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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912159/changes-in-the-self-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Bree Gregory, Lorna Peters
A consistent feature across cognitive-behavioural models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the central role of the self in the emergence and maintenance of the disorder. The strong emphasis placed on the self in these models and related empirical research has also been reflected in evidence-based treatments for the disorder. This systematic review provides an overview of the empirical literature investigating the role of self-related constructs (e.g., self-beliefs, self-images, self-focused attention) proposed in cognitive models of SAD, before examining how these constructs are modified during and following CBT for SAD...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876165/application-of-research-domain-criteria-to-childhood-and-adolescent-impulsive-and-addictive-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Sarah W Yip, Marc N Potenza
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative provides a large-scale, dimensional framework for the integration of research findings across traditional diagnoses, with the long-term aim of improving existing psychiatric treatments. A neurodevelopmental perspective is essential to this endeavor. However, few papers synthesizing research findings across childhood and adolescent disorders exist. Here, we discuss how the RDoC framework may be applied to the study of childhood and adolescent impulsive and addictive disorders in order to improve neurodevelopmental understanding and to enhance treatment development...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#4
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846438/mapping-autobiographical-memory-in-schizophrenia-clinical-implications
#5
REVIEW
J J Ricarte, L Ros, J M Latorre, E Watkins
Increasing evidence suggests that impaired autobiographical memory (AM) mechanisms may be associated with the onset and maintenance of psychopathology. However, there is not yet a comprehensive review of the components of autobiographical memory in schizophrenic patients. The first aim of this review is a synthesis of evidence about the functioning of AM in schizophrenic patients. The main autobiographical elements reviewed in schizophrenic patients include the study of overgeneral memory (form); self-defining memories (contents); consciousness during the process of retrieval (awareness), and the abnormal early reminiscence bump (distribution)...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870997/comparative-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-for-improving-mental-health-and-daily-functioning-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Alexandra C Russell, Steven D Hollon, Lynn S Walker
Previous meta-analyses have shown that psychotherapy improves gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the impact on functioning in daily activities is unknown. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the effect of psychotherapy on mental health and daily functioning in adults with IBS. An extensive literature search located 28 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) providing outcome data for mental health and 18 RCTs providing data for daily functioning. Compared to a mixed group of control conditions, psychotherapy produced significantly greater improvements to mental health (d-=0...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835764/mechanisms-of-mindfulness-training-monitor-and-acceptance-theory-mat
#7
REVIEW
Emily K Lindsay, J David Creswell
Despite evidence linking trait mindfulness and mindfulness training with a broad range of effects, still little is known about its underlying active mechanisms. Mindfulness is commonly defined as (1) the ongoing monitoring of present-moment experience (2) with an orientation of acceptance. Building on conceptual, clinical, and empirical work, we describe a testable theoretical account to help explain mindfulness effects on cognition, affect, stress, and health outcomes. Specifically, Monitor and Acceptance Theory (MAT) posits that (1), by enhancing awareness of one's experiences, the skill of attention monitoring explains how mindfulness improves cognitive functioning outcomes, yet this same skill can increase affective reactivity...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855334/early-risk-and-protective-factors-for-problem-gambling-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#8
REVIEW
N A Dowling, S S Merkouris, C J Greenwood, E Oldenhof, J W Toumbourou, G J Youssef
This systematic review aimed to identify early risk and protective factors (in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood) longitudinally associated with the subsequent development of gambling problems. A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature from 1990 to 2015 identified 15 studies published in 23 articles. Meta-analyses quantified the effect size of 13 individual risk factors (alcohol use frequency, antisocial behaviours, depression, male gender, cannabis use, illicit drug use, impulsivity, number of gambling activities, problem gambling severity, sensation seeking, tobacco use, violence, undercontrolled temperament), one relationship risk factor (peer antisocial behaviours), one community risk factor (poor academic performance), one individual protective factor (socio-economic status) and two relationship protective factors (parent supervision, social problems)...
November 3, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#9
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838461/a-systematic-review-of-service-user-reasons-for-adherence-and-nonadherence-to-neuroleptic-medication-in-psychosis
#10
REVIEW
Miriam Wade, Sara Tai, Yvonne Awenat, Gillian Haddock
People diagnosed with psychosis, such as those with schizophrenia-related disorders, are routinely prescribed neuroleptic medication as a primary treatment. Despite reported benefits of neuroleptic treatment for symptom remission and relapse prevention, discontinuation rates are high. Research examining factors associated with neuroleptic non-adherence report inconsistent findings. Reasons for adherence to neuroleptic medication are under-researched. The current review aimed to synthesise evidence exploring service-user self-reported reasons for adherence and non-adherence to neuroleptic medication...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838460/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-following-infant-death-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Dorte M Christiansen
Parents who have lost an infant prior to, during, or following birth often interpret the event as highly traumatic. The present systematic review included 46 articles based on 31 different studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in parents bereaved by infant death. The PTSD prevalence in mothers differed widely across studies with estimated rates at 0.6-39%. PTSD in fathers following infant loss has been less extensively studied but PTSD levels were generally much lower than in mothers with reported prevalence rates at 0-15...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816800/interventions-that-target-improvements-in-mental-health-for-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Nikko S Da Paz, Jan L Wallander
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) suggest that one in 68 children is affected. With convincing evidence that parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and mental health problems, researchers have begun to investigate treatments that directly target parents' psychological well-being. We conducted a narrative review of studies that empirically tested the effects of interventions targeting improvements in the mental health of parents of children with ASD. Following a range of search strategies, a total of 13 studies, seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six pre-post test designs, met inclusion criteria...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821267/school-based-depression-and-anxiety-prevention-programs-for-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Yael Perry, Alison L Calear, Jill M Newby, Helen Christensen
Depression and anxiety often emerge for the first time during youth. The school environment provides an ideal context to deliver prevention programs, with potential to offset the trajectory towards disorder. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of randomised-controlled trials of psychological programs, designed to prevent depression and/or anxiety in children and adolescents delivered in school settings. Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published until February 2015...
October 24, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816801/medical-cannabis-and-mental-health-a-guided-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Zach Walsh, Raul Gonzalez, Kim Crosby, Michelle S Thiessen, Chris Carroll, Marcel O Bonn-Miller
This review considers the potential influences of the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP) on areas of interest to mental health professionals, with foci on adult psychopathology and assessment. We identified 31 articles relating to the use of CTP and mental health, and 29 review articles on cannabis use and mental health that did not focus on use for therapeutic purposes. Results reflect the prominence of mental health conditions among the reasons for CTP use, and the relative dearth of high-quality evidence related to CTP in this context, thereby highlighting the need for further research into the harms and benefits of medical cannabis relative to other therapeutic options...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771557/deficits-in-social-cognition-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Kristin M Healey, Cali F Bartholomeusz, David L Penn
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with chronic schizophrenia (SCZ) consistently show impairments in social cognition (SC) that are associated with functional decline, and work suggests that similar associations exist in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The goal of the current article is to review and synthesize the current body of work examining SC in FEP. Secondary aims are to examine the relationship between SC and symptoms, and change in SC over time in FEP. DESIGN: Literature is reviewed from four key SC domains: emotion processing (EP), theory of mind (ToM), social perception (SP), and attributional style (AS)...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770716/mechanisms-of-change-in-psychotherapy-for-depression-an-empirical-update-and-evaluation-of-research-aimed-at-identifying-psychological-mediators
#16
REVIEW
Lotte H J M Lemmens, Viola N L S Müller, Arnoud Arntz, Marcus J H Huibers
We present a systematic empirical update and critical evaluation of the current status of research aimed at identifying a variety of psychological mediators in various forms of psychotherapy for depression. We summarize study characteristics and results of 35 relevant studies, and discuss the extent to which these studies meet several important requirements for mechanism research. Our review indicates that in spite of increased attention for the topic, advances in theoretical consensus about necessities for mechanism research, and sophistication of study designs, research in this field is still heterogeneous and unsatisfactory in methodological respect...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744168/treating-child-and-adolescent-anxiety-effectively-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Kathryn Bennett, Katharina Manassis, Stephanie Duda, Alexa Bagnell, Gail A Bernstein, E Jane Garland, Lynn D Miller, Amanda Newton, Lehana Thabane, Pamela Wilansky
We conducted an overview of systematic reviews about child and adolescent anxiety treatment options (psychosocial; medication; combination; web/computer-based treatment) to support evidence informed decision-making. Three questions were addressed: (i) Is the treatment more effective than passive controls? (ii) Is there evidence that the treatment is superior to or non-inferior to (i.e., as good as) active controls? (iii) What is the quality of evidence for the treatment? Pre-specified inclusion criteria identified high quality systematic reviews (2000-2015) reporting treatment effects on anxiety diagnosis and symptom severity...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697746/atypical-reactivity-of-heart-rate-variability-to-stress-and-depression-across-development-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-directions-for-future-research
#18
REVIEW
Jessica L Hamilton, Lauren B Alloy
Heart rate variability has received growing attention in the depression literature, with several recent meta-analyses indicating that lower resting heart rate variability is associated with depression. However, the role of fluctuations in heart rate variability (or reactivity) in response to stress in depression remains less clear. The present review provides a systematic examination of the literature on heart rate variability reactivity to a laboratory-induced stressor task and depression, including 26 studies of reactivity in heart rate variability and clinical depression, remitted (or history of) depression, and subthreshold depression (or symptom-level depression) among adults, adolescents, and children...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693665/towards-a-cognitive-learning-formulation-of-youth-anxiety-a-narrative-review-of-theory-and-evidence-and-implications-for-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Allison M Waters, Michelle G Craske
The tendency to disproportionately allocate attention to threat stimuli, to evaluate ambiguous or benign situations as overly threatening, and to exhibit overgeneralised and indiscriminate conditioned fear responses to threat and safe stimuli are hallmark clinical correlates of pathological anxiety. Investigation of these processes in children and adolescents suggests that anxiety-related differences increase with age, and that the specific conditions under which anxious children differ from non-anxious peers are poorly understood...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693664/pooled-patient-level-meta-analysis-of-children-and-adults-completing-a-computer-based-anxiety-intervention-targeting-attentional-bias
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca B Price, Meredith Wallace, Jennie M Kuckertz, Nader Amir, Simona Graur, Logan Cummings, Paul Popa, Per Carlbring, Yair Bar-Haim
Computer-based approaches, such as Attention Bias Modification (ABM), could help improve access to care for anxiety. Study-level meta-analyses of ABM have produced conflicting findings and leave critical questions unresolved regarding ABM's mechanisms of action and clinical potential. We pooled patient-level datasets from randomized controlled trials of children and adults with high-anxiety. Attentional bias (AB) towards threat, the target mechanism of ABM, was tested as an outcome and a mechanistic mediator and moderator of anxiety reduction...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
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