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International Journal of Eating Disorders

Markus Moessner, Johannes Feldhege, Markus Wolf, Stephanie Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Social media plays an important role in everyday life of young people. Numerous studies claim negative effects of social media and media in general on eating disorder risk factors. Despite the availability of big data, only few studies have exploited the possibilities so far in the field of eating disorders. METHOD: Methods for data extraction, computerized content analysis, and network analysis will be introduced. Strategies and methods will be exemplified for an ad-hoc dataset of 4,247 posts and 34,118 comments by 3,029 users of the proed forum on Reddit...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillippa C Diedrichs, Kristin M von Ranson, Jennifer J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This virtual issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders (IJED) highlights the excellent and innovative research and practice discussed at the 2018 International Conference on Eating Disorders held in Chicago, Illinois, USA. METHOD AND RESULTS: The virtual issue contains a series of articles recently published in IJED, which we have curated to reflect and expand on the insights delivered during the conference keynote and plenary presentations...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Abigail A Donaldson, Allison Hall, Jodie Neukirch, Vania Kasper, Shannon Simones, Sherry Gagnon, Steven Reich, Michelle Forcier
Gender nonconforming youth are at risk for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Currently, only a small body of literature addresses this high-risk group. The five cases in this series highlight important themes for this patient population from an interdisciplinary perspective. Identified themes include increased risk for self-harm/suicide, complex psychiatric, and medical implications of delay to treatment for either gender dysphoria or disordered eating, and the importance of collaborative management to maximize care and facilitate healthy development to adulthood...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Duncan McCaig, Sudeep Bhatia, Mark T Elliott, Lukasz Walasek, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Text-mining offers a technique to identify and extract information from a large corpus of textual data. As an example, this study presents the application of text-mining to assess and compare interest in fitness tracking technology across eating disorder and health-related online communities. METHOD: A list of fitness tracking technology terms was developed, and communities (i.e., 'subreddits') on a large online discussion platform (Reddit) were compared regarding the frequency with which these terms occurred...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Hope K Boyd, Lindsay P Bodell, Karen M Jennings, Andrea K Graham, Ross D Crosby, Jennifer E Wildes
BACKGROUND: Desired weight is an indicator of illness severity in youth with anorexia nervosa (AN), but its impact on eating disorder symptoms over time and in adults is unknown. This study examined longitudinal associations between two desired weight constructs (desired weight percentage, weight difference percentage) and eating disorder severity and body mass index (BMI) in patients aged 16-62 years old with AN presenting for inpatient or day hospital treatment. METHOD: Participants (N = 160) completed the Eating Disorder Examination and measures of height and weight at treatment admission, discharge, and 3, 6, and 12 months post-discharge...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Lauren A Stutts, Kerstin K Blomquist
OBJECTIVE: The present study employed a longitudinal design to examine the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between weight/shape concerns and the outcomes of eating pathology and stress in a diverse college student population. METHOD: Participants were 765 students who completed measures of self-compassion, weight/shape concerns, eating pathology, and stress over their first 2 years of college. We tested whether self-compassion attenuated the relation between weight/shape concerns at the beginning of college and eating pathology, and stress later in college...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rachel F Rodgers, Kendrin Sonneville
Policy and legislation have emerged as important levers for universal prevention efforts in the context of eating disorders. However, to date, little attention has been paid to generating research that will inform opportunities to regulate the food environment, specifically the way that food is produced and marketed. The present paper aims to lay out a framework for research that will examine (1) the ways in which food industry may influence risk for eating disorders and (2) the impact of legislative efforts on eating disorder cognitions and behaviors...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Maja Popovic, Costanza Pizzi, Franca Rusconi, Luigi Gagliardi, Claudia Galassi, Morena Trevisan, Franco Merletti, Lorenzo Richiardi
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates associations of maternal eating disorders (bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and purging behaviors) with infant wheezing and examines the effects of eating disorders on several wheezing determinants. METHOD: We studied 5,150 singletons from the NINFEA birth cohort. Maternal bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa diagnoses were ascertained from the questionnaires completed in pregnancy and 6 months after delivery, and were analyzed as: ever diagnosis, only before pregnancy, and during pregnancy...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Christina E Wierenga, Laura Hill, Stephanie Knatz Peck, Jason McCray, Laura Greathouse, Danika Peterson, Amber Scott, Ivan Eisler, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Novel treatments for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) are lacking. Recent scientific advances have identified neurobiologically-driven temperament contributors to AN symptoms that may guide development of more effective treatments. This preliminary study evaluates the acceptability, feasibility and possible benefits of a multicenter open trial of an intensive 5-day neurobiologically-informed multifamily treatment for adults with AN and their supports (SU). The temperament-focused treatment combines psychoeducation of AN neurobiology and SU involvement to develop skills to manage traits contributing to disease chronicity...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
KayLoni L Olson, Tyler T Thaxton, Charles F Emery
OBJECTIVE: This proof-of-concept study was designed to replicate the effects of the empirically-supported Body Project intervention on body dissatisfaction when combined with behavioral recommendations for weight loss among women with overweight or obesity. METHOD: Women with overweight or obesity who reported body dissatisfaction and a desire to lose weight were randomized to one of two 4-week treatment conditions. Individuals assigned to the standard group (n = 15) were directed to track diet and activity level daily...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillip Aouad, Phillipa Hay, Nerissa Soh, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: Until recently, research into Chew and Spit (CHSP) behavior has predominantly focused on clinical samples, and little is known of its prevalence in the community. The current study aimed to bridge this gap by exploring CHSP features in a representative sample of the general population. We hypothesized that the point-prevalence of CHSP would be less than 1%; concurrent with other eating disorder symptomology, and associated with poorer health related quality of life (HRQoL)...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Frédérique R E Smink, Daphne van Hoeken, Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Mathijs Deen, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Hans W Hoek
OBJECTIVE: Self-esteem is implied as a factor in the development of eating disorders. In adolescence peers have an increasing influence. Support for the role of self-esteem in eating disorders is ambiguous and little is known about the influence of social status as judged by others. The present study investigates whether self-esteem and peer status in early adolescence are associated with eating pathology in young adulthood. METHOD: This study is part of TRAILS, a longitudinal cohort study on mental health and social development from preadolescence into adulthood...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Tracey D Wade, Catherine Johnson, Susan M Byrne
BACKGROUND: While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform the efficacy and effectiveness of treatments, we need to understand that even RCTs can be associated with sub-optimal execution. This is of special pertinence to eating disorders given the majority of treatment studies involving cognitive behaviour therapy are of poor quality with respect to managing risk of bias adequately. METHODS: The current paper outlines the components of a good RCT for psychotherapy, and examines ways to improve the conduct, interpretation, and usefulness of RCTs...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Lauren N Forrest, Payton J Jones, Shelby N Ortiz, April R Smith
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive-behavioral theory of eating disorders (EDs) proposes that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology. Core symptoms can be statistically identified using network analysis. Existing ED network studies support that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology, yet no studies have estimated AN core psychopathology and concerns exist about the replicability of network analysis findings. The current study estimated ED symptom networks among people with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and among a combined group of people with AN and BN...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Erica L Goodman, Jessica H Baker, Christine M Peat, Zeynep Yilmaz, Cynthia M Bulik, Hunna J Watson
OBJECTIVE: Weight suppression (WS), the difference between highest past non-pregnancy weight and current weight, predicts negative outcomes in eating disorders, but the impact of WS and related weight constructs are understudied in nonclinical, midlife populations. We examined WS (current weight < highest weight) and weight elevation (WE), the opposite of WS (current weight > lowest weight) and their associations with eating psychopathology in women aged 50+. METHOD: Participants were a community-based sample (N = 1,776, Mage  = 59) who completed demographic and eating psychopathology questions via online survey...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Eva M Conceição, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Ana Rita Vaz, Isabel Brandão, Sofia Ramalho
OBJECTIVE: This study compares different problematic eating behaviors (PEBs; objective [OBE]/subjective [SBE] binge-eating and compulsive [CG]/noncompulsive [NCG] grazing) in relation to the severity of loss of control (LOC) and psychopathology. We also investigate LOC as a mediator between PEBs and psychopathology. METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed a group of patients before bariatric surgery (n = 163), and a group of bariatric patients 12 months or more after surgery (n = 131)...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
D Catherine Walker, Emily K White, Vamshek J Srinivasan
OBJECTIVE: Body checking (BC) and body image avoidance (BIA) have been proposed as etiological and maintaining mechanisms for eating disorder (ED) pathology. To date, no comprehensive review summarizes the relationships of BC and BIA with ED pathology, body image dissatisfaction, or mood/affect. METHOD: Meta-analyses examined the relationships of BC and BIA with ED pathology, body image dissatisfaction, and mood/affect. Gender, publication status, and presence or absence of ED diagnoses were examined as potential moderators...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rachel D Barnes, Valentina Ivezaj, Brian P Pittman, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Individuals seeking weight loss treatment have diverse pretreatment weight trajectories, and once enrolled, individuals' response to weight loss treatments also varies greatly and may be influenced by the presence of binge-eating disorder (BED). Reported average weight losses may obscure these considerable differences. This study examined whether BED status and different weight-related change variables are associated with successful weight loss treatment outcomes in a controlled treatment study...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Simar Singh, Erin C Accurso, Lisa Hail, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Family-based treatment (FBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent eating disorders, yet it is not routinely implemented in clinical practice. Given that consumers play a role in treatment selection, this study sought to examine families' perspectives on FBT and remission markers associated with increased treatment satisfaction across families. METHOD: Participants were 40 adolescents and 43 caregivers who received outpatient FBT. FBT helpfulness was assessed using a treatment follow-up questionnaire, and eating disorder symptomatology was assessed using percent expected body weight (%EBW) and the eating disorder examination (EDE)...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Hope K Boyd, Elizabeth Dougherty, Scott G Engel, Alissa Haedt-Matt
OBJECTIVES: Contextual factors related to maladaptive eating behavior in youth with overweight/obesity are poorly understood. This pilot study sought to elucidate immediate internal and external cues related to perceptions of overeating and loss of control (LOC) over eating in a heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity assessed in their natural environments. METHOD: Community-based youth [N = 40; 55% female (n = 22)], aged 8-14 y (M age = 11...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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