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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Rachel J Voth Schrag, Tonya E Edmond
The impact of interpersonal violence on college students has received considerable recent attention, yet no studies have been conducted among community college students. These students comprise over 40% of all American college students, and may have unique risk factors and needs. These students are more likely than their peers at 4 year institutions to be women, people of color, working, parenting, and first generation college students. The current study uses a simple random sample of students from four campuses (n = 435) to assess the extent of intimate partner violence, trauma exposure, sexual violence victimization, and associated mental health consequences among female students attending community college...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jenna B Messman, Leigh A Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To examine health behavior and outcome disparities between transgender, female, and male participants in a national sample of US college students. Participants and Method Summary: Analyses utilized secondary data from 32,964 undergraduate and graduate students responding to the Fall 2013 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment; 65.8% were female, 0.4% were transgender, 67.9% were white, and 90.4% were heterosexual. RESULTS: Transgender students reported more mental health diagnoses, trauma, and suicidality; experienced more violence and less safety, reported more sex partners and sexually transmitted infections (STIs); higher rates of illicit and non-prescription substance use and binge drinking use while engaging in less harm reduction behavior; and reported more barriers to academic success...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Amelia Mindthoff, Dionne P Stephens, Purnima Madhivanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gregor Rafal, Amy Gatto, Rita DeBate
OBJECTIVE: Mental health literacy (MHL) is low in college-aged men potentially resulting in impaired mental wellbeing. This study assessed MHL, psychosocial determinants, and help-seeking behaviors among male university students. PARTICIPANTS: Male undergraduate and graduate students were surveyed in Spring 2017 (n = 1,242) at a large southeastern university in the United States. METHODS: Preexisting validated scales for MHL, psychosocial determinants, and help-seeking intention were used in measurement and demographic variables were collected...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sara B Oswalt, Alyssa M Lederer, Kimberly Chestnut-Steich
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of college students who have previously received mental health (MH) services on campus and are willing to seek help again in the future. PARTICIPANTS: Spring 2015 ACHA-NCHA II (N = 12,501) undergraduate respondents who had previously used MH services on their current campus. METHODS: Binary logistic regression with willingness to seek MH services in the future as the dependent variable Results: Among students who had already utilized campus MH services, significant predictors for future help-seeking were: female, white, gay/lesbian, those not working for pay, having the college/university health insurance plan, and not currently/previously serving in the military (p<...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Debby Herbenick, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, J Dennis Fortenberry
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in a probability sample of undergraduate students, characteristics of students' most recent sexual experiences (including alcohol use) as well as their experiences with non-consensual sex. PARTICIPANTS: In January and February 2015, 22,046 students were invited to participate in an anonymous, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey; 7,032 surveys were completed (31.9%). METHODS: Measures included background characteristics (age, gender, sexual orientation), most recent sexual event items (sexual pleasure, wantedness, alcohol use), and experiences with nonconsensual sex (since college and lifetime)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Shannon E C Usack, Terrell A Hicks, Jessica Bourdon, Christina M Sheerin, Cassie M Overstreet, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in freshman entering college and prospective associations of probable PTSD with additional outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: 2,310 students with data collected from Fall 2014 through Spring 2015. METHODS: Incoming freshman completed a survey assessing for relevant variables at the beginning of fall semester and during the spring semester. RESULTS: Seventy percent of the sample endorsed experiencing at least one potentially traumatic event (PTE)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Sarah A Costigan, Sarah G Kennedy, Sara Robards, John Germov, Cam Wild
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions targeting alcohol consumption, drug use and smoking for college/university students. PARTICIPANTS: College/University students Methods: Studies were eligible if: (1)included students attending universities/colleges; (2)implemented in a university/college setting; (3)aimed to improve at least one of the following behaviors: alcohol and/or drug use and/or smoking; (4)were RCTs. The effect of the interventions on behaviors was determined by the percentage of studies that reported an effect...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Perla A Vargas, Elias Robles-Sotelo
An association between allergic disease, depression and suicidality has been reported. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between suicidality and asthma, allergy, internet addiction, stress, sleep quality, pain/discomfort, and depression, among emerging adults. PARTICIPANTS: 929 college students completed an online survey between October 2015 and April 2017. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using multivariate analysis techniques was implemented...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Lavonne M Adams, Sharon Canclini, Kelle Tillman
OBJECTIVE: To describe activation of a Point of Distribution (POD) in response to an influenza outbreak, highlighting the use of a student-led model. PARTICIPANTS: Faculty, staff, and students of X College of Nursing and Health Sciences, X University, as well as those located in its primary building. METHODS: In response to an August 2017 influenza outbreak, a vaccination clinic was conducted for a target population through POD activation...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Christine S Gipson, Jenifer M Chilton, Suzanne S Dickerson, Danita Alfred, Barbara K Haas
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a text-message intervention to promote sleep hygiene to improve sleep in young adult college students. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of undergraduate students from one Southwestern university (n = 96), 18-26 years old, recruited in August 2015. METHODS: A 2-group pretest-posttest experimental design assigned participants to receive biweekly text messages about sleep hygiene or healthy behaviors for six weeks...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Molly Rosenberg, Ashley Townes, Shaneil Taylor, Maya Luetke, Debby Herbenick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how missing data may influence conclusions drawn from campus sexual assault surveys. METHODS: We systematically reviewed 40 surveys from 2010-2016. We constructed a pseudo-population of the total population targeted across schools, creating records proportional to the respective response rate and reported sexual assault prevalence. We simulated the effects of 9 scenarios where the sexual assault prevalence among non-responders differed from that of responders...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Marco Yzer, Julie Gilasevitch
OBJECTIVE: This study illustrates how a theory-based approach can identify college students' beliefs about stress reduction activities and help-seeking for depression. These beliefs are the basis for intervention design. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 53 undergraduate students at a public university in the Midwest participated in this research during March 2016. METHODS: An open-ended belief elicitation survey was administered online. Beliefs were identified through qualitative thematic analyses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kate Gawlik, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Alai Tan, Megan Amaya
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships between the cardiovascular health, lifestyle behaviors, and lifestyle beliefs among college-age students. PARTICIPANTS: 729 college-aged students participated between October 2016 and April 2017. METHODS: Heart Checks, consisting of a cross-sectional survey and biometric screening, were conducted on a large Midwestern university campus. RESULTS: A small proportion of students (24...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Eun-Jung Shim, Hae-Lim Noh, Jungmin Yoon, Han Sol Mun, Bong-Jin Hahm
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal trajectory of daytime dysfunction (DD) and its relationship with fatigue by depression status in university students. PARTICIPANTS: 243 students completed online surveys from September- December 2016. METHODS: Surveys were conducted at three time points over a semester period: the beginning of the semester, the end of mid-term and the end of the semester. RESULTS: Results indicated that the DD significantly increased in all students over the semester...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Heidi A Wayment, Keragan Cavolo
OBJECTIVE: Examine the unique contributions of self-control and grit subscales (perseverance, interest consistency) as potential mediators of the relationship between quiet ego characteristics and less perceived stress in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 1117 college students were collected between October, 2015 and May, 2016. METHODS: The sample was split randomly into exploratory and confirmatory samples. Multiple mediator models were tested with PROCESS module (SPSS v...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nathan A Peters, Rebecca A Schlaff, Jeremy L Knous, Meghan Baruth
OBJECTIVE: To examine resistance training (RT) barriers among college-aged females. PARTICIPANTS: Female college students (n = 223) from a Midwestern university. METHODS: Data were collected in September 2014. Participants completed a survey assessing demographics, current and past RT habits, and barriers to resistance training. Descriptive statistics were used to examine barrier agreement. Differences between current and past RT participation, residency, and class standing were analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Go Odson
OBJECTIVE: Social network analysis (SNA) is a useful, emerging method for studying health. College students are especially prone to social influence when it comes to health. This review aimed to identify network variables related to college student health and determine how SNA was used in the literature. PARTICIPANTS: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted in October 2015. METHODS: Studies employing egocentric or whole network analysis to study college student health were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nancy Downs, Tracy Alderman, Savita Bhakta, Tiffany A Greenwood
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the demographics and clinical utilization patterns among college students during the initial 12 months of a novel, multi-disciplinary, collaborative, college mental health program (CMHP). PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate and graduate students receiving treatment at the CMHP from Jan-Dec 2015. METHODS: De-identified data was obtained via electronic health records for all students receiving care through the CMHP. RESULTS: 1...
March 30, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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