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Systematic Parasitology

Evgenija V Dmitrieva, Daria Sanna, M Cristina Piras, Giovanni Garippa, Paolo Merella
Based on an integrative taxonomic approach, combining morphological characters and partial sequences of the nuclear 28S rRNA gene, a new genus and combination for the species Xenoligophoroides cobitis (Ergens, 1963) is proposed, to accommodate ancyrocephalid monogeneans, parasites on the gills of Gobius cobitis Pallas (Gobiidae) from the western Mediterranean Sea and the northern Black Sea. A morphological comparison of newly collected material with the descriptions of Ancyrocephalus cobitis Ergens, 1963 and Haliotrema cupensis Sasal, Pages & Euzet, 1998, recently synonymised and named as Haliotrema cobitis (Ergens, 1963), confirms their similarity and belonging to the same species...
July 11, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jackson A Tomlinson, Ivan G Horak, Dmitry A Apanaskevich
Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) muhsamae Santos Dias, 1954 (Acari: Ixodidae) and H. (R.) subterra Hoogstraal, El Kammah & Camicas, 1992, are redescribed based on males and females. Adults of H. muhsamae were mostly collected from various mongooses (Carnivora: Herpestidae) but also from the striped polecat, Ictonyx striatus (Perry) (Carnivora: Mustelidae), serval, Leptailurus serval (Schreber) (Carnivora: Felidae), red veld rat, Aethomys chrysophilus (de Winton) and Selinda veld rat, Aethomys silindensis Roberts (Rodentia: Muridae) in Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe...
July 4, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Camila Pantoja, Tomáš Scholz, José Luis Luque, Arlene Jones
Two new genera and three new species of paramphistomoid digeneans are described in the family Cladorchiidae Fischoeder, 1901 from doradid, heptapterid, pimelodid and pseudopimelodid fishes in the Amazon River in Peru. Goeldamphistomum amazonum n. g., n. sp. (type-species) from Goeldiella eques (Müller & Troschel) (type-host) and Tenellus trimaculatus (Boulenger), and Goeldamphistomum peruanum n. g., n. sp. from Duopalatinus peruanus Eigenmann & Allen (type-host), Calophysus macropterus (Lichtenstein) and Microglanis sp...
July 3, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Terrence L Miller, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
A survey of the trematode fauna of lutjanid fishes off the east coast of Queensland (QLD), Australia revealed the presence of two species of Neometadena Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970 (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae). Neometadena paucispina n. sp. is described from the intestine and pyloric caeca of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål) and L. russellii (Bleeker) from Moreton Bay, in southeast QLD. Specimens of the type- and only other species, N. ovata (Yamaguti, 1952) Miller & Cribb, 2008, were recovered from L...
July 2, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Scott C Cutmore, Rodney A Bray, Thomas H Cribb
Two new species of Bacciger Nicoll, 1914 (Faustulidae) are described infecting clupeids collected from the waters off Queensland, Australia; Bacciger minor n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys castelnaui (Ogilby) in Moreton Bay, southern Queensland and Bacciger major n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell) collected off Lizard Island, on the northern Great Barrier Reef. The two species both differ from previously described species of Bacciger in the combination of their generally elongate bodies, an entire rather than deeply lobed ovary, vitelline follicles that reach to at least the intestinal bifurcation, instead of restricted to further posteriorly but principally distributed in the hindbody, and intestinal caeca extending posteriorly well past the ventral sucker...
July 2, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
František Moravec, Scott C Cutmore, Russell Q-Y Yong
The nematode Philometra pellucida (Jägerskiöld, 1893) (Philometridae) is redescribed from female specimens obtained from the abdominal cavity of the marine tetraodontiform fish (blackspotted puffer) Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch & Schneider) (Tetraodontidae) off Lizard Island, Australia and off Okinawa, Japan. This is just the second record of this parasite since its description 125 years ago. Light and scanning electron microscopical examination of these nematodes revealed some taxonomically important, previously unreported morphological features, such as the number and arrangement of cephalic papillae, presence of the oesophageal cell nucleus and the size of first-stage larvae in the uterus...
July 2, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Tomáš Scholz, Sareh Tavakol, Lucie Uhrová, Jan Brabec, Iva Přikrylová, Šárka Mašová, Andrea Šimková, Ali Halajian, Wilmien J Luus-Powell
An annotated list of larvae (metacestodes) of gryporhynchid tapeworms (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from freshwater fishes in Africa is provided with numerous new host and geographical records. Newly collected materials from Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan and Zimbabwe practically double the total number of species reported from African fish so far. We confirm the occurrence of 16 species (five unidentified to the species level and most likely representing new taxa) belonging to the genera Amirthalingamia Bray, 1974 (1 species), Cyclustera Fuhrmann, 1901 (2 species), Dendrouterina Fuhrmann, 1912 (1 species), Neogryporhynchus Baer & Bona, 1960 (1 species), Paradilepis Hsü, 1935 (4 species), Parvitaenia Burt, 1940 (5 species), and Valipora Linton, 1927 (2 species)...
May 16, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Maria A Apanaskevich
Amblyomma anicornuta n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae) is described based on adults and nymphs ex deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) and wild pigs (Artiodactyla: Suidae) from Luzon, Philippines. Adults of A. anicornuta n. sp. are similar to those of several Asian and Australasian species of Amblyomma Koch, 1844 with a 4/4 dental formula on the hypostome but can be distinguished by the colouration and pattern of punctations on the conscutum in the male and scutum in the female, the absence of a marginal groove on the conscutum in the male, the possession of long, thick, prominent setae on the alloscutum in the female, projections on anal valves and sclerotised ring around them in the male, a large median sclerite ventrally in the male, as well by the shape of the genital aperture in the female and the size and shape of spurs on coxae I-IV in both sexes...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Lidiane Maria da Silva-Carvalho, Danilo Giovanni Narciso Pastura, Jennifer Vieira Gomes, Priscyanne Barreto Siqueira, Mariana Borges Rodrigues, Viviane Moreira de Lima, Bruno Pereira Berto
A species of Isospora Schneider, 1881 (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) considered as new to science is described and characterised molecularly from the eastern white-throated spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus Vieillot in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, southeastern Brazil. Isospora lopesi n. sp. has oöcysts that are subspheroidal to ovoidal, 18-24 × 18-22 (20.6 × 19.7) µm, with smooth, bilayered wall, c.1.5 μm thick. Micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but one polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal, 12-16 × 8-11 (14...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Thomas G Rosser, Wes A Baumgartner, Neely R Alberson, Travis W Noto, Ethan T Woodyard, D Tommy King, David J Wise, Matt J Griffin
Clinostomum spp. (Digenea: Clinostomidae) are a group of trematodes commonly found in the buccal cavity and oesophagus of a variety of piscivorous birds. The metacercariae, colloquially known as "yellow grubs," have been reported from a diverse group of freshwater fishes worldwide. In the catfish farming region of the southeastern USA, piscivorous birds present a continuous challenge for aquaculturists in the form of fish depredation and the introduction of trematodes into these static, earthen pond systems...
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Rodney A Bray, Thomas H Cribb, Scott C Cutmore
Digeneans of the lepocreadioid families Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905 and Aephnidiogenidae Yamaguti, 1934 from Moreton Bay, off southern Queensland, Australia, are recorded, along with the erection of a new family, Gibsonivermidae. Molecular data were generated for all representatives of these families collected during this study and a phylogram for members of the superfamily was generated based on the partial 28S rDNA dataset, placing these species in context with those previously sequenced. This phylogenetic analysis demonstrates that the monotypic Gibsonivermis Bray, Cribb & Barker, 1997 is isolated from all other lepocreadioids and supports the erection of Gibsonivermidae n...
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Halima Jmii Chine, Omar M Amin, Ana Elena Ahuir Baraja, Lamia Gargouri
Specimens of an arhythmacanthid acanthocephalan were recovered from the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (L.) (Perciformes: Moronidae) in Bizerte Lagoon, northern Tunisia. The specimens collected showed high morphological similarities to Acanthocephaloides irregularis Amin, Oğuz, Heckmann, Tepe & Kvach, 2011, recovered from four species of marine fishes in the Gulf of Odessa and Sukhyi Lyman off the Ukrainian Black Sea coast. Light and scanning electron microscopy revealed some morphological differences from the Black Sea specimens in trunk spine distribution, number of proboscis hooks in males (4 instead of 5), and lack of demonstrable trunk collar...
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Delane C Kritsky
As part of a survey of the parasites infecting the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, the gill lamellae of two species, the common silver-biddy Gerres oyena (Forsskål) and the common silver belly Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier (both Gerreidae), were found infected with monogenoids as follows: Metahaliotrema filamentosum Venkatanarasaiah, 1981 (Dactylogyridae) was redescribed from G. oyena and recorded from G. subfasciatus (both new host records); Metahaliotrema imparilis n. sp., Protogyrodactylus monacanthus n...
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Ian Beveridge, Aaron Jex, Nicole Tan, Abdul Jabbar
Three new species of the parasitic nematode genus Cloacina von Linstow, 1898 (Strongyloidea: Cloacininae) are described from the stomachs of wallaroos, Osphranter spp. (Marsupialia: Macropodidae), from northern Australia. Cloacina spearei n. sp. is described from O. robustus woodwardi (Thomas) and O. antilopinus (Gould) and is distinguished from congeners by the shape of the cephalic papillae, the shallow buccal capsule, the presence of an oesophageal denticle and the convoluted but non-recurrent vagina in the female...
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Argun Akif Özak, Sonia Ternengo, Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
Caligus pagelli Delamare Deboutteville & Nuñes-Ruivo, 1958, a rare and poorly known sea louse, is redescribed based on newly collected specimens of both sexes. The new material was collected from the common pandora Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus) caught in western Mediterranean waters off Corsica. The original and only available description of C. pagelli was incomplete and based only on females. Here we redescribe the female in detail, and describe the male for the first time.
July 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jialu Yu, Jianmei An, Yue Li, Christopher B Boyko
The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the holoparasitic isopod Gyge ovalis (Shiino, 1939) has been determined. The mitogenome is 14,268 bp in length and contains 34 genes: 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA, 19 tRNA and a control region. Three tRNA genes (trnE, trnI and trnS1) are missing. Most of the tRNA genes show secondary structures which derive from the usual cloverleaf pattern except for trnC which is characterised by the loss of the DHU-arm. Compared to the isopod ground pattern and Eurydice pulchra Leach, 1815 (suborder Cymothoida Wägele, 1989), the genome of G...
June 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jing Kang, Liang Li
Everted cystacanths of Sphaerirostris lanceoides (Petrochenko, 1949) Golvan 1956 are reported from the Asiatic toad Bufo gargarizans Cantor (Amphibia: Anura) for the first time. The prevalence was 1.96% and the intensity ranged between 1.0-3.0 acanthocephalans. SEM observations revealed the morphology of the gonopore and the presence of a flat, bare region on the apical part of the proboscis. Moreover, S. lanceoides was characterised using molecular approaches by sequencing the ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region and the mitochondrial cox1 gene...
June 2018: Systematic Parasitology
František Moravec, Gabriela N Novacovsky, Jesús S Hernández-Orts
Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, a new nematode parasite, Pseudodelphis eleginopsis n. sp. (Dracunculoidea: Guyanemidae), is described from tissues behind the gills of the Patagonian blennie Eleginops maclovinus (Cuvier) (Perciformes: Eleginopsidae) off the Atlantic coast (San Matías and San José Gulfs) of Patagonia, Argentina. The new species is mainly characterised by the length of the body (males 10-13 mm, larvigerous females 31-59 mm), the number (14) and arrangement of cephalic papillae, the absence of a buccal capsule, the muscular to glandular oesophagus length ratio (1:3-4) of larvigerous females, the length of the spicules (48-63 µm) and the number (7 pairs) and arrangement of the caudal papillae in the male...
June 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jorge C Eiras, Cristina Cruz, Aurélia Saraiva
A synopsis of the species of Ceratomyxa Thélohan, 1892 (Cnidaria, Myxosporea, Ceratomyxidae) described between 2007 and 2017 is presented, including 83 nominal species. For each species, the most important morphological and morphometric features are indicated in tabulated format. Included are also the site of infection within the host, and geographical location, plus a full bibliography of the original records of species. Molecular data (GenBank accession numbers) are also provided whenever possible.
June 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Nicholas Q-X Wee, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Two monorchiid species are reported from the freckled goatfish, Upeneus tragula Richardson, from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Specimens of a species new to science were most morphologically similar to species of the genus Timonia Bartoli & Prevot, 1966, but significant differences in the arrangement of the testes (symmetrical vs oblique) and morphology of the terminal organ (bipartite vs unipartite) necessitate the proposal of a new genus; Madhavia n. g. is proposed for M. fellaminutus n. sp. Specimens of the second species are identified as Parachrisomon delicatus (Manter & Pritchard, 1964) Madhavi, 2008, extending its known range from Hawaii to Australia...
May 2018: Systematic Parasitology
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