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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086133/autobiographical-episodic-memory-based-training-for-the-treatment-of-mood-anxiety-and-stress-related-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Caitlin Hitchcock, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Simon E Blackwell, Tim Dalgleish
We review evidence for training programmes that manipulate autobiographical processing in order to treat mood, anxiety, and stress-related disorders, using the GRADE criteria to judge evidence quality. We also position the current status of this research within the UK Medical Research Council's (2000, 2008) framework for the development of novel interventions. A literature search according to PRISMA guidelines identified 15 studies that compared an autobiographical episodic memory-based training (AET) programme to a control condition, in samples with a clinician-derived diagnosis...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040627/complete-recovery-from-anxiety-disorders-following-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Helen Warwick, Tessa Reardon, Peter Cooper, Kou Murayama, Shirley Reynolds, Charlotte Wilson, Cathy Creswell
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for childhood anxiety disorders. Meta-analyses have concluded that approximately 60% of children recover following treatment, however these include studies using a broad range of diagnostic indices to assess outcomes including whether children are free of the one anxiety disorder that causes most interference (i.e. the primary anxiety disorder) or whether children are free of all anxiety disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis to establish the efficacy of CBT in terms of absence of all anxiety disorders...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013081/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-of-mental-health-service-utilization-in-adult-trauma-survivors-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Viktoria Kantor, Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
Many trauma survivors seem to be reluctant to seek professional help. The aim of the current review was to synthesize relevant literature, and to systematically classify trauma survivors' perceived barriers and facilitators regarding mental health service utilization. The systematic search identified 19 studies addressing military personnel and 17 studies with trauma survivors of the general population. The data analysis revealed that the most prominent barriers included concerns related to stigma, shame and rejection, low mental health literacy, lack of knowledge and treatment-related doubts, fear of negative social consequences, limited resources, time, and expenses...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013082/the-need-for-a-behavioural-analysis-of-behavioural-addictions
#5
REVIEW
Richard J E James, Richard J Tunney
This review discusses research on behavioural addictions (i.e. associative learning, conditioning), with reference to contemporary models of substance addiction and ongoing controversies in the behavioural addictions literature. The role of behaviour has been well explored in substance addictions and gambling but this focus is often absent in other candidate behavioural addictions. In contrast, the standard approach to behavioural addictions has been to look at individual differences, psychopathologies and biases, often translating from pathological gambling indicators...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930934/cognitive-remediation-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-network-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Matteo Cella, Antonio Preti, Clementine Edwards, Tabitha Dow, Til Wykes
Cognitive remediation (CR) is a treatment targeting cognitive difficulties in people with schizophrenia. Recent research suggested that CR may also have a positive effect on negative symptoms. This meta-analysis investigates the effect of CR on negative symptoms. A systematic search was used to identify all randomized-controlled trials of CR in people with schizophrenia reporting negative symptoms outcomes. Levels of negative symptoms at baseline, post-therapy and follow-up, sample demographics and treatment length were extracted...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912159/changes-in-the-self-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Bree Gregory, Lorna Peters
A consistent feature across cognitive-behavioural models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the central role of the self in the emergence and maintenance of the disorder. The strong emphasis placed on the self in these models and related empirical research has also been reflected in evidence-based treatments for the disorder. This systematic review provides an overview of the empirical literature investigating the role of self-related constructs (e.g., self-beliefs, self-images, self-focused attention) proposed in cognitive models of SAD, before examining how these constructs are modified during and following CBT for SAD...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876165/application-of-research-domain-criteria-to-childhood-and-adolescent-impulsive-and-addictive-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Sarah W Yip, Marc N Potenza
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative provides a large-scale, dimensional framework for the integration of research findings across traditional diagnoses, with the long-term aim of improving existing psychiatric treatments. A neurodevelopmental perspective is essential to this endeavor. However, few papers synthesizing research findings across childhood and adolescent disorders exist. Here, we discuss how the RDoC framework may be applied to the study of childhood and adolescent impulsive and addictive disorders in order to improve neurodevelopmental understanding and to enhance treatment development...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#10
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939443/anxiety-symptoms-and-disorders-among-adults-living-with-hiv-and-aids-a-critical-review-and-integrative-synthesis-of-the-empirical-literature
#11
REVIEW
Charles Brandt, Michael J Zvolensky, Steven P Woods, Adam Gonzalez, Steven A Safren, Conall M O'Cleirigh
There are over 35 million people worldwide infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and its progression to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS; WHO, 2014). With the advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (i.e., cART) in 1996, persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) now have much longer life expectancies. However, living with HIV remains challenging, as it is associated with a number of significant and recurrent (chronic) stressors including physical pain, side effects of cART, social stigma, and discrimination, among other social stressors...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930935/sustained-fade-out-or-sleeper-effects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-parenting-interventions-for-disruptive-child-behavior
#12
REVIEW
Jolien van Aar, Patty Leijten, Bram Orobio de Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
Parenting interventions are known to reduce disruptive child behavior immediately post intervention. But it is largely unknown how reduced disruptive behavior develops in the months and years after the intervention. The present systematic review and multilevel meta-analysis examines whether improvements in disruptive child behavior after parenting intervention are maintained (i.e., sustained effects), fall back (i.e., fade-out effects), or increase further (i.e., sleeper effects). We identified 40 randomized controlled trials with follow-up assessments (up to three years) that generated 91 effect sizes...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870997/comparative-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-for-improving-mental-health-and-daily-functioning-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Alexandra C Russell, Steven D Hollon, Lynn S Walker
Previous meta-analyses have shown that psychotherapy improves gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the impact on functioning in daily activities is unknown. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the effect of psychotherapy on mental health and daily functioning in adults with IBS. An extensive literature search located 28 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) providing outcome data for mental health and 18 RCTs providing data for daily functioning. Compared to a mixed group of control conditions, psychotherapy produced significantly greater improvements to mental health (d-=0...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#14
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855334/early-risk-and-protective-factors-for-problem-gambling-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#15
REVIEW
N A Dowling, S S Merkouris, C J Greenwood, E Oldenhof, J W Toumbourou, G J Youssef
This systematic review aimed to identify early risk and protective factors (in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood) longitudinally associated with the subsequent development of gambling problems. A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature from 1990 to 2015 identified 15 studies published in 23 articles. Meta-analyses quantified the effect size of 13 individual risk factors (alcohol use frequency, antisocial behaviours, depression, male gender, cannabis use, illicit drug use, impulsivity, number of gambling activities, problem gambling severity, sensation seeking, tobacco use, violence, undercontrolled temperament), one relationship risk factor (peer antisocial behaviours), one community risk factor (poor academic performance), one individual protective factor (socio-economic status) and two relationship protective factors (parent supervision, social problems)...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846438/mapping-autobiographical-memory-in-schizophrenia-clinical-implications
#16
REVIEW
J J Ricarte, L Ros, J M Latorre, E Watkins
Increasing evidence suggests that impaired autobiographical memory (AM) mechanisms may be associated with the onset and maintenance of psychopathology. However, there is not yet a comprehensive review of the components of autobiographical memory in schizophrenic patients. The first aim of this review is a synthesis of evidence about the functioning of AM in schizophrenic patients. The main autobiographical elements reviewed in schizophrenic patients include the study of overgeneral memory (form); self-defining memories (contents); consciousness during the process of retrieval (awareness), and the abnormal early reminiscence bump (distribution)...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838461/a-systematic-review-of-service-user-reasons-for-adherence-and-nonadherence-to-neuroleptic-medication-in-psychosis
#17
REVIEW
Miriam Wade, Sara Tai, Yvonne Awenat, Gillian Haddock
People diagnosed with psychosis, such as those with schizophrenia-related disorders, are routinely prescribed neuroleptic medication as a primary treatment. Despite reported benefits of neuroleptic treatment for symptom remission and relapse prevention, discontinuation rates are high. Research examining factors associated with neuroleptic non-adherence report inconsistent findings. Reasons for adherence to neuroleptic medication are under-researched. The current review aimed to synthesise evidence exploring service-user self-reported reasons for adherence and non-adherence to neuroleptic medication...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838460/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-following-infant-death-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Dorte M Christiansen
Parents who have lost an infant prior to, during, or following birth often interpret the event as highly traumatic. The present systematic review included 46 articles based on 31 different studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in parents bereaved by infant death. The PTSD prevalence in mothers differed widely across studies with estimated rates at 0.6-39%. PTSD in fathers following infant loss has been less extensively studied but PTSD levels were generally much lower than in mothers with reported prevalence rates at 0-15...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835764/mechanisms-of-mindfulness-training-monitor-and-acceptance-theory-mat
#19
REVIEW
Emily K Lindsay, J David Creswell
Despite evidence linking trait mindfulness and mindfulness training with a broad range of effects, still little is known about its underlying active mechanisms. Mindfulness is commonly defined as (1) the ongoing monitoring of present-moment experience (2) with an orientation of acceptance. Building on conceptual, clinical, and empirical work, we describe a testable theoretical account to help explain mindfulness effects on cognition, affect, stress, and health outcomes. Specifically, Monitor and Acceptance Theory (MAT) posits that (1), by enhancing awareness of one's experiences, the skill of attention monitoring explains how mindfulness improves cognitive functioning outcomes, yet this same skill can increase affective reactivity...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821267/school-based-depression-and-anxiety-prevention-programs-for-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Yael Perry, Alison L Calear, Jill M Newby, Helen Christensen
Depression and anxiety often emerge for the first time during youth. The school environment provides an ideal context to deliver prevention programs, with potential to offset the trajectory towards disorder. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of randomised-controlled trials of psychological programs, designed to prevent depression and/or anxiety in children and adolescents delivered in school settings. Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published until February 2015...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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