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Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492383/parent-child-interaction-treatment-for-preschoolers-with-feeding-disorders
#1
Sandra Maestro, Maria Rosaria Cordella, Olivia Curzio, Claudia Intorcia, Claudia Roversi, Giuseppe Rossi, Silvia Scardigli, Virginia Silvestri, Sara Calderoni
BACKGROUND: This study examined the immediate outcome of Feeding Disorders (FD) in preschoolers referred to the family treatment program Cerco Asilo. METHOD: 21 children (mean age [SD=1]: 39 months [1]; range 9-65 months) with a diagnosis of FD were included in the treatment for 24 weeks. Specifically, seven subjects were diagnosed with Infantile Anorexia (IA), nine subjects with Sensory Food Aversion (SFA), and five subjects with Feeding Disorder of Caregiver-Infant Reciprocity (FDCIR)...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492382/assessing-the-use-of-the-child-attachment-interview-in-a-sample-of-israeli-jewish-children
#2
Amit Baumel, Leo Wolmer, Nathaniel Laor, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: This manuscript assesses the use of the Child Attachment Interview (CAI) in a sample of Israeli Jewish children in middle childhood in order to add to empirical data on this measure. METHOD: Forty-one children between the ages of 7 and 13 were consecutively recruited to the study. The clinical sample included 29 children diagnosed with anxiety disorder, major depression or ADHD. The Father Focused Referral (FFR) sample included 12 children whose father was unavailable to them...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492381/cultural-impact-on-sad-social-anxiety-disorder-among-ethiopian-and-former-soviet-union-immigrants-to-israel-in-comparison-to-native-born-israelis
#3
Kelly Hasenson-Atzmon, Sofi Marom, Tamar Sofer, Lilac Lev-Ari, Rafael Youngmann, Haggai Hermesh, Jonathan Kushnir
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is linked to social norms and role expectations which are culture dependent, such as the construal of one's self as independent or interdependent in relation to others. The current study is the first to examine SAD symptoms among Ethiopian and former Soviet Union immigrants to Israel compared to a sample of native Israelis. We investigated the relationship between SAD, ethnicity and independent/ interdependent self-construals. METHODS: A total of 261 students (151 native-born Israelis, 60 Ethiopian immigrants and 50 students from the former USSR) were administrated the Liebowitz Scale (LSAS), the Self-construal Scale (SCS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and a socio-demographic questionnaire...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492380/religious-ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-israeli-vocational-education-students
#4
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen Gal, Sarah Abu Kaf, Anat Brunstein Klomek
BACKGROUND: The current study is the first to examine serious suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and psychological distress among students belonging to different religious-ethnic groups attending VET high schools. METHOD: 3,553 students studying in the VET high schools completed a self-report survey. The survey evaluated serious suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, self-efficacy, belonging and sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: Students coming from minority groups (Arab Muslim, Bedouin Arab Muslim, Druze) are more likely to have seriously considered suicide or attempted suicide compared to their Jewish counterparts, with the exception of Christian Arabs...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492379/psychological-factors-associated-with-emotional-distress-among-palestinian-arabs-from-east-jerusalem-accessing-psychiatric-care-in-israel
#5
Ora Nakash, Maayan Nagar, Itzhak Levav, Eli Danilovich, Mamoun Abu-Tair, Grigory Podolsky
BACKGROUND: The Palestinian population residing in East Jerusalem is characterized by high rates of poverty and unemployment and is subject to discrimination in various forms, including infrastructure of mental health services. Little is known about the help seeking needs and practices of East Jerusalem residents. METHOD: We examined socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of a consecutive sample Palestinian residents from East Jerusalem (N=50) who accessed a specially assigned psychiatric clinic in Israel...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492378/short-term-focused-inpatient-treatment-combined-with-sensory-regulation-of-sexual-trauma-victims-summary-of-100-first-hospitalizations
#6
Shmuel Hirschmann, Lilac Lev-Ari
BACKGROUND: Treatment of sexual trauma victims may be fraught with crises. In situations of de-compensation, the frequency of suicide attempts is high, and ambulatory treatment may not always provide the required response. In extreme cases, either in close proximity to the sexual offence or even years later, a more intense intervention is needed. This includes removing sexual trauma victims from their daily lives and hospitalization. Caregivers debate the type of hospitalization needed and the best type of treatment in times of decompensation and dissociation...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492377/the-association-between-obesity-and-symptoms-of-psychopathology-and-its-relationship-with-sedentary-behavior-and-mediterranean-diet
#7
Dimitrios Dimitriadis, Efterpi Mamplekou, Panayiotis Dimitriadis, Vasso Komessidou, George Dimitriadis, Charalambos Papageorgiou
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates an association between obesity and symptoms of psychopathology, the nature of which remains obscure. This study examined the confounding role of behavioral factors on this association. METHOD: One hundred and forty-two overweight/obese subjects who sought treatment for obesity, of both genders (51 males and 91 females), 18 to 64 years old and 139 normal-weight controls of both genders (41 males and 98 females), 18 to 63 years old, were enrolled in this study...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492376/cannabis-and-alcohol-abuse-among-first-psychotic-episode-inpatients
#8
Gregory Katz, Yehuda Kunyvsky, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Sergey Raskin, Moshe Z Abramowitz
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance abuse, which includes abuse of alcohol and street drugs, is common among first-episode psychosis patients, but the prevalence of cannabis abuse is particularly high. However, there have been very few reported studies concerning the occurrence of psychoactive substance abuse among first-episode psychotic individuals using standard toxicological testing. We study the prevalence of cannabis and alcohol abuse among first-psychoticepisode inpatients as well as compare the demographic, diagnostic, and psychopathological profiles of substance abusers versus nonusers...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492375/combat-experience-and-mental-health-in-the-israel-national-health-survey
#9
Gadi Lubin, Igor Barash, Daphna Levinson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mental health status of those who participated in combat related activities during their service with that of soldiers whose army service did not include combat related activities Method: A representative sample extracted from the National Population Register of non-institutionalized residents aged 21 or older of Israel was used in this crosssectional survey. Data on mental health disorders, sociodemographic background and army service were collected using face-to-face computer-assisted interviews...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079040/simulation-of-mental-disorders-ii-computer-models-purposes-and-future-directions
#10
REVIEW
Azgad Gold, Yadin Dudai
The complexity of the human brain and the difficulties in identifying and dissecting the biological, social and contextual underpinnings of mental functions confound the study of the etiology and pathophysiology of mental disorders. Simulating mental disorders in animal models or in computer programs may contribute to the understanding of such disorders. In the companion paper (30), we discussed selected concepts and pragmatics pertaining to mental illness simulation in general, and then focused on issues pertaining to animal models of mental disease...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079039/simulation-of-mental-disorders-i-concepts-challenges-and-animal-models
#11
REVIEW
Azgad Gold, Yadin Dudai
The complexity of the human brain and the difficulties in identifying and dissecting the biological, social and contextual underpinnings of mental functions confound the study of the etiology and pathophysiology of mental disorders. Large-scale computer simulation of the human brain was recently proposed as a method to circumvent some of these difficulties. In this two-partpaper, we discuss selected conceptual and pragmatic issues pertaining to the mental illness simulation in general and computer simulation in particular...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079038/comorbidity-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-depressive-symptoms-among-obstetric-nurses-with-perinatal-death-exposure
#12
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Reut Walker, Yuval Palgi, Reuven Mashiach, Karin Lee-Ovadia, Ariel Manny, Menachem Ben-Ezra
BACKGROUND: Mental health and well-being among obstetric nurses after perinatal death is understudied. The primary goal of this study is to explore the comorbidity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and depressive symptoms among obstetric nurses. In addition, we explore associations between personal resources - coping self-efficacy and active social support - and comorbidity symptoms. METHOD: One hundred and twenty-five obstetric nurses who represent 25% of the entire population of Israeli obstetric nurses completed self-report questionnaires regarding demographic data, coping self-efficacy, active social support, history of exposure to traumatic events, PTSD symptoms and depressive symptoms...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079037/individual-psychotherapy-talking-therapy-a-survey-of-attitudes-among-residents-specialists-in-psychiatry-israel-2010-2011
#13
Orit Levi Shachar, Shlomo Mendlovic, Libi Hertzberg, Yehuda Baruch, Ido Lurie
BACKGROUND: Individual psychotherapy is an efficient tool and an integral part of psychiatric treatment. However, its status among psychiatrists in Israel has never been explored. OBJECTIVES: To explore and map the attitudes of psychiatrists in Israel regarding psychotherapy and psychotherapy training during residency, with comparisons between residents vs. specialists, peripheral vs. central institutions and mental health vs. medical centers. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to examine the attitudes toward individual psychotherapy...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079036/parent-child-communication-centered-rehabilitative-approach-for-pediatric-functional-somatic-symptoms
#14
Maya Gerner, Sharon Barak, Jana Landa, Etzyona Eisenstein
BACKGROUND: Functional somatic symptoms (FSS) are a type of somatization phenomenon. Integrative rehabilitation approaches are the preferred treatment for pediatric FSS. Parental roles in the treatment process have not been established. STUDY AIMS: to present 1) a parent-focused treatment (PFT) for pediatric FSS and 2) the approach's preliminary results. METHODS: The sample included 50 children with physical disabilities due to FSS. All children received PFT including physical and psychological therapy...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079035/parents-and-teachers-perceptions-of-abnormal-attention-span-of-elementary-school-age-children
#15
Yael Segal-Triwitz, Louisa M Kirchen, Tal Shani Sherman, Miriam Levav, Yael Schonherz-Pine, Jonathan Kushnir, Raya Ariel, Doron Gothelf
BACKGROUND: To determine teacher and parental perception of minimal expected sustained attention span during various daily tasks among elementary school children. METHODS: 54 parents and 47 teachers completed the attention span questionnaire (AtSQ) that was developed for this study. The AtSQ consists of 15 academic and leisure tasks that require a child's sustained attention. The study focused on third and fourth graders in Israel. RESULTS: There was a high degree of variability among teachers and parents in their responses to the AtSQ...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079034/enhancing-children-s-resilience-in-schools-to-confront-trauma-the-impact-on-teachers
#16
Leo Wolmer, Daniel Hamiel, Nitzan Margalit, Tali Versano-Eisman, Yael Findler, Nathaniel Laor, Michelle Slone
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to stressful events requires effective interventions to strengthen adaptive development. Expanding the teachers' role to deliver resilience-focused interventions has been shown to enhance children's coping and to have a positive impact on the teachers themselves. METHOD: This study compared the self-efficacy and perceived performance of 48 teachers following the implementation of such an intervention with 52 control teachers. RESULTS: Trained teachers reported higher self-efficacy and perceived performance...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079033/the-role-of-maternal-distress-in-the-report-of-behavioral-and-emotional-problems-among-children-with-chronic-disabilities
#17
Tamar Silberg, Amichai Brezner, Gilad Gal, Jaana Ahonniska-Assa, Miriam Levav
BACKGROUND: Assessments of psychological symptoms in children often rely on caregivers' (usually mothers') reports. However, the reliability may be affected by the caregivers' own emotional distress (ED). The main objectives of this study were to assess the variability in ED of mothers of children with chronic physical disabilities, and its association with the ratings of their children's emotional and behavioral problems. METHODS: Medical data of children diagnosed with chronic disabilities were analyzed (N = 72)...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079032/burnout-of-formal-caregivers-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Sreten Vicentic, Rosa Sapic, Aleksandar Damjanovic, Berislav Vekic, Zlatibor Loncar, Ivan Dimitrijevic, Andrej Ilankovic, Aleksandar A Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is under-researched within caregivers (CGs) of children with cerebral palsy. The primary aim was to determine the burnout level of formal CGs of children with cerebral palsy (G1) and to compare it with a control group (G2) of professional pediatric nurses, and second, to correlate the level of depression and anxiety with the burnout level. METHOD: In a total sample of 60 CGs, the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), consisting of three structural units - emotional exhaustion (MBIEE) subscale, depersonalization (MBI-DP) subscale and personal accomplishment (MBI-PA) subscale - was used to measure burnout...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079031/prevalence-of-adhd-among-7-9-year-old-children-in-israel-a-comparison-between-jewish-and-arab-populations
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Asher Ornoy, Moran Ovadia, Dori Rivkin, Ellen Milshtein, Lital Barlev
INTRODUCTION: The world prevalence of ADHD ranges between 5-10%. The prevalence in Israel was generally studied from prescriptions of methylphenidate and not from cohorts of children. METHODS: We assessed the prevalence of ADHD among a cohort of early school age children in the Jewish and Arab populations using DSM-IV criteria and evaluated the difference between teachers' and parental assessment. We also studied in the Jewish population the differences in several social-behavioral parameters between children with and without ADHD...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357558/the-israeli-polish-mental-health-association-its-history-and-activities
#20
Jacek Bomba
The Israeli-Polish Mental Health Association (IPMHA) was founded in 2000. It is a unique organization as it is not only one of the many associations for mental health professionals but also a platform for people from distant countries who share an important and traumatic past. IPMHA members have been engaged in studies of consequences of massive trauma, intergenerational transmission of trauma and help for trauma survivors. Keeping in mind the obligation of mental health professions to contribute to an enlightened and tolerant society, the IPMHA members have been trying to deal with "the past in the present," investigating the roots of the harm caused by racial and ethnic hatred, anti-Semitism and other forms of social prejudice...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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