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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754102/early-psychological-interventions-for-posttraumatic-stress-depression-and-anxiety-after-traumatic-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Melita J Giummarra, Alyse Lennox, Gezelle Dali, Beth Costa, Belinda J Gabbe
The psychological impacts of injury have significant long-term implications on injury recovery. This review examined the effectiveness of interventions delivered within three months of injury on reducing the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression symptoms. A systematic search of seven databases (PsycINFO, Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library) identified 15,224 records. 212 full-text articles were retrieved, 26 studies were included in narrative synthesis, and 12 studies with lower risk of bias were included in meta-analyses...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727863/the-efficacy-of-incorporating-motivational-interviewing-to-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Isabella Marker, Peter J Norton
Motivational Interviewing (MI) has been suggested as an adjunct to Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. Although preliminary evidence suggests that MI as a prelude to CBT (MI + CBT) improves various aspects of treatment from initial engagement, overall symptom reduction, and treatment drop out rate, results are inconsistent. The current meta-analysis combined the findings of 12 trials examining the efficacy of MI + CBT in comparison to CBT alone. Across studies, MI + CBT outperformed standard CBT in terms of overall anxiety symptom reduction, Hedges g = 0...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673581/hoping-for-more-how-cognitive-science-has-and-hasn-t-been-helpful-to-the-ocd-clinician
#3
REVIEW
Allison J Ouimet, Andrea R Ashbaugh, Adam S Radomsky
Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) stemmed from knowledge acquired from cognitive science. Researchers continue to apply basic cognitive-affective science methods to understanding OCD, with the overarching goal of improving and refining evidence-based treatments. However, the degree to which such research has contributed to this goal is unclear. We reviewed OCD research in the general areas that comprise basic cognitive science, and evaluated the degree to which it has contributed to our understanding of the development, maintenance, and treatment of OCD...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680185/a-dual-process-perspective-on-advances-in-cognitive-science-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Kristen P Lindgren, Christian S Hendershot, Jason J Ramirez, Edward Bernat, Mauricio Rangel-Gomez, Kirsten P Peterson, James G Murphy
There is a tremendous global and national (US) burden associated with alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Further, of the mental health disorders, AUD has the widest treatment gap. Thus, there is a critical need for improved understanding of the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of AUD. The application of cognitive science to the study of AUD has a longstanding history of attempting to meet this need. In this selective review, we identified and focused on four domains of recent (i.e., in the last decade) applications of cognitive science to the study of AUD: implicit cognitive biases, executive function, behavioral economic approaches to alcohol decision making, and functional connectivity neuroimaging...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751942/a-meta-analytic-review-of-self-reported-clinician-rated-and-performance-based-motivation-measures-in-schizophrenia-are-we-measuring-the-same-stuff
#5
REVIEW
Lauren Luther, Ruth L Firmin, Paul H Lysaker, Kyle S Minor, Michelle P Salyers
An array of self-reported, clinician-rated, and performance-based measures has been used to assess motivation in schizophrenia; however, the convergent validity evidence for these motivation assessment methods is mixed. The current study is a series of meta-analyses that summarize the relationships between methods of motivation measurement in 45 studies of people with schizophrenia. The overall mean effect size between self-reported and clinician-rated motivation measures (r = 0.27, k = 33) was significant, positive, and approaching medium in magnitude, and the overall effect size between performance-based and clinician-rated motivation measures (r = 0...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703429/rumination-and-eating-disorder-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender
Rumination is a cognitive process involving repetitive thoughts about negative experiences and emotions and is associated with psychopathology. Rumination has been implicated in mood and anxiety disorders, and there is a growing body of research on rumination in relation to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. The current meta-analytic review focused on the literature addressing rumination and ED psychopathology. A comprehensive search process identified 38 studies, which primarily used cross-sectional designs with non-clinical samples...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627104/a-systematic-review-of-social-stress-and-mental-health-among-transgender-and-gender-non-conforming-people-in-the-united-states
#7
REVIEW
Sarah E Valentine, Jillian C Shipherd
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations, including those who do not identify with gender binary constructs (man or woman) are increasingly recognized in health care settings. Research on the health of TGNC people is growing, and disparities are often noted. In this review, we examine 77 studies published between January 1, 1997 and March 22, 2017 which reported mental health outcomes in TGNC populations to (a) characterize what is known about mental health outcomes and (b) describe what gaps persist in this literature...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576326/remission-in-cbt-for-adult-anxiety-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Kristen S Springer, Hannah C Levy, David F Tolin
Currently there is no universally accepted definition of remission in anxiety disorders. This may be causing significantly different estimates of treatment efficacy across anxiety disorders. The aim of this paper was to determine not only the overall remission rate in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders, but also to examine whether the different definitions of remission lead to significantly different remission rates. From the initial 228 abstracts reviewed by the authors, 100 articles were retained...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580673/using-a-social-construction-of-gender-lens-to-understand-gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Amy E Street, Christina M Dardis
A wealth of research has established clear gender differences in exposure to potentially traumatic events and in subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One perspective that is missing from most conversations about gender differences in PTSD is a systematic discussion of gender role socialization, and relatedly, the social construction of gender within our society. The purpose of the present review is to provide exposure to these theories as they relate to gender differences in PTSD, including differences in trauma exposure, risk for the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms, and PTSD treatment outcome...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454475/does-childhood-neglect-contribute-to-violent-behavior-in-adulthood-a-review-of-possible-links
#10
REVIEW
Vikki J Bland, Ian Lambie, Charlotte Best
Child neglect, whether intentional or unintentional on the part of caregivers, has serious and far-reaching negative consequences for children. Neglect is the most prevalent form of child maltreatment and has been associated with impaired cognitive development, changes in brain structure and nervous systems, behavioral and personality disorders and poor academic performance. However, the role of child neglect, and subtypes of neglect, in the development of adult violent behavior is not well understood. The "cycle of violence" hypothesis, which predicts that individuals exposed to child physical abuse are more likely to be physically violent in adulthood, is well supported by the literature...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449029/development-of-alcohol-expectancies-and-early-alcohol-use-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Koen Smit, Carmen Voogt, Marieke Hiemstra, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Emmanuel Kuntsche
PURPOSE: Developmental changes in alcohol expectancies (AE) have been proposed to lead to alcohol use initiation and later alcohol use in adolescence. This systematic review aims to provide longitudinal evidence of the development of AE and the relation of AE to alcohol outcomes from childhood to late adolescence (4-18 years old). METHODS: A computer-assisted search of relevant articles identified 1602 studies, of which 43 studies (conducted between 1996 and 2016) were selected...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429856/ehealth-interventions-for-family-carers-of-people-with-long-term-illness-a-promising-approach
#12
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Claire Henderson, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Steve Gillard
Family carers of people who have long term illness often experience physical and mental health morbidities, and burden. While there is good evidence to suggest that carers benefit from psychosocial interventions, these have primarily been delivered via face-to-face individual or group-formats. eHealth interventions offer a novel, accessible and self-paced approach to care delivery. Whether these are effective for carers' wellbeing has been little explored. This paper reports the first comprehensive systematic review in this area...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426573/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-transdiagnostic-construct-with-implications-for-phenomenology-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Carrie B Gillett, Emily L Bilek, Gregory L Hanna, Kate D Fitzgerald
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are early-onset disorders with significant overlapping phenomenology, especially in young patients who, due to developmental stage, may have difficulty recognizing obsessions and worries as unrealistic or excessive. Shared phenomenology and high rates of comorbidity between OCD and GAD raise the possibility of common underlying processes, and recent work has focused on intolerance of uncertainty (IU) as a reasonable candidate. With an emphasis on the youth literature, we review the phenomenological overlap between OCD and GAD, how symptoms may relate to IU, and how IU may be measured...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402458/corrigendum-to-intervention-studies-to-foster-resilience-a-systematic-review-and-proposal-for-a-resilience-framework-in-future-intervention-studies-clinical-psychology-review-59-2018-78-100
#14
A Chmitorz, A Kunzler, I Helmreich, O Tüscher, R Kalisch, T Kubiak, M Wessa, K Lieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395465/corrigendum-to-beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans-clin-psychol-rev-59-2018-137-144
#15
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366511/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-psychological-functioning-in-chronic-tinnitus
#16
REVIEW
Krysta J Trevis, Neil M McLachlan, Sarah J Wilson
Chronic tinnitus, the phenomenon of a chronic ringing in the ears or head, has a significant negative impact on an individual's health and wellbeing. Despite this, there is no cure or consensus regarding factors maintaining ongoing awareness of the sensation in this population, or the severity of its impact. We aimed to comprehensively and systematically review behavioural studies investigating the psychological functioning of adults with chronic tinnitus. We identified 64 papers meeting our search criteria for inclusion, which are reviewed with regard to psychological factors involved with the presence of chronic tinnitus, and those relating to its severity...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331446/intolerance-of-uncertainty-neural-and-psychophysiological-correlates-of-the-perception-of-uncertainty-as-threatening
#17
REVIEW
Ema Tanovic, Dylan G Gee, Jutta Joormann
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) reflects the perception of uncertainty as threatening, regardless of the true probability of threat. IU is elevated in various forms of psychopathology, uniquely associated with anxiety and depression symptoms after controlling for related constructs, and prospectively predicts symptoms. Given the ubiquity of uncertainty in daily life and the clinical implications of IU, recent work has begun to investigate the neural and psychophysiological correlates of IU. This review summarizes the existing literature and integrates findings within a mechanistic neural model of responding to uncertainty...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329692/potential-psychological-neural-mechanisms-in-binge-eating-disorder-implications-for-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Hedy Kober, Rebecca G Boswell
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a newly-established eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Although systematic research on BED is in its infancy and many studies feature small samples, several observations emerge. First, we review diagnostic, developmental, and socio-demographic features of BED. Next, although BED and obesity are linked and frequently co-occur, we review data suggesting that BED is a distinct phenotype. Importantly, we take a mechanism-focused approach and propose four psychological processes with neurobiological bases that may uniquely differentiate BED from obesity: emotion reactivity, food-cue reactivity, food craving, and cognitive control...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305152/preventing-depression-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Katharina Galuschka, Jeanette Tamm, Gerd Schulte-Körne, Julian Rubel, Belinda Platt
One major predictor of depression onset is having a depressed parent. This study provides the first systematic review and meta-analysis of preventive interventions for offspring of depressed parents. We searched six literature databases and included randomized controlled trials which concerned the non-depressed offspring (aged 18 or younger) of a depressed parent, who received a preventive intervention designed to reduce the risk of depression or a comparison condition. Primary and secondary outcome measures were the severity and incidence of childhood depression...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291912/does-comorbidity-predict-poorer-treatment-outcome-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-an-updated-10-year-review
#20
REVIEW
Monika Walczak, Thomas Ollendick, Sarah Ryan, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
The aim of the present review was to provide an updated investigation of literature from the past ten years that examined the effects of comorbid problems on treatment outcomes, and/or explored if cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT) targeting anxiety disorders also affected comorbid disorders. A search of the literature resulted in a total of 33 publications, based on 28 randomized controlled trials that met predefined inclusion criteria. An analysis of studies that examined whether comorbidity affects treatment outcome yielded mixed results for different types of comorbidities...
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
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