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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Annie Aimé, Aude Villatte, Caroline Cyr, Diane Marcotte
: Over a third of American college students are either overweight or obese, which has been suggested to negatively impact their academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to better understand the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and grade point average (GPA), while examining potential mediators of this association. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The sample consists of 298 college women who volunteered to complete online questionnaires between October and December 2014...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Russell D Ravert, Luke T Russell, Monica B O'Guin
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed an electronic health diary method designed to collect data about critical health incidents experienced by college students who have chronic health conditions. PARTICIPANTS: Nine university students with chronic medical conditions were recruited to complete a series of email-based surveys, sent once every three days across the fall 2014 semester. METHODS: In each survey, participants described a health-related incident that occurred within the past day and cite resources that helped or could have helped in that situation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: 135 undergraduate students from two universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Dieu-My T Tran, Lani M Zimmerman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Scott W Shurmur, Carol H Pullen, Bernice C Yates
OBJECTIVE: To assess college students' knowledge and perception of cardiovascular risk factors and to screen for their cardiovascular risks. PARTICIPANTS: The final sample that responded to recruitment consisted of 158 college students from a Midwestern university. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed using convenience sampling. RESULTS: College students were knowledgeable about cardiovascular risk factors, but did not perceive themselves at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
David Francis Adams, Erica Behrens, Lianne Gann, Eva Schoen
: Sororities have been identified as placing young women at risk for body image concerns due to a focus on traditional gender role norms and objectification of women. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the relationship between conformity to feminine gender role norms, self-objectification, and body image surveillance among undergraduate women. PARTICIPANTS: In a random sample of undergraduates, the authors examined data from sorority and nonsorority women...
November 30, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Tricia H Witte, Deborah M Casper, Christine L Hackman, Mazheruddin M Mulla
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the well-being of bystanders who witness and intervene in sexual assault and dating violence situations on campus. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 321 young men and women from a large university in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants completed a survey at the end of the Spring semester of 2015 about risky situations they had witnessed with follow up questions about their responses to the situations (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Brian J Klassen, Emily R Grekin
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined prospective, bidirectional relationships between three measures of spirituality (Daily Spiritual Experiences, Positive Religious Coping, and Negative Religious Coping) and frequency of heavy episodic drinking. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred ninety one students attending a large, public university in the Midwest. METHODS: Electronic surveys assessing predictors of college alcohol use were sent to participants in the winter of their freshman and sophomore years...
November 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Amanda Fallin, Maria Roditis, Stanton Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Heather A Davis, Elizabeth N Riley, Gregory T Smith, Richard Milich, Jessica L Burris
OBJECTIVE: To help clarify the effect of gender on the bidirectional relationship between alcohol use and strenuous physical activity in college students. PARTICIPANTS: 524 (52% female) college students recruited in August 2008 and 2009 and followed up in April 2009 and April 2011, respectively. METHODS: Participants reported their alcohol use and strenuous physical activity on 2 occasions (baseline and follow-up) spaced approximately 1 or 2 years apart...
November 18, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Maria Cooper, Alexandra Loukas, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
BACKGROUND: As conventional cigarette use is declining, electronic cigarette ("e-cigarette") use is rising and is especially high among college students. Few studies examine dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes among this population. This study explores the relationship between dual and exclusive e-cigarette / cigarette use and perceptions of harm and addictiveness of both products. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from students attending 24 colleges in Texas (n=5,482)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
James G Smith, Ruvanee P Vilhauer, Vanessa Chafos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess military veterans' functioning in college by comparing their experience to that of civilian students. PARTICIPANTS: The study, conducted from April, 2012 to February, 2013, included 445 civilian and 61 student service member/veteran (SSM/V) undergraduates, drawn from a community college and two four-year Catholic colleges, in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. METHODS: Participants completed anonymous online surveys...
October 10, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mari K Hopper, Shana Lynn Moninger
OBJECTIVE: To determine if weight gain is accompanied by development of insulin resistance (IR) during four years in college. PARTICIPANTS: Two cohorts of college students were enrolled in fall semesters 2009 and 2010 and tracked for four years. METHODS: Following a 12-hour fast, subjects reported for measurement of BMI, perceived stress (PSS), aerobic fitness, and blood glucose, insulin, and lipids. RESULTS: In the first year, 33% of subject were overweight or obese, and 20% were hyperinsulinemic...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Bruce Simons-Morton, Denise Haynie, Fearghal O'Brien, Leah Lipsky, Joe Bible, Danping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in health behaviors among U.S. emerging adults one year after high school. PARTICIPANTS: The national sample of participants (n = 1927), including those attending 4-year college/university (n = 884), 2-year colleges/technical schools (n = 588), and no college (n = 455), participated in annual spring surveys 2013-2014. METHODS: Health behaviors were assessed the last year of high school and first year of college; differences by college status controlling for previous-year values were estimated using regression analyses...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Dayna S Henry, Nicole Aydt Klein, Monica Kempland, Sarah Rose Oswalt, Molly A Rexilius
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion of higher education institutions in the U.S. that require a personal health course (PHC) for graduation and to describe the nature of such requirements. PARTICIPANTS: This study included a random sample of public and private institutions of higher education (IHE) with undergraduate programs within the U. S. (N = 310). Data were collected between September 2014 and May 2015. METHODS: University catalogs were accessed from the institutions' public websites to determine whether a PHC was offered, and whether it was exclusively or optionally required for graduation...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Gözde Ersöz, Robert C Eklund
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral regulations and dispositional flow in exercise among university students in terms of gender and stage of change. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from American college students (n = 257; Mage = 23.02 ± 4.05) in Spring 2013. METHODS: Behavioral regulations and dispositional flow in exercise were assessed, along with stage of change. RESULTS: Exercisers in the maintenance stage of change displayed significantly more self-determined motivation to exercise and a greater tendency to experience flow than those in preparation and action stages...
September 23, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
A H Conley, C M Overstreet, S E Hawn, K S Kendler, D M Dick, A B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of precollege, college-onset, and repeat sexual assault (SA) within a representative student sample. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 7,603 students. METHODS: Incoming first-year students completed a survey about their exposure to broad SA prior to college, prior trauma, personality, relationships, and mental health. Broad SA was then reassessed each spring semester while enrolled...
September 14, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Christopher Woll, P Hunter Spotts
The authors describe a case of Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) in a student presenting to a university student health center. The authors also provide a review of KPLA and invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess syndrome (IKPLAS), including epidemiology, common clinical manifestations, standard diagnostic work-up, management options, and potential complications.
September 14, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kevin S Montes, Lucy E Napper, Nicole M Froidevaux, Shannon Kenney, Joseph W LaBrie
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the extent to which negative affect moderates the relationships between distinct hookup motives and hookup consequences. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from 271 heavy-drinking undergraduate college students. METHODS: Students from 3 US universities completed online surveys assessing hooking up-related motives, behaviors, and consequences. RESULTS: The results showed that conformity motives to hookup and negative affect predicted hookup consequences...
November 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Lisa M Bohon, Kelly A Cotter, Richard L Kravitz, Philip C Cello, Erik Fernandez Y Garcia
BACKGROUND: Between 9.5% and 31.3% of college students suffer from depression (American college health association national college health assessment II: reference group executive summary spring 2013. Amer. Coll. Health Assoc. 2013; Eagan K, Stolzenberg EB, Ramirez JJ, Aragon, MC, Suchard, RS, Hurtado S. The American freshman: national norms fall 2014. Higher Educ. Res. Inst.; 2015). Universities need to understand the factors that relate to care-seeking behavior. OBJECTIVE: Across 3 studies, to relate attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control to intention to seek mental health services, and to investigate barriers to care-seeking...
November 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Erica Mirabitur, Karen E Peterson, Colleen Rathz, Stacey Matlen, Nicole Kasper
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether college-student characteristics associate with food security and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and whether these associations differ in students in housing with and without food provision. PARTICIPANTS: 514 randomly-sampled students from a large, Midwestern, public university in 2012 and 2013 METHODS: Ordered logistic regression tested how student characteristics associate with food security. Linear regression tested how student characteristics associate with FV intake...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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