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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219847/normalizing-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-an-allometric-approach
#1
Geraldo A Maranhao Neto, Aldair J Oliveira, Rodrigo Cunha de Melo Pedreiro, Pedro Paulo Pereira-Junior, Sergio Machado, Silvio Marques Neto, Paulo T V Farinatti
PURPOSE: Handgrip strength is an important variable to assess as part of any health intervention among older adults. Although the use of allometric normalization is the appropriate approach for removing the body size effect in handgrip performance, the best body size variable for this normalization is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the use of three body size variables (body mass, fat-free mass and body height) in allometric normalization for Handgrip strength among older adults...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219846/changing-caregiving-relationships-for-older-home-based-chinese-people-in-a-transitional-stage-trends-factors-and-policy-implications
#2
Lijuan Gu, Mark W Rosenberg, Juxin Zeng
BACKGROUND: In the transitional stage of socioeconomic development, the traditional practice of home-based care in China is being tested. The evolution and factors of home-based care utilization are the prerequisites for the formulation of a support policy. However, no extant research has studied home-based elder care on a national scale. AIM: This paper aims to examine changing caregiving relationships nationwide for home-based elderly individuals and investigate the changing factors of care utilization in a ten-year period, with special attention to the effects of "location" on care patterns...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#3
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214400/association-between-bisphosphonate-therapy-and-outcomes-from-rehabilitation-in-older-people
#4
James A Goodbrand, Lloyd D Hughes, Lynda Cochrane, Peter T Donnan, Mark McGilchrist, Helen Frost, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate therapy may have actions beyond bone, including effects on cardiovascular, immune and muscle function. We tested whether bisphosphonate treatment is associated with improved outcomes in older people undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected, linked routine clinical datasets. Participants were divided into never users of bisphosphonates, use prior to rehabilitation only, use after rehabilitation only, and current users (use before and after rehabilitation)...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214401/association-between-loss-of-bone-mass-due-to-short-sleep-and-leptin-sympathetic-nervous-system-activity
#5
Nagato Kuriyama, Masaaki Inaba, Etsuko Ozaki, Yutaro Yoneda, Daisuke Matsui, Kanae Hashiguchi, Teruhide Koyama, Komei Iwai, Isao Watanabe, Rika Tanaka, Chie Omichi, Shigeto Mizuno, Masao Kurokawa, Motoyuki Horii, Fumitoshi Niwa, Koichi Iwasa, Shinsuke Yamada, Yoshiyuki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Sleep has been reported to be an important factor in bone metabolism, and sympathetic nervous system activity has been reported to regulate bone metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the association between sleep, sympathetic nervous system activity, and bone mass. METHODS: The study subjects were 221 individuals (108 males; 113 females; mean age: 55.1±7.0years) divided into two groups: those who slept for less than 6h a day (short sleep [SS] group), and those who slept 6h or longer (normal sleep [NS] group)...
February 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192754/life-course-indices-for-social-determinants-of-self-rated-health-trajectory-in-korean-elderly
#6
Jiae Lee, Sung-Il Cho, Heeran Chun, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Minah Kang, Soong-Nang Jang
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the self-rated health trajectories of the Korean older population and revealed life-course factors that affect the trajectories over the life course. METHODS: Around 1000 older adults were randomly allocated by stratified multi-stage sampling based on the population census, and underwent face-to-face interviews. Self-rated health status, socioeconomic variables over the life course, and demographic variables were included in the analysis...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192753/dietary-patterns-in-french-home-living-older-adults-results-from-the-prause-study
#8
C Ferrand, C Féart, G Martinent, C Albinet, N André, M Audiffren
The aim of the present study was to provide descriptive dietary patterns of home-living older adults, and to examine their association with sociodemographic and 'diet-related' variables, and health and psychological factors. Dietary patterns were analyzed using separately cluster analysis for men (N=151,Mage=72.72, SD=8.80, range=56-97) and women (N=251, Mage=76.74, SD=9.95, range=55-97) in 402 older adults aged 55 years and over. Cluster analyses showed four distinct dietary profiles for each gender. In older men, the four distinct dietary clusters were associated with any differences in sociodemographic and diet-related variables, cognitive function, and health and psychological factors...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171836/content-of-advance-care-planning-among-japanese-elderly-people-living-at-home-a-qualitative-study
#9
Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Atsuko Aoyama
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Elderly peoples' values and preferences for end-of-life care have not yet known in details. The aim of the present study was to investigate the end-of-life wishes and decision making among Japanese elderly people who required home care services. The study was designed to qualitative research strategies, using face to face interview data recorded in nursing care records, with a focus on advance care planning. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 102 elderly people (47 males, 55 females) of 6 home care support offices in Hyogo prefecture participated...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182895/validity-test-retest-reliability-sensitivity-to-change-and-feasibility-of-motor-cognitive-dual-task-assessments-in-patients-with-dementia
#10
Nele C Lemke, Stefanie Wiloth, Christian Werner, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate validity, test-retest reliability, sensitivity to change, and feasibility of dual task (DT) assessments in patients with dementia. DESIGN: Validation study. SETTING: Post ward-rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Geriatric patients (n=105) with dementia (age 82.7±5.9, MMSE score 21.9). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychometric quality of DT performance of different DT-tests. Analyses were performed for motor and cognitive performance, and relative DT costs (DTCs)...
January 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161691/piloting-the-older-adult-financial-exploitation-measure-in-adult-safeguarding-services
#11
A Phelan, G Fealy, C Downes
Financial abuse is arguably the most complex form of elder abuse as it may occur remote to the older person and it is impacted by issues such as cultural values, perpetrator intent and family expectations. Financial abuse may not be recognised by either the older person or the perpetrator, thus, its prevention, early identification and amelioration are important. The (Irish) National Centre for the Protection of Older People undertook a study to determine the appropriateness of the Older Adult Financial Exploitation Measure for use by the national safeguarding older person services...
January 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135668/effects-of-horseback-riding-exercise-on-the-relative-alpha-power-spectrum-in-the-elderly
#12
Sung-Hyoun Cho
The present study aimed to identify the effects of horseback riding and mechanical horseback riding exercise on the relative α-power spectrum in the elderly. A total of 31 healthy elderly were randomly divided into horseback riding (n=15) and mechanical horseback riding exercise groups (n=16). The horseback riding exercise program was conducted for 25min twice a week for 12 weeks. Two-way repeated analysis of variance was used to identify the changes in measured variables before the exercise program, and after 6 and 12 weeks of the program...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131974/autonomic-cardiac-regulation-blood-pressure-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-responses-to-different-training-doses-over-a-12-week-group-program-in-the-elderly
#13
A J McKune, B Peters, S S Ramklass, J van Heerden, C Roberts, J Krejčí, M Botek
AIM: The study assessed the effects of different weekly training frequencies performed over a 12 week exercise programme (strength, endurance, balance) on autonomic cardiac activity, blood pressure and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in elderly individuals. METHODS: Fifty-eight individuals participated in the study: 2TG (N=24, 71.1±6.4 yrs; 19 females, 5 males) performing two, 60min sessions/week; and 3TG (N=34, 72.3±7.9 yrs; 25 females, 9 males) performing three, 60min sessions/week...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126635/relationship-between-quadriceps-echo-intensity-and-functional-and-morphological-characteristics-in-older-men-and-women
#14
Hiroshi Akima, Akito Yoshiko, Aya Tomita, Ryosuke Ando, Akira Saito, Madoka Ogawa, Shohei Kondo, Noriko I Tanaka
The age-related decrease in human skeletal muscle mass; i.e. sarcopenia, has received much attention, but an age-related increase in the ratio of adipose tissue to muscle tissue has received noticeably less. A few studies have shown that ultrasonographic echo intensity, an index of the adipose-to-muscle ratio, is negatively associated with functional capacity, but the best parameters by which to predict this ratio have not yet been established for older individuals. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between quadriceps femoris (QF) echo intensity and demographic, functional and morphological characteristics of older men and women...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131975/glucose-monitoring-in-new-users-of-second-generation-antipsychotics-in-older-people
#15
Henry C Ndukwe, Prasad S Nishtala
OBJECTIVE: Treatment guidelines published world-wide have highlighted concerns of increased metabolic risks associated with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). The aim of the study was to evaluate blood glucose monitoring rates for SGA new users in older people aged 65 years and above during the study period 2006-2012, and investigate the pre-post 2007 Best Practice Advocacy Centre's (bpac(nz)) glucose monitoring recommendation in New Zealand. METHODS: The study was a population-based retrospective cohort of SGA new users (365days without pre-exposure to antipsychotics)...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131051/a-structural-equation-model-of-the-relation-between-socioeconomic-status-physical-activity-level-independence-and-health-status-in-older-iranian-people
#16
Zahra Mosallanezhad, Gholam Reza Sotoudeh, Göran Jutengren, Mahyar Salavati, Karin Harms-Ringdahl, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Kerstin Frändin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Health status is an independent predictor of mortality, morbidity and functioning in older people. The present study was designed to evaluate the link between socioeconomic status (SES), physical activity (PA), independence (I) and the health status (HS) of older people in Iran, using structural equation modelling. METHODS: Using computerized randomly selection, a representative sample of 851 75-year-olds living in Tehran (2007-2008), Iran, was included...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131050/ergometer-cycling-with-strict-versus-minimal-contact-supervision-among-the-oldest-adults-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Evelien Van Roie, Sofie Martien, Emalie Hurkmans, Johan Pelssers, Jan Seghers, Filip Boen, Christophe Delecluse
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and short- and long-term effects of two 10-wk structured ergometer-cycling programs among elderly in assisted-living residences. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Eight assisted-living residences (N=95; age=81.2±5.9years) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: 1) ergometer-cycling with strict coach-supervision (STRICT, N=3; n=35); 2) ergometer-cycling with autonomy-supportive minimal contact coach-supervision (AUT; N=3; n=36); or 3) control condition (CON; N=2, n=24)...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126636/coexisting-severe-frailty-and-malnutrition-predict-mortality-among-the-oldest-old-in-nursing-homes-a-1-year-prospective-study
#18
Tomohiko Kamo, Keita Takayama, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Katsuhiko Eguchi, Yuusuke Nishida
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of coexisting severe frailty and malnutrition with all-cause mortality among the oldest old in nursing homes. This study was conducted among all subjects (n=160) aged 85 years and older who lived in two nursing homes of Japan. Information about the health status of participants was gathered from history, medical documentation, test assessing frailty, according to the Canadian Study of Health and Aging-Clinical Frailty Scale (CSHA-CFS) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF)...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178601/bone-health-among-older-adults-in-taiwan
#20
Wei-Jen Wang, Kuan-Liang Kuo, Chen-Kun Liaw, Tai-Yin Wu, Wei-Chu Chie, Jer-Min Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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