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Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145212/does-anaemia-have-major-public-health-importance-in-children-aged-6-59-months-in-the-duggina-fanigo-district-of-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#1
Yohannes Samuel Tiku, Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Endale Amare
BACKGROUND: Globally, a large number of children aged 6-59 months are affected by anaemia. In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, more than 40% of children under 5 years are affected by anaemia. Anaemia during infancy and childhood period is associated with poor health and impaired cognitive development, leading to reduced academic achievement and earning potential in their adult life. The aim of this research was to assess whether anaemia remained a major public health problem among children aged 6-59 months or not in Duggina Fanigo District of Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia in 2016...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145199/high-fracture-rates-in-young-patients-with-phenylketonuria
#2
Karen E Hansen, Neil Binkley, Denise M Ney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136633/impaired-enterohormone-response-following-a-liquid-test-meal-in-gastrectomized-patients
#3
Lidia Santarpia, Maria Carmen Pagano, Iolanda Cioffi, Lucia Alfonsi, Rosario Cuomo, Giuseppe Labruna, Lucia Sacchetti, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy (TG) is responsible for symptoms or disturbance of alimentary status (changes in body weight, food intake per meal and frequency of meal per day) which, in turn are responsible for weight loss and malnutrition. The study evaluates the gut hormone responses in totally gastrectomized (TG) patients after a liquid meal test. METHODS: Twenty total gastrectomized cancer-free patients (12 M, 8 F, 56.4 ± 10.2 years, BMI 21.4 ± 2.2 kg/m2) and 10 healthy volunteers (4 M, 6 F, 48...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#4
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136623/synergistic-effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-on-antiproliferative-action-of-anticancer-drugs-in-a-cancer-cell-line-model
#5
Ayako Ogo, Sachi Miyake, Hisako Kubota, Masaharu Higashida, Hideo Matsumoto, Fusako Teramoto, Toshihiro Hirai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has been found experimentally and clinically that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) exerts an anticancer effect and that it has a minimal adverse event profile relative to other anticancer drugs. Any synergy between EPA and other anticancer drugs could be of therapeutic relevance, especially in elderly or high-risk patients. Therefore, we investigated the synergism between anticancer drugs and EPA experimentally. METHODS: EPA was coadministered in vitro with various anticancer drugs (paclitaxel, docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil and cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum[II]) to TE-1 cells, which were derived from human esophageal cancer tumors...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136622/serum-transaminase-concentrations-and-the-presence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-are-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-adolescent-girls-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#6
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Hassanali Vatanparast, Amir Avan, Mohammad Bagherniya, Afsane Bahrami, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has become endemic globally and its etiology is complex. Few studies have investigated the determinants of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH D). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lifestyle patterns, liver functional tests (LFTs), and the presence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with serum 25-OH D in apparently healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in 965 adolescent girls aged 12-18 years...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136614/impact-of-early-infant-growth-duration-of-breastfeeding-and-maternal-factors-on-total-body-fat-mass-and-visceral-fat-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#7
Laura M Breij, Marieke Abrahamse-Berkeveld, Dennis Acton, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Ken K Ong, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
BACKGROUND: Accelerated gain in fat mass in the first months of life is considered to be a risk factor for adult diseases, given the tracking of infancy fat mass into adulthood. Our objective was to assess the influence of early growth, type of feeding and maternal variables on fat mass in early life. METHODS: In 300 healthy term infants, we longitudinally measured fat mass percentage (FM%) by air-displacement-plethysmography at 1, 3, and 6 months and abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat measured by ultrasound at 3 and 6 months...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136612/biochemical-anthropometric-and-lifestyle-factors-related-with-weight-maintenance-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-a-hypocaloric-mediterranean-diet
#8
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, Hilda F Ovalle, Juan Jose Lopez, Emilia Gomez, Ana Ortola, Rocio Aller
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of lifestyle factors and molecular biomarkers on the maintenance of the weight lost after a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet. DESIGN: After 3 months on a diet, patients (n = 335) remained with no controlled diet during 3 years and they were revaluated. RESULTS: Using linear regression, in the group of responders, we detected that a positive weight loss at 3 months, serum levels of leptin at 3 months, and each 30 min per week of physical activity were associated with weight loss maintenance...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136611/gut-microbiota-in-health-and-disease
#9
Yuichiro Yamashiro
Intestinal regulatory T (Treg) cells are critical to maintaining immune tolerance to dietary antigens and gut microbiota. This paper reviews several papers on this topic that were recently published by Japanese researchers. Specifically, Prof. K. Honda and his group have found that commensal microbiota capable of metabolizing butyrate induces the differentiation of colonic Treg cells. In a separate work, Prof. Y. Yokoyama and his group used a novel, culture-independent analytical method (the Yakult Intestinal Flora-Scan) for detection of bacteria in the bloodstream...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024934/the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-and-type-2-diabetes-is-intriguing-glimpses-from-the-spect-china-study
#10
You Lu, Yanjun Zheng, Ningjian Wang, Yingchao Chen, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yi Chen, Jing Cheng, Hualing Zhai, Fangzhen Xia, Ying Meng, Yingli Lu
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D is a multifunctional vitamin for our body. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common metabolic disease. Whether T2DM affects the serum 25(OH)D level has not been reported. The objective of this study was to reveal the extent to which vitamin D is present in the population in East China and to explore the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and T2DM. METHODS: The cohort was selected based on a large investigation named Survey on Prevalence in East China including 12,702 participants aged 21-92 years old...
October 13, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017173/insulin-regimens-to-treat-hyperglycemia-in-hospitalized-patients-on-nutritional-support-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#11
Marina Verçoza Viana, Luciana Verçoza Viana, Ana Laura Tavares, Mirela Jobim de Azevedo
BACKGROUND: The best insulin regimen to treat hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients on nutritional support (NS) is unclear. METHODS: We searched electronic databases to identify cohort studies or randomized clinical trials in order to evaluate the efficacy of different insulin regimens used to treat hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients on NS on diverse outcomes: mean blood glucose (MBG), hypoglycemia, length of stay in hospital, and mortality. RESULTS: Seventeen studies from a total of 5,030 were included...
October 6, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942446/status-of-vitamin-a-and-related-compounds-and-clinical-outcomes-in-maternal-infant-pairs-in-the-midwestern-united-states
#12
Corrine Hanson, Marina Schumacher, Elizabeth Lyden, Jeremy Furtado, Matthew Van Ormer, Elizabeth McGinn, Katherine Rilett, Caleb Cave, Rebecca Johnson, Kara Weishaar, Ann Anderson-Berry
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is an essential nutrient for pregnant women, and other vitamin A-related compounds, including lutein and lycopene, have been associated with maternal-infant outcomes. The objective of this study was to quantify the status of vitamin A and related compounds in maternal-infant pairs at the time of delivery, and to determine its impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Maternal and cord blood samples were collected in 189 mother-infant pairs. Concentrations of lutein + zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, carotenes, and retinol were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography...
September 22, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930718/estimating-usual-intake-in-the-2nd-bavarian-food-consumption-survey-comparison-of-the-results-derived-by-the-national-cancer-institute-method-and-a-basic-individual-means-approach
#13
Nina Wawro, Christina Kleiser, Stephanie Himmerich, Kurt Gedrich, Heiner Boeing, Sven Knueppel, Jakob Linseisen
BACKGROUND: The valid estimation of the usual dietary intake remains a challenge till date. We applied the method suggested by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to data from the 2nd Bavarian Food Consumption Survey (BVS II) and compared it to an individual means approach. METHODS: Within the cross-sectional BVS II, 1,050 Bavarian residents aged 13-80 years participated in a personal interview and completed three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone interview. For the 13 main food groups and 23 subgroups the usual intake was calculated by (1) an individual means approach and (2) by the NCI method...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881349/reduced-serum-phosphorus-levels-were-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-men-but-not-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-among-the-japanese-population
#14
Masanori Shimodaira, Shinji Okaniwa, Tomohiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Reduced serum phosphorus (SP) levels are reported to be associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, there have been a few gender-specific studies although SP levels are substantially different between men and women. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 16,041 subjects (9,076 men and 6,965 women) were analyzed. The subjects were divided into 3 groups of gender-specific tertiles based on phosphorus levels: the lowest (T1), middle (T2), and the highest (T3)...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881347/benefits-of-curcumin-supplementation-on-antioxidant-status-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Esmat Nasseri, Elahe Mohammadi, Ahmad Tamaddoni, Durdi Qujeq, Farid Zayeri, Hamid Zand
BACKGROUND: β-Thalassemia major, the most common inherited anemia in the world, is associated with imbalance in the oxidant-antioxidant system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of curcumin supplementation on markers of oxidative stress in patients with β-Thalassemia. METHODS: This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was performed on 61 β-thalassemia major patients. Subjects in the curcumin group received two 500 mg curcumin capsules daily and patients in the placebo group took 2 placebo capsules daily for 12 weeks...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881342/clinical-significance-of-area-of-psoas-major-muscle-on-computed-tomography-after-gastrectomy-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#16
Yoshihisa Yaguchi, Yoshimasa Kumata, Masahiro Horikawa, Takashi Kiyokawa, Hisae Iinuma, Tsuyoshi Inaba, Ryoji Fukushima
BACKGROUND: The measurement of a single abdominal image on computed tomography (CT) can provide an estimate of the total body skeletal muscle. We evaluate the change of the area of the psoas major muscle (PMMA) in a CT which was performed routinely after gastrectomy in gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 119 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy were enrolled for the study. A CT image at the top of the iliac crest level was obtained at the following times: 3 postoperative months (POM), 6 POM, 1 postoperative year (POY), 2 POY, 3 POY, and 5 POY...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881338/simple-age-specific-cutoff-value-for-sarcopenia-evaluated-by-computed-tomography
#17
Ji Sun Kim, Won Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Park, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
OBJECTIVE: Until now, cutoff values of low skeletal muscle mass using computed tomography (CT) were driven by optimal stratification to predict mortality in cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the simple, age-specific, cutoff value of low skeletal muscle mass by CT in healthy adults. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational, single-center study. SETTING: This study was performed in the health screening department of a university-affiliated hospital during a 10-year period...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848183/effects-of-inadequate-amino-acid-mixture-intake-on-nutrient-supply-of-adult-patients-with-phenylketonuria
#18
Michel Hochuli, Sandra Bollhalder, Carina Thierer, Julie Refardt, Philipp Gerber, Matthias R Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Adult phenylketonuria (PKU) patients often reduce their intake of amino acid mixture (AAM) to less than the prescribed amounts. Effects of reduced AAM intake on nutrient supply were evaluated. METHODS: Nutrient intake was calculated in 20 adult PKU patients based on a structured food record and complemented by laboratory assessment of nutritional status. Patients were classified into 2 groups, (A) regular AAM intake, or (B) AAM intake below calculated requirements...
August 26, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024932/iuns-21st-international-congress-of-nutrition-buenos-aires-argentina-october-15-20-2017-abstracts
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950282/the-high-incidence-of-bacteremia-in-children-undergoing-surgery-can-be-prevented-by-bifidobacterium-supplementation
#20
Tadaharu Okazaki, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Takashi Asahara, Koji Nomoto, Yuichiro Yamashiro
Major surgical procedures can alter intestinal microbiota and disrupt the intestinal barrier function, leaving the patient at risk for infection. Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms that confer a health benefit on the host when administered in adequate amounts. Although the efficacy of administering probiotics perioperatively to adults has been reported, the clinical significance of probiotics in children undergoing surgery is still unclear. This study provides a brief overview of our randomized controlled trial of preoperative probiotic administration to children, and discusses the relationship between probiotics and their effects in the perioperative period, particularly focusing on bacteremia...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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