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International Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318663/dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-in-chronic-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction
#1
Patrícia Lourenço, Sérgio Silva, Filipe Cunha, Joana Pereira, Ana Ribeiro, Nuno Silva, João Tiago Guimarães, José Paulo Araújo, Paulo Bettencourt
BACKGROUND: An association between dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors with worse prognosis in HF has been suggested. We aimed to assess the serum DPP-IV levels in chronic stable HF patients and determine their association with prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chronic stable HF patients with optimized prognostic-modifying therapy were prospectively recruited. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: 1) ejection fraction>50%, 2) hospitalizations or therapeutic adjustments in the previous 2months; 3) patients on renal replacement therapy, and 4) use of DPP-IV inhibitors...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314486/insulin-provision-therapy-and-mortality-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-insights-from-bari-2d-trial
#2
Abdulla A Damluji, Erin R Cohen, Mauro Moscucci, Robert J Myerburg, Mauricio G Cohen, Maria M Brooks, Michael W Rich, Daniel E Forman
IMPORTANCE: Optimal strategies for glucose control in very old adults with diabetes and stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of insulin provision (IP) therapy versus insulin sensitizing (IS) therapy for glycemic control in older (≥75years) and younger (<75years) adults with type II diabetes (DM) and SIHD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults enrolled in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) were studied...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302319/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-and-systemic-right-ventricular-function-in-adults-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#3
Ewa Kowalik, Anna Klisiewicz, Justyna Rybicka, Elżbieta K Biernacka, Piotr Hoffman
BACKGROUND: High sensitive troponin T (hsTnT), a marker of myocardial injury, appears to be a promising diagnostic tool in patients with congenital heart disease. However, little is known about its distribution among adults with systemic right ventricle (sRV). We aimed to assess the distribution of hsTnT concentrations in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and to evaluate its relationship with sRV function and NT-proBNP. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of adults with ccTGA was conducted...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291624/corrigendum-to-contrast-media-use-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-int-j-cardiol-2017-137-144
#4
Bhavi Pandya, Jean M Chalhoub, Valay Parikh, Sainath Gaddam, Jonathan Spagnola, Suzanne El-Sayegh, Marc Bogin, Ruben Kandov, James Lafferty, Sripal Bangalore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318664/risk-assessment-of-patients-with-clinical-manifestations-of-cardiac-sarcoidosis-with-positron-emission-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Paco E Bravo, Ganesh Raghu, David G Rosenthal, Shana Elman, Bradley J Petek, Laurie A Soine, Jeffrey H Maki, Kelley R Branch, Sofia C Masri, Kristen K Patton, James H Caldwell, Eric V Krieger
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) confer incremental risk assessment in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). However, the incremental prognostic value of the combined use of LGE and FDG compared to either test alone has not been investigated, and this is the aim of the present study. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 56 symptomatic patients with high clinical suspicion for CS who underwent LGE-CMR and FDG-PET and were followed for the occurrence of death and/or malignant ventricular arrhythmias (VA)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318659/cardiovascular-and-general-health-status-of-adults-with-trisomy-21
#6
Samuel A Hayes, Shelby Kutty, Joshua Thomas, Joyce T Johnson, Anji T Yetman
BACKGROUND: Patients with Trisomy 21 are now living well into adulthood. Little data exists to assist the cardiologist in the care of these patients. We sought to examine the cardiac and general health status of adults with Trisomy 21 undergoing cardiac evaluation. METHODS & RESULTS: A retrospective review of all affected adults >21years followed at 2 tertiary care institutions was performed. Of 193 patients identified, median age was 31 (range 21.1-60.5) years...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318658/sudden-death-in-athletes
#7
Domenico Corrado, Alessandro Zorzi
Competitive sports activity is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiovascular death (SCD) in adolescents and young adults with clinically silent cardiovascular disorders. While in middle-aged/senior athletes atherosclerotic coronary artery disease accounts for the vast majority of SCDs, in young athletes the spectrum of substrates is wider and includes inherited (cardiomyopathies) and congenital (anomalous origin of coronary arteries) structural heart diseases. Inherited ion channel diseases have been implicated in SCDs occurring with an apparently normal heart at autopsy...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318657/radiation-dose-among-different-cardiac-and-vascular-invasive-procedures-the-rodeo-study
#8
Alessandro Sciahbasi, Giuseppe Ferrante, Dionigi Fischetti, Daniel Jonathan Miklin, Alessandro Sarandrea, Valentina Schirripa, Fabrizio Guarracini, Arash Arya, Giorgio Loreni, Antonio Bruni, Stefano Rigattieri, Massimiliano Marini, Simone Vagnarelli, Germano Scevola, Bernhard Reimers, Gerhard Hindricks, Mauricio Cohen
BACKGROUND: Interventional radiology and cardiology procedures contribute significantly to the collective dose of radiation exposure from medical interventions. Recent and dedicated studies comparing directly these procedures in term of patient radiation exposure are lacking. Our aim was to compare radiation exposure among different interventional procedures performed under fluoroscopic guidance. METHODS: The RODEO study (NCT: 02972736) is an international observational retrospective multicenter study enrolling all patients undergoing diagnostic or interventional procedures performed by different interventional operators (i...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318662/mid-range-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-clinical-profile-and-cause-of-death-in-ambulatory-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#9
Domingo A Pascual-Figal, Andreu Ferrero-Gregori, Ines Gomez-Otero, Rafael Vazquez, Juan Delgado-Jimenez, Jesus Alvarez-Garcia, Juan R Gimeno-Blanes, Fernando Worner-Diz, Alfredo Bardají, Luis Alonso-Pulpon, Jose Ramon Gonzalez-Juanatey, Juan Cinca
BACKGROUND: The intermediate group of patients with heart failure (HF) and mid-range left ventricular ejection fraction (HFmrEF) may constitute a specific phenotype, but a direct evidence is lacking. This study aimed to know whether this HF category is accompanied by a particular clinical phenotype and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study includes 3446 ambulatory patients with chronic HF from two national registries. According to EF at enrollment, patients were classified as reduced (HFrEF, <40%), mid-range (HFmrEF, 40-49%) or preserved (HFpEF, ≥50%)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318660/effect-of-dynamic-change-in-body-mass-index-on-the-risk-of-hypertension-results-from-the-rural-chinese-cohort-study
#10
Ming Zhang, Yang Zhao, Haohang Sun, Xinping Luo, Chongjian Wang, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Junmei Zhou, Chengyi Han, Hongyan Zhang, Xiangyu Yang, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Tianping Feng, Jingzhi Zhao, Dongsheng Hu
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of change in body mass index (BMI) on incident hypertension by gender and age groups. METHODS: A total of 10,145 non-hypertensive participants 18-75years old from rural areas in the middle of China were selected for this cohort study. Questionnaire interview and anthropometric and laboratory measurements were performed at baseline (during July to August 2007 and July to August 2008) and follow-up (during July to August 2013 and July to October 2014)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318654/safety-and-efficacy-of-drug-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection
#11
Federico Conrotto, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Enrico Cerrato, Antonio Fernandez Ortiz, Nieves Gonzalo, Carlos Macaya, Corrado Tamburino, Marco Barbanti, Martijn van Lavieren, Jan J Piek, Robert J Applegate, Azeem Latib, Maria Teresa Spinnler, Raffaella Marzullo, Mario Iannaccone, Marco Pavani, Gabriele Crimi, Rossella Fattori, Alessandra Chinaglia, Patrizia Presbitero, Ferdinando Varbella, Fiorenzo Gaita, Javier Escaned
AIMS: Given the different pathogenesis, use of drug eluting stent (DES) in patients with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection SCAD may delay the healing of the dissected vessel. Aim of our study was to compare the safety and the efficacy of DES vs. bare metal stent (BMS) in a cohort of patients who underwent stenting for SCAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients with SCAD between January 1995 and August 2014 were retrospectively identified in 12 centers and included...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302320/platelet-reactivity-and-mean-platelet-volume-as-risk-markers-of-thrombogenesis-in-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Marcin Makowski, Ireneusz Smorag, Joanna Makowska, Andrzej Bissinger, Tomasz Grycewicz, Jarek Paśnik, Michal Kidawa, Andrzej Lubiński, Marzenna Zielińska, Zbigniew Baj
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of thromboembolic complications. One of the markers of the increased risk of hypercoagulable state is platelet hyperreactivity. The aim of the study was to assess impact of arrhythmia on platelet reactivity. METHODS: The study included 36 (mean age 48,3; range 21-60) male patients with lone atrial fibrillation, with exclusion of concomitant diseases known to trigger hypercoagulable state. The AF patients underwent cardioversion to restore sinus rhythm and were subsequently under observation for 1month...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285798/corrigendum-to-assessment-of-the-hemodynamic-characteristics-of-absorb-bvs-in-a-porcine-coronary-artery-model-int-j-cardiol-227-2017-467-473
#13
Erhan Tenekecioglu, Ryo Torii, Christos Bourantas, Mohammad Abdelghani, Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Tom Crake, Solomon Su, Teguh Santoso, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W Serruys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318666/cardiac-sympathetic-denervation-100years-later-jonnesco-would-have-never-believed-it
#14
Peter J Schwartz, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Luigi Pugliese
One hundred years have elapsed since Thomas Jonnesco performed the first left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in a patient with unmanageable angina pectoris and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and the progress in the field has surpassed imagination. Here we will review the historic basis of cardiac sympathectomy for the management of life-threatening arrhythmias and will then discuss the often forgotten critical experimental studies that provided the rationale for the amazing growth of its role in clinical management...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318656/clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-patients-admitted-for-heart-failure-a-5-year-retrospective-study-of-african-patients
#15
Kwadwo Osei Bonsu, Isaac Kofi Owusu, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Daniel D Reidpath, Amudha Kadirvelu
BACKGROUND: Mortality associated with heart failure (HF) remains high. There are limited clinical data on mortality among HF patients from African populations. We examined the clinical characteristics, long-term outcomes, and prognostic factors of African HF patients with preserved, mid-range or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study of individuals aged ≥18years discharged from first HF admission between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 from the Cardiac Clinic, Directorate of Medicine of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291620/pacing-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-four-decade-experience-in-a-single-tertiary-centre
#16
Disha Midha, Zhong Chen, David G Jones, Howell J Williams, Karen Lascelles, Julian Jarman, Jonathan Clague, Janice Till, Konstatinos Dimopoulos, Sonya V Babu-Narayan, Vias Markides, Michael A Gatzoulis, Tom Wong
BACKGROUND: The increased risk of brady- and tachy-arrhythmias in the congenital heart disease (CHD) population means that cardiac rhythm management devices are often required at an early age and expose patients to device-related complications. The present study drew upon four decades of experience at a tertiary adult congenital heart disease ACHD center and aimed to investigate the indication for cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) and predictors of late device-related complication requiring re-intervention...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285797/opening-a-new-front-in-the-fight-against-sudden-cardiac-death-is-it-time-for-near-term-prevention
#17
Nicole Karam, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
INTRODUCTION: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major issue of public health. Despite tremendous investments in prevention and resuscitation, SCD mortality remains high. We aimed on assessing the feasibility of developing near-term prevention as a novel approach for decreasing SCD burden. METHODS AND RESULTS: We previously showed that half of SCD victims presented warning symptoms during the month before SCD, with symptoms recurrence in 93% within 24 h preceding SCD...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285795/how-huge-is-the-target-for-percutaneous-treatment-of-tricuspid-regurgitation
#18
Alessandra Sala, Ottavio Alfieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284506/sudden-cardiac-death-the-role-of-imaging
#19
Pieter van der Bijl, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is defined as "a non-traumatic, unexpected, fatal event occurring within one hour of the onset of symptoms in an apparently healthy subject", and it causes a fifth of all deaths worldwide. It often occurs in individuals not previously known with cardiac disease, which makes prevention challenging. The mechanism underlying SCD is thought to be a trigger (e.g. ischemia) acting upon a substrate (e.g. scar), causing a lethal arrhythmia. Primary prevention refers to patients at high risk of SCD and secondary prevention to those who have had an aborted episode of SCD...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285802/long-term-prognosis-and-cost-effectiveness-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-as-bridge-to-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#20
Michael Seco, Dong Fang Zhao, Michael J Byrom, Michael K Wilson, Michael P Vallely, John F Fraser, Paul G Bannon
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) used as bridge to transplantation (BTT), compared to orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) without a bridge. METHOD: Systematic searches were performed in electronic databases with available data extracted from text and digitized figures. Meta-analysis of short and long-term term post-transplantation outcomes was performed with summation of cost-effectiveness analyses...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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