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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703891/duration-of-action-of-mepivacaine-and-lidocaine-in-equine-palmar-digital-perineural-blocks-in-an-experimental-lameness-model
#1
Mona Hoerdemann, Rachael L Smith, Giselle Hosgood
OBJECTIVE: To establish and compare the onset and duration of action of 2 local anesthetics based on objective lameness and skin sensitivity assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Interventional crossover experimental trial with balanced randomization. ANIMALS: Eight horses. METHODS: Reversible forelimb lameness was induced in 8 horses. A palmar digital nerve block (PDNB) was applied with mepivacaine or lidocaine (both 2%). Quantitative lameness and skin sensitivity data were collected with an inertial sensor system and a force gauge, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688170/influence-of-orthopedic-reinforced-gloves-versus-double-standard-gloves-on-contamination-events-during-small-animal-orthopedic-surgery
#2
Galina Hayes, Ameet Singh, Tom Gibson, Noel Moens, Michelle Oblak, Adam Ogilvie, Debbie Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of orthopedic reinforced gloves on contamination events during small animal orthopedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and thirty-seven pairs of orthopedic gloves (474 gloves) and 203 pairs of double standard gloves (812 gloves) worn during 193 orthopedic procedures. METHODS: Primary and assistant surgeons were randomized to wear either orthopedic reinforced gloves or double gloves...
July 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688157/the-application-of-3-dimensional-printing-for-preoperative-planning-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-dogs-and-cats
#3
Jenna N Winer, Frank J M Verstraete, Derek D Cissell, Steven Lucero, Kyriacos A Athanasiou, Boaz Arzi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of 3-dimensional (3D) printing in advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) and to discuss the benefits of this modality in surgical planning, student and resident training, and client education. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 28) and cats (n = 4) with 3D printing models of the skulls. METHODS: The medical records of 32 cases with 3D printing prior to major OMFS were reviewed...
July 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688144/2017-veterinary-endoscopy-society-14th-annual-scientific-meeting-june-20-22-cabo-san-lucas-mexico
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657655/the-effect-of-nail-characteristics-on-surface-bacterial-counts-of-surgical-personnel-before-and-after-scrubbing
#5
Jade M Hardy, Tina J Owen, Steven A Martinez, Lisa P Jones, Margaret A Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of nail characteristics on bacterial counts on the fingers of surgery personnel. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized nonblinded controlled crossover study design. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students, small animal surgery technicians, small animal surgery interns/residents, and small animal surgery faculty in a veterinary teaching hospital (n = 21). METHODS: Subjects were randomized into one of 2 groups; group 1 wore nail polish (P) for 1 week and group 2 (control) had nonpolished (NP) fingernails...
June 28, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643340/trans-endoscopic-diode-laser-fenestration-of-equine-conchae-via-contralateral-nostril-approach
#6
Filip Kološ, Štěpán Bodeček, Zdeněk Žert
OBJECTIVE: To describe and report preliminary outcomes of a contralateral trans-nasal endoscopic laser fenestration of the conchae for endoscopic examination and treatment of paranasal sinuses in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric experimental and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Normal cadaveric equine heads (n = 7) and equine patients (horses n = 7, donkey n = 1) diagnosed with sinusitis. METHODS: Ex vivo: a video-endoscope containing a diode laser fiber in the working canal was passed through the nostril and retroflexed in the nasopharynx toward the contralateral conchae...
June 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640455/adjunct-fixation-with-a-kirschner-wire-or-a-plate-for-lateral-unicondylar-humeral-fracture-stabilization
#7
Jason D Coggeshall, Daniel D Lewis, Alex Iorgulescu, Stanley E Kim, Lindsey S Palm, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical properties of using an interfragmentary 1.6 mm Kirschner wire or a 2.7 mm reconstruction plate as adjunctive epicondylar stabilization in simulated comminuted lateral unicondylar humeral fractures stabilized with a transcondylar 4.5 mm cortical screw. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric biomechanical assessment. SAMPLE POPULATION: Paired humeri harvested from 9 young, skeletally mature dogs. METHODS: Simulated comminuted lateral unicondylar humeral fractures were stabilized with a transcondylar 4...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640396/an-anatomical-study-of-plate-rod-fixation-in-feline-tibiae
#8
Andreas Gutbrod, Simona Vincenti, Karolin Kühn, Sebastian Christoph Knell, Philipp Alexander Schmierer, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of placing bi-cortical cortex (B-cort) or mono-cortical locking screws (M-lock) in a plate-rod construct applied to the feline tibia in combination with different intramedullary (IM) pins. METHODS: Twenty-four feline tibiae of cats were divided into 4 groups, corresponding to IM pin sizes filling approximately 30% (1.0 mm), 40% (1.4 mm), 45% (1.6 mm), and 50% (1.8 mm) of the medullary canal. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to trace potential screw trajectories in each group...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627001/tissue-blood-flow-to-a-pedicled-jejunal-autograft-in-the-dog-a-pilot-study
#9
Daniel J Nucci, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the viability of a pedicled jejunal autograft after ligation of up to 3 jejunal arteries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective crossover study. ANIMALS: Three adult dogs. METHODS: Dogs were instrumented for measurement of hemodynamic parameters. Two segments of jejunum with 4 arcadial vessels were isolated from the abdomen in each dog. An individual ligature was secured around the 4th, 3rd, and 2nd jejunal artery...
June 19, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626911/clinical-findings-and-management-of-153-horses-with-large-colon-sand-accumulations
#10
Isabelle Kilcoyne, Julie E Dechant, Sharon J Spier, Mathieu Spriet, Jorge E Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of radiographic quantification of sand accumulation on the medical versus surgical management of large colon sand accumulations. To compare short- and long-term outcomes and complications associated with medical and surgical management of these horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 153 horses. METHODS: Medical records and abdominal radiographs of horses presented for colic between 2004 and 2014 were reviewed...
June 19, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557023/muscular-workload-of-veterinary-students-during-simulated-open-and-laparoscopic-surgery-a-pilot-study
#11
Jessica Kilkenny, Dennis J Larson, Mathew MacCormick, Stephen H M Brown, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To compare upper extremity muscle activity and workload between simulated open surgery, multiple port laparoscopic surgery (MLS), and single incision laparoscopic surgery (SLS) techniques in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. POPULATION: Veterinary students (n = 10) from years 1 to 4. METHODS: Bipolar skin surface electrodes were fixed bilaterally to the forearm flexor, forearm extensor, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and upper trapezius muscles...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556997/response-to-early-repeat-celiotomy-in-horses-after-a-surgical-treatment-of-jejunal-strangulation
#12
Anje G Bauck, Jeremiah T Easley, Orlaith B Cleary, Sarah Graham, Alison J Morton, Anna K Rötting, David J Schaeffer, Andrew D Smith, David E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome after early repeat celiotomy in horses operated for jejunal strangulation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses (n = 22) that underwent repeat celiotomy for postoperative reflux (POR) and/or postoperative colic (POC) that did not improve within 48 hours from onset after initial surgical treatment of strangulating jejunal lesions by jejunojejunostomy (n = 14) or no resection (n = 8)...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556954/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-in-normal-canine-liver
#13
Yasuhisa Oishi, Kenji Tani, Koushiro Ozono, Kazuhito Itamoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Yasuho Taura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of selective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in the normal canine liver. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMALS: Adult Beagle dogs (n = 5). METHODS: Gelatin sponge particles (GSPs) were injected through a microcatheter for selective embolization of the left hepatic artery in normal dogs. Computed tomography (CT) and histology were performed during an 8-week observation period; biochemical analysis data were obtained during a 12-week observation period after TAE...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543304/biomechanical-comparison-between-pins-and-polymethylmethacrylate-and-the-sop-locking-plate-system-to-stabilize-canine-lumbosacral-fracture-luxation-in-flexion-and-extension
#14
Johannes J Nel, Cor-Jacques Kat, Gert L Coetzee, Paul J van Staden
OBJECTIVE: To determine the stability of a simulated complete L7-S1 fracture-luxation immobilized with SOP locking plate system, compared to pins and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study. ANIMALS: Cadaver specimens of 18 skeletally mature large-breed dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens were randomly stabilized with one of the two fixation techniques. Lumbosacral spine specimens (L5-S3) were subjected to a bending moment applied to the caudal and cranial ends of the specimen...
May 24, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543045/colonic-or-ileocecocolic-volvulus-in-13-dogs-2005-2016
#15
Tanja Plavec, Stefan Rupp, Martin Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and clinicopathological features of colonic or ileocecocolic volvulus (CV/ICV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with surgically confirmed CV/ICV. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: All cases consisted of large-breed dogs (median weight 37...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498552/ex-vivo-biomechanical-stability-of-5-cricoid-suture-constructs-for-equine-laryngoplasty
#16
Olivier Brandenberger, Fabrice Rossignol, Justin D Perkins, Antoine Lechartier, Céline Mespoulhès-Rivière, Amelie Vitte, Anthony Rossignol, Norm Ducharme, Karl Joseph Boening
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biomechanical properties of 5 suture constructs in the equine cricoid under cyclic loading and load to failure testing. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. SAMPLES: Seventy-five equine cadaver larynges. METHODS: Each larynx was implanted with 1 of 5 cricoid-suture constructs. The standard laryngoplasty, where a suture is passed once through the cricoid, including its caudal edge, was used in 2 constructs: 1 with 5 USP Ethibond (ES) and 1 with 2 mm Fibertape (FS)...
May 12, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481049/comparison-of-laparoscopic-assisted-technique-and-open-laparotomy-for-gastrointestinal-biopsy-in-cats
#17
Janet Kovak McClaran, Suzanne C Skerrett, Rachael L Currao, Philippa R Pavia, Kiki M Tarvin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the complications, postoperative pain, surgical time, hospitalization time, and adequacy of biopsy specimens between laparoscopic assisted (LAP) versus open laparotomy (OPEN) gastrointestinal biopsies in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-eight cats with clinical and ultrasonographic evidence of gastrointestinal disease. Fifteen cats in the LAP group and 13 in the OPEN group...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477425/outcome-and-complications-in-dogs-with-appendicular-primary-bone-tumors-treated-with-stereotactic-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-surgical-stabilization
#18
Sarah E Boston, Arathi Vinayak, Xiaomin Lu, Susan Larue, Nicholas J Bacon, Jason A Bleedorn, Carlos H M Souza, Nicole P Ehrhart
OBJECTIVE: To document the outcome of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) and concurrent stabilization. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eighteen dogs with presumptive or definitive diagnosis of appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: Medical records of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with SRT and stabilization were reviewed for signalment, preoperative staging and diagnostics, radiation dose, stabilization method, and outcome...
May 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462516/in-vitro-comparison-of-3-techniques-of-prosthesis-attachment-to-the-muscular-process-of-the-equine-arytenoid-cartilage
#19
Benjamin J Ahern, Andrew W Van Eps, Raymond C Boston, Samantha H Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree and ease of arytenoid abduction achieved with abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture anchor compared to 2 suture patterns with different directions of insertion-caudomedial to craniolateral and medial to lateral. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric larynges from 10 Standardbred racehorses. METHODS: Each larynx was sequentially instrumented with all 3 arytenoid suture attachment in random order: (1) abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture, (2) caudomedial to craniolateral suture, and (3) medial to lateral suture placement...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462513/an-easy-to-produce-and-economical-three-dimensional-brain-phantom-for-stereotactic-computed-tomographic-guided-brain-biopsy-training-in-the-dog
#20
Deepinder S Sidhu, Jeffrey D Ruth, Gregory Lambert, John H Rossmeisl
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a three-dimensional (3D) brain phantom that can be incorporated into existing stereotactic headframes to simulate stereotactic brain biopsy (SBB) and train veterinary surgeons. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine brain phantoms were fabricated from osteological skull specimens, agarose brain parenchyma, and cheddar and mozzarella cheese molds (simulating meningiomas and gliomas). METHODS: The neuroradiologic and viscoelastic properties of phantoms were quantified with computed tomography (CT) and oscillatory compression tests, respectively...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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