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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

Francesca R Farina, Tom J Barry, Ilse van Damme, Thijs van Hie, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVES: Difficulties recalling specific events from one's autobiographical past have been associated with a range of emotional disorders. We present the first examination of whether diagnoses of depression or individual differences in depression severity explain the most variance in autobiographical memory specificity. We also examine the contribution of other key cognitive factors associated with reduced memory specificity - rumination and verbal fluency - to these effects. METHODS: Participants with (n = 21) and without (n = 25) major depressive disorder completed self-report measures of depression severity (Beck Depression Inventory version II; BDI-II) and ruminative tendency (Ruminative Response Scale), a measure of verbal fluency, and the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity...
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Natalie Peach, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Simon J Cropper, Pamela Sun, Sarah Bendall
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that childhood trauma may play a role in the aetiology of psychosis. Cognitive models implicate trauma-related symptoms, specifically post-traumatic intrusions and trauma-related beliefs as primary mechanisms, but these models have not been extensively tested. This study investigated relationships between childhood trauma, psychotic symptoms (hallucinations and delusions), post-traumatic intrusions, and trauma-related beliefs while accounting for comorbid symptoms...
November 13, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Tom J Barry, Francisco Del Rey, Jorge J Ricarte
OBJECTIVES: People with schizophrenia have difficulty recalling specific autobiographical events from their past. However, the nature of this difficulty (e.g., whether these problems are only for memories that are negative or positive) and the mechanisms associated with it remain poorly understood. METHODS: The present investigation asked patients with schizophrenia (n = 91) and healthy controls (n = 109) to recall memories related to several positive and negative cue words...
October 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Luis Moya-Albiol
OBJECTIVES: Empathy (i.e., the ability to decode emotions, as well as cognitive and emotional empathy) is involved in moral reasoning, prosocial behaviour, social and emotional adequacy, mood and behaviour regulation. Hence, alterations in these functions could reduce behaviour control and the adoption of specific types of violence such as intimate partner violence (IPV). Although interventions for IPV perpetrators focus on reducing IPV risk factors and increasing protective factors to prevent this kind of violence, the study of the effectiveness of these programmes in promoting changes in empathy (cognitive and emotional) has been neglected...
October 21, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Brooke Brady, Ian I Kneebone, Phoebe E Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) among a sample of older community-dwelling males and females and to also assess gender differences in the association between emotion regulation and positive and negative affect. METHOD: The ERQ and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-10 were administered to 252 older adults (age range 60-89 years; 48.4% female). RESULTS: The two ERQ subscales, reappraisal and suppression, were internally consistent...
August 27, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Fionnuala C Murphy, Polly V Peers, Simon E Blackwell, Emily A Holmes, Tom Manly
OBJECTIVES: Depression, which is common following acquired brain injury (ABI), has been shown to predict cognitive impairment, rehabilitation outcome, and quality of life. Whilst many studies have examined links between depression and cognitive-affective processing in the non-ABI population, their applicability to this important clinical group, where cognitive difficulties can be marked, remains unknown. Here, we investigated biases in prospective cognition, which is known to be disrupted in (non-ABI) depression yet important for well-being...
August 21, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Reout Arbel, Hannah L Schacter, Kelly F M Kazmierski, Marie-Ève Daspe, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVE: To examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as a prospective predictor of the day-to-day associations between worries and positive thinking among late adolescents. METHOD: Cumulative ACEs were measured from parent and youth reports between the ages of 9.9 and 18.1. Late adolescents (N = 103) reported daily worries and positive thoughts across ten days. RESULTS: Adverse childhood experiences predicted higher and more variable levels of day-to-day worry...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yann Quidé, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Nicole O'Reilly, Vaughan J Carr, Bernet M Elzinga, Melissa J Green
OBJECTIVES: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations. METHODS: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Faith Orchard, Shirley Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Depression is characterized by a range of systematic negative biases in thinking and information processing. These biases are believed to play a causal role in the aetiology and maintenance of depression, and it has been proposed that the combined effect of cognitive biases may have greater impact on depression than individual biases alone. Yet little is known about how these biases interact during adolescence when onset is most common. METHODS: In this study, adolescents were recruited from the community (n = 212) and from a Child And Adolescent Mental Health Service (n = 84)...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Charlotte Paterson, Thanos Karatzias, Adele Dickson, Sean Harper, Nadine Dougall, Paul Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of psychological therapies for those receiving acute adult mental health inpatient care remains unclear, partly because of the difficulty in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence from all controlled trials of psychological therapy carried out with this group, to estimate its effects on a number of important outcomes and examine whether the presence of randomization and rater blinding moderated these estimates...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mairead Ann Hughes, Susan Frances Knowles, Katie Dhingra, Hannah Louise Nicholson, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm and suicide are increasing in young people. The literature suggests that individuals who identify with alternative subcultures (e.g., Goth) may be at a greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of self-harm and suicide in alternative subcultures and the factors that might contribute to this increased risk. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, the databases PsycINFO, Scopus, MEDLINE and Web of Science, and the E-Thesis online service (ETHOS) were searched for English language only papers, with no restrictions in terms of date of publication...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jessica R Grisham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sam Cartwright-Hatton, Donna Ewing, Suzanne Dash, Zoe Hughes, Ellen J Thompson, Cassie M Hazell, Andy P Field, Helen Startup
OBJECTIVES: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. There is evidence that supporting parenting in those with mental health difficulties can ameliorate this risk. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a new one-session, group-based, preventive parenting intervention for parents with anxiety disorders...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Laura Jobson, Nazleen Miskon, Tim Dalgleish, Caitlin Hitchcock, Emma Hill, Ann-Marie Golden, Nor Sheereen Zulkefly, Firdaus Mukhtar
OBJECTIVES: Distortions in autobiographical memory have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Those with MDD demonstrate a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure. Research has not examined how culture influences this process. We investigated whether Malay individuals (members of an interdependent culture) with MDD demonstrated a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure similar to that of British individuals (members of an independent culture) with MDD. DESIGN: A 2 (Culture; Malay, British) × 2 (Mood; depressed, control) cross-sectional design using a card sort task and self-report measures was used...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jo Hodgekins, Rebecca Lower, Jon Wilson, Hannah Cole, Uju Ugochukwu, Sarah Maxwell, David Fowler
AIM: The prevalence of psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) was explored in a sample of 14- to 25-year-olds with non-psychotic mental health difficulties. Associations between PLEs, psychopathology, functioning, trauma history, and pathways to care were examined. METHODS: Data were collected for 202 young people. Clinicians rated PLEs using the Primary Care Checklist (PCC) and functioning using Global Assessment Scales. Eighty-three young people completed self-report assessments of PLEs using the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16) and measures of social anxiety, depression, trauma history, and pathways to care...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Gelera A Mahmoud, Maarten W Koeter, Claudi L Bockting, Willem van der Does, Henricus G Ruhe, Aart H Schene
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive reactivity (CR) to sad mood is a risk factor for major depressive disorder (MDD). CR is usually measured by assessing change on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS-change) after sad mood-induction. It has, however, been suggested that the versions of the DAS (A/B) are not interchangeable, impacting the reliability and validity of the change score. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R) is an alternative self-report measure of CR. Studies examining the relationship between LEIDS-R and DAS-change have shown mixed results...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Clara Marie Nittel, Tania Marie Lincoln, Fabian Lamster, Dirk Leube, Winfried Rief, Tilo Kircher, Stephanie Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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