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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414329/a-danish-register-based-study-on-involuntary-treatment-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
L Clausen, J T Larsen, C M Bulik, L Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Involuntary treatment is controversial and widely debated, but remains a significant component of treatment for severe anorexia nervosa. Given how little is known about this topic, we describe the frequency of various involuntary measures in a national cohort of all patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. In a subsample of patients, we explored predictors of the first involuntary measure recorded. METHOD: Descriptive statistics and Cox proportional hazard analyses were conducted using the national registers of Denmark covering the total population...
November 10, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367519/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Brittny E Manos, Terrill D Bravender, Tondi M Harrison, Hannah L H Lange, Casey B Cottrill, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Andrea E Bonny
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation for treatment of trait anxiety among adolescent females with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: A pilot double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial of adolescent females with AN (N = 24) entering Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP) from January 2015 to February 2016. Participants were randomized to four daily PUFA (2,120 mg eicosapentaenoic acid/600 mg docosohexaenoic acid) or placebo capsules for 12 weeks...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353938/patterns-of-weight-control-behavior-persisting-beyond-young-adulthood-results-from-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Ann F Haynos, Melanie M Wall, Chen Chen, Shirley B Wang, Katie Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: Dieting and unhealthy weight control behaviors have been associated with negative outcomes. Most research has examined the prevalence of these behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. Less is known about whether they persist further into adulthood. We examined patterns of weight control behaviors beyond young adulthood using data from 1,455 males and females participating in Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults), a 15-year population-based, longitudinal study...
October 24, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312495/eating-disorder-symptomatology-and-body-mass-index-are-associated-with-readers-expectations-about-character-behavior-evidence-from-eye-tracking-during-reading
#4
Christina Ralph-Nearman, Ruth Filik
OBJECTIVE: Many theories have been put forward suggesting key factors underlying the development and maintenance of eating disorders, such as: unhealthy food-related cognitive biases, negative body attitude, and perfectionism; however, underlying cognitive processes associated with eating disorder symptomatology remain unclear. We used eye-tracking during reading as a novel implicit measure of how these factors may relate to eating disorder symptomatology. METHOD: In two experiments, we monitored women's eye movements while they read texts in which the characters' emotional responses to food-, body image-, and perfectionism-related scenarios were described...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312490/the-athletes-relationships-with-training-scale-art-a-self-report-measure-of-unhealthy-training-behaviors-associated-with-eating-disorders
#5
Danielle A N Chapa, Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsie T Forbush, Victoria L Perko, Daria A Sorokina, Ahmed Y Alasmar, Carolyn B Becker, Roberta T Sherman, Ron A Thompson, Jennifer G Farrell, Tiffany M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Several studies indicate that eating-disorder (ED) psychopathology is elevated in athletes compared to non-athletes. The assessment of excessive exercise among athletes is a challenge because, compared to non-athletes, athletes are required to train at higher intensities and for longer periods of time. However, individuals participating in competitive sports are still susceptible to unhealthy physical-activity patterns. Most ED assessments were developed and normed in non-athlete samples and, therefore, do not capture the nuances of athletes' training experiences...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312485/development-of-the-pica-arfid-and-rumination-disorder-interview-a-multi-informant-semi-structured-interview-of-feeding-disorders-across-the-lifespan-a-pilot-study-for-ages-10-22
#6
Rachel Bryant-Waugh, Nadia Micali, Lucy Cooke, Elizabeth A Lawson, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), pica, and rumination disorder (RD) were added to the revised DSM-5 Feeding and Eating Disorders chapter in 2013. We developed a structured interview-the Pica, ARFID, and Rumination Disorder Interview (PARDI)-to assess the presence and severity of these diagnoses for evaluation and treatment planning in clinical and research settings. Here, we describe the development of the PARDI and provide a preliminary report on feasibility, acceptability, reliability, and validity in relation to ARFID...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291641/longitudinal-and-personalized-networks-of-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-behaviors-targets-for-precision-intervention-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Cheri A Levinson, Irina Vanzhula, Leigh C Brosof
INTRODUCTION: Despite the high mortality and significant societal and personal costs associated with eating disorders (EDs) there are few evidence-based treatments. Part of the difficulty developing and implementing evidence-based treatments in EDs is due to the extremely high heterogeneity (e.g., variability in treatment outcome, symptom presentation etc) present. METHODS: To begin to identify specific symptom heterogeneity within persons, the current study used novel within and between group and intra-individual network analyses to create longitudinal and within-person networks of ED cognitions and behaviors (N = 66 individuals diagnosed with an ED)...
October 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270452/celebrating-research-contributions-from-australia-marking-the-xxivth-annual-meeting-of-the-eating-disorder-research-society
#8
EDITORIAL
Tracey Wade
This Virtual Issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders (IJED) is released to mark the XXIVth Eating Disorder Research Society (EDRS) meeting in Sydney, Australia. This is the second EDRS meeting in Australia, reflecting the strong contribution of Australian researchers to eating disorder research internationally. Attendees at the Sydney EDRS meeting will be able to access the top 10 cited papers from IJED by Australian authors in 2016-2017, cited an average of 10.2 times each. It is pleasing to note the strong representation of early career researchers and the range of topics addressed...
September 30, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265771/i-weigh-therefore-i-am-implications-of-using-different-criteria-to-define-overvaluation-of-weight-and-shape-in-binge-eating-disorder
#9
Therese E Kenny, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that overvaluation of weight and shape is a clinical feature in binge-eating disorder (BED). However, this construct has been differentially defined in the literature even when using the same measure. Here we compare two cut-offs that have previously been used to differentiate clinical and subthreshold overvaluation using the EDE-Q. METHOD: Individuals with BED (n = 72, 93% female) and no history of an eating disorder (NED; n = 21, 91% female) completed measures of eating disorder (ED) and general psychopathology online...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265756/eating-disorders-related-hospitalizations-in-portugal-a-nationwide-study-from-2000-to-2014
#10
Ana Margarida Cruz, Manuel Gonçalves-Pinho, João Vasco Santos, Francisco Coutinho, Isabel Brandão, Alberto Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Recent evidence suggests that incidence of Anorexia nervosa (AN) has remained stable over the last decades in Western Europe, while decreasing for Bulimia nervosa (BN). It is well-known that most individuals with an ED (Eating disorder) do not seek medical treatment. OBJECTIVE: The present study analyses hospitalizations related with EDs held in mainland Portuguese public hospitals between 2000 and 2014. METHOD: A retrospective observational study was performed gathering all inpatient episodes with primary or secondary diagnosis of ED...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265751/self-report-measures-of-loss-of-control-over-eating-psychometric-properties-in-clinical-and-non-clinical-samples
#11
Lindsay P Bodell, Katherine Jean Forney, Jesus Chavarria, Pamela K Keel, Jennifer E Wildes
OBJECTIVE: Research evidence supports the clinical significance of subjective feelings of loss of control over eating; however, limited attention has been given to how this construct is assessed. Two measures have been developed in recent years (i.e., Eating Loss of Control Scale [ELOC] and Loss of Control over Eating Scale [LOCES]), but further validation in clinical and non-clinical samples is needed. METHOD: The current study evaluated the psychometric properties, including factor structure, criterion validity, and measurement invariance of the ELOC and LOCES across two groups: (a) a clinical sample of individuals with eating disorders (n = 106) and (b) a non-clinical sample of college students (n = 321)...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265750/intensive-treatment-program-itp-a-case-series-service-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-day-patient-treatment-for-adolescents-with-a-restrictive-eating-disorder
#12
Mima Simic, Catherine S Stewart, Ivan Eisler, Julian Baudinet, Katrina Hunt, Jayne O'Brien, Beth McDermott
OBJECTIVE: Family Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (FT-AN) is the first line treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa in the UK. However, research suggests between 10 and 40% of young people have a poor outcome. For those for whom FT-AN alone is not effective there is a clear need to develop additional treatments. This paper describes the effectiveness of an additional treatment for adolescents who had not responded to FT-AN, the Intensive Day Treatment Program (ITP) embedded within a comprehensive outpatient service at the Maudsley Hospital...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265748/description-of-an-intervention-to-treat-binge-eating-behaviors-among-adolescents-applying-the-template-for-intervention-descriptions-and-replication
#13
Emily I Pluhar, Rebecca C Kamody, Jackeline Sanchez, Idia B Thurston, E Thomaseo Burton
Binge-eating disorder (BED) is related to deleterious physical, social, and psychological outcomes among adolescents, and is more common among racial and ethnic minorities. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), an evidence-based treatment for disorders of emotion dysregulation, has demonstrated efficacy in treating disordered eating patterns. While DBT interventions have demonstrated success among adults with BED, less is known about adaptation of DBT for adolescents presenting with BED and subthreshold binge-eating behaviors...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265747/time-trends-in-healthcare-detected-incidence-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-the-norwegian-national-patient-register-2010-2016
#14
Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated temporal trends in the incidence of eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated time trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence of healthcare-detected anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) from 2010 to 2016. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Norwegian National Patient Register as defined by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10): narrowly defined AN (F50.0), broadly defined AN (F50.0 + 50...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30240526/improving-decision-making-and-cognitive-impulse-control-in-bulimia-nervosa-by-rtms-an-ancillary-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Sebastien Guillaume, Aurélia Gay, Isabelle Jaussent, Torrance Sigaud, Stephane Billard, Jerome Attal, Maude Seneque, Bogdan Galusca, Sylvain Thiebaut, Catherine Massoubre, Philippe Courtet
OBJECTIVE: Impaired decision-making and inhibitory control may be involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders like bulimia nervosa (BN). Their improvement after neuromodulation may underpin clinical improvement. We assessed the effects of rTMS on these cognitive functions in a sample of women with BN. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants (22 in a sham group and 17 in an rTMS group) were assessed before and after 10 high frequency rTMS sessions over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230573/validation-of-the-clinical-perfectionism-questionnaire-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-a-bifactor-approach
#16
Kathryn L Prior, David M Erceg-Hurn, Bronwyn C Raykos, Sarah J Egan, Sue Byrne, Peter M McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: Clinical perfectionism is involved in the etiology and maintenance of eating disorders. Limited research has examined the factor structure of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire (CPQ) in clinical eating disorder samples. The aim of this research was to examine the validity and reliability of the CPQ in a mixed eating disorder sample. METHOD: Patients (N = 211) with an eating disorder completed the CPQ at pretreatment. A bifactor model was tested that included a general clinical perfectionism factor and two group factors; overevaluation of striving and concern over mistakes...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230570/severe-bupropion-xr-abuse-in-a-patient-with-long-standing-bulimia-nervosa-and-complex-ptsd
#17
Yael Dagan, Joel Yager
OBJECTIVE: Although abuse of bupropion to achieve euphoria or a stimulant-like effect has been described in the literature, to our knowledge abuse of bupropion XR to control binge eating and reduce appetite by a patient with eating disorder has not been previously reported. METHOD: We report the case of a 22-year-old woman with bulimia nervosa and complex PTSD who abused bupropion XR to doses that at peak reached 3,000-4,500 mg/day. She suffered from adverse effects including headaches, tachycardia, anxiety, insomnia, and, finally, grand mal seizures...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212599/recovery-of-cortical-volume-and-thickness-after-remission-from-acute-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Kathrin Nickel, Andreas Joos, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Jamila Matthis, Lukas Holovics, Dominique Endres, Almut Zeeck, Armin Hartmann, Oliver Tüscher, Simon Maier
OBJECTIVE: Reduced grey (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes and increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been frequently reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but studies focusing on cortical thickness (CT) are scarce and findings inconsistent. We conducted the first study in AN that analyzed both parameters in the same study to gain novel and comprehensive insight. METHOD: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis was performed on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images from 34 predominantly adult women with acute AN, 24 REC participants, and 41 healthy controls (HC)...
September 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260492/prospective-health-associations-of-drive-for-muscularity-in-young-adult-males
#19
Trine Tetlie Eik-Nes, S Bryn Austin, Aaron J Blashill, Stuart B Murray, Jerel P Calzo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to estimate prospective associations of drive for muscularity measured in 2013 and related health outcomes (depressive symptoms, overeating, binge eating, purging, binge drinking, and use of muscle-building products [e.g., creatine and steroids]) measured in 2014. METHOD: The data come from a U.S. national large prospective cohort study, the Growing Up Today Study (GUTS) and included 2,460 males aged 18-32 years. Muscularity concerns were assessed with The Drive for Muscularity Scale (item responses ranging from 1 = Never to 6 = Always), which measures the degree of the respondents' preoccupation with increasing their muscularity...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194862/rigor-and-reproducibility-in-genetic-research-on-eating-disorders
#20
Christopher Hübel, Virpi Leppä, Gerome Breen, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: We explored both within-method and between-method rigor and reproducibility in the field of eating disorders genetics. METHOD: We present critical evaluation and commentary on component methods of genetic research (family studies, twin studies, molecular genetic studies) and discuss both successful and unsuccessful efforts in the field. RESULTS: Eating disorders genetics has had a number of robust results that converge across component methodologies...
September 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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