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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#1
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106919/body-checking-in-non-clinical-women-experimental-evidence-of-a-specific-impact-on-fear-of-uncontrollable-weight-gain
#2
Natalie Bailey, Glenn Waller
Body checking is used widely among clinical and non-clinical individuals. It is suggested to be a safety behavior, reducing anxiety initially but potentially enhancing eating and shape concerns in the longer term. However, there is little causal evidence of those negative effects. This experimental study tests the potential negative impact of body checking. Fifty non-clinical women took part in a study of the effects of body checking in naturalistic settings. Each checked their wrist size every 15 minutes for eight hours on one day, then did not check the next day (order randomized)...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106917/is-there-an-optimal-length-of-psychological-treatment-for-eating-disorder-pathology
#3
Caroline Bell, Glenn Waller, Roz Shafran, Jaime Delgadillo
Treatment guidelines for eating disorders (ED) are unclear about the optimal length of psychological care. We aimed to investigate associations between treatment duration and changes in ED pathology. Data for 164 outpatients accessing psychological interventions for ED were analyzed using MANOVA. We tested associations between number of therapy sessions and pre-post treatment changes in clinical outcomes (EDE-Q global scores, binge eating, purging); adjusting for baseline measures, diagnoses, and treatment type...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#4
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102908/addressing-critical-gaps-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Alan E Kazdin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley
Remarkable progress has been made in developing psychosocial interventions for eating disorders and other mental disorders. Two priorities in providing treatment consist of addressing the research-practice gap and the treatment gap. The research-practice gap pertains to the dissemination of evidence-based treatments from controlled settings to routine clinical care. Closing the gap between what is known about effective treatment and what is actually provided to patients who receive care is crucial in improving mental health care, particularly for conditions such as eating disorders...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093836/incremental-validity-of-weight-suppression-in-predicting-clinical-impairment-in-bulimic-syndromes
#6
Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsey E Clark, Kelsie T Forbush
Research has shown that weight suppression (WS; the difference between a person's highest and current body weight in pounds) is a robust predictor of weight gain and eating-disorder (ED) symptoms among individuals with bulimic syndromes. Given the important prognostic role that WS plays in ED course and outcome, we hypothesized that WS would represent a clinically useful indicator of impairment for bulimic syndromes. We further posited that WS would demonstrate incremental validity above-and-beyond other proposed indicators in explaining clinical impairment in bulimic syndromes...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093835/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-unhealthy-exercise-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-delphi-study-to-synthesize-clinical-knowledge
#7
Melissa Noetel, Lisa Dawson, Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
This study aimed to explore and synthesize expert clinical knowledge on defining and managing unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. The Delphi methodology was used. Clinicians (n = 25) considered experts in the treatment of AN in adolescents were recruited internationally to form the panel. The first round of the questionnaires was comprised of five open-ended questions regarding defining, assessing, and treating unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. Statements were derived from this data using content analysis, and included as Likert-based items in two subsequent rounds, in which panellists were required to rate their level of agreement for each item...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093801/from-questions-to-answers-examining-the-role-of-pediatric-surveillance-units-in-eating-disorder-research
#8
Debra K Katzman, Sloane Madden, Dasha Nicholls, Karizma Mawjee, Mark L Norris
Pediatric Surveillance Units (PSUs) provide a unique model for the study of pediatric eating disorders (EDs). Australia, Britain, and Canada have surveillance programs that have generated valuable epidemiological and clinical data on early-onset eating disorders (EOED). The PSUs represent an important collaborative tool that has helped shape our understanding of EOEDs and offers potential to contribute to decisions regarding health resource allocation and public health policy. This paper reviews the role of PSUs as a unique model to study pediatric EDs and its success in translating the knowledge generated by these programs into improving the health of children and adolescents with EDs worldwide...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075492/a-thematic-content-analysis-of-cheatmeal-images-on-social-media-characterizing-an-emerging-dietary-trend
#10
Eva Pila, Jonathan M Mond, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray
Despite the pervasive social endorsement of "cheat meals" within pro-muscularity online communities, there is an absence of empirical work examining this dietary phenomenon. The present study aimed to characterize cheat meals, and explore the meaning ascribed to engagement in this practice. Thematic content analysis was employed to code the photographic and textual elements of a sample (n = 600) that was extracted from over 1.6 million images marked with the #cheatmeal tag on the social networking site, Instagram...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039879/prevalence-of-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-among-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-an-exploratory-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: Due to the inconsistency of the research findings in the current literature, the prevalence of binge and loss of control (LOC) eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity remains unclear. By using the meta-analytic approach, this article aimed at exploring the prevalence of binge/LOC eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity, and at identifying potential moderators, which may have contributed to the heterogeneity of the existing research findings...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991694/characterizing-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-an-empirical-approach
#12
Jennifer E Wildes, Kelsie T Forbush, Kelsey E Hagan, Marsha D Marcus, Evelyn Attia, Loren M Gianini, Wei Wu
Targeted approaches for the treatment of severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (SE-AN) have been recommended, but there is no consensus definition of SE-AN to inform research and clinical practice. This study aimed to take initial steps toward developing an empirically based definition of SE-AN by characterizing associations among putative indicators of severity and chronicity in eating disorders. Patients with AN (N = 355) completed interviews and questionnaires at treatment admission and discharge; height and weight were assessed to calculate body mass index (BMI)...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991688/translating-research-into-clinical-practice-across-the-developmental-spectrum-examining-the-clinical-utility-of-the-short-treatment-allocation-tool-for-eating-disorders
#13
Josie Geller, Jennifer S Coelho, Suja Srikameswaran, Pei-Yoong Lam, Megumi Iyar, Mark L Norris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987207/disordered-eating-in-ethnic-minority-adolescents-with-overweight
#14
Rachel F Rodgers, Allison W Watts, S Bryn Austin, Jess Haines, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
High rates of disordered eating exist among adolescents with overweight and among ethnic/racial minority adolescents. Given the lack of research examining how eating disorder risk is moderated by both overweight and ethnicity/race, this study aimed to explore interactions between ethnicity/race and overweight status on disordered eating behaviors in a population-based adolescent sample. Cross-sectional data from adolescents (n = 2,271; 52% females) of White (23%), Black (34%), Hispanic (20%), and Asian (23%; 82% Hmong) ethnicity/race participating in the EAT 2010 study were used to examine associations between overweight status and disordered eating behaviors across ethnic/racial groups...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859487/an-empirical-test-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-in-a-heterogeneous-eating-disorder-sample
#15
Emily M Pisetsky, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS) model has not been fully tested in a clinical eating disorder (ED) population. METHOD: Participants (N = 114) completed questionnaires assessing suicidal ideation (SI), suicide attempts (SA), and constructs of the IPTS. Logistic regressions determined whether thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness were associated with lifetime SI. Among those who endorsed lifetime SI, logistic regressions were used to determine whether elements of the acquired capability for suicide (fearlessness about death and painful and provocative events) were associated with lifetime SA...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862132/direct-and-indirect-costs-among-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-in-the-united-states
#16
You-Li Ling, Karen L Rascati, Manjiri Pawaskar
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the economic burden of binge-eating disorder (BED) in terms of work productivity loss, healthcare resource utilization, and healthcare costs. METHODS: Respondents of the US National Health and Wellness Survey 2013 were invited to participate in a follow-up internet survey to identify adults with BED using DSM-5 criteria. Work productivity loss, healthcare resource utilization, and direct and indirect costs were assessed for BED respondents and matched non-BED respondents using generalized linear models or two-part models as appropriate...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862148/application-of-structural-equation-mixture-modeling-to-characterize-the-latent-structure-of-eating-pathology
#17
Kelsie T Forbush, Jennifer E Wildes
OBJECTIVE: Several theoretical models describe the structure of eating disorders (EDs), and a burgeoning empirical literature has sought to identify whether eating pathology is conceptualized best as categorical (presence or absence of disorder), dimensional (continuous), or a hybrid of categories and dimensions. METHODS: This study used structural equation mixture modeling (SEMM) to identify the latent structure of EDs. Items from the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) were administered to individuals with EDs (N = 344)...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862127/the-impact-of-dsm-5-on-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#18
Megen Vo, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorder diagnostic criteria were revised from the fourth to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV and -5, respectively). This study examines the impact of these revisions on rates of eating disorder diagnoses in treatment-seeking youth. METHOD: Participants were 651 youth, ages 7-18 years, presenting to an outpatient eating disorders program who met criteria for a DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis on intake...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#19
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862108/predictors-of-dropout-in-face-to-face-and-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hunna J Watson, Michele D Levine, Stephanie C Zerwas, Robert M Hamer, Ross D Crosby, Caroline S Sprecher, Amy O'Brien, Benjamin Zimmer, Sara M Hofmeier, Hans Kordy, Markus Moessner, Christine M Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors and moderators of failure to engage (i.e., pretreatment attrition) and dropout in both Internet-based and traditional face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bulimia nervosa. We also sought to determine if Internet-based treatment reduced failure to engage and dropout. METHOD: Participants (N = 191, 98% female) were randomized to Internet-based CBT (CBT4BN) or traditional face-to-face group CBT (CBTF2F). Sociodemographics, clinical history, eating disorder severity, comorbid psychopathology, health status and quality of life, personality and temperament, and treatment-related factors were investigated as predictors...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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