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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626944/food-insecurity-and-eating-disorder-pathology
#1
Carolyn Black Becker, Keesha Middlemass, Brigitte Taylor, Clara Johnson, Francesca Gomez
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate eating disorder (ED) pathology in those living with food insecurity. A secondary aim was to investigate whether any-reason dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry increased as level of food insecurity increased. METHOD: Participants (N = 503) seeking food from food pantries completed questionnaires assessing level of food insecurity, demographics, ED pathology, dietary restraint, weight self-stigma, and worry...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623853/the-validity-of-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-for-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#2
Kathryn E Smith, Jo M Ellison, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN). Given limited data regarding the validity of eating disorder (ED) severity specifiers, this study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of severity specifiers in AN, BN, and BED...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593722/macronutrient-intake-associated-with-weight-gain-in-adolescent-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Charumathi Baskaran, Traci L Carson, Karen J Campoverde Reyes, Kendra R Becker, Meghan J Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Kamryn T Eddy, Ellen J Anderson, Jane L Hubbard, Madhusmita Misra, Anne Klibanski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and women with anorexia nervosa (AN) are known to severely restrict total calorie and fat intake. However, data are limited regarding specific macronutrient intake associated with weight gain in AN. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate dietary macronutrient composition associated with weight gain in adolescent girls with AN. METHOD: A prospective naturalistic study of 90 girls 12-18 years old; 45 with AN and 45 healthy normal-weight-controls over a 6-12-month period...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593655/vitamin-d-levels-strongly-influence-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-markers-during-weight-gain-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Alessandro Giollo, Luca Idolazzi, Cristian Caimmi, Angelo Fassio, Francesco Bertoldo, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Ombretta Viapiana, Maurizio Rossini, Davide Gatti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate a potential role for vitamin D status on bone mineral density (BMD) during weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: Spine and hip BMD assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), serum vitamin D (25-OH-D), N-propeptide of type I collagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured before and after a 20-week intensive weight-restoration program in ninety-one female patients with AN and secondary amenorrhoea...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593630/investigating-the-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-based-on-thinness-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 severity classification scheme for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) is based upon current body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2) ). This study examined the utility of the DSM-5 severity specifiers for adults with AN in relation to core cognitive and behavioral features of eating pathology and associated psychosocial impairment. METHODS: A clinical sample of 146 adult AN patients (140 women, 6 men) were categorized using DSM-5 current BMI severity specifiers and assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA)...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580715/parental-guided-self-help-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study
#6
James Lock, Alison Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Molly Vierhile, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
OBJECTIVE: Family Based Treatment (FBT) is an evidenced based treatment for adolescent Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but many families cannot access it. This study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary treatment effects of a parental guided self-help (GSH) version of FBT for adolescent AN. METHOD: This was a case-series design. Parents of medically stable adolescents (11-18 years) with DSM-5 AN were recruited over 12 months. Parents received online training in parental GSH FBT and 12 20-30 min GSH sessions by phone or online over 6 months...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#7
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560852/the-significant-effects-of-puberty-on-the-genetic-diathesis-of-binge-eating-in-girls
#8
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Shannon O'Connor, Natasha Fowler, S Alexandra Burt
OBJECTIVE: Recent data show significant phenotypic and genetic associations between ovarian hormones and binge eating in adulthood. Theories of hormonal risk focus on puberty and the possibility that hormone activation induces changes in genetic effects that then lead to differential risk for binge eating in postpuberty and adulthood. Although this theory is difficult to test in humans, an indirect test is to examine whether genetic influences on binge eating increase during the pubertal period in girls...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556022/predictors-of-premature-termination-from-psychotherapy-for-anorexia-nervosa-low-treatment-credibility-early-therapy-alliance-and-self-transcendence
#9
Jennifer Jordan, Virginia V W McIntosh, Frances A Carter, Peter R Joyce, Christopher M A Frampton, Suzanne E Luty, Janice M McKenzie, Janet D Carter, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Failure to complete treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) is- common, clinically concerning but difficult to predict. This study examines whether therapy-related factors (patient-rated pretreatment credibility and early therapeutic alliance) predict subsequent premature termination of treatment (PTT) alongside self-transcendence (a previously identified clinical predictor) in women with AN. METHODS: 56 women aged 17-40 years participating in a randomized outpatient psychotherapy trial for AN...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489323/mild-moderate-meaningful-examining-the-psychological-and-functioning-correlates-of-dsm-5-eating-disorder-severity-specifiers
#10
Loren Gianini, Christina A Roberto, Evelyn Attia, B Timothy Walsh, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Carlos M Grilo, Thomas Weigel, Robyn Sysko
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the DSM-5 severity specifiers for treatment-seeking groups of participants with anorexia nervosa (AN), the purging form of bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Hundred and sixty-two participants with AN, 93 participants with BN, and 343 participants with BED were diagnosed using semi-structured interviews, sub-categorized using DSM-5 severity specifiers and compared on demographic and cross-sectional clinical measures...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489288/enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-adapted-for-a-group-setting
#11
Stephanie Wade, Sue Byrne, Karina Allen
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial is an evaluation of the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT-E) for eating disorders adapted for a group setting. The study aimed to examine the effects of group CBT-E on eating disorder psychopathology and additional maintaining pathology. METHOD: A transdiagnostic sample of individuals with eating disorders with a BMI ≥ 18 kg/m(2) (N = 40) were randomized to an immediate-start or delayed-start condition so as to compare therapeutic effects of group CBT-E with a waitlist control...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481434/time-course-of-the-effects-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-two-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-in-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder
#12
Susan L McElroy, James I Hudson, Maria Gasior, Barry K Herman, Jana Radewonuk, Denise Wilfley, Joan Busner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the time course of efficacy-related endpoints for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo in adults with protocol-defined moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, adults meeting DSM-IV-TR BED criteria were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or dose-optimized LDX (50 or 70 mg). Analyses across visits used mixed-effects models for repeated measures (binge eating days/week, binge eating episodes/week, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating [Y-BOCS-BE] scores, percentage body weight change) and chi-square tests (Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I; from the perspective of BED symptoms] scale dichotomized as improved or not improved)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481431/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-body-project-more-than-muscles-for-men-with-body-dissatisfaction
#13
Tiffany A Brown, K Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474420/eating-disorder-related-social-comparison-in-college-women-s-everyday-lives
#14
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft
OBJECTIVE: This study examined: frequency of upward and downward body, eating, and exercise comparisons; context in which these comparisons occur; and body, eating, and exercise comparison direction as predictors of concurrent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating thoughts, urges, and behaviors in college women's everyday lives using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHOD: Participants were 232 college women who completed a two-week EMA protocol, using their personal electronic devices to answer questions three times per day...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457012/body-composition-in-men-with-anorexia-nervosa-longitudinal-study
#15
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Chiara Milanese, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: To compare body composition patterns before and after complete weight restoration in men with anorexia nervosa. METHOD: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to measure body composition patterns in 10 men with anorexia nervosa before and after complete weight restoration, and in 10 healthy men matched to age and patients' post-treatment body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Before weight restoration, men with anorexia nervosa displayed lower total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LBM) than those in the healthy comparison group, with a greater FM loss from the extremity than the trunk region...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444828/labeling-and-defining-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-critical-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Catherine Broomfield, Kristin Stedal, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: With anorexia nervosa (AN) having various presentations, attention has been directed towards particularly durable forms of the condition in both research and clinical contexts. A major hindrance in terms of advancing the field is the inconsistent labeling and defining of this subgroup. This has two implications; first, the inconsistent recruitment of participants when researching this sample, and second, the misdiagnosing of patients who may or may not have a durable course of the disease...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436086/male-clinical-norms-and-sex-differences-on-the-eating-disorder-inventory-edi-and-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q
#17
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Jason M Lavender
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that males account for a significant minority of patients with eating disorders (EDs). However, prior research has been limited by inclusion of small and predominantly non-clinical samples of males. This study aimed to (1) provide male clinical norms for widely used ED measures (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire [EDE-Q] and Eating Disorder Inventory-3 [EDI-3]) and (2) examine sex differences in overall ED psychopathology. METHOD: Participants were 386 male and 1,487 female patients with an ED diagnosis aged 16 years and older who completed the EDE-Q and EDI-3 upon admission to a residential or partial hospital ED treatment program...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436084/defining-significant-weight-loss-in-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#18
K Jean Forney, Tiffany A Brown, Lauren A Holland-Carter, Grace A Kennedy, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) is defined by the symptoms of anorexia nervosa in the presence of "significant weight loss" in individuals who are not underweight. Description of current weight in AAN has been limited, significant weight loss has not been defined, and the distinction between having AAN versus having weight suppression has not been examined. METHOD: Secondary analyses were conducted with data from an epidemiological study of women (n = 1,640) and men (n = 794)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432804/premorbid-bmi-predicts-binge-purge-symptomatology-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Elin L Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: A finding consistent with the transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders is that about half of those with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN) eventually undergo a transition to the binge/purge (BP) subtype or to bulimia nervosa. Given evidence that individuals with bulimic symptoms exhibit elevated weights premorbidly, we tested the hypothesis that among those with AN, highest premorbid BMI would predict which individuals with AN would develop AN-BP. METHOD: The current study used longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents with AN in Sweden...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430364/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analyses have documented the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for reducing symptoms of eating disorders. However, it is not known whether CBT for eating disorders can also improve quality of life (QoL). This meta-analysis therefore examined the effects of CBT for eating disorders on subjective QoL and health-related quality of life (QoL). METHOD: Studies that assessed QoL before and after CBT for eating disorders were searched in the PsycInfo and Medline database...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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