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Children and Youth Services Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936019/school-readiness-in-the-midwest-child-parent-center-expansion-a-propensity-score-analysis-of-year-1-impacts
#1
Brandt A Richardson, Arthur J Reynolds, Judy A Temple, Nicole E Smerillo
In this paper, we evaluate the effectiveness of the first year of a federally-funded, evidence-based preschool through third grade intervention in Chicago. We use inverse probability weighting with regression adjustment to estimate the impacts of the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program on teacher assessments of school readiness for 1,289 low-income preschool and 591 comparison-group participants. Results indicated significant positive impacts of the program for all domains, including literacy, math, socio-emotional development, science and total score...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845071/exploration-of-factors-predictive-of-at-risk-fathers-participation-in-a-pilot-study-of-an-augmented-evidence-based-parent-training-program-a-mixed-methods-approach
#2
Whitney L Rostad, Shannon Self-Brown, Clinton Boyd, Melissa Osborne, Alexandria Patterson
There has been burgeoning parenting intervention research specifically addressing fathers in recent decades. Corresponding research examining their participation and engagement in evidence-based parent training programs, which have almost exclusively targeted mothers, is just emerging. The current study used mixed methods to examine factors that influenced completion of an augmented version of an evidence-based child maltreatment prevention program developed for male caregivers called SafeCare Dad to Kids (Dad2K) in a pilot study...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056803/homelessness-and-aging-out-of-foster-care-a-national-comparison-of-child-welfare-involved-adolescents
#3
Patrick J Fowler, Katherine E Marcal, Jinjin Zhang, Orin Day, John Landsverk
The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-ups. Latent class analyses identified subtypes of housing problems, including literal homelessness, housing instability, and stable housing...
June 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974824/testing-three-pathways-to-substance-use-and-delinquency-among-low-income-african-american-adolescents
#4
Phillip L Marotta, Dexter R Voisin
OBJECTIVE: Mounting literature suggests that parental monitoring, risky peer norms, and future orientation correlate with illicit drug use and delinquency. However, few studies have investigated these constructs simultaneously in a single statistical model with low income African American youth. This study examined parental monitoring, peer norms and future orientation as primary pathways to drug use and delinquent behaviors in a large sample of African American urban adolescents. METHODS: A path model tested direct paths from peer norms, parental monitoring, and future orientation to drug use and delinquency outcomes after adjusting for potential confounders such as age, socioeconomic, and sexual orientation in a sample of 541 African American youth...
April 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970644/using-cell-phones-for-data-collection-benefits-outcomes-and-intervention-possibilities-with-homeless-youth
#5
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS) surveying. This paper examines youths' opinions about study participation and how they used the cell phone...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659652/young-child-poverty-in-the-united-states-analyzing-trends-in-poverty-and-the-role-of-anti-poverty-programs-using-the-supplemental-poverty-measure
#6
Jessica Pac, JaeHyun Nam, Jane Waldfogel, Christopher Wimer
Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458409/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-aging-out-of-foster-care-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Rebecca Rebbe, Paula S Nurius, Kym R Ahrens, Mark E Courtney
Research has demonstrated that youth who age out, or emancipate, from foster care face deleterious outcomes across a variety of domains in early adulthood. This article builds on this knowledge base by investigating the role of adverse childhood experience accumulation and composition on these outcomes. A latent class analysis was performed to identify three subgroups: Complex Adversity, Environmental Adversity, and Lower Adversity. Differences are found amongst the classes in terms of young adult outcomes in terms of socio-economic outcomes, psychosocial problems, and criminal behaviors...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966423/predictors-of-public-early-care-and-education-use-among-children-of-low-income-immigrants
#8
Anna D Johnson, Christina Padilla, Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
Little is known about predictors of publicly funded early care and education (ECE) use among low-income children of immigrants. Without this knowledge, it is difficult to effectively increase participation in these public programs, which promote school readiness but are underused by children of immigrants. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study -Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study attempts to identify pertinent family, child, maternal ECE preference, broader contextual, and immigrant specific characteristics predictive of ECE use among 4-year old children in a sample of low-income children of immigrants (N ≈ 1,050)...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943689/personal-control-and-service-connection-as-paths-to-improved-mental-health-and-exiting-homelessness-among-severely-marginalized-homeless-youth
#9
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang, Brittany Brakenhoff
OBJECTIVE: Non-service connected, continuously homeless youth are arguably one of the most vulnerable populations in the U.S. These youth reside at society's margins experiencing an accumulation of risks over time. Research concludes that as vulnerabilities increase so do poor long-term outcomes. This study tested the mediating effects of service connection and personal control as mediators of cumulative risk and housing, health and mental health outcomes. By understanding the processes associated with therapeutic change among those with the most vulnerabilities, service providers and researchers can target those factors to enhance positive outcomes...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736465/network-indicators-of-the-social-ecology-of-adolescents-in-relative-and-non-relative-foster-households
#10
Jennifer Blakeslee, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen McBeath, Paul Sorenson, Lew Bank
Though the presence, composition, and quality of social relationships-particularly as found in family networks-has an important influence on adolescent well-being, little is known about the social ecology of youth in foster care. This study examined the social networks of foster youth participating in a large RCT of an intervention for siblings in foster care. Youth reported on the people they lived with and the relatives they were in contact with, which provided indicators of network size, composition, and relationship quality...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533569/the-influence-of-concrete-support-on-child-welfare-program-engagement-progress-and-recurrence
#11
Whitney L Rostad, Tia McGill Rogers, Mark J Chaffin
Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461713/the-great-recession-and-risk-for-child-abuse-and-neglect
#12
William Schneider, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn
This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and four measures of the risk for maternal child abuse and neglect: (1) maternal physical aggression; (2) maternal psychological aggression; (3) physical neglect by mothers; and (4) supervisory/exposure neglect by mothers. It draws on rich longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study of families in 20 U.S. cities (N = 3,177; 50% African American, 25% Hispanic; 22% non-Hispanic white; 3% other)...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936018/effects-of-a-video-feedback-parent-training-program-during-child-welfare-visitation
#13
Rhonda N T Nese, Cynthia M Anderson, Traci Ruppert, Philip A Fisher
Behavioral parent training programs have documented efficacy for improving behaviors among parents and their children and are frequently used by child welfare agencies to prevent removal of a child from the parental home or to facilitate reunification. Although an ideal time for parent training might be during supervised visits where parents may practice skills with their children under the guidance and support of a therapist or caseworker, this is not typically the case. Most often, parents within the child welfare system receive parent training in small groups without their children present, and to date, few studies have examined effects of behavioral parent training interventions during supervised visitation...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626280/children-s-executive-function-in-a-cps-involved-sample-effects-of-cumulative-adversity-and-specific-types-of-adversity
#14
Leslie E Roos, Hyoun K Kim, Simone Schnabler, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences within these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years)...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479647/perspectives-on-disclosure-among-children-living-with-hiv-in-india
#15
Kayur Mehta, Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, G N Sanjeeva, Anita Shet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626279/nutritional-status-of-foster-children-in-the-u-s-implications-for-cognitive-and-behavioral-development
#16
Ursula A Tooley, Zeina Makhoul, Philip A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. METHOD: Relevant studies for inclusion were identified from numerous sources (e...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503013/to-educate-or-to-incarcerate-factors-in-disproportionality-in-school-discipline
#17
Matthew L Mizel, Jeremy N V Miles, Eric R Pedersen, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico
The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10(th) to 12(th) grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496286/mental-health-interventions-for-children-in-foster-care-a-systematic-review
#18
Erin P Hambrick, Shani Oppenheim-Weller, Amanda M N'zi, Heather N Taussig
Children in foster care have high rates of adverse childhood experiences and are at risk for mental health problems. These problems can be difficult to ameliorate, creating a need for rigorous intervention research. Previous research suggests that intervening with children in foster care can be challenging for several reasons, including the severity and complexity of their mental health problems, and challenges engaging this often transitory population in mental health services. The goal of this article was to systematically review the intervention research that has been conducted with children in foster care, and to identify future research directions...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435178/chaotic-experiences-and-low-income-children-s-social-emotional-development
#19
Kaeley C Bobbitt, Elizabeth T Gershoff
Development in early childhood is increasingly likely to take place in multiple contexts. Continuity and discontinuity in children's experiences across multiple contexts have important implications for their development. This study examines the extent to which children experience chaos in their homes and in their preschool settings is linked with their social-emotional development over the course of the preschool year. Data from a large, representative sample of low-income preschool children attending Head Start was used to test a series of multi-level models...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688522/fostering-higher-education-a-postsecondary-access-and-retention-intervention-for-youth-with-foster-care-experience
#20
Amy M Salazar, Kevin P Haggerty, Stephanie S Roe
Most youth in foster care aspire to obtain higher education, but face daunting obstacles in doing so. While societal interest and effort to support foster youth in achieving higher education has grown, very few supports have evidence to show that they are effective at improving postsecondary outcomes. In an effort to address the dearth of clearly articulated, evidence-based postsecondary support approaches for foster youth, we have developed Fostering Higher Education (FHE), a comprehensive, structured, and evaluable postsecondary access and retention intervention composed of elements (professional educational advocacy, substance abuse prevention, mentoring) that are either evidence based or promising based on the scientific literature and their ability to address the outcomes of interest...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
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