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Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992440/the-efficacy-of-fascial-granuloma-excision-with-conjunctival-autografting-after-pterygium-surgery
#1
Hui-Ya Fan, Zi-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pterygium has a high recurrence rate after simple excision, and fascial granuloma is one of the common complications of pterygium excision. This study aimed to investigate the treatment for the fascial granuloma. METHODS: In this study, the 36 eyes of 36 cases with fascial granuloma after pterygium excision were collected and divided into two groups to receive granuloma excision and conjunctival autografting or simple granuloma excision...
July 11, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982899/retinal-pigmental-epithelium-elevation-and-external-limiting-membrane-interruption-in-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization-correlation-with-activity
#2
Xiaoyan Ding, Zongyi Zhan, Limei Sun, Yu Yang, Songshan Li, Aiyuan Zhang, Xiaoling Luo, Lin Lu
PURPOSE: To describe the morphological changes in myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV) on spectrum domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to find a new strategy to evaluate their activity. METHODS: Characteristics of SD-OCT and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) before and after ranibizumab treatment of 52 eyes with active mCNV were analyzed. SD-OCT parameters associated with mCNV activity and the clinical significance of their sensitivity and specificity were analyzed using FFA as a standard reference...
July 7, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982898/transmission-electron-microscopy-study-of-undescribed-material-at-the-anterior-lens-capsule-in-exfoliation-syndrome
#3
Konstantina N Sorkou, Maria-Eleni Manthou, Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Periklis Brazitikos, Ioannis T Tsinopoulos
PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to examine the anterior lens capsule using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and compare the findings in patients with and without exfoliation syndrome (XFS). METHODS: Eighteen patients with senile cataract, including 10 with XFS, were included. Anterior capsule specimens were obtained from patients during phacoemulsification through continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis, and were examined via TEM. RESULTS: In the XFS group, in addition to the typical fibrillar material above the basement membrane of the lens capsule, another unknown, microgranular, electron-dense, unbound material was observed beneath the lens epithelium...
July 7, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982897/prevalences-of-segmentation-errors-and-motion-artifacts-in-oct-angiography-differ-among-retinal-diseases
#4
J L Lauermann, A K Woetzel, M Treder, M Alnawaiseh, C R Clemens, N Eter, Florian Alten
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalences of segmentation errors and motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in different retinal diseases METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, multimodal retinal imaging including OCT-A was performed in one eye of 57 healthy controls (50.96 ± 22.4 years) and 149 patients (66.42 ± 14.1 years) affected by different chorioretinal diseases: early/intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD; n = 26), neovascular AMD (nAMD; n = 22), geographic atrophy due to AMD (GA; n = 6), glaucoma (n = 28), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC; n = 14), epiretinal membrane (EM; n = 26), retinal vein occlusion (RVO; n = 11), and retinitis pigmentosa (RP; n = 16)...
July 7, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980919/comparative-analysis-of-visual-outcomes-reading-skills-contrast-sensitivity-and-patient-satisfaction-with-two-models-of-trifocal-diffractive-intraocular-lenses-and-an-extended-range-of-vision-intraocular-lens
#5
Rita Mencucci, Eleonora Favuzza, Orsola Caporossi, Alfonso Savastano, Stanislao Rizzo
PURPOSE: To compare visual and contrast sensitivity (CS) outcomes, reading skills, and spectacle independence in patients implanted with two models of trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) or an extended range of vision (ERV) IOL. METHODS: This non-randomized prospective series of cases included 120 eyes of 60 patients undergoing cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of three different IOLs: the ERV IOL Tecnis Symfony (40 eyes) (Abbott Medical Optics), the trifocal IOLs PanOptix IQ (40 eyes) (Alcon), and AT LISA tri 839MP (40 eyes) (Carl Zeiss Meditec)...
July 6, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980918/superficial-and-deep-retinal-foveal-avascular-zone-octa-findings-of-non-infectious-anterior-and-posterior-uveitis
#6
Maria Waizel, Margarita G Todorova, Celine Terrada, Phuc LeHoang, Natalie Massamba, Bahram Bodaghi
PURPOSE: To compare the superficial (FAZ-S) and deep foveal avascular zones (FAZ-D) of non-infectious anterior and posterior uveitis to healthy controls, using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: OCTA was performed on 74 eyes: 34 eyes with non-infectious posterior uveitis (with (post+CME) and without macular edema (post-CME)), 11 eyes with non-infectious anterior uveitis (with (ant+CME) and without macular edema (ant-CME)), and the control group which included 29 healthy eyes...
July 6, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980917/intravitreal-bevacizumab-treatment-reduces-ocular-blood-flow-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-four-case-report
#7
Tadashi Matsumoto, Takashi Itokawa, Tomoaki Shiba, Masahiko Tomita, Kotaro Hine, Norio Mizukaki, Hitoshi Yoda, Yuichi Hori
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between ocular blood flow, expressed as mean blur rate (MBR) by laser speckle flowgraphy, and intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) therapy in neonates with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: This was a case series study of 4 neonates with ROP under sedation before and after IVB and evaluated 8 eyes, in which the circulation could be measured three times consecutively. We performed optic nerve head blood flow measurement and fluorescein angiography (FA) before and 1 week after treatment...
July 6, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974205/correction-to-central-10-degree-visual-field-change-following-non-penetrating-deep-sclerectomy-in-severe-and-end-stage-glaucoma-preliminary-results
#8
Igor Leleu, Benjamin Penaud, Esther Blumen-Ohana, Thibault Rodallec, Raphaël Adam, Olivier Laplace, Jad Akesbi, Jean-Philippe Nordmann
The published online version contain mistake in the author list. The correct presentation is also given above.
July 5, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961921/flattening-of-retinal-pigment-epithelial-detachments-after-pneumatic-displacement-of-submacular-hemorrhages-secondary-to-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Masayo Kimura, Tsutomu Yasukawa, Yu Shibata, Aki Kato, Yoshio Hirano, Akiyoshi Uemura, Munenori Yoshida, Yuichiro Ogura
PURPOSE: Pneumatic displacement of submacular hemorrhages (SMHs) with intravitreal injection of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6 ) gas with or without tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and prone posturing is an effective minimally invasive treatment. We observed some cases in which simultaneous flattening of hemorrhagic pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) occurred after prone posturing. This study evaluated the impact of pneumatic displacement using tPA to treat PEDs and visual outcomes in eyes with SMHs secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
July 1, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961117/retrospective-analysis-of-primarily-treated-group-d-retinoblastoma
#10
Hayyam Kiratli, İrem Koç, Onur Inam, Ali Varan, Canan Akyüz
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC), intravenous chemotherapy (IVC), and their combination in the management of group D retinoblastoma. METHODS: This was a retrospective, interventional, comparative, and non-randomized clinical study, including all eyes with primarily treated group D retinoblastoma managed in a single institution from February 2010 to July 2016. Patient demographics, treatment modality (primary enucleation, intravenous chemotherapy, intra-arterial chemotherapy alone or intravenous, and intra-arterial chemotherapy), additional need for consolidation treatments or intravitreal melphalan (IVM) injections, and follow-up time were recorded...
June 30, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959507/long-term-follow-up-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-cleavages-in-glaucoma-patients-and-suspects
#11
Yun Hsia, Chien-Chia Su, Tsing-Hong Wang, Chung-May Yang, Jehn-Yu Huang
PURPOSE: To investigate the structural and functional characteristics and change of the retinal nerve fiber layer cleavages (RNFLCs) in glaucoma patients and suspects in long-term follow-up. METHODS: This is a retrospective longitudinal study. Within 43 eyes of 30 subjects, 62 RNFLC locations were detected on color fundus photography. Basic ophthalmic examinations, color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and visual field (VF) test were performed in 6-month intervals...
June 30, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959506/relationships-between-eyelid-position-and-levator-superior-rectus-complex-and-inferior-rectus-muscle-in-patients-with-graves-orbitopathy-with-unilateral-upper-eyelid-retraction
#12
Jun Soo Byun, Jeong Kyu Lee
PURPOSE: To assess the relationships between eyelid position and levator palpebrae superioris (LPS)-superior rectus (SR) complex and inferior rectus (IR) muscle volume in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO) with unilateral upper eyelid retraction. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study of 48 patients with GO with unilateral upper eyelid retraction. To measure muscle volume, computerized tomography scans were performed, and 3D images were analyzed...
June 29, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955972/comparison-of-the-horizontal-diameter-to-a-modeled-area-of-traction-in-eyes-with-vitreomacular-traction-is-the-diameter-close-enough-to-the-truth
#13
REVIEW
Christoph Paul, P Krug, H H Müller, J Wachtlin, S Mennel, S Müller, S Schmitz-Valckenberg, T Bertelmann, R G Schumann
PURPOSE: In daily practice, vitreomacular traction (VMT) is described by the horizontal diameter of its attachment site implying a regular round shape of VMT. We investigated the deviation from this circular area of vitreous traction in patients with VMT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans was performed. The area of vitreomacular attachment was determined using six radial OCT scans (Ameasured ). The assumed circular area of traction was calculated based on measuring the maximal horizontal diameter for comparison (Acircular )...
June 28, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946902/different-glaucoma-types-and-glaucoma-surgeries-among-different-age-groups
#14
LETTER
Masaki Tanito, Kazunobu Sugihara, Katsunori Hara, Yasuyuki Takai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934649/multimodal-imaging-in-serologically-confirmed-rubella-retinopathy
#15
LETTER
Maram E A Abdalla Elsayed, Karam Hamweyah, Abdulkarim Al-Kharashi, Patrik Schatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931427/premacular-membranes-in-tissue-culture
#16
Denise Vogt, Franziska Vielmuth, Christian Wertheimer, Felix Hagenau, Stefanie R Guenther, Armin Wolf, Volker Spindler, Siegfried G Priglinger, Ricarda G Schumann
PURPOSE: To investigate integrity and characteristics of human premacular membranes (PMM) with and without standard tissue culturing using mechanical traction. METHODS: Premacular membranes were harvested from 32 eyes of 32 patients with idiopathic macular pucker during standard vitrectomy. By flat-mount preparation with phase contrast and interference microscopy, specimens were prepared for time-lapse microscopy, immunocytochemistry, and transmission electron microscopy...
June 21, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926168/effectiveness-and-safety-of-sulcus-fixation-of-baerveldt-glaucoma-implants-in-glaucomatous-eyes-in-patients-who-underwent-multiple-intraocular-surgeries
#17
Sotaro Mori, Mari Sakamoto, Takuji Kurimoto, Akiyasu Kanamori, Kaori Ueda, Yukako Inoue, Yuko Yamada, Makoto Nakamura
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical success of sulcus fixation of Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGIs) in special reference to corneal damage. METHODS: This observational prospective cohort study included 24 patients who underwent a median of 3.0 previous intraocular surgeries and sulcus fixation of BGIs for the first time. The intraocular pressure (IOP), the number of ocular hypotensives used, corneal endothelial cell density (ECD), and logMAR-converted best-corrected visual acuity (VA) of each patient were measured preoperatively and postoperatively until 12 months after surgery...
June 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922892/commentary-on-intraocular-pressure-after-lasek
#18
LETTER
Miguel A Teus, Esther Arranz-Marquez, Marco Sales-Sanz, Carolina Arruabarrena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922891/is-combined-mechanism-glaucoma-a-distinct-entity
#19
Ramanjit Sihota, Sailesh Kumar, Talvir Sidhu, Neha Midha, Ajay Sharma, Suresh Yadav, Viney Gupta, Tanuj Dada
PURPOSE: Primary adult glaucomas that have an occludable angle with peripheral anterior synechiae which are too few to account for the chronically raised IOP, or the glaucomatous optic neuropathy, do not fit the definition of either POAG or PACG and can be considered as combined mechanism glaucoma (CMG). We aimed to compare the clinical features and anatomical parameters of combined mechanism glaucoma with age, sex, and refraction-matched POAG and chronic PACG eyes. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with definitive optic nerve head and perimetric changes of glaucoma were screened at a tertiary care center...
June 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922890/quantitative-assessment-of-macular-contraction-and-vitreoretinal-interface-alterations-in-diabetic-macular-edema-treated-with-intravitreal-anti-vegf-injections
#20
Ebru Nevin Cetin, Önder Demirtaş, Nihal Cesur Özbakış, Gökhan Pekel
BACKGROUND: Macular contraction after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections for diabetic macular edema (DME) was evaluated by documenting the displacement of macular capillary vessels and epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation. METHODS: A total of 130 eyes were included in this retrospective study. The study group consisted of 63 eyes which had intravitreal anti-VEGF injections for DME, and the control group included 67 eyes without central DME...
June 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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