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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498552/ex-vivo-biomechanical-stability-of-5-cricoid-suture-constructs-for-equine-laryngoplasty
#1
Olivier Brandenberger, Fabrice Rossignol, Justin D Perkins, Antoine Lechartier, Céline Mespoulhès-Rivière, Amelie Vitte, Anthony Rossignol, Norm Ducharme, Karl Joseph Boening
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biomechanical properties of 5 suture constructs in the equine cricoid under cyclic loading and load to failure testing. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. SAMPLES: Seventy-five equine cadaver larynges. METHODS: Each larynx was implanted with 1 of 5 cricoid-suture constructs. The standard laryngoplasty, where a suture is passed once through the cricoid, including its caudal edge, was used in 2 constructs: 1 with 5 USP Ethibond (ES) and 1 with 2 mm Fibertape (FS)...
May 12, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481049/comparison-of-laparoscopic-assisted-technique-and-open-laparotomy-for-gastrointestinal-biopsy-in-cats
#2
Janet Kovak McClaran, Suzanne C Skerrett, Rachael L Currao, Philippa R Pavia, Kiki M Tarvin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the complications, postoperative pain, surgical time, hospitalization time, and adequacy of biopsy specimens between laparoscopic assisted (LAP) versus open laparotomy (OPEN) gastrointestinal biopsies in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-eight cats with clinical and ultrasonographic evidence of gastrointestinal disease. Fifteen cats in the LAP group and 13 in the OPEN group...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477425/outcome-and-complications-in-dogs-with-appendicular-primary-bone-tumors-treated-with-stereotactic-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-surgical-stabilization
#3
Sarah E Boston, Arathi Vinayak, Xiaomin Lu, Susan Larue, Nicholas J Bacon, Jason A Bleedorn, Carlos H M Souza, Nicole P Ehrhart
OBJECTIVE: To document the outcome of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) and concurrent stabilization. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eighteen dogs with presumptive or definitive diagnosis of appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: Medical records of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with SRT and stabilization were reviewed for signalment, preoperative staging and diagnostics, radiation dose, stabilization method, and outcome...
May 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462516/in-vitro-comparison-of-3-techniques-of-prosthesis-attachment-to-the-muscular-process-of-the-equine-arytenoid-cartilage
#4
Benjamin J Ahern, Andrew W Van Eps, Raymond C Boston, Samantha H Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree and ease of arytenoid abduction achieved with abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture anchor compared to 2 suture patterns with different directions of insertion-caudomedial to craniolateral and medial to lateral. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric larynges from 10 Standardbred racehorses. METHODS: Each larynx was sequentially instrumented with all 3 arytenoid suture attachment in random order: (1) abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture, (2) caudomedial to craniolateral suture, and (3) medial to lateral suture placement...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462513/an-easy-to-produce-and-economical-three-dimensional-brain-phantom-for-stereotactic-computed-tomographic-guided-brain-biopsy-training-in-the-dog
#5
Deepinder S Sidhu, Jeffrey D Ruth, Gregory Lambert, John H Rossmeisl
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a three-dimensional (3D) brain phantom that can be incorporated into existing stereotactic headframes to simulate stereotactic brain biopsy (SBB) and train veterinary surgeons. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine brain phantoms were fabricated from osteological skull specimens, agarose brain parenchyma, and cheddar and mozzarella cheese molds (simulating meningiomas and gliomas). METHODS: The neuroradiologic and viscoelastic properties of phantoms were quantified with computed tomography (CT) and oscillatory compression tests, respectively...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462509/influence-of-salmonella-status-on-the-long-term-outcome-of-horses-after-colic-surgery
#6
Louise L Southwood, Susan Lindborg, Marc Myers, Helen W Aceto
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term outcome of Salmonella-positive versus Salmonella-negative horses discharged from hospital after colic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control. ANIMALS: Horses discharged from the hospital after colic surgery. For each horse with positive culture for Salmonella enterica (SAL-POS, n = 59), at least 2 horses testing negative for S. enterica (SAL-NEG, n = 119) were enrolled. METHODS: Owners were interviewed via phone at least 12 months after surgery regarding: (1) complications after discharge from the hospital; (2) duration of survival; and (3) return to prior or intended use...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460427/transoral-approach-for-ventral-tympanic-bulla-osteotomy-in-the-dog-a-descriptive-cadaveric-study
#7
Maria Manou, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Nicolas Jardel, Aymeric Tissier, Rosario Vallefuoco
OBJECTIVE: To describe a transoral approach for tympanic bulla osteotomy in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifteen canine cadavers (n = 29 tympanic bullae), including mesaticephalic, dolichocephalic, and brachycephalic breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oral surface of the tympanic bulla was identified during an anatomical study (3 canine cadavers) and the ventral approach to the tympanic bulla was described (3 canine cadavers)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460426/effects-of-tourniquet-number-and-exsanguination-on-amikacin-concentrations-in-the-radiocarpal-and-distal-interphalangeal-joints-after-low-volume-intravenous-regional-limb-perfusion-in-horses
#8
Mike J Schoonover, Darla K Moser, Jenna M Young, Mark E Payton, Todd C Holbrook
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a dual tourniquet technique and limb exsanguination on amikacin concentrations in the synovial fluid of the radiocarpal joint (RCJ) and distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) after low volume, cephalic intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized cross-over design. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult horses. METHODS: One gram of amikacin in 6 mL of 0.9% NaCl was infused via cephalic IVRLP in 6 standing, sedated horses using 4 techniques: proximal pneumatic tourniquet (P), proximal pneumatic tourniquet with exsanguination (PE), proximal pneumatic and distal Esmarch tourniquet (PD), and proximal pneumatic with distal Esmarch tourniquet and exsanguination (PDE)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460424/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-the-management-of-pyothorax-in-dogs-14-cases
#9
Jacqueline Scott, Ameet Singh, Eric Monnet, Kristin A Coleman, Jeffrey J Runge, Joseph Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To report the perioperative findings and outcome of dogs undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for the management of pyothorax. DESIGN: Multi-institutional, retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 14). METHODS: Medical records of dogs with pyothorax managed via VATS were reviewed for signalment, history, clinical signs, clinicopathological findings, diagnostic imaging results, surgical variables, bacterial culture and sensitivity results, post-operative management and outcome...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460422/effect-of-stem-sizing-and-position-on-short-term-complications-with-canine-press-fit-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Sarah Townsend, Stanley E Kim, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of stem sizing and positioning with early subsidence and stem complications with cementless (BFX) total hip arthroplasty (THA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifty-five dogs; 58 THAs. METHODS: Eighty cobalt-chromium BFX THAs were reviewed, 58 met inclusion criteria. Implant size, positioning, and major complications within 12 months of surgery were recorded. Femoral canal flare (FCF), canal fill, stem angle, and subsidence at 3 months were measured from postoperative radiographs...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460419/shaved-margin-histopathology-and-imprint-cytology-for-assessment-of-excision-in-canine-mast-cell-tumors-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#11
Milan Milovancev, Kaitlin L Townsend, Elena Gorman, Shay Bracha, Katie Curran, Duncan S Russell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and agreement of margin assessment by imprint cytology, shaved margin histopathology, and radial section histopathology in canine cutaneous and subcutaneous mast cell tumors (MCT) and soft tissue sarcomas (STS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Three hundred and forty margins from 72 excised tumors (52 MCT and 20 STS) in 54 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Imprint cytology samples were acquired by pressing glass slides to the cut surgical margin of the freshly excised surgical specimen...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460413/laparoscopic-evaluation-of-the-small-intestine-in-the-standing-horse-technique-and-effects
#12
Andrew R E Jones, Claude A Ragle, Dusty Anderson, Coryelle Scott
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcomes after laparoscopic evaluation of the small intestines via laparoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective pilot study. ANIMALS: Healthy adult horses (n = 5). METHODS: Horses were restrained in standing stocks and received an infusion of detomidine. One port was placed in the left last intercostal space and 3 ports were placed in the right paralumbar fossa. The small intestine was run with atraumatic laparoscopic grasping forceps, from the duodenocolic plica to the ileocecal plica...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390102/surgical-management-of-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs-clinical-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-for-long-term-continence
#13
Stéphanie M Noël, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick J Hamaide
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes after surgical correction of ectopic ureters (EU) and identify prognostic factors for long-term continence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-seven dogs (36 females and 11 males). METHODS: Medical records (1999-2016) of dogs with surgical correction of EU were reviewed. A continence score (1 = incontinent, 2 = sporadic incontinence, 3 = continent) was attributed preoperatively, at discharge, 1 month postoperatively, and at long-term evaluation...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390062/outcome-of-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-resection-of-unilateral-noninvasive-adrenocortical-tumors-in-11-cats
#14
Jeffrey W Mitchell, Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Mark C Fuller, Ann Della Maggiore
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in cats with adrenocortical neoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven client-owned cats with unilateral adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of cats that underwent LA for unilateral functional adrenal tumors at 3 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, preoperative laboratory tests, laparoscopic port placement and techniques, duration of anesthesia and surgery, complications, concomitant procedures, need for conversion to an open celiotomy, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative survival...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390057/mechanical-properties-of-6-finger-trap-suture-techniques
#15
Naomi F Earley, Lee B Meakin, Kevin J Parsons, John Tarlton, Jon L Hall
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most common methods used by surgeons to place finger-trap sutures (FTS), and determine their influence on the biomechanical properties of constructs. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire and experimental study. METHODS: Six commonly used FTS methods (A-F) were identified from literature review and questionnaire. Constructs made with 3-metric nylon suture and 18-French polyurethane esophagostomy tubing were tested in axial loading to failure...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369982/healing-of-canine-skin-incisions-made-with-monopolar-electrosurgery-versus-scalpel-blade
#16
Jacqueline E Scott, Elizabeth A Swanson, Jim Cooley, Robert W Wills, Emily C Pearce
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of monopolar electrosurgery in cutting mode set at 10, 20, or 30 W on surgery time, hemostasis, and healing of cutaneous wounds compared to scalpel incisions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized blinded control trial. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 15). METHODS: Four skin incisions were created on either side of the dorsal midline with a scalpel, or monopolar electrosurgery at 10, 20, and 30 W. Surgical time and incisional bleeding were measured...
April 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369965/canine-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficient-stifle-biomechanics-associated-with-extra-articular-stabilization-predicted-using-a-computer-model
#17
Nathan P Brown, Gina E Bertocci, Denis J Marcellin-Little
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lateral fabellotibial suture (LFTS) and TightRope CCL (TR) extra-articular stabilization biomechanics in the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient canine stifle joint during the stance phase of gait. STUDY DESIGN: Computer simulations. ANIMALS: Healthy 33-kg Golden Retriever. METHODS: LFTS and TR were implemented in a previously developed 3-D quasi-static rigid body CrCL-deficient canine pelvic limb computer model simulating the stance phase of gait...
April 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370168/major-complications-of-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-in-1613-dogs
#18
Mario Costa, Diane Craig, Tony Cambridge, Peter Sebestyen, Yuhua Su, Maria A Fahie
OBJECTIVES: To report major postoperative complications in 1613 dogs with tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs (n = 1613) with cranial cruciate ligament deficiency treated with TTA. METHODS: Medical records of TTAs performed between December 2007-2013 were reviewed for age, sex, weight, contralateral stifle surgery, surgical approach, duration of preoperative lameness, presence of meniscal damage, concurrent patellar luxation and simultaneous bilateral TTA...
March 31, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370152/long-term-outcome-of-an-intra-articular-allograft-technique-for-treatment-of-spontaneous-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-the-dog
#19
Jeffery J Biskup, Daniel G Balogh, Ruth M Scott, Michael G Conzemius
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 12-month outcome in dogs with spontaneous cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture after repair with an intra-articular decellularized allograft. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective pilot case series. ANIMALS: Ten client-owned dogs with unilateral CCL rupture. METHODS: An intra-articular, decellularized, deep digital flexor tendon allograft was secured in the stifle with a femoral cross pin and tibial spiked washers and screws...
March 31, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370231/radius-and-ulna-fracture-repair-with-the-imex-miniature-circular-external-skeletal-fixation-system-in-37-small-and-toy-breed-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#20
Denise Bierens, Marcos D Unis, Sady Y Cabrera, Philip H Kass, Tina J Owen, Maureen G Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcome and prognostic factors after radius and ulna fracture repair with a modified IMEX miniature circular external skeletal fixation (MCESF) in small and toy breed dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty-seven young small and toy breed dogs with 41 radial and ulnar fractures. METHODS: Records of radial and ulnar fractures repaired with a modified IMEX MCESF were reviewed...
March 28, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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