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Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892976/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-with-ultrasound-strain-imaging
#1
Sehnaz Tezcan, Funda Ulu Ozturk, Nihal Uslu, Merve Nalbant, Oya Umit Yemisci
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy on median nerve stiffness by using strain elastography in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: This study included 37 wrists of 34 patients with mild or moderate CTS between January 2016 and August 2016. The control group comprised 17 patients (18 wrists) with CTS who were treated with wrist splinting for 3 weeks. The low-level laser therapy group included 17 patients (19 wrists) with CTS who were treated with a combination of splinting and low-level laser therapy, which was applied 5 times per week for 3 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802631/study-of-the-ultrasound-appearance-of-the-normal-parathyroid-using-an-intraoperative-procedure
#2
Chunxia Xia, Qiang Zhu, Zheng Li, Minxia Hu, Jugao Fang, Qi Zhong, Changli Yue, Yuping Bai
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to confirm the echogenicity of normal parathyroid glands using intraoperative ultrasound (US). METHODS: Between October 2015 and January 2016, normal parathyroid glands were examined with an intraoperative US transducer during thyroidectomy procedures in 13 patients with thyroid disease. According to the findings from intraoperative US, routine percutaneous US of normal parathyroid glands was performed in a group of adults. On the basis of previous information on normal parathyroid echogenicity, a series of parathyroid diseases that were proved by surgery and histopathologic analyses were retrospectively reviewed...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781213/thyroid-microcalcifications-in-the-absence-of-identifiable-nodules-and-their-association-with-thyroid-cancer
#3
Carolina Whittle, Marisol García, Eleonora Horvath, Jeannie Slater, Carmen Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To determine ultrasound (US) and clinical findings of thyroid microcalcifications in the absence of a nodule and their association with the risk of malignancy. METHODS: The Institutional Review Board approved a 5-year retrospective study. Twenty-one patients with clustered or scattered thyroid microcalcifications in the absence of nodules on US images who underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) were included. Demographic and clinical data, US findings, and pathologic results were registered...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781183/a-comparison-of-1-and-3-2-mhz-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-on-osteogenesis-on-porous-titanium-alloy-scaffolds-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#4
Lifang Feng, Xiaohan Liu, Hongjuan Cao, Limei Qin, Wentao Hou, Lin Wu
OBJECTIVES: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) combined with porous scaffolds can be used as a new therapy to treat bone defect repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1 and 3.2 MHz LIPUS on osteogenesis on porous Ti64 alloy scaffolds for both in vitro and in vivo studies. METHODS: Scaffolds were randomly divided into the high-frequency ultrasound group, low-frequency ultrasound group, and control group. Mouse pre-osteoblast cells were cultured with porous Ti-6Al-4V scaffolds in vitro to evaluate cell proliferation and differentiation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781170/a-national-point-of-care-ultrasound-competition-for-medical-students
#5
Creagh Boulger, Rachel B Liu, Giuliano De Portu, Nik Theyyunni, Margaret Lewis, Resa E Lewiss, Zachary P Soucy, Vi Am Dinh, Alan Chiem, Sara Singhal, Donald Di Salvo, John S Pellerito, David Bahner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781147/localization-of-parathyroid-adenoma-using-contrast-enhanced-sonography
#6
LETTER
Shannon M Navarro, Harshawn Malhi, Corinne Deurdulian, Edward Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781111/assessment-of-hemodynamic-alterations-in-cerebral-veins-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-using-duplex-color-coded-sonography
#7
Zhan-Qiang Jin, Hao Feng, Wen He, Xing-Quan Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the contributions of hemodynamic alterations in cerebral veins to the prognosis of patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Duplex color-coded sonography was performed on 87 ICH patients between July 2016 and October 2017. The time-averaged peak velocity, the time-averaged mean velocity (TAMV), the blood flow volume (BFV) of bilateral internal jugular veins (IJVs) and vertebral veins (VVs), and the mean velocities of bilateral basal veins of Rosenthal, straight sinus, and bilateral transverse sinuses were calculated to understand the relationship of hemodynamic data with prognosis in patients with ICH...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781108/an-exploratory-study-of-sectra-table-visualization-improves-the-effectiveness-of-emergency-bedside-echocardiography-training
#8
Di Shi, Joseph H Walline, Jihai Liu, Xuezhong Yu, Jun Xu, Priscilla P Song, Huadong Zhu, John M O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: Echocardiography is an essential tool in emergency medicine, and its training is the most challenging of all types of bedside ultrasound (US) training. This study investigated the effectiveness of the Sectra Table (Sectra AB, Linköping, Sweden), an anatomy visualization and collaboration tool, in improving the quality of echocardiography training for emergency medicine physicians. METHODS: We conducted an exploratory prospective observational study from 2015 to 2017 and enrolled 66 trainees who participated in a 2...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761548/variation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-with-body-mass-index-in-healthy-adults-of-black-african-descent
#9
Adesola Abiodun Asaleye, Kolawole Thomas Braimoh, Olalekan Ibukun Oyinloye, Christianah Mopelola Asaleye, Adeleye Dorcas Omisore
OBJECTIVES: Studies have shown that common carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode sonography increases with body mass index (BMI) among subjects with cardiovascular diseases in different populations. However, association of body fat and subclinical atherosclerosis in the absence of these cardiovascular diseases is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between BMI and CIMT in a healthy adult population of black African ancestry. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional prospective study in 300 consecutive apparently healthy subjects aged 18 to 70 years without history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and renal disease...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761537/scapular-upward-rotator-morphologic-characteristics-in-individuals-with-and-without-forward-head-posture-a-case-control-study
#10
Fariba Khosravi, Anneli Peolsson, Noureddin Karimi, Leila Rahnama
OBJECTIVES: There are several reports suggesting that forward head posture contributes to alterations in scapular kinematics and muscle activity, leading to the development of shoulder problems. Currently, it is unknown whether forward head posture alters the thickness of the scapular muscles. The aim of this study was to compare the thickness of the serratus anterior and upper and lower trapezius muscles at rest and during loaded isometric contractions in individuals with and without forward head posture...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761535/diagnostic-performance-of-shear-wave-elastography-in-patients-with-autoimmune-liver-disease
#11
Changtian Li, Manish Dhyani, Atul K Bhan, Joseph R Grajo, Daniel S Pratt, Michael S Gee, Anthony E Samir
OBJECTIVES: To assess performance of shear wave elastography for evaluation of fibrosis and the histologic stage in patients with autoimmune liver disease (ALD) and to validate previously established advanced fibrosis cutoff values in this cohort. METHODS: Shear wave elastography was performed on patients with ALD with an Aixplorer ultrasound system (SuperSonic Imagine, Aix-en-Provence, France) using an SC6-1 transducer. The median estimated tissue Young modulus was calculated from sets of 8 to 10 elastograms...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761527/a-quality-study-to-explore-rationale-for-pregnant-women-to-decline-transvaginal-cervical-length-screening
#12
Matthew Keller, Adriane Burgess, James Hole, Margaret Warren, Jessica Burkindine, Mary Jo Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient rationale for pregnant women to decline transvaginal cervical length screening. METHODS: Survey data from 511 women presenting for second-trimester anatomy and transvaginal cervical length sonography were collected during a 4-month period from September 2016 to January 2017. Each patient completed a medical questionnaire that includes demographic and obstetric history data and a survey to document their acceptance or declination of transvaginal cervical length screening...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761521/negative-predictive-value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-differentiating-avascular-solid-appearing-from-vascularized-masses-a-retrospective-consecutive-study
#13
Abdulmohsen Alrashed, Hassan Ahmad, Korosh Khalili, Tae Kyoung Kim, Huynh-Jung Jang, Mostafa Atri
OBJECTIVES: To determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to establish the lack of vascularity in a mass. METHODS: This work was an Institutional Review Board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective study. Acquisition of consent was waived. We included all CEUS examinations performed for tissue characterization between 2004 and 2014 that reported showing no vascularity in a mass...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732601/longitudinal-ultrasound-curriculum-incorporation-at-west-virginia-university-school-of-medicine-a-description-and-graduating-students-perceptions
#14
Joseph Minardi, Holly Ressetar, Theresa Foreman, Kristen Craig, Melinda Sharon, John Bassler, Stephen Davis, Anthony Machi, Scott Cottrell, Nicolas Denne, Norman Ferrari, Kenneth Landreth, Bruce Palmer, Gregory Schaefer, Robert Tallaksen, David Wilks, Dorian Williams
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is a clinical tool being incorporated in multiple medical specialties with evidence of improved patient care and cost. Some schools have begun implementing ultrasound curricula. We hope to build upon that foundation and provide another potential framework of incorporation. There are several barriers, including curricular space, equipment and physical space, adequate faculty, and performing assessment. METHODS: At West Virginia University, we began a longitudinal ultrasound curriculum in 2012 with incorporation of didactic and practical sessions into gross anatomy, our systems-based second-year curriculum, physical diagnosis course, and clinical rotations...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732596/ultrasound-guided-posterior-antebrachial-cutaneous-nerve-block-technical-description-and-block-distribution-in-healthy-volunteers
#15
John J Finneran, NavParkash Sandhu
The posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve branches from the radial nerve proximal to the elbow and supplies sensation to the posterior aspect of the forearm. With a high-frequency linear transducer, the posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve was identified in 8 healthy volunteers. Under aseptic conditions and with an ultrasound-guided in-plane technique, 1% lidocaine was injected circumferentially around the nerve. In each participant, the block was successful, and neither incidental blocks of other nerves nor any other complications were observed...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732595/noninvasive-measurement-of-sciatic-nerve-stiffness-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-related-leg-pain-using-shear-wave-elastography
#16
Tiago Neto, Sandro R Freitas, Ricardo J Andrade, João R Vaz, Bruno Mendes, Telmo Firmino, Paula M Bruno, Antoine Nordez, Raúl Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether sciatic nerve stiffness is altered in people with chronic low back-related leg pain by using shear wave elastography. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the sciatic nerve shear wave velocity (ie, an index of stiffness) was measured in both legs of 16 participants (8 with unilateral low back-related leg pain and 8 healthy controls). Sciatic stiffness was measured during a passive ankle dorsiflexion motion performed at 2°/s in an isokinetic dynamometer...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732594/transvaginal-ultrasound-shear-wave-elastography-for-the-evaluation-of-benign-uterine-pathologies-a-prospective-pilot-study
#17
Man Zhang, Ashish P Wasnik, William R Masch, Jonathan M Rubin, Ruth C Carlos, Elisabeth H Quint, Katherine E Maturen
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) shear wave elastography (SWE) for evaluating uterine adenomyosis and leiomyomas. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained for prospective enrollment of 34 premenopausal women with pelvic pain and/or bleeding between January 2015 and June 2016. TVUS SWE was performed with regions of interest in multiple uterine segments and shear wave velocities(SWVs) were recorded...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732593/placental-location-and-the-development-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#18
Rosana Salama-Bello, Jose R Duncan, Samantha L Howard, Jun Song, Mauro H Schenone
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal placentation is an important factor in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. As a result of diminished blood flow, the incidence of preeclampsia might be higher in patients with laterally located placentas compared to patients with centrally located placentas. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between placental location and the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. METHODS: Patients with singleton pregnancies who were seen in our ultrasound unit and delivered at our institution from October 2014 to April 2015 were included...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732592/transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-in-peninsular-arab-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Adekunle Adekile, Meaad Hassan, Akram Asbeutah, Mohamed Al-Hinai, Omar Trad, Nayef Farhan
OBJECTIVES: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound is used to identify patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) at risk for stroke. We performed transcranial Doppler studies in patients from 4 countries in the Arabian Peninsula (Kuwait, Oman, Iraq, and United Arab Emirates) to document the prevalence of abnormal transcranial Doppler findings. METHODS: The patients were recruited from outpatient clinics and studied in a steady state. Transcranial Doppler examinations were performed with standard equipment by experienced operators...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732588/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-pulmonary-lymphoma-a-small-pilot-study
#20
Corinna Trenker, Christian Wilhelm, Albrecht Neesse, Peter Rexin, Christian Görg
Here, we describe the appearance and pattern of pulmonary lymphoma on B-mode imaging and with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). From July 2009 to December 2015, 6 patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed lymphoma of the lung were examined by B-mode imaging, followed by CEUS. A retrospective analysis of the imaging data was performed with respect to the time to enhancement, pulmonary artery (PA) and bronchial artery, echogenicity (hypoechoic, isoechoic, or hyperechoic), and homogeneity (homogeneous or inhomogeneous) of the contrast enhancement...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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