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Journal of American College Health: J of ACH

Diane Dolezel, Ram Shanmugam, Eileen E Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health literacy of college students. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 245 graduate and undergraduate college students. METHODS: During February-April of 2018 participants completed the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy which assessed literacy on two passages describing a thyroid scan, and basic healthcare insurance information. RESULTS: Most college students displayed adequate health literacy (99...
November 20, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Michael J Huey, Margaret Higham, Ariel L Watriss
By providing HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP (a single daily oral pill), in a primary care college health setting, clinical providers can make a dramatic contribution to the current and long-term health and well-being of the students they see. This viewpoint article describes the approach taken to instituting primary care PrEP services at two college health programs. It delineates which students might benefit from PrEP and how to prescribe/monitor PrEP over time. Additionally, common barriers to PrEP are reviewed, including concerns about affordability, and the concerns that the use of PrEP will encourage risky sexual activity...
November 9, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Patricia A Koplas, Jessica Braswell, T Saray Smalls
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated potential factors associated with HPV vaccine uptake in a diverse population of traditional-age undergraduate students. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty-nine undergraduate students aged 18-24 attending a small southeastern university completed surveys in January to March of 2013. METHODS: Questionnaires included demographic information, basic HPV knowledge, HPV vaccine uptake, and factors influencing uptake decision...
November 5, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Taryn Acosta Lentz, Chris Brown
OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of subjective sleep quality (SSQ) and sleep duration on the relationships between mindfulness and health behaviors (i.e. nutrition and exercise) among undergraduate students. The unique influence of the five facets (i.e. factors) of mindfulness (i.e. observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonreactivity to inner experience and nonjudging of inner experience) on students' health behaviors was also explored. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifty seven undergraduate students enrolled in U...
November 5, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Eduardo J Fernández-Ozcorta, Roberto Ferriz, Félix Arbinaga, Julia García-Martínez
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine the motivational profiles - including variables from the theory of self-determination and emotional intelligence - of active undergraduates, and to examine their relationship with physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred and fifteen undergraduates participated in the study. METHODS: Trait Meta-Mood Scale, Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale, Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire and Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire were administered...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Hector O Chapa, James T Fish, Carley Hagar, Tiffany Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) among women attending college (18-29 years of age) presenting for routine gynecological care at a university-based student health center. PARTICIPANTS: Location: University affiliated women's health care clinic. METHODS: Study design: Descriptive, cross sectional study. Primary endpoint: Estimated prevalence of FSD in the 18-29-year- old population. A subanalysis between those with and without recent sexual activity was performed...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kacie L Poll, David H Holben, Melinda Valliant, Hyun-Woo David Joung
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of high school and collegiate household food security to current disordered food consumption behaviors in a sample of NCAA Division 1 male, collegiate athletes. PARTICIPANTS: Male athletes, 18 years and older from a Southeastern Conference university in August-September 2016. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey including food security disordered eating behavior, and food hoarding questions. RESULTS: Among participants (n = 111), high school food insecurity was significantly correlated with a preoccupation with food, but not binge eating in college...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Karen May Barry, Megan Woods, Angela Martin, Christine Stirling, Emma Warnecke
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of guided mindfulness practice on psychological distress and psychological capital (hope, optimism, resilience, and efficacy) in doctoral candidates. PARTICIPANTS: Recruitment of a convenience sample of doctoral candidates occurred in July 2015 and participants were randomly allocated to the control or intervention group (38 and 34 participants completed the trial, respectively). METHODS: A single-blinded, randomized controlled trial with intention-to-treat analysis was conducted...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Alison J Patev, Kristina B Hood, Katrina J Speed, Patricia M Cartwright, Brittany A Kinman
OBJECTIVE: High rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be found in states in both the Appalachian and Southeastern regions of the United States. As infection rates increase, it is imperative to understand factors that improve HIV prevention. The current work explored whether HIV conspiracy beliefs influences the link between HIV testing attitudes and perceived prevention ability. PARTICIPANTS: Four samples were collected during Fall 2013 (N = 373), Spring 2014 (N = 231), Fall 2014 (N = 345), and Spring 2015 (N = 369) at a rural, Southeastern, Appalachian university...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Cheryl A Vamos, Erika L Thompson, Rachel G Logan, Stacey B Griner, Karen M Perrin, Laura K Merrell, Ellen M Daley
OBJECTIVE: To assess college students' sexual and reproductive health (SRH) literacy experiences, specific to contraception use and STI prevention. PARTICIPANTS: In Spring 2015, participants (n = 43) from a large institution participated in six focus groups (two male and four females groups). METHODS: Focus groups were guided by the health literacy domains (access; understand; appraise; apply); data were analyzed in MaxQDA using the constant comparative method...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Caroline R Mahoney, Grace E Giles, Christianna S Williams, Tad T Brunye, Holly A Taylor, Robin B Kanarek, Bernadette P Marriott, Harris R Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: Caffeine and dietary supplement (DS) use by college students is not well-documented. Given reported associations between energy drink consumption and sensation seeking, we used the Sensation Seeking Scale Form V (SSS-V) to assess relationships between sensation-seeking, caffeine, and DS use. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 1,248 college students from five US institutions were collected from 2009 to 2011. METHODS: Linear regression was used to examine relationships between scores on the SSS-V and caffeine and DS use, demographic, and lifestyle characteristics...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jennifer M Wolff, Lisa J Crockett
OBJECTIVE: The neurobiological model of risk-taking and the dual-process model of decision making each provide possible explanations of risky behavior among youth, but their interconnections have rarely been explored, especially among college students, a time of increased alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: n = 382; Mage = 19.25, SD = 1.33. METHOD: Participants completed a survey about their deliberative and intuitive decision making style (based on the dual-process model), their socioemotional and cognitive control processes (based on the neurobiological model), and alcohol use...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Joelle Monaghan, Audrey Steenbeek, Erna Snelgrove-Clarke, Donald Langille
OBJECTIVE: To identify predicting factors for self-rated health and use of health services among undergraduate bisexual women in the Maritime Provinces, and improve knowledge on the health needs of this population. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 357 undergraduate bisexual women who participated in the Maritime Undergraduate Student Sexual Health Services Survey (N = 10, 232) between September and November 2012. METHODS: Guided by the Prince Edward Island Conceptual Model for Nursing, a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data was conducted using descriptive statistics and simple/multiple logistic regression models...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Jennifer Bayly, Catherine Trad, Launick Saint-Fort, Mary Andrews, Minal Patel, Denise Haynie, Bruce Simons-Morton, Kelvin Choi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of various types of tobacco-free policies among a US national sample of postsecondary educational institutions (PEIs). PARTICIPANTS: A national sample of US PEIs (N = 605) attended by the participants of the NEXT Generation Health Study. METHODS: Tobacco policies of these PEIs were reviewed to determine if they were e-cigarette-free (yes/no), hookah-free (yes/no), and ACHA-recommended tobacco-free (yes/no) in June-December 2017...
November 2, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Laura Braider, Candice La Lima, Nicholas Crimarco, Beth Hollander, Azure Reid-Russell, John Kane, Blaine Greenwald
OBJECTIVE: To characterize contemporary college students requiring psychiatric hospitalization. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Sociodemographic and diagnostic information was gathered retrospectively and analyzed from the electronic medical records (EMRs) of the consecutive inpatient hospitalizations of 905 college students admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit. RESULTS: Significantly more females compared to males experienced the following: more hospitalizations, more family and financial stressors, more depression, and less psychotic and bipolar disorder...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Mary Odum, Lei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine fruit and vegetable intake and self-efficacy among U.S. college students in a rural, Southern location. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate students (n = 1503) enrolled in a university-wide health class at one large public institution during the spring 2017 semester. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected online and analyzed using independent samples t test, one-way ANOVA, and regression. RESULTS: On average, participants did not meet fruit or vegetable intake recommendations...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Diana Cuy Castellanos, Jeanne Holcomb
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine food insecurity in a mid-sized private Catholic university, taking into consideration students' financial prioritization and nutrition literacy. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 560 university undergraduate and graduate students in the fall of 2017. METHODS: Measures assessed food insecurity, nutrition literacy, and financial prioritization. The USDA 6-question food insecurity screener and the New Vital Signs Food Label Instruments were utilized to measure food security and nutrition literacy...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Brianna Keogh, Poorna Kushalnagar, Alina Engelman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether peer support and demographic characteristics predicted food security among deaf college students. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 166 deaf college students at Gallaudet University. METHODS: Participants completed a bilingual online survey in American Sign Language (ASL) and English. This survey included USDA's 6-item food security survey, questions about peer support and socio-demographic characteristics...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Sarah Schaaf, Raina V Lamade, Ann W Burgess, Mary Koss, Elise Lopez, Robert Prentky
OBJECTIVE: To report on college student opinions about the scope of college sexual misconduct (CSM), suggested university sanctions, and treatment of students found responsible of CSM. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 23 US undergraduate students (14 females and 9 males) with a mean age of 20 years. METHODS: Students participated either in female, male, or mixed-sex focus groups that facilitated the discussion of factors related to CSM. RESULTS: Students provided in-depth feedback on the climate on US college campuses and factors related to CSM...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Tiffany L Marcantonio, Jill Swirsky, D J Angelone, Meredith Joppa, Kristen N Jozkowski
OBJECTIVE: Despite study abroad students frequently engaging in risky behaviors, there is a dearth of research exploring prevention efforts taken by study abroad programs. The goal of this project was to examine information presented on study abroad program websites regarding sexual assault, alcohol use, drug use, and risky sexual behavior. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 753 universities in the US were selected from the Carnegie Classification of Institutes database. METHOD: Coders evaluated the website of each institution's study abroad program for the presence of information about the four factors of interest...
October 26, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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