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Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905031/silencing-arhgap9-correlates-with-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-and-inhibits-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-breast-cancer
#1
Tianyi Wang, Minwen Ha
Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women, and screening relevant genes and markers that are involved in BC tumor genesis and progression is of great value. We previously found that messenger RNA expression of ARHGAP9 was high in BC tissue, but it is unclear whether ARHGAP9 participates in the progression of human BC. In this study, we found that ARHGAP9 expression was correlated with poor patient survival, American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical staging, tumor size, and tumor differentiation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905007/simultaneous-downregulation-of-mir-21-and-mir-155-through-oleuropein-for-breast-cancer-prevention-and-therapy
#2
Maryam Abtin, Mohammad R Alivand, Mahmoud S Khaniani, Milad Bastami, Mohammad Zaeifizadeh, Sima M Derakhshan
Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide. It recently was proven that miRNAs play a critical role in BC development. The use of natural agents for control of cancer by modulating miRNAs is promising. Oleuropein is a natural polyphenolic agent with anti-neoplastic properties and is well tolerated by humans. This study was undertaken to determine the therapeutic effects of oleuropein through modulation of master oncomiRs (miR-21 and miR-155) in BC cells. The present study provides the first link between miRNA and oleuropein as a mechanism in BC...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904957/identification-of-gene-expression-profiles-and-key-genes-in-subchondral-bone-of-osteoarthritis-using-weighted-gene-coexpression-network-analysis
#3
Sheng-Min Guo, Jian-Xiong Wang, Jin Li, Fang-Yuan Xu, Quan Wei, Hai-Ming Wang, Hou-Qiang Huang, Si-Lin Zheng, Yu-Jie Xie, Chi Zhang
Osteoarthritis (OA) significantly influences the quality life of people around the world. It is urgent to find an effective way to understand the genetic etiology of OA. We used weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) to explore the key genes involved in the subchondral bone pathological process of OA. Fifty gene expression profiles of GSE51588 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The OA-associated genes and gene ontologies were acquired from JuniorDoc. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis was used to find disease-related networks based on 21756 gene expression correlation coefficients, hub-genes with the highest connectivity in each module were selected, and the correlation between module eigengene and clinical traits was calculated...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904952/baicalin-effects-on-rats-with-spinal-cord-injury-by-anti-inflammatory-and-regulating-the-serum-metabolic-disorder
#4
Shufeng Kang, Shizhao Liu, Hongzhu Li, Dapeng Wang, Xiangbei Qi
Baicalin had neuroprotective effects on inhibiting neuronal cell apoptosis induced by spinal cord ischemic injury. This study aimed to explore the protective effects of Baicalin on rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) and its mechanism of action. The recovery of spinal cord nerve function in rats was evaluated by the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) score and the combine behavioral score (CBS). The expressions of cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-6 were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904949/combination-with-mir-124a-improves-the-protective-action-of-bmscs-in-rescuing-injured-rat-podocytes-from-abnormal-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#5
Jiping Sun, Jing Lv, Wenjing Zhang, Lili Li, Jia Lv, Yingzhou Geng, Aiping Yin
This in vitro study was performed to identify the role of miR-124a in bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) therapy for H2 O2 -induced rat podocyte injury, and determine whether combination treatment with miR-124a could improve the protective effect of BMSCs. Cell viability of podocytes was detected by CCK-8 assay. Detection of ROS level, apoptotic rate, and autophagy rate was carried out using flow cytometry assays. Oxidative stress parameters were analyzed using the ELISA assays. MiR-124a and mRNA levels were determined using real-time PCR...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904948/crispr-cas9-mediated-knockout-of-hbsag-inhibits-proliferation-and-tumorigenicity-of-hbv-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#6
Jia Song, Xiaochao Zhang, Qianyun Ge, Chaoyi Yuan, Liang Chu, Hui-Fang Liang, Zhibin Liao, Qiumeng Liu, Zhanguo Zhang, Bixiang Zhang
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains the most common risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) levels are highly correlated with hepatocarcinogenesis and HBV-associated HCC development. However, the role and detailed mechanisms associated with HBsAg in HCC development remain elusive. In this study, we designed specific single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) targeting the open reading frames, preS1/preS2/S, of the HBV genome and established HBsAg knockout HCC cell lines using the CRISPR/Cas9 system...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904947/the-nogo-b-receptor-promotes-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-growth-via-the-akt-signal-pathway
#7
Chengyong Dong, Ying Liu, Keqiu Jiang, Haibo Wang, Weikun Qu, Chi Zhang, Rui Liang, Zhenming Gao, Baofeng Zhao, Qing Miao, Shujuan Shao, Liming Wang
Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is a type I receptor with a single transmembrane domain and specifically binds to ligand Nogo-B. A previous study demonstrated that NgBR was highly expressed in human breast invasive ductal carcinoma and promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition in breast tumor cells. Our recent work found that NgBR expression was associated with a poor prognosis in human patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we elucidate that the increased expression of NgBR contributes toward the increased cell growth of human HCC cells both in vitro and in vivo...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904944/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-signaling-activation-correlates-with-response-to-radiotherapy-and-its-inhibition-reduces-hypoxia-induced-angiogenesis-in-lung-cancer
#8
Hongjun Zhu, Shuanglin Zhang
Like other tumors, lung cancer must induce angiogenesis as it grows. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is the inducible subunit of the HIF-1 transcription factor that regulates genes involved in the response to hypoxia, some of which contributes to angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the genes upregulated by HIF-1 and is the primary cytokine in relation to angiogenesis. In this study we tested whether aberrant activation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor (HIF-1α/VEGF) pathway correlates with response to radiotherapy and examined the response of lung cancer cells to hypoxia in vitro...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904943/fgf9-induced-ovarian-cancer-cell-invasion-involves-vegf-a-vegfr2-augmentation-by-virtue-of-ets1-upregulation-and-metabolic-reprogramming
#9
Rahul Bhattacharya, Susri Ray Chaudhuri, Sib S Roy
Ovarian cancer (OC) renders its lethality to enhanced metastasis and late detection. A plethora of growth factors including Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) stimulated signaling pathways regulate the invasive/metastatic behavior of ovarian tumors contributing to its aggressiveness. Autocrine VEGF-functioning by virtue of upregulated VEGFR2 contributes to the invasiveness of OC cells by modulating the MMPs. Studies have highlighted the interaction between FGF and VEGF signaling pathways during angiogenesis...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904942/inhibition-of-notch-signaling-pathway-enhanced-the-radiosensitivity-of-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Jian-Heng Peng, Xiao-Lin Wang, Liang Ran, Jun-Long Song, Zhi-Ting Zhang, Xin Liu, Hong-Yuan Li
This study aimed to investigate the effect of inhibiting the Notch signaling pathway on the radiosensitivity of breast cancer cells. Human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and T47D) were selected and treated with radiation of different doses. Cells were treated with Gamma secretase inhibitor (GSI) to analyze the effects of GSI on the Notch signaling, which were detected by Immunofluorescence assay, RT-qPCR, and Western blot analysis. Besides, Transwell assay, Scratch test, colony formation assay, MTT assay, and flow cytometry were conducted to show the effects of GSI on the invasion and migration, survival fraction, cell viability, and apoptosis of MCF-7 and T47D cells after radiation therapy...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904939/the-lncrna-tp73-as1-promotes-ovarian-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-metastasis-via-modulation-of-mmp2-and-mmp9
#11
Xiaoqian Wang, Bing Yang, Yuanping She, Yuan Ye
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecologic malignancy with poor prognosis. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as key regulators in cancer development. The current study investigated the role of lncRNA P73 antisense RNA 1T (TP73-AS1) in ovarian cancer. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction determined the expression levels of TP-73AS1, matrix metallopeptidases (MMPs) messenger RNA. Cell proliferative ability, cell invasion, and migration were CCK-8 and colony formation, and transwell invasion and migration assays, respectively...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904936/tpx2-gene-silencing-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-through-negative-regulation-of-akt-signaling-pathway-in-ovarian-cancer
#12
Yuan Tian, Lian-Lian Liu, Dong-Mei Guo, Yan Wang, Wen-Hui Zha, Yang Li, Fu-Ju Wu
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of death from gynecological malignancy. Accumulated studies have revealed that targeting protein for Xklp2 (TPX2) was tightly associated with the development and progression of OC. The present study further determined a novel mechanism of TPX2 in OC via the AKT signaling pathway. The differentially expressed genes were screened in GEO database for gene expression microarray of OC. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the key differentially expressed genes in OC. We prepared CD133/1+ OC stem cells...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900580/designing-b-and-t-cell-multi-epitope-based-subunit-vaccine-using-immunoinformatics-approach-to-control-zika-virus-infection
#13
Rajan Kumar Pandey, Rupal Ojha, Amit Mishra, Vijay Kumar Prajapati
The Zika virus is a rapidly spreading Aedes mosquito-borne sickness, which creates an unanticipated linkage birth deformity and neurological turmoil. This study represents the use of the combinatorial immunoinformatics approach to develop a multiepitope subunit vaccine using the structural and nonstructural proteins of the Zika virus. The designed subunit vaccine consists of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte and helper T-lymphocyte epitopes accompanied by suitable adjuvant and linkers. The presence of humoral immune response specific B-cell epitopes was also confirmed by B-cell epitope mapping among vaccine protein...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893431/microrna-539-promotes-osteoblast-proliferation-and-differentiation-and-osteoclast-apoptosis-through-the-axna-dependent-wnt-signaling-pathway-in-osteoporotic-rats
#14
Xiong-Bai Zhu, Wen-Jun Lin, Chen Lv, Lu Wang, Zheng-Xiang Huang, Sheng-Wu Yang, Xin Chen
This study aims to explore the effects of miR-539 on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation and osteoclast apoptosis in a rat model of osteoporosis, and its mechanism involving the regulation of the AXIN1-mediated wingless-Int (Wnt) signaling pathway. A rat model of osteoporosis was successfully established by ovariectomy. With osteoblasts and osteoclasts of rats not receiving ovariectomy in the sham group as control, those of osteoporotic rats were treated with miR-539 inhibitor, miR-539 mimic, and AXIN1 shRNA...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893429/long-non-coding-rna-reprogramming-lncrna-ror-regulates-cell-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-chondrocytes
#15
Zhongmeng Yang, Yuxing Tang, Huading Lu, Bo Shi, Yongheng Ye, Guoyong Xu, Qing Zhao
Long Non-Coding RNA Reprogramming (lncRNA-ROR) plays an important role in regulating various biologic processes, whereas the effect of lncRNA-ROR in osteoarthritis (OA) is little studied. This study aimed to explore lncRNA-ROR expression in articular cartilage and identify the functional mechanism of lncRNA-ROR in OA. OA cartilage tissues were obtained from 15 OA patients, and 6 normal cartilage tissues were set as controls. Chondrocytes were isolated from the collected cartilage tissues. lncRNA-ROR was knockdown in normal cells and overexpressed in OA cells...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893426/structural-analysis-of-missense-mutations-in-galactokinase-1-galk1-leading-to-galactosemia-type-2
#16
Sneha P, Elaheh Ahmad Ebrahimi, Sara Ahmed Ghazala, Thirumal Kumar D, Siva R, George Priya Doss C, Hatem Zayed
Galactosemia type 2 is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the deficiency of galactokinase (GALK) enzyme due to missense mutations in GALK1 gene, which is associated with various manifestations such as hyper galactosemia and formation of cataracts. GALK enzyme catalyzes the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent phosphorylation of α-d-galactose to galactose-1-phosphate. We searched 4 different literature databases (Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, and Science Direct) and 3 gene-variant databases (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Human Gene Mutation Database, and UniProt) to collect all the reported missense mutations associated with GALK deficiency...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893424/lncrna-tnrc6c-as1-regulates-unc5b-in-thyroid-cancer-to-influence-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna-of-mir-129-5p
#17
Sen Hou, Qiuyu Lin, Feng Guan, Chenghe Lin
To investigate the biological functions and regulatory mechanism of lncRNA TNRC6C-AS1 in thyroid cancer (TC). TNRC6C-AS1, miR-129-5p, and UNC5B expression levels were investigated by qRT-PCR and Western blot. CCK-8 assay was conducted to determine cell proliferation, while transwell assay was for inspection of cell migration and invasion. Through bioinformatic analysis, the interactions among TNRC6C-AS1, miR-129-5p, and UNC5B were predicted. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA pull-down assay confirmed the predicted target relationships...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893423/annexin-a7-is-correlated-with-better-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-breast-cancer
#18
Yuanli Huang, Hongtao Wang, Yuanrong Yang
The clinical prognosis of breast cancer (BC) patients remains poor. Studies on BC microarrays GSE37751, GSE7390, and GSE21653 were reanalyzed to characterize the expressions of annexin A7 (ANXA7) in BC patients and the corresponding normal breast tissues and the correlation between ANXA7 expression and clinical characteristics and survivals of BC patients. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was applied to investigate the exact mechanisms as for the expression of ANXA7 and the proliferation of BC cells. The level of ANXA7 expression was significantly decreased in BC patients than that in normal controls (P < ...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878401/inhibition-of-bromodomain-containing-protein-4-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-mediated-apoptosis-and-cartilage-matrix-degeneration-through-activation-of-nf-e2-related-factor-2-heme-oxygenase-1-signaling-in-rat-chondrocytes
#19
Qin-de An, Yun-Yun Li, Hong-Xing Zhang, Jun Lu, Xiao-Dong Yu, Qiang Lin, Yin-Gang Zhang
During the progression of osteoarthritis, dysregulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) anabolism, abnormal generation of reactive oxygen species, and proteolytic enzymes have been shown to accelerate the degradation process of cartilage. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the functional role of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) in hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-stimulated chondrocyte injury and delineate the underlying molecular mechanisms. We observed that the expression BRD4 was markedly elevated in rat chondrocytes after H2 O2 stimulation...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870090/effect-of-3-6-anhydro-l-galactose-on-%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-induced-melanogenesis-in-human-melanocytes-and-a-skin-equivalent-model
#20
Ji Hye Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Kyung Mun Cho, Kyoung Heon Kim, Nam Joo Kang
3,6-Anhydro-l-galactose (l-AHG) is a bioactive sugar that is a major component of agarose. Recently, l-AHG was reported to have anti-melanogenic potential in human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs) and B16F10 melanoma cells; however, its underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. At noncytotoxic concentrations, l-AHG has been shown to inhibit alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-induced melanin synthesis in various cell models, including HEMs, melan-a cells, and B16F10 cells. Although l-AHG did not inhibit tyrosinase activity in vitro, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction results demonstrated that the anti-melanogenic effect of l-AHG was mediated by transcriptional repression of melanogenesis-related genes, including tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1), tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP-2), and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in HEMs...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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