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Children and Youth Services Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688522/fostering-higher-education-a-postsecondary-access-and-retention-intervention-for-youth-with-foster-care-experience
#1
Amy M Salazar, Kevin P Haggerty, Stephanie S Roe
Most youth in foster care aspire to obtain higher education, but face daunting obstacles in doing so. While societal interest and effort to support foster youth in achieving higher education has grown, very few supports have evidence to show that they are effective at improving postsecondary outcomes. In an effort to address the dearth of clearly articulated, evidence-based postsecondary support approaches for foster youth, we have developed Fostering Higher Education (FHE), a comprehensive, structured, and evaluable postsecondary access and retention intervention composed of elements (professional educational advocacy, substance abuse prevention, mentoring) that are either evidence based or promising based on the scientific literature and their ability to address the outcomes of interest...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840465/family-formation-a-positive-outcome-for-vulnerable-young-women
#2
Vered Ben-David, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Charlotte Bright, Brett Drake
While marriage and childbirth are generally considered positive adult outcomes, it is not clear that this holds true among low income young women. Beyond adolescent parenting, little empirical data exists on various types of family formation in this population. The aims of this study were twofold: (1) to understand predictors of type of family formation (e.g., none, childrearing, marriage, or both) among 4,385 young women with childhood histories of poverty and/or maltreatment; and (2) to explore whether family formation patterns were associated with negative adult behavioral and health outcomes...
August 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158175/decreasing-risk-factors-for-later-alcohol-use-and-antisocial-behaviors-in-children-in-foster-care-by-increasing-early-promotive-factors
#3
Katherine C Pears, Hyoun K Kim, Philip A Fisher
Children in foster care are at high risk for poor psychosocial outcomes, including school failure, alcohol and other substance abuse, and criminal behaviors. Promoting healthy development by increasing broad-impact positive skills may help reduce some of the risk factors for longer-term negative outcomes. School readiness has been linked to a number of positive outcomes across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and may also boost intermediary positive skills such as self-competence. This paper presents findings from a longitudinal study involving 192 children in foster care who were 5 years old at the start of the study...
May 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134324/the-need-to-do-it-all-exploring-the-ways-in-which-treatment-foster-parents-enact-their-complex-role
#4
Elizabeth M Z Farmer, Melissa A Lippold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065508/professional-and-youth-perspectives-on-higher-education-focused-interventions-for-youth-transitioning-from-foster-care
#5
Amy M Salazar, Stephanie S Roe, Jessica S Ullrich, Kevin P Haggerty
Youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood access and succeed in college at much lower rates than the general population. A variety of services exist to support youth with their postsecondary goals, but few if any have evidence for their effectiveness. As part of a National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded intervention development project to design Fostering Higher Education, a structured, testable postsecondary access and retention intervention for youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood, focus groups were conducted with community stakeholders to collect recommendations for how to most effectively structure the intervention...
May 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003952/growing-up-before-their-time-the-early-adultification-experiences-of-homeless-young-people
#6
Rachel M Schmitz, Kimberly A Tyler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924868/the-impact-of-fathers-on-maltreated-youths-mental-health
#7
Lynsay Ayer, Patricia Kohl, Rosalie Malsberger, Lane Burgette
Men are increasingly the heads of single parent households, yet are often excluded from child welfare research and practice. To better serve all families in the child welfare system, it is necessary to understand the impact of primary caregiving men on children's wellbeing. In this study we investigated the longitudinal effects of primary caregiving fathers' mental health and substance use on child mental health, and examined possible differences by child age and gender. Regression analyses were conducted with the sample of 322 youth living with a male primary caregiver at the first wave of data collection from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing-II (NSCAW-II)...
April 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#8
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141147/guiding-and-supporting-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-development-of-a-curriculum-for-family-and-community-members
#9
Kate Winskell, Kim S Miller, Kristi Ann Allen, Christopher O Obong'o
Although HIV-related deaths declined globally by 30% between 2005 and 2012, those among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) rose by 50%. This discrepancy is primarily due to failure to address the specific needs of ALHIV and resulting poor clinical outcomes related to late diagnosis and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The Families Matter! Program (FMP) is an evidence-based intervention for parents and caregivers of 9-12 year-olds that promotes positive parenting practices and effective parent-child communication about sexuality and sexual risk reduction...
February 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941470/qualitative-evaluation-of-historical-and-relational-factors-influencing-pregnancy-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risks-in-foster-youth
#10
Kym R Ahrens, Renee Spencer, Mavis Bonnar, Alexis Coatney, Tyson Hall
PURPOSE: To explore how attitudes, norms, behaviors, responses to early life experiences, and protective factors influence pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection risks from the perspectives of current and former foster youth to inform the development of prevention strategies. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured individual qualitative interviews with a diverse sample of 22 current/former foster youth aged 15-21 years (63% female; average age = 18.6 years)...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900196/african-american-caregivers-resources-for-support-implications-for-children-s-perceived-support-from-their-caregiver
#11
Tat'Yana A Kenigsberg, Willie Winston, Priscilla A Gibson, Sonya S Brady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869740/promoting-birth-parents-relationships-with-their-toddlers-upon-reunification-results-from-promoting-first-relationships-%C3%A2-home-visiting-program
#12
Monica L Oxford, Maureen Marcenko, Charles B Fleming, Mary Jane Lohr, Susan J Spieker
Birth parents, once reunified with their child after a foster care placement, are in need of in-home support services to prevent reoccurrence of maltreatment and reentry into foster care, establish a strong relationship with their child, and enhance child well-being. Few studies have addressed the efficacy of home visiting services for reunified birth parents of toddlers. This study reports on the findings from a randomized control trial of a 10-week home visiting program, Promoting First Relationships (®) (Kelly, Sandoval, Zuckerman, & Buehlman, 2008), for a subsample of 43 reunified birth parents that were part of the larger trial...
February 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834301/children-s-hyperactivity-television-viewing-and-the-potential-for-child-effects
#13
Arya Ansari, Robert Crosnoe
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B; n = 6,250), this study examined whether children who display difficult behaviors early in life watch more television from year-to-year. Results revealed that 4-year-old children's hyperactive, but not aggressive, behavior was associated with an increase in television watching over the ensuing year. These potential child effects, however, were embedded in both proximate and distal ecologies. That is, the association between children's hyperactivity and increases in their television exposure over time was strongest among those in the low-end of the socioeconomic distribution and those whose parents displayed less optimal mental health...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806995/the-effect-of-race-ethnicity-on-the-relation-between-substance-use-disorder-diagnosis-and-substance-use-treatment-receipt-among-male-serious-adolescent-offenders
#14
Andre D Mansion, Laurie Chassin
The high rates of substance disorders in the juvenile justice system, as well as the relation between substance use and reoffending, suggest the importance of substance use treatment service and understanding the factors that influence treatment provision. The current study tested whether race/ethnicity affects the relation between substance use disorder diagnosis and the receipt of substance use treatment services among a sample of male serious juvenile offenders (N=638). Findings showed that among adolescents with a substance use disorder diagnosis, there were no race/ethnicity differences in substance use treatment receipt...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806994/household-incarceration-in-early-adolescence-and-risk-of-premarital-first-birth
#15
Aaron Gottlieb
In the second half of the 20(th) century, the United States experienced a massive increase in incarceration. In response to this growth, a burgeoning scholarship has sought to explore the collateral consequences of incarceration for young children. However, this scholarship has less frequently explored the impact of incarceration on long-term outcomes, how incarceration experienced in periods other than early childhood impacts children, and whether the incarceration of family members other than parents has negative implications for children...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26778871/parent-training-to-reduce-problem-behaviors-over-the-transition-to-high-school-tests-of-indirect-effects-through-improved-emotion-regulation-skills
#16
W Alex Mason, Stacy-Ann A January, Charles B Fleming, Ronald W Thompson, Gilbert R Parra, Kevin P Haggerty, James J Snyder
Adolescent problem behaviors are costly for individuals and society. Promoting the self-regulatory functioning of youth may help prevent the development of such behaviors. Parent-training and family intervention programs have been shown to improve child and adolescent self-regulation. This study helps fill gaps in knowledge by testing for indirect effects of the Common Sense Parenting(®) (CSP) program on reduced substance use, conduct problems, and school suspensions through previously identified short-term improvements in parents' reports of their children's emotion regulation skills...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26778870/self-report-of-health-problems-and-health-care-use-among-maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents
#17
Janet U Schneiderman, Sonya Negriff, Penelope K Trickett
The study aims were to compare maltreated and comparison adolescents' health problems and to identify how individual, family and home characteristics and maltreatment status affect adolescents' self-report of health status and health care use. The sample was 224 maltreated adolescents (mean age = 18.3 years) and 128 comparison adolescents (mean age = 18.15 years). Comparison adolescents reported more cold and pain symptoms during the previous 30 days but no differences in other physical health problems, self-assessment of their physical and mental health or health care use compared to maltreated adolescents...
February 1, 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740731/preventing-domestic-abuse-for-children-and-young-people-a-review-of-school-based-interventions
#18
Nicky Stanley, Jane Ellis, Nicola Farrelly, Sandra Hollinghurst, Soo Downe
Schools provide the setting in which interventions aimed at preventing intimate partner violence and abuse (IPVA) are delivered to young people in the general population and a range of programmes have been designed and evaluated. To date, most rigorous studies have been undertaken in North America and the extent to which programmes are transferable to other settings and cultures is uncertain. This paper reports on a mixed methods review, aimed at informing UK practise and policy, which included a systematic review of the international literature, a review of the UK grey literature and consultation with young people as well as experts to address the question of what works for whom in what circumstances...
December 2015: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26705373/predictors-of-treatment-attrition-and-treatment-length-in-parent-child-interaction-therapy-in-taiwanese-families
#19
Yi-Chuen Chen, Beverly L Fortson
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) has been used successfully in the United States and in other countries around the world, but its use in Asian countries has been more limited. The present study is the first of its kind to examine the predictors of treatment attrition and length in a sample of Taiwanese caregivers and their children. It is also the first to examine PCIT outcomes in Taiwanese families. Maladaptive personality characteristics of the caregiver were the best predictor of attrition, followed by single-parent, removal of the child from the home, and lower levels of caregiver education...
December 2015: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478645/tobacco-use-among-foster-youth-evidence-of-health-disparities
#20
Jordan M Braciszewski, Suzanne M Colby
Youth aging out of foster care face a challenging road to independence. Following exposure to myriad risk factors such as abuse, neglect, parental substance use, and severe housing mobility, supportive services decrease upon exit from care, often increasing risk for substance use, homelessness, and unemployment. Although tobacco use is also highly prevalent, little attention has been paid to screening, assessment, and treatment of tobacco use in this vulnerable group. The current study (N = 116) reports on tobacco use prevalence, consequences, and co-occurrence with other substances in a sample of youth (ages 18 to 19) exiting the foster care system...
November 1, 2015: Children and Youth Services Review
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