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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831707/generational-status-and-social-factors-predicting-initiation-of-partnered-sexual-activity-among-latino-a-youth
#1
Patricia Cabral, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Sari L Reisner, Mark A Schuster
Objective: Examine the longitudinal association of generational status (first = child and parent born outside the United States; second = child born in the United States, parent born outside the United States; third = child and parent born in the United States) and parent and peer social factors considered in 5th grade with subsequent oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse initiation by 7th and 10th grade among Latino/a youth. Method: Using data from Latino/a participants (N = 1,790) in the Healthy Passages™ study, the authors measured generational status (first = 18...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831706/the-psychological-challenges-of-living-with-an-ileostomy-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#2
Jonathan A Smith, Johanna Spiers, Phillip Simpson, Adam R Nicholls
Objectives: Ileostomy, in which the small intestine is redirected out of an abdominal wall so that waste is collected using a bag, is used to treat conditions including inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer. This article reports an in-depth idiographic analysis of the experience of living with an ileostomy. Method: Twenty-one participants took part in semistructured interviews about their lives and relationships. Those interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the experiential qualitative methodology interpretative phenomenological analysis...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831705/an-evaluation-of-a-storybook-targeting-parental-attitudes-intention-and-self-efficacy-to-change-their-child-s-oral-health-behavior
#3
Lucy O'Malley, Pauline Adair, Girvan Burnside, Louise Robinson, Margaret Coffey, Cynthia Pine
Objective: Methods for reducing dental disease have traditionally focused on health education rather than targeting psychosocial determinants of the core behaviors through behavior change strategies. This study tested a novel intervention in the form of a children's story (Kitten's First Tooth) embedded with behavior change techniques (Abraham & Michie, 2008) with the aim of investigating how effective the intervention was at improving parents' efficacy and intention to enact oral health behaviors for their child...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831704/risky-family-processes-prospectively-forecast-shorter-telomere-length-mediated-through-negative-emotions
#4
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Idan Shalev
Objective: This study was designed to examine prospective associations of risky family environments with subsequent levels of negative emotions and peripheral blood mononuclear cell telomere length (TL), a marker of cellular aging. A second purpose was to determine whether negative emotions mediate the hypothesized link between risky family processes and diminished telomere length. Method: Participants were 293 adolescents (age 17 years at the first assessment) and their primary caregivers. Caregivers provided data on risky family processes when the youths were age 17 years, youths reported their negative emotions at age 18 years, and youths' TL was assayed from a blood sample at age 22 years...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819461/activity-patterns-in-response-to-symptoms-in-patients-being-treated-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-experience-sampling-methodology-study
#5
Rebecca Band, Christine Barrowclough, Kim Caldwell, Richard Emsley, Alison Wearden
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) propose that patients respond to symptoms with 2 predominant activity patterns-activity limitation and all-or-nothing behaviors-both of which may contribute to illness persistence. The current study investigated whether activity patterns occurred at the same time as, or followed on from, patient symptom experience and affect. Method: Twenty-three adults with CFS were recruited from U.K. CFS services. Experience sampling methodology (ESM) was used to assess fluctuations in patient symptom experience, affect, and activity management patterns over 10 assessments per day for a total of 6 days...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819460/an-online-skin-cancer-risk-reduction-intervention-for-young-adults-mechanisms-of-effects
#6
Carolyn J Heckman, Elizabeth A Handorf, Susan D Darlow, Lee M Ritterband, Sharon L Manne
Objective: The study's purpose was to investigate moderator, implementation, and mediator variables related to the efficacy of UV4.me, an Internet intervention that decreased ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure and increased skin protection behaviors among young adults. Method: A total of 965 18-25 year olds at risk for skin cancer were recruited nationally online. Participants were randomized to an experimental website (UV4.me), a control website, or assessment only. Participant characteristics (moderators), engagement with and perceptions of interventions (implementation measures), and exposure and protection attitudinal variables (mediators) were assessed...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819459/marital-conflict-and-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-in-military-couples
#7
Wendy M Troxel, Amy DeSantis, Anne Germain, Daniel J Buysse, Karen A Matthews
Objective: Our goal was to examine the association between marital conflict and nocturnal blood pressure dipping (NBP) in Iraq/Afghanistan healthy veterans and their partners and to determine whether sleep disturbances mediate such associations. Method: The sample consisted of 25 heterosexual couples comprised of male veterans and their female civilian spouses/partners. Blood pressure was measured across 48 hr, and NBP was calculated as the ratio of sleep/wake mean arterial pressure (MAP). Marital conflict was assessed by questionnaire...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808529/mindful-eating-reduces-impulsive-food-choice-in-adolescents-and-adults
#8
Kelsie L Hendrickson, Erin B Rasmussen
Objective: The present study tested the extent to which age and obesity predicted impulsive choices for food and monetary outcomes and tested how a brief mindful-eating training would alter delay discounting for food and money choices compared with control groups. Method: First, 172 adolescents (Mage = 13.13 years) and 176 (Mage = 23.33 years) adults completed the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and Monetary Choice Questionnaire (MCQ) as measures of food and money delay discounting, respectively. Then, participants returned to the lab and were randomly assigned to complete a brief mindful-eating training, watch a DVD on nutrition, or serve as a control...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808528/avoidant-coping-and-diabetes-related-distress-pathways-to-adolescents-type-1-diabetes-outcomes
#9
Esti Iturralde, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Korey K Hood
Objective: Adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are vulnerable to diabetes-related distress and often struggle to complete self-management tasks needed to maintain blood glucose values in target range. One way that youth with T1D handle problems is through avoidant coping. The current study examined cross-time associations between avoidant coping style and diabetes outcomes and tested the possible mediating role of diabetes-related distress. Method: Adolescents with T1D (N = 264) were assessed 4 times over 1 year to measure avoidant coping style, diabetes-related distress, adherence (on the basis of glucometer data and self-report), and glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c)...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808527/dissonance-based-eating-disorder-program-reduces-cardiac-risk-a-preliminary-trial
#10
Melinda A Green, Mary Willis, Kristen Fernandez-Kong, Shuhan Reyes, Ruby Linkhart, Molly Johnson, Tyler Thorne, Emily Kroska, Halley Woodward, Jessica Lindberg
Objective: We conducted a randomized, controlled preliminary trial to examine the effect of a dissonance-based eating disorder program on eating disorder symptoms and cardiac risk indices in a community sample of women with subclinical and clinical symptoms (N = 47), examining the efficacy of the program in both the indicated prevention and treatment realms. Method: Eating disorder symptoms, body mass index, and biomarkers of cardiac risk were examined in dissonance and assessment-only control conditions at baseline, postintervention, and 2-month follow-up...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786519/gratitude-uniquely-predicts-lower-depression-in-chronic-illness-populations-a-longitudinal-study-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-arthritis
#11
Fuschia M Sirois, Alex M Wood
Objective: Although gratitude has been identified as a key clinically relevant trait for improving well-being, it is understudied within medical populations. The current study addressed this gap and extended previous and limited cross-sectional research by examining the longitudinal associations of gratitude to depression in 2 chronic illness samples, arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: Two chronic illness samples, arthritis (N = 423) and IBD (N = 427), completed online surveys at Time 1 (T1)...
October 27, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786518/social-isolation-and-loneliness-prospective-associations-with-functional-status-in-older-adults
#12
Aparna Shankar, Anne McMunn, Panayotes Demakakos, Mark Hamer, Andrew Steptoe
Objective: The present analysis aimed to examine the associations of isolation and loneliness, individually as well as simultaneously, with 2 measures of functional status (gait speed and difficulties in activities of daily living) in older adults over a 6-year period using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, and to assess if these associations differ by SES. Method: Loneliness was measured using the short form of the Revised UCLA scale, and an index of social isolation was computed incorporating marital status; frequency of contact with friends, family, and children; and participation in social activities...
October 27, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786517/diurnal-salivary-alpha-amylase-dynamics-among-dementia-family-caregivers
#13
Yin Liu, Douglas A Granger, Kyungmin Kim, Laura C Klein, David M Almeida, Steven H Zarit
Objective: The study examined diurnal regulation of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in association with daily stressors, adult day services (ADS) use, and other caregiving characteristics. Method: A sample of 165 family caregivers of individuals with dementia (IWD) completed an 8-day diary study. Caregivers provided 5 saliva samples across the 8 days. On some days, caregivers provided all or most of the care. On other days, their relative attended ADS for part of the day. A 3-level unconditional linear spline model was fit to describe the typical sAA diurnal rhythms...
October 27, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748612/conflicting-internal-and-external-eating-cues-impact-on-food-intake-and-attributions
#14
Lenny R Vartanian, Samantha Spanos, C Peter Herman, Janet Polivy
Objective: Social factors have a powerful influence on people's food intake but people typically fail to acknowledge the influence of such external cues, instead explaining their food intake in terms of factors such as how hungry they are. We examined whether the tendency to explain one's food intake in terms of internal cues (i.e., hunger) rather than external cues (i.e., other people's behavior) would be apparent when those cues are in conflict with one another. Method: Female participants (n = 104) took part in a pizza taste test after having been food deprived for 18-hr or after consuming a meal-replacement preload...
October 17, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748611/perceived-weight-discrimination-mediates-the-prospective-relation-between-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-u-s-and-u-k-adults
#15
Eric Robinson, Angelina Sutin, Michael Daly
Objective: Obesity has been shown to increase risk of depression. Persons with obesity experience discrimination because of their body weight. Across 3 studies, we tested for the first time whether experiencing (perceived) weight-based discrimination explains why obesity is prospectively associated with increases in depressive symptoms. Method: Data from 3 studies, including the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (2008/2009-2012/2013), the Health and Retirement Study (2006/2008-2010/2012), and Midlife in the United States (1995/1996-2004/2005), were used to examine associations between obesity, perceived weight discrimination, and depressive symptoms among 20,286 U...
October 17, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736152/high-health-satisfaction-among-emerging-adults-with-diabetes-factors-predicting-resilience
#16
Sarah D Corathers, Jessica C Kichler, Nora F Fino, Wei Lang, Jean M Lawrence, Jennifer K Raymond, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Dana Dabelea, Angela D Liese, Sharon H Saydah, Michael Seid, Lawrence M Dolan
Objective: This study was conducted to identify factors contributing to health satisfaction outcomes among emerging adults (ages 18-25) with diabetes. Method: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study participants whose diabetes was prevalent in 2001 and were ≥18 years of age when they completed a 2008-2009 follow-up survey (n = 340) were included. We developed a health resilience model (HRM) to identify potentially modifiable factors (anticipatory guidance, social support, physical activity, quality of life) associated with health outcomes (satisfaction with health care, overall personal health, self-report of hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c])...
October 13, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736151/personality-and-sedentary-behavior-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Mark S Allen, Emma E Walter, Máirtín S McDermott
Objective: Too much sitting is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease and premature death. This investigation aimed to systematically review the evidence for personality as a correlate of time spent in sedentary pursuits. Method: Electronic databases (PubMed; Science Direct; PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and SPORTDiscus via EBSCO; Web of Science; MEDLINE via Ovid; Scopus; ProQuest) were searched in December 2015 for studies reporting an association between at least 1 personality trait and time spent in at least 1 sedentary behavior...
October 13, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736150/interaction-between-smoking-and-depressive-symptoms-with-subclinical-heart-disease-in-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#18
Allison J Carroll, Mercedes R Carnethon, Kiang Liu, David R Jacobs, Laura A Colangelo, Jesse C Stewart, J Jeffrey Carr, Rachel Widome, Reto Auer, Brian Hitsman
Objective: Evaluate whether smoking exposure and depressive symptoms accumulated over 25 years are synergistically associated with subclinical heart disease, measured by coronary artery calcification (CAC). Method: Participants (baseline: 54.5% women; 51.5% Black; age range = 18-30 years) were followed prospectively from 1985 to 2010 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Smoking status was queried yearly from Year 0 to Year 25 to compute packyears of smoking exposure. Depressive symptoms were measured on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale every 5 years to compute cumulative scores from Year 5 to Year 25...
October 13, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685456/positive-affect-and-its-association-with-viral-control-among-women-with-hiv-infection
#19
Tracey E Wilson, Jeremy Weedon, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Joel Milam, Mary A Young, Adebola A Adedimeji, Jennifer Cohen, Barbara L Fredrickson
Objective: We assessed the relationship between positive affect and viral suppression among women with HIV infection. Method: Three waves of 6-month data were analyzed from 995 women on HIV antiretroviral therapy participating in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (10/11-3/13). The predictor variable was self-reported positive affect over 2 waves of data collection, and the outcome was suppressed viral load, defined as plasma HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL, measured at a third wave. Results: Women with higher positive affect (36%) were more likely to have viral suppression at a subsequent wave (OR 1...
September 29, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669179/the-impact-of-stress-at-different-life-stages-on-physical-health-and-the-buffering-effects-of-maternal-sensitivity
#20
Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson, Elizabeth A Carlson, Michelle M Englund, Sooyeon Sung
Objective: Many studies indicate that early life stress leads to negative health outcomes in adulthood, and some suggest that high-quality parenting might buffer these effects. Most prior research, however, has relied on cross-sectional retrospective reports of stress and parenting. Our study tests how coder-rated stress and parenting quality assessed at different life stages predict adult health outcomes in a prospective, longitudinal study. Method: Participants were 163 individuals in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation studied since birth...
September 26, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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