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Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320464/bedside-echocardiography-and-passive-leg-raise-as-a-measure-of-volume-responsiveness-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Ralphe Bou Chebl, Jeffrey Wuhantu, Shafeek Kiblawi, Jennifer Carnell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the value of bedside echocardiography with a passive leg raise as a noninvasive marker of volume responsiveness. METHODS: This work was a prospective observational study of patients with end-stage renal disease presenting to the emergency department. The left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) velocity time integral (VTI) was obtained. Measurements before and after dialysis as well as before and after the passive leg raise were recorded...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312989/prenatal-diagnosis-of-aortopulmonary-window-by-2-dimensional-echocardiography-summary-of-8-cases
#2
Wenxiu Li, Geng Bin, Wu Jiang, Yang Shuang
Aortopulmonary window (APW) is a rare congenital heart anomaly. A total of 8 cases with APW confirmed by echocardiography and surgery were retrospectively reviewed and the echocardiographic features analyzed. Among the 8 APW cases, 5 were type II and 3 were type III, the latter of which includes 2 cases complicated with Berry syndrome. Prenatal echocardiography can provide accurate information for the diagnosis of fetal APW. The prognosis depends on the timing of surgery and the nature of the associated cardiac anomalies...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308091/aium-acr-acog-smfm-sru-practice-parameter-for-the-performance-of-standard-diagnostic-obstetric-ultrasound-examinations
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308087/aium-acr-spr-sru-practice-parameter-for-the-performance-and-interpretation-of-a-diagnostic-ultrasound-examination-of-the-extracranial-head-and-neck
#4
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308084/aium-acr-spr-sru-practice-parameter-for-the-performance-of-an-ultrasound-examination-for-detection-and-assessment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#5
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298577/transesophageal-echocardiographic-measurements-of-the-superior-vena-cava-for-predicting-fluid-responsiveness-in-patients-undergoing-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#6
Zhi Cheng, Qian-Qian Yang, Pin Zhu, Ji-Ying Feng, Xiao-Bao Zhang, Zhi-Bin Zhao
OBJECTIVES: Preoperative fasting, water deprivation, and intraoperative fluid loss and redistribution result in hypovolemia in patients undergoing surgery. Some findings have indicated that the superior vena cava (SVC) diameter and variation, as determined by transesophageal echocardiography during surgery, do not reflect central venous pressure effectively. This study aimed to compare and correlate the SVC diameter and variation with the stroke volume variation for predicting fluid responsiveness in patients undergoing invasive positive pressure ventilation...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298522/different-clinical-and-pathologic-determinants-might-be-possible-to-predict-invasive-breast-cancer-in-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-in-ultrasound-guided-core-needle-biopsy
#7
LETTER
Kadri Altundag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294866/transthoracic-echocardiographic-evaluation-of-pulmonary-valve-anomalies-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Shu-Shui Wang, Ming-Guo Xu, Jian Zhuang, Wei-Bin Li, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Gang Xu
The pulmonary valve normally consists of 3 leaflets supported in a semilunar fashion within the sinuses of the pulmonary trunk. Pulmonary leaflet malformations, such as congenital single pulmonary cusp absence, bicuspid pulmonary valve, and quadricuspid pulmonary valve anomalies, as well as pulmonary valve commissural fusion, are seldom identified preoperatively on echocardiography. In this study, we report on 5 children with different types of pulmonary valve malformations diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294797/a-method-for-quantitative-2-dimensional-sonographic-analysis-of-the-fetal-conus-medullaris-position
#9
Jing Zhai, Ailu Cai, Qiuju Wei, Limei Xie, Chunli Jing
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the use of 2-dimensional (2D) ultrasound scans for the quantitative assessment of the fetal conus medullaris (CM) position and its correlation with gestational age (GA). METHODS: This was a prospective study. We identified the first sacral vertebra (S1) by intersection of 2 lines in 2D scans, then counted upward from S1 to determine the CM level and recorded the number of ossified sacral vertebral bodies. A quantitative assessment of the CM position was performed by measuring the distance between the CM and the midpoint of the S1 (CM-S1)...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294795/a-potential-pitfall-of-using-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-in-pediatric-trauma
#10
Aimee Baer Ellington, Walter Kuhn, Matthew Lyon
Prospective studies have shown sensitivities of 73% to 88% and specificities of 98% to 100% for using the focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination to identify free fluid in adult trauma patients. However, the efficacy of FAST examinations for pediatric trauma patients has not been well defined, and studies looking at diagnostic performance have had varied results. We describe 3 cases of the potential pitfalls of the pediatric FAST examination in pediatric trauma patients using an advanced-processing ultrasound machine...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291639/ultrasound-adds-no-benefit-to-clinical-exam-for-predicting-dehydration-in-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#11
Eva Koeller, Sarah E Robertson, Stephanie Chow Garbern, Grace Monk, Sabiha Nasrin, Nur H Alam, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Diarrhea is one of the most common and deadly conditions affecting children, causing over 525,000 deaths annually, largely in resource-limited settings. Appropriate treatment depends on accurate determination of dehydration status. This study evaluated the accuracy of a new model using clinical and ultrasound measurements for predicting dehydration status in children with acute diarrhea. METHODS: The Dehydration: Assessing Kids Accurately (DHAKA) study was a prospective cohort study of children under 5 years of age with acute diarrhea presenting to the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286521/predictive-value-of-quantitative-uterine-fibroid-perfusion-parameters-from-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-for-the-therapeutic-effect-of-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation
#12
Ying-Jin Wang, Peng-Hua Zhang, Rong Zhang, Pei-Li An
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive significance of quantitative perfusion parameters from contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the therapeutic response to high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation in patients with uterine fibroids. METHODS: A total of 263 patients with single uterine fibroids were treated with HIFU ablation under ultrasound guidance. The arrival time, peak time, enhancement time, enhancement intensity, and enhancement rate were evaluated with pretreatment CEUS...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280405/high-frequency-ultrasound-investigation-of-port-wine-stains-hemodynamic-features-revealed-by-10-and-22-mhz-transducers
#13
Xia Gong, Wenxin Yu, Jia Li, Angang Ding, Ping Xiong, Xiaoxi Lin
OBJECTIVES: The hemodynamics of the ultrasound (US) features of port-wine stains (PWSs) have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the high-frequency US findings of PWSs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 98 PWS cases and categorized them into 4 groups based on clinical manifestations and pathologic findings (14 nodular, 28 thickened, 52 flattened, and 4 acquired). We evaluated the US findings with 10- and 22-MHz transducers. RESULTS: For nodular PWSs, the mean thickened skin ± SD was 0...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280404/comprehensive-evaluation-of-fetal-cardiac-ventricular-widths-and-ratios-using-a-24-segment-speckle-tracking-technique
#14
Greggory R DeVore, Bettina Cuneo, Berthold Klas, Gary Satou, Mark Sklansky
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to evaluate the 24-segment transverse widths of the right and left ventricles distributed from the base to the apex of the ventricular chambers and compute the right ventricular (RV)/left ventricular (LV) ratios for each segment. METHODS: Two hundred control fetuses were examined between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation. Using offline speckle-tracking software, the 24 end-diastolic transverse widths were computed and the RV/LV ratios were regressed against 7 independent variables related to the size, weight, and age of the fetuses...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280402/prenatal-evaluation-for-detection-of-anorectal-atresia-value-of-ultrasound
#15
Yi-Ming Su, Yan Lin, Shu-Qiang Chen, Hong-Yi Yang, Guo-Rong Lv, Jin-Rong Lin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the applicability and value of ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of anorectal atresia. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2016, we prospectively evaluated 63,101 fetuses (gestational age, 20-38 weeks), including low- and high-risk populations using 2-dimensional US scans. An abnormal imaging finding was defined as an anal canal diameter of less than the 95% confidence interval (small anal canal) of the normal range or the absence of an anal canal and rectum...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280401/bedside-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-for-detection-of-pulmonary-edema-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
William M Wooten, Lynn E T Shaffer, Lisa A Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Chest radiography has been the preferred imaging study to assess pulmonary congestion. However, chest radiography interpretation is influenced by the level of expertise and high interobserver variability. Lung ultrasound (US) may produce more objective findings through evaluation of vertical comet tail artifacts known as B-lines, which are created by a decrease in the ratio of alveolar air to fluid pulmonary content. Few studies have directly compared chest radiography to bedside US against a reference standard for the diagnosis of pulmonary edema...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280400/real-time-ultrasound-elastography-evaluation-of-achilles-tendon-properties-in-patients-with-mild-hemiplegic-stroke-after-rehabilitation-training
#17
Yu-Hong Shao, Ze Peng, Xun Kong, Bin Wang, Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the Achilles tendon's properties after rehabilitation training in patients with stroke using real-time ultrasound elastography. METHODS: A total of 24 patients with mild hemiplegic stroke in the past 6 to 12 months and unilateral lower limb movement disorder were prospectively enrolled. All patients accepted 9-week rehabilitation training with the same schema. The 2-dimensional elastography and real-time elastography findings in the impaired and contralateral normal Achilles tendon were measured at pretraining and at 3, 6, and 9 weeks after training, which included tendon length, thickness, elasticity score (grade 1-3), and strain ratio of fat to tendon...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280399/percutaneous-ultrasonic-tenotomy-reduces-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-pain-with-high-patient-satisfaction-and-a-low-complication-rate
#18
Ruth L Chimenti, Daniel W Stover, Benjamin S Fick, Mederic M Hall
Due to the novelty of percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy, the risks and benefits of this minimally invasive procedure for insertional Achilles tendinopathy pain have only been examined in case studies and retrospective chart reviews for other diagnoses. This retrospective chart review over a 3.5-year period identified 34 patients with insertional Achilles tendinopathy who had percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy (mean age ± SD, 52.2 ± 11.6 years; mean body mass index, 32.9 ± 7.5 kg/m2 ; 62% female)...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280397/wrist-flexion-exercise-increases-the-width-of-the-medial-elbow-joint-space-during-a-valgus-stress-test
#19
Nathaniel Millard, Andrew DeMoss, Gary McIlvain, Joseph A Beckett, John J Jasko, Mark K Timmons
OBJECTIVES: The medial elbow is stabilized during valgus loading by the ulnar collateral ligament, the flexor pronator mass (FPM), and the radial head. Impairment of the FPM can occur as a result of repeated wrist flexion activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of repeated elbow flexion exercise on medial elbow stability. METHODS: Thirty volunteers were included in this study. Ultrasound images of the medial joint space of the nondominant elbow of the participants were collected during a valgus stress test...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280396/the-use-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-during-cardiac-arrest-resuscitation-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Brian K Parker, Alexis Salerno, Brian D Euerle
We propose that transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can be used to guide cardiac arrest resuscitation. We undertook a literature search (Medline and EMBase) to assess articles on that topic. Our search yielded 55 articles falling into 3 categories: TEE used in operating rooms, TEE used in emergency departments, and TEE used in other settings. In many cases, TEE changed the direction of the resuscitation; however, it is unclear whether TEE changed patient-oriented outcomes, such as neurologically intact survival...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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