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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650200/the-cortisol-c-reactive-protein-ratio-and-negative-affect-reactivity-in-depressed-adults
#1
Edward C Suarez, John S Sundy
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of the cortisol (CORT) to high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ratio on stress-induced negative affect (NA) reactivity and whether the association was moderated by depressive symptom severity and gender. The CORT/CRP ratio was used to evaluate the integrity of the negative feedback loop between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and inflammatory response system. METHOD: Basal CORT and hsCRP levels were measured in fasting blood samples from 198 medication-free and nonsmoking healthy men and women...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#2
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650198/buffer-or-amplifier-longitudinal-effects-of-social-support-for-functional-autonomy-dependence-on-older-adults-chronic-pain-experiences
#3
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes, Liesbet Goubert, Wim Beyers
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate (a) the moderating role of formal social support for functional autonomy versus dependence on the relationship between pain intensity and pain-related disability among older adults with chronic pain and (b) the mediating role of pain-related self-efficacy and pain-related fear in this moderation. METHOD: One hundred and seventy older adults (Mage = 78.0; SD = 8.7) with chronic musculoskeletal pain participated in a 3-month prospective study, with 3 measurement moments...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650197/anger-hostility-and-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#4
Felicia Keith, David S Krantz, Rusan Chen, Kristie M Harris, Catherine M Ware, Amy K Lee, Paula G Bellini, Stephen S Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: Heart failure patients have a high hospitalization rate, and anger and hostility are associated with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality. Using structural equation modeling, this prospective study assessed the predictive validity of anger and hostility traits for cardiovascular and all-cause rehospitalizations in patients with heart failure. METHOD: 146 heart failure patients were administered the STAXI and Cook-Medley Hostility Inventory to measure anger, hostility, and their component traits...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650196/effects-of-circadian-cortisol-on-the-development-of-a-health-habit
#5
Marion Fournier, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Carole Rovere, Christopher S Easthope, Lars Schwabe, Jonathan El Methni, Rémi Radel
OBJECTIVE: Given the impact of individuals' habits on health, it is important to study how behaviors can become habitual. Cortisol has been well documented to have a role in habit formation. This study aimed to elucidate the influence of the circadian rhythm of cortisol on habit formation in a real-life setting. METHOD: Forty-eight students were followed for 90 days during which they attempted to adopt a health behavior (psoas iliac stretch). They were randomly assigned to perform the stretch either upon waking in the morning, when cortisol concentrations are high, or before evening bedtime, when cortisol levels approach the nadir...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639822/exposure-to-alcohol-advertising-and-adolescents-drinking-beliefs-role-of-message-interpretation
#6
Rebecca L Collins, Steven C Martino, Stephanie A Kovalchik, Elizabeth J D'Amico, William G Shadel, Kirsten M Becker, Anagha Tolpadi
OBJECTIVE: Recent research revealed momentary associations between exposure to alcohol advertising and positive beliefs about alcohol among adolescents (Martino et al., 2016). We reanalyzed those data to determine whether associations depend on adolescents' appraisal of ads. METHOD: Over a 10-month period in 2013, 589 youth, ages 11-14, in the Los Angeles, CA, area, participated in a 14-day ecological momentary assessment, logging all exposures to alcohol advertisements as they occurred and completing brief assessments of their skepticism toward, liking of, and identification with any people in each ad, as well as their alcohol-related beliefs at the moment...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639821/perceived-discrimination-associations-with-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#7
Aparna Shankar, Petra Hinds
OBJECTIVES: Perceived discrimination has been associated with poor physical and psychological health. There is limited research examining perceived discrimination in older adults, and its effects on health in later life. The aim of this study is to extend research in this area by examining longitudinal associations between reported everyday discrimination and physical and cognitive function in older adults. METHOD: The present study uses a national sample of 4,886 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639820/adolescent-sympathetic-activity-and-salivary-c-reactive-protein-the-effects-of-parental-behavior
#8
Benjamin W Nelson, Michelle L Byrne, Julian G Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Orli S Schwartz, Eric C Reynolds, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Lisa Sheeber, Nicholas B Allen
OBJECTIVE: This study utilized a novel multisystem approach to investigate the effect of observed parental behavior on the relationship between biological mechanisms associated with disease processes (i.e., autonomic physiology and immune response) among their adolescent children. METHOD: Thirty-three adolescents (23 males), aged 11-13, and their parents participated in a laboratory session in which adolescents provided baseline measures of autonomic (sympathetic) activity, and adolescents and 1 parent participated in a laboratory based dyadic conflict resolution interaction task...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639819/effects-of-caregiving-status-and-changes-in-depressive-symptoms-on-development-of-physical-morbidity-among-long-term-cancer-caregivers
#9
Kelly M Shaffer, Youngmee Kim, Charles S Carver, Rachel S Cannady
OBJECTIVE: Cancer caregiving burden is known to vary across the survivorship trajectory and has been linked with caregivers' subsequent health impairment. Little is known, however, regarding how risk factors during long-term survivorship relate to vulnerability to caregivers' health during that period. This study examined effects of caregiving status and depressive symptoms on development of physical morbidity by 5 years postdiagnosis. METHOD: Family caregivers (N = 491; Mage = 55...
June 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569536/health-related-quality-of-life-trajectories-during-predialysis-care-and-associated-illness-perceptions
#10
Yvette Meuleman, Joseph Chilcot, Friedo W Dekker, Nynke Halbesma, Sandra van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To identify health-related quality of life (HRQOL) trajectories during 18 months of predialysis care and associated patient characteristics and illness perceptions. METHOD: 396 incident predialysis patients participating in the prospective PREdialysis PAtient REcord-2 study completed every 6 months the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (i.e., mental and physical HRQOL) and Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire. HRQOL trajectories were examined using latent class growth models, and associated baseline factors were identified using logistic regression...
June 1, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557499/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-shift-work-and-depression-results-from-nhanes
#11
Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, James B Burch, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal physiology (e.g., inflammation), brought on by environmental exposures (e.g., diet or shift work [SW]), can affect numerous bodily systems, including the brain, and may be associated with depressive symptomatology. The study examined the associations between SW and depressive symptoms and diet-related inflammation (estimated by the Dietary Inflammatory Index [DII]) and depressive symptoms. Additionally, diet was examined as a mediator between SW and depressive symptoms...
May 29, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557498/perceived-control-and-voice-handicap-in-patients-with-voice-disorders
#12
Patricia Frazier, Addie Merians, Stephanie Misono
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to replicate and extend previous research on the relation between perceived present control and voice handicap and to further examine the psychometric properties of a present control scale adapted for patients with voice disorders (Misono, Meredith, Peterson, & Frazier, 2016). METHOD: Sample 1 consisted of 1,129 patients recruited from a voice disorder clinic who completed measures of perceived present control, distress, and voice handicap in the clinic...
May 29, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541074/purpose-in-life-in-als-patient-caregiver-dyads-a-multilevel-longitudinal-analysis
#13
Natasha E Garcia, Jennifer N Morey, Edward J Kasarskis, Suzanne C Segerstrom
OBJECTIVE: Eudaemonic positive psychological health (PPH), such as purpose in life (PIL), may be maintained more than hedonic PPH, such as quality of life (QOL), for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers across the disease course. Furthermore, patients' and caregivers' PPH may impact one another. The present study examined (a) PIL and QOL variance structures; (b) PIL and QOL trajectories from diagnosis, approaching death, with disease severity; and (c) between-dyad and within-dyad relationships for PIL and QOL in patients with ALS and their caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541073/symptoms-of-stress-and-depression-effect-percentage-of-body-fat-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-youth-look-longitudinal-study
#14
Lisa S Olive, Rohan M Telford, D G Byrne, Walter P Abhayaratna, Richard D Telford
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the longitudinal and cross-sectional effects of both psychosocial stress and depressive symptoms on insulin resistance and percentage body fat in a cohort of healthy Australian children, following them from childhood into adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 791 healthy, initially Grade 2 children (7-8 years; 394 girls), selected from the general community. Psychosocial stress was assessed using the Children's Stress Questionnaire, while depressive symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541072/associations-between-spontaneous-parental-perspective-taking-and-stimulated-cytokine-responses-in-children-with-asthma
#15
Erika M Manczak, Cynthia S Levine, Katherine B Ehrlich, Devika Basu, Dan P McAdams, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive empathy in parents-reflecting the extent to which one considers the perspectives and emotions of others-is hypothesized to contribute to family social environments in ways that affect youths' physical health. Using a novel assessment technique for cognitive empathy, the current study examined associations between spontaneous parental perspective-taking and key inflammatory processes implicated in pediatric asthma. METHOD: One hundred thirty children (ages 9-17) with physician-diagnosed asthma, along with 1 parent, participated in the current study...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541071/using-a-descriptive-social-norm-to-increase-vegetable-selection-in-workplace-restaurant-settings
#16
Jason M Thomas, Amanda Ursell, Eric L Robinson, Paul Aveyard, Susan A Jebb, C Peter Herman, Suzanne Higgs
OBJECTIVE: Recent work has shown that exposure to social norm messages may enhance the consumption of vegetables. However, the majority of this work has been conducted in laboratories, often with student populations. Little is known about whether this approach can be successfully used in other contexts. In this study, a poster featuring a message based on social norms was tested to examine whether it could increase and maintain the purchase of meals with vegetables in workplace restaurants...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541069/reading-between-the-menu-lines-are-restaurants-descriptions-of-healthy-foods-unappealing
#17
Bradley P Turnwald, Dan Jurafsky, Alana Conner, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: As obesity rates continue to climb in America, much of the blame has fallen on the high-calorie meals at popular chain restaurants. Many restaurants have responded by offering "healthy" menu options. Yet menus' descriptions of healthy options may be less attractive than their descriptions of less healthy, standard options. This study examined the hypothesis that the words describing items in healthy menu sections are less appealing than the words describing items in standard menu sections...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541068/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-cbt-bisc-in-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Aaron J Blashill, Steven A Safren, Sabine Wilhelm, Jonathan Jampel, S Wade Taylor, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Body image disturbance is a distressing and interfering problem among many sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with elevated depressive symptoms and poor HIV self-care (e.g., antiretroviral therapy [ART] nonadherence). The current study tested the preliminary efficacy of a newly created intervention: cognitive-behavioral therapy for body image and self-care (CBT-BISC) for this population. METHOD: The current study entailed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial (N = 44) comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530433/efficacy-of-a-multilevel-intervention-on-the-mental-health-of-people-living-with-hiv-and-their-family-members-in-rural-china
#19
Li Li, Guoping Ji, Li-Jung Liang, Chunqing Lin, Julie Hsieh, Chiao-Wen Lan, Yongkang Xiao
OBJECTIVE: HIV has a profound impact on infected individuals and their families. This study evaluated the efficacy of an intervention aimed at improving the mental health of people living with HIV (PLH) and their family members. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial of 475 PLH and 522 family members was conducted in Anhui, China. The intervention comprised activities at individual, family, and community levels. The study outcomes, which included depressive symptoms and coping with illness for the PLH and depressive symptoms and caregiver burden for the family members, were assessed at baseline and at 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#20
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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