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Children and Youth Services Review

Mary C Acri, Lindsay Bornheimer, Emily Hamovitch, Kate Lambert
Objective: Maternal depression is a common, chronic set of disorders associated with significant burden to caregivers, children and families. Some evidence suggests that depression is associated with perceptions of barriers to child mental health treatment and premature termination from services. However, this relationship has not yet been examined among a predominantly low-income sample, which is at disproportionately high risk of depression, child mental health problems, and treatment drop out...
October 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Thomas E Keller, Bahia Overton, Julia M Pryce, Johanna E Barry, Andrew Sutherland, David L DuBois
Formal youth mentoring programs tend to focus on the mentor-mentee dyad as the primary relationship cultivated and supported. The interests and preferences of the parent or caregiver in the mentoring relationship may receive little attention. In this study, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with primary caregivers (N=20) of early adolescent girls participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters community-based mentoring program to explore reasons why they wanted mentors for their daughters. Thematic analysis revealed that caregivers expected mentors to support their daughters as trusted companions, confidants, and conduits to opportunities and services...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Amanda L Sullivan, Elyse M Farnsworth, Amy Susman-Stillman
One goal of childcare subsidies is to increase access to quality childcare for families of low-income, thus supporting child and family wellbeing, but subsidies may not equally benefit children with and without special needs. This study examined patterns and predictors of subsidy use among children with disabilities or delays relative to children without special needs. A nationally representative sample of approximately 4,050 young children from families of low-income was drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Viktor Burlaka, Julie Ma, Shawna Lee, Berenice Castillo, Iuliia Churakova
Despite a great deal of evidence that corporal punishment is harmful, corporal punishment is still very prevalent worldwide. We examine predictors of different types of corporal punishment among Ukrainian mothers in 12 communities across Ukraine. Findings suggest that maternal spirituality, maternal coping styles, family communication, and some demographic characteristics are predictive of mothers' use of corporal punishment.
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Amy M Salazar, Kevin R Jones, Jamie Amemiya, Adrian Cherry, Eric C Brown, Richard F Catalano, Kathryn C Monahan
Permanency is a key child welfare system goal for the children they serve. This study addresses three key research questions: (1) How do older youth in foster care define their personal permanency goals? (2) How much progress have these youth made in achieving their personal permanency goals and other aspects of relational permanency, and how does this vary by gender, race, and age? and (3) What transition-related outcomes are associated with relational permanency achievement? Surveys were conducted with 97 youth between the ages of 14 and 20 currently in care...
April 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Laurie E Powers, Ann Fullerton, Jessica Schmidt, Sarah Geenen, Molly Oberweiser-Kennedy, JoAnn Dohn, May Nelson, Rosemary Iavanditti, Jennifer Blakeslee
Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood...
February 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
April Joy Damian, Joseph J Gallo, Tamar Mendelson
Polytrauma is a highly prevalent public health problem in the U.S. with even higher rates in urban areas. Children with polytrauma often end up in multiple child-serving systems (e.g., mental health, child welfare, education, juvenile justice) with needs that are both complex and severe. Providers within these child-serving systems have potential to serve as gatekeepers to trauma services by linking youth with trauma-informed treatments and supports that promote recovery. The purpose of our study was to assess the perspective of providers who participated in a nine-month, trauma-informed care (TIC) training intervention on 1) their capacity to make referrals to trauma-specific services following the training, and 2) factors external to the training intervention that supported or hindered their ability to link traumatized youth with services...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Emily Hamovitch, Mary Acri, Lindsay A Bornheimer
Childhood mental health disorders are on the rise in the United States. To ensure equitable access to care, it is important to examine the characteristics of children and families who access services. This study compares the demographic characteristics of two samples of families who participated in National Institute of Mental Health-funded studies of a Multiple Family Group model, entitled the 4Rs and 2Ss Multiple Family Group (4Rs and 2Ss) in New York City. One sample is currently receiving services, and the other received services a decade ago...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Lucy McGoron, Erica Hvizdos, Erika L Bocknek, Erica Montgomery, Steven J Ondersma
Parent training programs promote positive parenting and benefit low-income children, but are rarely used. Internet-based delivery may help expand the reach of parent training programs, although feasibility among low-income populations is still unclear. We examined the feasibility of internet-based parent training, in terms of internet access/use and engagement, through two studies. In Study 1, 160 parents recruited from Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) centers completed a brief paper survey regarding internet access and use (all parents received government aid)...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Kristin J Perry, Joseph M Price
This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e., whether the sibling was a biological sibling to the foster child) were evaluated as moderators of significant associations. Data were collected at the baseline of a foster parent training intervention program prior to any intervention services using parent phone interviews ( N = 310, 51...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen M McBeath, Lew Bank
This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Latent growth curve modeling procedures were employed to determine if child, family, and case characteristics influenced youth's home integration trajectories...
December 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Susan Yoon, Julia M Kobulsky, Dalhee Yoon, Wonhee Kim
While many studies have identified a significant relation between child maltreatment and adolescent substance use, the developmental pathways linking this relation remain sparsely explored. The current study examines posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, mother-child relationships, and internalizing and externalizing problems as potential longitudinal pathways through which child maltreatment influences adolescent substance use. Structural equation modeling was conducted on 883 adolescents drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN)...
November 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Cynthia Ewell Foster, Adam Horwitz, Alvin Thomas, Kiel Opperman, Polly Gipson, Amanda Burnside, Deborah M Stone, Cheryl A King
Youth who feel connected to people and institutions in their communities may be buffered from other risk factors in their lives. As a result, increasing connectedness has been recommended as a prevention strategy. In this study, we examined connectedness among 224 youth (ages 12-15), recruited from an urban medical emergency department, who were at elevated risk due to bullying perpetration or victimization, or low social connectedness. Regression analyses examined multiple domains of connectedness (family, school, peer, community) in relation to adjustment...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Frances L Lynch, John F Dickerson, Katherine C Pears, Philip A Fisher
Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. However, communities need information on relative costs and benefits associated with programs to make informed choices...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Brandy R Maynard, Michael G Vaughn, Erik J Nelson, Christopher P Salas-Wright, David A Heyne, Kristen P Kremer
Background: Truancy has long been regarded a common problem in urgent need of effective intervention. Knowledge about factors associated with truancy can guide the development and implementation of interventions. Method: This paper examined trends in truancy rates between 2002-2014 and correlates of truancy across racial/ethnic groups. Variables of interest included sociodemographic factors (e.g., age, gender, socio-economic background), behavioral factors (e.g...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Sarah Dauber, Tiffany John, Aaron Hogue, Jessica Nugent, Gina Hernandez
Perinatal maternal depression (MD), substance use (SU), and intimate partner violence (IPV) are critical public health concerns with significant negative impacts on child development. Bolstering the capacity of home visiting (HV) programs to address these significant risk factors has potential to improve child and family outcomes. This study presents a description and mixed-methods feasibility evaluation of the "Home Visitation Enhancing Linkages Project (HELP)," a screen-and-refer approach to addressing MD, SU, and IPV within HV aimed at improving risk identification and linkage to treatment among HV clients...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Lawrence A Palinkas, Lisa Saldana, Chih-Ping Chou, Patricia Chamberlain
Although the effectiveness of interventions for prevention and treatment of mental health and behavioral problems in abused and neglected youth is demonstrated through the accumulation of evidence through rigorous and systematic research, it is uncertain whether use of research evidence (URE) by child-serving systems leaders increases the likelihood of evidence- based practice (EBP) implementation and sustainment. Information on URE was collected from 151 directors and senior administrators of child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice systems in 40 California and 11 Ohio counties participating in an RCT of the use of community development teams (CDTs) to scale up implementation of Treatment Foster Care Oregon over a 3 year period (2010-12)...
September 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Sharon Wolf, Katherine A Magnuson, Rachel T Kimbro
This paper examines how neighborhood and family poverty predict children's academic skills and classroom behavior at school entry, and whether associations have changed over a period of twelve years spanning the Great Recession. Utilizing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten 1998 and 2010 cohorts and combined with data from the U.S. Census and American Community Survey, we find that the proportion of kindergarten children living in moderate and high poverty neighborhoods increased from 1998 to 2010, and that these increases were most pronounced for non-poor and white children...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
Lana O Beasley, Jane F Silovsky, Hannah C Espeleta, Lara R Robinson, Sophie A Hartwig, Amanda Morris, Irma Esparza
In recognition of the need to reach more families, the Legacy for Children™ ( Legacy ) program was translated and culturally adapted for Spanish-speaking Hispanic mothers and their infants. This study examined the cultural adaptations and logistical supports needed for successful implementation with Spanish-speaking mothers. The research team used purposive techniques to sample Hispanic bi-lingual providers (N = 14) and supervisors (N = 5) of local home-based parenting programs (Healthy Families, Parents as Teachers, and SafeCare®)...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
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