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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239476/complications-associated-with-surgical-dehorning-in-goats-a-retrospective-study-of-239-cases
#1
Amanda K Hartnack, Molly E Jordan, Allen J Roussel
OBJECTIVE: This article describes complications following surgical dehorning of goats. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. Medical records of goats that underwent surgical dehorning were reviewed. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-nine goats. METHODS: The medical records of 239 goats, not previously dehorned by other methods, that were cosmetically dehorned between January 2006 and April 2016, were reviewed. Data retrieved from the medical records included breed, weight, the surgeon performing the procedure, intraoperative complications, and the occurrence of return visits to the teaching hospital because of complications related to the dehorning procedure...
December 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219196/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-repeated-decontamination-and-sterilization-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-ports-intended-for-1-time-use
#2
Brian Petrovsky, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of repeated decontamination and sterilization of a disposable port intended for 1-time use during single-incision laparoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental; prospective, controlled design. METHODS: Six single-access ports used 4 times and 6 single-access ports used 8 times to perform various clean, minimally invasive surgeries were evaluated. Ports were decontaminated in an enzymatic cleaner (dilution, 3:100) and cleaned with a scrub brush for 5 minutes...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218807/observational-study-on-the-occurrence-of-surgical-glove-perforation-and-associated-risk-factors-in-large-animal-surgery
#3
Nora M Biermann, J T McClure, Javier Sanchez, Aimie J Doyle
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and associated risk factors for glove perforation in large animal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Surgical gloves (n = 917) worn during 103 large animal surgical procedures. METHODS: Gloves worn by personnel involved in sterile preparation and surgical procedures were tested for perforation by 2 previously validated methods, water leak test (WLT) and electroconductivity testing (ECT)...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218712/disposable-skin-staplers-for-closure-of-linear-gastrointestinal-incisions-in-dogs
#4
Zeev Schwartz, Bradley R Coolman
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features and outcomes of linear gastrointestinal incisions closed with skin staples in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. ANIMALS: 333 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records from 1 private referral hospital were searched for dogs that underwent gastrointestinal surgery between November 1999 and October 2015. Cases were included if skin staplers were used to close linear gastrointestinal incisions...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205404/a-quilting-subcutaneous-suture-pattern-to-reduce-seroma-formation-and-pain-24-hours-after-midline-celiotomy-in-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Blake M Travis, Galina M Hayes, K Vissio, H J Harvey, James A Flanders, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a quilting suture pattern tacking the subcutaneous tissues to the deep fascia on complications after midline celiotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, blinded, controlled trial conducted in a veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Four hundred thirty-two dogs undergoing midline celiotomy for ovariohysterectomy (n = 249) or other abdominal procedures (n = 183). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to (1) a quilting group, subcutaneous tissue with apposition plus tacking to the rectus fascia or (2) a nonquilting group, with apposition of subcutaneous tissue without tacking...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205394/vessel-sealer-and-divider-instrument-temperature-during-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-in-horses
#6
Jeremiah T Easley, Kirk C McGilvray, Dean A Hendrickson, Jason Bruemmer, Eileen S Hackett
OBJECTIVE: To determine the temperature of a vessel sealer and divider device during unilateral paralumbar laparoscopic ovariectomy in standing, sedated mares. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Fifteen healthy research mares. METHODS: Healthy mares with normal ovarian palpation and ultrasonographic appearance were enrolled. Horses were restrained in standing stocks and sedated. A right or left paralumbar ovariectomy was performed with a laparoscopic portal and 2 instrument portals...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193227/minimally-invasive-lag-screw-fixation-of-sacroiliac-luxation-fracture-using-a-dedicated-novel-instrument-system-apparatus-and-technique-description
#7
Loïc M Déjardin, Albane H Fauron, Laurent P Guiot, Reunan P Guillou
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel Sacroiliac Luxation Instrument System (SILIS™) and its application in minimally invasive osteosynthesis (MIO) of sacroiliac luxations/fractures (SIL/F). The SILIS was designed to provide stable SIL/F reduction and accurate sacral screw placement while reducing personnel exposure to ionizing radiation during intraoperative fluoroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, proof of concept cadaveric study. METHODS: A right SIL and a left SIL/F were created on a Labrador Retriever that had died of natural causes...
November 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178506/complications-and-short-term-outcomes-associated-with-single-port-laparoscopic-splenectomy-in-dogs
#8
Philipp D Mayhew, Jessie S Sutton, Ameet Singh, Jeffrey J Runge, J Brad Case, Maureen A Griffin, Michelle A Giuffrida
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique and report complications and outcome for single-port laparoscopic splenectomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Twenty-two client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent single-port laparoscopic splenectomy at 4 veterinary teaching hospitals were evaluated. Commercially available single-port devices were used in all dogs. In all cases, a vessel-sealing device was used to perform a hilar splenectomy...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#9
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178165/outcomes-of-cellophane-banding-or-percutaneous-transvenous-coil-embolization-of-canine-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts
#10
J Brad Case, Sarah J Marvel, Mandy C Stiles, Herb W Maisenbacher, Beau B Toskich, Dan D Smeak, Eric L Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes of dogs with congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (CIHPSS) treated with cellophane banding (CB) or percutaneous transvenous coil embolization (PTCE). STUDY DESIGN: Dual-institutional retrospective study. ANIMALS: Fifty-eight dogs with CIHPSS (2001-2016). METHODS: Medical records of dogs undergoing CB or PTCE for CIHPSS were reviewed for signalment, body weight, hematologic values, shunt location, attenuation technique, procedure time, duration of hospitalization, complications, date of follow-up, and cause of death if applicable...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150929/biomechanical-properties-of-feline-ventral-abdominal-wall-and-celiotomy-closure-techniques
#11
Fernando S Reina Rodriguez, Conor T Buckley, Joshua Milgram, Barbara M Kirby
OBJECTIVE: To compare biomechanical properties and mechanism of failure of 3 regions of ventral abdominal wall in cats by using 2 suture materials, 2 suture bite-to-stitch intervals (SBSI), and full-thickness versus fascia-only closure. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, cadaveric, ex vivo mechanical testing. SAMPLE POPULATION: 16 adult cat cadavers, 3 samples per cat. METHODS: Three regions of ventral abdominal wall were mechanically tested (N = 48 samples)...
November 18, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144538/control-of-hemorrhage-through-the-osteotomy-gap-during-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-9-cases
#12
Luis Matres-Lorenzo, Aidan McAlinden, Antoine Bernardé, Fabrice Bernard
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to control intraoperative hemorrhage during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and report subsequent short-term and long-term complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Nine dogs with arterial hemorrhage during TPLO. METHODS: Medical records of dogs with hemorrhage controlled through the osteotomy gap of a TPLO were reviewed at 2 institutions over 8 years...
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135041/risk-factors-for-tibial-damage-associated-with-the-modified-maquet-technique-in-174-stifles
#13
Michael D Lefebvre, Olivier R Broux, Nicolas P Barthélémy, Martin Hamon, Evelyne V Moyse, Bernard M Bouvy, Marc H Balligand
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for tibial damage associated with the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-four stifles from 147 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with CCL disease and treated with the current version of MMT were reviewed. Dogs were included if immediate postoperative radiographs were available...
November 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135038/comparison-of-iatrogenic-articular-cartilage-injury-in-canine-stifle-arthroscopy-versus-medial-parapatellar-mini-arthrotomy-in-a-cadaveric-model
#14
Cleo P Rogatko, Jennifer J Warnock, Gerd Bobe, Valentine D Verpaalen
OBJECTIVE: To assess iatrogenic articular cartilage injury (IACI) resulting from arthroscopy versus medial parapatellar mini-arthrotomy of the stifle. STUDY DESIGN: Paired comparison of canine cadaver stifles treated with arthroscopy or mini-arthrotomy ANIMALS: Paired canine stifles from 14 cadavers (≥20 kg). METHODS: Stifles (N = 28) were assigned to arthroscopy or arthrotomy. Full stifle joint exploration and meniscal probing were performed...
November 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125632/median-sternotomy-versus-intercostal-thoracotomy-for-lung-lobectomy-a-comparison-of-short-term-outcome-in-134-dogs
#15
Seth Bleakley, Kevin Phipps, Brian Petrovsky, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term outcomes between dogs undergoing lung lobectomy via median sternotomy (MS) or intercostal thoracotomy (ICT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case control study. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that underwent lung lobectomy via MS or ICT at a single institution were reviewed for demographics, intraoperative findings, and postoperative management and outcomes. Dogs with pleural effusion, pneumonia, migrating foreign body, lung abscess, spontaneous pneumothorax, or lung lobe torsion were excluded...
November 10, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120489/in-vitro-chemosensitivity-of-feline-injection-site-associated-sarcoma-cell-lines-to-carboplatin
#16
Elizabeth A Maxwell, Heidi Phillips, David J Schaeffer, Timothy M Fan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the in vitro chemosensitivity of feline injection site-associated sarcoma (FISAS) cells to carboplatin concentrations generated by elution of carboplatin-impregnated calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CI-CSH) beads. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study. SAMPLE: Five immortalized cell lines from histologically confirmed, primary FISASs. METHODS: For each cell line, one 96-well microplate was used for each time point (24, 48, 72 hours)...
November 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119572/use-of-skin-stretchers-for-single-stage-bilateral-mastectomies-in-a-dog-and-a-cat
#17
Yuta Miyazaki, Takeshi Aikawa, Taichi Shimatsu, Masaaki Nishimura, Shigeo Sadahiro
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of skin stretchers for closure of single-stage bilateral mastectomies in a dog and a cat. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: A 12-year-old intact female Miniature Dachshund and a 13-year-old spayed female domestic short-hair cat. METHODS: Skin stretchers were applied to the site of the skin adjacent to mammary glands for 2-4 days before surgery. Cable tension was adjusted every 6-8 hours to elongate the skin and to achieve primary closure of single-stage bilateral mastectomy without tension...
November 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114900/standing-thyroidectomy-in-10-horses
#18
Marco Marcatili, Sarah J Voss, Patrick J Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To describe a surgical technique for thyroidectomy in horses with thyroid neoplasia under standing sedation and local anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned horses (n = 10). METHODS: Medical records of horses with a history of thyroid enlargement were included in the study if thyroid gland enlargement was treated surgically via hemi- or bilateral thyroidectomy, with the horse standing and sedated...
November 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105790/use-of-direct-near-infrared-fluorescent-lymphography-for-thoracoscopic-thoracic-duct-identification-in-15-dogs-with-chylothorax
#19
Michele A Steffey, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess techniques of intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence lymphography (NIRFL) using indocyanine green (ICG) for lymphatic duct identification during thoracoscopic thoracic duct (TD) ligation in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 15) with naturally occurring chylothorax that underwent TD ligation. METHODS: Medical records of dogs treated with thoracoscopic TD ligation in which NIRFL was utilized for intraoperative TD identification were reviewed...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105787/kinematic-behavior-of-a-novel-pedicle-screw-rod-fixation-system-for-the-canine-lumbosacral-joint
#20
Claudia Zindl, Alan S Litsky, Noel Fitzpatrick, Matthew J Allen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biomechanical behavior of a novel distraction-stabilization system, consisting of an intervertebral distraction bolt, polyaxial screws, and connecting rods, in the canine lumbosacral spine. STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Cadaveric canine lumbosacral spines (L4-Cd3) (N = 8). METHODS: Cadaveric lumbosacral spines were harvested, stripped of musculature, mounted on a 4-point bending jig, and tested in extension, flexion, and lateral bending using nondestructive compressive axial loads (0-150 N)...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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