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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Theresa M Fiorito, Suzanne Bornschein, Alysia Mihalakos, Catherine M Kelleher, Nicole Alexander-Scott, Koren V Kanadanian, Patricia Raymond, Kenneth Sicard, Penelope H Dennehy
OBJECTIVE: To outline the reasoning behind use of bivalent rLP2086 in a Rhode Island college meningococcal B (MenB) disease outbreak, highlighting the timeline from outbreak declaration to vaccination clinic, emphasizing that these two time points are < 3 days apart. PARTICIPANTS: Staff, faculty, and students at College X eligible for vaccination. METHODS: An outbreak response was initiated, advantages/disadvantages of available MenB vaccines were discussed, and a vaccination clinic was coordinated...
January 25, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kathleen Case, Alexandra Loukas, Melissa Harrell, Anna Wilkinson, Andrew Springer, Adriana Pérez, MeLisa Creamer, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between sensation seeking and ever and current e-cigarette use in Texas young adults (18-29 years old). Current cigarette use was examined as a potential effect modifier of the associations. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included college students enrolled in four-year and two-year colleges in four metropolitan areas in Texas (n = 5,418) who completed the survey between November 2014 and February 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized mixed effects logistic regression to determine the associations between mean sensation seeking scores and ever and current e-cigarette use after controlling for covariates...
January 17, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Erin E Bonar, Michaela R Green, Lisham Ashrafioun
OBJECTIVE: Research has identified correlates (eg, drug use, risky sex, smoking) of using alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMEDs). Few studies have investigated common mental health-related concerns (eg, depression, sleep). PARTICIPANTS: Alcohol-using college students (n = 380 never used AMEDs, n = 180 used AMEDs) were recruited in the study during the fall 2011 semester. METHODS: The study examined demographics, substance use, depressive symptoms, and sleep problems in association with AMED use...
January 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Katie C Hootman, Kristin A Guertin, Patricia A Cassano
OBJECTIVE: We investigated predictors of weight gain in college freshmen. PARTICIPANTS: A longitudinal cohort study followed a representative sample of freshmen (N = 264) from 8/2011 to 6/2012. METHODS: Repeated measurements of anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), physical activity, and diet were collected. We investigated predictors of 9-month weight gain using regression models. RESULTS: 172 participants completed follow-up: 75% gained >0...
January 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kamila Dvořáková, Moé Kishida, Jacinda Li, Steriani Elavsky, Patricia C Broderick, Mark R Agrusti, Mark T Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of developmental transitions on young adults' lives and the high rates of mental health issues among U.S. college students, first-year college students can be particularly vulnerable to stress and adversity. This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness and feasibility of mindfulness training aiming to promote first-year college students' health and wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: 109 freshmen were recruited from residential halls (50% Caucasian, 66% female)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kaylie T Allen, Elizabeth A Meadows
OBJECTIVE: Women assertively resisting sexual aggression have the best chances of avoiding completed rape. Especially with acquaintances, there are significant social and psychological barriers to resistance. Novel vignettes depicting acquaintance rape were designed to enhance self-efficacy, reduce unrealistic optimism, and empower assertive resistance. PARTICIPANTS: The data were collected using a Web-based survey of 449 female college students from multiple universities in August-October 2014...
January 6, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Daniel N Kort, Gregory P Samsa, Mehri S McKellar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sexual orientation differences in college men's motivations for HIV testing. PARTICIPANTS: 665 male college students in the Southeastern United States from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Students completed a survey on HIV risk factors and testing motivations. Logistic regressions were conducted to determine the differences between heterosexual men (HM) and sexual minority men (SMM). RESULTS: SMM were more motivated to get tested by concern over past condomless sex, while HM were more often cited supporting the testing program "on principle" and wanting a free t-shirt...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Ryan M Jeffery, Laura Dickinson, Nicholas D Ng, Lindsey M DeGeorge, Jose V Nable
Opioid abuse is a growing and significant public health concern in the United States. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist that can rapidly reverse the respiratory depression associated with opioid toxicity. Georgetown University's collegiate-based emergency medical services (EMS) agency recently adopted a protocol, allowing providers to administer intranasal naloxone for patients with suspected opioid overdose. While normally not within the scope of practice of basic life support prehospital agencies, the recognition of an increasing epidemic of opioid abuse has led many states, including the District of Columbia, to expand access to naloxone for prehospital providers of all levels of training...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Hannah Priest Catalano, Adam P Knowlden, David A Birch, James D Leeper, Angelia M Paschal, Stuart L Usdan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs in predicting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination behavioral intentions of vaccine-eligible college men. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were unvaccinated college men aged 18-26 years attending a large public university in the southeastern United States during Spring 2015. METHODS: A nonexperimental, cross-sectional study design was employed. Instrumentation comprised a qualitative elicitation study, expert panel review, pilot test, test-retest, and internal consistency, construct validity, and predictive validity assessments using data collected from an online self-report questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Deshira D Wallace, Marcella H Boynton, Leslie A Lytle
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the association of stress and depression with a multidimensional sleep problems construct in a sample of 2-year college students. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 440 students enrolled in 2-year study from Fall 2011 to Fall 2013. METHODS: Participants in an obesity prevention study completed surveys assessing sleep, stress, and depression at baseline, 4, 12, and 24 months. Multilevel models predicting sleep problems were conducted to distinguish episodic from chronic reports of stress and depression...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Annie Aimé, Aude Villatte, Caroline Cyr, Diane Marcotte
Over a third of American college students are either overweight or obese, which has been suggested to negatively impact their academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to better understand the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and grade point average (GPA), while examining potential mediators of this association. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The sample consists of 298 college women who volunteered to complete online questionnaires between October and December 2014...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Russell D Ravert, Luke T Russell, Monica B O'Guin
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed an electronic health diary method designed to collect data about critical health incidents experienced by college students who have chronic health conditions. PARTICIPANTS: Nine university students with chronic medical conditions were recruited to complete a series of e-mail-based surveys, sent once every 3 days across the fall 2014 semester. METHODS: In each survey, participants described a health-related incident that occurred within the past day and cited resources that helped or could have helped in that situation...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 135 undergraduate students from 2 universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Dieu-My T Tran, Lani M Zimmerman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Scott W Shurmur, Carol H Pullen, Bernice C Yates
OBJECTIVE: To assess college students' knowledge and perception of cardiovascular risk factors and to screen for their cardiovascular risks. PARTICIPANTS: The final sample that responded to recruitment consisted of 158 college students from a midwestern university. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed using convenience sampling. RESULTS: College students were knowledgeable about cardiovascular risk factors but did not perceive themselves at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Tricia H Witte, Deborah M Casper, Christine L Hackman, Mazheruddin M Mulla
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the well-being of bystanders who witness and intervene in sexual assault and dating violence situations on campus. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 321 young men and women from a large university in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants completed a survey at the end of the Spring semester of 2015 about risky situations they had witnessed, with follow-up questions about their responses to the situations (eg, whether they intervened or not) and feelings about their responses...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Maria Roditis, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
February 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Heather A Davis, Elizabeth N Riley, Gregory T Smith, Richard Milich, Jessica L Burris
OBJECTIVE: To help clarify the effect of gender on the bidirectional relationship between alcohol use and strenuous physical activity in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred twenty-four (52% female) college students recruited in August 2008 and 2009 and followed up in April 2009 and April 2011, respectively. METHODS: Participants reported their alcohol use and strenuous physical activity on 2 occasions (baseline and follow-up) spaced approximately 1 or 2 years apart...
February 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Maria Cooper, Alexandra Loukas, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: As conventional cigarette use is declining, electronic cigarette ("e-cigarette") use is rising and is especially high among college students. Few studies examine dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes among this population. This study explores the relationship between dual and exclusive e-cigarette / cigarette use and perceptions of harm and addictiveness of both products. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from students attending 24 colleges in Texas (n=5,482)...
February 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
James G Smith, Ruvanee P Vilhauer, Vanessa Chafos
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to assess military veterans' functioning in college by comparing their experience with that of civilian students. PARTICIPANTS: The study, conducted from April 2012 to February 2013, included 445 civilian and 61 student service member/veteran (SSM/V) undergraduates, drawn from a community college and two 4-year Catholic colleges, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous online surveys...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Bruce Simons-Morton, Denise Haynie, Fearghal O'Brien, Leah Lipsky, Joe Bible, Danping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in health behaviors among US emerging adults 1 year after high school. PARTICIPANTS: The national sample of participants (N = 1,927), including those attending 4-year college/university (n = 884), 2-year colleges/technical schools (n = 588), and no college (n = 455), participated in annual spring surveys 2013-2014. METHODS: Health behaviors were assessed the last year of high school and first year of college; differences by college status controlling for previous-year values were estimated using regression analyses...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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