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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jo Hodgekins, Rebecca Lower, Jon Wilson, Hannah Cole, Uju Ugochukwu, Sarah Maxwell, David Fowler
AIM: The prevalence of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) was explored in a sample of 14- to 25-year-olds with non-psychotic mental health difficulties. Associations between PLEs, psychopathology, functioning, trauma history, and pathways to care were examined. METHODS: Data were collected for 202 young people. Clinicians rated PLEs using the Primary Care Checklist (PCC) and functioning using Global Assessment Scales. Eighty-three young people completed self-report assessments of PLEs using the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) and measures of social anxiety, depression, trauma history, and pathways to care...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Gelera A Mahmoud, Maarten W Koeter, Claudi L Bockting, Willem van der Does, Eric H G Ruhe, Aart H Schene
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive reactivity (CR) to sad mood is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). CR is usually measured by assessing change on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS-change) after sad mood-induction. It has, however, been suggested that the versions of the DAS (A/B) are not interchangeable, impacting the reliability and validity of the change score. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) is an alternative self-report measure of CR. Studies examining the relationship between LEIDS-R and DAS-change have shown mixed results...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Clara Marie Nittel, Tania Marie Lincoln, Fabian Lamster, Dirk Leube, Winfried Rief, Tilo Kircher, Stephanie Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Emotion goals lie at the heart of emotion regulation, as people have to first decide what emotions they want to feel before engaging in emotion regulation. Given that children with Asperger's syndrome (AS) are characterized by exhibiting difficulties in emotion regulation, studying whether they display similar or different emotion goals compared to typically developing (TD) children may provide insightful information. METHODS: Thirty AS and 30 TD children (10-12 years) reported about their general (i...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Aoife Bradley, Neil J Kitchiner, Sandra Jumbe, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: We set out to investigate the association between negative trauma-related cognitions, emotional regulation strategies, and attachment style and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). As the evidence regarding the treatment of CPTSD is emerging, investigating psychological factors that are associated with CPTSD can inform the adaptation or the development of effective interventions for CPTSD. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed. Measures of CPTSD, negative trauma-related cognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attachment style were completed by a British clinical sample of trauma-exposed patients (N = 171)...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Brynjar Halldorsson, Jenny Draisey, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138)...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Joris F G Haagen, Allison van Rijn, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Niels van der Aa, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement. METHODS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was applied to baseline data from 330 predominantly (97%) male treatment-seeking veterans (mean age 39...
January 7, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Thomas Bacon, Caitriona Doughty, Andrew Summers, Benjamin Wiffen, Zoe Stanley, Susan McAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a new, six-session emotion regulation group intervention designed for the secondary care setting: The Emotional Resources Group (ERG). METHOD: In this pilot study, participants were recruited by referral from secondary care mental health services. Forty-seven individuals participated in the study. Participants who attended the ERG were compared on measures of emotion regulation, well-being, and self-efficacy, pre- and post-intervention...
January 7, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Genevieve A Dingle, Diana da Costa Neves, Sakinah S J Alhadad, Leanne Hides
OBJECTIVES: Self-report studies show that negative emotional states and ineffective use of emotion regulation strategies are key maintaining factors of substance use disorders (SUD). However, experimental research into emotional processing in adults with SUD is in its infancy. Theoretical conceptualizations of emotion regulation have shifted from a focus on individual (internal) processes to one that encompasses social and interpersonal functions - including the regulation of facial expression of emotion...
December 25, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Toni-Marie Jenkinson, Steven Muncer, Miranda Wheeler, Don Brechin, Stephen Evans
OBJECTIVES: Neuropsychological assessment requires accurate estimation of an individual's premorbid cognitive abilities. Oral word reading tests, such as the test of premorbid functioning (TOPF), and demographic variables, such as age, sex, and level of education, provide a reasonable indication of premorbid intelligence, but their ability to predict other related cognitive abilities is less well understood. This study aimed to develop regression equations, based on the TOPF and demographic variables, to predict scores on tests of verbal fluency and naming ability...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sarah Collins, Michael Byrne, James Hawe, Gary O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acceptability and utility of a newly developed computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults attending Irish primary care psychology services. METHOD: Adult primary care psychology service users across four rural locations in Ireland were invited to participate in this study. A total of 60 service users participated in the MindWise (2.0) treatment group and compared to 22 people in a comparison waiting list control group...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
November 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Katherine C Cunningham, Joanne L Davis, Sarah M Wilson, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: Veterans and military service members have increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and consequent problems with health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. In this population and others, shame and guilt have emerged as contributors to PTSD, but there is a considerable need for research that precisely demonstrates how shame and guilt are associated with PTSD. This study examined whether a) trauma-related shame predicts PTSD severity beyond the effects of trauma-related guilt and b) shame accounts for a greater proportion of variance in PTSD symptoms than guilt...
October 23, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Anne Gordon, Penelope J Davis, Susan Patterson, Christopher A Pepping, James G Scott, Kerri Salter, Melissa Connell
OBJECTIVE: Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving social cognition and functioning of people with schizophrenia. This pilot study examines the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of SCIT with individuals who have schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and are receiving care through a public mental health service. METHOD: In a pragmatic randomized waitlist controlled trial, 36 participants (aged 19-55 years) with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were randomly allocated to SCIT or treatment as usual (TAU)...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Katie Grogan, Claire I Gormley, Brendan Rooney, Robert Whelan, Hanni Kiiski, Marie Naughton, Jessica Bramham
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine symptom profiles of people diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety (ANX) in order to determine the validity of widely used ADHD and ANX rating scales for differential diagnostic use and to develop modified measures that take symptom overlap into account. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used to assess differences in rating scale scores between clinical (n = 52) and control (n = 74) samples as well as differences among subgroups of the clinical sample (22 ADHD; 16 ADHD + ANX; 14 ANX)...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Kirsten V Smith, Graham R Thew
OBJECTIVES: The combination of clinical psychologists' therapeutic expertise and research training means that they are in an ideal position to be conducting high-quality research projects. However, despite these skills and the documented benefits of research to services and service users, research activity in practice remains low. This article aims to give an overview of the advantages of, and difficulties in conducting research in clinical practice. METHOD: We reviewed the relevant literature on barriers to research and reflected on our clinical and research experiences in a range of contexts to offer practical recommendations...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
September 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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