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Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154609/influence-of-sedentary-social-and-physical-alternatives-on-food-reinforcement
#1
Katelyn A Carr, Leonard H Epstein
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential for nonfood alternative activities to compete with the reinforcing value of food. Participants rated the frequency and pleasantness of engaging in a variety of activities and made hypothetical choices between food and 4 types of alternatives; cognitive-enriching (reading, listening to music), social (attending a party or event), sedentary (watching TV), and physically active (running, biking). METHOD: Two-hundred seventy-six adults completed an online survey using a crowdsourcing platform...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154608/a-life-stress-emotional-awareness-and-expression-interview-for-primary-care-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Maisa S Ziadni, Jennifer N Carty, Heather K Doherty, John H Porcerelli, Lisa J Rapport, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Lifetime trauma, relationship adversities, and emotional conflicts are elevated in primary care patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), and these risk factors likely trigger or exacerbate symptoms. Helping patients disclose stressors, increase awareness and expression of inhibited emotions, and link emotions to physical symptoms may improve health. We developed an emotional awareness and expression interview that targets stressful life experiences and conflicts and then tested its effects on primary care patients with MUS...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154607/situation-specific-social-norms-as-mediators-of-social-influence-on-snacking
#3
Benjamin Schüz, Thalia Papadakis, Stuart G Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Social factors are among the most powerful and pervasive influences on eating behavior, snacking in particular. Previous research has shown that being in the presence of people who are eating significantly increases the likelihood of eating and affects the types as well as the amount of food consumed. Much less is known about the processes underlying social influence, but previous research has suggested social norms as mediators. In this study, we extended this perspective to everyday settings and examined whether the presence of other people eating leads to a change in perceived momentary norms, and whether this change predicts snack consumption in real life...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154606/dyadic-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-on-medical-morbidity-in-middle-aged-and-older-couples
#4
Courtney A Polenick, Brenna N Renn, Kira S Birditt
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms in middle and later life are associated with an increased risk of greater medical morbidity (i.e., number of chronic health conditions). Yet little is known about mutual influences that may occur within married couples. This study examined the effects of wives' and husbands' depressive symptoms on their own and their partner's number of chronic health conditions over an 8-year period. It was also determined whether these effects varied by gender. METHOD: The U...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154605/psychological-symptoms-and-subsequent-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Shelley S Tworoger, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Edward L Giovannucci, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVE: Although medical professionals recommend lifestyle changes following a colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis to improve outcomes, such changes are not consistently implemented. This study examines whether higher distress is associated with lower likelihood of engaging in favorable behaviors after CRC diagnosis. METHOD: Women from the Nurses' Health Study prospective cohort who completed anxiety (n = 145) and depression (n = 227) symptom scales within 4 years after receiving a CRC diagnosis were included...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154604/traditional-and-cyber-victimization-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#6
Jessica L Fales, Sean Rice, Rachel V Aaron, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has revealed a link between peer victimization and somatic complaints in healthy youth; however, the peer victimization experiences of youth with clinically significant chronic pain have not been examined. This study aims to determine rates of peer victimization among youth seeking treatment for chronic pain and to compare these rates to a community control group. Relationships between peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and functional disability are also examined...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154603/affective-reactivity-to-daily-stress-and-20-year-mortality-risk-in-adults-with-chronic-illness-findings-from-the-national-study-of-daily-experiences
#7
Jessica J Chiang, Nicholas A Turiano, Daniel K Mroczek, Gregory E Miller
OBJECTIVE: Daily stress processes have been previously linked to health-related outcomes, but implications for longevity remain unclear. The present study examined whether daily stress exposure and/or affective responses to daily stressors predicted mortality risk over a 20-year period. Based on the hypothesis that chronic illness confers vulnerability to deleterious effects of stress, we also examined whether its presence accentuated the association between daily stress processes and later mortality risk...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154602/how-do-tobacco-power-walls-influence-adolescents-a-study-of-mediating-mechanisms
#8
Claude M Setodji, Steven C Martino, Min Gong, Michael S Dunbar, Daniela Kusuke, Angela Sicker, William G Shadel
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco power walls display hundreds of tobacco products and are known to be a key part of the impact of point-of-sale tobacco advertising on risk for smoking in adolescents. The current study examined factors that are hypothesized to mediate the effect of tobacco power wall exposure on adolescents' susceptibility for smoking in the future. METHOD: Participants (N = 148) aged 11-17 years were invited to shop in the RAND StoreLab, a life-sized replica of a convenience store...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#9
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048177/the-role-of-a-palliative-care-intervention-in-moderating-the-relationship-between-depression-and-survival-among-individuals-with-advanced-cancer
#10
Anna T Prescott, Jay G Hull, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Tor D Tosteson, Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Zhigang Li, Zhongze Li, Konstantin H Dragnev, Mark T Hegel, Karen E Steinhauser, Tim A Ahles, Marie A Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of early palliative care interventions in advanced cancer have positively impacted patient survival, yet the mechanisms remain unknown. This secondary analysis of 2 RCTs assessed whether an early palliative care intervention moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and survival. METHOD: The relationships among mood, survival, and early palliative care intervention were studied among 529 advanced cancer patients who participated in 2 RCTs...
October 19, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016151/associations-between-immigrant-status-and-pharmacological-treatments-for-diabetes-in-u-s-adults
#11
Loretta Hsueh, Elizabeth A Vrany, Jay S Patel, Nicole A Hollingshead, Adam T Hirsh, Mary de Groot, Jesse C Stewart
OBJECTIVES: Although treatment disparities in diabetes have been documented along racial/ethnic lines, it is unclear if immigrant groups in the United States experience similar treatment disparities. Our objective was to determine whether immigrant status is associated with differences in pharmacological treatment of diabetes in a nationally representative sample of adults with diabetes. We were specifically interested in differences in treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and insulin...
October 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016150/imagine-that-the-effect-of-counterstereotypic-imagined-intergroup-contact-on-weight-bias
#12
Jamie L Dunaev, Paula M Brochu, Charlotte H Markey
OBJECTIVE: Higher body-weight people are highly stigmatized and face prejudice and discrimination across a number of domains. Further, experiences of weight stigmatization are associated with a host of negative physical, psychological, and social consequences. However, less is known about effective means for reducing weight bias. One strategy that has shown some success in prejudice reduction, yet is relatively untested for weight bias, is imagined intergroup contact. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of counterstereotypic imagined intergroup contact on weight bias...
October 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016149/physical-activity-and-negative-affective-reactivity-in-daily-life
#13
Eli Puterman, Jordan Weiss, Mark R Beauchamp, Jacqueline Mogle, David M Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The results from experimental studies indicate that physically active individuals remain calmer and report less anxiety after the induction of a standardized stressor. The current study extends this research to real life, and examines whether daily physical activity attenuates negative affect that occurs in response to naturally occurring daily stressors. METHOD: The current study used data from the second wave of the National Study of Daily Experiences, a sub-study of the second wave of the Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS-II) of 2,022 individuals aged 33-84 questioned nightly for eight consecutive days about their general affect and affective responses to stressful events and their engagement in physical activity...
October 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981303/affective-mental-contrasting-to-enhance-physical-activity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Geralyn R Ruissen, Ryan E Rhodes, Peter R E Crocker, Mark R Beauchamp
OBJECTIVE: Transition to university is a vulnerable period for discontinuing regular physical activity that can have implications for students' physical and psychological health. Accordingly, it is imperative to find and implement cost and time-effective interventions to mitigate the consequences of this transition. Intervention research has shown mental contrasting is an effective means of promoting various health-enhancing behaviors including physical activity. However, the efficacy of this intervention approach may be bolstered by targeting affective judgments (e...
October 5, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967775/maternal-conception-of-gestational-weight-gain-among-latinas-a-qualitative-study
#15
Grace E Fletcher, Leah Teeters, David Schlundt, Kemberlee Bonnet, William J Heerman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to support healthy gestational weight gain are often ineffective. The objective was to develop a model of how pregnant Latinas-who have a higher risk of poor maternal and neonatal weight-related outcomes-conceptualize healthy gestational weight gain, providing guidance for future interventions. METHOD: Ten focus groups with 50 pregnant Latinas were conducted by a native Spanish-speaking female moderator. On the basis of participant responses, we used grounded theory to inductively develop a personal conceptual framework for gestational weight gain...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967774/health-behavior-changes-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-implications-for-cardiometabolic-risk
#16
Megan E Ames, Bonnie J Leadbeater, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence and young adulthood produce developmentally salient and contextual challenges for health behavior choices. The present study examines how changes in physical activity, nutrition, and sleep duration before and after high school graduation influence cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in adulthood (at ages 22-29). METHOD: Youth (N = 662; Time 1 ages 12-18; 48% male) were followed biannually across 10 years. Piecewise latent growth curve modeling was used to assess how changes in physical activity, nutrition, and sleep duration before and after high school influence CMR in young adulthood, accounting for baseline levels of each health behavior...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967773/physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-after-breast-cancer-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-relationships
#17
Jennifer Brunet, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Katie E Gunnell, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and depressive symptoms in women after treatment for breast cancer. METHOD: Accelerometer data on MVPA and self-report data on frequency of depressive symptoms were collected five times at ∼ 3-month intervals from women (Mage at Time 1 = 55.01 ± 10.96 years) who had completed treatment for breast cancer 3 months prior to study inception...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967772/psychometric-analysis-of-the-life-worries-scale-for-a-new-generation-of-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#18
Perry N Halkitis, Stephanie H Cook, Annie Ristuccia, James Despotoulis, Michael D Levy, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority men (SMM) in the United States continue to experience adverse health problems and psychosocial burdens. However, there is limited psychometric research seeking to quantify the life worries of this population. Informed by syndemic theory, the Life Worries Scale (LWS) was developed to measure the concerns of young SMM. METHOD: Analyses of the scale were undertaken using baseline data (n = 665) from an ongoing cohort study of emerging adult, SMM...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967771/examination-of-the-role-of-obesity-in-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-inflammation-during-pregnancy
#19
Amanda M Mitchell, Kyle Porter, Lisa M Christian
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is associated with negative perinatal health outcomes including mood disorders and shorter gestation. However, effects of early life exposures on maternal biology are poorly delineated. This study examined associations between childhood trauma and inflammation, as well as the mediating role of obesity in this relationship. METHOD: This study examined a racially diverse sample of 77 pregnant women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967770/identification-of-three-different-types-of-smokers-who-are-not-motivated-to-quit-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#20
Belinda Borrelli, Sheila Gaynor, Erin Tooley, Christopher J Armitage, Alison Wearden, Yvonne Kiera Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: The majority of smokers are not motivated to quit within 30 days. We examined whether these smokers are a homogeneous group, hypothesizing that subtypes of unmotivated smokers could be identified. METHOD: Included were 500 smokers not ready to quit within 30 days who completed an online survey assessing variables known to be associated with quitting. RESULTS: Latent Class Analysis revealed 3 unmotivated smoker subtypes. "Health-Concerned Smokers," (HCS; n = 166) had a significantly greater proportion of previous smoking-related illness and high risk perceptions...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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