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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489337/quality-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-eating-disorder-prevention
#1
REVIEW
Hunna J Watson, Erica L Goodman, Nicole B McLagan, Tara Joyce, Elizabeth French, Vivienne Willan, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of eating disorder prevention. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library to January 2016. Studies were included if they were RCTs that tested an eating disorder prevention program. We identified 96 studies with a total 15,350 participants (91% female, M age = 17 years) and rated quality with the Quality Rating Scale (QRS; Moncrieff et al...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489323/mild-moderate-meaningful-examining-the-psychological-and-functioning-correlates-of-dsm-5-eating-disorder-severity-specifiers
#2
Loren Gianini, Christina A Roberto, Evelyn Attia, B Timothy Walsh, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Carlos M Grilo, Thomas Weigel, Robyn Sysko
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the DSM-5 severity specifiers for treatment-seeking groups of participants with anorexia nervosa (AN), the purging form of bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Hundred and sixty-two participants with AN, 93 participants with BN, and 343 participants with BED were diagnosed using semi-structured interviews, sub-categorized using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared on demographic and cross-sectional clinical measures...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489288/enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-adapted-for-a-group-setting
#3
Stephanie Wade, Sue Byrne, Karina Allen
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial is an evaluation of the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT-E) for eating disorders adapted for a group setting. The study aimed to examine the effects of group CBT-E on eating disorder psychopathology and additional maintaining pathology. METHOD: A transdiagnostic sample of individuals with eating disorders with a BMI ≥ 18 kg/m(2) (N = 40) were randomized to an immediate-start or delayed-start condition so as to compare therapeutic effects of group CBT-E with a waitlist control...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481434/time-course-of-the-effects-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-two-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-in-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder
#4
Susan L McElroy, James I Hudson, Maria Gasior, Barry K Herman, Jana Radewonuk, Denise Wilfley, Joan Busner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the time course of efficacy-related endpoints for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo in adults with protocol-defined moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, adults meeting DSM-IV-TR BED criteria were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or dose-optimized LDX (50 or 70 mg). Analyses across visits used mixed-effects models for repeated measures (binge eating days/week, binge eating episodes/week, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating [Y-BOCS-BE] scores, percentage body weight change) and chi-square tests (Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I; from the perspective of BED symptoms] scale dichotomized as improved or not improved)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481431/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-body-project-more-than-muscles-for-men-with-body-dissatisfaction
#5
Tiffany A Brown, K Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474420/eating-disorder-related-social-comparison-in-college-women-s-everyday-lives
#6
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft
OBJECTIVE: This study examined: frequency of upward and downward body, eating, and exercise comparisons; context in which these comparisons occur; and body, eating, and exercise comparison direction as predictors of concurrent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating thoughts, urges, and behaviors in college women's everyday lives using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHOD: Participants were 232 college women who completed a two-week EMA protocol, using their personal electronic devices to answer questions three times per day...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457012/body-composition-in-men-with-anorexia-nervosa-longitudinal-study
#7
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Chiara Milanese, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: To compare body composition patterns before and after complete weight restoration in men with anorexia nervosa. METHOD: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to measure body composition patterns in 10 men with anorexia nervosa before and after complete weight restoration, and in 10 healthy men matched to age and patients' post-treatment body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Before weight restoration, men with anorexia nervosa displayed lower total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LBM) than those in the healthy comparison group, with a greater FM loss from the extremity than the trunk region...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444828/labeling-and-defining-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-critical-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Broomfield, Kristin Stedal, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: With anorexia nervosa (AN) having various presentations, attention has been directed towards particularly durable forms of the condition in both research and clinical contexts. A major hindrance in terms of advancing the field is the inconsistent labeling and defining of this subgroup. This has two implications; first, the inconsistent recruitment of participants when researching this sample, and second, the misdiagnosing of patients who may or may not have a durable course of the disease...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436086/male-clinical-norms-and-sex-differences-on-the-eating-disorder-inventory-edi-and-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q
#9
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Jason M Lavender
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that males account for a significant minority of patients with eating disorders (EDs). However, prior research has been limited by inclusion of small and predominantly non-clinical samples of males. This study aimed to (1) provide male clinical norms for widely used ED measures (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire [EDE-Q] and Eating Disorder Inventory-3 [EDI-3]) and (2) examine sex differences in overall ED psychopathology. METHOD: Participants were 386 male and 1,487 female patients with an ED diagnosis aged 16 years and older who completed the EDE-Q and EDI-3 upon admission to a residential or partial hospital ED treatment program...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436084/defining-significant-weight-loss-in-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#10
K Jean Forney, Tiffany A Brown, Lauren A Holland-Carter, Grace A Kennedy, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) is defined by the symptoms of anorexia nervosa in the presence of "significant weight loss" in individuals who are not underweight. Description of current weight in AAN has been limited, significant weight loss has not been defined, and the distinction between having AAN versus having weight suppression has not been examined. METHOD: Secondary analyses were conducted with data from an epidemiological study of women (n = 1,640) and men (n = 794)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432804/premorbid-bmi-predicts-binge-purge-symptomatology-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Elin L Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: A finding consistent with the transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders is that about half of those with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN) eventually undergo a transition to the binge/purge (BP) subtype or to bulimia nervosa. Given evidence that individuals with bulimic symptoms exhibit elevated weights premorbidly, we tested the hypothesis that among those with AN, highest premorbid BMI would predict which individuals with AN would develop AN-BP. METHOD: The current study used longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents with AN in Sweden...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430364/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analyses have documented the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for reducing symptoms of eating disorders. However, it is not known whether CBT for eating disorders can also improve quality of life (QoL). This meta-analysis therefore examined the effects of CBT for eating disorders on subjective QoL and health-related quality of life (QoL). METHOD: Studies that assessed QoL before and after CBT for eating disorders were searched in the PsycInfo and Medline database...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429386/relationship-between-desired-weight-and-eating-disorder-pathology-in-youth
#13
Hope K Boyd, Andrea E Kass, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jennifer E Wildes, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with eating disorders (ED), particularly anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), often wish to reduce their body weight in pursuit of a thin ideal, but no study has examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in a clinical population of youth. Given the potential impact of desired weight on normalization of eating patterns and weight restoration, we examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in youth with AN or BN. METHODS: Participants were 340 youth presenting to an outpatient ED clinical research program...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407284/executive-functions-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#14
Rebekka Kittel, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: Binge-eating disorder (BED) in adults is associated with alterations in executive functions (EF) and obesity. Much less is known about these relationships in adolescents, including whether poor EF are associated with eating disorder psychopathology and/or elevated body mass index. This study examined EF in response to neutral stimuli in youth with BED. METHOD: Adolescents with BED and obesity (n = 22), individually matched adolescents with obesity (n = 22), and normal weight (n = 22) completed neuropsychological tests targeting inhibition (Color-Word Interference Test), sustained attention (D2 Concentration Endurance Test), cognitive flexibility (Comprehensive Trail Making Test), and decision-making (Iowa Gambling Task)...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401580/military-sexual-trauma-is-associated-with-post-deployment-eating-disorders-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-veterans
#15
Rebecca K Blais, Emily Brignone, Shira Maguen, Marjorie E Carter, Jamison D Fargo, Adi V Gundlapalli
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of military sexual trauma (MST) screen status with eating disorder diagnoses among veterans within 1- and 5-years after initiating Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care, and whether the association varied by sex. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study of US Afghanistan/Iraq veterans who used VHA services between FY 2004 and 2014 (N = 595,525). This study used VHA administrative data to assess the presence of eating disorder diagnoses in medical records within 1- and 5-years of initiating VHA care, and whether a positive screen for MST was associated with eating disorders...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370435/measurement-invariance-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-in-black-and-white-children-and-adolescents
#16
Natasha L Burke, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Ross Crosby, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Miranda M Broadney, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Omni Cassidy, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) was originally developed and validated in primarily white female samples. Since data indicate that eating pathology impacts black youth, elucidating the psychometric appropriateness of the EDE for black youth is crucial. METHODS: A convenience sample was assembled from seven pediatric obesity studies. The EDE was administered to all youth. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the original four-factor model fit and two alternative factor structures for black and white youth...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370321/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-social-media-literacy-intervention-to-reduce-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders
#17
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Jennifer Masters, Susan J Paxton
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a social media literacy intervention for adolescent girls on risk factors for eating disorders. METHOD: A quasi-experimental pre- to post-test design comparing intervention and control conditions was used. Participants were 101 adolescent girls (Mage  = 13.13, SD = 0.33) who were allocated to receive three social media literacy intervention lessons (n = 64) or to receive classes as usual (n = 37)...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370315/recurrent-persistent-hypophosphatemia-in-a-male-to-female-transgender-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa-case-report
#18
L Beaty, N Trees, P Mehler
Refeeding hypophosphatemia remains a serious and common complication during the early phases of nutritional rehabilitation and weight restoration for patients with anorexia nervosa. Typically, the risk of refeeding hypophosphatemia diminishes after the first 1-2 weeks of the refeeding process and thus, frequent monitoring serum phosphorus levels becomes less important as refeeding proceeds. Herein, we describe a case of persistent recurrent hypophosphatemia in a male-to-female transgender patient with severe anorexia nervosa...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370208/attitudes-toward-orthorexia-nervosa-relative-to-dsm-5-eating-disorders
#19
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
OBJECTIVE: A pattern of disordered eating involving a pathological fixation with healthy food consumption, labeled orthorexia nervosa (ON), has recently generated attention; however, research has not yet investigated perceptions of ON-related behaviors. This study examined potential stigmatization of ON, compared with DSM-5 ED diagnoses. METHOD: Participants (N = 505) were randomly assigned to read a vignette depicting a woman with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), or ON...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370182/weak-central-coherence-in-weight-restored-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-characteristics-and-remediation
#20
Noam Weinbach, Amit Perry, Helene Sher, James D Lock, Avishai Henik
OBJECTIVE: Weak central coherence (WCC) refers to a bias towards processing details (local processing) at the expense of paying attention to the bigger picture (global processing). Multiple studies reported WCC in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). Evidence for WCC in adolescents with AN has been inconsistent. The current study characterizes WCC in weight-restored adolescents with AN (WR-AN) using a direct measure of WCC, and examines whether WCC can be remediated by increasing alertness level-a manipulation that was found useful in enhancing global processing in healthy individuals and clinical populations...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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