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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

James G Smith, Ruvanee P Vilhauer, Vanessa Chafos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess military veterans' functioning in college by comparing their experience to that of civilian students. PARTICIPANTS: The study, conducted from April, 2012 to February, 2013, included 445 civilian and 61 student service member/veteran (SSM/V) undergraduates, drawn from a community college and two four-year Catholic colleges, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous online surveys...
October 10, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mari K Hopper, Shana Lynn Moninger
OBJECTIVE: To determine if weight gain is accompanied by development of insulin resistance (IR) during four years in college. PARTICIPANTS: Two cohorts of college students were enrolled in fall semesters 2009 and 2010 and tracked for four years. METHODS: Following a 12-hour fast, subjects reported for measurement of BMI, perceived stress (PSS), aerobic fitness, and blood glucose, insulin, and lipids. RESULTS: In the first year, 33% of subject were overweight or obese, and 20% were hyperinsulinemic...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Bruce Simons-Morton, Denise Haynie, Fearghal O'Brien, Leah Lipsky, Joe Bible, Danping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in health behaviors among U.S. emerging adults one year after high school. PARTICIPANTS: The national sample of participants (n = 1927), including those attending 4-year college/university (n = 884), 2-year colleges/technical schools (n = 588), and no college (n = 455), participated in annual spring surveys 2013-2014. METHODS: Health behaviors were assessed the last year of high school and first year of college; differences by college status controlling for previous-year values were estimated using regression analyses...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Dayna S Henry, Nicole Aydt Klein, Monica Kempland, Sarah Rose Oswalt, Molly A Rexilius
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion of higher education institutions in the U.S. that require a personal health course (PHC) for graduation and to describe the nature of such requirements. PARTICIPANTS: This study included a random sample of public and private institutions of higher education (IHE) with undergraduate programs within the U. S. (N = 310). Data were collected between September 2014 and May 2015. METHODS: University catalogs were accessed from the institutions' public websites to determine whether a PHC was offered, and whether it was exclusively or optionally required for graduation...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gözde Ersöz, Robert C Eklund
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral regulations and dispositional flow in exercise among university students in terms of gender and stage of change. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from American college students (n = 257; Mage = 23.02 ± 4.05) in Spring 2013. METHODS: Behavioral regulations and dispositional flow in exercise were assessed, along with stage of change. RESULTS: Exercisers in the maintenance stage of change displayed significantly more self-determined motivation to exercise and a greater tendency to experience flow than those in preparation and action stages...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
A H Conley, C M Overstreet, S E Hawn, K S Kendler, D M Dick, A B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of precollege, college-onset, and repeat sexual assault (SA) within a representative student sample. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 7,603 students. METHODS: Incoming first-year students completed a survey about their exposure to broad SA prior to college, prior trauma, personality, relationships, and mental health. Broad SA was then reassessed each spring semester while enrolled...
September 14, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Christopher Woll, P Hunter Spotts
The authors describe a case of Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) in a student presenting to a university student health center. The authors also provide a review of KPLA and invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess syndrome (IKPLAS), including epidemiology, common clinical manifestations, standard diagnostic work-up, management options, and potential complications.
September 14, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Abby L Braitman, Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Amy L Stamates, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (eg, eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) completed an online survey. RESULTS: Findings confirmed infrequent use of alternative methods of alcohol use and low likelihood of trying them in the future (Study 1)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Hannah Peach, Jane F Gaultney
OBJECTIVE: Using a four-phase study design, the present study developed and tested the Charlotte Attitudes Towards Sleep (CATS) Scale, a measurement tool for assessing sleep attitudes in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 706 undergraduate students recruited at a southeastern university and on a national recruitment website between October 2013 and April 2015. METHODS: All participants completed the CATS Scale. Participants then completed either a measure of social desirability, faulty sleep beliefs, or measures of sleep and sleep hygiene...
September 3, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
G L Farren, T Zhang, S B Martin, K T Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relations of sex, exercise self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and social support with meeting physical activity guidelines (PAGs). PARTICIPANTS: 396 college students participated in this study in the summer 2013. METHODS: Students completed online questionnaires that assessed physical activity behaviors and psychosocial factors (i.e., self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and social support). Students' physical activity profile was categorized as meeting no PAGs, meeting aerobic PAGs only, meeting muscle-strengthening PAGs only, or meeting both PAGs...
September 3, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
J Brian Houston, Jennifer First, Matthew L Spialek, Mary E Sorenson, Toby Mills-Sandoval, McKenzie Lockett, Nathan L First, Pascal Nitiéma, Sandra F Allen, Betty Pfefferbaum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the Resilience and Coping Intervention (RCI) with college students. PARTICIPANTS: College students (ages 18-23) from a large Midwest U.S. university who volunteered for a randomized controlled trial during the 2015 spring semester. METHODS: College students were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 64) or control (n = 65) group. Intervention participants received three 45 minute RCI sessions over subsequent weeks...
August 25, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Janet R Heller, Ariel L Sarmiento
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk behaviors related to cigarette use, alcohol use, nutrition, physical fitness, and sexual behavior. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 1,075 students attending an urban community college during the Spring 2012 semester. METHODS: Data were collected in randomly selected classes using the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) paper survey and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22 for frequencies and chi-square test of independence...
August 16, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Erica Mirabitur, Karen E Peterson, Colleen Rathz, Stacey Matlen, Nicole Kasper
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether college-student characteristics associate with food security and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and whether these associations differ in students in housing with and without food provision. PARTICIPANTS: 514 randomly-sampled students from a large, Midwestern, public university in 2012 and 2013 METHODS: Ordered logistic regression tested how student characteristics associate with food security. Linear regression tested how student characteristics associate with FV intake...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Matthew A Boehm, Quinmill M Lei, Robin M Lloyd, J Roxanne Prichard
OBJECTIVES: To examine how tobacco use and depression/anxiety disorders are related to disturbed sleep in college students. PARTICIPANTS: 85,138 undergraduate respondents (66.3% female, 74.5% white, non-Hispanic, ages 18-25) from the Spring 2011 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II database. METHODS: Multivariate analyses of tobacco use (none, intermediate, daily) and mental health (diagnosed and/or symptomatic depression or anxiety) were used to predict sleep disturbance...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Chad Beyer, Andrés Martin, Fred R Volkmar
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly attending college. This case report highlights the nature of the psychiatric difficulties these individuals may face and the potential role for college mental health practitioners. PARTICIPANTS: A case of a female student with ASD presenting with significant inattentive symptoms. METHODS: The authors describe the unique features of this patient's clinical presentation, discuss relevant diagnostic considerations, and make recommendations about how to best approach treatment...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Georden Jones, Samara Perez, Veronika Huta, Zeev Rosberger, Sophie Lebel
OBJECTIVE: The goals of the present study are (1) to identify sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related stigma and (2) to examine the relationship between HPV-related stigma in predicting HPV vaccine decision-making among college males. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred and eighty college males aged 18-26 from 3 Canadian universities were recruited from September 2013 to April 2014. METHODS: Participants completed a self-report survey assessing HPV-related stigma, psychosocial predictors of HPV-related stigma, and HPV vaccine decision-making...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Paola Pedrelli, Anahi Collado, Benjamin G Shapero, Charlotte Brill, Laura MacPherson
OBJECTIVES: Comprehensive models elucidating the intricate associations of depressive symptoms, coping motives, alcohol use, alcohol-related problems (ARPs), and gender among young adults have been scarcely examined. This study investigated relationships among these variables and the effect of gender on these pathways. METHODS: College students (N = 163; 49.7% female) completed self-report measures on alcohol consumption, depressive symptoms, coping motives, and ARPs...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek, Kevin Andrew Harmon, Yuki Shigemoto
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the extent to which personal growth initiative (PGI) may predict posttraumatic stress and growth in student service members/veterans (SSM/V). PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 136 SSM/V (79% men) representing multiple branches of the armed forces. Forty-four percent of participants reported having combat experience. METHODS: Data collection occurred from October 2013 to February 2014. Data were collected via a Web-based survey that included demographics and measures of personal growth initiative, posttraumatic stress, posttraumatic growth, and perceived social support...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Melissa Simone, Ginger Lockhart
OBJECTIVE: Disordered eating behaviors among undergraduate women are common and, thus, are an important public health concern. Weight stigmatization, stress, and social withdrawal are often associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, it is unclear whether stress and social withdrawal act as mediators between weight stigmatization and disordered eating. By testing specific pathways to disordered eating, theory-driven prevention programs can be implemented. METHODS: Self-reported surveys were administered to 217 undergraduate women during the Fall 2014 semester...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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