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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991804/what-to-expect-when-you-re-exercising-an-experimental-test-of-the-anticipated-affect-exercise-relationship
#1
Bethany M Kwan, Courtney J Stevens, Angela D Bryan
OBJECTIVE: Anticipated affect may influence exercise behavior via experienced affective responses and intentions. Cognitive manipulations of anticipated affect may inform exercise intervention design. The purpose of this study was to experimentally test the effects of an expectation-based manipulation of affective responses to exercise on anticipated, experienced, and remembered affect and adherence to a 7-day exercise prescription. METHOD: Participants (N = 98) were randomly assigned to a positive anticipated affect manipulation, a negative anticipated affect manipulation, or a no affect manipulation control...
December 19, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936811/parental-influence-on-driver-licensure-in-adolescence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jessica H Mirman, Allison E Curry, Flaura K Winston, Megan C Fisher Thiel, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Rachel Rogers, Michael R Elliott, Dennis R Durbin
OBJECTIVE: Newly licensed adolescent drivers have skill deficits that increase risk for motor vehicle crashes. Development of programs targeted to prelicensed adolescents has been hindered by concerns about encouraging overconfidence and early licensure. The study had 2 primary objectives: (a) determine whether an Internet-based intervention designed to improve parent-supervised practice (TeenDrivingPlan [TDP]) influenced adolescents' time to licensure and parents' perceptions of adolescents' driving skill, expertise, and safety and (b) evaluate the association of these perceptions and practice diversity (number of different environments where practiced occurred) with time to licensure...
December 12, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929335/intergenerational-transmission-of-socioeconomic-position-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-32-year-follow-up-study
#3
Kateryna Savelieva, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Laura Diane Kubzansky, Marko Elovainio, Vera Mikkilä, Tuija Tammelin, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood predicts cardiovascular health in adulthood but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using a longitudinal study design, we examined the extent to which adult SEP acts as a pathway (mediator) connecting childhood SEP with adult cardiovascular health, and if upward social mobility mitigates the health-effects of early low SEP. METHOD: The sample comprised 697 participants from a prospective Finnish cohort followed during 32 years...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929334/the-interactive-effect-of-parent-personality-and-medication-knowledge-on-adherence-in-children-awaiting-solid-organ-transplantation
#4
Jennifer L Lee, Cyd K Eaton, Kristin Loiselle Rich, Bonney Reed-Knight, Rochelle S Liverman, Laura L Mee, Ana M Gutierrez-Colina, Rene Romero, Ronald L Blount
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine parent personality factors as predictors of parent medication knowledge and parent-report of child medication adherence. METHOD: Seventy-eight parents (Mage = 37.68, 87.2% female) of children (Mage = 8.89, range: 0-20 years) undergoing evaluation for a solid organ transplant were recruited. Parents completed questionnaires about their personality, knowledge of their child's medications, and their child's level of medication adherence...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929333/expressive-writing-among-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Qian Lu, Celia Ching Yee Wong, Matthew W Gallagher, Reese Y W Tou, Lucy Young, Alice Loh
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significant size of the Asian American population, few studies have been conducted to improve cancer survivorship in this underserved group. Research has demonstrated that expressive writing interventions confer physical and psychological benefits for a variety of populations, including Non-Hispanic White cancer survivors. The study aims to evaluate the health benefits of an expressive writing intervention among Chinese-speaking breast cancer survivors in the U...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929332/correlates-of-self-efficacy-for-disease-management-in-adolescent-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#6
Kate L Herts, Mona M Khaled, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to summarize the literature regarding factors associated with self-efficacy for disease management (SEDM) in cross-sectional studies and the efficacy/effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that are designed to improve SEDM in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. The secondary aim was to assess the quality of included studies. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review using PsycINFO and PubMed to identify studies for review...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929331/information-processing-in-illness-representation-implications-from-an-associative-learning-framework
#7
Rob Lowe, Paul Norman
OBJECTIVE: The common-sense model (Leventhal, Meyer, & Nerenz, 1980) outlines how illness representations are important for understanding adjustment to health threats. However, psychological processes giving rise to these representations are little understood. To address this, an associative-learning framework was used to model low-level process mechanics of illness representation and coping-related decision making. METHOD: Associative learning was modeled within a connectionist network simulation...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929330/differential-relationships-between-social-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-hiv-status-and-racial-ethnic-identity
#8
Timothy J Williamson, Zanjbeel Mahmood, Taylor P Kuhn, April D Thames
OBJECTIVE: Historically marginalized groups are likely to be exposed to social adversity, which predicts important mental health outcomes (e.g., depression). Despite the well-established relationship between adversity and poor health, few studies have examined how adversity differentially predicts mental health among people living with multiple, co-occurring marginalized identities or statuses. The current study fills this gap by examining whether relationships between social adversity and depressive symptoms differed between those living with or without a stigmatized disease (i...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929329/parents-posttraumatic-stress-after-burns-in-their-school-aged-child-a-prospective-study
#9
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the course and potential predictors of parents' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after burn injury in their child (Age 8 to 18 years). METHOD: One hundred eleven mothers and 91 fathers, representing 118 children, participated in the study. Within the first month after the burn event and subsequently at 3, 12, and 18 months postburn, both parents completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES). Parental emotions related to the burn event and appraisal of threat to the child's life were assessed, which were investigated in a multilevel regression model...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929328/association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-with-migraine-and-headache-after-a-natural-disaster
#10
Mariana C Arcaya, Sarah R Lowe, Asad L Asad, S V Subramanian, Mary C Waters, Jean Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows that migraine and general headache symptoms increase after traumatic events. Questions remain about whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) produces migraine/headache symptoms, or if individuals afflicted by migraine/headache are especially likely to develop PTSD. We test whether PTSD symptoms following a natural disaster are associated with higher odds of reporting frequent headaches/migraines postdisaster. We decompose PTSD into intrusion, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptom clusters to examine which, if any, are uniquely related to headache/migraine postdisaster...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831707/generational-status-and-social-factors-predicting-initiation-of-partnered-sexual-activity-among-latino-a-youth
#11
Patricia Cabral, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Sari L Reisner, Mark A Schuster
Objective: Examine the longitudinal association of generational status (first = child and parent born outside the United States; second = child born in the United States, parent born outside the United States; third = child and parent born in the United States) and parent and peer social factors considered in 5th grade with subsequent oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse initiation by 7th and 10th grade among Latino/a youth. Method: Using data from Latino/a participants (N = 1,790) in the Healthy Passages™ study, the authors measured generational status (first = 18...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831706/the-psychological-challenges-of-living-with-an-ileostomy-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#12
Jonathan A Smith, Johanna Spiers, Phillip Simpson, Adam R Nicholls
Objectives: Ileostomy, in which the small intestine is redirected out of an abdominal wall so that waste is collected using a bag, is used to treat conditions including inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer. This article reports an in-depth idiographic analysis of the experience of living with an ileostomy. Method: Twenty-one participants took part in semistructured interviews about their lives and relationships. Those interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the experiential qualitative methodology interpretative phenomenological analysis...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831705/an-evaluation-of-a-storybook-targeting-parental-attitudes-intention-and-self-efficacy-to-change-their-child-s-oral-health-behavior
#13
Lucy O'Malley, Pauline Adair, Girvan Burnside, Louise Robinson, Margaret Coffey, Cynthia Pine
Objective: Methods for reducing dental disease have traditionally focused on health education rather than targeting psychosocial determinants of the core behaviors through behavior change strategies. This study tested a novel intervention in the form of a children's story (Kitten's First Tooth) embedded with behavior change techniques (Abraham & Michie, 2008) with the aim of investigating how effective the intervention was at improving parents' efficacy and intention to enact oral health behaviors for their child...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831704/risky-family-processes-prospectively-forecast-shorter-telomere-length-mediated-through-negative-emotions
#14
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Idan Shalev
Objective: This study was designed to examine prospective associations of risky family environments with subsequent levels of negative emotions and peripheral blood mononuclear cell telomere length (TL), a marker of cellular aging. A second purpose was to determine whether negative emotions mediate the hypothesized link between risky family processes and diminished telomere length. Method: Participants were 293 adolescents (age 17 years at the first assessment) and their primary caregivers. Caregivers provided data on risky family processes when the youths were age 17 years, youths reported their negative emotions at age 18 years, and youths' TL was assayed from a blood sample at age 22 years...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819461/activity-patterns-in-response-to-symptoms-in-patients-being-treated-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-experience-sampling-methodology-study
#15
Rebecca Band, Christine Barrowclough, Kim Caldwell, Richard Emsley, Alison Wearden
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) propose that patients respond to symptoms with 2 predominant activity patterns-activity limitation and all-or-nothing behaviors-both of which may contribute to illness persistence. The current study investigated whether activity patterns occurred at the same time as, or followed on from, patient symptom experience and affect. Method: Twenty-three adults with CFS were recruited from U.K. CFS services. Experience sampling methodology (ESM) was used to assess fluctuations in patient symptom experience, affect, and activity management patterns over 10 assessments per day for a total of 6 days...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819460/an-online-skin-cancer-risk-reduction-intervention-for-young-adults-mechanisms-of-effects
#16
Carolyn J Heckman, Elizabeth A Handorf, Susan D Darlow, Lee M Ritterband, Sharon L Manne
Objective: The study's purpose was to investigate moderator, implementation, and mediator variables related to the efficacy of UV4.me, an Internet intervention that decreased ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure and increased skin protection behaviors among young adults. Method: A total of 965 18-25 year olds at risk for skin cancer were recruited nationally online. Participants were randomized to an experimental website (UV4.me), a control website, or assessment only. Participant characteristics (moderators), engagement with and perceptions of interventions (implementation measures), and exposure and protection attitudinal variables (mediators) were assessed...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808529/mindful-eating-reduces-impulsive-food-choice-in-adolescents-and-adults
#17
Kelsie L Hendrickson, Erin B Rasmussen
Objective: The present study tested the extent to which age and obesity predicted impulsive choices for food and monetary outcomes and tested how a brief mindful-eating training would alter delay discounting for food and money choices compared with control groups. Method: First, 172 adolescents (Mage = 13.13 years) and 176 (Mage = 23.33 years) adults completed the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and Monetary Choice Questionnaire (MCQ) as measures of food and money delay discounting, respectively. Then, participants returned to the lab and were randomly assigned to complete a brief mindful-eating training, watch a DVD on nutrition, or serve as a control...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808528/avoidant-coping-and-diabetes-related-distress-pathways-to-adolescents-type-1-diabetes-outcomes
#18
Esti Iturralde, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Korey K Hood
Objective: Adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are vulnerable to diabetes-related distress and often struggle to complete self-management tasks needed to maintain blood glucose values in target range. One way that youth with T1D handle problems is through avoidant coping. The current study examined cross-time associations between avoidant coping style and diabetes outcomes and tested the possible mediating role of diabetes-related distress. Method: Adolescents with T1D (N = 264) were assessed 4 times over 1 year to measure avoidant coping style, diabetes-related distress, adherence (on the basis of glucometer data and self-report), and glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c)...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808527/dissonance-based-eating-disorder-program-reduces-cardiac-risk-a-preliminary-trial
#19
Melinda A Green, Mary Willis, Kristen Fernandez-Kong, Shuhan Reyes, Ruby Linkhart, Molly Johnson, Tyler Thorne, Emily Kroska, Halley Woodward, Jessica Lindberg
Objective: We conducted a randomized, controlled preliminary trial to examine the effect of a dissonance-based eating disorder program on eating disorder symptoms and cardiac risk indices in a community sample of women with subclinical and clinical symptoms (N = 47), examining the efficacy of the program in both the indicated prevention and treatment realms. Method: Eating disorder symptoms, body mass index, and biomarkers of cardiac risk were examined in dissonance and assessment-only control conditions at baseline, postintervention, and 2-month follow-up...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786519/gratitude-uniquely-predicts-lower-depression-in-chronic-illness-populations-a-longitudinal-study-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-arthritis
#20
Fuschia M Sirois, Alex M Wood
Objective: Although gratitude has been identified as a key clinically relevant trait for improving well-being, it is understudied within medical populations. The current study addressed this gap and extended previous and limited cross-sectional research by examining the longitudinal associations of gratitude to depression in 2 chronic illness samples, arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: Two chronic illness samples, arthritis (N = 423) and IBD (N = 427), completed online surveys at Time 1 (T1)...
October 27, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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