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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230911/interventions-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Joanna R Doley, Laura M Hart, Arthur A Stukas, Katja Petrovic, Ayoub Bouguettaya, Susan J Paxton
Stigma is a problem for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), forming a barrier to disclosure and help-seeking. Interventions to reduce ED stigma may help remove these barriers; however, it is not known which strategies (e.g., explaining etiology to reduce blame, contact with a person with an ED, or educating about ED) are effective in reducing stigma and related outcomes. This review described effectiveness of intervention strategies, and identified gaps in the literature. A search of four databases was performed using the terms (eating disorder* OR bulimi* OR anorexi* OR binge-eating disorder) AND (stigma* OR stereotyp* OR beliefs OR negative attitudes) AND (program OR experiment OR intervention OR education), with additional texts sought through LISTSERVs...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230907/estrogenic-suppression-of-binge-like-eating-elicited-by-cyclic-food-restriction-and-frustrative-nonreward-stress-in-female-rats
#2
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Thomas A Lutz, Adele Romano, Mariangela Pucci, Nori Geary, Lori Asarian, Carlo Cifani
Because binge eating and emotional eating vary through the menstrual cycle in human females, we investigated cyclic changes in binge-like eating in female rats and their control by estrogens. Binge-like eating was elicited by three cycles of 4 days of food restriction and 4 days of free feeding followed by a single frustrative nonreward-stress episode (15 min visual and olfactory exposure to a familiar palatable food) immediately before presentation of the palatable food. Intact rats showed binge-like eating during the diestrous and proestrous phases of the ovarian cycle, but not during the estrous (periovulatory) phase...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230903/-evidence-based-medicine-in-eating-disorders-research-the-problem-of-confetti-p-values
#3
Helena Chmura Kraemer
Eating disorders hold a unique place among mental health disorders, in that salient symptoms can be objectively observed and measured rather than determined only from patient interviews or subjective evaluations. Because of this measurement advantage alone, evidence-based medicine would be expected there to make the most rapid strides. However, conclusions in Eating Disorders research, as in all medical research literature, often continue to be misleading or ambiguous. One major and long-known source of such problems is the misuse and misinterpretation of "statistical significance", with "p values" strewn throughout research papers like so much confetti, a problem that has become systemic, that is, enforced, rather than corrected, by the peer-review system...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225563/self-selection-bias-in-eating-disorders-outcomes-research-does-treatment-response-of-underweight-research-participants-and-non-participants-differ
#4
Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Jennifer L Hansen, Angela S Guarda
Observational treatment studies provide a valuable alternative to RCTs but are often criticized due to potential self-selection biases. Studies comparing those who do and do not participate in research on eating disorder treatment are scarce, but necessary to evaluate the impact of self-selection bias on outcomes. All consecutive underweight adult first admissions (N = 392) to an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospital (PH) behavioral specialty program were invited to participate in a longitudinal study of eating disorder treatment...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221676/key-factors-that-influence-government-policies-and-decision-making-about-healthcare-priorities-lessons-for-the-field-of-eating-disorders
#5
Harvey Whiteford, Ruth Striegel Weissman
Worldwide, the demand for healthcare exceeds what individuals and governments are able to afford. Priority setting is therefore inevitable, and mental health services have often been given low priority in the decision-making process. Drawing on established economic criteria, and specifically the work of Philip Musgrove, key factors which influence government decision-making about health priorities are reviewed. These factors include the size of the health burden, the availability of cost-effective interventions to reduce the burden, whether private markets can provide the necessary treatment efficiently, whether there are "catastrophic costs" incurred in accessing treatment, whether negative externalities arise from not providing care, and if the "rule of rescue" applies...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#6
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#7
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199032/a-comparison-of-the-frequency-of-familial-suicide-attempts-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#8
Emily M Pisetsky, Carol B Peterson, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J Crow
This study examined the prevalence of reported suicide attempts among family members of individuals with an eating disorder (ED). 1870 individuals presenting for ED treatment reported whether their family members ever made a suicide attempt using the Eating Disorders Questionnaire. A lifetime suicide attempt by any family member was reported by 10.8% (n = 202) of the sample and ranged from 7.0% of those with eating disorder not otherwise specified to 16.1% of those with purging disorder. Controlling for age and gender, individuals with bulimia nervosa had a higher prevalence of any familial suicide attempt and mother suicide attempt than individuals with EDNOS; no other differences were observed across ED diagnoses...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199028/social-support-satisfaction-in-adults-with-eating-disorders-does-stance-matter
#9
Josie Geller, Megumi Iyar, Suja Srikameswaran, Joanna Zelichowska, Erin C Dunn
Although the role of social support is clearly established in the recovery of youth with eating disorders, little is known about factors that contribute to support satisfaction and improved treatment outcome in adults. This study examined the contribution of patient factors and perceived support stance used by family and friends in determining social support satisfaction. Individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for an eating disorder (n = 182) completed measures of eating disorder and psychiatric severity, interpersonal functioning, perceived support stance used by family and friends, and social support satisfaction...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188643/will-i-get-fat-22-year-weight-trajectories-of-individuals-with-eating-disorders
#10
Helen B Murray, Nassim Tabri, Jennifer J Thomas, David B Herzog, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy
OBJECTIVE: For some, fat phobia or fear of uncontrollable weight gain is diagnostic of eating disorders, often inhibiting treatment engagement and predicting symptom relapse. Prior research has reported weight changes at infrequent or long intervals, but rate, shape, and magnitude of long-term changes remain unknown. Our study examined 22-year longitudinal trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Participants were followed over 10 years (N = 225) and at 22-year follow-up (N = 175)...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186654/weight-gain-trajectories-in-hospital-based-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Saniha H Makhzoumi, Janelle W Coughlin, Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Steven C Pitts, Angela S Guarda
Weight gain is a primary treatment goal for anorexia nervosa (AN); however little is known about heterogeneity in weight gain pattern during treatment. Preliminary evidence suggests weight gain trajectory is associated with treatment outcome. This study grouped patients using mixture modeling into weight gain trajectories, and compared predictors and treatment outcomes between trajectory groups. Women diagnosed with AN or subthreshold AN (N = 211) completed self-report measures at admission and six-months after discharge from an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospitalization (PH) behavioral specialty eating disorders program...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170116/anorexia-nervosa-with-massive-pulmonary-air-leak-and-extraordinary-propagation
#12
V M Jensen, R K Støving, P E Andersen
A rare case combining pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, pneumorrhachis, air in retroperitoneum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema simultaneously in a severely anorectic male with BMI 9.2 (22.8 kg) and multiple vomitings is presented. This unusual condition was treated successfully with conservative medical approach in a specialized somatic unit for anorexia nervosa.
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170107/strategic-science-for-eating-disorders-research-and-policy-impact
#13
Christina A Roberto, Kelly D Brownell
Scientific research often fails to have relevance and impact because scientists do not engage policy makers and influencers in the process of identifying information needs and generating high priority questions. To address this scholarship-policy gap, we have developed a model of Strategic Science. This research approach involves working with policy makers and influencers to craft research questions that will answer important and timely policy-related questions. The goal is to create tighter links between research and policy and ensure findings are communicated efficiently to change agents best positioned to apply the research to policy debates...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152232/do-universal-media-literacy-programs-have-an-effect-on-weight-and-shape-concern-by-influencing-media-internalization
#14
Tracey D Wade, Simon M Wilksch, Susan J Paxton, Susan M Byrne, S Bryn Austin
The current study examined whether media internalization, found to mediate the relationship between selected prevention programs and outcomes, mediated the impact of two universal prevention programs that targeted risk factors for eating disorders and obesity, namely weight concern, and shape concern. Students randomized to a media literacy (Media Smart) program (N = 269, 65% females, mean age 12.97 years) and a healthy lifestyle (Life Smart) program (N = 347, 69% females, mean age 13.07 years) were included in the analyses...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152203/the-economic-case-for-digital-interventions-for-eating-disorders-among-united-states-college-students
#15
Andrea E Kass, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
: Eating disorders (EDs) are serious health problems affecting college students. This article aimed to estimate the costs, in United States (US) dollars, of a stepped care model for online prevention and treatment among US college students to inform meaningful decisions regarding resource allocation and adoption of efficient care delivery models for EDs on college campuses. METHODS: Using a payer perspective, we estimated the costs of (1) delivering an online guided self-help (GSH) intervention to individuals with EDs, including the costs of "stepping up" the proportion expected to "fail"; (2) delivering an online preventive intervention compared to a "wait and treat" approach to individuals at ED risk; and (3) applying the stepped care model across a population of 1,000 students, compared to standard care...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152200/population-based-cost-offset-analyses-for-disorder-specific-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-germany
#16
Katharina Bode, Nina Maria Götz von Olenhusen, Eva-Maria Wunsch, Sören Kliem, Christoph Kröger
Previous research has shown that anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are expensive illnesses to treat. To reduce their economic burden, adequate interventions need to be established. Our objective was to conduct cost-offset analyses for evidence-based treatment of eating disorders using outcome data from a psychotherapy trial involving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) for AN and a trial involving CBT for BN. Assuming a currently running, ideal healthcare system using a 12-month, prevalence-based approach and varying the willingness to participate in treatment, we investigated whether the potential financial benefits of AN- and BN-related treatment outweigh the therapy costs at the population level...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152196/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relation-between-therapeutic-alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-eating-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Tiffany A Graves, Nassim Tabri, Heather Thompson-Brenner, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Stephanie Bourion-Bedes, Amy Brown, Michael J Constantino, Christoph Flückiger, Sarah Forsberg, Leanna Isserlin, Jennifer Couturier, Gunilla Paulson Karlsson, Johannes Mander, Martin Teufel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby, Claudia Prestano, Dana A Satir, Susan Simpson, Richard Sly, J Hubert Lacey, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Giorgio A Tasca, Glenn Waller, Shannon L Zaitsoff, Renee Rienecke, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer J Thomas
The therapeutic alliance has demonstrated an association with favorable psychotherapeutic outcomes in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). However, questions remain about the inter-relationships between early alliance, early symptom improvement, and treatment outcome. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relations among these constructs, and possible moderators of these relations, in psychosocial treatments for EDs. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria and supplied sufficient supplementary data. Results revealed small-to-moderate effect sizes, βs = 0...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152194/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-evidence-based-advocacy-and-strategic-science-in-eating-disorders
#18
Jennifer J Thomas, Kelly L Klump, Ruth Striegel Weissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152193/impact-of-low-weight-severity-and-menstrual-status-on-bone-in-adolescent-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Nurgun Kandemir, Kendra Becker, Meghan Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Vibha Singhal, Jennifer J Thomas, Kathryn Coniglio, Hang Lee, Kamryn T Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Madhusmita Misra
Clinicians currently use different low-weight cut-offs both to diagnose anorexia nervosa (AN) and to determine AN severity in adolescent girls. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of existing cut-offs and severity criteria by determining which are most strongly associated with risk for low bone mineral density (BMD). Height adjusted BMD Z scores were calculated for 352 females: 262 with AN and 90 healthy controls (controls) (12-20.5 years), using data from the BMD in Childhood Study, for the lumbar spine, whole body less head, and total hip...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152191/long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-in-obesity-possible-insights-from-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Loren M Gianini, B Timothy Walsh, Joanna Steinglass, Laurel Mayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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