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International Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219202/disturbance-of-gut-satiety-peptide-in-purging-disorder
#1
Pamela K Keel, Lisa A Eckel, Britny A Hildebrandt, Alissa A Haedt-Matt, Jonathan Appelbaum, David C Jimerson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about biological factors that contribute to purging after normal amounts of food-the central feature of purging disorder (PD). This study comes from a series of nested studies examining ingestive behaviors in bulimic syndromes and specifically evaluated the satiety peptide YY (PYY) and the hunger peptide ghrelin in women with PD (n = 25), bulimia nervosa-purging (BNp) (n = 26), and controls (n = 26). Based on distinct subjective responses to a fixed meal in PD (Keel, Wolfe, Liddle, DeYoung, & Jimerson, ), we tested whether postprandial PYY response was significantly greater and ghrelin levels significantly lower in women with PD compared to controls and women with BNp...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215777/atypical-anorexia-nervosa-is-not-related-to-brain-structural-changes-in-newly-diagnosed-adolescent-patients
#2
Gaia Olivo, Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukovsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
OBJECTIVE: Patients with atypical anorexia nervosa (AN) have many features overlapping with AN in terms of genetic risk, age of onset, psychopathology and prognosis of outcome, although the weight loss may not be a core factor. While brain structural alterations have been reported in AN, there are currently no data regarding atypical AN patients. METHOD: We investigated brain structure through a voxel-based morphometry analysis in 22 adolescent females newly-diagnosed with atypical AN, and 38 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215750/questionnaire-based-problematic-relationship-to-eating-and-food-is-associated-with-25-year-body-mass-index-trajectories-during-midlife-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#3
Cynthia Yoon, David R Jacobs, Daniel A Duprez, Gareth Dutton, Cora E Lewis, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Lyn M Steffen, Delia S West, Susan M Mason
OBJECTIVE: Problematic eating behaviors and attitudes are of public health concern. Questionnaire-based assessment of these behaviors is important for large-scale research on eating behaviors. The questionnaire on eating and weight patterns-revised (QEWP-R) measures potential problematic behaviors and attitudes toward food (including anxieties, compensatory actions, overeating and loss of control, dieting, and shape concerns) that in aggregate may indicate diagnosable eating disorders...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215749/building-evidence-for-the-use-of-descriptive-subtypes-in-youth-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#4
Mark L Norris, Wendy Spettigue, Nicole G Hammond, Debra K Katzman, Nancy Zucker, Katie Yelle, Alexandre Santos, Madeline Gray, Nicole Obeid
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of patients with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) in an effort to identify and describe subtypes of the disorder. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was completed for patients aged 8-17 years assessed over a 17-year period. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were included in the study, the majority of whom were female (n = 56, 73%). The average age of patients was 13.7 years (SD = 2...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215748/reliability-and-validity-of-the-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-12-attachment-dimensions-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#5
Giorgio A Tasca, Agostino Brugnera, Danielle Baldwin, Samantha Carlucci, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Mary Gick, Marie-France Lafontaine
OBJECTIVE: Attachment insecurity is a potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). To date, there are multiple psychometrically sound questionnaires for the evaluation of attachment in both clinical and healthy populations, such as the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) scale. Composed by two subscales (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance), the ECR scale was recently adapted to a shorter, 12-item version (ECR-12). However, a validation of the ECR-12 among patients with EDs is still lacking...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#6
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205410/eating-pathology-in-midlife-women-similar-or-different-to-younger-counterparts
#7
Paul E Jenkins, Tom Price
OBJECTIVE: This study examined potential similarities and differences between women with eating disorders (EDs) in midlife and their younger counterparts. METHOD: Seven hundred and three women assessed by a specialist eating disorder service were divided into three groups based on age (18-25, 25-40, and 40+) and compared on a number of clinical and demographic measures. Distribution of ED diagnoses was also examined between groups. RESULTS: Midlife women were less likely to receive a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and more likely to receive a diagnosis of binge-eating disorder than their younger counterparts...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197118/reducing-the-stigma-associated-with-anorexia-nervosa-an-evaluation-of-a-social-consensus-intervention-among-australian-and-chinese-young-women
#8
Yuwen Yan, Elizabeth Rieger, Yiyun Shou
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effectiveness of a social consensus intervention in reducing stigma toward individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) among women from Australia and mainland China. Moreover, the different predictions of informational/normative social influence theory and the social identity approach in terms of the effectiveness of the social consensus intervention were investigated. METHOD: Participants were female students from the Australian National University (n = 97) and Central China Normal University (n = 76) who reported their levels of stigma toward a fictional character with AN before and after receiving normative information regarding the attitudes of others toward people with AN...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197104/the-effect-of-dronabinol-in-a-male-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa-suffering-from-severe-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active
#9
Holmer Graap, Yesim Erim, Georgios Paslakis
OBJECTIVE: A 27-year-old male suffering from chronic anorexia nervosa was admitted for inpatient psychotherapy suffering from severe urge to be physically active. METHODS: An off-label treatment with dronabinol was initiated, to reduce his symptoms related to that urge. Several attempts to reduce symptoms including intensive psychotherapy and several psychopharmacological agents had failed in the past. RESULTS: Following treatment with 7.5 mg dronabinol twice a day, the patient reported a significant reduction in his acute urge to be physically active...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#10
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131365/gut-microbiota-and-body-composition-in-anorexia-nervosa-inpatients-in-comparison-to-athletes-overweight-obese-and-normal-weight-controls
#11
Sabrina Mörkl, Sonja Lackner, Wolfram Müller, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Karl Kashofer, Andreas Oberascher, Annamaria Painold, Anna Holl, Peter Holzer, Andreas Meinitzer, Harald Mangge, Sandra Holasek
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a heterogeneous eating disorder associated with alterations of body structure and the gut microbiome. We aimed to investigate the gut microbiota composition of a large female cohort including different BMI groups and activity levels along with body composition parameters. METHOD: 106 female participants were included in this cross-sectional study: AN patients (n = 18), athletes (n = 20), normal weight (n = 26), overweight (n = 22), and obese women (n = 20)...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120488/normal-white-matter-microstructure-in-women-long-term-recovered-from-anorexia-nervosa-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#12
Lasse Bang, Øyvind Rø, Tor Endestad
OBJECTIVES: Studies point to white matter (WM) microstructure alterations in both adolescent and adult patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). These include reduced fractional anisotropy in several WM fiber tracts, suggesting reduced WM integrity. The extent to which these alterations are reversible with recovery from AN is unclear. There is a paucity of research investigating the presence of WM microstructure alterations in recovered AN patients, and results are inconsistent. This study aimed to investigate the presence of WM microstructure alterations in women long-term recovered from AN...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116642/the-relation-between-patient-characteristics-and-their-carers-use-of-a-directive-versus-collaborative-support-stance
#13
Josie Geller, Megumi Iyar, Suja Srikameswaran, Joanna Zelichowska, Yuan Zhou, Erin C Dunn
OBJECTIVES: Collaborative support provided by carers (family and friends) of individuals with eating disorders has been shown to be integral to patient motivation and clinical outcome. Little is known about factors that contribute to carers' use of collaborative, as opposed to directive, support stance. This exploratory research investigated associations between patient characteristics and carers' support beliefs and behaviors. METHOD: Eating disorder patients (n = 72) completed measures of readiness for change, eating disorder, and psychiatric symptom severity, and interpersonal functioning...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112288/a-preliminary-study-of-momentary-naturalistic-indicators-of-binge-eating-episodes-in-adults-with-obesity
#14
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, James E Mitchell, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Binge eating is common in adults with obesity. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Psychiatric Disorders describes five indicators of binge eating (eating more rapidly than usual; eating until uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating alone because of embarrassment over how much one is eating; and feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty after overeating), but their validity is unclear. METHOD: We examined preliminary associations between the five indicators and binge versus nonbinge episodes among 50 adults with obesity via ecological momentary assessment...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112280/characterization-and-correlates-of-exercise-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer L Carlson, Jessica M Kao, Neville H Golden, Stuart B Murray, Rebecka Peebles
OBJECTIVE: To characterize exercise behaviors among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, or bulimia nervosa (BN), and determine associations between exercise and medical risk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic medical records of all patients evaluated by the Eating Disorder Program at Stanford between January 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 1,083 subjects (961 females, 122 males; mean age 15...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105808/early-childhood-adversities-and-risk-of-eating-disorders-in-women-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#16
Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Cynthia M Bulik, Laura M Thornton, Susanne Vinkel Koch, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women. METHOD: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105807/the-direct-health-care-costs-of-eating-disorders-among-hospitalized-patients-a-population-based-study
#17
Claire de Oliveira, Patricia Colton, Joyce Cheng, Marion Olmsted, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct health care costs of eating disorders in Ontario, Canada, in 2012, using a prevalence-based cost-of-illness approach. METHOD: We selected a population-based sample of all patients eligible for public health care insurance over the age of 4 with a hospitalization for an eating disorder at any point since 1988. We estimated total and mean direct net costs per patient in 2012, from the third public payer perspective, by sex, age group, and health service type...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105805/should-body-image-programs-be-inclusive-a-focus-group-study-of-college-students
#18
Anna C Ciao, Olivia C Ohls, Kevin D Pringle
OBJECTIVE: Most evidence-based body image programs for college students (e.g., the Body Project) are designed for female-only audiences, although body dissatisfaction is not limited to female-identified individuals. Furthermore, programs do not explicitly discuss diversity, although individuals with marginalized gender, racial, and sexual identities may be particularly vulnerable to body image disturbances. Making programs more inclusive may increase their disseminability. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the feasibility of adapting the Body Project for universal and inclusive use with college students...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098699/stress-is-associated-with-exercise-differently-among-individuals-with-higher-and-lower-eating-disorder-symptoms-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#19
Margarita Sala, Leigh C Brosof, David Rosenfield, Katya C Fernandez, Cheri A Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Stress is associated with the maintenance of eating disorders and exercise behaviors. However, it is unclear how stress is associated with exercise and vice-versa among individuals with higher levels of eating disorder symptoms in daily life. The current study tested the moderating effect of eating disorder symptoms on the relationships between: (1) daily stress and later exercise behavior and (2) daily exercise behavior and later stress. METHOD: Female college students [N = 129, mean age = 19...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076176/electronic-cigarette-use-among-individuals-with-a-self-reported-eating-disorder-diagnosis
#20
Meghan E Morean, Alexa L'Insalata
OBJECTIVE: The primary study aim was to examine whether rates of using e-cigarettes ("vaping") to lose weight are elevated among American adults who self-report having an eating disorder (ED). METHOD: Adult vapers who reported either currently having an ED (n = 178; 72.5% women, 83.7% White, mean age 33.26 [SD = 8.35] years) or no ED history (n = 433; 54.7% women, 83.4% White, 35.98 [SD = 11.71] years) completed an anonymous survey. RESULTS: Relative to participants reporting no ED history, participants who reported currently having an ED were more likely to report vaping to lose/control weight, because it can be concealed from others, and due to the availability of sweet flavors...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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