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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

Mehdi Sadeghian, Sepideh Rahmani, Anahita Mansoori
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the comparison of G1359A variant of cannabinoid receptor gene (rs1049353) with obesity-related traits including body mass index (BMI), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM), food-related traits, and leptin among healthy and non-healthy adults. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and EMBASE until December 2016 for observational studies assessing each of the anthropometric measurements, food-related traits, and leptin of 1359 G/A polymorphism of CNR1 gene...
July 17, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Francisco Javier Ruiz-Ojeda, Augusto Anguita-Ruiz, Rosaura Leis, Concepcion M Aguilera
Vitamin D (vitD) deficiency is associated with a wide range of chronic diseases and conditions, including obesity, and with an increasing severity of metabolic dysregulation, such as insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, liver disease, and hypertension, both in children and adults. However, the nature of the association between low vitD status and obesity remains unclear. This fact has motivated the scientific community to conduct genetic association analyses between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D)-related genes and obesity traits...
July 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Naomi Nakayama, Takashi Higashiguchi, Kozue Hanada, Akiko Maniwa, Yukiko Kanemoto, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshie Hara, Kentaro Nakayama
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Home-based medical care is rapidly expanding in Japanese health care settings. We aimed to clarify the implementation status of drip injection with peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and the incidence of related complications. METHODS: We investigated the number of patients who required intravenous drip infusion therapy at home. We also examined the incidence rate of PVC-related complications and their statistical correlation with patients' characteristics...
July 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Yanting Yu, Liqiang Tian, Yanyu Xiao, Guowei Huang, Meilin Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The mechanism, by which vitamin D influences inflammatory biomarkers in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is not very well known. Thus, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on some inflammatory biomarkers in T2DM subjects. METHODS: We searched randomized controlled trials from PubMed and the Cochrane Library in October 2017 and conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
June 26, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Thokozani Hanjahanja-Phiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Itzel Lopez-Aguilar, Lorena Del Rocio Ibarra-Reynoso, Juan Manuel Malacara
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The alterations of eating behavior are insufficiently recognized in the clinical attention of adults with obesity. The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics of overeating behavior and its association with depression, perceived stress, acylated ghrelin, nestafin-1, and cortisol. METHODS: This cross-sectional comparative study included 80 participants with obesity and 50 with normal weight. The volunteers completed questionnaires to evaluate symptoms of food addiction (FA), obsessive compulsive, binge eating (BE), depression, and perceived stress...
June 25, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Yan-Chuan Li, Yu-Zheng Li, Rui Li, Li Lan, Chun-Long Li, Min Huang, Dan Shi, Ren-Nan Feng, Chang-Hao Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevation of plasma sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs) is generally associated with higher body mass index (BMI) and unfavorable lipid profiles. It is not known how dietary SAAs relate to these associations in humans. METHODS: A convenient tool named internet-based dietary questionnaire for Chinese (IDQC) was used to estimate dietary SAAs intake. A total of 936 participants were randomly recruited and asked to complete the IDQC. Furthermore, 90 subjects were randomly selected to perform a subgroup study...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Romana Novaković, Anouk Geelen, Danijela Ristić-Medić, Marina Nikolić, Olga W Souverein, Helene McNulty, Maresa Duffy, Leane Hoey, Carla Dullemeijer, Jacoba M S Renkema, Mirjana Gurinović, Marija Glibetić, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Pieter Van't Veer
BACKGROUND: Dietary reference values for folate intake vary widely across Europe. METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase through November 2016 were searched for data on the association between folate intake and biomarkers (serum/plasma folate, red blood cell [RBC] folate, plasma homocysteine) from observational studies in healthy adults and elderly. The regression coefficient of biomarkers on intake (β) was extracted from each study, and the overall and stratified pooled β and SE (β) were obtained by random effects meta-analysis on a double log scale...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ana Freitas, Gabriela Albuquerque, Cláudia Silva, Andreia Oliveira
Identifying the underlying child-eating behaviours that contribute to weight differences across growth has been a constant challenge. This report reviews the various literature approaches for assessing appetite regulation. In doing so, it attempts to understand how appetite control develops and determines the eating habits in early childhood, and its effects on children's weight status. The interaction between homeostatic and hedonic mechanisms largely explains the appetite regulation process. Homeostatic mechanisms are mediated by the biological need to maintain the body's energy reserves, increasing the motivation to eat...
May 29, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Alex Buoite Stella, Jane Yardley, Maria Pia Francescato, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hyperglycemia may influence the hydration status in diabetic individuals. During exercise, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) individuals may be challenged by a higher risk of dehydration due to a combination of fluid losses from sweat and increased urine output via glycosuria. So far, no study has characterised spontaneous fluid intake in T1DM individuals during active trainings. METHODS: A validated questionnaire was used to assess T1DM participants' diabetes therapy, sports characteristics and fluid intake during training; results were then compared to an age- and sport-matched sample of non-diabetic individuals...
May 29, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Jia Yao, Xiaoshuang Zhou, Hui Wang, Lili Yuan, Yu Chen, Zhongping Duan
OBJECTIVE: Hypermetabolism based on measurements of resting energy expenditure (REE) is suggested to be a potential biomarker for predicting the clinical outcomes of some diseases. We aimed to evaluate the potential value of hypermetabolism for predicting the short-term (28-day) mortality of patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). METHODS: A total of 105 HBV-ACLF patients, 30 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and 30 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sylvie Breton, Dennis Brown
BACKGROUND: Serious and often fatal acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently seen after major surgery, local and remote organ damage, and sepsis. It is associated with uncontrolled inflammation, and is usually diagnosed only after the kidneys have gone through significant and often irreversible damage. SUMMARY: During our work involving another type of kidney disease that leads to acid-base disorders of the blood, we unexpectedly found high levels of a protein called the P2Y14 "purinergic" receptor, in specialized kidney epithelial cells called intercalated cells (ICs)...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Daniel G Bichet
Recent experiments using optogenetic tools allow the identification and functional analysis of thirst neurons and vasopressin producing neurons. Two major advances provide a detailed anatomy of taste for water and arginine-vasopressin (AVP) release: (1) thirst and AVP release are regulated not only by the classical homeostatic, intero-sensory plasma osmolality negative feedback, but also by novel, extero-sensory, anticipatory signals. These anticipatory signals for thirst and vasopressin release converge on the same homeostatic neurons of circumventricular organs that monitor the composition of the blood; (2) acid-sensing taste receptor cells (which express polycystic kidney disease 2-like 1 protein) on the tongue that were previously suggested as the sour taste sensors also mediate taste responses to water...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Mariacristina Vecchio, A Iroz, I Seksek
As a preventive strategy, increased water intake is often recommended to women affected by recurrent cystitis; however, clinical data are sparse and conflicting. This review evaluates the preventive approaches used as alternatives to obtain relief from the burden of cystitis and focuses on the effect of fluid intake on urinary tract infection.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Conor F Underwood, Jacqueline K Phillips, Cara M Hildreth
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of monogenetic conditions characterised by the progressive accumulation of multiple renal cysts and hypertension. One of the earliest features of PKD is a reduction in urinary concentrating capacity that impairs extracellular fluid conservation. Urinary concentrating impairment predisposes PKD patients to periods of hypohydration when fluid loss is not adequately compensated by fluid intake. The hypohydrated state provides a blood hyperosmotic stimulus for vasopressin release to minimise further water loss...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ray El Boustany
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy has become the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the progress accomplished in therapy, the prevalence of renal disorders remains high. Some modifiable factors driving the increase in incidence of CKD, in diabetes and other settings, might have been overlooked. Consistent evidence supports a role for vasopressin, hydration state, and urine concentration in kidney health. SUMMARY: Plasma vasopressin is elevated in diabetes, even if metabolic control is good...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Adeera Levin
BACKGROUND: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a major public health problem and is increasingly being recognized as an important driver of costs in all health care systems. The diversity of outcomes for people living with CKD is in part due to variability in biology, access to care, environmental factors, and health care system differences. The International Society of Nephrology (ISN), working in collaboration with its partners, has evolved into a philanthropic organization, from a traditional medical society, committed to a vision that sees "a future where all people have access to sustainable kidney health"...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sofia Enhörning, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its cardiovascular complications are increasing as health problems worldwide. These diseases are interrelated with overlapping occurrence and once diabetes is established, the risk of cardiorenal disease is dramatically elevated. Thus, a search for unifying modifiable risk factors is key for effective prevention. SUMMARY: Elevated fasting plasma concentration of vasopressin, measured with the marker copeptin, predicts new onset type 2 diabetes as well as renal function decline...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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