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British Journal of Social Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29993132/cross-group-friendships-and-psychological-well-being-a-dual-pathway-through-social-integration-and-empowerment
#1
Sabahat C Bagci, Abbas Turnuklu, Eyup Bekmezci
This study investigated the associations between cross-group friendships and psychological well-being among a sample of physically disabled adults. A total of 269 disabled people (Mage  = 39.13, SD = 13.80; 114 females, 152 males, 3 unknown) completed questionnaires including the quality of their friendships with non-disabled people, perceived majority group's attitudes towards the minority group, collective self-esteem, collective action tendencies, own outgroup attitudes, and psychological well-being...
July 11, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956352/stereotype-content-and-morality-how-competence-and-warmth-arise-from-morally-significant-interactions
#2
Julian A Oldmeadow
Stereotypes about many groups fall along two dimensions, one relating to agency/competence and the other morality/warmth. This paper integrates research and theory on stereotype contents and mind perception to explore how stereotypes of competence and warmth are linked to perceptions of moral agency and patiency. Competence identifies the moral agent, and warmth both identifies the moral patient and describes the moral valence of the interaction. In two experimental tests, a simple animated film showing circles and squares interacting in various ways elicited predicted competence and warmth stereotypes that tracked perceived moral valence...
June 29, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953632/reopening-the-dialogue-between-the-theory-of-social-representations-and-discursive-psychology-for-examining-the-construction-and-transformation-of-meaning-in-discourse-and-communication
#3
Susana Batel, Paula Castro
The theory of social representations (TSR) and discursive psychology (DP) originated as different social psychological approaches and have at times been presented as incompatible. However, along the years convergence has also been acknowledged, and, lately, most of all, practised. With this paper, we discuss how versions of TSR focusing on self-other relations for examining cultural meaning systems in/through communication, and versions of DP focusing on discourse at cultural, ideological, and interactional levels, can come together...
June 28, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926924/future-time-perspective-and-interpersonal-empathy-implications-for-preferring-autonomy-versus-dependency-oriented-helping
#4
Lily Chernyak-Hai, Samer Halabi
We examined whether potential help givers' future time perspective (FTP) accounts for the decision to give a person in need dependency-oriented help (i.e., providing the complete solution) or autonomy-oriented help (i.e., providing the means to solve a problem). In addition, building on past research on the effects of empathy in help giving decisions, the present research explored whether helpers' willingness to offer specific type of help is predicted by the interaction between FTP and interpersonal empathy...
June 21, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923254/remember-your-crimes-how-an-appeal-to-ingroup-wrongdoings-fosters-reconciliation-in-separatist-conflict
#5
Ali Mashuri, Esther van Leeuwen, Mark van Vugt
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of appeals to ingroup wrongdoings, as opposed to ingroup rightdoings, on reconciliation between groups in a real-world conflict. We conducted an experiment in Indonesia, where separatist conflict in the province West Papua is currently unresolved. Participants were a sample of Javanese residents (N = 502), representing the majority group in Indonesia. Compared to ingroup rightdoings, being reminded of ingroup wrongdoings significantly increased participants' sense of perpetratorhood...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736997/work-love-and-death-thought-accessibility-a-terror-management-investigation
#6
Simon McCabe, Michael Daly
Terror management theory suggests that following culturally derived scripts for valued behaviour protects people from death concerns, and conversely, not meeting standards for cultural value can weaken this protection, heightening mortality concerns. Using this conceptual framework, we examine (1) how considerations of loss of employment, a source of cultural value for many, relates to the accessibility of death-related cognition, and (2) the moderating role of job market health, and (3) involvement in close relationships...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682754/are-people-more-prejudiced-towards-groups-that-are-perceived-as-coherent-a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-out-group-entitativity-and-prejudice
#7
Elena R Agadullina, Andrey V Lovakov
A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between out-group entitativity and prejudice. A quantitative analysis of 85 effect sizes from 33 independent samples showed a significant positive relationship between entitativity and prejudice (Fisher's z = .414, 95% CI [0.272, 0.557], p < .0001). Three possible moderators of the relationship between entitativity and prejudice were tested: conceptualization of the entitativity (essence-based entitativity scale, agency-based entitativity scale, common entitativity scale), the target of the prejudice, and the measures of prejudice (attitudes, emotions, behaviour towards out-group)...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663432/perceived-peer-and-school-norm-effects-on-youth-antisocial-and-prosocial-behaviours-through-intergroup-contact-in-northern-ireland
#8
Shelley McKeown, Laura K Taylor
In adolescence, youth spend a high proportion of their time with their peers and in school; it is hardly surprising therefore that perceptions of peer and school norms have a strong influence on their attitudes and behaviours. These norms, however, do not always influence youth in the same way. Building on past research, the present study examines the role of peer norms and school norms in influencing the quantity and quality of intergroup contact, as well as the impact of such contact on positive and negative intergroup behaviours...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527775/multiple-compliant-processes-a-reply-to-haslam-and-reicher-on-the-engaged-followership-explanation-of-obedience-in-milgram-s-experiments
#9
Matthew M Hollander, Jason Turowetz
Haslam and Reicher (2018, Br. J. Soc. Psychol., 57, 292-300) offer a thoughtful rejoinder to our critique (Hollander & Turowetz, 2017, Br. J. Soc. Psychol, 56, 655-674) of their theory of engaged followership, currently the most important explanation of 'obedient' behaviour in the Milgram paradigm. Our immersion in Milgram's archived audio recordings has led us to new findings about participants' perspectives, as well as to dissatisfaction with the theory in its present version. Following a brief discussion of our findings, which cast the theory in doubt, we respond to Haslam and Reicher's argument that these data may in fact be consistent with it...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492984/the-psychology-of-social-class-how-socioeconomic-status-impacts-thought-feelings-and-behaviour
#10
Antony S R Manstead
Drawing on recent research on the psychology of social class, I argue that the material conditions in which people grow up and live have a lasting impact on their personal and social identities and that this influences both the way they think and feel about their social environment and key aspects of their social behaviour. Relative to middle-class counterparts, lower/working-class individuals are less likely to define themselves in terms of their socioeconomic status and are more likely to have interdependent self-concepts; they are also more inclined to explain social events in situational terms, as a result of having a lower sense of personal control...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468707/a-truth-that-does-not-always-speak-its-name-how-hollander-and-turowetz-s-findings-confirm-and-extend-the-engaged-followership-analysis-of-harm-doing-in-the-milgram-paradigm
#11
S Alexander Haslam, Stephen D Reicher
Hollander and Turowetz (2017, Br. J. Soc. Psychol., 56, 655-674) present important data from post-experimental interviews with participants in Milgram's 'obedience' research. In these, participants responded to various questions about their perceptions of the study and their behaviour by indicating that they trusted the Experimenter not to let them inflict serious harm. Relatively few participants indicated that they acted as they did because they were committed to the Experimenter or to science. We argue, however, that there are two key reasons why this evidence is not inconsistent with claims that harm-doing is a product of engaged followership...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460966/-that-proves-my-point-how-mediums-reconstrue-disconfirmation-in-medium-sitter-interactions
#12
Anette Einan Enoksen, Paul Dickerson
Previous research has examined how the talk of mediums attends to the epistemological status of their readings. Such work has identified that mediums frequently use question-framed propositions that are typically confirmed by the sitter, thereby conferring epistemological status on the medium. This study seeks to investigate what happens when the sitter disconfirms the propositions of the medium. The study focuses on the ways in which such disconfirmation can be responded to such that it is reconstrued as evidence of the psychic nature of the medium's reading...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453824/giving-in-when-feeling-less-good-procrastination-action-control-and-social-temptations
#13
Fuschia M Sirois, Benjamin Giguère
Emotion-regulation perspectives on procrastination highlighting the primacy of short-term mood regulation focus mainly on negative affect. Positive affect, however, has received much less attention and has not been considered with respect to social temptations. To address this issue, we examined how trait procrastination was linked to positive and negative affect in the context of social temptations across two prospective studies. Action Control Theory, Personality Systems Interactions Theory, and a mood regulation theory of procrastination served as guiding conceptual frameworks...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377186/positive-stereotypes-negative-outcomes-reminders-of-the-positive-components-of-complementary-gender-stereotypes-impair-performance-in-counter-stereotypical-tasks
#14
Rotem Kahalon, Nurit Shnabel, Julia C Becker
Gender stereotypes are complementary: Women are perceived to be communal but not agentic, whereas men are perceived to be agentic but not communal. The present research tested whether exposure to reminders of the positive components of these gender stereotypes can lead to stereotype threat and subsequent performance deficits on the complementary dimension. Study 1 (N = 116 female participants) revealed that compared to a control/no-stereotype condition, exposure to reminders of the stereotype about women's communality (but not to reminders of the stereotype about women's beauty) impaired women's math performance...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359330/social-dominance-orientation-moderates-the-effectiveness-of-mindset-messages
#15
Crystal L Hoyt, Rachel B Forsyth, Jeni L Burnette
In this work, we examine whether differences in social dominance orientation (SDO) moderate the effectiveness of mindsets of intelligence messages. We suggest that SDO is a foundational ideological belief system, on which individuals vary, that maintains the desire to endorse fixed beliefs about the nature of human intelligence. Thus, attempts to change individuals' mindsets should be met with resistance from those who strongly endorse the social dominance ideology - individuals high on SDO. In contrast, individuals low on SDO are less likely to use mindsets of intelligence to justify an ideological belief system, and thus, mindset manipulations should be effective for them...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352471/how-do-passion-for-video-games-and-needs-frustration-explain-time-spent-gaming
#16
Devin J Mills, Marina Milyavskaya, Jessica Mettler, Nancy L Heath, Jeffrey L Derevensky
Research applying self-determination theory and the dualistic model of passion (DMP) has shown video games may satisfy basic psychological needs (i.e., competence, autonomy, and relatedness) and be identified as a passion. The DMP distinguishes between healthy or harmonious passion and problematic or obsessive passion (OP), with the latter reflecting an overreliance towards one's passion to obtain needs satisfaction. The experience of daily obstructions to needs satisfaction, or needs frustration (NF), may facilitate such an overreliance...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322509/identity-fusion-predicts-endorsement-of-pro-group-behaviours-targeting-nationality-religion-or-football-in-brazilian-samples
#17
Tiago Bortolini, Martha Newson, Jean Carlos Natividade, Alexandra Vázquez, Ángel Gómez
A visceral feeling of oneness with a group - identity fusion - has proven to be a stronger predictor of pro-group behaviours than other measures of group bonding, such as group identification. However, the relationship between identity fusion, other group alignment measures and their different roles in predicting pro-group behaviour is still controversial. Here, we test whether identity fusion is related to, but different from, unidimensional and multidimensional measures of group identification. We also show that identity fusion explains further variance of the endorsement of pro-group behaviour than these alternative measures and examine the structural and discriminant properties of identity fusion and group identification measures in three different contexts: nationality, religion, and football fandom...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318624/immigration-political-trust-and-brexit-testing-an-aversion-amplification-hypothesis
#18
Dominic Abrams, Giovanni A Travaglino
A few weeks prior to the EU referendum (23rd June 2016) two broadly representative samples of the electorate were drawn in Kent (the south-east of England, N = 1,001) and Scotland (N = 1,088) for online surveys that measured their trust in politicians, concerns about acceptable levels of immigration, threat from immigration, European identification, and voting intention. We tested an aversion amplification hypothesis that the impact of immigration concerns on threat and identification would be amplified when political trust was low...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315639/ethnic-diversity-and-value-sharing-a-longitudinal-social-network-perspective-on-interactive-group-processes
#19
Loes Meeussen, Filip Agneessens, Ellen Delvaux, Karen Phalet
People often collaborate in groups that are increasingly diverse. As research predominantly investigated effects of diversity, the processes behind these effects remain understudied. We follow recent research that shows creating shared values is important for group functioning but seems hindered in high diversity groups - and use longitudinal social network analyses to study two interpersonal processes behind value sharing: creating relations between members or 'social bonding' (network tie formation and homophily) and sharing values - potentially through these relationships - or 'social norming' (network convergence and influence)...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314094/empowering-the-poor-a-field-study-of-the-social-psychological-consequences-of-receiving-autonomy-or-dependency-aid-in-panama
#20
Katherina Alvarez, Esther van Leeuwen, Esteban Montenegro-Montenegro, Mark van Vugt
This field study investigated the consequences of receiving poverty aid through conditional transfer programmes in the form of autonomy-oriented help (i.e., cash) or dependency-oriented help (i.e., vouchers) in impoverished rural communities in Panama. The empowering effects of autonomy- (vs. dependency-) help have so far only been studied in laboratory settings, or in settings where help could easily be refused. Little is known about the reactions of people who rely on help for extended periods of time. This study provides insights into how aid recipients are influenced by the type of aid they receive...
April 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
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