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Veterinary Surgery: VS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034493/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-surgical-site-infection-and-septic-arthritis-after-elective-arthroscopy-in-horses
#1
Julie Y Brunsting, Frederik J Pille, Maarten Oosterlinck, Maarten Haspeslagh, Hans C Wilderjans
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of infection and associated risk factors, after elective arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case study. ANIMALS: Horses (n=1079) undergoing elective arthroscopy. METHODS: Medical records of all horses that underwent elective arthroscopy between 2006 and 2013 were reviewed. Age, gender, breed, surgeon, number of joints operated, total anesthetic time, perioperative antimicrobial administration, and the presence and size of osteochondral fragments/subchondral lesions were recorded...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023791/application-of-computed-tomography-and-stereolithography-to-correct-a-complex-angular-and-torsional-limb-deformity-in-a-donkey
#2
Alexandra Radtke, Samantha Morello, Peter Muir, Courtney Arnoldy, Jason Bleedorn
OBJECTIVE: To report the evaluation, surgical planning, and outcome for correction of a complex limb deformity in the tibia of a donkey using computed tomographic (CT) imaging and a 3D bone model. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 1.5-year-old, 110 kg donkey colt with an angular and torsional deformity of the right pelvic limb. METHODS: Findings on physical examimation included a severe, complex deformity of the right pelvic limb that substantially impeded ambulation...
October 12, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023790/adult-multipotent-stromal-cell-cryopreservation-pluses-and-pitfalls
#3
REVIEW
Wei Duan, Mandi J Lopez, Kevin Hicok
Study and clinical testing of adult multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) are central to progressive improvements in veterinary regenerative medicine. Inherent limitations to long-term culture preclude use for storage. Until cell line creation from primary isolates becomes routine, MSC stasis at cryogenic temperatures is required for this purpose. Many protocols and reagents, including cryoprotectants, used for veterinary MSCs are derived from those for human and rodent cells. Dissimilarities in cryopreservation strategies play a role in variable MSC behaviors...
October 12, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991378/accuracy-and-safety-of-pin-placement-during-lateral-versus-dorsal-stabilization-of-lumbar-spinal-fracture-luxation-in-dogs
#4
Joycelyn H Tran, David A Hall, John M Morton, Kirsten J Deruddere, Samuel R Snelling
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and safety of pin placement for lateral vertebral stabilization to the reference dorsal stabilization. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized noninferiority trial. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty Greyhound cadaveric lumbar spines (L1-L6). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-nine lumbar vertebral pins placed in 80 vertebrae were assessed; these pins were distributed approximately equally between the dorsal and lateral approaches, and between 2 surgeons...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990691/comparison-of-2-training-programs-for-basic-laparoscopic-skills-and-simulated-surgery-performance-in-veterinary-students
#5
Chi-Ya Chen, Claude A Ragle, Rachael Lencioni, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 2 training curricula on laparoscopic skills and performance of simulated surgery in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students (n = 33) with no prior hands-on experience in minimally invasive surgery. METHODS: Basic laparoscopic skills (BLS) were assessed based on 5 modified McGill inanimate system for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990687/phrenicoabdominal-venotomy-for-tumor-thrombectomy-in-dogs-with-adrenal-neoplasia-and-suspected-vena-caval-invasion
#6
Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, Ingrid M Balsa, Allison L Zwingenberger
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for tumor thrombectomy by phrenicoabdominal venotomy in dogs with adrenal neoplasia and suspected caval invasion and to report complications and outcomes associated with the procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eight client-owned dogs with invasive adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with adrenal tumors with extension of thrombus into the phrenicoabdominal vein (PAV) and vena cava were reviewed...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990681/limb-shortening-as-a-strategy-for-limb-sparing-treatment-of-appendicular-osteosarcoma-of-the-distal-radius-in-a-dog
#7
Sarah E Boston, Owen T Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To develop and report a novel limb sparing technique for the distal radius in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: A 14-year-old, female spayed Labrador Retriever with an osteosarcoma of the right distal radius and a pathological fracture. A previous mast cell tumor had been treated 5 years prior to presentation with marginal excision and a full-course radiation over the right metacarpal bones. The dog had received 2 doses of palliative radiation just prior to presentation...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990676/arthroscopic-approach-and-anatomy-of-the-stifle-joint-in-the-rabbit
#8
Sarah Torrey Peters, Markus Wilke, Tanja Schmid
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique and normal findings for arthroscopy of the stifle in rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver study. ANIMALS: Twenty cadaveric stifles from New Zealand White rabbits were examined. METHODS: The arthroscope was placed through a medial portal, and instrument portals were created on the lateral aspect of the joint. The same portals were used for examination of the entire joint and palpation of structures with a probe...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987065/technique-associated-outcomes-in-horses-following-large-colon-resection
#9
Lynn M Pezzanite, Eileen S Hackett
OBJECTIVE: To compare survival and complications in horses undergoing large colon resection with either sutured end-to-end or stapled functional end-to-end anastomoses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned horses with gastrointestinal disease. METHODS: Retrospective data were retrieved from the medical records of 26 horses undergoing colectomy, including 14 horses with sutured end-to-end and 12 horses with stapled functional end-to-end anastomoses, between 2003 and 2016...
October 7, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972268/ex-vivo-comparison-of-single-layer-and-double-layer-laparoscopic-closure-of-equine-bladders-with-2-types-of-barbed-sutures
#10
Dustin S Major, Amy H Duff, Noah D Cohen, Joanne Hardy
OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic single-layer versus double-layer closure of experimental, full-thickness incisions in adult equine urinary bladders using unidirectional and bidirectional barbed suture. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, ex vivo, surgical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty adult equine cadaver urinary bladders. METHODS: Bladders were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 6): intact controls, bladders sutured with unidirectional or bidirectional barbed suture in a single-layer closure, and bladders sutured with unidirectional or bidirectional barbed suture in a double-layer closure...
October 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952152/pharmacokinetics-of-ceftazidime-after-regional-limb-perfusion-in-standing-horses
#11
Gil L Oreff, Amos J Tatz, Roee Dahan, Gilad Segev, Shelley Haberman, Malka Britzi, Gal Kelmer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the metacarpophalangeal joint fluid concentrations of ceftazidime administered via regional limb perfusion (RLP). ANIMALS: Eight healthy horses. METHODS: RLP was performed by injecting 2 g of ceftazidime and 60 mL of perfusate volume in the cephalic vein of standing, sedated horses. Serum and synovial fluid from the metacarpophalangeal joint were collected before perfusion and at 0.5, 2, 6, 12, 24 hours postperfusion...
September 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940654/video-assisted-microwave-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-a-metastatic-lung-lesion-in-a-dog-with-appendicular-osteosarcoma-and-hypertrophic-osteopathy
#12
Kaitlyn Mazzaccari, Sarah E Boston, Beau B Toskich, Kristina Bowles, J Brad Case
OBJECTIVE: To describe video-assisted microwave ablation (VAMA) for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion secondary to right forelimb osteosarcoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a metastatic lung lesion secondary to appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: An osteosarcoma of the right distal scapula and proximal humerus that was suspected to be a radiation-induced osteosarcoma was treated with limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy...
September 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940545/effect-of-distal-ulnar-ostectomy-on-carpal-joint-stability-during-weight-bearing-in-the-dog
#13
Pierre M Amsellem, Aisha N Young, Tammy L Muirhead, LeeAnn Pack, Peter Moak, Andrea R Matthews, Denis J Marcellin-Little
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a 50% distal ulnectomy on mediolateral carpal stability in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Canine cadaveric study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Seven canine thoracic limbs METHODS: Thoracic limbs were placed in a jig to mimic weight bearing with a load representing 30% of body weight. Carpal extension angle was standardized at 190° ± 5°. Frontal plane carpal angles were measured with the limb loaded on craniocaudal radiographs before and after ulnectomy...
September 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921666/comparison-of-laparoscopic-gastropexy-performed-via-intracorporeal-suturing-with-knotless-unidirectional-barbed-suture-using-a-needle-driver-versus-a-roticulated-endoscopic-suturing-device-30-cases
#14
Kristin A Coleman, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare two suturing techniques for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty healthy client-owned dogs from breeds predisposed to gastric dilation volvulus. METHODS: Medical records of dogs presented for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy performed with knotless unidirectional barbed suture were reviewed. Dogs were grouped based on the device used for suturing, consisting of an endoscopic needle driver (END) vs an endoscopic suturing device (ESD)...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906566/minimally-invasive-small-intestinal-exploration-and-targeted-abdominal-organ-biopsy-with-a-wound-retraction-device-in-42-cats-2005-2015
#15
Jessica Baron, Michelle Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, Ameet Singh, J Brad Case, William T N Culp, David E Holt, Kelli N Mayhew, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique and evaluate short-term outcome after minimally invasive small intestinal exploration and targeted organ biopsy with a wound retractor device (WRD) in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-two cats. METHODS: A wound retractor was inserted into the abdomen on the ventral midline through a 2-4 cm incision at the level of the umbilicus. Short segments (6-10 cm long) of intestinal tract were sequentially exteriorized and explored through the WRD...
September 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906565/correction-of-antebrachial-angulation-rotation-deformities-in-dogs-with-oblique-plane-inclined-osteotomies
#16
Samuel P Franklin, Ryan K Dover, Natalia Andrade, Desiree Rosselli, Kevin M Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To describe oblique plane inclined osteotomies and report preliminary data on outcomes in dogs treated for antebrachial angulation-rotation deformities. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Six antebrachii from 5 dogs. METHODS: Records of dogs with antebrachial angulation-rotation deformities treated with oblique plane inclined osteotomies were reviewed. Postoperative frontal, sagittal, and transverse plane alignments were assessed subjectively, and alignment in the frontal and sagittal planes was quantified on radiographs...
September 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892186/investigating-the-impact-of-innate-dexterity-skills-and-visuospatial-aptitude-on-the-performance-of-baseline-laparoscopic-skills-in-veterinary-students
#17
Mathew R A MacCormick, Jessica J Kilkenny, Meagan Walker, Alex Zur Linden, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To determine if manual dexterity and visuospatial skills can be used to predict baseline laparoscopic surgery skills in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. METHODS: Veterinary students (n = 45) from years 1-4 volunteered for this study. An hour-long electronic questionnaire was completed by participants. The first section was used to collect demographics and information about prior nonsurgical experiences. The second section included 3 tests of visuospatial skills, including the Purdue Visualization of Rotations Test, Mental Rotations Test, and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885697/second-look-arthroscopic-findings-after-cora-based-leveling-osteotomy
#18
Barbara Vasquez, Don Hulse, Brian Beale, Sharon Kerwin, Chad Andrews, Brian W Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To describe the arthroscopic appearance of intra-articular structures mid-term (9 months) and long-term (>12 months) after CORA-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 41) with second-look arthroscopy of the stifle after CBLO for treatment of a cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency. Both stifles were re-evaluated (stifles n = 42) in 1 dog. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that had second-look arthroscopy after CBLO were reviewed...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885694/influence-of-preoperative-septic-peritonitis-and-anastomotic-technique-on-the-dehiscence-of-enterectomy-sites-in-dogs-a-retrospective-review-of-210-anastomoses
#19
Daniel J Davis, Ryan M Demianiuk, Jon Musser, Maria Podsiedlik, Joe Hauptman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of preoperative septic peritonitis (PSP) and stapled versus hand-sewn anastomoses on the dehiscence of intestinal resection and anastomosis (IRA). We hypothesized that the incidence of IRA dehiscence would be greater (1) when performed with PSP and (2) for hand-sewn anastomoses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. ANIMAL POPULATIONS: Client-owned dogs at Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862743/negative-pressure-therapy-versus-passive-open-abdominal-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-septic-peritonitis-in-dogs-a-randomized-prospective-study
#20
Anneleen L Spillebeen, Joris H Robben, Rachel Thomas, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVE: To compare passive open abdominal drainage (POAD) and negative-pressure abdominal drainage (NPAD) using the ABThera™ system in the treatment of septic peritonitis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 16) with septic peritonitis. METHODS: Dogs with septic peritonitis were randomly assigned to one of two treatment protocols: NPAD versus POAD. Anesthesia time, operating time, duration of drainage, costs, survival, and complications were compared between techniques...
September 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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