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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741670/intensive-cognitive-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-routine-clinical-practice-a-matched-comparison-audit
#1
Hannah Murray, Sharif El-Leithy, Jo Billings
OBJECTIVES: Intensive cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been shown to be as effective as weekly treatment in controlled trials. In this study, outcome data comparing standard and intensive treatments delivered in routine clinical practice were analysed. METHODS: A consecutive case series of intensive treatment cases were compared to matched control cases who had completed weekly treatment. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant improvements on PTSD and depression measures...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722166/choir-singing-and-creative-writing-enhance-emotion-regulation-in-adults-with-chronic-mental-health-conditions
#2
Genevieve A Dingle, Elyse Williams, Jolanda Jetten, Jonathon Welch
OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental health conditions commonly experience difficulties with emotion regulation which affect their social functioning. Arts-based groups provide opportunities for shared emotional experiences and emotion regulation. This study explores emotion regulation strategies and the emotional effects of arts-based group participation in adults with mental health problems and in controls. DESIGN AND METHOD: The 62 participants included 39 adults with chronic mental health problems who were members of arts-based groups (ABG) and 23 comparison choir (CC) members who were not specifically experiencing mental health problems...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#3
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
July 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603875/impairments-of-spontaneous-and-deliberative-mentalizing-co-occur-yet-dissociate-in-schizophrenia
#4
Robyn Langdon, Michaela Flynn, Emily Connaughton, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Evidence of impairment in explicit mentalizing in people with schizophrenia has inspired interventions to improve awareness of others' mental states in these individuals. Less is known of implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia, with current findings mixed. We sought to resolve previous inconsistencies using Heider & Simmel's (H&S) classic animation to elicit spontaneous mentalizing and examined relations between spontaneous and deliberative mentalizing. METHODS: Forty-five schizophrenia outpatients and 27 general-community controls completed two explicit theory-of-mind (TOM) tasks and then described the H&S animation (to elicit spontaneous social attributions about emotionally driven, as well as goal-driven, behaviours), before and after an instruction to think of the shapes as people...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594063/on-the-reciprocal-effects-between-multiple-group-identifications-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-scottish-adolescents
#5
Kirsty Miller, Juliet R H Wakefield, Fabio Sani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the link between social group identification and mental health outcomes in a sample of secondary school pupils. Based on previous work, it was predicted that multiple high group identifications would protect against psychological ill health. Furthermore, it was predicted that better mental health would also predict greater number of group identifications, thus creating a 'virtuous circle'. DESIGN: A longitudinal questionnaire design was used...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593633/a-sequence-analysis-of-patterns-in-self-harm-in-young-people-with-and-without-experience-of-being-looked-after-in-care
#6
Ruth Wadman, David Clarke, Kapil Sayal, Marie Armstrong, Caroline Harroe, Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Ellen Townsend
OBJECTIVES: Young people in the public care system ('looked-after' young people) have high levels of self-harm. DESIGN: This paper reports the first detailed study of factors leading to self-harm over time in looked-after young people in England, using sequence analyses of the Card Sort Task for Self-harm (CaTS). METHODS: Young people in care (looked-after group: n = 24; 14-21 years) and young people who had never been in care (contrast group: n = 21; 13-21 years) completed the CaTS, describing sequences of factors leading to their first and most recent episodes of self-harm...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569400/conducting-research-in-clinical-psychology-practice-barriers-facilitators-and-recommendations
#7
Kirsten V Smith, Graham R Thew
OBJECTIVES: The combination of clinical psychologists' therapeutic expertise and research training means that they are in an ideal position to be conducting high-quality research projects. However, despite these skills and the documented benefits of research to services and service users, research activity in practice remains low. This article aims to give an overview of the advantages of, and difficulties in conducting research in clinical practice. METHOD: We reviewed the relevant literature on barriers to research and reflected on our clinical and research experiences in a range of contexts to offer practical recommendations...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543280/positive-autobiographical-memory-deficits-in-youth-with-depression-histories-and-their-never-depressed-siblings
#8
Ena Begovic, Vanessa Panaite, Lauren M Bylsma, Charles George, Maria Kovacs, Ilya Yaroslavsky, Ildikó Baji, István Benák, Roberta Dochnal, Enikő Kiss, Ágnes Vetró, Krisztina Kapornai, Jonathan Rottenberg
OBJECTIVES: Impaired positive autobiographical memory (AM) is closely linked to emotional disorders. AM impairments are often found in depressed adults and may be related to the difficulties such persons have in regulating their dysphoric mood. By contrast, less is known about AM disturbances among adolescents, or about the functional relationship of AM disturbances to early-onset depression. DESIGN: A high-risk family design served to compare four groups of youth who differed in depression histories and familial depression risk...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543095/psychological-mechanisms-and-the-ups-and-downs-of-personal-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#9
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493592/experiences-of-outcome-monitoring-in-service-users-with-psychosis-findings-from-an-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-iapt-smi-demonstration-site
#10
Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo, Louise Johns, Juliana Onwumere, Philippa Garety, Craig Milosh, Catherine Iredale, Emmanuelle Peters, Adrian Webster, Suzanne Jolley
OBJECTIVES: Psychological therapy services are increasingly required to instate routine outcome monitoring (ROM), to demonstrate the clinical and economic impact of interventions. Professionals' views of ROM are an acknowledged barrier to implementation. Service user perspectives have rarely been examined, but acceptability and perceptions of ROM are critical to successful implementation. We investigated service users' experiences of ROM in an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies for people with Severe Mental Illness psychosis demonstration site...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493561/distress-omnipotence-and-responsibility-beliefs-in-command-hallucinations
#11
Lyn Ellett, Olga Luzon, Max Birchwood, Zarina Abbas, Abi Harris, Paul Chadwick
OBJECTIVES: Command hallucinations are considered to be one of the most distressing and disturbing symptoms of schizophrenia. Building on earlier studies, we compare key attributes in the symptomatic, affective, and cognitive profiles of people diagnosed with schizophrenia and hearing voices that do (n = 77) or do not (n = 74) give commands. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional design, in which we assessed voice severity, distress and control (PSYRATs), anxiety and depression (HADS), beliefs about voices (BAVQ-R), and responsibility beliefs (RIQ)...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493489/a-path-model-of-different-forms-of-impulsivity-with-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-towards-greater-specificity
#12
Sheri L Johnson, Jordan A Tharp, Andrew D Peckham, Charles S Carver, Claudia M Haase
OBJECTIVES: A growing empirical literature indicates that emotion-related impulsivity (compared to impulsivity that is unrelated to emotion) is particularly relevant for understanding a broad range of psychopathologies. Recent work, however, has differentiated two forms of emotion-related impulsivity: A factor termed Pervasive Influence of Feelings captures tendencies for emotions (mostly negative emotions) to quickly shape thoughts, and a factor termed Feelings Trigger Action captures tendencies for positive and negative emotions to quickly and reflexively shape behaviour and speech...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467630/psychological-traits-predict-impaired-awareness-of-deficits-independently-of-neuropsychological-factors-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Zorry Belchev, Neta Levy, Itamar Berman, Hila Levinzon, Dan Hoofien, Asaf Gilboa
OBJECTIVES: To dissociate injury-related factors from psychological contributions to impaired awareness of deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI); impaired awareness is theorized to partly reflect psychological factors (e.g., denial), but empirical evidence for this theory is scarce. DESIGN: We examined how different factors predict awareness in patients undergoing rehabilitation (N = 43). Factors included (1) neurological (injury severity), (2) neuropsychological loss, (3) psychological (denial, projection, identification), and (4) personality (narcissism)...
May 3, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464243/caregiver-criticism-help-giving-and-the-burden-of-schizophrenia-among-mexican-american-families
#14
Bianca T Villalobos, Jodie Ullman, Tracy Wang Krick, Darcy Alcántara, Alex Kopelowicz, Steven R López
OBJECTIVES: This study tested an attribution model of help-giving in family caregivers of persons with schizophrenia as it relates to caregivers' reported burden. We hypothesized (a) that caregivers' attributions of their ill relatives' responsibility for their symptoms would be associated with more negative and less positive affective reactions, (b) that affective reactions would be related to perceptions of administered support, and (c) that support would in turn predict greater burden...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464228/rumination-event-centrality-and-perceived-control-as-predictors-of-post-traumatic-growth-and-distress-the-cognitive-growth-and-stress-model
#15
Matthew Brooks, Nicola Graham-Kevan, Michelle Lowe, Sarita Robinson
OBJECTIVES: The Cognitive Growth and Stress (CGAS) model draws together cognitive processing factors previously untested into a single model. Intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, present and future perceptions of control, and event centrality were assessed as predictors of post-traumatic growth (PTG) and post-traumatic stress (PTS). METHOD: The CGAS model is tested on a sample of survivors (N = 250) of a diverse range of adverse events using structural equation modelling techniques...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474800/retraction
#16
(no author information available yet)
'A meta-analysis and theoretical critique of oxytocin and psychosis: Prospects for attachment and compassion in promoting recovery' by Andrew Gumley, Christine Braehler, and Angus Macbeth (2014). The above article, published online on 21 February 2014 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), and in Volume 53, pp. 42-61, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor-in-Chief, Julie Henry, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed due to errors in the coding of effects and in the random effects components of the meta-analysis...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#17
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397280/self-blame-attributions-in-relatives-of-people-with-recent-onset-psychosis-associations-with-relatives-distress-and-behavioural-control
#18
Debora Vasconcelos E Sa, Christine Barrowclough, Samantha Hartley, Alison Wearden
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that self-blame is an important predictor of distress and depression in relatives of people with long-term psychosis, but there is limited research investigating the nature and correlates of self-blame in relatives of people with recent-onset psychosis. Self-blame motivates a tendency to engage with others and to repair wrongdoings; it might be that such cognitions also impact on relatives' behaviours towards the patient. This study examined the association between self-blame and psychological distress, and tested the prediction that greater self-blame would be associated with more behavioural control attempts to patients in a sample of relatives of people with recent-onset psychosis...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217976/data-extraction-and-statistical-errors-a-quantitative-critique-of-gumley-braehler-and-macbeth-2014
#19
Donald R Williams, Paul-Christian Bürkner
OBJECTIVE: While oxytocin has been identified as having therapeutic properties for schizophrenia, the emerging evidence has been mixed which has resulted in meta-analytic reviews. We identified several errors in one such meta-analysis. Here, we highlight these errors, demonstrate the conclusions were incorrect, and state the importance of this report. METHODS: We reproduced the methods of Gumley, Braehler, and Macbeth (), including: outcomes (positive, negative, and total symptoms, as well as general psychopathology) and meta-analytic estimates for fixed and random effect models...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105670/the-role-of-shame-in-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#20
Nadine Keen, Darren George, Peter Scragg, Emmanuelle Peters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of shame and its relationship to depression in schizophrenia. It was predicted that individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia would exhibit higher levels of shame due to the stigma associated with their diagnosis, independently of depression levels, compared with psychiatric and medical control groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with three groups: individuals with a diagnosis of (1) schizophrenia, (2) depression, and (3) rheumatoid arthritis...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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