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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881349/reduced-serum-phosphorus-levels-were-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-men-but-not-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-among-the-japanese-population
#1
Masanori Shimodaira, Shinji Okaniwa, Tomohiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Reduced serum phosphorus (SP) levels are reported to be associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, there have been a few gender-specific studies although SP levels are substantially different between men and women. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 16,041 subjects (9,076 men and 6,965 women) were analyzed. The subjects were divided into 3 groups of gender-specific tertiles based on phosphorus levels: the lowest (T1), middle (T2), and the highest (T3)...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881347/benefits-of-curcumin-supplementation-on-antioxidant-status-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Esmat Nasseri, Elahe Mohammadi, Ahmad Tamaddoni, Durdi Qujeq, Farid Zayeri, Hamid Zand
BACKGROUND: β-Thalassemia major, the most common inherited anemia in the world, is associated with imbalance in the oxidant-antioxidant system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of curcumin supplementation on markers of oxidative stress in patients with β-Thalassemia. METHODS: This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was performed on 61 β-thalassemia major patients. Subjects in the curcumin group received two 500 mg curcumin capsules daily and patients in the placebo group took 2 placebo capsules daily for 12 weeks...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881342/clinical-significance-of-area-of-psoas-major-muscle-on-computed-tomography-after-gastrectomy-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#3
Yoshihisa Yaguchi, Yoshimasa Kumata, Masahiro Horikawa, Takashi Kiyokawa, Hisae Iinuma, Tsuyoshi Inaba, Ryoji Fukushima
BACKGROUND: The measurement of a single abdominal image on computed tomography (CT) can provide an estimate of the total body skeletal muscle. We evaluate the change of the area of the psoas major muscle (PMMA) in a CT which was performed routinely after gastrectomy in gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 119 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy were enrolled for the study. A CT image at the top of the iliac crest level was obtained at the following times: 3 postoperative months (POM), 6 POM, 1 postoperative year (POY), 2 POY, 3 POY, and 5 POY...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881338/simple-age-specific-cutoff-value-for-sarcopenia-evaluated-by-computed-tomography
#4
Ji Sun Kim, Won Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Park, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
OBJECTIVE: Until now, cutoff values of low skeletal muscle mass using computed tomography (CT) were driven by optimal stratification to predict mortality in cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the simple, age-specific, cutoff value of low skeletal muscle mass by CT in healthy adults. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational, single-center study. SETTING: This study was performed in the health screening department of a university-affiliated hospital during a 10-year period...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848183/effects-of-inadequate-amino-acid-mixture-intake-on-nutrient-supply-of-adult-patients-with-phenylketonuria
#5
Michel Hochuli, Sandra Bollhalder, Carina Thierer, Julie Refardt, Philipp Gerber, Matthias R Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Adult phenylketonuria (PKU) patients often reduce their intake of amino acid mixture (AAM) to less than the prescribed amounts. Effects of reduced AAM intake on nutrient supply were evaluated. METHODS: Nutrient intake was calculated in 20 adult PKU patients based on a structured food record and complemented by laboratory assessment of nutritional status. Patients were classified into 2 groups, (A) regular AAM intake, or (B) AAM intake below calculated requirements...
August 26, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#6
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903111/type-1-taste-receptors-in-taste-and-metabolism
#7
Matthew Kochem
Our sense of taste allows us to evaluate the nutritive value of foods prior to ingesting them. Sweet taste signals the presence of sugars, and savory taste signals the presence of amino acids. The ability to identify these macronutrients in foods was likely crucial for the survival of our species when nourishing food sources were sparse. In modern, industrialized settings, taste perception continues to play an important role in human health as we attempt to prevent and treat conditions stemming from overnutrition...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#8
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903109/does-breastfeeding-shape-food-preferences-links-to-obesity
#9
Alison K Ventura
The first 2 years of life have been recognized as a critical window for obesity prevention efforts. This period is characterized by rapid growth and development and, in a relatively short period of time, a child transitions from a purely milk-based diet to a more varied solid-food diet. Much learning about food and eating occurs during this critical window, and it is well-documented that early feeding and dietary exposures predict later food preferences, eating behaviors, and dietary patterns. The focus of this review will be on the earliest feeding experiences - breast- and formula-feeding - and the unique role of breastfeeding in shaping children's food preferences...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903108/editorial
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#11
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768249/paediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-czech-republic-and-its-development-multicentre-retrospective-study-1995-2011
#12
Jitka Stýblová, Jana Kalousová, Miroslava Adamcová, Kateřina Bajerová, Jiří Bronský, Filip Fencl, Eva Karásková, Petra Keslová, Jan Melek, Oldřich Pozler, Václav Sebroň, Astrid Šuláková, Jana Tejnická, Peter Tláskal, Ladislav Tomášek, Barbora Vlková, Peter Szitányi
BACKGROUND: Treatment quality and outcomes of paediatric home parenteral nutrition (HPN) program during its development in the Czech Republic. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients receiving HPN from May 1995 till June 2011. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were treated in 8 centres. In 48 patients, long-term PN began in the first year of life and in 35 of them in the first month. Sixty children had gastrointestinal and 6 had non-gastrointestinal disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768248/clinical-outcomes-of-dietary-replacement-of-saturated-fatty-acids-with-unsaturated-fat-sources-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#13
Bridget A Hannon, Sharon V Thompson, Ruopeng An, Margarita Teran-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dyslipidemia are frequently treated with dietary interventions before pharmacotherapy is given. Diets high in unsaturated fat have proven advantageous to disease treatment. AIMS: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence of the effect of saturated fatty acids (SFA) replacement with unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in metabolically healthy adults with overweight and obesity on markers of dyslipidemia and body composition...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738345/water-the-case-for-a-new-taxonomy
#14
Jonathan Steffen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738321/serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-composition-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-with-and-without-liver-cirrhosis
#15
Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Mariusz Szczepanik, Patrycja Krzyżanowska, Monika Duś-Żuchowska, Andrzej Pogorzelski, Ewa Sapiejka, Paweł Juszczak, Aleksandra Lisowska, Berthold Koletzko, Jarosław Walkowiak
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cystic fibrosis (CF) liver disease is the third most frequent cause of death in CF patients. Although it alters fatty acid (FA) metabolism, data concerning the profile of FA in CF patients with liver cirrhosis is lacking. This study aimed to assess the FA composition of serum phospholipids in CF patients with and without liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The study comprised 25 CF patients with liver cirrhosis and 25 without it. We assessed Z-scores for body height and weight, lung function, exocrine pancreatic sufficiency and colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704820/%C3%AE-carotene-concentration-and-its-association-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-spanish-schoolchildren
#16
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Ana M López-Sobaler, Beatriz Navia, Pedro Andrés, Ana I Jiménez-Ortega, Rosa M Ortega
AIM: To examine the correlation between inflammatory biomarkers and plasma β-carotene levels in children. METHODS: A total of 564 Spanish schoolchildren aged 9-12 were observed and studied. Plasma β-carotene levels were assessed by HPLC. A β-carotene level <4.83 µg/dL (0.09 µmol/L) was considered deficient. Plasma tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured by immunoenzyme assays. Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was tested by immunonephelometry...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693024/international-symposium-on-immunonutrition-2017-madrid-17th-19th-july-2017-10th-anniversary-abstracts
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683464/long-term-health-impact-of-early-nutrition-the-power-of-programming
#18
Berthold Koletzko, Brigitte Brands, Veit Grote, Franca F Kirchberg, Christine Prell, Peter Rzehak, Olaf Uhl, Martina Weber
The Power of Programming conference 2016 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich brought together about 600 researchers and other stakeholders from around the world who reviewed the recent evidence on the lasting health impact of environment and nutrition during early life, from pre-pregnancy to early childhood. The conference was hosted by the Early Nutrition Project, a multidisciplinary research collaboration funded by the European Commission with collaborating researchers from 35 institutions in 15 countries in Europe, the United States and Australia...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675894/low-oxygen-consumption-is-related-to-a-hypomethylation-and-an-increased-secretion-of-il-6-in-obese-subjects-with-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#19
Amaya Lopez-Pascual, Arrate Lasa, María P Portillo, Fernando Arós, María L Mansego, Pedro González-Muniesa, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation is an epigenetic modification involved in gene expression regulation, usually via gene silencing, which contributes to the risks of many multifactorial diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of resting oxygen consumption on global and gene DNA methylation as well as protein secretion of inflammatory markers in blood cells from obese subjects with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). METHODS: A total of 44 obese participants with SAHS were categorized in 2 groups according to their resting oxygen consumption...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675886/international-society-for-the-study-of-fatty-acids-and-lipids-2016-debate-for-science-based-dietary-guidelines-on-fats-meta-analysis-and-systematic-reviews-are-decisive
#20
Joyce A Nettleton, Clemens von Schacky, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Berthold Koletzko
This paper summarizes a debate on whether meta-analyses and systematic reviews are decisive in formulating guidelines for dietary fat. Held during the 12th congress of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids in Stellenbosch, South Africa, September 7, 2016, the debate was hosted by the International Union of Nutritional Sciences and the International Expert Movement to Improve Dietary Fat Quality (IEM, www.theiem.org). Clemens von Schacky, Ludwig Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany, supported the statement, describing the types of weaknesses in individual studies and clinical trials...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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