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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227412/physical-activity-level-assessed-by-accelerometer-and-paq-c-in-tunisian-children
#1
Houda Ben Jemaa, Amani Mankaï, Faten Mahjoub, Belhassen Kortobi, Sarra Khlifi, Jihene Draoui, Rim Minaoui, Inchirah Karmous, Halima Ben Hmad, Fethi Ben Slama, Asma El Hamdouchi, Hassan Aguenaou, Jalila El Ati, Henda Jamoussi, Abdallah Aouidet
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is an important agent in the prevention of chronic diseases such as obesity. OBJECTIVES: To provide preliminary data on PA among school children and to correlate the PA with weight status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 children aged between 8 and 11 years and attending Tunisian schools were recruited. The body composition was determined by using the deuterium oxide dilution technique. PA was determined by the PAQ-C (PA Questionnaire for Older Children)...
September 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227395/a-national-document-for-child-nutrition-in-iran-a-vital-need
#2
LETTER
Mohammad Mohseni, Aidin Aryankhesal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227390/fat-to-lean-mass-ratio-can-predict-cardiac-events-and-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#3
Hyung-Seok Lee, Sung Gyun Kim, Jwa-Kyung Kim, Young Ki Lee, Jung Woo Noh, Jieun Oh, Hyung Jik Kim, Young Rim Song
BACKGROUND: Although higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with better survival in patients undergoing dialysis, BMI is not an adequate obesity indicator. We hypothesized that the fat-to-lean (F/L) mass ratio could be a suitable marker of nutritional status and evaluated its prognostic impact on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: In total, 131 patients undergoing HD were recruited and monitored prospectively for up to 5 years...
September 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212820/compatibility-of-intravenous-fat-emulsion-with-antibiotics-for-secondary-piggyback-infusion
#4
Sachiko Omotani, Mai Aoe, Seiji Esaki, Katsuhito Nagai, Yasutoshi Hatsuda, Junji Mukai, Hitomi Teramachi, Michiaki Myotoku
BACKGROUND: The Guidelines for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Japan state that parenteral fat emulsion can be infused through a secondary administration set. We tested the compatibility of fat emulsion with antibiotics in piggyback infusions in terms of changes in the size distribution of fat particles. METHODS: Test mixtures of 5% glucose solution, fat emulsion, and 25 antibiotic agents were prepared in the ratio appropriate for piggyback infusion (33: 10: 40) and analyzed serially for the number of fine particles by size using a light-shielded automatic fine particle counter...
September 13, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189427/serum-calprotectin-level-in-children-marker-of-obesity-and-its-metabolic-complications
#5
Valeria Calcaterra, Mara De Amici, Maureen M Leonard, Annalisa De Silvestri, Gloria Pelizzo, Nicoletta Buttari, Alexandre Michev, Miriana Leggio, Daniela Larizza, Hellas Cena
AIM: Elevated calprotectin levels have been reported in obese adults but have not been evaluated in pediatric population. We investigated the characteristics of serum calprotectin in overweight and obese children and its association with metabolic comorbidities. METHODS: We enrolled 131 children (11.7 ± 4.1 years). According to body mass index (BMI), the subjects were divided into 3 groups: obese > 95th percentile; overweight BMI 75th-95th percentile, and normal weight BMI < 75th percentile...
September 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189423/xi-international-conference-on-immunonutrition-2018-isin
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179861/feasibility-of-international-proposed-standardized-enteral-connector-for-semi-solid-formula-feeding
#7
Michio Maruyama, Shohei Iijima, Nobuya Ishibashi, Michio Inukai, Tetsuharu Oriishi, Naruo Kawasaki, Naomi Kurata, Yutaka Suzuki, Isao Tabei, Masahiro Chiba, Etsuko Nakamura, Takashi Higashiguchi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The current study was undertaken to assess if the semi-solid formulas could be used with a new ENFit connector with similar force to current percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes. METHODS: Experiment 1: We measured the applied pressure (force) needed to compress the syringe containing 7 viscous semi-solid formulas with a 20 Fr PEG tube and low-profile tube through the ENFit connector or the current connector. Experiment 2: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the compression force through 2 connectors in 3 infusion velocity, 7 PEG tube types with 2 semi-solid formulas...
September 4, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199880/focus-summary
#8
David Omondi Okeyo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199862/focus-summary
#9
Carlos Lifschitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199855/focus-summary
#10
Cristina Campoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199853/focus-summary
#11
Ahmed R Laving
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196297/editorial
#12
Carlos Lifschitz, Fred N Were
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196296/overnutrition-does-complementary-feeding-play-a-role
#13
Ahmed R Laving, Syeda Ra'ana Hussain, Daisy O Atieno
Globally, obesity is considered an epidemic due to an increase in its prevalence and severity especially among young children and adolescents. This nutritional disorder is not limited to affluent countries as it is becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries. Obesity is associated not only with cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, orthopedic, and respiratory diseases, but also with psychological complications, implying a problem of far-reaching consequences for health and health services...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196295/impact-of-food-fortification-on-child-growth-and-development-during-complementary-feeding
#14
David Omondi Okeyo
There appears to be increasing evidence of the relationship between infant feeding practices and growth during infancy. Effective complementary feeding has demonstrated an observable positive effect on the linear growth of a child within the first 24 months of life. It appears that improved complementary feeding is directly proportional to the linear growth of a child. Fortification of commonly used food vehicles provides an opportunity for increasing nutrient intake during infancy and has the potential to improve growth and development dimensions...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196294/complementary-feeding-in-developed-countries-the-3-ws-when-what-and-why
#15
Cristina Campoy, Daniel Campos, Tomás Cerdó, Estefanía Diéguez, José Antonio García-Santos
While a wide knowledge exists on the effects of breast milk or infant formula on growth and infant development, less attention has been paid to the importance of complementary feeding (CF). This review focuses on current recommendations for optimal introduction of CF in healthy full-term European infants and discusses the potential impact of this type of feeding on health outcomes. Overall, exclusive breastfeeding is recommended at least for 4 months and preferable for 6 months, followed by the introduction of CF alongside breast milk; infants' nutrient requirements must meet the differences between nutrients provided by breast milk and the estimated total needs...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196293/complementary-feeding-beyond-nutrition
#16
Fred N Were, Carlos Lifschitz
In this article, we will summarize the key non-nutritional aspects of the introduction of complementary feeding. Intestinal maturation related to starch digestion is relatively complete by the time complementary feeding is recommended to be initiated. A much more complex maturation is needed, however, from the neurodevelopmental standpoint as the infants need to be able to hold their head and trunk and be able to coordinate tongue movement followed by swallowing. Issues can arise in infants with a history of medical problems as well as when caretakers cannot handle the initial difficulties or want to impose certain rigidity to the learning process...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173225/should-the-world-health-organization-relax-its-policy-of-non-cooperation-with-the-infant-food-industry
#17
Stewart Forsyth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173219/maternal-and-neonatal-metabolic-outcomes-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Fatemeh Jahanjoo, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Seyed Kazem Shakouri, Neda Dolatkhah
INTRODUCTION: Many scientists have revealed the association between vitamin D deficiency and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of vitamin D supplementation on maternal and neonatal health measures in GDM. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature search in the electronic databases including Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Sciences, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Clininaltrial...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173216/associate-editor-marie-standl
#19
Marie Standl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071525/impact-of-2-different-hypocaloric-diets-on-serum-omentin-levels-in-obese-subjects
#20
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Rocío Aller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Omentin-1 might play a role in insulin resistance and obesity. This study is aimed at evaluating the influence of weight loss treatment on omentin-1 concentrations and other parameters after 2 different hypocaloric diets in obese subjects. METHODS: A total of 239 obese subjects were randomly allocated during 12 weeks (Diet I - high-fat diet vs. Diet II - low fat diet), and their anthropometric and biochemical status were evaluated. RESULTS: After dietary intervention, BMI, weight, fat mass, waist circumference, systolic blood, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, insulin levels and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance decreased in a statistical manner from their base values...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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