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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229220/relationship-between-attachment-style-and-symptom-severity-across-the-psychosis-spectrum-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Christina Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
There is growing evidence for the role of attachment in psychosis, however, to date there has been no quantitative review of the prevalence of insecure attachment in psychosis. The current study sought to systematically appraise studies investigating the prevalence of insecure attachment and the association with psychosis-spectrum experiences using meta-analytic techniques. A systematic search of studies carried out between January 1980 and 30th November 2015 found 25 papers eligible for inclusion. The meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of insecure attachment style was significantly higher in individuals with psychosis (76%) than in non-clinical samples (38%), with fearful attachment being the most prevalent...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198412/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-mental-disorders-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature-1990-2017
#2
REVIEW
Nafisa Halim, Jennifer Beard, Aldina Mesic, Archana Patel, David Henderson, Patricia Hibberd
Mental health consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant and postpartum women are poorly understood in low and lower-middle-income countries (LLMIC). We systematically reviewed the evidence from 24 studies (1990-2017) selected via a comprehensive search strategy with 14 inclusion, exclusion, and quality-control criteria to assess the extent to which intimate partner violence during pregnancy adversely affects perinatal mental disorders among participants in 10 LLMIC across 4 economic regions...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#3
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180101/beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans
#4
REVIEW
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
Although only a relatively small minority of military veterans develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), mental health theory and research with military veterans has focused primarily on PTSD and its treatment. By contrast, many and by some accounts most veterans experience high levels of stress during the transition to civilian life, however transition stress has received scant attention. In this paper we attempt to address this deficit by reviewing the wider range of challenges, rewards, successes, and failures that transitioning veterans might experience, as well as the factors that might moderate these experiences...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180102/insomnia-in-united-states-military-veterans-an-integrated-theoretical-model
#5
REVIEW
Jaime M Hughes, Christi S Ulmer, Jennifer M Gierisch, S Nicole Hastings, Matthew O Howard
Marked by difficulty falling or staying asleep and/or poor sleep leading to daytime dysfunction, insomnia contributes to functional impairment, poor health, and increased healthcare utilization when left untreated. As many as two-thirds of Iraq and Afghanistan military veterans complain of insomnia. Older veterans of prior conflicts report insomnia occurring since initial service, suggesting a chronic nature to insomnia in this population. Despite insomnia's high prevalence and severe consequences, there is no theoretical model to explain either the onset or chronicity of insomnia in this growing patient population...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169664/long-term-efficacy-of-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Alexander C Kline, Andrew A Cooper, Nina K Rytwinksi, Norah C Feeny
Psychotherapies are well established as efficacious acute interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the long-term efficacy of such interventions and the maintenance of gains following termination is less understood. This meta-analysis evaluated enduring effects of psychotherapy for PTSD in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with long-term follow-ups (LTFUs) of at least six months duration. Analyses included 32 PTSD trials involving 72 treatment conditions (N=2935). Effect sizes were significantly larger for active psychotherapy conditions relative to control conditions for the period from pretreatment to LTFU, but not posttreatment to LTFU...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169665/mindfulness-and-craving-effects-and-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness meditation has a long tradition of being used to manage cravings. This paper reviews 30 experimental studies that have examined the effects of different types of mindfulness practice on cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol. The findings are interpreted in light of relevant theories of craving. The studies show most support for the elaborated intrusion theory of desire and conditioning models. They suggest that whilst mindfulness strategies may bring about immediate reductions in craving, such effects are likely to stem from working memory load, and will not necessarily be superior to alternative strategies that also load working memory...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174306/sex-and-gender-differences-in-substance-use-disorders
#8
REVIEW
R Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R Votaw, Dawn E Sugarman, Shelly F Greenfield
The gender gap in substance use disorders (SUDs), characterized by greater prevalence in men, is narrowing, highlighting the importance of understanding sex and gender differences in SUD etiology and maintenance. In this critical review, we provide an overview of sex/gender differences in the biology, epidemiology and treatment of SUDs. Biological sex differences are evident across an array of systems, including brain structure and function, endocrine function, and metabolic function. Gender (i.e., environmentally and socioculturally defined roles for men and women) also contributes to the initiation and course of substance use and SUDs...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167029/intervention-studies-to-foster-resilience-a-systematic-review-and-proposal-for-a-resilience-framework-in-future-intervention-studies
#9
REVIEW
A Chmitorz, A Kunzler, I Helmreich, O Tüscher, R Kalisch, T Kubiak, M Wessa, K Lieb
Psychological resilience refers to the phenomenon that many people are able to adapt to the challenges of life and maintain mental health despite exposure to adversity. This has stimulated research on training programs to foster psychological resilience. We evaluated concepts, methods and designs of 43 randomized controlled trials published between 1979 and 2014 which assessed the efficacy of such training programs and propose standards for future intervention research based on recent developments in the field...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153743/what-do-help-seeking-measures-assess-building-a-conceptualization-framework-for-help-seeking-intentions-through-a-systematic-review-of-measure-content
#10
REVIEW
Margaret M White, Bonnie A Clough, Leanne M Casey
Mental health services are underutilised by people who could benefit from treatment. Research into help-seeking intentions (HSI) is required to support interventions to increase service use. Existing HSI measures are not psychometrically robust and problems with content validity undermine research in this field. Our purpose was to create a clear conceptualization of HSI and systematically review the content of existing measures. Previous researchers had defined help-seeking and intentions separately, so the first step was to create a more comprehensive definition...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126747/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Simon B Goldberg, Raymond P Tucker, Preston A Greene, Richard J Davidson, Bruce E Wampold, David J Kearney, Tracy L Simpson
Despite widespread scientific and popular interest in mindfulness-based interventions, questions regarding the empirical status of these treatments remain. We sought to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for clinical populations on disorder-specific symptoms. To address the question of relative efficacy, we coded the strength of the comparison group into five categories: no treatment, minimal treatment, non-specific active control, specific active control, and evidence-based treatment. A total of 142 non-overlapping samples and 12,005 participants were included...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126746/the-efficacy-of-attentional-distraction-and-sensory-monitoring-in-chronic-pain-patients-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Dimitri Ml Van Ryckeghem, Stefaan Van Damme, Christopher Eccleston, Geert Crombez
Attentional strategies, such as distraction and sensory monitoring, are often offered to reduce pain and pain-related distress. However, evidence for their efficacy in chronic pain patients is equivocal. We report a meta-analysis on the efficacy of distraction and sensory monitoring in chronic pain patients, and explore possible methodological and theoretical moderators. The scientific literature was searched for relevant articles, which were coded for methodological quality and several theoretical and methodological moderator variables...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128146/exposure-therapy-augmentation-a-review-and-extension-of-techniques-informed-by-an-inhibitory-learning-approach
#13
REVIEW
Jaclyn S Weisman, Thomas L Rodebaugh
Although exposure therapy is often considered a gold standard behavioral intervention for pathological anxiety, questions remain surrounding the mechanisms underlying exposure interventions, and some individuals are characterized by suboptimal treatment outcomes. Recently, a formulation known as the inhibitory learning theory, which is grounded in basic science principles of extinction learning and memory, has been proposed to provide a more parsimonious mechanistic explanation for the effects of exposure than previous, habituation-based models [Craske, M...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150177/the-sociocultural-context-of-emotion-socialization-in-african-american-families
#14
REVIEW
Madelyn H Labella
The current paper systematically reviews empirical research on parental emotion socialization in African American families, addressing gaps in a literature that has historically focused on White middle class samples. Of the 1210 studies screened, 329 were inspected, 280 were excluded, and 49 were included. Studies addressed emotion-related beliefs and attitudes, emotion expressiveness, discussion of emotion, and responses to children's emotion. Mixed findings are interpreted in light of sociocultural factors...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107398/the-stress-reward-mentalizing-model-of-depression-an-integrative-developmental-cascade-approach-to-child-and-adolescent-depressive-disorder-based-on-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-approach
#15
REVIEW
Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) propose a much-needed change in approach to the study of vulnerability factors implicated in mental disorders, shifting away from a categorical, disease-oriented model to a dimensional approach that focuses on underlying systems implicated in psychopathology. In this paper we illustrate this approach with a focus on the emergence of depression in childhood and adolescence. Based on evolutionary biological and developmental psychopathology considerations, we present an integrative developmental cascade model of depression that essentially suggests that depression emerges out of a three-pronged series of interacting impairments in the domains of stress regulation, reward, and mentalizing...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993102/examining-the-role-of-sex-in-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#16
REVIEW
Kathryn R Fox, Alexander J Millner, Cora E Mukerji, Matthew K Nock
Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102150/it-is-all-in-their-mind-a-review-on-information-processing-bias-in-lonely-individuals
#17
REVIEW
Annette W M Spithoven, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Loneliness is a distressing emotional state that motivates individuals to renew and maintain social contact. It has been suggested that lonely individuals suffer from a cognitive bias towards social threatening stimuli. However, current models of loneliness remain vague on how this cognitive bias is expressed in lonely individuals. The current review provides an up-to-date overview of studies examining loneliness in relation to various aspects of cognitive functioning. These studies are interpreted in light of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100863/meditation-and-yoga-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analytic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Autumn M Gallegos, Hugh F Crean, Wilfred R Pigeon, Kathi L Heffner
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic and debilitating disorder that affects the lives of 7-8% of adults in the U.S. Although several interventions demonstrate clinical effectiveness for treating PTSD, many patients continue to have residual symptoms and ask for a variety of treatment options. Complementary health approaches, such as meditation and yoga, hold promise for treating symptoms of PTSD. This meta-analysis evaluates the effect size (ES) of yoga and meditation on PTSD outcomes in adult patients...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096908/using-task-performance-to-inform-treatment-planning-for-youth-with-adhd-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Stephen J Molitor, Joshua M Langberg
The role that neuropsychological task performance plays in the assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is currently ambiguous, and findings are mixed regarding whether tasks have validity for diagnosing the disorder. Irrespective of their validity for diagnosing ADHD, neuropsychological tasks could provide valuable information to mental health professionals if they can inform recommendations for treatment targets and modalities. Therefore, this review sought to synthesize the available evidence related to the use of neuropsychological task performance as a tool for informing treatment planning for youth with ADHD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089146/a-comprehensive-review-of-research-on-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan W Kanter, Katherine E Manbeck, Adam M Kuczynski, Daniel W M Maitland, Alessandra Villas-Bôas, Michel A Reyes Ortega
Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) is a transdiagnostic approach to outpatient psychotherapy that presented guidelines to instantiate the behavioral principle of natural, social reinforcement applied to idiographic behavioral targets within a genuine and authentic psychotherapy relationship. We present the first comprehensive review of research on FAP, including qualitative studies, uncontrolled and controlled single-case designs, group designs, and studies on training therapists in FAP...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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