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Special Care in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#1
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627745/16-year-follow-up-of-an-avulsed-maxillary-central-incisor-after-replantation-following-10-h-storage-an-unusual-case
#2
Zuhal Kırzıoğlu, Özge Erken Güngör, Yıldırım Erdoğan
Tooth avulsion is a type of dental injury defined as the complete displacement of a tooth out of the alveolar socket, and the lack of prompt treatment measures can result in the loss of function, poor quality of life, and psychological and social problems. However, several factors may not permit the immediate replantation of an avulsed tooth; therefore, delayed replantation has emerged as an alternative to meet the esthetic, functional, and psychological demands of patients. Here it was described that the successful replantation of an avulsed maxillary central incisor in a 9-year-old boy who presented at the clinic with the tooth stored in unfavorable conditions as dry and then in olive oil-milk mixture almost 10 h after the event...
June 19, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605044/periodontal-status-of-candidates-for-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#3
Marta Aparecida Alberton Nuernberg, Suelen Caroline Rodrigues, Nicole Nichele Perdoncini, Vaneuza Araújo Moreira Funke, Carmem Maria Sales Bonfim, Samir Kanaan Nabhan, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the periodontal profile of -candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: This cross-sectional prospective study was performed from March 2014 to March 2015. After an initial interview, eligible individuals were evaluated by the following clinical parameters: visible plaque, bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level at six sites per tooth, excluding third molars...
June 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603869/a-study-of-special-care-dental-patient-preference-toward-choice-of-mask-and-visor-use-by-dental-clinicians
#4
Robert Emanuel, Richard Corcoran, Helen Cass
BACKGROUND: Do patients have a preference for the clinician's choice of face protection (visor or mask), and can this make a difference to the patient's feelings of anxiety? METHOD: In a normative sample (n = 72) of patients from Special Care Dentistry, different combinations of face protection were studied to see whether the patients clearly preferred one type over another, and whether that was related to the levels of anxiety they suffered, based on the modified dental anxiety scale...
June 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598512/long-term-dental-management-of-a-patient-with-features-of-sch%C3%A3-pf-schulz-passarge-syndrome
#5
Nandika Manchanda, Robert Anthonappa, Hessa Al-Mulla, Nigel King
Schöpf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS) is thought to be a rare autosomal recessive condition similar to many other ectodermal dysplasias. Diagnosis is difficult, with many possible differential diagnoses; however, eyelid cysts are a commonly seen feature. This clinical report aims to highlight this and describe the dental features and management of this syndrome, which existing literature has not previously described.
June 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597960/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-individuals-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-a-comparative-study
#6
Joana P Cabrita, Maria de Fátima Bizarra, Sandra Ribeiro Graça
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence malocclusion between individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and a control group without disability (NID). METHODS: A total of 202 individuals (123 with ID and 79 with no impairment) were included in the study. Data were collected through oral examinations using the Angle classification of malocclusion and the dental aesthetic index (DAI). RESULTS: According to Angle's classification of malocclusion, it was found that 37...
June 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677884/assessing-the-proposed-association-between-ded-and-gluten-free-diet-introduction-in-celiac-children
#7
Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Juliana Arid, Fabrício Kitazono de Carvalho, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Erika Calvano Küchler, Regina Sawamura, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho
A strong association between celiac disease (CD) and dental enamel defects (DEDs) have been extensively reported, however, the nature of this relationship is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate DEDs phenotype in CD individuals according to the time they were introduced to a gluten-free diet (GFD). Forty-five CD individuals were examined by a pediatric dentist. DEDs were classified according to the type of affected teeth. CD individuals were classified into two groups (with or without DEDs) and the differences between these groups were tested using chi-square or Fisher´s exact tests and t-test to compare differences between means...
July 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677883/oral-sucking-habits-among-children-with-down-syndrome-and-cerebral-palsy
#8
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Luisa Ribeiro Monteiro, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: Identify factors associated with the presence of oral sucking habits among children with Down syndrome (DS) and cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 children with DS or CP from two public healthcare institutions that treat children with special needs in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The children's mothers answered a questionnaire about the individual and behavioral characteristics and the medical history of their children. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais...
July 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677882/the-largest-minority-population-in-the-u-s-without-adequate-dental-care
#9
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Allen Wong
A recent series of reports in Health Affairs reviewed the disparities in securing needed oral health services in the U.S. Despite an extensive oversight of the many issues involved, no direct mention is made of the particular conditions of the largest minority population in the U.S. unable to access dental care-the tens of millions of individuals with special health care needs. A review is provided of the particular barriers and conditions faced by this increasing population in its efforts to secure needed services...
July 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449383/professor-crispian-scully-goodbye-to-a-giant
#10
Pedro Diz Dios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263433/salivary-secretory-iga-concentration-and-dental-caries-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#11
Lina N Hashizume, Carolina Schwertner, Maurício José Santos Moreira, Adriana Simon Coitinho, Lavinia Schuler Faccini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) concentration and dental caries in children with Down syndrome (DS) and compare it with findings in non-DS children. METHODS: The sample comprised 61 DS children and 52 non-DS children, aged 6 to 14 years. Caries experience, plaque index (PI), and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded. Saliva samples were collected from all children. Total salivary sIgA concentrations were determined using an enzymatic assay method...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199027/investigating-the-level-of-salivary-endothelin-1-in-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions
#12
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Sirous Risbaf Fakour, Ebrahim Alijani, Maryam Salehi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the level of salivary endothelin-1 in premalignant and malignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 75 cases were investigated of which 25 cases were healthy, 25 cases had oral lichen planus (OLP), and 25 cases had oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In order to collect the saliva samples, the unstimulated spitting was used. The samples were collected between 9 and 12 a.m. They were sent to the lab shortly after being collected and salivary endothelin-1 was recorded for each sample according to the instruction of factory by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and optical density at a wavelength of 450 nm...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195645/exploring-the-views-of-relatives-of-frail-elderly-patients-about-participating-in-a-geriatric-dentistry-program
#13
Diego Machado Ardenghi, Chris Wyatt
Elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTC) have difficulty accessing dental services. Aiming to improve access for this population, the Geriatric Dental Program (GDP) was established by UBC Faculty of Dentistry in 2002. Within the GDP, elderly people receive fee-for-service dental care. The objective of this research was to explore whether accessing these services had an impact on the lives of the patients' relatives. Data was collected through semi-structured, face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with family members of 12 GDP patients...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181688/dental-implants-and-bone-augmentation-in-hiv-infected-patients-under-haart-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Fábio Vidal, Rafael Vidal, Jeter Bochnia, Rodrigo Carvalho de Souza, Lucio Souza Gonçalves
The present study reviewed the literature regarding dental implants in HIV-infected patients and reports the long-term follow-up of three clinical cases of patients under HAART that received bone augmentation and dental implants. The first case presents a young patient with a large defect in the mandible, as a consequence of a longitudinal fracture, that was treated with guided bone regeneration (GBR) previously to implant placement. The second case reported is middle-aged man with a fractured upper lateral incisor treated with immediate placement and simultaneous GBR to repair the dehiscence due to the buccal bone resorption...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140479/physical-mental-and-cognitive-disabilities-in-relation-to-utilization-of-dental-care-services-by-nursing-home-residents
#15
Fidaa M Almomani, Wegdan Bani-Issa
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting dental care utilization among nursing home residents in Jordan. METHODS: A total of 221 subjects with a mean age of 62.4 years (121 males and 100 females) taken from among nursing home residents across Jordan were recruited and composed a convenience sample for this study. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Tinetti Assessment Battery for gait and balance (TAB), Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand test (DASH) were administered and oral health status was assessed for all subjects and examined as expected correlates of dental care utilization among nursing home residents...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140477/coexistence-of-fusion-and-concrescence-of-primary-teeth-in-a-child-with-down-syndrome
#16
Akshara Singh, Hind Pal Bhatia, Naresh Sharma
Down syndrome is one of the most common congenital anomaly. It is most frequently caused by trisomy of chromosome 21. Other causes can be mosaicism and translocation. Such patients are commonly encountered in routine dental practice. This syndrome has wide range of medical and dental abnormalities. This paper presents a unique case of fusion and concrescence of retained primary teeth in a child with Down syndrome. The incidence of such anomalies is quite low in these cases. Thus, a better awareness of such conditions on part of a dental practitioner will aid in the provision of enhanced dental care to these patients...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112423/comparison-of-salivary-cortisol-and-%C3%AE-amylase-levels-and-psychological-profiles-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#17
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Saeedeh Salimi, Azadeh Parvaee
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare salivary cortisol and α-amylase levels and psychological profiles in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and healthy subjects. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Spitting method was used to collect unstimulated salivary. Salivary cortisol and α-amylase levels were determined using ELISA and the Caraway starch-iodine technique. SLC-90 questionnaire was used to determine the psychological profiles. RESULTS: The difference between mean of salivary cortisol levels in patients with BMS and in healthy subjects was not significant (4...
May 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957747/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-nephrology-fellowships
#18
Maureen Munnelly Perry, Scott Howell, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. Currently, the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with ESRD undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first and second parts of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools and U.S...
March 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#19
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935091/fabrication-of-complete-dentures-in-three-visits-using-existing-prosthesis-a-simplified-technique-for-geriatric-patients
#20
Rahul S Kulkarni, Ravindra S Pawar
Complete edentulism often limits patients' ability to masticate and perform other oral functions, resulting in a reduction of oral-health-related quality of life. Although the two-implant mandibular overdenture may be considered as a minimum standard of treatment of complete edentulism, patients often prefer conventional complete dentures due to cost and surgical procedures related to implant supported dentures. Many complete denture patients may have limited access to dental care due to socioeconomic or health issues, hence there is a need in simplification of complete denture fabrication...
December 9, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
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