving Burden Scale" and "Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale" score averages of the intervention group that participated in the "First You Should Get Stronger" program in comparison with those of the control group...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Josep Fabà, Feliciano Villar, M Florencia Giuliani
BACKGROUND: The study is aimed at developing a new measure devised to evaluate gains associated with caregiving for a person with dementia. METHODS: We conducted two studies with Spanish informal caregivers. In Study 1 a total of 152 participants responded to a preliminary set of 62 items referred to gains related with caregiving. After exploring their psychometric properties, we studied its factor structure, concurrent validity, and internal consistency reliability by means of, respectively, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), its correlation with the similar measures, and Cronbach's alpha coefficients...
September 20, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ki Woong Kim, Suk-Hoon Kang, In-Young Yoon, Sang Don Lee, Gawon Ju, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Chung Suk Lee, Tae Kim
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is known to be associated with psychiatric disorders, other sleep disorders and medical conditions, but the prevalence of insomnia diagnosis has never been estimated according to its subtypes. We studied the prevalence and clinical characteristics of insomnia diagnosis and its subtypes in the Korean elderly population. METHODS: Among 1423 sampled elderly individuals aged 60 years or older, 881 subjects participated in this study. The Athens Insomnia Scale was applied to detect insomnia symptoms, and insomnia diagnosis was finally evaluated using the international classification of sleep disorders, 2nd edition...
September 17, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jiayi Gu, Jianqian Chao, Wenji Chen, Hui Xu, Zhenchun Wu, Huanghui Chen, Tingting He, Lin Deng, Ruizhi Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity in the community-dwelling elderly in urban China. METHODS: By a cluster random sampling method, 2452 persons aged 60 years and older were enrolled as the subjects in an urban community in Nanjing, China. Data on 13 chronic diseases were collected by interviews, physical check-ups and support by physicians. Factor analyses and the logistic regression models were performed to analyze the patterns of multimorbidity...
September 14, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra L G Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to systematically review all potentially inappropriate medications for older persons included in prescribing criteria published in the last decade. METHODS: A systematic review of published studies was performed. Articles describing the development of criteria for PIM Use in Older Adults published in the last decade and which provided a list of medications that should be considered inappropriate were included. The searches were conducted on Pubmed/Medline for articles published from 1st of January 2006 to 31st of December 2015...
September 14, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Alessandra Tramontano, Nicola Veronese, Giuseppe Sergi, Enzo Manzato, Diana Rodriguez-Hurtado, Stefania Maggi, Caterina Trevisan, Francesca De Zaiacomo, Valter Giantin
AIM: To assess the prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in a population of older people living in a rural area of the Peruvian Andes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study concerned 222 people aged ≥65 years. Sarcopenia was diagnosed on the basis of skeletal muscle mass, measured using bioimpedance analysis, and gait speed, measured with the 4-m walking test, as recommended by the International Working Group on sarcopenia. Self-reported physical activity, the Short Physical Performance Battery, and the Six-Minute Walking Test also contributed information on participants' physical performance status...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
L C Hartog, M Cimzar-Sweelssen, A Knipscheer, K H Groenier, N Kleefstra, H J G Bilo, K J J van Hateren
OBJECTIVE: Most studies regard orthostatic hypotension (OH) as a causal factor for falls. However, the evidence is lacking for this assumption. We aimed to investigate the relationship between orthostatic hypotension and fall incidents in nursing home residents. METHODS: A total of 249 patients was included in a prospective observational cohort study of nursing home residents. Falls were prospectively registered. Cox proportional hazard modelling and the conditional frailty model were used to analyse the relationship between OH and (recurrent) falling...
September 4, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Antonio Teixeira, Mattia Arrigo, Giuseppe Vergaro, Alain Cohen-Solal, Alexandre Mebazaa
BACKGROUND: Acute dyspnoea is the leading cause of unscheduled admission of elderly patients. Several biomarkers are used to diagnose acute heart failure (AHF) and assess prognosis of dyspnoeic patients, but their value in elderly patients is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare diagnostic and prognostic performances of conventional and novel cardiovascular biomarkers in 2 age groups: young (<75 years old) vs. old (≥75 years old) dyspnoeic patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational registry...
September 1, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
A Kapan, E Luger, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: In older adults, fear of falling (FOF) leads to a decline in daily physical activity quality of life and an increased risk of falling. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to assess the effects of a 12-week home-based intervention program carried out by lay volunteers on FOF in frail older adults. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants were randomised to a physical training and nutrition (PTN) group and 41 participants to a social support (SOSU) group...
August 28, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Pak-Kwong Chung, Yanan Zhao, Jing-Dong Liu, Binh Quach
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the relationship between the functional fitness (FF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older adults, and to identify the key subdimensions of FF and HRQoL influencing their overall relationship. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 851 independent community members (65-84 years; men=402). The Senior Fitness Test and the Short Form 36 Health Survey were used to measure FF and HRQoL, respectively...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Priyanka Bhattarai, Jane L Phillips
Pain is one of the most distressing and debilitating health issues faced by older people. The burden of unrelieved pain experienced by older people and its associated high symptom and economic costs demands consideration of new strategies to better this condition. As the global uptake of digital technology increases, exploring its potential to impact positively on older peoples' pain self-management practices warrants investigation. This integrative review aimed to evaluate the use of digital health technology for management of older people's pain across care-settings...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Chung-Ying Lin, Jung-Der Wang, Ming-Chyi Pai, Li-Jung Elizabeth Ku
INTRODUCTION: To examine the psychometric properties of different short versions of the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), and to find an efficient and valid short version for clinical use among dementia caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 270 Taiwanese dementia caregivers filled out the full form of the ZBI, which contains 22 items. Using the 22-item ZBI, we used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to calculate the fit indices of all proposed short versions with various items to determine useful short versions...
August 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Giuseppe Liotta, Rónán O'Caoimh, Francesco Gilardi, Maria Grazia Proietti, Gennaro Rocco, Rosaria Alvaro, Paola Scarcella, D William Molloy, Stefano Orlando, Sandro Mancinelli, Leonardo Palombi, Alessandro Stievano, Maria Cristina Marazzi
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The prevalence of frailty is expected to increase worldwide in parallel with demographic ageing. Despite this, little is known about the prevalence in different populations particularly community-based samples. This cross-sectional study evaluates the prevalence of frailty in a community-dwelling older adult population and describes a methodology to plan community-based interventions. METHODOLOGY: A random sample of 1331 older adults, resident in the Lazio-Region of Italy, were screened by trained public health nurses (PHNs) by administering a validated questionnaire (the Functional Geriatric Evaluation questionnaire)...
August 12, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Venugopalan Gunasekaran, Joyita Banerjee, Sada Nand Dwivedi, Ashish Datt Upadhyay, Prashun Chatterjee, Aparajit Ballav Dey
INTRODUCTION: Gait speed, maximum grip strength and thirty seconds chair stand test are quick, reliable measures of functional capacity in older adults. The objective of this study was to develop normative data of the said parameters, which is lacking in older Indians. METHODOLOGY: In a cross sectional study, 723 participants of ≥60 years without any morbidity, were recruited with written consent at Geriatric Medicine clinic of All India Institute of Medical sciences, New Delhi...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Małgorzata Lipowska, Mariusz Lipowski, Henryk Olszewski, Dorota Dykalska-Bieck
OBJECTIVES: To study the attitudes of seniors to their own bodies, specifically subjective body attractiveness and activities aimed at the improvement of body appearance and condition. METHODS: The study looked at 72 women and 81 men between 60 and 80 years of age. The participants were examined with the Body/Self Relationship Test, Body Esteem Scale and Healthy Behavior Inventory. Anthropometric measures, such as body mass index (BMI) and the index of central obesity (ICO), were also used...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Li Wang, Yonghua Li, Hairong Li, Jennifer Holdaway, Zhe Hao, Wuyi Wang, Thomas Krafft
The factors that influence the length of human life are complex and longevity remains a controversial topic, particularly in China. This paper demonstrates the spatial patterns and changes of the elderly group (65 years old and over), the oldest old (80 years old and over) and the centenarians in China in the last decade, analyzes the influence of economic development on aging, and in the end, using a case study, explores the characteristics of the centenarians' behavior. The results indicate that high elderly and the oldest old proportions are more common in regions with higher socio-economic development and that have a favorable climate...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Roman Laszlo, Tobias Baumann, Hannah Konz, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Michael Denkinger, Wolfgang Koenig, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Juergen Michael Steinacker
PURPOSE: Right heart B-mode echocardiography reference values have been predominantly obtained in younger age cohorts (<65years). Aims of the study were to describe and evaluate the feasibility of right heart B-mode echocardiography in a large geriatric cohort and to analyze standard parameters in defined subgroups with or without any evidence for structural cardiac disease. METHODS: ActiFE-Ulm study is a population-based cohort study including a sample of people≥65years old living in the region of Ulm, Germany...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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