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Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences

Eldira Hadzic, Osman Sinanovic, Haris Memisevic
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial meningitis is a severe disease with high morbidity. Many medical conditions are known to be associated with meningitis including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The goal of the present study was to examine the frequency of ADHD in children who had had bacterial meningitis. An additional goal was to assess the odds ratio for ADHD in children who had had meningitis and children who had not had it. METHODS: The sample comprised 60 children who had had meningitis in the first year of their lives and 60 control children who had not had the disease...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Gal Ziv, Ronnie Lidor, Michal Arnon, Aviva Zeev
INTRODUCTION: The Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire 2 (VMIQ-2) assesses individuals' ability to imagine themselves performing 12 simple motor tasks, from three perspectives: internal visual imagery, external visual imagery and kinesthetic imagery. The purpose of the current study was twofold: (a) to describe the translation process of the VMIQ-2 into a Hebrew version, and (b) to test the reliability of the Hebrew version. METHOD: Eighty-eight physical education students completed the questionnaire twice (test, re-test), with two weeks in-between the tests...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Daniel Feingold, Shaul Lev-Ran
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to explore the differences in primary addictive substances used among individuals referred to an ambulatory hospital-based addiction service in Israel according to sex, age and source of referral. METHOD: Data were drawn from all referral forms received during a two-year period (N=140). Categories of primary addictive substances included alcohol, drugs (cannabis, synthetic cannabinoids, illicit stimulants and heroin) and medications (prescription opioids, prescription stimulants and benzodiazepines)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Golan Shahar
INTRODUCTION: This study examined three theoretical models of the relationship between depressive symptoms and somatic complaints among Bedouin Arab and Jewish college/university students in Israel. The functional model suggests that somatic complaints may precede depressive symptoms; the affect-dysregulation model suggests that depressive symptoms may precede somatic complaints; and the sociocultural model suggests that depressive symptoms are strongly linked to somatic complaints mainly in Western cultural contexts...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Berkhan Topaktaş, Cihad Dündar, Yıldız Pekşen
INTRODUCTION: Due to social and emotional changes alongside the cognitive and logical changes in adolescence, alterations occur in the adolescent's communication with family and friends in this period, and social support assumes greater importance. METHODS: From each of the two middle and high schools in the Ilkadim district of Samsun, a total 688 students were employed by a two-stage sampling method in this cross-sectional study. The data were collected from sociodemographic information, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Future Expectations Scale for Adolescents (FESA) questionnaires distributed under the supervision of guidance counselors in these schools between December 2014 and February 2015...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Tehila Kalagy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between two coping factors which facilitate adoptive adjustment when facing stressful situations. We have examined links between sense of coherence (SOC) and the concept of hope as well as its wish and expectation components and its collective and individual dimensions. We have studied three cultural groups in Israel: secular Jews, religious Jews and Bedouin Arabs. METHOD: Data were collected during two military operations (Pillar of Clouds and Protective Edge) from 385 adolescents aged 12-18; 76 secular Jews, 110 religious Jews and 199 Bedouin Arabs...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Yarden Mendelson, Eytan Bachar, Aaron Cherniak, Rena Cooper-Kazaz
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the long-term effects of different traumatic environments on adolescents. Environments were characterized by different threats that varied in predictability, duration, and the extent to which the threat can be defended against. The research examined: 1) Jerusalem during the Second Intifada (2001-2004), 2) Israel's northern cities during the Second Lebanon War (2006), and 3) cities that suffered neither the suicide bombings (that occurred in Jerusalem) nor the rocket bombardments (that occurred in the north)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Michael A Schwartz, Marcin Moskalewicz, Osborne P Wiggins
December 2015 and March 2016 issues of the American Journal of Psychiatry contain a debate focusing on the legacy of Emil Kraepelin, widely considered one of the founders if not the iconic founder of modern scientific psychiatry. The authors, Eric J. Engstrom and Kenneth S. Kendler, challenge the so-called neo-Kraepelinian view of Kraepelin and argue that the true, historical Kraepelin was far more inclined towards scientific psychology, less reductionist and brain-centric, and more skeptical nosologically than his later followers apparently believe...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Roe, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Amit Yamin, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) is aimed at decreasing self-stigma and promoting recovery. The current study used a mixed-methods approach to explore the process and mechanisms by which NECT affects self-stigma and recovery. METHOD: Sixty-two participants with serious mental illness (SMI) and enrolled in NECT completed questionnaires assessing self-clarity, recovery, self-stigma, and hope before and after the intervention, and the two latter questionnaires also after completing two defined parts of the intervention...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Maya A Al-Khouja, Patrick W Corrigan
BACKGROUND: A four stage regressive model that links public stigma to self-stigma is applied to mental illness and substance use disorder. We assess this four stage model in those with co-occurring disorders versus those who have mental illness or substance use disorder alone. METHOD: 366 people who self-identified as having either a mental illness or co-occurring mental illness with substance use disorder were recruited from MTurk and completed measures on identity and self-stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ruth L Firmin, Lauren Luther, Michelle P Salyers, Kelly D Buck, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Stigma resistance, one's ability to block the internalization of stigma, appears to be a key domain of recovery. However, the conditions in which one is most likely to resist stigma have not been identified, and models of stigma resistance have yet to incorporate one's ability to consider the mind of others. The present study investigated the impact of the interaction between metacognition, or one's ability to form an integrated representation of oneself, others, and the world, and fear of negative evaluation on one's ability to resist stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Amar Mandavia, Debbie Huang, Jeffrey Wong, Bernalyn Ruiz, Francesca Crump, Jenny Shen, Monica Martinez, Luba Botcheva, Eduardo Vega, Joyce Chu, Sara Lewis, Lawrence H Yang
BACKGROUND: While Asian groups have immigrated worldwide, suicide risk models have neglected to integrate cultural components. This study incorporates how stigma associated with failure to uphold clan/kinship roles can increase suicide risk in highly-marginalized Lao-Americans. METHODS: One focus group with five Lao participants and 21 individual semi-structured interviews with community family members were conducted. Transcripts were coded via directed content analysis using the "What Matters Most" and Cultural Theory of Suicide frameworks...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Laura G Stull, Haley McConnell, John McGrew, Michelle P Salyers
BACKGROUND: While explicit negative stereotypes of mental illness are well established as barriers to recovery, implicit attitudes also may negatively impact outcomes. The current study is unique in its focus on both explicit and implicit stigma as predictors of recovery attitudes of mental health practitioners. METHOD: Assertive Community Treatment practitioners (n = 154) from 55 teams completed online measures of stigma, recovery attitudes, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Eleanor Longdon, John Read
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are major difficulties for people with psychosis. However, despite the dominance of biomedical ideology in public education and de-stigmatization efforts, there is substantial evidence that campaigns based on the "medical model" (such as the "mental illness is an illness like any other" approach) are not only ineffective, but can actually compound the problem. This paper considers the alternative role of psychosocial explanatory frameworks in promoting more tolerant and enlightened approaches to, and attitudes about, psychosis...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Heather Stuart
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes mental health related stigma expressed by police to police using a newly developed 11-item Police Officer Stigma Scale and reports on the preliminary psychometric properties (factor structure and internal reliability) of this scale. METHOD: The scale used an indirect measurement approach adapted from the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale. Five themes appropriate to police culture were adapted and six additional items were added...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Joseph S DeLuca, Timothy W Clement, Philip T Yanos
BACKGROUND: The uneven progression of mental health funding in the United States, and the way that the funding climate seems to be influenced by local and regional differences, raises the issue of what factors, including stigma, may impact mental health funding decisions. Criticisms that mental health stigma research is too individually-focused have led researchers to consider how broader, macro-level forms of stigma - such as structural stigma - intersect with micro-level forms of individual stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Roe, Patrick W Corrigan, Bruce G Link
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ohad Avny, Tatiana Teitelbaum, Moshe Simon, Tatiana Michnick, Maya Siman-Tov
INTRODUCTION: A consultation model between primary care physicians and psychiatrists that has been in operation for 12 years in the Jerusalem district of the Clalit Health Services in Israel is evaluated. In this model psychiatrists provide consultations twice a month at the primary care clinic. All patients are referred by their family physicians. Communication between the psychiatric consultant and the referring physician is carried out by telephone, correspondence and staff meetings...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Julie Cwikel, Nelly Zilber, Marjorie C Feinson, Aya Biderman, Yaacov Lerner
BACKGROUND: Approximately half the patients seeking mental health (MH) treatment consult primary care practitioners (PCPs). Previous research indicates that patients often do not receive correct MH diagnoses or appropriate treatment from PCPs. The present study examines whether a specialization in family medicine compared to other or no PCP residency programs enhances physicians' ability to detect, diagnose and treat MH problems. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with 49 physicans in eight clinics in Israel...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Anwar Khatib, David Roe, Hanoch Yerushalmi
BACKGROUND: This study examined the immediate outcome of Feeding Disorders (FD) in preschoolers referred to the family treatment program Cerco Asilo. METHOD: 21 children (mean age [SD=1]: 39 months [1]; range 9-65 months) with a diagnosis of FD were included in the treatment for 24 weeks. Specifically, seven subjects were diagnosed with Infantile Anorexia (IA), nine subjects with Sensory Food Aversion (SFA), and five subjects with Feeding Disorder of Caregiver-Infant Reciprocity (FDCIR)...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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