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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

Isabelle Sioen, Lilou van Lieshout, Ans Eilander, Mathilde Fleith, Szimonetta Lohner, Alíz Szommer, Catarina Petisca, Simone Eussen, Stewart Forsyth, Philip C Calder, Cristina Campoy, Ronald P Mensink
BACKGROUND: Earlier reviews indicated that in many countries adults, children and adolescents consume on an average less polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) than recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organisation/World Health Organisation. SUMMARY: The intake of total and individual n-3 and n-6 PUFAs in European infants, children, adolescents, elderly and pregnant/lactating women was evaluated systematically. RESULTS: The evaluations were done against recommendations of the European Food Safety Authority...
February 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Olivier Goulet, Frank Jochum, Berthold Koletzko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Joyce A Nettleton, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Johanna M Geleijnse, Gerard Hornstra
At a workshop to update the science linking saturated fatty acid (SAFA) consumption with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke, invited participants presented data on the consumption and bioavailability of SAFA and their functions in the body and food technology. Epidemiological methods and outcomes were related to the association between SAFA consumption and disease events and mortality. Participants reviewed the effects of SAFA on CHD, causal risk factors, and surrogate risk markers...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
María Ruiz-Palacios, Antonio José Ruiz-Alcaraz, María Sanchez-Campillo, Elvira Larqué
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased fetal adiposity, which may increase the risk of obesity in adulthood. The placenta has insulin receptors and maternal insulin can activate its signaling pathways, affecting the transport of nutrients to the fetus. However, the effects of diet or insulin treatment on the placental pathophysiology of GDM are unknown. SUMMARY: There are very few studies on possible defects in the insulin signaling pathway in the GDM placenta...
January 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Carolina Cunha de Oliveira, Anna Karla C Roriz, Lilian B Ramos, Mansueto Gomes Neto
BACKGROUND: Adiposity indicators can be used as predictors of cardiovascular risk in the elderly. However, there are only a very few studies that deal with the accuracy of adiposity indicators as predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the elderly. We evaluated the performance of adiposity indicators of MS prediction in the elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 203 elderly people of both genders. VARIABLES: MS defined by harmonized criteria, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), conicity index (CI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and visceral adiposity index (VAI)...
January 20, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Hui Tang, Zhen Zhang, ZhengKe Li, Jia Lin, Ding Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the interactions of genetic variants in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene with lipid profile changes following a high-carbohydrate/low-fat (HC/LF) diet in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: Fifty-six healthy young subjects were given washout diets, followed by HC/LF diets consisting of 15% fat and 70% carbohydrate for 6 days. Serum lipid profiles and insulin levels before and after HC/LF diets were analyzed. RESULTS: Statistically elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-I), and insulin levels were only observed in the GG genotype of LEPR Lys109Arg but not in the A carriers after HC/LF diet...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ferdinand Haschke, Nadja Haiden, Sagar K Thakkar
Protein ingested with breast milk provides indispensable amino acids which are necessary for new protein synthesis for growth and replacement of losses via urine, feces, and the skin. Protein gain in the body of an infant is highest during the first months when protein concentrations in breast milk are higher than during later stages of lactation. Low-birth-weight infants have higher protein needs than term infants and need protein supplements during feeding with breastmilk. Based on our better understanding of protein evolution in breastmilk during the stages of lactation, new infant formulas with lower protein concentration but better protein quality have been created, successfully tested, and are now available in many countries...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sharon M Donovan, Sarah S Comstock
The immune system of the infant is functionally immature and naïve. Human milk contains bioactive proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates that protect the newborn and stimulate innate and adaptive immune development. This review will focus on the role human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) play in neonatal gastrointestinal and systemic immune development and function. For the past decade, intense research has been directed at defining the complexity of oligosaccharides in the milk of many species and is beginning to delineate their diverse functions...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Berthold Koletzko
Human milk lipids provide the infant with energy and essential vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and bioactive components. Adding complex lipids and milk fat globule membranes to vegetable oil-based infant formula has the potential to enhance infant development and reduce infections. Cholesterol provision with breastfeeding modulates infant sterol metabolism and may induce long-term benefits. Some 98-99% of milk lipids are comprised by triacylglycerols, whose properties depend on incorporated fatty acids...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Nadja Haiden, Ekhard E Ziegler
Human milk banks play an essential role by providing human milk to infants who would otherwise not be able to receive human milk. The largest group of recipients are premature infants who derive very substantial benefits from it. Human milk protects premature infants from necrotizing enterocolitis and from sepsis, two devastating medical conditions. Milk banks collect, screen, store, process, and distribute human milk. Donating women usually nurse their own infants and have a milk supply that exceeds their own infants' needs...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ferdinand Haschke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Bev Muhlhausler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Anja Kroke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
J Alfredo Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Rémy F Meier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Rajwinder K Harika, Mariska Dötsch-Klerk, Peter L Zock, Ans Eilander
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the potential of compliance with Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) and increased vitamin D fortification to meet the recommended intake level of vitamin D at 10 µg/day based on minimal exposure to sunlight. METHODS: The main dietary sources of vitamin D were derived from national dietary surveys in adults from United Kingdom (UK) (n = 911), Netherlands (NL) (n = 1,526), and Sweden (SE) (n = 974). The theoretical increase in population vitamin D intake was simulated for the following: (1) compliance with FBDG, (2) increased level of vitamin D in commonly fortified foods, and (3) combination of both...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Beatriz de la Fuente, Ines Mulero, Rocío Aller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Polymorphisms of a single nucleotide in RETN have been associated with indexes of insulin resistance. Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs1862513 RETN gene polymorphism on insulin resistance, insulin levels, and resistin levels changes after 3 months of a low-fat hypocaloric diet. DESIGN: A Caucasian population of 133 obese patients was analyzed before and after 3 months on a low-fat hypocaloric diet. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (42...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Rong Peng, Shiyun Li, Hongbin Zhang, Honglian Zeng, Biyu Jiang, Yu Liu, Xiangming Yi, Mengjing Xu, Li Zhu, Zhaohui Zhang
AIMS: To examine the association of weight status with the prevalence of blood pressure (BP), vital capacity, dental decay, and visual acuity among school-age children in Chengdu, China and to find the potential role of weight status to predict the common and frequently occurring diseases among school-age children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12,297 children aged 6-18 years from 10 schools in the Jinniu District of Chengdu, China. Body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and BP were measured...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Khadijeh Torkanlou, Bahram Bibak, Alireza Abbaspour, Hamid Abdi, Masoud Saleh Moghaddam, Maryam Tayefi, Elham Mohammadzadeh, Hamideh Safarian Bana, Maliheh Aghasizade, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan
The oxidant-stress (OS) has an essential role to play in the pathogenesis and progression of many diseases. OS is the outcome when the level of free-radical-formation is increased or protective-antioxidant-mechanisms are compromised. Its value is expected to increase, although its emerging roles have not been conclusive in different studies. The objective of this study was to explore the level of zinc, copper, and antioxidant in response to obesity-related-stress by measuring superoxide-dismutase (SOD) levels as a key antioxidant-enzyme in 706 individuals with/without obesity...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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