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Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences

David Roe, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Amit Yamin, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) is aimed at decreasing self-stigma and promoting recovery. The current study used a mixed-methods approach to explore the process and mechanisms by which NECT affects self-stigma and recovery. METHOD: Sixty-two participants with serious mental illness (SMI) and enrolled in NECT completed questionnaires assessing self-clarity, recovery, self-stigma, and hope before and after the intervention, and the two latter questionnaires also after completing two defined parts of the intervention...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Maya A Al-Khouja, Patrick W Corrigan
BACKGROUND: A four stage regressive model that links public stigma to self-stigma is applied to mental illness and substance use disorder. We assess this four stage model in those with co-occurring disorders versus those who have mental illness or substance use disorder alone. METHOD: 366 people who self-identified as having either a mental illness or co-occurring mental illness with substance use disorder were recruited from MTurk and completed measures on identity and self-stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ruth L Firmin, Lauren Luther, Michelle P Salyers, Kelly D Buck, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Stigma resistance, one's ability to block the internalization of stigma, appears to be a key domain of recovery. However, the conditions in which one is most likely to resist stigma have not been identified, and models of stigma resistance have yet to incorporate one's ability to consider the mind of others. The present study investigated the impact of the interaction between metacognition, or one's ability to form an integrated representation of oneself, others, and the world, and fear of negative evaluation on one's ability to resist stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Amar Mandavia, Debbie Huang, Jeffrey Wong, Bernalyn Ruiz, Francesca Crump, Jenny Shen, Monica Martinez, Luba Botcheva, Eduardo Vega, Joyce Chu, Sara Lewis, Lawrence H Yang
BACKGROUND: While Asian groups have immigrated worldwide, suicide risk models have neglected to integrate cultural components. This study incorporates how stigma associated with failure to uphold clan/kinship roles can increase suicide risk in highly-marginalized Lao-Americans. METHODS: One focus group with five Lao participants and 21 individual semi-structured interviews with community family members were conducted. Transcripts were coded via directed content analysis using the "What Matters Most" and Cultural Theory of Suicide frameworks...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Laura G Stull, Haley McConnell, John McGrew, Michelle P Salyers
BACKGROUND: While explicit negative stereotypes of mental illness are well established as barriers to recovery, implicit attitudes also may negatively impact outcomes. The current study is unique in its focus on both explicit and implicit stigma as predictors of recovery attitudes of mental health practitioners. METHOD: Assertive Community Treatment practitioners (n = 154) from 55 teams completed online measures of stigma, recovery attitudes, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Eleanor Longdon, John Read
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are major difficulties for people with psychosis. However, despite the dominance of biomedical ideology in public education and de-stigmatization efforts, there is substantial evidence that campaigns based on the "medical model" (such as the "mental illness is an illness like any other" approach) are not only ineffective, but can actually compound the problem. This paper considers the alternative role of psychosocial explanatory frameworks in promoting more tolerant and enlightened approaches to, and attitudes about, psychosis...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Heather Stuart
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes mental health related stigma expressed by police to police using a newly developed 11-item Police Officer Stigma Scale and reports on the preliminary psychometric properties (factor structure and internal reliability) of this scale. METHOD: The scale used an indirect measurement approach adapted from the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale. Five themes appropriate to police culture were adapted and six additional items were added...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Joseph S DeLuca, Timothy W Clement, Philip T Yanos
BACKGROUND: The uneven progression of mental health funding in the United States, and the way that the funding climate seems to be influenced by local and regional differences, raises the issue of what factors, including stigma, may impact mental health funding decisions. Criticisms that mental health stigma research is too individually-focused have led researchers to consider how broader, macro-level forms of stigma - such as structural stigma - intersect with micro-level forms of individual stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Roe, Patrick W Corrigan, Bruce G Link
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ohad Avny, Tatiana Teitelbaum, Moshe Simon, Tatiana Michnick, Maya Siman-Tov
INTRODUCTION: A consultation model between primary care physicians and psychiatrists that has been in operation for 12 years in the Jerusalem district of the Clalit Health Services in Israel is evaluated. In this model psychiatrists provide consultations twice a month at the primary care clinic. All patients are referred by their family physicians. Communication between the psychiatric consultant and the referring physician is carried out by telephone, correspondence and staff meetings...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Julie Cwikel, Nelly Zilber, Marjorie C Feinson, Aya Biderman, Yaacov Lerner
BACKGROUND: Approximately half the patients seeking mental health (MH) treatment consult primary care practitioners (PCPs). Previous research indicates that patients often do not receive correct MH diagnoses or appropriate treatment from PCPs. The present study examines whether a specialization in family medicine compared to other or no PCP residency programs enhances physicians' ability to detect, diagnose and treat MH problems. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with 49 physicans in eight clinics in Israel...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Anwar Khatib, David Roe, Hanoch Yerushalmi
BACKGROUND: This study examined the immediate outcome of Feeding Disorders (FD) in preschoolers referred to the family treatment program Cerco Asilo. METHOD: 21 children (mean age [SD=1]: 39 months [1]; range 9-65 months) with a diagnosis of FD were included in the treatment for 24 weeks. Specifically, seven subjects were diagnosed with Infantile Anorexia (IA), nine subjects with Sensory Food Aversion (SFA), and five subjects with Feeding Disorder of Caregiver-Infant Reciprocity (FDCIR)...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Bill Burns-Lynch, Eugene Brusilovskiy, Mark S Salzer
BACKGROUND: Recovery and quality of life are key outcomes emphasized in mental health systems around the world. This study explores the extent to which efforts to facilitate community participation may enhance these outcomes. METHODS: Six hundred and six individuals with serious mental illnesses completed measures of participation, recovery and quality of life. RESULTS: Small, but statistically significant positive relationships between community participation and recovery and quality of life were found...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon
While extensive efforts have been made in recent decades to enhance community mental health services around the world and in Israel, less attention has been given to the challenging transitional period from psychiatric hospitalization to community living. The current paper reviews the literature on discharge planning programs, which shows that using an interdisciplinary team and adapting a case management model to include overlapping relationships during the process of changing settings might lead to cost-effective outcomes...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Stefanie Yuxuan Cai, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
BACKGROUND: Mental health services for youths in Singapore were challenged by accessibility and resource constraints. A community-based mental health program working with schools and other partners was developed to address the population needs. AIM: To describe the formation of a community-based mental health program and evaluate the program in terms of its outcome and the satisfaction of the users of this program. METHODS: Based on needs analyses, a community multidisciplinary team was set up in 15 schools to pilot a new model of care for youths...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Philip T Yanos, Lauren Gonzales, Beth Vayshenker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Eleanor Longden, John Read, Jacqui Dillon
BACKGROUND: It is now over half a century since community care was introduced in the wake of the closure of the old asylum system. This paper considers whether mental health services, regardless of location, can be genuinely effective and humane without a fundamental paradigm shift. DATA: A summary of research on the validity and effectiveness of current mental health treatment approaches is presented. LIMITATIONS: The scope of the topic was too broad to facilitate a systematic review or meta-analyses, although reviews with more narrow foci are cited...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Michael Rowe, Larry Davidson
Recovery as a process through which people reclaim their lives even while continuing to experience symptoms of mental illness has at times been misunderstood or misinterpreted, including being used as an excuse for cutting needed services and supports in the guise of allowing people to pursue their own personal "recovery journeys." In delivering a message of hope to individuals and fostering initiatives to counter the debilitating impact of clinical pessimism, recovery literature has also, at times, paid less attention to the material, social, cultural, political and economic contexts in which people pursue recovery...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Gerald N Grob
After 1945 the prevailing consensus that persons with serious mental disorders should be treated in public hospitals began to dissolve. It was replaced by a faith in the efficacy of community care and treatment. Yet for a variety of reasons the new community care system fell far short of its initial promise. Advocates failed to understand that the problems of persons with serious and persistent disabilities were different from those people with mild and moderate disorders. The belief that residence in the community would promote adjustment and integration was illusory and did not take into account the extent of social isolation, exposure to victimization, inducement to substance abuse, homelessness, and criminalization of persons with mental disorders...
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
David Roe, Arad Kodesh, Graham Thornicroft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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