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International Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779576/factors-influencing-change-in-walking-ability-in-patients-with-heart-failure-undergoing-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Natasha Sutherland, Alexander Harrison, Patrick Doherty
OBJECTIVES: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective intervention for patients with heart failure (HF), in which one of the main targets is to increase physical capacity. In the HF population this is traditionally assessed using distance covered during a walking test. This study aims to establish the extent to which change in walking ability, in HF patients attending CR, is determined by patient characteristics and service provision. METHODS: The study utilised routine clinical data from the National Audit of Cardiac Rehabilitation to perform a robust analysis...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779575/thirty-day-readmissions-in-surgical-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Stein Ove Danielsen, Philip Moons, Irene Sandven, Marit Leegaard, Svein Solheim, Theis Tønnessen, Irene Lie
BACKGROUND: The 30-day all-cause readmission rate after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vary substantially. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the overall incidence, causes, and risk factors of 30-day all-cause readmission rate after SAVR and TAVR. METHODS: Eight medical research databases were searched; Cochrane, Medline, Embase, UpToDate, PROSPERO, National Guideline Clearinghouse, SweMed and Oria...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759591/corrigendum-to-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-and-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-chinese-adults-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-163-641-adults-int-j-cardiol-260-2018-196-203
#3
Mei Zhang, Qian Deng, Linhong Wang, Zhengjing Huang, Maigeng Zhou, Yichong Li, Zhenping Zhao, Yawei Zhang, Limin Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754931/percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-closure-with-complex-anatomy-by-using-the-staged-kissing-watchman-technology-with-double-devices
#4
Lisheng Jiang, Erich Duenninger, Manuela Muenzel, Xin Xue, Adam Fazakas, Thorsten Keil, Jiangtao Yu
BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is an efficient alternative of oral anticoagulation to prevent stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Due to complexities of LAA anatomy, a complete closure may not always be obtained with a single device. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the staged 'kissing-Watchman' technology to occlude the LAA with complex anatomy. METHODS: In our center, among 300 cases underwent LAAC with Watchman device from February 2012 to December 2016, 7 complex LAAs were implanted double devices using the staged 'kissing-Watchman' technology...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754930/new-assessment-of-endothelial-function-measured-by-short-time-flow-mediated-vasodilation-comparison-with-conventional-flow-mediated-vasodilation-measurement
#5
Shogo Matsui, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Haruki Hashimoto, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Yoshiki Aibara, Farina Mohamad Yusoff, Shinji Kishimoto, Ayumu Nakashima, Kensuke Noma, Tomohiro Kawaguchi, Takeo Matsumoto, Yukihito Higashi
BACKGROUND: Measurement of flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) is an established method for assessing endothelial function. Measurement of FMD is useful for showing the relationship between atherosclerosis and endothelial function, mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction, and clinical implications including effects of interventions and cardiovascular events. To shorten and simplify the measurement of FMD, we have developed a novel technique named short time FMD (stFMD). We investigated the validity of stFMD for assessment of endothelial function compared with conventional FMD...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735421/3-bromopyruvate-reverses-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-through-inhibiting-glycolysis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#6
Fangzheng Chen, Heng Wang, Jiadan Lai, Shujing Cai, Linbo Yuan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation is vital to pulmonary vascular remodeling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) pathogenesis, and inhibiting PASMC metabolism could serve as a new possible therapy to reverse the process. 3-Bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) is an effective glycolysis inhibitor with its effect in PAH remains unclear. Our study aims to assess the therapeutic effect of 3-BrPA in PAH rats and investigate the possible mechanism of 3-BrPA in PASMC proliferation and apoptosis...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735422/further-insight-into-the-impact-of-the-nla-guideline-esc-guideline-and-aace-ace-guideline-on-ldl-cholesterol-target-achievement-time-to-rethink-the-strategy
#7
LETTER
Haoyu Wang, Yingxian Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731351/corrigendum-to-mismatch-between-right-and-left-sided-filling-pressures-in-heart-failure-patients-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-int-j-cardiol-257-2018-143-149
#8
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, Jiro Aoki, Nozomi Fuse, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Keita Koseki, Taishi Okuno, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764707/mid-term-outcomes-from-a-multicenter-study-is-tevar-safe-for-ascending-aortic-dissection
#9
Qingsheng Lu, Lei Liu, Guangqi Chang, Xueming Chen, Hai Feng, Xuemin Zhang, Weiguo Fu, Zhihui Dong, Zaiping Jing
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to report mid-term follow-up outcomes of a series of TAAD patients treated with TEVAR in China. BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been used to treat type A aortic dissection (TAAD) for years. However, by comparing public reports, their outcomes which were based on different sample sizes show inconsistency. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2015, there were 56 patients with TAAD received TEVAR identified in 5 medical centers...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764706/atrial-fibrillation-and-ischemic-events-with-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-afire-protocol-for-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-open-label-parallel-group-study
#10
Satoshi Yasuda, Koichi Kaikita, Hisao Ogawa, Masaharu Akao, Junya Ako, Tetsuya Matoba, Masato Nakamura, Katsumi Miyauchi, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Kazuo Kimura, Atsushi Hirayama, Kunihiko Matsui
BACKGROUND: In atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), anticoagulants are commonly used in combination with antiplatelet drugs. However, dual therapy can increase the risk of bleeding, and the potential therapeutic benefits must be weighed against this. Therefore, it is recommended that dual therapy is only used for a limited time, and that monotherapy with anticoagulants should start from 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, there is a lack of evidence on the use of monotherapy, in particular with direct oral anticoagulants, in this group of patients...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739707/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-increased-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-patients-admitted-for-acute-heart-failure
#11
Filippo Valbusa, Davide Agnoletti, Luca Scala, Cristina Grillo, Pietro Arduini, Stefano Bonapace, Stefano Calabria, Giuliana Scaturro, Alessandro Mantovani, Giacomo Zoppini, Emanuela Turcato, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, Guido Arcaro, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging risk factor for incident heart failure (HF). It is currently unknown whether NAFLD predicts all-cause mortality in patients admitted for acute HF. We aimed to assess whether NAFLD and its severity (diagnosed by ultrasonography and non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers) were associated with increased all-cause mortality in this particularly high-risk patient population. METHODS: We studied 264 elderly patients, who were consecutively admitted for acute HF to the hospital between years 2013 and 2015, after excluding those with acute myocardial infarction, severe valvular heart diseases, kidney failure, cancer, cirrhosis of any etiology or known chronic liver diseases...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735423/association-of-positive-well-being-with-reduced-cardiac-repolarization-abnormalities-in-the-first-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Nino Isakadze, Elsayed Z Soliman, Viola Vaccarino, William Whang, Rachel Lampert, J Douglas Bremner, Amit J Shah
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which psychological factors may influence possibly arrhythmia risk are not known. We hypothesized that psychological wellness, measured by the General Well-Being Schedule (GBWS), is associated with less repolarization heterogeneity as measured by T-axis. We also explored whether T-axis was a mediator in the relationship of GWBS with adverse cardiac outcomes. METHODS: We studied 5533 adults aged 25-74 years without a history of CVD from NHANES I (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) (1971-75)...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729868/treatment-of-takayasu-arteritis-with-the-il-6r-antibody-tocilizumab-vs-cyclophosphamide
#13
Xiufang Kong, Xiaojie Zhang, Peng Lv, Xiaomeng Cui, Lili Ma, Huiyong Chen, Hao Liu, Jiang Lin, Lindi Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment effects of the IL-6R antibody tocilizumab and cyclophosphamide (CTX) in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA) and explore the mechanism by analyzing their effects on various cytokines. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study included 9 TA patients treated with tocilizumab, 15 TA patients treated with CTX and 24 healthy controls. Treatment effects were evaluated based on: (1) Kerr score and Indian Takayasu Clinical Activity Score (ITAS2010), (2) improvement of previous lesions and occurrence of new vascular lesions on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), (3) changes in various cytokine levels, (4) glucocorticoid sparing, and (5) adverse effects...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753516/is-endothelial-microvascular-function-equally-impaired-among-patients-with-chronic-chagas-and-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#14
Juliana Pereira Borges, Fernanda de Souza Nogueira Sardinha Mendes, Gabriella de Oliveira Lopes, Andréa Silvestre de Sousa, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Eduardo Tibiriçá
BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and cardiomyopathies due to other etiologies involve differences in pathophysiological pathways that are still unclear. Systemic microvascular abnormalities are associated with the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. However, systemic microvascular endothelial function in CCC remains to be elucidated. Thus, we compared the microvascular endothelial function of patients presenting with CCC to those with ischemic cardiomyopathy disease...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739706/changes-in-characteristics-risk-factors-and-in-hospital-mortality-among-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-the-capital-of-china-over-40-years
#15
Qinghao Zhao, Yuejin Yang, Zaijia Chen, Hongwei Yu, Haiyan Xu
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has sharply increased and become a major cause of hospitalization and mortality in China over the past few decades, with the rapid economic development and substantial life-style changes. METHODS: We compared the characteristics, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes among 1314 patients with AMI from Beijing Collaborative Group data in 1972 and 1973, and 2200 patients in Beijing from China AMI registry in 2013 and 2014...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729869/plasma-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-associated-with-vulnerable-plaque-characteristics-in-cad-patients-as-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#16
Xinxin Liu, Zulong Xie, Meng Sun, Xuedong Wang, Ji Li, Jinjin Cui, Fengyun Zhang, Li Yin, Dan Huang, Jingbo Hou, Jinwei Tian, Bo Yu
BACKGROUND: Plaque vulnerability indicates the risk of a cardiovascular event. In the present study, we sought to analyze the relationship between trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut microbiota metabolite from dietary phosphatidylcholine, and vulnerable plaque characteristics in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: One hundred eighty non-culprit plaques from 90 patients with ACS or with stable angina were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709244/scn5a-mutation-type-and-topology-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmia-by-sodium-channel-blockers
#17
Ahmad S Amin, Yolan J Reckman, Elena Arbelo, Anne M Spanjaart, Pieter G Postema, Rafik Tadros, Michael W Tanck, Maarten P Van den Berg, Arthur A M Wilde, Hanno L Tan
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) is often initiated by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Presence of SCN5A mutation increases the risk of PVCs upon exposure to sodium channel blockers (SCB) in patients with baseline type-1 ECG. In patients without baseline type-1 ECG, however, the effect of SCN5A mutation on the risk of SCB-induced arrhythmia is unknown. We aimed to establish whether presence/absence, type, and topology of SCN5A mutation correlates with PVC occurrence during ajmaline infusion...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709243/role-of-tavr-in-pure-native-valvular-aortic-regurgitation-a-new-paradigm
#18
LETTER
Samhati Mondal, Kumar Ashish, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Raktim Kumar Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731350/the-cost-effectiveness-of-pcsk9-inhibitors-the-australian-healthcare-perspective
#19
Radya Kumar, Andrew Tonkin, Danny Liew, Ella Zomer
BACKGROUND: For patients in whom statins are not tolerated or effective as monotherapy, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) represent a new class of lipid lowering therapies that may reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels by up to 50% and lower cardiovascular events. While an important treatment option, the cost-effectiveness of PCSK9i in Australia remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the cost-effectiveness of PCSK9i compared to placebo in the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706431/atrial-remodeling-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-idiopathic-isolated-fibrotic-atrial-cardiomyopathy
#20
Chang Cui, Xiaohong Jiang, Weizhu Ju, Jiaxian Wang, Daowu Wang, Zheng Sun, Minglong Chen
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic isolated fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy (IIF-ACM) is a novel subtype of cardiomyopathy characterized by atrial fibrosis that does not involve the ventricular myocardium and is associated with significant atrial tachyarrhythmia. The mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis are unknown. METHODS: Atrium samples were obtained from 3 patients with IIF-ACM via surgical intervention. Control samples were consisted of 3 atrium biopsies from patients with congenital heart disease and normal sinus rhythm, matched for gender, age and basic clinical characteristics...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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