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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643340/trans-endoscopic-diode-laser-fenestration-of-equine-conchae-via-contralateral-nostril-approach
#1
Filip Kološ, Štěpán Bodeček, Zdeněk Žert
OBJECTIVE: To describe and report preliminary outcomes of a contralateral trans-nasal endoscopic laser fenestration of the conchae for endoscopic examination and treatment of paranasal sinuses in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric experimental and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Normal cadaveric equine heads (n = 7) and equine patients (horses n = 7, donkey n = 1) diagnosed with sinusitis. METHODS: Ex vivo: a video-endoscope containing a diode laser fiber in the working canal was passed through the nostril and retroflexed in the nasopharynx toward the contralateral conchae...
June 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640455/adjunct-fixation-with-a-kirschner-wire-or-a-plate-for-lateral-unicondylar-humeral-fracture-stabilization
#2
Jason D Coggeshall, Daniel D Lewis, Alex Iorgulescu, Stanley E Kim, Lindsey S Palm, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical properties of using an interfragmentary 1.6 mm Kirschner wire or a 2.7 mm reconstruction plate as adjunctive epicondylar stabilization in simulated comminuted lateral unicondylar humeral fractures stabilized with a transcondylar 4.5 mm cortical screw. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric biomechanical assessment. SAMPLE POPULATION: Paired humeri harvested from 9 young, skeletally mature dogs. METHODS: Simulated comminuted lateral unicondylar humeral fractures were stabilized with a transcondylar 4...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640396/an-anatomical-study-of-plate-rod-fixation-in-feline-tibiae
#3
Andreas Gutbrod, Simona Vincenti, Karolin Kühn, Sebastian Christoph Knell, Philipp Alexander Schmierer, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of placing bi-cortical cortex (B-cort) or mono-cortical locking screws (M-lock) in a plate-rod construct applied to the feline tibia in combination with different intramedullary (IM) pins. METHODS: Twenty-four feline tibiae of cats were divided into 4 groups, corresponding to IM pin sizes filling approximately 30% (1.0 mm), 40% (1.4 mm), 45% (1.6 mm), and 50% (1.8 mm) of the medullary canal. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to trace potential screw trajectories in each group...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627001/tissue-blood-flow-to-a-pedicled-jejunal-autograft-in-the-dog-a-pilot-study
#4
Daniel J Nucci, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the viability of a pedicled jejunal autograft after ligation of up to 3 jejunal arteries. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective crossover study. ANIMALS: Three adult dogs. METHODS: Dogs were instrumented for measurement of hemodynamic parameters. Two segments of jejunum with 4 arcadial vessels were isolated from the abdomen in each dog. An individual ligature was secured around the 4th, 3rd, and 2nd jejunal artery...
June 19, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626911/clinical-findings-and-management-of-153-horses-with-large-colon-sand-accumulations
#5
Isabelle Kilcoyne, Julie E Dechant, Sharon J Spier, Mathieu Spriet, Jorge E Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of radiographic quantification of sand accumulation on the medical versus surgical management of large colon sand accumulations. To compare short- and long-term outcomes and complications associated with medical and surgical management of these horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 153 horses. METHODS: Medical records and abdominal radiographs of horses presented for colic between 2004 and 2014 were reviewed...
June 19, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557023/muscular-workload-of-veterinary-students-during-simulated-open-and-laparoscopic-surgery-a-pilot-study
#6
Jessica Kilkenny, Dennis J Larson, Mathew MacCormick, Stephen H M Brown, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To compare upper extremity muscle activity and workload between simulated open surgery, multiple port laparoscopic surgery (MLS), and single incision laparoscopic surgery (SLS) techniques in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. POPULATION: Veterinary students (n = 10) from years 1 to 4. METHODS: Bipolar skin surface electrodes were fixed bilaterally to the forearm flexor, forearm extensor, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and upper trapezius muscles...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556997/response-to-early-repeat-celiotomy-in-horses-after-a-surgical-treatment-of-jejunal-strangulation
#7
Anje G Bauck, Jeremiah T Easley, Orlaith B Cleary, Sarah Graham, Alison J Morton, Anna K Rötting, David J Schaeffer, Andrew D Smith, David E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome after early repeat celiotomy in horses operated for jejunal strangulation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses (n = 22) that underwent repeat celiotomy for postoperative reflux (POR) and/or postoperative colic (POC) that did not improve within 48 hours from onset after initial surgical treatment of strangulating jejunal lesions by jejunojejunostomy (n = 14) or no resection (n = 8)...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556954/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-in-normal-canine-liver
#8
Yasuhisa Oishi, Kenji Tani, Koushiro Ozono, Kazuhito Itamoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Yasuho Taura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of selective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in the normal canine liver. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMALS: Adult Beagle dogs (n = 5). METHODS: Gelatin sponge particles (GSPs) were injected through a microcatheter for selective embolization of the left hepatic artery in normal dogs. Computed tomography (CT) and histology were performed during an 8-week observation period; biochemical analysis data were obtained during a 12-week observation period after TAE...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543304/biomechanical-comparison-between-pins-and-polymethylmethacrylate-and-the-sop-locking-plate-system-to-stabilize-canine-lumbosacral-fracture-luxation-in-flexion-and-extension
#9
Johannes J Nel, Cor-Jacques Kat, Gert L Coetzee, Paul J van Staden
OBJECTIVE: To determine the stability of a simulated complete L7-S1 fracture-luxation immobilized with SOP locking plate system, compared to pins and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study. ANIMALS: Cadaver specimens of 18 skeletally mature large-breed dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens were randomly stabilized with one of the two fixation techniques. Lumbosacral spine specimens (L5-S3) were subjected to a bending moment applied to the caudal and cranial ends of the specimen...
May 24, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543045/colonic-or-ileocecocolic-volvulus-in-13-dogs-2005-2016
#10
Tanja Plavec, Stefan Rupp, Martin Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and clinicopathological features of colonic or ileocecocolic volvulus (CV/ICV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with surgically confirmed CV/ICV. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: All cases consisted of large-breed dogs (median weight 37...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498552/ex-vivo-biomechanical-stability-of-5-cricoid-suture-constructs-for-equine-laryngoplasty
#11
Olivier Brandenberger, Fabrice Rossignol, Justin D Perkins, Antoine Lechartier, Céline Mespoulhès-Rivière, Amelie Vitte, Anthony Rossignol, Norm Ducharme, Karl Joseph Boening
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biomechanical properties of 5 suture constructs in the equine cricoid under cyclic loading and load to failure testing. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. SAMPLES: Seventy-five equine cadaver larynges. METHODS: Each larynx was implanted with 1 of 5 cricoid-suture constructs. The standard laryngoplasty, where a suture is passed once through the cricoid, including its caudal edge, was used in 2 constructs: 1 with 5 USP Ethibond (ES) and 1 with 2 mm Fibertape (FS)...
May 12, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481049/comparison-of-laparoscopic-assisted-technique-and-open-laparotomy-for-gastrointestinal-biopsy-in-cats
#12
Janet Kovak McClaran, Suzanne C Skerrett, Rachael L Currao, Philippa R Pavia, Kiki M Tarvin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the complications, postoperative pain, surgical time, hospitalization time, and adequacy of biopsy specimens between laparoscopic assisted (LAP) versus open laparotomy (OPEN) gastrointestinal biopsies in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-eight cats with clinical and ultrasonographic evidence of gastrointestinal disease. Fifteen cats in the LAP group and 13 in the OPEN group...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477425/outcome-and-complications-in-dogs-with-appendicular-primary-bone-tumors-treated-with-stereotactic-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-surgical-stabilization
#13
Sarah E Boston, Arathi Vinayak, Xiaomin Lu, Susan Larue, Nicholas J Bacon, Jason A Bleedorn, Carlos H M Souza, Nicole P Ehrhart
OBJECTIVE: To document the outcome of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) and concurrent stabilization. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eighteen dogs with presumptive or definitive diagnosis of appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: Medical records of dogs with appendicular primary bone tumors treated with SRT and stabilization were reviewed for signalment, preoperative staging and diagnostics, radiation dose, stabilization method, and outcome...
May 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462516/in-vitro-comparison-of-3-techniques-of-prosthesis-attachment-to-the-muscular-process-of-the-equine-arytenoid-cartilage
#14
Benjamin J Ahern, Andrew W Van Eps, Raymond C Boston, Samantha H Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree and ease of arytenoid abduction achieved with abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture anchor compared to 2 suture patterns with different directions of insertion-caudomedial to craniolateral and medial to lateral. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric larynges from 10 Standardbred racehorses. METHODS: Each larynx was sequentially instrumented with all 3 arytenoid suture attachment in random order: (1) abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture, (2) caudomedial to craniolateral suture, and (3) medial to lateral suture placement...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462513/an-easy-to-produce-and-economical-three-dimensional-brain-phantom-for-stereotactic-computed-tomographic-guided-brain-biopsy-training-in-the-dog
#15
Deepinder S Sidhu, Jeffrey D Ruth, Gregory Lambert, John H Rossmeisl
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a three-dimensional (3D) brain phantom that can be incorporated into existing stereotactic headframes to simulate stereotactic brain biopsy (SBB) and train veterinary surgeons. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine brain phantoms were fabricated from osteological skull specimens, agarose brain parenchyma, and cheddar and mozzarella cheese molds (simulating meningiomas and gliomas). METHODS: The neuroradiologic and viscoelastic properties of phantoms were quantified with computed tomography (CT) and oscillatory compression tests, respectively...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462509/influence-of-salmonella-status-on-the-long-term-outcome-of-horses-after-colic-surgery
#16
Louise L Southwood, Susan Lindborg, Marc Myers, Helen W Aceto
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term outcome of Salmonella-positive versus Salmonella-negative horses discharged from hospital after colic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control. ANIMALS: Horses discharged from the hospital after colic surgery. For each horse with positive culture for Salmonella enterica (SAL-POS, n = 59), at least 2 horses testing negative for S. enterica (SAL-NEG, n = 119) were enrolled. METHODS: Owners were interviewed via phone at least 12 months after surgery regarding: (1) complications after discharge from the hospital; (2) duration of survival; and (3) return to prior or intended use...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460427/transoral-approach-for-ventral-tympanic-bulla-osteotomy-in-the-dog-a-descriptive-cadaveric-study
#17
Maria Manou, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Nicolas Jardel, Aymeric Tissier, Rosario Vallefuoco
OBJECTIVE: To describe a transoral approach for tympanic bulla osteotomy in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fifteen canine cadavers (n = 29 tympanic bullae), including mesaticephalic, dolichocephalic, and brachycephalic breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The oral surface of the tympanic bulla was identified during an anatomical study (3 canine cadavers) and the ventral approach to the tympanic bulla was described (3 canine cadavers)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460426/effects-of-tourniquet-number-and-exsanguination-on-amikacin-concentrations-in-the-radiocarpal-and-distal-interphalangeal-joints-after-low-volume-intravenous-regional-limb-perfusion-in-horses
#18
Mike J Schoonover, Darla K Moser, Jenna M Young, Mark E Payton, Todd C Holbrook
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a dual tourniquet technique and limb exsanguination on amikacin concentrations in the synovial fluid of the radiocarpal joint (RCJ) and distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) after low volume, cephalic intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized cross-over design. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult horses. METHODS: One gram of amikacin in 6 mL of 0.9% NaCl was infused via cephalic IVRLP in 6 standing, sedated horses using 4 techniques: proximal pneumatic tourniquet (P), proximal pneumatic tourniquet with exsanguination (PE), proximal pneumatic and distal Esmarch tourniquet (PD), and proximal pneumatic with distal Esmarch tourniquet and exsanguination (PDE)...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460424/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-the-management-of-pyothorax-in-dogs-14-cases
#19
Jacqueline Scott, Ameet Singh, Eric Monnet, Kristin A Coleman, Jeffrey J Runge, Joseph Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To report the perioperative findings and outcome of dogs undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for the management of pyothorax. DESIGN: Multi-institutional, retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 14). METHODS: Medical records of dogs with pyothorax managed via VATS were reviewed for signalment, history, clinical signs, clinicopathological findings, diagnostic imaging results, surgical variables, bacterial culture and sensitivity results, post-operative management and outcome...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460422/effect-of-stem-sizing-and-position-on-short-term-complications-with-canine-press-fit-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Sarah Townsend, Stanley E Kim, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of stem sizing and positioning with early subsidence and stem complications with cementless (BFX) total hip arthroplasty (THA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifty-five dogs; 58 THAs. METHODS: Eighty cobalt-chromium BFX THAs were reviewed, 58 met inclusion criteria. Implant size, positioning, and major complications within 12 months of surgery were recorded. Femoral canal flare (FCF), canal fill, stem angle, and subsidence at 3 months were measured from postoperative radiographs...
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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