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Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240518/does-dosage-matter-a-pilot-study-of-hand-arm-bimanual-intensive-training-habit-dose-and-dosing-schedule-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#1
Marina B Brandão, Marisa C Mancini, Claudio L Ferre, Priscilla R P Figueiredo, Rachel H S Oliveira, Shirley C Gonçalves, Miriam C S Dias, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: We compared the efficacy of hand-arm bimanual intensive training (HABIT) in two doses (90 vs. 45 hours) and two schedules of the same dose (90 vs. 2 × 45 hours) on hand and daily functioning. METHOD: Eighteen children with unilateral cerebral palsy were randomized to receive 6 hours of daily training over 3 weeks, totaling 90 hours (Group 90, n = 9) or receive 6 hours of daily training over 1.5 weeks, totaling 45 hours (Group 2 × 45, n = 9). After 6 months, Group 2 × 45 received an additional 45 hours...
December 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240517/sensory-processing-patterns-in-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-typical-development
#2
Lauren M Little, Evan Dean, Scott Tomchek, Winnie Dunn
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine sensory processing in children ages 3-14 years with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD) using the Sensory Profile 2nd Edition (Dunn, 2014). METHODS: Participants included 239 children (ASD = 77; ADHD = 78; TD = 84) matched on age and gender. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to compare the extent to which the three grsoups differed on sensory processing patterns (i...
December 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236563/feasibility-of-a-modified-ride-on-car-intervention-on-play-behaviors-during-an-inclusive-playgroup
#3
Samantha Mae Ross, Michele Catena, Erica Twardzik, Christina Hospodar, Erika Cook, Apoorva Ayyagari, Kelsey Inskeep, Bethany Sloane, Megan M MacDonald, Samuel W Logan
AIMS: Children with mobility related disabilities often experience limited participation and access to social interactions. An emerging pediatric powered mobility device are modified ride-on cars that provide self-directed mobility experiences to children with disabilities. This study aimed to determine: (1) the feasibility of a modified ride-on car intervention during an inclusive playgroup, (2) the effect of a modified ride-on car intervention on the play behaviors of children with and without mobility related disabilities...
December 13, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236556/mechanisms-of-change-for-children-participating-in-therapeutic-horse-riding-a-grounded-theory
#4
R A Martin, F P Graham, W J Taylor, W M M Levack
AIM: To develop a model for understanding mechanisms of change in health outcomes for riders with disabilities participating in therapeutic horse riding (THR). METHODS: Using grounded theory methods we collected and analyzed data from interviews with 16 child riders and 18 caregivers, teachers and primary therapists, and from participant-observation during THR sessions. RESULTS: The central concept underpinning the model illustrating mechanisms of change was "gaining the tools to go on...
December 13, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220616/interventions-to-improve-or-maintain-lower-limb-function-among-ambulatory-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#5
Gerasimos Taflampas, Cherry Kilbride, Wendy Levin, Grace Lavelle, Jennifer M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To describe physiotherapy management to improve or maintain lower-limb function among adolescents with cerebral palsy, classified in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III, in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: A list of interventions was identified using a nominal group technique and developed into a survey, which was distributed to approximately 2,100 pediatric physiotherapists in the UK through the Association of Pediatric Chartered Physiotherapists and a private physiotherapy clinic in London between April and June 2015...
December 8, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144840/feasibility-of-using-the-general-movements-assessment-of-infants-in-the-united-states
#6
Eileen Ricci, Christa Einspieler, Alexa K Craig
AIMS: To pilot the practicality of administering the Prechtl General Movements Assessment of infants (GMA) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting and at home to infants at risk for developing cerebral palsy (CP). Additional aims included assessing inter-rater reliability and comparing GMA predictions to AIMS motor assessment at 12 months. METHODS: 12 "at risk" infants were recruited by convenience sample. Video recordings were obtained in the NICU and provided by parents after discharge...
November 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058558/solution-focused-coaching-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-investigating-transformative-experiences-and-outcomes-for-families
#7
Gillian King, Heidi Schwellnus, Michelle Servais, Patricia Baldwin
AIMS: A qualitative study was conducted to investigate family experiences and outcomes of Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation (SFC-peds). METHODS: Two interviews (5 months apart) were conducted with nine sets of family members who had received SFC-peds, within the past 6 months, from therapists with 3-10 years of experience using the approach. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis and a phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Participants experienced a goal-oriented collaborative process, high engagement, enhanced capacity and community participation, and empowered mindsets...
October 23, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952843/measures-of-parent-engagement-for-children-receiving-developmental-or-rehabilitation-interventions-a-systematic-review
#8
Rachel D'Arrigo, Jenny Ziviani, Anne A Poulsen, Jodie Copley, Gillian King
AIM: To examine the conceptual and clinometric properties of measures for parent engagement in developmental or rehabilitation interventions for children and youth (<18 years of age). METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched. Studies were included if they reported measures of at least one domain of parent engagement (i.e. affective, cognitive or behavioral). Reviewers independently identified measures and evaluated studies using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) and the CanChild Outcome Measures Rating Form...
September 27, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937834/a-child-centered-method-of-interviewing-children-with-movement-impairments
#9
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch, Leigh A Hale, Hilda Mulligan
AIMS: Children are increasingly included in qualitative research and new methods for interviewing children are emerging. The aim of this article is to describe and discuss the strategies of a child-centered method of data collection for interviewing children with movement impairments to explore their leisure participation experiences. METHODS: A study was conducted using an Interpretative Phenomenological Approach (IPA) to explore leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments aged 6 to 12 years...
September 22, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929830/effects-of-a-collaborative-intervention-process-on-parent-empowerment-and-child-performance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mihee An, Robert J Palisano, Chung-Hwi Yi, Lisa A Chiarello, Carl J Dunst, Edward J Gracely
AIMS: To examine the effects of a four-step collaborative intervention process on parent and child outcomes and describe parents' and therapists' experiences. METHODS: Eighteen children with physical disabilities, their mothers, and 16 physical therapists participated. Therapists randomized to the experimental group were instructed in the collaborative intervention process. All family-therapist dyads participated in six weekly sessions. Outcomes included the adapted Family Empowerment Scale (FES) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922044/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-challenge-when-used-to-measure-advanced-motor-skills-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
F Virginia Wright, Chun Ying Lam, Bhavnita Mistry, Joan Walker
AIMS: The Challenge was designed as an extension to the GMFM-66 to assess advanced motor skills of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who walk/run independently. This study evaluated the Challenge's inter-rater and test-retest reliability. METHODS: Thirty children with CP (GMFCS level I [n = 24] and II [n = 6]) completed the Challenge, with re-testing one to two weeks later. Seven physiotherapist assessors passed the Challenge criterion test pre-administration. A single assessor administered and scored test and retest sessions (test-retest reliability)...
September 18, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922041/garment-therapy-does-not-improve-function-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#12
Hannah Wells, Jodie Marquez, Luke Wakely
AIMS: To conduct a systematic review asking, does garment therapy improve motor function in children with cerebral palsy? METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to review the literature. Inclusion criteria involved the wearing of therapy suits/garments in children with cerebral palsy. The primary outcome of interest was movement related function and secondary outcomes included impairment, participation, parental satisfaction and adverse outcomes of garment wear...
September 18, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783448/clinicians-are-the-missing-link-to-sustainable-community-based-physical-activity-participation-for-children-with-disabilities
#13
COMMENT
Laura K Brunton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375657/goal-development-practices-of-physical-therapists-working-in-educational-environments
#14
Kimberly D Wynarczuk, Lisa A Chiarello, Catherine L Gohrband
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (1) describe the practices that school-based physical therapists use in developing student goals, and (2) identify facilitators and barriers to development of goals that are specific to participation in the context of the school setting. METHODS: 46 school-based physical therapists who participated in a previous study on school-based physical therapy practice (PT COUNTS) completed a questionnaire on goal development. Frequencies and cross tabulations were generated for quantitative data...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300457/having-fun-and-staying-active-children-with-disabilities-and-participation-in-physical-activity-a-follow-up-study
#15
Per Enok Baksjøberget, Astrid Nyquist, Thomas Moser, Reidun Jahnsen
AIM: This study investigated change in the participation profile of physical activity over 15 months after a three-week intensive rehabilitation that used physical activity as the main intervention. METHODS: The Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) was used in a longitudinal prospective study (pre- and post-design) with three measurements over 15 months. Eighty children with physical disabilities (6-17 years old; mean score 11.1; SD 2.4), some with additional cognitive challenges, completed all three measurements...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266885/the-design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-physiotherapist-led-clinic-for-orthopedic-surveillance-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Karen Hurtubise, Robin Shanks, Laura Benard
AIM: To describe the development process and the evaluation results of a new physiotherapy-led clinic for orthopedic monitoring of secondary impairments for children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A new clinic model was developed and implemented, guided by the Framework for the Development of Advanced Practice Roles and the Model for Improvement. Patient visits and wait-time statistics were measured during the implementation phase. Once implemented, an evaluation of the clinic model objectives was conducted...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157417/analysis-of-reach-to-grasp-by-school-aged-children-with-down-syndrome-elucidates-limitations-in-upper-extremity-motor-control
#17
Joanne Valvano, Sara Hogy, Kate Worster, Julie Ma, Nancy Denniston, Patricia Winders, Mary Jane Rapport, Zhaoxing Pan, James J Carollo
AIMS: To identify limitations in preparatory planning (PP) and movement execution that constrain performance of reach-to-grasp (RTG) movements in school-aged children with Down syndrome (DS) and examine the effect of chronological age (CA) on performance. METHODS: Nine children with DS ages 6 to 12 years and nine with typical development (TD) participated in this pilot descriptive study. Three-dimensional kinematic analysis was applied to RTG movements performed in the context of two functional tasks...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121255/exploring-parents-perceptions-and-how-physiotherapy-supports-transition-from-rehabilitation-to-school-for-youth-with-an-abi
#18
Tracy Lee, Andrea Norton, Sue Hayes, Keith Adamson, Heidi Schwellnus, Cathy Evans
AIMS: To explore parents' perceptions of their youth's transition from rehabilitation to school following an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and how physiotherapy influenced the youth's participation and physical function during the transition. METHODS: The study utilized phenomenological qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews with 11 parents of youth 10 to 18 years of age recruited from one pediatric rehabilitation hospital in Ontario. Each interview was audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026982/reproducibility-of-muscle-strength-testing-for-children-with-spina-bifida
#19
Jia Ling Tan, Nicole Maree Thomas, Leanne Marie Johnston
AIMS: Examine the inter-rater reliability of the Daniels and Worthingham (D&W) manual muscle test (MMT) protocol for children with spina bifida between experienced and novice physiotherapists. METHODS: Thirteen children with spina bifida (two males) aged 6 to 18 years were recruited from a spina bifida service in a state-wide tertiary children's hospital. Each child had the muscle strength of 19, and lower limb muscles were measured bilaterally by one experienced and one novice physiotherapist using the D&W MMT protocol...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967287/early-therapy-services-following-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#20
Odochi Nwabara, Cynthia Rogers, Terrie Inder, Roberta Pineda
AIMS: To (1) characterize early therapy services for preterm infants in the first two years of life, and (2) define factors related to accessing early therapy services. METHODS: Therapy utilization after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was tracked in 57 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation from 2007 to 2010. Participants returned for developmental testing at two years. Factors related to early therapy utilization were explored. RESULTS: Fifty-two (91%) infants received a referral for therapy at NICU discharge but only 44 (77%) received at least one type of therapy during the first two years of life...
November 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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