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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

Brooke Brady, Ian I Kneebone, Phoebe E Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) among a sample of older community-dwelling males and females and to also assess gender differences in the association between emotion regulation and positive and negative affect. METHOD: The ERQ and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-10 were administered to 252 older adults (age range 60-89 years; 48.4% female). RESULTS: The two ERQ subscales, reappraisal and suppression, were internally consistent...
August 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Fionnuala C Murphy, Polly V Peers, Simon E Blackwell, Emily A Holmes, Tom Manly
OBJECTIVES: Depression, which is common following acquired brain injury (ABI), has been shown to predict cognitive impairment, rehabilitation outcome, and quality of life. Whilst many studies have examined links between depression and cognitive-affective processing in the non-ABI population, their applicability to this important clinical group, where cognitive difficulties can be marked, remains unknown. Here, we investigated biases in prospective cognition, which is known to be disrupted in (non-ABI) depression yet important for well-being...
August 21, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Reout Arbel, Hannah L Schacter, Kelly F M Kazmierski, Marie-Ève Daspe, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVE: To examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as a prospective predictor of the day-to-day associations between worries and positive thinking among late adolescents. METHOD: Cumulative ACEs were measured from parent and youth reports between the ages of 9.9 and 18.1. Late adolescents (N = 103) reported daily worries and positive thoughts across ten days. RESULTS: Adverse childhood experiences predicted higher and more variable levels of day-to-day worry...
July 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Michal Hajdúk, Hans S Klein, Philip D Harvey, David L Penn, Amy E Pinkham
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has suggested that paranoia is associated with impaired social functioning in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals with high levels of paranoid ideation. This study analysed the relationship between paranoia and interpersonal functioning across the paranoia continuum using network analysis. METHOD: Levels of paranoid ideation and interpersonal functioning were measured in a non-clinical sample (N = 853) and in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (N = 226)...
July 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sarah Majumdar, Reg Morris
OBJECTIVES: To date, the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for stroke survivors has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of group-based ACT for stroke survivors in comparison with treatment as usual (TAU) controls. METHODS: Fifty-three participants were randomly assigned either to group-based ACT (ACTivate Your Life after Stroke) or to a TAU control group (60% male; mean age: 63 years). The ACT intervention consisted of four weekly 2-hr didactic group sessions...
July 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Neil A Rector, Margaret A Richter, Danielle Katz, Michelle Leybman
OBJECTIVES: Exposure and response prevention (ERP) remains the most empirically supported psychological treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical guidelines recommend the addition of cognitive approaches to ERP although the presumed additive benefits have not been directly tested. The aim of this was to compare a treatment that integrated cognitive therapy with ERP (ERP + CT) to traditional, manualized ERP to test the additive benefits. DESIGN: A longitudinal, randomized control trial design was used...
July 8, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jessica R Grisham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sam Cartwright-Hatton, Donna Ewing, Suzanne Dash, Zoe Hughes, Ellen J Thompson, Cassie M Hazell, Andy P Field, Helen Startup
OBJECTIVES: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. There is evidence that supporting parenting in those with mental health difficulties can ameliorate this risk. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a new one-session, group-based, preventive parenting intervention for parents with anxiety disorders...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Laura Jobson, Nazleen Miskon, Tim Dalgleish, Caitlin Hitchcock, Emma Hill, Ann-Marie Golden, Nor Sheereen Zulkefly, Firdaus Mukhtar
OBJECTIVES: Distortions in autobiographical memory have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Those with MDD demonstrate a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure. Research has not examined how culture influences this process. We investigated whether Malay individuals (members of an interdependent culture) with MDD demonstrated a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure similar to that of British individuals (members of an independent culture) with MDD. DESIGN: A 2 (Culture; Malay, British) × 2 (Mood; depressed, control) cross-sectional design using a card sort task and self-report measures was used...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jo Hodgekins, Rebecca Lower, Jon Wilson, Hannah Cole, Uju Ugochukwu, Sarah Maxwell, David Fowler
AIM: The prevalence of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) was explored in a sample of 14- to 25-year-olds with non-psychotic mental health difficulties. Associations between PLEs, psychopathology, functioning, trauma history, and pathways to care were examined. METHODS: Data were collected for 202 young people. Clinicians rated PLEs using the Primary Care Checklist (PCC) and functioning using Global Assessment Scales. Eighty-three young people completed self-report assessments of PLEs using the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) and measures of social anxiety, depression, trauma history, and pathways to care...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Gelera A Mahmoud, Maarten W Koeter, Claudi L Bockting, Willem van der Does, Henricus G Ruhe, Aart H Schene
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive reactivity (CR) to sad mood is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). CR is usually measured by assessing change on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS-change) after sad mood-induction. It has, however, been suggested that the versions of the DAS (A/B) are not interchangeable, impacting the reliability and validity of the change score. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) is an alternative self-report measure of CR. Studies examining the relationship between LEIDS-R and DAS-change have shown mixed results...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Clara Marie Nittel, Tania Marie Lincoln, Fabian Lamster, Dirk Leube, Winfried Rief, Tilo Kircher, Stephanie Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Emotion goals lie at the heart of emotion regulation, as people have to first decide what emotions they want to feel before engaging in emotion regulation. Given that children with Asperger's syndrome (AS) are characterized by exhibiting difficulties in emotion regulation, studying whether they display similar or different emotion goals compared to typically developing (TD) children may provide insightful information. METHODS: Thirty AS and 30 TD children (10-12 years) reported about their general (i...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yann Quidé, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Nicole O'Reilly, Vaughan J Carr, Bernet M Elzinga, Melissa J Green
OBJECTIVES: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations. METHODS: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Nirit Soffer-Dudek
OBJECTIVE: Dissociative absorption is a tendency to become absorbed in imagination or in an external stimulus (movie, book) to the point of obliviousness to one's surroundings and reduced self-awareness. It has been hypothesized to play a role in the maintenance of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. However, because absorption is a trait of reduced attentional control, a possible confound may be attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms, which have been reported to be comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
June 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Aoife Bradley, Neil J Kitchiner, Sandra Jumbe, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: We set out to investigate the association between negative trauma-related cognitions, emotional regulation strategies, and attachment style and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). As the evidence regarding the treatment of CPTSD is emerging, investigating psychological factors that are associated with CPTSD can inform the adaptation or the development of effective interventions for CPTSD. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed. Measures of CPTSD, negative trauma-related cognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attachment style were completed by a British clinical sample of trauma-exposed patients (N = 171)...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Brynjar Halldorsson, Jenny Draisey, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138)...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Joris F G Haagen, Allison van Rijn, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Niels van der Aa, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement. METHODS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was applied to baseline data from 330 predominantly (97%) male treatment-seeking veterans (mean age 39...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Thomas Bacon, Caitriona Doughty, Andrew Summers, Benjamin Wiffen, Zoe Stanley, Susan McAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a new, six-session emotion regulation group intervention designed for the secondary care setting: The Emotional Resources Group (ERG). METHOD: In this pilot study, participants were recruited by referral from secondary care mental health services. Forty-seven individuals participated in the study. Participants who attended the ERG were compared on measures of emotion regulation, well-being, and self-efficacy, pre- and post-intervention...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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