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Clinical Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454475/does-childhood-neglect-contribute-to-violent-behavior-in-adulthood-a-review-of-possible-links
#1
REVIEW
Vikki J Bland, Ian Lambie, Charlotte Best
Child neglect, whether intentional or unintentional on the part of caregivers, has serious and far-reaching negative consequences for children. Neglect is the most prevalent form of child maltreatment and has been associated with impaired cognitive development, changes in brain structure and nervous systems, behavioral and personality disorders and poor academic performance. However, the role of child neglect, and subtypes of neglect, in the development of adult violent behavior is not well understood. The "cycle of violence" hypothesis, which predicts that individuals exposed to child physical abuse are more likely to be physically violent in adulthood, is well supported by the literature...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449029/development-of-alcohol-expectancies-and-early-alcohol-use-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Koen Smit, Carmen Voogt, Marieke Hiemstra, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Emmanuel Kuntsche
PURPOSE: Developmental changes in alcohol expectancies (AE) have been proposed to lead to alcohol use initiation and later alcohol use in adolescence. This systematic review aims to provide longitudinal evidence of the development of AE and the relation of AE to alcohol outcomes from childhood to late adolescence (4-18 years old). METHODS: A computer-assisted search of relevant articles identified 1602 studies, of which 43 studies (conducted between 1996 and 2016) were selected...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433843/biological-alterations-affecting-risk-of-adult-psychopathology-following-childhood-trauma-a-review-of-sex-differences
#3
REVIEW
Ashwini Tiwari, Andrea Gonzalez
Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health problem. While adult mental health consequences of such experiences are well documented, sex differences in both prevalence and severity are less understood. Sex-based differences in biological circuitry and physiological trauma responses are proposed to potentiate the differential risk for pathogenesis of mental health disorders among adults. This paper will provide a contextualized summary of neuroendocrine, neuroimaging, and behavioral epigenetic studies on biological sex differences contributing to internalizing psychopathology, specifically posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, among adults with a history of childhood abuse...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429856/ehealth-interventions-for-family-carers-of-people-with-long-term-illness-a-promising-approach
#4
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Claire Henderson, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Steve Gillard
Family carers of people who have long term illness often experience physical and mental health morbidities, and burden. While there is good evidence to suggest that carers benefit from psychosocial interventions, these have primarily been delivered via face-to-face individual or group-formats. eHealth interventions offer a novel, accessible and self-paced approach to care delivery. Whether these are effective for carers' wellbeing has been little explored. This paper reports the first comprehensive systematic review in this area...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426573/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-transdiagnostic-construct-with-implications-for-phenomenology-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Carrie B Gillett, Emily L Bilek, Gregory L Hanna, Kate D Fitzgerald
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are early-onset disorders with significant overlapping phenomenology, especially in young patients who, due to developmental stage, may have difficulty recognizing obsessions and worries as unrealistic or excessive. Shared phenomenology and high rates of comorbidity between OCD and GAD raise the possibility of common underlying processes, and recent work has focused on intolerance of uncertainty (IU) as a reasonable candidate. With an emphasis on the youth literature, we review the phenomenological overlap between OCD and GAD, how symptoms may relate to IU, and how IU may be measured...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402458/corrigendum-to-intervention-studies-to-foster-resilience-a-systematic-review-and-proposal-for-a-resilience-framework-in-future-intervention-studies-clinical-psychology-review-59-2018-78-100
#6
A Chmitorz, A Kunzler, I Helmreich, O Tüscher, R Kalisch, T Kubiak, M Wessa, K Lieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398184/masculinity-emotion-regulation-and-psychopathology-a-critical-review-and-integrated-model
#7
REVIEW
Danielle S Berke, Dennis Reidy, Amos Zeichner
Relative to girls and women, boys and men experience disproportionate rates of "externalizing" problems (e.g., aggressive behavior, substance use disorders, and antisocial personality disorder). Unfortunately, relatively little is understood about how gender operates in the etiology, expression, and maintenance of men's psychopathology. We argue that this gap in knowledge reflects the challenge of accounting for the dynamic nature of masculinity (i.e., the fact that the influence of masculinity on men's lives varies across context, time, and individuals)...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395465/corrigendum-to-beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans-clin-psychol-rev-59-2018-137-144
#8
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331446/intolerance-of-uncertainty-neural-and-psychophysiological-correlates-of-the-perception-of-uncertainty-as-threatening
#9
REVIEW
Ema Tanovic, Dylan G Gee, Jutta Joormann
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) reflects the perception of uncertainty as threatening, regardless of the true probability of threat. IU is elevated in various forms of psychopathology, uniquely associated with anxiety and depression symptoms after controlling for related constructs, and prospectively predicts symptoms. Given the ubiquity of uncertainty in daily life and the clinical implications of IU, recent work has begun to investigate the neural and psychophysiological correlates of IU. This review summarizes the existing literature and integrates findings within a mechanistic neural model of responding to uncertainty...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366511/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-psychological-functioning-in-chronic-tinnitus
#10
REVIEW
Krysta J Trevis, Neil M McLachlan, Sarah J Wilson
Chronic tinnitus, the phenomenon of a chronic ringing in the ears or head, has a significant negative impact on an individual's health and wellbeing. Despite this, there is no cure or consensus regarding factors maintaining ongoing awareness of the sensation in this population, or the severity of its impact. We aimed to comprehensively and systematically review behavioural studies investigating the psychological functioning of adults with chronic tinnitus. We identified 64 papers meeting our search criteria for inclusion, which are reviewed with regard to psychological factors involved with the presence of chronic tinnitus, and those relating to its severity...
December 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329692/potential-psychological-neural-mechanisms-in-binge-eating-disorder-implications-for-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Hedy Kober, Rebecca G Boswell
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a newly-established eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Although systematic research on BED is in its infancy and many studies feature small samples, several observations emerge. First, we review diagnostic, developmental, and socio-demographic features of BED. Next, although BED and obesity are linked and frequently co-occur, we review data suggesting that BED is a distinct phenotype. Importantly, we take a mechanism-focused approach and propose four psychological processes with neurobiological bases that may uniquely differentiate BED from obesity: emotion reactivity, food-cue reactivity, food craving, and cognitive control...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310973/which-girls-which-boys-the-intersectional-risk-for-depression-by-race-and-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-u-s
#12
REVIEW
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291912/does-comorbidity-predict-poorer-treatment-outcome-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-an-updated-10-year-review
#13
REVIEW
Monika Walczak, Thomas Ollendick, Sarah Ryan, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
The aim of the present review was to provide an updated investigation of literature from the past ten years that examined the effects of comorbid problems on treatment outcomes, and/or explored if cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT) targeting anxiety disorders also affected comorbid disorders. A search of the literature resulted in a total of 33 publications, based on 28 randomized controlled trials that met predefined inclusion criteria. An analysis of studies that examined whether comorbidity affects treatment outcome yielded mixed results for different types of comorbidities...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277320/phenomenology-epidemiology-co-morbidity-and-treatment-of-a-specific-phobia-of-vomiting-a-systematic-review-of-an-understudied-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Alexandra Keyes, Helen R Gilpin, David Veale
Specific Phobia of Vomiting (SPOV) is an under-researched disorder compared to other Specific Phobias. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise existing research across areas of phenomenology, aetiology, epidemiology, co-morbidity, assessment measures and treatment. Online databases (Psychinfo, Embase, Medline, Pubmed and Cochrane Library) were searched using terms related to SPOV and 'emetophobia'. A manual search of reference lists of included papers was also conducted. In total, 385 articles were found and 24 were included in the review...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305152/preventing-depression-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Katharina Galuschka, Jeanette Tamm, Gerd Schulte-Körne, Julian Rubel, Belinda Platt
One major predictor of depression onset is having a depressed parent. This study provides the first systematic review and meta-analysis of preventive interventions for offspring of depressed parents. We searched six literature databases and included randomized controlled trials which concerned the non-depressed offspring (aged 18 or younger) of a depressed parent, who received a preventive intervention designed to reduce the risk of depression or a comparison condition. Primary and secondary outcome measures were the severity and incidence of childhood depression...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229220/relationship-between-attachment-style-and-symptom-severity-across-the-psychosis-spectrum-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sarah Christina Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
There is growing evidence for the role of attachment in psychosis, however, to date there has been no quantitative review of the prevalence of insecure attachment in psychosis. The current study sought to systematically appraise studies investigating the prevalence of insecure attachment and the association with psychosis-spectrum experiences using meta-analytic techniques. A systematic search of studies carried out between January 1980 and 30th November 2015 found 25 papers eligible for inclusion. The meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of insecure attachment style was significantly higher in individuals with psychosis (76%) than in non-clinical samples (38%), with fearful attachment being the most prevalent...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169665/mindfulness-and-craving-effects-and-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness meditation has a long tradition of being used to manage cravings. This paper reviews 30 experimental studies that have examined the effects of different types of mindfulness practice on cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol. The findings are interpreted in light of relevant theories of craving. The studies show most support for the elaborated intrusion theory of desire and conditioning models. They suggest that whilst mindfulness strategies may bring about immediate reductions in craving, such effects are likely to stem from working memory load, and will not necessarily be superior to alternative strategies that also load working memory...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126747/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Simon B Goldberg, Raymond P Tucker, Preston A Greene, Richard J Davidson, Bruce E Wampold, David J Kearney, Tracy L Simpson
Despite widespread scientific and popular interest in mindfulness-based interventions, questions regarding the empirical status of these treatments remain. We sought to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for clinical populations on disorder-specific symptoms. To address the question of relative efficacy, we coded the strength of the comparison group into five categories: no treatment, minimal treatment, non-specific active control, specific active control, and evidence-based treatment. A total of 142 non-overlapping samples and 12,005 participants were included...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126746/the-efficacy-of-attentional-distraction-and-sensory-monitoring-in-chronic-pain-patients-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Dimitri Ml Van Ryckeghem, Stefaan Van Damme, Christopher Eccleston, Geert Crombez
Attentional strategies, such as distraction and sensory monitoring, are often offered to reduce pain and pain-related distress. However, evidence for their efficacy in chronic pain patients is equivocal. We report a meta-analysis on the efficacy of distraction and sensory monitoring in chronic pain patients, and explore possible methodological and theoretical moderators. The scientific literature was searched for relevant articles, which were coded for methodological quality and several theoretical and methodological moderator variables...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102150/it-is-all-in-their-mind-a-review-on-information-processing-bias-in-lonely-individuals
#20
REVIEW
Annette W M Spithoven, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Loneliness is a distressing emotional state that motivates individuals to renew and maintain social contact. It has been suggested that lonely individuals suffer from a cognitive bias towards social threatening stimuli. However, current models of loneliness remain vague on how this cognitive bias is expressed in lonely individuals. The current review provides an up-to-date overview of studies examining loneliness in relation to various aspects of cognitive functioning. These studies are interpreted in light of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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