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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

María E Errasti, Claudia L Natalucci, Néstor O Caffini, Alejandra E Rotelli, Adriana Brullo, Bruno Maras, Sebastián A Trejo, Laura M I López
The primary structure of macrodontain I, a peptidase from Pseudananas macrodontes fruits, was determined using Edman's degradation. The enzyme is a non-glycosylated peptidase composed by 213 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 23,486.18 Da, pI value 6.99, and a molar extinction coefficient at 280 nm of 61,685 M-1  cm-1 . The alignment of the sequence of macrodontain I with those cysteine peptidases from species belonging to the family Bromeliaceae showed the highest identity degree (87.74%) against fruit bromelain...
March 15, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Carlin Geor Malar, Muthulingam Seenuvasan, Kannaiyan Sathish Kumar
Herein, the magnetite nanoparticles (MNs) were prepared by facile solvothermal method and its porous nature was modified using 3-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl trimethoxysilane (AEAPS). Magnetite formation, successful amino tagging, and urease conjugation on the surface were confirmed from the presence of certain functional groups in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra. Also, nanosize (13.2 nm) and spherical morphology of MNs were evaluated from diffraction patterns and electron micrographs respectively...
March 14, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Khaled G Abdel-Wahhab, Eitedal M Daoud, Aliaa El Gendy, Hagar H Mourad, Fathia A Mannaa, Maha M Saber
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is the highly occurred complication of diabetes mellitus; it has been defined as an event of peripheral nerve dysfunction characterized by pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, and paraesthesia. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the management of neuropathy in diabetic rats. The used animals were divided into the following groups: negative control, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and diabetic rats with peripheral neuropathy (DNP) and DNP treated with gabapentin or with LLLT...
March 12, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zhi Jia, Hui Hui Yang, Yun-Jun Liu, Xiu-Zhen Wang
A new series of dibenzoxanthenes 4a-4f were synthesized through the nucleophilic substitution and characterized by NMR and MS spectra. Their antitumor activity was screened by MTT assay. Compounds (except 4b and 4c) displayed strong growth inhibitory effects against chosen five tumor cells under light irradiation. The molecular mechanism of compound-induced cell apoptosis was investigated by AO/EB staining, comet assay, DCFH-DA, JC-1 fluorescent probe, and western blotting. Compounds induced the apoptosis of HepG2 cells and DNA damage...
March 12, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Amelia Nathania Dong, Yan Pan, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Beow Chin Yiap, Nafees Ahemad, Chin Eng Ong
Genetic polymorphism of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes particularly affects CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 to a functionally relevant extent, and it is therefore crucial to elucidate the enzyme kinetic and molecular basis for altered catalytic activity of these allelic variants. This study explored the expression and function of the reported alleles CYP2D6*2, CYP2D6*10, CYP2D6*17, CYP2C19*23, CYP2C19*24, and CYP2C19*25 with respect to gene polymorphisms. Site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) was carried out to generate these six alleles...
March 10, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zhaojuan Zheng, Qianqian Xu, Peng Liu, Fan Zhou, Jia Ouyang
In order to find an alternative for commercial inulinase, a strain XL01 identified as Penicillium sp. was screened for inulinase production. The broth after cultivated was centrifuged, filtered, and used as crude enzyme for the following saccharification. At pH 5.0 and 50 °C, the crude enzyme released 84.9 g/L fructose and 20.7 g/L glucose from 120 g/L inulin in 72 h. In addition, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of chicory flour for D-lactic acid production was carried out using the self-produced crude inulinase and Lactobacillus bulgaricus CGMCC 1...
March 10, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Fatemeh Safa Shams Abyaneh, Mahboube Eslami Moghadam, Adeleh Divsalar, Davood Ajloo, Moyaed Hosaini Sadr
Methylglycine, also known sarcosine, is dramatically used in drug molecules and its metal complexes can interact to DNA and also do cleavage. Hence, to study the influence of methylglycine ligand on biological behavior of metal complexes, two water-soluble platinum (II) complexes with the formula cis-[Pt(NH3 )2 (CH3 -gly)]NO3 and cis-[Pt(NH2 -CH3 )2 (CH3 -gly)]NO3 (where CH3 -gly is methylglycine) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods, molar conductivity measurements, and elemental analyzes...
March 8, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Lei-Peng Cao, Jing-Jing Wang, Ting Zhou, Roger Ruan, Yu-Huan Liu
Lignin polymers in bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) were decomposed into polyphenols at high temperatures and oxidized for the introduction of quinone groups from peroxidase extracted from bamboo shoots and catalysis of UV. According to the results of FT-IR spectra analysis, neutral proteases (NPs) can be immobilized on the oxidized lignin by covalent bonding formed by amine group and quinone group. The optimum condition for the immobilization of NPs on the bamboo bar was obtained at pH 7.0, 40 °C, and duration of 4 h; the amount of immobilized enzyme was up to 5 mg g-1 bamboo bar...
March 6, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Nivya James, K Ramanathan
Targeting ErbB family of receptors is an important therapeutic option, because of its essential role in the broad spectrum of human cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, in the present work, considerable effort has been made to develop an inhibitor against HER family proteins, by combining the use of pharmacophore modelling, docking scoring functions, and ADME property analysis. Initially, a five-point pharmacophore model was developed using known HER family inhibitors. The generated model was then used as a query to screen a total of 468,880 compounds of three databases namely ZINC, ASINEX, and DrugBank...
March 6, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
T Leema Roseline, N M Sachindra
Acinetobacter strain PS12B was isolated from marine sediment and was found to be a good candidate to degrade agar and produce agarase enzyme. The extracellular agarase enzyme from strain PS12B was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography. The specific activity of the crude enzyme which was 1.52 U increased to 45.76 U, after two-stage purification, with an enzyme yield of 9.76%. Purified enzyme had a molecular mass of 24 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature for activity of purified agarase were found to be 8...
March 5, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Junguk Ko, Jae-Chern Yoo
The design and fabrication of temperature measurement systems that facilitate successful realization of DNA amplification using a lab-on-a-disc (LOD) device are a highly challenging task. The major challenge lies in the fact that such a system must be directly attached to a heating chamber in a way that enables the accurate measurement of temperature of the chamber while allowing the LOD to rotate. This paper presents a temperature control system for implementing isothermal amplification of DNA samples using an LOD device...
March 5, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Lauris Del Carmen Mejia-da-Silva, Marcelo Chuei Matsudo, Ana Lucia Morocho-Jacome, João Carlos Monteiro de Carvalho
Since cultivations of Arthrospira platensis have a high water demand, it is necessary to develop treatment methods for reusing the exhausted medium that may prevent environmental problems and obtaining useful biomass. The exhausted Schlösser medium obtained from A. platensis batch cultivation in bench-scale mini-tanks was treated by varying concentrations of different coagulants, ferric chloride (6, 10, and 14 mg L-1 ) or ferric sulfate (15, 25, and 35 mg L-1 ) and powdered activated carbon (PAC, 30 and 50 mg L-1 )...
March 5, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Manisha Soni, Chandra Prakash, Rajesh Dabur, Vijay Kumar
The present study reports beneficial effect of hydroxytyrosol (HT) against arsenic (As)-induced oxidative stress in the rat brain. Rats were orally administered with sodium arsenite dissolved in distilled water (25 ppm, by oral gavage) for 8 weeks or HT (10 mg/kg b. wt.) in combination with As. Results showed increase in protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation, while catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities as well as GSH content were decreased after As exposure in rat brain. Fourier transform infrared analysis showed significant alteration in peak area values that also validated the oxidative damage to lipids and proteins...
March 2, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Preety, Swati Sharma, Vinita Hooda
A novel chitinase from urd bean (Vigna mungo) seeds was purified up to homogeneity and optimized with respect to its optimum working conditions of pH, temperature, and substrate concentration. Overall, 145-fold purification with 70% yield of the purified chitinase was achieved. The notable features of the purified enzyme were its appreciative substrate affinity as well as catalytic efficiency, high thermo stability (70% retention of initial activity at 70 °C after 60 min of continuous exposure), and pretty good storage stability (half-life of 45 days at 5 °C)...
March 1, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Sreedev Puthur, A N Anoopkumar, Sharrel Rebello, Embalil Mathachan Aneesh
Mosquito control with naturally derived herbal insecticides has gained much momentum, with the increased insecticide resistance of vectors and the multiple infectious diseases spread by them. Yet, recent studies also suggest that mosquitoes could probably transmit some cancerous cells or cancer-causing viruses from one individual to another between their blood meals. The current research thus focused on the screening and characterization of novel plants with both mosquitocidal and anticancerous properties. Accordingly, different solvent extracts of Hypericum japonicum, a key plant in Chinese medicine, were screened for its larvicidal efficacy using the fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti (major vector of Dengue and chikungunya)...
February 24, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Swati Srivastava, Sanchita, Ruchi Singh, Gaurava Srivastava, Ashok Sharma
Withania somnifera, popularly known as Indian ginseng, is one of the most important medicinal plants. The plant is well studied in terms of its pharmaceutical activities and genes involved in biosynthetic pathways. However, not much is known about the regulatory mechanism of genes responsible for the production of secondary metabolites. The idea was to identify miRNA transcriptome responsible for the regulation of withanolide biosynthesis, specifically of root and leaf tissues individually. The transcriptome data of in vitro culture of root and leaf tissues of the plant was considered for miRNA identification...
February 24, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zahre Sajadpoor, Zeinab Amini-Farsani, Hossein Teimori, Mehdi Shamsara, Mohammad Hossein Sangtarash, Payam Ghasemi-Dehkordi, Farrokh Yadollahi
Cisplatin resistance is one of the main limitations in the treatment of ovarian cancer, which is partly mediated by long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). H19 is a lncRNA involving in cisplatin resistance in cancers. Valproic acid (VPA) is a commonly used drug for clinical treatment of seizure disorders. In addition, this drug may display its effects through regulation of noncoding RNAs controlling gene expression. The aim of the present study was the investigation of VPA treatment effect on H19 expression in ovarian cancer cells and also the relation of the H19 levels with apoptosis and cisplatin resistance...
February 22, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Gustavo Silveira, José Maurício Schneedorf
Kefir, a combined consortium of bacteria and yeast encapsulated by a polymeric matrix of exopolysaccharides, was used as anodic biocatalyst in a two-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC). Fermentation was followed during 72 h and polarization curves were obtained from linear sweep voltammetry. The effect of methylene blue as charge-transfer mediator in the kefir metabolism was evaluated. UV/Vis spectrophotometry and cyclic voltammetry were applied to evaluate the redox state of the mediator and to characterize the electrochemical activity, whereas current interruption was used for internal resistance determination...
February 21, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zheng Sun, Hehong Wei, Zhi-Gang Zhou, Muthupandian Ashokkumar, Jin Liu
Isochrysis is a genus of marine algae without cell wall and capable of accumulating lipids. In this study, the lipid production potential of Isochrysis was assessed by comparing 15 Isochrysis strains with respect to their growth rate, lipid production, and fatty acid profiles. Three best strains were selected (lipid productivity, 103.0~121.7 mg L -1 day -1 ) and their lipid-producing capacities were further examined under different controlled parameters, e.g., growth phase, medium nutrient, and light intensity in laboratory cultures...
February 17, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zhihua Huang, Zhihong Li, Yongjian Su, Yongfeng Zhu, Wei Zeng, Guiguang Chen, Zhiqun Liang
The coarse perlite 40-80 mesh was selected as an immobilizing material and put into a packed bed reactor (PBR) to continuously convert maltose to isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs). The PBR was prepared by mixing the thermo-inactivated cells (TIC) from Aspergillus niger J2 strain with the coarse perlite, then the mixture was put into an overpressure-resistant column. Compared with diatomite 40-80 mesh and thin perlite 80-120 mesh in PBR, coarse perlite was chosen as the best filtration aid, when the ratio of coarse perlite versus TIC was 1:1...
February 13, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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