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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836798/affective-associations-as-predictors-of-health-behavior-in-urban-minority-youth
#1
Andrew L Geers, Emily Van Wasshenova, Ashley B Murray, Rachel Mahas, Mariane Fahlman, Debra Boardley
OBJECTIVE: Affective associations are key predictors of health-relevant action that can mediate the relationships between cognitive variables and health behavior. Little data, however, has examined affective associations in high-risk groups, the individuals with the greatest need for intervention. Further, few studies have examined the unique predictive ability of positive and negative affective associations. METHODS: The present study assessed positive affective associations, negative affective associations, cognitive beliefs, subjective norms, and reports of 4 obesity-related behaviors (physical activity, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, and soft drink consumption) across a cross-sectional (n = 1,499) and a longitudinal sample (n = 104) of predominantly African American adolescents of low socioeconomic status from the inner city of urban Detroit...
August 24, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836797/an-illness-by-any-other-name-the-effect-of-renaming-gout-on-illness-and-treatment-perceptions
#2
Keith J Petrie, Kate MacKrill, Christina Derksen, Nicola Dalbeth
OBJECTIVE: Inaccurate lay views of an illness can lead to the adoption of unhelpful coping strategies and treatments. Gout is an example of an illness where the popular view of the condition conflicts with a modern understanding of the illness by overemphasizing the role of diet and alcohol in the development and management of the disease. In this study we investigated the effect of renaming gout as urate crystal arthritis on the perceptions of the illness. METHOD: One-hundred and 89 supermarket shoppers participated in a study examining the perceptions of different types of arthritis...
August 24, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825499/effects-of-trauma-and-ptsd-on-self-reported-physical-functioning-in-sexual-minority-women
#3
Andrea N Niles, Helen Valenstein-Mah, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Debra Kaysen
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbians, bisexual women, and women who partner with women) experience high rates of trauma exposure, are more likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and have high rates of physical health problems compared with heterosexual women. The present study tested whether PTSD may be the mechanism through which trauma exposure affects self-reported physical functioning in this population. METHOD: In a sample of 857 sexual minority women, we examined the association between trauma exposure and worsening physical functioning (measured using the 12-item Short Form Health Survey) 2 years later, whether PTSD mediated this relationship, and if so, which PTSD symptom clusters best accounted for this mediation...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825498/evaluation-of-coping-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-stressful-life-events-and-cancer-related-distress
#4
Dale J Langford, Bruce Cooper, Steven Paul, Janice Humphreys, Carolyn Keagy, Yvette P Conley, Marilyn J Hammer, Jon D Levine, Fay Wright, Michelle Melisko, Christine Miaskowski, Laura B Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Lifetime stressful life events (SLEs) may predispose oncology patients to cancer-related distress (i.e., intrusive thoughts, hyperarousal, avoidance). Coping may influence cancer-related distress by mediating this relationship. This study sought to (a) determine the prevalence and impact of lifetime SLEs among oncology outpatients receiving chemotherapy and (b) examine the relationship between SLEs and cancer-related distress and the mediating role of coping on this relationship...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825497/the-occurrence-of-earlier-changes-in-family-dynamics-and-friendship-conflict-predicting-adolescent-functional-somatic-symptoms-a-large-scale-prospective-study
#5
Emma M Marshall, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Logan A Stigall
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the role earlier stressful environments have in predicting functional somatic symptoms (FSS) in late adolescence, this study explores the effect the occurrence of earlier changes in family dynamics and friendship conflict have on FSS. METHOD: We used data from the Consortium for Longitudinal Studies on Child Abuse and Neglect (N = 1,314), a large, prospective study of children at risk for maltreatment and their parent/caregiver from approximately 4 to 18 years of age...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825496/does-cognitive-ability-buffer-the-link-between-childhood-disadvantage-and-adult-health
#6
Emma Bridger, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: Individual differences in childhood cognitive ability have been neglected in the study of how early life psychosocial factors may buffer the long-term health consequences of social disadvantage. In this study, we drew on rich data from two large British cohorts to test whether high levels of cognitive ability may protect children from experiencing the physical and mental health consequences of early life socioeconomic disadvantage. METHOD: Participants from the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS; N = 11,522) were followed from birth to age 42, and those from the 1958 National Child Development Study (NCDS; N = 13,213) were followed from birth to age 50...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825495/improving-the-translation-of-intentions-into-health-actions-the-role-of-motivational-coherence
#7
Paschal Sheeran, Mark Conner
OBJECTIVE: This paper introduces a new construct termed motivational coherence, and tests its influence upon the process of translating intentions into health actions. Motivational coherence was defined as the extent to which predictors of intentions (e.g., attitudes, norms, perceived control) cohere or point in the same direction. The prediction tested was that motivational coherence would stabilize intentions and thereby increase intention-behavior consistency. METHOD: Three studies were conducted that each involved prospective designs...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825494/resilience-and-biomarkers-of-health-risk-in-black-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#8
Carla J Berg, Regine Haardörfer, Colleen M McBride, Varun Kilaru, Kerry J Ressler, Aliza P Wingo, Nabil F Saba, Jackelyn B Payne, Alicia Smith
OBJECTIVES: Blacks are disproportionately affected by tobacco-related illnesses as well as traumatic events associated with psychiatric conditions and smoking. We examined the potential protective nature of resilience within this context, hypothesizing resilience differentially moderates the associations of traumatic experiences to depressive symptoms and to biomarkers of health risk among Black ever versus never smokers. METHOD: Measures of resilience, traumatic experiences, depressive symptoms, and biomarkers (interleukin-6 [IL-6], C-reactive protein [CRP], allostatic load) were obtained among 852 Blacks recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta...
August 21, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749148/death-narratives-and-cervical-cancer-impact-of-character-death-on-narrative-processing-and-hpv-vaccination
#9
Melinda Krakow, Robert N Yale, Debora Perez Torres, Katheryn Christy, Jakob D Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Narratives hold promise as an effective public health message strategy for health behavior change, yet research on what types of narratives are most persuasive is still in the formative stage. Narrative persuasion research has identified 2 promising features of such messages that could influence behavior: whether characters live or die, and whether characters encounter key barriers. This study investigated the effects of these 2 narrative message features on young women's HPV vaccination intentions and examined mediating psychological processes of narrative persuasion in the context of cervical cancer messages...
July 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737414/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-depression-and-physical-morbidity-the-role-of-subjective-age
#10
Dikla Segel-Karpas, Yuval Palgi, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to examine whether the reciprocal effects of physical morbidity and depression are moderated by subjective age-that is, individuals' perception of themselves as young or old. METHOD: Data from the first two waves of the Midlife in the United States study (1995-6, T1; 2004-6, T2; http://midus.wisc.edu/) were analyzed using a cross-lagged design. We assessed 3,591 individuals who participated in both waves and provided full data on all the relevant variables (mean age at T1 = 47...
July 24, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726478/the-association-of-positive-emotion-and-first-smoking-lapse-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#11
Christine Vinci, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Cho Y Lam, Lin Guo, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Claire A Spears, Diana S Hoover, Paul E Etcheverry, David W Wetter
OBJECTIVE: Individuals attempting to quit smoking typically have poor success rates, and the majority fail to maintain long-term abstinence. Although a large body of evidence documents the impact of negative affect on reducing abstinence, there is a much smaller body of research on positive emotions, which could be an important mechanism that is associated with successful cessation. As such, this study examined positive emotions in real-time via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to determine whether discrete positive emotions were uniquely related to 2 cessation milestones: quit day lapse and first lapse...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726477/south-asian-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-and-psychological-mediators-of-faecal-occult-blood-colorectal-screening-participation-a-prospective-test-of-a-process-model
#12
Sheina Orbell, Ala Szczepura, David Weller, Anil Gumber, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Although ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) correlate with health inequality, efforts to explain variance in health behavior attributable to these factors are limited by difficulties in population sampling. We used ethnicity identification software to test effects of psychological beliefs about screening as mediators of ethnicity and SES on faecal occult blood colorectal screening behavior in a no-cost health care context. METHOD: Adults aged 50-67 years (N = 1,678), of whom 28% were from minority South Asian religiolinguistic ethnic groups (Hindu-Gujarati/Hindi, Muslim-Urdu and Sikh-Punjabi), participated in a prospective survey study...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726476/spouses-daily-feelings-of-appreciation-and-self-reported-well-being
#13
Joan K Monin, Michael J Poulin, Stephanie L Brown, Kenneth M Langa
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that active support provision is associated with greater well-being for spouses of individuals with chronic conditions. However, not all instances of support may be equally beneficial for spouses' well-being. The theory of communal responsiveness suggests that because spouses' well-being is interdependent, spouses benefit most from providing support when they believe their support increases their partner's happiness and is appreciated. Two studies tested this hypothesis...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726475/perceived-physical-activity-and-mortality-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-u-s-samples
#14
Octavia H Zahrt, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: This research sought to examine the relationship of individuals' perceptions about their level of physical activity with mortality outcomes at the population level. METHOD: This study used 3 nationally representative samples with a total sample size of 61,141 U.S. adults (weighted N = 476 million). Data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 1999-2002/2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2011, yielding follow-up periods of up to 21 years...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726474/is-subjective-social-status-a-unique-correlate-of-physical-health-a-meta-analysis
#15
Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Both social stratification (e.g., social rank) as well as economic resources (e.g., income) are thought to contribute to socioeconomic health disparities. It has been proposed that subjective socioeconomic status (an individual's perception of his or her hierarchical rank) provides increased predictive utility for physical health over and above more traditional, well-researched socioeconomic constructs such as education, occupation, and income. METHOD: PsycINFO and PubMed databases were systematically searched for studies examining the association of subjective socioeconomic status (SES) and physical health adjusting for at least 1 measure of objective SES...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726473/the-effects-of-temporal-perspective-on-college-students-energy-drink-consumption
#16
Jarim Kim, Deepa Anagondahalli
OBJECTIVE: Consideration of future consequences (CFC) describes the extent to which individuals consider potential future outcomes of their present behaviors. This personality trait has been found to predict repetitive health behaviors. Research is yet to explore the role of health beliefs, which may mediate the relationship between CFC and self-directed health behaviors. Thus, this study examined how CFC affects energy drink-related health beliefs and consumption behavior. DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlational online survey with 1,050 college students was conducted...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726472/the-influence-of-pain-memories-on-children-s-and-adolescents-post-surgical-pain-experience-a-longitudinal-dyadic-analysis
#17
Melanie Noel, Jennifer A Rabbitts, Jessica Fales, Jill Chorney, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE: Although children's pain memories have been shown to be a powerful predictor of subsequent pain experiences in acute procedural and experimental pain settings, little is known about the influence of children's and parents' pain memories on children's future pain experiences in other painful contexts. This study used a dyadic approach to examine the roles of children's and parents' memories of pain on their subsequent reporting of postsurgical pain several months after the child underwent a major surgical procedure...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726470/child-sun-safety-application-of-an-integrated-behavior-change-model
#18
Kyra Hamilton, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Amanda Rebar, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sun exposure increases risk of skin cancer in later life. Parents of young children play an important role in minimizing childhood sun exposure. The aim of the current study was to identify the motivational, volitional, and implicit antecedents of parents' sun-protective behaviors based on an Integrated Behavior Change model. METHOD: Parents (N = 373) of 2- to 5-year-old children self-reported their intentions, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, autonomous and controlled motivation, action plans, habit, and past behaviors with respect to sun-protective behaviors for their children...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726468/longitudinal-trajectories-of-benefit-finding-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Jessica Rassart, Koen Luyckx, Cynthia A Berg, Leen Oris, Deborah J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: Benefit finding, which refers to perceiving positive life changes resulting from adversity, has been associated with better psychosocial well-being in different chronic illnesses. However, little research to date has examined how benefit finding develops in the context of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). The present study aimed to identify trajectories of benefit finding across adolescence and to investigate prospective associations with depressive symptoms, self-care, and metabolic control...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#20
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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