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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

Meilin Zhang, Li Zheng, Ping Li, Yufeng Zhu, Hong Chang, Xuan Wang, Weiqiao Liu, Yuwen Zhang, Guowei Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate whether visceral adiposity index (VAI) could predict the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in different genders and to compare the predictive ability between VAI and other fatness indices. METHODS: Four thousand seventy-eight participants including 1,817 men and 2,261 women, aged 18 and older and free of T2D at baseline were enrolled in 2010 and followed up for 4 years. New cases of T2D were identified via the annual medical examination...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Mandy Ho, Anne-Louise M Heath, Megan Gow, Louise A Baur, Chris T Cowell, Samir Samman, Sarah P Garnett
BACKGROUND: Zinc has a critical role in metabolism and growth. This study aims to determine the effects of low-energy diets differing in macronutrient composition on zinc intake, estimated zinc bioavailability (phytate:zinc molar ratio) and plasma zinc concentration and associations between zinc status and cardiometabolic markers in obese adolescents with clinical insulin resistance (IR). METHODS: Eighty-seven obese adolescents (10-17 years, body mass index z-score 2...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Zheping Yuan, Chengguo Liu, Yiping Tian, Xuhui Zhang, Huaizhuang Ye, Lifeng Jin, Liansheng Ruan, Zhanhang Sun, Yimin Zhu
Magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) are essential for numerous kinds of metabolisms in human body. To investigate the associations between Mg and Ca and the ratio of Ca to Mg (Ca/Mg) in whole blood with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a Chinese population, a matched case-control study including 204 MetS patients and 204 healthy controls (aged 48-89) was carried out in 2011. MetS were diagnosed according to the criteria of Chinese Diabetes Society. Controls had no abnormal metabolic components and were matched with cases by age, gender and region...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Milan Dastych, Michal Šenkyřík, Milan Dastych, František Novák, Petr Wohl, Jan Maňák, Pavel Kohout
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to determine concentrations of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), selenium (Se) in blood plasma and manganese (Mn) in the whole blood in patients with long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in comparison to the control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 68 patients (16 men and 52 women) aged from 28 to 68 years on a long-term HPN lasting from 4 to 96 months. The short bowel syndrome was an indication for HPN...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Annic Baumgartner, Noemi Zueger, Annika Bargetzi, Michael Medinger, Jakob R Passweg, Zeno Stanga, Beat Mueller, Mario Bargetzi, Philipp Schuetz
INTRODUCTION: In acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), there is uncertainty about the extent of influence nutritional parameters have on clinical outcomes. In this study, we investigated the association between initial body mass index (BMI) and weight loss during HSCT on clinical outcomes in a well-characterised cohort of AML patients. METHODS: We analysed data of the Basel stem-cell transplantation registry ('KMT Kohorte') including all patients with AML undergoing first allogeneic HSCT from January 2003 to January 2014...
September 17, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Richard D Semba
BACKGROUND: From the 1950s to the mid-1970s, United Nations (UN) agencies were focused on protein malnutrition as the major worldwide nutritional problem. The goal of this review is to examine this era of protein malnutrition, the reasons for its demise, and the aftermath. SUMMARY: The UN Protein Advisory Group was established in 1955. International conferences were largely concerned about protein malnutrition in children. By the early 1970s, UN agencies were ringing the alarm about a 'protein gap'...
August 30, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Stewart Forsyth, Sheila Gautier, Norman Salem
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are only few data on dietary arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake in infants from developing countries, and current global recommendations on intake during early life may not reflect the needs of the world's most vulnerable infants. The aim of the study was to provide estimates of intake of ARA and DHA in infants and young children aged 6-36 months who live in developing countries. METHODS: FAO Food Balance Sheets and fatty acid composition data from Australian food composition tables were utilized to generate mean per capita intake estimates for DHA and ARA in developing countries...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Rachel L Adams, Kenneth Shane Broughton
BACKGROUND: The insulinotropic effect of whey protein is not fully understood and has clinical implications in the regulation of chronic and acute hyperglycemia. SUMMARY: This review describes the composition of whey protein and potential mechanisms through which whey exerts an insulinotropic effect, including increasing the gastric emptying rate, effect on incretin hormones particularly gastric inhibitory peptide and glucagon-like polypeptide-1, and whey's role as a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Keith Fluegge
Cruchet et al. attempt to tease out the myths and facts surrounding the growing popularity of certain dietary approaches in the management of neurodevelopmental disorders, like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The authors identify a particular exclusionary-type approach that seeks to eliminate dietary gluten. Although the relationship between celiac disease (CD) and ADHD/ASD is not well established, a repeated clinical feature noted in CD is the elevated levels of nitric oxide in serum and urine...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Angel Gil, Jonatan R Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Hamid Reza Talari, Motahereh Rafiee, Alireza Farrokhian, Fariba Raygan, Fereshteh Bahmani, Manijeh Darooghegi Mofrad, Yaser Hamidian, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Fatemeh Karamali, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of folate supplementation on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and metabolic status among patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. They were all overweight in the age range 40-85 years. Participants were randomly divided into 2 groups: group A (n = 30) received 5 mg folate supplements and group B (n = 30) received placebo for 12 weeks...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Gislaine Cândida Batista-Jorge, Antônio Sérgio Barcala-Jorge, Anderson Frederico Oliveira Dias, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Deborah de Farias Lelis, João Marcus Oliveira Andrade, Rafael Moreira Claro, Alfredo Mauricio Batista de Paula, Andre Luiz Sena Guimaraes, Adaliene Versiane Ferreira, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
Recent studies show that skipping breakfast is associated with an increased risk of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, this study evaluated 400 patients from the Brazilian health service who had their nutritional status defined based on the body mass index and were classified as physically active or insufficient active. The energy intake and macronutrients was also assessed by a 24-hour dietary recall where the association of overweight/obesity with the investigated variables was evaluated using chi-square, Student's t test and multivariate analysis (p < 0...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Natascha Olivier, Friedeburg A M Wenhold, Piet Becker
BACKGROUND: Overweight affects 65% of black South African women. Effective weight management requires accurate measurement or estimation of energy expenditure. AIMS: The study aimed to determine, among overweight women, whether measured resting energy expenditure (REE) differs between black and white participants, and the performance of REE estimation equations. METHODS: The REE of 44 black (age 39.6 ± 9.7 years, body mass index (BMI) 35...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Mariela Bernabe-Garcia, Mardia Lopez-Alarcon, Raul Villegas-Silva, Javier Mancilla-Ramirez, Maricela Rodriguez-Cruz, Jorge Maldonado-Hernandez, Karina A Chavez-Rueda, Francisco Blanco-Favela, Lilia Espinoza-Garcia, Sandra Lagunes-Salazar
BACKGROUND: Neonates undergoing surgery are at risk for uncontrolled inflammatory response and adverse clinical outcomes. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) ameliorates inflammation, improving clinical outcomes. However, its effect has not been evaluated in neonates undergoing surgery. We evaluated the effect of DHA on markers of inflammation and clinical outcomes in neonates undergoing surgery. METHODS: A double-blind clinical trial evaluated the effect of enteral DHA (DHA group) versus sunflower oil (SO group) perioperatively administered in neonates scheduled for cardiovascular surgery...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Nadine Yazbeck, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Rym El Rafei, Abir Barhoumi, Chantal Farra, Rose T Daher, Marianne Majdalani
BACKGROUND: The burden of zinc deficiency on children includes an increased incidence of diarrhea, failure to thrive (FTT) and short stature. The aim of this study was to assess whether children with FTT and/or short stature have lower dietary zinc intake and plasma zinc concentrations compared to controls. METHODS: A case-control study conducted at the American University of Beirut Medical Center included 161 subjects from 1 to 10 years of age. RESULTS: Cases had a statistically significant lower energy intake (960...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Maria Inês A Wilasco, Carolina Uribe-Cruz, Daniele Santetti, Bianca Pfaffenseller, Cristina T L Dornelles, Themis R da Silveira
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status in patients with cirrhosis is not so easy to assess properly. Considering the relationship between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and energy homeostasis, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of BDNF in children and adolescents with cirrhosis due to biliary atresia (BA) and correlate it with their nutritional status. METHODS: Fifty-three children and adolescents with cirrhosis due to BA and 33 healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sylvia Cruchet, Yalda Lucero, Verónica Cornejo
Different dietary approaches have been attempted for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism, but only three of them have been subjected to clinical trials: education in healthy nutritional habits, supplementation and elimination diets. On the other hand, for multiple reasons, the number of people who adopt vegetarian and gluten-free diets (GFD) increases daily. More recently, a new entity, non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), with a still evolving definition and clinical spectrum, has been described...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Frank M Ruemmele
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is steadily in the rise in Western as well as in developing countries paralleling the increase of westernized diets, characterized by high protein and fat as well as excessive sugar intake, with less vegetables and fiber. An interesting hypothesis is that environmental (food-) triggered changes of the intestinal microbiome might cause a proinflammatory state preceding the development of IBD. Indeed, an intact intestinal epithelial barrier assuring a normal bacterial clearance of the intestinal surface is crucial to guarantee intestinal homeostasis...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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