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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544946/perceived-barriers-to-healthcare-and-receipt-of-recommended-medical-care-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries
#1
Jibby E Kurichi, Liliana Pezzin, Joel E Streim, Pui L Kwong, Ling Na, Hillary R Bogner, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy
PURPOSE: Many Medicare beneficiaries perceive barriers to receiving healthcare, although the consequences are unknown. Facilitators can aid in the receipt of healthcare services. The objective was to assess the relationship between perceived facilitators and barriers to healthcare and actual receipt of recommended medical care among elderly beneficiaries. METHODS: A cohort study using data from the 2001-2008 entry panels of the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey that included 24,607 community-dwelling beneficiaries 65 years of age and older...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544945/longitudinal-association-between-diabetes-and-cognitive-decline-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#2
Alexandra M V Wennberg, Clinton E Hagen, Rebecca F Gottesman, Vadim Zipunnikov, Christopher N Kaufmann, Marilyn S Albert, George W Rebok, Judith D Kasper, Adam P Spira
Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased risk of dementia; however, few studies have examined the longitudinal association between DM and cognitive outcomes in large nationally representative cohorts. We investigated these associations in 7605 participants enrolled in the National Health and Aging Trends Study, a nationally representative prospective study of Medicare beneficiaries ≥65, from 2011 to 2015. Participants or proxy respondents reported DM and dementia diagnosis, and participants completed immediate and delayed recall word list learning tests and the Clock Drawing Test...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527382/global-burden-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#3
Boon Hong Ang, Won Sun Chen, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to estimate the burden of road traffic accidents and death among older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted on 10 electronic databases for articles describing Road Traffic Accident(RTA) mortality in older adults until September 2016. A random-effects meta-regression analyses was conducted to estimate the pooled rates of road traffic accidents and death. RESULTS: A total 5018 studies were identified and 23 studies were included...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514669/the-relationship-between-cognition-and-depressive-symptoms-and-factors-modifying-this-association-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-multivariate-multilevel-model
#4
Bei Yang, Hongmei Yu, Min Xing, Runlian He, Ruifeng Liang, Liye Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether there was a bidirectional association between cognition and depressive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to explore the role of socio-demographic factors and daily performance in this association. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of 104 community-dwelling patients with confirmed AD from Taiyuan, China. We assessed cognition and depressive symptoms (dependent variables) with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Geriatric Depression Scale-30 (GDS-30), respectively...
May 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505476/gender-difference-in-the-association-between-lower-muscle-mass-and-metabolic-syndrome-independent-of-insulin-resistance-in-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-taiwanese-population
#5
You-Ci Ou, Hai-Hua Chuang, Wen-Cheng Li, I-Shiang Tzeng, Jau-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Loss of muscle mass was reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), but little is known about the gender difference. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between lower muscle mass and MetS and determine whether there was any gender difference or not. METHODS: A total of 394 middle-aged and elderly Taiwanese adults (138 males and 256 females) were enrolled and completed our health survey. They were stratified into three groups according to appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by weight...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#6
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
May 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500880/motor-functioning-differentially-predicts-mortality-in-men-and-women
#7
Marie Ernsth Bravell, Deborah Finkel, Anna Dahl Aslan, Chandra A Reynolds, Jenny Hallgren, Nancy L Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Research indicates gender differences in functional performance at advanced ages, but little is known about their impact on longevity for men and women. OBJECTIVE: To derive a set of motor function factors from a battery of functional performance measures and examine their associations with mortality, incorporating possible gender interactions. METHOD: Analyses were performed on the longitudinal Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA) including twenty-four assessments of motor function up to six times over a 19-year period...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482268/the-role-of-the-environment-in-falls-among-stroke-survivors
#8
Jeffrey J Wing, James F Burke, Philippa J Clarke, Chunyang Feng, Lesli E Skolarus
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors' risk of falls may be particularly sensitive to the environment due to deficits such as visuospatial neglect or homonymous hemianopia. We sought to identify the prevalence of falls among stroke survivors and investigate the possible role of the environment in falling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a nationally representative population of community-dwelling adults over 65, were used...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458105/what-are-the-sociodemographic-and-health-determinants-for-older-adults-continue-to-participate-in-work
#9
Renata Gonçalves Dantas, Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra, Eduardo Ferriolli, Rosangela Correa Dias, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the sociodemographic and health factors that influence older adults who continue to participate in the workforce. METHODS: Data were collected and evaluated for 1762 older adults aged 65 years and older who were living in the community and were enrolled in a population-based study (FIBRA Network Study). Older adults who participated in the workforce were compared with those who did not in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, physical and mental health, and physical functioning and performance in advanced and instrumental activities characteristic of daily living...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467916/the-effect-of-probiotics-as-a-treatment-for-constipation-in-elderly-people-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Maria Isabel Martínez-Martínez, Raquel Calabuig-Tolsá, Omar Cauli
PURPOSE: Treating constipation in elderly people remains a challenge; the administration of probiotics may be a valid therapy for this problem as an alternative to traditional drug-based treatments. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficiency of probiotics in treating constipation in elderly people. METHODS: Articles related to this topic and published, without any time limitations, in the Medline, Embase, Scopus, Lilacs, or Cochrane databases were systematically reviewed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431307/identifying-longitudinal-sustainable-hierarchies-in-activities-of-daily-living
#11
Roger Watson, Alvisa Palese, Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Mark Hayter
Activities of daily living serve as an indicator of progression in disability and rehabilitation. It is know that some of the measurement scales used show hierarchical properties indicating that activities of daily living are lost and gained in a consistent pattern. Few studies have investigated the extent to which these patterns are sustained across time and across a range of disability. The study aimed to investigate the hierarchical properties of the activity of daily living items in the ValGraf functional ability scale, to establish if there is a hierarchy of items in the scale and to study the sustainability of the hierarchy over time...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432920/health-family-strains-dependency-and-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults
#12
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jayashree Mohanty
Using stress process theory and structural equation modelling, this study investigated the complex relationship between health status, family strain, dependency, and the life satisfaction of rural older adults with reported functional impairments in India. Data were extracted from a large-scale study of 903 randomly selected adults aged 61 years and older from 30 rural clusters of India. The sample for this study was confined to 653 older adults who reported functional impairments. Structural equation modelling showed that poor health status indirectly lowered the life satisfaction of older adults through family strains...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415035/serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-and-functional-state-the-korean-urban-rural-elderly-kure-study
#13
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Katherine M Stefani, Ju-Mi Lee, Young Mi Yoon, Eun Young Lee, Kyoung Min Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Functional state and cholesterol metabolism are important for older adults; however, this association has not been fully investigated among community-dwelling older adults. Thus, we investigated the association of HDL cholesterol with multiple functional state measures in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 3514 participants, aged 65 years or older, who participated in baseline health assessment for the Korean Urban Rural Elderly cohort study from 2012 to 2015...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415034/validation-of-a-new-mortality-risk-prediction-model-for-people-65-years-and-older-in-northwest-russia-the-crystal-risk-score
#14
Anna Turusheva, Elena Frolova, Vaes Bert, Eralda Hegendoerfer, Jean-Marie Degryse
BACKGROUND: Prediction models help to make decisions about further management in clinical practice. This study aims to develop a mortality risk score based on previously identified risk predictors and to perform internal and external validations. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort study of 611 community-dwelling individuals aged 65+ in St. Petersburg (Russia), all-cause mortality risks over 2.5 years follow-up were determined based on the results obtained from anthropometry, medical history, physical performance tests, spirometry and laboratory tests...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395196/body-composition-and-frailty-profiles-in-brazilian-older-people-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-br
#15
Eduardo Ferriolli, Fernanda Pinheiro Amador Dos Santos Pessanha, Virgílio Garcia Moreira, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between body composition and frailty in older Brazilian subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a Cross-sectional study called FIBRA-BR and developed in community Brazilian aged ≥65 (n=5638). Frailty was assessed according to Fried et al. definition and body composition was determined by BMI, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. RESULTS: The lowest prevalence of frailty was observed in subjects with BMI between 25...
March 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376368/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-plasma-levels-are-increased-in-older-women-after-an-acute-episode-of-low-back-pain
#16
Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Diogo Carvalho Felício, Luiza Faria Teixeira, Fabianna Resende de Jesus-Moraleida, Bárbara Zille de Queiroz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a growing public health problem in old age, and it is associated with disabling pain and depressive disorders. We compared brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plasma levels, a key neurotrophin in pain modulation, between older women after an acute episode of LBP and age-matched pain-free controls, and investigated potential differences in BDNF levels between controls and LBP subgroups based on pain severity, presence of depressive symptoms and use of analgesic and antidepressant drugs...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347930/monetary-cost-of-family-caregiving-for-people-with-dementia-in-singapore
#17
Lai Leng Woo, Claire L Thompson, Harish Magadi
This study quantified the monetary cost of family caregiving for 51 patients with different severity of dementia. The mean annual informal cost of care was higher (M=SG$44,530.55, SD=SG$31,354.82) compared to the mean annual formal cost of care (M=SG$25,654.11, SD=SG$10,016.48). Costs were found to increase with severity of dementia (Severe: SG$47,251.30; Moderate: SG$38,607.84; Mild: SG$13,847.68). For each point increase in CMMSE scores, the informal cost lowered by SG$1,173.94. There was a significant negative correlation of cost and cognitive impairment but not functional impairment...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410504/exercise-training-in-older-adults-what-effects-on-muscle-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Elie Fiogbé, Verena de Vassimon-Barroso, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
AIM: To determine the effects of different modality of exercise training programs on muscle oxygenation in older adults. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct and Scopus, using the keywords: "Aged" AND "Muscle oxygenation" AND (Exercise OR "Exercise therapy" OR "Exercise Movement Techniques" OR Hydrotherapy), without limitation concerning the publication date. To be included in the full analysis, the study had to be a randomized controlled trial in which older adults participants (mean age: 65 years at least) were submitted to an exercise-training program and muscle oxygenation assessment...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384504/pelvic-ring-fractures-in-the-elderly-now-and-then-a-pelvic-registry-study
#19
Mika F Rollmann, Steven C Herath, Florian Kirchhoff, Benedikt J Braun, Joerg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann, Michael D Menger, Tina Histing
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the changes in demographic data stratified for age, sex and type of injury of elderly patients suffering from pelvic ring fractures over a 22-year observation period. DESIGN/SETTING: Data has been collected prospectively, multi-centrically in hospitals participating in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry. PATIENTS: We analyzed the data of 5665 patients with an age ≥60years included in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry from 1991 to 2013...
March 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363133/the-use-of-step-aerobics-and-the-stability-ball-to-improve-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-exploratory-study
#20
Ayelet Dunsky, Tal Yahalom, Michal Arnon, Ronnie Lidor
OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of step aerobics (SA) and the stability ball (SB) as tools for balance improvement in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Forty-two women (age: 72.2±5.8 years) who attended a community day center volunteered to participate in the study. Following the first assessment session, 28 women were assigned randomly to one of two experimental groups (the use of either SA or SB). The other 14 participants, who were engaged in a ceramic class, served as the control group...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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