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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319258/ct-derived-indices-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachial-strength
#1
Tanya C Garcia, Michele A Steffey, Allison L Zwingenberger, Leticia Daniel, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To improve the prediction of fractures in dogs with bone tumors of the distal radius by identifying computed tomography (CT) indices that correlate with antebrachial bone strength and fracture location. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Dogs with antebrachial osteosarcoma (n = 10), and normal cadaver bones (n=9). METHODS: Antebrachia were imaged with quantitative CT prior to biomechanical testing to failure...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314089/electrosurgery-reduces-blood-loss-and-immediate-postoperative-inflammation-compared-to-cold-instruments-for-midline-celiotomy-in-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Lee B Meakin, Jo C Murrell, Ivan C P Doran, Toby G Knowles, Michael S Tivers, Guillaume P A Chanoit
OBJECTIVES: To compare the use of an electrosurgical device with traditional cold instruments (scalpel and scissors) for midline celiotomy incision. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred and twenty client-owned dogs undergoing abdominal surgery. METHODS: Dogs were prospectively recruited and randomized to receive electroincision or cold instrument incision. For cold incision, surgeons used basic surgical instruments including scalpel and scissors...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314073/validated-outcomes-measures-for-canine-osteoarthritis
#3
LETTER
Ben Walton, John Innes, B Duncan X Lascelles, Zoe Belshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314072/cordless-ultrasonic-dissector-versus-advanced-bipolar-vessel-sealing-device-for-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-in-dogs
#4
Anneleen L Spillebeen, Sara S D S Janssens, Rachel E Thomas, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVE: To compare Sonicision cordless ultrasonic dissector (SCUD) to LigaSure vessel sealing device (LVSD) for laparoscopic ovariectomy (Lap OVE) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, paired prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 22) presented for elective Lap OVE. METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to one of two protocols: protocol 1 required the left ovary resected using SCUD and the right ovary using LVSD; protocol 2 required the left ovary resected using LVSD and the right ovary using SCUD...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314067/the-effect-of-polydioxanone-hemicerclage-suture-on-the-occurrence-of-fracture-during-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-with-an-elongated-bi-directional-hinged-osteotomy
#5
Seth Bleakley, Ross H Palmer, Stephen Bresina, Sy Ping Roca, Slobodan Tepic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hemicerclage suture on the occurrence of fractures during advancement of an elongated bi-directional hinged osteotomy (EBHO) for tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo study. ANIMALS: Canine cadavers (n = 14) METHODS: A uniform EBHO was performed in 28 cadaveric hind limbs (n = 28) from 14 skeletally mature, medium-sized, mixed breed dogs. Paired limbs were randomly assigned with or without hemicerclage suture...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314063/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-a-minimally-invasive-transilial-vertebral-blocking-procedure-on-the-lumbosacral-morphometry-in-dogs-measured-by-computed-tomography
#6
Friedrich Müller, Henning C Schenk, Franck Forterre
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a minimally invasive transilial vertebral (MTV) blocking procedure on the computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the lumbosacral (L7/S1) junction of dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 59 client-owned dogs with DLSS. METHODS: Lumbosacral CT images were acquired with hyperextended pelvic limbs before and after MTV in all dogs...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256727/laparoscopic-cryptorchidectomy-with-a-vessel-sealing-device-in-dorsal-recumbent-horses-43-cases
#7
José L Bracamonte, Keri L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To document laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy with a vessel-sealing device in dorsal recumbent horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-three male horses. METHODS: Food was withheld for 36 hours before horses were placed under general anesthesia and positioned in dorsal recumbency. One laparoscopic portal and 2 instrument portals were placed for the laparoscopic procedure. A third instrument portal was created in bilateral cryptorchid horses...
March 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256725/influence-of-intravenous-regional-limb-perfusion-with-amikacin-sulfate-on-staphylococcus-aureus-bioburden-in-distal-limb-wounds-in-horses
#8
Russell B Freeland, Samantha L Morello, Melissa DeLombaert, Victora Rajamanickam
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the influence of intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) with amikacin on bacterial bioburden in limb wounds. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo, experimental. ANIMALS: Four adult horses. METHODS: Full thickness wounds created on each dorsal metacarpus were inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus. One forelimb was randomly assigned to cephalic vein IVRLP with amikacin on days 2, 3, and 4 post-wounding. Biopsies on day 2 prior to IVRLP, and on days 5 and 8 were cultured to quantify wound bioburden (CFU/g)...
March 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233909/influence-of-in-house-rehabilitation-on-the-postoperative-outcome-of-dogs-with-intervertebral-disk-herniation
#9
Michelle M Hodgson, John M Bevan, Richard B Evans, Thai I Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of in-house rehabilitation on the postoperative outcome of dogs with intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 248) under 20 kg of weight, with single site, thoracolumbar, Hansen Type I IVDH. PROCEDURES: Medical records of non-ambulatory dogs with IVDH treated via hemilaminectomy were reviewed. Dogs were classified in 2 groups depending on whether their postoperative management included an in-house rehabilitation program...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233906/left-paralumbar-laparoscopic-bilateral-ovariectomy-in-mares
#10
Aimee C Colbath, Eileen S Hackett, Craig S Lesser, Dean A Hendrickson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel technique for left paralumbar laparoscopic bilateral ovariectomy in standing, sedated mares. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive clinical study. ANIMALS: Twelve client-owned mares. METHODS: Healthy mares with normal ovarian palpation and ultrasonographic appearance were enrolled. Horses were restrained in standing stocks and administered a variable rate infusion of sedation. A left paralumbar bilateral ovariectomy was performed with 1 laparoscopic and 3 instrument portals...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198553/treatment-of-septic-arthritis-of-the-coxofemoral-joint-in-12-foals
#11
F Barceló Oliver, T M Russell, K L Uprichard, K M Neil, P J Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical signs, surgical treatment, and outcome of septic arthritis of the coxofemoral joint in foals. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Foals (n = 12) with confirmed sepsis of the coxofemoral joint. METHODS: Lameness was localized to the coxofemoral joint based on physical examination. Sepsis was confirmed by cytological analysis of synovial fluid obtained under ultrasonographic guidance, during general anesthesia or standing sedation...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198549/pelvic-limb-kinematics-in-the-dog-with-and-without-a-stifle-orthosis
#12
Bryan T Torres, Yang-Chieh Fu, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
OBJECTIVE: To report a method of evaluating 3-dimensional joint motion in dogs with a stifle orthosis. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. ANIMALS: Six healthy dogs. METHODS: Three-dimensional pelvic limb joint motion was recorded with and without a stifle orthosis. Kinematic data were collected from dogs at a walk and trot for the hip, stifle, and tarsus prior to, and after application of, a stifle orthosis. Data were also obtained for the orthosis alone...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198543/deformation-of-the-zurich-cementless-acetabular-cup-caused-by-implantation-in-a-canine-cadaver-model
#13
Geoffrey D Panjeton, Stanley E Kim, Kelvin Chang, Lindsey S Palm, Peter G Ifju
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in geometry of the Zurich total hip arthroplasty (THA) acetabular component after implantation. ANIMALS: Hemipelves from adult mix-breed dogs weighing between 20 and 25 kg. METHODS: Digital image correlation imaging was performed prior to, immediately after, and 24 hours after impaction of Zurich THA acetabular component, and after removal of the cup from the specimen. Patterns of deformation were qualitatively described, and maximal deformations were compared between time points...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186643/a-novel-ultrasonographic-assisted-technique-for-desmotomy-of-the-palmar-plantar-annular-ligament-in-horses
#14
Pablo Espinosa, Jorge E Nieto, Jack R Snyder, Larry D Galuppo, Scott A Katzman
OBJECTIVES: To describe an ultrasound assisted technique for desmotomy of the palmar/plantar annular ligament (PAL), determine its efficacy and intraoperative complications. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and in vivo study. ANIMALS: Cadaveric limbs (n = 12), adult horses (n = 4), and clinical cases (n = 2). METHODS: Ultrasound assisted desmotomy of the palmar/plantar annular ligament (UAD-PAL) was performed in cadaveric limbs and in standing horses with the operated limb placed in a distal limb splint...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177538/comparison-of-leak-pressures-for-single-layer-simple-continuous-suture-pattern-for-cystotomy-closure-using-barbed-and-monofilament-suture-material-in-an-ex-vivo-canine-model
#15
Nina R Kieves, Alexander I Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To compare leak pressures following simple continuous closure of cystotomy with barbed suture to an analogous monofilament suture, in an ex vivo canine model. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. ANIMALS OR SAMPLE POPULATION: Urinary bladders harvested from canine cadavers (n = 21). METHODS: Urinary bladders were harvested from cadavers immediately following euthanasia. A 3-cm cystotomy was made on ventral midline of the urinary bladder...
February 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158937/investigating-laparoscopic-psychomotor-skills-in-veterinarians-and-veterinary-technicians
#16
Jessica Kilkenny, Amanda Santarossa, Victoria Mrotz, Meagan Walker, Dominique Monaghan, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of age, year of graduation, and video game experience on baseline laparoscopic psychomotor skills. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SAMPLE POPULATION: Licensed veterinarians (n = 38) and registered veterinary technicians (VTs) (n = 49). METHODS: A laparoscopic box trainer was set up at the 2016 Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA) and the 2016 Ontario Association of Veterinary Technicians (OAVT) conferences held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158935/comparison-of-3-suture-closure-techniques-for-pelvic-flexure-enterotomy-in-equine-cadaveric-large-colon
#17
Ellison D Aldrich, Jennifer Earnest, Valerie J Moorman
OBJECTIVE: To compare a 2-layer closure with suture line reversal for a pelvic flexure enterotomy to 1-layer and traditional 2-layer hand sewn closures. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Large colon segments from adult horses (n = 18). METHODS: Pelvic flexures were harvested from 18 horses and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 closure techniques (n = 6 per technique). A 10-cm enterotomy was made in each pelvic flexure and closed with the assigned technique...
February 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152199/investigation-of-perioperative-and-anesthetic-variables-affecting-short-term-survival-of-horses-with-small-intestinal-strangulating-lesions
#18
Pablo Espinosa, Sarah S Le Jeune, Alessia Cenani, Philip H Kass, Robert J Brosnan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if preoperative and intraoperative physiologic variables, and surgical factors correlate with survival to anesthetic recovery or hospital discharge, repeat celiotomy, and postoperative nasogastric intubation (NGT) in horses undergoing exploratory celiotomy for small intestinal (SI) strangulating lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses that had surgical correction of SI strangulating lesions (n = 258)...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152185/mechanical-properties-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachia
#19
Michele A Steffey, Tanya C Garcia, Leticia Daniel, Allison L Zwingenberger, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of neoplasia on the biomechanical properties of canine antebrachia. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Osteosarcoma (OSA)-affected canine antebrachia (n = 12) and unaffected canine antebrachia (n = 9). METHODS: Antebrachia were compressed in axial loading until failure. A load-deformation curve was used to acquire the structural mechanical properties of neoplastic and unaffected specimens...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151550/canine-acute-cervical-myelopathy-hydrated-nucleus-pulposus-extrusion-or-intraspinal-discal-cysts
#20
Cristian Falzone
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion and ventral intraspinal discal cysts in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty dogs with acute onset of cervical myelopathy due to hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion or ventral intraspinal discal cysts. METHODS: Clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings, outcome after surgical treatment, cytologic and histologic findings of compressive material were taken into account...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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