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Journal of Primary Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#1
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#2
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848172/two-years-of-relationship-focused-mentoring-for-first-nations-m%C3%A3-tis-and-inuit-adolescents-promoting-positive-mental-health
#3
Claire V Crooks, Deinera Exner-Cortens, Sarah Burm, Alicia Lapointe, Debbie Chiodo
First Nations, Métis, and Inuit (FNMI) youth are disproportionately affected by a range of negative health outcomes including poor emotional and psychosocial well-being. At the same time, there is increasing awareness of culturally-specific protective factors for these youth, such as cultural connectedness and identity. This article reports the findings of a mixed-methods, exploratory longitudinal study on the effects of a culturally-relevant school-based mentoring program for FNMI youth that focuses on promoting mental well-being and the development of cultural identity...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838858/american-indian-and-alaska-native-cancer-patients-perceptions-of-a-culturally-specific-patient-navigator-program
#4
Carol Grimes, Jenine Dankovchik, Megan Cahn, Victoria Warren-Mears
Lack of access to care, funding limitations, cultural, and social barriers are challenges specific to tribal communities that have led to adverse cancer outcomes among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). While the cancer navigator model has been shown to be effective in other underserved communities, it has not been widely implemented in Indian Country. We conducted in-depth interviews with 40 AI/AN patients at tribal clinics in Idaho and Oregon. We developed the survey instrument in partnership with community members to ensure a culturally appropriate semi-structured questionnaire...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826690/identifying-protective-factors-to-promote-health-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adolescents-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Michele Henson, Samantha Sabo, Aurora Trujillo, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Exposure to protective factors, conditions that protect against the occurrence of an undesirable outcome or promote the occurrence of a desirable outcome within an adolescent's environment, can foster healthy adolescent behaviors and reduce adult morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about the nature and effect of protective factors on the positive social and health outcomes among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescents. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the protective factors associated with positive health outcomes among AIAN adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807659/cultural-connectedness-and-its-relation-to-mental-wellness-for-first-nations-youth
#6
Angela Snowshoe, Claire V Crooks, Paul F Tremblay, Riley E Hinson
We explored the interrelationships among components of cultural connectedness (i.e., identity, traditions, and spirituality) and First Nations youth mental health using a brief version of the original Cultural Connectedness Scale. Participants included 290 First Nations youth (M age = 14.4) who were recruited from both urban and rural school settings in Saskatchewan and Southwestern Ontario. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis of the Cultural Connectedness Scale-Short Version (CCS-S) items to investigate the factor stability of the construct in our sample...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785657/comparison-of-the-effects-of-stable-and-dynamic-furniture-on-physical-activity-and-learning-in-children
#7
Jeanette M Garcia, Terry T Huang, Matthew Trowbridge, Arthur Weltman, John R Sirard
We compared the effects of traditional (stable) and non-traditional (dynamic) school furniture on children's physical activity (PA), energy expenditure (EE), information retention, and math skills. Participants were 12 students (8.3 years, 58 % boys) in grades 1-5. Participants wore an Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer (to assess PA), and an Oxycon Mobile indirect calorimetry device (to assess EE) for 40 min (20 min for each session). Each session consisted of a nutrition lecture, multiple choice questions related to the lecture, and grade-appropriate math problems...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785656/short-term-intervention-effects-of-the-paths-curriculum-in-young-low-income-children-capitalizing-on-plasticity
#8
Diana H Fishbein, Celene Domitrovich, Jason Williams, Stephanie Gitukui, Charles Guthrie, Daniel Shapiro, Mark Greenberg
Deficits in behavioral and cognitive regulation are prevalent in children reared in poverty relative to more affluent children due to the effects of adverse conditions on the developmental underpinnings of these skills. Despite evidence to suggest that these emergent processes are susceptible to environmental inputs, research documenting short-term intervention program influences on these regulatory domains in young impoverished children is limited. We sought to determine the proximal effects of a universal school-based intervention (the PATHS Curriculum) on social, emotional, relational, and cognitive outcomes in urban poor kindergarten children...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699565/predictors-of-elopement-exhibited-by-school-aged-children-with-special-health-care-needs-towards-the-development-of-a-screening-instrument-for-elopement
#9
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Rosario Moreno
Elopement exhibited by school-aged children with special health care needs is a relatively low frequency problem behavior with the potential for severe negative consequences for the child and family. Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services, our results represent one of the first empirical studies of variables that may be associated with children with special health care needs engaging in elopement. Using data from a nationally representative sample of children with special health care needs, our results revealed two variables that were statistically significant predictors of parent-reported elopement in the past year: (1) the child's chronological age, and (2) the presence of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670434/erratum-to-revealing-both-sides-of-the-story-a-comparative-analysis-of-mentors-and-prot%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-s-relational-perspectives
#10
Shannon M Varga, Nancy L Deutsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628931/parent-teacher-and-school-stakeholder-perspectives-on-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-programming-for-latino-youth
#11
Michelle Johnson-Motoyama, Mindi Moses, Tiffany Koloroutis Kann, E Susana Mariscal, Michelle Levy, Carolina Navarro, Paula J Fite
Teen pregnancy remains a public health concern particularly among Latinos, whose pregnancy rate of 83.5 per 1000 girls constitutes one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy among all ethnic and racial groups in the United States. To enhance the effectiveness of interventions for diverse Latino populations in the US, it is crucial to assess the community's understanding of the etiology of the problem of adolescent pregnancy and to implement programs that reflect the local community's beliefs and preferences...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624608/web-based-prevention-of-parenting-difficulties-in-young-urban-mothers-enrolled-in-post-secondary-education
#12
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather M Knous-Westfall, Thailyn Lopez Alonso
Research consistently indicates that young mothers are at elevated risk for adverse social and economic risks. Recent attention has been paid to the value of maternal educational attainment for their children's economic and social outcomes. Pursuit of post-secondary education requires mothers to balance multiple roles, potentially stressing the parent-child relationship. Yet, almost no studies have addressed parenting and associated stress in young mothers enrolled in post-secondary education, and no preventive intervention trials have been conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798719/dual-contraceptive-method-use-among-youth-in-alternative-schools
#13
Karin K Coyle, Amy J Peterson, Heather M Franks, Pamela M Anderson, Jill R Glassman
Dual contraceptive method use, or using a highly effective contraceptive method plus a barrier method like condoms, is gaining attention as a strategy for preventing unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. We investigated rates of dual method use among a sample of youth in urban alternative schools, and explored the relationship between dual method use and sexual partner type. The study analyzed data from 765 students enrolled in 11 district-run continuation high schools in northern California...
December 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638710/revealing-both-sides-of-the-story-a-comparative-analysis-of-mentors-and-prot%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-s-relational-perspectives
#14
Shannon M Varga, Nancy L Deutsch
Mentoring continues to be a popular intervention for promoting positive youth development. However, the underlying mechanisms associated with sustainable and successful relationships remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to expand on previous literature by examining characteristics that have previously been linked to mentoring outcomes (e.g., authenticity, empathy), from a process-focused lens. We utilized post program satisfaction scores and interviews to examine the presence of each characteristic in a large sample of dyads (n = 144) as well as dyads' levels of agreement or disagreement about aspects of the relationships...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631814/the-effectiveness-of-a-portuguese-elementary-school-social-and-emotional-learning-program
#15
Vitor Alexandre Coelho, Vanda Sousa, Ana Paula Figueira
We examined the effects of a social and emotional learning program, Program Positive Attitude, on the social and emotional competencies and self-esteem of Portuguese elementary school students, from the twin perspectives of students and their teachers. Participants were 1237 fourth grade students from 37 schools in a Portuguese municipality, with a mean age of 9.2 years, of which 970 students (in 86 classes) participated in the program and 267 students (in 21 classes) served as a comparison group. Students and their teachers completed questionnaires prior to and following the intervention...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624607/-it-really-takes-a-village-a-socio-ecological-model-of-resilience-for-prevention-among-economically-disadvantaged-ethnic-minority-youth
#16
REVIEW
Dawn X Henderson, Jessica DeCuir-Gunby, Vandna Gill
Promoting resilience prevents maladaptation among economically disadvantaged ethnic minority (EDEM) youth. EDEM youth need access to a variety of assets and promotive factors (i.e., resources) in the family, school, and community system to counter risks and promote positive adaptation. However, the field lacks a socio-ecological model of resilience for prevention targeted towards EDEM youth. We aim to review assets and promotive factors in the family, school, and community systems to present a socio-ecological model of resilience for the prevention of negative educational and health outcomes among EDEM youth...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614653/marital-age-disparity-among-orphaned-young-women-and-their-husbands-a-mixed-methods-study-in-rural-zimbabwe
#17
Lei Zhang, Bonita J Iritani, Winnie Luseno, Shane Hartman, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Denise Dion Hallfors
Our study reports the results from a mixed method study comparing age-similar (AS) marriages of orphaned young women to age disparate (AD) marriages, defined as spousal age difference of 5 or more years. Research in Zimbabwe and sub-Saharan Africa suggests that AD sexual relationships between older men and young women increase the risk for HIV but few studies have examined this association among married couples or explored why young women marry much older men. In this study, a total of 35 orphaned young women aged 17-26 years in rural Zimbabwe participated in semi-structured interviews during 2012-2013...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578424/acculturation-skin-tone-preferences-and-tanning-behaviours-among-young-adult-asian-australians
#18
Ashley K Day, Carlene J Wilson, Amanda D Hutchinson, Rachel M Roberts
Australia has a significant proportion of residents of Asian heritage. Although the incidence of skin cancer is lower in those of Asian heritage than Caucasians, their prognosis is often worse. Sociocultural variables are central to the tanning behaviours of individuals from Western cultures. We examined the role of sociocultural variables in the tanning behaviours (outdoor tanning, indoor/solarium and fake tan use) among Asian Australians. A sample of 399 young adults identifying either as a person of Asian heritage or as Asian Australian participated in an online survey...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388626/text-message-delivered-peer-network-counseling-for-adolescent-smokers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Michael Mason, Jeremy Mennis, Thomas Way, Nikola Zaharakis, Leah Floyd Campbell, Eric G Benotsch, Lori Keyser-Marcus, Laura King
Although adolescent tobacco use has declined in the last 10 years, African American high school seniors' past 30-day use has increased by 12 %, and as they age they are more likely to report lifetime use of tobacco. Very few urban youth are enrolled in evidenced-based smoking prevention and cessation programming. Therefore, we tested a text messaging smoking cessation intervention designed to engage urban youth through an automated texting program utilizing motivational interviewing-based peer network counseling...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580892/mentoring-relationships-and-the-mental-health-of-aboriginal-youth-in-canada
#20
David J DeWit, Samantha Wells, Tara Elton-Marshall, Julie George
We compared the mentoring experiences and mental health and behavioral outcomes associated with program-supported mentoring for 125 Aboriginal (AB) and 734 non-Aboriginal (non-AB) youth ages 6-17 participating in a national survey of Big Brothers Big Sisters community mentoring relationships. Parents or guardians reported on youth mental health and other outcomes at baseline (before youth were paired to a mentor) and at 18 months follow-up. We found that AB youth were significantly less likely than non-AB youth to be in a long-term continuous mentoring relationship...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
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