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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859487/an-empirical-test-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-in-a-heterogeneous-eating-disorder-sample
#1
Emily M Pisetsky, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS) model has not been fully tested in a clinical eating disorder (ED) population. METHOD: Participants (N = 114) completed questionnaires assessing suicidal ideation (SI), suicide attempts (SA), and constructs of the IPTS. Logistic regressions determined whether thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness were associated with lifetime SI. Among those who endorsed lifetime SI, logistic regressions were used to determine whether elements of the acquired capability for suicide (fearlessness about death and painful and provocative events) were associated with lifetime SA...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862132/direct-and-indirect-costs-among-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-in-the-united-states
#2
You-Li Ling, Karen L Rascati, Manjiri Pawaskar
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the economic burden of binge-eating disorder (BED) in terms of work productivity loss, healthcare resource utilization, and healthcare costs. METHODS: Respondents of the US National Health and Wellness Survey 2013 were invited to participate in a follow-up internet survey to identify adults with BED using DSM-5 criteria. Work productivity loss, healthcare resource utilization, and direct and indirect costs were assessed for BED respondents and matched non-BED respondents using generalized linear models or two-part models as appropriate...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859581/the-risk-of-eating-disorders-comorbid-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Camila Bernardes, Gemma Peachey, Joseph Sergeant, Paulo Mattos, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: There has been interest in whether people with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of developing an Eating Disorder (ED). The aim of this study was estimate the size of this association with a meta-analysis of studies. METHODS: We retrieved studies following PRISMA guidelines from a broad range of databases. RESULTS: Twelve studies fitted our primary aim in investigating ED in ADHD populations (ADHD = 4,013/Controls = 29,404), and five exploring ADHD in ED populations (ED = 1,044/Controls = 11,292)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862148/application-of-structural-equation-mixture-modeling-to-characterize-the-latent-structure-of-eating-pathology
#4
Kelsie T Forbush, Jennifer E Wildes
OBJECTIVE: Several theoretical models describe the structure of eating disorders (EDs), and a burgeoning empirical literature has sought to identify whether eating pathology is conceptualized best as categorical (presence or absence of disorder), dimensional (continuous), or a hybrid of categories and dimensions. METHODS: This study used structural equation mixture modeling (SEMM) to identify the latent structure of EDs. Items from the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) were administered to individuals with EDs (N = 344)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862127/the-impact-of-dsm-5-on-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#5
Megen Vo, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorder diagnostic criteria were revised from the fourth to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV and -5, respectively). This study examines the impact of these revisions on rates of eating disorder diagnoses in treatment-seeking youth. METHOD: Participants were 651 youth, ages 7-18 years, presenting to an outpatient eating disorders program who met criteria for a DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis on intake...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862108/predictors-of-dropout-in-face-to-face-and-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hunna J Watson, Michele D Levine, Stephanie C Zerwas, Robert M Hamer, Ross D Crosby, Caroline S Sprecher, Amy O'Brien, Benjamin Zimmer, Sara M Hofmeier, Hans Kordy, Markus Moessner, Christine M Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors and moderators of failure to engage (i.e., pretreatment attrition) and dropout in both Internet-based and traditional face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bulimia nervosa. We also sought to determine if Internet-based treatment reduced failure to engage and dropout. METHOD: Participants (N = 191, 98% female) were randomized to Internet-based CBT (CBT4BN) or traditional face-to-face group CBT (CBTF2F). Sociodemographics, clinical history, eating disorder severity, comorbid psychopathology, health status and quality of life, personality and temperament, and treatment-related factors were investigated as predictors...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859458/children-of-parents-with-bed-have-more-eating-behavior-disturbance-than-children-of-parents-with-obesity-or-healthy-weight
#8
Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: A limited literature suggests an association between parental eating disorders and child eating-disorder behaviors although this research has focused primarily on restrictive-type eating disorders and very little is known about families with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: The current study focused on parents (N = 331; 103 fathers and 226 mothers), comparing parents with core features of BED (n = 63) to parents with obesity and no eating disorder (OB; n = 85) and parents with healthy-weight and no eating disorder (HW; n = 183)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768820/could-the-resource-depletion-model-of-self-control-help-the-field-to-better-understand-momentary-processes-that-lead-to-binge-eating
#9
Katie A Loth, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Stephen A Wonderlich, Jason M Lavender, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Kathleen D Vohs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768806/outcomes-of-three-universal-eating-disorder-risk-reduction-programs-by-participants-with-higher-and-lower-baseline-shape-and-weight-concern
#10
Simon M Wilksch, Susan J Paxton, Susan M Byrne, S Bryn Austin, Anne O'Shea, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if baseline shape and weight concern (SWC) moderated outcomes in Prevention Across the Spectrum, a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of 3 school-based programs aimed at reducing eating disorder and obesity risk factors. METHOD: N = 1,316 Grade 7 and 8 girls and boys (M age = 13.21 years) across three Australian states were randomly allocated to: Media Smart; Life Smart; Helping, Encouraging, Listening and Protecting Peers Initiative (HELPP) or control (usual school class)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753140/associations-of-adolescent-emotional-and-loss-of-control-eating-with-1-year-changes-in-disordered-eating-weight-and-adiposity
#11
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753130/facebook-and-body-image-concern-in-adolescent-girls-a-prospective-study
#12
Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to examine the relationship across time between Facebook use and body image concern in adolescent girls. METHOD: A sample of 438 girls in the first two years (Years 8 and 9) of high school (aged 13-15 years) at Time 1 completed questionnaire measures of Facebook consumption and body image concerns, and again two years later (Time 2). RESULTS: Facebook involvement increased substantially over the two year time period...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753127/predicting-persistence-of-eating-disorder-compensatory-weight-control-behaviors
#13
Paul Rohde, Eric Stice, Jeff M Gau
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to identify variables that predicted persistence versus desistence of eating disorder-related compensatory behaviors in a high-risk factor sample of women who reported repeated compensatory behaviors at baseline. Data came from a randomized trial evaluating two brief obesity prevention interventions for college students with weight concerns. METHOD: Two hundred and sixty one young women (Mean age = 19.1, 79% European American) with weight concerns were randomly assigned to one of two brief obesity prevention interventions or educational video control...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753106/dopaminergic-activity-and-altered-reward-modulation-in-anorexia-nervosa-insight-from-multimodal-imaging
#14
Ursula F Bailer, Julie C Price, Carolyn C Meltzer, Angela Wagner, Chester A Mathis, Anthony Gamst, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have anxious and inhibited temperaments with high concern for consequences. Studies using either positron emission tomography (PET) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suggest involvement of the middle and dorsal caudate (DC) in individuals recovered (REC) from AN. For example, dopamine (DA) D2/D3 receptor binding in the middle caudate and DC was associated with anxiety and harm avoidance, and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) response in the DC was positively related to trait anxiety...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739586/weight-shape-and-muscularity-concerns-in-male-and-female-adolescents-predictors-of-change-and-influences-on-eating-concern
#15
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of age and weight status on adolescents' body dissatisfaction and its change over 20 months in a gender-comparing design. The influence of body image concern on eating concern was also investigated. METHOD: In a prospective study, 675 male and female adolescents aged 12-16 were assessed using self-report questionnaires on weight, shape, muscularity, and eating concerns. Height and weight measurements were taken by trained personnel...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696468/validity-of-exercise-measures-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-ede-compulsive-exercise-test-and-other-self-report-scales
#16
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Jackie Wales, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Compulsive exercise is a prominent feature for the majority of patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but there is a dearth of research evaluating assessment instruments. This study assessed the concurrent validity of the exercise items of the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) and Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), with the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and other self-report exercise measures in patients with AN. We also aimed to perform validation of the CET in an adult clinical sample...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685763/how-do-relatives-cope-with-eating-disorders-results-from-an-italian-multicentre-study
#17
Andrea Fiorillo, Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Umberto Volpe, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Antonella Bruni, Cristina Segura-Garcìa, Francesco Catapano, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to: (1) describe coping strategies in relatives of patients with eating disorders (EDs); (2) analyze coping strategies according to the different EDs; (3) identify correlations between patients' clinical characteristics, relatives' socio-demographic characteristics and coping strategies. METHODS: Patients and their relatives consecutively attending three outpatient units for EDs at the Universities of Naples SUN, Salerno and Catanzaro were recruited...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662100/loss-of-control-over-eating-before-and-during-early-pregnancy-among-community-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Rachel P Kolko, Rebecca L Emery, Marsha D Marcus, Michele D Levine
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of and changes in loss of control over eating (LOC) among pregnant women with overweight/obesity, along with associations between LOC and depressive symptoms and stress. METHOD: Community women (N = 200; body mass index ≥ 25; 12-20 weeks gestation) reported LOC before and during early pregnancy using the Eating Disorder Examination, which was adapted for administration in pregnancy. Women self-reported depressive symptoms and stress during early pregnancy...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642179/binge-eating-disorder-in-the-swedish-national-registers-somatic-comorbidity
#19
Laura M Thornton, Hunna J Watson, Andreas Jangmo, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Claes Norring, Barry K Herman, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between binge-eating disorder (BED) and somatic illnesses and determine whether medical comorbidities are more common in individuals who present with BED and comorbid obesity. METHOD: Cases (n = 850) were individuals with a BED diagnosis in the Swedish eating disorders quality registers. Ten community controls were matched to each case on sex, and year, month, and county of birth. Associations of BED status with neurologic, immune, respiratory, gastrointestinal, skin, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, circulatory, and endocrine system diseases were evaluated using conditional logistic regression models...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636116/genetic-and-environmental-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-weight-preoccupation-and-binge-eating-evidence-for-a-common-factor-with-differential-loadings-across-symptom-type
#20
Shannon M O'Connor, Christopher R Beam, Xiaochen Luo, L Adelyn Cohen, Jessica L VanHuysse, Robert E Emery, Eric Turkheimer, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly Klump
OBJECTIVE: Prior twin studies provide support for a single "common factor" that contributes genetic and environmental risk to a range of disordered eating symptoms. However, the common factor may be indexed less well by binge eating (BE) than other symptoms of eating disorders [i.e., body dissatisfaction (BD) and weight preoccupation (WP)]. We sought to explore the presence of a common factor and test whether loadings differed across three key symptoms (i.e., BE, BD, WP). METHOD: Disordered eating was assessed via self-report in 631 female twin pairs from the Michigan State University Twin Registry...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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