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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#1
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768249/paediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-czech-republic-and-its-development-multicentre-retrospective-study-1995-2011
#2
Jitka Stýblová, Jana Kalousová, Miroslava Adamcová, Kateřina Bajerová, Jiří Bronský, Filip Fencl, Eva Karásková, Petra Keslová, Jan Melek, Oldřich Pozler, Václav Sebroň, Astrid Šuláková, Jana Tejnická, Peter Tláskal, Ladislav Tomášek, Barbora Vlková, Peter Szitányi
BACKGROUND: Treatment quality and outcomes of paediatric home parenteral nutrition (HPN) program during its development in the Czech Republic. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients receiving HPN from May 1995 till June 2011. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were treated in 8 centres. In 48 patients, long-term PN began in the first year of life and in 35 of them in the first month. Sixty children had gastrointestinal and 6 had non-gastrointestinal disease...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768248/clinical-outcomes-of-dietary-replacement-of-saturated-fatty-acids-with-unsaturated-fat-sources-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#3
Bridget A Hannon, Sharon V Thompson, Ruopeng An, Margarita Teran-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dyslipidemia are frequently treated with dietary interventions before pharmacotherapy is given. Diets high in unsaturated fat have proven advantageous to disease treatment. AIMS: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence of the effect of saturated fatty acids (SFA) replacement with unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in metabolically healthy adults with overweight and obesity on markers of dyslipidemia and body composition...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738345/water-the-case-for-a-new-taxonomy
#4
Jonathan Steffen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738321/serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-composition-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-with-and-without-liver-cirrhosis
#5
Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Mariusz Szczepanik, Patrycja Krzyżanowska, Monika Duś-Żuchowska, Andrzej Pogorzelski, Ewa Sapiejka, Paweł Juszczak, Aleksandra Lisowska, Berthold Koletzko, Jarosław Walkowiak
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cystic fibrosis (CF) liver disease is the third most frequent cause of death in CF patients. Although it alters fatty acid (FA) metabolism, data concerning the profile of FA in CF patients with liver cirrhosis is lacking. This study aimed to assess the FA composition of serum phospholipids in CF patients with and without liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The study comprised 25 CF patients with liver cirrhosis and 25 without it. We assessed Z-scores for body height and weight, lung function, exocrine pancreatic sufficiency and colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704820/%C3%AE-carotene-concentration-and-its-association-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-spanish-schoolchildren
#6
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Ana M López-Sobaler, Beatriz Navia, Pedro Andrés, Ana I Jiménez-Ortega, Rosa M Ortega
AIM: To examine the correlation between inflammatory biomarkers and plasma β-carotene levels in children. METHODS: A total of 564 Spanish schoolchildren aged 9-12 were observed and studied. Plasma β-carotene levels were assessed by HPLC. A β-carotene level <4.83 µg/dL (0.09 µmol/L) was considered deficient. Plasma tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by immunoenzyme assays. Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was tested by immunonephelometry...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693024/international-symposium-on-immunonutrition-2017-madrid-17th-19th-july-2017-10th-anniversary-abstracts
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675894/low-oxygen-consumption-is-related-to-a-hypomethylation-and-an-increased-secretion-of-il-6-in-obese-subjects-with-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#8
Amaya Lopez-Pascual, Arrate Lasa, María P Portillo, Fernando Arós, María L Mansego, Pedro González-Muniesa, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation is an epigenetic modification involved in gene expression regulation, usually via gene silencing, which contributes to the risks of many multifactorial diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of resting oxygen consumption on global and gene DNA methylation as well as protein secretion of inflammatory markers in blood cells from obese subjects with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). METHODS: A total of 44 obese participants with SAHS were categorized in 2 groups according to their resting oxygen consumption...
July 4, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675886/international-society-for-the-study-of-fatty-acids-and-lipids-2016-debate-for-science-based-dietary-guidelines-on-fats-meta-analysis-and-systematic-reviews-are-decisive
#9
Joyce A Nettleton, Clemens von Schacky, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Berthold Koletzko
This paper summarizes a debate on whether meta-analyses and systematic reviews are decisive in formulating guidelines for dietary fat. Held during the 12th congress of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids in Stellenbosch, South Africa, September 7, 2016, the debate was hosted by the International Union of Nutritional Sciences and the International Expert Movement to Improve Dietary Fat Quality (IEM, www.theiem.org). Clemens von Schacky, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany, supported the statement, describing the types of weaknesses in individual studies and clinical trials...
July 4, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647743/predictive-accuracy-of-calf-circumference-measurements-to-detect-decreased-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-defined-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-older-patients
#10
Keisuke Maeda, Takayuki Koga, Tomomi Nasu, Miki Takaki, Junji Akagi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The ability to readily diagnose sarcopenia and malnutrition in a clinical setting is essential. This study is aimed at clarifying the calf circumference (CC) cut-off values for decreased skeletal muscle mass (SMM), according to the Asian Work Group for Sarcopenia's criteria definition of sarcopenia, and those for European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism-defined malnutrition, in hospitalized Japanese patients. METHODS: The study involved 1,164 patients aged ≥65 years...
June 24, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624823/effect-of-interferon-%C3%AE-and-combined-interferon-%C3%AE-with-lamivudine-treatment-on-anthropometric-measurements-in-children-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#11
Nafiye Urganci, Derya Kalyoncu, Ela Erdem Eralp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618404/prevalence-of-hyponatremia-and-its-associated-morbimortality-in-hospitalized-patients-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#12
Emilia Gómez-Hoyos, Martín Cuesta, Nayade Del Prado-González, Pilar Matía, Natalia Pérez-Ferre, Daniel Antonio De Luis, Alfonso Calle-Pascual, Miguel Ángel Rubio, Isabelle Runkle-De la Vega
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of hyponatremia (HN) and its associated morbimortality in hospitalized patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: A retrospective study including 222 patients receiving total PN (parenteral nutrition group [PNG]) over a 7-month period in a tertiary hospital and 176 matched to 179 control subjects without PN (control subjects group [CSG]). Demographic data, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), date of HN detection-(serum sodium or SNa <135 mmol/L)-intrahospital mortality, and hospital length-of-stay (LOS) were registered...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683464/long-term-health-impact-of-early-nutrition-the-power-of-programming
#13
Berthold Koletzko, Brigitte Brands, Veit Grote, Franca F Kirchberg, Christine Prell, Peter Rzehak, Olaf Uhl, Martina Weber
The Power of Programming conference 2016 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich brought together about 600 researchers and other stakeholders from around the world who reviewed the recent evidence on the lasting health impact of environment and nutrition during early life, from pre-pregnancy to early childhood. The conference was hosted by the Early Nutrition Project, a multidisciplinary research collaboration funded by the European Commission with collaborating researchers from 35 institutions in 15 countries in Europe, the United States and Australia...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618407/association-between-thyroid-function-and-body-mass-index-a-10-year-follow-up
#14
Hengameh Abdi, Elham Kazemian, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Atieh Amouzegar, Ladan Mehran, Maryam Tohidi, Zahra Rashvandi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the association between change in thyroid function tests within the euthyroid range and body mass index (BMI) in persons with normal weight at baseline. METHODS: This study investigated 1,100 normal-weight euthyroid persons in a population-based cohort study, Tehran Thyroid Study. BMI was calculated and serum concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) were assayed at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up. We evaluated the relationship between thyroid and obesity based on 2 definitions for outcome: (1) a binary outcome as BMI <25 or ≥25 kg/m2, and (2) a multinomial outcome as normal BMI, overweight, and obese...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614828/relationship-between-sodium-intake-and-water-intake-the-false-and-the-true
#15
Lise Bankir, Julie Perucca, Peter Norsk, Nadine Bouby, Morten Damgaard
Generally, eating salty food items increases thirst. Thirst is also stimulated by the experimental infusion of hypertonic saline. But, in steady state, does the kidney need a higher amount of water to excrete sodium on a high than on a low sodium intake? This issue is still controversial. The purpose of this review is to provide examples of how the kidney handles water in relation to salt intake/output. It is based on re-analysis of previously published studies in which salt intake was adjusted to several different levels in the same subjects, and in databases of epidemiologic studies in populations on an ad libitum diet...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614827/hydration-conference-spans-many-research-areas
#16
Lawrence E Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614826/under-what-conditions-do-water-intervention-studies-significantly-improve-child-body-weight
#17
Jodi D Stookey
There are particular conditions that may optimize the effects of drinking-water interventions on body weight change and risk of obesity. Strategic planning to create and sustain conditions for optimal effects of drinking water may maximize the impact of school-based interventions to reduce childhood obesity. This paper proposes questions about the target population, type of diet and activity level that will be maintained during the intervention, and planned intervention message(s). The proposed questions are motivated by conditions associated with significant effects of drinking water in randomized controlled trials...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614817/shifting-focus-from-hydration-for-performance-to-hydration-for-health
#18
Erica T Perrier
Over the past 10 years, literature on hydration biomarkers has evolved considerably - from (de)hydration assessment towards a more global definition of biomarkers of hydration in daily life. This shift in thinking about hydration markers was largely driven by investigating the differences that existed between otherwise healthy individuals whose habitual, ad-libitum drinking habits differ, and by identifying physiological changes in low-volume drinkers who subsequently increase their water intake. Aside from obvious differences in urinary volume and concentration, a growing body of evidence is emerging that links differences in fluid intake with small, but biologically significant, differences in vasopressin (copeptin), glomerular filtration rate, and markers of metabolic dysfunction or disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614813/polycystic-kidney-disease-and-the-vasopressin-pathway
#19
Maatje D A van Gastel, Vicente E Torres
Vasopressin, also known as arginine vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone, plays a pivotal role in maintaining body homeostasis. Increased vasopressin concentrations, measured by its surrogate copeptin, have been associated with disease severity as well as disease progression in polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and in experimental studies vasopressin has been shown to directly regulate cyst growth. Blocking vasopressin effects on the kidney via the vasopressin V2-receptor and lower circulating vasopressin concentration are potential treatment opportunities that have been the subject of study in PKD in recent years...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614812/the-discovery-of-water-channels-aquaporins
#20
Dennis Brown
The movement of water into and out of cells is a fundamental biological process that is essential for life. Such water movement not only regulates the activity of individual cells but also is responsible for the functioning of many organ systems and for maintaining whole body water balance. It had long been suspected that water movement across biological cell membranes was in some way enhanced or facilitated by pores or channels, but the search to identify these channels was long and tedious. As is often the case in science, the secret of the water channel was eventually discovered by chance in 1992 by Peter Agre and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, who were working on red blood cell membrane proteins...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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