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Special Care in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957747/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-nephrology-fellowships
#1
Maureen Munnelly Perry, Scott Howell, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. Currently, the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with ESRD undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first and second parts of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools and U.S...
December 13, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935091/fabrication-of-complete-dentures-in-three-visits-using-existing-prosthesis-a-simplified-technique-for-geriatric-patients
#2
Rahul S Kulkarni, Ravindra S Pawar
Complete edentulism often limits patients' ability to masticate and perform other oral functions, resulting in a reduction of oral-health-related quality of life. Although the two-implant mandibular overdenture may be considered as a minimum standard of treatment of complete edentulism, patients often prefer conventional complete dentures due to cost and surgical procedures related to implant supported dentures. Many complete denture patients may have limited access to dental care due to socioeconomic or health issues, hence there is a need in simplification of complete denture fabrication...
December 9, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922732/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-twins-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Maurício José Santos Moreira, Carolina Schwertner, Ana Paula Dall'Onder, Natália Mincato Klaus, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Lina Naomi Hashizume
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder in humans, but its incidence in monozygotic twins is extremely rare. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with dental caries in a pair of monozygotic twin girls with DS, where one had caries experience and the other did not. Clinical examination, salivary Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) levels and their genotypic diversity, the biochemical composition of the dental biofilm, the frequency of sucrose consumption, and toothbrushing habits were assessed from the twin girls...
December 6, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805733/the-feasibility-of-office-based-propofol-sedation-for-dental-care-in-patients-with-intellectual-disability-by-sedation-practitioners
#4
Hermanus H B Vaessen, Antonius N J Schouten, Henriette van der Hoeve, Johannes T A Knape
BACKGROUND: The quality of oral health care for intellectually disabled patients is a significant challenge due to behavioral issues. Intravenous propofol sedation may be useful to relieve the anxiety and fear, and make dental procedures more acceptable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of propofol sedation, by trained nonmedical sedation practitioners, during dental treatments in an office-based setting. METHODS: Intellectually disabled patients (124) were subjected to restorative dental procedures and moderately sedated using intravenous propofol...
November 2, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791275/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents
#5
Natália Silva Andrade, Alessandra Silva Pontes, Hélvis Enri de Sousa Paz, Marcoeli Silva de Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura, Marina de Deus Moura de Lima
The objective was to determine the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) among individuals between 7 and 15 years old infected or noninfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The study was conducted with 33 HIV-infected individuals (study group; SG) and 66 non-HIV-infected schoolchildren (control group; CG), paired by gender and age. Data collection was based on medical records (SG), a questionnaire for caregivers and oral examination for diagnosis of MIH (European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria) and caries (DMFT index and ICDAS)...
October 28, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545115/analysis-of-clinical-demographic-socioeconomic-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-quality-of-life-of-persons-with-intellectual-disability-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nayara Silva Alves, Victor Pinheiro Gavina, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Flávia Maia Silveira, Andréa Videira Assaf
AIMS: To evaluate the perception of parents about the impact of oral problems in their children, and of demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian adolescents and young adults with intellectual disability (ID), in 2014. METHODS: The sample consisted of 119 individuals. Data collection was performed in stages: calibration and pilot study; Application of questionnaires; Exam of caries, periodontal and need for dental prostheses, in accordance with the World Health Organization criteria...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500658/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-programs
#7
Jeremiah Sturgill, Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Hemali Kothari
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. There are no updated, evidence-based antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with renal disease undergoing dental treatment. The most recent was a scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2003. Presented in three parts, the goal of the first part of this study is to determine the current protocol being used to treat renal patients at U...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492992/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-aegd-gpr-dental-residencies
#8
Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year.Currently the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first part of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools. The goal of the second part of the project was to determine the current protocol being used to treat ESRD patients at accredited U...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485710/kostmann-syndrome-oral-aspects-and-10-year-follow-up-case-report
#9
Karin Sá Fernandes, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos, Nathalie Pepe Medeiros de Rezende, Marina Gallottini
Kostmann syndrome (KS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a low neutrophil count and recurrent bacterial infections, including periodontal disease. This report describes the case of a 5-year-old female KS patient treated with regular infusions of granulocyte stimulating factor (granulokine), with primary complaint of gingival bleeding and tooth mobility, and followed up for 10 years. Conventional periodontal treatment and some extractions were performed, after neutrophil function tests using flow cytometry...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458173/oral-health-status-in-older-immigrants-in-a-medium-sized-swedish-city
#10
Eva Olerud, Marie-Louise Hagman-Gustavsson, Pia Gabre
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate oral health and oral care habits among older immigrants to Sweden from countries outside the Nordic region. METHOD: Participants ≥60 years of age from senior social centers for immigrants were invited to attend oral examinations. Data was collected on the number of teeth, dentures, caries, periodontal status, saliva secretion, and plaque scores. Participants also described their general health and oral care habits. RESULTS: Fourteen men and 28 women, median age 71...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428470/dental-utilization-for-medicaid-enrolled-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Elise W Sarvas, Colleen E Huebner, JoAnna M Scott, Johan K M Aps, Donald L Chi
OBJECTIVES: Despite a multitude of risk factors, children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have lower reported dental caries prevalence. A potential explanation is preventive dental care use, but no studies to date have examined dental use for children with CF. METHODOLOGY: Iowa Medicaid data were analyzed for children age 3 to 17 years (N = 156,268). Poisson regression models were used to compare utilization rates for any dental care and also for specific categories of dental care, by CF status...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420288/parents-perception-of-dental-caries-in-intellectually-disabled-children
#12
Solange Aparecida Modesto Weckwerth, Giovana Maria Weckwerth, Bunna Mota Ferrairo, Gabriela Moura Chicrala, Alexandre Macedo Natitucci Ambrosio, Guilherme Hideki Lima Toyoshima, José Roberto Magalhães Bastos, Edu Cassiano Pinto, Sofia Rafaela Maito Velasco, Roosevelt Silva Bastos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the parents' perception of dental caries in children with intellectual disability. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 6 to 14 years old schoolchildren: Group 1 (50 children diagnosed with intellectual disabilities) and Group 2 (50 children without it). The dental caries was assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for primary and permanent teeth. Parents' psychosocial perception was assessed by Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315444/access-to-dental-care-for-people-with-bleeding-disorders-survey-results-of-hemophilia-treatment-centers-in-the-u-s
#13
Rebecca Schaffer, Mai-Ly Duong, Benjamin Wachter, Erika Arana, Denise Frances
AIM: The goal of this project was to gather data and identify factors affecting access to dental care for people with bleeding disorders in the U.S. METHODS: The Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health and the National Hemophilia Foundation conducted a joint survey. The survey was completed by 102 of the 147 hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) in the U.S. This represents 69% of the HTCs in the country. Each HTC provided specific information concerning the dental services and education provided for patients...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114270/vibrational-angioedema-considerations-for-oral-health-care-providers
#14
Ashwag Aloyouny, Eric T Stoopler
Vibratory angioedema (VA) is a rare, inherited type of physical urticaria characterized by acute onset of mucosal and / or cutaneous edema that is triggered by vibration. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with VA elicited by use of mechanized (vibratory) dental equipment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of VA induced by mechanical dental equipment.
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770581/a-pharmacotherapy-review-of-the-novel-oral-antithrombotics
#15
Kara J Walters, Anna Meador, John A Galdo, Katharine Ciarrocca
Coagulation disorders account for a high incidence of death in the U.S. due to stroke, myocardial infarction, and venous thromboembolism. In the past few years, numerous agents have been brought to market for the treatment of thromboembolism or prevention of thromboembolism. Similar to warfarin, these agents can cause bleeding disorders, which may exacerbate dental care treatment plans. This literature review examines the newer agents for the treatment of thromboembolism disorders, common side effects and drug interactions, the specific medical conditions each agent treats, and the dental perspective on how to medically management patients prescribed these medications...
October 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770574/risks-consequences-and-prevention-of-falls-of-older-people-in-oral-healthcare-centers
#16
Cees de Baat, Paul de Baat, Anneloes E Gerritsen, Karien A Flohil, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink
One-third of community-dwelling people older than 65 years of age fall each year, and half of them fall at least twice a year. Older care home residents are approximately three times more likely to fall when compared to community-dwelling older people. Risk indicators for falls are related to the older people's body, environment, behavior, and activities. An important health risk indicator is (orthostatic or postprandial) hypotension, which may induce cerebral hypoperfusion. Although the majority of falls remain without major consequences, 10% to 25% of falls in care homes result in bodily trauma...
October 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763678/factors-associated-with-utilization-of-dental-services-in-a-long-term-care-facility-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#17
Frank A Scannapieco, Summar Amin, Marc Salme, Mine Tezal
PURPOSE: To describe factors associated with the utilization of dental services in a long-term care facility (LTCF) in Western New York. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A descriptive cross-sectional study reviewed the dental and medical records of residents of an LTCF discharged between January 1, 2008 and December 30, 2012. Information on demographic and health variables at admission was extracted from electronic health records. Information on oral health variables was extracted from patient charts...
October 20, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716987/efficacy-of-imidazolquinoline-on-treatment-of-condyloma-acuminatum-of-the-buccal-mucosa
#18
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Patrícia Miranda Leite-Ribeiro, Vinicius Rabelo Torregrossa, Vinicius Costa Vieira, Viviane Almeida Sarmento
The condylomata acuminata is a benign epithelial neoplasm induced by papillomavirus, and it is characterized by the proliferation of stratified squamous epithelial tissue that affects the anogenital and oral mucosa. It is considered to be a sexually transmitted disease and has a higher prevalence in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Various therapies have been used for the removal of lesions, such as cryotherapy, surgical laser and surgical excision, which are painful and scarring. These techniques, however, do not eliminate the virus and relapses are common shortly after treatment...
September 26, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642052/dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-opitz-g-bbb-syndrome
#19
Élcio Magdalena Giovani, Kelly Cristine Tarquinio Marinho, Ruth Andia-Merlin
Opitz G/BBB syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by several abnormalities along the midline of the body, such as hypertelorism, craniofacial deformities, and dysphagia. This study reports the clinical features of Optiz syndrome and its importance in the knowledge of patients who are developmentally challenged as a whole, in order to establish adequate dental treatment for a certain clinical case. A 19-year-old patient visited the Paulista University for a dental treatment. The extraoral examination revealed ocular hypertelorism (wide-spaced eyes), oblique eyelids, epicanthus, low-set cart, and intellectual disability...
September 19, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159668/dental-and-dentofacial-problems-in-a-female-child-with-toriello-carey-syndrome-changes-in-3-years
#20
Resmiye Ebru Tirali, Banu İlhan, Çağla Şar, Sevi Burçak Çehreli
Toriello-Carey syndrome is a rare disease whose clinical manifestations are midline facial defects, laryngeal and pharyngeal hypoplasia, cardiac defect, and corpus callosum hypoplasia. Literature states that clinical manifestations are more evident in males. This is the second report in the literature which describes the dental and dentofacial -features in an 8-year-old female patient with Toriello-Carey syndrome.
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
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