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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Alicia L Nobles, Brett A Curtis, Duc A Ngo, Emily Vardell, Christopher P Holstege
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the health insurance literacy, or the ability to use health insurance effectively, of college students. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 455 students from a large, public university completed an online questionnaire in November 2016. METHODS: A questionnaire examined students' knowledge of commonly encountered health insurance terms and ability to apply that knowledge to determine cost-sharing in a clinical setting. RESULTS: The majority of students were able to correctly identify the most commonly encountered terms, but could not identify terms related to plan types and options...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kelsey M Hamilton, Lynn Falletta, Rebecca Fischbein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) during sexual activity on the frequency of condom use among a sample of college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students attending a large Midwestern University (N = 4284) during April 2015. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of survey data using logistic regression. RESULTS: Respondents and/or their sexual partners who engaged in NMUPD during sexual activity were significantly less likely to use condoms during 75% or more of past 12-month sexual encounters compared to respondents who had not engaged in lifetime and past 12-month NMUPD...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Adam E Barry, Alex Russell, Steve Howell, Pauline Phan, Dominik Reyes, Trevor Bopp
University officials are increasingly considering selling alcoholic beverages at campus football stadiums. To inform this decision, we report on offenses occurring at a campus football stadium and surrounding community on game day weekends between 2009-2013. Campus police log data for 35 home football weekends were examined, accounting for 1,940 distinct incidents. There was a general upward trend in crime incidents. On average, 330 total crime incidents occurred when alcohol was not sold (2009-2011) compared to 475 annually when alcohol was sold (2012-2013)...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nadine R Mastroleo, Nancy P Barnett, Kristie M Bowers
OBJECTIVE: To examine personal and social constructs (e.g., sex, race) and external influences (i.e., competition schedules) that are associated with the pattern and amount of alcohol consumption by student athletes compared to nonathletes. PARTICIPANTS: Students (n = 2,984; 57% female, 61% White, 16% athlete) on a single campus were surveyed in Fall 2011 and Spring 2012. METHODS: Anonymous surveys included demographics, alcohol use and related problems...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Anthony Crimarco, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth
College is an important time for young adults to establish healthy eating habits since students are at risk for gaining weight during the college years. An emerging area of research is examining the effect of meal-timing, which involves the timing of food intake throughout the day, in an effort to improve satiety and bodyweight. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of meal-timing among a sample of college students and to assess what aspects from an intervention could help them to adhere to meal-timing long term...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Joel Gagnon, Frédérick Dionne, Guillaume Raymond, Simon Grégoire
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study pursued two aims. The first was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a Web-based ACT intervention to reduce academic procrastination among university students. The second aim was to test the effectiveness of the intervention on procrastination and committed actions. PARTICIPANTS: The sample was comprised of Canadian university students (n = 36) that participated in the intervention between September 2016 and April 2017...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gerald M Reid, Melissa K Holt, Erika D Felix, Jennifer Greif Green
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the association between histories of childhood victimization and perceived consequences of college hazing. PARTICIPANTS: First-year college students at four U.S. universities (N = 120). METHOD: Participants completed web-based surveys asking about childhood victimization (e.g., child maltreatment), peer victimization, and perceived consequences of hazing during college. RESULTS: Results indicated that college students with childhood victimization histories perceived hazing to be negative...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Joseph W Ditre, Kara Manning, Nubia A Mayorga, Andres G Viana, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain affects a significant proportion of college students in the United States, and has been linked to anxiety and depressive symptoms. Rumination and worry, two transdiagnostic factors linked to comorbidity, may explain the relationship between pain and mental health symptoms. The current study examined worry and rumination as explanatory factors in the relationship between pain and anxiety and depressive symptoms in a sample of college students with pain (n = 1,577; 79.9% female). Results indicated that both rumination and worry explained the relationship between pain and depressive and social anxiety symptoms, while rumination alone explained the relationship between pain and anxious arousal symptoms...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Stephanie Nawyn, Amy Bonomi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Brenna Quinn, Mazen El Ghaziri, Kelsey M Mangano, Herpreet Kaur Thind
OBJECTIVE: Colleges should aim to cultivate healthy behaviors among students by addressing alterations in wellness students view as important. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-perceived wellness-related concerns and behaviors of college students. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven undergraduate students participated in this study between January-March 2017. METHODS: Focus groups served as a data collection method. Groups were recorded and transcribed verbatim...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Anna Cantor, Catriona Hippman, Laura Hercher, Jehannine C Austin
Mental illness is a substantive issue for graduate students. We investigated experiences of mental illness during training among genetic counseling students, a subgroup of graduate students for which little data exists on this topic. Genetic counseling students and recent graduates (n = 227) completed an online survey, from who 11 were selected to participate in semi-structured telephone interviews. Thematic analysis and member checking were employed to interpret the interviews. An overarching theme of importance to participants' mental health during genetic counseling training was safety, with subthemes of: trust/confidentiality, stigma and fear of labeling, developing a unique professional identity, and ability to engage in self care strategies...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Casey L Straud, Mary McNaughton-Cassill
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the mediating relationship of proactive coping on self-blame and stress among U.S. undergraduate college students. PARTICIPANTS: The sample of undergraduate college students (n = 261) were recruited through their Introduction to Psychology course and registered for the study through a research based computer program utilized at the university in the fall 2010 and spring 2011 semesters. METHODS: Participants voluntarily completed a battery of self-report questionnaires that measured self-blame, proactive coping, and stress...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kelly Romano, Christina D Colgary, Martin Swanbrow Becker, Amy Magnuson
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined whether overlooked aspects of the postsecondary student experience predicted individuals' body-related concerns, beyond the influence of demographic factors that have upheld explanatory power in past research. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate and graduate students (n = 3,259) took part in the multi-institute Healthy Bodies Study during the 2015 academic year. METHOD: Participants completed an online survey that assessed their undergraduate/graduate statuses, academic majors, extracurricular involvements, and body-related concerns...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Agustina Marconi, Nancy Ranum, Sarah Van Orman, Bjorn Hansen, Valerie Donovan, Emily Borenitsch
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in complete response rates for depression screening questions based on demographic characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional study examining associations between demographic characteristics and completely responding depression-screening questions. PARTICIPANTS: "Healthy Minds Study" data, collected in a public University in February 2016, where 7326 students participated. RESULTS: women (AOR: 0...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Carolyn Sutter, Machelle D Wilson, Jacqueline J Bergman, Laurel A Beckett, Tanja N Gibson
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition labels are often under-utilized due to the time and effort required to read them. We investigated the impact of label-reading training on effort, as well as accuracy and motivation. PARTICIPANTS: 80 college students (21 males and 59 females). METHODS: The training consisted of a background tutorial on nutrition followed by three blocks of practice reading labels to decide which of two foods was the relatively better choice...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Duane F Shell, M Newman
OBJECTIVE: Determine if completing a pre-enrollment Web-based alcohol Brief Motivational Intervention (BI) increased student retention and reduced student alcohol-related violations. PARTICIPANTS: Fall 2011 (3,364) and Fall 2012 (3,111) entering cohorts of all first-year students at a mid-western state university. METHOD:  Students completing the BI were compared to students not completing the BI. Retention was tracked for four years for the 2011 cohort and three years for the 2012 cohort...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jennifer M Cadigan, Emily R Dworkin, Jason J Ramirez, Christine M Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand substance use patterns of alcohol, marijuana, and simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use (SAM) among 2- and 4-year college students. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 526 young adults aged 18-23 (n = 355 4-year students; n = 171 2-year students) recruited from February 2015 to January 2016 who were participating in a larger longitudinal study. METHODS: Latent class analysis was used to identify past-month classes of alcohol, marijuana, and SAM use...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Su-Wei Wong, Hsien-Chang Lin, Megan E Piper, Adam Siddiqui, Anne Buu
OBJECTIVE: E-cigarette use among college students has increased drastically in recent years. This study aims to inform development of a comprehensive measure of e-cigarette consumption for this population. Participants & Methods: This mixed-method study collected both quantitative and qualitative data from a sample of 43 experienced e-cigarette users from two college campuses, using a self-reported questionnaire and a semi-structured interview, in March-September of 2017. RESULTS: College student users found some of the consumption questions in national surveys difficult to answer...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sheau C Chai, Heng Jiang, Mia A Papas, Cheng-Shun Fang, Kelebogile Setiloane
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the association between acculturation level, dietary nutrient intake, and psychological health of Asian students at the University of Delaware. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 172 students completed the study. METHODS: Data were collected, using questionnaires, through Qualtrics®. Linear regression models were used to examine the association between normally distributed diet and acculturation and demographic data. RESULTS: As length of residence in the United States increased, acculturation level and maintenance of original culture both increased...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Andrea K Graham, Mickey Trockel, Hannah Weisman, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: As eating disorders (EDs) often emerge during college, managing EDs would ideally integrate prevention and treatment. To achieve this goal, an efficient tool is needed that detects clinical symptoms and level of risk. This study evaluated the performance of a screen designed to identify individuals at risk for or with an ED. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred forty-nine college-age women. METHODS: Participants completed a screen and diagnostic interview...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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