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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822921/the-relationship-of-physical-activity-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-level-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-amazonas-brazil
#1
Élvio R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, Duarte L Freitas, Jefferson Jurema, Maria A Tinôco, Angeany Odim, Floramara T Machado, Bárbara R Muniz, António A Antunes, Rui T Ornelas, Bruna R Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: (1) To study the relation of physical activity (PA) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and (2) to investigate if the strength of these associations holds after adjustments for sex, age, and other key correlates. METHODS: This study included 550 older adults from Amazonas. HDL-C was derived from fasting blood samples. PA at sport and leisure, smoking, alcohol consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES) were interviewed. Waist circumference (WACI) was assessed...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822919/neighborhood-environment-walkability-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#2
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung
This study examined the associations between walkability related environmental attributes (WREA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older adults in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 participants (women = 233; mean age = 74.4 years) living in urban communities. Independent variables included residential density, land use mix-diversity, land use mix-access, street connectivity, infrastructure for walking, aesthetics, traffic hazards, crime, access to parking, lack of cul-de-sacs, hilliness, and physical barriers...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822918/screening-for-frailty-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-predictive-validity-of-the-modified-sega-instrument
#3
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#4
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806627/a-novel-clinical-evaluation-method-using-maximum-angular-velocity-during-knee-extension-to-assess-lower-extremity-muscle-function-of-older-adults
#5
Takeshi Arai, Shuichi Obuchi, Yoshitaka Shiba
The purpose of this study is to examine the utilities of maximum angular velocity (AV) assessment during knee extension (KE) using a gyroscope for clinical evaluation of exercise program for older adults. Two hundred and 4 community-dwelling older adults underwent a 3-month exercise intervention program. Outcome measures included AV during KE and other physical functions (isometric strength (IS), walking abilities, and balance functions). A correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationships between AV and other physical functions at baseline...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800481/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-postural-control-in-elderly-an-update-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Lorenz Radlinger, Sandro Naepflin, Stefan Ruppen, Yvonne Bruelhart, Roger Hilfiker
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to offer an updated overview of the current studies on all types of whole-body vibration (WBV), to determine the effects of WBV on balance in Go-Go (active, independent), Slow-Go (some physical activity limitations) and No-Go (in need of care) elderly and to provide recommendations on available evidence on WBV for clinicians and researchers. An electronic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and CINAHL (Ebsco Host) to identify studies on WBV therapy in Go-Goes, Slow-Goes and No-Goes...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822920/are-frailty-components-associated-with-disability-in-specific-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-multicenter-canadian-study
#7
Véronique Provencher, François Béland, Louise Demers, Johanne Desrosiers, Nathalie Bier, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Claude Galand, Dominic Julien, John D Fletcher, Lise Trottier, Benyahia Hami
Current studies show the relevance of geriatric prevention and rehabilitation programs to slow down the development of disability in community-dwelling older adults who are becoming frail. This evidence reveals the importance of improving knowledge on how individual components of frailty and specific disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) are related, to offer early, targeted, and tailored interventions. The objective was to examine the association between each of the five frailty phenotype components (weakness, slowness, exhaustion, low physical activity, weight loss) and disability in specific ADL pertaining to physical aspects (bathing, dressing, cutting toe nails, transportation, shopping, housekeeping, food purchasing, food preparation) and cognitive aspects (finances, telephone, medication)...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#8
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802214/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-meaning-in-life-and-subjective-vitality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Haewon Ju
The present study examined the potential contribution of meaning in life to the relationship between physical activity and subjective vitality in older adults. Two-hundred and fifty community-dwelling elders completed the instruments assessing physical activity, meaning in life, and subjective vitality. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that physical activity was positively associated with both meaning in life and subjective vitality. Further, the relationship between physical activity and vitality was partially mediated by meaning in life...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818761/the-effect-of-disability-and-depression-on-cognitive-function-and-screening-factors
#10
Chun-Min Chen, Li-Fan Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that subtle losses in cognitive function may be symptomatic of a transition to early dementia. The objectives of this study were to: 1) test the effect of depressive symptoms and/or disability on cognitive impairment, 2) explore the interaction between depression and disability and the association with cognitive impairment, and 3) evaluate risk factors of health assessment to discriminate between elderly people with or without cognitive impairment...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818760/slow-gait-speed-is-associated-with-executive-function-decline-in-older-people-with-mild-to-moderate-dementia-a-one-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Morag E Taylor, Danielle A Lasschuit, Stephen R Lord, Kim Delbaere, Susan E Kurrle, A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Tasha Kvelde, Jacqueline C T Close
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document change in neuropsychological, physical and functional performance over one year and to investigate the relationship between baseline gait speed and cognitive decline in this period in older people with dementia. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-seven older people with dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination 11-23; Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised <83) residing in the community or low level care facility completed baseline neuropsychological, physical and functional assessments...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800480/frail-elderly-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment-at-the-end-of-life-their-emotional-state-and-the-wellbeing-of-their-family-caregivers
#12
Ana Soto-Rubio, Marián Pérez-Marín, Pilar Barreto
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: (1) To identify the main predictors of the emotional state of the frail elderly at the end-of-life and that of their primary family caregivers, taking into consideration the presence/absence of significant cognitive impairment in the patient and (2) to analyse the relationship between the emotional state of the patient and that of their primary family caregiver. METHODS: Our study is cross-sectional. 85 frail elderly patients at the end-of-life and their primary family caregivers participated...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802215/predictors-of-self-reported-knee-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-women-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Narumi Kojima, Miji Kim, Kyoko Saito, Yuko Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takao Suzuki, Hunkyung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictors of knee osteoarthritis in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, The Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology collected baseline data in 2008 and follow-up data in 2012 for participants from the Itabashi Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Participants were asked at each time point if they had been diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. The baseline evaluation was conducted with 1289 community-dwelling women aged 75-85 years, of which 992 reported no history of knee osteoarthritis...
July 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797945/pathways-after-inpatient-admission-in-very-advanced-age-a-portuguese-nationwide-study
#14
Daniela Brandão, Alberto Freitas, Oscar Ribeiro, Constança Paúl
INTRODUCTION: Oldest old patients often have complex and multiple medical conditions, which are associated with higher rates of use of healthcare services, and a higher risk of experiencing adverse outcomes, such as mortality. This study investigated (a) the in-hospital mortality rate and predictors in patients aged 80+; (b) the destination patients have after hospital discharge. METHODS: Nationwide study. All inpatient admissions by individuals aged 80 years and older between 2011 and 2014 in Portugal were considered...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783515/participation-in-leisure-activities-and-tourism-among-older-people-with-and-without-disabilities-in-poland
#15
Rafał Rowiński, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Anna Ogonowska-Slodownik, Andrzej Dąbrowski, Paula Richley Geigle
Health conditions associated with aging might be related to disability and lead to decreased independence. Physical activity assists in maintaining independence throughout life as well as improves quality of life. Individuals with disabilities demonstrate overall less activity than sedentary persons without disabilities. Efforts to reduce age-related functional autonomy decline and to increase physical activity may require separate approaches for older adults with and without disabilities. The aim of the study was to compare physical activity and participation in leisure activities and tourism among older people with and without disabilities in Poland...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802216/knowledge-regarding-advance-care-planning-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ile Kermel-Schiffman, Perla Werner
BACKGROUND: Lack of knowledge is one of the main reasons for the low rates of completion of Advance Care Planning (ACP). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the existing literature on knowledge regarding Advance Care Planning. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was made in CINHAL, AgeLine, PubMed, PsyINFO and SocINDEX, from 1994 till May 2016. RESULTS: We identified 37 articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria: 35 were quantitative, one was qualitative and one used mixed methods...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778023/the-interacting-effects-of-treadmill-walking-and-different-types-of-visuospatial-cognitive-task-discriminating-dual-task-and-age-effects
#17
Mayur Nankar, Tony Szturm, Jonathan Marotta, Barbara Shay, Olivier Beauchet, Gilles Allali
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the influence that visuospatial cognitive tasks have on gait function during DT treadmill walking, and as a function of age. Conversely, to examine the influence that walking has on executive functions involving visuospatial processing. METHODS: Twenty-five young (26±6.1years) and 25 older adults (76±3.9) performed different types of computerized visuomotor (VM) tracking and visuospatial cognitive tasks (VCG) while standing and treadmill walking...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779590/the-educational-racial-and-gender-crossovers-in-life-satisfaction-findings-from-the-longitudinal-health-and-retirement-study
#18
Wei Zhang, Kathryn L Braun, Yan Yan Wu
OBJECTIVE: To examine variations in life satisfaction by education, gender, and race/ethnicity over a period of eight years among middle-aged and older Americans. METHODS: Mixed-effects models were used to analyze five waves (2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014) of longitudinal data from 16,163 participants born 1890-1953 in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study. RESULTS: Life satisfaction was higher in older adults, and the Great Recession had great impact on life satisfaction...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822254/a-systematic-review-of-hypertension-outcomes-and-treatment-strategies-in-older-adults
#19
REVIEW
Julienne K Kirk, Julie Allsbrook, Maggie Hansell, Emily M Mann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding blood pressure control and management in older adult patient population over 70 years of age. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and capturing the data from 2006 to 2016. Terms used included MeSH headings for hypertension/therapy and antihypertension agents. A systematic review of published studies was performed. Articles including older patients (average age 70 years or older) being treated for hypertension were included...
July 25, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783514/low-supply-of-social-support-as-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-the-older-adults
#20
Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito, Daniella Pires Nunes, Ligiana Pires Corona, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between social support and mortality in older adults, independent of other health conditions. METHOD: This was a longitudinal study using the database of the 2006 SABE Study (Heath, Well-being and Aging), composed of 1413 individuals aged 60 years and over, living in São Paulo/Brazil. The present study used a questionnaire constructed for the SABE Study, which was reviewed by experts of Latin America and the Caribbean. The social network was evaluated using the variables: social support received; social support offered; number of members in the social network...
July 25, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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