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Veterinary Surgery: VS

Charles Boucher, Maryke M Henton, Piet J Becker, Robert M Kirberger, Marthinus J Hartman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antimicrobial efficacy of a 2% chlorhexidine gluconate and 70% ethanol solution (CG+A) with that of F10 Skin Prep Solution (F10) and electrochemically activated water (EAW) when used as a surgical preparation in canine patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred sixteen dogs presented for ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Dogs were randomly divided into 1 of the 3 antiseptic groups (CG+A, F10, EAW)...
July 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Linda Wright, Sarah M Puchalski, Mads Kristoffersen, Casper Lindegaard
OBJECTIVE: To develop arthroscopic approaches to the atlanto-occipital (A-O) and describe associated arthroscopic anatomy. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo study and clinical case report. ANIMALS: Ten equine cadaver joints and 1 clinical case. METHODS: CT arthrograms of 8 A-O joints were performed to determine the placement of an arthroscopic portal. Arthroscopy was performed via dorsal and/or ventral approaches (dorsal or ventral to the longissimus capitis tendon) in 10 cadaveric A-O joints and the A-O joint of a 2-week-old foal with septic arthritis...
July 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Marcella Teixeira Linhares, João Pedro Scussel Feranti, Gabriela Pesamosca Coradini, Letícia Reginato Martins, Arthur Rodrigues Martins, Vanessa Zanchi Sarturi, Felipe Baldissarella Gavioli, Marco Augusto Machado Silva, Michelli Westphal de Ataíde, Luciana Gonçalves Teixeira, Maurício Veloso Brun
OBJECTIVE: To compare technical feasibility, surgical time, surgical complications, and postoperative pain in ovariectomy (OVE) by hybrid and total natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: Sixteen healthy and sexually intact bitches. METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to the hybrid NOTES group (HNG; n = 8) and the total NOTES group (TNG; n = 8) to compare surgical time, pain scores and complications...
June 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Philip J Kieffer, Helen Aceto, Darko Stefanovski, Eric J Parente
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of transendoscopic laser surgery for the treatment of epiglottic entrapment (EE) and determine the influence of preoperative morphological characteristics on outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: Thoroughbred racehorses treated with transendoscopic laser surgery (n = 66) and untreated cohorts (n = 132). METHODS: Medical, surgical, and race records of 66 horses treated with transendoscopic laser surgery were compared with untreated cohorts randomly selected from their last race presurgery...
June 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Christopher A Adin, Kenneth D Royal, Brandon Moore, Megan Jacob
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and usability of a wearable, waterproof high-definition camera/case for acquisition of surgical images by sterile personnel. STUDY DESIGN: An in vitro study to test the efficacy of biodecontamination of camera cases. Usability for intraoperative image acquisition was assessed in clinical procedures. METHODS: Two waterproof GoPro Hero4 Silver camera cases were inoculated by immersion in media containing Staphylococcus pseudointermedius or Escherichia coli at ≥5...
June 13, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Matteo Gobbetti, Stefano Romussi, Paolo Buracco, Valerio Bronzo, Samuele Gatti, Matteo Cantatore
OBJECTIVE: To report the long-term outcome of permanent tracheostomy for the management of severe laryngeal collapse secondary to brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifteen brachycephalic dogs with severe laryngeal collapse treated with permanent tracheostomy. METHODS: Follow-up data were obtained from medical records or via telephone conversation with the owners...
June 12, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Tina J Owen, Annie V Chen, Stephen Frey, Linda G Martin, Tobin Kalebaugh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of locating the pituitary fossa with the Brainsight neuronavigation system by determining the mean target error of the rostral (tuberculum sellae) and caudal (dorsum sellae) margins of the pituitary fossa. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Ten canine cadavers. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) and MRI were performed on each cadaver with fiducials in place. Images were saved to the neuronavigation computer and used to plan the drilling approach...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Harvey Saunders, Andrew J Worth, Janis P Bridges, Angela Hartman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between a greater rostral projection of the sacral lamina and clinical signs of cauda equina syndrome (CES) in German shepherd dogs (GSD) with presumptive degenerative lumbosacral disease (DLSS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred forty-three GSD (125 police dogs and 18 pet dogs) presenting for either CES or prebreeding evaluation. Fifty-five were classified as affected by CES and diagnosed with DLSS, and 88 were classified as unaffected on the basis of clinical and imaging findings...
May 20, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nina R Kieves, Sherman O Canapp, Peter J Lotsikas, Scott A Christopher, Christopher S Leasure, Debra Canapp, Patrick R Gavin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on radiographic healing and limb function after uncomplicated, stable osteotomies in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo, prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-control study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifty client-owned dogs. METHODS: Fifty client-owned dogs with naturally occurring unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture were enrolled prior to tibial plateau leveling osteotomy...
May 20, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Aileen L Rowland, Kati G Glass, Sicilia T Grady, Kevin J Cummings, Katrin Hinrichs, Ashlee E Watts
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of epidural detomidine and morphine on serum corticosteroid concentrations and pain-related behavioral responses in mares during and after ovariectomy via colpotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded prospective study. ANIMALS: Nine university-owned mares. METHODS: Five of 9 horses received caudal epidural detomidine hydrochloride (0.01 mg/kg) and morphine sulfate (0.1 mg/kg) prior to surgery...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Valery F Scharf, Brian Dent, Megan E Jacob, Brandon Moore
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP) to sterilize a single-use single-incision laparoscopic surgery port and its associated components after repeated simulated uses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective in vitro experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Six single-use single-incision laparoscopic surgery ports with associated cannulas and insufflation tubing. METHODS: Ports, cannulas, and tubing were subjected to 10 cycles of simulated use, bacterial inoculation with Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and Escherichia coli, decontamination and sterilization, and testing via culture based on their treatment group designation...
May 17, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Eileen S Hackett, Hayley M Lang, Andre Desrochers, Sylvain Nichols, Susan Lawson Fubini
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical findings, surgical treatment, and outcome associated with duodenoduodenostomy for treatment of duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (1996-2016). ANIMALS: Fourteen Holstein cattle. METHODS: Medical records of cows treated at 3 academic surgical referral centers with duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum were reviewed...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Mandy L Wallace, Gary W Ellison, Robson F Giglio, Christopher D Batich, Clifford R Berry, J Brad Case, Stanley E Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a polyacrylic acid-silicone radiolucent self-retaining gradual occlusion device (PAS-OD) to attenuate congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Six client-owned dogs with single, congenital EHPSS. METHODS: Serum bile acids (SBA), abdominal ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) were performed preoperatively and at 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jonghyeok Ko, Junemoe Jeong, Sungin Lee, Hyunglak Son, Oh-Kyeong Kweon, Wan Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of single-port retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (SPRA) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy beagle dogs. METHODS: SPRA was performed on the left and right sides (4 dogs each). Resection of the adrenal gland was performed through a SILS port using a retroperitoneal approach. Operative time was defined from skin incision to the completion of skin suture...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
J Brad Case, Stanley Kim, Janet Kovak Mcclaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Samantha L Stine, Susan M Odum, W Daniel Mertens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a stricter aseptic protocol on implant-associated infection (IAI) rates after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Seven hundred three dogs (811 TPLO). METHODS: Medical records (2006-2014) of dogs with TPLO with a ≥18-month follow-up were reviewed. An established TPLO protocol was altered to include an iodophore-impregnated adhesive drape, cefazolin administration every 90 minutes intraoperatively and then every 4 hours until hospital discharge, orthopedic surgical gloves, triclosan-coated intradermal sutures (instead of staples), soft-padded bandage with mupirocin ointment, use of single-use gloves while handling treated dogs, and placement of an Elizabethan collar...
May 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
S Michelle Renwick, Alasdair I Renwick, David C Brodbelt, John Ferguson, Humberto Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on clinical outcomes in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease treated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Owners and surgeons (care providers and assessors) were masked. ANIMALS: Ninety-five dogs were admitted for TPLO and assigned to 1 of 2 groups, laser group (LG; n = 51) or placebo group (PG; n = 44)...
May 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jessie E Gammel, Jeffery J Biskup, Marti G Drum, Kim Newkirk, Cassie N Lux
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on primarily closed incisions and full thickness open wounds in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, masked, placebo-controlled design. ANIMAL POPULATION: Healthy intact female dogs (n = 10). METHODS: Dogs underwent bilateral flank ovariectomy procedures, and open wounds were created bilaterally with a punch biopsy. Each side of the dog (incision and open wound) was randomly assigned to the treatment (TX) group or the control (CN) group...
May 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Victoria J Tannahill, Tristan Cogan, Kate Allen, Elizabeth Acutt, Evita Busschers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and dermal tolerance of a novel alcohol-based skin antiseptic (ABSA) in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMAL POPULATION: Systemically healthy horses (n = 25) with no history or clinical signs of skin disease. METHODS: Four clipped sites on the abdomen were randomly assigned to a skin preparation protocol: saline (negative control; NC), chlorhexidine gluconate followed by isopropyl alcohol (positive control; PC), saline followed by the ABSA (ABSA A), or a commercially available horse shampoo followed by the ABSA (ABSA B)...
May 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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