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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198553/treatment-of-septic-arthritis-of-the-coxofemoral-joint-in-12-foals
#1
F Barceló Oliver, T M Russell, K L Uprichard, K M Neil, P J Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical signs, surgical treatment, and outcome of septic arthritis of the coxofemoral joint in foals. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Foals (n = 12) with confirmed sepsis of the coxofemoral joint. METHODS: Lameness was localized to the coxofemoral joint based on physical examination. Sepsis was confirmed by cytological analysis of synovial fluid obtained under ultrasonographic guidance, during general anesthesia or standing sedation...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198549/pelvic-limb-kinematics-in-the-dog-with-and-without-a-stifle-orthosis
#2
Bryan T Torres, Yang-Chieh Fu, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
OBJECTIVE: To report a method of evaluating 3-dimensional joint motion in dogs with a stifle orthosis. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Six healthy dogs. METHODS: Three-dimensional pelvic limb joint motion was recorded with and without a stifle orthosis. Kinematic data were collected from dogs at a walk and trot for the hip, stifle, and tarsus prior to, and after application of, a stifle orthosis. Data were also obtained for the orthosis alone...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198543/deformation-of-the-zurich-cementless-acetabular-cup-caused-by-implantation-in-a-canine-cadaver-model
#3
Geoffrey D Panjeton, Stanley E Kim, Kelvin Chang, Lindsey S Palm, Peter G Ifju
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in geometry of the Zurich total hip arthroplasty (THA) acetabular component after implantation. ANIMALS: Hemipelves from adult mix-breed dogs weighing between 20 and 25 kg. METHODS: Digital image correlation imaging was performed prior to, immediately after, and 24 hours after impaction of Zurich THA acetabular component, and after removal of the cup from the specimen. Patterns of deformation were qualitatively described, and maximal deformations were compared between time points...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186643/a-novel-ultrasonographic-assisted-technique-for-desmotomy-of-the-palmar-plantar-annular-ligament-in-horses
#4
Pablo Espinosa, Jorge E Nieto, Jack R Snyder, Larry D Galuppo, Scott A Katzman
OBJECTIVES: To describe an ultrasound assisted technique for desmotomy of the palmar/plantar annular ligament (PAL), determine its efficacy and intraoperative complications. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and in vivo study. ANIMALS: Cadaveric limbs (n = 12), adult horses (n = 4), and clinical cases (n = 2). METHODS: Ultrasound assisted desmotomy of the palmar/plantar annular ligament (UAD-PAL) was performed in cadaveric limbs and in standing horses with the operated limb placed in a distal limb splint...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177538/comparison-of-leak-pressures-for-single-layer-simple-continuous-suture-pattern-for-cystotomy-closure-using-barbed-and-monofilament-suture-material-in-an-ex-vivo-canine-model
#5
Nina R Kieves, Alexander I Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To compare leak pressures following simple continuous closure of cystotomy with barbed suture to an analogous monofilament suture, in an ex vivo canine model. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. ANIMALS OR SAMPLE POPULATION: Urinary bladders harvested from canine cadavers (n = 21). METHODS: Urinary bladders were harvested from cadavers immediately following euthanasia. A 3-cm cystotomy was made on ventral midline of the urinary bladder...
February 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158937/investigating-laparoscopic-psychomotor-skills-in-veterinarians-and-veterinary-technicians
#6
Jessica Kilkenny, Amanda Santarossa, Victoria Mrotz, Meagan Walker, Dominique Monaghan, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of age, year of graduation, and video game experience on baseline laparoscopic psychomotor skills. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SAMPLE POPULATION: Licensed veterinarians (n = 38) and registered veterinary technicians (VTs) (n = 49). METHODS: A laparoscopic box trainer was set up at the 2016 Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA) and the 2016 Ontario Association of Veterinary Technicians (OAVT) conferences held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158935/comparison-of-3-suture-closure-techniques-for-pelvic-flexure-enterotomy-in-equine-cadaveric-large-colon
#7
Ellison D Aldrich, Jennifer Earnest, Valerie J Moorman
OBJECTIVE: To compare a 2-layer closure with suture line reversal for a pelvic flexure enterotomy to 1-layer and traditional 2-layer hand sewn closures. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Large colon segments from adult horses (n = 18). METHODS: Pelvic flexures were harvested from 18 horses and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 closure techniques (n = 6 per technique). A 10-cm enterotomy was made in each pelvic flexure and closed with the assigned technique...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152199/investigation-of-perioperative-and-anesthetic-variables-affecting-short-term-survival-of-horses-with-small-intestinal-strangulating-lesions
#8
Pablo Espinosa, Sarah S Le Jeune, Alessia Cenani, Philip H Kass, Robert J Brosnan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if preoperative and intraoperative physiologic variables, and surgical factors correlate with survival to anesthetic recovery or hospital discharge, repeat celiotomy, and postoperative nasogastric intubation (NGT) in horses undergoing exploratory celiotomy for small intestinal (SI) strangulating lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses that had surgical correction of SI strangulating lesions (n = 258)...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152185/mechanical-properties-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachia
#9
Michele A Steffey, Tanya C Garcia, Leticia Daniel, Allison L Zwingenberger, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of neoplasia on the biomechanical properties of canine antebrachia. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Osteosarcoma (OSA)-affected canine antebrachia (n = 12) and unaffected canine antebrachia (n = 9). METHODS: Antebrachia were compressed in axial loading until failure. A load-deformation curve was used to acquire the structural mechanical properties of neoplastic and unaffected specimens...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151550/canine-acute-cervical-myelopathy-hydrated-nucleus-pulposus-extrusion-or-intraspinal-discal-cysts
#10
Cristian Falzone
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion and ventral intraspinal discal cysts in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty dogs with acute onset of cervical myelopathy due to hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion or ventral intraspinal discal cysts. METHODS: Clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings, outcome after surgical treatment, cytologic and histologic findings of compressive material were taken into account...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151549/individualized-mini-hemilaminectomy-corpectomy-imhc-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation-in-large-breed-dogs
#11
Susanne C Medl, Sven Reese, Nikola S Medl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term, mid-term, and long-term results after an individualized mini-hemilaminectomy-corpectomy (iMHC) procedure for treatment of acute and chronic thoracolumbar intervertebral disc disease in non-chondrodystrophic dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned non-chondrodystrophic large breed dogs (n = 57). METHODS: The iMHC procedure, combining mini-hemilaminectomy (MH) and partial lateral corpectomy, was performed on non-chondrodystrophic dogs with thoracolumbar disc disease...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151546/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-using-polyvinyl-alcohol-foam-to-bolster-full-thickness-mesh-skin-grafts-in-dogs
#12
Matan Or, Bart Van Goethem, Adriaan Kitshoff, Annika Koenraadt, Ilona Schwarzkopf, Tim Bosmans, Hilde de Rooster
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam to bolster full-thickness mesh skin grafts in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Full-thickness mesh skin graft was directly covered with PVA foam. NPWT was maintained for 5 days (in 1 or 2 cycles). Grafts were evaluated on days 2, 5, 10, 15, and 30 for graft appearance and graft take, granulation tissue formation, and complications...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145577/duodenojejunal-mesenteric-rents-survival-and-complications-after-surgical-correction-in-38-broodmares-2006-2014
#13
Shauna P Lawless, Laura A Werner, W True Baker, Robert J Hunt, Noah D Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To describe short-term and long-term survival of horses with duodenojejunal mesenteric rents, and to examine the association of selected preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors with survival or colic after discharge, in horses with duodenojejunal mesenteric rents. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses undergoing surgery for correction of small intestinal lesions secondary to duodenojejunal mesenteric rents (n = 38)...
February 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145569/modified-thomas-splint-cast-combination-for-the-management-of-limb-fractures-in-small-equids
#14
Søren Ladefoged, Sigrid Grulke, Valeria Busoni, Didier Serteyn, Alexandra Salciccia, Denis Verwilghen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and outcome of limb fractures in small domestic equids treated with a modified Thomas splint-cast combination (MTSCC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client owned horses and donkeys. METHODS: Medical records, including radiographs, were reviewed for details of animals diagnosed with a limb fracture and treated by external coaptation using a MTSCC (2001-2012). Follow-up >6 months after discharge was obtained via telephone consultation with owners or veterinarians...
February 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145568/modified-cranial-closing-wedge-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-cranial-cruciate-ligament-insufficiency-in-dogs-with-excessive-tibial-plateau-angles-technique-and-complications-in-19-cases
#15
Steven W Frederick, Alan R Cross
OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term outcomes of a modified cranial closing wedge osteotomy (CCWO) for treatment of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease and excessive tibial plateau angle (eTPA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS: 18 client-owned dogs (19 stifles) with cranial cruciate ligament disease and eTPA (>34°). METHODS: A modified CCWO was performed with Kirschner wires as osteotomy alignment aids...
February 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135007/supraglenoid-tubercle-fractures-repair-with-transverse-locking-compression-plates-in-4-horses
#16
B J Ahern, I P M Bayliss, S T Zedler, L M Getman, D W Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To report on a series of 4 horses with supraglenoid tubercle fractures repaired with locking compression plates. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMAL: Four horses ranging in age from 6 weeks to 20 months and weighing from 121 to 425 kg with supraglenoid tubercle fractures of 1 day to 6 weeks in duration. METHODS: Supraglenoid tubercle fractures were reduced and stabilized with transversely positioned locking compression plate(s) with and without additional tension band wiring...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112812/assessment-of-tuber-coxae-bone-biopsy-in-the-standing-horse
#17
Colin F Mitchell, Heather A Richbourg, Brad A Goupil, Ashley N Gillett, Margaret A McNulty
OBJECTIVE: To describe a biopsy technique in standing horses with minimal morbidity that consistently provides a substantial bone biopsy with intact, undamaged architecture. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, prospective study. ANIMALS: Ten Thoroughbred horses. METHODS: Biopsies were obtained from the tuber coxae of 10 sedated, standing horses using an oscillating saw. Bilateral biopsies, separated by 60 days, were evaluated with micro-computed tomography (microCT)...
January 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146294/shunt-tube-placement-for-amelioration-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-flow-obstruction-caused-by-spinal-cord-subarachnoid-fibrosis-in-dogs
#18
Ilyssa L Meren, Jessica A Chavera, Cody J Alcott, Andrew K Barker, Nick D Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique for ameliorating cerebrospinal fluid flow obstruction secondary to pia-arachnoid fibrosis in dogs and report outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive report and retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow obstruction (n = 7). METHODS: Medical records were searched for dogs that had a subarachnoid-subarachnoid shunt placed for treatment of CSF flow obstruction...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146293/effect-of-fluid-media-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-continuous-pattern-ending-surgeon-s-square-and-aberdeen-knots-in-vitro
#19
Matthew Coleridge, Alexandra M Gillen, Ramsis Farag, R Reid Hanson, Amelia S Munsterman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knot holding capacity (KHC) of pattern-ending square, surgeon's and Aberdeen knots each tied in 4 throw combinations using large gauge suture after exposure to media commonly found in equine abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro mechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Knotted suture strands (n = 10/group). METHODS: Strands of 2 polydioxanone or 3 polyglactin 910 were exposed to 1 of 4 media for 15 minutes...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146292/use-of-locking-compression-plates-in-ulnar-fractures-of-18-horses
#20
Carrie C Jacobs, David G Levine, Dean W Richardson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the outcome, clinical findings, and complications associated with the use of the locking compression plate (LCP) for various types of ulnar fractures in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SAMPLE POPULATION: Client owned horses (n = 18). METHODS: Medical records, radiographs, and follow-up for horses having an ulnar fracture repaired using at least 1 LCP were reviewed. Fifteen of 18 horses had fractures of the ulna only, and 3 horses had fractures of the ulna and proximal radius...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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