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Nuclear Medicine Communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644197/preoperative-regional-maximal-removal-rate-of-technetium-99m-galactosyl-human-serum-albumin-is-correlated-with-liver-functional-parameters-but-did-not-predict-postoperative-morbidity
#1
Koichi Yano, Atsushi Nanashima, Yoshiro Fujii, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Takeomi Hamada, Yuki Tsuchimochi, Takashi Wada, Yoichi Mizutani, Toshinori Hirai
BACKGROUND: Recently, posthepatectomy complications have been predicted by advances of new liver functional parameters, and the technetium-99m-galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) liver scintigraphy has been applied widely for this purpose. We evaluated the clinical significance of the regional maximal removal rate (GSA-Rmax) in patients with various liver diseases as predictors of posthepatectomy complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2012 and March 2016, we examined 200 patients who underwent hepatectomy for liver and biliary diseases...
June 22, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614134/value-of-99mtc-mibi-spect-ct-parathyroid-imaging-and-ultrasonography-for-concomitant-thyroid-carcinoma
#2
Rui Guo, Jiqiu Wang, Min Zhang, Miao Zhang, Hongping Meng, Yifan Zhang, Biao Li
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the frequency of carcinoma in cases with suspected parathyroid adenoma and test the value of Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-MIBI) single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) parathyroid imaging and neck ultrasonography in detecting concomitant thyroid carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 741 patients with clinically suspected parathyroid adenoma who underwent Tc-MIBI planer scans and SPECT/CT of the skull base, neck, and thorax; patients also underwent ultrasonography within 1 month before SPECT/CT...
June 13, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598898/a-99mtc-labelled-scfv-antibody-fragment-that-binds-to-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen
#3
Saima Nawaz, Gregory E D Mullen, Philip J Blower, James R Ballinger
INTRODUCTION: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an extensively studied antigen for imaging prostate cancer. We prepared a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of J591, a monoclonal antibody that recognises an external epitope of PSMA, incorporating a His-tag for labelling with Tc tricarbonyl, and evaluated its binding using human PCa cell lines. METHODS: J591(scFv) was expressed in HEK-293T cells and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography, followed by size exclusion chromatography...
June 8, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591006/assessment-of-functional-liver-reserve-old-and-new-in-99mtc-sulfur-colloid-scintigraphy
#4
Manuela M Matesan, Stephen R Bowen, Tobias R Chapman, Robert S Miyaoka, James W Velez, Michele F Wanner, Matthew J Nyflot, Smith Apisarnthanarax, Hubert J Vesselle
PURPOSE: A semiquantitative assessment of hepatic reticuloendothelial system function using colloidal particles scintigraphy has been proposed previously as a surrogate for liver function evaluation. In this article, we present an updated method for the overall assessment of technetium-99m (Tc)-sulfur colloid (SC) biodistribution that combines information from planar and attenuation-corrected Tc-SC single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images. The imaging protocol described here was developed as an easy-to-implement method to assess overall and regional liver function changes associated with chronic liver disease...
June 6, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562377/the-value-of-18f-dopa-pet-ct-in-patients-with-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-increased-calcitonin-values
#5
Anja T Golubić, Eva Pasini Nemir, Marijan Žuvić, Andrea Mutvar, Sanja Kusačić Kuna, Marija Despot, Tatjana Samardžić, Dražen Huić
AIM: The aim of this prospective observational study was to examine the benefit of a fluorine-18-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (F-DOPA) PET/computed tomography (CT) scan in patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in terms of increased calcitonin levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight MTC patients after initial total thyreoidectomy with increasing follow-up calcitonin levels suggestive for active disease after negative conventional imaging findings (neck ultrasound or thorax, abdomen, pelvis multislice computed tomography as standard imaging) were scanned using F-DOPA PET/CT from November 2012 to April 2016...
May 30, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562376/ventilation-perfusion-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-a-service-evaluation
#6
Amit Parekh, Richard Graham, Stewart Redman
OBJECTIVES: To identify the positive rate and negative predictive value (NPV) of our ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) service as respective markers of overcalling (false positives) and undercalling (false negatives). We also identified the indeterminate rate as an indicator of the technical quality of the scans and reporter confidence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: V/Q SPECT studies carried out over 5 years were classified into positive, negative and indeterminate results...
May 30, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557954/correlation-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-with-pathological-features-and-survival-in-primary-breast-cancer
#7
Duygu Has Şimşek, Yasemin Şanli, Cemil B Külle, Hasan Karanlik, Berkay Kiliç, Serkan Kuyumcu, Semen Önder, Vahit Özmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the primary tumor (PT) maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and breast cancer prognostic factors, overall survival, and relapse-free survival on the basis of histopathological and molecular characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 436 female patients with breast cancer were evaluated following a pretreatment F-FDG PET/CT scan. The PT SUVmax and histopathological/molecular characteristics were determined from primary tumor tissues and analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests...
May 26, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538080/formulation-and-characterization-of-lutetium-177-labeled-stannous-tin-colloid-for-radiosynovectomy
#8
Geetanjali Arora, Manoranjan Singh, Pragati Jha, Sarthak Tripathy, Chandrasekhar Bal, Anirban Mukherjee, Shamim A Shamim
OBJECTIVE: Easy large-scale production, easy availability, cost-effectiveness, long half-life, and favorable radiation characteristics have made lutetium-177 (Lu) a preferred radionuclide for use in therapy. Lutetium-177-labeled stannous (Lu-Sn) colloid particles were formulated for application in radiosynovectomy, followed by in-vitro and in-vivo characterization. METHODS: Stannous chloride (SnCl2) solution and Lu were heated together, the pH was adjusted, and the particles were recovered by centrifugation...
May 19, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509766/brown-adipose-tissue-detected-by-pet-ct-imaging-is-associated-with-less-central-obesity
#9
Aileen L Green, Ulas Bagci, Sarfaraz Hussein, Patrick V Kelly, Razi Muzaffar, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Medhat M Osman
PURPOSE: This retrospective review was performed to determine whether patients with brown adipose tissue (BAT) detected by fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging have less central obesity than BMI-matched control patients without detectable BAT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven adult oncology patients with F-FDG BAT uptake were retrospectively identified from PET/CT studies from 2011 to 2013. The control cohort consisted of 74 adult oncology patients without detectable F-FDG BAT uptake matched for BMI/sex/season...
May 15, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489691/optimal-injected-dose-ratio-of-a-very-rapid-1-day-protocol-of-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-with-cadmium-zinc-telluride-single-photon-emission-tomography-simulation-and-phantom-study
#10
Minako Shinjyo, Maho Naniwa, Narumi Kubo, Yoshihiro Nishimura, Keisuke Kiso, Kazuki Fukuchi
OBJECTIVE: Cadmium-zinc-telluride detectors enable shorter acquisition durations in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), but the time interval of sequential scanning is still unchanged in clinical practice. We designed a very rapid 1-day protocol of MPI using cadmium-zinc-telluride single-photon emission tomography and evaluated the optimal dose ratio between two scanning acquisitions by means of simulations and phantom experiments. METHODS: We intended to perform a 1-day MPI within 140 min and simulate radioactivities in the second scan under various injected dose ratios...
May 9, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489689/half-body-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-with-resolution-recovery-for-the-evaluation-of-metastatic-bone-disease-implementation-into-routine-clinical-service
#11
Michael B Hanney, Philip G Hillel, Andrew D Scott, Eleanor Lorenz
OBJECTIVES: Typically, scintigraphic evaluation of metastatic bone disease uses planar imaging. Although single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) offers increased clinical utility, the acquisition time necessary to cover the required scan range (at our centre, skull vertex to mid-femur) has made its use in place of planar imaging impracticable. Recently, reconstruction with resolution recovery (RR) has allowed SPECT acquisition times to be shortened while maintaining acceptable image quality...
May 9, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489688/hybrid-pet-mri-based-delineation-of-gross-tumor-volume-in-head-and-neck-cancer-and-tumor-parameter-analysis
#12
Jie-Tao Ma, Cheng-Bo Han, Jia-He Zheng, Hong-Zan Sun, Shao-Min Zhang, Jun Xin, Qi-Yong Guo
OBJECTIVES: Accurate target delineation allows an increase in radiation dose to the target tumor while reducing damage to the surrounding normal tissue. However, there is currently no standard for evaluating volumes measured by different imaging modalities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of contouring gross tumor volume (GTV) by PET/MRI in head and neck cancer, and to define an adaptive threshold level (aTL) for delineating the biological target volume (BTV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen head and neck cancer patients underwent time of flight PET/MRI before chemoradiotherapy...
May 9, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471845/early-efficacy-of-and-toxicity-from-lutetium-177-dotatate-treatment-in-patients-with-progressive-metastatic-net
#13
Deborah Pencharz, Martin Walker, Mehmet Yalchin, Ann-Marie Quigley, Martyn Caplin, Christos Toumpanakis, Shaunak Navalkissoor
OBJECTIVE: Lutetium-177 DOTA-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide (Lu-DOTATATE) is a treatment option for patients with well-differentiated metastatic neuroendocrine tumours. Our centre started administering this therapy in 2012. The aim of this study was therefore to analyse the first cohort of patients treated with Lu-DOTATATE to determine its early efficacy and toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patient, tumour and treatment characteristics, end-of-treatment outcome, time to progression and toxicity in 79 consecutive patients treated with Lu-DOTATATE who had progressive NET according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours criteria...
May 3, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471844/image-characteristics-and-classification-of-salivagram-in-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-aspiration-in-children
#14
Ha Wu, Ruifang Zhao
PURPOSE: A salivagram is a common method capable of detecting pulmonary aspiration. This investigation focused on describing the characteristics of salivagram and classifying the image to increase the clinical value of this imaging method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out of 428 patients (aged 1-36 months, mean age 4.5 months) diagnosed with respiratory tract infection and suspect pulmonary aspiration subjected to a salivagram, and the resulting images were classified on the basis of their features...
May 3, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452796/uk-audit-of-quantitative-thyroid-uptake-imaging
#15
Jonathan C Taylor, Anthony W Murray, David O Hall, Mark C Barnfield, Emma R O'Shaugnessy, Kathryn J Carson, James Cullis, David J Towey, Bob Kenny
AIM: A national audit of quantitative thyroid uptake imaging was conducted by the Nuclear Medicine Software Quality Group of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine in 2014/2015. The aims of the audit were to measure and assess the variability in thyroid uptake results across the UK and to compare local protocols with British Nuclear Medicine Society (BNMS) guidelines. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants were invited through a combination of emails on a public mailbase and targeted invitations from regional co-ordinators...
April 27, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445243/harmonizing-standardized-uptake-value-recovery-between-two-pet-ct-systems-from-different-manufacturers-when-using-resolution-modelling-and-time-of-flight
#16
Ian S Armstrong, Katharine E Thomson, Lisa M Rowley, Daniel R McGowan
PET iterative reconstruction algorithms with resolution modelling (RM) can be used to improve spatial resolution in the images. However, RM has a significant impact on quantification, which raises issues for harmonization across multicentre networks or collaborations. This investigation compared quantification from two modern time-of-flight (TOF) PET/CT systems from different manufacturers with RM with the intention to harmonize recovery. Images of a National Electrical Manufacturers Association image quality phantom with a sphere-to-background concentration ratio of 4 : 1 were acquired on a GE Discovery 710 and a Siemens Biograph mCT and reconstructed with RM and TOF...
April 25, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570287/usual-and-unusual-pitfalls-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-lymphoma-after-treatment-a-pictorial-review
#17
Julien Dubreuil, Gilles Salles, Juliette Bozzetto, Jeremie Tordo, Loïc Djaïleb, Alina Berriolo-Riedinger, Julien Leenhardt, Francesco Giammarile, Michel Meignan, Andrea Skanjeti
Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) is now a standard of care in initial staging and treatment evaluation of lymphomas. It is also used in the interim evaluation in diffuse large B cell lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. However, several pitfalls may occur during or after treatment, because of the nonspecificity of F-FDG for lymphoma disease and treatment as immunotherapy, thus possibly induces misinterpretation and wrong treatment decision. The aim of this pictorial review is to provide an illustrated tutorial of the most frequent pitfalls found on F-FDG-PET/CT during or after treatment...
July 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505040/news-and-views-june-2017
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489690/measurement-uncertainty-of-lesion-and-reference-mediastinum-standardized-uptake-value-in-lung-cancer
#19
Eric Laffon, Noel Milpied, Roger Marthan
OBJECTIVE: To assess standardized uptake value (SUV) measurement uncertainty (MU) of lung cancer lesions with uptake greater than mediastinum but less than or equal to the liver and that of the mediastinum blood pool, and to compare lesion SUV with mediastinum SUV by assessing MU of their ratio. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dynamic PET data involving 10 frames were retrospectively analyzed in 10 patients, yielding maximal SUV of 25 lesions (Lesion-SUVmax), 10 mediastinum SUV, either maximal or mean (Med-SUVmax, Med-SUVmean), 25 Rmax ratios (=Lesion-SUVmax/Med-SUVmax), and 25 Rmean ratios (=Lesion-SUVmax/Med-SUVmean)...
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452797/a-national-survey-of-computed-tomography-doses-in-hybrid-pet-ct-and-spect-ct-examinations-in-the-uk
#20
Gareth R Iball, Natalie A Bebbington, Maria Burniston, Sue Edyvean, Louise Fraser, Peter Julyan, Nasreen Parkar, Tim Wood
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to conduct a nationwide survey of computed tomography (CT) doses for a wide range of PET-CT and single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) imaging procedures, with the aim of generating proposed UK national diagnostic reference levels (NDRLs). METHODS: CT protocol and dosimetry data for three PET-CT and seven SPECT-CT examinations were gathered from centres across the UK. Data were divided according to CT purpose (attenuation correction, localization or diagnostic) and third quartile values of scanner average dose metrics were used to generate suggested NDRLs for a range of examination and CT purpose combinations...
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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