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Veterinary Surgery: VS

Aileen L Rowland, Kati G Glass, Sicilia T Grady, Kevin J Cummings, Katrin Hinrichs, Ashlee E Watts
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of epidural detomidine and morphine on serum corticosteroid concentrations and pain-related behavioral responses in mares during and after ovariectomy via colpotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded prospective study. ANIMALS: Nine university-owned mares. METHODS: Five of 9 horses received caudal epidural detomidine hydrochloride (0.01 mg/kg) and morphine sulfate (0.1 mg/kg) prior to surgery...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Valery F Scharf, Brian Dent, Megan E Jacob, Brandon Moore
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP) to sterilize a single-use single-incision laparoscopic surgery port and its associated components after repeated simulated uses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective in vitro experimental study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Six single-use single-incision laparoscopic surgery ports with associated cannulas and insufflation tubing. METHODS: Ports, cannulas, and tubing were subjected to 10 cycles of simulated use, bacterial inoculation with Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and Escherichia coli, decontamination and sterilization, and testing via culture based on their treatment group designation...
May 17, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Eileen S Hackett, Hayley M Lang, Andre Desrochers, Sylvain Nichols, Susan Lawson Fubini
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical findings, surgical treatment, and outcome associated with duodenoduodenostomy for treatment of duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (1996-2016). ANIMALS: Fourteen Holstein cattle. METHODS: Medical records of cows treated at 3 academic surgical referral centers with duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum were reviewed...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
S Michelle Renwick, Alasdair I Renwick, David C Brodbelt, John Ferguson, Humberto Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on clinical outcomes in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease treated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Owners and surgeons (care providers and assessors) were masked. ANIMALS: Ninety-five dogs were admitted for TPLO and assigned to 1 of 2 groups, laser group (LG; n = 51) or placebo group (PG; n = 44)...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Mandy L Wallace, Gary W Ellison, Robson F Giglio, Christopher D Batich, Clifford R Berry, J Brad Case, Stanley E Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a polyacrylic acid-silicone radiolucent self-retaining gradual occlusion device (PAS-OD) to attenuate congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EHPSS) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Six client-owned dogs with single, congenital EHPSS. METHODS: Serum bile acids (SBA), abdominal ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) were performed preoperatively and at 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jonghyeok Ko, Junemoe Jeong, Sungin Lee, Hyunglak Son, Oh-Kyeong Kweon, Wan Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of single-port retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (SPRA) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy beagle dogs. METHODS: SPRA was performed on the left and right sides (4 dogs each). Resection of the adrenal gland was performed through a SILS port using a retroperitoneal approach. Operative time was defined from skin incision to the completion of skin suture...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jessie E Gammel, Jeffery J Biskup, Marti G Drum, Kim Newkirk, Cassie N Lux
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on primarily closed incisions and full thickness open wounds in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, masked, placebo-controlled design. ANIMAL POPULATION: Healthy intact female dogs (n = 10). METHODS: Dogs underwent bilateral flank ovariectomy procedures, and open wounds were created bilaterally with a punch biopsy. Each side of the dog (incision and open wound) was randomly assigned to the treatment (TX) group or the control (CN) group...
April 14, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Victoria J Tannahill, Tristan Cogan, Kate Allen, Elizabeth Acutt, Evita Busschers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and dermal tolerance of a novel alcohol-based skin antiseptic (ABSA) in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMAL POPULATION: Systemically healthy horses (n = 25) with no history or clinical signs of skin disease. METHODS: Four clipped sites on the abdomen were randomly assigned to a skin preparation protocol: saline (negative control; NC), chlorhexidine gluconate followed by isopropyl alcohol (positive control; PC), saline followed by the ABSA (ABSA A), or a commercially available horse shampoo followed by the ABSA (ABSA B)...
April 14, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Ann E Heffernan, Erin M Katz, Yiwen Sun, Aaron K Rendahl, Michael G Conzemius
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of oral extended-release hydrocodone compared with oral firocoxib for analgesia following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy surgery in dogs in a hospital setting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Thirty-six client-owned dogs weighing 25-43 kg with unilateral hindlimb lameness and cranial cruciate ligament rupture. METHODS: Dogs were assigned to 1 of 2 groups (n = 18/group)...
April 9, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jeffrey W Mitchell, Philipp D Mayhew, Eric G Johnson, Michele A Steffey, Peter J Pascoe
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) thoracic duct ligation (TDL) in normal cats with a bipolar vessel-sealing device and to assess durability of the seal. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Six healthy research cats. METHODS: Cats were placed under anesthesia for computed tomography lymphangiography (CTLA) to identify thoracic duct anatomy. On the basis of CTLA findings, cats were positioned in either right or left lateral recumbency for a 3-port VATS TDL...
April 6, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alecsya H Broyles, Scott A Hopper, J Brett Woodie, Alan J Ruggles
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for colopexy via a left ventral paramedian incision and report postoperative clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-six thoroughbred broodmares treated with a colopexy through a left ventral paramedian incision between 1999 and 2015. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for postoperative complications and survival to discharge. The survival rate at 1 year after surgery was based on the medical record, progeny record, or client telephone conversation...
April 6, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Elizabeth S Leach, Ursula Krotscheck, Kelsey J Goode, Galina M Hayes, Peter Böttcher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term loading patterns using subchondral bone density (SBD) distribution of the tibial plateau after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS: Adult (> 2 years), medium to large breed dogs (>20 kg) that had been treated with TPLO or TTA at least 1 year prior to the study were recruited. A normal cohort of similar age and weight dogs with normal physical and orthopedic examinations served as control...
April 1, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Pablo Espinosa Mur, Nathalie Coté, Marc R Desjardins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic and surgical findings of horses with osteochondral fragments (OCF) in the proximal intertarsal joint (PIJ) and to detail the technique for arthroscopic fragment retrieval and report outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-nine horses (32 tarsi) with OCF in the PIJ. METHODS: Medical records of horses with radiographic evidence of OCF in the PIJ were reviewed...
March 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Alexander K Forward, Holger A Volk, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVE: To describe survival and early postoperative outcome after intracranial surgery in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifty client-owned dogs that underwent intracranial surgery. METHODS: Records were searched and analyzed for dogs that underwent intracranial surgery between 2005 and 2015. Signalment, clinical presentation, neurological deficits, concurrent medical conditions, laboratory data, diagnosis, administration of perioperative glucocorticoids or antiepileptic drugs, and specific imaging, surgical, and anesthetic variables were recorded...
March 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Tiffany L Sarrafian, Sue C Bodine, Brian Murphy, J Kevin Grayson, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: Large muscular or musculotendinous defects present a dilemma because of the inadequacies of current treatment strategies. Extracellular matrices (ECM) are potential clinically applicable regenerative biomaterials. This review summarizes information from the preclinical literature evaluating the use of ECM for muscle regeneration in animal models of volumetric muscle loss (VML). STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. SAMPLE POPULATION: Animal models of VML in which surgical repair was performed with an ECM product, with or without added cell populations...
March 30, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Daniel M Sakai, Manuel Martin-Flores, Amanda K Jones, Galina M Hayes, Marina J McConkey, Jonathan Cheetham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability to assess laryngeal function and to diagnose unilateral laryngeal paralysis (uLP) via airway endoscopy and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) stimulation. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. ANIMALS: Six healthy, adult beagles. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with sevoflurane and dexmedetomidine. Laryngeal activity was observed via endoscopy placed through a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). The absolute and normalized glottic gap areas (AGGA and NGGA, respectively) and the glottic length (GL) were measured at inspiration and before and after surgically induced uLP...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Dominique J Griffon, Ayman A Mostafa, Laurent Blond, David J Schaeffer
OBJECTIVE: To characterize radioulnar incongruence (RUI) in large dogs with medial coronoid disease (MCD) and determine the agreement between radiography, computed tomography (CT), and arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-four large-breed dogs under 3 years of age with confirmed MCD. METHODS: MCD and incongruence were evaluated by radiographs and CT. RUI was measured along the ulnar commissure, mid-body, and apex of the medial coronoid process (MCP) by CT and arthroscopy...
April 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Lillian R Aronson, Andreanne Cleroux, Chloe Wormser
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and long term outcome of a novel surgical technique developed to treat a proximal ureteral obstruction in a cat. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 3-year-old female spayed Russian blue cat. METHODS: A 3-year-old female spayed Russian blue cat presented with a fever, decreased appetite, vomiting, and abdominal discomfort. A proximal left ureteral obstruction was noted on ultrasonographic examination...
March 5, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Ayman A Mostafa, Devin P Cunningham, Randy J Boudrieau, Michael P Kowaleski, Dominique J Griffon
OBJECTIVE: To determine repeatability of and correlation between 2 radiographic measurements of femoral anteversion angles (FAA) and to determine their influence on a score derived from tibial plateau angle (TPA) and FAA to predict the risk of cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Forty-eight Labrador retrievers with or without CCLD. METHODS: FAA and CCLD scores were calculated for each limb from extended pelvic radiographs (t-FAA) or angled (a-FAA) projections of the femur by 3 investigators...
April 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Rashi Asthana, Michelle L Oblak, Ameet Singh, Anthony J Mutsaers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a simulated CO2 pneumoperitoneum environment on the viability and proliferation of canine transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cells in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro study. METHODS: A control Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line and 3 canine TCC cell lines were exposed to 100% CO2 at pressure of 0, 5, 10, or 15 mmHg for 2 hours by using an airtight chamber and a mechanical insufflator at 37°C. Culture media pH was measured...
April 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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