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Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Mohamed Zouari, Ahmed Khalil Ben Abdallah, Saloua Ammar, Riadh Mhiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Khadijeh Abdal, Mohammadreza Hafezi Ahmadi
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is an uncommon benign vascular disease characterized by endothelial cell proliferation and papillary formation within the lumen of blood vessels arising from an organizing thrombus. The occurrence of this uncommon lesion is about 2% of all vascular tumors. IPEH mostly occurs in the 5th decade of life, and there is no gender or age predilection. Nevertheless, some studies have suggested that IPEH is more common in women than in men. The clinical features are mostly asymptomatic, and the lesion is typically characterized as a small, firm, slightly elevated mass with red to blue discoloration of the overlying skin...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Maryam Mobini, Hamed Cheraghmakani, Zhila Torabizadeh, Omid Emadian, Fatemeh Nezhadi Kelarijani
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis formerly named "Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS)" is a systemic disease with bronchial asthma, hypereosinophilia, and systemic vasculitis. We report a case of CSS with cholecystitis and mononeuritis multiplex. A 50-year-old woman with a history of sinusitis and bronchial asthma of 8 years' duration was referred with a complaint of left-hand deformity and difficulty in walking. The laboratory findings included remarkable eosinophilia, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a marked eosinophilic infiltration in the gallbladder biopsy...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sara Ebrahimi, Gholamreza Khademi, Seyed Ali Jafari, Nona Zaboli Nejad, Abdolreza Norouzy, Bahareh Imani
Very-early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) has a distinct phenotype and should be considered a specific entity. VEO-IBD presents with very severe clinical pictures and is frequently known by an indeterminate colitis whose clinical remission is unmanageable. This study examines the case of a neonate with VEO-IBD, not responding to medical and surgical treatment. A 7-day-old Iranian female neonate presented with severe bloody diarrhea, poor feeding, abdominal distention, and dehydration suggesting severe proctocolitis due to an allergy to the protein in cow's milk...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Hossein Mortazavi, Leila Izadi Firouzabadi, Alireza Ghanadan, Hassan Seirafi, Seyed Naser Emadi, Safoura Shakoei
Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Persistent antigenic stimulation has been claimed to play a role in the development of this malignancy. We aimed to show the role of sulfur mustard in the pathogenesis of MF. A 45-year-old man with MF is introduced herein. He was a victim of chemical exposure in 1987 during the Iran-Iraq war. He developed skin lesions 3 years after exposure to sulfur mustard gas at the age of 21. Seven years after his exposure to sulfur mustard gas, a biopsy from the posterior distal part of his calf, which was injured and had bulla, revealed MF...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Reza Alibakhshi, Keivan Moradi, Mostafa Biglari, Samaneh Shafieenia
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is one of the most common known inherited metabolic diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the status of molecular defects in phenylalanine hydroxylase ( PAH ) gene in western Iranian PKU patients (predominantly from Kermanshah, Hamadan, and Lorestan provinces) during 2014-2016. Additionally, the results were compared with similar studies in Iran. Nucleotide sequence analysis of all 13 exons and their flanking intronic regions of the PAH gene was performed in 18 western Iranian PKU patients...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mohammad Amin Hosseini, Mohammad Mohamadianpanah, Mohammad Zare-Bandeamiri, Mohammad Amin Mosleh-Shirazi
Hadron therapy (HT) with protons and carbon ions is an advanced radiotherapy technique. As the first report addressing this topic, the present study aimed to estimate the number of patients eligible for HT in Fars province and the whole of Iran. The data were collected through direct inspection of medical records of the patients treated at the Radiotherapy Department, Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran in 2014. The patients who were treated with external-beam radiotherapy and declared to be a resident of Fars province were extracted from the medical records...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Prakash Binu, Nellikunnath Priya, Surendran Abhilash, Radhakrishnan Chandraprabha Vineetha, Harikumaran Nair
Background: Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has shown effectiveness in the treatment of leukemia, but it is also associated with hepatotoxicity. Given antileukemic drug-induced oxidative stress and toxicity, this study focused on the mitigatory role of eugenol, a monoterpene compound from clove oil, in the hepatic tissue of Wistar rats. Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar rats (180-250 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups (6 rats per group): normal control rats, rats treated with As2 O2 (4 mg/kg bwt), rats treated with eugenol (5 mg/kg bwt), and rats receiving co-treatment with As2 O3 (4 mg/kg bwt) and eugenol (5 mg/kg bwt), all of which orally administered for a period of 30 days...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Shahindokht Bassiri-Jahromi, Mohammad Reza Pourshafie, Esmat Mirabzade Ardakani, Amir Hooshang Ehsani, Aida Doostkam, Farzad Katirae, Ehsan Mostafavi
Background: The pomegranate peel extract is a rich source of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the in vivo antifungal activity of the pomegranate peel extract and to compare it with nystatin against oral candidiasis in Wistar rats. Methods: Thirty-five male Wistar rats, 6 to 8 weeks old and 220 to 250 g in weight, were used for animal studies. The rats were randomly divided into 7 groups. All the rats, except the control group, were immunosuppressed with cyclosporine (40 mg/kg/d) and hydrocortisone acetate (500 µg/kg/d)...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nungki Anggorowati, Ahmad Ghozali, Irianiwati Widodo, Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari, Muhammad Mansyur Romi, Nur Arfian
Background: Heparanase and endothelin-1/endothelin A receptor (ET-1/ETA R) expressions increase in cancer. This condition enhances tumor progression and correlates with poor survival. Limited data are documented regarding the role of heparanase and ET-1/ETA R in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). We sought to characterize the correlation between heparanase and ET-1/ETA R in EOC. Methods: Thirty patients with benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms were recruited in this study...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mrayam Biglari Abhari, John W Fisher, Azita Kheiltash, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Spiritual well-being is an important issue in health sciences, hence the need for validated instruments to assess this aspect of health in the Iranian population. The aim of the current study was to determine the validity of the Persian versions of 2 most common measures of spiritual health (Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire [SWBQ] or Spiritual Health and Life-Orientation Measure [SHALOM] and Spiritual Well-Being Scale [SWBS]). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study via a convenience sampling method in Iran University of Medical Sciences with 170 participants aged above 18 years comprising students, teachers, and administrative staff and managers...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mahya Pourostadi, Jalil Rashedi, Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Maral Hariri-Akbari, Mohammad Asgharzadeh
Background: Microscopic smear examination is the most common test in tuberculosis (TB) detection. It is, however, not strong enough to identify TB in the majority of afflicted individuals; thus, a significant number of TB patients are smear negative and capable of transmitting the infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of smear-negative TB in northwest Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 329 TB-confirmed patients were evaluated through culture up to March 1, 2015, in northwest Iran...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Afsaneh Nikjooy, Hassan Jafari, Maryam A Saba, Naghmeh Ebrahimi, Rezvan Mirzaei
Background: The Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) questionnaire is the most validated and the most specific tool for measuring the quality of life of patients with constipation. Over 120 million people live in countries whose official language is Persian. There is no reported Persian version of the PAC-QOL questionnaire yet. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the PAC-QOL questionnaire and to assess its reliability and validity among Persian patients with chronic constipation...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Zahra Shomali, Pardis Bakhshai, Mahshid Alborzi, Najmeh Moin Vaziri, Zahra Anvar
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of ovulation induction that usually occurs after gonadotropin stimulation, followed by human chorionic gonadotropin administration, for infertility treatment. The existing knowledge about the pathophysiology, risk factors, and primary and secondary methods for the prevention of OHSS is reviewed in this manuscript. The clinical manifestations and characteristics of mild, moderate, severe, and critical forms of the syndrome are defined. The methods of handling affected cases as outpatient or in-hospital management methods as well as indications for hospitalization are summarized in this review...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Leila Etemad, Mohammad Moshiri, Mahdi Balali-Mood
The present study aimed to review and discuss the recommended and recently suggested protocols by Iranian researchers for a long-term treatment of delayed complications of sulfur mustard (DCSM) in veterans. As indicated clinically, patients who suffer from delayed ocular complications of sulfur mustard (DOCS) benefit from treatments for dry eyes, therapeutic contact lenses, amniotic membrane transplantation; blepharorrhaphy, tarsorrhaphy, limbal stem cell transplantation; corneal transplantation, topical steroids, and immunosuppressive...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Farhad Nejat, Hossein Aghamollaei, Shiva Pirhadi, Khosrow Jadidi, Mohammad Amin Nejat
Macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease. In most cases, various mutations in carbohydrate sulfotransferase 6 (CHST6) gene are the main cause of MCD. These mutations lead to a defect in keratan sulfate synthesis. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is another eye disorder with nyctalopia as its common symptom. It has been shown that more than 65 genes have been implicated in different forms of RP. Herein, we report on a 9-member family with 2 girls and 5 boys. Both parents, one of the girls and one of the boys had normal eye vision and another boy had keratoconus...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Manas Bajpai, Nilesh Pardhe, Betina Chandolia, Manika Arora
Centrally occurring salivary gland tumors are rare. Because of a considerable overlap between the clinical and histopathological features, this group of tumors often produces a diagnostic difficulty to the clinicians and oral pathologists. Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is an unusual, low-grade, malignant salivary gland tumor that represents approximately 2% of the salivary gland tumors with almost 90% arising in the parotid gland. The rest involve the submandibular and the minor salivary gland. ACC of the jaw is extremely rare and, to our knowledge, only 8 cases have been reported in the English literature...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Hossein Moravej, Anis Amirhakimi, Alireza Showraki, Hamid Amoozgar, Zahra Hadipour, Ghasem Nikfar
Pompe disease (PD), also known as "glycogen storage disease type II (OMIM # 232300)" is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive glycogen accumulation in cellular lysosomes. It ultimately leads to cellular damage. Infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) is the most severe type of this disease and is characterized by severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and generalized hypotonia. Mutations in the acid alpha-glucosidase ( GAA ) gene, located at locus 17q25.3, are responsible for the disease leading to reduced activity of the acid alpha-glucosidase enzyme...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Omar Toumi, Randa Salem, Sadok Ben Jabra, Ghedira Abdesslem, Faouzi Noomen, Abdel Aziz Hamdi
Hydatid cyst is a helminth infection. The rupture of a hepatic hydatid cyst in inferior vena cava is a rare and lethal complication. Pulmonary embolism is the commonest manifestation. The diagnosis of hydatid cyst is made by histopathological or serological examination, and imaging may suggest the probability of hydatid cyst. Surgical treatment should be performed with caution and always under vascular control. We present two cases of hydatid cyst ruptured into the inferior vena cava. The patients also presented with dyspnea, hemoptysis, and intermittent cough at the time of admission...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
James Jam Jolly, Kok-Yong Chin, Mohd Fozi Nur Farhana, Ekram Alias, Kien Hui Chua, Wan Nuraini Wan Hasan, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana
Osteoblasts (OBs) and osteoclasts (OCs) are 2 major groups of bone cells. Their cell-to-cell interactions are important to ensure the continuity of the bone-remodeling process. Therefore, the present study was carried out to optimize an OB/OC co-culture system utilizing the human OB cell line hFOB 1.19 and OCs extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs). It was a 2-step procedure, involving the optimization of the OB culture and the co-culture of the OBs with PBMNCs at an optimum ratio. Firstly, pre-OBs were cultured to 90% confluency and the time required for differentiation was determined...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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