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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Charles E Cunningham, Robert B Zipursky, Bruce K Christensen, Peter J Bieling, Victoria Madsen, Heather Rimas, Stephanie Mielko, Fiona Wilson, Ivana Furimsky, Lisa Jeffs, Catharine Munn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Robert J Cramer, Amanda C La Guardia, Claire Bryson, Kelley Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the overlap of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) among college students with regard to demographics, mental health, and coping styles. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents were 572 undergraduate students at a southwestern public university. METHODS: Data were collected in 2015. Respondents completed a demographic survey and assessments of NSSI, SRB, internalizing symptoms (ie, anxiety, stress, and depression), aggression, and negative coping strategies...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sabrina R Liu, Maryam Kia-Keating, Sheila Modir
OBJECTIVE: To understand predictors of first year college adjustment in the context of collective trauma, including a school shooting. PARTICIPANTS: Two consecutive years of entering freshman (Year 1 (Y1) N = 169, Year 2 (Y2) N = 94) were surveyed over time: Y1 in October 2012 and March 2013, and Y2 in October 2013 and August 2014. During Y2, several collective traumas occurred, impacting the campus community and providing a stark comparison. METHODS: Online surveys measuring predictors at the start of each year and adjustment at the end of each year...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jonathan Duffy, Peter Johnsen, Mary Ferris, Mary Miller, Kevin Leighton, Mark McGilvray, Lucy McNamara, Lucy Breakwell, Yon Yu, Tina Bhavsar, Elizabeth Briere, Manisha Patel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of meningococcal group B (MenB)-4C vaccine. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduates, dormitory residents, and persons with high-risk medical conditions received the MenB-4C vaccine two-dose series during mass vaccination clinics from 12/2013 through 11/2014. METHODS: Adverse events (AEs) were identified by 15 minutes of observation postvaccination, spontaneous reports, surveys, and hospital surveillance. Causality was assessed for serious adverse events (SAEs)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Stephanie M Jarvi, Lance P Swenson, Kristen L Batejan
OBJECTIVE: This research examines potential differences in social network use and motivation for social network use by non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) status. PARTICIPANTS: 367 (73% women; Mage = 20.60) college students were recruited in November-December 2011. METHODS: A random sample of 2,500 students was accessed through a university registrar to recruit students interested in an online survey assessing NSSI and various health-related behaviors...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alexandria J Mullins, Kaitlyn L Gamwell, Christina M Sharkey, Dana M Bakula, Alayna P Tackett, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of psychological functioning in college students with chronic illnesses. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 1413) included 364 students with self-reported diagnoses of asthma or allergies, 148 students with other chronic illnesses (e.g., epilepsy, type 1 diabetes), and 901 healthy students. Data were collected between November 2013 and May 2015. METHODS: Participants completed online measures of psychosocial functioning, including illness uncertainty, illness intrusiveness, depression, and anxiety...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Michael B Berg, Linda Lin, Madeleine White, Jacqueline Alfonso-Barry
OBJECTIVE: The current research aimed to understand differences in smoking-related identity among college students and to illustrate the distinct characteristics of nonidentified smokers (NIS). PARTICIPANTS: Students from 2 colleges in Massachusetts (N = 538; April 2016). METHODS: Respondents reported by online survey whether or not they had smoked a cigarette in the past 30 days and if they self-identified as smokers. Nonsmokers (NIS) and identified smokers (IS) were then compared on their smoking attitudes and behavior...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jazmyne A Sutton, Eric R Walsh-Buhi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated variables within the Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction (IMBP) as well as differences across socioeconomic status (SES) levels within the context of inconsistent contraceptive use among college women. PARTICIPANTS: A nonprobability sample of 515 female college students completed an Internet-based survey between November 2014 and February 2015. METHODS: Respondents were asked about their contraception use, knowledge and information sources, demographic information, and IMBP factors, including attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Renee Garett, Sam Liu, Sean D Young
OBJECTIVE: 1) examine changes in stress during first semester among freshmen undergraduates; 2) identify predictors of stress (coping strategies, emotional states and quality of sleep). PARTICIPANTS: 197 freshmen students were recruited for a 10-week study during first quarter (Oct-Dec, 2015). METHODS: Students completed weekly self-report surveys on stress, coping strategies, emotions, and quality of sleep. A General Linear Mixed-Model was used for analyses...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alexandra H Bettis, Mary Jo Coiro, Jessica England, Lexa K Murphy, Rachel L Zelkowitz, Leandra Dejardins, Rachel Eskridge, Laura Hieber Adery, Janet Yarboi, Daniel Pardo, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: College students face a significant number of stressors, increasing risk for internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. The current study examines two promising avenues of intervention aimed to reduce stress and prevent psychopathology in this population: a coping skills group and a cognitive training program. PARTICIPANTS: 62 undergraduate students from two universities were recruited from 2013 to 2015. METHODS: Students were randomized to a 6-week coping skills group or cognitive training program and completed measures of stress, coping, executive function, and symptoms of anxiety, depression and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) at pre- and post-intervention...
March 30, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Alexandra C Dulin, Caroline Gaither
OBJECTIVE: Sexual assault is a pervasive crime on our college campuses and many survivors do not seek post-assault resources. This study will explore components of alternative interventions to consider in the development of campus-based interventions for sexual assault survivors. PARTICIPANTS: Three stakeholder groups including survivors (n = 8), healthcare providers (n = 6), and advocates (n = 19) were recruited from May 2014 to December 2014 from two university campus communities using flyers and purposive sampling...
March 30, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kathleen R Case, Alexandra Loukas, Melissa B Harrell, Anna V Wilkinson, Andrew E Springer, Adriana Pérez, MeLisa R Creamer, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between sensation seeking and ever and current e-cigarette use in Texas young adults (18-29 years old). Current cigarette use was examined as a potential effect modifier of the associations. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included college students enrolled in four-year and two-year colleges in four metropolitan areas in Texas (n  =  5,418) who completed the survey between November 2014 and February 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized mixed effects logistic regression to determine the associations between mean sensation seeking scores and ever and current e-cigarette use after controlling for covariates...
May 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Katie C Hootman, Kristin A Guertin, Patricia A Cassano
OBJECTIVE: We investigated predictors of weight gain in college freshmen. PARTICIPANTS: A longitudinal cohort study followed a representative sample of freshmen (N = 264) from 8/2011 to 6/2012. METHODS: Repeated measurements of anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), physical activity, and diet were collected. We investigated predictors of 9-month weight gain using regression models. RESULTS: 172 participants completed follow-up: 75% gained >0...
May 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Daniel N Kort, Gregory P Samsa, Mehri S McKellar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sexual orientation differences in college men's motivations for HIV testing. PARTICIPANTS: 665 male college students in the Southeastern United States from 2006 to 2014. METHODS: Students completed a survey on HIV risk factors and testing motivations. Logistic regressions were conducted to determine the differences between heterosexual men (HM) and sexual minority men (SMM). RESULTS: SMM were more motivated to get tested by concern over past condomless sex, while HM were more often cited supporting the testing program "on principle" and wanting a free t-shirt...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Ryan M Jeffery, Laura Dickinson, Nicholas D Ng, Lindsey M DeGeorge, Jose V Nable
Opioid abuse is a growing and significant public health concern in the United States. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist that can rapidly reverse the respiratory depression associated with opioid toxicity. Georgetown University's collegiate-based emergency medical services (EMS) agency recently adopted a protocol, allowing providers to administer intranasal naloxone for patients with suspected opioid overdose. While normally not within the scope of practice of basic life support prehospital agencies, the recognition of an increasing epidemic of opioid abuse has led many states, including the District of Columbia, to expand access to naloxone for prehospital providers of all levels of training...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Hannah Priest Catalano, Adam P Knowlden, David A Birch, James D Leeper, Angelia M Paschal, Stuart L Usdan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs in predicting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination behavioral intentions of vaccine-eligible college men. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were unvaccinated college men aged 18-26 years attending a large public university in the southeastern United States during Spring 2015. METHODS: A nonexperimental, cross-sectional study design was employed. Instrumentation comprised a qualitative elicitation study, expert panel review, pilot test, test-retest, and internal consistency, construct validity, and predictive validity assessments using data collected from an online self-report questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Deshira D Wallace, Marcella H Boynton, Leslie A Lytle
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the association of stress and depression with a multidimensional sleep problems construct in a sample of 2-year college students. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 440 students enrolled in 2-year study from Fall 2011 to Fall 2013. METHODS: Participants in an obesity prevention study completed surveys assessing sleep, stress, and depression at baseline, 4, 12, and 24 months. Multilevel models predicting sleep problems were conducted to distinguish episodic from chronic reports of stress and depression...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Annie Aimé, Aude Villatte, Caroline Cyr, Diane Marcotte
Over a third of American college students are either overweight or obese, which has been suggested to negatively impact their academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to better understand the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and grade point average (GPA), while examining potential mediators of this association. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The sample consists of 298 college women who volunteered to complete online questionnaires between October and December 2014...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Russell D Ravert, Luke T Russell, Monica B O'Guin
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed an electronic health diary method designed to collect data about critical health incidents experienced by college students who have chronic health conditions. PARTICIPANTS: Nine university students with chronic medical conditions were recruited to complete a series of e-mail-based surveys, sent once every 3 days across the fall 2014 semester. METHODS: In each survey, participants described a health-related incident that occurred within the past day and cited resources that helped or could have helped in that situation...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 135 undergraduate students from 2 universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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