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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339635/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-micronutrients-essential-fatty-acids-and-bone-health-in-phenylketonuria
#1
Serwet Demirdas, Francjan J van Spronsen, Carla E M Hollak, J Hanneke van der Lee, Peter H Bisschop, Fred M Vaz, Nienke M Ter Horst, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo, Annet M Bosch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316556/exented-abstracts-from-the-10th-efad-conference
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275407/maternal-and-cord-blood-adiponectin-concentrations-in-small-for-gestational-age-a-meta-analysis
#3
Eita Goto
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, which may have a growth-promoting effect through its insulin-sensitizing action, is thought to play a key role in fetal growth. This study was performed to determine whether maternal and/or cord blood adiponectin concentrations differ between small for gestational age (SGA) and healthy controls. METHODS: Databases were searched to identify good quality English language studies providing the number of SGA and healthy controls, and the means and standard deviations of maternal or cord blood adiponectin concentration in both groups...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268273/retinol-and-betacarotene-status-in-mother-infant-dyads-and-associations-between-them
#4
Larissa Q Lira, Aline F de Souza, Amanda de M Amâncio, Caroline G Bezerra, Jéssica B Pimentel, Melissa N Moia, Roberto Dimenstein
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Assessing the diet and biochemical indicators of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in high-risk populations is crucial in cases where this deficiency is mainly caused by chronically inadequate intake. This study aimed to determine the retinol and betacarotene status in mother-infant dyads, and to evaluate the associations between them. METHODS: Umbilical cord serum, maternal serum, and colostrum were collected from 134 healthy mothers living in a risk region for VAD...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268261/difference-between-methods-for-estimation-of-basal-metabolic-rate-and-body-composition-in-pediatric-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#5
Marina B Zambrano, Têmis M Félix, Elza D de Mello
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a bone disease characterized by bone fragility, deformities, and multiple fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the different methods of measuring the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and body composition (BC) in pediatric patients with OI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 52 individuals with a median age of 9 (5.25-12.7) years. BMR was calculated by bioelectrical impedance analyses (BIA), predictive values according to age from the World Health Organization (WHO), a kcal/cm formula, and indirect calorimetry (IC)...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258108/vitamin-d-status-and-resting-metabolic-rate-may-modify-through-expression-of-vitamin-d-receptor-and-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-coactivator-1-alpha-gene-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#6
Seyedeh Forough Sajjadi, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Leila Khorrami-Nezhad, Zhila Maghbooli, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Resting metabolic rate (RMR) used to prognosticate and measure the amount of energy required. Vitamin D is known as a new predictor of RMR. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between vitamin D effects on RMR in connection with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) gene expression. METHODS: We enrolled 298 overweight and obese adults in this cross-sectional study...
December 19, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241202/ghrelin-is-negatively-correlated-with-iron-in-the-serum-in-human-and-mice
#7
Qian-Qian Luo, Gan Zhou, Su-Na Huang, Ming-Dao Mu, Yun-Jin Chen, Zhong-Ming Qian
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The studies in the patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) implied the existence of the association of ghrelin with iron or hepcidin levels in the plasma under the pathophysiological conditions. We hypothesized that fasting may be able to affect iron metabolism via ghrelin under the physiological conditions. METHODS: We investigated the effects of fasting on serum ghrelin and iron contents in healthy volunteers (23-31 years) and C57BL/6 male mice (8-week-olds) under the physiological conditions...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237151/repeated-combined-chemotherapy-with-cisplatin-lowers-carnitine-levels-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#9
Akimasa Kawai, Hideo Matsumoto, Youko Endou, Yui Honda, Hisako Kubota, Masaharu Higashida, Toshihiro Hirai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Carnitine plays an important role in the metabolism of fatty acids. It has also been reported that the administration of anticancer drugs may lead to reductions in serum carnitine levels due to decreased activity of organic cation transporter novel 2, which plays a role in the reabsorption of carnitine in the tubules of the kidney. We therefore studied the change in carnitine levels when chemotherapy was administered repeatedly to patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Ten patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer were enrolled in this study between December 2014 and August 2015...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232678/effects-of-guanidinoacetic-acid-loading-on-biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-inflammation
#10
Sergej M Ostojic, Tatjana Trivic, Patrik Drid, Valdemar Stajer, Milan Vranes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232673/association-between-urinary-alpha1-microglobulin-levels-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Juanwen Zhang, Xuyao Zhang, Ying Zhao, Guocai Lv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between urinary alpha1-microglobulin (A1M) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Chinese population. STUDY: We performed a cross-sectional study among 2,215 Chinese who attended their annual health examination at First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University. Urinary A1M-creatinine ratio and other clinical and laboratory parameters were measured. RESULTS: A total of 20...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232668/revised-reference-values-for-the-intake-of-sodium-and-chloride
#12
Daniela Strohm, Angela Bechthold, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: In January 2017, the nutrition societies of -Germany, Austria and Switzerland revised the reference values for sodium and chloride intake. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value for sodium intake was derived on the basis of a balance study. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from this estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, an estimated value was set based on the sodium intake via breast milk...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183037/efficacy-of-a-new-post-mouthwash-intervention-wiping-plus-oral-nutritional-supplements-for-preventing-aspiration-pneumonia-in-elderly-people-a-multicenter-randomized-comparative-trial
#13
Takashi Higashiguchi, Hiroshi Ohara, Yayoi Kamakura, Takeshi Kikutani, Masafumi Kuzuya, Hiromi Enoki, Hiromi Sanada, Masami Matsuzaki, Michio Maruyama
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of death among the elderly (≥90-year-old) in nursing homes. Studies suggest that its incidence could be reduced by oral care interventions. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new oral care intervention: wiping plus oral nutritional supplements (ONS). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in 252 patients (age 88.0 ± 6.5 years) in 75 nursing homes, rehabilitation hospitals, and other care facilities...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145212/does-anaemia-have-major-public-health-importance-in-children-aged-6-59-months-in-the-duggina-fanigo-district-of-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#14
Yohannes Samuel Tiku, Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Endale Amare
BACKGROUND: Globally, a large number of children aged 6-59 months are affected by anaemia. In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, more than 40% of children under 5 years are affected by anaemia. Anaemia during infancy and childhood period is associated with poor health and impaired cognitive development, leading to reduced academic achievement and earning potential in their adult life. The aim of this research was to assess whether anaemia remained a major public health problem among children aged 6-59 months or not in Duggina Fanigo District of Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia in 2016...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145199/high-fracture-rates-in-young-patients-with-phenylketonuria
#15
Karen E Hansen, Neil Binkley, Denise M Ney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136633/impaired-enterohormone-response-following-a-liquid-test-meal-in-gastrectomized-patients
#16
Lidia Santarpia, Maria Carmen Pagano, Iolanda Cioffi, Lucia Alfonsi, Rosario Cuomo, Giuseppe Labruna, Lucia Sacchetti, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy (TG) is responsible for symptoms or disturbance of alimentary status (changes in body weight, food intake per meal and frequency of meal per day) which, in turn are responsible for weight loss and malnutrition. The study evaluates the gut hormone responses in totally gastrectomized (TG) patients after a liquid meal test. METHODS: Twenty total gastrectomized cancer-free patients (12 M, 8 F, 56.4 ± 10.2 years, BMI 21.4 ± 2.2 kg/m2) and 10 healthy volunteers (4 M, 6 F, 48...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#17
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136623/synergistic-effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-on-antiproliferative-action-of-anticancer-drugs-in-a-cancer-cell-line-model
#18
Ayako Ogo, Sachi Miyake, Hisako Kubota, Masaharu Higashida, Hideo Matsumoto, Fusako Teramoto, Toshihiro Hirai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has been found experimentally and clinically that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) exerts an anticancer effect and that it has a minimal adverse event profile relative to other anticancer drugs. Any synergy between EPA and other anticancer drugs could be of therapeutic relevance, especially in elderly or high-risk patients. Therefore, we investigated the synergism between anticancer drugs and EPA experimentally. METHODS: EPA was coadministered in vitro with various anticancer drugs (paclitaxel, docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil and cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum[II]) to TE-1 cells, which were derived from human esophageal cancer tumors...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136622/serum-transaminase-concentrations-and-the-presence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-are-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-adolescent-girls-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#19
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Hassanali Vatanparast, Amir Avan, Mohammad Bagherniya, Afsane Bahrami, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has become endemic globally and its etiology is complex. Few studies have investigated the determinants of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH D). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lifestyle patterns, liver functional tests (LFTs), and the presence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with serum 25-OH D in apparently healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in 965 adolescent girls aged 12-18 years...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136614/impact-of-early-infant-growth-duration-of-breastfeeding-and-maternal-factors-on-total-body-fat-mass-and-visceral-fat-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#20
Laura M Breij, Marieke Abrahamse-Berkeveld, Dennis Acton, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Ken K Ong, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
BACKGROUND: Accelerated gain in fat mass in the first months of life is considered to be a risk factor for adult diseases, given the tracking of infancy fat mass into adulthood. Our objective was to assess the influence of early growth, type of feeding and maternal variables on fat mass in early life. METHODS: In 300 healthy term infants, we longitudinally measured fat mass percentage (FM%) by air-displacement-plethysmography at 1, 3, and 6 months and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat measured by ultrasound at 3 and 6 months...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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