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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093771/improving-prospective-memory-performance-with-future-event-simulation-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#1
Giovanna Mioni, Erica Bertucci, Antonella Rosato, Gill Terrett, Peter G Rendell, Massimo Zamuner, Franca Stablum
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients have difficulties with prospective memory (PM). Considering that PM is closely linked to independent living it is of primary interest to develop strategies that can improve PM performance in TBI patients. METHOD: This study employed Virtual Week task as a measure of PM, and we included future event simulation to boost PM performance. Study 1 evaluated the efficacy of the strategy and investigated possible practice effects...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070918/stereotype-threat-and-social-function-in-opioid-substitution-therapy-patients
#2
Courtney von Hippel, Julie D Henry, Gill Terrett, Kimberly Mercuri, Karen McAlear, Peter G Rendell
OBJECTIVES: People with a history of substance abuse are subject to widespread stigmatization. It seems likely that this societal disapproval will result in feelings of stereotype threat, or the belief that one is the target of demeaning stereotypes. If so, stereotype threat has the potential to contribute to functional difficulties including poor social outcomes. METHODS: Eighty drug users on opioid substitution therapy and 84 demographically matched controls completed measures of mental health and social function...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070889/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-outcomes-at-3-to-5-year-follow-up
#3
Alexandra Brown, Cathy Creswell, Chris Barker, Stephen Butler, Peter Cooper, Catherine Hobbs, Kerstin Thirlwall
OBJECTIVES: Brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been developed to meet the demand for non-intensive interventions for children with anxiety disorders, and initial trials have shown it to be effective for children with a range of anxiety disorders. This study examined outcomes 3-5 years post-treatment. DESIGN: A long-term follow-up (LTFU) cohort study. METHODS: Families who (1) completed at least 50% of allocated treatment sessions of guided parent-delivered CBT for childhood anxiety as part of a randomized control trial (RCT), (2) provided consent to be recontacted, (3) had not received further mental health interventions, and (4) were contactable were invited to take part...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990657/interpersonal-emotion-regulation-in-asperger-s-syndrome-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal emotion regulation (ER) plays a significant role in how individuals meet others' emotional needs and shape social interactions, as it is key to initiating and maintaining high-quality social relationships. Given that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or Asperger's syndrome (AS) exhibit problems in social interactions, the aim of this study was to examine their use of different interpersonal ER strategies compared to normative control participants...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918087/fatigue-in-an-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-population-a-trans-diagnostic-approach
#5
Denise C Rogers, Antonia J Dittner, Katharine A Rimes, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Trans-diagnostic approaches suggest that key cognitive and behavioural processes maintain symptoms across a wide range of mental health disorders. Fatigue is a common clinical feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood; however, empirical data supporting its prevalence are lacking. This study aimed to collate outcomes from outpatient services to (1) investigate the prevalence of fatigue in adults with ADHD, (2) examine symptoms of ADHD in adults with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and (3) consider secondary clinical characteristics common to both disorder groups...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910997/service-user-satisfaction-with-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-associations-with-therapy-outcomes-and-perceptions-of-the-therapist
#6
Caroline Lawlor, Bina Sharma, Mizanur Khondoker, Emmanuelle Peters, Elizabeth Kuipers, Louise Johns
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated service user satisfaction with cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp). This study explored its associations with clinical presentation and outcomes, retrospective expectations of progress, perceptions of the therapist, and demographic variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five service users completed self-report questionnaires pre- and post-CBTp in relation to the constructs of interest. Regression analyses explored associations with (1) overall satisfaction with therapy and (2) perceived progress, skills, and knowledge gained...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900778/predicting-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-treatment-response-in-refugees-multilevel-analysis
#7
Joris F G Haagen, F Jackie June Ter Heide, Trudy M Mooren, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Given the recent peak in refugee numbers and refugees' high odds of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), finding ways to alleviate PTSD in refugees is of vital importance. However, there are major differences in PTSD treatment response between refugees, the determinants of which are largely unknown. This study aimed at improving PTSD treatment for adult refugees by identifying PTSD treatment response predictors. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal multilevel modelling design was used to predict PTSD severity scores over time...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897326/exploring-the-effectiveness-of-combined-mentalization-based-group-therapy-and-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-inpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-pilot-study
#8
Marc-Andreas Edel, Vanessa Raaff, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Anna Buchheim, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by emotional instability, interpersonal dysfunction, and other features that typically develop before a background of insecure attachment and traumatic experiences. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has proven highly effective in reducing self-harm and improving emotion regulation, whereby problems concerning social cognition, which are also characteristic of BPD, may need additional approaches such as mentalization-based treatment (MBT)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885691/psychological-need-satisfaction-control-and-disordered-eating
#9
Franzisca V Froreich, Lenny R Vartanian, Matthew J Zawadzki, Jessica R Grisham, Stephen W Touyz
OBJECTIVES: Unfulfilled basic psychological needs have been associated with disordered eating behaviours, but the mechanisms underlying that associations are not well understood. This study examined a two-stage path model linking basic psychological need satisfaction to disordered eating behaviours via issues of control. METHODS: Female university students (N = 323; Mage  = 19.61), community participants (N = 371; Mage  = 29.75), and women who self-reported having been diagnosed with an eating disorder (ED; N = 41; Mage  = 23...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878840/challenging-behaviours-in-adults-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-total-population-study-and-exploration-of-risk-indices
#10
Darren L Bowring, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard P Hastings, Sandy Toogood, Gemma M Griffith
OBJECTIVES: Considerable variation has been reported in the prevalence and correlates of challenging behaviour (CB) in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). To provide a robust estimate of prevalence, we identified the entire administrative population of adults with ID in a defined geographical area and used a behaviour assessment tool with good psychometric properties. METHODS: Data from 265 adults who were known to services were collected using a demographic survey tool and the Behavior Problems Inventory - Short Form...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168196/revisiting-the-validity-of-measures-of-social-cognitive-bias-in-schizophrenia-additional-results-from-the-social-cognition-psychometric-evaluation-scope-study
#11
Benjamin E Buck, Amy E Pinkham, Philip D Harvey, David L Penn
OBJECTIVE: The ongoing Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study is in the process of forming a gold-standard battery of social cognition tests for use in clinical trials. Previous SCOPE phases have not acknowledged key differences between social cognition skills and biases, and psychometric validity analyses might provide important information if tailored to bias-related outcomes. This study aims to validate these measures with such bias-related outcomes. METHODS: Two measures of social cognitive bias - the Ambiguous Intention Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ; hostile attribution bias) and Trustworthiness Task (distrust bias) - were reviewed according to their relationships to (1) current and prospective symptom levels, (2) questionnaires of trait paranoia and hostility and informant-rated hostility, (3) interpersonal conflict, as well as (4) relationships to measures of trait paranoia, hostility, and interpersonal conflict above and beyond the influence of clinically rated symptoms...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126303/determinants-of-subjective-well-being-in-people-with-psychosis-referred-for-psychological-therapy-in-south-london
#12
Annabel Broyd, Suzanne Jolley, Louise Johns
OBJECTIVES: Improving subjective well-being (SWB) for people with mental health problems is a United Kingdom national health priority and is increasingly important in justifying funding of mental health services. Aside from the economic advantages, maximizing SWB confers obvious individual and clinical benefits for people with severe mental illness, such as psychosis. Gaining a better understanding of well-being and its determinants will enable current evidence-based interventions to be targeted and refined appropriately...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059176/internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-physical-exercise-effects-studied-by-automated-telephone-assessments-in-mental-ill-health-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Catharina Strid, Claes Andersson, Yvonne Forsell, Agneta Öjehagen, Lars-Gunnar Lundh
OBJECTIVES: Mental ill-health has become a large health problem and it is important for caregivers to provide effective treatment alternatives. REGASSA is a randomized controlled study performed in primary care to study the effects of 12 weeks of Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) and physical exercise (PE) compared with treatment as usual (TAU) in patients with mild-to-moderate mental ill-health. The present study aimed to examine the results of these treatment alternatives on psychological functioning, stress, and sleep disturbances...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996274/worry-processes-in-patients-with-persecutory-delusions
#14
Helen Startup, Katherine Pugh, Graham Dunn, Jacinta Cordwell, Helen Mander, Emma Černis, Gail Wingham, Katherine Shirvell, David Kingdon, Daniel Freeman
OBJECTIVES: Worry may be common in patients with paranoia and a contributory causal factor in the occurrence of the delusions. A number of psychological mechanisms have been linked to the occurrence of worry in emotional disorders but these are yet to be investigated in psychosis. The primary aim of the study was to test the links between five main worry mechanisms - perseverative thinking, catastrophizing, stop rules, metacognitive beliefs, and intolerance of uncertainty - and the cognitive style of worry in patients with persecutory delusions...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971561/deconstructing-the-nature-of-episodic-foresight-deficits-associated-with-chronic-opiate-use
#15
Kimberly Mercuri, Gill Terrett, Phoebe E Bailey, Julie D Henry, Helen Valerie Curran, Peter G Rendell
OBJECTIVES: Episodic foresight refers to the capacity to mentally travel forward in time and has been linked to a wide variety of important functional behaviours. Evidence has recently emerged that chronic opiate use is associated with deficits in this critical capacity and that these difficulties are not simply a secondary consequence of broader cognitive dysfunction. The current study aimed to better understand the circumstances in which chronic opiate users might be expected to have problems with episodic foresight, by addressing whether deficits reflect compromised scene construction, self-projection, or narrative ability...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806805/the-impact-of-health-anxiety-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-misperception-misattribution-and-quality-of-life
#16
Aimee L Hayter, Paul M Salkovskis, Eli Silber, Robin G Morris
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease with an unpredictable prognosis. Previous studies have reported health anxiety within the MS population. This study examines the effect of health anxiety on MS patients' quality of life (QoL) and evaluates the potential contribution of cognitive factors in maintaining health anxiety. METHODS: A total of 84 patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) were screened for health anxiety. From this sample, a group with relatively high and another group with low anxiety (n = 21 in each group) were identified...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714662/disentangling-depression-and-anxiety-in-relation-to-neuroticism-extraversion-suicide-and-self-harm-among-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-with-serious-mental-illness
#17
Andrew M Subica, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Jon D Elhai, J Christopher Fowler
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about depression-anxiety comorbidity and its association with personality traits and suicide/self-harm in adult psychiatric inpatients with serious mental illness (SMI), impacting clinical assessment and treatment. This study sought to determine the symptom structure of depression-anxiety comorbidity and its relation to neuroticism, extraversion, and suicide/self-harm behaviour in this high-risk population. DESIGN: Nine hundred and sixty-two adults receiving inpatient care at a private psychiatric hospital completed questionnaires at admission...
November 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26756621/intrinsic-motivation-as-a-mediator-between-metacognition-deficits-and-impaired-functioning-in%C3%A2-psychosis
#18
Lauren Luther, Ruth L Firmin, Jenifer L Vohs, Kelly D Buck, Kevin L Rand, Paul H Lysaker
OBJECTIVE: Poor functioning has long been observed in individuals with psychosis. Recent studies have identified metacognition - one's ability to form complex ideas about oneself and others and to use that information to respond to psychological and social challenges-as being an important determinant of functioning. However, the exact process by which deficits in metacognition lead to impaired functioning remains unclear. This study first examined whether low intrinsic motivation, or the tendency to pursue novel experiences and to engage in self-improvement, mediates the relationship between deficits in metacognition and impaired functioning...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26752336/experiential-avoidance-and-appraisals-of-voices-as-predictors-of-voice-related-distress
#19
Filippo Varese, Anthony P Morrison, Rosie Beck, Suzanne Heffernan, Heather Law, Richard P Bentall
OBJECTIVES: Research has suggested that the extent to which voices (i.e., auditory verbal hallucinations) are experienced as distressing might be influenced by negative beliefs about voices as well as maladaptive metacognitive styles involving the negative appraisal and maladaptive control of mental experiences. This cross-sectional study examined the contribution of both specific appraisals of voices and a metacognitive factor (i.e., experiential avoidance) to voice-related distress...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26660709/consumer-evaluation-and-satisfaction-with-individual-versus-group-parent-training-for-children-with-hyperkinetic-disorder-hkd
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bernd G Heubeck, Thomas A Otte, Gerhard W Lauth
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the social validity of cognitive-behavioural parent training (CBPT) delivered in two formats to parents who have children with hyperkinetic disorder (HKD) with and without medication. DESIGN: Compared individual with group treatment as part of a multicentre randomized controlled trial. METHOD: Obtained a broad range of evaluations and satisfaction ratings post-treatment and related them to pre-treatment and treatment factors...
September 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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