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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999185/brief-group-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-stroke-survivors
#1
Sarah Majumdar, Reg Morris
OBJECTIVES: To date, the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for stroke survivors has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of group-based ACT for stroke survivors in comparison with treatment as usual (TAU) controls. METHODS: Fifty-three participants were randomly assigned either to group-based ACT (ACTivate Your Life after Stroke) or to a TAU control group (60% male; mean age: 63 years). The ACT intervention consisted of four weekly 2-hr didactic group sessions...
July 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984550/does-the-addition-of-cognitive-therapy-to-exposure-and-response-prevention-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-enhance-clinical-efficacy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-community-setting
#2
Neil A Rector, Margaret A Richter, Danielle Katz, Michelle Leybman
OBJECTIVES: Exposure and response prevention (ERP) remains the most empirically supported psychological treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical guidelines recommend the addition of cognitive approaches to ERP although the presumed additive benefits have not been directly tested. The aim of this was to compare a treatment that integrated cognitive therapy with ERP (ERP + CT) to traditional, manualized ERP to test the additive benefits. DESIGN: A longitudinal, randomized control trial design was used...
July 8, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923348/schizotypal-personality-traits-and-social-cognition-are-associated-with-childhood-trauma-exposure
#3
Yann Quidé, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Nicole O'Reilly, Vaughan J Carr, Bernet M Elzinga, Melissa J Green
OBJECTIVES: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations. METHODS: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873088/dissociative-absorption-mind-wandering-and-attention-deficit-symptoms-associations-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#4
Nirit Soffer-Dudek
OBJECTIVE: Dissociative absorption is a tendency to become absorbed in imagination or in an external stimulus (movie, book) to the point of obliviousness to one's surroundings and reduced self-awareness. It has been hypothesized to play a role in the maintenance of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. However, because absorption is a trait of reduced attentional control, a possible confound may be attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms, which have been reported to be comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
June 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808542/self-focused-processing-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-relationship-to-neurocognitive-functioning-and-mood-symptoms
#5
Tamara Ownsworth, Kynan Gooding, Elizabeth Beadle
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of neurocognitive functioning on the self-focused processing styles of rumination and reflection, and the relationship to mood symptoms after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional design with a between-group component comparing self-focused processing styles and mood symptoms of adults with TBI and age- and gender-matched controls. METHOD: Fifty-two participants with severe TBI (75% male, M age = 36...
May 28, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799126/the-combined-influence-of-cognitions-in-adolescent-depression-biases-of-interpretation-self-evaluation-and-memory
#6
Faith Orchard, Shirley Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Depression is characterized by a range of systematic negative biases in thinking and information processing. These biases are believed to play a causal role in the aetiology and maintenance of depression, and it has been proposed that the combined effect of cognitive biases may have greater impact on depression than individual biases alone. Yet little is known about how these biases interact during adolescence when onset is most common. METHODS: In this study, adolescents were recruited from the community (n = 212) and from a Child And Adolescent Mental Health Service (n = 84)...
May 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717483/neurocognitive-functioning-over-the-course-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-changes-in-verbal-memory-and-executive-functioning
#7
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355986/the-role-of-negative-cognitions-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-attachment-style-in-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-new-and-existing-therapies
#8
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Aoife Bradley, Neil J Kitchiner, Sandra Jumbe, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: We set out to investigate the association between negative trauma-related cognitions, emotional regulation strategies, and attachment style and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). As the evidence regarding the treatment of CPTSD is emerging, investigating psychological factors that are associated with CPTSD can inform the adaptation or the development of effective interventions for CPTSD. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed. Measures of CPTSD, negative trauma-related cognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attachment style were completed by a British clinical sample of trauma-exposed patients (N = 171)...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336041/symptoms-of-social-anxiety-depression-and-stress-in-parents-of-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
Brynjar Halldorsson, Jenny Draisey, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138)...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315737/the-dissociative-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-subtype-a-treatment-outcome-cohort-study-in-veterans-with-ptsd
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Joris F G Haagen, Allison van Rijn, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Niels van der Aa, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Dissociation is a prevalent phenomenon among veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may interfere with the effectiveness of treatment. This study aimed to replicate findings of a dissociative PTSD subtype, to identify corresponding patterns in coping style, symptom type, and symptom severity, and to investigate its impact on post-traumatic symptom improvement. METHODS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was applied to baseline data from 330 predominantly (97%) male treatment-seeking veterans (mean age 39...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315683/the-emotional-resources-group-provisional-outcome-data-for-a-pilot-six-session-emotion-regulation-programme-for-secondary-care
#11
Thomas Bacon, Caitriona Doughty, Andrew Summers, Benjamin Wiffen, Zoe Stanley, Susan McAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a new, six-session emotion regulation group intervention designed for the secondary care setting: The Emotional Resources Group (ERG). METHOD: In this pilot study, participants were recruited by referral from secondary care mental health services. Forty-seven individuals participated in the study. Participants who attended the ERG were compared on measures of emotion regulation, well-being, and self-efficacy, pre- and post-intervention...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277906/individual-and-interpersonal-emotion-regulation-among-adults-with-substance-use-disorders-and-matched-controls
#12
Genevieve A Dingle, Diana da Costa Neves, Sakinah S J Alhadad, Leanne Hides
OBJECTIVES: Self-report studies show that negative emotional states and ineffective use of emotion regulation strategies are key maintaining factors of substance use disorders (SUD). However, experimental research into emotional processing in adults with SUD is in its infancy. Theoretical conceptualizations of emotion regulation have shifted from a focus on individual (internal) processes to one that encompasses social and interpersonal functions - including the regulation of facial expression of emotion...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210077/estimating-verbal-fluency-and-naming-ability-from-the-test-of-premorbid-functioning-and-demographic-variables-regression-equations-derived-from-a-regional-uk-sample
#13
Toni-Marie Jenkinson, Steven Muncer, Miranda Wheeler, Don Brechin, Stephen Evans
OBJECTIVES: Neuropsychological assessment requires accurate estimation of an individual's premorbid cognitive abilities. Oral word reading tests, such as the test of premorbid functioning (TOPF), and demographic variables, such as age, sex, and level of education, provide a reasonable indication of premorbid intelligence, but their ability to predict other related cognitive abilities is less well understood. This study aimed to develop regression equations, based on the TOPF and demographic variables, to predict scores on tests of verbal fluency and naming ability...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197102/evaluation-of-a-computerized-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-programme-mindwise-2-0-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Sarah Collins, Michael Byrne, James Hawe, Gary O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acceptability and utility of a newly developed computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults attending Irish primary care psychology services. METHOD: Adult primary care psychology service users across four rural locations in Ireland were invited to participate in this study. A total of 60 service users participated in the MindWise (2.0) treatment group and compared to 22 people in a comparison waiting list control group...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058331/a-relative-weights-comparison-of-trauma-related-shame-and-guilt-as-predictors-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-among-us-veterans-and-military-members
#15
Katherine C Cunningham, Joanne L Davis, Sarah M Wilson, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: Veterans and military service members have increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and consequent problems with health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. In this population and others, shame and guilt have emerged as contributors to PTSD, but there is a considerable need for research that precisely demonstrates how shame and guilt are associated with PTSD. This study examined whether a) trauma-related shame predicts PTSD severity beyond the effects of trauma-related guilt and b) shame accounts for a greater proportion of variance in PTSD symptoms than guilt...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044607/compassion-focused-therapy-exploring-the-effectiveness-with-a-transdiagnostic-group-and-potential-processes-of-change
#16
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
June 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660770/psychological-therapy-for-inpatients-receiving-acute-mental-health-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#17
Charlotte Paterson, Thanos Karatzias, Adele Dickson, Sean Harper, Nadine Dougall, Paul Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of psychological therapies for those receiving acute adult mental health inpatient care remains unclear, partly because of the difficulty in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence from all controlled trials of psychological therapy carried out with this group, to estimate its effects on a number of important outcomes and examine whether the presence of randomization and rater blinding moderated these estimates...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659031/staff-perceptions-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-recovery-a-q-sort-method-approach
#18
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577344/this-corrosion-a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-alternative-subcultures-and-the-risk-of-self-harm-and-suicide
#19
Mairead Ann Hughes, Susan Frances Knowles, Katie Dhingra, Hannah Louise Nicholson, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm and suicide are increasing in young people. The literature suggests that individuals who identify with alternative subcultures (e.g., Goth) may be at a greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of self-harm and suicide in alternative subcultures and the factors that might contribute to this increased risk. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, the databases PsycINFO, Scopus, MEDLINE and Web of Science, and the E-Thesis online service (ETHOS) were searched for English language only papers, with no restrictions in terms of date of publication...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575043/preventing-family-transmission-of-anxiety-feasibility-rct-of-a-brief-intervention-for-parents
#20
Sam Cartwright-Hatton, Donna Ewing, Suzanne Dash, Zoe Hughes, Ellen J Thompson, Cassie M Hazell, Andy P Field, Helen Startup
OBJECTIVES: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. There is evidence that supporting parenting in those with mental health difficulties can ameliorate this risk. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a new one-session, group-based, preventive parenting intervention for parents with anxiety disorders...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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