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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#1
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649729/socializing-problems-and-low-self-esteem-enhance-interpersonal-models-of-eating-disorders-evidence-from-a-clinical-sample
#2
Bronwyn C Raykos, Peter M McEvoy, Anthea Fursland
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the relative clinical validity of two interpersonal models of the maintenance of eating disorders, IPT-ED (Rieger et al., ) and the interpersonal model of binge eating (Wilfley, MacKenzie, Welch, Ayres, & Weissman, ; Wilfley, Pike, & Striegel-Moore, ). While both models propose an indirect relationship between interpersonal problems and eating disorder symptoms via negative affect, IPT-ED specifies negative social evaluation as the key interpersonal problem, and places greater emphasis on the role of low self-esteem as an intermediate variable between negative social evaluation and eating pathology...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644568/treatment-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-young-patients-in-a-partial-hospitalization-program-for-eating-disorders
#3
Rollyn M Ornstein, Jamal H Essayli, Terri A Nicely, Emily Masciulli, Susan Lane-Loney
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a recently named condition to classify patients who present with restricted nutritional intake without body image distortion or fear of weight gain. We sought to compare treatment outcomes of patients with ARFID in a family-centered partial hospital program (PHP) to those with other eating disorders (ED). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 130 patients 7 to 17 years of age admitted to the program from 2008 to 2012 was performed...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644541/assessment-of-executive-functioning-in-binge-eating-disorder-independent-of-weight-status
#4
Kalina T Eneva, Jean M Arlt, Angelina Yiu, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Executive functioning (EF) problems may serve as vulnerability or maintenance factors for Binge-Eating Disorder (BED). However, it is unclear if EF problems observed in BED are related to overweight status or BED status. The current study extends this literature by examining EF in overweight and normal-weight BED compared to weight-matched controls. METHOD: Participants were normal-weight women with BED (n = 23), overweight BED (n = 32), overweight healthy controls (n = 48), and normal-weight healthy controls (n = 29)...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644530/long-term-outcome-of-anorexia-nervosa-results-from-a-large-clinical-longitudinal-study
#5
Manfred Maximilian Fichter, Norbert Quadflieg, Ross D Crosby, Sonja Koch
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the long-term outcome of anorexia nervosa (AN) in a very large sample of inpatients (N = 1,693) and identification of predictors for poor outcome. METHOD: Over 25 years (mean 10 years), consecutively admitted inpatients of a specialized hospital were followed. A subsample of 112 patients with 20-year follow-up was defined. Bivariate comparisons and logistic regression analysis identified risk factors of poor outcome. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) increased during the follow-up period...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626944/food-insecurity-and-eating-disorder-pathology
#6
Carolyn Black Becker, Keesha Middlemass, Brigitte Taylor, Clara Johnson, Francesca Gomez
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate eating disorder (ED) pathology in those living with food insecurity. A secondary aim was to investigate whether any-reason dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry increased as level of food insecurity increased. METHOD: Participants (N = 503) seeking food from food pantries completed questionnaires assessing level of food insecurity, demographics, ED pathology, dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623853/the-validity-of-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-for-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#7
Kathryn E Smith, Jo M Ellison, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN). Given limited data regarding the validity of eating disorder (ED) severity specifiers, this study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of severity specifiers in AN, BN, and BED...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593722/macronutrient-intake-associated-with-weight-gain-in-adolescent-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Charumathi Baskaran, Traci L Carson, Karen J Campoverde Reyes, Kendra R Becker, Meghan J Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Kamryn T Eddy, Ellen J Anderson, Jane L Hubbard, Madhusmita Misra, Anne Klibanski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and women with anorexia nervosa (AN) are known to severely restrict total calorie and fat intake. However, data are limited regarding specific macronutrient intake associated with weight gain in AN. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate dietary macronutrient composition associated with weight gain in adolescent girls with AN. METHOD: A prospective naturalistic study of 90 girls 12-18 years old; 45 with AN and 45 healthy normal-weight-controls over a 6-12-month period...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593655/vitamin-d-levels-strongly-influence-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-markers-during-weight-gain-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Alessandro Giollo, Luca Idolazzi, Cristian Caimmi, Angelo Fassio, Francesco Bertoldo, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Ombretta Viapiana, Maurizio Rossini, Davide Gatti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate a potential role for vitamin D status on bone mineral density (BMD) during weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: Spine and hip BMD assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), serum vitamin D (25-OH-D), N-propeptide of type I collagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured before and after a 20-week intensive weight-restoration program in ninety-one female patients with AN and secondary amenorrhoea...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593630/investigating-the-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-based-on-thinness-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#10
Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 severity classification scheme for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) is based upon current body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2) ). This study examined the utility of the DSM-5 severity specifiers for adults with AN in relation to core cognitive and behavioral features of eating pathology and associated psychosocial impairment. METHODS: A clinical sample of 146 adult AN patients (140 women, 6 men) were categorized using DSM-5 current BMI severity specifiers and assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA)...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580715/parental-guided-self-help-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study
#11
James Lock, Alison Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Molly Vierhile, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
OBJECTIVE: Family Based Treatment (FBT) is an evidenced based treatment for adolescent Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but many families cannot access it. This study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary treatment effects of a parental guided self-help (GSH) version of FBT for adolescent AN. METHOD: This was a case-series design. Parents of medically stable adolescents (11-18 years) with DSM-5 AN were recruited over 12 months. Parents received online training in parental GSH FBT and 12 20-30 min GSH sessions by phone or online over 6 months...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#12
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560852/the-significant-effects-of-puberty-on-the-genetic-diathesis-of-binge-eating-in-girls
#13
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Shannon O'Connor, Natasha Fowler, S Alexandra Burt
OBJECTIVE: Recent data show significant phenotypic and genetic associations between ovarian hormones and binge eating in adulthood. Theories of hormonal risk focus on puberty and the possibility that hormone activation induces changes in genetic effects that then lead to differential risk for binge eating in postpuberty and adulthood. Although this theory is difficult to test in humans, an indirect test is to examine whether genetic influences on binge eating increase during the pubertal period in girls...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556022/predictors-of-premature-termination-from-psychotherapy-for-anorexia-nervosa-low-treatment-credibility-early-therapy-alliance-and-self-transcendence
#14
Jennifer Jordan, Virginia V W McIntosh, Frances A Carter, Peter R Joyce, Christopher M A Frampton, Suzanne E Luty, Janice M McKenzie, Janet D Carter, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Failure to complete treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) is- common, clinically concerning but difficult to predict. This study examines whether therapy-related factors (patient-rated pretreatment credibility and early therapeutic alliance) predict subsequent premature termination of treatment (PTT) alongside self-transcendence (a previously identified clinical predictor) in women with AN. METHODS: 56 women aged 17-40 years participating in a randomized outpatient psychotherapy trial for AN...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489323/mild-moderate-meaningful-examining-the-psychological-and-functioning-correlates-of-dsm-5-eating-disorder-severity-specifiers
#15
Loren Gianini, Christina A Roberto, Evelyn Attia, B Timothy Walsh, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Carlos M Grilo, Thomas Weigel, Robyn Sysko
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the DSM-5 severity specifiers for treatment-seeking groups of participants with anorexia nervosa (AN), the purging form of bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Hundred and sixty-two participants with AN, 93 participants with BN, and 343 participants with BED were diagnosed using semi-structured interviews, sub-categorized using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared on demographic and cross-sectional clinical measures...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489288/enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-adapted-for-a-group-setting
#16
Stephanie Wade, Sue Byrne, Karina Allen
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial is an evaluation of the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT-E) for eating disorders adapted for a group setting. The study aimed to examine the effects of group CBT-E on eating disorder psychopathology and additional maintaining pathology. METHOD: A transdiagnostic sample of individuals with eating disorders with a BMI ≥ 18 kg/m(2) (N = 40) were randomized to an immediate-start or delayed-start condition so as to compare therapeutic effects of group CBT-E with a waitlist control...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481434/time-course-of-the-effects-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-two-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-in-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder
#17
Susan L McElroy, James I Hudson, Maria Gasior, Barry K Herman, Jana Radewonuk, Denise Wilfley, Joan Busner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the time course of efficacy-related endpoints for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo in adults with protocol-defined moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, adults meeting DSM-IV-TR BED criteria were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or dose-optimized LDX (50 or 70 mg). Analyses across visits used mixed-effects models for repeated measures (binge eating days/week, binge eating episodes/week, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating [Y-BOCS-BE] scores, percentage body weight change) and chi-square tests (Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I; from the perspective of BED symptoms] scale dichotomized as improved or not improved)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481431/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-body-project-more-than-muscles-for-men-with-body-dissatisfaction
#18
Tiffany A Brown, K Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474420/eating-disorder-related-social-comparison-in-college-women-s-everyday-lives
#19
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft
OBJECTIVE: This study examined: frequency of upward and downward body, eating, and exercise comparisons; context in which these comparisons occur; and body, eating, and exercise comparison direction as predictors of concurrent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating thoughts, urges, and behaviors in college women's everyday lives using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHOD: Participants were 232 college women who completed a two-week EMA protocol, using their personal electronic devices to answer questions three times per day...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457012/body-composition-in-men-with-anorexia-nervosa-longitudinal-study
#20
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Chiara Milanese, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: To compare body composition patterns before and after complete weight restoration in men with anorexia nervosa. METHOD: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to measure body composition patterns in 10 men with anorexia nervosa before and after complete weight restoration, and in 10 healthy men matched to age and patients' post-treatment body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Before weight restoration, men with anorexia nervosa displayed lower total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LBM) than those in the healthy comparison group, with a greater FM loss from the extremity than the trunk region...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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