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Systematic Parasitology

Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Howard E Lemon
Ixodes goliath n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), is described based on females collected from the eastern hyomys, Hyomys goliath (Milne-Edwards) (Rodentia: Muridae) from Papua New Guinea. Females of I. goliath n. sp. are similar to those of I. priscicollaris Schulze, 1932 but can be distinguished by the overall size, porose areas sculpture and shape of palpal segment I ventrally. For comparative purposes, the female of I. priscicollaris is redescribed. Studied females of I. priscicollaris were found on murid rodents and Phascogale sp...
March 13, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Storm B Martin, Thomas H Cribb, Scott C Cutmore, Daniel C Huston
Choerodonicola Cribb, 2005 is a minor genus of opecoelid trematodes defined for species with exceptionally small eggs but otherwise generalised morphology. Four species are currently recognised, all from fishes collected in Japanese waters but each from different perciform families: a labrid, a scarid, a sparid and pinguipeds. We report on a new species, Choerodonicola arothokoros n. sp., from the blue-barred parrotfish Scarus ghobban Forsskål (Scaridae) collected in subtropical waters of Moreton Bay, south-east Queensland, Australia...
March 12, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Luis A Ñacari, Fabiola A Sepulveda, Rubén Escribano, Rodney A Bray, Marcelo E Oliva
The Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem (HCLME) is recognised as one of the largest and most productive marine ecosystems. The estimated number of teleost fish species for the Chilean coast influenced by the HCLME reaches c.1,030 but digeneans have been reported for 39 teleost species, i.e. less than 4% of the potential hosts. During a survey of parasites of the Galápagos sheephead wrasse Semicossyphus darwini (Jennyns) (Perciformes: Labridae) from off northern Chile, we obtained representatives of three digenean species, Helicometrina nimia Linton, 1910 (Opecoelidae), Proctoeces humboldti George-Nascimento & Quiroga, 1983 (Fellodistomidae) and Labrifer secundus Manter, 1940 (Lepidapedidae)...
March 10, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Chris T McAllister, Dagmara Motriuk-Smith, Catherine M Kerr
Three new species of coccidians (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) are described from eastern moles, Scalopus aquaticus (Linnaeus) from Arkansas. Oöcysts of Cyclospora duszynskii n. sp. are subspheroidal with a smooth bi-layered wall, measure 11.4 × 10.0 µm, and have a length/width (L/W) ratio of 1.1; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but a single polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal and measure 7.2 × 5.4 µm, L/W 1.3; an indistinct Stieda body is present, but the sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies are absent and the sporocyst residuum is composed of medium to large granules of different sizes along the edge of the sporocyst...
February 19, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Ramezan Asghari, Ali Eskandari, Zahra Tanha Maafi, Wilfrida Decraemer
Trichodorus zanjanensis n. sp., collected from the rhizosphere of wild almond tree (Amygdalus scoparia Spach) in Zanjan Province, Iran, is described and illustrated based on morphological and molecular data. The new species is characterised by its body length (772-819 μm in males; 704-953 μm in females), and in having medium-sized onchiostyle (60-64 μm in males; 59-65 μm in females) and a short dorsal overlap of the intestine. Males of the new species have two ventromedian cervical papillae posterior to onchiostyle region, ventrally curved spicules, smooth, long and wide manubrium, gradually continuing in a narrower anterior part of the blade provided with bristles and marked from the wider and transversely striated main part of the blade, tapered towards distal end, three ventromedian precloacal supplements, the posterior one (SP1) situated at the level of anterior blade and gubernaculum situated at 24-25 μm from the cloaca...
February 15, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Aogu Setsuda, Alexis Ribas, Kittipong Chaisiri, Serge Morand, Monidarin Chou, Fidelino Malbas, Muchammad Yunus, Hiroshi Sato
More than a dozen Gongylonema spp. (Spirurida: Spiruroidea: Gongylonematidae) have been described from a variety of rodent hosts worldwide. Gongylonema neoplasticum (Fibiger & Ditlevsen, 1914), which dwells in the gastric mucosa of rats such as Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout) and Rattus rattus (Linnaeus), is currently regarded as a cosmopolitan nematode in accordance with global dispersion of its definitive hosts beyond Asia. To facilitate the reliable specific differentiation of local rodent Gongylonema spp...
February 14, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jamille Karina Coelho Correa, Emil José Hernández-Ruz, Marcos Tobias de Santana Miglionico, Lúcio André Viana
A new coccidian species of the genus Isospora Schneider 1881 (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae) is reported from a single specimen of chelid turtle, Platemys platycephala (Schneider, 1792), obtained in a flooded area of the Amazonian municipality of Altamira, in Pará State, northern Brazil. The oöcysts of Isospora platemysi n. sp. are subspheroidal, 19.0-24.0 × 22.5-18.5 (22.6 × 20.8) µm in size [length/width ratio 1.0-1.1 (1.1)], with a colourless wall, 1.0-1.9 (1.4) wide, with two smooth layers; polar granule is present, oöcyst residuum and micropyle are both absent...
February 8, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Francisca I Cavaleiro, Duarte G Frade, Luís F Rangel, Maria J Santos
Syndesmis François, 1886 is a genus of umagillid turbellarians comprising species which are typically endosymbionts of echinoids, i.e. sea urchins. This group is likely key in addressing the issue of transition between a free-living and a parasitic mode of life in the Platyhelminthes. Accordingly, its phylogeny should be considered for detailed analysis, namely by addressing molecular evidence for its different species. At the present time, a revisitation of Syndesmis is required and fully justified by the following lines of argument: (i) the body of knowledge on Syndesmis is large, but the information is scattered through many different works in the literature; (ii) for about 60 years, it was a common practice to assign the umagillids isolated from sea urchins as a single species, i...
February 8, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Two species of the trematode genus Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899 (Gorgoderidae) are reported infecting teleost fishes from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Phyllodistomum hyporhamphi n. sp. is described from two species of garfishes (Hemiramphidae), Hyporhamphus regularis ardelio (Whitley) and H. australis (Steindachner). The new species differs from other marine species of Phyllodistomum in possessing a forebody length less than half that of the body, a body length to width ratio < 4:1, an oral sucker width to ventral sucker width ratio > 1:1 and < 2:1, 7-9 strong, marginal undulations on each side of the body and large, slightly lobed vitelline masses...
February 7, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
S B Martin, K Crouch, S C Cutmore, T H Cribb
The Opecoelidae Ozaki, 1925, the largest trematode family, currently lacks an adequate subfamilial organisation. In particular, recent analyses have shown that the sequenced representatives of the Opistholebetinae Fukui, 1929 are nested among taxa currently recognised in the Plagioporinae Manter, 1947, which itself is polyphyletic. The concept of the Opistholebetinae persists because its 25 or so species are united by a distinctive morphology and a narrow host range; species are known only from tetraodontiform fishes, specifically of the Tetraodontidae and Diodontidae, and possess a muscular post-oral ring, unusual pigmented granules throughout the body and a ventral sucker positioned more posteriorly than is typical for other opecoelids...
February 7, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jesús Molinari, S Andrea Moreno
Proper application of the principles of biological nomenclature is fundamental for scientific and technical communication about organisms. As other scientific disciplines, taxonomy inherently is open to change, thus species names cannot be final and immutable. Nevertheless, altering the names of organisms of high economical, medical, or veterinary importance can become a complex challenge between the scientific need to have correct classifications, and the practical ideal of having fixed classifications. Trypanosoma evansi (Steel, 1885), T...
February 6, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Diego Henrique Mirandola Dias Vieira, Vinícius Panciera Tagliavini, Vanessa Doro Abdallah, Rodney Kozlowiski de Azevedo
A new species of myxozoan, Myxobolus imparfinis n. sp. is described based on material from the gills of Imparfinis mirini (Haseman) (Heptapteridae). Mature myxospores are round, measuring 7.1-8.4 (7.9 ± 0.3) μm in length, 4.5-6.2 (5.5 ± 0.5) μm in width and 3.1-4.2 (3.7 ± 0.3) μm in thickness. The polar capsules are of unequal size, the larger polar capsule measuring 3.4-4.5 (3.9 ± 0.3) μm in length and 1.4-2.0 (1.7 ± 0.1) μm in width and the smaller capsule measuring 3.1-3.8 (3.4 ± 0.2) μm in length and 1...
February 1, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Rémy Hostettler, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
Combined morphological and molecular analyses are used to characterise two new species of Haplorchoides Chen, 1949 (Digenea: Heterophyidae) from an Australian siluriform fish. Haplorchoides maiwariensis n. sp. and H. daguilarensis n. sp. are described from the intestine of the Blue salmon catfish, Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner) (Siluriformes: Ariidae) from tidal reaches of the Brisbane River and from a freshwater creek off Lake Wivenhoe, Kipper Creek, Australia. The two new species most obviously differ from all previously described species of Haplorchoides in possessing clearly and reliably tripartite seminal vesicles...
January 25, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León, Thibaut Anglade, Haseeb S Randhawa
As a part of a comprehensive survey of macroparasites of commercially exploited fish species off the coast of Otago, New Zealand, the parasite fauna of the New Zealand sole Peltorhamphus novaezeelandiae Günther was recently studied. Steringotrema robertpoulini n. sp. is described from this host and compared with known species of Steringotrema Odhner, 1911. The new species is readily distinguished from all of its congeners, except for S. divergens (Rudolphi, 1809) Odhner, 1911, by having the follicular vitellarium divided in four zones rather than two, and can be differentiated from S...
January 25, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Nessrine Ghanmi, David González-Solís, Lamia Gargouri
Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, two new gonad-infecting species of Philometra Costa, 1845, P. draco n. sp. and P. radiata n. sp. (Nematoda: Philometridae), are described from the marine perciform fishes Trachinus draco (Linnaeus) and T. radiatus (Linnaeus) (both Trachinidae), respectively, in the Gulf of Hammamet, off the northeastern coast of Tunisia. Philometra draco n. sp. and P. radiata n. sp. can be separated from other gonad-infecting species of this genus by the structures associated to the gubernaculum (e...
January 24, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Jackson R Roberts, Cova R Arias, Kenneth M Halanych, Binh T Dang, Stephen A Bullard
Platt sinuosus Roberts & Bullard n. g., n. sp. (type-species) infects the kidney and mesenteric blood vessels of Mekong snail-eating turtles, Malayemys subtrijuga (Schlegel & Müller), in the Mekong River Basin. Species of Platt Roberts & Bullard n. g. are unique by the combination of having a papillate ventral sucker, vasa efferentia that are dorsal to the gonads, a massive cirrus-sac that is directed anteriad or laterad, and a vitellarium that surrounds the intestinal caeca. The new species resembles Platt ocadiae (Takeuti, 1942) Roberts & Bullard n...
January 22, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
John A Hnida
Eimeria maricopensis n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) is described from 2 of 15 (13%) Arizona cotton rats Sigmodon arizonae Mearns in Arizona, USA. Sporulated oöcysts of this new species are ovoidal to ellipsoidal, 20-28 × 16-22 (24.9 × 19.2) µm, with a smooth, bi-layered wall; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but fragmented polar granule material is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal, 11-14 × 6-8 (12.9 × 7.0) µm, with a Stieda body, sub-Stieda body, and sporocyst residuum; sporozoites are elongate with a spheroidal anterior refractile body and a subspheroidal posterior refractile body...
January 19, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Susan M Dippenaar
Tripaphylus Richiardi in Anonymous, 1878 is one of the genera of the Sphyriidae Wilson, 1919 and it currently accommodates ten species. Only scanty descriptions are available for the females and some males of the species. Tripaphylus specimens, described and illustrated in this paper, were collected from elasmobranch hosts off the South African coast or came from the private collection of the late Dr G. Benz. Collected specimens were fixed and preserved in 70% ethanol, examined by light - and scanning electron microscopy, and compared with the known species...
December 20, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
Ana Nunes Dos Santos, Allan Rodrigo de Oliveira Rodrigues, Fábio José Dos Santos Rocha, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos, Cynthya Elizabeth González, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos Melo
Neocosmocercella fisherae n. sp. is the first nematode species found parasitising Phyllomedusa bicolor from the Brazilian Amazon Region. The new species has a triangular oral opening, with bi-lobed lips, and is distinguished from N. bakeri (triangular oral opening with simple lips), and from N. paraguayensis (hexagonal oral opening with bi-lobed lips). Additionally, the new species has ciliated cephalic papillae, which are absent in the other species of the genus. The reduced uterine sac and the presence of a single egg in the uterus in females are the main morphological characters that differentiate the new species from its congeners N...
March 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Ioana Cristina Constantinescu, Costică Adam, Patrick Kouassi Yao, Yaokokore-Béibro Hilare, Gabriel Bogdan Chișamera, Gianluca D'Amico, Călin M Gherman, Andrei D Mihalca, Attila D Sándor
Two new feather mite species of the family Pteronyssidae Oudemans, 1941 collected from birds captured in Ivory Coast are described: Pteronyssoides cyanomitrae n. sp. from Cyanomitra obscura (Jardine) (Passeriformes: Nectariniidae) and Conomerus pygmaeus n. sp. from Hylia prasina (Cassin) (Passeriformes: Macrosphenidae). Pteronyssoides cyanomitrae n. sp. belongs to the nectariniae species group and differs from the closest species, P. garioui Gaud & Mouchet, 1959, in having, in males, the adanal shield present and setae f longer than setae d on the tarsus III; females of this species have the hysteronotal shield with two small median incisions on the anterior margin barely extending beyond the level of setae e2...
March 2018: Systematic Parasitology
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