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Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761212/adherence-to-hypoglycemic-medication-among-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Parisa Zarei-Shargh, Atieh Mehdizadeh-Hakkak, Mohammad Bagherniya, Lida Jarahi, Zohreh Mousavi, Mohammad Safarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761211/holt-oram-syndrome-a-rare-variant
#2
Binoy Shankar, Euden Bhutia, Dinesh Kumar, Sunil Kishore, Shakti Pad Das
Holt-Oram syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterised by skeletal abnormalities of the upper limb associated with congenital heart defect, mainly atrial and ventricular septal defects. Skeletal defects exclusively affect the upper limbs in the preaxial radial ray distribution and are bilateral and asymmetrical. They range from clinodactyly, absent or digitalised thumb, hypoplastic or absent radii, and first metacarpal to hypoplastic ulna and carpal bone anomalies. Cardiac involvement ranges from asymptomatic conduction disturbances to multiple structural defects...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761210/bilateral-hyperplasia-of-bartholin-s-gland-a-case-report
#3
Ladan Haghighi, Mansooreh SHaabani Zanjani, Zahra Najmi, Neda Hashemi
A 37-year-old woman underwent surgery to remove bilateral vulvar masses. The masses were firm, non-tender, and immobile. Pathologic finding was a well-delineated creamy grayish mass with a homogenous grayish solid surface and mild edema, chronic inflammatory infiltration, and focal dilation of the ducts with squamous metaplasia. The diagnosis was hyperplastic and hypertrophied Bartholin's gland. Hyperplasia is a rare etiology for an enlarged Bartholin's gland. Clinical presentation of Bartholin's gland nodular hyperplasia is rather specific, although inflammatory lesion is the most common cause of swelling of the Bartholin's gland in all age groups...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761209/extranodal-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#4
Babyamma Raghavan Varun, Nettiyat Oommen Varghese, Trivandrum Thanappan Sivakumar, Anna Palliath Joseph
Lymphomas are solid malignant tumors having a wide spectrum of clinical and pathological features. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a subtype of lymphoma with two-thirds of the cases presenting as lymph node enlargement. The remaining one third of NHL cases has been reported in the extranodal sites, including the gastro intestinal tract, Waldeyer's ring, bone, skin, and brain. Intraoral non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is uncommon and may affect either the jaw bones or occur within the soft tissues of the oral cavity...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761208/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-following-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#5
Sara Mirzaeian, Sedigheh Ayati, Asieh Maleki
The prevalence of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is less than 5% and the etiology of most cases is unknown. Due to many structural and functional similarities between the kidney and inner ear, many conditions, diseases, and drugs have both renal and cochlear effects and toxicities. There are several reports of SSNHL in patients with CRF, uraemic patient, hemodialysis treatment, and ARF. Here, we report a rare manifestation of SSNHL following severe postpartum hemorrhage that has simultaneous renal failure and cochlear impairment...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761207/importance-of-rifle-risk-injury-failure-loss-and-end-stage-renal-failure-and-akin-acute-kidney-injury-network-in-hemodialysis-initiation-and-intensive-care-unit-mortality
#6
Iskender Kara, Fatma Yildirim, Esra Kayacan, Burcu Bilaloğlu, Melda Turkoglu, Gülbin Aygencel
Our study evaluated the differences between early and late hemodialysis (HD) initiation in the intensive care unit (ICU) according to the RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage renal failure) and AKIN (Acute Kidney Injury Network) classifications. On the assumption that early initiation of HD in critical patients according to the RIFLE and AKIN criteria decreases mortality, we retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 68 patients in our medical ICU and divided the patients into 2 groups: Those undergoing HD in no risk, risk, or injury stage according to RIFLE and in stage 0, I, or II according to AKIN were defined as early HD and those in failure stage according to RIFLE and in stage III according to AKIN were defined as late HD...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761206/comparative-dermatoglyphic-study-between-autistic-patients-and-normal-people-in-iran
#7
Mansoureh Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi-Bordbar, Nasser Mahdavi-Shahri
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder originating from early childhood; nevertheless, its diagnosis is in older ages. In addition to heredity, environmental factors are also of great significance in the etiology of the disease. Dermatoglyphic patterns, albeit varied, remain stable for a lifetime and yield a large number of patterns upon examination. Studies have shown a significant association between dermatoglyphics and some diseases, especially genetic ones. We compared fingerprints between patients with autism and normal individuals in a Fars population living in Khorasan-Razavi Province, Iran, in 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761205/pain-relief-with-wet-cupping-therapy-in-rats-is-mediated-by-heat-shock-protein-70-and-%C3%A3-endorphin
#8
Imam Subadi, Boya Nugraha, Hening Laswati, Harjanto Josomuljono
BACKGROUND: Wet cupping therapy is a complementary therapy in pain management. The mechanism of this therapy, however, needs further elucidation. Cells injured by wet cupping therapy seem to stimulate the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70). Its benefit in pain reduction could be mediated by the expression of ß-endorphin. This study aimed at determining the correlation between HSP70 and ß-endorphin after wet cupping therapy. METHODS: Sixteen male Wistar rats were divided into control (CG; n=8) and treatment (TG; n=8) groups...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761204/isolation-and-detection-of-erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae-and-its-distribution-in-humans-and-animals-by-phenotypical-and-molecular-methods-in-ahvaz-iran-in-2015
#9
Pariya Ahmadi Balootaki, Mansour Amin, Farkhondeh Haghparasti, Farokh Rokhbakhsh-Zamin
BACKGROUND: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (E. rhusiopathiae) is generally transmitted into the gastrointestinal tract of animals by the intake of contaminated food or water and causes great economic loss in agriculture worldwide. Some of the Erysipelothrix spp. are the causative agents of erysipeloid, which is an occupational infection in humans. The aim of the present study was to isolate E. rhusiopathiae from animals as well as the hands of the butchers working in Ahvaz, Iran, and to determine their susceptibility to antibiotics...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761203/inhibitory-effect-of-bunium-persicum-hydroalcoholic-extract-on-glucose-induced-albumin-glycation-oxidation-and-aggregation-in-vitro
#10
Arman Seri, Marjan Khorsand, Zahra Rezaei, Azadeh Hamedi, Mohammad Ali Takhshid
BACKGROUND: Glucose-induced protein glycation has been implicated in the progression of diabetic complications and age-related diseases. The anti-glycation potential of polyphenol-rich plant extracts has been shown previously. Bunium Persicum has been demonstrated to possess a high level of polyphenols. The aim of current in vitro study was to determine the possible inhibitory effect of Bunium Persicum hydroalcoholic extract (BPE) on glucose-induced bovine serum albumin (BSA) glycation, oxidation, and aggregation...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761202/admission-test-and-pregnancy-outcome
#11
Setareh Akhavan, Parvaneh Lak, Fatemeh Rahimi-Sharbaf, Seyed Rahim Mohammadi, Mahboobeh Shirazi
BACKGROUND: The admission test (AT) has been carried out for many years, but there are still debates about the prognostic value of the test. Therefore, we aimed to examine the value of the AT in predicting the adverse outcome in neonates. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 425 pregnant women with normal vaginal delivery were studied between2009 and 2014at Vali-e-Asr Hospital. Based on the results, the women were divided into 2groups of normal and abnormal ATs...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761201/the-impact-of-methylphenidate-on-motor-performance-in-children-with-both-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-clinical-trial
#12
Robabeh Soleimani, Maryam Kousha, Homa Zarrabi, Seyede Mahnaz Tavafzadeh-Haghi, Mir Mohammad Jalali
BACKGROUND: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/developmental coordination disorder (ADHD/DCD) suffer from problems associated with gross and fine motor skills. There is no effective pharmacological therapy for such patients. We aimed to assess the impact of methylphenidate (MPH) on motor performance of children with ADHD/DCD. METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled, 17 children (12 boys) with ADHD/DCD with a mean age of 7 years 6 months were recruited in Shafa Hospital, Rasht, Iran...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761200/a-prospective-study-of-altered-inflammatory-response-and-its-clinical-outcome-following-laparoscopic-and-open-cholecystectomy
#13
Sayyed Ehtesham Hussain Naqvi, Atia Zaka-Ur-Rab, Najmul Islam, Eram Ali
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory response following surgical trauma has long been a matter of study. Results, however, have been varied. We sought to assess changes in the levels of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in patients undergoing laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy and their impact on the clinical outcome of patients concerning the postoperative pain score. METHODS: The study involved 90 cholecystectomies (55 laparoscopic and 35 open) for chronic cholecystitis...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761199/a-narrative-review-of-acute-adult-poisoning-in-iran
#14
REVIEW
Samira Alinejad, Nasim Zamani, Mohammad Abdollahi, Omid Mehrpour
Poisoning is a frequent cause of referral to medical emergencies and a major health problem around the world, especially in developing countries. We aimed to review the epidemiology and pattern of adult poisoning in Iran in order to facilitate the early diagnosis and management of poisoning. The pattern of poisoning is different in various parts of Iran. Pharmaceutical compounds were the most common cause of poisoning in most parts of Iran. Pesticide-related toxicities were more common in northern agricultural regions, whereas bites and stings were seen more commonly in southern Iran...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533583/high-grade-urothelial-carcinoma-of-bladder-transforming-to-micropapillary-variant-on-follow-up
#15
Nitu Kumari, Anupama Jha, Pawan Vasudeva, Usha Agrawal
Micropapillary variant of urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the bladder is an aggressive tumour, comprising 0.6-6% of all UC. It generally presents with high-grade and stage, and has been reported as having a worse prognosis when compared to traditional UC. We report the case of a 58-year-old man who presented with macroscopic haematuria. The patient was diagnosed with high-grade urothelial carcinoma and returned with recurrence after 16 months. Histopathology after transurethral biopsy revealed a non-muscle invasive high-grade bladder tumour at first presentation, whereas tumour recurrence was reported after 1...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533582/angular-ectopic-pregnancy-presenting-as-rupture-of-lateral-wall-of-the-uterus-late-presentation-in-gestation-week-20
#16
Malihe Hasanzadeh, Salme Dadgar, Yalda Arian, Yousef Yousefi
The differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is broad and can be complicated by atypical manifestations that are due to the anatomic distortions and physiologic changes of pregnancy. Due to the lack of clinical understanding, angular pregnancy does not appear to be recognized as a clinical entity and many cases are likely to go undiagnosed. This is a case report of a 34-year-old woman who was referred to the obstetrics emergency department with sudden abdominal pain and in a state of hypovolemic shock...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533581/bicuspid-aortic-valve-an-unusual-cause-of-aneurysm-of-left-coronary-sinus-of-valsalva
#17
Euden Bhutia, Dinesh Kumar, Binoy Shankar, Shakti Pad Das, Sunil Kishore
Bicuspid aortic valve is traditionally considered an innocuous congenital anomaly. Due to a better and widespread availability of non-invasive imaging techniques, it has come to the fore that 30% of these cases develop complications, viz., valve abnormality (aortic regurgitation and stenosis), and aneurysm of aortic root and ascending aorta. Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an uncommon complication of bicuspid aortic valve and more so those arising from the left coronary sinus are the rarest. These complications generally occur in the third or fourth decade of life...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533580/olanzapine-induced-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome
#18
Seyedhamze Hosseini, Forouzan Elyasi
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare but life-threatening idiosyncratic side effect resulting from neuroleptic drugs. NMS mainly occurs in patients treated with high-potency typical antipsychotics, but rarely caused by atypical antipsychotics. Although NMS is less common with atypical antipsychotic, but it seems that its incidence is rising due to increased administration of such drugs. We present the case of a 27-year-old man with a history of paranoid schizophrenia that showed signs consistent with NMS that occurred after treatment with olanzapine...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533579/relationship-between-body-mass-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-serum-lipid-concentrations-and-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-in-the-euthyroid-adult-population
#19
Ali Reza Rahbar, Mohamadreza Kalantarhormozi, Fatemeh Izadi, Elham Arkia, Marzie Rashidi, Fatemeh Pourbehi, Farzaneh Daneshifard, Amin Rahbar
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and lipid parameters and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in healthy euthyroid individuals. This cross-sectional study was conducted between June 1(st) and July 20(th), 2013, at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. One hundred forty euthyroid individuals were divided into 2 groups: a high-TSH group (TSH between 2.0 and 5.5 mIU/L, n=67) and a low-TSH group (TSH between 0...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533578/validity-and-reliability-assessment-of-the-persian-version-of-therapy-related-symptom-checklist
#20
Ava Mansouri, Rozita Motaghedi, Arash Rashidian, Asieh Ashouri, Mona Kagrar, Moluk Hajibabaei, Kheirollah Gholami, Shahla Ansari
Therapy-related symptom checklist for children (TRSC-C) was developed as a symptom assessment tool in children receiving chemotherapy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of TRSC-C. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013-2014 in Tehran, Iran. TRSC-C was translated using backward-forward approach. The content validity, face validity, and comprehensiveness were investigated based on the opinion of experts. The item content validity index (I-CVI) and scale content validity index (S-CVI) were calculated by the mean approach and inter-rater agreement...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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