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Journal of Primary Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409260/the-impact-of-teen-court-on-rural-adolescents-improved-social-relationships-psychological-functioning-and-school-experiences
#1
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, James Barbee, Katie L Cotter, Meredith Bower
Teen Court is a prevention program aimed at diverting first time juvenile offenders from the traditional juvenile justice system and reintegrating them into the community. Few studies have examined if Teen Court impacts adolescent functioning. We examined how Teen Court participation impacted psychosocial functioning, social relationships, and school experiences in a sample of 392 rural Teen Court participants relative to two comparison samples, one from the same county as Teen Court (n = 4276) and one from a neighboring county (n = 3584)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405831/demographic-characteristics-components-of-sexuality-and-gender-and-minority-stress-and-their-associations-to-excessive-alcohol-cannabis-and-illicit-noncannabis-drug-use-among-a-large-sample-of-transgender-people-in-the-united-states
#2
Cesar A Gonzalez, Joseph D Gallego, Walter O Bockting
The current study examined demographics, sexual orientation, gender characteristics, and gender minority stress and their association to excessive alcohol, cannabis, and illicit (noncannabis) drug use among 1210 transgender adults living in the United States. The authors conducted a secondary analysis of data that included 680 transgender women (M age = 32.63, SD age = 12.29) and 530 transgender men (M age = 26.14, SD age = 7.42). A modified version of the Risk Behavioral Assessment quantified participants' alcohol, cannabis, and illicit drug use in the past 3 months...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378117/variations-in-influenza-and-pneumonia-immunizations-for-medicare-beneficiaries-served-by-rural-health-clinics
#3
Thomas T H Wan, Yi-Ling Lin, Judith Ortiz
The availability of a rural health clinic (RHC) database over the period of 6 years (2008-2013) offers a unique opportunity to examine the trends and patterns of disparities in immunization for influenza and pneumonia among Medicare beneficiaries in the southeastern states. The purpose of this exploratory study was twofold. First, it examined the rural trends and patterns of immunization rates before (2008-2009) and after (2010-2013) the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enactment by state and year. Second, it investigated how contextual, organizational, and aggregate patient characteristics may influence the variations in immunization for influenza and pneumonia of Medicare beneficiaries served by RHCs...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343288/associations-between-household-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-health-problems-among-non-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#4
Sunhee Park
This study examined the association between household secondhand smoke exposure (HSHSE) and health status among non-smoking adolescents in Korea using two subsamples obtained from nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data: males (n = 25,653) and females (n = 31,187). Two self-reported HSHSE measures included exposure to household secondhand smoke during the week before the survey (yes or no) and number of days of HSHSE (1-7 days); and five self-reported health problems included asthma, perceived stress, depression, suicidal ideation, and self-rated health...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243960/a-mixed-methods-approach-examining-illicit-prescription-stimulant-use-findings-from-a-northern-california-university
#5
Niloofar Bavarian, Jaimie McMullen, Brian R Flay, Cathy Kodama, Melissa Martin, Robert F Saltz
Preventing the illicit use of prescription stimulants, a particularly high-risk form of substance use, requires approaches that utilize theory-guided research. We examined this behavior within the context of a random sample of 554 undergraduate students attending a university in northern California. Approximately 17% of students self-reported engaging in this behavior during college; frequency of misuse per academic term ranged from less than once to 40 or more times. Although most misusers reported oral ingestion, a small proportion reported snorting and smoking the drug...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224349/mapping-the-health-information-landscape-in-a-rural-culturally-diverse-region-implications-for-interventions-to-reduce-information-inequality
#6
A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Ariana Ruiz
The media is an important source of health information, especially critical in rural communities with geographically-dispersed populations that are harder to reach through other channels. Yet health information is unequally distributed; these information disparities are compounded in rural areas, which may contribute to health disparities. We identify and describe health-related news in a culturally-diverse rural California county characterized by high levels of poverty, unemployment, low educational attainment, and over half of Mexican-origin...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155136/research-with-tribal-communities-and-peoples-progress-challenges-and-looking-to-the-future
#7
EDITORIAL
Martha W Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130660/acknowledgment-of-reviewers-of-volume-37
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995538/promoting-optimal-native-outcomes-pono-by-understanding-women-s-stress-experiences
#9
May Okihiro, Lisa Duke, Deborah Goebert, Lauren Ampolos, Casandra Camacho, Natasha Shanahan, Earl Hishinuma, J Keawe Kaholokula
A growing body of evidence links stress with mental illness and chronic disease. Existing scales of women's stress fail to capture the daily stressors of low-income, rural women. We explored the psychosocial stressors of local women residing in a rural Hawaii community with a large Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population. We recruited women, aged 18-35 years, at a community health center. We convened four focus groups to elicit information about women's stress. We identified key themes from the focus group data to generate questions that target concerns raised by participants...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943031/substance-use-prevention-for-urban-american-indian-youth-a-efficacy-trial-of-the-culturally-adapted-living-in-2-worlds-program
#10
Stephen S Kulis, Stephanie L Ayers, Mary L Harthun
This article describes a small efficacy trial of the Living in 2 Worlds (L2W) substance use prevention curriculum, a culturally adapted version of keepin' it REAL (kiR) redesigned for urban American Indian (AI) middle school students. Focused on strengthening resiliency and AI cultural engagement, L2W teaches drug resistance skills, decision making, and culturally grounded prevention messages. Using cluster random assignment, the research team randomized three urban middle schools with enrichment classes for AI students...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#11
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838858/american-indian-and-alaska-native-cancer-patients-perceptions-of-a-culturally-specific-patient-navigator-program
#12
Carol Grimes, Jenine Dankovchik, Megan Cahn, Victoria Warren-Mears
Lack of access to care, funding limitations, cultural, and social barriers are challenges specific to tribal communities that have led to adverse cancer outcomes among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). While the cancer navigator model has been shown to be effective in other underserved communities, it has not been widely implemented in Indian Country. We conducted in-depth interviews with 40 AI/AN patients at tribal clinics in Idaho and Oregon. We developed the survey instrument in partnership with community members to ensure a culturally appropriate semi-structured questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826690/identifying-protective-factors-to-promote-health-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adolescents-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Michele Henson, Samantha Sabo, Aurora Trujillo, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Exposure to protective factors, conditions that protect against the occurrence of an undesirable outcome or promote the occurrence of a desirable outcome within an adolescent's environment, can foster healthy adolescent behaviors and reduce adult morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about the nature and effect of protective factors on the positive social and health outcomes among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescents. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the protective factors associated with positive health outcomes among AIAN adolescents...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032306/the-efficacy-of-an-american-indian-culturally-based-risk-prevention-program-for-upper-elementary-school-youth-residing-on-the-northern-plains-reservations
#14
John J Usera
Culturally-based risk behavior prevention programs for American Indian elementary school children are sparse. Thus a group of American Indian educators collaborated in the creation of a program that helps children make healthy decisions based on their cultural and traditional value system. In this paper the effectiveness of Lakota Circles of Hope (LCH), an elementary school culturally-based prevention program was studied and evaluated. Three cohorts of fourth and fifth graders participated in a mixed methods quasi-experimental evaluative research design that included focus groups and surveys prior to and following the intervention...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798719/dual-contraceptive-method-use-among-youth-in-alternative-schools
#15
Karin K Coyle, Amy J Peterson, Heather M Franks, Pamela M Anderson, Jill R Glassman
Dual contraceptive method use, or using a highly effective contraceptive method plus a barrier method like condoms, is gaining attention as a strategy for preventing unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. We investigated rates of dual method use among a sample of youth in urban alternative schools, and explored the relationship between dual method use and sexual partner type. The study analyzed data from 765 students enrolled in 11 district-run continuation high schools in northern California...
December 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699565/predictors-of-elopement-exhibited-by-school-aged-children-with-special-health-care-needs-towards-the-development-of-a-screening-instrument-for-elopement
#16
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Rosario Moreno
Elopement exhibited by school-aged children with special health care needs is a relatively low frequency problem behavior with the potential for severe negative consequences for the child and family. Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, our results represent one of the first empirical studies of variables that may be associated with children with special health care needs engaging in elopement. Using data from a nationally representative sample of children with special health care needs, our results revealed two variables that were statistically significant predictors of parent-reported elopement in the past year: (1) the child's chronological age, and (2) the presence of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis...
December 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#17
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848172/two-years-of-relationship-focused-mentoring-for-first-nations-m%C3%A3-tis-and-inuit-adolescents-promoting-positive-mental-health
#18
Claire V Crooks, Deinera Exner-Cortens, Sarah Burm, Alicia Lapointe, Debbie Chiodo
First Nations, Métis, and Inuit (FNMI) youth are disproportionately affected by a range of negative health outcomes including poor emotional and psychosocial well-being. At the same time, there is increasing awareness of culturally-specific protective factors for these youth, such as cultural connectedness and identity. This article reports the findings of a mixed-methods, exploratory longitudinal study on the effects of a culturally-relevant school-based mentoring program for FNMI youth that focuses on promoting mental well-being and the development of cultural identity...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807659/cultural-connectedness-and-its-relation-to-mental-wellness-for-first-nations-youth
#19
Angela Snowshoe, Claire V Crooks, Paul F Tremblay, Riley E Hinson
We explored the interrelationships among components of cultural connectedness (i.e., identity, traditions, and spirituality) and First Nations youth mental health using a brief version of the original Cultural Connectedness Scale. Participants included 290 First Nations youth (M age = 14.4) who were recruited from both urban and rural school settings in Saskatchewan and Southwestern Ontario. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis of the Cultural Connectedness Scale-Short Version (CCS-S) items to investigate the factor stability of the construct in our sample...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785657/comparison-of-the-effects-of-stable-and-dynamic-furniture-on-physical-activity-and-learning-in-children
#20
Jeanette M Garcia, Terry T Huang, Matthew Trowbridge, Arthur Weltman, John R Sirard
We compared the effects of traditional (stable) and non-traditional (dynamic) school furniture on children's physical activity (PA), energy expenditure (EE), information retention, and math skills. Participants were 12 students (8.3 years, 58 % boys) in grades 1-5. Participants wore an Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer (to assess PA), and an Oxycon Mobile indirect calorimetry device (to assess EE) for 40 min (20 min for each session). Each session consisted of a nutrition lecture, multiple choice questions related to the lecture, and grade-appropriate math problems...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
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