journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176187/residential-location-and-psychological-distance-in-americans-risk-views-and-behavioral-intentions-regarding-zika-virus
#1
Branden B Johnson
Two 2017 experiments with a U.S. national opportunity sample tested effects of location, psychological distance (PD), and exposure to location-related information on Americans' Zika risk views and behavioral intentions. Location-distance from mosquito transmission of the virus in Florida and Texas; residence within states with 100+ Zika infections; residence within potential mosquito vector ranges-had small, inconsistent effects. Hazard proximity weakly enhanced personal risk judgments and concern about Zika transmission locally...
September 3, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176174/conflict-of-interest-mitigation-procedures-may-have-little-influence-on-the-perceived-procedural-fairness-of-risk-related-research
#2
John C Besley, Nagwan R Zahry, Aaron McCright, Kevin C Elliott, Norbert E Kaminski, Joseph D Martin
Two between-subject experiments explored perceived conflict of interest (COI)-operationalized as perceived procedural unfairness-in a hypothetical public-private research partnership to study the health risks of trans fats. Perceived fairness was measured as subjects' perceptions that health researchers would be willing to listen to a range of voices and minimize bias (i.e., COI) in the context of a research project. Experiment 1 (n = 1,263) randomly assigned research subjects to a partnership that included (1) a combination of an industry partner, a university partner, and a nongovernmental organization (NGO) partner; and (2) one of three processes aimed at mitigating the potential for COI to harm the quality of the research...
September 3, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176170/probabilistic-integrated-human-mixture-risk-assessment-of-multiple-metals-through-seafood-consumption
#3
Yi-Jun Lin, Pinpin Lin
Inorganic arsenic (iAs), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and methylmercury (MeHg) are toxic metals that cause substantial health concern and are present in various seafood items. This study linked probabilistic risk assessment to the interactive hazard index (HIINT ) approach to assess the human mixture risk posed by the dietary intake of iAs, Cd, Pb, and MeHg from seafood for different age populations, and joint toxic actions and toxic interactions among metals were also considered in the assessment. We found that, in combination, an iAs-Cd-Pb-MeHg mixture synergistically causes neurological toxicity...
September 3, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170339/change-in-public-concern-and-responsive-behaviors-toward-air-pollution-under-the-dome
#4
Chuanshen Qin, Jianhua Xu, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Lan Xue
This study evaluates the effect of the documentary Under the Dome on the concern and responsive behaviors of the public regarding air pollution in China, with two surveys conducted before and after watching the documentary. Employing difference-in-differences regression, this study answers two research questions: (1) Does Under the Dome change public concern about air pollution? (2) Does Under the Dome change public behaviors in response to air pollution, including protective behaviors (i.e., wearing face masks) and mitigation behaviors (i...
August 31, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170338/the-critical-theory-of-world-risk-society-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Gabe Mythen
In terms of the evolution of sociological theory, it is difficult to overstate the impact of Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Aside from achieving voluminous sales and mass citations, the book is one of few academic monographs that can lay claim to transforming the ways in which people understand the world and their own experiences within it. The major hypothesis of author Ulrich Beck is that a fundamental shift has occurred in capitalist economies from a focus on the material production of goods to avoidance of "bads...
August 31, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157299/how-should-autonomous-cars-drive-a-preference-for-defaults-in-moral-judgments-under-risk-and-uncertainty
#6
Björn Meder, Nadine Fleischhut, Nina-Carolin Krumnau, Michael R Waldmann
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) promise to make traffic safer, but their societal integration poses ethical challenges. What behavior of AVs is morally acceptable in critical traffic situations when consequences are only probabilistically known (a situation of risk) or even unknown (a situation of uncertainty)?  How do people retrospectively evaluate the behavior of an AV in situations in which a road user has been harmed? We addressed these questions in two empirical studies (N = 1,638) that approximated the real-world conditions under which AVs operate by varying the degree of risk and uncertainty of the situation...
August 29, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153708/setting-air-quality-standards-for-pm-2-5-a-role-for-subjective-uncertainty-in-naaqs-quantitative-risk-assessments
#7
Anne E Smith
The U.S. Clean Air Act (CAA) requires the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set and periodically review national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for criteria pollutants. Because NAAQS must be set without balancing health risks against cost, Administrators look for where health risk tapers off. For some pollutants, however, no evidence exists of such a diminishment. The Administrator must instead evaluate how the strength of evidence for the scientific validity of risk estimates weakens for exposure levels below the central mass of observations indicating a pollutant-health risk relationship...
August 28, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153705/an-insurance-model-for-risk-management-of-process-facilities
#8
Seyed Javad Hashemi, Faisal Khan, Salim Ahmed
Most existing risk management models for process industries do not consider the effect of insurance coverage, which results in an overestimation of overall risk. A model is presented in this article to study the effect of insurance coverage of health, safety, environmental, and business risks. The effect of insurance recovery is modeled through the application of adjustment factors by considering the stochastic factors affecting insurance recovery. The insurance contract's conditions, deductibles, and policy limits are considered in developing the insurance recovery adjustment factors...
August 28, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144111/the-impact-of-portfolio-location-uncertainty-on-probabilistic-seismic-risk-analysis
#9
Christoph Scheingraber, Martin A Käser
Probabilistic seismic risk analysis is a well-established method in the insurance industry for modeling portfolio losses from earthquake events. In this context, precise exposure locations are often unknown. However, so far, location uncertainty has not been in the focus of a large amount of research. In this article, we propose a novel framework for treatment of location uncertainty. As a case study, a large number of synthetic portfolios resembling typical real-world cases were created. We investigate the effect of portfolio characteristics such as value distribution, portfolio size, or proportion of risk items with unknown coordinates on the variability of loss frequency estimations...
August 24, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144107/spatial-transmission-models-a-taxonomy-and-framework
#10
Duncan A Robertson
Within risk analysis and, more broadly, the decision behind the choice of which modeling technique to use to study the spread of disease, epidemics, fires, technology, rumors, or, more generally, spatial dynamics, is not well documented. While individual models are well defined and the modeling techniques are well understood by practitioners, there is little deliberate choice made as to the type of model to be used, with modelers using techniques that are well accepted in the field, sometimes with little thought as to whether alternative modeling techniques could or should be used...
August 24, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144103/quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-of-salmonellosis-from-the-consumption-of-australian-pork-minced-meat-from-retail-to-burgers-prepared-and-consumed-at-home
#11
Phillip M Gurman, Tom Ross, Andreas Kiermeier
Pork burgers could be expected to have an elevated risk of salmonellosis compared to other pork products due to their comminuted nature. A stochastic risk assessment was performed to estimate the risk of salmonellosis from Australian pork burgers and considered risk-affecting factors in the pork supply chain from retail to consumption at home. Conditions modeled included prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in pork mince, time and temperature effects during retail, consumer transport, and domestic storage and the effect of cooking, with the probability of illness from consumption estimated based on these effects...
August 24, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129049/dynamic-stochastic-macroeconomic-model-of-disaster-risk-reduction-investment-in-developing-countries
#12
Hiroaki Ishiwata, Muneta Yokomatsu
This research formulates a dynamic stochastic macroeconomic model that includes an optimization problem for the formation of stock of human capital, production capital, and household assets, and quantitatively examines economic impacts of disaster on developing countries. We further investigate the optimal policy of development of disaster risk reduction (DRR) capital by considering costs of DRR investment, and show that the effect of DRR investment on economic growth is like a single-peaked curve with respect to the DRR investment rate, which implies that overaccumulation could decelerate economic growth...
August 20, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129047/valuing-the-benefits-of-rock-climbing-and-the-welfare-gains-from-decreasing-injury-risk
#13
Lea Nicita, W Douglass Shaw, Giovanni Signorello
Rock climbing is an increasingly popular recreation activity worldwide, nevertheless there are only few studies that estimate the demand for it. In this article the Kuhn-Tucker approach is used to estimate the demand for rock climbing in Sicily, the recreation value of different climbing sites, and the welfare impact of reducing injury risk. In modeling the demand for climbing we account for the heterogeneity of preferences. We find that decreasing the level of injury risk generates remarkable welfare gains to climbers...
August 20, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119144/financial-instruments-for-mitigation-of-flood-risks-the-case-of-florence
#14
Fabio Castelli, Marcello Galeotti, Giovanni Rabitti
This article analyzes the mechanisms and effects of innovative financial instruments that a central public administration (CPA) may adopt to minimize the flood risk in particularly exposed regions. The pattern we suggest assumes that in risky areas the CPA can issue two financial instruments, called project options and CAT-bonds, producing a dynamic interaction among three types of agents: the CPA itself, the local public administrations, and private investors. We explore the possible scenarios of such interaction and the conditions under which the CPA's goal of maximal risk reduction is attained...
August 17, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114338/measuring-subjective-probabilities-the-effect-of-response-mode-on-the-use-of-focal-responses-validity-and-respondents-evaluations
#15
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Katherine G Carman
Subjective probabilities are central to risk assessment, decision making, and risk communication efforts. Surveys measuring probability judgments have traditionally used open-ended response modes, asking participants to generate a response between 0% and 100%. A typical finding is the seemingly excessive use of 50%, perhaps as an expression of "I don't know." In an online survey with a nationally representative sample of the Dutch population, we examined the effect of response modes on the use of 50% and other focal responses, predictive validity, and respondents' survey evaluations...
August 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110518/why-do-countries-regulate-environmental-health-risks-differently-a-theoretical-perspective
#16
Sander C S Clahsen, Irene van Kamp, Betty C Hakkert, Theo G Vermeire, Aldert H Piersma, Erik Lebret
Why do countries regulate, or prefer to regulate, environmental health risks such as radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and endocrine disruptors differently? A wide variety of theories, models, and frameworks can be used to help answer this question, though the resulting answer will strongly depend on the theoretical perspective that is applied. In this theoretical review, we will explore eight conceptual frameworks, from different areas of science, which will offer eight different potential explanations as to why international differences occur in environmental health risk management...
August 15, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110516/lightning-rods-earthquakes-and-regional-identities-towards-a-multi-scale-framework-of-assessing-fracking-risk-perception
#17
James A Pollard, David C Rose
Hydraulic fracturing has provided a persistent, polarizing, and highly politicized source of controversy internationally and in numerous national contexts for just under a decade. This research uses hydraulic fracturing (i.e., fracking) operations in New Zealand as a vignette through which to understand the underlying causes of controversy and the appropriateness of attempts to address them. A multi-method approach using interviews (n = 25), diagrammatic analysis, and newsprint media was applied to evidence two major findings...
August 15, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102784/resilience-of-critical-infrastructures-review-and-analysis-of-current-approaches
#18
Corinne Curt, Jean-Marc Tacnet
In crisis situations, systems, organizations, and people must react and deal with events that are inherently unpredictable before they occur: vital societal functions and thus infrastructures must be restored or adapted as quickly as possible. This capacity refers to resilience. Progress concerning its conceptualization has been made but it remains difficult to assess and apply in practice. The results of this article stem from a literature review allowing the analysis of current advances in the development of proposals to improve the management of infrastructure resilience...
August 13, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096222/a-probabilistic-transmission-model-for-the-spread-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-the-broiler-production-chain
#19
Carolina Plaza Rodríguez, Guido Correia Carreira, Annemarie Käsbohrer
Direct contact between humans and live broilers, as well as the consumption of chicken meat, have been suggested as pathways for transmission of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC-β-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Escherichia coli. One approach to design intervention strategies to control the transmission of such bacteria between animals and humans is to study the transmission pathways of such bacteria between the animals themselves. The rationale is that controlling the process of the underlying source, here transmission between animals, can provide hints on how to control a higher-level process, here the transmission between animals and humans...
August 10, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096214/feelings-about-fracking-using-the-affect-heuristic-to-understand-opposition-to-coal-seam-gas-production
#20
Donald W Hine, Kirsten Clarke, Anthony D G Marks, Methuen I Morgan
The rapid expansion of coal seam gas (CSG) extraction across Australia has polarized public opinion about the risks, benefits, and the future of the industry. We conducted a randomized controlled experiment to assess the impact of CSG messaging on opposition to the CSG industry. Residents of a major Australian city (N = 549), aged between 21 and 87 years, were randomly assigned to view one of three brief video messages (pro-CSG, anti-CSG, or a neutral control) sourced from the Internet. They then completed measures assessing CSG affective associations, perceived risks and benefits of CSG, and degree of opposition to the CSG industry...
August 10, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
journal
journal
28231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"