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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Jennifer M Whitehill, Molly Wilner, Suzanne Rataj, Megan A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of transportation networking companies (TNCs) (eg, Uber) among substance-using students in rural and urban college settings. PARTICIPANTS: Students at two large state universities were randomly selected and screened for substance use. Participants reported use of TNCs generally and after substance use and whether TNC use was on or near campus or in other environments. METHODS: Data were evaluated using chi-square test, t-tests, and Fisher's exact tests...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Shane T W Kuhlman, Ryon C McDermott, Matthew M Kridel, Lacy M Kantra
OBJECTIVE: College students are most likely to seek psychological help from their peers. Internalized public stigma (ie, personal stigma) may prevent peer-helpers from aiding others, and such help-negating effects may depend on contextual factors such as race and gender. The current study examined a moderated mediation model in which the relationship between public stigma and peer intervention behaviors was mediated by personal stigma and moderated by race and gender categories. METHOD: Undergraduate students (N = 5,183) from the national Healthy Minds Study completed measures of help-seeking stigma and peer-helping behaviors...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jennifer McNeely, Sean J Haley, Allison J Smith, Noelle R Leonard, Charles M Cleland, Marcy Ferdschneider, Michele Calderoni, Luke Sleiter, Carlo Ciotoli, Angéline Adam
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and drug use and the acceptability of screening in university health centers. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred and two consecutively recruited students presenting for primary care visits in February and August, 2015, in two health centers. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous substance use questionnaires in the waiting area, and had the option of sharing results with their medical provider...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Amy Wotring, Peter Paprzycki, Victoria Wagner-Green, Quri R Wygonik, Alexis A Blavos, Jessica Kruger, Tom Castor, Aaron J Diehr, Tavis J Glassman
OBJECTIVE: With medical and recreational marijuana legislation expanding throughout the country, the need to educate high-risk populations is evident. The purpose of this study was to assess college students' perceptions of health communication messages comparing primary and secondary prevention messages concerning marijuana. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 487) included college students, ages 18-25, enrolled in a Midwestern University. METHODS: Participants assessed messages based on likeability, creativity, believability, persuasiveness, relevance, and usefulness using an online questionnaire that also included open-end comments...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Crystal L Moore, Alison H Edie, Jennifer L Johnson, Eleanor L Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: To implement the Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Quality Improvement (LARC QI) project using evidence-based contraceptive counseling techniques to improve knowledge and intent to use among college females. PARTICIPANTS: The project, conducted from April through September 2017, involved 41 female students, from a 4-year public college in North Carolina. METHODS: Students participated in group educational sessions on all methods of birth control with an emphasis on LARC...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sydney Gibbons, Taylor Trette-McLean, AliceAnn Crandall, Jennie L Bingham, Cheryl L Garn, Jonathan C Cox
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine student perspectives about college mental health including the primary mental health issues affecting students, common college student stressors, student awareness of campus mental health resources, and mental health topics students want more information about. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 822 undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in a private university. The study was conducted during September 2016. METHODS: As part of a public health course in program planning, undergraduate students surveyed their peers about their experience with mental health and mental health resources...
September 21, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Ramon Hinojosa, Jenny Nguyen, Kyle Sellers, Heba Elassar
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and academic barriers to college success. PARTICIPANTS: College students (n = 525) were surveyed about exposure to ACEs and academic barriers on a large university campus in the Southeast. METHODS: Multivariate regression was used to model the academic barriers among college students for students with different levels of ACEs exposure controlling for depression, health and family barriers, and sociodemographic characteristics...
September 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
He Bu, Wenjie Duan
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the effectiveness of a single-session positive cognitive intervention and uncover the possible mechanisms. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 79 first-year students (aged 17-21) who volunteered for the intervention during the 2016 fall semester. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned into the intervention group and the control group. All participants completed pretest, post-test, 1 week, and 3-month follow-up tests...
September 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alicia L Nobles, Brett A Curtis, Duc A Ngo, Emily Vardell, Christopher P Holstege
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the health insurance literacy, or the ability to use health insurance effectively, of college students. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 455 students from a large, public university completed an online questionnaire in November 2016. METHODS: A questionnaire examined students' knowledge of commonly encountered health insurance terms and ability to apply that knowledge to determine cost-sharing in a clinical setting. RESULTS: The majority of students were able to correctly identify the most commonly encountered terms, but could not identify terms related to plan types and options...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kelsey M Hamilton, Lynn Falletta, Rebecca Fischbein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) during sexual activity on the frequency of condom use among a sample of college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students attending a large Midwestern University (N = 4284) during April 2015. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of survey data using logistic regression. RESULTS: Respondents and/or their sexual partners who engaged in NMUPD during sexual activity were significantly less likely to use condoms during 75% or more of past 12-month sexual encounters compared to respondents who had not engaged in lifetime and past 12-month NMUPD...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Adam E Barry, Alex Russell, Steve Howell, Pauline Phan, Dominik Reyes, Trevor Bopp
University officials are increasingly considering selling alcoholic beverages at campus football stadiums. To inform this decision, we report on offenses occurring at a campus football stadium and surrounding community on game day weekends between 2009 and 2013. Campus police log data for 35 home football weekends were examined, accounting for 1,940 distinct incidents. There was a general upward trend in crime incidents. On average, 330 total crime incidents occurred when alcohol was not sold (2009-2011) compared to 475 annually when alcohol was sold (2012-2013)...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nadine R Mastroleo, Nancy P Barnett, Kristie M Bowers
OBJECTIVE: To examine personal and social constructs (e.g., sex, race) and external influences (i.e., competition schedules) that are associated with the pattern and amount of alcohol consumption by student athletes compared to nonathletes. PARTICIPANTS: Students (n = 2,984; 57% female, 61% White, 16% athlete) on a single campus were surveyed in Fall 2011 and Spring 2012. METHODS: Anonymous surveys included demographics, alcohol use and related problems...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Anthony Crimarco, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth
College is an important time for young adults to establish healthy eating habits since students are at risk for gaining weight during the college years. An emerging area of research is examining the effect of meal-timing, which involves the timing of food intake throughout the day, in an effort to improve satiety and bodyweight. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of meal-timing among a sample of college students and to assess what aspects from an intervention could help them to adhere to meal-timing long term...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Joel Gagnon, Frédérick Dionne, Guillaume Raymond, Simon Grégoire
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study pursued two aims. The first was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a Web-based acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) intervention to reduce academic procrastination among university students. The second aim was to test the effectiveness of the intervention on procrastination and committed actions. PARTICIPANTS: The sample was comprised of Canadian university students (n = 36) that participated in the intervention between September 2016 and April 2017...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gerald M Reid, Melissa K Holt, Erika D Felix, Jennifer Greif Green
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the association between histories of childhood victimization and perceived consequences of college hazing. PARTICIPANTS: First-year college students at four U.S. universities (N = 120). METHOD: Participants completed web-based surveys asking about childhood victimization (e.g., child maltreatment), peer victimization, and perceived consequences of hazing during college. RESULTS: Results indicated that college students with childhood victimization histories perceived hazing to be negative...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Joseph W Ditre, Kara Manning, Nubia A Mayorga, Andres G Viana, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain affects a significant proportion of college students in the United States, and has been linked to anxiety and depressive symptoms. Rumination and worry, two transdiagnostic factors linked to comorbidity, may explain the relationship between pain and mental health symptoms. The current study examined worry and rumination as explanatory factors in the relationship between pain and anxiety and depressive symptoms in a sample of college students with pain (n = 1,577; 79.9% female). Results indicated that both rumination and worry explained the relationship between pain and depressive and social anxiety symptoms, while rumination alone explained the relationship between pain and anxious arousal symptoms...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Stephanie Nawyn, Amy Bonomi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Brenna Quinn, Mazen El Ghaziri, Kelsey M Mangano, Herpreet Kaur Thind
OBJECTIVE: Colleges should aim to cultivate healthy behaviors among students by addressing alterations in wellness students view as important. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-perceived wellness-related concerns and behaviors of college students. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven undergraduate students participated in this study between January and March 2017. METHODS: Focus groups served as a data collection method. Groups were recorded and transcribed verbatim...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Anna Cantor, Catriona Hippman, Laura Hercher, Jehannine C Austin
Mental illness is a substantive issue for graduate students. We investigated experiences of mental illness during training among genetic counseling students, a subgroup of graduate students for which little data exists on this topic. Genetic counseling students and recent graduates (n = 227) completed an online survey, from who 11 were selected to participate in semi-structured telephone interviews. Thematic analysis and member checking were employed to interpret the interviews. An overarching theme of importance to participants' mental health during genetic counseling training was safety, with subthemes of: trust/confidentiality, stigma and fear of labeling, developing a unique professional identity, and ability to engage in self care strategies...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Casey L Straud, Mary McNaughton-Cassill
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the mediating relationship of proactive coping on self-blame and stress among US undergraduate college students. PARTICIPANTS: The sample of undergraduate college students (n = 261) were recruited through their Introduction to Psychology course and registered for the study through a research-based computer program utilized at the university in the fall 2010 and spring 2011 semesters. METHODS: Participants voluntarily completed a battery of self-report questionnaires that measured self-blame, proactive coping, and stress...
July 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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