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Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422038/reproducibility-of-task-oriented-bimanual-and-unimanual-strength-measurement-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#1
Mellanie Geijen, Eugene Rameckers, Marlous Schnackers, Carolien Bastiaenen, Andrew Gordon, Lucianne Speth, Rob Smeets
AIM: To examine reproducibility of the arm-hand strength measured while performing the bimanual crate task and the unimanual pitcher task. METHODS: 105 children diagnosed with unilateral Cerebral Palsy, aged between 6 and 18 years, participated in this study. The test-retest reliability of the force generated during bimanual crate task and unimanual pitcher task of the Task-oriented Arm-hAnd Capacity instrument was investigated using intraclass correlation two-way random model with absolute agreement...
November 13, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321075/moving-towards-therapists-becoming-better-educators-a-commentary-on-changes-in-the-content-of-pediatric-physical-therapy-for-infants-a-quantitative-observational-study
#2
Debra Teitelbaum
Patients and their families have expressed that they want information (Hendricks, 2000) and as a result often turn to Google for health and medical information. Society as a whole is more informed than ever and no longer rely only on medical practitioners as in previous generations. Instead, and rightly so, they question medical experts and want to know the reasoning and rationale behind everything they experience. This combined with the shift towards family-centred principles over the last 20 years underscores the need to provide comprehensive and effective education to families...
October 15, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265842/is-group-based-or-individual-based-intervention-more-effective-for-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
Niamh de Hóra, Louise Larkin, Amanda Connell
AIMS: To examine whether group-based or individual-based treatment programs are more effective for quality of life (QOL) outcomes in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Quality of the papers was assessed using the Modified Downs and Black Checklist. Peer-reviewed clinical experimental studies of children diagnosed with DCD with any QOL related outcome measure were included, of all years, languages, and approaches of intervention...
September 28, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265831/the-role-of-rehabilitation-specialists-in-canadian-nicus-a-21st-century-perspective
#4
Pamela Borges Nery, Laurie Snider, José Simon Camelo, Boychuck Zachary, Khodary Fatima, Goldschleger Jessica, Majnemer Annette
Rehabilitation specialists are an integral part of the team in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). New approaches to rehabilitation practice in the NICU have evolved over the past decade that aim to promote child health and development. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the current roles of the occupational therapist (OT), physical therapist (PT) and speech-language pathologist (SLP) in Canadian NICUs as compared to the roles documented in an earlier national survey conducted 15 years ago...
September 28, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265827/impact-of-noise-attenuating-headphones-on-participation-in-the-home-community-and-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Beth Pfeiffer, Shelly Raee Erb, Laura Slugg
AIM: The purpose of this study was to conceptualize the benefits and limitations of using noise-attenuating headphones for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on participation in home, community, and school environments from the perspective of parents and teachers. METHODS: Grounded theory methodology was used to guide data collection and analysis. Ten parents and five teachers of children with ASD and auditory hypersensitivity aged 6-12 completed recorded interviews...
September 28, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265825/is-mastery-motivation-a-mediator-of-relations-between-maternal-teaching-behavior-and-developmental-abilities-in-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#6
Pei-Jung Wang, Li-Chiou Chen, Hua-Fang Liao, Yu-Kang Tu, Lu Lu, George A Morgan
AIMS: Mastery motivation refers to a child's persistent attempts to solve problems and learn skills. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine whether children's mastery motivation-mediated relationships between early maternal teaching behavior and later developmental abilities in children with global developmental delay (GDD). METHODS: Fifty-six dyads of mothers and their children with GDD (aged 24-42 months) were assessed two times, at study entry and 6-months later...
September 28, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265609/the-effects-of-a-5-day-virtual-reality-based-exercise-program-on-kinematics-and-postural-muscle-activity-in-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Richard Mills, Danielle Levac, Heidi Sveistrup
AIMS: To determine the effects of a 5-day virtual reality (VR)-based intervention on anticipatory and reactive mechanisms of postural control in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Eleven youth with CP (GMFCS levels I and II), ages 7-17, were allocated to intervention (N = 5) and control (N = 6) groups. Both groups attended balance assessment sessions 1 week apart. Participants in the intervention group received 1-hour one-on-one physiotherapist-supervised VR balance games for 5 consecutive days between assessments...
September 28, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216094/perspectives-and-experiences-with-engaging-youth-and-families-in-research
#8
Tram Nguyen, Robert J Palisano, Ian Graham
Engaging youth with disabilities and families in research is critical in facilitating knowledge utilization to impact processes and outcomes of services and interventions. Organizations such as INVOLVE in the United Kingdom, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute in the United States advocate for engaging stakeholders in all aspects of the research process. Despite these efforts, there is a need for research to identify best practices and approaches for stakeholder engagement in research as current descriptions around processes are lacking...
September 14, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211625/current-therapeutic-management-of-perinatal-stroke-with-a-focus-on-the-upper-limb-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-uk-physiotherapists-and-occupational-therapists
#9
Claire Marcroft, Ayaka Tsutsumi, Janice Pearse, Pat Dulson, Nicholas D Embleton, Anna P Basu
AIM: To determine current UK pediatric physiotherapist (PT) and occupational therapist (OT) management of perinatal stroke. DESIGN: Web-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Participants were members of the Association of Paediatric Chartered Physiotherapists and Occupational Therapists specialist section: children young people and families working with infants. Items covered prioritization of referrals, assessments, therapy approaches aimed at the upper limb, and parental support...
September 13, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204532/powerful-or-powerless-children-s-parents-and-occupational-therapists-perceptions-of-powered-mobility
#10
Evelina Pituch, Paula W Rushton, Myriame Ngo, Jessica Heales, Alexandra Poulin Arguin
AIM: In Québec, Canada, the prevalence of children using powered mobility (PM) is not reflective of evidence supporting its use and for achieving developmental milestones. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of four key stakeholder groups in a metropolitan area regarding daily use, barriers, facilitators, and clinical practice associated with use of PM. METHODS: Using convenience sampling, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with children (n = 6), parents (n = 2), rehabilitation center occupational therapists (OTs; n = 4), and special needs school-based OTs (n = 6)...
September 11, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204519/youth-s-perspective-of-responsibility-exploration-of-a-construct-for-measurement-with-youth-with-developmental-disabilities
#11
Adam J Swatt, Ariel E Schwartz, Jessica M Kramer
AIMS: There is a need to develop self-reports that measure youth's responsibility for major life tasks. We examined if the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory-Computer Adaptive Test's (PEDI-CAT) operationalization of responsibility is salient to youth with developmental disabilities (DD). The PEDI-CAT defines responsibility as, "the extent to which the young person…take[s] control over organizing and managing major life tasks." METHODS: During six focus groups (n = 43), youth generated examples of behaviors and actions that demonstrated responsibility...
September 11, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204515/development-of-a-pediatric-goal-centered-upper-limb-spasticity-home-exercise-therapy-program-for-use-in-a-phase-iii-trial-of-abobotulinumtoxina-dysport-%C3%A2
#12
Angela Shierk, A Cecilia Jiménez-Moreno, Heather Roberts, Shirley Ackerman-Laufer, Gretchen Backer, Rachel Bard-Pondarre, Cigdem Cekmece, Weronika Pyrzanowska, Claire Vilain, Mauricio R Delgado
AIMS: To create a standardized home exercise therapy program that could be implemented by international sites to provide a consistent level of therapeutic intervention for pediatric patients participating in an ongoing Phase-III, randomized, controlled trial of repeat abobotulinumtoxinA injections for pediatric upper limb spasticity (NCT02106351). METHODS: Physical therapists, occupational therapists, and medical doctors worked collaboratively to design an exercise therapy program to be implemented in the home setting...
September 11, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188233/content-validity-of-the-parentship-protocol-a-multidimensional-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Batel Wachspress, Adina Maeir, Tal Mazor-Karsenty
The Parentship protocol is a short-term intervention program in occupational therapy for parents of adolescents with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD). Its purpose is to promote parental resilience and enhance adolescents' participation in daily life. AIMS: To explore and analyze the perceptions of occupational therapists and parents of individuals with HFASD, regarding the content of the protocol and its theoretical framework. METHODS: Implementation of a phenomenological qualitative approach using two focus groups (six occupational therapists and five parents)...
September 6, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494784/cognitive-functional-cog-fun-dyadic-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-and-their-parents-impact-on-parenting-self-efficacy
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
AIM: The family context of children with ADHD plays a role in intervention outcomes, especially when parents are involved in treatment. Parental participation in evidence-based treatment for ADHD may play a role in improving their own parenting self-efficacy (PSE) as well as child outcomes. This study examined the impact of Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) intervention in occupational therapy (OT) for school-aged children with ADHD, on PSE. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial with crossover design, 107 children were allocated to intervention and waitlist control groups...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257920/relationships-between-adaptive-behaviours-personal-factors-and-participation-of-young-children
#15
Hazel Killeen, Agnes Shiel, Mary Law, Donough J O'Donovan, Ricardo Segurado, Dana Anaby
AIM: To examine the extent to which personal factors (age, socioeconomic grouping, and preterm birth) and adaptive behaviour explain the participation patterns of young children. METHODS: 65 Children 2-5 years old with and without a history of preterm birth and no physical or intellectual disability were selected by convenience sampling from Galway University Hospital, Ireland. Interviews with parents were conducted using the Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System, Second Edition (ABAS-II) and the Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (APCP)...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220616/interventions-to-improve-or-maintain-lower-limb-function-among-ambulatory-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#16
Gerasimos Taflampas, Cherry Kilbride, Wendy Levin, Grace Lavelle, Jennifer M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To describe physiotherapy management to improve or maintain lower-limb function among adolescents with cerebral palsy, classified in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III, in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: A list of interventions was identified using a nominal group technique and developed into a survey, which was distributed to approximately 2,100 pediatric physiotherapists in the UK through the Association of Pediatric Chartered Physiotherapists and a private physiotherapy clinic in London between April and June 2015...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922044/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-challenge-when-used-to-measure-advanced-motor-skills-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
F Virginia Wright, Chun Ying Lam, Bhavnita Mistry, Joan Walker
AIMS: The Challenge was designed as an extension to the GMFM-66 to assess advanced motor skills of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who walk/run independently. This study evaluated the Challenge's inter-rater and test-retest reliability. METHODS: Thirty children with CP (GMFCS level I [n = 24] and II [n = 6]) completed the Challenge, with re-testing one to two weeks later. Seven physiotherapist assessors passed the Challenge criterion test pre-administration. A single assessor administered and scored test and retest sessions (test-retest reliability)...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922041/garment-therapy-does-not-improve-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Hannah Wells, Jodie Marquez, Luke Wakely
AIMS: To conduct a systematic review asking, does garment therapy improve motor function in children with cerebral palsy? METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to review the literature. Inclusion criteria involved the wearing of therapy suits/garments in children with cerebral palsy. The primary outcome of interest was movement related function and secondary outcomes included impairment, participation, parental satisfaction and adverse outcomes of garment wear...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753082/improvements-in-kinematic-performance-after-home-based-bimanual-intensive-training-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#19
Ya-Ching Hung, Claudio L Ferre, Andrew M Gordon
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of home-based intensive bimanual training for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) on bimanual coordination using 3-D kinematic analyses. METHODS: Seven children with USCP (aged 29-54 months, MACS level: I-III) received 90 hours (2 hrs/day, 5days/week for 9 weeks) of Home Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Training (H-HABIT) provided by trained caregivers. A bimanual drawer-opening task was evaluated with eight infrared cameras using VICON workstation4...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753054/parents-perception-of-receiving-family-centered-care-for-their-children-with-physical-disabilities-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nihad A Almasri, Mihee An, Robert J Palisano
AIMS: Understanding parent perceptions of family-centered care (FCC) is important to improve processes and outcomes of children's services. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of research on the Measures of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) were performed to determine the extent parents of children with physical disabilities perceive they received FCC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using four databases. A total of 129 studies were retrieved; 15 met the criteria for the synthesis...
November 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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