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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717483/neurocognitive-functioning-over-the-course-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-changes-in-verbal-memory-and-executive-functioning
#1
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660770/psychological-therapy-for-inpatients-receiving-acute-mental-health-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#2
Charlotte Paterson, Thanos Karatzias, Adele Dickson, Sean Harper, Nadine Dougall, Paul Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of psychological therapies for those receiving acute adult mental health inpatient care remains unclear, partly because of the difficulty in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence from all controlled trials of psychological therapy carried out with this group, to estimate its effects on a number of important outcomes and examine whether the presence of randomization and rater blinding moderated these estimates...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659031/staff-perceptions-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-recovery-a-q-sort-method-approach
#3
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577344/this-corrosion-a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-alternative-subcultures-and-the-risk-of-self-harm-and-suicide
#4
Mairead Ann Hughes, Susan Frances Knowles, Katie Dhingra, Hannah Louise Nicholson, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm and suicide are increasing in young people. The literature suggests that individuals who identify with alternative subcultures (e.g., Goth) may be at a greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of self-harm and suicide in alternative subcultures and the factors that might contribute to this increased risk. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, the databases PsycINFO, Scopus, MEDLINE and Web of Science, and the E-Thesis online service (ETHOS) were searched for English language only papers, with no restrictions in terms of date of publication...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575043/preventing-family-transmission-of-anxiety-feasibility-rct-of-a-brief-intervention-for-parents
#5
Sam Cartwright-Hatton, Donna Ewing, Suzanne Dash, Zoe Hughes, Ellen J Thompson, Cassie M Hazell, Andy P Field, Helen Startup
OBJECTIVES: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. There is evidence that supporting parenting in those with mental health difficulties can ameliorate this risk. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a new one-session, group-based, preventive parenting intervention for parents with anxiety disorders...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572886/impact-of-culture-on-autobiographical-life-structure-in-depression
#6
Laura Jobson, Nazleen Miskon, Tim Dalgleish, Caitlin Hitchcock, Emma Hill, Ann-Marie Golden, Nor Sheereen Zulkefly, Firdaus Mukhtar
OBJECTIVES: Distortions in autobiographical memory have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Those with MDD demonstrate a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure. Research has not examined how culture influences this process. We investigated whether Malay individuals (members of an interdependent culture) with MDD demonstrated a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure similar to that of British individuals (members of an independent culture) with MDD. DESIGN: A 2 (Culture; Malay, British) × 2 (Mood; depressed, control) cross-sectional design using a card sort task and self-report measures was used...
March 23, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527754/the-coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-children-study-cues-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-the-acceptability-and-potential-clinical-utility-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-package-for-young-people-aged-8-14-years-with-unusual-experiences
#7
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488233/clinician-rated-and-self-reported-psychotic-like-experiences-in-individuals-accessing-a-specialist-youth-mental-health-service
#8
Jo Hodgekins, Rebecca Lower, Jon Wilson, Hannah Cole, Uju Ugochukwu, Sarah Maxwell, David Fowler
AIM: The prevalence of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) was explored in a sample of 14- to 25-year-olds with non-psychotic mental health difficulties. Associations between PLEs, psychopathology, functioning, trauma history, and pathways to care were examined. METHODS: Data were collected for 202 young people. Clinicians rated PLEs using the Primary Care Checklist (PCC) and functioning using Global Assessment Scales. Eighty-three young people completed self-report assessments of PLEs using the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) and measures of social anxiety, depression, trauma history, and pathways to care...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488231/the-measurement-of-cognitive-reactivity-to-sad-mood-in-patients-remitted-from-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Gelera A Mahmoud, Maarten W Koeter, Claudi L Bockting, Willem van der Does, Henricus G Ruhe, Aart H Schene
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive reactivity (CR) to sad mood is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). CR is usually measured by assessing change on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS-change) after sad mood-induction. It has, however, been suggested that the versions of the DAS (A/B) are not interchangeable, impacting the reliability and validity of the change score. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) is an alternative self-report measure of CR. Studies examining the relationship between LEIDS-R and DAS-change have shown mixed results...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393524/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990190/a-randomized-waitlist-control-community-study-of-social-cognition-and-interaction-training-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne Gordon, Penelope J Davis, Susan Patterson, Christopher A Pepping, James G Scott, Kerri Salter, Melissa Connell
OBJECTIVE: Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving social cognition and functioning of people with schizophrenia. This pilot study examines the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of SCIT with individuals who have schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and are receiving care through a public mental health service. METHOD: In a pragmatic randomized waitlist controlled trial, 36 participants (aged 19-55 years) with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were randomly allocated to SCIT or treatment as usual (TAU)...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895146/differential-diagnosis-and-comorbidity-of-adhd-and-anxiety-in-adults
#12
Katie Grogan, Claire I Gormley, Brendan Rooney, Robert Whelan, Hanni Kiiski, Marie Naughton, Jessica Bramham
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine symptom profiles of people diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or anxiety (ANX) in order to determine the validity of widely used ADHD and ANX rating scales for differential diagnostic use and to develop modified measures that take symptom overlap into account. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was used to assess differences in rating scale scores between clinical (n = 52) and control (n = 74) samples as well as differences among subgroups of the clinical sample (22 ADHD; 16 ADHD + ANX; 14 ANX)...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857254/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act-for-clinically-distressed-health-care-workers-waitlist-controlled-evaluation-of-an-act-workshop-in-a-routine-practice-setting
#13
Cerith S Waters, Neil Frude, Paul E Flaxman, Jane Boyd
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a 1-day acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) workshop on the mental health of clinically distressed health care employees, and to explore ACT's processes of change in a routine practice setting. DESIGN: A quasi-controlled design, with participants block allocated to an ACT intervention or waiting list control group based on self-referral date. METHODS: Participants were 35 health care workers who had self-referred for the ACT workshop via a clinical support service for staff...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833279/don-t-worry-be-happy-the-role-of-positive-emotionality-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-for-youth-depressive-symptoms
#14
Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Kaitlin Harding, Wim Beyers, Caroline Braet
OBJECTIVES: Low positive emotionality (PE) represents a temperamental vulnerability to depression in youth. Until now, little research has examined the mechanisms linking PE to depressive symptoms. Starting from integrated cognitive-affective models of depression, we aimed to study adaptive emotion regulation (ER) as a key underlying mechanism in the temperament-depression relationship. METHODS: This study investigated whether adaptive ER strategies mediate the association between PE and depressive symptoms in a large community-based sample of youth, using a cross-sectional design...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805246/associations-between-belief-inflexibility-and-dimensions-of-delusions-a-meta-analytic-review-of-two-approaches-to-assessing-belief-flexibility
#15
Chen Zhu, Xiaoqi Sun, Suzanne Ho-Wai So
OBJECTIVES: Belief inflexibility has been suggested to maintain delusions. Different measures of assessing belief inflexibility have been developed, and it remains unclear whether patients with delusions display belief inflexibility similarly across measures. As delusions consist of multiple dimensions, the aim of this meta-analytic review was to examine how belief inflexibility is related to different aspects of delusions (conviction, distress, and preoccupation) and to compare these associations between interview-based and task-based measures of belief inflexibility...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#16
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#17
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460461/expressive-suppression-is-associated-with-state-paranoia-in-psychosis-an-experience-sampling-study-on-the-association-between-adaptive-and-maladaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-paranoia
#18
Clara Marie Nittel, Tania Marie Lincoln, Fabian Lamster, Dirk Leube, Winfried Rief, Tilo Kircher, Stephanie Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400401/emotional-preferences-and-goals-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-children-with-asperger-s-syndrome-and-typically-developing-children
#19
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Emotion goals lie at the heart of emotion regulation, as people have to first decide what emotions they want to feel before engaging in emotion regulation. Given that children with Asperger's syndrome (AS) are characterized by exhibiting difficulties in emotion regulation, studying whether they display similar or different emotion goals compared to typically developing (TD) children may provide insightful information. METHODS: Thirty AS and 30 TD children (10-12 years) reported about their general (i...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355986/the-role-of-negative-cognitions-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-attachment-style-in-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-new-and-existing-therapies
#20
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Aoife Bradley, Neil J Kitchiner, Sandra Jumbe, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: We set out to investigate the association between negative trauma-related cognitions, emotional regulation strategies, and attachment style and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). As the evidence regarding the treatment of CPTSD is emerging, investigating psychological factors that are associated with CPTSD can inform the adaptation or the development of effective interventions for CPTSD. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed. Measures of CPTSD, negative trauma-related cognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attachment style were completed by a British clinical sample of trauma-exposed patients (N = 171)...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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