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International Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728850/decline-in-risk-of-recurrent-cardiovascular-events-in-the-period-1996-to-2014-partly-explained-by-better-treatment-of-risk-factors-and-less-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#1
Gijs F N Berkelmans, Yolanda van der Graaf, Jannick A N Dorresteijn, Gert Jan de Borst, Maarten J Cramer, L Jaap Kappelle, Jan Westerink, Frank L J Visseren
BACKGROUND: To quantify the decline in recurrent major cardiovascular events (MCVE) risk in patients with clinically manifest vascular disease between 1996 and 2014 and to assess whether the improvements in recurrent MCVE-risk can be explained by reduced prevalence of risk factors, more medication use and less subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted in the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease (SMART) cohort in patients entering the cohort in the period 1996-2014...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728849/lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-is-an-independent-predictor-for-higher-syntax-scores-and-associated-with-adverse-events-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Selcuk Ozturk, Alparslan Kurtul
OBJECTIVES: Coronary atherosclerotic burden is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and SYNTAX score (SXs) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1585 patients who match the inclusion criteria were involved in the study. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from all patients within 10min upon admission to hospital from antecubital vein...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712563/trends-in-comorbidity-in-patients-hospitalised-for-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Josefien Buddeke, Michiel L Bots, Ineke van Dis, Anho Liem, Frank L J Visseren, Ilonca Vaartjes
BACKGROUND: We determined trends over time in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidity in patients hospitalised for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: The Dutch nationwide hospital register was used to identify patients hospitalised for CVD during 2000-2010. Comorbidity was defined as a previous hospital admission for CVD other than the index CVD, cancer, diabetes, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, respiratory disorders, thyroid gland disorders, kidney disorders and dementia in the five years previous to hospital admittance for the index CVD...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716521/update-on-quality-of-care-in-hispanics-and-other-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-discharged-with-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-2013
#4
Tomás Romero, Kristina L Greenwood, Dale Glaser
BACKGROUND: Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) care and outcomes have been frequently reported in racial-ethnic minorities in the U.S. Some studies have attributed disparities in Hispanics and other minorities to lower quality of services at hospitals where they seek care. Current information from hospitals with large Hispanic representations and updated quality resources is needed. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 839 AMI patients discharged in 2013 from three Southern California Hospitals (A, B, C) with tertiary cardiac care level...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712562/abnormal-right-atrial-performance-in-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-a-cmr-feature-tracking-analysis
#5
Shelby Kutty, Quanliang Shang, Navya Joseph, Johannes T Kowallick, Andreas Schuster, Michael Steinmetz, David A Danford, Phillip Beerbaum, Samir Sarikouch
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that right atrial (RA) performance is abnormal in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: TOF patients were prospectively enrolled for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), echocardiography and exercise stress following a standardized 14-center protocol. Peak RA longitudinal strain (RALS) and right ventricular longitudinal strain (RVLS) were measured using CMR feature tracking (FT) and correlated to RA and RV end diastolic volumes (EDVi) and ejection fraction (EF)...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712557/age-modulates-the-relationship-between-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Issada Trakarnwijitr, Bobby Li, Heath Adams, Jamie Layland, John Garlick, Andrew Wilson
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytosis and inflammation are vital elements in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a novel biomarker that combines these parameters and has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to determine whether PLR correlates with coronary artery disease (CAD) in high-risk patients, and if the relationship is affected by age. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for coronary angiogram were evaluated (n=822)...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705604/major-depression-and-heart-failure-interest-of-monoamine-oxidase-inhibitors
#7
REVIEW
Sophie Corbineau, Marie Breton, Jeanne Mialet-Perez, Jean-François Costemale-Lacoste
Several physiopathological hypotheses have been studied to explain the link between heart failure (HF) and major depression (MD). An increase of monoamine oxidase (MAO) has recently been found as a factor involved in the development of HF. The aim of this review is to provide a complete overview of the involvement of MAOs in HF comorbidity of MD and to discuss the pharmacological options. Our work highlights the scientific evidence of MAO involvement in the development of HF. Studies focusing on MAO-A seem to have reproducible results on HF, establishing the effect of this enzyme as well as the protective effect of its inhibition...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693891/an-alarming-trend-change-in-the-risk-profile-of-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-over-the-last-two-decades
#8
Amgad Mentias, Elizabeth Hill, Amr F Barakat, Mohammad Q Raza, Dalia Youssef, Kinjal Banerjee, Abhishek C Sawant, Stephen Ellis, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality around the world. We sought to study changes in the risk profile of patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients presenting with STEMI to our center between 1995 and 2014. Patients were divided into four quartiles, 5years each. Baseline risk factors and comorbidities were recorded. Sub-analysis was done for patients with established CAD and their household incomes...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711337/is-antiarrhythmic-medication-superior-to-catheter-ablation-in-suppressing-supraventricular-ectopic-complexes-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#9
LETTER
Chao Sun, Fen Qin, Tao Tu, Qiming Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724504/total-evidence-for-drug-eluting-stent-efficacy-and-safety-in-stemi-patients
#10
EDITORIAL
Guido Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712561/head-to-head-comparison-of-intact-and-c-terminal-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-heart-failure-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction
#11
Damien Gruson, Benjamin Ferracin, Sylvie A Ahn, Michel F Rousseau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712560/relation-between-severity-of-myocardial-bridge-and-vasospasm
#12
Yuichi Saito, Hideki Kitahara, Toshihiro Shoji, Satoshi Tokimasa, Takashi Nakayama, Kazumasa Sugimoto, Yoshihide Fujimoto, Yoshio Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Myocardial bridge (MB) has been reported to induce cardiac complications including coronary vasospasm. Although MB has some anatomical and morphological variations, the association of these variations with vasospasm is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between morphological severity of MB and vasospasm induced by acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test. METHODS: A total of 392 patients without coronary stent in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) undergoing intracoronary ACh provocation test were included...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709701/optical-coherence-tomography-guidance-for-the-management-of-angiographically-intermediate-left-main-bifurcation-lesions-early-clinical-experience
#13
Ilaria Dato, Francesco Burzotta, Carlo Trani, Andrea Romano, Lazzaro Paraggio, Cristina Aurigemma, Italo Porto, Antonio Maria Leone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Filippo Crea
BACKGROUND: Left main (LM) atherosclerotic lesions affect clinical outcomes. Frequency domain-optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) allows detailed characterization of non-ostial coronary atherosclerotic lesions. The clinical impact of FD-OCT assessment of LM bifurcation disease on the revascularization decision is unknown. METHODS: Patients who underwent FD-OCT assessment to guide management of angiographically intermediate distal LM stenosis were retrospectively selected...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709698/revisiting-the-sensitivity-of-sodium-channel-blocker-testing-in-brugada-syndrome-using-obligate-transmittance
#14
EDITORIAL
Rafik Tadros, Arthur A M Wilde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709700/prasugrel-as-opposed-to-clopidogrel-improves-endothelial-nitric-oxide-bioavailability-and-reduces-platelet-leukocyte-interaction-in-patients-with-unstable-angina-pectoris-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tanja K Rudolph, Alexander Fuchs, Anna Klinke, Andrea Schlichting, Kai Friedrichs, Martin Hellmich, Martin Mollenhauer, Edzard Schwedhelm, Stephan Baldus, Volker Rudolph
BACKGROUND: Platelet inhibition has been linked to improved endothelial function, a prognostic factor in coronary artery disease. Whether prasugrel, a potent platelet inhibitor, affects endothelial function remains unknown. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized, active-controlled, parallel trial. Patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) received either a daily dose of clopidogrel 75mg (n=23) or prasugrel 10mg (n=22)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705603/ischemic-heart-disease-in-children-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-sweden
#16
Maria Fedchenko, Zacharias Mandalenakis, Annika Rosengren, Georg Lappas, Peter Eriksson, Kristofer Skoglund, Mikael Dellborg
BACKGROUND: An increasing proportion of congenital heart disease (CoHD) patients survive to an age associated with increased risk of developing ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim was to investigate the risk of developing IHD among children and young adults with CoHD. METHODS: Using the Swedish National Patient Register, we created a cohort of all CoHD patients born between January 1970 and December 1993. Ten controls matched for age, sex, county were randomly selected from the general population for each patient (n=219,816)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728851/predictors-of-incident-heart-failure-in-patients-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-lipid-heart-failure-risk-prediction-model
#17
Andrea Driscoll, Elizabeth H Barnes, Stefan Blankenberg, David M Colquhoun, David Hunt, Paul J Nestel, Ralph A Stewart, Malcolm J West, Harvey D White, John Simes, Andrew Tonkin
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease is a major cause of heart failure. Availability of risk-prediction models that include both clinical parameters and biomarkers is limited. We aimed to develop such a model for prediction of incident heart failure. METHODS: A multivariable risk-factor model was developed for prediction of first occurrence of heart failure death or hospitalization. A simplified risk score was derived that enabled subjects to be grouped into categories of 5-year risk varying from <5% to >20%...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712564/autonomic-dysfunction-plays-a-decisive-role-in-the-arrhythmia-initiation-whereas-metabolic-disorders-facilitate-further-atrial-remodeling-in-antipsychotic-related-atrial-fibrillation
#18
LETTER
Ruey-Hsing Chou, Li-Wei Lo, Hsin-Bang Leu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712558/catheter-ablation-of-accessory-pathway-14-year-trends-in-utilization-and-complications-in-adults-in-the-united-states
#19
Jalaj Garg, Neeraj Shah, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Kathan Mehta, Babak Bozorgnia, Noel G Boyle, Ronald Freudenberger, Andrea Natale
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the temporal trends in utilization of catheter ablation of accessory pathways in the United States. METHODS: All patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) ≥18years of age with a primary diagnosis of anomalous atrioventricular excitation syndrome (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 426.7) were included in the study. Patients who underwent catheter ablation were identified using ICD-9-CM procedure code 37...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711335/echocardiographic-reference-ranges-in-older-children-and-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Edith D Majonga, Andrea M Rehman, Grace McHugh, Hilda A Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Mohammad S Patel, Shungu Munyati, Jon O Odland, Katharina Kranzer, Juan P Kaski, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic reference ranges are important to identify abnormalities of cardiac dimensions. Reference ranges for children in sub-Saharan Africa have not been established. The aim of this study was to establish echocardiographic z-score references for Black children in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: 282 healthy subjects aged 6-16years (143 [51%] males) with no known history of cardiac disease were enrolled in the study in Harare, Zimbabwe between 2014 and 2016...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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