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Special Care in Dentistry

Kara J Walters, Anna Meador, John A Galdo, Katharine Ciarrocca
Coagulation disorders account for a high incidence of death in the U.S. due to stroke, myocardial infarction, and venous thromboembolism. In the past few years, numerous agents have been brought to market for the treatment of thromboembolism or prevention of thromboembolism. Similar to warfarin, these agents can cause bleeding disorders, which may exacerbate dental care treatment plans. This literature review examines the newer agents for the treatment of thromboembolism disorders, common side effects and drug interactions, the specific medical conditions each agent treats, and the dental perspective on how to medically management patients prescribed these medications...
October 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Cees de Baat, Paul de Baat, Anneloes E Gerritsen, Karien A Flohil, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink
One-third of community-dwelling people older than 65 years of age fall each year, and half of them fall at least twice a year. Older care home residents are approximately three times more likely to fall when compared to community-dwelling older people. Risk indicators for falls are related to the older people's body, environment, behavior, and activities. An important health risk indicator is (orthostatic or postprandial) hypotension, which may induce cerebral hypoperfusion. Although the majority of falls remain without major consequences, 10% to 25% of falls in care homes result in bodily trauma...
October 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Frank A Scannapieco, Summar Amin, Marc Salme, Mine Tezal
PURPOSE: To describe factors associated with the utilization of dental services in a long-term care facility (LTCF) in Western New York. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A descriptive cross-sectional study reviewed the dental and medical records of residents of an LTCF discharged between January 1, 2008 and December 30, 2012. Information on demographic and health variables at admission was extracted from electronic health records. Information on oral health variables was extracted from patient charts...
October 20, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Patrícia Miranda Leite-Ribeiro, Vinicius Rabelo Torregrossa, Vinicius Costa Vieira, Viviane Almeida Sarmento
The condylomata acuminata is a benign epithelial neoplasm induced by papillomavirus, and it is characterized by the proliferation of stratified squamous epithelial tissue that affects the anogenital and oral mucosa. It is considered to be a sexually transmitted disease and has a higher prevalence in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Various therapies have been used for the removal of lesions, such as cryotherapy, surgical laser and surgical excision, which are painful and scarring. These techniques, however, do not eliminate the virus and relapses are common shortly after treatment...
September 26, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Élcio Magdalena Giovani, Kelly Cristine Tarquinio Marinho, Ruth Andia-Merlin
Opitz G/BBB syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by several abnormalities along the midline of the body, such as hypertelorism, craniofacial deformities, and dysphagia. This study reports the clinical features of Optiz syndrome and its importance in the knowledge of patients who are developmentally challenged as a whole, in order to establish adequate dental treatment for a certain clinical case. A 19-year-old patient visited the Paulista University for a dental treatment. The extraoral examination revealed ocular hypertelorism (wide-spaced eyes), oblique eyelids, epicanthus, low-set cart, and intellectual disability...
September 19, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Yazan Hassona, Najla Kasabreh, Hanin Hammoudeh, Crispian Scully
Bardet Biedl syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with variable clinical presentation and challenging diagnosis. Recognition of orofacial features might help in the diagnosis. Dental management of affected patients might be complicated by renal, cardiac, metabolic, neurosensory, and cognitive defects.
August 29, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Nayara Silva Alves, Victor Pinheiro Gavina, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Flávia Maia Silveira, Andréa Videira Assaf
AIMS: To evaluate the perception of parents about the impact of oral problems in their children, and of demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian adolescents and young adults with intellectual disability (ID), in 2014. METHODS: The sample consisted of 119 individuals. Data collection was performed in stages: calibration and pilot study; Application of questionnaires; Exam of caries, periodontal and need for dental prostheses, in accordance with the World Health Organization criteria...
August 22, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Jeremiah Sturgill, Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Hemali Kothari
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. There are no updated, evidence-based antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with renal disease undergoing dental treatment. The most recent was a scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2003. Presented in three parts, the goal of the first part of this study is to determine the current protocol being used to treat renal patients at U...
August 8, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year.Currently the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first part of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools. The goal of the second part of the project was to determine the current protocol being used to treat ESRD patients at accredited U...
August 5, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Karin Sá Fernandes, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos, Nathalie Pepe Medeiros de Rezende, Marina Gallottini
Kostmann syndrome (KS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a low neutrophil count and recurrent bacterial infections, including periodontal disease. This report describes the case of a 5-year-old female KS patient treated with regular infusions of granulocyte stimulating factor (granulokine), with primary complaint of gingival bleeding and tooth mobility, and followed up for 10 years. Conventional periodontal treatment and some extractions were performed, after neutrophil function tests using flow cytometry...
August 3, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Resmiye Ebru Tirali, Banu İlhan, Çağla Şar, Sevi Burçak Çehreli
Toriello-Carey syndrome is a rare disease whose clinical manifestations are midline facial defects, laryngeal and pharyngeal hypoplasia, cardiac defect, and corpus callosum hypoplasia. Literature states that clinical manifestations are more evident in males. This is the second report in the literature which describes the dental and dentofacial -features in an 8-year-old female patient with Toriello-Carey syndrome.
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Natália Silva Andrade, Thaís Torres Barros Dutra, Regina Fátima Fernandes, José Machado Moita Neto, Regina Ferraz Mendes, Raimundo Rosendo Prado Júnior
The objective was to evaluate the history of traumatic dental injury (TDI) among children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at the Centro Integrado de Educação Especial (CIES), in Teresina, Brazil. The dental records of 228 children, 114 with ASD (SG = study group) and 114 without ASD (CG = control group), paired by age, gender and socioeconomic characteristics between January 2007 and September 2014 were reviewed. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression (alpha = 5...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Joseph Shapira, Ravit Birenboim, Michael Shoshani, Arin Abdel-Kader, Ofra Behar, Moti Moskovitz, Yaniv Ben-Attar, Stella Chaushu, Adrian Becker
BACKGROUND/AIM: Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a serious and chronic condition frequently seen in special needs populations, affecting 10% to 17% of individuals diagnosed with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities. A 2.5-year-old infant with SIB, whose presenting symptoms were severe tongue and lip lacerations accompanied by much hemorrhage, is presented here to illustrate the problem and to show how this may be prevented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An appliance is described which effectively limits the damage caused by SIB and permits rapid healing of existing injuries...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Thaís Dos Santos Fontes Pereira, Fernanda Cristina Melo Pelinsari, Bruna Mara Ruas, Luanne Priscila Pereira Avelar, Vitor José da Fonseca, Mauro Henrique Nogueira de Abreu, Ulisses Eliezer Salomão, Agnaldo Soares Lima, Maria Elisa de Souza E Silva, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
OBJECTIVES: The liver pretransplant phase requires the interaction of -multidisciplinary teams for optimal patient outcomes, including dental -professionals. In this study, we sought to estimate the prevalence of complications related to dental extraction in liver transplant candidates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is a case series of patients eligible for liver transplants referred for dental treatment between 2012 and 2014. Eligible patients for this study underwent at least one tooth extraction, had a complete blood count at the time of the procedure, and were candidates for liver transplantation...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Maria Carolina Martins Mussi, Eduardo Moffa, Talita Castro, Adriana Lira Ortega, Gabrielle Freitas, Mariana Braga, Walter L Siqueira, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini
PURPOSE: To evaluate salivary characteristics, such as flow rate, buffering capacity and amylase activity, and associate these parameters with oral health in individuals with Moebius syndrome (MS) and controls. METHODS: The researchers assessed caries (ICDAS), periodontal disease (PSR), and plaque (Silness Löe) indexes in both groups. Unstimulated, stimulated, and bilateral parotid saliva were also collected. The salivary flow (milliliters/minute) and α-amylase activity were measured in all samples...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Adriana Gledys Zink, Michele Baffi Diniz, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in order to facilitate patient-professional communication during preventive procedures. In this study, 26 patients with ASD, between 5 and 19 years of age (10±3.3 y), were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 13) with no previous experience of dental treatment, and G2 (n = 13), with such previous experience. The initial approach followed the principles of the Son-Rise Program®...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Camila Heitor Campos, Giselle Rodrigues Ribeiro, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
PURPOSE: To compare perceptions on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and their caregivers by using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Correlation between GOHAI and prostheses quality was also performed. METHODS: GOHAI was applied to 16 AD elders and their caregivers. GOHAI index was compared to objective measures of AD patients' prostheses quality, rated by a researcher. Data were submitted to Wilcoxon signed rank and McNemar tests (α = 5%)...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Stephanie Cruz, Donald L Chi, Colleen E Huebner
PURPOSE: To identify the types of oral health services offered by community-based organizations to young children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and the barriers and facilitators to the provision of these in a nonfluoridated community. METHODS: Thirteen key informant interviews with representatives from early intervention agencies, advocacy groups, and oral health programs who provide services to CSHCN in Spokane county, Washington. We used a content analysis to thematically identify oral health services as proactive or incidental and the barriers and facilitators to their provision...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Himanshi Aggarwal, Pradeep Kumar, Rani Ranabhatt, Saumyendra V Singh
Carcinomas of the mandibular buccogingival region being aggressive rapidly destroy the supporting bone and adjacent soft tissues, making it mandatory for the oncosurgeon to resect substantial amounts of involved hard and soft tissues. Segmental mandibulectomy -followed by immediate bony and soft tissue reconstruction is the most acceptable approach. However, immediate reconstruction may not always be feasible or possible due to high recurrences potential of lesion, inaccessible residual pathology, or systemic -conditions that pose a risk for graft inosculation...
September 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Eva Olerud, Marie-Louise Hagman-Gustavsson, Pia Gabre
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate oral health and oral care habits among older immigrants to Sweden from countries outside the Nordic region. METHOD: Participants ≥60 years of age from senior social centers for immigrants were invited to attend oral examinations. Data was collected on the number of teeth, dentures, caries, periodontal status, saliva secretion, and plaque scores. Participants also described their general health and oral care habits. RESULTS: Fourteen men and 28 women, median age 71...
July 26, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
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