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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739009/muscle-mass-depletion-associated-with-poor-outcome-of-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department
#1
YoonJe Lee, Hyun Kyung Park, Won Young Kim, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Muscle mass depletion has been suggested to predict morbidity and mortality in various diseases. However, it is not well known whether muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcome in sepsis. We hypothesized that muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcome in sepsis. METHODS: Retrospective observational study was conducted in an emergency department during a 9-year period. Medical records of 627 patients with sepsis were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730657/adolescent-undernutrition-global-burden-physiology-and-nutritional-risks
#2
Parul Christian, Emily R Smith
Adolescents, comprised of 10-19 year olds, form the largest generation of young people in our history. There are an estimated 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, with 90% residing in low- and middle-income countries. The burden of disease among adolescents has its origins in infectious and injury-related causes, but nutritional deficiencies, suboptimal linear growth, and undernutrition are major public health problems, even as overweight may be on the rise in many contexts. Summary and Key Messages: Girls are most vulnerable to the influences of cultural and gender norms, which often discriminate against them...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730653/intake-of-carbohydrate-to-fiber-ratio-is-a-useful-marker-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Muhei Tanaka, Akane Miki, Yukiko Kobayashi, Sayori Wada, Masashi Kuwahata, Yasuhiro Kido, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of low carbohydrate diet on human health is still controversial. Whole grain, which is carbohydrate rich in fiber, has protective effects on human health. Thus, we assumed that intake of carbohydrate to fiber ratio has an important role in human health. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of a cross-sectional study of 164 patients with type 2 diabetes. Habitual food and nutrient intake were assessed and estimated by a self-administered diet history questionnaire...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705810/the-timing-of-initiating-complementary-feeding-in-preterm-infants-and-its-effect-on-overweight-a-systematic-review
#4
Karin M Vissers, Edith J M Feskens, Johannes B van Goudoever, Arieke J Janse
BACKGROUND: What is the appropriate time to start complementary feeding for preterm infants? The answer to this question is yet under debate. The timing of initiating complementary feeding may be associated with overweight in term infants. This systematic review aimed to study the effect of the timing of initiating complementary feeding on overweight in preterm infants. Predefined search items included preterm infants, complementary feeding, overweight, and their synonyms. SUMMARY: The search identified 15,749 articles, of which 5 articles were included...
April 27, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694952/dysbiosis-in-functional-bowel-disorders
#5
Paul Enck, Nazar Mazurak
Functional bowel disorders (FBD) resemble a group of diseases of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that are without a clear pathogenesis; the best known is probably the "irritable bowel syndrome" (IBS). Only recently we have been able to explore the role of the gut microbiota in FBD due to progress in microbiological analytic techniques. There are different ways to explore the role of the gut microbiota and its dysbiosis in FBD. Comparison of the microbial composition in a group of patients with FBD, for example, with IBS to a group of healthy volunteers is one way...
April 25, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694948/baseline-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-predicts-macrovascular-and-microvascular-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#6
Zahra Aryan, Alireza Ghajar, Sara Faghihi-Kashani, Mohsen Afarideh, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This prospective study is aimed at examining the predictive value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) for coronary heart disease (CHD) events and microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A population-based study (NCT02958579) was conducted on 1,301 participants with T2DM (mean follow-up of 7.5 years). Risk assessment for vascular events was done at baseline, and serum hs-CRP was measured. End points of this study include CHD events, diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, and diabetic kidney disease...
April 25, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649809/body-mass-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents-with-high-birth-weight
#7
Daniel L Ledo, Fabíola Isabel Suano-Souza, Maria do Carmo P Franco, Maria Wany L Strufaldi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to identify a possible association among high birth weight with overweight/obesity, high arterial blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance in children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 719 children and adolescents (6-12 years) stratified according to birth weight (low birth weight [LBW] <2,500 g, adequate birth weight [ABW] 2,500-3,999 g, and high birth weight [HBW] ≥4,000 g). Data collected were anthropometric data, arterial blood pressure levels, lipid profile, and insulin resistance (fasting glucose and insulin, used to calculate homeostatic model assessment-IR)...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#8
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635241/focus-summary
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635233/the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-in-countries-passing-through-the-economic-transition
#10
Andrew M Prentice
Undernutrition in both its acute and chronic forms (wasting and stunting) is strongly inversely correlated with the wealth of nations. Consequently, as many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) achieve economic advancement and pass through the so-called "nutrition transition," their rates of undernutrition decline. Many countries successfully achieved the Millennium Development Goal of halving undernutrition and whole continents have been transformed in recent decades. The exception is Africa where the slower rates of decline in the prevalence of undernutrition has been overtaken by population growth so that the absolute number of stunted children is rising...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635227/focus-summary
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635225/nutrition-for-preterm-infants-75-years-of-history
#12
Johannes B van Goudoever
As technology has advanced, survival rates of preterm infants have improved dramatically. Human milk was the primary source of enteral nutrition during the early days of neonatology, but the HIV/AIDS epidemic resulted in an increased use of preterm formula. More recently, the benefits of human milk were rediscovered, resulting in increased use of donor human milk as well. The awareness that human milk does not contain the amounts of nutrients to meet the high requirements of infants born premature resulted in the development of human milk fortifiers...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631274/food-allergy-prevention-and-treatment-by-targeted-nutrition
#13
Ralf G Heine
In view of the dramatic rise in the prevalence of food allergy globally, effective prevention strategies have become a public health priority. Several models have emerged around the etiology of food allergy, including the hygiene hypothesis, dual allergen exposure hypothesis, and vitamin D hypothesis. These form the basis for current and potential prevention strategies. Breastfeeding remains a key pillar of primary allergy prevention. Other nutritional interventions, including the use of whey-based, partially hydrolyzed formula in non-breastfed infants, also play an important role...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631273/focus-summary
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631272/editorial
#15
Ferdinand Haschke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631269/nutrition-for-the-next-generation-older-children-and-adolescents
#16
Jai K Das, Zohra S Lassi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Rehana A Salam
This paper reviews information on why the nutrition of older children (5-9 years) and adolescents (10-19 years) is important and the consequences that it can have over generations. Developing countries still face a high burden of undernutrition and anemia, while the burden of overweight and obesity is on the rise in both developing and developed countries. There are evidence-based interventions which can improve the nutritional status and these include interventions for a balanced and diverse diet and micronutrient supplementation, especially iron and multiple micronutrient supplementation where there is sufficient evidence to reduce anemia...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631268/foreword
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631266/evidence-based-medicine-and-clinical-research-both-are-needed-neither-is-perfect
#18
Hania Szajewska
Currently, it is impossible to think of modern healthcare that ignores evidence-based medicine (EBM), a concept which relies on 3 pillars: individual clinical expertise, the values and desires of the patient, and the best available research. However, EBM is not perfect. Clinical research is also far from being perfect. This article provides an overview of the basic principles, opportunities, and controversies offered by EBM. It also summarizes current discussions on clinical research. Potential solutions to the problems of EBM and clinical research are discussed as well...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597205/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-hungarian-children-and-adolescents
#19
Andrea Emese Jakab, Erzsébet Valéria Hidvégi, Miklós Illyés, Attila Cziráki, Csaba Bereczki
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is increasing worldwide, and this condition is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the 3-18-year-old population in Szolnok City and the surrounding areas. METHODS: Anthropometric data from healthy, white individuals recruited from nursery, elementary, and secondary schools were used to assess the prevalence of obesity and overweight in Szolnok City and the surrounding area, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county, Hungary...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597190/vitamin-b12-deficiency-and-the-role-of-gender-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-large-cohort
#20
Ili Margalit, Eytan Cohen, Elad Goldberg, Ilan Krause
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is associated with hematological, neurological, and cardiovascular consequences. Epidemiologic data on these related illnesses indicate gender differences. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to examine gender differences in vitamin B12 deficiency among a healthy population. Data from healthy individuals aged 18-65, who were provided with a routine medical evaluation during 2000-2014, were retrieved from the medical charts...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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