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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745680/associations-of-perceived-norms-with-intentions-to-learn-genomic-sequencing-results-roles-for-attitudes-and-ambivalence
#1
Allecia E Reid, Jennifer M Taber, Rebecca A Ferrer, Barbara B Biesecker, Katie L Lewis, Leslie G Biesecker, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Genomic sequencing is becoming increasingly accessible, highlighting the need to understand the social and psychological factors that drive interest in receiving testing results. These decisions may depend on perceived descriptive norms (how most others behave) and injunctive norms (what is approved of by others). We predicted that descriptive norms would be directly associated with intentions to learn genomic sequencing results, whereas injunctive norms would be associated indirectly, via attitudes...
May 10, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733617/critical-review-and-meta-analysis-of-multicomponent-behavioral-e-health-interventions-for-weight-loss
#2
Ioana R Podina, Liviu A Fodor
OBJECTIVES: Multicomponent behavioral e-health interventions are seen as an alternative to in-person treatment for weight loss. However, these estimates may be optimistic at best. This is the first meta-analysis to investigate the relative efficacy of multicomponent behavioral e-health interventions for weight loss against separate groups of active in-person treatment and passive controls (e.g., waitlist, no care, usual care, or placebo group). METHOD: Forty-seven randomized controlled trials on multicomponent e-health interventions for weight loss in overweight and/or obese adults were included...
May 7, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708390/an-integrated-model-of-condom-use-in-sub-saharan-african-youth-a-meta-analysis
#3
Cleo Protogerou, Blair T Johnson, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: We tested an integrated social-cognitive model derived from multiple theories of the determinants of young people's condom use in Sub-Saharan Africa. The model comprised seven social-cognitive antecedents of condom use: Attitudes, norms, control, risk perceptions, barriers, intentions, and previous condom use. METHOD: We conducted a systematic search of studies including effects between at least one model construct and intended or actual condom use in young people from sub-Saharan African countries...
April 30, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708389/stress-related-eating-mindfulness-and-obesity
#4
Elizabeth W Cotter, Nichole R Kelly
OBJECTIVE: This study explored how experiences of stress in adulthood, including the occurrence of stressful life events and psychosocial strains in various life domains, might be related to stress-related eating and indicators of obesity, including body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were examined from 3,708 adults in the Midlife in the U.S. study (MIDUS II). RESULTS: Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that experiences of stress were associated with higher BMI and waist circumference, even after controlling for age, annual household income, education level, race, and sex, although the additional variance accounted for was small...
April 30, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708388/does-exercise-aid-smoking-cessation-through-reductions-in-anxiety-sensitivity-and-dysphoria
#5
Michael J Zvolensky, David Rosenfield, Lorra Garey, Brooke Y Kauffman, Kirsten J Langdon, Mark B Powers, Michael W Otto, Michelle L Davis, Bess H Marcus, Timothy S Church, Georita M Frierson, Lindsey B Hopkins, Daniel J Paulus, Scarlett O Baird, Jasper A J Smits
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that high anxiety sensitivity (AS) and dysphoria are related to poor smoking cessation outcomes. Engaging in exercise may contribute to improvement in smoking cessation outcomes through reductions in AS and dysphoria. In the current study, we examined whether exercise can aid smoking cessation through reductions in AS and dysphoria. METHOD: Participants were sedentary and low activity adult daily smokers (N = 136) with elevated AS who participated in a randomized controlled trial comparing smoking cessation treatment (ST) plus an exercise intervention (ST + EX) to ST plus wellness education (ST + CTRL)...
April 30, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708387/intervention-delivery-fidelity-assessment-of-a-counseling-based-intervention-for-promoting-smoking-reduction-and-increasing-physical-activity
#6
Tom P Thompson, Jeffrey D Lambert, Colin J Greaves, Adrian H Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) develop an approach to assess the delivery fidelity of a complex intervention to simultaneously increase physical activity and reduce smoking and (2) use this approach to assess the variation of fidelity across the delivery of different intervention components of the intervention. METHOD: Audio recorded and transcribed sessions (90 in total) involving 30 participants and 3 health trainers delivering a one-to-one intervention were purposively sampled across health trainer (HT) and stage of treatment...
April 30, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698023/individual-differences-and-day-to-day-fluctuations-in-goal-planning-and-type-1-diabetes-management
#7
Deborah J Wiebe, Ashley C Baker, Yana Suchy, Tammy K Stump, Cynthia A Berg
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether individual differences and day-to-day fluctuations in diabetes goal planning are associated with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) management during late adolescence, and whether lapses in daily diabetes goal planning are more disruptive to diabetes management among those with poorer executive functioning (EF). METHOD: Late adolescents with T1D (N = 236, Mage = 17.77 years) completed survey measures assessing individual differences in levels of diabetes goal planning and adherence, as well as survey and performance-based measures of EF; glycemic control was assessed through glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) assays...
April 26, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698022/does-the-cortisol-awakening-response-link-childhood-adversity-to-adult-bmi
#8
Kelly F Miller, Reout Arbel, Lauren S Shapiro, Sohyun C Han, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVES: Childhood adversity is a risk factor for the development of obesity in adulthood. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity, which has been associated separately with both adverse childhood experiences and obesity, has been posited as a mechanism by which stressful experiences influence body mass index (BMI); however, this mechanism has not yet been tested longitudinally. The present study uses multireporter, longitudinal data across three time points to test whether the adolescent cortisol awakening response (CAR), an index of diurnal HPA activity, mediates the association between adversity in childhood and BMI in adulthood...
April 26, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698021/impact-of-lower-strength-alcohol-labeling-on-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Milica Vasiljevic, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Daniel Frings, Antony C Moss, Ian P Albery, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVE: Labels indicating low/light versions of tobacco and foods are perceived as less harmful, which may encourage people to consume more. There is an absence of evidence concerning the impact on consumption of labeling alcohol products as lower in strength. The current study tests the hypothesis that labeling wine and beer as lower in alcohol increases their consumption. METHOD: Weekly wine and beer drinkers (n = 264) sampled from a representative panel of the general population of England were randomized to one of three groups to taste test drinks in a bar-laboratory varying only in the label displayed; Group 1: verbal descriptor Super Low combined with 4% alcohol by volume (ABV) for wine/1% ABV for beer; Group 2: verbal descriptor Low combined with 8% ABV for wine/3% ABV for beer; Group 3: no verbal descriptors of strength (Regular)...
April 26, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672100/childhood-trauma-pubertal-timing-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-adulthood
#10
Man-Kit Lei, Steven R H Beach, Ronald L Simons
OBJECTIVE: An association between childhood trauma and adult health outcomes has been widely reported, but little is known about the developmental pathways through which childhood trauma influences adult cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHOD: Hypotheses were tested with a sample of 405 African Americans from the Family and Community Health Study (FACHS). Path modeling was used to test our theoretical model. RESULTS: Replicating prior research, exposure to childhood trauma was associated positively with increases in symptoms of CVD risk across young adulthood even after controlling for a variety of health-related and health behavior covariates...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672099/is-the-association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-glucose-bidirectional-a-population-based-study
#11
Karolina Wesołowska, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Markus Jokela, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jari Lipsanen, Markus Juonala, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with Type 2 diabetes, but the temporal direction of this association and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined a potential bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and glucose levels in women and men, and the factors mediating this association. METHOD: The participants were from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, a prospective, population-based, cohort study (N = 2,534)...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672098/four-avenues-of-normative-influence-a-research-agenda-for-health-promotion-in-low-and-mid-income-countries
#12
Beniamino Cislaghi, Lori Heise
Health promotion interventions in low and midincome countries (LMIC) are increasingly integrating strategies to change local social norms that sustain harmful practices. However, the literature on social norms and health in LMIC is still scarce. A well-known application of social norm theory in LMIC involves abandonment of female genital cutting (FGC) in West Africa. We argue that FGC is a special case because of its unique relationship between the norm and the practice; health promotion interventions would benefit from a wider understanding of how social norms can influence different types of health-related behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672097/cognitive-and-affective-mechanisms-of-pain-and-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Anne Arewasikporn, Aaron P Turner, Kevin N Alschuler, Abbey J Hughes, Dawn M Ehde
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which pain catastrophizing, fatigue catastrophizing, positive affect, and negative affect simultaneously mediated the associations between common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS; i.e., pain, fatigue) and impact on daily life, depressive symptoms, and resilience. METHOD: Participants were community-dwelling adults with MS (N = 163) reporting chronic pain, fatigue, and/or moderate depressive symptoms. Multiple mediation path analysis was used to model potential mediators of pain and fatigue separately, using baseline data from a randomized controlled trial comparing two symptom self-management interventions...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620377/social-integration-and-age-related-decline-in-lung-function
#14
Crista N Crittenden, Michael L M Murphy, Sheldon Cohen
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that social integration, measured as number of social roles, is associated with less age-related loss of lung function, an important marker of health and longevity. We also investigated possible psychological factors through which social integration might influence lung health. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Health and Retirement Study (ages 52-94, n = 4,224). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Each additional social role reported at baseline was associated with less of a decline in lung function between baseline and the follow-up assessment four years later...
April 5, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595298/decision-making-and-socioeconomic-disparities-in-colonoscopy-screening-in-african-americans
#15
Marc T Kiviniemi, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Deborah O Erwin, Lina Jandorf
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in colorectal cancer screening are persistent. Lower education and income are both associated with lower screening rates. Both cognitive (e.g., perceived barriers) and affective (e.g., disgust, fear) decision-making constructs are known determinants of colorectal cancer screening behavior. This study tests the hypotheses that SES may be related to decision-making constructs and that this SES-decision-making construct relation may contribute to explaining the SES-screening behavior disparity...
March 29, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565601/correlates-of-healthcare-and-financial-decision-making-among-older-adults-without-dementia
#16
Christopher C Stewart, Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare and financial decision making among older persons has been previously associated with cognition, health and financial literacy, and risk aversion; however, the manner by which these resources support decision making remains unclear, as past studies have not systematically investigated the pathways linking these resources with decision making. In the current study, we use path analysis to examine the direct and indirect pathways linking age, education, cognition, literacy, and risk aversion with decision making...
March 22, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565600/social-support-social-integration-and-inflammatory-cytokines-a-meta-analysis
#17
Bert N Uchino, Ryan Trettevik, Robert G Kent de Grey, Sierra Cronan, Jasara Hogan, Brian R W Baucom
OBJECTIVE: Social support and social integration have been linked to lower rates of morbidity and mortality. However, the biological mechanisms responsible for such links need greater attention to advance theory and unique intervention opportunities. The main aim of this article was to conduct a meta-analytic review of the association between social support-social integration and inflammatory cytokines (e.g., interleukin-6, C-reactive protein) and test several proposed moderators from prior qualitative reviews...
March 22, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698020/longitudinal-health-consequences-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-examining-perceived-discrimination-as-a-mediator
#18
Thomas E Fuller-Rowell, David S Curtis, David H Chae, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: Foundational theoretical perspectives suggest that socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) increases an individual's risk of being exposed to unfair treatment or discrimination. However, little empirical attention has been given to the role of perceived discrimination in the SED-health gradient. Addressing this knowledge gap, the current study examined the mediating role of discrimination in the longitudinal association between SED and self-rated health. METHOD: Participants in the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study were followed over 3 waves covering a 17- to 19-year period (N = 6,286; 53% female; 91% White; mean age at baseline = 47 years, SD = 13)...
May 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698019/group-based-physical-activity-for-older-adults-goal-randomized-controlled-trial-exercise-adherence-outcomes
#19
Mark R Beauchamp, Geralyn R Ruissen, William L Dunlop, Paul A Estabrooks, Samantha M Harden, Svenja A Wolf, Yan Liu, Toni Schmader, Eli Puterman, A William Sheel, Ryan E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Despite the health benefits of regular physical activity, across the globe older adults represent the least active section of society. PURPOSE: The GrOup-based physical Activity for oLder adults (GOAL) trial was a three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT) that was designed to test the efficacy of two group-based exercise programs for older adults, informed by self-categorization theory (SCT), in comparison to a standard group-based exercise program...
May 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698018/cognitive-behavior-therapy-combined-with-exercise-for-adults-with-chronic-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Paquito Bernard, Ahmed-Jérôme Romain, Johan Caudroit, Guillaume Chevance, Marion Carayol, Mathieu Gourlan, Kelsey Needham Dancause, Gregory Moullec
OBJECTIVE: The present meta-analysis aimed to determine the overall effect of cognitive behavior therapy combined with physical exercise (CBTEx) interventions on depression, anxiety, fatigue, and pain in adults with chronic illness; to identify the potential moderators of efficacy; and to compare the efficacy of CBTEx versus each condition alone (CBT and physical exercise). METHOD: Relevant randomized clinical trials, published before July 2017, were identified through database searches in PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, SportDiscus, and the Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials...
May 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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