journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647743/predictive-accuracy-of-calf-circumference-measurements-to-detect-decreased-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-defined-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-older-patients
#1
Keisuke Maeda, Takayuki Koga, Tomomi Nasu, Miki Takaki, Junji Akagi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The ability to readily diagnose sarcopenia and malnutrition in a clinical setting is essential. This study is aimed at clarifying the calf circumference (CC) cut-off values for decreased skeletal muscle mass (SMM), according to the Asian Work Group for Sarcopenia's criteria definition of sarcopenia, and those for European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism-defined malnutrition, in hospitalized Japanese patients. METHODS: The study involved 1,164 patients aged ≥65 years...
June 24, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624823/effect-of-interferon-%C3%AE-and-combined-interferon-%C3%AE-with-lamivudine-treatment-on-anthropometric-measurements-in-children-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#2
Nafiye Urganci, Derya Kalyoncu, Ela Erdem Eralp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618407/association-between-thyroid-function-and-body-mass-index-a-10-year-follow-up
#3
Hengameh Abdi, Elham Kazemian, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Atieh Amouzegar, Ladan Mehran, Maryam Tohidi, Zahra Rashvandi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the association between change in thyroid function tests within the euthyroid range and body mass index (BMI) in persons with normal weight at baseline. METHODS: This study investigated 1,100 normal-weight euthyroid persons in a population-based cohort study, Tehran Thyroid Study. BMI was calculated and serum concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) were assayed at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up. We evaluated the relationship between thyroid and obesity based on 2 definitions for outcome: (1) a binary outcome as BMI <25 or ≥25 kg/m2, and (2) a multinomial outcome as normal BMI, overweight, and obese...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618404/prevalence-of-hyponatremia-and-its-associated-morbimortality-in-hospitalized-patients-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#4
Emilia Gómez-Hoyos, Martín Cuesta, Nayade Del Prado-González, Pilar Matía, Natalia Pérez-Ferre, Daniel Antonio De Luis, Alfonso Calle-Pascual, Miguel Ángel Rubio, Isabelle Runkle-De la Vega
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of hyponatremia (HN) and its associated morbimortality in hospitalized patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: A retrospective study including 222 patients receiving total PN (parenteral nutrition group [PNG]) over a 7-month period in a tertiary hospital and 176 matched to 179 control subjects without PN (control subjects group [CSG]). Demographic data, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), date of HN detection-(serum sodium or SNa <135 mmol/L)-intrahospital mortality, and hospital length-of-stay (LOS) were registered...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605735/relationship-between-changes-in-fatty-acid-composition-of-the-erythrocyte-membranes-and-fatty-acid-intake-during-pregnancy-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#5
Yohei Kitamura, Chieko Kogomori, Hirokazu Hamano, Iwao Maekawa, Takashi Shimizu, Seigo Shiga
OBJECTIVE: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an important nutrient required by pregnant women and fetuses. Several studies suggest that fatty acid composition changes during pregnancy. However, the association of longitudinal changes in erythrocyte fatty acid composition and dietary fatty acid intake during pregnancy is not well understood. We assessed the relationship between fatty acid composition of the erythrocyte membranes and fatty acid intake at each trimester in pregnant Japanese women...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595189/increased-incretin-but-not-insulin-response-after-oral-versus-intravenous-branched-chain-amino-acids
#6
Jan Gojda, Radka Straková, Andrea Plíhalová, Petr Tůma, Jana Potočková, Jan Polák, Michal Anděl
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) are known to exert an insulinotropic effect. Whether this effect is mediated by incretins (glucagon like peptide 1 [GLP-1] or glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide [GIP]) is not known. The aim of this study was to show whether an equivalent dose of BCAA elicits a greater insulin and incretin response when administered orally than intravenously (IV). METHODS: Eighteen healthy, male subjects participated in 3 tests: IV application of BCAA solution, oral ingestion of BCAA and placebo in an equivalent dose (30...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595188/physical-growth-and-biological-maturation-of-children-and-adolescents-proposed-reference-curves
#7
Daniel Leite Portella, Miguel Arruda, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Giovanna Checkin Portella, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Marco A Cossio-Bolaños
BACKGROUND/AIM: The study of physical growth variables in terms of chronological age and biological maturation may provide a common reference point to reflect on the occurrence of body dimensions in and between individuals. The objectives of this study were as follows: (a) verify if the observed gender differences in the variables of physical growth by chronological age are confounded by physical maturation, (b) compare physical growth patterns with the reference of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-2012, and (c) develop regional curves to assess physical growth in terms of biological maturation...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595187/rs10767664-gene-variant-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-is-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-caucasian-females-with-obesity
#8
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Rocío Aller, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Enrique Romero
BACKGROUND: The role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) variants on diabetes prevalence, basal adipokine levels, body weight, and cardiovascular risk factors remains unclear in obese patients. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at analyzing the effects of rs10767664 BDNF gene polymorphism on diabetes mellitus prevalence, body weight, cardiovascular risk factors, and serum adipokine levels in obese female patients. DESIGN: A total of 507 obese women were enrolled in a prospective way...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595185/association-of-blood-fatty-acid-composition-and-dietary-pattern-with-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-who-underwent-cholecystectomy
#9
Poyoung Shim, Dongho Choi, Yongsoon Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The relationship between diet and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with gallstone disease and in those who have a high risk for NAFLD has not been investigated. This study was conducted to investigate the association between the risk of NAFLD and dietary pattern in patients who underwent cholecystectomy. Additionally, we assessed the association between erythrocyte fatty acid composition, a marker for diet, and the risk of NAFLD. METHODS: Patients (n = 139) underwent liver ultrasonography to determine the presence of NAFLD before laparoscopic cholecystectomy, reported dietary intake using food frequency questionnaire, and were assessed for blood fatty acid composition...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595183/association-between-leptin-adiponectin-and-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-with-clustered-metabolic-risk-factors-in-portuguese-adolescents-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#10
César A Agostinis-Sobrinho, Edmar Lacerda Mendes, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Albertas Skurvydas, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
INTRODUCTION: Circulating leptin and adiponectin levels have been associated with impaired vascular function, insulin resistance, and acute cardiovascular evens. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of leptin, adiponectin, and the leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio with a clustering of metabolic risk factors (MRF) in adolescents aged 12-18 years. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 529 Portuguese adolescents aged 12-18 years. Blood samples were taken to analyze total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-c), triglycerides glucose, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin levels...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595182/the-effect-of-dietary-supplements-containing-green-tea-capsaicin-and-ginger-extracts-on-weight-loss-and-metabolic-profiles-in-overweight-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Mohsen Taghizadeh, Narjes Farzin, Sara Taheri, Mahnaz Mahlouji, Hossein Akbari, Fatemeh Karamali, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplements containing green tea, capsaicin and ginger extracts on weight loss and metabolic profiles among overweight women. METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was implemented among 50 overweight women. Participants were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A received dietary supplements containing 125 mg green tea, 25 mg capsaicin and 50 mg ginger extracts (n = 25) group B received placebos (n = 25) twice with lunch and twice with dinner daily for 8 weeks...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595173/effects-of-weight-loss-with-and-without-exercise-on-regional-body-fat-distribution-in-postmenopausal-women
#12
Monica C Serra, Jacob B Blumenthal, Odessa R Addison, Ann J Miller, Andrew P Goldberg, Alice S Ryan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose was to determine whether lifestyle interventions have different effects on regional fat in women with normal glucose tolerance vs. impaired glucose tolerance (NGT vs. IGT). METHODS: Changes in glucose metabolism (2-h oral glucose-tolerance tests), android to gynoid fat mass ratio (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]), visceral to subcutaneous abdominal fat area ratio (CT), and abdominal to gluteal subcutaneous fat cell weight (FCW; adipose tissue biopsies) were determined in 60 overweight postmenopausal women (45-80 years) following 6 months of weight loss alone (WL; n = 28) or with aerobic exercise (AEX + WL; n = 32)...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595170/clustered-cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-inflammatory-markers-in-adolescents
#13
Carla Teixeira Silva, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido, Daniela Pala, Priscila Oliveira Barbosa, George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho, Fernando Luiz Pereira de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Pinheiro Volp, Renata Nascimento de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Clusters of cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This cross-sectional study assessed the associations between classic CVR factor clusters and inflammatory markers in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Measurements included anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters and selected inflammatory markers in 487 adolescents (236 boys/251 girls; 12.06 ± 1.41 years). RESULTS: After stratifying the population by gender and adjusting for potential confounding variables, principal component analysis was performed and it produced 5 independent components in both genders: adiposity, glucose metabolism, blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/triacylglycerols (TG), and cholesterol/low-density lipoprotein...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407627/determining-factors-and-critical-periods-in-the-formation-of-eating-habits-results-from-the-habeat-project
#14
Sylvie Issanchou
BACKGROUND: Eating habits form early during childhood and are likely to track until the beginning of adulthood. Thus, understanding the formation of eating habits is important. Consequently, the population targeted in the European project Habeat comprised infants and young children up to 6 years of age. SUMMARY: Habeat mainly focused on the qualitative dimension of eating habits with a particular attention on vegetables and to a lesser extent on fruit. Food intake of young children was also studied in 2 challenging situations where overeating may occur and the relation between children's behaviour and feeding parental practices was examined...
April 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315860/determinants-and-duration-of-impact-of-early-gut-bacterial-colonization
#15
Christine Ann Edwards
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies show low diversity of the gut microbiome in those with chronic diseases such as obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, and allergy. Manipulation of the microbiota may promote health. However, the adult microbiota is stable and may be difficult to change. Understanding the fixed and modifiable factors, which determine colonization in early life, may provide strategies for acquisition of a health-promoting microbiome. SUMMARY: Not enough is known about the long-term effects of established determinants of gut colonization, including delivery mode, perinatal antibiotics, and infant diet...
March 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301856/the-role-of-dietary-experience-in-the-development-of-eating-behavior-during-the-first-years-of-life
#16
Sophie Nicklaus
Infants are born equipped to ingest nutrients, but because of the transitions in the mode of feeding in the first years (from "tube" feeding in utero to eating table foods with the family), they have to learn how, what and how much to eat. Eating behavior established during early years may follow throughout childhood; therefore, it is fundamental to understand the most important drivers of the early development of eating behavior. Beyond the first flavor discoveries during the gestational and lactation periods (through the infant's exposure to flavors from foods of the mother's diet), the most important phases for learning food preferences and appetite control may be the beginning of complementary feeding (CF)...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301855/placental-lipid-and-fatty-acid-transfer-in-maternal-overnutrition
#17
Rohan M Lewis, Gernot Desoye
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge, the consequences of which extend across the life course. SUMMARY: Diet and exercise are clearly the major contributors to childhood obesity, but the factors predisposing to obesity may become established in the womb. Worryingly maternal overnutrition, in particular when it leads to obesity and diabetes, perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of obesity through its effects on placental function and fetal metabolism...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301849/long-term-adverse-effects-of-early-growth-acceleration-or-catch-up-growth
#18
Atul Singhal
BACKGROUND: Whilst prevention of growth faltering has both short- and long-term health benefits, whether too fast or accelerated infant growth adversely affects later health outcomes is controversial and a major focus of research. SUMMARY: Many observational studies suggest that rapid weight gain in infancy (upward centile crossing) increases the long-term risk of obesity and non-communicable disease. This association has been seen in infants from low- and high-income countries, in infants born preterm or at term, and those born with normal or low birth weight for gestation...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301846/programming-of-the-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-by-very-preterm-birth
#19
Martijn J J Finken, Bibian van der Voorn, Jonneke J Hollanders, Charlotte A Ruys, Marita de Waard, Johannes B van Goudoever, Joost Rotteveel
BACKGROUND: Many very preterm (i.e., <32 weeks of gestation) newborns fail to mount an adequate adrenocortical response to stress or illness, termed relative adrenal insufficiency. Conversely, later in life these infants show features of increased glucocorticoid bioactivity, such as abdominal adiposity, insulin resistance, raised blood pressure, shorter stature and internalizing problem behavior. SUMMARY: Studies suggested that very preterm newborns have impairments along multiple levels of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301845/dietary-intakes-of-arachidonic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-in-early-life-with-a-special-focus-on-complementary-feeding-in-developing-countries
#20
Stewart Forsyth, Sheila Gautier, Norman Salem
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, dietary intakes of arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in early life are lower than current recommended levels. This review specifically focusses on the contribution that complementary feeding makes to ARA and DHA intakes in medium- to low-income countries. The aims of the review are (1) to determine the availability of ARA and DHA food sources in developing countries, (2) to estimate the contribution of complementary feeding to dietary intakes of ARA and DHA in infants aged 6-36 months, and (3) to relate the dietary ARA and DHA intake data to key socioeconomic and health indicators...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
journal
journal
28157
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"