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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895146/differential-diagnosis-and-comorbidity-of-adhd-and-anxiety-in-adults
#1
Katie Grogan, Claire I Gormley, Brendan Rooney, Robert Whelan, Hanni Kiiski, Marie Naughton, Jessica Bramham
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine symptom profiles of people diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety (ANX) in order to determine the validity of widely used ADHD and ANX rating scales for differential diagnostic use and to develop modified measures that take symptom overlap into account. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used to assess differences in rating scale scores between clinical (n = 52) and control (n = 74) samples as well as differences among subgroups of the clinical sample (22 ADHD; 16 ADHD + ANX; 14 ANX)...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857254/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act-for-clinically%C3%A2-distressed-health-care-workers-waitlist-controlled-evaluation-of-an-act-workshop-in-a-routine-practice-setting
#2
Cerith S Waters, Neil Frude, Paul E Flaxman, Jane Boyd
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a 1-day acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) workshop on the mental health of clinically distressed health care employees, and to explore ACT's processes of change in a routine practice setting. DESIGN: A quasi-controlled design, with participants block allocated to an ACT intervention or waiting list control group based on self-referral date. METHODS: Participants were 35 health care workers who had self-referred for the ACT workshop via a clinical support service for staff...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833279/don-t-worry-be-happy-the-role-of-positive-emotionality-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-for-youth-depressive-symptoms
#3
Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Kaitlin Harding, Wim Beyers, Caroline Braet
OBJECTIVES: Low positive emotionality (PE) represents a temperamental vulnerability to depression in youth. Until now, little research has examined the mechanisms linking PE to depressive symptoms. Starting from integrated cognitive-affective models of depression, we aimed to study adaptive emotion regulation (ER) as a key underlying mechanism in the temperament-depression relationship. METHODS: This study investigated whether adaptive ER strategies mediate the association between PE and depressive symptoms in a large community-based sample of youth, using a cross-sectional design...
August 21, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#4
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805246/associations-between-belief-inflexibility-and-dimensions-of-delusions-a-meta-analytic-review-of-two-approaches-to-assessing-belief-flexibility
#5
Chen Zhu, Xiaoqi Sun, Suzanne Ho-Wai So
OBJECTIVES: Belief inflexibility has been suggested to maintain delusions. Different measures of assessing belief inflexibility have been developed, and it remains unclear whether patients with delusions display belief inflexibility similarly across measures. As delusions consist of multiple dimensions, the aim of this meta-analytic review was to examine how belief inflexibility is related to different aspects of delusions (conviction, distress, and preoccupation) and to compare these associations between interview-based and task-based measures of belief inflexibility...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801992/associations-between-behaviours-that-challenge-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-parental-perceptions-and-parental-mental-health
#6
Jane Waite, John Rose, Lucy Wilde, Kate Eden, Chris Stinton, Jo Moss, Chris Oliver
OBJECTIVES: This study examined parental perceptions of behaviours that challenge (CB) in their adult children with intellectual disability (ID), and explored whether perceptions mediated associations between CB and parental psychological distress. DESIGN: A within-group correlational design was employed. METHODS: Sixty-five parents reported on individuals with genetic syndromes and ID who had chronic CB. Parents completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised (IPQ-R) adapted to measure perceptions of self-injury, aggression or property destruction, alongside assessments of parental locus of control, attributions about behaviour, parental psychological distress, and CB...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#7
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758692/the-impact-of-a-universal-intervention-targeting-perfectionism-in-children-an-exploratory-controlled-trial
#8
Eva J Vekas, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism is considered to be an underlying mechanism of relevance to a broad array of indicators of psychological distress. The current research examined the impact of a three-session intervention targeting perfectionism in children on perfectionism, self-criticism, and well-being. DESIGN: The design of the current study can be considered quasi-experimental as the intervention and control classes were not randomly allocated but decided by convenience factors at the school level...
July 31, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741670/intensive-cognitive-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-routine-clinical-practice-a-matched-comparison-audit
#9
Hannah Murray, Sharif El-Leithy, Jo Billings
OBJECTIVES: Intensive cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been shown to be as effective as weekly treatment in controlled trials. In this study, outcome data comparing standard and intensive treatments delivered in routine clinical practice were analysed. METHODS: A consecutive case series of intensive treatment cases were compared to matched control cases who had completed weekly treatment. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant improvements on PTSD and depression measures...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722166/choir-singing-and-creative-writing-enhance-emotion-regulation-in-adults-with-chronic-mental-health-conditions
#10
Genevieve A Dingle, Elyse Williams, Jolanda Jetten, Jonathon Welch
OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental health conditions commonly experience difficulties with emotion regulation which affect their social functioning. Arts-based groups provide opportunities for shared emotional experiences and emotion regulation. This study explores emotion regulation strategies and the emotional effects of arts-based group participation in adults with mental health problems and in controls. DESIGN AND METHOD: The 62 participants included 39 adults with chronic mental health problems who were members of arts-based groups (ABG) and 23 comparison choir (CC) members who were not specifically experiencing mental health problems...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#11
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
July 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569400/conducting-research-in-clinical-psychology-practice-barriers-facilitators-and-recommendations
#12
Kirsten V Smith, Graham R Thew
OBJECTIVES: The combination of clinical psychologists' therapeutic expertise and research training means that they are in an ideal position to be conducting high-quality research projects. However, despite these skills and the documented benefits of research to services and service users, research activity in practice remains low. This article aims to give an overview of the advantages of, and difficulties in conducting research in clinical practice. METHOD: We reviewed the relevant literature on barriers to research and reflected on our clinical and research experiences in a range of contexts to offer practical recommendations...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543095/psychological-mechanisms-and-the-ups-and-downs-of-personal-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493489/a-path-model-of-different-forms-of-impulsivity-with-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-towards-greater-specificity
#14
Sheri L Johnson, Jordan A Tharp, Andrew D Peckham, Charles S Carver, Claudia M Haase
OBJECTIVES: A growing empirical literature indicates that emotion-related impulsivity (compared to impulsivity that is unrelated to emotion) is particularly relevant for understanding a broad range of psychopathologies. Recent work, however, has differentiated two forms of emotion-related impulsivity: A factor termed Pervasive Influence of Feelings captures tendencies for emotions (mostly negative emotions) to quickly shape thoughts, and a factor termed Feelings Trigger Action captures tendencies for positive and negative emotions to quickly and reflexively shape behaviour and speech...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464243/caregiver-criticism-help-giving-and-the-burden-of-schizophrenia-among-mexican-american-families
#15
Bianca T Villalobos, Jodie Ullman, Tracy Wang Krick, Darcy Alcántara, Alex Kopelowicz, Steven R López
OBJECTIVES: This study tested an attribution model of help-giving in family caregivers of persons with schizophrenia as it relates to caregivers' reported burden. We hypothesized (a) that caregivers' attributions of their ill relatives' responsibility for their symptoms would be associated with more negative and less positive affective reactions, (b) that affective reactions would be related to perceptions of administered support, and (c) that support would in turn predict greater burden...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603875/impairments-of-spontaneous-and-deliberative-mentalizing-co-occur-yet-dissociate-in-schizophrenia
#16
Robyn Langdon, Michaela Flynn, Emily Connaughton, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Evidence of impairment in explicit mentalizing in people with schizophrenia has inspired interventions to improve awareness of others' mental states in these individuals. Less is known of implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia, with current findings mixed. We sought to resolve previous inconsistencies using Heider & Simmel's (H&S) classic animation to elicit spontaneous mentalizing and examined relations between spontaneous and deliberative mentalizing. METHODS: Forty-five schizophrenia outpatients and 27 general-community controls completed two explicit theory-of-mind (TOM) tasks and then described the H&S animation (to elicit spontaneous social attributions about emotionally driven, as well as goal-driven, behaviours), before and after an instruction to think of the shapes as people...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594063/on-the-reciprocal-effects-between-multiple-group-identifications-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-scottish-adolescents
#17
Kirsty Miller, Juliet R H Wakefield, Fabio Sani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the link between social group identification and mental health outcomes in a sample of secondary school pupils. Based on previous work, it was predicted that multiple high group identifications would protect against psychological ill health. Furthermore, it was predicted that better mental health would also predict greater number of group identifications, thus creating a 'virtuous circle'. DESIGN: A longitudinal questionnaire design was used...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593633/a-sequence-analysis-of-patterns-in-self-harm-in-young-people-with-and-without-experience-of-being-looked-after-in-care
#18
Ruth Wadman, David Clarke, Kapil Sayal, Marie Armstrong, Caroline Harroe, Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Ellen Townsend
OBJECTIVES: Young people in the public care system ('looked-after' young people) have high levels of self-harm. DESIGN: This paper reports the first detailed study of factors leading to self-harm over time in looked-after young people in England, using sequence analyses of the Card Sort Task for Self-harm (CaTS). METHODS: Young people in care (looked-after group: n = 24; 14-21 years) and young people who had never been in care (contrast group: n = 21; 13-21 years) completed the CaTS, describing sequences of factors leading to their first and most recent episodes of self-harm...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474800/retraction
#19
(no author information available yet)
'A meta-analysis and theoretical critique of oxytocin and psychosis: Prospects for attachment and compassion in promoting recovery' by Andrew Gumley, Christine Braehler, and Angus Macbeth (2014). The above article, published online on 21 February 2014 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), and in Volume 53, pp. 42-61, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor-in-Chief, Julie Henry, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed due to errors in the coding of effects and in the random effects components of the meta-analysis...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#20
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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