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Veterinary Surgery: VS

Vanna M Dickerson, Janet A Grimes, Catherine A Vetter, Sara A Colopy, Julie M Duval, Nicole C Northrup, Chad W Schmiedt
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome and owner satisfaction after planectomy for nasal planum neoplasia with cosmetic reconstruction with bilateral labial mucocutaneous rotation flaps in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional, retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records were searched for dogs that had undergone the procedure. Signalment, diagnosis, surgery, complications, requirement for revision surgery, recurrence, and survival information were recorded...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Bruno Götzens, Susanne C Medl, Nikola S Medl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and accuracy of lateral pin placement for the use of a Leipzig stifle distractor (LSD) and to assess improvements in visualization and treatment of the lateral meniscus in the canine stifle. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Paired canine cadaveric hind limbs (n = 10). METHODS: Pins for the LSD were placed from lateral to medial in the distal femur and proximal tibia...
November 8, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Raphael Labens, Nurul H Khairuddin, Mark Murray, Kieri Jermyn, Roohi S Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To assess fracture gap reduction and stability of linear vs triangular 4.5-mm lag screw repair of experimental, uniarticular, and complete forelimb proximal phalanx (P1) fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. SAMPLE POPULATION: Fourteen equine cadaver limbs/horses. METHODS: Simulated fractures were repaired with 2 lag screws under 4-Nm insertion torque (linear repair). Computed tomography (CT) imaging was performed with the leg unloaded and loaded to forces generated while walking...
November 7, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Ameet Singh, Jacqueline Scott, J Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal intercostal space (ICS) to perform thoracoscopic-assisted lung lobectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Six mature, medium-sized canine cadavers. METHODS: Cadavers were placed in right or left lateral recumbency. A 15-mm thoracoscopic cannula was inserted in the middle third of the 9th or 10th ICS. A wound retraction device was placed into a 7-cm minithoracotomy incision created in the middle third of the 4th-7th ICS on the left side and the 4th-8th ICS on the right side...
November 2, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Michelle A Jackson, Stefanie Ohlerth, Anton E Fürst
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an aiming device (AD) and computed tomography (CT) for preoperative planning and intraoperative guided debridement of subchondral cystic lesions (SCL) in the limbs of horses and to determine the outcome 12 months after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Twelve horses referred because of lameness caused by 1 or 2 SCL (total of 14 SCL). METHODS: All horses underwent CT-guided debridement of the SCL...
October 31, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Mark J Gosling, Fernando Martinez-Taboada, Gerard Te Lintelo, Neil J Burton
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the surgeon can influence the accuracy of milling during the TATE elbow arthroplasty by applying force to the milling arm during the milling procedure. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study on Sawbone specimens. SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty identical solid foam models of the canine right humerus, elbow joint, and antebrachium (size large). METHODS: TATE elbow arthroplasty was performed on 30 elbows equally divided into 3 types of forces applied to the milling arm: (1) no force, (2) a maximally converging force, and (3) a maximally diverging force using the center of rotation post as a reference point...
October 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
F C Watson, W McMullan, C J Jordan, P Egan, J Tuan, M A Solano, N Fizpatrick
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of stainless steel staples with absorbable staples for closure of skin incisions in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Client-owned dogs (n = 80). METHODS: With client consent, dogs were randomly assigned a staple type (stainless steel or absorbable) immediately prior to closure of a TPLO skin incision. Incisions were compared for length, staple type and number, and an inflammation-infection score 2 weeks after surgery...
October 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Martin Hamon, Annick J Hamaide, Stéphanie M Noël, Stéphanie Claeys
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of the transobturator vaginal tape inside out (TVT-O) in female dogs with urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Incontinent spayed female dogs (n = 12). METHODS: TVT-O tape was inserted in 12 incontinent bitches diagnosed with USMI. Follow-up information was evaluated by a telephone questionnaire, and a continence score was attributed...
October 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Philipp D Mayhew, Michelle A Steffey, Boel A Fransson, Eric G Johnson, Ameet Singh, William T N Culp, Brigitte A Brisson, Michele L Oblak, Ingrid M Balsa, Michelle A Giuffrida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcome of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) thoracic duct ligation (TDL) and pericardectomy for treatment of chylothorax in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective study. ANIMALS: Thirty-nine client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs were included if they had undergone a VATS TDL and pericardectomy and had at least 1-year follow-up or had died within 1 postoperative year. Medical records were evaluated, and recorded data included clinicopathological and diagnostic imaging results, surgical findings, complications, conversion rates, and long-term resolution and recurrence rates...
October 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jacob M Shivley, Jodi M Richardson, Kimberly A Woodruff, Wilson C Brookshire, Robert E Meyer, David R Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare time efficiency and nociceptive input between digital strumming (DS) and sharp transection (ST) of the suspensory ligament during ovariohysterectomy (OVH). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. ANIMALS: 30 adult female dogs. METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to ST or DS procedures. Measures of nociception were assessed through measurements of preoperative and intraoperative heart rate during manipulation of the suspensory ligament...
October 28, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Kristin L Bailey, Matthew Johnson, Colin J Travers, W Alexander Fox-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the integrity of the welded end loop on unidirectional knotless suture after transabdominal passage in a canine cadaver. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study. STUDY POPULATION: Four variations of unidirectional knotless suture and 1 canine cadaver. METHODS: Welded end loop on strands consisted of 0 Quill polydioxanone (QP; n = 22), 0 Quill monoderm (QM; n = 23), 2-0 V-Loc 90 (V9; n = 12), and 2-0 V-Loc 180 (V18; n = 12)...
October 28, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Adam G Drury, Eric Monnet, Rebecca A Packer, Angela J Marolf
OBJECTIVE: To define boundaries of minimally invasive integrated endoscopic hemilaminectomy at 4 sites in the canine thoracolumbar spine. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, randomized cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Six cadaver dogs that had been humanely euthanized for reasons unrelated to this study. METHODS: Hemilaminectomy was performed with an integrated endoscopic system at T11-12, T12-13, L1-2, and L2-3, 1 at each site, on the left or right side of each dog...
October 28, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nadine K E Ogden, Chantelle C Jukic, Steven T Zedler
OBJECTIVE: To describe a surgical technique for rostral mandibulectomy and reconstruction of the mandibular symphysis. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: One 5-month-old warmblood cross filly. METHODS: A preoperative diagnosis of a juvenile ossifying fibroma was made on the basis of clinical appearance and was later confirmed via histology. The tumor was large, rapidly growing and extending to the caudal aspect of the mandibular symphysis...
October 28, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Mikala B Brown, Danielle R Dugat, Shane D Lyon, Laura A Nafe, Mark E Payton, Sarah K Peakheart, Rebecca S Salazar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of propofol or methohexital, with and without doxapram, on the examination of laryngeal function in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMALS: Forty healthy dogs randomly assigned to 4 groups: propofol with saline (n = 10), propofol with doxapram (n = 10), methohexital with saline (n = 10), or methohexital with doxapram (n = 10). METHODS: Propofol and methohexital were administered to effect...
October 27, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Julien Racine, Beatriz Vidondo, Alessandra Ramseyer, Christoph Koch
OBJECTIVE: To describe a closed castration technique in standing equids, report associated complications, and identify potential risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 300 standing equids that were castrated with the Henderson Equine Castrating Instrument. METHODS: Thirteen participating veterinarians recorded intraoperative difficulties and postoperative complications. Descriptive statistics, univariate analyses with Fisher's exact tests, and logistic regressions were used to evaluate intraoperative difficulties and postoperative complications and to assess risk factors for postoperative complications...
October 27, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jennifer L Halleran, Ryan D Baumwart, Danielle R Dugat, Robert N Streeter, Heidi Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To report the diagnosis and treatment of a companion dorper wether with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: An 8-month-old dorper wether presented to its primary care veterinarian for a persistent cough and was referred for suspected heart failure on the basis of physical examination and thoracic radiography. A PDA was diagnosed on echocardiography. METHODS: The sheep underwent cardiac catheterization and angiogram to measure pulmonary arterial and right ventricular (RV) pressures, identify the morphology of the PDA, and determine whether an intravascular occlusion of the PDA was feasible...
October 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nashua J Compton, Julie A Cary, John R Wenz, John D Lutter, Colin F Mitchell, Jennifer Godfrey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of peer teaching and deliberate practice on surgical skills acquisition and retention in first- and second-year veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, comparative study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eighteen first-year and 25 second-year students from 1 college of veterinary medicine who had previously demonstrated proficiency in basic surgical skills. METHODS: Forty-three participants were divided into 3 groups: the test group (group A, n = 15), who participated in a structured peer-assisted learning program using deliberate practice; the time-practice control group (group B, n = 15), who participated in an unstructured peer-supported environment; and the assessment-only control group (group C, n = 13), who participated in the assessments...
October 25, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Laura E Selmic, Megan T Cray, Josh G Good, David W Hummel, Stephen Joslyn
OBJECTIVE: To describe modifications to the lateral orbitotomy for surgical excision of tumors affecting the frontal, parietal, palatine, or temporal bones. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: A 5-year-old female spayed American pit bull terrier. METHODS: The dog presented for excision of a bone tumor affecting the right frontal and parietal bones. A modified lateral orbitotomy was performed with combined partial zygomatic arch and vertical ramus ostectomies to increase working space and allow drilling of the calvarium ventral to the mass...
October 24, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Anhad B S Sidhu, Sarah M Rosanowski, Alexandra M Davis, James F Griffith, Paul Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To quantitate the iatrogenic injury associated with deep plantar metatarsal fasciotomy performed with Metzenbaum scissors compared with a Y-shaped fasciotome. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo surgical study. STUDY POPULATION: Cadaveric hind limbs (n = 20) from 10 sound thoroughbred racehorses. METHODS: A plantar metatarsal fasciotomy was performed, extending from the proximal extent of the deep metatarsal fascia, distally...
October 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Adam M Nylund, Odd V Höglund, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the maximum pressure sustained by airways sealed with a resorbable ligation device (LigaTie) and with thoracoabdominal (TA) staples during thoracoscopic-assisted hilar lung lobectomies. STUDY DESIGN: In situ cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Ten feline cadavers. METHODS: Twenty lung lobectomies were performed with either a LigaTie or a TA stapler (n = 10 per group) by using a thoracoscopic-assisted technique...
October 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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