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Clinical Psychology Review

Eirini Karyotaki, David Daniel Ebert, Liesje Donkin, Heleen Riper, Jos Twisk, Simone Burger, Alexander Rozental, Alfred Lange, Alishia D Williams, Anna Carlotta Zarski, Anna Geraedts, Annemieke van Straten, Annet Kleiboer, Björn Meyer, Burçin B Ünlü Ince, Claudia Buntrock, Dirk Lehr, Frank J Snoek, Gavin Andrews, Gerhard Andersson, Isabella Choi, Jeroen Ruwaard, Jan Philipp Klein, Jill M Newby, Johanna Schröder, Johannes A C Laferton, Kim Van Bastelaar, Kotaro Imamura, Kristofer Vernmark, Leif Boß, Lisa B Sheeber, Marie Kivi, Matthias Berking, Nickolai Titov, Per Carlbring, Robert Johansson, Robin Kenter, Sarah Perini, Steffen Moritz, Stephanie Nobis, Thomas Berger, Viktor Kaldo, Yvonne Forsell, Nils Lindefors, Martin Kraepelien, Cecilia Björkelund, Norito Kawakami, Pim Cuijpers
Little is known about clinically relevant changes in guided Internet-based interventions for depression. Moreover, methodological and power limitations preclude the identification of patients' groups that may benefit more from these interventions. This study aimed to investigate response rates, remission rates, and their moderators in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of guided Internet-based interventions for adult depression to control groups using an individual patient data meta-analysis approach...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Joelle LeMoult, Ian H Gotlib
Cognitive science has been instrumental in advancing our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of depression. Research conducted over the last 50 years supports the proposition that depression and risk for depression are characterized by the operation of negative biases, and often by a lack of positive biases, in self-referential processing, interpretation, attention, and memory, as well as the use of maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies. There is also evidence to suggest that deficits in cognitive control over mood-congruent material underlie these cognitive processes...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Natalia M Garcia, Rosemary S Walker, Lori A Zoellner
Women are disproportionately affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and gonadal hormones are implicated in fear learning processes associated with PTSD. In rodents, lower estradiol, particularly during metestrus when progesterone is also low, is associated with impaired extinction. Based on theories that extinction deficits underlie PTSD, individuals with lower estradiol and progesterone may exhibit fear learning deficits and higher PTSD symptomatology. A systematic review was conducted in PsycInfo, PubMed, and Medline databases for studies examining estradiol, progesterone, or menstrual phase in relation to fear learning or PTSD symptoms...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Ulrike Zetsche, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Lars Schulze
Individuals who experience recurrent negative thoughts are at elevated risk for mood and anxiety disorders. It is thus essential to understand why some individuals get stuck in recurrent negative thinking (RNT), whereas others are able to disengage eventually. Theoretical models propose that individuals high in recurrent negative thinking suffer from deficits in controlling the contents of working memory. Empirical findings, however, are inconclusive. In this meta-analysis, we synthesize findings from 94 studies to examine the proposed association between RNT and deficits in cognitive control...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Yael I Nillni, Aydan Mehralizade, Laura Mayer, Snezana Milanovic
Women with psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and the postpartum period (i.e., perinatal period) are at increased risk for adverse maternal and child outcomes. Effective treatment of psychiatric disorders during the perinatal period is imperative. This review summarizes the outcomes of 78 studies focused on the treatment of depression, anxiety, and trauma-related disorders during the perinatal period. The majority of studies focused on perinatal depression (n = 73). Of the five studies focused on anxiety or trauma-related disorders, only one was a randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
June 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Kelly A Knowles, Rebecca C Cox, Thomas Armstrong, Bunmi O Olatunji
A growing body of research has implicated disgust in various psychopathologies, especially anxiety-related disorders. Although the observed role of disgust in many disorders is robust, the mechanisms that may explain this role are unclear. Cutting-edge research in cognitive science has the potential to elucidate such mechanisms and consequently improve our understanding of how disgust contributes to the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology. In this qualitative review, we systematically assess cognitive bias mechanisms that have been linked to disgust and its disorders...
June 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Sandy H Huang, George A Bonanno
Given the rapid proliferation of trajectory-based approaches to study clinical consequences to stress and potentially traumatic events (PTEs), there is a need to evaluate emerging findings. This review examined convergence/divergences across 54 studies in the nature and prevalence of response trajectories, and determined potential sources of bias to improve future research. Of the 67 cases that emerged from the 54 studies, the most consistently observed trajectories following PTEs were resilience (observed in: n = 63 cases), recovery (n = 49), chronic (n = 47), and delayed onset (n = 22)...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Matthew J Blake, John A Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
There is robust evidence of an association between insomnia, anxiety, and depression in adolescence. The aim of this review is to describe and synthesize potential mechanisms underlying this association and explore implications for the design of adolescent behavioral sleep interventions. Specifically, we examine whether insomnia symptoms are a mechanism for the development of internalizing symptoms in adolescence and whether sleep interventions are an effective treatment for both insomnia and internalizing symptoms in adolescence because they target the shared mechanisms underlying these disorders...
May 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Richard J McNally
Beginning in the 1980s, experimental psychopathologists increasingly adapted the concepts and paradigms of cognitive science to elucidate information-processing abnormalities that may figure in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. Assessment and modification of attentional biases for threat has been a major theme in this research program. The field has witnessed the development of progressively more sophisticated approaches for isolating attentional processes from other cognitive processes in the service of accurate assessment and treatment...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Keri Frantell, Phillip N Smith, Leticia Y Flores, Gregory L Stuart
Transgender people are at high risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths compared to the general population. Several correlates of suicide ideation and attempts have been identified empirically to understand this increased risk. However, few attempts have been made to systematically review this literature. Further, a theory to understand and identify targetable factors for intervention has rarely been applied to this population. In the first systematic review guided by ideation-to-action frameworks of suicide, we systematically reviewed the literature from January 1991 to July 2017 regarding correlates of suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths among transgender people...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Christopher T Thompson, Andrew Vidgen, Neil P Roberts
There is a high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in refugee and asylum seeker populations which can pose distinct challenges for mental health professionals. This review included 16 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 1111 participants investigating the effect of psychological interventions on PTSD in these populations. We searched PsychInfo, ProQuest (including selected databases ASSIA, IBSS, PILOTS), Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Database of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) and Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews (CDSR) to identify peer-reviewed, primary research articles up to May 2018...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Daniel Fulford, Tim Campellone, David E Gard
Limited quantity and quality of interpersonal exchanges and relationships predict worse symptomatic and hospitalization outcomes and limit functional recovery in people with schizophrenia. While deficits in social skills and social cognition contribute to much of the impairment in social functioning in schizophrenia, our focus on the current review is social motivation-the drive to connect with others and form meaningful, lasting relationships. We pay particular attention to how recent research on reward informs, and limits, our understanding of the construct...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
H J G Abrahams, M F M Gielissen, C A H H V M Verhagen, H Knoop
Severe fatigue occurs in one in four breast cancer survivors (BCS). Quality of life (QOL) and psychological factors are important in fatigue-oriented interventions for BCS, but an up-to-date overview is lacking. The aims of this review were to (i) provide a comprehensive overview of the relationship of fatigue with QOL and factors that can be addressed in psychological interventions for fatigue in BCS and (ii) determine the strength of evidence for these relationships. A systematic literature search was conducted to find studies on fatigue in BCS who had completed curative breast cancer treatment...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
S A Cassidy, L Bradley, E Bowen, S Wigham, J Rodgers
Adults diagnosed with autism are at significantly increased risk of suicidal thoughts, suicidal behaviours and dying by suicide. However, it is unclear whether any validated tools are currently available to effectively assess suicidality in autistic adults in research and clinical practice. This is crucial for understanding and preventing premature death by suicide in this vulnerable group. This two stage systematic review therefore aimed to identify tools used to assess suicidality in autistic and general population adults, evaluate these tools for their appropriateness and measurement properties, and make recommendations for appropriate selection of suicidality assessment tools in research and clinical practice...
June 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Anka A Vujanovic, Samantha G Farris, Brooke A Bartlett, Robert C Lyons, Moira Haller, Peter J Colvonen, Sonya B Norman
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) are complex psychiatric conditions that commonly co-occur. No evidence-based, "gold standard" treatments for PTSD/SUD comorbidity are currently available. Thus, it is imperative to better understand cognitive-affective mechanisms, targetable via cognitive-behavioral intervention (i.e., malleable), that may be related to both disorders in order to improve the theory and treatment of PTSD/SUD. Anxiety sensitivity is a malleable cognitive-affective factor with relevance to both PTSD and SUD...
June 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Melita J Giummarra, Alyse Lennox, Gezelle Dali, Beth Costa, Belinda J Gabbe
The psychological impacts of injury have significant long-term implications on injury recovery. This review examined the effectiveness of interventions delivered within three months of injury on reducing the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression symptoms. A systematic search of seven databases (PsycINFO, Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library) identified 15,224 records. 212 full-text articles were retrieved, 26 studies were included in narrative synthesis, and 12 studies with lower risk of bias were included in meta-analyses...
June 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Isabella Marker, Peter J Norton
Motivational Interviewing (MI) has been suggested as an adjunct to Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. Although preliminary evidence suggests that MI as a prelude to CBT (MI + CBT) improves various aspects of treatment from initial engagement, overall symptom reduction, and treatment drop out rate, results are inconsistent. The current meta-analysis combined the findings of 12 trials examining the efficacy of MI + CBT in comparison to CBT alone. Across studies, MI + CBT outperformed standard CBT in terms of overall anxiety symptom reduction, Hedges g = 0...
June 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Allison J Ouimet, Andrea R Ashbaugh, Adam S Radomsky
Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) stemmed from knowledge acquired from cognitive science. Researchers continue to apply basic cognitive-affective science methods to understanding OCD, with the overarching goal of improving and refining evidence-based treatments. However, the degree to which such research has contributed to this goal is unclear. We reviewed OCD research in the general areas that comprise basic cognitive science, and evaluated the degree to which it has contributed to our understanding of the development, maintenance, and treatment of OCD...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Kristen P Lindgren, Christian S Hendershot, Jason J Ramirez, Edward Bernat, Mauricio Rangel-Gomez, Kirsten P Peterson, James G Murphy
There is a tremendous global and national (US) burden associated with alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Further, of the mental health disorders, AUD has the widest treatment gap. Thus, there is a critical need for improved understanding of the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of AUD. The application of cognitive science to the study of AUD has a longstanding history of attempting to meet this need. In this selective review, we identified and focused on four domains of recent (i.e., in the last decade) applications of cognitive science to the study of AUD: implicit cognitive biases, executive function, behavioral economic approaches to alcohol decision making, and functional connectivity neuroimaging...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Lauren Luther, Ruth L Firmin, Paul H Lysaker, Kyle S Minor, Michelle P Salyers
An array of self-reported, clinician-rated, and performance-based measures has been used to assess motivation in schizophrenia; however, the convergent validity evidence for these motivation assessment methods is mixed. The current study is a series of meta-analyses that summarize the relationships between methods of motivation measurement in 45 studies of people with schizophrenia. The overall mean effect size between self-reported and clinician-rated motivation measures (r = 0.27, k = 33) was significant, positive, and approaching medium in magnitude, and the overall effect size between performance-based and clinician-rated motivation measures (r = 0...
April 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
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