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International Journal of Eating Disorders

Katie A Loth, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Stephen A Wonderlich, Jason M Lavender, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Kathleen D Vohs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Simon M Wilksch, Susan J Paxton, Susan M Byrne, S Bryn Austin, Anne O'Shea, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if baseline shape and weight concern (SWC) moderated outcomes in Prevention Across the Spectrum, a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of 3 school-based programs aimed at reducing eating disorder and obesity risk factors. METHOD: N = 1,316 Grade 7 and 8 girls and boys (M age = 13.21 years) across three Australian states were randomly allocated to: Media Smart; Life Smart; Helping, Encouraging, Listening and Protecting Peers Initiative (HELPP) or control (usual school class)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Marika Tiggemann, Amy Slater
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to examine the relationship across time between Facebook use and body image concern in adolescent girls. METHOD: A sample of 438 girls in the first two years (Years 8 and 9) of high school (aged 13-15 years) at Time 1 completed questionnaire measures of Facebook consumption and body image concerns, and again two years later (Time 2). RESULTS: Facebook involvement increased substantially over the two year time period...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Paul Rohde, Eric Stice, Jeff M Gau
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to identify variables that predicted persistence versus desistence of eating disorder-related compensatory behaviors in a high-risk factor sample of women who reported repeated compensatory behaviors at baseline. Data came from a randomized trial evaluating two brief obesity prevention interventions for college students with weight concerns. METHOD: Two hundred and sixty one young women (Mean age = 19.1, 79% European American) with weight concerns were randomly assigned to one of two brief obesity prevention interventions or educational video control...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ursula F Bailer, Julie C Price, Carolyn C Meltzer, Angela Wagner, Chester A Mathis, Anthony Gamst, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have anxious and inhibited temperaments with high concern for consequences. Studies using either positron emission tomography (PET) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suggest involvement of the middle and dorsal caudate (DC) in individuals recovered (REC) from AN. For example, dopamine (DA) D2/D3 receptor binding in the middle caudate and DC was associated with anxiety and harm avoidance, and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) response in the DC was positively related to trait anxiety...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of age and weight status on adolescents' body dissatisfaction and its change over 20 months in a gender-comparing design. The influence of body image concern on eating concern was also investigated. METHOD: In a prospective study, 675 male and female adolescents aged 12-16 were assessed using self-report questionnaires on weight, shape, muscularity, and eating concerns. Height and weight measurements were taken by trained personnel...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Jackie Wales, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Compulsive exercise is a prominent feature for the majority of patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but there is a dearth of research evaluating assessment instruments. This study assessed the concurrent validity of the exercise items of the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) and Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), with the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and other self-report exercise measures in patients with AN. We also aimed to perform validation of the CET in an adult clinical sample...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Andrea Fiorillo, Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Umberto Volpe, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Antonella Bruni, Cristina Segura-Garcìa, Francesco Catapano, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to: (1) describe coping strategies in relatives of patients with eating disorders (EDs); (2) analyze coping strategies according to the different EDs; (3) identify correlations between patients' clinical characteristics, relatives' socio-demographic characteristics and coping strategies. METHODS: Patients and their relatives consecutively attending three outpatient units for EDs at the Universities of Naples SUN, Salerno and Catanzaro were recruited...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rachel P Kolko, Rebecca L Emery, Marsha D Marcus, Michele D Levine
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of and changes in loss of control over eating (LOC) among pregnant women with overweight/obesity, along with associations between LOC and depressive symptoms and stress. METHOD: Community women (N = 200; body mass index ≥ 25; 12-20 weeks gestation) reported LOC before and during early pregnancy using the Eating Disorder Examination, which was adapted for administration in pregnancy. Women self-reported depressive symptoms and stress during early pregnancy...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Laura M Thornton, Hunna J Watson, Andreas Jangmo, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Claes Norring, Barry K Herman, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between binge-eating disorder (BED) and somatic illnesses and determine whether medical comorbidities are more common in individuals who present with BED and comorbid obesity. METHOD: Cases (n = 850) were individuals with a BED diagnosis in the Swedish eating disorders quality registers. Ten community controls were matched to each case on sex, and year, month, and county of birth. Associations of BED status with neurologic, immune, respiratory, gastrointestinal, skin, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, circulatory, and endocrine system diseases were evaluated using conditional logistic regression models...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Shannon M O'Connor, Christopher R Beam, Xiaochen Luo, L Adelyn Cohen, Jessica L VanHuysse, Robert E Emery, Eric Turkheimer, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly Klump
OBJECTIVE: Prior twin studies provide support for a single "common factor" that contributes genetic and environmental risk to a range of disordered eating symptoms. However, the common factor may be indexed less well by binge eating (BE) than other symptoms of eating disorders [i.e., body dissatisfaction (BD) and weight preoccupation (WP)]. We sought to explore the presence of a common factor and test whether loadings differed across three key symptoms (i.e., BE, BD, WP). METHOD: Disordered eating was assessed via self-report in 631 female twin pairs from the Michigan State University Twin Registry...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Jason M Nagata, Neville H Golden, Rebecka Peebles, Jin Long, Mary B Leonard, Audrey O Chang, Jennifer L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare sex differences in bone deficits among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to identify other correlates of bone health. METHOD: Electronic medical records of all patients 9-20 years of age with a DSM-5 diagnosis of AN who were evaluated by the eating disorders program at Stanford with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) between March 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Whole body bone mineral content Z-scores and bone mineral density (BMD) Z-scores at multiple sites were recorded using the Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study (BMDCS) reference data...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ann F Haynos, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that eating disorder subtypes reflecting under-controlled, over-controlled, and low psychopathology personality traits constitute reliable phenotypes that differentiate treatment response. This study is the first to use statistical analyses to identify these subtypes within treatment-seeking individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) and to use these statistically derived clusters to predict clinical outcomes. METHODS: Using variables from the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire, K-means cluster analyses identified under-controlled, over-controlled, and low psychopathology subtypes within BN patients (n = 80) enrolled in a treatment trial...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
A Bresch, M Rullmann, J Luthardt, G A Becker, G Reissig, M Patt, Y-S Ding, A Hilbert, O Sabri, S Hesse
OBJECTIVE: Emotional eating (EE) has been linked to norepinephrine dysfunction. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the relationship between EE and norepinephrine transporter (NET) availability. METHOD: Ten severely obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) 42.4 ± 3.7 kg/m(2) ) and ten non-obese, healthy controls (BMI 23.9 ± 2.5 kg/m(2) ) matched for age and sex were studied using (S,S)-[(11) C]-O-methylreboxetine ([(11) C]MRB) positron emission tomography (PET)...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Janet E Schebendach, Christine C Call, Evelyn Attia, Michael J Devlin, B Timothy Walsh, Laurel E S Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) restrict fat intake. The Geiselman Food Preference Questionnaire-I© (FPQ) is a validated self-report instrument that yields a fat preference score (>100 = high fat preference, <100 = low fat preference). The goal of the study was to assess the utility of the FPQ in patients with AN. SPECIFIC AIMS: (1) to examine change in fat preference scores before and after weight restoration in hospitalized patients; and (2) to compare patients' scores before and after weight restoration to scores from healthy participants (HPs)...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Laura Al-Dakhiel Winkler, Jacob Stampe Frølich, Maya Schulpen, René Klinkby Støving
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between body composition measures and menstrual status in a large sample of adult patients with a history of anorexia nervosa and to calculate the predicted probability of resumption of menstrual function. Furthermore, to establish whether fat percentage is superior to body mass index in predicting the resumption of menses. METHOD: One hundred and thirteen adult women with a history of anorexia nervosa underwent a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan and completed questionnaires regarding medication prescription and menstrual function...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Deborah L Reas, Geir Pedersen, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated impulsivity-related personality traits using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) in women diagnosed with co-occurring bulmia nervosa and borderline personality disorder (BN-BPD), borderline personality disorder (BPD no-BN), or major depressive disorder (MDD-only). METHOD: The sample included 672 adult female admissions to a psychiatric day hospital treatment program. The NEO PI-R facets of impulsiveness (N5), excitement-seeking (E5), self-discipline (C5), and deliberation (C6) provided a proxy assessment of impulsivity-related traits tapping negative urgency, sensation-seeking, lack of perseverance, and lack of premeditation/planning...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Teena D Moody, Vivian W Shen, Nathan L Hutcheson, Jennifer R Henretty, Courtney L Sheen, Michael Strober, Jamie D Feusner
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) exhibit distorted perception and negative evaluations of their own appearance; however, little is known about how they perceive others' appearance, and whether or not the conditions share perceptual distortions. METHOD: Thirty participants with BDD, 22 with AN, now weight-restored, and 39 healthy comparison participants (HC) rated photographs of others' faces and bodies on attractiveness, how overweight or underweight they were, and how much photographs triggered thoughts of their own appearance...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Josie Geller, Suja Srikameswaran, Megumi Iyar, Joanna Zelichowska, Michel Thibodeau, Krista E Brown, Erin C Dunn
: The support provided by family and friends is integral to patient motivation and clinical outcomes across health care populations. However, little is known about factors that promote or interfere with the type of support offered. OBJECTIVE: This research examined factors associated with collaborative versus directive support among carers of adults with eating disorders. METHOD: Participants were mothers, fathers, partners, friends, and siblings (N = 141) of eating disorder patients in hospital or residential treatment...
August 22, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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