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Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences

Jacek Bomba
The Israeli-Polish Mental Health Association (IPMHA) was founded in 2000. It is a unique organization as it is not only one of the many associations for mental health professionals but also a platform for people from distant countries who share an important and traumatic past. IPMHA members have been engaged in studies of consequences of massive trauma, intergenerational transmission of trauma and help for trauma survivors. Keeping in mind the obligation of mental health professions to contribute to an enlightened and tolerant society, the IPMHA members have been trying to deal with "the past in the present," investigating the roots of the harm caused by racial and ethnic hatred, anti-Semitism and other forms of social prejudice...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Amit Shrira, Dov Shmotkin, Yuval Palgi, Yechiel Soffer, Yaira Hamama Raz, Patricia Tal-Katz, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Charles C Benight
BACKGROUND: We examined how positive affect (PA) and meaning in life (MIL) conjointly regulate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and perceived coping self-efficacy. Hypotheses were guided by a recent holistic model, according to which PA and MIL should compensate for each other in relating to adaptation to high stress. METHOD: The sample included 75 Israeli firefighters who took active part in extinguishing the 2010 Mount Carmel forest fire. RESULTS: PA and MIL helped to compensate for the other, demonstrating that when one of them was low, the other related to higher adaptation...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Tal Shachar-Malach, Rena Cooper Kazaz, Naama Constantini, Tzuri Lifschytz, Bernard Lerner
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been shown to reduce depressive symptoms when used in combination with antidepressant medication. We report a randomized controlled trial of aerobic exercise compared to stretching as an augmentation strategy for hospitalized patients with major depression. METHODS: Male or female patients, 18-80 years, diagnosed with a Major Depressive Episode, were randomly assigned to three weeks of augmentation therapy with aerobic (n=6) or stretching exercise (n=6)...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Taner Oznur, Suleyman Akarsu, Murat Erdem, Murat Durusu, Mehmet Toygar, Yavuz Poyrazoglu, Umit Kaldirim, Mehmet Eryilmaz, Kamil Nahit Ozmenler
BACKGROUND: Military personnel deployed abroad could be exposed to more risk factors that adversely affect quality of life. In this study, we examined psychiatric symptoms and quality of life in Turkish Armed Forces deployed to Afghanistan. METHOD: A total of 289 Turkish military personnel working in Afghanistan enrolled in this study. They completed two surveys containing questions about socio-demographic characteristics. Data were collected and analyzed from 258 of the participants...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Yael Netz, Tzvi Dwolatzky, Abid Khaskia, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular fitness is associated with cognition in advanced age. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a risk factor for cognitive decline beyond the normal aging process, thus we investigated this association in CVD patients. METHOD: Patients in phase III of cardiac rehabilitation were divided into high and low cardiovascular fitness groups based on their predicted peak VO2. Cognition was assessed by a battery of neuropsychological tests examining memory, attention, visual spatial function, executive function and global cognitive score...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Yael Shoval-Zuckerman, Rachel Dekel, Zahava Solomon, Ofir Levi
This study had two aims: 1. To examine whether soldiers who participated in Early Group Intervention (EGI) would show less distress and better functioning and physical health than soldiers who did not participate in EGI, and 2. To examine the contribution of the intervention to participants with repressive coping style. The sample comprised 166 male reserve soldiers who fought in the Second Lebanon War. The intervention was conducted three months after the traumatic event, was based on military protocol, and took place over the course of one day...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Friedrich Leidinger, Andrzej Cechnicki
Polish psychiatry was since its origin deeply influenced by German (Austrian) and Russian psychiatry. As a larger part of the Polish territory had belonged to Germany or Austria before 1918, many institutions and staff in mental health had a German or Austrian history. During the occupation nearly all mental hospitals were taken over by the Germans, sometimes all the patients, sometimes part of them were murdered, and often the staff members were shot together with their patients. Jews were separated from non-Jews and killed...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Alex Gruber, Raz Levin, Pesach Lichtenberg
The medical clown has become an accepted therapeutic figure in non-psychiatric hospital departments in recent years. However, the potential role of the clown in psychiatry, especially for the treatment of psychosis, has not been investigated. We report here on the functioning of a medical clown in an inpatient psychiatric department. A program using psychodramatic group therapy techniques with the clown serving as moderator was developed. We describe the case of one individual diagnosed with schizophrenia who in the course of four and a half months of group therapy led by the medical clown was able to adopt a succession of surprising roles...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Michal Dick, Shmuel Fennig, Ido Lurie
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress (ED) is prevalent among immigrants. The open clinic of Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)-Israel provides free medical and psychiatric treatment to immigrants without access to the ambulatory health service. In 2010, the psychiatric records represented 1% of the total medical files (N=28,000) in the open clinic. OBJECTIVE: To compare service users' self-reported ED and its identification by general practitioners (GP) and to identify socio-demographic variables associated with ED...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Beata Hintze, Alina Borkowska
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between various domains of cognitive functions, the intensity of psychopathological symptoms, and the general functional outcome in adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia. METHOD: 33 adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) were investigated in their partial symptom remission period. The control group consisted of 30 healthy adolescents. Schizophrenia was diagnosed on the basis of ICD-10 criteria...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Yuval Shorer, Aya Biderman, Stanley Rabin, Aharon Karni, Ayelet Levi, Andre Matalon
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to highlight and assess the important topic of the voluntary departure of the physician from his/her clinic. We used the topic of the voluntary departure of a family physician from the clinic as an example. The physician's leaving challenges the personal credo regarding the continuity of care, which is a basic concept in Family Medicine, and other professions, too: Psychiatrists are also devoted to long-term doctor-patient care. Leaving a place of work is a significant life event that can be accompanied by stress and even a crisis for the doctor, patients, and staff...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Iulian Iancu, Ehud Bodner, Samia Joubran, Yelena Lupinsky, Damian Barenboim
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by fear and avoidance in social situations where one is exposed to scrutiny by others. It is possible that automatic thoughts either cause the disorder or maintain it, and thus their examination is warranted. METHOD: 30 SAD subjects diagnosed with the MiniInternational Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and 30 healthy controls were administered the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaires (ATQ-Negative and ATQ-Positive), the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Ivgi, Arie Bauer, Razek Khawaled, Paola Rosca, Joshua M Weiss, Alexander M Ponizovsky
BACKGROUND: Assessment of risk of violent behavior in forensic psychiatric practice is a complex and responsible clinical task and the use of a valid instrument can make the expert's work more effective. The Historical Clinical and Risk Management scale 20 (HCR-20) is a widely accepted measure of the risk of violence, sexual and criminal behavior. The aim of this study was to validate the HCR-20 in Israeli psychiatric inpatient settings. METHOD: In a prospective design, data were collected on 150 male patients aged 15-65, diagnosed with ICD-10 schizophrenia, who were hospitalized in three wards: an acute psychiatric ward (n=50), a high security ward (n=50), and an open ward (n=50)...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Rena Cooper-Kazaz, Dan H Levy, Avraham Zini, Harold D Sgan-Cohen
The association between severity of psychiatric disorder and dental disease has not been adequately studied. The aim of the present study was to examine the level of dental caries morbidity and the association with Severe Mental Illness (SMI) and mild/moderate psychiatric disorders. The population sample included patients aged 30 to 50, treated at the Hadassah psychiatric outpatient clinic, after giving written informed consent. Exclusion criteria included eating disorders which are recognized as being associated with several dental pathologies...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Alexander Grinshpoon, Shlomo P Zusman, Abraham Weizman, Alexander M Ponizovsky
AIM: This study examined the association between dental conditions in hospitalized patients with ICD-10 schizophrenia and type of antipsychotic treatment. Based on the literature suggesting that atypical antipsychotics are thought to be more tolerable than typical antipsychotics, we hypothesized that hospitalized patients with schizophrenia treated with atypicals would have better dental health than those treated with typicals alone or with a combination of both (combined group). METHODS: A representative sample of 348 patients (69% males), aged 51...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Silvana Fennig, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Ariel Sasson, Irit Halifa Kurtzman, Arie Hadas
BACKGROUND: In the absence of evidence-based guidelines for screening adolescent candidates for bariatric surgery, or improving their adherence to preoperative recommendations, we designed a dual-phase multidisciplinary program aiming for observation-based preoperative assessment/ intervention, as well as for post-operative/ conservative follow up. METHODS: This study focused on the preoperative 3-month phase. Fifteen morbidly obese adolescents attending the eating disorders unit of a pediatric hospital underwent the program protocol consisting of medical examinations/ tests, psychological measures, self-monitoring, tailored diet, physical activity schedule, individual and group cognitive behavior-oriented therapy, and psycho educational parent training...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Sara Spitzer, Ornit Freudenstein, Miriam Peskin, Sam Tyano, Assaf Shrira, Tova Pearlson, Aviad Eilam, Gil Zalsman, Tamar Green, Doron Gothelf
PURPOSE: In this study we aimed to examine the outcome of children's severe psychiatric disorders from preschool into later childhood and adolescence. METHOD: Forty preschool children (28 boys and 12 girls) treated in a tertiary referral mental health center, evaluated at admission and 5.5 ± 1.2 years thereafter. RESULTS: Seven (58.3%) children diagnosed with internalizing disorders at baseline were free of any psychiatric diagnosis at follow-up (p=0...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Miri Keren, Sam Tyano
Parenting is, in its essence, the domain where adult mental health and infant's mental and physical health meet in a complex and dynamic interplay. Becoming a parent is a developmental challenge in itself, and often exacerbates an existing mental illness, and in turn, maladaptive parenting impinges on the early parent-infant relationship, and on the infant's socio-emotional development and later functioning. The capacity for mentalization is brought as a bridging concept between adult and infant psychiatry...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
James E Gangwisch, Raz Gross, Dolores Malaspina
BACKGROUND: Depression frequently co-occurs with diabetes. The associations between risk factors for insulin resistance and depression and diabetes can help determine the relative importance of factors that contribute toward the comorbidity. METHOD: Analyses of the NHANES I (n = 10,025) to examine the cross-sectional relationships between depression and risk factors for insulin resistance at baseline using logistic regression and to explore the longitudinal relationships between risk factors for insulin resistance and diabetes incidence using Cox proportional hazards modeling...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Dan J Stein
There are many reasons why collaboration between academic institutions and private industry should be encouraged. At the same time, such collaborations raise the potential for profound conflicts of interest. Furthermore, there may be different kinds of issues in different kinds of industry, as is reflected in the metaphors we employ to think about them. The pharmaceutical industry is at times viewed as a "good" industry that can go wrong, while the tobacco industry is analogously viewed as a "bad" industry that can do little right...
2015: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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