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Clinical Psychology Review

Sarah B Campbell, Keith D Renshaw
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impairments in relationship functioning. Beyond the abundance of research that has demonstrated this basic link, more recent research has begun to explore possible mediators and moderators of this association. The present paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature in the context of an overarching organizational framework of potential ways in which PTSD impacts relationship functioning. The framework organizes findings in terms of specific elements of PTSD and comorbid conditions, mediators (factors that are posited to explain or account for the association), and moderators (factors that are posited to alter the strength of the association)...
September 4, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Trevor C Griffen, Eva Naumann, Tom Hildebrandt
Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most clinical trials of mirror exposure therapy have been small or uncontrolled and have included few male subjects...
August 29, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Christine B Cha, Kelly M Wilson, Katherine M Tezanos, Katherine A DiVasto, Gabrielle K Tolchin
There is a long tradition in suicide research, accompanied by recent developments in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) research, of examining cognitive processes as potential precursors of risk. But these cognitive processes are often studied separately, and are rarely integrated or directly compared with each other. In an effort to synthesize this literature, this systematic review (n=109 longitudinal studies conducted over the past 10 years) demonstrates how specific cognitive processes predict self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), and examines whether intervening on features of cognition may help mitigate SITB risk...
August 27, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Thole Hilko Hoppen, Trudie Chalder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Tine B Gehrt, Dorthe Berntsen, Rick H Hoyle, David C Rubin
The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) was introduced to examine the extent to which a traumatic or stressful event is perceived as central to an individual's identity and life story, and how this relates to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In addition, the CES has been examined in relation to a range of other conditions and dispositions. We present a systematic review of the correlates of the CES. Results from 92 publications resulted in 25 measurement categories in the six theoretical domains of trauma, negative affect and distress, autobiographical memory, personality, positive affect, and gender...
July 31, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
J E J Buckman, A Underwood, K Clarke, R Saunders, S D Hollon, P Fearon, S Pilling
PURPOSE: To review and synthesise prognostic indices that predict subsequent risk, prescriptive indices that moderate treatment response, and mechanisms that underlie each with respect to relapse and recurrence of depression in adults. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Childhood maltreatment, post-treatment residual symptoms, and a history of recurrence emerged as strong prognostic indicators of risk and each could be used prescriptively to indicate who benefits most from continued or prophylactic treatment...
July 29, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
M Taylor Dryman, Richard G Heimberg
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid, and together they result in greater functional impairment and a poorer prognosis than either condition alone. Theoretical models implicate impairments in emotion regulation in the development and maintenance of internalizing disorders, yet there has been no systematic comparison of emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression. The current review presents an in-depth examination of the literature on two widely-studied emotion regulation strategies, expressive suppression (ES) and cognitive reappraisal (CR), in SAD and MDD...
July 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Frank J Infurna, Suniya S Luthar
The majority of multi-wave studies examining resilience in adulthood have involved growth mixture modeling (GMM). We critically evaluate the central conclusion from this body of work that "resilience is commonplace". Our emphasis is on two questionable methodological assumptions underlying this conclusion: (1) the variances are the same across trajectories (i.e., homogeneity of variance) and (2) the amount of change does not differ across individuals (i.e., slope variances are zero). Seventy-seven empirical studies were included that used GMM to examine resilience to diverse adversities in adulthood...
July 18, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Caroline A Blades, Werner G K Stritzke, Andrew C Page, Julia D Brown
One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, decisions which are overly cautious and restrictive when approving research proposals will hinder important research in this area. The present aim was to conduct a meta-analysis to examine whether asking about suicide or exposure to suicide-related content in research studies led to changes in participants' levels of distress, suicidal ideation, or suicide attempts...
July 5, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Nicole Musser, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Stepp, Jennifer Lewis
A core tenet of Linehan's biosocial theory (1993) is that borderline personality disorder (BPD) emerges as a result of transactions between emotional vulnerability and an invalidating environment. Invalidation has become a popular term in the literature, but there is a lack of uniformity in its operationalization and measurement, particularly as applied to invalidating parenting practices that are non-abusive. This systematic review of 77 empirical studies examined the measurement and operationalization of parental invalidation in the BPD literature and determined the extent to which measurements used converge with Linehan's original model...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Keri Frantell, Phillip N Smith, Leticia Y Flores, Gregory L Stuart
Transgender people are at high risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths compared to the general population. Several correlates of suicide ideation and attempts have been identified empirically to understand this increased risk. However, few attempts have been made to systematically review this literature. Further, a theory to understand and identify targetable factors for intervention has rarely been applied to this population. In the first systematic review guided by ideation-to-action frameworks of suicide, we systematically reviewed the literature from January 1991 to July 2017 regarding correlates of suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths among transgender people...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Eirini Karyotaki, David Daniel Ebert, Liesje Donkin, Heleen Riper, Jos Twisk, Simone Burger, Alexander Rozental, Alfred Lange, Alishia D Williams, Anna Carlotta Zarski, Anna Geraedts, Annemieke van Straten, Annet Kleiboer, Björn Meyer, Burçin B Ünlü Ince, Claudia Buntrock, Dirk Lehr, Frank J Snoek, Gavin Andrews, Gerhard Andersson, Isabella Choi, Jeroen Ruwaard, Jan Philipp Klein, Jill M Newby, Johanna Schröder, Johannes A C Laferton, Kim Van Bastelaar, Kotaro Imamura, Kristofer Vernmark, Leif Boß, Lisa B Sheeber, Marie Kivi, Matthias Berking, Nickolai Titov, Per Carlbring, Robert Johansson, Robin Kenter, Sarah Perini, Steffen Moritz, Stephanie Nobis, Thomas Berger, Viktor Kaldo, Yvonne Forsell, Nils Lindefors, Martin Kraepelien, Cecilia Björkelund, Norito Kawakami, Pim Cuijpers
Little is known about clinically relevant changes in guided Internet-based interventions for depression. Moreover, methodological and power limitations preclude the identification of patients' groups that may benefit more from these interventions. This study aimed to investigate response rates, remission rates, and their moderators in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of guided Internet-based interventions for adult depression to control groups using an individual patient data meta-analysis approach...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Christopher T Thompson, Andrew Vidgen, Neil P Roberts
There is a high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in refugee and asylum seeker populations which can pose distinct challenges for mental health professionals. This review included 16 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 1111 participants investigating the effect of psychological interventions on PTSD in these populations. We searched PsychInfo, ProQuest (including selected databases ASSIA, IBSS, PILOTS), Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Database of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) and Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews (CDSR) to identify peer-reviewed, primary research articles up to May 2018...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Ulrike Zetsche, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Lars Schulze
Individuals who experience recurrent negative thoughts are at elevated risk for mood and anxiety disorders. It is thus essential to understand why some individuals get stuck in recurrent negative thinking (RNT), whereas others are able to disengage eventually. Theoretical models propose that individuals high in recurrent negative thinking suffer from deficits in controlling the contents of working memory. Empirical findings, however, are inconclusive. In this meta-analysis, we synthesize findings from 94 studies to examine the proposed association between RNT and deficits in cognitive control...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Sandy H Huang, George A Bonanno
Given the rapid proliferation of trajectory-based approaches to study clinical consequences to stress and potentially traumatic events (PTEs), there is a need to evaluate emerging findings. This review examined convergence/divergences across 54 studies in the nature and prevalence of response trajectories, and determined potential sources of bias to improve future research. Of the 67 cases that emerged from the 54 studies, the most consistently observed trajectories following PTEs were resilience (observed in: n = 63 cases), recovery (n = 49), chronic (n = 47), and delayed onset (n = 22)...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Matthew J Blake, John A Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
There is robust evidence of an association between insomnia, anxiety, and depression in adolescence. The aim of this review is to describe and synthesize potential mechanisms underlying this association and explore implications for the design of adolescent behavioral sleep interventions. Specifically, we examine whether insomnia symptoms are a mechanism for the development of internalizing symptoms in adolescence and whether sleep interventions are an effective treatment for both insomnia and internalizing symptoms in adolescence because they target the shared mechanisms underlying these disorders...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Daniel Fulford, Tim Campellone, David E Gard
Limited quantity and quality of interpersonal exchanges and relationships predict worse symptomatic and hospitalization outcomes and limit functional recovery in people with schizophrenia. While deficits in social skills and social cognition contribute to much of the impairment in social functioning in schizophrenia, our focus on the current review is social motivation-the drive to connect with others and form meaningful, lasting relationships. We pay particular attention to how recent research on reward informs, and limits, our understanding of the construct...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
H J G Abrahams, M F M Gielissen, C A H H V M Verhagen, H Knoop
Severe fatigue occurs in one in four breast cancer survivors (BCS). Quality of life (QOL) and psychological factors are important in fatigue-oriented interventions for BCS, but an up-to-date overview is lacking. The aims of this review were to (i) provide a comprehensive overview of the relationship of fatigue with QOL and factors that can be addressed in psychological interventions for fatigue in BCS and (ii) determine the strength of evidence for these relationships. A systematic literature search was conducted to find studies on fatigue in BCS who had completed curative breast cancer treatment...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Joelle LeMoult, Ian H Gotlib
Cognitive science has been instrumental in advancing our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of depression. Research conducted over the last 50 years supports the proposition that depression and risk for depression are characterized by the operation of negative biases, and often by a lack of positive biases, in self-referential processing, interpretation, attention, and memory, as well as the use of maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies. There is also evidence to suggest that deficits in cognitive control over mood-congruent material underlie these cognitive processes...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Natalia M Garcia, Rosemary S Walker, Lori A Zoellner
Women are disproportionately affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and gonadal hormones are implicated in fear learning processes associated with PTSD. In rodents, lower estradiol, particularly during metestrus when progesterone is also low, is associated with impaired extinction. Based on theories that extinction deficits underlie PTSD, individuals with lower estradiol and progesterone may exhibit fear learning deficits and higher PTSD symptomatology. A systematic review was conducted in PsycInfo, PubMed, and Medline databases for studies examining estradiol, progesterone, or menstrual phase in relation to fear learning or PTSD symptoms...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
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