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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

Chit Wai Wong, Chi Shing Leung, Chung Ping Leung, Jen Ngai Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Élvio R Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, Adilson Marques, Duarte L Freitas
BACKGROUND: Balance and mobility impairments are important modifiable risk factors associated with falls in older people. PURPOSE: To investigate how different functional fitness components relate to balance and mobility, after controlling for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and different physical activity (PA) domains. METHODS: This representative cross-sectional study included 802 individuals, 401 males and 401 females (69.8 ± 5.6 years) from Madeira, Portugal...
October 28, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
R Reiter, B Iglseder, W Treschnitzer, R Alzner, B Mayr-Pirker, M Kreutzer, C Pirich, H Kässmann, P Dovjak, J Reiss
BACKGROUND: Quantification of skeletal muscle mass is mandatory for diagnosing sarcopenia, a highly prevalent geriatric syndrome. While dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the reference method in a clinical context, bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is more readily applicable on a broad scale. Recently BIA equations for the prediction of appendicular skeletal muscle mass in higher age groups have been published, but data on their performance in geriatric inpatients are lacking. METHODS: In 144 geriatric inpatients (86 women and 58 men, mean age 80...
October 26, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yoram Barak, Sharon Leitch, Philippa Greco
OBJECTIVES: Hoarding disorder (HD) is prevalent in older adults and contributes to morbidity and mortality. We attempted to estimate rates of hoarding amongst the elderly using the international Residential Assessment Instrument - Home Care (interRAI-HC). SETTING: The interRAI is a mandatory prerequisite in New Zealand (NZ) for government-funded community support or for entry into aged residential care. PARTICIPANTS: All 50 years and older people who were assessed using the interRAI in the southern district health board of NZ...
October 26, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Kristel Paque, Monique Elseviers, Robert Vander Stichele, Tinne Dilles, Koen Pardon, Luc Deliens, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Survival in older adults has a high variability. The possible association of length of survival with potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use remains unclear. AIM: To examine the four-year survival rate, the prevalence of polypharmacy and PIM use at admission, and the association between the two, in an inception cohort of newly admitted nursing home residents METHODS: Data were used from ageing@NH, a prospective observational cohort study in nursing homes...
October 26, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Israel Contador, Félix Bermejo-Pareja, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Sara LLamas, Alberto Villarejo, Saturio Vega, J Benito-León
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the mortality rates of three subtypes of disability and their specific explanatory factors in older adults. METHODS: Our data come from NEDICES, a population-based longitudinal cohort study of Spanish older adults. We examined 3816 participants without dementia who completed the Pfeffer's Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) and an assessment of self-perceived functional limitations (SFL) associated with health conditions. Subjects were classified into mutually exclusive subtypes of disability: subtype 1 (SFL), subtype 2 (impaired FAQ), and subtype 3 (impaired FAQ plus SFL)...
October 25, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Oksana Kamenskaya, Irina Loginova, Evgeniy Kretov, Alexey Prokhorikhin, Alexandra Tarkova, Vladimir V Lomivorotov, Alexander Karaskov
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transcatheter aortic valve implantation on health-related quality of life in older adults with multimorbidity and to evaluate the predictive factors for postoperative quality of life impairment in such patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study included 141 older adults with severe aortic stenosis scheduled for elective transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Quality of life was examined in all patients using the Short-Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire, before and 2 years after surgery...
October 25, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Iván Palomo, Rodrigo A Giacaman, Soraya León, German Lobos, Miguel Bustamante, Sergio Wehinger, Juan Carlos Tapia, Manuel Fuentes, Marcelo Alarcón, Francisco García, Cecilia Albala, Eduardo Fuentes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and to characterize frailty in elderly subjects in four urban provincial capitals and two rural communes from Maule Region in Chile. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 1205 participants aged 65 and older. METHODS: The dataset was obtained from the PIEI-ES Study. Frailty syndrome was determined according to the criteria proposed by Fried. Data collection included questionnaires...
October 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen, Charlotte Juul Nilsson, Rikke Lund, Volkert Siersma, Stefan Fors
BACKGROUND: The concept of social foreground describes how adult offspring's socioeconomic resources may influence older adults' health and several studies have shown an association between socioeconomic position of adult offspring and the health of their older parents. However, little is known about the factors that generate these associations. We study 1) how adult offspring's social class is associated with physical function (PF) among older adults, 2) whether geographical closeness and contact frequency with offspring modify the association, and 3) whether intergenerational social mobility of offspring is associated with PF of older adults...
October 13, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yanhui Wang, Shan Zhang, Liang Li, Juan Xie
AIMS: To comparatively analyze the usefulness of serum procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (sTREM-1) and Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) for assessing the severity and prognosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly. METHODS: A total of 214 elderly patients with CAP and 106 healthy persons were enrolled in this prospective study. On the admission day, serum inflammatory markers, including CRP, PCT, sTREM-1, and CPIS were analyzed...
October 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Luca De Nicola, Diego Vanuzzo, Simona Giampaoli, Luigi Palmieri, Chiara Donfrancesco
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) negatively impacts aging success. This study evaluates the association between CKD and functional disability, defined as limitations in performing mobility tasks, basic (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), in a population-based sample of older adults. In particular, we examined whether such a relationship extended to mild-moderate CKD stages (G1-G3ab). METHODS: Data from the Cardiovascular risk profile in Renal patients of the Italian Health Examination Survey (CARHES) study were used...
October 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yves Henchoz, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, David Nanchen, Christophe Büla, Armin von Gunten, Jean-Francois Démonet, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, or co-occurrence of several chronic diseases, has major consequences in terms of function, quality of life and mortality. Recent advances suggest that the aetiology of multimorbidity includes a life-long process. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between childhood adversity and multimorbidity in community-dwelling older adults, and to investigate variation in participants born immediately before, during and at the end of the Second World War...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sudharani Nayak, Mrinal Kar Mohapatra, Bhuputra Panda
INTRODUCTION: Growing geriatric mental health needs of urban population in India pose several programmatic challenges. This study aimed to assess anxiety, depression and cognitive disorders among urban elderly, and explore availability of social support mechanisms and of a responsive health system to implement the national mental health programme. METHODS: 244 respondents were randomly selected from Berhampur city. We administered a semi-structured interview schedule to assess substance abuse, chronic morbidity, anxiety, depression and cognitive abilities...
October 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Feifei Huang, Minqiang Zhang, Shaojie Wang
Cognitive decline in late life is a crucial health problem. It is important to understand the consistency and change of older adults' cognitive function in late life. Data for older adults (78 years and above) from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 1680) were used to explore meaningful subtypes of cognitive function and transitions patterns between those profiles across times. Age, gender, levels of education and nursing home were incorporated as covariates to explore the association between these variables and cognitive function transition pattern...
September 22, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Scott Martin Vouri, Mario Schootman, Seth A Strope, Hong Xian, Margaret A Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Although antimuscarinics are typically the first-line pharmacological treatment option for overactive bladder, patients often discontinue therapy. The aim of this research project is to identify the rate of antimuscarinic discontinuation, switching, and continuation and differences in discontinuation among different antimuscarinics. METHODS: Using the 5% random sample of Medicare Claims Data, we identified a cohort of patients aged ≥ 66 years old who newly initiated antimuscarinics between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012...
September 22, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yumiko Kinoshita, Rieko Izukura, Mami Miyazono, Shuntaro Nagai, Eiji Oki, Maki Kanaoka, Hisako Nakao, Akiko Chishaki, Ryuichi Mibu
PURPOSE: To examine age-related factors influencing health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) among patients with lower rectal cancer during the 12-month period after sphincter-saving surgery (SSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this 1-year longitudinal study, 137 patients (120 patients completed, and 82 aged ≥60 years) answered the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire (EORTC-C30/CR38) assessing their HR-QOL and related factors during the 12 months after SSS...
September 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yongchuang Liu, Tiantian Li, Ruixue Zhang, Lina Guo, Kun Liu
This study aims to investigate a moderated mediation model in the relationship between poor sleep quality, depressive symptoms, perceived stress, sense of coherence. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from May to July 2015 in Liaoning Province, China. 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (CPSQI), the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D),the Chinese version Perceived Stress Scale(CPSS), and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) were used to estimate sleep quality, late-life depression, perceived stress, and sense of coherence (SOC) respectively...
September 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Daniela Figueiredo, Martina Neves
The majority of validation studies with the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) are conducted with independent community-dwelling older people, which limits extrapolation to more vulnerable people, namely those receiving adult day care services. This study aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the FES-I in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent and convergent validity with users of adult day care centres. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data collection included a socio-demographic questionnaire, the FES-I, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the Five Times Sit to Stand Test (FTSST)...
September 10, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jimmie Kristensson, Magdalena Andersson, Anna Condelius
One strategy to achieve coordination of care for older people with complex care needs is the establishment of shared care plans. The aim of this study was to explore the process of establishing a shared care plan from the perspective of elderly people and their next of kin. Data were collected via 12 semi-structured interviews with 12 older persons targeted in joint care planning and 11 next of kin, either alone or together. The analysis was conducted using content analysis. The results reflect the process of establishing a shared care plan in the three categories; Preparation, Content and Results with belonging sub-categories...
September 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Gholam Reza Sotoudeh, Reza Mohammadi, Zahra Mosallanezhad, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim J F Soares
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Falling threatens the health, independence and quality of life of older adults. Information about characteristics and predisposing factors of falls is essential to develop and implement effective preventing measure. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, circumstances and consequences of falls among community-dwelling older adults in Tehran, Iran, and scrutinize factors (e.g. demographics) associated with falls. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran...
August 30, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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