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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073109/associate-editor-bev-muhlhausler
#1
Bev Muhlhausler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073107/associate-editor-anja-kroke
#2
Anja Kroke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073105/associate-editor-j-alfredo-mart%C3%A3-nez
#3
J Alfredo Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073103/associate-editor-r%C3%A3-my-f-meier
#4
Rémy F Meier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064282/high-carbohydrate-low-fat-diet-induced-gender-specific-serum-lipid-profile-changes-are-associated-with-lepr-polymorphisms-in-chinese-youth
#5
Hui Tang, Zhen Zhang, ZhengKe Li, Jia Lin, Ding Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the interactions of genetic variants in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene with lipid profile changes following a high-carbohydrate/low-fat (HC/LF) diet in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: Fifty-six healthy young subjects were given washout diets, followed by HC/LF diets consisting of 15% fat and 70% carbohydrate for 6 days. Serum lipid profiles and insulin levels before and after HC/LF diets were analyzed. RESULTS: Statistically elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-I), and insulin levels were only observed in the GG genotype of LEPR Lys109Arg but not in the A carriers after HC/LF diet...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064280/compliance-with-dietary-guidelines-and-increased-fortification-can-double-vitamin-d-intake-a-simulation-study
#6
Rajwinder K Harika, Mariska Dötsch-Klerk, Peter L Zock, Ans Eilander
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the potential of compliance with Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) and increased vitamin D fortification to meet the recommended intake level of vitamin D at 10 µg/day based on minimal exposure to sunlight. METHODS: The main dietary sources of vitamin D were derived from national dietary surveys in adults from United Kingdom (UK) (n = 911), Netherlands (NL) (n = 1,526), and Sweden (SE) (n = 974). The theoretical increase in population vitamin D intake was simulated for the following: (1) compliance with FBDG, (2) increased level of vitamin D in commonly fortified foods, and (3) combination of both...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064279/the-rs1862513-variant-in-resistin-gene-modified-insulin-resistance-and-insulin-levels-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-hypocaloric-diet
#7
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Beatriz de la Fuente, Ines Mulero, Rocío Aller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Polymorphisms of a single nucleotide in RETN have been associated with indexes of insulin resistance. Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs1862513 RETN gene polymorphism on insulin resistance, insulin levels, and resistin levels changes after 3 months of a low-fat hypocaloric diet. DESIGN: A Caucasian population of 133 obese patients was analyzed before and after 3 months on a low-fat hypocaloric diet. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (42...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013297/weight-status-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-vital-capacity-dental-decay-and-visual-acuity-among-school-age-children-in-chengdu-china
#8
Rong Peng, Shiyun Li, Hongbin Zhang, Honglian Zeng, Biyu Jiang, Yu Liu, Xiangming Yi, Mengjing Xu, Li Zhu, Zhaohui Zhang
AIMS: To examine the association of weight status with the prevalence of blood pressure (BP), vital capacity, dental decay, and visual acuity among school-age children in Chengdu, China and to find the potential role of weight status to predict the common and frequently occurring diseases among school-age children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12,297 children aged 6-18 years from 10 schools in the Jinniu District of Chengdu, China. Body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and BP were measured...
December 24, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002829/reduced-serum-levels-of-zinc-and-superoxide-dismutase-in-obese-individuals
#9
Khadijeh Torkanlou, Bahram Bibak, Alireza Abbaspour, Hamid Abdi, Masoud Saleh Moghaddam, Maryam Tayefi, Elham Mohammadzadeh, Hamideh Safarian Bana, Maliheh Aghasizade, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan
The oxidant-stress (OS) has an essential role to play in the pathogenesis and progression of many diseases. OS is the outcome when the level of free-radical-formation is increased or protective-antioxidant-mechanisms are compromised. Its value is expected to increase, although its emerging roles have not been conclusive in different studies. The objective of this study was to explore the level of zinc, copper, and antioxidant in response to obesity-related-stress by measuring superoxide-dismutase (SOD) levels as a key antioxidant-enzyme in 706 individuals with/without obesity...
December 22, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915341/rs1501299-polymorphism-in-the-adiponectin-gene-and-their-association-with-total-adiponectin-levels-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-subjects
#10
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, Beatriz de la Fuente, David Primo, Hilda Fernandez Ovalle, Enrique Romero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the association of single nucleotide polymorphism rs1501299 in the ADIPOQ gene with body weight, insulin resistance, serum adipokine levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: The study involved a population of 1,007 adult obese subjects. Parameters like body weight, fat mass, waist circumferences, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, C-reactive protein, insulin concentration, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and adipocytokines levels (leptin, adiponectin and resistin) were all measured...
December 3, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894108/nutrition-status-nutrition-support-therapy-and-food-intake-are-related-to-prolonged-hospital-stays-in-china-results-from-the-nutritionday-2015-survey
#11
Huijun Zheng, Yingchun Huang, Yongmei Shi, Wei Chen, Jianchun Yu, Xinying Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is a common and critical problem that greatly influences the clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients. Nutrition support therapy and food intake, in addition to disease-related factors, are also important to maintain the nutrition status of patients. In light of this, we aimed to examine the risk factors associated with malnutrition in 3 hospitals in China. METHODS: This project was part of the NutritionDay audit, an international daylong cross-sectional audit investigating the nutritional intervention profiles of hospitalized patients...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871070/khat-catha-edulis-and-obesity-a-scoping-review-of-animal-and-human-studies
#12
Mustafa Ahmed Alshagga, Mohammed Abdullah Alshawsh, Atefehalsadat Seyedan, Abdulsamad Alsalahi, Yan Pan, Suresh Kumar Mohankumar, Abdolgodose Alkebsi, Saba Kassim, Zahurin Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Khat (Catha edulis) is a plant that is deeply rooted in the cultural life of East African and Southwestern Arabian populations. Prevalent traditional beliefs about khat are that the plant has an effect on appetite and body weight. SUMMARY: This review assesses the accumulated evidences on the mutual influence of monoamines, hormones and neuropeptides that are linked to obesity. A few anti-obesity drugs that exert their mechanisms of action through monoamines are briefly discussed to support the notion of monoamines being a critical target of drug discovery for new anti-obesity drugs...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866204/more-attention-should-be-paid-to-monitoring-of-abdominal-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents
#13
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866187/a-pilot-study-examining-the-effects-of-8-week-whey-protein-versus-whey-protein-plus-creatine-supplementation-on-body-composition-and-performance-variables-in-resistance-trained-women
#14
Colin D Wilborn, Jordan J Outlaw, Petey W Mumford, Stacie L Urbina, Sara Hayward, Michael D Roberts, Lem W Taylor, Cliffa A Foster
AIMS: We performed a pilot study examining the effects of whey protein and creatine supplementation (PRO + CRE group) versus whey protein supplementation (PRO group) alone on body composition and performance variables in a limited number of resistance-trained women. METHODS: Seventeen resistance-trained women (21 ± 3 years, 64.7 ± 8.2 kg, 23.5 kg/m2, 26.6 ± 4.8% body fat, >6 months of training) performed a 4-day per week split-body resistance training program for 8 weeks...
November 19, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855393/central-obesity-and-liver-iron-content-a-noninvasive-assessment-in-general-population-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Amir Reza Radmard, Hossein Poustchi, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Marjan Gerami Seresht, Payam Mohammadinejad, Ali Yoonessi, Mehrdad Dadgostar, Mohammad Sadegh Rahmanian, Elham Jafari, Atefeh Zeinoddini, Reza Malekzadeh, Shahin Merat
BACKGROUND/AIM: Existing evidence points to an altered status of iron metabolism in obesity. We aimed to investigate whether central obesity is independently associated with estimated liver iron content (liver T2* value) in general population that used the noninvasive assessment method by MRI. METHODS: The study was carried out on 200 subjects randomly selected from the Golestan Cohort Study who underwent abdominal MRI. Quantitative T2* maps of entire cross-sectional area of liver were calculated using a semi-automated software for estimating the levels of iron content...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855382/childhood-health-consequences-of-maternal-obesity-during-pregnancy-a-narrative-review
#16
Romy Gaillard, Susana Santos, Liesbeth Duijts, Janine F Felix
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem among women of reproductive age. In a narrative review, we examined the influence of maternal obesity during pregnancy on fetal outcomes and childhood adiposity, cardio-metabolic, respiratory and cognitive-related health outcomes. We discuss results from recent studies, the causality and potential underlying mechanisms of observed associations and challenges for future epidemiological studies. SUMMARY: Evidence from observational studies strongly suggests that maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain are associated with increased risks of fetal pregnancy complications and adverse childhood cardio-metabolic, respiratory and cognitive-related health outcomes...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832637/acute-overfeeding-does-not-alter-liver-or-adipose-tissue-derived-cytokines-in-healthy-humans
#17
Miaoxin Chen, Bo Liu, Campbell H Thompson, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The secretions of liver-derived cytokines angiopoietin-like 6, insulin-like growth factor 1, selenoprotein-P and C-reactive protein and adipokines, adiponectin and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 are altered in obese individuals, and they directly induce insulin resistance in both cellular and animal models. This study is aimed at examining the effects of acute overnutrition on these cytokines in healthy individuals, and identifying association with markers of insulin resistance...
November 11, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931034/historical-perspective-on-clinical-trials-of-carnitine-in-children-and-adults
#18
Neil R M Buist
The metabolic roles of carnitine have been greatly clarified over the past 50 years, and it is now well established that carnitine is a key player in mitochondrial generation of energy and metabolism of acetyl coenzyme A. A therapeutic role for carnitine in treatment of nutritional deficiencies in infants and children was first demonstrated in 1958, and since that time it has been used to treat a number of inborn errors of metabolism. Carnitine was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1985 for treatment of 'primary carnitine deficiency', and later in 1992 for treatment of 'secondary carnitine deficiency', a definition that included the majority of relevant metabolic disorders associated with low or abnormal plasma carnitine levels...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931032/fatty-acid-oxidation-and-its-relation-with-insulin-resistance-and-associated-disorders
#19
Gary D Lopaschuk
Alterations in muscle fatty acid metabolism have been implicated in mediating the severity of insulin resistance. In the insulin resistant heart fatty acids are favored as an energy source over glucose, which is thus associated with increased fatty acid oxidation, and an overall decrease in glycolysis and glucose oxidation. In addition, excessive uptake and beta-oxidation of fatty acids in obesity and diabetes can compromise cardiac function. In animal studies, mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) show cardiac insulin resistance in which the accumulation of intra-myocardial diacylglycerol has been implicated, likely involving parallel signaling pathways...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931031/round-table-discussion
#20
Susan Winter, Neil R M Buist, Nicola Longo, Saro H Armenian, Gary Lopaschuk, Anna Wasilewska
The 1st International Carnitine Working Group concluded with a round table discussion addressing several areas of relevance. These included the design of future studies that could increase the amount of evidence-based data about the role of carnitine in the treatment of fatty acid oxidation defects, for which substantial controversy still exists. There was general consensus that future trials on the effect of carnitine in disorders of fatty acid oxidation should be randomized, double-blinded, multicentered and minimally include the following diagnoses: medium-chain acyl coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase deficiency, very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency and mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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