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Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890963/successful-management-of-recalcitrant-perianal-warts-with-two-sessions-of-intralesional-5-fluorouracil
#1
Aditya Kumar Bubna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890962/neurokinin-1-receptor-antagonists-a-new-revolution-in-antiretroviral-treatment
#2
Udhayvir Singh Grewal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890961/circumcision-viable-treatment-option-for-resistant-genital-warts
#3
Shekhar Neema, Disha Dabbas, Manas Chatterjee, Shantanu Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890960/cryptococcal-lymphadenitis-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patient-a-diagnostic-role-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-and-special-stains
#4
Jitendra G Nasit, Gauravi Dhruva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890959/anti-retroviral-therapy-s-miracle-in-the-treatment-of-bowen-s-disease-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patient-a-rare-case-report
#5
Kannan Gopalan, Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy, Navakumar Manickam, Razil Ahamed
Bowen's disease (BD) is a form of squamous cell carcinoma in situ often associated with human papillomavirus. Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with a greater risk of malignancy. We describe a case of BD in a 52-year-old unmarried HIV-positive male who presented with extensive skin lesions of 1-year duration. Histopathology was suggestive of BD. He had been tried with topical imiquimod cream and cryo-therapy for 6 months. We observed no response for these above therapies. He was started on with anti-retroviral therapy (ART) as his CD4 count was 253 cells/mm(3)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890958/nonhealing-genital-ulcer-in-aids-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#6
Yogesh S Marfatia, Devi Sathianadha Menon, Sheethal Jose, Brijesh Kumar Patel
HIV/AIDS-related immune alteration poses many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. HIV-positive 44-year-old male, on second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) presented with asymptomatic non healing, well-defined, erythematous ulcer over penis since 8 months with serosanguinous discharge. Inguinal lymph nodes were not palpable. Tzanck smear was negative. Biopsy was not done as the patient was not willing for the same. Acyclovir was given considering herpes infection to which there was no response, and hence azithromycin and metronidazole were given, without improvement...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890957/unusual-presentation-of-mucocutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-hiv-infected-patient
#7
Anupama Bains, Deepak Vedant, Priyanka Gupta, G R Tegta
Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasite of genus leishmania. Visceral leishmaniasis, diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis, and atypical forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis are common in HIV-infected patients. Our patient presented with an obstructive mass in nasal cavity and was diagnosed as a case of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Spontaneous healing of lesions in HIV-infected patients is rare rather they are unresponsive to treatment and have frequent relapses, especially in patients with low CD4 count. However, in our patient, the lesion improved significantly after 2 months of highly active antiretroviral therapy and co-trimoxazole prophylaxis...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890956/protein-s-and-protein-c-deficiency-with-multiple-infarcts-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-female-child
#8
Ira Shah
Thrombotic episodes have occurred in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and various abnormalities leading to hypercoagulable state have been reported. However, multiple cerebral infarctions in an HIV-infected child along with protein S and protein C deficiency are rare. We report such a case in an antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-infected female child.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890955/aspergillus-meningoencephalitis-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-normal-cerebrospinal-fluid-does-not-mean-absence-of-meningitis
#9
Soaham Dilip Desai, Sanket Seth, Aniketh Shah, Bhalendu Vaishnav
A male with human immunodeficiency virus infection presented with febrile encephalopathy followed by seizures and left hemiparesis. Initial imaging with contrast computerized tomography (CT) scan brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination were normal. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging brain revealed bilateral parieto-occipital infarcts with bleed. He did not improve on treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, anti-tubercular drugs, and antifungals. He finally succumbed to the disease. His CSF culture grew Aspergillus after 2 weeks...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890954/prevalence-of-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-deficiency-in-hiv-positive-patients-and-its-association-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-immunological-response
#10
Prabha M R Adhikari, Mukta N Chowta, John T Ramapuram, Satish Rao, Karthik Udupa, Sahana Devdas Acharya
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of micronutrients is prevalent even before the development of symptoms of HIV disease and is associated with accelerated HIV disease progression. AIMS: This study evaluates the prevalence of folate and Vitamin B12 deficiency in HIV-positive patients with or without tuberculosis (TB) and its association with neuropsychiatric symptoms and immunological response. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study in an outpatient setting...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890953/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-disease-among-persons-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immuno-deficiency-syndrome-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#11
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan, Pushpinder S Chauahn, Karainder S Mehta, Ritu Rawat, T N Shiny
BACKGROUND: Although modification of behavioral practices among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected patients is important in decreasing HIV disease transmission, the knowledge, attitude, and perception studies about HIV infection rarely include persons living with HIV/acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIMS: To assess knowledge, attitude, and perceptions of persons living with HIV/AIDS for the disease and other epidemiological aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and fifty consecutive persons living with HIV/AIDS were enrolled for this questionnaire-based cross-sectional, descriptive study...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890952/a-study-of-antiretroviral-resistance-patterns-in-treatment-experienced-and-naive-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients
#12
Raj Harjani, Ram Malkani
BACKGROUND: About 10% of the patients had surveillance drug-related mutations for nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and protease inhibitors (PIs) in an Indian study. It was also reported that resistance was maximum for nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and minimum for PIs. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional assessment of 21 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals attending a HIV care center in a tertiary care center in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890951/a-situational-analysis-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-physically-challenged-people-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#13
Utkarsha Agarwal, Sumathi Muralidhar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physically challenged people constitute the most stigmatized sections of society, and are excluded from outreach programs, besides being considered sexually inactive. They have unaddressed sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) issues, predisposing them to sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The huge paucity of data in this field prompted us to undertake this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 people with more than 40% of permanent disability, attending various out/inpatient facilities of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890950/healthcare-seeking-preferences-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infection-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-kerala
#14
Sabeena Jayapalan
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing countries. These diseases are associated with increased risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus as well as adverse outcomes on pregnancy and reproductive health. Sexual behavior and healthcare-seeking behavior are identified as the true risk factors of STIs. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study design was adopted. Eighty-five STI patients were studied regarding the inappropriate treatment-seeking behavior, the nature of the first point of contact with the health care, the appropriateness of treatment and the concerns of the patient regarding the services rendered by government health-care facilities...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890949/p16-immunostaining-as-a-predictor-of-anal-and-cervical-dysplasia-in-women-attending-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic
#15
Deepika Pandhi, Kavita Bisherwal, Archana Singal, Kiran Guleria, Kiran Mishra
BACKGROUND: Carcinogenesis caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) leads to over-expression of p16 protein. p16 may act as a marker of HPV integration with host genome and serve as a surrogate marker of HPV oncogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single center study of 75 women (35 HIV-positive and 40 HIV-negative women) was conducted. Anal and cervical specimens were obtained for cytology and p16 immunostaining. RESULTS: The sensitivity of p16 to diagnose anal and cervical dysplasia was 50% and 58...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890948/study-of-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-patients-in-shadan-hospital-telangana-india
#16
Sukumar Gajjala Reddy, Syed Yousuf Ali, Azheel Khalidi
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemicity is a major concern today as it causes greater loss of productivity than any other disease. HIV infection leads to profound immune deficiency and patients become highly susceptible to opportunistic infections (OIs). HIV epidemic in India is heterogeneous in nature, both in terms of routes of transmission as well as geographical spread. AIMS: (1) Determine prevalence of OIs among HIV-seropositive patients and their relation to CD4 count and to focus on the routes of transmission...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890947/profile-of-pneumocystis-infection-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-in-north-india
#17
Ravinder Kaur, Pragyan Swagatika Panda, Richa Dewan
CONTEXT: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) is still remains a common opportunistic disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals. Study on PcP in developing countries are scarce. AIMS: To study the occurrence of P. jirovecii infection in clinically suspected individuals in a tertiary care institute. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two years data regarding respiratory sample analysis, HIV status, and cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count of clinically suspected pneumocystis infection patients with known/unknown HIV status were analyzed...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890946/prevalence-of-asymptomatic-infections-in-sexually-transmitted-diseases-attendees-diagnosed-with-bacterial-vaginosis-vaginal-candidiasis-and-trichomoniasis
#18
R Rajalakshmi, S Kalaivani
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people in both developing and developed countries. STD in women causes both acute morbidity and complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, low-birth weight, and prematurity. AIMS: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis among asymptomatic females attending STD outpatient department in a tertiary care hospital in South India...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890945/zoon-balanitis-a-comprehensive-review
#19
REVIEW
Surabhi Dayal, Priyadarshini Sahu
The diagnosis and management of nonvenereal diseases are always a tough challenge for the dermatologist due to lack of studies on its diagnostic criteria and standard treatment guidelines. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis primarily in the uncircumcised, middle-aged to old-aged men. Although it was described by Zoon in 1952, its etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, and diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890944/role-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-measurements-in-hiv-patients
#20
REVIEW
Arun Vishwanath, Saif Quaiser, Ruhi Khan
As we herald into the 21(st) century, the quality of life and the repertoire of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have considerably improved. However, considerable work is still needed to educate the population about primary and secondary prevention modalities. Moreover, regular monitoring of immune response with patients on HAART with conventional biomarkers is still a problem in low resource settings which needs to be addressed. We aim to review high-sensitivity C-reactive protein as a potential biomarker in this regard...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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