journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neuroimmunology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291542/molecular-mechanisms-of-neuroinflammation-and-injury-during-acute-viral-encephalitis
#1
REVIEW
Katherine D Shives, Kenneth L Tyler, J David Beckham
Viral infections in the central nervous system are a major cause of encephalitis. West Nile virus (WNV) and Herpes simplex virus (HSV) are the most common causes of viral encephalitis in the United States. We review the role of neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of WNV and HSV infections in the central nervous system (CNS). We discuss the role of the innate and cell-mediated immune responses in peripheral control of viral infection, viral invasion of the CNS, and in inflammatory-mediated neuronal injury...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302316/defining-nervous-system-susceptibility-during-acute-and-latent-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infection
#2
REVIEW
Chandra M Menendez, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex viruses are neurotropic human pathogens that infect and establish latency in peripheral sensory neurons of the host. Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) readily infects the facial mucosa that can result in the establishment of a latent infection in the sensory neurons of the trigeminal ganglia (TG). From latency, HSV-1 can reactivate and cause peripheral pathology following anterograde trafficking from sensory neurons. Under rare circumstances, HSV-1 can migrate into the central nervous system (CNS) and cause Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE), a devastating disease of the CNS...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285789/zika-virus-history-epidemiology-transmission-and-clinical-presentation
#3
REVIEW
Byung-Hak Song, Sang-Im Yun, Michael Woolley, Young-Min Lee
Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne positive-stranded RNA virus of the family Flaviviridae (genus Flavivirus), is now causing an unprecedented large-scale outbreak in the Americas. Historically, ZIKV spread eastward from equatorial Africa and Asia to the Pacific Islands during the late 2000s to early 2010s, invaded the Caribbean and Central and South America in 2015, and reached North America in 2016. Although ZIKV infection generally causes no symptoms or only a mild self-limiting illness, it has recently been linked to a rising number of severe neurological diseases, including microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237622/theiler-s-murine-encephalomyelitis-virus-infection-of-sjl-j-and-c57bl-6j-mice-models-for-multiple-sclerosis-and-epilepsy
#4
REVIEW
Ana Beatriz DePaula-Silva, Tyler J Hanak, Jane E Libbey, Robert S Fujinami
Mouse models are great tools to study the mechanisms of disease development. Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus is used in two distinct viral infection mouse models to study the human diseases multiple sclerosis (MS) and epilepsy. Intracerebral (i.c.) infection of the SJL/J mouse strain results in persistent viral infection of the central nervous system and a MS-like disease, while i.c. infection of the C57BL/6J mouse strain results in acute seizures and epilepsy. Our understanding of how the immune system contributes to the development of two disparate diseases caused by the same virus is presented...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187911/what-kaplan-meier-survival-curves-don-t-tell-us-about-cns-disease
#5
Katelyn D Miller, Glenn F Rall
Central nervous system consequences of viral infections are rare, but when they do occur, they are often serious and clinically challenging to manage. Our awareness of the perils of neuroinvasion by viruses is growing: the recently appreciated impact of Ebola and Zika virus infections on CNS integrity, decreases in vaccination coverage for potentially neurotropic viruses such as measles, and increased neurovirulence of some influenza strains collectively highlight the need for a better understanding of the viral-neural interaction...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139244/microrna-155-and-viral-induced-neuroinflammation
#6
REVIEW
Laura L Dickey, Timothy M Hanley, Thomas B Huffaker, Andrew G Ramstead, Ryan M O'Connell, Thomas E Lane
MicroRNA (miRNA) regulation of gene expression is becoming an increasingly recognized mechanism by which host immune responses are governed following microbial infection. miRNAs are short, non-coding RNAs that repress translation of target genes, and have been implicated in a number of activities that modulate host immune responses, including the regulation of immune cell proliferation, survival, expansion, differentiation, migration, polarization, and effector function. This review highlights several examples in which mammalian-encoded miR-155 influences immune responses following viral infection of the CNS...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108025/viral-induced-suppression-of-self-reactive-t-cells-lessons-from-neurotropic-coronavirus-induced-demyelination
#7
REVIEW
Carine Savarin, Cornelia C Bergmann
Genetic and environmental factors, i.e. infections, have been proposed to contribute to disease induction and relapsing events in multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). While research has mainly focused on virus associated autoimmune activation, less is known about prevention of autoimmunity, especially following resolving infections associated with CNS tissue damage. This review discusses novel insights on control of self-reactive (SR) T cells activated during neurotropic coronavirus-induced demyelination...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087078/donald-h-gilden-m-d
#8
Gregory P Owens, Maria A Nagel, Ravi Mahalingam, Randall J Cohrs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065579/roles-of-regulatory-t-cells-and-il-10-in-virus-induced-demyelination
#9
REVIEW
Stanley Perlman, Jingxian Zhao
Neurotropic viruses are important causes of morbidity and mortality in human populations. Some of these viruses preferentially infect oligodendrocytes in the white matter, causing either direct lysis of infected cells, or more commonly myelin damage as a consequence of the host immune response to the virus. Virus-induced demyelination has similarities to the human disease multiple sclerosis. To study this disease process in experimental animals, mice are infected, most commonly, with neurotropic strains of mouse hepatitis virus, a coronavirus or Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis, a picornavirus...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087076/polarization-of-microglia-and-its-role-in-bacterial-sepsis
#10
REVIEW
Monique Michels, Beatriz Sonai, Felipe Dal-Pizzol
Microglial polarization in response to brain inflammatory conditions is a crescent field in neuroscience. However, the effect of systemic inflammation, and specifically sepsis, is a relatively unexplored field that has great interest and relevance. Sepsis has been associated with both early and late harmful events of the central nervous system, suggesting that there is a close link between sepsis and neuroinflammation. During sepsis evolution it is supposed that microglial could exert both neurotoxic and repairing effects depending on the specific microglial phenotype assumed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077213/inhibition-of-dopamine-receptor-d3-signaling-in-dendritic-cells-increases-antigen-cross-presentation-to-cd8-t-cells-favoring-anti-tumor-immunity
#11
Claudio Figueroa, Felipe Gálvez-Cancino, Cesar Oyarce, Francisco Contreras, Carolina Prado, Catalina Valeria, Sebastián Cruz, Alvaro Lladser, Rodrigo Pacheco
Dendritic cells (DCs) display the unique ability for cross-presenting antigens to CD8(+) T-cells, promoting their differentiation into cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs), which play a pivotal role in anti-tumor immunity. Emerging evidence points to dopamine receptor D3 (D3R) as a key regulator of immunity. Accordingly, we studied how D3R regulates DCs function in anti-tumor immunity. The results show that D3R-deficiency in DCs enhanced expansion of CTLs in vivo and induced stronger anti-tumor immunity. Co-culture experiments indicated that D3R-inhibition in DCs potentiated antigen cross-presentation and CTLs activation...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065580/fatigue-favors-in-vitro-th1-and-th17-like-cell-expansion-and-reduces-corticoid-sensitivity-in-ms-patients
#12
Hélcio Alvarenga-Filho, Marisa Salles, Joana Hygino, Thais B Ferreira, Priscila M Sacramento, Clarice Monteiro, Claudia Cristina F Vasconcelos, Regina Maria Papais Alvarenga, Cleonice A M Bento
Fatigue is a common "ghost" symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease mediated by T cells that target myelin antigens of the central nervous system. As fatigue has been associated with inflammatory states, its occurrence may negatively impact MS progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of fatigue on the cytokine profile of patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS. For our study, blood were collected from MS patients in clinical remission phase with (n=15) and without (n=15) fatigue...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041664/early-gene-activation-initiates-neuroinflammation-prior-to-vsv-neuroinvasion-impact-on-antiviral-responses-and-sleep
#13
Richard P Ciavarra, Patric Lundberg, Mayumi Machida, Marta A Ambrozewicz, Laurie L Wellman, Kimberly Breving, Christina Steel, Larry D Sanford
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is rapidly and persistently suppressed during vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) encephalitis in C57Bl/6J (B6) mice. REM sleep suppression was associated with a complex global brain chemokine/cytokine response with bimodal kinetics although regionally distinct cytokine profiles were readily identified. Cytokine mRNA was translated either immediately or suppressed until the pathogen was cleared from the CNS. Innate signaling pathway (TLRs, RIG-I) activation occurred rapidly and sequentially prior to VSV neuroinvasion suggesting that antiviral states are quickly established in the CNS in advance of viral pathogen penetration...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284355/tlr4-gene-polymorphism-associated-with-lifetime-cigarette-smoking-in-bipolar-disorder
#14
El-Hadi Zerdazi, José Oliveira, Florence Vorspan, Meriem Bennabi, Stéphane Jamain, Bruno Etain, Marion Leboyer, Ryad Tamouza, Frank Bellivier
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with an increased risk of tobacco dependence, the leading addictive substance worldwide. Toll-like receptor 4, a sensor of pathogens and of products of cellular stress and damage, is a major innate immune molecule and logical candidate gene for tobacco dependence in BD because (i) the involvement of TLR4 molecules in several substance use disorders has been suggested, (ii) and the association between the TLR4 gene and BD. We analysed herein the potential association between six TLR4 polymorphisms and lifetime tobacco smoking in 514 BD patients...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284354/vitamin-d-binding-protein-gene-polymorphisms-are-not-associated-with-ms-risk-in-an-italian-cohort
#15
Cristina Agliardi, Franca Rosa Guerini, Milena Zanzottera, Elisabetta Bolognesi, Andrea Saul Costa, Mario Clerici
Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) gene encodes for Gc, an α2 globulin that transports vitamin D metabolites in serum. Given the role of vitamin D in MS onset and disease progression we analyzed the frequencies of three polymorphisms (rs7041, rs4588 and rs2282679) within DBP gene in 701 Italian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 831 healthy controls (HC). None of the polymorphisms showed any association with MS onset and progression. Our results suggest that DBP is not involved in the pathogenesis of MS in Italians...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284353/the-attenuating-effects-of-1-2-3-4-6-penta-o-galloyl-%C3%AE-d-glucose-on-inflammatory-cytokines-release-from-activated-bv-2-microglial-cells
#16
Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, David Bauer, Makini Cobourne-Duval, Karam F A Soliman
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegeneration and dementia in the elderly. Dysregulated, chronic activation of microglia, the brain's resident macrophages, induces the release of excessive amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines which has been implicated in the early stages of AD pathology. Therefore, suppressing the expression of these inflammatory mediators may decrease or delay the progression of AD. Many natural compounds derived from plants have shown anti-inflammatory activity. The naturally occurring 1,2,3,4,6 Penta-O-Galloyl-β-d-Glucose (PGG), is a polyphenolic compound highly enriched in Rhus chinensis Millplant...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284352/raised-cerebrospinal-fluid-baff-and-april-levels-in-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-correlation-with-clinical-outcome
#17
Bo Deng, Xiao-Ni Liu, Xiang Li, Xiang Zhang, Chao Quan, Xiang-Jun Chen
In this study, we aimed to assess the levels of B cell activating factor from the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF) and a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis and determine their correlation with clinical outcome. BAFF and APRIL concentrations in CSF and serum from 40 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis and 20 controls were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Compared with controls, the levels of both BAFF and APRIL in CSF were significantly increased in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis (p<0...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284351/is-musk-myasthenia-gravis-linked-to-igg4-related-disease
#18
Pooja Raibagkar, Judith A Ferry, John H Stone
Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition that affects a wide variety of sites, including the nervous system, where it can involve the meninges or the pituitary gland, and cause perineural mass lesions. A large subset of acetylcholine receptor antibody (Ab)-negative myasthenia gravis (MG) patients has muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) Abs, generally of the IgG4 subclass. There has not been any association found between IgG4-RD and MuSK MG yet. We report the first case of MuSK MG associated with lymphadenopathy with histopathology consistent with IgG4-RD...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284350/ketamine-upregulates-enos-expression-in-human-astroglial-a172-cells-possible-role-in-its-antidepressive-properties
#19
Yael Yuhas, Shai Ashkenazi, Eva Berent, Abraham Weizman
Ketamine is a potent anti-depressive agent. Nitric oxide plays an essential role in neuronal transmission and cerebral blood flow and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder as well as cardiovascular functioning. We investigated the effect of ketamine on eNOS expression in human A172 astroglial cells. Ketamine (50-500μM) increased eNOS expression at 4-24h in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect was mediated by NMDA receptor, Akt inhibition and ERK1/2 activation and was synergistically augmented by rapamycin...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284349/4-aminopyridine-ameliorates-experimental-autoimmune-neuritis-in-lewis-rats
#20
Kota Moriguchi, Katsuichi Miyamoto, Susumu Kusunoki
We investigated the effect of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) using a 4-AP-treated group in which 4-AP was administered in the diet, and a control group (n=10 per group). Electrophysiological and pathological assessment was performed in the sciatic nerve. The EAN clinical scores were significantly lower in the 4-AP-treated group than in the control group (p<0.05). The motor conductance velocity two weeks post-immunization was significantly higher in the 4-AP-treated group (p<0...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
journal
journal
28219
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"