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Special Care in Dentistry

Richard Fitzgerald, Jennifer Gallagher
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining oral health is vital for every individual's quality of life. Little consideration, however, has been given to the oral health of patients approaching end-of-life, perhaps due to sensitivities over research ethics. The aim of this rapid review is to synthesize existing evidence on oral health in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A rapid review of the literature was conducted using the key words: "Oral/Dental Health" in "End-of-life" or "Palliative care" patients...
July 19, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Srinivasan Raj Samuel, Viknesan Muragaboopathy, Snehal Patil
AIM: Assess the association between high risk transgender (TG) HIV status, self-perceived barriers toward oral care, and the residents' stigma and willingness to treat during community dental outreach. METHODS: Demographics, tobacco habits, HIV status, willingness for rapid HIV testing, and self- perceived oral health, barriers toward oral care were assessed in a cross-sectional study among 212 transgender in South India. Further, the residents' stigma across three subscales and residents' willingness to treat the transgender was evaluated...
July 18, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
AIM: To assess changes in oral hygiene status, oral health knowledge and behavior among visually impaired individuals using dental health education material transcribed in Braille and Compressed speech. METHODOLOGY: A nonrandomized before and after comparison study was conducted among 4 purposively selected institutes for visually impaired in Indore region, Central India. A stratified random sampling was employed to select 144 visually impaired individuals aged 15-35 years...
July 17, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Hon K Yuen
AIMS: To investigate what dental hygienists' practice characteristics and oral health topics are associated with additional time dental hygienists spent on educating patients with diabetes. METHODS: A one-page survey was mailed to 2237 registered dental hygienists in South Carolina. Survey questions focused on perceptions of dental hygienists regarding their oral health preventive education for patients with diabetes. After two follow-up mails, we received 995 usable questionnaires...
July 6, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Elif Ataol, Gizem Erbaş Ünverdi, Hamdi Cem Güngör
The difficulty in providing stability to the coronal segment makes cervical root fracture one of the most challenging dental traumatic injury. This type of injury is less frequent in children. However, due to their serious consequences and poor prognosis, tooth loss may occur. This report presents the management of a case of cervical root fracture in an 11-year-old patient with epilepsy. The stabilization of the root-fractured tooth with a splint failed due to the recurrent seizures the patient had. Coronal fragment was removed and vital root submergence was performed in order to support the alveolar growth...
July 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Viviane A Sarmento, Izabel Regina F Rubira-Bullen, Marcelo J Zanda, Marcelo Bonifácio S Sampieri, Renato Y F Yaedú, Paulo Sérgio S Santos
BACKGROUND: Caffey's disease is a rare syndrome, usually self-limiting, affecting newborn and young infants. On radiological exams, the cortical hyperostosis is always present, associated or not to soft tissue swelling. Other radiographic presentations are described as lytic areas. AIM: This article has the objective to relate computed tomography (CT) findings of Caffey's disease, where lytic lesion on mandibular angle was the principal radiological manifestation...
June 29, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Divesh Byrappagari, Youngjin Jung, Kelvin Chen
AIMS: The aim of this study to examine the level of access to dental care in Michigan for individuals with DD and explore the dentists' practices, attitudes, and perceived barriers to providing care to this vulnerable population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A survey was mailed to a random sample of 1250 general dental practitioners with an active license in the State of Michigan. The survey included questions related to dentists' demographic information, opinion about willingness, barriers, and training needs associated with delivering care to children and adults with developmental disabilities...
June 26, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
M P Buligon, J C Mielke, J Chiesa, K L Ferrazzo
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is the first-choice therapy for the treatment of this disease, but has been associated with side effects, the most serious of which is retinoic acid syndrome (RAS). RAS is characterized by unexplained fever, dyspnea, pulmonary infiltrate, leukocytosis and nephropathy. Genital ulcers have been described in some cases, but only two cases of oral ulcers related to this syndrome have been described in the literature...
May 22, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Shruti Ravindramurthy, Alexandre R Vieira
AIMS: There are many factors that play into the success or failure of dental treatments, and mental health has been hypothesized to increase failure rates in treatment such as resin-based restorations. The goal of this work was to evaluate if composite resin dental restorations perform the same in individuals with depression in comparison to matched individuals without depression. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6,026 individuals from the University of Pittsburgh Dental Registry and DNA Repository project were evaluated and 326 patients with depression were selected for this study...
May 14, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Tumouh Al-Allaq, Changyong Feng, Ralph H Saunders
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which a relationship may exist between the wear of the anterior teeth and quality of life in a population of nursing home residents. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population (n = 100) of nursing home residents (mean age 75.7 years) was recruited all members of which had at least 4 upper and 4 lower anterior teeth and were assessed as cognitively intact by nursing personnel who were familiar with their behavior. The investigator evaluated the level of tooth wear of each subject according to the Tooth Wear Index of Donachie and Walls (Adapted) and then verbally administered the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) of Atchison and Dolan...
May 9, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Andreia Medeiros Rodrigues Cardoso, Mariana Marinho Davino de Medeiros, Lays Nóbrega Gomes, Mariana Leonel Martins, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
AIMS: To verify factors associated with impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sample of 149 individuals with CP aged 2 to 18 years and their caregivers, who provided information regarding HRQoL (PedsQL 4.0), OHRQoL (PedsQL 3.0 Oral Health, and socioeconomic factors. A calibrated investigator performed dental examinations, with dental caries, traumatic dental injury, periodontal, and occlusal evaluation...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Camila Maria Beder Ribeiro, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Lucio Souza Gonçalves, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Larissa Tinô de Carvalho Silva, Yann Victor Paiva Bastos, Sonia Maria Soares Ferreira
Amyloidosis is a group of heterogeneous conditions characterized by the deposition of extracellular proteinaceous substances called amyloids. The diagnosis is usually confirmed after a particular body organ has been affected. However, oral manifestations have been identified in 39% of affected patients. Systemic amyloidosis may be primary or in association with multiple myeloma and typically affecting elder adults. The diagnosis of amyloidosis is usually associated with clinical features with histopathological findings, which reveal the presence of acellular eosinophilic deposits...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Caoimhin Mac Giolla Phadraig, June Nunn, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron
AIM: This review reports the prevalence of edentulism among adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in the literature. METHODS: A systematic search strategy led to the screening of 1,089 titles and abstracts from PubMed and six additional articles. Inclusion criteria were applied. An estimate of the prevalence of edentulism was calculated. RESULTS: Nineteen studies (from 20 publications) met inclusion criteria: eighteen were cross-sectional surveys...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
A P Cazzolla, K Zhurakivska, D Ciavarella, M G Lacaita, G Favia, N F Testa, G Marzo, V La Carbonara, G Troiano, L Lo Muzio
AIMS: The aim of this study is to report the case of the orthodontic treatment in a patient affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and subjected to a combinate liver-kidney transplant. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 9-year patient was admitted to our department for the presence of facial dysmorphism. The patient was affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and has undergone a combined liver-kidney transplantation. At the time of the visit, he was in treatment with immunosuppressive drugs and received a corticosteroid and an antibiotic therapy monthly...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Inès Phlypo, Jannick De Tobel, Luc Marks, Luc De Visschere, Sebastiaan Koole
AIMS: The present report describes an oral health promotion project in a residential facility for people with intellectual disabilities as a strategy to implement community service learning in undergraduate dental education. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two undergraduate students developed a project aimed to improve the oral health in residents with intellectual disabilities by educating caregivers. The impact was investigated by a pretest-posttest design, evaluating residents' plaque and gingival indexes and caregivers' knowledge, behavior, attitude, and self-efficacy...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Marina Gallottini, Alexandre Hugo Llanos, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, Marcelo Munhóes Romano, Felipe Beraldo de Oliveira, Nathalie Pepe Medeiros de Rezende
Fraser syndrome (FS) is a rare recessive autosomal genetic disorder characterized by multisystemic malformations typically comprising cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, and renal defects. We report the case of a 16-year-old patient who exhibited facial asymmetry, short roots, hypodontia, and malocclusion. Oral rehabilitation included orthodontics, exodontia, and osseointegrated dental implants to improve the patient's self-esteem and eating function. We suggest short roots and hypodontia assessment in patients with FS...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Rayanne Soraia Aguiar de Melo Dias, Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, Felipe Rodrigues de Almeida, Francisco Alfredo Farias Bandeira, Ronaldo Celerino da Silva, Sergio Crovella, Bruna de Carvalho Farias Vajgel, Renata Cimões
AIMS: The role of genetic variations in genes related to innate response, as β-defensin-1 (DEFB1), in the context of chronic periodontitis (CP) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2), is still not clear. The present study evaluates the distribution of DEFB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) 5'-untranslated (5'UTR) region and its relation with the CP in DM2 individuals in northeastern Brazilians. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty individuals participated in the study, being 116 DM2+CP, 95 CP, and 69 healthy individuals...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Angela Pia Cazzolla, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Olga Di Fede, Vitantonio Lacarbonara, Andrea Colaprico, Nunzio F Testa, Troiano Giuseppe, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Giuseppe Marzo, Maria Grazia Lacaita
AIMS: Turner syndrome (TS) patients have phenotypical variable presentations and they are more susceptible to endocrine, auto-immune, and structural anomalies. Typical clinical characteristics are short stature and premature ovarian insufficiency. Patients with TS show a typical cranial-facial morphology with bi-maxillary bi-retrusion, high-arched palate, micrognathia, and class II malocclusion. Aim of our study is to present the orthopedic-orthodontic treatment approach of a young TS patient and data of stability after 7 years...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Tariq S Ghazal, Howard J Cowen, Daniel J Caplan
AIM: To assess factors influencing anterior dental restoration longevity among the institutionalized elderly. METHODS: Among a sample of Eastern Iowa nursing facility dental patients, one anterior restoration placed from 1985 to 2014 was selected at random from each subject. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated, with restoration failures defined as subsequent restorative codes involving the same surface; endodontic procedures; or extractions. Bivariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards modeling were performed...
July 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Rick Rader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
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