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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394760/retrospective-memories-of-parental-care-and-health-from-mid-to-late-life
#1
William J Chopik, Robin S Edelstein
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of early caregiving experiences are hypothesized to be influential across the life span. However, previous research testing this hypothesis focuses primarily on young adults and use mostly cross-sectional designs. The current study examined associations between memories of early caregiving experiences and trajectories of depressive symptoms and physical health in 2 large samples of middle-aged and older adults. METHOD: Sample 1 consisted of participants from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (n = 7,108) followed for 18 years (from 1995/1996 until 2013/2014)...
November 5, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382713/perceived-posttraumatic-growth-and-depreciation-after-spinal-cord-injury-actual-or-illusory
#2
Simon Kunz, Stephen Joseph, Szilvia Geyh, Claudio Peter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether retrospective reports of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and depreciation (PTD) of individuals recently diagnosed with a spinal cord injury (SCI) coincide with prospectively measured changes in the conceptually close domains of general self-efficacy (SE) and purpose in life (PIL). The study also tested whether PTG/D and changes in SE and PIL independently predict psychological adjustment to the injury (depressive symptoms, anxiety, life satisfaction)...
November 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382712/brighten-heart-intervention-for-depression-in-minority-older-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Erin E Emery-Tiburcio, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth F Avery, Yamin Wang, Laurin Mack, Robyn L Golden, Lucie Holmgreen, Stevan Hobfoll, DeJuran Richardson, Lynda H Powell
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary geriatric team intervention in decreasing symptoms of depression among urban minority older adults in primary care. Secondary outcomes included cardiometabolic syndrome and trauma. METHOD: 250 African American and Hispanic older adults with PHQ-9 scores ≥ 8 and BMI ≥ 25 were recruited from 6 underserved urban primary care clinics. Intervention arm participants received the BRIGHTEN Heart team intervention plus membership in Generations, an older adult educational activity program; comparison participants received only Generations...
November 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372105/daily-sleep-quality-and-daily-stressors-in-couples-coping-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Eunjin Lee Tracy, Cynthia A Berg, Katherine J W Baucom, Sara L Turner, Caitlin S Kelly, Meredith Van Vleet, Jonathan Butner, Vicki S Helgeson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of daily sleep quality in patients with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) on that of their spouses and to investigate the influence of couples' sleep quality on patients' diabetes-specific stressors and couples' general stressors the following day. METHODS: 199 patients with Type 1 diabetes (Mage = 46.82) and their spouses (Mage = 46.41) completed a 14-day diary where they reported on their own sleep quality, and the presence of general stressors...
October 29, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372104/the-role-of-state-and-trait-positive-affect-and-mindfulness-in-affective-reactivity-to-pain-in-chronic-migraine
#5
Yvette Ciere, Evelien Snippe, Mariëlle Padberg, Bram Jacobs, Annemieke Visser, Robbert Sanderman, Joke Fleer
OBJECTIVE: High affective reactivity to pain (i.e., increased negative affect in response to pain) can have an adverse impact on the well-being of individuals with chronic pain. The present study examined the role of momentary and average positive affect and trait mindfulness in protecting against affective reactivity to chronic migraine-related pain. METHODS: The sample included 61 adults with chronic migraine. Following the experience sampling method, participants completed smartphone-based assessments of momentary pain intensity (PI), positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA) at nine random moments a day for 7 consecutive days...
October 29, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372103/effects-of-trauma-economic-hardship-and-stress-on-neurocognition-and-everyday-function-in-hiv
#6
Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Erin E Sundermann, Mariam A Hussain, Anya Umlauf, April D Thames, Raeanne C Moore, Scott L Letendre, Dilip V Jeste, Erin E Morgan, David J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The causes of neurocognitive and everyday functioning impairment among aging people living with HIV (PLWH) are multifactorial. Exposure to stress and trauma can result in neurocognitive deficits via activation of neurological and other biological mechanisms. METHOD: PLWH (n = 122) and persons without HIV (n = 95), 35-65 years of age, completed four questionnaires that were used to generate a trauma, economic hardship (food insecurity and low socioeconomic status), and stress composite variable (TES)...
October 29, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346198/hostility-forgiveness-and-cognitive-impairment-over-10-years-in-a-national-sample-of-american-adults
#7
Loren L Toussaint, Grant S Shields, Emily Green, Kelly Kennedy, Stephanie Travers, George M Slavich
OBJECTIVE: We examined the extent to which self-forgiveness and forgiveness of others moderated the association of hostility with changes in cognitive impairment over 10 years in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHOD: Participants were 1,084 respondents to the Americans' Changing Lives survey, a longitudinal study of American adults. Hostility, self-forgiveness, forgiveness of others, and cognitive impairment were measured at baseline, and cognitive impairment was assessed again at follow-up...
October 22, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335410/an-integrated-model-of-fruit-vegetable-and-water-intake-in-young-adolescents
#8
Crystal R Smit, Rebecca N H de Leeuw, Kirsten E Bevelander, William J Burk, Laura Buijs, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Moniek Buijzen
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tested an integrated model for why young adolescents consume fruit, vegetables, and water. The model was based on evidence from studies applying three dominant theoretical approaches, including planned behavior, social norms, and intrinsic motivation. METHOD: The integrated model was tested with structural equation modeling using four data-collection waves of the MyMovez Project (MyMovez, 2017) in which 953 young adolescents (53.9% girls; M age = 11...
October 18, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335409/the-unintended-impact-of-smoking-risk-information-on-concerns-about-radon-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Joshua M Gold, Jillian O'Rourke Stuart, Kelsey C Thiem, R William Field, Jeannette Fernandez-Baca, Paul D Windschitl
OBJECTIVE: Health communications are often viewed by people with varying levels of risk. This project examined, in the context of radon risk messages, whether information relevant to high-risk individuals can have an unintended influence on lower-risk individuals. Two studies assessed whether information about lung cancer risk from smoking reduced concerns about lung cancer risk from radon among nonsmokers. METHOD: American nonsmokers viewed radon messages that varied in what they communicated about smoking's effect on lung cancer risk...
October 18, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321019/reciprocal-associations-between-daily-need-based-experiences-energy-and-sleep-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#10
Rachel Campbell, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Liesbeth Delesie, Els Tobback, An Mariman, Dirk Vogelaers, Athanasios Mouratidis
OBJECTIVE: Previous findings indicate that patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) report significant day-to-day fluctuations in subjective energy and sleep. Herein, we examined whether daily variation in the satisfaction and frustration of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness would contribute to daily variation in subjective energy and quality and quantity of sleep. In addition, we examined whether daily variation in sleep would contribute to daily need-based experiences through (i...
October 15, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307275/sexually-explicit-media-exposure-as-a-sexual-milestone-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Nicholas S Perry, Kimberly M Nelson, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
OBJECTIVE: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) remain at high risk of HIV infection via condomless anal sex. Sexually explicit media (SEM) likely influences GBMSM's sexual behavior and has been associated with condomless anal sex. SEM messages may be especially potent during formative developmental periods. METHOD: We examined the association between age of first SEM exposure and condomless anal sex in a sample of adult GBMSM (N = 1,114) recruited using the Internet...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307274/racial-discrimination-body-mass-index-and-insulin-resistance-a-longitudinal-analysis
#12
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Edith Chen, Katherine B Ehrlich, Gregory E Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospective relations of perceived racial discrimination at ages 16-18 with body mass index (BMI) at ages 19-21 and insulin resistance (IR) at ages 25 and 27 among Black youth in the rural South, and to determine whether BMI connected discrimination to IR as a mediator. METHOD: Participants were 315 African American adolescents in rural counties in Georgia who provided data on their perceptions of discrimination during adolescence. BMI was measured during a yearly home visit, and a certified phlebotomist drew a fasting blood sample from which IR was measured...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307273/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-hypertension-and-associations-with-pro-health-behaviors
#13
Aisha T Langford, Craig A Solid, Laura C Gann, Emily P Rabinowitz, Stephen K Williams, Azizi A Seixas
OBJECTIVE: To describe behavioral and genetic beliefs about developing hypertension (HTN) by sociodemographic factors and self-reported HTN status, and among those with a history of HTN, evaluate associations between HTN-related causal beliefs and behavior change attempts. METHOD: Data from the 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey were evaluated. HTN causal beliefs questions included (a) "How much do you think health behaviors like diet, exercise, and smoking determine whether or not a person will develop high blood pressure/HTN?"; and (b) "How much do you think genetics, that is characteristics passed from one generation to the next, determine whether or not a person will develop high blood pressure/HTN?" Multivariate logistic regressions evaluated associations between HTN causal beliefs and behavior change attempts including diet, exercise, and weight management...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307272/behavioral-impact-of-return-of-genetic-test-results-for-complex-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Maia J Frieser, Sylia Wilson, Scott Vrieze
OBJECTIVE: Advances in genomewide association studies have made possible the return of genetic risk results for complex diseases. Two concerns about these results are (a) negative psychological consequences and (b) viewing probabilistic results as deterministic, leading to misinterpretation and inappropriate decisions. The present study evaluates these concerns through a meta-analytic review of existing literature. METHOD: Seventeen genetic testing studies of complex disease, including 1,171 participants and reporting 195 effects, 104 of which were unadjusted for covariates, were meta-analyzed under a random effects model...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307271/anxiety-depression-and-cardiac-outcomes-after-a-first-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Paolo Ossola, Maria Lidia Gerra, Chiara De Panfilis, Matteo Tonna, Carlo Marchesi
OBJECTIVE: Depression is an established risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), with an impact on cardiac prognosis; nonetheless, the literature disagrees on the role played by anxiety. No study has evaluated this relationship in a cardiac population with no history of depression and after their first diagnosis of ACS. The aim of this study is to explore these associations without the confounding role of long-lasting heart disease or psychiatric illnesses. METHOD: Two hundred sixty-six patients with no history of depression completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorder at baseline and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months follow-up after their first diagnosis of ACS...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307270/innovative-study-designs-and-methods-for-optimizing-and-implementing-behavioral-interventions-to-improve-health
#16
Sylvie Naar, Susan M Czajkowski, Bonnie Spring
OBJECTIVE: Improving diet, activity level, and medication adherence and controlling tobacco and other substance use have all been shown to produce measurable, cost-effective improvements in health outcomes. However, many individuals do not respond to available treatments, and efficacious interventions are often not brought to scale. Developing and implementing more potent behavioral treatments in diverse populations to ultimately improve public health involves a focus on behavioral intervention research across the translational spectrum...
October 11, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221970/understanding-and-predicting-a-complex-behavior-using-n-of-1-methods-photoprotection-in-xeroderma-pigmentosum
#17
Kirby Sainsbury, Rute Vieira, Jessica Walburn, Falko F Sniehotta, Robert Sarkany, John Weinman, Vera Araujo-Soares
OBJECTIVE: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a very rare inherited disease; the most important aspect of clinical management is rigorous photoprotection from ultraviolet radiation. The aims of this novel study were to (a) understand and categorize the behavioral complexity and within-participant variability in photoprotection of the face in XP; (b) determine the predictors of photoprotection; and (c) identify individual needs for personalized interventions. METHOD: A total of 20 adults with XP completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study over 50 days...
September 17, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321021/fatigue-after-breast-cancer-treatment-biobehavioral-predictors-of-fatigue-trajectories
#18
Julienne E Bower, Joshua Wiley, Laura Petersen, Michael R Irwin, Steve W Cole, Patricia A Ganz
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a common side effect of cancer treatment, but there is considerable variability in fatigue severity and persistence among survivors. This study aimed to characterize longitudinal trajectories of fatigue after breast cancer treatment and to identify predictors of varying fatigue trajectories. METHODS: Women (N = 191) from the Mind-Body Study completed assessments after primary treatment for early stage breast cancer and at regular follow-ups that occurred up to 6 years after treatment (M = 4...
November 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299120/association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-symptoms-of-mental-health-conditions-in-mexican-americans
#19
Shenghui Wu, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Belinda M Reininger, Joseph B McCormick
OBJECTIVE: No studies so far have shown the effect of fruit and vegetable intake on mental disorders in Mexican Americans, for whom mental illness is an important health issue. This study measured the association of fruit and vegetable intake with the symptoms of cognitive impairment, the indication of increased risk of dementia, anxiety, and depression in Mexican Americans. METHOD: Participants were drawn from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort ( N = 3,943), a randomly selected Mexican American cohort in Texas on the United States-Mexico border...
November 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265046/mental-health-treatment-dose-and-annual-healthcare-costs-in-patients-with-cancer-and-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Brent T Mausbach, Taylor Bos, Scott A Irwin
OBJECTIVE: Depression in patients with cancer has been associated with increased annual health care use and costs relative to nondepressed patients. Little is known of the potential cost savings associated with receipt of mental health treatment. This study evaluated the association between number of mental health visits and annual health care costs in patients with cancer and comorbid major depression. METHOD: Using a retrospective cohort study design, this study included 182 individuals with an ICD-9 chart diagnosis of cancer in 2014 and with comorbid major depressive disorder...
November 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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