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Special Care in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199027/investigating-the-level-of-salivary-endothelin-1-in-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions
#1
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Sirous Risbaf Fakour, Ebrahim Alijani, Maryam Salehi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the level of salivary endothelin-1 in premalignant and malignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 75 cases were investigated of which 25 cases were healthy, 25 cases had oral lichen planus (OLP), and 25 cases had oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In order to collect the saliva samples, the unstimulated spitting was used. The samples were collected between 9 and 12 a.m. They were sent to the lab shortly after being collected and salivary endothelin-1 was recorded for each sample according to the instruction of factory by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and optical density at a wavelength of 450 nm...
February 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195645/exploring-the-views-of-relatives-of-frail-elderly-patients-about-participating-in-a-geriatric-dentistry-program
#2
Diego Machado Ardenghi, Chris Wyatt
Elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTC) have difficulty accessing dental services. Aiming to improve access for this population, the Geriatric Dental Program (GDP) was established by UBC Faculty of Dentistry in 2002. Within the GDP, elderly people receive fee-for-service dental care. The objective of this research was to explore whether accessing these services had an impact on the lives of the patients' relatives. Data was collected through semi-structured, face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with family members of 12 GDP patients...
February 14, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181688/dental-implants-and-bone-augmentation-in-hiv-infected-patients-under-haart-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Fábio Vidal, Rafael Vidal, Jeter Bochnia, Rodrigo Carvalho de Souza, Lucio Souza Gonçalves
The present study reviewed the literature regarding dental implants in HIV-infected patients and reports the long-term follow-up of three clinical cases of patients under HAART that received bone augmentation and dental implants. The first case presents a young patient with a large defect in the mandible, as a consequence of a longitudinal fracture, that was treated with guided bone regeneration (GBR) previously to implant placement. The second case reported is middle-aged man with a fractured upper lateral incisor treated with immediate placement and simultaneous GBR to repair the dehiscence due to the buccal bone resorption...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#4
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140479/physical-mental-and-cognitive-disabilities-in-relation-to-utilization-of-dental-care-services-by-nursing-home-residents
#5
Fidaa M Almomani, Wegdan Bani-Issa
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting dental care utilization among nursing home residents in Jordan. METHODS: A total of 221 subjects with a mean age of 62.4 years (121 males and 100 females) taken from among nursing home residents across Jordan were recruited and composed a convenience sample for this study. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Tinetti Assessment Battery for gait and balance (TAB), Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand test (DASH) were administered and oral health status was assessed for all subjects and examined as expected correlates of dental care utilization among nursing home residents...
January 31, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140477/coexistence-of-fusion-and-concrescence-of-primary-teeth-in-a-child-with-down-syndrome
#6
Akshara Singh, Hind Pal Bhatia, Naresh Sharma
Down syndrome is one of the most common congenital anomaly. It is most frequently caused by trisomy of chromosome 21. Other causes can be mosaicism and translocation. Such patients are commonly encountered in routine dental practice. This syndrome has wide range of medical and dental abnormalities. This paper presents a unique case of fusion and concrescence of retained primary teeth in a child with Down syndrome. The incidence of such anomalies is quite low in these cases. Thus, a better awareness of such conditions on part of a dental practitioner will aid in the provision of enhanced dental care to these patients...
January 31, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112423/comparison-of-salivary-cortisol-and-%C3%AE-amylase-levels-and-psychological-profiles-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#7
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Saeedeh Salimi, Azadeh Parvaee
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare salivary cortisol and α-amylase levels and psychological profiles in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and healthy subjects. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Spitting method was used to collect unstimulated salivary. Salivary cortisol and α-amylase levels were determined using ELISA and the Caraway starch-iodine technique. SLC-90 questionnaire was used to determine the psychological profiles. RESULTS: The difference between mean of salivary cortisol levels in patients with BMS and in healthy subjects was not significant (4...
January 23, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957747/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-nephrology-fellowships
#8
Maureen Munnelly Perry, Scott Howell, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. Currently, the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with ESRD undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first and second parts of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools and U.S...
December 13, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935091/fabrication-of-complete-dentures-in-three-visits-using-existing-prosthesis-a-simplified-technique-for-geriatric-patients
#9
Rahul S Kulkarni, Ravindra S Pawar
Complete edentulism often limits patients' ability to masticate and perform other oral functions, resulting in a reduction of oral-health-related quality of life. Although the two-implant mandibular overdenture may be considered as a minimum standard of treatment of complete edentulism, patients often prefer conventional complete dentures due to cost and surgical procedures related to implant supported dentures. Many complete denture patients may have limited access to dental care due to socioeconomic or health issues, hence there is a need in simplification of complete denture fabrication...
December 9, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922732/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-twins-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Maurício José Santos Moreira, Carolina Schwertner, Ana Paula Dall'Onder, Natália Mincato Klaus, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Lina Naomi Hashizume
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder in humans, but its incidence in monozygotic twins is extremely rare. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with dental caries in a pair of monozygotic twin girls with DS, where one had caries experience and the other did not. Clinical examination, salivary Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) levels and their genotypic diversity, the biochemical composition of the dental biofilm, the frequency of sucrose consumption, and toothbrushing habits were assessed from the twin girls...
December 6, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805733/the-feasibility-of-office-based-propofol-sedation-for-dental-care-in-patients-with-intellectual-disability-by-sedation-practitioners
#11
Hermanus H B Vaessen, Antonius N J Schouten, Henriette van der Hoeve, Johannes T A Knape
BACKGROUND: The quality of oral health care for intellectually disabled patients is a significant challenge due to behavioral issues. Intravenous propofol sedation may be useful to relieve the anxiety and fear, and make dental procedures more acceptable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of propofol sedation, by trained nonmedical sedation practitioners, during dental treatments in an office-based setting. METHODS: Intellectually disabled patients (124) were subjected to restorative dental procedures and moderately sedated using intravenous propofol...
November 2, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545115/analysis-of-clinical-demographic-socioeconomic-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-quality-of-life-of-persons-with-intellectual-disability-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Nayara Silva Alves, Victor Pinheiro Gavina, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Flávia Maia Silveira, Andréa Videira Assaf
AIMS: To evaluate the perception of parents about the impact of oral problems in their children, and of demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian adolescents and young adults with intellectual disability (ID), in 2014. METHODS: The sample consisted of 119 individuals. Data collection was performed in stages: calibration and pilot study; Application of questionnaires; Exam of caries, periodontal and need for dental prostheses, in accordance with the World Health Organization criteria...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500658/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-programs
#13
Jeremiah Sturgill, Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Hemali Kothari
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year. There are no updated, evidence-based antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with renal disease undergoing dental treatment. The most recent was a scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2003. Presented in three parts, the goal of the first part of this study is to determine the current protocol being used to treat renal patients at U...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492992/protocols-for-treating-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-survey-of-aegd-gpr-dental-residencies
#14
Scott Howell, Maureen Munnelly Perry, Nipa Patel
RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Americans are living with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of progressing CKD continues to rise by 21,000 per year.Currently the only antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines for patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dental treatment were published by the AHA in 2003. Presented in three parts, the first part of this study found no consistent protocols amongst U.S. dental schools. The goal of the second part of the project was to determine the current protocol being used to treat ESRD patients at accredited U...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485710/kostmann-syndrome-oral-aspects-and-10-year-follow-up-case-report
#15
Karin Sá Fernandes, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos, Nathalie Pepe Medeiros de Rezende, Marina Gallottini
Kostmann syndrome (KS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a low neutrophil count and recurrent bacterial infections, including periodontal disease. This report describes the case of a 5-year-old female KS patient treated with regular infusions of granulocyte stimulating factor (granulokine), with primary complaint of gingival bleeding and tooth mobility, and followed up for 10 years. Conventional periodontal treatment and some extractions were performed, after neutrophil function tests using flow cytometry...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458173/oral-health-status-in-older-immigrants-in-a-medium-sized-swedish-city
#16
Eva Olerud, Marie-Louise Hagman-Gustavsson, Pia Gabre
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate oral health and oral care habits among older immigrants to Sweden from countries outside the Nordic region. METHOD: Participants ≥60 years of age from senior social centers for immigrants were invited to attend oral examinations. Data was collected on the number of teeth, dentures, caries, periodontal status, saliva secretion, and plaque scores. Participants also described their general health and oral care habits. RESULTS: Fourteen men and 28 women, median age 71...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428470/dental-utilization-for-medicaid-enrolled-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Elise W Sarvas, Colleen E Huebner, JoAnna M Scott, Johan K M Aps, Donald L Chi
OBJECTIVES: Despite a multitude of risk factors, children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have lower reported dental caries prevalence. A potential explanation is preventive dental care use, but no studies to date have examined dental use for children with CF. METHODOLOGY: Iowa Medicaid data were analyzed for children age 3 to 17 years (N = 156,268). Poisson regression models were used to compare utilization rates for any dental care and also for specific categories of dental care, by CF status...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420288/parents-perception-of-dental-caries-in-intellectually-disabled-children
#18
Solange Aparecida Modesto Weckwerth, Giovana Maria Weckwerth, Bunna Mota Ferrairo, Gabriela Moura Chicrala, Alexandre Macedo Natitucci Ambrosio, Guilherme Hideki Lima Toyoshima, José Roberto Magalhães Bastos, Edu Cassiano Pinto, Sofia Rafaela Maito Velasco, Roosevelt Silva Bastos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the parents' perception of dental caries in children with intellectual disability. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 6 to 14 years old schoolchildren: Group 1 (50 children diagnosed with intellectual disabilities) and Group 2 (50 children without it). The dental caries was assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for primary and permanent teeth. Parents' psychosocial perception was assessed by Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315444/access-to-dental-care-for-people-with-bleeding-disorders-survey-results-of-hemophilia-treatment-centers-in-the-u-s
#19
Rebecca Schaffer, Mai-Ly Duong, Benjamin Wachter, Erika Arana, Denise Frances
AIM: The goal of this project was to gather data and identify factors affecting access to dental care for people with bleeding disorders in the U.S. METHODS: The Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health and the National Hemophilia Foundation conducted a joint survey. The survey was completed by 102 of the 147 hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) in the U.S. This represents 69% of the HTCs in the country. Each HTC provided specific information concerning the dental services and education provided for patients...
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114270/vibrational-angioedema-considerations-for-oral-health-care-providers
#20
Ashwag Aloyouny, Eric T Stoopler
Vibratory angioedema (VA) is a rare, inherited type of physical urticaria characterized by acute onset of mucosal and / or cutaneous edema that is triggered by vibration. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with VA elicited by use of mechanized (vibratory) dental equipment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of VA induced by mechanical dental equipment.
November 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
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