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Veterinary Surgery: VS

Adam H Breiteneicher, Bo Norby, Kurt S Schulz, Sharon C Kerwin, Don A Hulse, Derek B Fox, W Brian Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of sliding humeral osteotomy (SHO) on frontal plane thoracic limb alignment in standing and recumbent limb positions. STUDY DESIGN: Canine cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine thoracic limbs (n=15 limb pairs). METHODS: Limbs acquired from healthy Labrador Retrievers euthanatized for reasons unrelated to this study were mounted in a limb press and aligned in a standing position followed by axial loading at 30% body weight...
October 13, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Sarah Townsend, Michelle L Oblak, Ameet Singh, Michele A Steffey, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To report the diagnosis, treatment, and short-term outcome in dogs with suspected persistent right aortic arch (PRAA) undergoing thoracoscopy with concurrent esophagoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with suspected PRAA (n=9). METHODS: Medical records were reviewed from 2012 to 2016. Dogs undergoing thoracoscopy for PRAA at 3 referral hospitals were included...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Karen L Perry, Robert J Adams, Samantha Woods, Mieghan Bruce
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of complications and describe the outcome associated with calcaneal fractures in non-racing dogs and in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter clinical cohort study. ANIMALS: Medical records of client-owned dogs and cats (2004-2013). METHODS: Medical records were searched and 50 animals with calcaneal fractures were included for analysis. Complications were recorded and an outcome score applied to each fracture...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Kristin A Coleman, Sean Adams, Daniel D Smeak, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for laparoscopic incisional gastropexy using an articulated endoscopic suturing device with knotless unidirectional barbed suture in healthy large breed dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Healthy client-owned dogs presented for prophylactic gastropexy and weighing >20 kg (n=7). METHODS: Incisional gastropexy was performed using a single port access system with an articulated endoscopic suturing device...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Rolfe M Radcliffe, Yasmine Messiaen, Nita L Irby, Thomas J Divers, Curtis W Dewey, Katharyn J Mitchell, Lauren V Schnabel, Abraham J Bezuidenhout, Peter V Scrivani, Norm G Ducharme
OBJECTIVE: To report a transnasal, endoscopically guided ventral surgical approach for accessing the cranial and caudal segments of the sphenopalatine sinus for mass removal in a horse. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: Adult horse with acute onset blindness referable to a soft tissue mass within the sphenopalatine sinus. CLINICAL REPORT: A 7-year-old Warmblood gelding presented with a history of running into a fence and falling...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Junemoe Jeong, Jonghyeok Ko, Hyunjoo Lim, Oh-Kyeong Kweon, Wan Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and describe a laparoscopic retroperitoneal access technique, investigate working space establishment, and describe the surgical anatomy in the retroperitoneal space as an initial step for clinical application of retroperitoneal laparoscopy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and experimental study. ANIMALS: Cadaveric (n=8) and healthy (n=6) adult dogs. METHODS: The retroperitoneal access technique was developed in 3 cadavers based on the human technique and transperitoneal observation...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Brenna N Burkett, John M Thomason, Holly M Hurdle, Robert W Wills, Robin L Fontenot
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) on platelet function and thromboxane synthesis immediately after drug administration and following 5 days of NSAID administration in healthy horses. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study. ANIMALS: Healthy adult horses (n=9; 6 geldings and 3 mares). METHODS: Horses received either flunixin meglumine (1.1 mg/kg IV every 12 hours), phenylbutazone (2...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Masaaki Katayama
OBJECTIVE: To report appositional augmentation of Achilles tendon rupture in a toy breed dog with an intact flexor digitorum lateralis (FDL) muscle tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: Two-year-old spayed female Toy Poodle with Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: The Achilles tendon was accidentally ruptured by hair clippers during grooming. The dog demonstrated a plantigrade stance without digital flexion of the right hind limb...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Yong-Hyun Hwang, Hee-Chun Lee, Jae-Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine the technical feasibility of percutaneous endoscopic pediculectomy using a lateral approach and to evaluate its use for decompression and examination of the thoracic and lumbar spinal canals in small dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMALS: Clinically normal adult dogs (n=10). METHODS: After optimizing the technique in cadavers, percutaneous endoscopic pediculectomy was performed using a lateral approach to the thoracic (T12) or lumbar (L2) vertebrae in 5 dogs each...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Natasha K Loy Son, Ameet Singh, Pierre Amsellem, Jessica Kilkenny, Brigitte A Brisson, Michelle L Oblak, Adam T Ogilvie
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the short- and long-term outcome (>12 months), complications, and owner satisfaction following prophylactic laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy (LAG) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 49). METHODS: Dogs that underwent prophylactic LAG at 2 veterinary academic hospitals were studied. Surgical time, anesthesia time, concurrent intra- and extra-abdominal procedures, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded following review of medical records...
October 5, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Denis Verwilghen, Günter Kampf, Aimie J Doyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Caroline C Gillespie, Stephen B Adams, George E Moore
OBJECTIVE: To determine common methods for intra-articular injections and variables associated with the risk of septic arthritis following intra-articular injection in the horse. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Equine veterinarians. METHODS: A link to an online survey was distributed to equine practitioners in 2014. Responses for descriptive data were tabulated. Data on infection rates obtained from medical records were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Mickaël Robert, Gwenola Touzot-Jourde, Olga Nikolayenkova-Topie, Nora Cesbron, Borhane Fellah, Caroline Tessier, Olivier Gauthier
OBJECTIVE: To describe a laparoscopic technique for evaluating umbilical disorders in calves, including feasibility, visualization of umbilical structures, and related complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Male calves (15 Holstein, 2 Montbeliard) with umbilical disorders (n=17). METHODS: Calves <2 months old with obvious umbilical disease were assessed by clinical examination and ultrasonography of the umbilical structures...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Matan Or, Adriaan Kitshoff, Nausikaa Devriendt, Marianne De Ridder, Galena Quist-Rybachuk, Hilde de Rooster
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique and document the application of a transdiaphragmatic approach to attenuate porto-azygos shunts inserting in the thoracic section of the azygos vein. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study and prospective case series. ANIMALS: Canine cadavers (n=6) and client-owned dogs with porto-azygos shunts inserting in the thoracic section of the azygos vein (n=9). METHODS: In the cadavers, the azygos vein was filled with aqueous latex...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alex M Gillen, Amelia S Munsterman, R Reid Hanson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the strength, size, and holding capacity of the self-locking forwarder knot compared to surgeon's and square knots using large gauge suture. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro mechanical study. STUDY POPULATION: Knotted suture. METHODS: Forwarder, surgeon's, and square knots were tested on a universal testing machine under linear tension using 2 and 3 USP polyglactin 910 and 2 USP polydioxanone. Knot holding capacity (KHC) and mode of failure were recorded and relative knot security (RKS) was calculated as a percentage of KHC...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alastair T Kay, Sushmitha Durgam, Matthew Stewart, Stephen Joslyn, David J Schaeffer, Gavin Horn, Richard Kesler, Peter Chew
OBJECTIVE: To compare reduction of type III distal phalangeal fractures using 4.5 and 5.5 mm cortical screws placed in lag fashion and an intact hoof capsule model. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Hooves from 12 adult horses (n=24). METHODS: Sagittal fractures were created in pairs of distal phalanges after distal interphalangeal joint disarticulation and were reduced with either 4.5 or 5...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Stephanie S Caston, Jennifer A Schleining, Jared A Danielson, Kevin D Kersh, Eric L Reinertson
OBJECTIVE: To determine if instruction using simulated small intestine (SSI) is as effective as using cadaveric small intestine to teach the Gambee suture pattern to second year veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Second year veterinary students (n=59). METHODS: Students were randomly assigned to groups using SSI or equine cadaver small intestine (CSI) to learn the Gambee suture pattern...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alison Harvey, Isabelle Kilcoyne, Barbara A Byrne, Jorge Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To compare synovial concentrations of amikacin following intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) with two different doses, and to compare their ability to reach target concentrations for bacterial isolates from common orthopedic conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover experiment. ANIMALS: Six adult horses. METHODS: Horses received IVRLP with 2 and 3 g of amikacin in the cephalic vein of alternate limbs (20 minutes tourniquet application and ≥14 days washout period)...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Yvonne A Elce, Sheila Laverty, Eduardo Almeida da Silveira, Perrine Piat, Pierre Trencart, Pavlina Ruzickova, Richard J M Reardon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency of undetected perforations in surgical gloves during equine surgery and to identify risk factors associated with occurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Surgical gloves-292 pairs. METHODS: Water leak tests were performed on gloves after equine surgery to detect perforations. Fifty pairs of unused gloves were also tested. Potential risk factors were recorded...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nicolai Jansson
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of conservative management of unilateral fractures of the mandibular rami in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 24 client-owned horses with unilateral mandibular fractures METHODS: Medical records (January 2000-January 2014) of horses with unilateral mandibular ramus fractures were retrieved. Only conservatively managed horses with follow-up information were included. Follow-up information on clinical outcome was retrieved from the medical records (n=11) or obtained by telephone interviews with the owners or trainers (n=13)...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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