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Journal of Primary Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453502/parenting-wisely-six-months-later-how-implementation-delivery-impacts-program-effects-at-follow-up
#1
Katie Cotter Stalker, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R Smokowski
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423893/identifying-the-influence-of-opponent-ranking-and-game-characteristics-on-alcohol-related-stadium-ejections
#2
Brian E Menaker, Adam E Barry, Steven M Howell
Sporting events in the U.S., particularly college football games, provide an opportunity for high-risk alcohol consumption that can result in alcohol-related consequences and associated public safety issues. Policy implication and predicting alcohol-related misconduct at college football games has become a concern for university administrators. To address this issue, we explored the extent to which the profile of a game or opponent-whether that be operationalized by classification (e.g., in-state opponent, conference opponent) or opponent quality (e...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417341/acknowledgment-of-reviewers-of-volume-38
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397485/factors-influencing-trust-in-agencies-that-disseminate-tobacco-prevention-information
#4
Leah M Ranney, Kristen L Jarman, Hannah M Baker, Maihan Vu, Seth M Noar, Adam O Goldstein
Several health-related agencies administer national and targeted public education campaigns to provide health information and change health-related behaviors. The trust the public has in these agencies as the source of the message impacts the effectiveness of their communication campaigns. In this study, we explore the perceived trust of agencies that communicate health messages in the tobacco control field. As part of a larger tobacco regulatory science study, we conducted six 90-min focus groups comprising 41 participants...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#5
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322357/community-peer-led-falls-prevention-presentations-what-do-the-experts-suggest
#6
Linda A M Khong, Richard G Berlach, Keith D Hill, Anne-Marie Hill
Falls among older adults are a major problem. Despite considerable progress in falls prevention research, older adults often show low motivation to engage in recommended preventive strategies. Peer-led falls prevention education for older adults may have potential for bridging the research evidence-practice gap, thereby promoting the uptake of falls prevention strategies. We evaluated peer educators' presentations of falls prevention education to community-dwelling older adults in regard to established criteria that were consistent with adult learning principles, the framework of health behaviour change, falls prevention guidelines, and recommendations for providing falls prevention information...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318437/replication-of-a-controlled-community-prevention-trial-results-from-a-local-implementation-of-science-based-intervention-to-reduce-impaired-driving
#7
Michael D George, Harold D Holder, Paul N McKenzie, Heather R Mueller, Donna C Herchek, Barry S Faile
We tested the generalizability of a science-based community prevention design to reduce DUI crashes. Previous researcher-led studies have confirmed the effects of an intervention design of visible enforcement coupled with heightened public awareness of enforcement to increase driver perception of likely detection for drinking and driving. A community coalition based the project on a prevention intervention model that included two key intermediate variables: levels of visible enforcement and of public awareness of enforcement...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305752/the-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-cognitive-function-solomon-experimental-design
#8
Annese Jaffery, Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
No study has yet evaluated the effects of an acute 5-min bout of exercise (walking) on cognitive function, which was the purpose of our study. We employed a Solomon-4 experimental design, in which 22 young adult participants were included in each group. Participants in two groups (1 and 3) walked on a treadmill for 5 min at a self-selected intensity. We assessed cognitive function by means of the Trail Making B test. We observed no difference in cognitive function between the two assessments for the control group (group 2: 42...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238883/increasing-parents-awareness-of-social-host-laws-a-pilot-study-of-coalition-efforts
#9
Mallie J Paschall, Bettina Friese, Kristen Law, Anna Lebedeff
States and municipalities across the U.S. are adopting social host ordinances (SHOs) to reduce alcohol use by underage youth in private settings. SHOs are most likely to be effective if parents and other adults are aware of them and they are enforced. We examined the association between a multi-media SHO awareness campaign in northern California municipalities and parents' awareness of SHOs and SHO enforcement. We collected survey data from 1798 parents in a northern California county in fall 2014; all municipalities within the county had SHOs...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071488/effect-of-perceived-discrimination-on-depressive-symptoms-in-1st-and-2nd-generation-afghan-americans
#10
Qais Alemi, Hafifa Siddiq, Kelly Baek, Hoda Sana, Carl Stempel, Nahid Aziz, Susanne Montgomery
While it is well established that Afghan refugees are disproportionately affected by mental health problems, limited evidence exists concerning the psychosocial needs of their children who are transitioning to adulthood in the United States; that is, of 1st- and 2nd-generation Afghan-Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived discrimination on depressive symptoms in this population, and to determine whether discrimination is buffered by ethnic identity and social support. A convenience sample of 133 1st- and 2nd-generation Afghan-Americans participated in this study by completing a brief survey...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936644/and-she-s-buying-a-stairway-to-health-signs-and-participant-factors-influencing-stair-ascent-at-a-public-airport
#11
John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Yael BenPorat, Natasha Bliss, Suzanne C Hughes, Brent Bishop, Kristi Robusto, Melbourne F Hovell
Several studies have demonstrated that point-of-choice prompts modestly increase stair use (i.e., incidental physical activity) in many public places, but evidence of effectiveness in airport settings is weak. Furthermore, evaluating the effects of past physical activity on stair use and on point-of-choice prompts to increase stair use is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sign prompts and participant factors including past physical activity on stair ascent in an airport setting...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929367/lacking-a-primary-care-physician-is-associated-with-increased-suffering-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
Cynthia G Olsen, John M Boltri, Jenna Amerine, Mark E Clasen
We evaluated the relationship between lack of a primary care physician (PCP) and patients with severe mental illness (SMI), who have poorer health and experience more suffering. Using a blinded retrospective record review of 137 patients with SMI, divided between inpatients (n = 70) and outpatients (n = 67), we compared the two groups to determine if lack of a PCP is associated with increased suffering and worse overall health. We included history of preventive services, having a PCP, and comorbid conditions...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900848/feasibility-of-assessing-falls-risk-and-promoting-falls-prevention-in-beauty-salons
#13
Gabriela Arandia, Jennifer L Hargrove, Tiffany E Shubert, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Laura A Linnan
Falls are a major public health risk and a leading cause of emergency room visits for people of all ages. Finding ways to increase access to information and evidence-based falls prevention strategies is critically important across the lifespan. We tested the feasibility of conducting a falls risk assessment and awareness program among customers who attend beauty salons. We enrolled 78 customers from 2 beauty salons who completed a written questionnaire as well as several biometric and functional balance tests designed to assess falls risk...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887753/can-an-infusion-of-federal-funds-result-in-sustainable-projects-an-evaluation-of-suicide-prevention-programs
#14
Robert Apsler, Scott W Formica, Ellyson Stout, Colleen Carr
Our study evaluated the sustainability of programs in early cohorts of the Garrett Lee Smith (GLS) Memorial Act suicide prevention initiative, a major source of federal funding for youth suicide prevention among states, tribes, and institutions of higher education. We sought to: (1) determine whether suicide prevention activities initiated with federal support continued after funding ended, and (2) identify factors associated with sustainment. Thirty-three sites between 1 and 4 years beyond the end of their GLS grant participated in a retrospective online survey assessing their level of suicide prevention activity 1 year before, during (during-GLS), and 1 year after funding (after-GLS)...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866843/a-culturally-sensitive-approach-to-large-scale-prevention-studies-a-case-study-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-low-income-latino-communities
#15
REVIEW
David E Rangel, Carmen R Valdez
In response to U.S. federal mandates to increase the presence of underrepresented populations in prevention research, investigators have increasingly focused on using culturally sensitive research practices. However, scholars have rarely discussed these practices in terms of a larger culturally sensitive framework. Further, while the literature has explored how culturally sensitive approaches can be employed in a variety of methods, there has been little examination of how to incorporate such approaches into experimental designs...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147932/girls-and-boys-just-want-to-have-fun-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-the-role-of-gender-in-youth-mentoring-relationship-duration-and-quality
#16
Renée Spencer, Alison L Drew, Jill Walsh, Stella S Kanchewa
This prospective, mixed-methods study examined the role of gender in youth mentoring relationship duration and quality. Participants were 67 gender-matched pairs of adult mentors and youth participating in community-based mentoring programs as well as the youths' guardians. Mentors and youth completed surveys and qualitative interviews at multiple time points. At baseline, male youth reported stronger relationships with their guardians. Analysis of the survey data from the 3-month follow-up revealed that male mentors and youth reported stronger mentoring relationship quality...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098523/carbon-monoxide-alarm-and-smoke-alarm-use-among-parents-recruited-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#17
Kristin J Roberts, Erica Fowler, R Dawn Comstock, Soledad Fernandez, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Leslie Mihalov, Marcel J Casavant, Lara B McKenzie
Although the proper installation and maintenance of carbon monoxide (CO) and smoke alarms can protect individuals from residential CO-related and fire-related injuries, these devices are underutilized. We describe characteristics associated with self-reported CO and smoke alarm use of parents recruited from a pediatric emergency department to improve CO alarm use. Parents of children ≤ 18 years (N = 299) reported socio-demographic characteristics and CO and smoke alarm ownership and practices. We assigned participants to a behavioral profile and a Precaution Adoption Process Model stage based on their self-reported CO and smoke alarm use...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871361/are-negative-peer-influences-domain-specific-examining-the-influence-of-peers-and-parents-on-externalizing-and-drug-use-behaviors
#18
Ronald B Cox, Michael M Criss, Amanda W Harrist, Martha Zapata-Roblyer
Most studies tend to characterize peer influences as either positive or negative. In a sample of 1815 youth from 14 different schools in Caracas, Venezuela, we explored how two types of peer affiliations (i.e., deviant and drug-using peers) differentially mediated the paths from positive parenting to youth's externalizing behavior and licit and illicit drug use. We used Zero Inflated Poisson models to test the probability of use and the extent of use during the past 12 months. Results suggested that peer influences are domain specific among Venezuelan youth...
October 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785858/relationships-among-chewing-tobacco-cigarette-smoking-and-chronic-health-conditions-in-males-18-44-years-of-age
#19
Shanda L Hernandez, Haley E Banks, Adrianne E Bailey, Melissa J Bachman, John Kane, Jessica L Hartos
As more public places are designated "non-smoking," chewing tobacco could be an alternative choice for tobacco use; however, controversy exists over the long-term health effects associated with it. This study assessed the relationship between chewing tobacco, cigarette smoking, and chronic health conditions in a representative sample of males 18-44 years of age, while controlling for other variables known to be related to tobacco use. This cross sectional analysis used 2013 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
October 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748316/sleep-and-mental-health-in-the-general-population-of-elderly-women
#20
Kathryn M Thomas, Lauren A Redd, Joshua D Wright, Jessica L Hartos
Sleep and mental health complaints are prevalent in the elderly and share common risk factors. We assessed the relationship between sleep and mental health in three representative samples of elderly women while controlling for multiple risk factors common to both. We performed this cross sectional secondary data analysis in 2015 using 2013 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for females ages 65 years and older from California (N = 1912), Florida (N = 9120), and Pennsylvania (N = 2429)...
October 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
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