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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110151/selection-of-an-optimal-set-of-biomarkers-and-comparative-analyses-of-biological-age-estimation-models-in-korean-females
#2
Haemi Jee, Jaehyun Park
To date, an optimal working model which predicts biological age (BA) with a set of working biomarkers has not been devised to represent the Korean female population. Accuracy of prediction and applicability are required of an optimal set of commonly assessed biomarkers to provide information on the health status. The goal of this study was to identify a set of biomarkers that represent the aging process and to develop and compare different BA prediction models to elucidate the most fitting and applicable model for providing information on health status in the Korean female population...
January 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092801/the-association-between-personal-income-and-aging-a-population-based-13-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Tzu-Yu Lin, Chia-Yu Chen, Chueh-Yung Tsao, Kuang-Hung Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Population aging is set to increase the elder dependency ratio, causing a rapid increase in healthcare expenditures and financial burden on the government. This study aims to construct an aging score from age-related diseases and to perform longitudinal analyses to examine the association between personal income and aging. METHODS: A total of 86,838 subjects drawn from a community with 384,617 residents in northern Taiwan were examined. Personal income and aging-related diseases were measured from the National Health Insurance database during 1997-2010...
January 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088604/alba-screening-instrument-asi-a-brief-screening-tool-for-lewy-body-dementia
#4
M M Garcia Basalo, M C Fernandez, M Ojea Quintana, J I Rojas, M J Garcia Basalo, E Bogliotti, N Campora, M Fernandez, W Berrios, E Cristiano, A Golimstok
BACKGROUND: Early detection of neurodegenerative diseases is essential for treatment and proper care of these patients. Screening tools available today are effective for several types of dementia. However, there is no one specific for Lewy Body Dementia (LBD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to present a tool for early detection of LBD, accessible even for non-medical staff. METHODS: We stratified subjects (MMSE>20) into four groups: health controls (HC), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), LBD and other dementias (Alzheimer and vascular)...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076836/the-metabolic-syndrome-and-10-year-cognitive-and-functional-decline-in-very-old-men-a-population-based-study
#5
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Chiara Donfrancesco, Luigi Palmieri, Simona Giampaoli
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal relationships of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to cognitive decline and functional disability in a sample of older non-institutionalized men. METHODS: data from 1991 to 2000 of the Italian cohorts of the Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Elderly (FINE) study, were used. Global cognitive function and functional disability, defined as limitations in mobility, basic (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) were screened in 1991 and 2000...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068553/the-relationship-of-community-activities-with-cognitive-impairment-and-depressive-mood-independent-of-mobility-disorder-in-japanese-older-adults
#6
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship of participating in community activities (CA) with cognitive impairment and depressive mood independent of mobility disorder (MD) among older Japanese people. METHODS: Elderly residents in institutions or those requiring long-term care insurance services were excluded; questionnaires were mailed to 5401 older adults in 2013. The response rate was 94.3% (n=5094). We used multiple imputation to manage missing data...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042985/enhancing-elderly-health-examination-effectiveness-by-adding-physical-function-evaluations-and-interventions
#7
Chia-Ming Li, Ching-I Chang, Wen-Ruey Yu, Winnie Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen
This study aimed to assess the benefit of adding physical function evaluations and interventions to routine elderly health examination. This is a Quasi-experimental controlled trial. 404 elderly adults (aged 70 and over) scoring 3-6 on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale Chinese In-Person Interview Version (CSHA-CFS) in a 2012 annual elderly health examination were enrolled. Both the control and experimental groups received the routine annual health examination with the latter further provided with functional evaluations, exercise instruction, and nutrition education...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039781/subjective-memory-complaints-in-healthy-older-adults-fewer-complaints-associated-with-depression-and-perceived-health-more-complaints-also-associated-with-lower-memory-performance
#8
Pedro Montejo Carrasco, Mercedes Montenegro-Peña, Ramón López-Higes, Eduardo Estrada, David Prada Crespo, Christian Montejo Rubio, David García Azorín
OBJECTIVES: (i) To analyze if general cognitive performance, perceived health and depression are predictors of Subjective Memory Complaints (SMC) contrasting their effect sizes; (ii) to analyze the relationship between SMC and objective memory by comparing a test that measures memory in daily life and a classical test of associated pairs; (iii) to examine if different subgroups, formed according to the MFE score, might have different behaviors regarding the studied variables. METHODS: Sample: 3921 community-dwelling people (mean age 70...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012296/effects-of-aging-on-mechanical-properties-of-sternocleidomastoid-and-trapezius-muscles-during-transition-from-lying-to-sitting-position-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Piotr Kocur, Marcin Grzeskowiak, Marzena Wiernicka, Magdalena Goliwas, Jacek Lewandowski, Dawid Łochyński
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of aging on the viscoelastic properties of the upper trapezius (UT) and the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle during transition from lying to sitting position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 39 older (mean age 67±5.9years) and 36 younger (21.1±1.8years) women. Tone, stiffness and elasticity of the UT and the SCM were measured by means of myotonometry (MyotonPRO) in lying and then, in sitting position...
December 15, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042986/association-between-mastication-and-cognitive-status-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Akio Tada, Hiroko Miura
PURPOSE: A substantial number of elderly people suffer from cognitive impairment and dementia, which are considered to have various risk factors, including masticatory dysfunction; however, the association between mastication and cognition is inconclusive. The objectives of this systematic review were to provide an overview of the literature on (1) the association between mastication and cognitive function and (2) the association between mastication and dementia incidence, in elderly people...
December 14, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011440/adaptation-to-nursing-home-the-role-of-leisure-activities-in-light-of-motivation-and-relatedness
#11
Emin Altintas, Giorgio De Benedetto, Karim Gallouj
Based on the motivational sequence described in Self-Determination Theory, this study explored the relationship between relatedness, motivation, adaptation and leisure in nursing homes. We formulated the hypothesis that the variables of the study would be found in an integrative mediational sequence: Participation in leisure activities→Relatedness→Self-determined motivation→Adaptation to nursing homes. Participants (N=112, mean age=84.17) were invited to complete questionnaires assessing these variables...
December 13, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027459/dignity-and-autonomy-in-the-care-for-patients-with-dementia-differences-among-formal-caretakers-of-varied-cultural-backgrounds-and-their-meaning
#12
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman
BACKGROUND: A key message in the World Health Organization report on dementia (2012) emphasizes this disease as a top priority in public health and the need to improve professional attitudes to patients with dementia, while acknowledging that the workforce in dementia care is becoming increasingly diverse culturally. AIMS: To trace whether there are substantial gaps between formal caretakers from different cultural groups (Israeli born Jews [Sabras], Israeli Arabs [Arabs] and migrants from Russia [Russians]) regarding their stances on the human dignity and autonomy of patients with dementia, as well as understand the meaning of these gaps...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006693/clinical-implication-of-frailty-assessment-in-older-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Sun-Wook Kim, Sol-Ji Yoon, Jung-Yeon Choi, Min-Gu Kang, Youngjin Cho, Il-Young Oh, Cheol-Ho Kim, Kwang-Il Kim
BACKGROUND: We aimed to show the frailty status in older AF patients, and to find the association between frailty and the scores of CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED. Ultimately, we sought to investigate the impact of frailty on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in older AF patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 365 patients (≥65years old) with AF, who underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) between 2007 and 2014 in a single tertiary hospital...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978492/do-spouse-caregivers-of-persons-with-early-and-late-onset-dementia-cope-differently-a-comparative-study
#14
Emilie Wawrziczny, Florence Pasquier, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Pascal Antoine
OBJECTIVES: To explore spouse caregivers' means of coping with the disease and compare them based on the age of onset of the disease in order to adapt support programs. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 38 spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia (PLOD) and 40 spouse caregivers of persons with early onset dementia (PEOD). The first step in the analysis was qualitative, using QSR N'Vivo 10 to identify the coping strategies. The second step was quantitative, comparing the coping strategies based on the age of onset of the disease with a χ2 test...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978491/validation-of-the-self-report-exernet-questionnaire-for-measuring-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-elderly
#15
Christian López-Rodríguez, Maria Laguna, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Narcis Gusi, Luis Espino, Gerardo Villa, R Pedrero-Chamizo, J A Casajus, Ignacio Ara, Susana Aznar
This study aims to examine the validity and reliability of the Elderly EXERNET Physical Activity Questionnaire (EEPAQ) in a sample of Spanish elderly population. A sample of 73 elderly successfully completed the EEPAQ and wore an accelerometer over 7 consecutive days. Test-retest reliability of the EEPAQ was assessed by having the participants answer the EEPAQ twice within 14 days. Criterion validity was assessed for the questionnaire against the accelerometer, as the gold standard. Results indicated that EEPAQ had adequate reliability measured by Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (walking ICC=0...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936458/predictors-of-functional-disability-with-focus-on-activities-of-daily-living-a-community-based-follow-up-study-in-older-adults-in-india
#16
Aarti Nagarkar, Yashoda Kashikar
BACKGROUND: Disability in activities of daily living is a growing concern among older populations all over the world. India has one of the rapidly ageing populations and predicted burden of functional disability is higher for Indian older adults as compared to other ageing Asian countries. METHODS: Total 1140 aged 60 years and over participated in a baseline study. 560 of them participated in the prospective cohort study conducted in the city of Pune, India. An interview and functional assessment using a questionnaire and Pune-FAAT tool was carried out in 2013-14...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923177/the-effect-of-exergaming-on-knee-proprioception-in-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hassan Sadeghi, Mohammad Nazrul Hakim, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saidon Bin Amri, Mohsen Razeghi, Mohammadreza Farazdaghi, Elham Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the ability to sense the body position, muscle sense, joint stability and posture. As balance decreases during the process of aging, knee proprioception has a critical role in body balance and daily activities. Exergaming has shown to be a potentially effective and more enjoyable form of exercise delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week Xbox Kinect exercise program on knee proprioception in healthy older adults...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918964/sarcopenia-in-older-mice-is-characterized-by-a-decreased-anabolic-response-to-a-protein-meal
#18
Miriam van Dijk, Jolanda Nagel, Francina J Dijk, Jerôme Salles, Sjors Verlaan, Stephane Walrand, Klaske van Norren, Yvette Luiking
Ageing is associated with sarcopenia, a progressive decline of skeletal muscle mass, muscle quality and muscle function. Reduced sensitivity of older muscles to respond to anabolic stimuli, i.e. anabolic resistance, is part of the underlying mechanisms. Although, muscle parameters have been studied in mice of various ages/strains; the aim was to study if mice display similar deteriorating processes as human ageing. Therefore, 10,16,21 and 25 months-old C57BL6/6J male mice were studied to measure parameters of sarcopenia and factors contributing to its pathophysiology, with the aim of characterizing sarcopenia in old mice...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914296/gender-differences-in-primary-home-caregivers-of-older-relatives-in-a-mediterranean-environment-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rafael Del-Pino-Casado, María Del Mar Pastor-Bravo, Pedro A Palomino-Moral, Antonio Frías-Osuna
A cross-sectional study was developed in Spain to analyse gender differences in intensity of care, care recipient needs and subjective burden, as well as the moderating effects of kinship on the relationship between gender and subjective burden. A probabilistic sample of 200 primary caregivers (100 male and 100 female) of older relatives was interviewed by expert nurses. Socio-demographic data and several scales regarding objective and subjective burden were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, ANOVA and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the data...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914295/sarcopenia-and-post-hospital-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Aldo Sgaravatti, Elsa Dent
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia poses a significant problem for older adults, yet very little is known about this medical condition in the hospital setting. The aims of this hospital-based study were to determine: (i) the prevalence of sarcopenia; (ii) factors associated with sarcopenia; and (iii) the association of sarcopenia with adverse clinical outcomes post-hospitalisation. METHODS: This is a longitudinal analysis of consecutive patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Management and Evaluation Unit (GEMU) ward...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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