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Clinical Psychology Review

Jean-Philippe Gagné
Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic tics (i.e., repetitive and stereotyped movements and vocalizations) and premonitory urges (i.e., aversive sensations preceding tics that are alleviated once a tic is performed). Research supports that dysfunctional neurobiological and psychological processes interact and contribute to the development and maintenance of tics. However, psychological theories of Tourette syndrome and accompanying research have mainly focused on the emotional states (e...
September 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Antonio J Polo, Bridget A Makol, Ashley S Castro, Nicole Colón-Quintana, Amanda E Wagstaff, Sisi Guo
Historically, authors reporting the results of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to address mental health problems have insufficiently described sample characteristics pertaining to the ethnic/racial, linguistic, socioeconomic, and immigrant backgrounds of participants. RCTs have also had inadequate representation of participants from diverse backgrounds. This study reports on the trends in the reporting and representation of various sample demographic characteristics in RCTs of psychotherapy and other psychosocial interventions for depression over a 36-year period, and on the extent to which ethnicity, in particular, is considered in the analyses of treatment effects...
September 22, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Colin E Vize, Katherine L Collison, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
The Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality is the dominant hierarchical model of personality. Previous work has demonstrated the importance of the FFM domains and facets in understanding a variety of antisocial behaviors ranging from non-violent antisocial behavior to a variety of aggression outcomes. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize the empirical work that has examined these relations, as well as update and expand previous work in this area using Bayesian meta-analytic methods...
September 13, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Christine B Cha, Kelly M Wilson, Katherine M Tezanos, Katherine A DiVasto, Gabrielle K Tolchin
There is a long tradition in suicide research, accompanied by recent developments in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) research, of examining cognitive processes as potential precursors of risk. But these cognitive processes are often studied separately, and are rarely integrated or directly compared with each other. In an effort to synthesize this literature, this systematic review (n=109 longitudinal studies conducted over the past 10 years) demonstrates how specific cognitive processes predict self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), and examines whether intervening on features of cognition may help mitigate SITB risk...
August 27, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Robert G Johns, Michael Barkham, Stephen Kellett, David Saxon
OBJECTIVE: To review the therapist effects literature since Baldwin and Imel's (2013) review. METHOD: Systematic literature review of three databases (PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science) replicating Baldwin and Imel (2013) search terms. Weighted averages of therapist effects (TEs) were calculated, and a critical narrative review of included studies conducted. RESULTS: Twenty studies met inclusion criteria (3 RCTs; 17 practice-based) with 19 studies using multilevel modeling...
August 25, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Lalitha Iyadurai, Renée M Visser, Alex Lau-Zhu, Kate Porcheret, Antje Horsch, Emily A Holmes, Ella L James
Intrusive memories of a traumatic event can be distressing and disruptive, and comprise a core clinical feature of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intrusive memories involve mental imagery-based impressions that intrude into mind involuntarily, and are emotional. Here we consider how recent advances in cognitive science have fueled our understanding of the development and possible treatment of intrusive memories of trauma. We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, selecting articles published from 2008 to 2018 that used the terms "trauma" AND ("intrusive memories" OR "involuntary memories") in their abstract or title...
August 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Jessica Williams, Sandra Bucci, Katherine Berry, Filippo Varese
OBJECTIVES: This is the first review to identify, summarise and critically evaluate studies that examined psychological mediators of the relationship between childhood adversities and psychosis. METHODS: A database search (PsychINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL) was conducted to identify eligible studies published between January 1980 and September 2017. A narrative synthesis and appraisal of methodological quality and statistical appropriateness of the primary studies was conducted...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Trevor C Griffen, Eva Naumann, Tom Hildebrandt
Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most clinical trials of mirror exposure therapy have been small or uncontrolled and have included few male subjects...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Sarah B Campbell, Keith D Renshaw
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impairments in relationship functioning. Beyond the abundance of research that has demonstrated this basic link, more recent research has begun to explore possible mediators and moderators of this association. The present paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature in the context of an overarching organizational framework of potential ways in which PTSD impacts relationship functioning. The framework organizes findings in terms of specific elements of PTSD and comorbid conditions, mediators (factors that are posited to explain or account for the association), and moderators (factors that are posited to alter the strength of the association)...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Thole Hilko Hoppen, Trudie Chalder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Tine B Gehrt, Dorthe Berntsen, Rick H Hoyle, David C Rubin
The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) was introduced to examine the extent to which a traumatic or stressful event is perceived as central to an individual's identity and life story, and how this relates to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In addition, the CES has been examined in relation to a range of other conditions and dispositions. We present a systematic review of the correlates of the CES. Results from 92 publications resulted in 25 measurement categories in the six theoretical domains of trauma, negative affect and distress, autobiographical memory, personality, positive affect, and gender...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Frank J Infurna, Suniya S Luthar
The majority of multi-wave studies examining resilience in adulthood have involved growth mixture modeling (GMM). We critically evaluate the central conclusion from this body of work that "resilience is commonplace". Our emphasis is on two questionable methodological assumptions underlying this conclusion: (1) the variances are the same across trajectories (i.e., homogeneity of variance) and (2) the amount of change does not differ across individuals (i.e., slope variances are zero). Seventy-seven empirical studies were included that used GMM to examine resilience to diverse adversities in adulthood...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
M Taylor Dryman, Richard G Heimberg
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid, and together they result in greater functional impairment and a poorer prognosis than either condition alone. Theoretical models implicate impairments in emotion regulation in the development and maintenance of internalizing disorders, yet there has been no systematic comparison of emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression. The current review presents an in-depth examination of the literature on two widely-studied emotion regulation strategies, expressive suppression (ES) and cognitive reappraisal (CR), in SAD and MDD...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Nicole Musser, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Stepp, Jennifer Lewis
A core tenet of Linehan's biosocial theory (1993) is that borderline personality disorder (BPD) emerges as a result of transactions between emotional vulnerability and an invalidating environment. Invalidation has become a popular term in the literature, but there is a lack of uniformity in its operationalization and measurement, particularly as applied to invalidating parenting practices that are non-abusive. This systematic review of 77 empirical studies examined the measurement and operationalization of parental invalidation in the BPD literature and determined the extent to which measurements used converge with Linehan's original model...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
J E J Buckman, A Underwood, K Clarke, R Saunders, S D Hollon, P Fearon, S Pilling
PURPOSE: To review and synthesise prognostic indices that predict subsequent risk, prescriptive indices that moderate treatment response, and mechanisms that underlie each with respect to relapse and recurrence of depression in adults. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Childhood maltreatment, post-treatment residual symptoms, and a history of recurrence emerged as strong prognostic indicators of risk and each could be used prescriptively to indicate who benefits most from continued or prophylactic treatment...
August 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Caroline A Blades, Werner G K Stritzke, Andrew C Page, Julia D Brown
One obstacle potentially hindering research on suicide is the assumption that assessing suicide may make individuals more likely to engage in suicidal thoughts or behaviours; a concern expressed by ethics committees, researchers, and clinicians. However, decisions which are overly cautious and restrictive when approving research proposals will hinder important research in this area. The present aim was to conduct a meta-analysis to examine whether asking about suicide or exposure to suicide-related content in research studies led to changes in participants' levels of distress, suicidal ideation, or suicide attempts...
August 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Sarah W Yip, Marc N Potenza
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative provides a large-scale, dimensional framework for the integration of research findings across traditional diagnoses, with the long-term aim of improving existing psychiatric treatments. A neurodevelopmental perspective is essential to this endeavor. However, few papers synthesizing research findings across childhood and adolescent disorders exist. Here, we discuss how the RDoC framework may be applied to the study of childhood and adolescent impulsive and addictive disorders in order to improve neurodevelopmental understanding and to enhance treatment development...
August 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
August 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Keri Frantell, Phillip N Smith, Leticia Y Flores, Gregory L Stuart
Transgender people are at high risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths compared to the general population. Several correlates of suicide ideation and attempts have been identified empirically to understand this increased risk. However, few attempts have been made to systematically review this literature. Further, a theory to understand and identify targetable factors for intervention has rarely been applied to this population. In the first systematic review guided by ideation-to-action frameworks of suicide, we systematically reviewed the literature from January 1991 to July 2017 regarding correlates of suicide ideation, attempts, and deaths among transgender people...
July 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
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