journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836392/author-s-reply
#1
LETTER
Alejandra Consejo, Hema Radhakrishnan, D Robert Iskander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836391/glaucoma-progression-detection-with-frequency-doubling-technology-fdt-compared-to-standard-automated-perimetry-sap-in-the-groningen-longitudinal-glaucoma-study
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christiaan Wesselink, Nomdo M Jansonius
PURPOSE: To determine the usefulness of frequency doubling perimetry (FDT) for progression detection in glaucoma, compared to standard automated perimetry (SAP). METHODS: Data were used from 150 eyes of 150 glaucoma patients from the Groningen Longitudinal Glaucoma Study. After baseline, SAP was performed approximately yearly; FDT every other year. First and last visit had to contain both tests. Using linear regression, progression velocities were calculated for SAP (Humphrey Field Analyzer) mean deviation (MD) and FDT MD and the number of test locations with a total deviation probability below p < 0...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836390/cochrane-risk-of-bias-your-common-man-has-no-conception-of-the-zeal-that-animates-a-scientific-investigator-the-fury-of-contradiction-you-can-arouse-in-him
#3
LETTER
Catey Bunce, John G Lawrenson, Richard Wormald, Gianni Virgili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836389/optimal-orientation-for-angularly-segmented-multifocal-corrections
#4
Pablo de Gracia, Andreas Hartwig
PURPOSE: Evaluate the importance of orientation of multifocal lens designs with angular increments of addition. METHODS: Optical properties of one monofocal and three multifocal designs were analysed with the visual Strehl ratio (VSOTF) metric through-focus (-1 to 5 D). Designs were tested in combination with the higher-order aberrations (HOAs) of 782 subjects (1564 eyes). Simulations included one monofocal, one bifocal (eight orientations), one trifocal (four orientations), and a 4-foci design (four orientations)...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836388/sclera-does-not-change-its-shape-during-accommodation
#5
LETTER
Ronald A Schachar, Farhad Kamangar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836387/genetic-prediction-of-myopia-prospects-and-challenges
#6
EDITORIAL
Jeremy A Guggenheim, Neema Ghorbani Mojarrad, Cathy Williams, D Ian Flitcroft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836386/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746982/myopia-progression-control-lens-reverses-induced-myopia-in-chicks
#8
Elizabeth L Irving, Cristina Yakobchuk-Stanger
PURPOSE: To determine whether lens induced myopia in chicks can be reversed or reduced by wearing myopia progression control lenses of the same nominal (central) power but different peripheral designs. METHODS: Newly hatched chicks wore -10D Conventional lenses unilaterally for 7 days. The myopic chicks were then randomly divided into three groups: one fitted with Type 1 myopia progression control lenses, the second with Type 2 myopia progression control lenses and the third continued to wear Conventional lenses for seven more days...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726257/recommendations-for-analysis-of-repeated-measures-designs-testing-and-correcting-for-sphericity-and-use-of-manova-and-mixed-model-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Richard A Armstrong
PURPOSE: A common experimental design in ophthalmic research is the repeated-measures design in which at least one variable is a within-subject factor. This design is vulnerable to lack of 'sphericity' which assumes that the variances of the differences among all possible pairs of within-subject means are equal. Traditionally, this design has been analysed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance (RM-anova) but increasingly more complex methods such as multivariate anova (manova) and mixed model analysis (MMA) are being used...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721695/myopes-have-significantly-higher-serum-melatonin-concentrations-than-non-myopes
#10
Stephanie Kearney, Lisa O'Donoghue, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, Diego Cobice, Kathryn J Saunders
PURPOSE: Experimental animal models of myopia demonstrate that higher melatonin (Mel) and lower dopamine (DA) concentrations actively promote axial elongation. This study explored the association between myopia and serum concentrations of DA and Mel in humans. METHODS: Morning serum concentrations of DA and Mel were measured by solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry from 54 participants (age 19.1 ± 0.81 years) in September/October 2014 (phase 1) and March/April 2016 (phase 2)...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681436/human-eyes-do-not-need-monochromatic-aberrations-for-dynamic-accommodation
#11
Paula Bernal-Molina, Iván Marín-Franch, Antonio J Del Águila-Carrasco, Jose J Esteve-Taboada, Norberto López-Gil, Philip B Kruger, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: To determine if human accommodation uses the eye's own monochromatic aberrations to track dynamic accommodative stimuli. METHODS: Wavefront aberrations were measured while subjects monocularly viewed a monochromatic Maltese cross moving sinusoidally around 2D of accommodative demand with 1D amplitude at 0.2 Hz. The amplitude and phase (delay) of the accommodation response were compared to the actual vergence of the stimulus to obtain gain and temporal phase, calculated from wavefront aberrations recorded over time during experimental trials...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643407/childhood-exposure-to-constricted-living-space-a-possible-environmental-threat-for-myopia-development
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kai Yip Choi, Wing Yan Yu, Christie Hang I Lam, Zhe Chuang Li, Man Pan Chin, Yamunadevi Lakshmanan, Francisca Siu Yin Wong, Chi Wai Do, Paul Hong Lee, Henry Ho Lung Chan
PURPOSE: People in Hong Kong generally live in a densely populated area and their homes are smaller compared with most other cities worldwide. Interestingly, East Asian cities with high population densities seem to have higher myopia prevalence, but the association between them has not been established. This study investigated whether the crowded habitat in Hong Kong is associated with refractive error among children. METHODS: In total, 1075 subjects [Mean age (S...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656675/attenuation-of-short-wavelengths-alters-sleep-and-the-iprgc-pupil-response
#13
Lisa A Ostrin, Kaleb S Abbott, Hope M Queener
PURPOSE: Exposure to increasing amounts of artificial light during the night may contribute to the high prevalence of reported sleep dysfunction. Release of the sleep hormone melatonin is mediated by the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). This study sought to investigate whether melatonin level and sleep quality can be modulated by decreasing night-time input to the ipRGCs. METHODS: Subjects (ages 17-42, n = 21) wore short wavelength-blocking glasses prior to bedtime for 2 weeks...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656674/saccades-and-fixations-in-children-with-delayed-reading-skills
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Valldeflors Vinuela-Navarro, Jonathan T Erichsen, Cathy Williams, J Margaret Woodhouse
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that eye movements differ between good/average and poor readers. However, these studies have been limited to investigating eye movements during reading related tasks, and thus, the differences found could arise from deficits in higher cognitive processes involved in reading rather than oculomotor performance. The purpose of the study is to determine the extent to which eye movements in children with delayed reading skills are different to those obtained from children with good/average reading skills in non-reading related tasks...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656673/fourier-analysis-algorithm-for-the-posterior-corneal-keratometric-data-clinical-usefulness-in-keratoconus
#15
Haris Sideroudi, Georgios Labiris, Kimon Georgantzoglou, Panagiota Ntonti, Charalambos Siganos, Vassilios Kozobolis
PURPOSE: To develop an algorithm for the Fourier analysis of posterior corneal videokeratographic data and to evaluate the derived parameters in the diagnosis of Subclinical Keratoconus (SKC) and Keratoconus (KC). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study that took place in the Eye Institute of Thrace, Democritus University, Greece. Eighty eyes formed the KC group, 55 eyes formed the SKC group while 50 normal eyes populated the control group. A self-developed algorithm in visual basic for Microsoft Excel performed a Fourier series harmonic analysis for the posterior corneal sagittal curvature data...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656672/drilling-into-the-functional-significance-of-stereopsis-the-impact-of-stereoscopic-information-on-surgical-performance
#16
Loulwa M Al-Saud, Faisal Mushtaq, Isra'a Mirghani, Ahmed Balkhoyor, Andrew Keeling, Michael Manogue, Mark A Mon-Williams
PURPOSE: One suggested advantage of human binocular vision is the facilitation of sophisticated motor control behaviours via stereopsis - but little empirical evidence exists to support this suggestion. We examined the functional significance of stereopsis by exploring whether stereopsis is used to perform a highly skilled real-world motor task essential for the occupational practice of dentistry. METHODS: We used a high fidelity virtual reality simulator to study how dentists' performance is affected by the removal of horizontal retinal image disparities under direct and indirect (mirror) observation...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656671/effect-of-simulated-refractive-error-on-adult-visual-acuity-for-paediatric-tests
#17
Nabin Paudel, Robert J Jacobs, Rebecca Sloan, Sarah Denny, Kimberley Shea, Benjamin Thompson, Nicola Anstice
PURPOSE: Although vanishing optotype preferential-looking tasks are commonly used to measure visual acuity (VA), the relative sensitivity of these tests to refractive error is not well understood. To address this issue, we determined the effect of spherical and astigmatic simulated refractive errors on adult VA measures obtained using vanishing optotypes, picture optotypes and Sloan letters. METHODS: VA was determined uniocularly for adults under conditions of spherical (0...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656670/the-corneal-nerve-density-in-the-sub-basal-plexus-decreases-with-increasing-myopia-a-pilot-study
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wendy W Harrison, Nicole M Putnam, Christine Shukis, Evelyn Nguyen, Kristen Reinard, Elizabeth Hundelt, Galina Vardanyan, Celine Gabai, Vladimir Yevseyenkov
PURPOSE: Myopia can cause many changes in the health of the eye. As it becomes more prevalent worldwide, more patients seek correction in the form of glasses, contact lenses and refractive surgery. In this study we explore the impact that high myopia has on central corneal nerve density by comparing sub basal nerve plexus density measured by confocal microscopy in a variety of refractive errors. METHODS: Seventy healthy adult subjects between the ages of 21-50 years participated in this study...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656669/optical-coherence-tomography-predicts-4-year-incident-diabetic-neuropathy
#19
Sangeetha Srinivasan, Cirous Dehghani, Nicola Pritchard, Katie Edwards, Anthony W Russell, Rayaz A Malik, Nathan Efron
PURPOSE: To examine the capability of optical coherence tomography-derived retinal thickness measures in detecting 4-year incident diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: 145 eyes of 145 participants with diabetes but no DPN at baseline were examined for incident DPN. HbA1c levels, nephropathy, neuropathy (DPN), cardiovascular measures, and various retinal thickness measures were examined at baseline and after 4 years. Incidence of DPN was defined as newly developed DPN at follow-up...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656668/coloured-overlays-and-precision-tinted-lenses-poor-repeatability-in-a-sample-of-adults-diagnosed-with-visual-stress
#20
Catherine M Suttle, John Barbur, Miriam L Conway
PURPOSE: Visual stress consists of perceived distortions or discomfort while reading. It is claimed that these symptoms are alleviated by viewing through coloured lenses or overlays, with a specific colour required for each individual. This has been explained on the basis of altered visual cortex excitation as affected by the spectral content of the viewing light. If symptoms are indeed alleviated by a particular colour that has an impact on the individual's visual system, we would expect that selection of the most beneficial colour would be repeatable...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
journal
journal
28367
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"