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Journal of Primary Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936644/and-she-s-buying-a-stairway-to-health-signs-and-participant-factors-influencing-stair-ascent-at-a-public-airport
#1
John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Yael BenPorat, Natasha Bliss, Suzanne C Hughes, Brent Bishop, Kristi Robusto, Melbourne F Hovell
Several studies have demonstrated that point-of-choice prompts modestly increase stair use (i.e., incidental physical activity) in many public places, but evidence of effectiveness in airport settings is weak. Furthermore, evaluating the effects of past physical activity on stair use and on point-of-choice prompts to increase stair use is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sign prompts and participant factors including past physical activity on stair ascent in an airport setting...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929367/lacking-a-primary-care-physician-is-associated-with-increased-suffering-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Cynthia G Olsen, John M Boltri, Jenna Amerine, Mark E Clasen
We evaluated the relationship between lack of a primary care physician (PCP) and patients with severe mental illness (SMI), who have poorer health and experience more suffering. Using a blinded retrospective record review of 137 patients with SMI, divided between inpatients (n = 70) and outpatients (n = 67), we compared the two groups to determine if lack of a PCP is associated with increased suffering and worse overall health. We included history of preventive services, having a PCP, and comorbid conditions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900848/feasibility-of-assessing-falls-risk-and-promoting-falls-prevention-in-beauty-salons
#3
Gabriela Arandia, Jennifer L Hargrove, Tiffany E Shubert, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Laura A Linnan
Falls are a major public health risk and a leading cause of emergency room visits for people of all ages. Finding ways to increase access to information and evidence-based falls prevention strategies is critically important across the lifespan. We tested the feasibility of conducting a falls risk assessment and awareness program among customers who attend beauty salons. We enrolled 78 customers from 2 beauty salons who completed a written questionnaire as well as several biometric and functional balance tests designed to assess falls risk...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887753/can-an-infusion-of-federal-funds-result-in-sustainable-projects-an-evaluation-of-suicide-prevention-programs
#4
Robert Apsler, Scott W Formica, Ellyson Stout, Colleen Carr
Our study evaluated the sustainability of programs in early cohorts of the Garrett Lee Smith (GLS) Memorial Act suicide prevention initiative, a major source of federal funding for youth suicide prevention among states, tribes, and institutions of higher education. We sought to: (1) determine whether suicide prevention activities initiated with federal support continued after funding ended, and (2) identify factors associated with sustainment. Thirty-three sites between 1 and 4 years beyond the end of their GLS grant participated in a retrospective online survey assessing their level of suicide prevention activity 1 year before, during (during-GLS), and 1 year after funding (after-GLS)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871361/are-negative-peer-influences-domain-specific-examining-the-influence-of-peers-and-parents-on-externalizing-and-drug-use-behaviors
#5
Ronald B Cox, Michael M Criss, Amanda W Harrist, Martha Zapata-Roblyer
Most studies tend to characterize peer influences as either positive or negative. In a sample of 1815 youth from 14 different schools in Caracas, Venezuela, we explored how two types of peer affiliations (i.e., deviant and drug-using peers) differentially mediated the paths from positive parenting to youth's externalizing behavior and licit and illicit drug use. We used Zero Inflated Poisson models to test the probability of use and the extent of use during the past 12 months. Results suggested that peer influences are domain specific among Venezuelan youth...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866843/a-culturally-sensitive-approach-to-large-scale-prevention-studies-a-case-study-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-low-income-latino-communities
#6
REVIEW
David E Rangel, Carmen R Valdez
In response to U.S. federal mandates to increase the presence of underrepresented populations in prevention research, investigators have increasingly focused on using culturally sensitive research practices. However, scholars have rarely discussed these practices in terms of a larger culturally sensitive framework. Further, while the literature has explored how culturally sensitive approaches can be employed in a variety of methods, there has been little examination of how to incorporate such approaches into experimental designs...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785858/relationships-among-chewing-tobacco-cigarette-smoking-and-chronic-health-conditions-in-males-18-44-years-of-age
#7
Shanda L Hernandez, Haley E Banks, Adrianne E Bailey, Melissa J Bachman, John Kane, Jessica L Hartos
As more public places are designated "non-smoking," chewing tobacco could be an alternative choice for tobacco use; however, controversy exists over the long-term health effects associated with it. This study assessed the relationship between chewing tobacco, cigarette smoking, and chronic health conditions in a representative sample of males 18-44 years of age, while controlling for other variables known to be related to tobacco use. This cross sectional analysis used 2013 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748316/sleep-and-mental-health-in-the-general-population-of-elderly-women
#8
Kathryn M Thomas, Lauren A Redd, Joshua D Wright, Jessica L Hartos
Sleep and mental health complaints are prevalent in the elderly and share common risk factors. We assessed the relationship between sleep and mental health in three representative samples of elderly women while controlling for multiple risk factors common to both. We performed this cross sectional secondary data analysis in 2015 using 2013 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for females ages 65 years and older from California (N = 1912), Florida (N = 9120), and Pennsylvania (N = 2429)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405831/demographic-characteristics-components-of-sexuality-and-gender-and-minority-stress-and-their-associations-to-excessive-alcohol-cannabis-and-illicit-noncannabis-drug-use-among-a-large-sample-of-transgender-people-in-the-united-states
#9
Cesar A Gonzalez, Joseph D Gallego, Walter O Bockting
The current study examined demographics, sexual orientation, gender characteristics, and gender minority stress and their association to excessive alcohol, cannabis, and illicit (noncannabis) drug use among 1210 transgender adults living in the United States. The authors conducted a secondary analysis of data that included 680 transgender women (M age = 32.63, SD age = 12.29) and 530 transgender men (M age = 26.14, SD age = 7.42). A modified version of the Risk Behavioral Assessment quantified participants' alcohol, cannabis, and illicit drug use in the past 3 months...
August 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378117/variations-in-influenza-and-pneumonia-immunizations-for-medicare-beneficiaries-served-by-rural-health-clinics
#10
Thomas T H Wan, Yi-Ling Lin, Judith Ortiz
The availability of a rural health clinic (RHC) database over the period of 6 years (2008-2013) offers a unique opportunity to examine the trends and patterns of disparities in immunization for influenza and pneumonia among Medicare beneficiaries in the southeastern states. The purpose of this exploratory study was twofold. First, it examined the rural trends and patterns of immunization rates before (2008-2009) and after (2010-2013) the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enactment by state and year. Second, it investigated how contextual, organizational, and aggregate patient characteristics may influence the variations in immunization for influenza and pneumonia of Medicare beneficiaries served by RHCs...
August 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243960/a-mixed-methods-approach-examining-illicit-prescription-stimulant-use-findings-from-a-northern-california-university
#11
Niloofar Bavarian, Jaimie McMullen, Brian R Flay, Cathy Kodama, Melissa Martin, Robert F Saltz
Preventing the illicit use of prescription stimulants, a particularly high-risk form of substance use, requires approaches that utilize theory-guided research. We examined this behavior within the context of a random sample of 554 undergraduate students attending a university in northern California. Approximately 17% of students self-reported engaging in this behavior during college; frequency of misuse per academic term ranged from less than once to 40 or more times. Although most misusers reported oral ingestion, a small proportion reported snorting and smoking the drug...
August 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224349/mapping-the-health-information-landscape-in-a-rural-culturally-diverse-region-implications-for-interventions-to-reduce-information-inequality
#12
A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Ariana Ruiz
The media is an important source of health information, especially critical in rural communities with geographically-dispersed populations that are harder to reach through other channels. Yet health information is unequally distributed; these information disparities are compounded in rural areas, which may contribute to health disparities. We identify and describe health-related news in a culturally-diverse rural California county characterized by high levels of poverty, unemployment, low educational attainment, and over half of Mexican-origin...
August 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733799/a-toddler-parenting-intervention-in-primary-care-for-caregivers-with-depression-symptoms
#13
Rhonda C Boyd, Marsha Gerdes, Brooke Rothman, Susan L Dougherty, Russell Localio, James P Guevara
Caregiver depression impacts parenting behaviors and has deleterious effects on child behavior. Evidence-based interventions to address parenting have not been adapted for use with depressed caregivers in pediatric primary care settings. Our study examined the feasibility and explored outcomes of an evidence-based parenting program implemented in primary care and adapted for caregivers with depressive symptoms caring for toddlers. We conducted a randomized controlled trial with a wait-list control. Participants were caregivers who screened positive for depressive symptoms in pediatric settings with a toddler...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733798/silence-surrounding-hepatitis-c-status-in-risk-relationships-among-rural-people-who-use-drugs
#14
Megan G Hofmeister, Jennifer R Havens, April M Young
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has reached epidemic proportions in rural Central Appalachia in recent years. We sought to identify demographic, behavioral, and interpersonal characteristics associated with HCV serostatus disclosure among high risk people who use drugs (PWUD) in Appalachian Kentucky. HCV antibody-positive participants (n = 243), drawn from the fifth follow-up assessment of a longitudinal study of rural PWUD, completed interviewer-administered questionnaires eliciting demographic and interpersonal characteristics, risk behaviors, and information about HCV disclosure...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616801/life-course-perspectives-on-the-onset-and-continuity-of-preventive-healthcare-behaviors
#15
REVIEW
Preecha Yingwattanakul, George P Moschis
Preventive healthcare is considered a cornerstone of good health and well-being that can play a major role in reducing a country's healthcare costs and improving both the length and quality of people's lives. Previous research on preventive healthcare behaviors has been predominantly cross-sectional, ignoring the dynamic nature of people's health behaviors over a full life span. As a result, the reasons for the development, stability, and changes of individuals' preventive healthcare behaviors over time remain relatively unknown...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573421/marijuana-liberalization-research-and-policy-contributions-to-current-knowledge-and-practice
#16
Eric L Sevigny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527026/erratum-to-evaluating-the-change-in-medical-marijuana-dispensary-locations-in-los-angeles-following-the-passage-of-local-legislation
#17
Crystal Thomas, Bridget Freisthler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484894/medical-marijuana-legalization-and-marijuana-use-among-youth-in-oregon
#18
Mallie J Paschall, Joel W Grube, Anthony Biglan
While the legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational use has raised concerns about potential influences on marijuana use and beliefs among youth, few empirical studies have addressed this issue. We examined the association between medical marijuana patients and licensed growers per 1000 population in 32 Oregon counties from 2006 to 2015, and marijuana use among youth over the same period. We obtained data on registered medical marijuana patients and licensed growers from the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program and we obtained data on youth marijuana use, perceived parental disapproval, and demographic characteristics from the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470448/use-of-marijuana-edibles-by-adolescents-in-california
#19
Bettina Friese, Michael D Slater, Robynn S Battle
We explored how adolescent marijuana edible users differ in regards to marijuana use and related beliefs from marijuana users who do not use edibles. We analyzed California Healthy Kids Survey data collected in one Northern California school district with a racially and ethnically diverse student population. Survey respondents were youth in grades 9-12. Overall, 33% of respondents reported having used marijuana in their lifetime, and 50% of lifetime marijuana users reported using marijuana in the past 30 days...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456861/early-impacts-of-marijuana-legalization-an-evaluation-of-prices-in-colorado-and-washington
#20
Priscillia Hunt, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Following the legalization and regulation of marijuana for recreational purposes in states with medical markets, policymakers and researchers seek empirical evidence on how, and how fast, supply and demand changed over time. Prices are an indication of how suppliers and consumers respond to policy changes, so this study uses a difference-in-difference approach to exploit the timing of policy implementation and identify the impacts on marijuana prices 4-5 months after markets opened. This study uses unique longitudinal survey data of prices paid by consumers and a web-scraped dataset of dispensary prices advertised online for three U...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
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