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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734184/an-empirical-review-of-potential-mediators-and-mechanisms-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Andrew A Cooper, Erin G Clifton, Norah C Feeny
Prolonged exposure (PE) is an empirically-supported treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the precise mechanism(s) by which PE promotes symptom change are not well established. Understanding how PE works is critical to improving clinical outcomes, advancing dissemination efforts, and enhancing transdiagnostic models of psychopathology. However, mechanisms research conducted in clinical treatment settings is complex, and findings may be difficult to interpret without appropriate context. This is the first review of potential mechanisms of PE to provide such context, by rigorously evaluating empirical findings in line with essential criteria for effective research on mechanisms (or mediators)...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710917/for-whom-does-interpersonal-psychotherapy-work-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Samantha L Bernecker, Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Paula Ravitz
The efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to treat depression and other disorders is well established, yet it remains unknown which patients will benefit more from IPT than another treatment. This review summarizes 46years of clinical trial research on patient characteristics that moderate the relative efficacy of IPT vs. different treatments. Across 57 studies from 33 trials comparing IPT to pharmacotherapy, another psychotherapy, or control, there were few consistent indicators of when IPT would be more or less effective than another treatment...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710918/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-an-update-on-the-field
#3
REVIEW
Alice Kesby, Sarah Maguire, Rachel Brownlow, Jessica R Grisham
Pathological fear and anxiety regarding food, eating, weight and body shape are at the core of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. To manage anxiety, patients develop complicated repertoires of ritualistic and repetitive behaviours, which can lead to total functional impairment. Yet the cognitive processes underlying anxiety, fear, and anxiety-driven behaviours in EDs remain poorly understood. Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is defined as a tendency to react negatively on an emotional, cognitive, and behavioural level to uncertain situations and events...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689071/sexual-assault-victimization-and-psychopathology-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Emily R Dworkin, Suvarna V Menon, Jonathan Bystrynski, Nicole E Allen
Sexual assault (SA) is a common and deleterious form of trauma. Over 40years of research on its impact has suggested that SA has particularly severe effects on a variety of forms of psychopathology, and has highlighted unique aspects of SA as a form of trauma that contribute to these outcomes. The goal of this meta-analytic review was to synthesize the empirical literature from 1970 to 2014 (reflecting 497 effect sizes) to understand the degree to which (a) SA confers general risk for psychological dysfunction rather than specific risk for posttraumatic stress, and (b) differences in studies and samples account for variation in observed effects...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686905/anxiety-in-the-context-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-development-of-an-integrated-model
#5
REVIEW
Leah Curran, Louise Sharpe, Phyllis Butow
Anxiety is common in the context of cancer, but there are few theoretical models that apply to people with cancer across the trajectory of their illness. The aims of this review are to identify existing theories and to propose an integrated model of cancer-related anxiety. Using a systematic literature search of Medline, Premedline and PsycINFO databases, we identified nine theoretical models of anxiety in the context of cancer. We reviewed these for psychological concepts that fell under five themes: pre-existing schema, the inherent nature of cancer, cognitive factors, coping responses and contextual factors...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688282/social-cognition-interventions-for-people-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-focussing-on-methodological-quality-and-intervention-modality
#6
REVIEW
Nina Grant, Megan Lawrence, Antonio Preti, Til Wykes, Matteo Cella
BACKGROUND: People with a diagnosis of schizophrenia have significant social and functional difficulties. Social cognition was found to influences these outcomes and in recent years interventions targeting this domain were developed. This paper reviews the existing literature on social cognition interventions for people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia focussing on: i) comparing focussed (i.e. targeting only one social cognitive domain) and global interventions and ii) studies methodological quality...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578248/gender-differences-in-social-anxiety-disorder-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Maya Asher, Anu Asnaani, Idan M Aderka
Gender differences in social anxiety disorder (SAD) have not received much empirical attention despite the large body of research on the disorder, and in contrast to significant literature about gender differences in other disorders such as depression or posttraumatic stress disorder. To address this gap, we comprehensively reviewed the literature regarding gender differences in eight domains of SAD: prevalence, clinical presentation, functioning and impairment, comorbidity, course, treatment seeking, physiological arousal, and the oxytocin system...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601690/parental-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-behaviors-a-meta-analytic-review
#8
REVIEW
Joanne L Park, Kristen L Hudec, Charlotte Johnston
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists throughout the lifespan, and there are known impairments associated with adult ADHD. Understanding ADHD-related impairments in the parenting domain is particularly important given that the children of adults with ADHD also are likely to have ADHD, and there is potential for parenting to alter the developmental outcomes of these children. The present study quantitatively synthesizes evidence regarding the associations between parental ADHD symptoms and parenting behaviors...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578249/effectiveness-of-psychoeducational-interventions-for-family-carers-of-people-with-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Steve Gillard, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Claire Henderson
Psychoeducational interventions for family carers of people with psychosis are effective for improving compliance and preventing relapse. Whether carers benefit from these interventions has been little explored. This systematic review investigated the effectiveness of psychoeducation for improving carers' outcomes, and potential treatment moderators. We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English or Chinese in eight databases. Carers' outcomes included wellbeing, quality of life, global morbidities, burden, and expressed emotion...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575815/cardiac-disease-induced-ptsd-cdi-ptsd-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Noa Vilchinsky, Karni Ginzburg, Keren Fait, Edna B Foa
The goal of the current systematic review was to provide an overview of the findings in the field of Cardiac-Disease-Induced Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CDI-PTSD) in order to establish CDI-PTSD as a valid diagnostic entity for a wide spectrum of cardiac diseases and related medical procedures. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, we conducted a systematic electronic literature search. Of the 3202 citations identified, 150 studies meeting the selection criteria were reviewed. Our main findings were that the prevalence of CDI-PTSD ranged between 0% and 38% (averaging at 12%) and was highly dependent on the assessment tool used...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501707/mechanisms-of-action-in-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-people-with-physical-and-or-psychological-conditions-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Modi Alsubaie, Rebecca Abbott, Barnaby Dunn, Chris Dickens, Tina Frieda Keil, William Henley, Willem Kuyken
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for people with psychological and physical problems. However, the mechanisms of action in these interventions that lead to beneficial physical and psychological outcomes have yet to be clearly identified. PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review, systematically, the evidence to date on the mechanisms of action in mindfulness interventions in populations with physical and/or psychological conditions...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501706/upward-counterfactual-thinking-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Anne Gene Broomhall, Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Natasha M Loi
This meta-analysis examined the strength of association between upward counterfactual thinking and depressive symptoms. Forty-two effect sizes from a pooled sample of 13,168 respondents produced a weighted average effect size of r=.26, p<.001. Moderator analyses using an expanded set of 96 effect sizes indicated that upward counterfactuals and regret produced significant positive effects that were similar in strength. Effects also did not vary as a function of the theme of the counterfactual-inducing situation or study design (cross-sectional versus longitudinal)...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501021/the-application-of-a-feedback-informed-approach-in-psychological-service-with-youth-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
H E Tam, Kevin Ronan
Research with adults has consistently demonstrated that the use of regular client feedback in psychological services can improve outcomes. However, there appear to be fewer studies with youth. The purpose of the current review was to explore/assess (1) current developments in research on the use of feedback-informed approaches in mental health interventions or services for youth 10-19years of age; (2) the efficacy of client feedback in youth treatment settings; and (3) consider future directions for research...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478271/dental-anxiety-an-understudied-problem-in-youth
#14
REVIEW
Laura D Seligman, Joseph D Hovey, Karina Chacon, Thomas H Ollendick
Dental anxiety and dental phobia typically emerge during childhood; the associated avoidance of dental care can result in oral health problems and is associated with lower quality of life. In this review, we discuss the definition of dental phobia and dental anxiety and issues related to their differentiation. We then review the literature on dental anxiety and dental phobia, including its prevalence, assessment, and sequalae. Moreover, we provide a synthesis of findings on the etiology and maintenance of dental phobia and propose a comprehensive cognitive behavioral model to guide further study...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478270/cognitive-insight-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
L S C Van Camp, B G C Sabbe, J F E Oldenburg
Cognitive insight is the ability to re-evaluate thoughts and beliefs in order to make thoughtful conclusions. It differs from clinical insight, as it focuses on more general metacognitive processes. Therefore, it could be relevant to diverse disorders and non-clinical subjects. There is a growing body of research on cognitive insight in individuals with and without psychosis. This review has summarised the current state of the art regarding this topic. We conclude that while cognitive insight in its current form seems valid for use in individuals with psychosis, it is less so for individuals without psychosis...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478269/relative-reinforcing-value-of-food-and-delayed-reward-discounting-in-obesity-and-disordered-eating-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Monika M K Stojek, James MacKillop
Understanding the food choice decision-making may help identify those at higher risk for excess weight gain and dysregulated eating patterns. This paper systematically reviews the literature related to eating behavior and behavioral economic constructs of relative reinforcing value of food (RRVfood) and delayed reward discounting (DRD). RRVfood characterizes how valuable energy-dense food is to the individual, and DRD characterizes preferences for smaller immediate rewards over larger future rewards, an index of impulsivity...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371648/examining-the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-the-relationship-between-sleep-problems-and-suicide
#17
REVIEW
D Littlewood, S D Kyle, D Pratt, S Peters, P Gooding
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of empirical evidence investigating the role of psychological factors in the relationship between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Twelve studies were identified which examined psychological factors grouped into four categories of cognitive appraisals, psychosocial factors, emotion regulation strategies, and risk behaviours. Although there was substantial heterogeneity across studies with respect to measurement, sampling, and analysis, preliminary evidence indicated that negative cognitive appraisals, perceived social isolation, and unhelpful emotion regulation strategies may contribute to the association between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
June 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448827/dopamine-cognitive-biases-and-assessment-of-certainty-a-neurocognitive-model-of-delusions
#18
REVIEW
Annabel Broyd, Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Allen
This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445840/modification-of-cognitive-biases-related-to-posttraumatic-stress-a-systematic-review-and-research-agenda
#19
REVIEW
Marcella L Woud, Johan Verwoerd, Julie Krans
Cognitive models of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) postulate that cognitive biases in attention, interpretation, and memory represent key factors involved in the onset and maintenance of PTSD. Developments in experimental research demonstrate that it may be possible to manipulate such biases by means of Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM). In the present paper, we summarize studies assessing cognitive biases in posttraumatic stress to serve as a theoretical and methodological background. However, our main aim was to provide an overview of the scientific literature on CBM in (analogue) posttraumatic stress...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458097/treatment-of-internet-gaming-disorder-an-international-systematic-review-and-consort-evaluation
#20
REVIEW
Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro, Anise M S Wu, Young Yim Doh, Daria J Kuss, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Mentzoni, Natacha Carragher, Hiroshi Sakuma
Treatment services for Internet gaming disorder are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, particularly in East Asia. This international systematic review was designed to appraise the quality standards of the gaming disorder treatment literature, a task previously undertaken by King et al. (2011) prior to the inclusion of Internet gaming disorder in Section III of the DSM-5 and 'Gaming disorder' in the draft ICD-11. The reporting quality of 30 treatment studies conducted from 2007 to 2016 was assessed. Reporting quality was defined according to the 2010 Consolidating Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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