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Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676809/prevalence-of-maternal-birth-trauma-in-nepali-women
#1
Friyan Turel, Delena Caagbay, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic organ prolapse is very common among women in Nepal, especially uterine prolapse. This would suggest a high rate of levator trauma, which is a strong predictor of such prolapse in the Western world. Hence, we decided to study the prevalence of maternal birth trauma in Nepali women. METHODS: In November 2016, we offered an interview, clinical examination, and 4-dimensional translabial sonography to women attending a gynecology clinic. Of 129 women seen, 5 were excluded due to previous pelvic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676524/sonogames-effect-of-an-innovative-competitive-game-on-the-education-perception-and-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#2
Andrew S Liteplo, Kristin Carmody, Matt J Fields, Rachel B Liu, Resa E Lewiss
OBJECTIVES: Gamification is a powerful tool in medical education. SonoGames is a competitive games-based event designed to educate and inspire emergency medicine (EM) residents about point-of-care ultrasound. We sought to describe: (1) the perceived effectiveness of a competitive event on both immediate learning and long-term education; and (2) the resultant attitudes of participants and program directors regarding ultrasound training. METHODS: The SonoGames Organizational Committee designed 2 surveys: 1 for SonoGames V EM resident participants and a second for EM program directors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675930/relationship-between-ultrasonographic-and-biochemical-markers-of-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy-and-success-of-subsequent-management
#3
Batool Nadim, Chuan Lu, Fernando Infante, Shannon Reid, George Condous
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is an association between morphologic types of tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP), 0-hour human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, and subsequent management success. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study (November 2006-December 2015). Women had a diagnosis of EP by transvaginal ultrasonography if they had an inhomogeneous mass adjacent to the ovary and moving separately from it ("blob" sign), a mass with a hyperechoic ring around the gestational sac ("bagel" sign), or a gestational sac with an embryonic pole with or without a yolk sac with or without cardiac activity...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675869/levator-avulsion-is-associated-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-23-years-after-the-first-childbirth
#4
Ixora Kamisan Atan, Sylvia Lin, Hans P Dietz, Peter Herbison, Peter D Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to ascertain the association between levator avulsion and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 195 women enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study and seen 20 years after an index birth. All had a standardized patient-administered questionnaire, the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification assessment and 4D translabial ultrasound. Main outcome measures were objective POP clinically and on translabial ultrasound...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672905/association-between-pelvic-organ-prolapse-types-and-levator-urethra-gap-as-measured-by-3d-transperineal-ultrasound
#5
Bence Kozma, Kindra Larson, Lauren Scott, Tina D Cunningham, Alfred Abuhamad, Robert Poka, Peter Takacs
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between pelvic organ prolapse (POP) types and levator-urethra gap (LUG) as measured by 3-dimensional transperineal tomographic ultrasound. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 98 women with symptomatic POP. Three-dimensional transperineal tomographic ultrasound images and POP quantification coordinates were reviewed. Each vaginal compartment was staged for the degree of prolapse, and total number of involved compartments identified...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672895/intrasheath-instability-of-the-peroneal-tendons-dynamic-ultrasound-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Ferdinando Draghi, Chandra Bortolotto, Anna Guja Draghi, Salvatore Gitto
Peroneal intrasheath instability is a painful snapping condition of the lateral ankle. It consists of a transient retromalleolar subluxation of the peroneal tendons without disruption of the superior peroneal retinaculum or evidence of a previous definite trauma. In type A intrasheath instability, the peroneus longus and brevis tendons are intact, and there is an intertendinous intrasheath switch. In type B intrasheath instability, the peroneus brevis tendon has a longitudinal split tear through which the peroneus longus subluxates...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672892/remarkable-hypermobility-of-the-ventricular-septum-diagnosed-prenatally
#7
LETTER
Przemyslaw Kosinski, Piotr Dobrowolski, Michal Lipa, Katarzyna Luterek, Miroslaw Wielgos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672890/carotid-artery-stiffness-assessment-by-ultrafast-ultrasound-imaging-feasibility-and-potential-influencing-factors
#8
Fu-Shun Pan, Liang Yu, Jia Luo, Ri-Dong Wu, Ming Xu, Jin-Yu Liang, Yan-Ling Zheng, Xiao-Yan Xie
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of the ultrafast ultrasound pulsed wave velocity (PWV) for carotid stiffness assessment and potential influencing factors. METHODS: Ultrafast PWV measurements of 442 carotid arteries in 162 consecutive patients (patient group) and 66 healthy volunteers (control group) were performed. High- and very high-frequency transducers were used in 110 carotid segments. The ultrafast PWVs at the beginning and end of systole were automatically measured...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665109/improving-the-performance-time-and-accuracy-of-ultrasound-guided-interventions-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-of-the-line-of-sight-approach-and-the-apples-mnemonic
#9
John W Norbury, Natalie C Karr, Vivek Sindhi, Kimberly M Rathbun, Stephen C Charles, Michael B McIver, Eric J Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the line-of-sight approach improved the performance time and accuracy of ultrasound (US)-guided needle placement targeting the subdeltoid bursa in a cadaver among novice operators compared to the side approach. A secondary objective was to determine whether participants thought the APPLES (angle, position, perpendicular, line up, entry, sweep) mnemonic was a helpful guide for performing the procedure. METHODS: Medical students and residents were randomized into either a line-of-sight or side approach group and then crossed over to the other group...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665100/accuracy-of-ultrasound-for-preoperative-assessment-of-tumor-size-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-is-it-affected-by-the-background-parenchymal-echotexture
#10
Kyung Hee Ko, Eun Ju Son, In Wha Kim
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of the background parenchymal echotexture on the accuracy of tumor size estimation using breast ultrasound (US). METHODS: A total of 140 women with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer from January 2014 to December 2015 were enrolled in this study. Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed US images in consensus for background parenchymal echotexture interpretation. The maximum tumor diameter from static images was recorded. Tumor size measurements were considered as having agreement with histologic results if they were within ±5 mm compared to the pathologic size...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665089/three-dimensional-endoanal-ultrasound-features-of-the-anal-sphincter-in-asian-primigravidae
#11
Dakshitha Praneeth Wickramasinghe, Supun Senaratne, Hemantha Senanayake, Dharmabandu Nandadeva Samarasekera
OBJECTIVES: The normal parameters of 3-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3DEAUS) of the anal sphincter have not been reported for primigravidae or pregnant women at present. 3DEAUS parameters in Asian primigravidae were assessed in this study. METHODS: We analyzed 3DEAUS data of 101 consecutives Asian primigravidae, assessed in the early third trimester. The assessment was performed with a rigid ultrasonic probe (Olympus® RU 12M-R1 probe and EU-ME1 ultrasound system (Olympus Corp...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665042/neural-tube-defects-in-embryonic-life-lessons-learned-from-340-early-pregnancy-failures
#12
David R Hartge, Michael Gembicki, Achim Rody, Jan Weichert
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of sonographic assessment of the embryonic/fetal neural tube in nonviable pregnancies and to determine the defect incidence. METHODS: Prospective analysis of transvaginally acquired 3-dimensional (3D) multiplanar and 3D surface-rendered volume sets of 340 cases of missed abortion between March 2010 and September 2015 was performed. Data regarding karyotype and postmortem examination as well as demographic features and the outcomes of subsequent pregnancies were evaluated...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665041/involvement-of-the-bicuspid-aortic-valve-mimicking-a-mass-in-takayasu-arteritis
#13
LETTER
Wenqian Wu, Manwei Liu, Bin Wang, Lin He, Yuman Li, Mingxing Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665039/ultrasound-strain-imaging-to-assess-the-biceps-brachii-muscle-in-chronic-poststroke-spasticity-common-mistake-in-reliability-analysis
#14
LETTER
Mehdi Naderi, Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665033/is-testicular-macrocalcification-a-risk-for-malignancy-tumor-development-on-ultrasonographic-follow-up-of-preexisting-intratesticular-macrocalcification
#15
Malene R Pedersen, Emily C Bartlett, Christian Brown, Søren R Rafaelsen, Maria E Sellars, Paul S Sidhu
Testicular macrocalcification is an uncommon finding when imaging the scrotum with ultrasonography (US). It is not normally a recognized risk factor for development of testicular malignancy, and patients are not usually offered follow-up US examinations or counseled for self-examination. This aspect is in distinction to patients with testicular microlithiasis (usually with an additional risk factor), who are offered follow-up on the assumption that microlithiasis is associated with malignancy. We report a series of 6 patients with predetermined testicular macrocalcification, with development of a malignancy on follow-up US...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663478/superb-microvascular-imaging-of-the-median-nerve-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-an-electrodiagnostic-and-ultrasonographic-study
#16
Ali Yavuz Karahan, Serdar Arslan, Banu Ordahan, Suleyman Bakdik, Timur Ekiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intraneural blood flow of the median nerve using superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS), and to examine their correlation with electroneuromyography in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used, and the study was conducted in the research unit of a training and research hospital. Patients diagnosed with CTS according to electroneuromyography studies were included in the study...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663469/quantitative-ultrasound-analysis-of-proximal-and-distal-cervical-tissue-echogenicity-in-premature-cervical-remodeling
#17
Matthew J Blitz, Sleiman R Ghorayeb, Sarah L Pachtman, Megan Murphy, Zara Rahman, Lakha Prasannan, Cristina P Sison, Nidhi Vohra, Burton Rochelson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a novel, noninvasive quantitative ultrasound (US) technique can detect differences in proximal and distal cervical tissue echogenicity in women with and without a shortened cervical length (CL). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of singleton pregnancies at 16 to 26 weeks' gestation in which a transvaginal US examination was performed to measure CL from 2013 to 2015. Initial CLs in cases and controls were less than 2...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663459/a-simple-and-easy-technique-for-imaging-the-fetal-esophagus-in-the-first-second-and-third-trimesters-using-the-transverse-section-of-the-esophagus-in-the-area-behind-the-heart-as-a-reference-point
#18
Priti Venkatesh
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate a simple technique of imaging the fetal esophagus, using the echogenic transverse section of the esophagus in the area behind the heart as a reference point, in all the 3 trimesters of pregnancy. METHOD: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of ultrasound imaging of the esophagus in 2 groups of patients: the first group comprised women at 18 to 30 weeks' gestation (208 fetuses); the second group comprised women at 11 to 14 weeks' gestation (102 fetuses)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663454/ultrasound-strain-imaging-to-assess-the-biceps-brachii-muscle-in-chronic-poststroke-spasticity
#19
LETTER
Jing Gao, Jonathan M Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656607/expert-agreement-in-the-interpretation-of-lung-ultrasound-studies-performed-on-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#20
Scott J Millington, Robert T Arntfield, Robert Jie Guo, Seth Koenig, Pierre Kory, Vicki Noble, Haney Mallemat, Jordan R Schoenherr
OBJECTIVES: Although lung ultrasound (US) has been shown to have high diagnostic accuracy in patients presenting with acute dyspnea, its precision in critically ill patients is unknown. We investigated common areas of agreement and disagreement by studying 6 experts as they interpreted lung US studies in a cohort of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: A previous study by our group asked experts to rate the quality of 150 lung US studies performed by 10 novices in a population of mechanically ventilated patients...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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