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Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432807/incidental-findings-in-student-ultrasound-models-implications-for-instructors
#1
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John L Kendall
As ultrasonography continues to become integrated into undergraduate medical education, there have been concerns raised about the use of volunteer models and the ability to maintain patient privacy during scanning sessions. To date, there have been no reports on how instructors should manage situations in which incidental findings are made during educational ultrasonography sessions. We present three different examples of incidental findings that occurred at our institution and the various approaches taken by the instructors...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429490/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-classification-of-previously-indeterminate-renal-lesions
#2
Jessica G Zarzour, Mark E Lockhart, Janelle West, Eric Turner, Bradford E Jackson, John V Thomas, Michelle L Robbin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) for characterizing renal lesions that were indeterminate on prior imaging. METHODS: This Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective diagnostic accuracy study evaluated all patients who underwent renal contrast-enhanced US examinations from 2006 to 2015 at our tertiary care hospital. We compared the number of lesions definitively characterized by contrast-enhanced US with the indeterminate lesions by prior imaging...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429475/common-carotid-artery-sonography-versus-transthoracic-echocardiography-for-cardiac-output-measurements-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#3
Qian-Yi Peng, Li-Na Zhang, Mei-Lin Ai, Li Li, Cheng-Huan Hu, Yan-Xin Zhang, Wei Liu, Qing Feng, Yu Zou, Yu-Hang Ai
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test the effectiveness of common carotid artery sonography in comparison with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for cardiac output measurements to provide an easier alternative for cardiac output monitoring in the intensive care unit. METHODS: This study included 148 patients who had common carotid artery Doppler examinations and TTE performed within 8 hours of each other, and the cardiac output measurement results were compared with each other...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429456/the-term-cornual-pregnancy-should-be-abandoned
#4
Oksana H Baltarowich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417514/enlarged-cavum-septi-pellucidi-and-vergae-in-the-fetus-a-cause-for-concern
#5
Yoona K Ho, Michelle Turley, Krishelle L Marc-Aurele, Marilyn C Jones, Elise Housman, Dawn Engelkemier, Lorene E Romine, Paritosh C Khanna, Dolores H Pretorius
OBJECTIVES: To investigate fetal cases identified at our institution to determine whether an enlarged cavum septi pellucidi or cavum vergae is associated with other fetal abnormalities and whether its presence warrants more detailed investigation of the fetus. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 15 high- and low-risk patients undergoing prenatal sonography who had an enlarged cavum septi pellucidi or cavum vergae identified were reviewed. Data were collected for the sonographic study indication, gestation age at diagnosis of a prominent cavum, and associated anomalies...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417478/point-of-care-lung-sonography-an-audit-of-1150-examinations
#6
Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Michele Mondoni, Giovanni Volpicelli, Paolo Carlucci, Fabiano Di Marco, Elena Maria Parazzini, Francesca Reali, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Paola Fracasso, Simone Sferrazza Papa, Livio Colombo, Stefano Centanni
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care lung sonography has theoretical usefulness in numerous diseases; however clinical indications and the impact of this technique have not been fully investigated. We aimed to describe the current use of point-of-care lung sonography. METHODS: A 2-year prospective observational study was performed by pulmonologists in an Italian university hospital. Techniques, indications, consequences of lung sonography, and barriers to the examination were analyzed...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417475/the-role-of-early-gestation-ultrasound-in-the-assessment-of-fetal-anatomy-in-maternal-obesity
#7
Letty Romary, Elena Sinkovskaya, Sabrina Ali, Tina D Cunningham, Shannon Marwitz, Aimee Heeze, Lindsey Herlands, Lea Porche, Jennifer Philips, Alfred Abuhamad
OBJECTIVES: The 2012 Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health fetal imaging consensus suggested that fetal anatomy ultrasound in obese pregnancies be performed at 20 to 22 weeks, with follow-up in 2 to 4 weeks if anatomy is incomplete. It was postulated that imaging in early gestation may improve visualization, although no prospective trials had been done to date. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal blinded trial comparing an early gestation ultrasound (13 + 0 to 15 + 6 weeks) with the traditional second-trimester ultrasound for completion of the fetal anatomy survey in obese patients...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417474/first-trimester-sonographic-evaluation-of-palatine-clefts-a-novel-diagnostic-approach
#8
Selvaraj Ravi Lakshmy, Selvaraj Deepa, Nity Rose, Senthilkumar Mookan, Joy Agnees
OBJECTIVES: Sonographic evaluation of the palate is a difficult task, and most palatine clefts are diagnosed in the neonatal period because of the limitations of 2-dimensional (2D) sonography. The objective is to describe a sonographic technique based on 2D markers for screening of palatine clefts during the nuchal translucency scan and to assess the ability of 3-dimensional (3D) sonography in imaging the normal and abnormal palate. METHODS: A total of 2014 women who enrolled for first-trimester screening were included in this prospective study...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417472/evaluation-of-liver-kidney-and-spleen-elasticity-in-healthy-newborns-and-infants-using-shear-wave-elastography
#9
Figen Bakirtas Palabiyik, Ercan Inci, Rustu Turkay, Derya Bas
OBJECTIVES: Elasticity measurements of tissues can be valuable in the diagnosis and management of various diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the elasticity values for normal liver, kidney, and spleen of healthy newborns and infants using shear wave elastography (SWE) imaging. METHODS: A total of 50 healthy term newborns and infants (19 girls and 31 boys; mean age 20.1 days, range 1 to 70 days) were examined by an experienced pediatric radiologist using SWE...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407283/acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-for-assessing-liver-fibrosis-preoperatively-in-infants-with-biliary-atresia-comparison-with-liver-fibrosis-biopsy-pathology
#10
Fen Gao, Ya-Qing Chen, Jing Fang, Sheng-Li Gu, Luan Li, Xiao-Ying Wang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) in assessing liver fibrosis preoperatively in infants with biliary atresia (BA). METHODS: A total of 50 consecutive infants with BA and 50 healthy infants who underwent ARFI examination were recruited. Siemens Acuson S2000 in Virtual Touch Quantification mode (Siemens Medical Solutions, Mountain View, CA) was used to measure shear wave speeds (SWSs)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407281/multiparametric-quantitative-ultrasound-imaging-in-assessment-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Jing Gao, Alan Perlman, Safa Kalache, Nathaniel Berman, Surya Seshan, Steven Salvatore, Lindsey Smith, Natasha Wehrli, Levi Waldron, Hanish Kodali, James Chevalier
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of multiparametric quantitative ultrasound imaging in assessing chronic kidney disease (CKD) using kidney biopsy pathologic findings as reference standards. METHODS: We prospectively measured multiparametric quantitative ultrasound markers with grayscale, spectral Doppler, and acoustic radiation force impulse imaging in 25 patients with CKD before kidney biopsy and 10 healthy volunteers. Based on all pathologic (glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, arteriosclerosis, and edema) scores, the patients with CKD were classified into mild (no grade 3 and <2 of grade 2) and moderate to severe (at least 2 of grade 2 or 1 of grade 3) CKD groups...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407277/recurrence-of-thrombin-injected-pseudoaneurysms-under-ultrasound-guidance-a-10-year-retrospective-analysis
#12
Yonah B Esterson, John S Pellerito
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection has become standard treatment for extremity pseudoaneurysms. Our specific aims were to determine the procedural success rate, the procedural complication rate, and the factors associated with pseudoaneurysm recurrence. METHODS: A total of 262 consecutive cases of ultrasound-guided thrombin repair of pseudoaneurysms were identified between January 1, 2006, and March 20, 2016. The procedural and follow-up ultrasound studies were reviewed...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407270/comparison-of-diagnostic-accuracy-for-the-low-type-imperforate-anus-between-prone-cross-table-radiography-and-sonography
#13
Takahiro Hosokawa, Mayumi Hosokawa, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy for the low-type imperforate anus between prone cross-table radiography and sonography. METHODS: We included 20 neonates with imperforate anus: 13 with a surgically proven low type and 7 with an intermediate or high type. The distance between the distal rectal pouch and the perineum (pouch-perineum distance) was measured by both sonography and prone cross-table radiography. A previously established pouch-perineum distance of 10 mm was used as the cutoff for diagnosis of a low-type imperforate anus...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398701/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies-with-short-cervical-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Serena Xodo, Lorraine Dugoff, Jack Ludmir, Giorgio Pagani, Silvia Visentin, Salvatore Gizzo, Nicola Volpe, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Giuseppe Rizzo, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for preventing spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in singleton gestations with a second trimester short cervix. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until February 2016. We included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing the use of the cervical pessary with expectant management in singletons pregnancies with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) ≤25 mm. The primary outcome was incidence of SPTB <34 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398696/accuracy-of-sonography-in-plantar-plate-tears-in-cadavers
#15
Michael Stone, William Eyler, Joshua Rhodenizer, Marnix van Holsbeeck
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is often used in the evaluation of forefoot disorders, and its use has been suggested in the diagnosis of plantar plate tears. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of sonography in the diagnosis of plantar plate tears of the lesser digits using gross dissection as the reference standard. METHODS: The second through fifth digits of 6 cadavers were examined with sonography to evaluate for plantar plate tears. The examination was performed by a single musculoskeletal radiologist in longitudinal and short axes, and plates were graded as torn or intact...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393388/prenatal-diagnosis-of-aortopulmonary-window-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
Fuanglada Tongprasert, Rekwan Sittiwangkul, Phudit Jatavan, Theera Tongsong
Aortopulmonary window (APW) is a rare congenital heart defect, characterized by a connection between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk before bifurcation. Prenatal diagnosis of APW is essential, as a surgical correction early after birth is required in most cases to prevent congestive heart failure secondary to high pulmonary blood flow. We report a series of three cases of APW that were detected by prenatal echocardiography. The key feature of diagnosis is demonstration of connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta above the level of the two semilunar valves...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393386/maternal-depressive-symptoms-perceived-stress-and-fetal-growth
#17
William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Paul Albert, Sungduk Kim, Jagteshwar Grewal, Constance Guille, Roger Newman, Edward K Chien, John Owen, Mary E D'Alton, Ronald Wapner, Anthony Sciscione, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether longitudinal fetal growth is altered among pregnant women reporting greater perceived stress or more symptoms of depression. METHODS: This analysis was based on a multicenter longitudinal study of fetal growth. Women were screened at gestational ages of 8 weeks to 13 weeks 6 days for low-risk status and underwent serial sonographic examinations. At each study visit during pregnancy, women were asked to complete the Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Survey (EPDS)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393379/surveillance-neck-sonography-after-thyroidectomy-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-pitfalls-in-the-diagnosis-of-locally-recurrent-and-metastatic-disease
#18
Wynne Yuru Chua, Jill E Langer, Lisa P Jones
A sonographic examination of the neck performed 6 to 12 months after thyroid surgery in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is strongly recommended by the American Thyroid Association and considered mandatory by the European Thyroid Association for locoregional surveillance. The aim of this article is to review the normal anatomic changes expected after thyroid surgery and the pathologic mimics of thyroid carcinoma recurrence in post-thyroidectomy patients as they appear on neck sonography. We hope to offer some pearls to increase diagnostic confidence in this setting...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390169/enhancing-your-acoustics-ultrasound-image-optimization-of-breast-lesions
#19
Bianca Carpentier, Jessica Hayward, Lori Strachowski
A general understanding of ultrasound physics relative to image optimization is essential when performing breast ultrasound examinations and in accurately interpreting images of the breast. Appropriate technique is crucial to achieve accurate lesion characterization and is emphasized in the second edition of the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System for ultrasound (2013). This pictorial essay reviews clinically relevant ultrasound physics to best characterize breast lesions for guiding the clinician to the proper diagnosis...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#20
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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