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Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673350/editorial-board
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593569/child-focused-and-context-focused-behaviors-of-physical-and-occupational-therapists-during-treatment-of-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Anne J A Kruijsen-Terpstra, Mariëlle Ellens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Olaf Verschuren, Briano Di Rezze, Jan Willem Gorter, Anne M A Visser-Meily, Marian J Jongmans
AIMS: To (1) describe the child- and context-focused behaviors of physical and occupational therapists, and (2) compare the behaviors of therapists in a standard therapy session with those of therapists trained to deliver child- and context-focused services. METHOD: Videos of 49 therapy sessions provided by 36 therapists were analyzed using the intervention domains of the Paediatric Rehabilitation Observational measure of Fidelity (PROF) to examine the therapeutic behaviors of physical and occupational therapists with young children with cerebral palsy (CP) (24 to 48 months) in a Dutch rehabilitation setting...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589366/how-can-therapists-enhance-children-s-engagement-in-home-based-rehabilitation-interventions
#3
COMMENT
Danielle Levac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589250/beyond-theneonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Annette M Willgens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464071/watch-me-move-a-program-for-parents-of-young-children-with-gross-motor-delays
#5
Candice Natrasony, Debra Teitelbaum
AIMS: Watch Me Move (WMM) is a 6-week parent education program for caregivers of children with gross-motor delays. The aims are to improve parent-child interaction in a gross-motor context, increase parents' knowledge of behavioral cues and gross-motor development, and decrease perceived parental stress. METHODS: Forty mothers of children, 6 months to 3 years of age, with a gross-motor delay participated in a randomized control trial comparing parents who received the WMM program plus standard of care physiotherapy (n = 24) with parents whose children received standard of care physiotherapy (n = 16)...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939836/self-regulatory-skill-among-children-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#6
Claire A Sangster Jokić, David Whitebread
AIM: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) experience difficulty learning and performing everyday motor tasks due to poor motor coordination. Recent research applying a cognitive learning paradigm has argued that children with DCD have less effective cognitive and metacognitive skills with which to effectively acquire motor skills. However, there is currently limited research examining individual differences in children's use of self-regulatory and metacognitive skill during motor learning...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890372/validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-trunk-impairment-scale-and-trunk-control-measurement-scale-in-young-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Hong Phi Pham, Anita Eidem, Gry Hansen, Astrid Nyquist, Torstein Vik, Rannei Sæther
AIM: This study examines construct validity and responsiveness of the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS) and Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-six individuals with CP (nine males), 8-29 years (mean age 17.6) with gross motor function corresponding to GMFCS I-IV, participated in three weeks of intensive and varied physical training at a health sports center. Trunk control was assessed with the TIS (includes three subscales) and TCMS (includes three subscales), and gross motor function with the Gross Motor Function Measure 66 item set (GMFM-66-IS), before and after the training period...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734890/the-influence-of-intense-combined-training-on-upper-extremity-function-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-does-initial-ability-matter
#8
Marilyn Cohen-Holzer, Gilad Sorek, Julie Kerem, Simon Schless, Rachel Freedman, Hemda Rotem, Maayan Schweitzer, Michal Katz-Leurer
AIM: To examine whether level of manual ability modifies the response to an intensive program combining modified constraint and bimanual training on arm functioning children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: Thirty-four children aged 6-11 years, with Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) levels I-III (I:8, II:15, III:11), participated in a 2-week program, combining an hour of modified constraint with 5 hr of bimanual practice daily. The Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) and the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) were done pre-, post-, and 3-months post-intervention...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642891/establishing-the-cultural-equivalence-of-the-young-children-s-participation-and-environment-measure-yc-pem-for-use-in-singapore
#9
Chun Yi Lim, Mary Law, Mary Khetani, Nancy Pollock, Peter Rosenbaum
AIMS: Establishing the cultural equivalence of clinical assessments is critical to ensuring culturally competent care. Developed in North America, the Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) is a caregiver questionnaire of participation in home, preschool, and community activities and perceptions of environmental impact on participation. The purpose of this study is to establish the cultural equivalence of YC-PEM content for use in Singapore. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with ten early childhood and healthcare providers and cognitive interviews with ten parents in Singapore to examine the relevance of original YC-PEM content (activities, environmental factors, item wording)...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606419/understanding-engagement-in-home-based-interactive-computer-play-perspectives-of-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-and-their-caregivers
#10
COMMENT
Sarah James, Jenny Ziviani, Gillian King, Roslyn N Boyd
AIMS: This study aimed to understand engagement of children in a home-based computer program, "Move it to improve it" (Mitii™), designed to enhance motor, cognitive and visual perceptual skills. METHODS: Participants were 10 children with unilateral cerebral palsy involved in the 20-week Mitii™ program (mean age = 11 years; 5 males) and their caregivers. Semi-structured interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed independently by two researchers...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563732/bimanual-capacity-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-intra-and-interrater-reliability-of-a-revised-edition-of-the-bimanual-fine-motor-function-classification
#11
Ann-Kristin G Elvrum, Eva Beckung, Rannei Sæther, Stian Lydersen, Torstein Vik, Kate Himmelmann
AIMS: To develop a revised edition of the Bimanual Fine Motor Function (BFMF 2), as a classification of fine motor capacity in children with cerebral palsy (CP), and establish intra- and interrater reliability of this edition. METHODS: The content of the original BFMF was discussed by an expert panel, resulting in a revised edition comprising the original description of the classification levels, but in addition including figures with specific explanatory text. Four professionals classified fine motor function of 79 children (3-17 years; 45 boys) who represented all subtypes of CP and Manual Ability Classification levels (I-V)...
August 26, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494597/development-of-an-age-band-on-the-manvis-for-3-year-old-children-with-visual-impairments
#12
A M Reimer, A D Barsingerhorn, A Overvelde, M W G Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, F N Boonstra, R F A Cox
AIM: To compare fine motor performance of 3-year-old children with visual impairment with peers having normal vision, to provide reference scores for 3-year-old children with visual impairment on the ManuVis, and to assess inter-rater reliability. METHOD: 26 children with visual impairment (mean age: 3 years 7 months (SD 3 months); 17 boys) and 28 children with normal vision (mean age: 3 years 7 months (SD 4 months); 14 boys) participated in the study. The ManuVis age band for 3-year-old children comprised two one-handed tasks, two two-handed tasks, and a pre-writing task...
August 5, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379651/bringing-the-family-s-voice-to-research
#13
EDITORIAL
Robert J Palisano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861242/translating-evidence-to-increase-quality-and-dose-of-upper-limb-therapy-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#14
Leanne Sakzewski, Jenny Ziviani, Roslyn N Boyd
AIMS: To pilot efficacy of a tailored multifaceted implementation program to change clinical practice of occupational therapists (OTs) providing upper limb (UL) therapy for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: This before and after study piloted a multifaceted implementation program comprising audit/feedback, barrier identification, and education. Medical chart audits were conducted prior to and 12 months after the intervention. Primary process outcomes included proportion of children with UCP with (1) goals set; (2) goals measured; (3) received contemporary motor learning approach; (4) an adequate dose (30-40 hours); and (5) measured UL outcomes...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861153/the-effect-of-a-non-powered-self-initiated-mobility-program-on-the-engagement-of-young-children-with-severe-mobility-limitations-in-the-south-african-context
#15
K Bastable, S Dada, C J E Uys
AIM: To determine the effect of a non-powered, self-initiated mobility program on the engagement of young children with severe mobility limitations, in the South African context. METHODS: A multiple-probe-across-participant design was used. Four children (aged 2-6 years) with severe mobility limitations underwent an intervention that targeted non-powered, self-initiated mobility. The intervention comprised eight sessions over a 2-week period. Engagement was measured during each baseline, intervention and postintervention session using the Individual Child Engagement Record-Revised (ICER-R)...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642938/strategies-identified-as-effective-by-mothers-during-occupational-performance-coaching
#16
Fiona Graham, Sylvia Rodger, Jenny Ziviani, Virginia Jones
AIMS: This study examined strategies mothers reported as effective in facilitating children's successful performance in activities they identified as goals during Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC). METHODS: Twenty-nine mothers of children with occupational performance issues engaged in OPC. A random sample of 44 /157 (28%) coaching sessions were video-recorded from which the audio recording was analyzed using a general inductive approach to explore the nature of strategies reported as effective by mothers...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566226/playfulness-in-children-with-limited-motor-abilities-when-using-a-robot
#17
Adriana M Ríos-Rincón, Kim Adams, Joyce Magill-Evans, Al Cook
AIMS: Children with limited gross motor and manual abilities have fewer opportunities to engage in free play. We investigated the effect of a robotic intervention on the playfulness of children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: We used a partially nonconcurrent multiple baseline design with four children and their mothers. Children were classified in level IV or V on the Gross Motor Function and Manual Ability Classification Systems. The intervention was the availability of an adapted Lego robot during a 15-min free play session between the child and mother...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566139/a-comparison-of-the-quality-of-life-of-arab-mothers-of-children-with-and-without-chronic-disabilities
#18
Fahad Manee, Yasmeen Ateya, Mehdi Rassafiani
AIM: To compare the quality of life (QoL) of Arab mothers in Kuwait who had children with chronic disabilities and those whose children had no disabilities and provide recommendations for how occupational therapists can assist in enhancing the mothers' QOL. METHODS: The case group included 71 mothers of children with chronic disabilities and a control group of 86 mothers of children without disabilities. Mothers' QoL was assessed using the Arabic WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and the support systems of mothers of children with disabilities using a support questionnaire...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26422369/the-jebsen-taylor-test-of-hand-function-a-pilot-test-retest-reliability-study-in-typically-developing-children
#19
Sarah Elizabeth Reedman, Simon Beagley, Leanne Sakzewski, Roslyn N Boyd
AIMS: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate reproducibility of the Jebsen Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) in children. METHODS: Eighty-seven typically developing children 5 to 10 years old were included from five Outside School Hours Care centers in the Greater Brisbane Region, Australia. Hand function was assessed on two occasions with a modified JTTHF, then reproducibility was assessed using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC [3,1]) and the Standard Error of Measurement (SEM)...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26325246/impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-gross-motor-development-of-healthy-term-infants-a-randomized-dose-response-trial
#20
Brandy Wicklow, Sina Gallo, Annette Majnemer, Catherine Vanstone, Kathryn Comeau, Glenville Jones, Mary L'Abbe, Ali Khamessan, Atul Sharma, Hope Weiler, Celia Rodd
UNLABELLED: In addition to benefits for bone health, vitamin D is implicated in muscle function in children and adults. AIMS: To determine if vitamin D dosage positively correlated with gross motor development at 3 and 6 months of age. We hypothesized that higher doses would be associated with higher scores for gross motor skills. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 55 healthy, term, and breastfed infants from Montreal, Canada were recruited from a randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation between 2009 and 2012...
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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