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Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753082/improvements-in-kinematic-performance-after-home-based-bimanual-intensive-training-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#1
Ya-Ching Hung, Claudio L Ferre, Andrew M Gordon
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of home-based intensive bimanual training for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) on bimanual coordination using 3-D kinematic analyses. METHODS: Seven children with USCP (aged 29-54 months, MACS level: I-III) received 90 hours (2 hrs/day, 5days/week for 9 weeks) of Home Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Training (H-HABIT) provided by trained caregivers. A bimanual drawer-opening task was evaluated with eight infrared cameras using VICON workstation4...
July 28, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753054/parents-perception-of-receiving-family-centered-care-for-their-children-with-physical-disabilities-a-meta-analysis
#2
Nihad A Almasri, Mihee An, Robert J Palisano
AIMS: Understanding parent perceptions of family-centered care (FCC) is important to improve processes and outcomes of children's services. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of research on the Measures of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) were performed to determine the extent parents of children with physical disabilities perceive they received FCC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using four databases. A total of 129 studies were retrieved; 15 met the criteria for the synthesis...
July 28, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753053/development-of-child-and-family-centered-engagement-guidelines-for-clinical-administration-of-the-challenge-to-measure-advanced-gross-motor-skills-a-qualitative-study
#3
Barbara E Gibson, Bhavnita Mistry, F Virginia Wright
AIMS: This article describes a qualitative study aimed at producing child-centered guidelines for the administration of a measure of children's advanced gross motor skills, the Challenge. The purpose of the guidelines is to promote collaborative interpretation and application of results. METHODS: The study was conducted in three Canadian cities and included 31 children with cerebral palsy (GMFCS Level I or II) ages 8 to 18 and one parent/caregiver per child (N = 62 participants)...
July 28, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749721/the-reliability-of-the-segmental-assessment-of-trunk-control-satco-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Lisbeth Hansen, Katrine Thingholm Erhardsen, Jesper Bencke, Stig Peter Magnusson, Derek John Curtis
AIMS: To assess the live-versus-video, intrarater interday and interrater interday reliability of the test Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo), which seeks to estimate the degree of sitting trunk control in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Thirty-one children with CP between 9 months and 16 years of age (22 males, mean age 8y 10mo [SD 3y 5mo], Gross Motor Function Classification System level I [n = 13], II [n = 4], III [n = 4], IV [n = 3], and V [n = 7]) were included...
July 27, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783448/clinicians-are-the-missing-link-to-sustainable-community-based-physical-activity-participation-for-children-with-disabilities
#5
COMMENT
Laura K Brunton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375657/goal-development-practices-of-physical-therapists-working-in-educational-environments
#6
Kimberly D Wynarczuk, Lisa A Chiarello, Catherine L Gohrband
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (1) describe the practices that school-based physical therapists use in developing student goals, and (2) identify facilitators and barriers to development of goals that are specific to participation in the context of the school setting. METHODS: 46 school-based physical therapists who participated in a previous study on school-based physical therapy practice (PT COUNTS) completed a questionnaire on goal development. Frequencies and cross tabulations were generated for quantitative data...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300457/having-fun-and-staying-active-children-with-disabilities-and-participation-in-physical-activity-a-follow-up-study
#7
Per Enok Baksjøberget, Astrid Nyquist, Thomas Moser, Reidun Jahnsen
AIM: This study investigated change in the participation profile of physical activity over 15 months after a three-week intensive rehabilitation that used physical activity as the main intervention. METHODS: The Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) was used in a longitudinal prospective study (pre- and post-design) with three measurements over 15 months. Eighty children with physical disabilities (6-17 years old; mean score 11.1; SD 2.4), some with additional cognitive challenges, completed all three measurements...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266885/the-design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-physiotherapist-led-clinic-for-orthopedic-surveillance-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Karen Hurtubise, Robin Shanks, Laura Benard
AIM: To describe the development process and the evaluation results of a new physiotherapy-led clinic for orthopedic monitoring of secondary impairments for children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A new clinic model was developed and implemented, guided by the Framework for the Development of Advanced Practice Roles and the Model for Improvement. Patient visits and wait-time statistics were measured during the implementation phase. Once implemented, an evaluation of the clinic model objectives was conducted...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157417/analysis-of-reach-to-grasp-by-school-aged-children-with-down-syndrome-elucidates-limitations-in-upper-extremity-motor-control
#9
Joanne Valvano, Sara Hogy, Kate Worster, Julie Ma, Nancy Denniston, Patricia Winders, Mary Jane Rapport, Zhaoxing Pan, James J Carollo
AIMS: To identify limitations in preparatory planning (PP) and movement execution that constrain performance of reach-to-grasp (RTG) movements in school-aged children with Down syndrome (DS) and examine the effect of chronological age (CA) on performance. METHODS: Nine children with DS ages 6 to 12 years and nine with typical development (TD) participated in this pilot descriptive study. Three-dimensional kinematic analysis was applied to RTG movements performed in the context of two functional tasks...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121255/exploring-parents-perceptions-and-how-physiotherapy-supports-transition-from-rehabilitation-to-school-for-youth-with-an-abi
#10
Tracy Lee, Andrea Norton, Sue Hayes, Keith Adamson, Heidi Schwellnus, Cathy Evans
AIMS: To explore parents' perceptions of their youth's transition from rehabilitation to school following an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and how physiotherapy influenced the youth's participation and physical function during the transition. METHODS: The study utilized phenomenological qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews with 11 parents of youth 10 to 18 years of age recruited from one pediatric rehabilitation hospital in Ontario. Each interview was audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026982/reproducibility-of-muscle-strength-testing-for-children-with-spina-bifida
#11
Jia Ling Tan, Nicole Maree Thomas, Leanne Marie Johnston
AIMS: Examine the inter-rater reliability of the Daniels and Worthingham (D&W) manual muscle test (MMT) protocol for children with spina bifida between experienced and novice physiotherapists. METHODS: Thirteen children with spina bifida (two males) aged 6 to 18 years were recruited from a spina bifida service in a state-wide tertiary children's hospital. Each child had the muscle strength of 19, and lower limb muscles were measured bilaterally by one experienced and one novice physiotherapist using the D&W MMT protocol...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967287/early-therapy-services-following-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#12
Odochi Nwabara, Cynthia Rogers, Terrie Inder, Roberta Pineda
AIMS: To (1) characterize early therapy services for preterm infants in the first two years of life, and (2) define factors related to accessing early therapy services. METHODS: Therapy utilization after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was tracked in 57 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation from 2007 to 2010. Participants returned for developmental testing at two years. Factors related to early therapy utilization were explored. RESULTS: Fifty-two (91%) infants received a referral for therapy at NICU discharge but only 44 (77%) received at least one type of therapy during the first two years of life...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462758/functional-reach-and-lateral-reach-tests-in-turkish-children
#13
Ertugrul Yuksel, Buse Ozcan Kahraman, Abdurrahman Nalbant, Umut Ziya Kocak, Bayram Unver
AIMS: The functional reach test (FRT) and lateral reach test (LRT) provide important measures of postural stability. The aims of this study were to (1) establish the normative values for FRT and LRT, and (2) examine the effects of age, gender, and various anthropometric measurements on FRT and LRT. METHODS: Two hundred eighty children, aged 6-12 years, completed the study. One hundred fifty-two subjects were females. The mean age was 9.0 ± 2.0 years. Each child performed two trials of FRT and LRT...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509591/current-practice-constraints-in-the-uptake-and-use-of-intensive-upper-extremity-training-a-canadian-perspective
#14
Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Darcy Fehlings, Manon Germain, Andrew M Gordon, Doug Maynard, Annette Majnemer
BACKGROUND: Intensive upper extremity training (IUET) has demonstrated efficacy in clinical and functioning outcomes in children with hemiplegia. However, implementation in the clinical context requires novel service models and knowledge translation. AIMS: To map implementation of IUET in Canada, to identify factors associated with the implementation and best practices for implementation. METHODS: Mixed-methods design; descriptive statistics, chi-square tests...
May 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481670/family-quality-of-life-survey-fqols-2006-evaluation-of-internal-consistency-construct-and-criterion-validity-for-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-families
#15
Preethy S Samuel, Wassim Tarraf, Christina Marsack
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Family Quality of Life Survey (FQOLS-2006) when used with urban families predominantly from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. METHODS: Data gathered from 193 family caregivers using the FQOLS-2006 were subjected to reliability analyses, confirmatory factor analyses, and correlational analyses to test the internal consistency of the scales (reliability), factor structure of the scales (construct validity), and convergence between the long and short versions of the tool (criterion validity)...
May 8, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467140/development-and-validation-of-the-both-hands-assessment-for-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy
#16
Ann-Kristin G Elvrum, Britt-Marie Zethræus, Torstein Vik, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm
AIMS: To develop a hand function test for children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP) measuring bimanual performance, including quantification of possible asymmetry of hand use. METHOD: The Both Hands Assessment (BoHA) content was developed through adaptation of the Assisting Hand Assessment (version 5.0). Data from 171 children with bilateral CP, 22-months to 13 years olds (75 females; mean age: 6 years and 6 months) classified at Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) levels I-III, was entered into Rasch measurement model analyses to evaluate internal scale validity and aspects of reliability...
May 3, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467126/young-children-s-participation-and-environment-measure-swedish-cultural-adaptation
#17
Frida Marie Åström, Mary Khetani, Anna Karin Axelsson
AIM: To culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) for use by caregivers of Swedish children with and without disabilities, aged 2-5 years. METHODS: Thirteen cognitive interviews and two focus groups with caregivers of children with and without disabilities were conducted to evaluate the cultural relevance of YC-PEM content for use in Sweden. Per participant feedback, a revised version of the Swedish YC-PEM was created and pilot tested with caregivers of children with disabilities (n = 11) and children with typical development (n = 22)...
May 3, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384880/the-role-of-the-therapist-in-therapeutic-change-how-knowledge-from-mental-health-can-inform-pediatric-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
Gillian King
The therapist is a neglected and poorly understood variable in pediatric rehabilitation. Much more attention has been paid to the role of intervention on client change than the role of therapist-related variables. This article synthesizes what is known in the adult and child mental health literature about the role of the therapist, and integrates this with work in pediatric rehabilitation. The article reviews the mental health literature on the therapist as a random variable associated with client outcomes (role of the therapist alone) and the role of three other therapist-related constructs: the therapist-client relationship (therapist and client), treatment implementation (therapist and intervention), and therapy process (therapist, client, and intervention considered holistically)...
May 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314415/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-6-minute-racerunner-test-in-children-and-youth-with-cerebral-palsy-gmfcs-levels-iii-and-iv
#19
Eline A M Bolster, Annet J Dallmeijer, G Sander de Wolf, Marieke Versteegt, Petra E M van Schie
AIM: To determine the test-retest reliability and construct validity of a novel 6-Minute Racerunner Test (6MRT) in children and youth with cerebral palsy (CP) classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels III and IV. The racerunner is a step-propelled tricycle. METHODS: The participants were 38 children and youth with CP (mean age 11 y 2 m, SD 3 y 7 m; GMFCS III, n = 19; IV, n = 19). Racerunner capability was determined as the distance covered during the 6MRT on three occasions...
May 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283785/assisting-hand-assessment-and-children-s-hand-use-experience-questionnaire-observed-versus-perceived-bimanual-performance-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ulrike C Ryll, Carolien H G Bastiaenen, Ann-Christin Eliasson
AIMS: To explore the differences, relationship, and extent of agreement between the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), measuring observed ability to perform bimanual tasks, and the Children's Hand-Use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ), assessing experienced bimanual performance. METHODS: This study investigates a convenience sample of 34 children (16 girls) with unilateral cerebral palsy aged 6-18 years (mean 12.1, SD 3.9) in a cross-sectional design. RESULTS: The AHA and CHEQ subscales share 8-25% of their variance (R(2))...
May 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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