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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

Elvira Larqué, Eva Morales, Rosaura Leis, José E Blanco-Carnero
BACKGROUND: To what extent does the circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration help to meet the physiological needs of humans is an ongoing subject of debate. Remaining unexposed to the sun to reduce melanoma cancer risk, current lifestyle with less out door activities, and increasing obesity rates, which in turn increases the storage of vitamin D in the adipose tissue, are presumably factors that contribute to the substantial upsurge in the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in humans...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Shadia Hassan, Fadi Hassan, Nur Abbas, Kamal Hassan, Nihal Khatib, Rabia Edgim, Rawia Fadol, Khaled Khazim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study is the first of its kind to examine the impact of the Ramadan fasting on hydration status, plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, and kidney function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 2 groups of patients with CKD grades 2-4: thirty-one Muslim patients who fasted the month of Ramadan (fasting group) and 26 Muslim patients who did not fast (control group). One week before the Ramadan fast, in the last week of the month of Ramadan (4 weeks), and 4 weeks after the end of the Ramadan month (8 weeks), hydration status and blood analysis of urea, creatinine and BNP levels were measured...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Chie Furuta, Hitoshi Murakami
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: This study was aimed at understanding the relationship between plasma amino acids and protein malnutrition and at determining whether amino acid supplementation associated with malnutrition and growth improves linear growth in growing rats. METHODS: Body length and plasma amino acids were measured in young male rats that were fed the following diet for 3 weeks, mimicking a low and imbalanced protein diets based on maize, a major staple consumed in developing countries: a 70% calorically restricted cornmeal-based diet (C), C + micronutrients (CM), CM + casein (CMC), CM + soy protein (CMS) or CMS + 0...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Stewart Forsyth, Philip C Calder, Francis Zotor, Paul Amuna, Barbara Meyer, Bruce Holub
BACKGROUND: A wealth of information on the functional roles of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) from cellular, animal, and human studies is available. Yet, there remains a lack of cohesion in policymaking for recommended dietary intakes of DHA and ARA in early life. This is predominantly driven by inconsistent findings from a relatively small number of randomised clinical trials (RCTs), which vary in design, methodology, and outcome measures, all of which were conducted in high-income countries...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Janet M Chiang, Frank Z Stanczyk, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asian Indians have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 150 Asian Indians (50% male) from the San Francisco Bay Area. We assessed the association between 25-OH vitamin D (25-OHD) levels and vitamin D deficiency with body composition (anthropometric and radiographic measures) and metabolic outcomes...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Anna Lartey, Janice Meerman, Ramani Wijesinha-Bettoni
BACKGROUND: The International Union of Nutritional Sciences held its 21st International Congress of Nutrition in October 2017 in Buenos Aires, Argentina under the theme - From Sciences to Nutrition Security. In addition to multiple sessions on food systems and their links to diet, nutrition and health, the Congress closing lecture focused on the need to transform food systems so as to increase their capacity to provide healthy diets, making a call for greater involvement of nutrition scientists...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
W Philip T James
BACKGROUND: This analysis sets out an overview of an IUNS presentation of a European clinician's assessment of the challenges of coping with immediate critical clinical problems and how to use metabolic and a mechanistic understanding of disease when developing nutritional policies. SUMMARY: Critically ill malnourished children prove very sensitive to both mineral and general nutritional overload, but after careful metabolic control they can cope with a high-quality, energy-rich diet provided their initial lactase deficiency and intestinal atrophy are taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Angelika Edyta Charkiewicz, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Bartosz Pędziński, Michalina Krzyżak, Dominik Maślach, Andrzej Szpak, Wioleta Justyna Omeljaniuk
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study was carried out to evaluate the changes in the eating habits and lipid parameters in a 21-year follow-up on a group of 435 men living in Poland. METHODS: The studied population was composed of the same subjects: a group of men who were first studied in the years 1987-1989 and in 2008-2010. The following data was gathered: body mass, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration in blood serum...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Zahra Vahedpoor, Samaneh Mahmoodi, Mansooreh Samimi, Hamid Reza Gilasi, Fereshteh Bahmani, Ali Soltani, Mehran Sharifi Esfahani, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on the recurrence and metabolic status of patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3 (CIN2/3). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out among 58 women diagnosed with CIN2/3. Participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups to receive either 50,000 IU vitamin D3 (n = 29) or placebo (n = 29) every 2 weeks for 6 months...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Benjamin Yuehtung Lee, Yajun Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Maria I Maraki, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Lisa T Jansen, Costas Anastasiou, Anastasios Papalazarou, Mary Yannakoulia, Labros S Sidossis, Stavros A Kavouras
AIM: To examine the validity of published resting energy expenditure (REE) equations in Greek adults, and if indicated, develop new cohort-specific predictive REE equations. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry and anthropometric data were obtained from 226 adult volunteers of diverse age groups and body mass index ranges (18-60 years, 16.6-67.7 kg·m-2). Measured REE was compared to preexisting prediction equations via correlation, regression, and Bland-Altman analysis...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ying Du, Sheng-Hua Yang, Sha Li, Xi Zhao, Yan Zhang, Di Sun, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Rui-Xia Xu, Ping Qing, Ying Gao, Jing Sun, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have suggested that leptin was associated with atherosclerosis and involved in inflammation. Gender differences between leptin and inflammatory markers have been evaluated less in untreated patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: In this study, a total of 394 consecutive Chinese patients who received coronary artery angiography were enrolled, including 243 patients with CAD and 151 non-CAD controls. The baseline clinical characteristics were collected and serum leptin levels were determined using ELISA...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Anne J Wanders, Marjan Alssema, Sabine E M De Hoon, Edith J M Feskens, Geertruida J van Woudenbergh, Carla J van der Kallen, Peter L Zock, Helga Refsum, Christian A Drevon, Amany Elshorbagy, Casper G Schalkwijk, Coen D A Stehouwer, Jacqueline M Dekker, Marleen M J van Greevenbroek
AIMS: To evaluate whether participant characteristics and way of expressing circulating fatty acids (FA) influence the strengths of associations between self-reported intake and circulating levels of linoleic acid (LA), alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were performed in pooled data from the CODAM (n = 469) and Hoorn (n = 702) studies. Circulating FA were measured by gas liquid chromatography and expressed as proportions (% of total FA) and concentrations (µg/mL)...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Yuki Imaoka, Fumito Kuranishi, Yoshiteru Ogawa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The need for totally implantable central venous access devices (TICVADs) has increased with increased opportunities in the use of chemotherapy and parenteral nutrition. This study aimed to determine the outcomes of TICVAD implantation and use in patients aged ≥85 years. METHODS: Between January 2010 and August 2016, 117 patients underwent TICVAD implantation and their records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Participants were divided into 2 groups (plus-85 and sub-85 groups)...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Alicja Kucharska, Mariusz Jaworski, Mariusz Panczyk, Magdalena Pilska, Danuta Gajewska, Joanna Niegowska
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benefits resulting from weight loss and dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet in the treatment of arterial hypertension led to a search for a better therapy that would include psychological factors. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the personality traits included in the Big Five personality traits and the effectiveness of treatment for weight loss in patients with essential hypertension and excessive body weight. METHODS: The study involved 84 patients with essential hypertension, overweight or obesity, managed by a hypertensiologist...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Miquel Martorell, Victoria Pons, Joan Carles Domingo, Xavier Capó, Antoni Sureda, Franchek Drobnic, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antoni Pons
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intervention studies with fatty acid (FA) supplements assess the efficacy of the intervention by measuring the changes in erythrocyte membrane lipid profiles reflected in tissue composition changes. The aim was to determine the effects of caloric restriction (CR) on erythrocytes lipid composition and to compare and correlate these changes with skeletal muscle acid profiles after CR. METHODS: Erythrocytes were obtained from 11 healthy men before and after 4 weeks of 33% CR in post-exercise conditions; muscle biopsies were obtained from the same athletes after 4 weeks of 33% CR in post-exercise conditions...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Valeria Calcaterra, Hellas Cena, Pietro Mariano Casali, Gianluca Iacobellis, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Annalisa de Silvestri, Calogero Comparato, Gloria Pelizzo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk is reported in disabled children and epicardial fat (EF) is considered an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). No data on the EF thickness (EFT) evaluation in disabled children have been published. OBJECTIVE: We investigated EFT in neurologically impaired (NI) children; its relationship with their metabolic profile was also considered. METHODS: Clinical data, body composition estimation, biochemical profile, and ultrasound-measured EFT were performed in 32 disabled patients (12...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ángel Gil, Julio Plaza-Diaz, María Dolores Mesa
BACKGROUND: Classically, vitamin D has been implicated in bone health by promoting calcium absorption in the gut and maintenance of serum calcium and phosphate concentrations, as well as by its action on bone growth and reorganization through the action of osteoblasts and osteoclasts cells. However, in the last 2 decades, novel actions of vitamin D have been discovered. The present report summarizes both classic and novel actions of vitamin D. SUMMARY: 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D, the active metabolite of vitamin D, also known as calcitriol, regulates not only calcium and phosphate homeostasis but also cell proliferation and differentiation, and has a key a role to play in the responses of the immune and nervous systems...
January 18, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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