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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457252/body-image-flexibility-a-predictor-and-moderator-of-outcome-in-transdiagnostic-outpatient-eating-disorder-treatment
#1
Mia L Pellizzer, Glenn Waller, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: Predictors of attrition and predictors and moderators of outcome were explored in a transdiagnostic sample of patients who received ten-session cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-T) for nonunderweight eating disorders. Body image flexibility, a protective positive body image construct, was hypothesized to be a significant moderator. METHOD: Data from two case series were combined to form a sample of 78 participants who received CBT-T. Baseline measures of body image, negative affect, personality, and motivation (readiness to change and self-efficacy) were included as potential predictors...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451959/network-analysis-an-innovative-framework-for-understanding-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#2
Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Kelsie T Forbush, Tyler B Mason, Markus Moessner
Network theory and analysis is an emerging approach in psychopathology research that has received increasing attention across fields of study. In contrast to medical models or latent variable approaches, network theory suggests that psychiatric syndromes result from systems of causal and reciprocal symptom relationships. Despite the promise of this approach to elucidate key mechanisms contributing to the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), thus far, few applications of network analysis have been tested in ED samples...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451957/outcome-of-childhood-anorexia-nervosa-the-results-of-a-five-to-ten-year-follow-up-study
#3
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Astrid Dempfle, Karin Maria Egberts, Viola Kappel, Kerstin Konrad, Jennifer Anne Vloet, Katharina Bühren
OBJECTIVE: Although admissions of children with anorexia nervosa (AN) are increasing, there remains a dearth of up-to-date knowledge of the course and outcome of early-onset AN. The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of patients with AN onset before the age of 14. METHOD: Sixty-eight consecutive former patients who met the DSM-IV criteria for AN and who had been treated at one of three German university hospitals were asked to participate in a follow-up study...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424943/on-the-measurement-of-thin-ideal-internalization-implications-for-interpretation-of-risk-factors-and-treatment-outcome-in-eating-disorders-research
#4
J Kevin Thompson, Lauren M Schaefer, Robert F Dedrick
OBJECTIVE: Although the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) and Ideal Body Stereotype Scale (IBSS) are used interchangeably to assess thin ideal internalization, limited work has examined the assumption that the two measures index the same construct. METHOD: The current study utilized confirmatory factor analysis to examine whether these measures capture a single construct (one-factor), two constructs (two-factor), or both shared and unique constructs (bifactor)...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417609/how-many-individuals-achieve-symptom-abstinence-following-psychological-treatments-for-bulimia-nervosa-a-meta-analytic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear how many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) completely abstain from the core behavioral symptoms after receiving psychological treatment. The present meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to (a) estimate the prevalence of patients who abstain from binge eating and/or purging following all psychological treatments for BN, and (b) test whether these abstinence estimates are moderated by the type of treatment modality delivered, the definition of abstinence applied, and trial quality...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417603/a-10-session-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-t-for-eating-disorders-outcomes-from-a-case-series-of-nonunderweight-adult-patients
#6
Glenn Waller, Madeleine Tatham, Hannah Turner, Victoria A Mountford, Alison Bennetts, Kate Bramwell, Julie Dodd, Lauren Ingram
OBJECTIVE: Existing forms of evidence-based cognitive behavior therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED) are relatively effective for nonunderweight cases. However, they are also expensive compared to CBT for other disorders. This study reports the first outcomes for a shorter, 10-session form of CBT-ED (CBT-T) for such cases, designed to be less demanding of resources. METHOD: A case series of 106 nonunderweight eating disordered cases were considered for this effectiveness study...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417594/feasibility-of-a-parent-education-and-skills-workshop-for-improving-response-to-family-based-treatment-of-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Maria Ganci, Martin Pradel, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Early response to family-based treatment (FBT) is a robust predictor of positive outcomes for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). We introduced a parent education and skills workshop in the first 4 weeks of treatment with the aim of improving changes in parent self-efficacy in FBT and, in turn, patient weight gain. METHOD: Forty-five families who had at least one parent attend the workshop were compared to a matched control of families who did FBT before the workshop was introduced...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417593/medical-findings-in-1-026-consecutive-adult-inpatient-residential-eating-disordered-patients
#8
Philip S Mehler, Dan V Blalock, Keegan Walden, Simrat Kaur, Jennifer McBride, Kristine Walsh, Jennifer Watts
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are associated with multiple medical complications. We report contemporary medical data, for newly admitted adult inpatient and residential level of care patients. METHOD: Medical records of a transdiagnostic sample of 1,026 patients, with eating disorders, were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of a broad array of medical complications at time of admission. The prevalence of physiologically relevant medical complications was assessed across major eating disorder categories...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412456/cortical-thickness-patterns-as-state-biomarker-of-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Luca Lavagnino, Benson Mwangi, Bo Cao, Megan E Shott, Jair C Soares, Guido K W Frank
OBJECTIVE: Only few studies have investigated cortical thickness in anorexia nervosa (AN), and it is unclear whether patterns of altered cortical thickness can be identified as biomarkers for AN. METHOD: Cortical thickness was measured in 19 adult women with restricting-type AN, 24 individuals recovered from restricting-type AN (REC-AN) and 24 healthy controls. Those individuals with current or recovered from AN had previously shown altered regional cortical volumes across orbitofrontal cortex and insula...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405338/toward-valid-and-reliable-brain-imaging-results-in-eating-disorders
#10
Guido K W Frank, Angela Favaro, Rachel Marsh, Stefan Ehrlich, Elizabeth A Lawson
Human brain imaging can help improve our understanding of mechanisms underlying brain function and how they drive behavior in health and disease. Such knowledge may eventually help us to devise better treatments for psychiatric disorders. However, the brain imaging literature in psychiatry and especially eating disorders has been inconsistent, and studies are often difficult to replicate. The extent or severity of extremes of eating and state of illness, which are often associated with differences in, for instance hormonal status, comorbidity, and medication use, commonly differ between studies and likely add to variation across study results...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394459/treatment-of-co-occurring-food-avoidance-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-adult-possible-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#11
Eloisa Steen, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This case report details the presentation and treatment of a 42-year-old male self-presenting for treatment who reported having been a restrictive eater since childhood; since adolescence he had failed to meet appropriate nutritional intake with one meal at night followed by around 10-20 standard alcoholic drinks. METHOD: Ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy were offered emphasizing the need to adhere to regular eating patterns in conjunction with significant reduction of binge drinking...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394457/risk-and-resiliency-factors-related-to-body-dissatisfaction-and-disordered-eating-the-identity-disruption-model
#12
Lenny R Vartanian, Lydia E Hayward, Joshua M Smyth, Susan J Paxton, Stephen W Touyz
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined a theoretical model (the identity disruption model) linking negative early life experiences to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating via self-concept clarity and sociocultural factors (internalization of beauty ideals and appearance comparison tendencies). METHOD: 1,023 participants (52% women) completed a series of questionnaires online, including measures of negative early life experiences and childhood abuse, self-concept clarity, internalization of beauty ideals, appearance comparison tendencies, sociocultural pressure to improve one's appearance, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377203/media-smart-targeted-diagnostic-outcomes-from-a-two-country-pragmatic-online-eating-disorder-risk-reduction-trial-for-young-adults
#13
Simon M Wilksch, Anne O'Shea, Tracey D Wade
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic outcomes in eating disorder (ED) risk reduction trials are important but rarely reported. METHODS: An online pragmatic randomized-controlled trial was conducted with young-adult women in Australia and New Zealand seeking to improve their body image. Media Smart-Targeted (MS-T) was a 9-module program released weekly while control participants received tips for positive body image. Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) scores from baseline and 12-month follow-up were used to investigate two outcomes: ED onset in those who were asymptomatic at baseline (prevention effects); and, ED remission in those who met diagnosis at baseline (treatment effects)...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345848/economic-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-binge-eating-disorder
#14
Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Stephan Herpertz, Tony Lam, Andreas Mayr, Frauke Schmidt, Jennifer Svaldi, Stephan Zipfel, Christian Brettschneider, Anja Hilbert, Martina de Zwaan, Nina Egger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of individual face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to therapist guided Internet-based self-help (GSH-I) in overweight or obese adults with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Analysis was conducted alongside the multicenter randomized controlled INTERBED trial. CBT (n = 76) consisted of up to 20 individual therapy sessions over 4 months. GSH-I (n = 71) consisted of 11 modules combining behavioral interventions, exercises including a self-monitoring food diary, psychoeducation, and 2 face-to-face coaching sessions over 4 months...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341246/risk-factors-for-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-korean-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-korea-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#15
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Debra L Franko, Rachel F Rodgers, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for disordered weight control behaviors (DWCB) in South Korean adolescents at multiple levels, including individual, family, school, and geographic area. METHOD: We drew participants from the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, conducted in 2015, with 65,529 adolescents (31,687 girls, 33,842 boys) aged 12-18 years. DWCB was defined as engaging in any of the following behaviors for weight control over the past month: fasting, one-food diet (eating only one food over an extended period of time for weight control), vomiting, and taking laxatives/diuretics/unprescribed diet pills...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341214/cue-reactivity-habituation-and-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-in-children-with-loss-of-control-eating-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Anja Hilbert, Susanne Kurz, Daniela Dremmel, Susann Weihrauch Blüher, Simone Munsch, Ricarda Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Childhood loss of control (LOC) eating and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are highly comorbid conditions and present with disordered eating behaviors, such as overeating. This study sought to delineate shared and specific abnormalities in physiological, cognitive-motivational, and behavioral components of food-specific impulsivity in children with LOC eating and ADHD. Specifically, children's reactivity and habituation to food and eating in the absence of hunger were examined...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341203/food-specific-inhibitory-control-under-negative-mood-in-binge-eating-disorder-evidence-from-a-multimethod-approach
#17
Elisabeth J Leehr, Kathrin Schag, Thomas Dresler, Moritz Grosse-Wentrup, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas J Fallgatter, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitory control has been discussed as a developmental and maintenance factor in binge-eating disorder (BED). The current study is the first aimed at investigating inhibitory control in a negative mood condition on a psychophysiological and behavioral level in BED with a combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and eye tracking (ET). METHOD: We conducted a combined EEG and ET study with overweight individuals with BED (BED+, n = 24, mean age = 31, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and without BED (BED-, n = 23, mean age = 28, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and a normal-weight (NWC, n = 26, mean age 28, mean BMI = 22 kg/m2 ) control group...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331083/variation-in-reproductive-outcomes-of-women-with-histories-of-bulimia-nervosa-anorexia-nervosa-or-eating-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-relative-to-the-general-population-and-closest-aged-sisters
#18
Jennifer Tabler, Rebecca L Utz, Ken R Smith, Heidi A Hanson, Claudia Geist
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to examine the long-term reproductive consequences of eating disorders (ED), to assess variation in reproductive outcomes by ED type, and to examine reproductive differences between women with previous ED diagnosis and their discordant sisters. METHOD: Using a sample of women with previous ED diagnosis generated by the Utah Population Database, this study compares the fecundity (parity) and age at first birth of women by ED subtype (bulimia nervosa [BN], anorexia nervosa [AN], and ED not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) (n = 1,579)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331075/an-examination-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-broad-autism-spectrum-traits-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-a-multi-centre-study
#19
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Vanessa Peynenburg, Charlotte Rhind, Rebecca Hibbs, Ulrike Schmidt, Simon Gowers, Pamela Macdonald, Elizabeth Goddard, Gillian Todd, Nadia Micali, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) comorbid with broad autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or ASD traits. METHOD: The developmental and well-being assessment and social aptitude scale were used to categorize adolescents and young adults with AN (N = 149) into those with ASD traits (N = 23), and those who also fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a possible/probable ASD (N = 6). We compared both eating disorders specific measures and broader outcome measures at intake and 12 months follow-up...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328501/cognitive-control-functions-in-individuals-with-obesity-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Ines Kollei, Martina Rustemeier, Stefanie Schroeder, Sebastian Jongen, Stephan Herpertz, Sabine Loeber
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in cognitive control are thought to contribute to the maintenance of obesity (OB). Cognitive control is referred to as impulsivity and binge-eating disorder (BED) is characterized by high levels of impulsivity. The present study sought to elucidate which cognitive control functions differentiate between severe OB with and without BED also taking into account hunger as a moderating factor. METHOD: The study included 48 individuals with OB and BED (OB + BED), 48 individuals with OB and no BED (OB - BED) and 48 normal-weight controls (NWC)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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