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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318276/perception-of-partner-sexual-history-effects-on-safe-sex-intentions
#1
Talea Cornelius, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: Sexual intercourse is a dyadic activity, and intentions to engage in safe sex vary across partners. Because pregnant and newly parenting adolescents and young adults are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it is important to understand sexual decision-making in this population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined how participants' own risk behavior and their partners' risk behavior influence perceptions of partner risk, and the impact of risk perceptions on condom use intentions and monogamy intentions in 296 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples (MAgeFemale = 18...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318275/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-smoker-stereotypes-and-evaluations-of-cigarette-warnings
#2
Renee E Magnan, Linda D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Although graphic cigarette warnings have important benefits that may aid in motivating smoking quit attempts and discouraging smoking initiation, 1 possible negative consequence might be psychological reactance to graphic warnings. Reactance to warnings might be shaped by stereotypical views of smokers. This research examined the associations of positive and negative smoker stereotypes with perceptions of the educational value of warnings as well as affective and motivational responses to them...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318274/do-multiple-health-events-reduce-resilience-when-compared-with-single-events
#3
Ruth T Morin, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Fiona Maccallum, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: The impact of multiple major life stressors is hypothesized to reduce the probability of resilience and increase rates of mortality. However, this hypothesis lacks strong empirical support because of the lack of prospective evidence. This study investigated whether experiencing multiple major health events diminishes rates of resilience and increases rates of mortality using a large population-based prospective cohort. METHOD: There were n = 1,395 individuals sampled from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and examined prospectively from 2 years before 4 years after either single or multiple health events (lung disease, heart disease, stroke, or cancer)...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287775/musculoskeletal-complaints-anxiety-depression-symptoms-and-neuroticism-a-study-of-middle-aged-twins
#4
Olav Vassend, Espen Røysamb, Christopher Sivert Nielsen, Nikolai Olavi Czajkowski
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MS) complaints are reported commonly, but the extent to which such complaints reflect the severity of site-specific pathology or a more generalized susceptibility to feel pain/discomfort is uncertain. Both site-specific and more widespread MS conditions have been shown to be linked to anxiety and depression, but the nature of this relationship is poorly understood. In the present study the role of neuroticism as a shared risk factor that may possibly explain the co-occurrence between anxiety-depression and MS complaints was investigated...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277705/the-role-of-social-closeness-during-tape-stripping-to-facilitate-skin-barrier-recovery-preliminary-findings
#5
Hayley Robinson, Abhimati Ravikulan, Urs M Nater, Nadine Skoluda, Paul Jarrett, Elizabeth Broadbent
OBJECTIVE: Social support is known to reduce the negative effects of stress on health, but there is mixed evidence for the effects of social support on wound healing. This study aimed to investigate whether undergoing a task designed to promote social closeness with a fellow participant and being paired with that person during a tape-stripping procedure could reduce stress and improve skin barrier recovery compared to going through tape stripping alone. METHOD: Seventy-two healthy adults were randomized to either a social closeness condition where participants completed a relationship-building task and tape stripping in pairs or a control condition where they completed tape stripping alone...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277704/relational-underpinnings-of-condom-use-findings-from-the-project-on-partner-dynamics
#6
Christopher R Agnew, S Marie Harvey, Laura E VanderDrift, Jocelyn Warren
OBJECTIVE: To examine how relational qualities, including commitment to a sexual partner, are associated with condom use among young heterosexual adults at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Guided by the investment model of commitment processes, we hypothesized that sexual partner commitment is a function of satisfaction with, alternatives to, and investments in the relationship. Commitment to a sexual partner is, in turn, associated with reduced perceptions of vulnerability to sexually transmitted infection acquisition, which results in lowered condom use intentions and use...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277703/network-behavior-dynamics-of-adolescent-friendships-alcohol-use-and-physical-activity
#7
Emily Long, Tyson S Barrett, Ginger Lockhart
OBJECTIVE: The coevolution of adolescent social networks, alcohol use, and physical activity is studied. Previous research has independently evaluated each behavior, overlooking the potential power of examining their development within a shared social context. The current study extends previous research by examining the dynamics of friendship networks, alcohol use, and physical activity in conjunction, including the concurrent engagement in both behaviors, with a nationally representative sample of U...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277702/pathway-from-ptsd-to-respiratory-health-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-psychosocial-intervention
#8
Monika A Waszczuk, Xiaotong Li, Evelyn J Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Michael J Zvolensky, Camilo Ruggero, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common debilitating conditions that frequently co-occur. Observational studies indicate that PTSD, independently of smoking, is a major risk and maintenance factor for lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). The current study experimentally tested this etiologic pathway by investigating whether LRS can be reduced by treating PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Ninety daily smokers exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster (mean age 50 years, 28% female; 68% White) completed 8-session group-based weekly comprehensive trauma management and smoking cessation treatment that focused on skills to alleviate PTSD symptoms...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277701/does-personality-predict-health-and-well-being-a-metasynthesis
#9
Jason E Strickhouser, Ethan Zell, Zlatan Krizan
OBJECTIVE: To derive a robust and comprehensive estimate of the overall relation between Big Five personality traits and health variables using metasynthesis (i.e., second-order meta-analysis). METHOD: Thirty-six meta-analyses, which collectively provided 150 meta-analytic effects from over 500,000 participants, met criteria for inclusion in the metasynthesis. Information on methodological quality as well as the type of health outcome, unreliability adjustment, population sampled, health outcome source, personality source, and research design was extracted from each meta-analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277700/does-socioeconomic-status-mediate-racial-differences-in-the-cortisol-response-in-middle-childhood
#10
Jennifer L Tackett, Kathrin Herzhoff, Avanté J Smack, Kathleen W Reardon, Emma K Adam
OBJECTIVE: Race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status are both associated with stress physiology as indexed by cortisol. The present study tested the extent to which racial/ethnic disparities in cortisol reactivity are explained by socioeconomic status. METHOD: The sample consisted of 296 racially and socioeconomically diverse children ages 8-11 (47% boys). Mothers reported on children's stressors and socioeconomic status; salivary cortisol levels were assessed before and after the Trier Social Stress Test...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277699/harnessing-the-placebo-effect-exploring-the-influence-of-physician-characteristics-on-placebo-response
#11
Lauren C Howe, J Parker Goyer, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: Research on placebo/nocebo effects suggests that expectations can influence treatment outcomes, but placebo/nocebo effects are not always evident. This research demonstrates that a provider's social behavior moderates the effect of expectations on physiological outcomes. METHODS: After inducing an allergic reaction in participants through a histamine skin prick test, a health care provider administered a cream with no active ingredients and set either positive expectations (cream will reduce reaction) or negative expectations (cream will increase reaction)...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277698/does-educating-patients-about-the-early-palliative-care-study-increase-preferences-for-outpatient-palliative-cancer-care-findings-from-project-empower
#12
Michael Hoerger, Laura M Perry, Robert Gramling, Ronald M Epstein, Paul R Duberstein
OBJECTIVES: Randomized controlled trials, especially the Early Palliative Care Study (Temel et al., 2010), have shown that early outpatient palliative cancer care can improve quality of life for patients with advanced cancer or serious symptoms. However, fear and misconceptions drive avoidance of palliative care. Drawing from an empowerment perspective, we examined whether educating patients about evidence from the Early Palliative Care Study would increase preferences for palliative care...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277697/revisiting-the-lack-of-association-between-affect-and-physiology-contrasting-between-person-and-within-person-analyses
#13
Matthew J Zawadzki, Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski, John M Ruiz, William Gerin
OBJECTIVE: Despite experimental manipulations that reliably elicit affective and physiological responses, the relationship between the two frequently appears small or nonexistent. We propose that this is, at least in part, due to a mismatch between the nature of the question being asked and the analytic methods applied. For example, to test if levels of affect reliably covary with physiology over time-a within-person question-one cannot apply analytic approaches that test whether people are similarly reactive across domains-a between-person question...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277696/morning-self-efficacy-predicts-physical-activity-throughout-the-day-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Ruixue Zhaoyang, Lynn M Martire, Martin J Sliwinski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the within-day and cross-day prospective effects of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients' self-efficacy to engage in physical activity despite the pain on their subsequent physical activity assessed objectively in their natural environment. METHOD: Over 22 days, 135 older adults with knee OA reported their morning self-efficacy for being physically active throughout the day using a handheld computer and wore an accelerometer to measure moderate activity and steps...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277695/acute-aerobic-exercise-hastens-emotional-recovery-from-a-subsequent-stressor
#15
Emily E Bernstein, Richard J McNally
OBJECTIVE: Despite findings that regular exercise is broadly associated with emotional well-being, more basic research is needed to deepen our understanding of the exercise and emotion connection. This paper examines how acute aerobic exercise in particular influences subjective emotional recovery from a subsequent stressor. Potential mediators and moderators, including level of physical fitness, attentional control, and perseverative negative thinking were explored. METHOD: All of the participants (n = 95) completed 3 laboratory visits, each including 1 of 3 activities (i...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240921/prevalence-and-alternative-explanations-influence-cancer-diagnosis-an-experimental-study-with-physicians
#16
Miroslav Sirota, Olga Kostopoulou, Thomas Round, Shyamalee Samaranayaka
OBJECTIVE: Cancer causes death to millions of people worldwide. Early detection of cancer in primary care may enhance patients' chances of survival. However, physicians often miss early cancers, which tend to present with undifferentiated symptoms. Within a theoretical framework of the hypothesis generation (HyGene) model, together with psychological literature, we studied how 2 factors-cancer prevalence and an alternative explanation for the patient's symptoms-impede early cancer detection, as well as prompt patient management...
February 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206788/expectations-for-antibiotics-increase-their-prescribing-causal-evidence-about-localized-impact
#17
Miroslav Sirota, Thomas Round, Shyamalee Samaranayaka, Olga Kostopoulou
OBJECTIVE: Clinically irrelevant but psychologically important factors such as patients' expectations for antibiotics encourage overprescribing. We aimed to (a) provide missing causal evidence of this effect, (b) identify whether the expectations distort the perceived probability of a bacterial infection either in a pre- or postdecisional distortions pathway, and (c) detect possible moderators of this effect. METHOD: Family physicians expressed their willingness to prescribe antibiotics (Experiment 1, n1 = 305) or their decision to prescribe (Experiment 2, n2 = 131) and assessed the probability of a bacterial infection in hypothetical patients with infections either with low or high expectations for antibiotics...
February 16, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206787/self-affirmation-increases-defensiveness-toward-health-risk-information-among-those-experiencing-negative-emotions-results-from-two-national-samples
#18
Rebecca A Ferrer, William M P Klein, Kaitlin A Graff
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation can promote health behavior change and yield long-term improvements in health via its effect on receptiveness to risk information in behavior change interventions. Across 2 studies, we examined whether the emotional state of the person presented with health risk information moderates self-affirmation effectiveness. METHOD: Data were collected from 2 U.S. national samples (n = 652, n = 448) via GfK, an Internet-based survey company. Female alcohol consumers completed an emotion induction (fear, anger, or neutral)...
February 16, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192005/does-real-time-variability-in-inhibitory-control-drive-snacking-behavior-an-intensive-longitudinal-study
#19
Daniel J H Powell, David McMinn, Julia L Allan
OBJECTIVE: Laboratory eating studies and cross-sectional surveys indicate individuals with inefficient executive function (EF) consume more unhealthy snacks than others. However, the importance of EF in determining snacking behavior in the "real world" has not been established. Contemporary behavioral and self-control theories posit EF as a dynamic resource fluctuating over time. Consequently, a test of the relevance of EF to behavior within individuals is required. This study tested within- and between-person effects of real-time variability in objectively measured inhibitory control (a core facet of EF) on subsequent snacking behavior in daily life...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#20
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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