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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448827/dopamine-cognitive-biases-and-assessment-of-certainty-a-neurocognitive-model-of-delusions
#1
REVIEW
Annabel Broyd, Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Allen
This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445840/modification-of-cognitive-biases-related-to-posttraumatic-stress-a-systematic-review-and-research-agenda
#2
REVIEW
Marcella L Woud, Johan Verwoerd, Julie Krans
Cognitive models of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) postulate that cognitive biases in attention, interpretation, and memory represent key factors involved in the onset and maintenance of PTSD. Developments in experimental research demonstrate that it may be possible to manipulate such biases by means of Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM). In the present paper, we summarize studies assessing cognitive biases in posttraumatic stress to serve as a theoretical and methodological background. However, our main aim was to provide an overview of the scientific literature on CBM in (analogue) posttraumatic stress...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414957/emotion-socialization-and-child-conduct-problems-a-comprehensive-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ameika M Johnson, David J Hawes, Nancy Eisenberg, Jane Kohlhoff, Joanne Dudeney
Decades of research have emphasized the role that coercive and ineffective discipline plays in shaping child and adolescent conduct problems, yet an emerging body of evidence has suggested that parents' emotion socialization behaviors (ESBs) (e.g., reactions to emotions, discussion of emotions, and emotion coaching) may also be implicated. This meta-analysis examined concurrent and longitudinal associations between parental ESBs and conduct problems, and tested for moderators of these associations. A systematic search identified 49 studies for which data on concurrent associations between ESBs and conduct problems were available (n=6270), and 14 studies reporting on prospective associations (n=1899)...
April 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448826/generalized-anxiety-disorder-worry-and-attention-to-threat-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Huw Goodwin, Jenny Yiend, Colette R Hirsch
Among anxious populations, attention has been demonstrated to be preferentially biased to threatening material compared to neutral or other valenced material. Individuals who have high levels of trait worry, such as those with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), may be biased to threat but research has produced equivocal findings. This review aimed to systematically review the extant experimental literature to establish the current evidence of attentional bias to threat among trait worriers compared to healthy controls and other clinical populations...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391027/meta-analysis-of-time-perception-and-temporal-processing-in-schizophrenia-differential-effects-on-precision-and-accuracy
#5
REVIEW
Sven Thoenes, Daniel Oberfeld
Numerous studies have reported that time perception and temporal processing are impaired in schizophrenia. In a meta-analytical review, we differentiate between time perception (judgments of time intervals) and basic temporal processing (e.g., judgments of temporal order) as well as between effects on accuracy (deviation of estimates from the veridical value) and precision (variability of judgments). In a meta-regression approach, we also included the specific tasks and the different time interval ranges as covariates...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384513/psychological-treatments-for-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-of-leading-international-organizations
#6
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Moriana, Mario Gálvez-Lara, Jorge Corpas
Most mental health services throughout the world currently regard evidence-based psychological treatments as best practice for the treatment of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze evidence-based treatments drawn from RCTs, reviews, meta-analyses, guides, and lists provided by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), Cochrane and the Australian Psychological Society (APS) in relation to mental disorders in adults...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371648/examining-the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-the-relationship-between-sleep-problems-and-suicide
#7
REVIEW
D Littlewood, S D Kyle, D Pratt, S Peters, P Gooding
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of empirical evidence investigating the role of psychological factors in the relationship between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Twelve studies were identified which examined psychological factors grouped into four categories of cognitive appraisals, psychosocial factors, emotion regulation strategies, and risk behaviours. Although there was substantial heterogeneity across studies with respect to measurement, sampling, and analysis, preliminary evidence indicated that negative cognitive appraisals, perceived social isolation, and unhelpful emotion regulation strategies may contribute to the association between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371649/trauma-and-homelessness-in-youth-psychopathology-and-intervention
#8
REVIEW
Benjamin R Davies, Nicholas B Allen
Youth runaway behavior and homelessness (RHY) in the U.S. is increasingly common, with prevalence estimated at 1-1.7 million youth. RHY have multiple, overlapping problems often including poor physical and mental health, frequent street victimization, and histories of physical and sexual abuse. Further, current street victimization interacts with childhood abuse to produce complex, unique presentations of traumatic symptoms and related disorders in runaway and homeless youth. This review paper explores (1) the role of childhood trauma in the genesis of runaway and homeless behavior, and (2) how childhood trauma interacts with street victimization to create vulnerability to psychopathology...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347881/can-mindfulness-influence-weight-management-related-eating-behaviors-if-so-how
#9
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness is increasingly being used for weight management. However, the strength of the evidence for such an approach is unclear; although mindfulness-based weight management programs have had some success, it is difficult to conclude that the mindfulness components were responsible. Research in this area is further complicated by the fact that the term 'mindfulness' is used to refer to a range of different practices. Additionally, we have little understanding of the mechanisms by which mindfulness might exert its effects...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334570/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-disordered-eating-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#10
REVIEW
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Suzanne Higgs
Preliminary findings suggest that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be associated with disordered eating behaviour, but whether there is sufficient evidence to suggest an association between ADHD and specific types of disordered eating behaviour is unclear. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether specific features associated with ADHD are differentially associated with disordered eating behaviour. A systematic review of seventy-five studies was conducted to evaluate the potential association between ADHD symptomatology and disordered eating behaviour and to provide an estimate of the strength of evidence for any association...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273486/cognitive-control-interventions-for-depression-a-systematic-review-of-findings-from-training-studies
#11
REVIEW
Ernst H W Koster, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Thomas Onraedt, Max Owens, Nazanin Derakshan
There is a strong interest in cognitive control training as a new intervention for depression. Given the recent promising meta-analytical findings regarding the effects of cognitive training on cognitive functioning and depressive symptomatology, the current review provides an in-depth discussion of the role of cognitive control in depression. We consider the state-of-the-art research on how manipulation of cognitive control may influence cognitive and depression-related outcomes. Evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive control training procedures are discussed in relation to three stages of depression (at-risk, clinically depressed, remission) as well as the training approach that was deployed, after which the putative theoretical mechanisms are discussed...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214633/prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and quantify the effectiveness of Eating Disorder (ED) prevention interventions. METHODS: Electronic databases (including the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, EMBASE, and Scopus) were searched for published randomized controlled trials of ED prevention interventions from 2009 to 2015. Trials prior to 2009 were retrieved from prior reviews. RESULTS: One hundred and twelve articles were included...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214634/a-systematic-review-of-help-seeking-and-mental-health-service-utilization-among-military-service-members
#13
REVIEW
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Matthew E Schneider, Thomas E Joiner
Research has demonstrated that military service members are at elevated risk for a range of psychiatric problems, and mental health services use is a conduit to symptom reduction and remission. Nonetheless, there is a notable underutilization of mental health services in this population. This systematic review aimed to identify and critically examine: (1) rates of service use; (2) barriers and facilitators to care; and (3) programs and interventions designed to enhance willingness to seek care and increase help-seeking behaviors among current military personnel (e...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284170/defining-and-measuring-irritability-construct-clarification-and-differentiation
#14
REVIEW
Michael J Toohey, Raymond DiGiuseppe
Irritability is a symptom of 15 disorders in the DSM-5 and is included in Mood Disorders, Addictive Disorders, Personality Disorders, and more (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, the term irritability is defined and measured inconsistently in the scholarly literature. In this article, we reviewed the scholarly definitions of irritability and the item content of irritability measures. Components of definitions and items measuring irritability were divided into three categories: a) causes, b) experience, and c) consequences...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130983/efficacy-of-group-social-skills-interventions-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jacquelyn A Gates, Erin Kang, Matthew D Lerner
Group-based social skills interventions (GSSIs) are widely used for treating social competence among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but their efficacy is unclear. Previous meta-analysis of the literature on well-designed trials of GSSIs is limited in size and scope, collapsing across highly heterogeneous sources (parents; youths; teachers; observers; behavioral tasks). The current meta-analysis of randomized control trials (RCTs) was conducted to ascertain overall effectiveness of GSSIs and differences by reporting sources...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119196/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-is-cbt-equally-efficacious-in-adults-of-working-age-and-older-adults
#16
REVIEW
Naoko Kishita, Ken Laidlaw
The current meta-analysis compared the efficacy of CBT for GAD between adults of working age and older people. In addition, we conducted a qualitative content analysis of treatment protocols used in studies with older clients to explore potential factors that may enhance treatment outcomes with this particular client group. Applying the inclusion criteria resulted in the identification of 15 studies with 22 comparisons between CBT and control groups (770 patients). When examining overall effect sizes for CBT for GAD between older people and adults of working age there were no statistically significant differences in outcome...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086133/autobiographical-episodic-memory-based-training-for-the-treatment-of-mood-anxiety-and-stress-related-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Caitlin Hitchcock, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Simon E Blackwell, Tim Dalgleish
We review evidence for training programmes that manipulate autobiographical processing in order to treat mood, anxiety, and stress-related disorders, using the GRADE criteria to judge evidence quality. We also position the current status of this research within the UK Medical Research Council's (2000, 2008) framework for the development of novel interventions. A literature search according to PRISMA guidelines identified 15 studies that compared an autobiographical episodic memory-based training (AET) programme to a control condition, in samples with a clinician-derived diagnosis...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013082/the-need-for-a-behavioural-analysis-of-behavioural-addictions
#18
REVIEW
Richard J E James, Richard J Tunney
This review discusses research on behavioural addictions (i.e. associative learning, conditioning), with reference to contemporary models of substance addiction and ongoing controversies in the behavioural addictions literature. The role of behaviour has been well explored in substance addictions and gambling but this focus is often absent in other candidate behavioural addictions. In contrast, the standard approach to behavioural addictions has been to look at individual differences, psychopathologies and biases, often translating from pathological gambling indicators...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930934/cognitive-remediation-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-network-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Matteo Cella, Antonio Preti, Clementine Edwards, Tabitha Dow, Til Wykes
Cognitive remediation (CR) is a treatment targeting cognitive difficulties in people with schizophrenia. Recent research suggested that CR may also have a positive effect on negative symptoms. This meta-analysis investigates the effect of CR on negative symptoms. A systematic search was used to identify all randomized-controlled trials of CR in people with schizophrenia reporting negative symptoms outcomes. Levels of negative symptoms at baseline, post-therapy and follow-up, sample demographics and treatment length were extracted...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
March 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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