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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

Ki Jung Chang, Chang Hyung Hong, Yun Hwan Lee, Young Ki Chung, Ki Young Lim, Jai Sung Noh, Jin-Ju Kim, Haena Kim, Hyun-Chung Kim, Sang Joon Son
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in finding psychosocial predictors related to cognitive function. In our previous research, we conducted a cross-sectional study on memory age identity (MAI) and found that MAI might be associated with objective cognitive performance in non-cognitively impaired elderly. A longitudinal study was conducted to better understand the importance of MAI as a psychosocial predictor related to objective cognitive function. METHODS: Data obtained from 1345 Korean subjects aged 60 years and above were analyzed...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ana Luiza Flores Saenger, Célia Pereira Caldas, Michel Raîche, Luciana Branco da Motta
The identification of the older people who are functionally dependant is essential for planning interventions with emphasis on secondary and tertiary prevention. Therefore, a simplified tool, able to identify these individuals for a more comprehensive evaluation, is required. However, the use of a measuring tool in a different socio-cultural context requires prior adaptation. This article aims to verify the psychometric properties of the PRISMA-7 in Brazilian context. This instrument was previously shown as able to identify older persons living in the community who have risk of functional loss in a Canadian study...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Marie Boltz, Kyung Hee Lee, Tracy Chippendale, Rebecca L Trotta
Older adults with dementia are more likely than those who do not have dementia to be hospitalized. Admission functional (ADL) performance is a salient factor predicting functional performance in older adults at discharge. The days preceding hospitalization are often associated with functional loss related to the acute illness. An understanding of functional changes during this transition will inform interventions to prevent functional decline. This secondary analysis examined data from a study that evaluated a family educational empowerment model and included 136 dyads (persons with dementia and their family caregiver)...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lina Ma, Rui Han, Li Li, Zhenzhen Li, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Zhe Tang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the epidemiological characteristics of antihypertensive drug use by community residents in Beijing, China. METHODS: Based on well-established statistical sampling techniques such as cluster, stratification, and random selection, 2832, 1828, and 2277 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in Beijing in 2000, 2004, and 2007, respectively, were included. The trend in antihypertensive drug use by elderly patients with hypertension was analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jye Wang, Wender Lin, Ling-Hui Chang
BACKGROUND: The Vulnerable Elders Survey-13 (VES-13) has been used as a screening tool to identify vulnerable community-dwelling older persons for more in-depth assessment and targeted interventions. Although many studies supported its use in different populations, few have addressed Asian populations. The optimal scaling system for the VES-13 in predicting health outcomes also has not been adequately tested. This study (1) assesses the applicability of the VES-13 to predict the mortality of community-dwelling older persons in Taiwan, (2) identifies the best scaling system for the VES-13 in predicting mortality using generalized additive models (GAMs), and (3) determines whether including covariates, such as socio-demographic factors and common geriatric syndromes, improves model fitting...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Bruna R Gouveia, Élvio R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Helena G Jardim, Maria M Martins, Duarte L Freitas, Matthias Kliegel
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important health outcome in older adults. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the ProBalance rehabilitation programme on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments and to investigate whether effects differ between age groups and/or HRQoL components. METHODS: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial included community-dwelling older adults, aged 65-85, with balance impairments...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jenny Hallgren, Eleonor I Fransson, Chandra A Reynolds, Deborah Finkel, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan
INTRODUCTION: Research indicate that cognitive impairment might be related to hospitalization, but little is known about these effects over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess cognitive change before and after hospitalization among older adults in a population-based longitudinal study with up to 25 years of follow-up. METHOD: A longitudinal study on 828 community living men and women aged 50-86 from the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Ageing (SATSA) were linked to The Swedish National Inpatient Register...
September 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Christopher Olusanjo Akosile, Ukamaka Gloria Mgbeojedo, Fatai Adesina Maruf, Emmanuel Chiebuka Okoye, Ifeanyi Chuka Umeonwuka, Adesola Ogunniyi
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with increased morbidity, depression and decline in function. These may consequently impair the quality of life (QoL) of older adults. PURPOSE: This study was used to investigate the prevalence of functional disability, depression, and level of quality of life of older adults residing in Uyo metropolis and its environs, Nigeria. METHOD: This cross sectional survey involved 206 (116 females and 90 males) older adults with mean age of 69...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Tijs Vandemeulebroucke, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Chris Gastmans
BACKGROUND: As care robots become more commonplace in aged-care settings, the ethical debate on their use becomes increasingly important. Our objective was to examine the ethical arguments and underlying concepts used in the ethical debate on care robot use in aged care. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search for argument-based ethics publications focusing on care robot use in aged-care practices. We used an innovative methodology that consisted of three steps: (a) identifying conceptual-ethical questions, (b) conducting a literature search, and (c) identifying, describing and analyzing the ethical arguments in connection with the conceptual-ethical questions...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hyeonseok Cho, Junjeong Choi, Young-Sang Kim, Sang Joon Son, Kang Soo Lee, Hee-Jin Hwang, Hye-Young Kang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) of central nervous system and psychotropic (CNS-PS) drugs to the Korean elderly population, and to identify PIP-associated factors. METHODS: Ambulatory care visits were identified from the 2013 National Aged Patient Sample (HIRA-APS-2013) data, composed of 20% random samples of all enrollees in the universal health security program aged ≥65 years. The CNS-PS section of Screening Tool of Older Person's potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria version 2 was used to identify PIP at these visits...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hong Wu, Peng Ouyang
OBJECTIVES: To study the fall prevalence, time trends and related risk factors among elderly people in the Chinese mainland from 2011 to 2013. METHODS: Our data were from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011 and 2013. The population sample included people aged 60 years and over. Whether the person had experienced fall accident in the last two years was used to measure fall incidence. The time trend and age groups were investigated through the chi-square test...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel
AIM: Elder abuse is a health and human rights problem that may occur among every race and ethnic group all around the world. This study aims at describing all cases of physical abuse of elderly which have been reported to, and investigated by Eskisehir - a western city of Turkey. METHODS: Physical abuse incidents above 65 years of age which were evaluated by the Eskisehir Council of Forensic Medicine for expert witness opinion during 5year period between 01.01.2010 and 12...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jin-Won Noh, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Byeong-Hui Lee, Young Dae Kwon, Seon Heui Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors of fall injury and measuring the relationship between health-related quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: We analyzed the data on 38,627 persons of aged 65 years or older who have experienced falls drawn from the Korean Community Health Survey 2011. Binomial logistic regression analysis was performed with crude and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: It was found that sex (OR: 1...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Honghong Li, Wenjuan Liu, Jiemei Xie
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory markers may be associated with mortality in the elderly population. We conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the association of elevated circulating interleukin-6 levels with cardiovascular or all-cause mortality in the general elderly population. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted through the Pubmed and Embase databases until April 2016. Prospective observational studies that investigated the association of circulating interleukin-6 levels with cardiovascular or all-cause mortality in the elderly general population (aged 60 years or more) were included...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Balázs Szalkai, Vince K Grolmusz, Vince I Grolmusz
The concept of combinatorial biomarkers was conceived when it was noticed that simple biomarkers are often inadequate for recognizing and characterizing complex diseases. Here we present an algorithmic search method for complex biomarkers which may predict or indicate Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other kinds of dementia. We show that our method is universal since it can describe any Boolean function for biomarker discovery. We applied data mining techniques that are capable to uncover implication-like logical schemes with detailed quality scoring...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Élvio R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, Duarte L Freitas, Jefferson Jurema, Maria A Tinôco, Angeany Odim, Floramara T Machado, Bárbara R Muniz, António A Antunes, Rui T Ornelas, Bruna R Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: (1) To study the relation of physical activity (PA) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and (2) to investigate if the strength of these associations holds after adjustments for sex, age, and other key correlates. METHODS: This study included 550 older adults from Amazonas. HDL-C was derived from fasting blood samples. PA at sport and leisure, smoking, alcohol consumption, and socioeconomic status (SES) were interviewed. Waist circumference (WACI) was assessed...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung
This study examined the associations between walkability related environmental attributes (WREA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older adults in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 participants (women = 233; mean age = 74.4 years) living in urban communities. Independent variables included residential density, land use mix-diversity, land use mix-access, street connectivity, infrastructure for walking, aesthetics, traffic hazards, crime, access to parking, lack of cul-de-sacs, hilliness, and physical barriers...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Kathleen L Roeing, Katherine L Hsieh, Jacob J Sosnoff
Falls are a major health concern for older adults. Preventative measures can help reduce the incidence and severity of falls. Methods for assessing balance and fall risk factors are necessary to effectively implement preventative measures. Research groups are currently developing mobile applications to enable seniors, caregivers, and clinicians to monitor balance and fall risk. The following systematic review assesses the current state of mobile health apps for testing balance as a fall risk factor. Thirteen studies were identified and included in the review and analyzed based on study design, population, sample size, measures of balance, main outcome measures, and evaluation of validity and reliability...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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