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Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398760/primordial-odontogenic-tumor-of-mandible-a-case-with-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#1
Nilesh Pardhe, Manas Bajpai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398759/tubercular-mycobacterial-spindle-cell-pseudotumour-a-case-report
#2
Deba Prasad Dhibar, Kamal Kant Sahu, Surjit Singh, Amanjit Bal, Abhijit Chougale, Varun Dhir
Pseudotumour is a benign inflammatory lesion. Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumour (MSP) is a rare pseudotumour. It is a benign proliferation of spindle-shaped histiocytes containing acid-fast mycobacterium, commonly reported in immunocompromised patients. MSP is usually associated with mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). Here, we present the case of a 38-year-old gentleman with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) who presented with low-grade fever for 1-month duration. Clinically, he had generalised lymphadenopathy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398758/papillary-carcinoma-of-thyroid-with-nasal-cavity-metastases-a-case-report
#3
Saeid Pourseirafi, Mahmood Shishehgar, Mohammad Javad Ashraf, Mohammad Faramarzi
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid. It is stated that lung is the most common site of metastasis followed by bone. The incidence of paranasal sinus (PNS) metastasis is fairly uncommon in case of thyroid carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, no case of metastatic PTC to nasal cavity has been reported. In this case report, we present the first case of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid with nasal cavity metastases in a 55-year-old female...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398757/atypical-kawasaki-disease-presenting-with-hemiparesis-and-aphasia-a-case-report
#4
Ali Nikkhah
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an inflammatory vasculitis. KD is classified into two groups based on clinical characteristics criteria, namely classic and incomplete. Cerebral vascular abnormality, especially arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) is very rare and unusual in KD. Here, we report a 4-year-old boy who was referred to our tertiary pediatric center with abrupt right hemiparesis and aphasia. At admission time, he had febrile illness and was toxic. On physical examination, we found unilateral left submandibular lymphadenopathy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398756/pachydermoperiostosis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-treatment-and-literature-review
#5
Maryam Mobini, Ozra Akha, Hafez Fakheri, Hadi Majidi, Sanam Fattahi
Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) is a rare disorder characterized by pachydermia, digital clubbing, periostitis, and an excess of affected males. It is the primary form of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) and there are some rare associations of PDP with other disorders. Here we describe a patient with Crohn's disease associated with PDP. A 26-year-old man, who was a known case of Crohn's disease, referred with diffuse swelling in the upper and lower limbs and cutis verticis gyrata since 7 years ago. PDP was suspected and endocrinological and radiological studies were conducted for the evaluation of underlying disease...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398755/classic-versus-inguinal-approach-for-obturator-nerve-block-in-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-cancer-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Dawood Aghamohammadi, Reza Movassaghi Gargari, Solmaz Fakhari, Eissa Bilehjani, Sepideh Poorsadegh
Single spinal anesthesia in transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) has been reported to be unable to prevent obturator nerve stimulation and adductor muscle contraction, which can cause complications like bladder perforation. The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the classic and inguinal approaches for obturator nerve block (ONB ). Seventy patients with cancers of the lateral wall of the bladder, scheduled to undergo TURBT at Imam Reza Hospital (Tabriz, Iran) during a 6-month period as of June 2016, were randomly allocated to groups of inguinal and classic methods (n=35)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398754/the-effect-of-prophylactic-infusion-of-combined-ephedrin-and-phenylephrine-on-maternal-hemodynamic-after-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Simin Atashkhoie, Hojat Pourfathi, Bahman Naghipour, Shahla Meshgi
Several techniques have been proposed to prevent hypotension in obstetric patients. Ephedrine and phenylephrine are individually used to prevent maternal hypotension; however, each has its own drawbacks. Some researchers have reported that the infusion of combined ephedrine and phenylephrine immediately after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery reduces the incidence of maternal hypotension. Other studies have indicated that the combination is not superior to the infusion of an individual agent. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of prophylactic infusion of ephedrine and phenylephrine before the induction of spinal anesthesia for cesarean section on maternal hemodynamic...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398753/evaluation-of-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-anogenital-wart-compared-to-control-group
#8
Mahsa Nahidi, Yalda Nahidi, Ali Saghebi, Golsan Kardan, Lida Jarahi, Behzad Aminzadeh, Pardis Shojaei, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar
Anogenital warts (AGW) are one of the most common venereal diseases. Psychosocial complications and quality of life (QoL) of AGW patients have been considered only in recent years. Herein, the QoL and psychopathology in patients with AGW are evaluated. In total, 37 AGW patients and 37 healthy controls were recruited in the present cross-sectional study. All participants were provided with the symptom checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R) and short-form (SF-36) questionnaires. All analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version 16...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398752/antiproliferative-effects-of-pancratium-maritimum-extracts-on-normal-and-cancerous-cells
#9
Ghaleb Tayoub, Mohmad Al-Odat, Amal Amer, Abdulmunim Aljapawe, Adnan Ekhtiar
Background: Plants are an important natural source of compounds used in cancer therapy. Pancratium maritimum contains potential anti-cancer agents such as alkaloids. In this study, we investigated the anti-proliferative effects of P. maritimum extracts on MDA-MB-231 human epithelial adenocarcinoma cell line and on normal lymphocytes in vitro. Methods: Leaves, flowers, roots, and bulbs of P. maritimum were collected and their contents were extracted and diluted to different concentrations that were applied on MDA-MB-231 cells and normal human lymphocytes cell in vitro for different intervals...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398751/radioprotective-efficacy-of-lutein-in-ameliorating-electron-beam-radiation-induced-oxidative-injury-in-swiss-albino-mice
#10
Vidya Vasudeva, Yogish Somayaji Tenkanidiyoor, Alex John Peter, Jayaram Shetty, Srikant Patil Lakshman, Ronald Fernandes, Krishna Ananthapura Patali
Background: Lutein, a carotenoid compound, has previously been studied for its antioxidant and medicinal properties as well as the moderate protection it confers against gamma radiation. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of lutein against radiation-induced hematological and biochemical changes in mice. Methods: The optimized dose of the compound was orally administered for 15 days, and the mice were irradiated (6 Gy) on day 15 after the administration of the compound...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398750/effects-of-the-oral-ingestion-of-probiotics-on-brain-damage-in-a-transient-model-of-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-mice
#11
Kobra Akhoundzadeh, Abedin Vakili, Mahdi Shadnoush, Jafar Sadeghzadeh
Background: Probiotics are microorganisms that may influence brain function via altering brain neurochemistry. New research evidence suggests that probiotic bacteria might protect tissue damage through diminishing the production of free radicals and/or inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of probiotic bacteria on the prevention or reduction of brain damage in an experimental model of stroke in mice. Methods: In this study, 30 male BLC57 mice were randomly divided into 6 equal groups...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398749/regression-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-zinc-and-selenium-co-supplementation-after-disease-progression-in-rats
#12
Farzad Shidfar, Amirhosein Faghihi, Hamid Lorvand Amiri, Seyedeh Neda Mousavi
Background: Studies have shown that zinc and selenium deficiency is common in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the effects of zinc and selenium co-supplementation before and/or after disease progression on NAFLD are not clear enough. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of zinc and selenium co-supplementation before and/or after disease progression on NAFLD prognosis. Materials and Methods: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats (197±4 g) were randomly assigned to 4 dietary groups: normal-fat diet (NFD; receiving 9% of calories as fat), high-fat diet (HFD; receiving 82% of calories as fat), supplementation before disease progression (S+HFD), and supplementation after disease progression (HFD+S)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398748/inhibition-of-the-catsper-channel-and-nox5-enzyme-activity-affects-the-functions-of-the-progesterone-stimulated-human-sperm
#13
Hamideh Ghanbari, Sara Keshtgar, Marjaneh Kazeroni
Background: Low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium are necessary for sperm function. NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5) is a membrane enzyme which produces ROS. This enzyme is dependent on calcium for its activity. We investigated the importance of NOX5 and an important calcium channel (CatSper) on sperm function. Methods: This laboratory in-vitro study was done in Shiraz, Iran, 2016. Normal semen samples (n=24) were washed and diluted to 20×106 sperm/mL. The diluted samples were divided into 8 groups, containing Ham's F-10 (control group), 2 µM of NNC (CatSper channel inhibitor), 1 µM DPI (NOX5 inhibitor), and NNC+DPI...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398747/effects-of-folic-acid-on-appetite-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-treated-with-methylphenidate-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#14
Forough Riahi, Ashraf Tashakori, Ghazal Salehi Vanani
Background: The highly effective medications in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are stimulants like methylphenidate. However, they have adverse effects like reduced appetite. We investigated the effects of folic acid on reduced appetite caused by the use of methylphenidate in children with ADHD. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial evaluated 70 outpatients, aged between 6 and 12 years, with a diagnosis of ADHD. The children were recruited from the Outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic of Golestan Hospital (Ahwaz, Iran) between 2016 and 2017...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398746/subtypes-of-benign-breast-disease-as-a-risk-factor-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#15
Manoosh Zendehdel, Babak Niakan, Abbasali Keshtkar, Elahe Rafiei, Fatemeh Salamat
Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease. Benign breast disease (BBD) is one of the most important risk factors for breast cancer. The etiology of BBD is unknown. It is divided into nonproliferative and proliferative diseases. The selection of studies will be based on titles, abstract screening, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and quality assessment. Previous studies have shown that all types of BBD increase the risk of breast cancer, but the risk degree is different for each one. Accurate risk estimation of breast cancer in each category can be very important for proper clinical management...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184272/approach-to-chronic-secondary-headache-a-case-report-on-unusual-drug-side-effects
#16
Hamid Reza Riasi, Forod Salehi, Morteza Hajihosseini
In this article, we present the case of a 12-year-old female child who complained of bilateral temporal and frontal headache for 2 to 3 months with nausea and vomiting. Physical examination revealed right-sided sixth cranial nerve palsy and papilledema in ophthalmoscopy. To find the cause of increased intracranial pressure, the patient underwent brain imaging and brain MRI showed no abnormality. Ultimately, lumbar puncture (LP) was performed and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was 280 mmH2O with normal chemistry...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184271/a-case-of-cushing-s-syndrome-in-pregnancy
#17
Leila Pourali, Atiyeh Mohammadzade Vatanchi, Anahita Hamidi
Cushing's syndrome (CS) occurs rarely during pregnancy. CS can be caused by prolonged abnormal exposure to excess glucocorticoids leading to special and significant signs and symptoms. It is often difficult to diagnose pathological hypercortisolism in pregnant women since some symptoms of the disease might be due to a complicated pregnancy, including preeclampsia or gestational diabetes. In this study, we report the case of a 29-year-old female who referred to our institution with hypertension, weakness, steria, and truncal obesity...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184270/recurrent-psammomatoid-juvenile-ossifying-fibroma-with-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-an-unusual-case-presentation
#18
Swati S Gotmare, Avinash Tamgadge, Sandhya Tamgadge, Kashmira S Kesarkar
Juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF) is a rare, benign, locally aggressive entity of the extragnathic craniofacial bones with a high tendency towards recurrence. Two distinctive microscopic patterns of juvenile ossifying fibroma have been described: a trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma (TrJOF) and a psammomatoid juvenile ossifying fibroma (PJOF). Psammomatoid variant is predominantly a craniofacial lesion and occurs rarely in the jaws. The pathognomonic histopathologic feature is the presence of spherical ossicles, which are similar to psammoma bodies...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184269/different-presentation-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-adults-case-reports
#19
Alwaleed Al-Dairy, Yousef Rezaei, Maziar Gholampour Dehaki, Anita Sadeghpour, Zia Totonchi, Hamidreza Pouraliakbar, Alireza Alizadeh Ghavidel
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation. We report three cases of ALCAPA who survived to adulthood. The first case was a 51-year-old woman who complained of typical chest pain that was diagnosed with ALCAPA using cardiac catheterization and coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA). The second case was a 30-year-old woman with a history of surgery for atrial septal defect at 10 years old who presented with progressive exertional dyspnea...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184268/impacts-of-bone-marrow-stem-cells-on-caspase-3-levels-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-mice
#20
Noushin Gashmardi, Seyed Ebrahim Hosseini, Davood Mehrabani, Mohammad Amin Edalatmanesh, Zahra Khodabandeh
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a drastic disability that leads to spinal cord impairment. This study sought to determine the effects of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) on caspase-3 levels after acute SCI in mice. Forty-two mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (2 subcategories), subjected to no intervention; sham (3 subcategories), subjected to acute SCI; and experimental (2 subcategories), subjected to SCI and cell transplantation. In the experimental group, 2×105 BMSCs were injected intravenously 1 day after SCI...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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