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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215900/apoe-e4-genotype-and-lifestyle-interaction-on-cognitive-performance-results-of-the-life-adult-study
#1
Francisca S Rodriguez, Matthias L Schroeter, Katrin Arélin, A Veronica Witte, Ronny Baber, Ralph Burkhardt, Christoph Engel, Markus Löffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that the e4-allele of the APOE gene is associated with a higher risk of developing dementia. Our study investigated whether well-known associations between lifestyle factors and cognitive functioning may be stronger in individuals who carry the dementia risk variant of the APOE gene and whether this association is amplified with older age. METHOD: Data analysis comprised 7,526 participants (aged 40- to 79-years-old) from the population-based LIFE-Adult-study...
December 7, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172607/social-isolation-health-literacy-and-mortality-risk-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#2
Samuel G Smith, Sarah E Jackson, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Andrew Steptoe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between social isolation, health literacy, and all-cause mortality, and the modifying effect of social isolation on the latter relationship. METHODS: Data were from 7731 adults aged ≥50 years participating in Wave 2 (2004/2005) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Social isolation was defined according to marital/cohabiting status and contact with children, relatives, and friends, and participation in social organizations...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172606/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-self-attitudes-in-response-to-dietary-lapses
#3
Leah M Schumacher, Gerald J Martin, Stephanie P Goldstein, Stephanie M Manasse, Ross D Crosby, Meghan L Butryn, Jason Lillis, Evan M Forman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether self-attitudes and self-efficacy after dietary lapses relate to lapse frequency or predict risk for lapsing again on the same day. METHOD: Adults with overweight/obesity (n = 91) completed ecological momentary assessment for 14 days at the start of a lifestyle modification program. At each survey, participants reported whether they had experienced a dietary lapse, and, if so, reported their self-attitudes (i.e., self-criticism, self-forgiveness, self-regard) and self-efficacy...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172605/treatment-of-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-cognitive-therapy-and-bright-light-therapy
#4
Caroline Desautels, Josée Savard, Hans Ivers, Marie-Hélène Savard, Aude Caplette-Gingras
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial (RCT), conducted in patients with breast cancer, aimed to compare the effects of cognitive therapy (CT), bright light therapy (BLT), and a waiting-list control condition (WLC) on depressive symptoms. METHOD: Sixty-two women were randomly assigned to an 8-week CT (n = 25), BLT (n = 26), or WLC (n = 11). Participants completed the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) at pre- and posttreatment (and postwaiting for WLC), as well as 3 and 6 months later...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172604/daily-diary-study-of-hope-stigma-and-functioning-in-lung-cancer-patients
#5
Laurie E Steffen, Kevin E Vowles, Bruce W Smith, Gregory N Gan, Martin J Edelman
OBJECTIVE: Given its lethality, associated stigma, and symptom burden, a lung cancer diagnosis poses a substantial challenge for patients. The goal of this study was to examine how daily hope, defined as goal-directed effort and planning to meet goals, and daily stigma were related to same- and next-day functioning in lung cancer patients receiving cancer treatment. METHODS: Fifty lung cancer patients (39 non-small-cell stages IIIa-IV; 11 limited and extensive small cell) completed a baseline questionnaire and 21 daily diaries (n = 1,042) assessing hope, stigma, physical symptoms, treatment factors, and functioning...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172603/trait-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-diurnal-cortisol-profiles-in-healthy-adults
#6
Lisa R Otto, Nancy L Sin, David M Almeida, Richard P Sloan
OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies have shown that 2 emotion regulation strategies-suppression and reappraisal-are associated with differential profiles of physiological activation in response to a stress test. The present study aims to add to those findings by investigating whether individual differences in trait emotion regulation strategies are associated with diurnal cortisol patterns in a naturalistic context. METHOD: A sample of 46 men and women from the Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS II) study completed the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and provided 4 salivary cortisol samples per day over 4 consecutive days...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172602/personality-and-sleep-quality-evidence-from-four-prospective-studies
#7
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Sophie Bayard, Zlatan Križan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the longitudinal association between personality traits and sleep quality in 4 samples of middle-aged and older adults. METHOD: Participants (N > 22,000) were adults aged 30 to 107 years old from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS), the Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS), the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), and the Midlife in Japan Study (MIDJA). Personality and sleep quality were assessed at baseline and again 4 to 10 years later...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154609/influence-of-sedentary-social-and-physical-alternatives-on-food-reinforcement
#8
Katelyn A Carr, Leonard H Epstein
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential for nonfood alternative activities to compete with the reinforcing value of food. Participants rated the frequency and pleasantness of engaging in a variety of activities and made hypothetical choices between food and 4 types of alternatives; cognitive-enriching (reading, listening to music), social (attending a party or event), sedentary (watching TV), and physically active (running, biking). METHOD: Two-hundred seventy-six adults completed an online survey using a crowdsourcing platform...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154608/a-life-stress-emotional-awareness-and-expression-interview-for-primary-care-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Maisa S Ziadni, Jennifer N Carty, Heather K Doherty, John H Porcerelli, Lisa J Rapport, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Lifetime trauma, relationship adversities, and emotional conflicts are elevated in primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), and these risk factors likely trigger or exacerbate symptoms. Helping patients disclose stressors, increase awareness and expression of inhibited emotions, and link emotions to physical symptoms may improve health. We developed an emotional awareness and expression interview that targets stressful life experiences and conflicts and then tested its effects on primary care patients with MUS...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154607/situation-specific-social-norms-as-mediators-of-social-influence-on-snacking
#10
Benjamin Schüz, Thalia Papadakis, Stuart G Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Social factors are among the most powerful and pervasive influences on eating behavior, snacking in particular. Previous research has shown that being in the presence of people who are eating significantly increases the likelihood of eating and affects the types as well as the amount of food consumed. Much less is known about the processes underlying social influence, but previous research has suggested social norms as mediators. In this study, we extended this perspective to everyday settings and examined whether the presence of other people eating leads to a change in perceived momentary norms, and whether this change predicts snack consumption in real life...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154606/dyadic-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-on-medical-morbidity-in-middle-aged-and-older-couples
#11
Courtney A Polenick, Brenna N Renn, Kira S Birditt
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms in middle and later life are associated with an increased risk of greater medical morbidity (i.e., number of chronic health conditions). Yet little is known about mutual influences that may occur within married couples. This study examined the effects of wives' and husbands' depressive symptoms on their own and their partner's number of chronic health conditions over an 8-year period. It was also determined whether these effects varied by gender. METHOD: The U...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154605/psychological-symptoms-and-subsequent-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#12
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Shelley S Tworoger, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Edward L Giovannucci, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVE: Although medical professionals recommend lifestyle changes following a colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis to improve outcomes, such changes are not consistently implemented. This study examines whether higher distress is associated with lower likelihood of engaging in favorable behaviors after CRC diagnosis. METHOD: Women from the Nurses' Health Study prospective cohort who completed anxiety (n = 145) and depression (n = 227) symptom scales within 4 years after receiving a CRC diagnosis were included...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154604/traditional-and-cyber-victimization-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#13
Jessica L Fales, Sean Rice, Rachel V Aaron, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has revealed a link between peer victimization and somatic complaints in healthy youth; however, the peer victimization experiences of youth with clinically significant chronic pain have not been examined. This study aims to determine rates of peer victimization among youth seeking treatment for chronic pain and to compare these rates to a community control group. Relationships between peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and functional disability are also examined...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154603/affective-reactivity-to-daily-stress-and-20-year-mortality-risk-in-adults-with-chronic-illness-findings-from-the-national-study-of-daily-experiences
#14
Jessica J Chiang, Nicholas A Turiano, Daniel K Mroczek, Gregory E Miller
OBJECTIVE: Daily stress processes have been previously linked to health-related outcomes, but implications for longevity remain unclear. The present study examined whether daily stress exposure and/or affective responses to daily stressors predicted mortality risk over a 20-year period. Based on the hypothesis that chronic illness confers vulnerability to deleterious effects of stress, we also examined whether its presence accentuated the association between daily stress processes and later mortality risk...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154602/how-do-tobacco-power-walls-influence-adolescents-a-study-of-mediating-mechanisms
#15
Claude M Setodji, Steven C Martino, Min Gong, Michael S Dunbar, Daniela Kusuke, Angela Sicker, William G Shadel
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco power walls display hundreds of tobacco products and are known to be a key part of the impact of point-of-sale tobacco advertising on risk for smoking in adolescents. The current study examined factors that are hypothesized to mediate the effect of tobacco power wall exposure on adolescents' susceptibility for smoking in the future. METHOD: Participants (N = 148) aged 11-17 years were invited to shop in the RAND StoreLab, a life-sized replica of a convenience store...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#16
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048177/the-role-of-a-palliative-care-intervention-in-moderating-the-relationship-between-depression-and-survival-among-individuals-with-advanced-cancer
#17
Anna T Prescott, Jay G Hull, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Tor D Tosteson, Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Zhigang Li, Zhongze Li, Konstantin H Dragnev, Mark T Hegel, Karen E Steinhauser, Tim A Ahles, Marie A Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of early palliative care interventions in advanced cancer have positively impacted patient survival, yet the mechanisms remain unknown. This secondary analysis of 2 RCTs assessed whether an early palliative care intervention moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and survival. METHOD: The relationships among mood, survival, and early palliative care intervention were studied among 529 advanced cancer patients who participated in 2 RCTs...
October 19, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825495/improving-the-translation-of-intentions-into-health-actions-the-role-of-motivational-coherence
#18
Paschal Sheeran, Mark Conner
OBJECTIVE: This paper introduces a new construct termed motivational coherence, and tests its influence upon the process of translating intentions into health actions. Motivational coherence was defined as the extent to which predictors of intentions (e.g., attitudes, norms, perceived control) cohere or point in the same direction. The prediction tested was that motivational coherence would stabilize intentions and thereby increase intention-behavior consistency. METHOD: Three studies were conducted that each involved prospective designs...
November 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825494/resilience-and-biomarkers-of-health-risk-in-black-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#19
Carla J Berg, Regine Haardörfer, Colleen M McBride, Varun Kilaru, Kerry J Ressler, Aliza P Wingo, Nabil F Saba, Jackelyn B Payne, Alicia Smith
OBJECTIVES: Blacks are disproportionately affected by tobacco-related illnesses as well as traumatic events associated with psychiatric conditions and smoking. We examined the potential protective nature of resilience within this context, hypothesizing resilience differentially moderates the associations of traumatic experiences to depressive symptoms and to biomarkers of health risk among Black ever versus never smokers. METHOD: Measures of resilience, traumatic experiences, depressive symptoms, and biomarkers (interleukin-6 [IL-6], C-reactive protein [CRP], allostatic load) were obtained among 852 Blacks recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta...
November 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726478/the-association-of-positive-emotion-and-first-smoking-lapse-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#20
Christine Vinci, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Cho Y Lam, Lin Guo, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Claire A Spears, Diana S Hoover, Paul E Etcheverry, David W Wetter
OBJECTIVE: Individuals attempting to quit smoking typically have poor success rates, and the majority fail to maintain long-term abstinence. Although a large body of evidence documents the impact of negative affect on reducing abstinence, there is a much smaller body of research on positive emotions, which could be an important mechanism that is associated with successful cessation. As such, this study examined positive emotions in real-time via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to determine whether discrete positive emotions were uniquely related to 2 cessation milestones: quit day lapse and first lapse...
November 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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